Version 8.

2
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Verification Guide
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Table of Contents
Proprietary and Restricted Rights Notice
Overview
Linear Statics Verification Using Theoretical Solutions
Nodal Loads on a Cantilever Beam .................................................................................... 4
Axial Distributed Load on a Linear Beam .......................................................................... 6
Distributed Loads on a Cantilever Beam ............................................................................ 9
Moment Load on a Cantilever Beam ................................................................................ 12
Thermal Strain, Displacement, and Stress on Heated Beam ............................................ 15
Uniformly Distributed Load on Linear Beam .................................................................. 18
Membrane Loads on a Plate ............................................................................................. 21
Thin Wall Cylinder in Pure Tension ................................................................................. 24
Thin Shell Beam Wall in Pure Bending ........................................................................... 27
Strain Energy of a Truss ................................................................................................... 30
Linear Statics Verification Using Standard NAFEMS Benchmarks
Elliptic Membrane ............................................................................................................ 34
Cylindrical Shell Patch Test ............................................................................................. 39
Laminate Strip .................................................................................................................. 42
Hemisphere-Point Loads .................................................................................................. 44
Z–Section Cantilever ........................................................................................................ 47
Skew Plate Normal Pressure ............................................................................................. 49
Thick Plate Pressure ......................................................................................................... 53
Solid Cylinder/Taper/Sphere–Temperature ...................................................................... 58
Normal Modes/Eigenvalue Verification Using Theoretical Solutions
Undamped Free Vibration - Single Degree of Freedom ................................................... 65
Two Degrees of Freedom Undamped Free Vibration - Principle Modes ......................... 68
Three Degrees of Freedom Torsional System .................................................................. 71
Two Degrees of Freedom Vehicle Suspension System .................................................... 73
Cantilever Beam Undamped Free Vibrations ...................................................................76
Natural Frequency of a Cantilevered Mass ...................................................................... 78
Normal Modes/Eigenvalue Verification Using Standard NAFEMS Bench-
marks
Bar Element Test Cases .................................................................................................... 82
Pin-ended Cross - In-plane Vibration ........................................................................ 83
Pin-ended Double Cross - In-plane Vibration ........................................................... 86
Free Square Frame - In-plane Vibration .................................................................... 89
TOC-2
Cantilever with Off-Center Point Masses ................................................................. 92
Deep Simply-Supported Beam .................................................................................. 95
Circular Ring - In-plane and Out-of-plane Vibration ................................................ 98
Cantilevered Beam .................................................................................................. 101
Plate Element Test Cases ................................................................................................ 104
Thin Square Cantilevered Plate -Symmetric Modes ............................................... 105
Thin Square Cantilevered Plate - Anti-symmetric Modes ...................................... 108
Free Thin Square Plate ............................................................................................ 111
Simply-Supported Thin Square Plate ...................................................................... 114
Simply-Supported Thin Annular Plate .................................................................... 117
Clamped Thin Rhombic Plate ................................................................................. 121
Cantilevered Thin Square Plate with Distorted Mesh ............................................. 124
Simply-Supported Thick Square Plate, Test A ....................................................... 129
Simply-Supported Thick Square Plate, Test B ........................................................ 133
Clamped Thick Rhombic Plate ............................................................................... 136
Simply-Supported Thick Annular Plate .................................................................. 140
Cantilevered Square Membrane .............................................................................. 144
Cantilevered Tapered Membrane ............................................................................ 148
Free Annular Membrane ......................................................................................... 152
Cantilevered Thin Square Plate ............................................................................... 156
Cantilevered Thin Square Plate #2 .......................................................................... 161
Axisymmetric Solid and Solid Element Test Cases ....................................................... 164
Free Cylinder - Axisymmetric Vibration ................................................................ 165
Thick Hollow Sphere - Uniform Radial Vibration .................................................. 168
Simply-Supported Annular Plate -Axisymmetric Vibration ................................... 171
Deep Simply-Supported Solid Beam ...................................................................... 174
Simply-Supported Solid Square Plate ..................................................................... 178
Simply-Supported Solid Annular Plate ................................................................... 182
Cantilevered Solid Beam ......................................................................................... 186
Verification Test Cases from the Societe Francaise des Mechaniciens
Mechanical Structures - Linear Statics Analysis with Bar or Rod Elements ................. 191
Short Beam on Two Articulated Supports .............................................................. 192
Clamped Beams Linked by a Rigid Element .......................................................... 194
Transverse Bending of a Curved Pipe ..................................................................... 196
Plane Bending Load on a Thin Arc ......................................................................... 199
Nodal Load on an Articulated Rod Truss ................................................................ 201
Articulated Plane Truss ........................................................................................... 203
Beam on an Elastic Foundation ............................................................................... 206
Mechanical Structures - Linear Statics Analysis with Plate Elements ........................... 209
Plane Shear and Bending Load on a Plate ............................................................... 210
Infinite Plate with a Circular Hole .......................................................................... 212
Uniformly Distributed Load on a Circular Plate ..................................................... 215
Torque Loading on a Square Tube .......................................................................... 218
Cylindrical Shell with Internal Pressure .................................................................. 221
TOC- 3
Uniform Axial Load on a Thin Wall Cylinder ........................................................ 225
Hydrostatic Pressure on a Thin Wall Cylinder ........................................................ 229
Gravity Loading on a Thin Wall Cylinder .............................................................. 232
Pinched Cylindrical Shell ........................................................................................236
Spherical Shell with a Hole ..................................................................................... 239
Uniformly Distributed Load on a Simply-Supported Rectangular Plate ................. 242
Uniformly Distributed Load on a Simply-Supported Rhomboid Plate ................... 247
Shear Loading on a Plate ......................................................................................... 251
Mechanical Structures - Linear Statics Analysis with Solid Elements ........................... 254
Solid Cylinder in Pure Tension ............................................................................... 255
Internal Pressure on a Thick-Walled Spherical Container ...................................... 261
Internal Pressure on a Thick-Walled Infinite Cylinder ...........................................268
Prismatic Rod in Pure Bending ............................................................................... 274
Thick Plate Clamped at Edges ................................................................................. 279
Mechanical Structures - Normal Modes/Eigenvalue Analysis ....................................... 284
Lumped Mass-Spring System ..................................................................................285
Short Beam on Simple Supports .............................................................................. 288
Axial Loading on a Rod .......................................................................................... 291
Cantilever Beam with a Variable Rectangular Section ...........................................294
Thin Circular Ring ...................................................................................................297
Thin Circular Ring Clamped at Two Points ............................................................300
Vibration Modes of a Thin Pipe Elbow ................................................................... 303
Cantilever Beam with Eccentric Lumped Mass ......................................................307
Thin Square Plate (Clamped or Free) ...................................................................... 311
Simply-Supported Rectangular Plate ...................................................................... 314
Thin Ring Plate Clamped on a Hub ......................................................................... 317
Vane of a Compressor - Clamped-free Thin Shell .................................................. 320
Bending of a Symmetric Truss ................................................................................ 323
Hovgaard’s Problem - Pipes with Flexible Elbows ................................................. 326
Rectangular Plates ...................................................................................................328
Stationary Thermal Tests - Steady State Heat Transfer Analysis ................................... 330
Hollow Cylinder - Fixed Temperatures ................................................................... 331
Hollow Cylinder - Convection ................................................................................ 334
Cylindrical Rod - Flux Density ............................................................................... 337
Hollow Cylinder with Two Materials - Convection ................................................340
Wall - Convection .................................................................................................... 344
Wall - Fixed Temperatures ...................................................................................... 347
L-Plate ..................................................................................................................... 350
Hollow Sphere - Fixed Temperatures, Convection ................................................. 353
Hollow Sphere with Two Materials -Convection .................................................... 356
Thermo-mechanical Test - Linear Statics Analysis ........................................................ 360
Thermal Gradient on a Thin Pipe ............................................................................ 361
Index ...............................................................................................................................365
Overview
This guide contains verification test cases for the FEMAP Structural solver. These test cases
verify the function of the different FEMAP Structural analysis types using theoretical and
benchmark solutions from well–known engineering test cases. Each test case contains test
case data and information, such as element type and material properties, results, and refer-
ences.
The guide contains test cases for:
• Linear Statics verification using theoretical solutions
• Linear Statics verification using standard NAFEMS benchmarks
• Normal Modes/Eigenvalue verification using theoretical solutions
• Normal Modes/Eigenvalue verification using standard NAFEMS benchmarks
• Verification Test Cases from the Societe Francaise des Mechaniciens
Linear Statics Verification Using
Theoretical Solutions
The purpose of these linear statics test cases is to verify the function of the FEMAP Structural
Statics Analysis software using theoretical solutions. The test cases are relatively simple in
form and most of them have closed–form theoretical solutions.
The theoretical solutions shown in these examples are from well–known engineering texts.
For each test case, a specific reference is cited. All theoretical reference texts are listed at the
end of this topic.
The finite element method is very flexible in the types of physical problems represented. The
verification tests provided are not exhaustive in exploring all possible problems, but represent
common types of applications.
This overview provides information on the following:
• understanding the test case format
• understanding comparisons with theoretical solutions
• references
Understanding the Test Case Format
Each test case is structured with the following information:
• test case data and information
- physical and material properties
- finite element modeling (modeling procedure or hints)
- units
- solution type
- element type
- boundary conditions (loads, constraints)
• results
• references (text from which a closed–form or theoretical solution was taken)
Note: . The node numbers listed in each case refer to the node numbers in the neutral
(.neu) files associated with this guide. If you remesh a model, or rebuild that
model from scratch, your node numbering may differ.
3
In addition to these example problems, test cases from NAFEMS (National Agency for
Finite Element Methods and Standards, National Engineering Laboratory, Glasgow, U.K.)
have been executed. Results for these test cases can be found in the next section, Linear Stat-
ics Analysis Verification Using NAFEMS Standard Benchmarks.
Understanding Comparisons with Theoretical
Solutions
While differences in finite element and theoretical results are, in most cases, negligible,
some tests would require an infinite number of elements to achieve the exact solution. Ele-
ments are chosen to achieve reasonable engineering accuracy with reasonable computing
times.
Results reported here are results which you can compare to the referenced theoretical solu-
tion. Other results available from the analyses are not reported here. Results for both theoret-
ical and finite element solutions are carried out with the same significant digits of accuracy.
The closed–form theoretical solution may have restrictions, such as rigid connections, that
do not exist in the real world. These limiting restrictions are not necessary for the finite ele-
ment model, but are used for comparison purposes. Verification to real world problems is
more difficult but should be done when possible.
The actual results from the FEMAP Structural software may vary insignificantly from the
results presented in this document. This variation is due to different methods of performing
real numerical arithmetic on different systems. In addition, it is due to changes in element
formulations which SDRC has made to improve results under certain circumstances.
References
The following references have been used in the Linear Statics Analysis verification prob-
lems presented:
1. Beer and Johnston, Mechanics of Materials, (New York: McGraw–Hill, Inc., 1992.)
2. Harris, C. O., Introduction to Stress Analysis, (1959.)
3. Roark, R. and Young, W., Formulas for Stress and Strain, 5th Edition, (New York:
McGraw–Hill Book Company, 1975.)
4. Shigley, J. and Mitchel L., Mechanical Engineering Design, 4th Edition, (New York:
McGraw–Hill Book Company, 1983.)
5. Timoshenko, S., Strength of Materials, Part I, Elementary Theory and Problems, (New
YorK: Van Norstrand Reinhold Company, 1955.)
Nodal Loads on a Cantilever Beam
The complete model and results for this test case are in file mstvl001.neu.
Determine the deflection of a beam at the free end. Determine the stress at the end of the
beam.
Test Case Data and Information
Element Types
bar
Units
Inch
Model Geometry
Length=480 in
Cross Sectional Properties
• Area = 30 x 30 in
• I
y
=I
z
= 67500 in
4

Material Properties
• E = 30 E+06 psi
Finite Element Modeling
• 5 nodes
• 4 successive bar elements along the X axis
5
Boundary Conditions
Constraints
Constrain the left end (node 1) of the beam in all six degrees.
Loads
Set nodal force to 50,000 lb. in the negative Y direction.
Solution Type
Statics
Results
Reference
• Beer and Johnston, Mechanics of Materials, (New York: McGraw–Hill, Inc., 1992.) p.
716.
Beam End A1 Z Shear
Force Stress
(Node 1)
T2 Translation (Node 5)
Bench Value 5333.3 0.91022
FEMAP Structural 5333.3 0.913
Difference 0% 0.30%
Axial Distributed Load on a Linear
Beam
The complete model and results for this test case are in file mstvl002.neu.
Determine the stress, elongation, and constraint force due to an axial loading along a linear
beam.
Test Case Data and Information
Element Type
bar
Units
Inch
Model Geometry
Length = 300 in
Cross Sectional Properties
• Area = 9 in
2
• square cross section (3 in x 3 in)
• I = 6.75 in
4
Material Properties
E = 30E+6 psi
Finite Element Modeling
• 31 nodes
7
• 30 bar elements along the X axis, each 10 inches long.
Boundary Conditions
Constraints
Constrain one end of the beam (node 1) in all translations and rotations.
Loads
Set the axial distributed load (force per unit length) to 1000lb/in for the 10–inch long ele-
ment (element 30) furthest from the constrained end.
Solution Type
Statics
8
Results
Reference
• Beer and Johnston, Mechanics of Materials, (New York: McGraw–Hill, Inc., 1992.) p.
76.
Beam End A1
Axial Stress
(Node 1)
T1 Translation
(Node 2)
T1 Constraint
Force
(Node 1)
Bench value
1111.1 0.0111111 -10,000
FEMAP Structural
1111.1 0.0109258 -10,000
Difference
0 1.6% 0
Distributed Loads on a Cantilever
Beam
The complete model and results for this test case are in file mstvl003.neu.
Determine the deflection of a beam at the free end. Determine the stress at the midpoint of the
beam and the reaction force at the restrained end.
Test Case Data and Information
Element Type
bar
Units
Inch
Model Geometry
• Length = 480 in
Cross Sectional Properties
• Area = 900 in
2
• square cross section (30 in x 30 in)
• I
y
= I
z
= 67500 in
4

Material Properties
E = 30 E+06 psi
Finite Element Modeling
• 9 nodes
10
• 8 successive bar elements along the X axis
Boundary Conditions
Constraints
Constrain the left end of the beam (node 1) in all translations and rotations.
Loads
Define a distributed load on the elements of 250 lb/in in the negative Y direction.
Solution Type
Statics
Results
Beam End A1Z Bend
Stress
(node 1)
Total Translation
(node 5)
Total Constraint
Force
(lb)
Bench Value
6,400.0 0.8190 120,000
FEMAP Structural
6,400.0 0.8225* 120,000
Difference
0.0% 0.43% 0
11
* Includes shear deformation which is neglected in theoretical value.
Reference
• Beer and Johnston, Mechanics of Materials, (New York: McGraw–Hill, Inc., 1992.) p.
716.
Moment Load on a Cantilever Beam
The complete model and results for this test case are in file mstvl004.neu.
Determine the deflection of a beam at the free end. Determine the bending stress of the beam
and the reaction force at the restrained end.
Test Case Data and Information
Element Type
bar
Units
Inch
Model Geometry
Length = 480 in
Cross Sectional Properties
• Area = 900 in
2
• square cross section (30 in x 30 in)
• I
y
= I
z
= 67500 in
4

Material Properties
E = 30 E+06 psi
Finite Element Modeling
• 9 nodes
13
• 8 successive bar elements along the X axis.
Boundary Conditions
Constraints
Constrain the left end of the beam (node 1) in all translations and rotations.
Loads
Set the Z–moment of the end node (node 5) to 2.5e+6 in–lb.
Solution Type
Statics
14
Results
Reference
• Beer and Johnston, Mechanics of Materials, (New York: McGraw–Hill Inc., 1992.) p.
716.
Beam End A1 Z Bend
Stress (psi)
(node 1)
Total Translation (in)
(node 5)
Total Constraint
Moment (lb.)
(node 1)
Bench Value
555.6 0.1422 2.5E+06
FEMAP Structural
555.6 0.1422 2.5E+06
Difference
0 0 0
Thermal Strain, Displacement, and
Stress on Heated Beam
The complete model and results for this test case are in file mstvl007.neu.
A beam originally 1 meter long and at -50° C is heated to 25° C. Determine the displacement
and thermal strain on a cantilever beam. In case 1, fix the beam at the free end. In case 2, fix
the beam at both ends. In both cases, determine the displacement, constraint forces, and
stresses along the beam.
Test Case Data and Information
Element Type
bar
Units
SI - meter
Model Geometry
Length = 1 m
Cross Sectional Properties
Area = 0.01 m
2
Material Properties
• E = 2.068E+11 PA
• Coeff. of thermal expansion = 1.2E-05 m/(m-C)
• v = 0.3
Finite Element Modeling
• 11 nodes
16
• 10 bar elements on the X axis.
Boundary Conditions
Constraints
• Case 1: Constrain the node on one end (node 1) of the beam in all translations and rota-
tions.
• Case 2: Constrain the nodes on both ends (nodes 1 and 11) of the beam in all translations
and rotations.
Loads
Set the temperature on all nodes to 25°C. Set the reference temperature to -50°C.
Solution Type
Statics
17
Results
Case: One Fixed End
Case: Both Ends Fixed
Reference
• Beer and Johnston, Mechanics of Materials, (New York: McGraw–Hill, Inc., 1992.) p.
65.
Total Translation (Node 11)
(m)
Beam End A1 Axial Strain
Bench Value
9E-04 9E-04
FEMAP Structural
9E-04 9E-04
Difference
0 0
Total Translation (m)
Total Constraint
Force(N)
(node 1)
Beam End A1 Axial
Stress
(Pa)
Bench Value
0 1.86+06 –1.86E+08
FEMAP Structural
0 1.86+06 –1.86E+08
Difference
0 0 0
Uniformly Distributed Load on Lin-
ear Beam
The complete model and results for this test case are in file mstvl008.neu.
A beam 40 feet long is restrained and loaded with a distributed load of –833 lb. Determine the
beam end torque stress and the deflection at the middle of the beam.
Test Case Data and Information
Element Type
bar
Units
Inch
Model Geometry
Length = 480 in
Cross Sectional Properties
• Rectangular cross section (1.17 in x 43.24 in)
• I
z
= 7892 in
4
Material Properties
• E = 30E6 psi
Finite Element Modeling
• 5 nodes
19
• 4 successive bar elements that are each 10 feet long
Boundary Conditions
Constraints
Constrain nodes 2 and 4 in five degrees of freedom. Do not constrain rotation about Z.
Loads
Define a distributed load (force per unit length) of -833 lb. (global negative Y direction) on
the elements 1 and 4.
Solution Type
Statics
20
Results
Reference
• Timoshenko, S., Strength of Materials, Part I, Elementary Theory and Problems, (New
York: Van Norstrand Reinhold Company, 1955.) p. 98.
Total Translation (in)
(node 3)
Beam End A1 Z Bend Stress
(psi)
(node 3)
Bench Value
0.182 16,439
FEMAP Structural
0.182 16,439
Difference
0 0
Membrane Loads on a Plate
The complete model and results for this test case are in file mstvl009.neu.
A circle is scribed on an unstressed aluminum plate. Forces acting in the plane of the plate
cause normal stresses. Determine the change in the length of diameter AB and of diameter
CD.
Test Case Data and Information
Element Types
plate
Units
Inch
Model Geometry
• Length = 15 in
• Diameter = 9 in
• Thickness = 3/4 in
Material Properties
• E = 10 E+06 psi
• Poisson’s ratio = 1/3
• F(x)/l = 9,000 lb./in
• F(z)/l = 15,000 lb./in
22
Finite Element Modeling
Create 1/4 of the model and apply symmetry boundary conditions. Then multiply the answer
by 2 for correct results. Remember to account for the ratio of the circle diameter to plate
length.
Boundary Conditions
Constraints
Constrain nodes along adjacent sides of the plate to allow only translation along the corre-
sponding axis.
• Node 1: Fully constrain in all translations and rotation.
• Nodes 2-6: Constrain in the Y and Z translations and the X and Z rotations.
• Nodes 12, 13, 19, 25, 31: Constrain in the X and Y translations and the X and Z rotations.
Loads
Set the elemental edge load to 9,000 lb./in in the X direction and 15,000 lb/in in the Z direc-
tion.
23
Solution Type
Statics
Results
Post Processing
• (T1 translation at node 7 - T1 translation at node 10) x2 = (.004-.0016) x2 = .0048
• (T3 translation at node 7 - T3 translation at node 24) x2 = (.012-.0048) x2 = .0144
Reference
• Beer and Johnston, Mechanics of Materials, (New York: McGraw–Hill, Inc., 1992.) p.
85.
T1 Translation (in) T3 Translation (in)
Bench Value
4.8E-03 14.4E-03
FEMAP Structural
4.8E-03 14.4E-03
Difference
0 0
Thin Wall Cylinder in Pure Tension
The complete model and results for this test care are in file mstvl014.neu.
Determine the stress and deflection of a thin wall cylinder with a uniform axial load.
Test Case Data and Information
Element Type
linear quadrilateral plate
Units
Inch
Model Geometry
• R = 0.5 in
• Thickness = 0.01 in
• y = 1.0 in
Material Properties
• E = 10000 psi
• v = 0.3
Finite Element Modeling
• 25 nodes
• Create 1/4 model of the cylinder with 16 linear quadrilateral plate elements and symmetry
boundary conditions.
25
Boundary Conditions
Constraints
• Constrain node 1 in the X and Z translation and the Z rotation.
• Constrain nodes 2-4 in the Z translation.
• Constrain node 5 in the Y and Z translation and Z rotation.
• Constrain nodes 6, 11, 16, and 21 in the X translation and Z rotation.
• Constrain nodes 10, 15, 20, and 25 in the Y translation and Z rotation.
Loads
• Nodal forces of p/(pi)D = 3.1831 where p = 10 psi; Apply the following nodal forces:
• Nodes 21, 25: .9757 pounds
• Nodes 22, 23, 24: 1.9509 pounds
Solution Type
Statics
Results
Top Y Normal Stress
(psi)
T3 Translation (in) T1 Translation (in)
Bench Value
1000.0 0.1 -0.015
FEMAP Structural
1000.0 0.1 -0.015
Difference
0 0 0
26
Reference
• Roark, R. and Young, W., Formulas for Stress and Strain, 6th Edition, (New York:
McGraw–Hill Book Company, 1989.) p. 518, Case 1a.
Thin Shell Beam Wall in Pure Bend-
ing
The complete model and results for this test case are in file mstvl015.neu.
Determine the maximum stress, maximum deflection, and strain energy of a thin shell beam
wall with a uniform bending load.
Test Case Data and Information
Element Type
linear quadrilateral plate
Units
Inch
Model Geometry
• Length = 30 in
• Width = 5 in
• Thickness = 0.1 in
Material Properties
• E = 30E6 psi
• v = 0.03
Finite Element Modeling
• 14 nodes
28
• 6 linear quadrilateral plate elements
Boundary Conditions
Constraints
Constrain the nodes at one end (nodes 7 and 14) in all translations and rotations.
Out–of–plane Loads
Apply nodal forces (nodes 1 and 8) of p/w = 1.2 lbs/in. where p = 6.0 lb
Solution Type
Statics
29
Results
Reference
• Shigley, J. and Mitchel L., Mechanical Engineering Design, 4th Edition, (New York:
McGraw–Hill, Inc., 1983.) pp. 134, 804.
T3 Translation (in)
Node 1
Plate Bottom Major
Stress
(psi)
Node 7
Total Strain Energy
(lb in)
Bench Value
4.320 21600 12.96
FEMAP Structural
4.242 20983 12.73
Difference
2.17% 1.39% 2.16%
Strain Energy of a Truss
The complete model and results for this test case are in file mstvl016.neu.
Determine the strain energy of a truss. The cross–sectional area of the diagonal members is
twice the cross–sectional area of the horizontal and vertical members.
Test Case Data and Information
Element Type
rod
Units
Inch
Model Geometry
• Length = 10 in
Cross Sectional Properties
Cross sectional area (A) = 0.01 in
2

Material Properties
E = 30E6 psi
Finite Element Modeling
• 4 nodes
• 5 rod elements
31
Boundary Conditions
Constraints
• Constrain node 1 in the X, Y, and Z translations and the X and Y rotations.
• Constrain node 3 in the Y and Z translations and the X and Y rotations.
Loads
• Apply nodal force in Y direction on node 2; p = 300 lb
Solution Type
Statics
Results
Reference
• Beer and Johnston, Mechanics of Materials, (New York: McGraw–Hill, Inc., 1992.) p.
588.
Total Strain Energy
(lb in)
Bench Value
5.846
FEMAP Structural
5.846
Difference
0
Linear Statics Verification Using
Standard NAFEMS Benchmarks
The purpose of these linear statics test cases is to verify the function of the FEMAP Structural
Statics Analysis software using standard benchmarks published by NAFEMS (National
Agency for Finite Element Methods and Standards, National Engineering Laboratory, Glas-
gow, U.K.).
These standard benchmark tests were created by NAFEMS to stretch the limits of the finite
elements in commercial software. All results obtained using the FEMAP Structural Statics
Analysis software compare favorably with other commercial finite element analysis software.
Results of these test cases using other commercial finite element analysis software programs
are available from NAFEMS.
A detailed discussion of the linear statics NAFEMS benchmarks can be found in the
NAFEMS publication Background to Benchmarks, cited below. The results for all of these
test cases illustrate the need for adequate mesh refinement for obtaining accurate stresses,
especially when using linear elements. The linear triangular and linear tetrahedral elements
are particularly poor performers for stress analysis and are not generally recommended.
Understanding the Test Case Format
Each test case is structured with the following information:
• test case data and information
- physical and material properties
- finite element modeling (modeling procedure or hints)
- units
- finite element modeling information
- boundary conditions (loads and constraints)
- solution type
• results
• reference
References
The following references have been used in these test cases:
Note: The node numbers listed in each case refer to the node numbers in the neutral
(.neu) files associated with this guide. If you remesh a model, or rebuild that
model from scratch, your node numbering may differ.
33
• NAFEMS Finite Element Methods & Standards, The Standard NAFEMS Benchmarks,
(Glasgow: NAFEMS, Rev. 3, 1990.)
• Davies, G. A. O., Fenner, R. T., and Lewis, R. W., Background to Benchmarks, (Glas-
gow: NAFEMS, 1993).
Elliptic Membrane
The complete model and results for this test case are in the following files:
• le101.neu (quadrilateral plane strain)
• le102.neu (triangular plane strain)
• le103.neu (quadrilateral plate)
This test is a linear elastic analysis of an elliptic membrane (shown below) using coarse and
fine meshes of plane strain elements and plate elements. The plane strain elements use a plane
stress element formulation. It provides the input data and results for NAFEMS Standard
Benchmark Test LE1.
Ellipses:
Test Case Data and Information
Physical and Material Properties
• Thickness = 0.1 m
• Isotropic material
• E = 210 x 10
3
MPa
A
B
C D
X
Y
Ellipse AC:
x
2
---
 
