# 6.

5 Tools and Techniques
2.Critical Path Method (CPM):
 Consider the following project network diagram. Assume all duration in days:
C=2
start

4 5

E=1

1

A=2

2

B=5

3
D=7 F=2

6

finish

   

How many paths are on this network diagram? How long is each path? Which is the critical path? What is the shortest amount of time needed to complete this project?

6.5 Tools and Techniques .

6. ± There can be more than one critical path if the lengths of two or more paths are the same ± The critical path can change as the project progresses .5 Tools and Techniques CPM:  If one or more activities on the critical path takes longer than planned. the whole project schedule will slip unless corrective action is taken  Misconceptions: ± The critical path is not the one with all the critical activities. it only accounts for time.

 There are several types of Slack: ± Free Slack. ± Project Slack. . ± Total Slack.  Float can be +ve or ±ve.5 Tools and Techniques Slack / loat:  Is the amount of time that an activity can slip or be delayed without delaying the finish date of the project.6.  Typically we calculate Slack using forward and backward pass.

5 Tools and Techniques Forward a d ackward Pa      Calculatio : Network Diagram Legend / Formulas: EF = ES + D LF = LS + D Slack = LS ± ES Slack = LF ± EF S Duratio F Activity Name / Code LS Slack LF * .6.

Case Study A B C D E F G H J K 90 15 0 60 60 75 40 15 30 20 .

Case Study F H ST G B C D J K EN A E .

40 75 F 75 115 220 15 H 45 235 115 190 265 280 0 40 G G 0 40 40 15 B 135 55 190 30 C C 0 220 280 30 J J 0 310 310 20 K K 0 330 0 40 175 190 190 220 280 310 310 330 40 90 A A 0 130 130 60 E E 0 190 220 60 D D 0 280 40 130 130 190 220 280 .