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passive_voice

passive_voice

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1. Active or Passive? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 0 I ate a piece of chocolate cake.

þÿ þÿ

The librarian read the book to the students. The money was stolen.
þÿ

þÿ

þÿ

þÿ

They are paid on Fridays.

þÿ

þÿ

The movie is being made in Hollywood. I washed my car three weeks ago. His hair was cut by a professional.
þÿ

þÿ

þÿ

þÿ

þÿ

þÿ

I will introduce you to my boss this week. It would have been fixed on the weekend.

þÿ

þÿ

þÿ

þÿ

The national anthem is being sung by Jason this time.

2. Turn the following Active sentences into the Passive. Use the agent only in important cases.

1. They make shoes in that factory. Shoes
þÿ

in that factory.

2. People must not leave bicycles in the driveway. Bicycles
þÿ

in the driveway.

3. They built that skyscraper in 1934. That skyscraper
þÿ

in 1934.

4. The students will finish the course by July.

The course

þÿ

by July.

5. They are repairing the streets this month. The streets
þÿ

this month.

6. They make these tools of plastic. These tools
þÿ

of plastic.

7. They have finished the new product design. The new product design
þÿ

.

8. They were cooking dinner when I arrived. Dinner
þÿ

when I arrived.

9. Smithers painted 'Red Sunset' in 1986. 'Red Sunset'
þÿ

in 1986 by Smithers.

10. Did the plan interest you?
þÿ

in the plan?

11. They had finished the preparations by the time the guests arrived. The preparations
þÿ

by the time the guests arrived.

12. You should take care when working on electrical equipment. Care
þÿ

when working on electrical equipment.

13. They are going to perform Beethoven's Fifth Symphony next weekend. Beethoven's Fifth Symphony
þÿ

next weekend.

14. Someone will speak Japanese at the meeting. Japanese
þÿ

at the meeting.

15. Karen is going to prepare the refreshments.

Use the verb and the tense given in brackets.The refreshments þÿ by Karen.Simple Present) the book by my friend last Sunday. . Rewrite the given sentences in Passive voice. Do not use contracted/short forms. Put in the correct form of the verb in Passive into the gaps.Simple Past) by my little brother. or Lisa was given some flowers by Tim. It's too old. Example: A letter __________ by Peter. 3) Somebody built the house last year.will-future) 9) The dishes 10) I þÿ 4. (not/to steal . (to invite .Simple Present) a letter the day before yesterday.Present Perfect) next week. (to send . (already/to close . . 3. 1) They don't speak English in this shop. (not/to wash . (to explain . (to give .will-future) because of snow. (not/to ask . þÿ .Simple Past) þÿ 3) This car 4) This street þÿ 5) A new restaurant 6) He þÿ þÿ 7) The blue box 8) I . Sometimes there are two possible answers (two objects in the active sentence).Simple Past) .will-future) to the party yesterday. (can/not/to see . (to open . (to write .Simple Present) Answer: A letter is written by Peter.Present Perfect) by Robert. _______________________ Answer: Some flowers were given to Lisa by Tim. Example: Tim gave Lisa some flowers. 2) Kevin asked Dennis a question. þÿ þÿ . 1) The words 2) We þÿ þÿ þÿ þÿ þÿ by the teacher today.

þÿ 9) They will meet Doris at the station. This room has been painted blue. Lots of houses were destroyed by the earthquake. . . You should open your workbooks. 7) Somebody broke into our bungalow last Friday. I am given a book. 8) The teacher told us a joke. You might see dolphins here. They were singing a song. Henry Ford invented the assembly line. Cricket is played in Australia. We have lost our keys. 10) Michael has not sent me a text message. . Houses have been built. German is spoken in Austria. She is reading an e-mail. þÿ þÿ 5. Decide whether the sentences are written in Active or Passive They listen to music. These cars are produced in Japan. þÿ þÿ þÿ þÿ þÿ þÿ þÿ þÿ þÿ þÿ þÿ þÿ þÿ þÿ þÿ þÿ þÿ . The report must be completed by next Friday. 6) The waiter brought Fred a big steak. Boys like to play soccer. Alan teaches Geography. .4) She gives him a box. 5) Max will look after him. The bus driver was hurt. þÿ . þÿ þÿ þÿ .