 
2
y
2
+ 1 = Ellipse BD:
x
3.25
----------
 
 
2
y
2.75
----------
 
 
2
+ 1 =
35
• v = 0.3
Units
SI
Finite Element Modeling
• plane strain (with plane stress element formulation) - linear and parabolic quadrilaterals -
coarse and fine mesh
• plane strain (with plane stress element formulation) - linear and parabolic triangles -
coarse and fine mesh
• plate - linear and parabolic quadrilaterals - coarse and fine mesh
36
The fine mesh is created by approximately halving the coarse mesh.
Boundary Conditions
Constraints
• Constrain the nodes along edge AB in the X translation.
• Constrain the nodes along edge CD in the Y translation.
Linear Triangle Parabolic Triangle
Fine Mesh
Coarse Mesh
Linear Quadrilateral
Parabolic Quadrilateral
Fine Mesh
Coarse Mesh
A
B
C D
A
B
C D
A
B
C D
A
B
C D
A
B
C D
A
B
C D
A
B
C D
A
B
C D
37
Loads
• Uniform outward pressure on the elements on outer edge BD = 10MPa
• Inner curved edge AC is unloaded
Solution Type
Statics
Results
Output - Plate Mid Y Normal Stress at point D
Node # Element Type & Mesh
NAFEMS
Bench
Value
(MPa)
FEMAP
Structural
Result
(MPa)
Plane Strain Elements with a Plane
Strain Formulation (le101):
Node 4 linear quad - coarse mesh 92.7 62.8
Node 204 linear quad - fine mesh 92.7 80.3
Node 104 parabolic quad - coarse mesh 92.7 88.3
Node 304 parabolic quad - fine mesh 92.7 90.7
Plane Strain Elements with a Plane Strain
Formulation (le102):
Node 4 linear triangle - coarse mesh 92.7 54.2
Node 204 linear triangle - fine mesh 92.7 72.0
Node 104 parabolic triangle - coarse mesh 92.7 93.0
Node 304 parabolic triangle – fine mesh 92.7 94.0
38
References
• NAFEMS Finite Element Methods & Standards, The Standard NAFEMS Benchmarks,
(Glasgow: NAFEMS, Rev. 3, 1990.) Test No. LE1.
• Davies, G. A. O., Fenner, R. T., and Lewis, R. W., Background to Benchmarks, (Glas-
gow: NAFEMS, 1993).
Plate Elements (le 103):
Node 4 linear quad - coarse mesh 92.7 66.4
Node 204 linear quad - fine mesh 92.7 82.3
Node 104 parabolic quad - coarse mesh 92.7 88.6
Node 304 parabolic quad - fine mesh 92.7 91.7
Cylindrical Shell Patch Test
The complete model and results for this test case are in the following files:
• le201a.neu (linear plate, case 1)
• le201b.neu (parabolic plate, case 1)
• le202a.neu (linear plate, case 2)
• le202b.neu (parabolic plate, case 2)
This test is a linear elastic analysis of a cylindrical shell (shown below) using plate elements
and two different loadings. It provides the input data and results for NAFEMS Standard
Benchmark Test LE2.
Test Case Data and Information
Physical and Material Properties
• Thickness = 0.01 m
• Isotropic material
• E = 210 x 10
3
MPa
• v = 0.3
Units
SI
Finite Element Modeling
• le201a and le202a: 9 nodes, 4 linear quadrilateral plates
• le201b and le202b: 21 nodes, 4 parabolic quadrilateral plates
Linear Quadrilaterals Parabolic Quadrilaterals
A B
E
D C
A B
E
D C
40
Boundary Conditions
Constraints
Fully constrain the nodes on edge AB in all translations and rotations.
Constrain the nodes on edge AD and edge BC in the Z translation and X and Y rotations.
Case 1 Loading:
• Nodal moments along DC = 1.0 kNm/m:
Node 3 = -125
Node 4 = -250
Node 9 = -125
Case 2 Loading:
• Nodal forces:
Nodes 3, and 9 = 75,000N
Node 4 = 150,000N
41
• Apply an elemental pressure on elements 1-4 = 600,000Pa
Solution Type
Statics
Results
Output - Plate Top Major Stress at point E (node 2)
*Since the shapes of the plates are an approximation to a cylindrical surface, an edge load
will not be in the correct direction. To get this result, the edge load must be input as nodal
loads in the tangential direction.
References
• NAFEMS Finite Element Methods & Standards, The Standard NAFEMS Benchmarks,
(Glasgow: NAFEMS, Rev. 3, 1990.) Test No. LE2.
• Davies, G. A. O., Fenner, R. T., and Lewis, R. W., Background to Benchmarks, (Glas-
gow: NAFEMS, 1993).
Plate Element & Loading
NAFEMS
Bench
Value
(MPa)
FEMAP
Structural
Result
(MPa)
linear plate - case 1 (le201a) 60.0 57.9
linear plate - case 2 (le202a) 60.0 66.0 *
parabolic plate - case 1 (le201b) 60.0 54.8
parabolic plate - case 2 (le202b) 60.0 55.7 *
Laminate Strip
The complete model and results for this test case are in the following file:
• r0031.neu
This test is a linear statics analysis of plate using plate elements with a laminate material. It
provides the input data and results for NAFEMS Report R0031.
Test Case Data and Information
Geometry
Material Properties
Laminate material:
0° fiber direction
10 15 15 10
X
Y
X
Z
1
E
10N/mm
A B

90°

90°

90°

0.1
0.1
0.1
0.4
0.1
0.1
0.1
C
E
D
F
E 1.0E5 MPa = ν
12
0.4 = E
2
5.0E3 MPa = ν
12
E
1
--------
ν
21
E
2
-------- =
G
12
3.0E3 MPa = ν
23
0.3 = G
33
2.0E3 MPa =
43
Units
SI
Finite Element Modeling
8 x 40 4-noded shells (quarter model)
Boundary Conditions
Constraints
The one quarter model is:
• simply supported at A (Z=0)
• reflective symmetry about X=25 and Y=5
Loads
Line load of 10N/mm at C (X=25, Z=1).
Solution Type
Statics
Results
*Value extrapolated from FEMAP Structural results at F. (FEMAP Structural calculates
stress at the center of the ply (F)).
**Recovered from post-processing.
Reference
• NAFEMS Finite Element Methods & Standards, The Standard NAFEMS Benchmarks,
(Glasgow: NAFEMS, Rev. 3, 1990.) Test No. R0031.
Results
NAFEMS
Bench
Value
(MPa)
FEMAP
Structural
Result
(MPa)
Z deflection at E -1.06 -1.06
Bending stress at E 683.9 *668
Bending stress at F - 601
Interlaminar shear stress at D -4.1 **-4.1
Shear stress at F - -2.2
Hemisphere-Point Loads
The complete model and results for this test care are in the following files:
• le301.neu (linear quadrilateral plate, coarse mesh)
• le302.neu (linear quadrilateral plate, fine mesh)
• le303.neu (parabolic quadrilateral plate, coarse mesh)
• le304.neu (parabolic quadrilateral plate, fine mesh)
This test is a linear elastic analysis of hemisphere point loads (shown below) using coarse and
fine meshes of plate elements. It provides the input data and results for NAFEMS Standard
Benchmark Test LE3.
Test Case Data and Information
Physical and Material Properties
• Thickness = 0.04 m
• Isotropic material
• E = 68.25 x 10
3
MPa
• v = 0.3
Units
SI
Finite Element Modeling
plate - linear & parabolic quadrilaterals - coarse & fine mesh
equally spaced nodes on AC, CE, EA
Point G at X = Y = Z =
10
3
1
2
---
------
 
 
 
 
Node 7
45
Boundary Conditions
Constraints
• Fully constrain point E in all translations and rotations.
• Constrain the nodes along edge AE (symmetry about X–Z plane) in the Y translation,
and X and Z rotations.
• Constrain the nodes along edge CE (symmetry about Y–Z plane) in the X translation,
and Y and Z rotations.
Loads
• Concentrated radial load outward at A = 2KN
Coarse Mesh Fine Mesh
A
C
E
A
C
E
F
G
D
B
F
G
D
B
46
• Concentrated radial load inward at C = 2KN
Solution Type
Statics
Results
References
• NAFEMS Finite Element Methods & Standards, The Standard NAFEMS Benchmarks,
(Glasgow: NAFEMS, Rev. 3, 1990.) Test No. LE3.
• Davies, G. A. O., Fenner, R. T., and Lewis, R. W., Background to Benchmarks, (Glas-
gow: NAFEMS, 1993).
Test Case
Number
Plate Element & Mesh
NAFEMS
Bench
Value(m)
FEMAP Structural
Result at node 1
(point A) T1
Translation
(m)
le301 linear quadrilateral plate - coarse mesh 0.185 0.113
le302 linear quadrilateral plate - fine mesh 0.185 0.185
le303 parabolic quadrilateral plate - coarse mesh 0.185 0.0861
le304 parabolic quadrilateral plate - fine mesh 0.185 0.171
Z–Section Cantilever
The complete model and results for this test case are in the following files:
• le501.neu (linear quadrilateral plate)
• le502.neu (parabolic quadrilateral plate)
This test is a linear elastic analysis of a Z–section cantilever (shown below) using plate ele-
ments. It provides the input data and results for NAFEMS Standard Benchmark Test LE5.
Test Case Data and Information
Physical and Material Properties
• Thickness = 0.1 m
• Isotropic material
• E = 210 x 10
3
MPa
• v = 0.3
Units
SI
Finite Element Modeling
• Test 1: 36 nodes, 24 linear quadrilateral plate elements
• Test 2: 95 nodes, 24 parabolic quadrilateral plate elements
Boundary Conditions
Constraints
• Fully constrain the nodes on edges B1, B2, B3 in all translations and rotations.
48
Loads
• Torque of 1.2MN applied at end C by two nodal forces (at nodes 9 and 27) of 0.6MN
Solution Type
Statics
Results
Output - Plate Top Von Mises Stress (σ
xx
), point A, node 30 (compression)
References
• NAFEMS Finite Element Methods & Standards, The Standard NAFEMS Benchmarks,
(Glasgow: NAFEMS, Rev. 3, 1990.) Test No. LE5.
• Davies, G. A. O., Fenner, R. T., and Lewis, R. W., Background to Benchmarks, (Glas-
gow: NAFEMS, 1993).
Plate Element & Loading
NAFEMS Bench
Value (MPa)
FEMAP
Structural Result
(MPa)
linear quad - point A/node 30 -108 -117.3
parabolic quad - point A/node 30 -108 -109.2
B1
B2
B3
C
Skew Plate Normal Pressure
The complete model and results for this test case are in the following files:
• le601.neu (linear and parabolic quadrilateral)
• le602.neu (linear and parabolic triangle)
This test is a linear elastic analysis of a plate (shown below) using plate elements. It provides
the input data and results for NAFEMS Standard Benchmark Test LE6.
Test Case Data and Information
Physical and Material Properties
• Thickness = 0.01m
• Isotropic material
• E = 210 x 10
3
MPa
• v = 0.3
Units
SI
A B
C
D
E
150
o
30
o
10m
50
Finite Element Modeling
• plate - linear and parabolic quadrilaterals - coarse and fine mesh
• plate - linear and parabolic triangles - coarse and fine mesh
Boundary Conditions
Constraints (le601)
• Constrain nodes 1, 10, 35, and 44 in the X, Y, and Z translations.
• Constrain nodes 4, 13, 38, 47 in the X and Z translations.
51
• Constrain all other nodes in the Z translation.
Constraints (le602)
• Fully constrain nodes 1, 10, 35, 44 in all directions and rotations.
• Constrain all other nodes in the Z translation.
Loads
• Elemental pressure = -0.7KPa in the Z–direction
52
Solution Type
Statics
Results
Output - Plate Bottom Major Stress on the bottom surface at the plate center.
References
• NAFEMS Finite Element Methods & Standards, The Standard NAFEMS Benchmarks,
(Glasgow: NAFEMS, Rev. 3, 1990.) Test No. LE6.
• Davies, G. A. O., Fenner, R. T., and Lewis, R. W., Background to Benchmarks, (Glas-
gow: NAFEMS, 1993).
Test Case
Name
Node # Plate Element & Mesh
NAFEMS
Bench
Value
(MPa)
FEMAP
Structural
Result (MPa)
le601 Node 9 linear quad - coarse mesh 0.802 0.365
le601 Node 18 linear quad - fine mesh 0.802 0.714
le601 Node 43 parabolic quad - coarse mesh 0.802 1.055
le601 Node 52 parabolic quad - fine mesh 0.802 0.791
le602 Node 9 linear triangle - coarse mesh 0.802 0.390
le602 Node 18 linear triangle - fine mesh 0.802 0.709
le602 Node 43 parabolic triangle - coarse mesh 0.802 0.847
le602 Node 52 parabolic triangle - fine mesh 0.802 0.822
Thick Plate Pressure
The complete model and results for this test case are in the following files:
• le1001.neu (linear and parabolic brick)
• le1002.neu (linear and parabolic wedge)
• le1003.neu (linear and parabolic tetrahedron)
This article provides the input data and results for NAFEMS Standard Benchmark Test LE10.
This test is a linear elastic analysis of a thick (shown below) using coarse and fine meshes of
solid elements.
Ellipses:
Test Case Data and Information
Physical and Material Properties
• Isotropic material
• E=210x10
3
MPa
• v = 0.3
A
B
C D
A
B
C
D
A’
B’
C’
D’
Ellipse AD:
x
2
---
 
 
2
y
2
+ 1 = Ellipse BC:
x
3.25
----------
 
 
2
y
2.75
----------
 
 
2
+ 1 =
54
Units
SI
Finite Element Modeling
• Solid brick
• Solid wedge
• Solid tetrahedron
Solid Brick
Linear and parabolic, coarse and fine mesh.
Solid Wedge
Linear and parabolic, coarse and fine mesh.
55
Solid Tetrahdron
Linear and parabolic, fine mesh.
56
Boundary Conditions
Constraints
• Constrain the nodes on faces DCD’C’ and ABA’B’ in the X and Y translations.
• Constrain the nodes on face BCB’C’ in the X and Y translation.
• Constrain the nodes along the mid–plane in the Z translation.
Loads
• Uniform normal elemental pressure on the elements on the upper surface of the plate =
1MPa
• Inner curved edge AD unloaded
Solution Type
Statics
57
Results
Output - Solid Y normal stress at point D
3
σ
yy
References
• NAFEMS Finite Element Methods & Standards, The Standard NAFEMS Benchmarks,
(Glasgow: NAFEMS, Rev. 3, 1990.) Test No. LE10.
• Davies, G. A. O., Fenner, R. T., and Lewis, R. W., Background to Benchmarks, (Glas-
gow: NAFEMS, 1993)
Test Case
Name
Node
#
Element Type & Mesh
NAFEMS
Bench
Value
(MPa)
FEMAP
Structural Result
(MPa)
le1001 N4 linear brick - coarse mesh -5.38 -6.31
le1001 N204 linear brick - fine mesh -5.38 -6.01
le1001 N104 parabolic brick - coarse mesh -5.38 -5.73
le1001 N304 parabolic brick - fine mesh -5.38 -5.84
le1002 N4 linear wedge - coarse mesh -5.38 -3.52
le1002 N204 linear wedge - fine mesh -5.38 -4.97
le1002 N104 parab wedge - coarse mesh -5.38 -5.53
le1002 N304 parab wedge - fine mesh -5.38 -6.10
le1003 N40 linear tetra - fine mesh -5.38 -2.41
le1003 N171 parabolic tetra - fine mesh -5.38 -5.29
Solid Cylinder/Taper/Sphere–Tem-
perature
The complete model and results for this test case are in the following files:
• le1101a.neu (linear brick, coarse mesh)
• le1101b.neu (linear brick, fine mesh)
• le1102a.neu (parabolic brick, coarse mesh)
• le1102b.neu (parabolic brick, fine mesh)
• le1103a.neu (linear wedge, coarse mesh)
• le1103b.neu (linear wedge, fine mesh)
• le1104a.neu (parabolic wedge, coarse mesh)
• le1104b.neu (parabolic wedge, fine mesh)
• le1105a.neu (linear tetrahedron, coarse mesh)
• le1105b.neu (linear tetrahedron, fine mesh)
• le1106a.neu (parabolic tetrahedron, coarse mesh)
• le1106b.neu (parabolic tetrahedron, fine mesh)
This test is a linear elastic analysis of a solid cylinder with a temperature gradient (shown
below) using coarse and fine meshes of solid elements. It provides the input data and results
for NAFEMS Standard Benchmark Test LE11.
Test Case Data and Information
Physical and Material Properties
• Isotropic material
• E = 210 x 10
3
MPa
• v = 0.3
• a = 2.3 x 10
-4
/
o
C
Units
SI
59
Finite Element Modeling
• Solid brick - linear (8–noded) and parabolic (20–noded) - coarse and fine mesh
• Solid tetrahedron - linear (4–noded) and parabolic (10–noded) - coarse and fine mesh
• Solid wedge - linear (6–nodes) and parabolic (15–noded) - coarse and fine mesh
Solid Brick
Coarse and fine mesh:
Coarse and fine mesh:
Boundary Conditions
Constraints
• Constrain the nodes on the XZ plane and on the opposite face in the Y translation.
• Constrain the nodes on the YZ plane in the Z translation.
• Constrain the nodes on the XY plane in the X translation.
60
Loads
• Nodal temperatures: linear temperature gradient in the radial and axial direction
T°C X
2
Y
2
+ ( )
1
2
---
Z + =
61
Solution Type
Statics
Results
Output - Solid Y Normal Stress at point A.
Note that the Y direction in the models corresponds to the Z direction in NAFEMS.
References
• NAFEMS Finite Element Methods & Standards, The Standard NAFEMS Benchmarks,
(Glasgow: NAFEMS, Rev. 3, 1990.) Test No. LE11.
• Davies, G. A. O., Fenner, R. T., and Lewis, R. W., Background to Benchmarks, (Glas-
gow: NAFEMS, 1993).
Case
Node # at
Point A
Element Type & Mesh
NAFEMS
Bench
Value
(MPa)
FEMAP
Structural
Result (MPa)
le1101a 30 linear brick - coarse mesh -105 -95.7
le1101b 71 linear brick - fine mesh -105 -99.5
le1102a 67 parabolic brick - coarse mesh -105 -93.9
le1102b 159 parabolic brick - fine mesh -105 -105.9
le1103a 33 linear wedge - coarse mesh -105 -9.49
le1103b 74 linear wedge - fine mesh -105 -46.9
le1104a 71 parabolic wedge - coarse mesh -105 -88.5
le1104b 187 parabolic wedge - fine mesh -105 -96.8
le1105a 8 linear tetra - coarse mesh -105 -31.4
le1105b 8 linear tetra - fine mesh -105 -65.2
le1106a 8 parabolic tetra - coarse mesh -105 -89.6
le1106b 8 parabolic tetra - fine mesh -105 -97.2
62
Normal Modes/Eigenvalue Verifica-
tion Using Theoretical Solutions
The purpose of these normal mode dynamics test cases is to verify the function of the FEMAP
Structural Normal Modes/Eigenvalue Analysis software using theoretical solutions. The test
cases are relatively simple in form and most of them have closed–form theoretical solutions.
The theoretical solutions shown in these examples are from well known engineering texts. For
each test case, a specific reference is cited. All theoretical reference texts are listed at the end
of this topic.
The finite element method is very flexible in the types of physical problems represented. The
verification tests provided are not exhaustive in exploring all possible problems, but represent
common types of applications.
This overview provides information on the following:
• understanding the test case format
• understanding comparisons with theoretical solutions
• references
Understanding the Test Case Format
Each test case is structured with the following information:
• test case data and information
- physical and material properties
- finite element modeling (modeling procedure or hints)
- units
- solution type
- element type
- boundary conditions (loads and constraints)
• results
• references (text from which a closed–form or theoretical solution was taken)

Note: The node numbers listed in each case refer to the node numbers in the neutral
(.neu) files associated with this guide. If you remesh a model, or rebuild that
model from scratch, your node numbering may differ.
64
Understanding Comparisons with Theoretical
Solutions
While differences in finite element and theoretical results are, in most cases, negligible,
some tests would require an infinite number of elements to achieve the exact solution. Ele-
ments are chosen to achieve reasonable engineering accuracy with reasonable computing
times.
Results reported here are results which you can compare to the referenced theoretical solu-
tion. Other results available from the analyses are not reported here. Results for both theoret-
ical and finite element solutions are carried out with the same significant digits of accuracy.
The closed–form theoretical solution may have restrictions, such as rigid connections, that
do not exist in the real world. These limiting restrictions are not necessary for the finite ele-
ment model, but are used for comparison purposes. Verification to real world problems is
more difficult but should be done when possible.
The actual results from the FEMAP Structural software may vary insignificantly from the
results presented in this document. This variation is due to different methods of performing
real numerical arithmetic on different systems. In addition, it is due to changes in element
formulations which SDRC has made to improve results under certain circumstances.
References
The following references have been used in the Normal Mode Dynamics Analysis verifica-
tion problems presented:
• Blevins, R., Formulas For Natural Frequency and Mode Shape, 1st Edition, (New York:
Van Norstrand Reinhold Company, 1979.)
• Timoshenko and Young, Vibration Problems in Engineering, (New York: Van Norstrand
Reinhold Company, 1955.)
• Tse, F., Morse, I., and Hinkle, R., Mechanical Vibrations, Theory and Applications,
(Boston: Allyn and Bacon, Inc., 1978.)
• Tse, F., Morse, I., and Hinkle, R., Mechanical Vibrations, 2nd Edition, (Boston: Allyn
and Bacon, Inc., 1978.)
Undamped Free Vibration - Single
Degree of Freedom
The complete model and results for this test case are in file mstvn002.neu.
Determine the natural frequency of the system.
Test Case Data and Information
Element Types
• rigid
• mass
• DOF springs
Units
SI - meter
Model Geometry
• Length = 0.5 m
• a = 0.3 m
Physical Properties
• mass = 20 Kg
• k = 8 KN/m
Finite Element Modeling
• Create 5 rigid elements along the X axis. Each rigid should be 0.1m long.
• Create a mass element on the end node.
66
• Create 3 DOF spring elements 0.2m from the mass element.
Boundary Conditions
Constraints
Constrain node 6 in all directions except the Z rotation.
Constrain all other nodes in the X and Y translations and in the Z rotation.
Solution Type
Normal Modes/Eigenvalue – Guyan method
Results
Frequency
(Hz)
Bench Value 1.90985
FEMAP Structural 1.90986
Difference 0.0%
67
Reference
• Tse, F., Morse, I., and Hinkle, R., Mechanical Vibrations, Theory and Applications,
(Boston: Allyn and Bacon, Inc., 1978.) p. 75.
Two Degrees of Freedom
Undamped Free Vibration - Princi-
ple Modes
The complete model and results for this test case are in file mstvn003.neu.
Determine the natural frequencies of a dynamic system with two degrees of freedom.
Test Case Data and Information
Element Types
• DOF springs
• mass
Units
SI- meter
Physical Properties
• mass = 1 kg
• k = 1 N/m
Finite Element Modeling
• Create four nodes on the Y axis.
• Create DOF three springs with stiffness of 1 N/m and with a stiffness reference coordinate
system being uniaxial.
69
• Create mass elements with a mass of 1 kg.
Boundary Conditions
Constraints
• Constraint Set 1: Constrain nodes 1 and 4 in all DOF. On the other nodes, constrain all
DOF except the Y translation.
• Constraint Set 2: On the inner nodes, constrain the Y translation. Use this set as the Mas-
ter (ASET) DOF set.
Solution Type
Normal Modes/Eigenvalue – Guyan method
70
Results
Reference
• Tse, F., Morse, I., and Hinkle, R., Mechanical Vibrations, 2nd Edition, (Boston: Allyn
and Bacon, Inc., 1978.) pp. 145-149.
Frequency of
Mode 1
(Hz)
Frequency of
Mode 2
(Hz)
Bench Value 0.159155 0.2756644
FEMAP Structural 0.159155 0.2756644
Difference 0.00% 0.00%
Three Degrees of Freedom Tor-
sional System
The complete model and results for this test case are in file mstvn004.neu.
Determine the natural frequencies of a dynamic system with three degrees of freedom.
Test Case Data and Information
Element Types
• DOF springs
• mass
Units
SI - meter
Physical Properties
• J = J1 = J2 = J3 = 0.1 (mass)
• k = k1 = k2 = k3 = 1 N*m (stiffness)
Finite Element Modeling
• Create four nodes on the X axis.
• Create three DOF springs with stiffness of 1 N*m and with a stiffness reference coordinate
system being uniaxial.
• Create three mass elements with a mass coordinate system = 1 and with mass inertia sys-
tem of: 0.1, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0.
72
Boundary Conditions
Constraints
• Constraint Set 1: On one end node (node 1), constrain all DOF. On the other nodes, con-
strain all DOF except RX.
• Constraint Set 2: On the other nodes (nodes 2-4), constrain the DOF in RX. Use this set
as the Master (ASET) DOF set.
Solution Type
Normal Modes/Eigenvalue – Guyan method
Results
Reference
• Tse, F., Morse, I., and Hinkle, R., Mechanical Vibrations, 2nd Edition, (Boston: Allyn
and Bacon, Inc., 1978.) pp. 153–155
Frequency of
Mode 1
(Hz)
Frequency of
Mode 2
(Hz)
Frequency of
Mode 3
(Hz)
Bench Value 0.223986 0.627595 0.906901
FEMAP Structural 0.223986 0.627595 0.906901
Difference 0.00% 0.00% 0.00%
Two Degrees of Freedom Vehicle
Suspension System
The complete model and results for this test case are in file mstvn005.neu.
Determine the natural frequencies of dynamic system with two degrees of freedom. Degrees
of freedom are one translational and one rotational.
Test Case Data and Information
Element Types
5 nodes, 4 elements:
• 2 DOF springs
• 1 mass element
• 1 rigid element
Units
SI - meter
Model Geometry
• Length1 = 1.6 m
• Length2 = 2.0 m
• r = 1.4 m (radius of gyration; J=m*r*r)
Physical Properties
• mass = 1800 kg
• K1 = 42000 N/m
• K2 = 48000 N/m
Finite Element Modeling
• Create five nodes in the X–Y plane with coordinates:
N1 = (0, 0)
N2 = (L2, 0)
N3 = (-L1, 0)
74
N4 = (L2, -1)
N5 = (-L1, -1)
• Create a DOF spring with stiffness of k1 between nodes 3 and 5.
• Create a DOF spring with stiffness of k2 between nodes 2 and 4.
• Create a mass element with a mass coordinate system = 1 and with mass inertia system
of: 0.0, 0.0, 3528, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0.
• Create a three–noded rigid element using node 1 as the master node and nodes 2 and 3 as
the slave nodes.
Boundary Conditions
Constraints
• Constraint Set 1:
Constrain nodes 1-3 in the X and Z translation and X and Y rotations.
Constrain nodes 4-5 in the X, Y, and Z translations.
• Constraint Set 2 (Master (ASET) DOF Set):
Constrain nodes 1-3 in the Y translation and Z rotation.
75
Solution Type
Normal Modes/Eigenvalue – Guyan method
Results
Reference
• Tse, F., Morse, I., and Hinkle, R., Mechanical Vibrations, 2nd Edition, (Boston: Allyn
and Bacon, Inc., 1978.) pp. 150-153.
Frequency of
Mode 1
(Hz)
Frequency of
Mode 2
(Hz)
Bench Value 1.086347 1.495612
FEMAP Structural 1.086347 1.495612
Difference 0.00% 0.00%
Cantilever Beam Undamped Free
Vibrations
The complete model and results for this test case are in file mstvn006.neu.
Determine the natural frequencies of a cantilever beam.
Test Case Data and Information
Element Type
bar
Units
Inch
Model Geometry
• Length = 100 in
• Height = 2 in
Physical and Material Properties
• w = 1 lb/in
• J = .10
• Poisson’s ratio = .3
Calculated Data
• A = h
2
= 4 in
2

