Dr Hani Obeid Assoc. Prof.

EE, SMIEEE Consultant

Dr Hani Obeid

Biography
Dr Hani Obeid received his MSc and PhD in power systems & networks fro Leningrad Polytechnic Institute (now St. Petersburg State Technical University) in 1974 and 1980 Respectively. From 1980 to 1983 worked in Jordan Electricity Authority. He started research in pollution of HV transmission line for the first time in Jordan. He designed the first 400 KV line in Jordan. From 1983- till now he is working as consultant and designer in electrical installations and architectural acoustics.
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from 2000 till now he is an Assoc. Prof. EE/ Applied Sciences University. He is a senior member in IEEE. He is the author of the following books: . .( . ) .( . ) .( . . .( ) .( )
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2 Dr Hani Obeid . The regulations provide guidance of the standards and the Latest 17th edition is effective from 1st of July 2008 and currently in implementation instead of the 16th edition. Which plays a key role in the electrical industry in terms of Standards and safety of electrical installation in buildings.The Wiring Regulations BS7671: currently 17th edition The BS7671 Wiring Regulations is a non-statutory document.

1888 2nd edition. Entitled ³Rules & Regulations for the prevention of the fire Risks arising from electric lighting´.History of the Wiring Regulations 1882 1st edition of the ³Wiring Rules´ issued. 1897 3d edition entitled ³General Rules recommended for Wiring for the supply of Electrical Energy´. Dr Hani Obeid 3 .

1911 6th Edition of the IEE Wiring Regulations. 1927 9th Edition of the IEE Wiring Regulations. called ³Wiring Rules´. 1916 7th Edition of the IEE Wiring Regulations. Dr Hani Obeid 6 . 1907 5th Edition of the IEE Wiring Regulations.1903 4th Edition of the IEE Wiring Regulations. 1924 8th Edition of the IEE Wiring Regulations ³Regulations for the Electrical Equipment of Buildings´.

reprinted. Revised Section (1948). 1958. 1950 12th Edition of the IEE Wiring Regulations Launched. supplement issued (1946). Revised issue (1943). 1939 11th Edition of the IEE Wiring Regulations. 1962 and 1964. reprinted with minor Amendments (1945).1934 10th Edition of the IEE Wiring Regulations. Dr Hani Obeid 7 . 1955 13th Edition of the IEE Wiring Regulations Launched. Supplement issued (1954). 1961.

1966 14th Edition of the IEE Wiring Regulations published. Reprinted, 1968, 1969, 1970 (in Metric units), 1972, 1973, And 1976. 1981 the 15th Edition of the Wiring Regulations launched. 1991 16th Edition of the IEE Wiring Regulations published (adopted as the BS in 1992). Electricity at work regs. (Northern Ireland) come fully into being. 2004 Part P of the Building Regulations becomes law. BS 7671:2001 Requirements for the Electrical Installations (incorporating Amendments No.1:2002 and No.2:2004. The IEE Wiring Regulations 16th Edition.
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2007 17th Edition of the IEE Wiring Regulations is Scheduled to be issued on January 1st 2008 and comes into effect 6 months later. It was actually available around 21st of January 2008. After July 1st 2008, designs must comply with the New 17th BS7671 wiring regulations.

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BS7871:1992 Requirements for Electrical Installations. IEE Wiring Regulations Sixteenth Edition

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BS7871:2008 Requirements for Electrical Installations. IEE Wiring Regulations Seventeenth Edition Dr Hani Obeid 11 .

Standards Dr Hani Obeid 12 .

The 17th Edition is the result of a complete review of the 16th Edition and aims to standardize the UK standards With the Harmonized Documents (HD¶s) produced By the European Committee for Electro technical Standardization (CENELEC). Dr Hani Obeid 13 .

Dr Hani Obeid 14 .Contents of the 17th Edition Requirements for Electrical Installations IEE Wiring regulations BS7671: 2008 consists of 7 parts and 15 appendices.

Part 2: Definitions.Title of the Parts Part 1: Scope. Part 3: Assessment of General Characteristics. Part 7: Special Installations or Locations. Object and Fundamental Principles. Dr Hani Obeid 15 . Part 4: Protection of Safety. Part6: Inspection and Testing. Part 5: Selection and Erection of Equipment.