10) The teacher is not going to open the window. þÿ 5) Steven has forgotten the book. þÿ 9) The girls had lost the match. þÿ þÿ . Choose the correct answer: 1. so I went to the dentist ________. . .A letter was written to her. 6. . . 1) Julia rescued three cats. Example: Peter writes a letter. þÿ 4) Alex learned the poem. þÿ þÿ . or A letter is written by Peter. þÿ þÿ 7. 7) They play handball. . þÿ 3) Maria crashed into the blue car. . One of my wisdom teeth really hurt. _________________ Answer: A letter is written. . . 2) The students handed in the reports. I'm going to have Mike ________ my computer to see what is wrong. look at to look at looked at 2. 6) The mechanic has not repaired the DVD recorder. þÿ 8) Sue puts the rucksack on the floor. The bike is being repaired. Rewrite the sentences using Passive voice.

Jimmy is dead. let her daughter marry let her daughter to marry let her daughter married 6. The mafia boss ________. I had the ________ when I was renovating my apartment. had her deported have her deport . I ________ her and apologize. made him to call made him called made him call 8.to have it remove to have it removed to have it to be removed 3. had killed had him killed had him to be killed 5. wall to be knocked down wall knocked down wall knock down 7. Are you going to ________ like this? let him to suffer allow him suffer let him suffer 4. my heart broken had my heart broken had my heart broke 9. I have ________ many times. The authorities ________ as soon as they found out she was there illegally. Julie will not ________ the boy from across the street.

how to type when I was at school. a higher salary. 15 The building (evacuate) …….. last Monday. 6 Hotel rooms must (vacate) ……. 2 I hate (tell) …….. had tattoo done had a tattoo done had a tattoo to be done 8. 13 Your application should (hand in) ……. I ________ on my lower back. (say) to be one of the prettiest countries in Europe. lies.had her to be deported 10. 12 I wish I (teach) ……. by the end of next month. by 12 noon. ten minutes before the explosion took place. It’s too late now I’m afraid! 14 The wedding reception must (book) ……. she (promote) ……. Change the sentences from the active into the passive. Your presents will be left in the stocking by Santa Claus … . (install) yesterday. Omit the agent where it can be omitted. by May. 7 The villa (sell) ……. 5 Teachers ought (pay) ……. 10 My car (respray)……. S She hopes her home (build) ……. by George Bernard Shaw. 1 Holland …is said….. a month before the wedding. 3 My television (deliver) ……. at the moment. 11 Hopefully. Put the verbs in brackets into the correct passive form. 1 Santa Claus will leave your presents in the stocking …. 9. by public auction next week. 9 Heartbreak House (write) ……. 4 Their telephone ……. tomorrow.

they had filled all the rooms 16 Why haven’t you invited Mary to the party? 17 Paula will help you finish your project. 18 The mayor is opening the new community centre next week 19 We heard her complaining strongly to the manager 20 You can leave your bags at the left-luggage office 21 Workmen found some antique vases in the old house 22 The architects have drawn up plans for the new library 23 Who gave him the new car? 24 They are going to set the lion free next week 25 What time do you expect him to arrive? . 8 Why didn’t they give her the job? 9 She told them not to tell anyone 10 They should have given us a bonus 11 The doctors will bring him in for an examination 12 Fog has delayed all flights 13 She didn’t send me any parcels 14 She had cleaned the house before I got there 15 When we arrived at the hotel. 3 Teachers mark hundreds of exam papers every year . 4 Who wrote Romeo and Juliet? 5 You should dry your hair before you go out.2 Bad organisation spoiled their holiday . 6 You mustn’t tell him the truth . 7 She likes people taking her to the theatre .