• I = h
4
/12 = 1.33333
• G = E/2 x 1/1+nu = 11538461.54
• m = w/g = 2.59067375E-3
• Ip = Ixx + Iyy = 2.66666
Finite Element Modeling
• Create 11 nodes on X axis.
77
• Create 10 bars between the nodes.
Boundary Conditions
Constraints
• Fully constrain one end node (node 1) in all directions and rotations.
Solution Type
Normal Modes/Eigenvalue – SVI method
Results
Reference
• Blevins, R., Formulas For Natural Frequency and Mode Shape, 1st Edition, (New York:
Van Norstrand Reinhold Company, 1979) pp. 108,193.
Mode Bench Values (Hz)
FEMAP Structural
(Hz)
Difference
1 & 2 6.9533571 6.951037 -0.033%
3 & 4 43.575945 43.54267 -0.076%
5 64.684410 64.66795 -0.254%
6 & 7 122.01391 121.8567 -0.128%
8 193.85388 195.6024 0.901%
9 & 10 238.75784 238.6964 -0.026%
Natural Frequency of a Cantilevered
Mass
The complete model and results for this test case are in file mstvn007.neu.
Determine the natural frequencies of a dynamic system consisting of a massless bar element
and a mass element at the end.
Test Case Data and Information
Element Types
• bar
• mass
Units
Inch
Model Geometry
• Length = 30 in
Physical and Material Properties
• Mass = 0.5 lbm
• E = 30E6 psi
• Density = 1.0E-06
• I = 1.5 in
4
Finite Element Modeling
• Create 2 nodes on the X axis with coordinates (0,0,0) and (30,0,0).
• Create a bar between nodes with shear area ratio=0.
79
• Create a mass on one node with mass of 0.5 lbm.
Boundary Conditions
Constraints
• −Constraint Set 1: On the wall end (at node 1), constrain all DOF. On the mass end, con-
strain the DOF in Z, RX, and RY.
• Constraint Set 2: On the mass end node, constrain the DOF in Z, Y, and RZ. Use this set
as the Master (ASET) DOF set.
Solution Type
Normal Modes/Eigenvalue – Guyan method
Results
Natural Frequency
(Hz)
Bench Value 15.9155
FEMAP Structural 15.9154
Difference 0.00%
80
Reference
• Tse, F., Morse, I., and Hinkle, R., Mechanical Vibrations, 2nd Edition, (Boston: Allyn
and Bacon, Inc., 1978.) p. 72
Normal Modes/Eigenvalue Verifica-
tion Using Standard NAFEMS
Benchmarks
The purpose of these normal mode dynamics test cases is to verify the function of the FEMAP
Structural Normal Modes/Eigenvalue solver using standard benchmarks published by
NAFEMS (National Agency for Finite Element Methods and Standards, National Engineer-
ing Laboratory, Glasgow, U.K.).
These standard benchmark tests were created by NAFEMS to stretch the limits of the finite
elements in commercial software. All results obtained using the FEMAP Structural software
compare favorably with other commercial finite element analysis software. Results of these
test cases using other commercial finite element analysis software programs are available
from NAFEMS.
Understanding the Test Case Format
Each test case is structured with the following information:
• test case data and information
- units
- material properties
- finite element modeling information
- boundary conditions (loads and constraints)
- solution type
• results
• reference

Reference
The following reference has been used in these test cases:
• NAFEMS Finite Element Methods & Standards, Abbassian, F., Dawswell, D. J., and
Knowles, N. C., Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis (Glasgow:
NAFEMS, Nov., 1987.)
Note: The node numbers listed in each case refer to the node numbers in the neutral
(.neu) files associated with this guide. If you remesh a model, or rebuild that
model from scratch, your node numbering may differ.
Bar Element Test Cases
The normal mode dynamics test cases using the standard NAFEMS benchmarks include these
bar element test cases:
• "Pin-ended Cross - In-plane Vibration"
• "Pin-ended Double Cross - In-plane Vibration"
• "Free Square Frame - In-plane Vibration"
• "Cantilever with Off-Center Point Masses"
• "Deep Simply-Supported Beam"
• "Circular Ring - In-plane and Out-of-plane Vibration"
• "Cantilevered Beam"
Pin-ended Cross - In-plane Vibra-
tion
The complete model and results for this test case are in file nf001ac.neu.
This test is a normal modes/eigenvalue analysis of a pin–ended cross (shown below) using bar
elements. This document provides the input data and results for NAFEMS Selected Bench-
marks for Natural Frequency Analysis, Test 1.
Attributes of this test are:
• coupling between flexural and extensional behavior
• repeated and close eigenvalues
Test Case Data and Information
Units
SI
Cross Sectional Properties
Key–in section:
• Area = .015625 m
2

Shear ratio:
A
B
C
D
5.0 m
.125 m
.125 m
84
• Y = 0
• Z = 0
Material Properties
Finite Element Modeling
• 17 nodes
• 16 bar elements; four elements per arm
Boundary Conditions
Constraints
• Constrain points A, B, C, D (nodes 2, 3, 4, 5) in all directions except for the Z rotation.
• Constrain node point Z (node 1) in the Z translation and X rotation.
E 200x10
9 N
m
2
------- =
ρ 8000
kg
m
3
------- =
η 0.29 Poissons ratio ( ) =
G 8.01x10
10
=
85
• Constrain all other nodes (6-17) in the Z translation and X and Y rotations.
Solution Type
Normal Modes/Eigenvalue – SVI method
Results
Reference
• NAFEMS Finite Element Methods & Standards, Abbassian, F., Dawswell, D. J., and
Knowles, N. C., Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis (Glasgow:
NAFEMS, Nov., 1987.) Test No. 1.
Mode #
Ref. Value
(Hz)
Mesh
NAFEMS
Target Value
(Hz)
FEMAP Structural
(Hz)
1 11.336 linear 11.336 11.336
2, 3 17.709 linear 17.687 17.687
4 17.709 linear 17.715 17.715
5 45.345 linear 45.477 45.477
6, 7 57.390 linear 57.364 57.364
8 57.390 linear 57.683 57.683
Note: Reference value (Ref. Value) refers to the accepted solution to the problem.
Pin-ended Double Cross - In-plane
Vibration
The complete model and results for this test case are in file nf002ac.neu.
This test is a normal modes/eigenvalue analysis of a pin–ended double cross (shown below)
using bar elements. This document provides the input data and results for NAFEMS Selected
Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis, Test 2.
Attributes of this test are:
• coupling between flexural and extensional behavior
• repeated and close eigenvalues
Test Case Data and Information
Units
SI
Cross Sectional Properties
Key–in section:
• Area = .015625 m
2

