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MATHEMATICS
2011
PAPER 1
A. GENERAL GUIDE
 Paper 1
Covers some topics from Form 1 to 3, all topics in
Form 4 and 5, and requires BASIC,
INTERMEDIATE and HIGHER skills.
Form of question  objective questions with 4
choices of answer.
Topics covers the NUMBERS, SHAPES & SPACE
and ALGEBRAIC themes.
$kills on NUMBERS, SHAPES & SPACE and
ALGEBRAIC themes complement each other ;
without any one of the skill, others CAN'T BE
acquired. Questions on $APE$ require a lot of
ALGEBRAÌC and NUMBER skills whilst questions
on ALGEBRA require skills on NUMBER$ or vice
versa.
$kills on NUMBER$ should be built first whilst skills
on ALGEBRA are an important tool to solve many
problems.
$cope of questions covers topics that have been
taught from Form 1 to 5 (please refer to topics
analysis in Part C to get a clear picture of topics
asked).
Candidates must do an overall revision covering all
these topics and don't choose certain topics only
THEMES & TOPICS
NUMBERS $APE$ AND
$PACE$
ALGEBRA
1. Whole
Numbers
2. Fractions
3. Decimals
4. Percentages
5. Directed
Numbers
6. Multiples &
Factors
7. $quares,
$quare Roots,
Cubes, Cube
Roots
8. $tandard
Form
9. Number
Bases
1. Basic Measurements
2. Lines and Angles
3. Polygons
4. Perimeter and Area
5.Geometrical
Constructions
6. Loci Ìn Two Dimensions
7. Circles
8. $olid Geometry
9. Pythagoras' Theorem
10. Trigonometry
11. Bearings
12. Angles Of Elevation &
Depression
13. Lines & Planes Ìn 3D
14. Plans And Elevations
15. Earth As A $phere
16. Transformations
1. Ìndices
2. Algebraic Expressions
3. Algebraic Formulae
4. Linear Equations
5. Linear Ìnequalities
6. Quadratic Exp. &
Equations
7. Coordinates
8. The $traight Line
9. Graphs Of Functions
10. Gradient & Area Under
A Graph
11. Ratios and Rates
12. Variations
13. Matrices
14. $ets
15. Mathematical
Reasoning
16. $tatistics
17. Probability
. EXAMINATION FORMAT
 Paper 1
NO.
ÌTEM NOTE$ / DE$CRÌPTÌON
1
Type Of Ìnstrument Objective Test
2
Type Of Ìtem Multiple Choice
3
Number Of Question 40 questions (Answer all)
4
Total Marks
40
5
Test Duration 1 hour 15 minutes
6
Constructual Ìnclination Knowledge  45 % / $kill  55
%
7
Contextual Coverage 1. Lower form's field of studies
that have continuity at higher
form.
2. All field of studies from form 4
to 5.
8
Level of Difficulty
Easy (E) Moderate (M)
Difficult (D)
E : M : D = 5 : 3 : 2
9
Additional Tools 1. $cientific Calculators
2. Mathematical Tables Book
3. Geometrical Equipment
C. ANALYSIS Paper 1
TOPICS
2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
FORM1  3
1. Polygons I and II
2. Algebraic Expressions
3. Linear Equations
4. Algebraic Formulae
5. Statistics I and II
6. TransIormations I and II
7. Indices
8. Linear Inequalities
9. Trigonometry I
2
2
1
1
2
3
2
2

1
2
1
1
2
2
2
2
1
2
2
1
1
1
2
2
1

1
2
1
1
3
2
1
1
1
2
2
1
1
2
2
2
1

1
2
1
1
2
2
2
1

2
2
1
1
3
2
2
2

TOTAL 15 14 12 13 13 12 15
FORM4
1. Standard Form
2. Quadratic Expr. &Equations
3. Sets
4. Mathematical Reasoning
5. The Straight Line
6. Statistics III
7. Probability I
8. Circles III
9. Trigonometry II
10. 10. Angles Angles oI Elevation & Depress. oI Elevation & Depress.
11. Lines &Planes in 3Dimension
4

