EDU 3101 Philosophy of Malaysia Education
Razak Report 1956 are proposals made by a committee of the Malaysian government to review the education system in Malaysia. This study committee was established in September 1955 and chaired by the then Education Minister Tun Abdul Razak Hussein.
Named after him and its goal was to reform the education system in Malaya.
. The proposal submitted by the Razak Report was approved by the federal government of Malaya and the important thing is to realize the proposed two primary types of Primary School (SRK) and the National Type Primary School (SRJK) and using Malay as the medium for SRK .
Razak also proposed a system of secondary education in the Malay language as the medium.
The report was incorporated into the Section 3 of the Education Ordinance of 1957 and served the basis of the educational framework for independent Malaya and eventually Malaysia.
establish a national education system in line with the aspiration to unite the different communities Malay as the national language maintain the development of language and culture of other races review the 1952 Education Ordinance and make the necessary amendments.
The Razak Report is a compromise between the Barnes Report (favoured by the Malays) and the Fenn-Wu Report (favoured by the Chinese and Indians).
. The Barnes Report was formerly passed into law as the Education Ordinance of 1952.
While the Razak Report forwards the Malay language as the main medium of instruction. and Malay and English schools at the secondary school level. English. it allows the retention of other language medium schools. Chinese and Tamil schools at the primary school level. The Report provides for Malay.
Malay-medium schools are referred to as "national" schools while other schools are referred to as "national-type" schools. All schools are government-funded and use a common national curriculum regardless of school type.
Other provisions include: Formation of a single system of national education Commencement of a Malayan-orientated curriculum Conception of a single system of evaluation for all Recognition of the eventual objective of making Bahasa Melayu the main medium of instruction
Developing the education system for racial disparities can be reduced
The purpose of Razak Report Make Malay the national language Strengthen unity among Malay. Chinese and Indians as a race hill in Malaya.
rained and progressive lieral Meet the requirements of independence and developing the education system
To provide adequate educational facilities to create society disciplined. disciplined. trained. Education management system to more efficiently and effectively Create a tolerant. liberal and progressive.
Content of The Razak Report Primary school Divided into 2: a) SRK ² malay as medium b) SRJK ² English.Chinese and Tamil as medium Malay and English ² compulsory subject Chinese and Tamil students (eng medium school) are given oppt to learn native tongue (if 15> students want to learn) Teachers must have a certificate of lower secondary school and received a year training full time and part time 2 year. 1.
High School Divided into 3 stages a) lower secondary school (3 years) b) upper secondary school (2 years) c) Pre-u (2 years) Only one type of school ² Malay and English compulsory.
2. Open to all races and use same dimension To enter high school ² must pass examination to enter high school
.Examination System a) Lower secondary school Examination at level 3 (exam) and mus pass the Sijil Rendah Pelajaran (SRP/LCE) to enter high school.Pre-U examination in the second year for the Higher School Certificate (STP/HSC) to enter university. b) High School Exam in form 5 for the Federation of Malaya Certificate of the same level of Cambridge Overseas certificate. c) Pre-U .