Shear ratio:
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
5.0 m
5.0m
.125 m
.125 m
87
• Y = 0
• Z = 0
Material Properties
Finite Element Modeling
• 33 nodes
• 32 bar elements; four elements per arm
Boundary Conditions
Constraints
• Constrain points A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H (nodes 2-9) in all directions except for the Z rota-
tion.
• Constrain all other nodes 1, (10-33) in the Z translation and X and Y rotations.
E 200x10
9 N
m
2
------- =
ρ 8000
kg
m
3
------- =
88
The following figure shows the boundary conditions.
Solution Type
Normal Modes/Eigenvalue – SVI method
Results
Reference
• NAFEMS Finite Element Methods & Standards, Abbassian, F., Dawswell, D. J., and
Knowles, N. C., Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis (Glasgow:
NAFEMS, Nov., 1987.) Test No. 2.
Mode #
Ref. Value
(Hz)
Mesh
NAFEMS
Target Value
(Hz)
FEMAP Structural
Result
(Hz)
1 11.336 linear 11.336 11.336
2, 3 17.709 linear 17.687 17.687
4,5,
6,7,8
17.709 linear 17.715 17.715
9 45.345 linear 45.477 45.477
10, 11 57.390 linear 57.364 57.364
12,13,
14,15,
16
57.390 linear 57.683 57.683
Note: Reference value (Ref. Value) refers to the accepted solution to the problem.
Free Square Frame - In-plane Vibra-
tion
The complete model and results for this test are in file nf003ac.neu.
This test is a normal modes/eigenvalue analysis of a free square frame (shown below) using
bar elements. This document provides the input data and results for NAFEMS Selected
Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis, Test 3.
Attributes of this test are:
• coupling between flexural and extensional behavior
• rigid body modes (3 modes)
• repeated and close eigenvalues
Test Case Data and Information
Units
SI
Cross Sectional Properties
Shear ratio:
• Y = 1.0
• Z = 1.0
10.0 m
10.0m
.125 m
.125 m
90
Material Properties
Finite Element Modeling
• 16 nodes
• 16 bar elements; four elements per arm
Boundary Conditions
Constraints
• Constraint Set 1: Constrain all nodes in the Z translation and X and Y rotations.
E 200x10
9 N
m
2
------- =
ρ 8000
kg
m
3
------- =
91
• Constraint Set 2 (Kinematic DOF): Constrain nodes 1 and 3 in the X and Y translation
and the Z rotation.
Solution Type
Normal Modes/Eigenvalue – SVI method
Results
Reference
• NAFEMS Finite Element Methods & Standards, Abbassian, F., Dawswell, D. J., and
Knowles, N. C., Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis (Glasgow:
NAFEMS, Nov., 1987.) Test No. 3.
Mode #
Ref. Value
(Hz)
Mesh
NAFEMS
Target Value
(Hz)
FEMAP Structural
(Hz)
4 3.261 linear 3.262 3.259
5 5.668 linear 5.665 5.662
6, 7 11.136 linear 11.145 11.127
8 12.849 linear 12.833 12.793
9 24.570 linear 24.664 24.611
10, 11 28.695 linear 28.813 28.700
Note: Reference value (Ref. Value) refers to the accepted solution to the problem.
Cantilever with Off-Center Point
Masses
The complete model and results for this test is in file nf004a.neu.
This test is a normal modes/eigenvalue analysis of a cantilever with off–center point masses
(shown below) using bar elements. This document provides the input data and results for
NAFEMS Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis, Test 4.
Attributes of this test are:
• coupling between torsional and flexural behavior
• inertial axis non–coincident with flexibility axis
• discrete mass, rigid links
• close eigenvalues
Test Case Data and Information
Units
SI
Cross Sectional Properties
Shear ratio:
• Y = 1.128
• Z = 1.128
Material Properties
Finite Element Modeling
• 8 nodes
• 9 elements
E 200x10
9 N
m
2
------- =
ρ 8000k
g
m
3
------- =
ν 0.3 =
93
five bar elements along cantilever
two mass elements
two rigid elements
Boundary Conditions
Constraints
• Fully constrain point A (node 1) in all directions.
Solution Type
Normal Modes/Eigenvalue – SVI method
94
Results
Reference
• NAFEMS Finite Element Methods & Standards, Abbassian, F., Dawswell, D. J., and
Knowles, N. C., Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis (Glasgow:
NAFEMS, Nov., 1987.) Test No. 4
Mode # Ref. Value (Hz)
NAFEMS Target
Value (Hz)
FEMAP
Structural Result
(Hz)
1 1.723 1.723 1.722
2 1.727 1.727 1.726
3 7.413 7.413 7.410
4 9.972 9.972 9.947
5 18.155 18.160 18.051
6 26.957 26.972 26.712
Note: Reference value (Ref. Value) refers to the accepted solution to the problem.
Deep Simply-Supported Beam
The complete model and results for this test are in file nf005ac.neu.
This test is a normal mode dynamic analysis of a deep simply–supported beam. This docu-
ment provides the input data and results for NAFEMS Selected Benchmarks for Natural Fre-
quency Analysis, Test 5.
Attributes of this test are:
• shear deformation and rotary inertial (Timoshenko beam)
• possibility of missing extensional modes when using iteration solution methods
• repeated eigenvalues
Test Case Data and Information
Units
SI
Cross Sectional Properties
Shear Ratio
• Y = 1.176923
• Z = 1.176923
Material Properties
Finite Element Modeling
• 6 nodes
E 200x10
9 N
m
2
------- =
ρ 8000k
g
m
3
------- =
ν 0.3 =
96
• 5 bar elements
Boundary Conditions
Constraints
• Constrain the X, Y, Z translation an X rotation at point A (node 1)
• Constrain the Y and Z translation at point B (node 10)
The boundary conditions are shown in the following diagram.
Solution Type
Normal Modes/Eigenvalues – SVI method
Results
Mode # Ref. Value (Hz)
NAFEMS
Target Value
(Hz)
FEMAP Structural
Result (Hz)
1, 2 42.649 42.568 42.710
3 77.542 77.841 77.841
4 125.00 125.51 125.52
5, 6 148.31 145.46 150.76
7 233.10 241.24 241.24
8, 9 284.55 267.01 301.08
97
Reference
• NAFEMS Finite Element Methods & Standards, Abbassian, F., Dawswell, D. J., and
Knowles, N. C., Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis (Glasgow:
NAFEMS, Nov., 1987.) Test No. 5.
Note: Reference value (Ref. Value) refers to the accepted solution to the problem.
Circular Ring - In-plane and Out-of-
plane Vibration
The complete model and results for this test are in file nf006ac.neu.
This test is a normal modes/eigenvalue analysis of a circular ring using bar elements. This
document provides the input data and results for NAFEMS Selected Benchmarks for Natural
Frequency Analysis, Test 6.
Attributes of this test are:
• rigid body modes (six modes)
• repeated eigenvalues
Test Case Data and Information
Units
SI
Cross Sectional Properties
Shear ratio:
• Y = 1.128205
• Z = 1.128205
Material Properties
Finite Element Modeling
• 20 nodes
E 200x10
9 N
m
2
------- =
ρ 8000k
g
m
3
------- =
ν 0.3 =
99
• 20 bar elements
Boundary Conditions
Constraints
• Constraint Set 1 (Kinematic DOF): Constrain nodes 10 and 11 in all directions and rota-
tions.
Solution Type
Normal Modes/Eigenvalue – SVI method
100
Results
Reference
• NAFEMS Finite Element Methods & Standards, Abbassian, F., Dawswell, D. J., and
Knowles, N. C., Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis (Glasgow:
NAFEMS, Nov., 1987.) Test No. 6.
Mode # Ref. Value (Hz)
NAFEMS
Target Value
(Hz)
FEMAP
Structural Result
(Hz)
7, 8
(out of plane)
51.849 52.290 52.211
9, 10
(in plane)
53.382 53.971 53.775
11, 12
(out of plane)
148.77 149.70 148.92
13, 14
(in plane)
150.99 152.44 151.25
15
(out of plane)
286.98 288.25 285.33
16
(in plane)
289.51 288.25 285.33
Note: Reference value (Ref. Value) refers to the accepted solution to the problem.
Cantilevered Beam
The complete model and results for this test case are in the following files:
• nf071a.neu (Test 1)
• nf071b.neu (Test 2)
• nf071c.neu (Test 3)
This test is a normal modes/eigenvalue analysis of a cantilevered beam. This document pro-
vides the input data and results for NAFEMS Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency
Analysis, Test 71.
Attributes of this test are:
• ill–conditioned stiffness matrix
Test Case Data and Information
Units
SI
Material Properties
Finite Element Modeling
Three tests - all use 8 bar elements and 9 nodes
• Test 1: a=b
• Test 2: a = 10b
E 200x10
9 N
m
2
------- =
ρ 8000k
g
m
3
------- =
102
• Test3: a = 100b
Boundary Conditions
Constraints
• Fully constrain point A (node 1) in all directions and rotations.
• Constrain all other nodes in the Z translation and X and Y rotations.
Solution Type
Normal Modes/Eigenvalue – SVI method
Bar elements always use a consistent mass formulation.
103
Results
Reference
• NAFEMS Finite Element Methods & Standards, Abbassian, F., Dawswell, D. J., and
Knowles, N. C., Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis (Glasgow:
NAFEMS, Nov., 1987.) Test No. 71.
Mode #
Ref. Value
(Hz)
Mesh
FEMAP
Structural
Result
(Hz)
1 1.010 a = b
a = 10b
a = 100b
1.0095
1.0095
1.0095
2 6.327 a = b
a = 10b
a = 100b
6.3223
6.3260
6.3289
3 17.716 a = b
a = 10b
a = 100b
17.693
17.791
17.819
4 34.717 a = b
a = 10b
a = 100b
34.675
34.854
35.061
5 57.390 a = b
a = 10b
a = 100b
57.422
60.595
64.751
6 85.730 a = b
a = 10b
a = 100b
86.135
101.673
104.654
Note: Reference value (Ref. Value) refers to the accepted solution to the problem.
Plate Element Test Cases
The normal mode dynamics test cases using the standard NAFEMS benchmarks include these
plate element test cases:
• "Thin Square Cantilevered Plate -Symmetric Modes"
• "Thin Square Cantilevered Plate - Anti-symmetric Modes"
• "Free Thin Square Plate"
• "Simply-Supported Thin Square Plate"
• "Simply-Supported Thin Annular Plate"
• "Clamped Thin Rhombic Plate"
• "Cantilevered Thin Square Plate with Distorted Mesh"
• "Simply-Supported Thick Square Plate, Test A"
• "Clamped Thick Rhombic Plate"
• "Simply-Supported Thick Square Plate, Test B"
• "Simply-Supported Thick Annular Plate"
• "Cantilevered Square Membrane"
• "Cantilevered Tapered Membrane"
• "Free Annular Membrane"
• "Cantilevered Thin Square Plate"
• "Cantilevered Thin Square Plate #2"
Thin Square Cantilevered Plate -
Symmetric Modes
The complete model and results for this test case are in the following files:
• nf011alc.neu (linear quadrilateral plate, consistent mass)
• nf011all.neu (linear quadrilateral plate, lumped mass)
• nf011apc.neu (parabolic quadrilateral plate, consistent mass)
• nf011apl.neu (parabolic quadrilateral plate, lumped mass)
This test is a normal modes/eigenvalue analysis of a thin, square, cantilevered plate meshed
with plate elements. This document provides the input data and results for NAFEMS Selected
Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis, Test 11a.
Attributes of this test are:
• symmetric modes, symmetric boundary conditions along the cutting plane
Test Case Data and Information
Units
SI
Material Properties
Finite Element Modeling
Test 1 and Test 2 (nf011alc and nf011all)
• 45 nodes
• 32 linear quadrilateral plate elements - thickness = 0.05m
Test 2 and Test 3 (nf011apc and nf011apl)
• 37 nodes
E 200x10
9 N
m
2
------- =
ρ 8000
kg
m
3
------- =
ν 0.3 =
106
• 8 parabolic quadrilateral plate elements - thickness = 0.05m
Mesh only half the plate (10m x 5m).
Boundary Conditions
• Constraints (all tests)
• Fully constrain nodes 1-5 in all translations and rotations.
• Constrain nodes 6, 11, 16, 21, 26, 31, 36, 41 in the X and Y translations and X and Z
rotations.
• Constrain all other nodes in the X and Y translations and Z rotation.
Solution Type
Normal Modes/Eigenvalue – SVI method
Results were obtained two different ways:
• using lumped mass
• using consistent mass
Linear Quadrilateral Plates Parabolic Quadrilateral Plates
107
Results
Reference
• NAFEMS Finite Element Methods & Standards, Abbassian, F., Dawswell, D. J., and
Knowles, N. C., Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis (Glasgow:
NAFEMS, Nov., 1987.) Test No. 11a.
Mode #
Ref.
Value (Hz)
Mesh
FEMAP
Structural Result
(lumped mass)
(Hz)
FEMAP Structural
Result (consistent
mass) (Hz)
1 0.421 linear
parabolic
0.415
0.414
0.418
0.418
2 2.582 linear
parabolic
2.507
2.444
2.623
2.569
3 3.306 linear
parabolic
3.117
3.081
3.315
3.281
4 6.555 linear
parabolic
5.984
6.018
6.573
6.551
5 7.381 linear
parabolic
7.241
6.954
7.979
7.525
6 11.402 linear
parabolic
10.387
10.493
12.112
11.950
Note: Reference value (Ref. Value) refers to the accepted solution to the problem.
Thin Square Cantilevered Plate -
Anti-symmetric Modes
The complete model and results for this test case are the in following files:
• nf011blc.neu (linear quadrilateral plate, consistent mass)
• nf011bll.neu (linear quadrilateral plate, lumped mass)
• nf011bpc.neu (parabolic quadrilateral plate, consistent mass)
• nf011bpl.neu (parabolic quadrilateral plate, lumped mass)
This test is a normal modes/eigenvalue analysis of a thin, square, cantilevered plate meshed
with plate elements. This document provides the input data and results for NAFEMS Selected
Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis, Test 11b.
Attributes of this test are:
• anti–symmetric modes
Test Case Data and Information
Units
SI
Material Properties
Finite Element Modeling
Tests 1 and 2 (nf011blc.neu and nf011bll.neu)
• 45 nodes, 32 linear quadrilateral plate elements - thickness = 0.05m
Tests 3 and 4 (nf011bpc.neu and nf011bpl.neu)
• 37 nodes, 8 parabolic quadrilateral plate elements - thickness = 0.05m
E 200x10
9 N
m
2
------- =
ρ 8000
kg
m
3
------- =
ν 0.3 =
109
Mesh only half the plate (10m x 5m).
Boundary Conditions
Constraints (all tests)
• Fully constrain nodes 1-5 in all directions.
• Constrain nodes 6, 11, 16, 21, 26, 31, 36, 41 in the X, Y, Z translations and Z rotation.
• Constrain all other nodes in the X and Y translations and Z rotation.
Solution Type
Normal Modes/Eigenvalue – SVI method
Results were obtained two different ways:
• using lumped mass
• using consistent mass
110
Results
Reference
• NAFEMS Finite Element Methods & Standards, Abbassian, F., Dawswell, D. J., and
Knowles, N. C., Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis (Glasgow:
NAFEMS, Nov., 1987.) Test No. 11b.
Mode #
Ref.
Value
(Hz)
Mesh
NAFEMS
Target Value
(Hz)
FEMAP
Structural Result
(lumped mass)
(Hz)
FEMAP
Structural Result
(consistent mass)
(Hz)
1 1.029 linear
parabolic
1.019
1.018
0.993
0.999
1.012
1.024
2 3.753 linear
parabolic
3.839
3.710
3.553
3.541
3.750
3.728
3 7.730 linear
parabolic
8.313
7.768
7.130
6.847
8.162
7.846
4 8.561 linear
parabolic
9.424
8.483
8.082
7.894
9.079
8.693
5 not
available
linear
parabolic
11.728
11.185
9.805
9.954
11.526
11.451
6 not
available
linear
parabolic
17.818
15.755
13.087
13.724
17.192
16.918
Note: Reference value (Ref. Value) refers to the accepted solution to the problem.
Free Thin Square Plate
The complete model and results for this test case are in the following files:
• nf012lc.neu (linear quadrilateral plate, consistent mass)
• nf012ll.neu (linear quadrilateral plate, lumped mass)
• nf012pc.neu (parabolic quadrilateral plate, consistent mass)
• nf012pl.neu (parabolic quadrilateral plate, lumped mass)
This test is a normal modes/eigenvalue analysis of a free thin square plate meshed with plate
elements. This document provides the input data and results for NAFEMS Selected Bench-
marks for Natural Frequency Analysis, Test 12.
Attributes of this test are:
• rigid body modes (three modes)
• repeated eigenvalues
• use of kinematic DOF for the rigid body mode calculation with the SVI eigensolver
Test Case Data and Information
Units
SI
Material Properties
Finite Element Modeling
Tests 1 and 2 (nf012lc.neu and nf012ll.neu)
• 81 nodes, 64 linear quadrilateral plate elements - thickness = 0.05m
Tests 3 and 4 (nf012pc.neu and nf012pl.neu)
• 65 nodes, 16 parabolic quadrilateral plate elements - thickness = 0.05m
E 200x10
9 N
m
2
------- =
ρ 8000
kg
m
3
------- =
ν 0.3 =
112
Boundary Conditions
Constraints
• Constraint Set 1: Constrain all the nodes in the X and Y translations and Z rotation.
• Constraint Set 2 (Kinematic DOF): Constrain nodes 1 and 3 in all directions and rota-
tions.
Solution Type
Normal Modes/Eigenvalue – SVI method
Results were obtained two different ways:
• using lumped mass
• using consistent mass
113
Results
Reference
NAFEMS Finite Element Methods & Standards, Abbassian, F., Dawswell, D. J., and
Knowles, N. C., Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis (Glasgow: NAFEMS,
Nov., 1987.) Test No. 12.
Mode #
Ref. Value
(Hz)
Mesh
NAFEMS
Target
Value (Hz)
FEMAP Structural
Result (lumped
mass) (Hz)
FEMAP Structural
Result (consistent
mass) (Hz)
4 1.622 linear
parabolic
1.632
1.532
1.570
1.567
1.615
1.619
5 2.360 linear
parabolic
2.402
2.356
2.246
2.183
2.394
2.364
6 2.922 linear
parabolic
3.006
2.861
2.815
2.750
2.990
2.930
7, 8 4.233 linear
parabolic
4.251
4.122
3.912
3.879
4.218
4.186
9 7.416 linear
parabolic
7.859
7.363
6.902
6.586
7.751
7.494
10 not
available
linear
parabolic
8.027
7.392
6.903
6.586
7.884
7.494
Note: Reference value (Ref. Value) refers to the accepted solution to the problem.
Simply-Supported Thin Square
Plate
The complete model and results for this test case are in the following files:
• nf013lc.neu (linear quadrilateral plate, consistent mass)
• nf013ll.neu (linear quadrilateral plate, lumped mass)
• nf013pc.neu (parabolic quadrilateral plate, consistent mass)
• nf013pl.neu (parabolic quadrilateral plate, lumped mass)
This test is a normal modes/eigenvalue analysis of a simply–supported thin square plate
meshed with plate elements. This document provides the input data and results for NAFEMS
Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis, Test 13.
Attributes of this test are:
• well established
• repeated eigenvalues
Test Case Data and Information
Units
SI
Material Properties
Finite Element Modeling
Tests 1 and 2 (nf013lc.neu and nf013ll.neu)
• 81 nodes, 64 linear quadrilateral plate elements - thickness = 0.05m
Tests 3 and 4 (nf013pc.neu and nf013pl.neu)
E 200x10
9 N
m
2
------- =
ρ 8000
kg
m
3
------- =
ν 0.3 =
115
• 65 nodes, 16 parabolic quadrilateral plate elements - thickness = 0.05m
Boundary Conditions
Constraints
• Constrain all nodes in the X and Y translations and Z rotation.
• Constrain the nodes along edges X = 0 and X = 10m in the Z translation and X rotation.
• Constrain the nodes along edges Y = 0 and Y = 10m in the Z translation and Y rotation.
• Fully constrain the DOF on the four corner nodes (9, 13, 41, 68).
Solution Type
Normal Modes/Eigenvalue – SVI method
Results were obtained two different ways:
116
• using lumped mass
• using consistent mass
Results
Reference
• NAFEMS Finite Element Methods & Standards, Abbassian, F., Dawswell, D. J., and
Knowles, N. C., Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis (Glasgow:
NAFEMS, Nov., 1987.) Test No. 13.
Mode #
Ref. Value
(Hz)
Mesh
FEMAP Structural
Result (lumped mass)
(Hz)
FEMAP Structural
Result (consistent
mass) (Hz)
1 2.377 4–noded
8–noded
2.338
2.375
2.399
2.383
2, 3 5.942 4–noded
8–noded
5.820
5.932
6.206
6.034
4 9.507 4–noded
8–noded
8.909
9.392
9.873
9.831
5, 6 11.884 4–noded
8–noded
11.770
11.879
13.375
12.590
7, 8 15.449 4–noded
8–noded
14.215
15.033
16.786
16.734
Note: Reference value (Ref. Value) refers to the accepted solution to the problem.
Simply-Supported Thin Annular
Plate
The complete model and results for this test case are in the following files:
• nf014lc.neu (linear quadrilateral plate, consistent mass)
• nf014ll.neu (linear quadrilateral plate, lumped mass)
• nf014pc.neu (parabolic quadrilateral plate, consistent mass)
• nf014pl.neu (parabolic quadrilateral plate, lumped mass)
This test is a normal modes/eigenvalue analysis of a simply–supported thin annular plate
meshed with shell elements. This document provides the input data and results for NAFEMS
Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis, Test 14.
Attributes of this test are:
• curved boundary (skewed coordinate system)
• repeated eigenvalues
Test Case Data and Information
Units
SI
Material Properties
Finite Element Modeling
Tests 1 and 2 (nf014lc and nf014ll):
• 192 nodes, 160 linear quadrilateral plate elements - thickness = 0.06m
Tests 3 and 4 (nf014pc and nf014pl)
E 200x10
9 N
m
2
------- =
ρ 8000
kg
m
3
------- =
ν 0.3 =
118
• 176 nodes, 48 parabolic quadrilateral plate elements - thickness = 0.06m
Boundary Conditions
• Constraint Set 1 (All Tests):
Constrain all nodes in in the X and Y translation and Z rotation.
Additionally constrain all nodes around the model’s circumference in the Z transla-
tion and X rotation.
• Constraint Set 2 (Kinematic DOF):
Tests 1 and 2: Constrain nodes 258 and 290 in the X and Y translations.
119
Tests 3 and 4: Constrain nodes 21 and 133 in the X and Y translations.
Solution Type
Normal Mode Dynamics - SVI method
Results were obtained two different ways:
• using lumped mass
• using consistent mass
Results
Mode #
Ref. Value
(Hz)
Mesh
FEMAP Structural
Result (lumped
mass) (Hz)
FEMAP Structural
Result (consistent
mass) (Hz)
1 1.870 linear
parabolic
1.859
1.840
1.877
1.873
2, 3 5.137 linear
parabolic
5.175
5.111
5.249
5.151
4, 5 9.673 linear
parabolic
9.686
9.672
9.983
9.713
6 14.850 linear
parabolic
14.188
13.946
15.412
14.924
7, 8 15.573 linear
parabolic
15.326
15.547
16.176
15.708
9 18.382 linear
parabolic
17.594
17.380
19.088
18.521
Note: Reference value (Ref. Value) refers to the accepted solution to the problem.
120
Reference
• NAFEMS Finite Element Methods & Standards, Abbassian, F., Dawswell, D. J., and
Knowles, N. C., Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis (Glasgow:
NAFEMS, Nov., 1987.) Test No. 14.
Clamped Thin Rhombic Plate
The complete model and results for this test case are in the following files:
• nf015lc.neu (linear quadrilateral plate, consistent mass)
• nf015ll.neu (linear quadrilateral plate, lumped mass)
• nf015pl.neu (parabolic quadrilateral plate, lumped mass)
• nf015pc.neu (parabolic quadrilateral plate, consistent mass)
This test is a normal modes/eigenvalue analysis of a clamped thin rhombic plate meshed with
plate elements. This document provides the input data and results for NAFEMS Selected
Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis, Test 15.
Attributes of this test are:
• distorted elements
Test Case Data and Information
Units
SI
Material Properties
Finite Element Modeling
Tests 1 and 2 (nf015lc.neu and nf015ll.neu):
• 169 nodes, 144 linear quadrilateral plate elements - thickness = 0.05m
E 200x10
9 N
m
2
------- =
ρ 8000
kg
m
3
------- =
ν 0.3 =
122
Tests 3 and 4 (nf015pc.neu and nf015pl.neu):
• 133 nodes, 36 parabolic quadrilateral plate elements - thickness = 0.05m
Boundary Conditions
Constraints
• Completely constrain the nodes along all four edges of the part in all directions and rota-
tions.
• Constrain all other nodes in the X and Y translation and Z rotation.
Solution Type
Normal Modes/Eigenvalue - SVI method
Results were obtained two different ways:
• using lumped mass
• using consistent mass
123
Results
Reference
• NAFEMS Finite Element Methods & Standards, Abbassian, F., Dawswell, D. J., and
Knowles, N. C., Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis (Glasgow:
NAFEMS, Nov., 1987.) Test No. 15.
Mode #
Ref. Value
(Hz)
Mesh
NAFEMS
Target Value
(Hz)
FEMAP Structural
Result (lumped
mass) (Hz)
FEMAP Structural
Result (consistent
mass) (Hz)
1 7.938 linear
parabolic
8.142
7.873
7.818
7.902
7.955
7.929
2 12.835 linear
parabolic
13.891
12.480
12.831
12.851
13.388
13.008
3 17.941 linear
parabolic
20.036
17.312
17.807
17.952
19.072
18.472
4 19.133 linear
parabolic
20.165
18.738
18.554
18.964
19.239
19.168
5 24.009 linear
parabolic
27.704
27.950
23.665
23.879
26.185
25.226
6 27.922 linear
parabolic
32.046
25.883
27.698
27.910
29.816
28.810
Note: Reference value (Ref. Value) refers to the accepted solution to the problem.
Cantilevered Thin Square Plate with
Distorted Mesh
The complete model and results for this test case are in the following files:
• nf016a1.neu (16 parabolic quadrilateral plate, lumped mass)
• nf016a2.neu (16 parabolic quadrilateral plate, consistent mass)
• nf016b1.neu (16 parabolic quadrilateral plate, lumped mass)
• nf016b2.neu (16 parabolic quadrilateral plate, consistent mass)
• nf016c1.neu (4 parabolic quadrilateral plate, lumped mass)
• nf016c2.neu (4 parabolic quadrilateral plate, consistent mass)
• nf016d1.neu (4 parabolic quadrilateral plate, lumped mass)
• nf016d2.neu (4 parabolic quadrilateral plate, consistent mass)
This test is a normal modes/eigenvalue analysis of a cantilevered thin square plate meshed
with distorted plate elements. This document provides the input data and results for NAFEMS
Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis, Test 16.
Attributes of this test are:
• distorted meshes
Test Case Data and Information
Units
SI
Material Properties
Finite Element Modeling
All tests - parabolic quadrilateral plate elements - thickness = 0.05m
E 200x10
9 N
m
2
------- =
ρ 8000
kg
m
3
------- =
ν 0.3 =
125
Four tests:
• Test 1 (nf016a1, nf016a2) - 65 nodes, 16 elements
• Test 2 (nf016b1, nf016b2) - 65 nodes, 16 elements with specified nodes at the following
XY coordinates:
X Coordinate Y Coordinate
4.0 4.0
2.25 2.25
4.75 2.5
7.25 2.75
7.5 4.75
7.75 7.25
5.25 7.25
2.25 7.25
2.5 4.75
126
• Test 3 (nf016c1, nf016c2) - 21 nodes, 4 elements
• Test 4 (nf016d1, nf016d2) - 21 nodes, 4 elements with a specified node at X=4.0, Y=4.0.
Boundary Conditions
127
Constraints (nf016a1 and nf016a2)
• Constrain the nodes along the model’s Y axis in the X, Y, and Z translations and in the Y
and Z rotations.
• Constrain all other nodes in the Z rotation only.
Constraints (nf016b1 and nf016b2)
• Fully constrain the nodes along the model’s Y axis in all directions.
• Constrain all other nodes in the Z rotation only.
Solution Type
Normal Modes/Eigenvalue - SVI method
Results were obtained two different ways:
• using lumped mass
• using consistent mass
128
Results
Reference
• NAFEMS Finite Element Methods & Standards, Abbassian, F., Dawswell, D. J., and
Knowles, N. C., Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis (Glasgow:
NAFEMS, Nov., 1987.) Test No. 16.
Mode #
Ref. Value
(Hz)
Test
NAFEMS
Target Value
(Hz)
FEMAP
Structural
Result (lumped
mass) (Hz)
FEMAP Structural
Result (consistent
mass) (Hz)
1 0.421 1
2
3
4
0.4174
0.4174
0.4144
0.4145
0.4139
0.4135
0.4021
0.3999
0.4181
0.4182
0.4189
0.4192
2 1.029 1
2
3
4
1.020
1.020
0.999
1.002
0.9985
0.9967
0.9347
0.9202
1.024
1.024
1.021
1.025
3 2.582 1
2
3
4
2.564
2.571
2.554
2.565
2.444
2.445
2.132
2.112
2.569
2.566
2.708
2.698
4 3.306 1
2
3
4
3.302
3.317
3.401
3.424
3.082
3.072
2.707
2.697
3.281
3.280
3.449
3.430
5 3.753 1
2
3
4
3.769
3.780
3.697
3.714
3.540
3.535
3.136
3.077
3.728
3.731
3.913
3.881
6 6.555 1
2
3
4
6.805
6.883
5.455
5.133
6.018
5.994
5.458
5.459
6.551
6.552
7.108
6.858
Note: Reference value (Ref. Value) refers to the accepted solution to the problem.
Simply-Supported Thick Square
Plate, Test A
The complete model and results for this test case are in the following files:
• nf021alc.neu (linear quadrilateral plate, consistent mass)
• nf021all.neu (linear quadrilateral plate, lumped mass)
• nf021apc.neu (parabolic quadrilateral plate, consistent mass)
• nf021apl.neu (parabolic quadrilateral plate, lumped mass)
This test is a normal modes/eigenvalue analysis of a simply–supported thick square plate
meshed with shell elements. This document provides the input data and results for NAFEMS
Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis, Test 21a.
Attributes of this test are:
• well–established
• repeated eigenvalues
• effect of secondary restraints
Test Case Data and Information
Units
SI
Material Properties
Finite Element Modeling
Tests 1 and 2 (nf021alc.neu and nf021all.neu)
E 200x10
9 N
m
2
------- =
ρ 8000
kg
m
3
------- =
ν 0.3 =
130
• 81 nodes, 64 linear quadrilateral plate elements - thickness = 1.0m
Tests 3 and 4 (nf021apc.neu and nf021apl.neu)
• 65 nodes, 16 parabolic quadrilateral plate elements - thickness = 1.0m
Boundary Conditions
Constraints
• Fully constrain the corner nodes in all directions and rotations.
• Constrain the nodes along edges X=0 and X=10m in all directions, except the Y rotation.
• Constrain the nodes along edges Y=0 and Y=10m in all directions, except the X rotation.
131
• Constrain all other nodes in the X and Y translation and Z rotation.
Solution Type
Normal Modes/Eigenvalue - SVI method
Results were obtained two different ways:
• using lumped mass
• using consistent mass
Results
Mode #
Ref. Value
(Hz)
Mesh
NAFEMSTar
get Value
(Hz)
FEMAP
Structural
Result (lumped
mass) (Hz)
FEMAP
Structural Result
(consistent mass)
(Hz)
1 45.897 linear
parabolic
46.659
45.936
45.50
46.165
46.35
45.830
2, 3 109.44 linear
parabolic
115.84
110.41
108.70
110.32
114.12
109.38
4 167.89 linear
parabolic
177.53
170.38
160.63
167.30
174.29
169.75
5, 6 204.51 linear
parabolic
233.40
212.81
204.75
204.59
227.05
208.20
132
Reference
• NAFEMS Finite Element Methods & Standards, Abbassian, F., Dawswell, D. J., and
Knowles, N. C., Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis (Glasgow:
NAFEMS, Nov., 1987.) Test No. 21a.
7, 8 256.50 linear
parabolic
283.60
269.96
240.84
249.26
276.88
268.40
9 336.62 linear
parabolic
371.11
344.77
298.18
311.32
364.30
319.40
10 336.62 linear
parabolic
371.11
344.77
320.41
347.63
385.84
319.40
Note: Reference value (Ref. Value) refers to the accepted solution to the problem.
Simply-Supported Thick Square
Plate, Test B
The complete model and results for this test case are in the following files:
• nf021blc.neu (linear quadrilateral plate elements, consistent mass)
• nf021bll.neu (linear quadrilateral plate elements, lumped mass)
• nf021bpc.neu (parabolic quadrilateral plate elements, consistent mass)
• nf021bpl.neu (parabolic quadrilateral plate elements, lumped mass)
This test is a normal modes/eigenvalue analysis of a simply–supported thick square plate
meshed with plate elements. This document provides the input data and results for NAFEMS
Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis, Test 21b.
Attributes of this test are:
• well–established
• repeated eigenvalues
• effect of secondary restraints
Test Case Data and Information
Units
SI
Material Properties
Finite Element Modeling
Tests 1 and 2 (nf021blc.neu and nf021bll.neu)
• 81 nodes, 64 linear quadrilateral plate elements - thickness = 1.0m
E 200X10
9 N
m
2
------- =
ρ 8000
kg
m
3
------- =
ν 0.3 =
134
Tests 3 and 4 (nf021plc.neu and nf021pll.neu)
• 65 nodes, 16 parabolic quadrilateral plate elements - thickness = 1.0m
Boundary Conditions
Constraints
• Constrain the nodes along all edges in the X,Y, and Z translations and Z rotation.
• Constrain all other nodes in the X and Y translation and Z rotation.
Solution Type
Normal Modes/Eigenvalue - SVI method
Results were obtained two different ways:
• using lumped mass
135
• using consistent mass
Results
Reference
• NAFEMS Finite Element Methods & Standards, Abbassian, F., Dawswell, D. J., and
Knowles, N. C., Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis (Glasgow:
NAFEMS, Nov., 1987.) Test No. 21b.
Mode #
Ref. Value
(Hz)
Mesh
NAFEMS
Target Value
(Hz)
FEMAP
Structural Result
(lumped mass)
(Hz)
FEMAP
Structural Result
(consistent mass)
(Hz)
1 45.897 linear
parabolic
44.745
44.134
44.14
44.815
44.96
44.493
2, 3 109.44 linear
parabolic
112.94
107.85
106.96
108.52
112.25
107.57
4 167.89 linear
parabolic
170.28
164.19
156.96
163.57
170.17
165.70
5, 6 204.51 linear
parabolic
230.23
20.07
203.40
203.12
225.51
206.46
7, 8 256.50 linear
parabolic
274.19
260.32
237.31
245.71
272.47
263.61
9 336.62 linear
parabolic
355.98
342.80
293.95
307.16
358.43
318.56
10 336.62 linear
parabolic
355.98
342.80
319.64
346.85
384.78
318.58
Note: Reference value (Ref. Value) refers to the accepted solution to the problem.
Clamped Thick Rhombic Plate
The complete model and results for this test case are in the following files:
• nf022lc.neu (linear quadrilateral plate, consistent mass)
• nf022ll.neu (linear quadrilateral plate, lumped mass)
• nf022pc.neu (parabolic quadrilateral plate, consistent mass)
• nf022pl.neu (parabolic quadrilateral plate, lumped mass)
This test is a normal modes/eigenvalue analysis of a thick clamped thick rhombic plate
meshed with plate elements. This document provides the input data and results for NAFEMS
Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis, Test 22.
Attributes of this test are:
• distorted elements
Test Case Data and Information
Units
SI
Material Properties
Finite Element Modeling
Tests 1 and 2 (nf022lc.neu and nf022ll.neu)
E 200X10
9 N
m
2
------- =
ρ 8000
kg
m
3
------- =
ν 0.3 =
137
• 121 nodes, 100 linear quadrilateral plate elements - thickness = 1.0m
Tests 3 and 4 (nf022pc.neu and nf022pl.neu)
• 133 nodes, 36 parabolic quadrilateral plate elements - thickness = 1.0m
Boundary Conditions
Constraints
• Fully constrain the nodes along all four edges in all directions and rotations.
138
• Constrain all other nodes in the X and Y translations and Z rotation.
Solution Type
Normal Mode Dynamics - SVI
Results were obtained two different ways:
• using lumped mass
• using consistent mass
Results
Mode #
Ref. Value
(Hz)
Mesh
NAFEMS
Target Value
(Hz)
FEMAP
Structural
Result (lumped
mass) (Hz)
FEMAP Structural
Result
(consistent mass)
(Hz)
1 133.95 linear
parabolic
137.80
133.86
133.33
134.51
135.17
132.48
2 201.41 linear
parabolic
218.48
203.34
204.42
204.30
213.06
200.28
3 265.81 linear
parabolic
295.42
271.38
269.23
270.17
288.08
266.06
4 282.74 linear
parabolic
296.83
283.68
279.75
283.95
289.05
273.65
5 334.45 linear
parabolic
383.56
346.41
337.92
338.90
377.05
338.88
6 not
available
linear
parabolic
426.59
386.62
381.87
381.90
411.28
369.79
139
Reference
• NAFEMS Finite Element Methods & Standards, Abbassian, F., Dawswell, D. J., and
Knowles, N. C., Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis (Glasgow:
NAFEMS, Nov., 1987.) Test No. 22
Note: Reference value (Ref. Value) refers to the accepted solution to the problem.
Simply-Supported Thick Annular
Plate
The complete model and results for this test case are in the following files:
• nf023lc.neu (linear quadrilateral plate, consistent mass)
• nf023ll.neu (linear quadrilateral plate, lumped mass)
• nf023pc.neu (parabolic quadrilateral plate, consistent mass)
• nf023pl.neu (parabolic quadrilateral plate, lumped mass)
This test is a normal modes/eigenvalue analysis of a simply–supported thick annular plate
meshed with plate elements. This document provides the input data and results for NAFEMS
Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis, Test 23.
Attributes of this test are:
• curved boundary (skewed coordinate system)
• repeated eigenvalues
Test Case Data and Information
Units
SI
Material Properties
Finite Element Modeling
Tests 1 and 2 (nf023lc.neu and nf023ll.neu)
E 200X10
9 N
m
2
------- =
ρ 8000
kg
m
3
------- =
ν 0.3 =
141
• 192 nodes, 160 linear quadrilateral plate elements - thickness = 0.6m
Tests 3 and 4 (nf023pc.neu and nf023pl.neu)
• 176 nodes, 48 parabolic quadrilateral plate elements - thickness = 0.6m
Boundary Conditions
Constraints
• Constrain the nodes around the circumference in the X, Y, and Z translations and X and Z
rotations.
142
• Constrain all other nodes in the X and Y translation and Z rotation.
Solution Type
Normal Modes/Eigenvalue - SVI method
Results were obtained two different ways:
• using lumped mass
• using consistent mass
Results
Mode #
Ref. Value
(Hz)
Mesh
NAFEMS
Target Value
(Hz)
FEMAP
Structural
Result
(lumped mass)
(Hz)
FEMAP
Structural Result
(consistent mass)
(Hz)
1 18.58 linear
parabolic
18.82
18.59
18.49
18.32
18.61
18.59
2, 3 48.92 linear
parabolic
49.82
49.02
49.89
48.99
50.35
49.13
4, 5 92.59 linear
parabolic
96.06
92.90
93.43
93.19
95.44
92.42
143
Reference
• NAFEMS Finite Element Methods & Standards, Abbassian, F., Dawswell, D. J., and
Knowles, N. C., Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis (Glasgow:
NAFEMS, Nov., 1987.) Test No. 23.
6 140.15 linear
parabolic
148.34
140.86
136.71
134.27
145.39
139.41
7, 8 not
available
linear
parabolic
153.68
146.63
145.21
146.87
151.28
145.37
9 166.36 linear
parabolic
174.52
167.31
163.74
160.43
174.10
166.11
Note: Reference value (Ref. Value) refers to the accepted solution to the problem.
Cantilevered Square Membrane
The complete model and results for this test case are in the following files:
• nf031lc.neu (linear quadrilateral plate, consistent mass)
• nf031ll.neu (linear quadrilateral plate, lumped mass)
• nf031pc.neu (parabolic quadrilateral plate, consistent mass)
• nf031pl.neu (parabolic quadrilateral plate, lumped mass)
This test is a normal modes/eigenvalue analysis of a cantilevered square membrane meshed
with plate elements. This document provides the input data and results for NAFEMS Selected
Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis, Test 31.
Attributes of this test are well established.
Test Case Data and Information
Units
SI
Material Properties
Finite Element Modeling
Tests 1 and 2 (nf031lc.neu and nf031ll.neu)
E 200x10
9 N
m
2
------- =
ρ 8000
kg
m
3
------- =
ν 0.3 =
145
• 81 nodes, 64 linear quadrilateral plate elements - thickness = 0.05m
Tests 3 and 4 (nf031pc.neu and nf031pl.neu)
• 65 nodes, 16 parabolic quadrilateral plate elements - thickness = 0.05m
Boundary Conditions
Constraints
• Fully constrain the nodes along the Y axis in all directions and rotations.
146
• Constrain all other nodes in the Z translation and X, Y, and Z rotations.
Solution Type
Normal Modes/Eigenvalue - SVI method
Results were obtained two different ways:
• using lumped mass
• using consistent mass
Results
Mode #
Ref. Value
(Hz)
Mesh
NAFEMS
Target
Value
(Hz)
FEMAP
Structural
Result
(lumped mass)
(Hz)
FEMAP
Structural Result
(consistent mass)
(Hz)
1 52.404 linear
parabolic
52.905
52.635
52.47
52.16
52.77
52.39
2 125.69 linear
parabolic
126.11
125.87
125.59
125.18
126.06
122.48
3 140.78 linear
parabolic
143.20
141.47
139.54
138.28
142.83
138.02
4 222.54 linear
parabolic
228.85
224.59
214.61
209.01
227.04
214.95
5 241.41 linear
parabolic
247.90
243.26
239.84
239.16
247.25
227.48
6 255.74 linear
parabolic
260.61
256.76
252.06
251.31
259.46
236.73
147
Reference
• NAFEMS Finite Element Methods & Standards, Abbassian, F., Dawswell, D. J., and
Knowles, N. C., Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis (Glasgow:
NAFEMS, Nov., 1987.) Test No. 31.
Note: Reference value (Ref. Value) refers to the accepted solution to the problem.
Cantilevered Tapered Membrane
The complete model and results for this test case are in the following files:
• nf032lc.neu (linear quadrilateral plate, consistent mass)
• nf032ll.neu (linear quadrilateral plate, lumped mass)
• nf032pc.neu (parabolic quadrilateral plate, consistent mass)
• nf032pl.neu (parabolic quadrilateral plate, lumped mass)
This test is a normal modes/eigenvalue analysis of a cantilevered tapered membrane meshed
with plate elements. This document provides the input data and results for NAFEMS Selected
Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis, Test 32.
Attributes of this test are:
• shear behavior
• irregular mesh
• symmetry
Test Case Data and Information
Units
SI
Material Properties
Finite Element Modeling
Tests 1 and 2 (nf032lc.neu and nf032ll.neu)
E 200x10
9 N
m
2
------- =
ρ 8000
kg
m
3
------- =
ν 0.3 =
149
• 153 nodes, 128 linear quadrilateral plate elements - thickness = 0.1m
Tests 3 and 4 (nf032pc.neu and nf032pl.neu)
• 153 nodes, 32 parabolic quadrilateral plate elements - thickness = 0.1m
Boundary Conditions
Constraints
• Fully constrain the nodes along the Y axis in all directions and rotations.
150
• Constrain all other nodes in the Z translation and the X, Y, and Z rotations.
Solution Type
Normal Modes/Eigenvalue - SVI method
Results were obtained two different ways:
• using lumped mass
• using consistent mass
Results
Mode #
Ref. Value
(Hz)
Mesh
NAFEMS
Target Value
(Hz)
FEMAP
Structural
Result
(lumped mass)
(Hz)
FEMAP
Structural Result
(consistent mass)
(Hz)
1 44.623 linear
parabolic
44.905
44.636
44.73
44.84
44.82
45.14
2 130.03 linear
parabolic
132.12
130.14
129.92
129.05
131.28
130.50
3 162.70 linear
parabolic
162.83
162.72
162.61
162.37
162.80
161.37
4 246.05 linear
parabolic
252.99
246.63
244.62
241.80
250.56
245.00
5 379.90 linear
parabolic
393.31
382.02
375.09
369.61
391.79
374.78
6 391.44 linear
parabolic
396.26
391.55
389.81
388.11
393.11
375.77
151
Reference
• NAFEMS Finite Element Methods & Standards, Abbassian, F., Dawswell, D. J., and
Knowles, N. C., Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis (Glasgow:
NAFEMS, Nov., 1987.) Test No. 32
Note: Reference value (Ref. Value) refers to the accepted solution to the problem.
Free Annular Membrane
The complete model and results for this test case are in the following files:
• nf033lc.neu (linear quadrilateral plate, consistent mass)
• nf033ll.neu (linear quadrilateral plate, lumped mass)
• nf033pc.neu (parabolic quadrilateral plate, consistent mass)
• nf033pl.neu (parabolic quadrilateral plate, lumped mass)
This test is a normal modes/eigenvalue analysis of a free annular membrane meshed with
plate elements. This document provides the input data and results for NAFEMS Selected
Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis, Test 33.
Attributes of this test are:
• repeated eigenvalues
• rigid body modes (three modes)
• kinematically incomplete suppressions
Test Case Data and Information
Units
SI
Material Properties
Finite Element Modeling
Tests 1 and 2 (nf033lc.neu and nf033ll.neu)
E 200x10
9 N
m
2
------- =
ρ 8000
kg
m
3
------- =
ν 0.3 =
153
• 192 nodes, 160 linear quadrilateral plate elements - thickness = 0.06m
Tests 3 and 4 (nf033pc.neu and nf033pl.neu)
• 176 nodes, 48 parabolic quadrilateral plate elements - thickness = 0.06m
Boundary Conditions
Constraints
• Constraint Set 1 (DOF set):
Tests 1 and 2: Constrain nodes 254 and 286 in the X and Y translations.
154
Tests 3 and 4: Constrain nodes 7 and 19 in the X and Y translations.
• Constraint Set 2: Constrain all other nodes in the Z translation and X, Y, and Z rotations.
Solution Type
Normal Modes/Eigenvalue - SVI method
Results were obtained two different ways:
• using lumped mass
• using consistent mass
155
Results
Reference
• NAFEMS Finite Element Methods & Standards, Abbassian, F., Dawswell, D. J., and
Knowles, N. C., Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis (Glasgow:
NAFEMS, Nov., 1987.) Test No. 33.
Mode #
Ref. Value
(Hz)
Mesh
NAFEMS
Target Value
(Hz)
FEMAP
Structural
Result
(lumped mass)
(Hz)
FEMAP
Structural Result
(consistent mass)
(Hz)
4, 5 129.24 linear
parabolic
129.51
126.48
127.71
126.66
128.70
126.15
6 226.17 linear
parabolic
225.46
224.27
224.52
222.82
225.22
218.17
7, 8 234.74 linear
parabolic
234.92
232.95
229.67
230.12
234.94
225.14
9, 10 264.66 linear
parabolic
272.13
264.81
263.86
262.45
270.83
257.67
11, 12 336.61 linear
parabolic
340.34
335.70
328.44
329.09
339.93
311.38
13, 14 376.79 linear
parabolic
391.98
378.60
368.15
368.48
389.38
361.52
Note: Reference value (Ref. Value) refers to the accepted solution to the problem.
Cantilevered Thin Square Plate
The complete model and results for this test case are in the following files:
• nf073ac.neu (Test 1 - parabolic quadrilateral plate, consistent mass)
• nf073al.neu (Test 2 - parabolic quadrilateral plate, lumped mass)
• nf073bc.neu (Test 3 - parabolic quadrilateral plate, consistent mass)
• nf073bl.neu (Test 4 - parabolic quadrilateral plate, lumped mass)
• nf073cc.neu (Test 5 - parabolic quadrilateral plate, consistent mass)
• nf073cl.neu (Test 6 - parabolic quadrilateral plate, lumped mass)
• nf073dc.neu (Test 7 - parabolic quadrilateral plate, consistent mass)
• nf073dl.neu (Test 8 - parabolic quadrilateral plate, lumped mass)
This test is a normal modes/eigenvalue analysis of a cantilevered thin square plate. This docu-
ment provides the input data and results for NAFEMS Selected Benchmarks for Natural Fre-
quency Analysis, Test 73.
Attributes of this test are:
• effect of master DOF selection on frequencies
Test Case Data and Information
Units
SI
157
Material Properties
Finite Element Modeling
65 nodes, 16 parabolic quadrilateral plate elements - thickness = 0.05m
Boundary Conditions
Constraints
• Constraint Set 1: Constrain the nodes along the Y axis in the X, Y, and Z translations and
Y rotation.
• Constraint Set (DOF set) 2: Create a constraint set to define a Master (ASET) DOF set
(in Z direction) - four different placements:
E 200x10
9 N
m
2
------- =
ρ 8000
kg
m
3
------- =
ν 0.3 =
158
Tests 1 and 2:
Tests 3 and 4:
Tests 5 and 6:
159
Tests 7 and 8:
Solution Type
Normal Modes/Eigenvalue - SVI method
Results were obtained two different ways:
• using lumped mass
• using consistent mass
Results
Mode #
Ref. Value
(Hz)
DOF Set
NAFEMS
Target Value
(Hz)
FEMAP
Structural
Result
(lumped mass)
(Hz)
FEMAP
Structural Result
(consistent mass)
(Hz)
1 0.421 test 1
test 2
test 3
test 4
0.4174
0.4174
0.4175
0.4184
0.4139
0.4139
0.4140
0.4147
0.4182
0.4182
0.4183
0.4191
2 1.029 test 1
test 2
test 3
test 4
1.020
1.020
1.021
1.032
0.999
1.000
1.001
1.009
1.025
1.026
1.027
1.036
3 2.582 test 1
test 2
test 3
test 4
2.564
2.597
2.677
2.850
2.449
2.476
2.524
2.670
2.580
2.610
2.675
2.844
160
Reference
• NAFEMS Finite Element Methods & Standards, Abbassian, F., Dawswell, D. J., and
Knowles, N. C., Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis (Glasgow:
NAFEMS, Nov., 1987.) Test No. 73.
4 3.306 test 1
test 2
test 3
test 4
3.302
3.345
3.365
3.571
3.095
3.126
3.140
3.325
3.314
3.352
3.362
3.555
5 3.753 test 1
test 2
test 3
test 4
3.769
3.888
4.035
5.466
3.563
3.663
3.765
4.816
3.781
3.891
4.023
5.414
6 6.555 test 1
test 2
test 3
test 4
6.805
7.517
7.495
-----
6.126
6.694
6.675
------
6.798
7.498
7.479
------
Note: Reference value (Ref. Value) refers to the accepted solution to the problem.
Cantilevered Thin Square Plate #2
The complete model and results for this test case are in the following files:
• nf074c.neu (parabolic quadrilateral plate, consistent mass)
• nf074l.neu (parabolic quadrilateral plate, lumped mass)
This test is a normal modes/eigenvalue analysis of a cantilevered thin square plate. This docu-
ment provides the input data and results for NAFEMS Selected Benchmarks for Natural Fre-
quency Analysis, Test 74.
Test Case Data and Information
Units
SI
Material Properties
Finite Element Modeling
65 nodes, 16 parabolic quadrilateral plate elements - thickness = 0.05m
E 200x10
9 N
m
2
------- =
ρ 8000
kg
m
3
------- =
ν 0.3 =
162
Boundary Conditions
Constraints
Constrain the nodes along the Y axis in the X, Y, and Z translations and the Y rotation.
Solution Type
Normal Modes/Eigenvalues - SVI
Results were obtained two different ways:
• using lumped mass
• using consistent mass
Results
Mode # Ref. Value (Hz)
FEMAP Structural
Result
(lumped mass) (Hz)
FEMAP Structural Result
(consistent
mass)
(Hz)
1 0.471 0.4139 0.4181
2 1.029 0.999 1.024
3 2.582 2.444 2.569
4 3.306 3.082 3.281
5 3.753 3.540 3.728
Note: Reference value (Ref. Value) refers to the accepted solution to the problem.
163
Reference
• NAFEMS Finite Element Methods & Standards, Abbassian, F., Dawswell, D. J., and
Knowles, N. C., Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis (Glasgow:
NAFEMS, Nov., 1987.) Test No. 74.
Axisymmetric Solid and Solid Ele-
ment Test Cases
The normal mode dynamics test cases using the standard NAFEMS benchmarks include these
axisymmetric solid and solid element test cases:
• "Free Cylinder - Axisymmetric Vibration"
• "Simply-Supported Annular Plate -Axisymmetric Vibration"
• "Thick Hollow Sphere - Uniform Radial Vibration"
• "Simply-Supported Solid Square Plate"
• "Simply-Supported Solid Annular Plate"
• "Deep Simply-Supported Solid Beam"
• "Cantilevered Solid Beam"
Free Cylinder - Axisymmetric Vibra-
tion
The complete model and results for this test case are in the following files:
• nf041lc.neu (linear axisymmetric solid quadrilateral, consistent mass)
• nf041ll.neu (linear axisymmetric solid quadrilateral, lumped mass)
• nf041pc.neu (parabolic axisymmetric solid quadrilateral, consistent mass)
• nf041pl.neu (parabolic axisymmetric solid quadrilateral, lumped mass)
This test is a normal modes/eigenvalue analysis of a free cylinder meshed with axisymmetric
elements. This document provides the input data and results for NAFEMS Selected Bench-
marks for Natural Frequency Analysis, Test 41.
Attributes of this test are:
• rigid body modes (one mode)
• coupling between axial, radial, and circumferential behavior
• close eigenvalues
Test Case Data and Information
Units
SI
Material Properties
Finite Element Modeling
Tests 1 and 2 (nf041lc.neu and nf041ll.neu):
E 200x10
9 N
m
2
------- =
ρ 8000
kg
m
3
------- =
ν 0.3 =
166
• 68 nodes, 48 linear axisymmetric quadrilateral solid elements
Tests 3 and 4 (nf041pc.neu and nf041pl.neu):
• 43 nodes, 8 parabolic axisymmetric quadrilateral solid elements
Boundary Conditions
Constraints
• Tests 1 and 2: Create a constraint set (Kinematic DOF set) to constrain nodes 1 and 68 in
the X and Z translations.
• Tests 3 and 4: Create a constraint set (Kinematic DOF set) to constrain nodes 1 and 51 in
the X and Z translations.
Solution Type
Normal Modes/Eigenvalue - SVI method
Results were obtained two different ways:
• using lumped mass
• using consistent mass
167
Results
Reference
• NAFEMS Finite Element Methods & Standards, Abbassian, F., Dawswell, D. J., and
Knowles, N. C., Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis (Glasgow:
NAFEMS, Nov., 1987.) Test No. 41.
Mode #
Ref. Value
(Hz)
Mesh
NAFEMS
Target Value
(Hz)
FEMAP
Structural
Result
(lumped mass)
(Hz)
FEMAP
Structural Result
(consistent mass)
(Hz)
2 243.53 linear
parabolic
244.01
243.50
243.18
243.24
243.96
243.50
3 377.41 linear
parabolic
379.41
377.46
370.86
356.49
378.15
377.46
4 394.11 linear
parabolic
395.41
394.28
379.31
356.88
394.42
394.30
5 397.72 linear
parabolic
401.35
397.94
385.92
375.85
398.00
397.97
6 405.28 linear
parabolic
421.87
406.41
389.56
393.65
406.85
406.44
Note: Reference value (Ref. Value) refers to the accepted solution to the problem.
Thick Hollow Sphere - Uniform
Radial Vibration
The complete model and results for this test case are in the following files:
• nf042lc.neu (linear axisymmetric solid quadrilateral, consistent mass)
• nf042ll.neu (linear axisymmetric solid quadrilateral, lumped mass)
• nf042pc.neu (parabolic axisymmetric solid quadrilateral, consistent mass)
• nf042pl.neu (parabolic axisymmetric solid quadrilateral, lumped mass)
This test is a normal modes/eigenvalue analysis of a thick, hollow sphere using axisymmetric
solid elements. This document provides the input data and results for NAFEMS Selected
Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis, Test 42.
Attributes of this test are:
• curved boundary (skewed coordinate system)
• constraint equations
Test Case Data and Information
Units
SI
Material Properties
Finite Element Modeling
Tests 1 and 2 (nf042lc.neu and nf042ll.neu)
• 22 nodes, 10 linear axisymmetric solid quadrilateral elements - α = 5°
Tests 3 and 4 (nf042pc.neu and nf042pl.neu)
E 200x10
9 N
m
2
------- =
ρ 8000
kg
m
3
------- =
ν 0.3 =
169
• 53 nodes, 10 parabolic axisymmetric solid quadrilateral elements
Boundary Conditions
Constraints
• Constraint Set 1: Constrain all nodes in the Z translation.
• Constraint Equations: Constrain all nodes at the same R’ are constrained to have same r’
displacement
Solution Type
Normal Modes/Eigenvalue - SVI method
Results were obtained two different ways:
• using lumped mass
• using consistent mass
170
Results
Reference
• NAFEMS Finite Element Methods & Standards, Abbassian, F., Dawswell, D. J., and
Knowles, N. C., Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis (Glasgow:
NAFEMS, Nov., 1987.) Test No. 42.
Mode #
Ref. Value
(Hz)
Mesh
NAFEMS
Target Value
(Hz)
FEMAP
Structural
Result
(lumped mass)
(Hz)
FEMAP
Structural Result
(consistent mass)
(Hz)
1 369.91 linear
parabolic
370.64
370.01
369.91
369.49
370.08
369.83
2 838.03 linear
parabolic
841.20
838.08
831.80
832.72
839.49
837.77
3 1451.2 linear
parabolic
1473.1
1453.0
1421.3
1433.7
1470.5
1450.85
4 2117.0 linear
parabolic
2192.2
2131.7
2030.5
2072.9
2188.6
2117.3
5 2795.8 linear
parabolic
2975.7
2852.8
2604.2
2706.3
2970.9
2799.5
Note: Reference value (Ref. Value) refers to the accepted solution to the problem.
Simply-Supported Annular Plate -
Axisymmetric Vibration
The complete model and results for this test case are in the following files:
• nf043lc.neu (linear axisymmetric solid quadrilateral, consistent mass)
• nf043ll.neu (linear axisymmetric solid quadrilateral, lumped mass)
• nf043pc.neu (parabolic axisymmetric solid quadrilateral, consistent mass)
• nf043pl.neu (parabolic axisymmetric solid quadrilateral, lumped mass)
This test is a normal modes/eigenvalue analysis of a simply–supported annular plate meshed
with axisymmetric elements. This document provides the input data and results for NAFEMS
Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis, Test 43.
Attributes of this test are:
• well established
Test Case Data and Information
Units
SI
Material Properties
Finite Element Modeling
Tests 1 and 2 (nf043lc.neu and nf043ll.neu):
E 200x10
9 N
m
2
------- =
ρ 8000
kg
m
3
------- =
ν 0.3 =
172
• 80 nodes, 60 linear axisymmetric solid quadrilateral elements
Tests 3 and 4 (nf043pc.neu and nf043pl.neu)
• 28 nodes, 5 parabolic axisymmetric solid quadrilateral elements
Boundary Conditions
Constraints
Constrain point A (node 1) in the Z translation
Solution Type
Normal Modes/Eigenvalue - SVI method
Results were obtained two different ways:
• using lumped mass
• using consistent mass
173
Results
Reference
NAFEMS Finite Element Methods & Standards, Abbassian, F., Dawswell, D. J., and
Knowles, N. C., Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis (Glasgow: NAFEMS,
Nov., 1987.) Test No. 43.
Mode #
Ref. Value
(Hz)
Mesh
NAFEMS
Target Value
(Hz)
FEMAP
Structural
Result
(lumped mass)
(Hz)
FEMAP
Structural Result
(consistent mass)
(Hz)
1 18.543 linear
parabolic
18.711
18.582
18.542
18.429
18.570
18.582
2 150.15 linear
parabolic
145.46
145.56
138.66
135.97
140.24
140.56
3 224.16 linear
parabolic
224.22
224.18
224.20
224.00
224.20
224.18
4 358.29 linear
parabolic
385.59
374.05
361.50
353.62
371.48
374.05
5 629.19 linear
parabolic
689.34
686.04
643.34
633.16
673.79
686.05
Note: Reference value (Ref. Value) refers to the accepted solution to the problem.
Deep Simply-Supported Solid Beam
The complete model and results for this test case are in the following files:
• nf051lc.neu (linear solid brick, consistent mass)
• nf051ll.neu (linear solid brick, lumped mass)
• nf051pc.neu (parabolic solid brick, consistent mass)
• nf051pl.neu (parabolic solid brick, lumped mass)
This test is a normal mode dynamic analysis of a deep, solid beam meshed with bricks. This
document provides the input data and results for NAFEMS Selected Benchmarks for Natural
Frequency Analysis, Test 51.
Attributes of this test are:
• skewed coordinate system
• skewed restraints
Test Case Data and Information
Units
SI
Material Properties
Finite Element Modeling
Tests 1 and 2 (nf051lc.neu, nf051ll.neu)
E 200x10
9 N
m
2
------- =
ρ 8000
kg
m
3
------- =
ν 0.3 =
175
• 88 nodes, 30 linear solid brick elements
Tests 3 and 4 (nf051pc.neu, nf051pl.neu)
• 68 nodes, 5 parabolic solid brick elements
Boundary Conditions
Constraints, Tests 1 and 2:
• Constrain node 7 in the X, Y, and Z translations.
• Constrain node 8 in the X and Z translations.
• Constrain node 87 in the Y and Z translations.
• Constrain node 88 in the Z translation.
176
• Constrain all other nodes along the plane Y’ in the Y translation.
Constraints, Tests 3 and 4:
• Constrain node 10 in the X, Y, and Z translations
• Constrain nodes 12 and 35 in the X and Z translations.
• Constrain node 30 in the Y and Z translations.
• Constrain node 71 in the Z translation.
• Constrain all other nodes along the plane Y’ in the Y translation.
Solution Type
Normal Modes/Eigenvalue - SVI method
Results were obtained two different ways:
• using lumped mass
• using consistent mass
177
Results
Reference
• NAFEMS Finite Element Methods & Standards, Abbassian, F., Dawswell, D. J., and
Knowles, N. C., Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis (Glasgow:
NAFEMS, Nov., 1987.) Test No. 51.
Mode #
Ref. Value
(Hz)
Mesh
NAFEMS
Target
Value
(Hz)
FEMAP
Structural
Result
(lumped
mass)
(Hz)
FEMAP
Structural Result
(consistent
mass)
(Hz)
1 38.200 linear
parabolic
42.881
38.821
37.964
37.788
38.282
38.269
2 85.210 linear
parabolic
93.817
88.451
83.407
87.027
83.977
87.659
3 152.23 linear
parabolic
170.67
159.34
152.84
150.53
157.63
157.49
4 245.53 linear
parabolic
286.12
259.20
251.76
243.10
265.02
259.00
5 297.05 linear
parabolic
318.86
307.92
288.20
281.27
298.43
306.02
Note: Reference value (Ref. Value) refers to the accepted solution to the problem.
Simply-Supported Solid Square
Plate
The complete model and results for this test case are in the following files:
• nf052lc.neu (linear solid brick, consistent mass)
• nf052ll.neu (linear solid brick, lumped mass)
• nf052pc.neu (parabolic solid brick, consistent mass)
• nf052pl.neu (parabolic solid brick, lumped mass)
This test is a normal modes/eigenvalue analysis of a simply–supported solid square plate
meshed with bricks. This document provides the input data and results for NAFEMS Selected
Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis, Test 52.
Attributes of this test are:
• well established
• rigid body modes (three modes)
• kinematically incomplete suppressions
Test Case Data and Information
Units
SI
Material Properties
Finite Element Modeling
Tests 1 and 2 (nf052lc.neu, nf052ll.neu)
E 200x10
9 N
m
2
------- =
ρ 8000
kg
m
3
------- =
ν 0.3 =
179
• 324 nodes, 192 linear solid brick elements
Tests 3 and 4 (nf052pc.neu, nf052pl.neu)
• 155 nodes, 16 parabolic solid brick elements
Boundary Conditions
Constraints
• Constraint Set 1: Constrain all the nodes along the four edges on the plane ZS = -0.5m in
the Z translation.
180
• Constraint Set 2 (Kinematic DOF):
Tests 1 and 2: Constrain nodes 36 and 264 in the X, Y, and Z translations.
Tests 3 and 4: Constrain nodes 27 and 219 in the X and Y translation.
Solution Type
Normal Modes/Eigenvalue - SVI method
Results were obtained two different ways:
• using lumped mass
• using consistent mass
Results
Mode #
Ref. Value
(Hz)
Mesh
NAFEMS
Target Value
(Hz)
FEMAP
Structural
Result
(lumped mass)
(Hz)
FEMAP
Structural Result
(consistent mass)
(Hz)
4 45.897 linear
parabolic
51.654
44.762
44.115
44.502
45.318
44.796
5, 6 109.44 linear
parabolic
132.73
110.52
106.73
107.94
113.96
110.54
7 167.89 linear
parabolic
194.37
169.08
156.48
161.44
173.30
169.11
8 193.59 linear
parabolic
197.18
193.93
193.58
193.16
196.77
193.92
9, 10 206.19 linear
parabolic
210.55
206.64
200.14
185.60
209.56
206.65
181
Reference
• NAFEMS Finite Element Methods & Standards, Abbassian, F., Dawswell, D. J., and
Knowles, N. C., Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis (Glasgow:
NAFEMS, Nov., 1987.) Test No. 52.
Note: Reference value (Ref. Value) refers to the accepted solution to the problem.
Simply-Supported Solid Annular
Plate
The complete model and results for this test case are in the following files:
• nf053lc.neu (linear solid brick, consistent mass)
• nf053ll.neu (linear solid brick, lumped mass)
• nf053pc.neu (parabolic solid brick, consistent mass)
• nf053pl.neu (parabolic solid brick, lumped mass)
This test is a normal modes/eigenvalue analysis of a solid annular plate using solid elements.
This document provides the input data and results for NAFEMS Selected Benchmarks for
Natural Frequency Analysis, Test 53.
Attributes of this test are:
• curved boundary (skewed coordinate system)
• constraint equations
Test Case Data and Information
Units
SI
Material Properties
Finite Element Modeling
• 160 nodes, 60 linear solid bricks:
E 200x10
9 N
m
2
------- =
ρ 8000
kg
m
3
------- =
ν 0.3 =
α 5° =
183
• 68 nodes, 5 solid parabolic bricks
Boundary Conditions
Constraints, Tests 1 and 2:
• Constrain nodes 76-80 and 156-160 in the Y and Z translations.
• Constrain all other nodes in the Y translation.
α 10° =
184
• Constraint equations: Constrain nodes at same R and Z are constrained to have same z
displacement.
Constraints, Tests 3 and 4:
• Constrain nodes 11, 22, 33, 44, 66, 77, 88, and 99 in the Y and Z translations and X, Y,
and Z rotations.
• Constrain all other nodes in the Y translation and X, Y, and Z rotations.
• Constraint equations: Constrain nodes at same R and Z are constrained to have same z
displacement
Solution Type
Normal Modes/Eigenvalues - SVI method
Results were obtained two different ways:
• using lumped mass
• using consistent mass
185
Results
Reference
• NAFEMS Finite Element Methods & Standards, Abbassian, F., Dawswell, D. J., and
Knowles, N. C., Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis (Glasgow:
NAFEMS, Nov., 1987.) Test No. 53.
Mode #
Ref. Value
(Hz)
Mesh
NAFEMS
Target Value
(Hz)
FEMAP
Structural
Result
(lumped mass)
(Hz)
FEMAP
Structural Result
(consistent mass)
(Hz)
1 18.583 linear
parabolic
19.659
18.582
18.612
18.409
18.641
18.629
2 140.15 linear
parabolic
146.42
140.42
140.13
134.21
141.78
141.44
3 224.16 linear
parabolic
224.25
224.18
224.34
223.62
224.48
224.33
4 358.29 linear
parabolic
386.70
374.04
369.74
345.98
380.74
380.03
5 629.19 linear
parabolic
689.47
686.02
668.73
616.01
690.09
688.59
Note: Reference value (Ref. Value) refers to the accepted solution to the problem.
Cantilevered Solid Beam
The complete model and results for this test case are in the following files:
• nf072ac.neu (conventional numbering, consistent mass)
• nf072al.neu (conventional numbering, lumped mass)
• nf072bc.neu (unconventional numbering, consistent mass)
• nf072bl.neu (unconventional numbering, lumped mass)
This test is a normal modes/eigenvalue analysis of a cantilevered solid beam. This document
provides the input data and results for NAFEMS Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency
Analysis, Test 72.
Attributes of this test are:
• highly populated stiffness matrix
Test Case Data and Information
Units
SI
Material Properties
Finite Element Modeling
Two tests - both use solid parabolic brick elements
E 200x10
9 N
m
2
------- =
ρ 8000
kg
m
3
------- =
ν 0.3 =
187
• Test 1: conventional node numbering
• Test 2: unconventional node numbering
Boundary Conditions
Constraints
• Constrain all nodes on the X=0 plane in the X, Y, and Z translations.
188
• Constrain all nodes on the Y=1m plane in the Y translation.
Solution Type
Normal Modes/Eigenvalue – SVI Method
Results
Reference
• NAFEMS Finite Element Methods & Standards, Abbassian, F., Dawswell, D. J., and
Knowles, N. C., Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis (Glasgow:
NAFEMS, Nov., 1987.) Test No. 72.
Mode # Mesh
NAFEMS
Target Value
(Hz)
FEMAP
Structural
(lumped mass)
(Hz)
FEMAP
Structural
(consistent mass)
(Hz)
1 Test 1
Test 2
16.007
16.007
15.800
15.800
16.007
16.007
2 Test 1
Test 2
87.226
87.226
82.235
82.235
87.226
87.226
3 Test 1
Test 2
125.96
125.96
125.03
125.03
125.96
125.96
4 Test 1
Test 2
209.56
209.56
189.33
189.33
209.56
209.56
5 Test 1
Test 2
351.11
351.11
299.30
299.32
351.11
351.11
6 Test 1
Test 2
375.81
375.81
352.39
352.40
375.82
375.81
Note: Reference value (Ref. Value) refers to the accepted solution to the problem.
Verification Test Cases from the
Societe Francaise des Mech-
aniciens
The purpose of these test cases is to verify the function of the FEMAP Structural software
using standard benchmarks published by SFM (Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens, Paris,
France) in “Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures.”
Included here are:
• test cases on mechanical structures using linear statics analysis and normal modes/eigen-
value analysis
• stationary thermal test cases using heat transfer analysis
• a thermo–mechanical test case using linear statics analysis
Results published in “Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures” are compared
with those computed using the FEMAP Structural software.
Understanding the Test Case Format
Each test case is structured with the following information:
• test case data and information
- units
- material properties
- finite element modeling information
- boundary conditions (loads and constraints)
- solution type
• results
• reference
Reference
The following reference has been used in these test cases:
Note: The node numbers listed in each case refer to the node numbers in the neutral
(.neu) files associated with this guide. If you remesh a model, or rebuild that
model from scratch, your node numbering may differ.
190
• Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens, Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de
structures, (Paris, Afnor Technique,1990.)
Mechanical Structures - Linear Stat-
ics Analysis with Bar or Rod Ele-
ments
The linear statics analysis test cases from the Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens include these
bar and rod element test cases:
• "Short Beam on Two Articulated Supports"
• "Clamped Beams Linked by a Rigid Element"
• "Transverse Bending of a Curved Pipe"
• "Plane Bending Load on a Thin Arc"
• "Nodal Load on an Articulated Rod Truss"
• "Articulated Plane Truss"
• "Beam on an Elastic Foundation"
Short Beam on Two Articulated
Supports
The complete model and results for this test case are in file ssll02.neu.
This test is a linear statics analysis of a short, straight beam with plane bending and shear
loading. It provides the input data and results for benchmark test SSLL02/89 from “Guide de
validation des progiciels de calcul de structures.”
• area = 31E-4m
2