2 The old barn has been pulled down 3 The results will be published in July 4 The trip was ruined by bad weather 5 The letter should have been posted last week 6 Who was the money raised by? 7 Why hasn’t the house been painted yet? 8 She was heard shouting 9 How much were you paid? 10 His car has been stolen 11 I can’t bear being cheated 12 A famous actress will be chosen to advertise the product 13 John was made to do the washing up 14 The ozone layer is gradually being destroyed by pollution 15 A bring-and-buy sale is being held next month 16 Our house was done up by a famous interior decorator 17 The cracks in the wall were caused by the earthquake 18 Thousands of rare birds are killed by hunters every year 19 Her purse was stolen on the bus 20 When will we be told the time of his arrival? 21 An ancient village has been uncovered by archaeologists 22 Why hasn’t the dishwasher been repaired yet? .. Change the sentences from the passive into the active.10. 1 Who was the Mona Lisa painted by? . Who painted the Mona Lisa? ..

S “Born in the USA” was sung ……….? 3 The cyclist was knocked down ……………. Residents have heard noises..a mechanic.. but . 6 The glass was cut ……. 12. 7 Her hair is coloured ……….a special tool.. 5 The car was fixed ………. 9 The roast was flavoured ………… wine.23 A new drug is being developed by scientists 24 A new breed of cow is to be introduced into the country by farmers 25 The furniture will have been removed by noon 26 Who were you going to be replaced by? 27 The island is being ruined by tourists 28 Two rooms had been booked for her by her travel agent 29 She was seen to leave the building 30 Seats should have been reserved a week ago 11. Fill in “by” or “with”.a bus 4 Soup is eaten …………a spoon. Change into the passive. A Police are investigating a series of break-ins in the Hattersby area. 1 The Magus was written … by…..Springsteen.. 2 Who was the radio invented ………. John Fowles.henna. 10 Music will be played ……… the local band.

The new owner is closing the hotel for a few months for redecoration. Turn the following sentences into the passive as in the example: 1 They think he is lying. It ………………………………………… . and they should have restored the building many years ago. … A series of break-ins … B A wealthy businessman has just bought the Black Swan Hotel. The Barrett family owned it for many years. 14.. It …………………………………. ……………………………………. Locals are discussing matters of security with the police and they have requested greater police presence in the area . 2 They believe he got lost in the forest. It … is………. She …………………………. The recent rise in crime in the neighbourhood has shocked residents. The president …………………………. 3 They say she has been very ill.nobody has actually seen anything suspicious.. It ………………………………………… 5 They believe she was taking drugs. She . thought that he is lying …. 4 They said the president had been shot. He …………………………………. He … is thought to be lying …. but they couldn’t find enough money.. It ……………………………. At the moment workmen are polishing the floors and redecorating all the rooms.

be You ………………………………if you keep on talking. Use two to five words. 2 The teacher will send you out if you keep on talking. It ………………………………………… 9 They say his health is very poor. be He ………………………………………. 3 They are going to transfer him to Portugal.6 They expect he will pass his driving test. His health ………………………………. 7 They said she was wrongly accused.. believed It … is believed that eating … too fast causes indigestion. He ………………………………………. 1 Many people believe that eating too fast causes indigestion. to Portugal. Complete the sentences using the words in bold. Some papers …………………………… It ………………………………………… 15. He ……………………………………… It ………………………………………. . She ……………………………………… It ………………………………………. It ………………………………………… 10 They report that some papers have been stolen... 8 They believe he is leaving soon.