3

1

2
1
2
1
1
4

3

2

3
1
2
2
1
3

3

2
1
2
1
3
1
1
4

3

2

2
1
2
2
1
3

3

2

2
1
3
1
1
4

3

2

2
1
3
2
1
4

2

2

2
1
2
2
1
TOTAL 15 18 17 17 16 18 16
FORM5
1. Number Bases
2. Graphs oI Functions II
3. 3. Transformations III Transformations III
4. Matrices
5. 5. Variations Variations
6 6 Gradient/Area Gradient/Area Under Graphs Under Graphs
7. 7. Probability II Probability II
8. 8. Bearings Bearings
9. 9. Earth As A Sphere Earth As A Sphere
10. 10. Plans And Elevations Plans And Elevations
2
1

3
2


1
1

2
1

1
2


1
1

2
1

2
3


1
2

2
1

2
3


1
1

2
1

2
3


1
2

2
1

2
3


1
1

2
1

2
2


1
1

TOTAL 10 8 11 10 11 10 9
D. ANSWERING GUIDE
 Paper 1
Paper 1 usually begins with simple and easy questions.
Ìf any question can't be answered, move to other questions
and don't waste time an any one question.
For questions involving table readings, usuaIIy exampIes
on how to use the tabIe are shown.
Protractors and set squares are not permitted to be use in
Geometrical Constructions. After constructions are made
using compasses and ruler, .andidates .an use the
protra.tor to .he. a..ura.y of the angIes
.onstru.ted. (NOTE : There are no more Geometri.aI
Constru.tion questions in Paper 1).
Ìt is very important for candidates to study past years
questions and try to answer them according to the time and
rules set. This will give us a clear picture of the form of
question that will be given, skills that must be grasp and
topics that must be given priority.
Don't be too dependent on a certain method or skill to
solve problems. Try to variate your technique and skill.
TE MORE EXERCISE, TE BETTER METOD OF
$OLVÌNG WE U$E AND TE FASTER WE $OLVE
EXAMÌNATÌON QUE$TÌON$ TAT AVE TE $AME
FORMAT EAC YEAR .
E. FORMS OF QUESTION
 Paper 1
COMMON SENSE" QUESTIONS
(NEEDS NO CALCULATION)
EXAMPLE 1 :
A
B
P C
D
The diagram shows four lines drawn on a square grid.
Which of the lines has a gradient of 2 ?
A. PA B. PB C. PC D. PD
E. FORMS OF QUESTION
 Paper 1
QUESTIONS THAT CAN BE ANSWERED USING
OTHER QUESTION BEFORE OR AFTER IT AS A
GUIDE
Example 2 below can be answered using Example 3 as a
guide.
EXAMPLE 2 : EXAMPLE 3 :
Amir Amsyar bought a pair of pants $olve the equation
at a price of RM 42 after discount. 6 ÷ 2x = 4
The original price is RM 60. Calculate 3
The percentage of discount given.
A. 20 % C. 30 % A. ÷ 2 C. 4
B. 25 % D. 35% B. 3 D.  3
E. FORMS OF QUESTION 
Paper 1
QUESTIONS THAT CAN BE ANSWERED BY
TRYING OUT EACH CHOICE GIVEN (If possibIe,
try not using this method be.ause it
is time .onsuming)
EXAMPLE 4 :
A bag contains 624 balls which are either
orange, purple or white. Ìf a ball is picked
randomly from the bag, the probability of
picking a white ball is 3 . Find the number
8
of white balls in the bag.
A. 234 C. 324
B. 243 D. 423
Try whether 234 is equal to 3 . Ìf not
624 8
the same, repeat with other choices.
(Ìf possible make a RANDOM
choice because we might succeed
at first try)
A better and quicker method here is using
tthe algebraic method i.e by forming the
equation x = 3 and solving it.
624 8
E. FORMS OF QUESTION
 Paper 1
QUESTIONS THAT CAN BE SOLVED USING
ALGEBRAIC METHOD
EXAMPLE 5 :
The interior angles of a hexagon
are 2x
o
, 2x
o
, 3x
o
, 3x
o