• inertia = 2810E-8m
4

• Shear area ratio = 2.42
Test Case Data and Information
Units
SI
Material Properties
Finite Element Modeling
• 10 bar elements
• 11 nodes
The mesh is shown in the following figure:
E 2E11 Pa =
ν 0.3 =
193
Boundary Conditions
Constraints
• Constrain the nodes at both free ends of the beam (nodes 1 and 2) in all directions except
for the Z rotation.
Loads
• On nodes 1-10, apply a load = 1E5 N/m in -Y direction
The boundary conditions are shown in the following figure:
Solution Type
Statics
Results
Reference
• Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens, Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de
structures, (Paris, Afnor Technique,1990.) Test No. SSLL02/89.
Total Translation at point B
(Node 7)
Bench Value -1.25926E-3
FEMAP Structural Value -1.25926E-3
Difference 0.00%
Clamped Beams Linked by a Rigid
Element
The complete model and results for this test case are in file ssll05.neu.
This test is a linear statics analysis of a straight, cantilever beam with plane bending and a
rigid element. It provides the input data and results for benchmark test SSLL05/89 from
“Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures.”
Test Case Data and Information
Units
SI
Material Properties
• E = 2E11 Pa
• I = (4/3)E-8m
4

Finite Element Modeling
• 20 bar elements
• 1 rigid element
• 26 nodes
The mesh is shown in the following figure:
Boundary Conditions
Constraints
• Nodes 1 and 4: Fully constrained in all directions.
195
Loads
• Node 3: Set nodal force = 1000 N in -Y direction
The boundary conditions are shown in the following figure:
Solution Type
Statics
Results
Reference
• Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens, Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de
structures, (Paris, Afnor Technique,1990.) Test No. SSLL05/89.
Node
#
Displacement
Reaction Force
Bench
Value
FEMAP
Structural
Difference
Node 6 Displacement Y
(T2 Translation)
-0.125 -0.125 0.00%
Node 3 Displacement Y
(T2 Translation)
-0.125 -0.125 0.00%
Node 1 Force Y (N)
(T2 Constraint Force)
500 500 0.00%
Node 1 Moment R
z
(Nm)
(R3 Constraint Moment)
500 500 0.00%
Node 4 Force Y (N)
(T2 Constraint Force)
500 500 0.00%
Node 4 R
z
moment (Nm) (R3 Con-
straint Moment)
500 500 0.00%
Transverse Bending of a Curved
Pipe
The complete model and results for this test case are the following files:
• ssll07a.neu (linear beam)
• ssll07b.neu (curved beam)
This test is a linear statics analysis (three–dimensional problem) of a curved pipe with trans-
verse bending and bending–torque loading. It provides the input data and results for bench-
mark test SSLL07/89 from “Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures.”
Test Case Data and Information
Units
SI
Material Properties
Finite Element Modeling
Test 1 (ssll07a)
• 90 bar elements
• 91 nodes
Test 2 (ssll07b)
• 90 curved beam elements
• 91 nodes
E 2E11 Pa =
ν 0.3 =
197
The mesh for Test 1 is shown in the following figure:
Boundary Conditions
Constraints
• Fully constrain node 91 in all translations and rotations.
Loads
• Create a nodal force at node 1 = 100 N in Z direction
The boundary conditions are shown in the following figure:
198
Solution Type
Statics
Results
Mf = bending moment
Mt = torsional moment
*See “Post Processing” below
Post Processing
Bar Element (ssll07a)
List beam forces on element 167, second end
• Mf=Bar End BX2 Moment
• Mt=Bar End BX1 Moment
Curved Beam Element (ssll07b)
List beam forces on element 166, second end
• Mf=Bar End BX2 Moment
• Mt=Bar End BX1 Moment
Reference
• Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens, Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de
structures, (Paris, Afnor Technique,1990.) Test No. SSLL07/89.
Node # Point
Displacement
Moment
Bench
Value
Test
Number
FEMAP
Structural
Difference
Node 1 Displacement Z
(T3 Translation)
0.13462 1 0.13465 0.02%
Node 1 Displacement Z
(T3 Translation)
2 0.13464 0.01%
θ=15° Mt (Nm)* 74.1180 1 76.6709 3.44%
Mt (Nm)* 2 75.8109 1.02%
Mf (Nm) -96.5925 1 -96.3680 0.23%
Mf (Nm) 2 -95.2869 1.35%
Plane Bending Load on a Thin Arc
The complete model and results for this test case are in file ssll08.neu.
This test is a linear statics analysis (plane problem) of a thin arc with plane bending. It pro-
vides the input data and results for benchmark test SSLL08/89 from “Guide de validation des
progiciels de calcul de structures.”
Test Case Data and Information
Units
SI
Material Properties
Finite Element Modeling
• 11 nodes
• 10 bar elements
The mesh is shown in the following figure:
Boundary Conditions
Constraints
• Node 2: Constrain the X, Y, and Z translations.
• Node 1: Constrain the Y and Z translation only.
E 2E11 Pa =
ν 0.3 =
200
• Nodes 3-11: Constrain in the Z translation only.
Loads
• Force=100N in -Y direction
The boundary conditions are shown in the following figure:
Solution Type
Statics
Results
Reference
• Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens, Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de
structures, (Paris, Afnor Technique,1990.) Test No. SSLL08/89.
Node # Displacement
Bench
Value
FEMAP
Structural
Difference
Node 2 R
z
(rad)
(R3 Rotation)
-3.0774E-2 -3.1097E-2 1.05%
Node 1 R
z
(rad)
(R3 Rotation)
3.0774E-2 3.1097E-2 1.05%
Node 7 Y (m)
(T2 Translation)
-1.9206E-2 -1.9342E-2 0.71%
Node 1 X (m)
(T1 Translation)
5.3913E-2 5.3735E-2 0.33%
Nodal Load on an Articulated Rod
Truss
The complete model and results for this test case are in file ssll11.neu.
This test is a linear statics analysis of a plane truss with an articulated rod. It provides the
input data and results for benchmark test SSLL11/89 from “Guide de validation des progiciels
de calcul de structures.”
Test Case Data and Information
Units
SI
Material Properties
• E = 1.962E11 Pa
Finite Element Modeling
• 4 nodes
• 4 rod elements
The mesh is shown in the following figure:
Boundary Conditions
Constraints
• Nodes 3 and 17: Constrained in the X, Y, and Z translations only.
202
• Nodes 2 and 18: Constrained in the Z translation only.
Loads
• Node 2: Set Nodal force = 9.81E3 N in -Y direction
The boundary conditions are shown in the following figure:
Solution Type
Statics
Results
Reference
• Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens, Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de
structures, (Paris, Afnor Technique,1990.) Test No. SSLL11/89.
Node # Displacement
Bench
Value
FEMAP
Structural
Difference
Node 18 X (m)
(T1 Translation)
0.26517E-3 0.26517E-3 0.00%
Node 18 Y (m)
(T2 Translation)
0.08839E-3 0.08839E-3 0.00%
Node 2 X (m)
(T1 Translation)
3.47902E-3 3.47903E-3 ~0.00%
Node 2 Y (m)
(T2 Translation)
-5.60084E-3 -5.6004E-3 ~0.00%
Articulated Plane Truss
The complete model and results for this test case are in the following files:
• ssll14a.neu (4 bar elements)
• ssll14b.neu (10 bar elements)
This test is a linear statics analysis of a straight cantilever beam with plane bending and ten-
sion–compression. It provides the input data and results for benchmark test SSLL14/89 from
“Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures.”
Test Case Data and Information
Units
SI
Material Properties
• E = 2.1E11 Pa
Finite Element Modeling
Test 1 (ssll14a)
• 4 bar elements
• 5 nodes
Test 2 (ssll14b)
• 10 linear beam elements
• 11 nodes
The mesh for Test 1 is shown in the following figure:
204
Boundary Conditions
Test 1 (ssll14a)
• Constraints
Nodes 1 and 4: Constrain in the X, Y, and Z translations.
Nodes 2, 3, 8: Constrain in the Z translation only.
• Loads
Set forces and moments to the following numeric values:
p = -3,000N/m (on element 4); F1 = -20,000N (on node 8); F2 = -10,000N (on node
2); M = -100,000Nm (on node 2)
Test 2 (ssll14b)
• Constraints
Nodes 1 and 4: Constrain in the X, Y, and Z translations.
Nodes 2, 3, 5-13: Constrain in the Z translation only.
• Loads (ssll14b)
Set forces and moments to the following numeric values:
p = -3,000N/m (on elements 5-7); F1 = -20,000N (on node 8); F2 = -10,000N (on
node 2); M = -100,000Nm (on node 2)
The boundary conditions are shown in the following figure:
Solution Type
Statics
205
Results
Reference
• Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens, Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de
structures, (Paris, Afnor Technique,1990.) Test No. SSLL14/89.
Node #
Displacement Reaction
Force
Bench
Value
Test
Number
FEMAP
Structural
Difference
1 V vertical (Y)
reaction (N) (T2 Constraint
Force)
31500.0 1
2
33233.1
33233.1
5.50%
5.50%
1 horizontal (x) reaction (N)
(T1 Constraint Force)
20239.4 1
2
20609.2
20609.3
1.82%
1.83%
8 Y (m) (T2 Translation) -0.03072 1
2
-0.03106
-0.03161
1.10%
2.90%
Note: The software takes shear effect into account.
Beam on an Elastic Foundation
The complete model and results for this test case are in file ssll16.neu.
This test is a linear statics analysis (plane problem) of a straight beam with plane bending and
an elastic support. It provides the input data and results for benchmark test SSLL16/89 from
“Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures.”
Test Case Data and Information
Units
SI
Material Properties
• E = 2.1E11 Pa
• K = 8.4E5 N/m
2

• Each spring stiffness is set to: K*L/ (number of DOF spring elements).
Finite Element Modeling
• 50 bar elements
• 49 DOF spring elements
• 51 nodes
The mesh is shown in the following figure:
207
Boundary Conditions
Constraints
• Nodes 1 and 51: Constrain in the X, Y, and Z translations.
• Nodes 2-49: Constrain in the Z translation and X and Y rotations only.
Loads
• Set forces, moments, and distributed loads on element to the following numeric values:
F = -10000 N (node 26) ; p = -5000 N/m (elements 1-50) ; M = 15000 Nm (node
51); M= -15000 Nm (node 1).
The distributed loads are shown below:
208
The forces and moments are shown below:
Solution Type
Statics
Results
*On element 26, second end
Reference
• Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens, Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de
structures, (Paris, Afnor Technique,1990.) Test No. SSLL16/89.
Node
Displacement
Force, Moment
Bench
Value
FEMAP Structural Difference
51 rotation(rad) R
z
(R3 rotation)
-0.003045 -0.003041 0.36%
reaction force (N) Y
(T2 Constraint Force)
11674 11646 0.78%
26 disp. Y (m) (T2 Translation) -0.423326E-2 -0.42270E-2 0.41%
26 M moment (Nm)* (Bar End
BX3 Moment)
33840 33286 1.63%
Mechanical Structures - Linear Stat-
ics Analysis with Plate Elements
The linear statics analysis test cases from the Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens include these
plate element test cases:
• "Plane Shear and Bending Load on a Plate"
• "Infinite Plate with a Circular Hole"
• "Uniformly Distributed Load on a Circular Plate"
• "Torque Loading on a Square Tube"
• "Cylindrical Shell with Internal Pressure"
• "Uniform Axial Load on a Thin Wall Cylinder"
• "Hydrostatic Pressure on a Thin Wall Cylinder"
• "Gravity Loading on a Thin Wall Cylinder"
• "Pinched Cylindrical Shell"
• "Spherical Shell with a Hole"
• "Uniformly Distributed Load on a Simply-Supported Rectangular Plate"
• "Shear Loading on a Plate"
• "Uniformly Distributed Load on a Simply-Supported Rhomboid Plate"
Plane Shear and Bending Load on a
Plate
The complete model and results for this test case are in file sslp01.neu.
This test is a linear statics analysis (plane problem) of a plate with plane bending. It provides
the input data and results for benchmark test SSLP01/89 from “Guide de validation des
progiciels de calcul de structures.”
Test Case Data and Information
Units
SI
Material Properties
Finite Element Modeling
• 100 linear quadrilateral plate elements
• 126 nodes
The mesh is shown in the following figure:
Boundary Conditions
Constraints
• Nodes 121-126: Fully constrain in all translations and rotations.
E 3E10 Pa =
ν 0.25 =
211
Loads
• Set a shear force with parabolic distribution on width and constant distribution on thick-
ness
• Resultant force: p = 40 N.
The boundary conditions are shown in the following figure:
Solution Type
Statics
Results
The displacements are shown in the following figure:
Reference
• Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens, Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de
structures, (Paris, Afnor Technique,1990.) Test No. SSLP01/89.
Node #
Point
Coordinates
Centerline
Displacement
Bench
Value
FEMAP
Structural
Difference
3 (L,y) Y (mm)
(T2 Translation)
0.3413 0.3408 0.15%
Infinite Plate with a Circular Hole
The complete model and results for this test case are in file sslp02.neu.
This test is a linear statics analysis (plane problem) of a plate with tension–compression and a
membrane effect. It provides the input data and results for benchmark test SSLP02/89 from
“Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures.”
Test Case Data and Information
Units
SI
Material Properties
Finite Element Modeling
Mapped meshing (with biasing)
• 100 linear quadrilateral plate elements
• 121 nodes
The mesh is shown in the following figure:
E 3E10 Pa =
ν 0.25 =
213
Boundary Conditions
Constraints
• Nodes 1-11: Constrain in Y translation and X and Z rotations only.
• Nodes 12-110: Constrain in Z translation only.
• Nodes 111-121: Constrain in X translation and Y and Z rotations only.
Loads
• Tension force P = 2.5 N/mm**2 (in plane force of 2500 N/m)
The boundary conditions are shown in the following figure:
Solution Type
Statics
214
Results
Reference
• Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens, Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de
structures, (Paris, Afnor Technique,1990.) Test No. SSLP02/89.
Point
Coordinates
Node
#
Stress
Bench
Value
FEMAP
Structural
Difference
(a,0) 1
Plate Top Y Normal Stress
7.5 7.52 0.26%
56 (N/mm**2)
Plate Top Y Normal Stress
2.5 2.61 4.40%
111 Plate Top Y Normal Stress -2.5 -2.38 4.80%
σ
θ
a
π
4
--- ,
 
