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paint defect

paint defect

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Published by: anurag_4013 on Jan 19, 2011
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03/21/2014

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PAINT FAILURES,CAUSES & REMEDIES.

SR.NO. DESCRIPTION CAUSE
spray gun too close to work,too much thinner,too much paint,or surface too hard or glossy to hold paint. paint too viscous;gun too close to surface;solvent evaporated too fast;or air pressure too low for proper atomization. Particles reaching surface not wet enough to level because of too rapid solvent evaporation gun too far from surface;or paint Particles falling outside spray pattern. Air pockets trapped in wet film during spraying. Application over oil,dirt,silicon, or incompatible coating.

REMEDY
Before cure,brush out excess paint and modify spray condition.After cure sand and apply another coat. Before cure,brush out excess paint and modify spray condition.After cure sand and apply another coat. Before cure,remove by dry brushing followed by solvent wiping.After cure, sand and apply another coat. Sand or blast to smooth finish and apply additional coats. Sand or blast remove; brush apply a fresh coat plus topcoat. Sand or blast remove; respray with retarder added to thinner. Repaint & avoid possible sources of moisture. Scrape off wrinkles and apply thinner coat;avoid intense sunlight.

1 SAGS.Also Called Excess flow of Paint.

2 ORANGE PEEL.Hills,valley in paint resembling skin of orange.

3 OVERSPRAY.Also called dry spray.Dry,flat,pebbly surface.

4 CRATERING.Also called pitting.small,uniform indentation in film. 5 FISH EYES.Separation or pulling apart of wet film to expose underlying finish or substrate. 6 BLUSHING.Flat finish with milky appearance.

Moisture condensation in high humidity with fast evaporating or unbalanced thinner in spray application. Ultraviolet light degradation; or moisture behind paint film.

7 FADING.Colour changes or irregularities.

8 WRINKLING.Rough,crinkled Surface skinning over uncured surface. paint because of too much thickness and/or too warm weather,especially with oilbase paints. 9 BLISTERING.Small to large broken or unbroken bubbles

Solvent entrapment;oil,moisture Blowers in enclosed area or salt-contaminated surface; to accelerate solvent or cathodic disbonding. release;adequate cleaning of surface contamination;

If uncured.weathered same as above. Use holiday detector for early detection of pinholes apply additional coats after mechanical or blast cleaning. 16 MUD CRACKING. .Narrow breaks. 18 PEELING OF THICK.Deep cracks in paint that expose substrate.Deep.or settled pigment.excessive thickness(especially zinc-rich paints).brush out and apply additional coat.sandblast. Pinholing or too high a steel surface profile for coating thickness.INFLEXIBLE PAINT.and recoat.or applied/cured at too high a temperature. Stress from weathering exceed If limited.spot-remove adhesion to substrate.Peeling of thick paint from substrate. 13 CRACKING.sanding/mechanical cleaning may be acceptable on order substrates.limited flexibility. 15 DELAMINATION. clean & roughen smooth surface.if cured.or applied at too high a temperature. Rusting at pinholes or holidays. 11 PINPOINT RUSTING. poor-bonded undercoat.blast or mechanically remove total paint and apply new coat.use inhibitive pigments in primer.Peeling of heavy paint build-up from substrate. loose paint and apply flexible paint. early detection of defects with holiday detector and correction.too thick a coat.in topcoat that expose undercoat. scrape. A relatively inflexible coating Remove coating and abraapplied too thickly(especialy sively blast steel before common with inorganic zincs) reapplying at lesser thickness. 17 PEELING OF MULTIPLE COAT.coarse atomization.if extensive. irregular cracks as with dried mud.underminig and lifting paint.deep hole exposing substrate. Sand or mechanically remove checked coat and apply another coat.proper levels of cathodic protection.Tiny. Paint shrinkage. paint exceed adhesion to substrate.mechanically or chemically remove paint to substrate before recoating. 10 PINHOLING. usually short. Sand. Insufficient paint spray atomization.apply additional coat. Separation/lifting of paint from Sand or mechanically chalky substrate or smooth. Stress from cured. 14 UNDERCUTTING. Corrosion products formed where steel is exposed. remove all loose paint. 12 CHECKING.Peeling from undercoat or substrate Limited paint flexibility.Blistering &/or peeling of paint where exposed steel is rusting.

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