, 4x
o
dan 4x
o
.
The value of x is
A. 40
o
C. 80
o
B. 70
o
D. 90
o
Form the
equation
2x + 2x + 3x + 3x
+ 4x + 4x =
4(180)
and solve the
equation.
E. FORMS OF QUESTION
 Paper 1
QUESTIONS THAT CAN BE SOLVED USING
ALGEBRAIC METHOD
EXAMPLE 6 :
In the foIIowing diagram, .aI.uIate the
height of the .yIinder, h, given surfa.e
area of the .yIinder is 330 .m
2
and its
radius is 3.5 .m.
r
A. 11.5 cm C. 15 cm
B. 13.25 cm D. 26.5 cm h
Form the
equation
2a(3.5)
2
¹ 2a(3.5)h
÷ 330
and solve the
equation.
(Subtitute a ÷ 22 /
7)
E. FORMS OF QUESTION
 Paper 1
QUESTIONS THAT CAN BE SOLVED
USING ALGEBRAIC METHOD
EXAMPLE 7
Given M (, 2) is the mid point for the
Iine that .onne.ts points P (8, a) and
Q (2a, a). The vaIue of is
A. 2 C.  2
B. 3 D.  3
Form the
simultaneous equation
a + a = 2 dan ÷ 8 +
2a = k
2 2
and solve them.
E. FORMS OF QUESTION
 Paper 1
QUESTIONS THAT HAD TO BE
GUESSED
Before guessing, eIiminate aII the
distra.tors first.
EXAMPLE 8 :
6.27 x 10
4
=
A. 0.0000627
B. 62700 Not possibIe be.ause this is a big number !
C. 0.000627
D. 6270000 Not possibIe be.ause this is a big number !
TRY THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS
RELATING TO NUMERS :
1. Round 40450 to
three significant
figure
A. 404 C. 40400
B. 405 D. 40500
2. 2.4 x 10
5
+ 4.8 x 10
4
=
A. 7.2 x 10
9
B. 2.88 x 10
5
C. 2.88 x 10
9
D. 2.88 x 10
4
3. 1011101
2
÷ 10110
2
=
A. 10001
2
B. 10101
2
C. 10111
2
D. 11111
2
4. 3.47 x 10
3
=
A. 0.0034
B. 347
C. 34.7
D. 3470
5. The area of a
square is 1.54
m
2
. Ìts width is
250 cm. Find
its
length in cm
A. 1.29 x 10
2
B. 6.16 x 10
1
C. 6.16 x 10
1
D. 6.16 x 10
3
TRY THE FOLLOWING
QUESTIONS RELATING TO
ALGERA :
8. Factorise 6pq ÷ 4q
2
A. 2q(4p ÷ 4q) C. 6p(p ÷ 4q
2
)
B. 6q(p ÷ 4q
2
) D. 2q(3p ÷ 2q)
. Factorise completely 2x
2
 8
A. 2(x
2
÷ 4) B. 2(x ÷ 2)
2
C. (x ÷ 2)(x + 4)
D. 2(x ÷ 2)(x + 2)
10. (4 ÷ 3p)(2 + 5p) =
A. 8 + 26p ÷ 15p
2
B. 8 ÷ 26p ÷ 15p
2
C. 8 + 14p ÷ 15p
2
D. 8 ÷ 14p ÷ 15p
2
11. Express 2r _ r as a
k + 1 k
fraction in its lowest term
A. r(k ÷ 1) C. r
k(k + 1) k
B. rk + r D. r .
k(k + 1) k + 1
12. Given w = 3a + 2b then a =
a
A. 2b C. w ÷ 2b
w ÷ 3 3
B. 2b D. w
w + 3 6b
6. Ìf x + 2 = 3x then x =
5
A. ÷ 1 / 3 C. ÷ 5
B. ÷ 2 / 5 D. 1
TRY THE FOLLOWING
QUESTIONS RELATING TO
SHAPES :
7. N
G H
S
G and are two points
on the parallel of laltitude
72
o
N. Find the shortest
distance, in nautical
miles, between point G
and .
A. 1080 C. 4320
B. 2160 D. 8640
13.
Q is the image of triangle P
under a rotation. The
coordinates of the centre of
rotation is
A. (5, 1) C. (4, 2)
B. (2, 4) D. (0, 5)
8
6 Q
4
2 P
0 2 4 6 8
SPM
MATHEMATICS
2010
PAPER 2
A. GENERAL GUIDE
 Paper 2
Paper 2 $PM Mathematics
contains 2 parts; Part A & Part B.
Test is in the form of written
subjective and answers must be
written in the question paper.
Questions subjective and needs
longer working method.
$cope of question covers certain
particular topics from form 1 to
form 5, different from Paper 1 that
has a wider coverage.
. EXAMINATION FORMAT
 Paper 2
NO.
ÌTEM NOTE$ / DE$CRÌPTÌON
1
Type Of Ìnstrument $ubjective Test
2
Type Of Ìtem $tructured & Limited Response
3
Number Of Question Part A : 11 Question (Answer all)
Part B : 5 Questions (Choose 4)
4
Total Marks
Part A : 52 marks