 
a
π
2
--- ,
 
 
Uniformly Distributed Load on a Cir-
cular Plate
The complete model and results for this test case are in the following files:
• ssls03a.neu (linear quadrilateral)
• ssls03b.neu (linear triangle)
This test is a linear statics analysis (three–dimensional problem) of a circular plate fixed at the
edge with transverse bending and a uniform load. It provides the input data and results for
benchmark test SSLS03/89 from “Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures.”
Test Case Data and Information
Units
SI
Material Properties
Finite Element Modeling
Test 1 (ssl03a) - Free meshing:
• 38 linear quadrilateral plate elements
• 50 nodes
E 2.1
11
×10 Pa =
ν 0.3 =
216
Test 2 (ssl03a) - Free meshing:
• 53 linear triangular plate elements
• 38 nodes
Only 1/4 of the plate is meshed.
Boundary Conditions
Constraints
• Constrain node 1 in all directions except for the Z translation.
• Fully constrain nodes 2-3 and nodes 15-21 in all directions.
• Constrain nodes 4-8 in the X translation and Y and Z rotations.
• Constrain nodes 9-13 in the Y translation and X and Z rotations.
Loads
• Uniform elemental pressure p = -1000 Pa.
Note: Symmetric conditions are applied to the sides.
217
Test 1 boundary conditions:
Solution Type
Statics
Results
Reference
• Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens, Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de
structures, (Paris, Afnor Technique,1990.) Test No. SSLS03/89.
Node # Point
T3 Translation
(Displacement
Z)
Bench
Value
Test
Number
FEMAP
Structural
Difference
Node 1 Center O w (m) -0.0065 1 -0.0065 0.00%
Node 1 Center O -0.0065 2 -0.0065 0.00%
Torque Loading on a Square Tube
The complete model and results for this test case are in file ssls05.neu.
This test is a linear statics analysis (three–dimensional problem) of a thin–walled tube loaded
in torsion by pure shear at the free end. It provides the input data and results for benchmark
test SSLS05/89 from “Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures.”
Test Case Data and Information
Units
SI
Material Properties
Finite Element Modeling
Mapped meshing
• 160 linear quadrilateral plate elements
• 176 nodes
The mesh is shown in the following figure:
E 2.1
11
×10 Pa =
ν 0.3 =
219
Boundary Conditions
Constraints
• Completely constrain nodes 1-5, 57-60, 112-115, and 167-169 in all translations and
rotations.
Loads
• Torque equal to 10 Nm on the free end.
The boundary conditions are shown in the following figure:
Solution Type
Statics
Results
Note: This translates into an equivalent nodal force of ±12.5N.
Node #
Displacement
and Stress
Bench
Value
FEMAP
Structural
Difference
193 T2 Translation (m) -0.617E-7 -0.617E-7 0.00%
193 R1 Rotation (rad) 0.123E-4 0.123E-4 0.00%
193 Plate Bottom Minor Stress
(Pa)
-0.11E6 -0.11E6 0.00%
208 T2 Translation (m) -0.987E-7 -0.988E-7 0.10%
208 R1 Rotation (rad) 0.197E-4 0.197E-4 0.00%
208 Plate Bottom Minor Stress
(Pa)
-0.11E6 -0.11E6 0.00%
220
Reference
• Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens, Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de
structures, (Paris, Afnor Technique,1990.) Test No. SSLS05/89.
Cylindrical Shell with Internal Pres-
sure
The complete model and results for this test are in the following files:
• ssls06a.neu (linear quadrilateral, test 1)
• ssls06b.neu (linear quadrilateral, test 2)
This test is a linear statics analysis of the thin cylinder loaded by internal pressure. It provides
the input data and results for benchmark test SSLS06/89 from “Guide de validation des
progiciels de calcul de structures.”
Test Case Data and Information
Units
SI
Material Properties
Finite Element Modeling
Test 1 (ssls06a) - Mapped meshing
• 100 linear quadrilateral plate elements
• 121 nodes
E 2.1
11
×10 Pa =
ν 0.3 =
222
Test 2 (ssls06b) - Mapped meshing
• 400 linear quadrilateral plate elements
• 441 nodes
Boundary Conditions
Constraints for Test 1 (ssls06a)
• Constrain node 1 in all directions except for the Y translation.
• Constrain nodes 2-10 in the Z translation and X and Y rotations.
• Constrain node 11 in all directions except for the X translation.
• Constrain nodes 12, 23, 34, 45, 56, 67, 78, 89, 100, and 111 in the X translation and Y
and Z rotations only.
• Constrain nodes 22, 33, 44, 55, 66, 77, 88, 99, 110, 121 in the Y translation and X and Z
rotations.
Constraints for Test 2 (ssls06b)
• Constrain node 1 in all directions except for the Y translation.
• Constrain nodes 2-20 in the Z translation and X and Y rotations.
• Constrain node 21 in all directions except for the X translation.
• Constrain nodes 22, 43, 64, 85, 106, 127, 148, 169, 190, 211, 232, 253, 274, 295, 316,
337, 358, 379, 400, and 421 in the X translation and Y and Z rotations only.
• Constrain nodes 42, 63, 84, 105, 126, 147, 168, 189, 210, 231, 252, 273, 294, 315, 336,
357, 378, 399, 420, 441 in the Y translation and X and Z rotations only.
Loads for Test 1 and Test 2
• Internal pressure on the elements = 10000 Pa.
223
The boundary conditions are shown in the following figure:
Solution Type
Statics
Results
Node #
Displacement
and Stress
Bench
Value
Test
Number
FEMAP
Structural
Difference
11
Plate Top Y Normal Stress
0.0 1 1.32
21
Plate Top Y Normal Stress
2 -0.139
111
Plate Top X Normal Stress
5.00E5 1 4.98E5 0.40%
421 σ22(Pa)
Plate Top X Normal Stress
2 4.99E5 0.20%
σ11 Pa ) ( )
σ11 Pa ) ( )
σ22 Pa ) ( )
σ22 Pa ) ( )
224
All results are averages.
Reference
• Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens, Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de
structures, (Paris, Afnor Technique,1990.) Test No. SSLS06/89.
121
T1 Translation
2.38E-6 1 2.37E-6 0.42%
441
T1 Translation
2 2.38E-6 0.00%
121
T3 Translation
-1.43E-6 1 -1.42E-6 0.70%
441
T3 Translation
2 -1.43E-6 0.00%
∆R m ( )
∆R m ( )
∆L m ( )
∆L m ( )
Uniform Axial Load on a Thin Wall
Cylinder
The complete model and results for this test are in the following files:
• ssls07a.neu (parabolic quadrilateral plate, test 1)
• ssls07b.neu (parabolic triangle plate, test 2)
This test is a linear static analysis of a thin cylinder loaded axially. It provides the input data
and results for benchmark test SSLS07/89 from “Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul
de structures.”
Test Case Data and Information
Units
SI
Material Properties
Finite Element Modeling
Test 1
• Meshed by revolving a meshed beam
• 200 parabolic quadrilateral plate elements
E 2.1
11
×10 Pa =
ν 0.3 =
226
• 661 nodes
Test 2
• Meshed by free meshing on 1/8 of a cylinder
• 400 parabolic triangular plate elements
Boundary Conditions
Constraints
• Constrain the nodes along one long edge in the Y translation and X and Z rotations.
• Constrain the nodes along the other long edge in the X translation and the Y and Z rota-
tions.
• Constrain the nodes along the top short edge in the Z translation only.
• Constrain node 1 in the Y and Z translations and the X and Z rotations.
227
• Constrain node 21 in the X and Z translations and Y and Z rotations.
Loads
• Uniform axial elemental pressures, q = 10000 N/m
The boundary conditions are shown in the following figure:
Solution Type
Statics
Results
Node #
Displacement
and Stress
Bench
Value
Test
Number
FEMAP
Structural
Difference
641
Plate Top Y Normal
Stress
5.00E5 1 5.00E5 0.00%
641
Plate Top Y Normal
Stress
5.00E5 2 5.00E5 0.00%
σ11 Pa ( )
σ11 Pa ( )
228
All results are averages.
Reference
• Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens, Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de
structures, (Paris, Afnor Technique,1990.) Test No. SSLS07/89.
641
Plate Top X Normal
Stress
0.0 1 0.0
641
Plate Top X Normal
Stress
0.0 2 0.0
641
T1 Translation
-7.14E-7 1 -7.14E-7 0.0%
641
T1 Translation
-7.14E-7 2 -7.14E-7 0.0%
641
T3 Translation
9.52E-6 1 9.52E-6 0.0%
641
T3 Translation
9.52E-6 2 9.52E-6 0.0%
σ22 Pa ( )
σ22 Pa ( )
∆R m ( )
∆R m ( )
∆L m ( )
∆L m ( )
Hydrostatic Pressure on a Thin Wall
Cylinder
The complete model and results for this test case are in file ssls08.neu.
This test is a linear statics analysis of a thin cylinder loaded by hydrostatic pressure. It pro-
vides the input data and results for benchmark test SSLS08/89 from “Guide de validation des
progiciels de calcul de structures.”
Test Case Data and Information
Units
SI
Material Properties
Finite Element Modeling
• 200 parabolic quadrilateral plate elements
• 661 nodes
Cylinder is meshed by revolving a meshed beam.
The mesh is shown in the following figure:
E 2.1
11
×10 Pa =
ν 0.3 =
230
Boundary Conditions
Constraints
• Constrain the nodes on side A (from node 21 to node 661) in the X translation and Y and
Z rotations.
• Constrain the nodes on side B (from node 1 to node 641) in the Y translation,and X and Z
rotation.
Loads
• Internal elemental pressures, p = p
0
*Z/L with p
0
=20000 Pa
The boundary conditions are shown in the following figure:
Solution Type
Statics
231
Results
ψ represents the rotation of a generator
Reference
• Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens, Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de
structures, (Paris, Afnor Technique,1990.) Test No. SSLS08/89.
Node Point
Displacement
and Stress
Bench
Value
FEMAP
Structural
Difference
Node 321 Any
Plate Top Y Normal
Stress
0.0 -0.0054E5
Node 321 x=L/2
Plate Top X Normal
Stress
5.0E5 4.98E5 0.40%
Node 321 x=L/2
T1 Translation
2.38E-6 2.38E-6 0.00%
Node 1 x=L
T3 Translation
-2.86E-6 1.486E-6 0.00%
Node 321
R2 Rotation
1.19E-6 1.19E-6 0.00%
σ11 Pa ( )
σ22 Pa ( )
∆R m ( )
∆L m ( )
ψ rad ( )
Gravity Loading on a Thin Wall Cyl-
inder
The complete model and results for this test case are in file ssls09.neu.
This test is a linear statics analysis of a thin cylinder loaded by its own weight. It provides the
input data and results for benchmark test SSLS09/89 from “Guide de validation des progiciels
de calcul de structures.”
Test Case Data and Information
Units
SI
Material Properties
Finite Element Modeling
• 65 linear quadrilateral plate elements (mapped meshing)
• 84 nodes
E 2.1
11
×10 Pa =
ν 0.3 =
γ 7.85
11
×10 Pa =
mass 8002
kg
m
3
------- =
233
The mesh is shown in the following figure:
Boundary Conditions
Constraints
• Nodes 1, 5-16: Constrain in the Y translation and X and Z rotations.
• Node 2: Constrain in all directions except for the X translation and Y rotation.
• Nodes 3, 21-32: Constrain the X translation and Y and Z rotations.
• Node 4: Constrain in the X and Z translations and the Y and Z rotations.
• Nodes 33-36: Constrain in the Z translation only.
Loads
• Body load: Translational acceleration in the Z direction
234
The boundary conditions are shown in the following figure:
Solution Type
Statics
Results
Node # Point
Displacement
and Stress
Bench
Value
FEMAP Structural Difference
Node 2 x=0
Plate Top X Normal
Stress
3.14E5 3.02E5 3.82%
Node 1 Any
Plate Top Y Normal
Stress
0.0 -1578 to 1578
σ11 Pa ( )
σ22 Pa ( )
235
Reference
• Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens, Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de
structures, (Paris, Afnor Technique,1990.) Test No. SSLS09/89.
Node 2 x=0
T1 Translation
-4.49E-7 -4.39E-7 2.00%
Node 1 x=L
T3 Translation
2.99E-6 2.99E-6 0.00%
Node 10 x-L
R2 Rotation
-1.12E-7 -1.12E-7 0.00
∆R m ( )
z∆ m ( )
ψ rad ( )
Pinched Cylindrical Shell
The complete model and results for this test case are in the following files:
• ssls20a.neu (linear triangle plate)
• ssls20b.neu (linear quadrilateral plate)
This test is a linear statics analysis of a cylindrical shell with nodal forces, F, pinching as
shown. It provides the input data and results for benchmark test SSLS20/89 from “Guide de
validation des progiciels de calcul de structures.”
Test Case Data and Information
Units
SI
Material Properties
Finite Element Modeling
Test 1 (ssls20a) - Free meshing
• 296 linear triangle plate elements
• 173 nodes
E 10.5x10
6
Pa =
ν 0.315 =
237
Test 2 (ssls20b) - Mapped meshing
• 140 linear quadrilateral plate elements
• 165 nodes
Boundary Conditions
Constraints
• Free conditions. To set free boundary conditions, use symmetry about XY, XZ and YZ
planes.
• Node 1: Fully constrain except for the X translation.
• Node 2, 5-13: Constrain in the Y translation and the X and Z rotations.
• Node 3: Fully constrain except for the Y translation.
• Node 4, 27-35: Constrain in the X translation and the Y and Z rotations.
• Nodes 14-26: Constrain the Z translation and the X and Y rotations.
Loads
• Nodal forces F
y
= -25 N at point D
238
The boundary conditions are shown in the following figure:
Solution Type
Statics
Results
Reference
• Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens, Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de
structures, (Paris, Afnor Technique,1990.) Test No. SSLS20/89.
Point Displacement
Bench
Value
Test
Number
FEMAP
Structural
Difference
D Displacement Y (Node 3)
(T2 Translation)
-113.9E-3 1 -114.4E-3 0.44%
D Displacement Y (Node 3)
(T2 Translation)
-113.9E-3 2 -113.3E-3 0.53%
Spherical Shell with a Hole
The complete model and results for this test case are in the following files:
• ssls21a.neu (Test 1, linear quadrilateral plate)
• ssls21b.neu (Test 2, linear triangular plate)
• ssls21c.neu (Test 3, parabolic quadrilateral plate)
This test is a linear statics analysis of a spherical shell with a hole with nodal forces. It pro-
vides the input data and results for benchmark test SSLS21/89 from “Guide de validation des
progiciels de calcul de structures.”
Test Case Data and Information
Units
SI
Material Properties
Finite Element Modeling
Test 1 (ssls21a)
• 100 linear quadrilateral plate elements
• 121 nodes
E 6.285x10
7
Pa =
ν 0.3 =
240
Test 2 (ssls21b)
• 200 linear triangular plate elements
• 121 nodes
Test 3 (ssls21c)
• 100 parabolic quadrilateral plate elements
• 341 nodes
All tests are executed with mapped meshing.
Boundary Conditions
Constraints
• Constrain nodes 1-11 in the X translation and Y and Z rotations.
• Constrain nodes 111-121 in the Z translation and X and Y rotations.
• Free condition
241
s
Loads
• Nodal forces F = 2 Newtons
Due to the symmetric boundary conditions, only half of the load is applied.
The boundary conditions are shown in the following figure:
Solution Type
Statics
Results
Reference
• Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens, Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de
structures, (Paris, Afnor Technique,1990.) Test No. SSLS21/89.
Note: To set free boundary conditions, use symmetry about XY and YZ planes.
Point
T1 Translation
u (m)
Bench
Value
Test
Number
FEMAP
Structural
Difference
A(R,0,0) node 111 94.0E-3 1 103.3E-3 9.91%
node 111 94.0E-3 2 103.7E-3 10.32%
node 421 94.0E-3 3 98.6E-3 4.89%
Uniformly Distributed Load on a
Simply-Supported Rectangular
Plate
The complete model and results for this test case are in the following files:
• ssls24a.neu (Test 1, coarse mesh)
• ssls24b.neu (Test 2, fine mesh)
• ssls24c.neu (Test 3, very fine mesh)
This test is a linear statics analysis of a plate with pressure loading and simple supports. It pro-
vides the input data and results for benchmark test SSLS24/89 from “Guide de validation des
progiciels de calcul de structures.”
Test Case Data and Information
Units
SI
Material Properties
Finite Element Modeling
Test 1 (ssls24a): length/thickness=1
• 100 linear quadrilateral plate elements
E 1.0x10
7
Pa =
ν 0.3 =
243
• 121 nodes
Test 2 (ssls24b): length/thickness=2
• 200 linear quadrilateral plate elements
• 231 nodes
Test 3 (ssls24c): length/thickness=5
• 500 linear quadrilateral plate elements
244
• 561 nodes
Boundary Conditions
Constraints
• Fully constrain node 1 in all translations and rotations.
• Constrain the nodes on all edges in the Z translation only.
Loads
• Set pressure = 1 N/m**2 in the -Z direction
245
The boundary conditions are shown in the following figure:
Solution Type
Statics
Results
Center Node
Length/
Thickne
ss
Parameter
Bench
Value
Test
FEMAP
Structural
Difference
61z direction
(T3 Translation)
1.0 0.00444 1 0.00453 2.03%
116z direction
(T3 Translation)
2.0 0.01110 2 0.01110 0.0%
281z direction
(T3 Translation)
5.0 0.1417 3 0.01402 1.06%
α
α
α
246
Where:
q= distributed load
b = dimension
t = thickness
E = elastic modules
β values of reference from the “Guide de Validation” are incorrect. The correct values are
extracted from “Formulas for Stress and Strain (Roark/Young)”.
Note that the plate top surface corresponds to the side of the plate with negative global z
coordinates.
Reference
• Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens, Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de
structures, (Paris, Afnor Technique,1990.) Test No. SSLS24/89.
61x component
top surface (Plate
Top X Normal
Stress)
1.0 2874 1 2905 1.00%
116x component
top surface (Plate
Top Y Normal
Stress)
2.0 6102 2 6065 0.61%
281x component
top surface (Plate
Top Y Normal
Stress)
5.0 7476 3 7332 1.93%
β
β
α
Max σ σ
b
βqb
2
t
2
------------ = =
Max y
αqb
4