Model forms for certification and reporting. Classification of external influence. Current-carrying capacity and voltage drop for cables and flexible cords. 3. Dr Hani Obeid 16 . 2. 5. 4. Time/current characteristics of over-current protective devices and rcds. 6. British Standards to which reference is made in the regulations.Appendices 1. Statutory regulations and associated memoranda.

c and other systems. d. Dr Hani Obeid 17 . 11. 8. Harmonized cable core colors. 9.7. Effect of harmonic currents on balanced threephase systems. Current-carrying capacity and voltage drop for bus bar trunking and power track systems. 10. Protection of conductors in parallel against over current. Definitions-multiple source.

regulation 433. Ring and radial final circuit arrangements. Measurement of earth fault loop impedance: consideration of the increase of the resistance of conductors with increase of temperature. 15.1. 14.12. Methods for measuring the insulation resistance/impedance of floors and walls to earth or to the protective conductor system. Dr Hani Obeid 18 . 13. Voltage drop in consumer¶s installations.

Changes Many Changes were due to formal incorporation Of CENELEC drafts required to achieve Harmonization. Dr Hani Obeid 19 .

CHANGES PREFACE A new informative note in the preface Advises that the publication of the 2008 edition of BS7671 does not automatically mean that installations Complying with previous editions are unsafe for continued Use or need to be upgraded. Dr Hani Obeid 20 .

NUM ERING e e lati n n bers are c an ed s as t be in line issi n it Internati nal lectr tec nical (I ) re bers. is enables sers t readil relate r ean HDs and I re lati ns. lati ns it Dr Hani Obeid 21 .

Requirements are added for protection for persons and livestock against Injury. and properly against damage by voltage Disturbances and electromagnetic influences. Dr Hani Obeid 22 .FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES.

6 adds requirements to protect against Voltage disturbances and implementation measures against electromagnetic influences. the installation. or connected To.Chapter 13 Fundamental Principles Regulation 131. Dr Hani Obeid 23 . the design shall take into consideration the anticipated Electromagnetic emissions generated by the installation Or the installed equipment. In doing so. which shall be suitable For the current-using equipment used with.

Part 6 and Part 7.13 requires that documentation for The electrical installation.Regulation 132. Dr Hani Obeid 24 . including that required by Chapter 51. is provided for Every Electrical installation.

fire alarm systems. as these are frequently regulated by statutory authorities whose requirements have to be observed (e.Chapter 35. installations for fire Pumps. emergency Escape lighting. Safety Services This chapter recognizes the need for safety services. fire rescue service lifts.g. Dr Hani Obeid 25 . smoke and heat Extraction equipment).

Dr Hani Obeid 26 . Continuity of services This chapter requires that an assessment be made for Each circuit of any need for continuity of service Considered necessary during the intended life of The installation.Chapter 36.

Many regulations Are worded differently but the requirements are not Significantly changed. The terms ³Direct Contact´ and ³Indirect Contact´ Are no longer used. They are replaced with Basic Protection and fault Protection.CHAPTER 41 1. The chapter has been rewritten. Dr Hani Obeid 27 . 2.

BASIC PROTECTION Protection under normal conditions is protection against touching live parts FAULT PROTECTION Protection under fault conditions is protection against receiving a shock from conductive parts that have been become live due to a breakdown of insulation or damage to equipment. Dr Hani Obeid 28 .

4. External sockets not exceeding 32A must also have 30 mA RCD protection. Socket outlets rated not exceeding 20 A and intended for General use by ordinary persons must be protected with 30mA RCD. This means that general purpose sockets In domestic and similar properties must have RCD Protection. Dr Hani Obeid 29 .3.

41B2. based on 230 V Nominal and this has slightly reduced these. 41. For example for 32 A type B mcb the maximum Permitted is 1.2. Tables 41B1.44 ohms and was previously 1. and 41.5.Z S Values have been adjusted.5 ohms.4 Dr Hani Obeid 30 . and 41D have been replaced by tables 41. Maximum permitted loop impedance .3.

This chapter includes the UK reduced low voltage system.7 recognizes FELV as Measure a protective Dr Hani Obeid 31 . Chapter 41 includes a new table 41. Regulation 411.5.RCDs should have a rated residual operating Current not exceeding 30mA and an operating time not exceeding 40ms at a residual current of five times the rated residual operating current. which gives Maximum values of earth fault loop impedance For RCD to BS EN 61008-1 and BS EN 61009-1.

includes Requirements in section 422 Precautions where particular risks of fire exist (These requirements Were previously stated in Section 482 of BS 7671:2001.Chapter 42 Precautions where particular risks of fire exist the protection against thermal effects. Dr Hani Obeid 32 .

Chapter 43 Protection against Over-current this includes those requirements previously given in Section 473 of BS7671:2001. Information on the over current protection of Conductors in parallel is given in Appendix 10. Dr Hani Obeid 33 .

due to earth faults in The high voltage system and faults in the low voltage system.Chapter 44 Protection against voltage disturbance This includes a new section 422. covering the Protection of low voltage installations against Temporary over-voltages. Dr Hani Obeid 34 .

