Factors Affecting Philosophies of Education 1.

Philosophies of education are conditioned by existing knowledge, social ideals of society, interest of influential groups in that society, personal experience and vision of educational leaders and individual temperament of the ones possessing the particular philosophy. Function of Philosophies of Education 1. Provide guidelines in the formulation of educational policies and programs and in the construction of curricular. 2. Provide direction toward which all educational effort should be exerted. 3. Provide theories and hypothesis in education which may be tested for their effectiveness and efficiency. 4. Provide norms or standards for evaluation purpose. Famous Quotes from the Philosophers 1. Socrates Living well and beautifully and justly one all one thing- Socrates as quoted by Plato. But already it is time to depart for me to die, for you to go one living, which of us takes the better course is concealed from anyone except GOD, as quoted by Plato in closing words in apology. 2. Plato The true lover of knowledge naturally strives for truth and is not content with common opinion but soars with undimmed and universal passion till he graps the essential nature of things Plato is the Republic.± Mind is ever the ruler of the universe 3. William James 1. We are thinking being and we cannot exclude the intellect from participating in any of our functions in the varieties of religious experience. 2. Test every concept by the question. What sensible difference to anybody with its truth make. Be willing to have it so acceptance of what has happened in the first step to overcoming the consequences of any misfortune 3. Aristotle Excellence or virtue is a settled disposition of the mind that determine our choice of action and emotion and consist essentially in observing the mean relative to us a mean between two voice that which depends on excess and that which depends one excess and that which depends on defect

pp. The child. Social and individual interest should be harmonized/ c. c. Follow the of nature c. Virtue is not possession of knowledge but state of the will. Rousseau a.The Educational Philosophies of Frontier Thinkers of Education The following are the educational philosophies of the pioneer thinkers of education (Bernardino and Fresnoza. b.) 6. Each person should devote his life to that which he is best fitted to do. Comenius a. Socrates a. b. Knowledge is virtue. The end of life is knowledge. Plato a. the important factor in education d.´ b. 37-38): 1. Intellectual aristocracy (The rule of the intellectual elite) 3. Both sexes should be included in education 5. The end of education is not knowledge alone. but the union of the intellect and the will. Aristotle a. Reality. c. Education can shape the pupil according to the will of the teacher. Locke a. Social justice (Give what is due to whom it is due) d. Development of the whole man. Objective and scientific not introspective method of education. ³Know thyself.. e. d. or knowledge expressed in action. Use of instinctive tendencies as the starting point of education. A man should live a simple life. 2. Formal discipline (Training gained in one area can be applied in another area. b. is the highest function. Man¶s self is rational and universal. Train for character d. . Adaptation of education to the form of government. c. ³Tabula rasa´ or ³blank paper´ theory ± A child is born with a blank mind (neither good nor bad) b. b. c. not ideas but the performance. 4. Development of the child according to his nature. The function of education is to determine what each individual is by nature fitted to do.

It is the consequences that make the choice good or bad. b. 6:33) b. It should be noted that almost all of the above mentioned philosophies of education are applied today. 9. Right relationship with God should precede all kinds and types of education. c. Mental activity is functional. Education should be used for service. b. Education should be scientific. Education is a social process. ³Give thyself´ is the philosophy of service of Jesus. c. and His righteousness. Doctrine of apperception b. possessing but one power. Education is growth. Play. d. manual and industrial development utilized to promote self ± realization. Pestalozzi a. 13. c. Spencer a. c. Emphasis on physical education c. Self ± activity as the means of development b. Emphasis on method and technique of teaching. ³But seek ye first the kingdom of God. Jesus Christ a. Mind is a unit. Knowledge that is best for use in life is also best for the development of power. Knowledge is instrumental. c. Importance of science in the curriculum 11. All education should be founded upon the laws of natural development of the child. Education is a continuous reconstruction of experience. b.7. d. and all these things shall be added unto you. spontaneous activity. Herbart a. . b. Education as the process of organized growth. 12. Froebel a.´ (Matt. 8. Process of education determined by the nature of the child 10. Education is life. John Dewey a. that of entering into relation with its environment. William James a. Use of objects in teaching.

never leaving the path of righteousness and justice in order to attain thine own perfection. 8. ³Thou shalt cultivate the special gifts which had been granted thee. 2. . working and studying according to thy ability. The school is the book in which is written the future of the nations. Show us the schools of a people and we will tell you what people are. and (3) possession of the elements of conduct that are the accomplishments of culture and morality. ³efficiency. 4. love for peace. Mabini. To my humble way of thinking education (college) has for its supreme and overshadowing aim the formulation of a sound and noble outlook of life. Education should aim to develop men and women who are uplift of our communities particularly in rural areas. Camilo Osias. Francisco Benitez. and happiness for all people. Our education should instill love for work.H. spirit of tolerance. respect for law. Education must produce individuals who are both useful to themselves and to society. The qualities that should distinguish the educated Filipinos of today are (1) power to do. and practice of thrift.´ 3.The Educational Philosophies of Filipino Educators 1. Jorge Bocobo. 7. Pardo de Tavera. as in the promotion of their own personal or individual well being. Rizal. 5. Education must secure freedom. T. (2) knowledge of the past and current events. 6. Venencio Trinidad. Rafael Palma.

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