Part B : 48 marks (12 marks each)
5
Test Duration 2 hour 30 minutes
6
Constructual Ìnclination Knowledge  25 % / $kill  70 %
Value ÷ 5 %
7
Contextual Coverage 1. Lower form's field of studies
that have continuity at higher form.
2. All field of studies from form 4 to 5.
8
Level of Difficulty
Easy (E) Moderate (M)
Difficult (D)
E : M : D = 5 : 3 : 2
9
Additional Tools 1. $cientific Calculators
2. Mathematical Tables Book
3. Geometrical Equipment
C. GENERAL INSTRUCTION
 Paper 2
Answer ALL 11 questions in Part A and
4 out of 5 questions in Part B (if more than
4 are answered, only 4 questions with the
highest mark will be chosen).
Candidates can use a normal scientific
calculator.
Candidates will be supplied with four digit
tables book, graph papers, blank papers.
FinaI answer that invoIves de.imaIs
must be given .orre.t to two de.imaI
pIa.es.
Though not stated, candidates also have
to bring along drawing tools like long
rulers, geometry sets, "flexi curve¨ and
other tools thought to be useful.
D. ANALYSIS  Paper 2
TOPÌC$
PART A
03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10
PART B
03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10
FORM 1  3
1. $imultaneous Linear EqUATÌON
2. Cicles (ÌÌ)
3. Volume/ Area of $olids
1 1 1 1 1
1 1 1 1 1
1 1 1 1 1
TOTAL 3 3 3 3 3
FORM 4
1. Standard Form
2. Quadratic Expr & Equations
3. $ets
4. Mathematical Reasoning
5. The $traight Line
6. $tatistics ÌÌÌ
7. ProbabiIity I
8. Ci.Ies III
. Trigonometry II
10. AngI. of EIevation & Depress.
11. Lines & Planes in 3Dimension
1 1 1 1 1
 1  1 
1 1 1 1 1
1 1 1 1 1
1 1 1 1 1
1 1 1 1 1
TOTAL 4 5 4 5 4 1 1 1 1 1
FORM 5
1. Number Bases
2. Graphs of Functions ÌÌ
3. Transformations ÌÌÌ
4. Matrices
5. Variations
6. Gradient/Area Under Graphs
7. Probability ÌÌ
8. Bearings
. Earth As A $phere
10.Plans and Elevations
1  1  1
1 1 1 1 1
1 1 1 1 1
1 1 1 1 1
1 1 1 1 1
1 1 1 1 1
1 1 1 1 1
1 1 1 1 1
TOTAL 4 3 4 3 4 4 4 4 4 4
OVERALL TOTAL 11 11 11 11 11 5 5 5 5 5
E. ANSWERING GUIDE &
MARKING SCHEME  Paper 2
1. QUADRATIC
 Change to its standard form ax2 + bx + c = 0
 Factorise expression on the Left and $ide.
 Use the fact that "Ìf ab = 0, then a = 0 or b = 0¨
ExampIe 1 : $olve the equation (f ÷ 1)(f + 3) = 5
2. SIMULTANEOUS LINEAR EQUATIONS
 solve using the "subtitution¨ or "variabIe eIimination¨
technique.
 recheck whether the answer satisfy the equation given.
ExampIe 2 : Calculate the value of f and g that satisfy both the
following equations
1 f + g = 1
2
3f ÷ 2g = 22
E. ANSWERING GUIDE &
MARKING SCHEME  Paper 2
3. MATRICES
 candidates must be able to find Ìnverse of a Matrix and know its
characteristics
 candidates must also be able to use that Ìnverse Matrix to solve
simultaneous equations @ matrices.
 write final answer expIi.itIy.
ExampIe 3 : Given the matrix A = 5 3
4 2
( i) Find the inverse of matrix A
(ii) Hen.e, using matrices, calculate the values of
x and y which satisfy the following matrix
equation
5 3 x = 0
4 2 y 2
E. ANSWERING GUIDE &
MARKING SCHEME  Paper 2
4. SETS
 Usually, question is on shading region of
intersection, union and complement of sets.
 Multiple hatchings are allowed.
ExampIe 4 : On the diagrams in the answer space, shade