Dr Hani Obeid 35 . Loss of the supply neutral in the low voltage System and short circuit between a line conductor And neutral in the low voltage installation.This new section provides for the safety of the Low voltage system under fault conditions. Including faults in the high voltage system.

it also adds regulations Enabling designers to use a risk assessment approach When designing installations which may be susceptible To over-voltages of atmospheric origin. Dr Hani Obeid 36 . or due to switching. retains the Existing text from BS 7671.Section 443 Section 443 on the protection of over-voltages of atmospheric origin.

Cables concealed in a wall or partition (at a depth of less than 50 mm) now need to be Protected by a 30 mA RCD.Chapter 52 Selection and erection of Wiring Systems This now includes bus-bars trunking systems and power track systems. where the installations is Not intended to be under the supervision od a skilled or Instructed person. Dr Hani Obeid 37 . if the normal methods of protection Cannot be employed.

to take account of the availability of material with Improved thermal insulation.2.Table 52. Dr Hani Obeid 38 . concerning cables surrounding by thermal insulation. gives slightly reduced de-rating factors.

Isolation. and a new Section 538 on Monitoring Devices. Control & Monitoring Simplification means that requirements previously In chapter 46.Chapter 53 Protection. Chapter 53 also includes a new Section 532. section 476 and 537 of BS7671:2001 are now covered in this single chapter. Devices For Protection against the Risk of Fire. Dr Hani Obeid 39 .

4.2. Dr Hani Obeid 40 .Chapter 54 Earthing Arrangements and Protective Conductors The requirement that a metallic pipe of a water utility Supply shall not be used as an earth electrode is retained in Regulation 542. which also states that other Metallic water supply pipe-work shall not be used as An earth electrode. unless precautions are taken against Its removal and has been considered for such a use.

Regulation 543. previously in Section 607 of BS 7671:2001 Dr Hani Obeid 41 .7 has earthing requirements for the installation of equipment with high protective Conductor currents.

Chapter 55 Other Equipment This includes new additional requirements in Regulation 551.7 to ensure the safe connection of low voltage generating sets including small-scale Embedded generators (SSEGs). Dr Hani Obeid 42 .

Dr Hani Obeid 43 .Chapter 56 Safety Services This chapter has been expanded in line with IEC Standardization.

Dr Hani Obeid 44 .Part 7 Special Installations or Locations This part includes the following changes: Section 607 in BS 7671:2001 relating to high Protective conductor currents has been incorporated Into Chapter 54.

Section 608 in BS 7671:2001 has been incorporated into Section 708. Electrical Installations in Caravan/camping Parks and Similar Locations and Section 721. Dr Hani Obeid 45 . Electrical Installations in Caravans and Motor Caravans.

The following Major Changes are Incorporated in Part 7 Dr Hani Obeid 46 .

Section 702 Swimming Pools and Other Basins This special location now includes basins of fountains. and C in BS 7671:2001 are replaced by 0.1. Zones A. B. and 2. Dr Hani Obeid 47 .

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and 3 (with changed Dimensions).2. Dr Hani Obeid 51 . C. B. and D in BS 7671:2001 are Replaced by zones 1.Section 703 Rooms and Cabins Containing Sauna Heaters Zones A.

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2s) And the 25 V equation no longer appear Dr Hani Obeid 53 .Section 704 Construction and Dimension Site The reduced disconnection times (0.

Additional requirements applicable to life support systems Are included.Section 705 Agricultural and Horticultural Premises The reduced disconnection times (0.2s) and the 25V equation no longer appear. Dr Hani Obeid 54 .

Section 706 Conducting Locations with Restricted Movement This was previously Section 606 in BS 7671:2001 Dr Hani Obeid 55 .

Secti lectrical I stallati i ara a / a Si ilar cati s i ar s a This w i clu es the require e ts that each I i i ual s c et. Dr Ha i Obei 56 .utlet ust be r i e with O er-curre t a R D r tecti .

show and stands. Section 711: Exhibitions. Section: 717: Mobile or transportable units. Section 712: Solar photovoltaic (pv) power Supply systems. Section 753: Floor and ceiling heating systems.New Sections included in Part 7 Section 709: Marines and similar locations. Dr Hani Obeid 57 .

amusement devices and booths at fairgrounds. Dr Hani Obeid 58 . amusement parks and circuses. Section 740: Temporary electrical installations for structures.Section 721: Electrical installations in caravans and motor caravans ± this was previously in section 608 of BS 7671:2001.

Wiring Colors Dr Hani Obeid 59 .

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and ± yellow. Again the protective color conductor is identified by the Color combination green. respectively And the neutral color is now blue instead of black. instead of red. L2. yellow. Alternatively all three of the phase conductor cores May be colored brown and marked L1. black And grey.Three-phase Installations For three-phase cables the phase colors are brown. L3 at the termination Dr Hani Obeid 61 . and blue.

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