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This visual method has always been the easiest for me when hearing intervals up against a root, or in hearing and seeing scales. So if we use C as the root this is what we would get: ( b 5) ( # 5) R-m2-M2-m3-M3-P4-(#11)-P5-m6-M6-m7-M7-P8 C- C#- D D#- E - F F# - G G#- A A#- B - C (Db) (Eb) (Gb) (Ab) (Bb) I used the color blue to represent the enharmonic values of the Chromatic scale. Typically when ascending in the scale you call the enharmonic values as sharps and descending in the scale as flats. Knowing what a interval quality is at this point is easy because all you have to do is take anyone of these 12 notes and put it as the root and the rest of the notes are now the intervallic qualities. Here is the genetic make up of Chords: Major = R-M3-P5 Minor = R-m3-P5 Diminished = R-m3-b5 Augmented = R- M3-#5 These Chord qualities will never change so no matter what key you are in as long as you know what makes a chord a Major/Minor/Dim/Aug you then know them in every key. Try this using C as the Root and build these chords using this formula. Write it out on paper, and then play them on your keyboard and listen to the quality of each chord. Scales are no different. Check this out! Ionian: R-M2-M3-P4-P5-M6-M7-P8 Dorian: R-M2-m3-P4-P5-M6-m7-P8 Phrygian: R-m2-m3-P4-P5-m6-m7-P8 Lydian: R-M2-M3-#11-P5-M6-M7-P8 Mixolydian: R-M2-M3-P4-P5-M6-m7-P8 Aeolian: R-M2-m3-P4-P5-m6-m7-P8 Locrian: R-m2-m3-P4-b5-m6-m7-P8
scales and chords. This was not only what saved my butt in ear training class for four years but built a strong foundation in interval recognition from almost any note. Reason why I say almost any note is that the lower you go on a piano the harder it becomes to hear distances.Try all of these examples in the key of C. Adam Jewell . Try going to the lowest C possible and then play a M3 or a E from C. This will be your saving grace if you learn how to think about intervals. Then on manuscript paper write out the scale and Chord both in treble clef and in Bass clef. and scales in any key. When I was in music school at UMaine we were at a desk with no piano in front of us and it was important to be able to hear the intervals. so all the white keys on your midi controller or piano. chords. Write them out on a piece of paper and fill in the blanks above each interval with the note value. It is so dissonant that it makes it hard to tell what the interval is well for me anyway. and build the scales and chords associated with that key. Hope this was some help and good luck with your musical journey.