(a) the set P' ʩ Q (b) the set (P ʪQ') ʩ R
Q R Q R
P P
E. ANSWERING GUIDE &
MARKING SCHEME  Paper 2
5. GRADIENT AND AREA UNDER A GRAPH
 questions usually are based on $peedTime or Distance
Time graphs.
 candidates must be able to
(a) write equation from the information given and hence
solve that equation.
(b) find speed from DistanceTime graph.
(c) find distance & acceleration from $peedTime graph.
(d) caculate average speed from both graphs.
EXAMPLE 5 :
$peed (m s
1
)
14
12
Time (s)
8 t
Diagram shows speedtime graph for a particle in a
period of t s. Calculate
(i) rate of speed change for the particle in the first
8 seconds.
(ii) value of t, given total distance travelled by the
particle in the period of t seconds is 248 m.
EXAMPLE 6 :
Distance from P (km)
280 C N
154 M
Time (h)
D
O t 4 5
Diagram shows distancetime graph for the route
travelled by a bus and a car. OMN represents the
bus's route from town P to town R and CMD
represents the car's route from town R to town P.
(i) Calculate average speed, in km h÷1, travelled by the
bus from P to R.
(ii) The car travels at uniform speed, calculate value of t.
E. ANSWERING GUIDE &
MARKING SCHEME  Paper 2
6. CIRCLES
 candidates must be able use length of arc formulae and
area of a sector formulae with ease where the use of angle
at the centre is very important.
 answer must be given at least to 2 decimal place if decimals
are involve.
ExampIe 7 : Ìn the diagram, ABD is a sector of a circle with centre A.
ADC is a straight line. By using ¬ = 3.142, calculate
(a) perimeter of the shaded region
(b) area of the shaded region. C
D
A B
8 cm
E. ANSWERING GUIDE &
MARKING SCHEME  Paper 2
7. SURFACE AREA AND VOLUME OF SOLIDS.
Formulas on volume of solids are supplied.
$kill on formulae application is also very
important..
ExampIe 8 : ExampIe : ExampIe 10 :
VOLUME $URFACE
AREA
$URFACE
AREA
E. ANSWERING GUIDE &
MARKING SCHEME  Paper 2
8. GRAPHS OF FUNCTIONS
 Graphs must be drawn within the
lines of the graph paper.
 you must be able to calculate y
values from the function given,
obey scale instruction, shift points
in the table to graph and hence
draw a smooth curve.
 skills on solving equation by
graphical method are
also needed.
EXAMPLE 11 : EXAMPLE 12 :
E. ANSWERING GUIDE &
MARKING SCHEME  Paper 2
. PLANS AND ELEVATIONS
Drawings are done on the blank paper
provided in the question paper.
Drawings must be precise according to
measurements given.
All lines must be straight and drawn using a
ruler.
90
o
angle can be erected quickly using
.orner of a ruIer.
Make sure there are no extensions" and
gaps".
Constru.tion Iines must be differentiated with
proje.tion Iines.
Circles' curves must be drawn using
compasses.
A straight "lining¨ is very important.
ExampIe 13 : ExampIe 14 :
E. ANSWERING GUIDE &
MARKING SCHEME  Paper 2
13. STATISTICS
 Candidates must be able to find mean,
modes and medians.
 Candidates must be able to construct
frequency table and hence draw histogram
or frequency polygons.
 Candidates must be able to construct
cumulative frequency table and hence
draw an ogive.
 Candidate must also be able to extract
informations from the ogive drawn.
EXAMPLE 15 : EXAMPLE 16 :
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