4 They will have completed the construction by September. was He ……………………………. 8 They gave him a gold watch when he retired. Mr Owen Gibbon has discovered a valuable oil painting in the attic of his house in Rochester. is The ………………………………for the problems.when he retired. been A new ………………………….. 16. is The new restaurant ………………………. .by September.by the end of the week. Mr Gibbon’s great-grandfather bought the picture in the 1890′s. 7 They will have appointed a new director by the end of the week. the famous animal artist. 10 They are opening the new restaurant this evening. this evening. Mr Gibbon has offered the work to the National Gallery. but after his death the family stored it away in the attic. painted the work in 1760. by a journalist. was He ………………………………. be The story …………………………. George Stubbs..by his mother for shouting.000. Rewrite the following text in the passive. 9 The mother told her son off for shouting. 5 They are holding the caretaker responsible for the problems. They will have finished the restoration work by June. 6 A journalist is going to cover the story. Art historians are examining the painting. where experts will restore the picture to its former beauty.. been The ……………………………………. and have valued it at £500.

Environmentalists say that they need a lot of volunteers if they are to minimise the damage. The Winter Company was originally going to release the film in August but they decided to wait until October. B Over the past ten years oil spills have polluted the seas surrounding Britain. Richard Able directed The Hawk and critics are encouraging people to see it. . The government also hopes that they can prevent such incidents by building more lighthouses along the coastline. The tankers spill oil onto the coast and this harms many forms of wildlife. Cinemas report that British audiences have bought a lot of tickets and that they are sure The Hawk will be a success.17. Rewrite the following texts in the passive. A The Winter Production Company has finally released the film which the public has been waiting for for so long: The Hawk. In future. the government has promised that it will prosecute the owners of any tankers that pollute the North Sea in this way. as they know that fewer people go to the cinema in the summer.

19 Would you like someone to do the shopping for you? . 3 He was mending the table for Sophie . .They had their wedding reception organised by caterers …. 18 Our cooker was being repaired when the lights went off .18 Write the sentences in the causative as in the example: 1 Their wedding reception was organised by caterers . 9 The mechanic is repairing her car . 2 I’ll ask her to make the appointment for Friday . 17 My father likes people taking his photograph . 8 I’ll get the men to move this for you by this evening . 7 Don’t ask them to post the letters . 5 Has your leg been X-rayed? . 10 They renovated the Smiths’ house last year . .. 4 He took his boots to be re-heeled . 11 They are going to clean our swimming pool. 12 Where do they take their photographs to be developed? 13 He doesn’t mind the barber cutting his hair short 14 You should ask someone to water your plants while you’re on holiday . 15 Will she get someone to deliver the computer? 16 She prefers sending her clothes to the dry-cleaner’s . 6 I will tell James to cancel the meeting tomorrow .

Rephrase the following using have. . 2 We are going to ask the plumber to install a new shower . What has she done? 4 Someone will repair our leaking roof. get or make as in the example: 1 She insisted that they go to the meeting ….. She made them go to the meeting ………. 4 The teacher asked Sam to open the window . What did they do? 6 Somebody had serviced their car before they went on holiday. What is he doing? 9 A detective investigated the case for her. What will we do? 5 Someone cut the lawn for them while they were away. What does she do? 3 A hairdresser has cut and styled Pamela’s hair. What will Jan do? 8 Someone is designing some furniture for him. Write sentences in the causative as in the example: 1 The doctor examined Paul’s ankle. What were they doing? 14 He had someone paint his daughter’s portrait. What had they done? 7 A builder will do up Jan’s attic. What is she doing? 12 The secretary had prepared the minutes for him before the meeting. What did Paul do? ……He had his ankle examined …. 3 We persuaded Paul to lend us some money . What has he done? 11 Someone is organising a birthday party for her. What did she do? 10 Someone has written the actor’s life story for him. 5 The dentist insisted that George sit still. 19. What did he do? 20.20 The beautician polished the model’s nails . 2 Someone delivers her groceries once a week. What had he done? 13 He was building their swimming pool.

13 Mr Smith insisted that Jane stay late at work .. 15 Sue persuaded the caretaker to fix the door 21. her Her mother …………………………. 5 Jane insisted that I have some more cake. 14 I’ll ask Pam to turn down the radio .6 Mrs Jones will ask the attendant to fetch her car.Complete the sentences using the words in bold. 12 My father persuaded me to help him wash his car. have You’ll … have to have your hair … cut. 8 My brother insisted that I give him back his book . been My cat …………………………. 11 He insisted on them keeping quiet. 1 The hairdresser will have to cut your hair. 4 Someone will steal your purse if you don’t look after it.a large dog. be Your purse ……………… if you don’t look after it. 10 We’ll ask the receptionist to give him his key . 7 The doctor persuaded her to go to hospital. .some more cake. 9 She persuaded her friend to help her with the cleaning ..a new dress for the party. 2 A large dog has attacked my cat. 3 Her mother insisted that she buy a new dress for the party. Use two to five words . made Jane ………………………….

for my flight home. 8 Someone cleans my house every week.. resurfaced We ……………………………………….every week. have We will need …………………………………soon.tomorrow. made She …………………………………. done She doesn’t like ironing so …………………. have I …………………………………………. had They ……………………………. . 12 I asked my parents to pay for my flight home. 9 How did he persuade you to do it? get How ………………………………… do it? 10 She got a friend to make her an evening dress.when I last saw them.by a friend. 13 Hooligans attacked Barney outside the stadium.. 7 Our furnace will need servicing soon. 15 He arranged for a friend to bring his books over from England.6 They are resurfacing our drive tomorrow.. 11 Their house had been burgled when I last saw them. had I …………………………….by the cleaner. 14 She doesn’t like ironing so the cleaner does it for her. got Barney …………………………outside the stadium.

. sent He ……………………………………… by someone at the office.in an accident. extracted She ……………………………………………. got Lucy … got Andrew to take her … out to dinner. Use two to five words. 1 Lucy persuaded Andrew to take her out to dinner. 9 She insisted that we come home early.repaired 3 A beautician does her nails every week. have I ………………………………………….. ………………………….Complete the sentences using the words in bold.. 2 Our heater needs repairing. by a beautician every week. made The shopkeepers ……………………………on Christmas Eve. 7 The shopkeepers were forced to work on Christmas Eve. 5 I’ll ask Mark to fetch my laundry. 22. had He . have We’ll ………………………………………. done She ………………………………….now. 6 His car was badly damaged in an accident.my laundry. 8 He got someone at the office to send the fax.had He ………………………………………from England. 4 The dentist is extracting her tooth now..

10 Someone had dented her car when she came out of the shop.once a month. have They can ……………………………….the wound? 15 The boxer broke his arm in a fight. 11 They can get someone to groom the dog next week. .. 13 Why did he insist that I buy this dress? make Why ……………………………this dress? 14 Did he ask the nurse to dress the wound? get Did he ……………………………….when she came out of the shop. made The police ………………………what had happened. 17 The contract will have been drawn up for you by the time you get back. 18 The police ordered him to tell them what had happened. 12 He used to pay someone to do his accounts once a month. done He used ………………………………. had She ……………………………. 16 I must have someone look at this painting – it might be valuable. looked I must ……………………………it might be valuable.next week. had We will ………………………up for you by the time you get back. broken The boxer …………………………… in a fight.made We ………………………………………………early.

1 She has been had her house repainted.. 2 Did he make you to stay at home? 3 He was been knighted for his service to the country. 11 Could you have someone to repair the fax machine? 12 He paid a lot to have had the engine rebuilt. . 23. 18 Jo was been given a beautiful necklace for Christmas. 14 The goods will have be shipped to you tomorrow. got He ………………… the new client for him. 20 She had her nose be broken while playing cricket. 15 He likes to having his autograph asked for. 5 The bankrobbers were been arrested at the airport yesterday. 10 The symphony was being written by Sibelius. 16 Those faxes have to be had sent today. 19 All the windows were being broken in last night’s explosion. 7 She did got him to cook dinner for her. 17 They have had central heating installed last Monday.19 Margery dealt with the new client for him. 6 The pictures they were donated to the gallery by the Queen. 9 Charlotte had Bill to mend her TV. 4 Liz has had her hair be done.Find the word which should not be in the sentence. 8 He was been stopped at customs. 13 They have their taxes be done by an accountant.

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