Et
3
---------------- =
Uniformly Distributed Load on a
Simply-Supported Rhomboid Plate
The complete model and results for this test case are in the following files:
• ssls25a.neu (Test 1)
• ssls25b.neu (Test 2)
This test is a linear statics analysis (three–dimensional problem) of a plate with pressure and
transverse bending. It provides the input data and results for a test similar to benchmark test
SSLS25/89 from “Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures.”
Test Case Data and Information
Units
SI
Material Properties
Finite Element Modeling
• Length/thickness=2
• linear quadrilateral plate elements
Test 1 (ssls25a)
E 36.0x10
6
Pa =
ν 0.3 =
θ 30° =
248
Test 2 (ssls25b)
Boundary Conditions
Constraints
• Fully constrain node 231 in all translations and rotations.
• Constrain the nodes along the edges of the mesh in the Z translation.
θ 45° =
249
Loads
• Elemental pressure = 1 N/m**2 in the -Z direction
Solution Type
Statics
Results
Test Case Parameters
Bench Center location
Value
FEMAP Structural Difference
Test 1
ssls25a
Z displacement
-3.277x10E-3m
Z displacement (T3 Trans-
lation) at node 116
-3.137x10E-3m
4.27%
ssls25a Y stress
-5.70x10E3N/m
2
Y stress (Plate Top Y Nor-
mal Stress) at node 116
-5.761x10E3N/m
2
1.07%
Test 2
ssls25b
Z displacement
-3.0x10E-3m
Z displacement (T3 Trans-
lation) at node 116
-2.894x10E-3m
3.53%
ssls25b Y stress
-5.39x10E3N/m
2
Y stress (Plate Top Y Nor-
mal Stress) at node 116
-5.349x10E3N/m
2
0.76%
α 0.118 =
θ 30° =
β 0.570 =
α 0.108 =
θ 45° =
β 0.539 =
250
Where:
q= distributed load
b = dimension
t = thickness
E = elastic modules
Values of reference from the “Guide de validation” are incorrect. The correct values are
extracted from “Formulas for Stress and Strain (Roark/Young),” table 26, case number 14a.
Reference
• Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens, Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de
structures, (Paris, Afnor Technique,1990.) Test No. SSLS25/89.
Max σ =βqb
2
Max y
αqb
4
Et
3
------------- =
Shear Loading on a Plate
The complete model and results for this test case are in the following files:
• ssls27a.neu (Test 1)
• ssls27b.neu (Test 2)
• ssls27c.neu (Test 3)
This test is a linear statics analysis of a thin plate with torque and shear loading. It provides
the input data and results for benchmark test SSLS27/89 from “Guide de validation des
progiciels de calcul de structures.”
Test Case Data and Information
Units
SI
Material Properties
Finite Element Modeling
Test 1 (ssls27a) - Mindlin (element formulation)
• 6 linear quadrilateral plate elements
• 14 nodes
Test 2 (ssls27b) - Kirchhoff (element formulation)
• 6 linear quadrilateral plate elements
E 1.0x10
7
Pa =
ν 0.25 =
252
• 14 nodes
Test 3 (ssls27c) - Mindlin (element formulation)
• 48 linear quadrilateral plate elements
• 75 nodes
All tests are executed with mapped meshing.
Boundary Conditions
Constraints
• Fully constrain the nodes on side AD in all translations and rotations.
Loads
• Create a nodal force Fz = -1N at point B.
• Create a nodal force -Fz = 1N at point C.
The boundary conditions are shown in the following figure:
Solution Type
Statics
D
A
C
D
253
Results at Location C
Reference
• Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens, Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de
structures, (Paris, Afnor Technique,1990.) Test No. SSLS27/89.
Displacement
Node
(Total T3 Translation)
Bench
Value
Test
Number
FEMAP
Structural
Difference
14 3.537E-2 1 5.335E-2 50.83%
14 3.537E-2 2 3.382E-2 4.38%
75 3.537E-2 3 3.750E-2 6.02%
Mechanical Structures - Linear Stat-
ics Analysis with Solid Elements
The linear statics analysis test cases from the Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens include these
solid element test cases:
• "Solid Cylinder in Pure Tension"
• "Internal Pressure on a Thick-Walled Spherical Container"
• "Internal Pressure on a Thick-Walled Infinite Cylinder"
• "Prismatic Rod in Pure Bending"
• "Thick Plate Clamped at Edges"
Solid Cylinder in Pure Tension
The complete model and results for this test case are in the following files:
• sslv01a.neu (parabolic tetrahedron, free meshing)
• sslv01b.neu (linar brick, mapped meshing)
• sslv01c.neu (linear quadrilateral axisymmetric solid, mapped meshing)
• sslv01d.neu (linear triangular axisymmetric solid, free meshing)
This test is a linear statics analysis of a solid cylinder with tension–compression. It provides
the input data and results for benchmark test SSLV01/89 from “Guide de validation des
progiciels de calcul de structures.”
Test Case Data and Information
Units
SI
Material Properties
Finite Element Modeling
Test 1 (sslv01a) - Free meshing
• 155 parabolic tetrahedron elements
• 342 nodes
E 2.0x10
11
Pa =
ν 0.30 =
256
Test 2 (sslv01b) - Mapped meshing
• 192 linear brick elements
• 259 nodes
Test 3 (sslv01c) - Mapped meshing
• 48 linear quadrilateral axisymmetric solid elements
• 65 nodes
Test 4 (sslv01d) - Free meshing
• 28 linear triangular axisymmetric solid elements
• 24 nodes
257
Boundary Conditions
Constraints
• Uniaxial deformation of the cylinder section
Constraints (sslv01a)
• Nodes 1, 17-19: Constrain in the Y and Z translations.
• Nodes 2, 14-16: Constrain in the X and Z translations.
• Node 3: Constrain in the X, Y, and Z translations.
• Nodes 4, 59-63: Constrain in the X and Y translations.
• Nodes 5, 20-22, 33-45, 200-226: Constrain in the Y translation.
• Nodes 6, 23-25, 46-58, 173-199: Constrain in the X translation.
• Nodes 7-13, 64-72: Constrain in the Z translation.
Constraints (sslv01b)
• Constrain node 1, 10,19, and 28 in the Y and Z translation.
• Constrain nodes 2-8, 11-17, 20-26, and 29-35 in the Z translation.
• Constrain nodes 9, 18, 27, and 36 in the X and Z translation.
• Constrain node 37 in the X, Y, and Z translations.
• Constrain nodes 54, 63, 72, 81, 99, 108, 117, 126, 144, 153, 162, 171, 189, 198, 207,
216, 234, 243, 252, 261, 279, 288, 297, and 306 in the X translation.
• Constrain nodse 82, 127, 172, 217, and 307 in the X and Y translation.
258
• Constrain nodes 46, 55, 64, 73, 91, 100, 109, 118, 136, 145, 154, 163, 181, 190, 199,
208, 226, 235, 244, 253, 271, 280, 289, and 298 in the Y translation.
Constraints (sslv01c)
• Constrain nodes 13, 26, 39, and 52 in the Z translation.
• Constrain node 65 in the X and Z translations.
Constraints (sslv01d)
• Constrain node 1 in the X and Z translation
• Constrain nodes 2, 5, 6, and 7 in the Z translation.
259
Loads (all tests)
• Set uniformly distributed force -F/A on the free end in the Z direction
• Elemental pressure, F/A = 100 MPa
Loads, Tests 1 and 2
Loads, Tests 3 and 4:
Solution Type
Statics
Results
Node # Displacements
Bench
Value
Test #
FEMAP
Structural
Difference
6 T3 Translation 1.5E-3 1 1.5E-3 0.00%
279 T3 Translation 1.5E-3 2 1.5E-3 0.00%
1 T3 Translation 1.5E-3 3 1.5E-3 0.00%
4 T3 Translation 1.5E-3 4 1.5E-3 0.00%
4 T3 Translation 1.5E-3 1 1.5E-3 0.00%
307 T3 Translation 1.5E-3 2 1.5E-3 0.00%
53 T3 Translation 1.5E-3 3 1.5E-3 0.00%
260
Reference
• Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens, Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de
structures, (Paris, Afnor Technique,1990.) Test No. SSLV01/89/89.
3 T3 Translation 1.5E-3 4 1.5E-3 0.00%
37 T3 Translation 1E-3 1 1E-3 0.00%
189 T3 Translation 1E-3 2 1E-3 0.00%
5 T3 Translation 1E-3 3 1E-3 0.00%
25 T3 Translation 1E-3 4 1E-3 0.00%
41 T3 Translation 0.5E-3 1 0.5E-3 0.00%
99 T3 Translation 0.5E-3 2 0.5E-3 0.00%
9 T3 Translation 0.5E-3 3 0.5E-3 0.00%
29 T3 Translation 0.5E-3 4 0.5E-3 0.00%
6 T2 Translation -0.15E-3 1 -0.15E-3 0.00%
279 T2 Translation -0.15E-3 2 -0.15E-3 0.00%
1 T1 Translation -0.15E-3 3 -0.15E-3 0.00%
4 T1 Translation -0.15E-3 4 -0.15E-3 0.00%
37 T1 Translation -0.15E-3 1 -0.15E-3 0.00%
189 T1 Translation -0.15E-3 2 -0.15E-3 0.00%
5 T2 Translation -0.15E-3 3 -0.15E-3 0.00%
25 T1 Translation -0.15E-3 4 -0.15E-3 0.00%
41 T1 Translation -0.15E-3 1 -0.15E-3 0.00%
99 T2 Translation -0.15E-3 2 -0.15E-3 0.00%
9 T1 Translation -0.15E-3 3 -0.15E-3 0.00%
29 T1 Translation -0.15E-3 4 -0.15E-3 0.00%
Internal Pressure on a Thick-Walled
Spherical Container
The complete model and results for this test case are in the following files:
• sslv03a.neu (Test 1, linear solids)
• sslv03b.neu (Test 2, parabolic solids)
• sslv03c.neu (Test 3, linear axisymmetric solids)
• sslv03d.neu (Test 4, parabolic axisymmetric solids)
This test is a linear statics analysis of a thick sphere with internal pressure. It provides the
input data and results for benchmark test SSLV03/89 from “Guide de validation des progiciels
de calcul de structures.”
Test Case Data and Information
Units
SI
Material Properties
Finite Element Modeling
Test 1 (sslv03a) - Mapped meshing
• 1600 linear brick elements
E 2.0x10
5
Pa =
ν 0.30 =
262
• 1898 nodes
Test 2 (sslv03b) - Mapped meshing
• 250 parabolic brick elements
• 1256 nodes
Test 3 (sslv03c) - Mapped meshing
• 400 linear quadrilateral axisymmetric solid elements
263
• 451 nodes
Test 4 (sslv03d) - Mapped meshing
• 400 parabolic quadrilateral axisymmetric solid elements
• 1301 nodes
Boundary Conditions
Constraints
• The equivalent of the center of the sphere being fixed is modeled via symmetric bound-
ary conditions.
Constraints - Tests 1 and 2:
264
Constraints - Tests 3 and 4:
Loads
• Uniform radial elemental pressure = 100 MPa
The boundary conditions are shown in the following figure:
Pressure -Tests 1 and 2:
Pressure - Tests 3 and 4:
265
Solution Type
Statics
Results
Results for Point R = 1m
Point Node #
Displacement
Stress
Bench
Value
Test
Number
FEMAP
Structural
Difference
r=1 m 1
Solid Z Normal
Stress
-100 1 -90.07 9.93%
1 Solid Z Normal -100 2 -104.33 4.33%
41 Axisym C1 Radial
Stress
-100 3 -95.50 4.50%
41 Axisym C1 Radial
Stress
-100 4 -94.81 5.19%
1
Solid Y Normal
Stress
71.43 1 72.04 0.85%
1
Solid Y Normal
Stress
71.43 2 73.70 3.18%
41
Axisym C1 Azi-
muth Stress
71.43 3 69.20 3.12%
41
Axisym C1 Azi-
muth Stress
71.43 4 69.50 2.70%
1 u (m)
T3 Translation
0.4E-3 1 0.40E-3 0.00%
σ
Π
MPa ( )
σ
θ
MPa ( )
σ
θ
MPa ( )
σ
θ
MPa ( )
σ
θ
MPa ( )
266
Results for Point R = 2m
1 u (m)
T3 Translation
0.4E-3 2 0.40E-3 0.00%
41 u (m)
T3 Translation
0.4E-3 3 0.41E-3 2.50%
41 u (m)
T3 Translation
0.4E-3 4 0.40E-3 0.00%
Point Node #
Displacement
Stress
Bench
Value
Test
Number
FEMAP
Structural
Difference
r=2 m 1826
Solid Z Normal
Stress
0 1 -.041 N/A
2221
Solid Z Normal
Stress
0 2 -.649 N/A
1 Axisym C1 Radial
Stress
0 3 -.233 N/A
1 Axisym C1 Radial
Stress
0 4 -.430 N/A
1826
Solid Y Normal
Stress
21.43 1 21.18 1.16%
2221
Solid Y Normal
Stress
21.43 2 21.76 1.53%
1 Axisym C1 Radial
Stress
21.43 3 21.39 0.19%
1 Axisym C1 Radial
Stress
21.43 4 21.58 0.70%
σ
Π
MPa ( )
σ
Π
MPa ( )
σ
θ
MPa ( )
σ
θ
MPa ( )
267
All results are averaged.
Reference
• Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens, Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de
structures, (Paris, Afnor Technique,1990.) Test No. SSLV03/89.
1826 u (m)
T3 Translation
1.5E-4 1 1.50E-4 0.00%
2221 u (m)
T3 Translation
1.5E-4 2 1.50E-4 0.00%
1 u (m)
T3 Translation
1.5E-4 3 1.53E-4 2.00%
1 u (m)
T3 Translation
1.5E-4 4 1.50E-4 0.00%
Internal Pressure on a Thick-Walled
Infinite Cylinder
The complete model and results for this test case are in the following files:
• sslv04a.neu (solid, linear brick)
• sslv04b.neu (solid, parabolic brick)
• sslv04c.neu (solid, axisymmetric quadrilateral)
• sslv04d.neu (solid, axisymmetric parabolic)
This test is a linear statics analysis of a thick cylinder with internal pressure. It provides the
input data and results for benchmark test SSLV04/89 from “Guide de validation des progiciels
de calcul de structures.”
Test Case Data and Information
Units
SI
Material Properties
Finite Element Modeling
All tests are executed with mapped meshing.
Test 1 (sslv04a) - Mapped meshing
• 400 solid (linear brick) elements
• 902 nodes
Test 2 (sslv04b) - Mapped meshing
• 240 solid (parabolic brick) elements
• 1873 nodes
E 2.0x10
5
Pa =
ν 0.30 =
269
FE Model - Tests 1 and 2:
Test 3 (sslv04c) - Mapped meshing
• 600 axisymmetric (linear quadrilateral solid) elements
• 656 nodes
Test 4 (sslv04d) - Mapped meshing
• 600 axisymmetric (parabolic quadrilateral solid) elements
• 1911 nodes
FE Model - Tests 3 and 4:
Boundary Conditions
Constraints (sslv04a)
• Nodes 1-41, 452-492: Constrain in the X translation.
• Nodes 411-451, 862-902: Constrain in the Z translation.
270
Constraints (sslv04b)
• Nodes 1-61, 1038-1098, 2075-2135: Constrain in the X translation.
• Nodes 977-1037, 2014-2074, 3051-3111: Constrain in the Z translation.
Constraints (sslv04c)
• Nodes 1-41: Constrain in the Z translation.
Constraints (sslv04d)
• Nodes 1-81: Constrain in the Z translation.
Loads (all tests)
• Unlimited cylinder
• Internal elemental pressure p = 60 MPa
Boundary Conditions - Tests 1 and 2:
Boundary Conditions - Tests 3 and 4:
271
Solution Type
Statics
Results
All results are averaged.
Results for R=0.1m
Test
Case
Point
Displacement
Stress
Bench
Value
Node #
FEMAP
Structural
Difference
sslv04a r=0.1 m
Solid X Normal
Stress
-60 411 -57.07 4.88%
sslv04b Solid X Normal
Stress
-60 977 -60.97 1.62%
sslv04c Axisymm C1
Radial Stress
-60 616 -58.03 3.28%
sslv04d Axisymm C1
Radial Stress
-60 1831 -59.98 0.03%
sslv04a
Solid Z Normal
Stress
100 411 99.69 0.31%
sslv04b
Solid Z Normal
Stress
100 977 100.98 0.98%
sslv04c Axisymm C1 Azi-
muth Stress
100 616 100.77 0.77%
sslv04d Axisymm C1 Azi-
muth Stress
100 1831 99.98 0.02%
sslv04a
Solid Max Shear
Stress
80 411 79.35 0.81%
σ
r
MPa ( )
σ
θ
MPa ( )
σ
θ
MPa ( )
τ
max
MPa ( )
272
Results for R=0.2m
sslv04b Solid Max Shear
Stress
80 977 80.97 1.21%
sslv04a u (m)
T1 Translation
59E-6 411 59E-6 0.00%
sslv04b T1 Translation 59E-6 977 59E-6 0.00%
sslv04c T1 Translation 59E-6 616 59E-6 0.00%
sslv04d T1 Translation 59E-6 1831 59E-6 0.00%
Test
Case
Point
Displacement
Stress
Bench
Value
Node
#
FEMAP
Structural
Difference
sslv04a r=0.2m
Solid X Normal
Stress
0 451 -.006 NA
sslv04b Solid X Normal
Stress
0 1037 -.250 NA
sslv04c Axisymm C1
Radial Stress
0 656 -.253 NA
sslv04d Axisymm C1
Radial Stress
0 1911 .002 NA
sslv04a
Solid Z Normal
Stress
40 451 39.70 0.75%
sslv04b Solid Z Normal
Stress
40 1037 40.25 0.62%
sslv04c Axisymm C1 Axi-
muth Stress
40 656 40.61 1.53%
sslv04d Axisymm C1 Axi-
muth Stress
40 1911 39.90 0.25%
sslv04a
Solid Max Shear
Stress
20 451 20.10 0.50%
σ
r
MPa ( )
σ
θ
MPa ( )
τ
max
MPa ( )
273
Reference
• Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens, Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de
structures, (Paris, Afnor Technique,1990.) Test No. SSLV04/89.
sslv04b Solid Max Shear
Stress
20 1037 20.25 1.25%
sslv04a u (m)
T1 Translation
40E-6 451 40E-6 0.00%
sslv04b T1 Translation 40E-6 1037 40E-6 0.00%
sslv04c T1 Translation 40E-6 656 39.9E-6 0.25%
sslv04d T1 Translation 40E-6 1911 40E-6 0.00%
Prismatic Rod in Pure Bending
The complete model and results for this test case are in the following files:
• sslv08a.neu (Test 1, solid elements, linear tetrahedrons)
• sslv08b.neu (Test 2, solid elements, parabolic tetrahedrons)
• sslv08c.neu (Test 3, solid elements, linear bricks)
• sslv08d.neu (Test 4 solid elements, parabolic bricks)
This test is a linear statics analysis of a solid rod with bending. It provides the input data and
results for benchmark test SSLV08/89 from “Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de
structures.”
Test Case Data and Information
Units
SI
Material Properties
Finite Element Modeling
Test 1 (sslv08a) - Free meshing
• 198 solid (linear tetrahedron) elements
• 76 nodes
Test 2 (sslv08b) - Free meshing
• 198 solid (parabolic tetrahedron) elements
• 409 nodes
E 2.0x10
5
Pa =
ν 0.30 =
275
FE Model - Tests 1 and 2:
Test 3 (sslv08c) - Mapped meshing
• 48 solid (linear brick) elements
• 117 nodes
Test 4 (sslv08d) - Mapped meshing
• 48 solid (parabolic brick) elements
• 381 nodes
FE Model - Tests 3 and 4:
Boundary Conditions
Constraints (sslv08a)
• Nodes 29, 33: Constrain in the X and Z translations.
• Nodes 30-32, 34, 39, 40: Constrain in the Z translation.
• Node 57: Constrain in the X, Y, and Z translations.
276
Constraints (sslv08b)
• Nodes 127, 131: Constrain in the X and Z translations.
• Nodes 128-130, 132-146, 188-195: Constrain in the Z translation only.
• Node 187: Constrain in the X, Y, and Z translations.
Constraints (sslv08c)
• Nodes 1-4, 6-9: Constrain in the Z translation.
• Node 5: Constrain in the X, Y, and Z translations.
Constraints (sslv08d)
• Nodes 1-8, 10, 12, 14-21: Constrain in the Z translation.
• Nodes 9, 13: Constrain in the X translation.
• Nodes 11: Constrain in the X, Y, and Z translations.
Loads (all tests)
• Set moment M
x
equal to (4/3)E+7 N.m
Boundary Conditions - Tests 1 and 2:
277
Boundary Conditions - Tests 3 and 4:
Solution Type
Statics
Results
Test
#
Node
#
Displacement/
Stress
Bench
Value
FEMAP
Structural
Difference
1 5 Solid Z Normal
Stress (Pa)
-10E6 -4.268E6 57.00%
2 5 Solid Z Normal
Stress (Pa)
-10E6 10.03E6 0.30%
3 75 Solid Z Normal
Stress (Pa)
-10E6 10.07E6 0.70%
4 245 Solid Z Normal
Stress (Pa)
-10E6 10.01E6 0.10%
1 26 T2 Translation 4E-4 2.964E-4 26.00%
2 90 T2 Translation 4E-4 4E-4 0.00%
3 77 T2 Translation 4E-4 4E-4 0.00%
4 251 T2 Translation 4E-4 4.044E-4 1.10%
1 19 T3 Translation 2E-4 1.460E-4 27.00%
2 40 T3 Translation 2E-4 2E-4 0.00%
3 76 T3 Translation 2E-4 2E-4 0.00%
4 249 T3 Translation 2E-4 2.010E-4 0.50%
1 5 T1 Translation 0.15E-4 7.449E-6 50.34%
2 5 T1 Translation 0.15E-4 0.1514E-4 0.93%
3 75 T1 Translation 0.15E-4 0.1480E-4 1.33%
4 245 T1 Translation 0.15E-4 0.1511E-4 0.73%
278
Reference
• Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens, Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de
structures, (Paris, Afnor Technique,1990.) Test No. SSLV08/89.
1 8 T1 Translation -0.15E-4 -6.2620E-6 58.20%
2 8 T1 Translation -0.15E-4 -0.1509E-4 0.60%
3 73 T1 Translation -0.15E-4 -0.1480E-4 1.33%
4 241 T1 Translation -0.15E-4 -0.1511E-4 0.73%
Thick Plate Clamped at Edges
The complete model and results for this test case are in the following files:
• sslv09a10.neu (Test 1, parabolic brick, length/thickness =10)
• sslv09a20.neu (Test 1, parabolic brick, length/thickness =20)
• sslv09a50.neu (Test 1, parabolic brick, length/thickness =50)
• sslv09a75.neu (Test 1, parabolic brick, length/thickness =75)
• sslv09a100.neu (Test 1, parabolic brick, length/thickness =100)
• sslv09b10.neu (Test 2, linear plate, length/thickness =10)
• sslv09b20.neu (Test 2, linear plate, length/thickness =20)
• sslv09b50.neu (Test 2, linear plate, length/thickness =50)
• sslv09b75.neu (Test 2, linear plate, length/thickness =75)
• sslv09b100.neu (Test 2, linear plate, length/thickness =100)
This test is a linear statics analysis of a square thick plate with pressure and transverse bend-
ing. It provides the input data and results for benchmark test SSLV09/89 from “Guide de vali-
dation des progiciels de calcul de structures.”
Test Case Data and Information
Units
SI
Material Properties
Finite Element Modeling
Test 1 - Mapped meshing
• 25 parabolic brick elements
• 228 nodes
E 2.1x10
11
Pa =
ν 0.30 =
280
• length/thickness =10, 20, 50, 75, 100
Test 2 - Mapped meshing
• 25 linear quadrilateral plate elements
• 36 nodes
• length/thickness =10, 20, 50, 75, 100
Test 2 is done using plate elements with the following thickness values:
• length/thickness =10, t=0.1
• length/thickness =20, t=0.05
• length/thickness =50, t=0.02
• length/thickness =75, t=0.01333
• length/thickness =100, t=0.01
281
Boundary Conditions
Constraints – Test 1
• Fully constrain the nodes on edges AB, A’B’, AD, and A’D’ in all translations and rota-
tions.
• Constrain the nodes on edge BC and B’C’ in the X translation and Y and Z rotations.
• Constrain the corner nodes at C and C’ in all translations and rotations except for the Z
translation.
• Constrain the nodes on edge DC and D’C’ in the Y translation and X and Z rotations.
Constraints – Test 2
• Fully constrain the nodes on edges AB and AD in all translations and rotations.
• Constrain the nodes on edge BC in the X translation and Y and Z rotations.
• Constrain the corner nodes at C in all translations and rotations except for the Z transla-
tion.
• Constrain the nodes on edge DC in the Y translation and X and Z rotations.
Loads
• Load case 1:
Elemental pressure p = 1E6 Pascals in -Z direction
• Load case 2: Point C
Nodal force F = 2.5E5 N in -Z direction
Boundary conditions for Test 1:
282
Boundary conditions for Test 2:
Solution Type
Statics
Results
Test Case 1 (T3 Translation at location C)
File Name
Length/
Thick-
ness
Load Case
Node
#
Analytical
Reference
FEM
FEMAP
Structural
Difference
sslv09a10 10 Pressure 242 -.6552E-4 -.76231E-4 -.735942E-4 12.32%
sslv09a10 10 Force 242 -.29146E-3 -.42995E-3 -.426662E-3 46.38%
sslv09a20 20 Pressure 242 -.52416E-3 -.53833E-3 -.523376E-3 0.15%
sslv09a20 20 Force 242 -.23317E-2 -.25352E-2 -.242500E-2 4.00%
sslv09a50 50 Pressure 242 -.81900E-2 -.80286E-2 -.778247E-2 4.98%
sslv09a50 50 Force 242 -.36433E-1 -.35738E-1 -.346276E-1 4.96%
sslv09a75 75 Pressure 242 -.27641E-1 -.26861E-1 -.259820E-1 6.00%
sslv09a75 75 Force 242 -.12296 -.11837 -.114411 6.95%
sslv09a100 100 Pressure 242 -.65520E-1 -.63389E-1 -.612191E-1 6.56%
sslv09a100 100 Force 242 -.29146 -.27794 -.268120 8.00%
283
Test Case 2 (T3 Translation at location C)
Reference
• Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens, Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de
structures, (Paris, Afnor Technique,1990.) Test No. SSLV09/89.
Part
Name
Length/
Thick-
ness
Load Case
Node
#
Analytical
Reference
FEM
FEMAP
Structural
Difference
sslv09b10 10 Pressure 1 -.6552E-4 -.78661E-4 -.797294E-4 21.69%
sslv09b10 10 Force 1 -.29146E-3 -.41087E-3 -.395973E-3 35.86%
sslv09b20 20 Pressure 36 -.52416E-3 -.55574E-3 -.564973E-3 8.69%
sslv09b20 20 Force 36 -.23317E-2 -.25946E-2 -.260199E-2 11.59%
sslv09b50 50 Pressure 36 -.81900E-2 -.83480E-2 -.849953E-2 3.78%
sslv09b50 50 Force 36 -.36433E-1 -.37454E-1 -.381471E-1 4.70%
sslv09b75 75 Pressure 36 -.27641E-1 -.28053E-1 -.285676E-1 3.35%
sslv09b75 75 Force 36 -.12296 -.12525 -.127845 3.97%
sslv09b10
0
100 Pressure 1 -.65520E-1 -.66390E-1 -.676175E-1 3.20%
sslv09b10
0
100 Force 1 -.29146 -.29579 -.302292 3.72%
Mechanical Structures - Normal
Modes/Eigenvalue Analysis
The normal modes/eigevanlues test cases from the Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens
include:
• "Lumped Mass-Spring System"
• "Short Beam on Simple Supports"
• "Axial Loading on a Rod"
• "Thin Circular Ring"
• "Cantilever Beam with a Variable Rectangular Section"
• "Thin Circular Ring Clamped at Two Points"
• "Vibration Modes of a Thin Pipe Elbow"
• "Cantilever Beam with Eccentric Lumped Mass"
• "Thin Square Plate (Clamped or Free)"
• "Simply-Supported Rectangular Plate"
• "Thin Ring Plate Clamped on a Hub"
• "Vane of a Compressor - Clamped-free Thin Shell"
• "Bending of a Symmetric Truss"
• "Hovgaard’s Problem - Pipes with Flexible Elbows"
• "Rectangular Plates"
Lumped Mass-Spring System
The complete model and results for this test case are in file sdld02.neu.
This test is a normal modes/eigenvalue analysis of an elastic link with lumped mass. It pro-
vides the input data and results for benchmark test SDLD02/89 from “Guide de validation des
progiciels de calcul de structures.”
Test Case Data and Information
Units
SI
Material Properties
Spring constant
Finite Element Modeling
• 8 mass elements
• 9 DOF springs
• 8 nodes
The mesh is shown in the following figure:
Boundary Conditions
Constraints
• Constrain all the nodes (1-8) in all translations and rotations except for the X translation.
286
The boundary conditions are shown in the following figure:
Solution Type
Normal Modes/Eigenvalue - SVI method
Results
The mode shapes results are exact. The multiplication coefficient is 0.4642 for mode 1 and -
0.4642 for mode 8.
Frequency Results:
Normal
Mode
Bench
Value
(Hz)
FEMAP Structural
(Hz)
Difference
1 5.5274 5.5274 0.00%
2 10.8868 10.8868 0.00%
3 15.9155 15.9155 0.00%
4 20.4606 20.4606 0.00%
5 24.3840 24.3840 0.00%
6 27.5664 27.5664 0.00%
7 29.9113 29.9113 0.00%
8 31.3474 31.3474 0.00%
287
Mode Shapes Results:
Reference
• Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens, Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de
structures, (Paris, Afnor Technique,1990.) Test No. SDLD02/89, p. 178.
Normal
Mode
Point
Bench
Value
FEMAP Structural
1 P1 0.1612 0.3473
1 P2 0.3030 0.6527
1 P3 0.4082 0.8794
1 P4 0.4642 1.0000
1 P5 0.4642 1.0000
1 P6 0.4082 0.8794
1 P7 0.3030 0.6527
1 P8 0.1612 0.3473
8 P1 0.1612 -0.3473
8 P2 -0.3030 0.6527
8 P3 0.4082 -0.8794
8 P4 -0.4642 1.0000
8 P5 0.4642 -1.0000
8 P6 -0.4082 0.8794
8 P7 0.3030 -0.6527
8 P8 -0.1612 0.3473
Short Beam on Simple Supports
The complete model and results for this test case are in the following files:
• sdll01a.neu
• sdll01b.neu
This test is a modal analysis of a straight short beam with simple supports both inline and off-
set. It provides the input data and results for benchmark test SDLL01/89 from “Guide de vali-
dation des progiciels de calcul de structures.”
Test Case Data and Information
Units
SI
Material Properties
Finite Element Modeling
Problem 1 (sdll01a)
• 10 bar elements
• 11 nodes
E 2x10
11
Pa =
ν 0.3 =
ρ 7800
kg
m
3
------- =
289
Problem 2 (sdll01b)
• 10 bar elements
• 2 rigid elements (master node 4 to slave node 2; master node 3 to slave node 1)
Boundary Conditions
Constraints
• Node 1: Constrain in all directions and rotations, except the Z rotation.
• Node 2: Constrain in all directions and rotations, except for the X translation and Z rota-
tion.
• Constrain all other nodes in the Z translation and the X and Y rotations.
Loads
• no load case
The boundary conditions for both problems are shown in the following figure:
290
Solution Type
Normal Modes/Eigenvalue – SVI method
Results
Problem 1: Frequency Results
Problem 2: Frequency Results
Reference
• Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens, Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de
structures, (Paris, Afnor Technique,1990.) Test No. SDLL01/89.
Normal
Mode
Bench
Value
(Hz)
FEMAP Structural
(Hz)
Difference
Bending 1 431.555 431.555 0.03%
Tension 1 1265.924 1267.226 0.10%
Bending 2 1498.295 1503.171 0.33%
Bending 3 2870.661 2904.096 1.16%
Tension 2 3797.773 3833.003 0.93%
Bending 4 4377.837 4493.912 2.65%
Mode
number
Bench
Value
(Hz)
FEMAP Structural
(Hz)
Difference
1 392.8 394.3 0.38%
2 902.2 922.4 2.24%
3 1591.9 1641.0 3.08%
4 2629.2 2800.0 6.50%
5 3126.2 3291.2 5.28%
Axial Loading on a Rod
The complete model and results for this test case are in the following file:
• sdll05a.neu
• sdll05b.neu
This test is a modal analysis of a simply–supported beam with stress stiffening. It provides the
input data and results for benchmark test SDLL05/89 from “Guide de validation des
progiciels de calcul de structures.”
Test Case Data and Information
Units
SI
Material Properties
Finite Element Modeling
• 10 bar elements
• 11 nodes
The mesh is shown in the following figure:
E 2x10
11
Pa =
ρ 7800
kg
m3
-------- =
292
Boundary Conditions
Problem 1 (sdll05a):
• Node 1: Leave the Z rotation free and constrain the node in all other translations and
rotations.
• Node 2 : Leave the X translation and Z rotation free and constrain in all other translations
and rotations.
Problem 2 (sdll05b):
• Node 1: Leave the Z rotation free and constrain the node in all other translations and
rotations.
• Node 2: Leave the X translation and Z rotation free and constrain the node in all other
translations and rotations.
• Load Set 1 (node 2): Define a nodal force = to 1E5N in the -X direction. Ensure that
Stress Stiffening is turned on in the analysis set.
Solution Type
Normal Modes/Eigenvalue - SVI method
293
Results
Frequency Results:
Reference
• Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens, Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de
structures, (Paris, Afnor Technique,1990.) Test No. SDLL05/89.
Normal
Mode
Bench
Value
(Hz)
FEMAP
Structural
(Hz)
Difference
sdll05a Mode 1 28.702 28.672 0.10%
sdll05a Mode 3 114.807 114.351 0.40%
sdll05b Mode 1 22.434 22.399 0.16%
sdll05b Mode 3 109.080 108.61 0.43%
Cantilever Beam with a Variable
Rectangular Section
The complete model and results for this test case are in the following file: sdll09a.neu
This test is a modal analysis of a straight cantilever beam with a variable section. It provides
the input data and results for benchmark test SDLL09/89 from “Guide de validation des
progiciels de calcul de structures.”
Test Case Data and Information
Units
SI
Material Properties
Finite Element Modeling
• 10 beam elements (tapered)
• 11 nodes
b0
b1
β
b0
b1
------ =
E 2x10
11
Pa =
ρ 7800
kg
m3
-------- =
295
The mesh is shown in the following figure:
Boundary Conditions
• Constrain node 1 in all directions.
• Constrain all other nodes in the Z translation and X and Y rotations only.
• no load case
The boundary conditions are shown in the following figure:
Solution Type
Normal Modes/Eigenvalue - SVI method
296
Results
Frequency Results
Reference
• Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens, Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de
structures, (Paris, Afnor Technique,1990.) Test No. SDLL09/89.
Normal
Mode
Bench
Value
(Hz)
FEMAP
Structural
(Hz)
Difference
4 1 54.18 54.13 0.09%
2 171.94 171.36 0.34%
3 384.40 381.70 0.70%
4 697.24 688.89 1.20%
5 1112.28 1092.92 1.74%
β
Thin Circular Ring
The complete model and results for this test case are in file sdll11.neu.
This test is a modal analysis of a thin curved beam. It provides the input data and results for
benchmark test SDLL11/89 from “Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures.”
Test Case Data and Information
Units
SI
Material Properties
Finite Element Modeling
• 36 bar elements
• 36 nodes
The mesh is shown in the following figure:
E 7.2x10
10
Pa =
ν 0.3 =
ρ 2700
kg
m
3
------- =
298
Boundary Conditions
Constraints
• Unconstrained (free) conditions
• Create 1 constraint set (Kinematic DOF set) to fully constrain the 3 nodes shown below
(nodes 7, 21, 30).
Loads
• no load case
The boundary conditions are shown in the following figure:
Solution Type
Normal Modes/Eigenvalue - SVI method
Results
Frequency Results
Normal
Mode
Bench
Value
(Hz)
FEMAP Structural
(Hz)
Difference
Modes 1-6 0 0 0.00%
Modes 7, 8 318.36 318.99 0.20%
Modes 9, 10 511 508 0.59%
Modes 11, 12 900.46 900.19 0.03%
Modes 13, 14 1590 1569 1.32%
299
Reference
• Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens, Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de
structures, (Paris, Afnor Technique,1990.) Test No. SDLL11/89.
Modes 15, 16 1726.55 1721.56 0.29%
Modes 17, 18 2792.21 2774.91 0.62%
Modes 19, 20 3184 3116 2.14%
Thin Circular Ring Clamped at Two
Points
The complete model and results for this test case are in file sdll12.neu.
This test is a modal analysis of a thin curved beam. It provides the input data and results for
benchmark test SDLL12/89 from “Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures.”
Test Case Data and Information
Units
SI
Material Properties
Finite Element Modeling
• 29 bar elements
• 29 nodes
The mesh is shown in the following figure:
E 7.2x10
10
Pa =
ν 0.3 =
ρ 2700
kg
m
3
------- =
301
Boundary Conditions
• Points A and B (nodes 1 and 2): Fully constrained in all directions
• All other nodes: Constrained the Z translation and X and Y rotations only.
• no load case
The boundary conditions are shown in the following figure:
Solution Type
Normal Modes/Eigenvalue - SVI method
Results
Frequency Results
Normal
Mode
Bench
Value
(Hz)
FEMAP Structural
(Hz)
Difference
1 235.3 235.9 0.25%
2 575.3 575.1 0.03%
3 1105.7 1102.7 0.27%
4 1405.6 1398.0 0.54%
5 1751.1 1740.8 0.59%
6 2557.0 2536.6 0.80%
7 2801.5 2723.0 2.80%
302
Reference
• Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens, Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de
structures, (Paris, Afnor Technique,1990.) Test No. SDLL12/89.
Vibration Modes of a Thin Pipe
Elbow
The complete model and results for this test case are in the following files:
• sdll014a.neu
• sdll014b.neu
• sdll014c.neu
This test is a modal analysis of a straight cantilever beam, and a thin curved beam. It provides
the input data and results for benchmark test SDLL14/89 from “Guide de validation des
progiciels de calcul de structures.”
Test Case Data and Information
Units
SI
A
D
C
B
L
L
304
Material Properties
Finite Element Modeling
Problem 1 (sdll14a) where L=0 and Problem 2 (sdll14b) where
L=0.6:
• 18 bar elements
• 19 nodes
Problem 3 (sdll14c) where L=2:
• 28 bar elements
• 29 nodes
The FE model is shown below:
E 2.1x10
11
Pa =
ν 0.3 =
ρ 7800
kg
m
3
------- =
305
Boundary Conditions
Problem 1 (sdll14a):
• Fully constrain points C and D (nodes 1 and 2) in all translations and rotations.
Problem 2 (sdll14b) and Problem 3 (sdll14c):
• Fully constrain points C and D (nodes 1 and 4) in all translations and rotations.
• Constrain point B (node 2) in the X and Z translations.
• Constrain point C (node 3) in the Y and Z translations.
Solution Type
Normal Modes/Eigenvalue - SVI method
306
Results
Problem 1 (sdll14a) Frequency Results:
Problem 2 (sdll14b) Frequency Results:
Problem 3 (sdll14c) Frequency Results:
Reference
• Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens, Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de
structures, (Paris, Afnor Technique,1990.) Test No. SDLL14/89.
L
Normal
Mode
Bench
Value
(Hz)
FEMAP Structural
(Hz)
Difference
0 1 44.23 44.11 0.27%
2 119 119 0.00%
3 125 126 0.80%
4 227 225 0.88%
L
Normal
Mode
Bench
Value
(Hz)
FEMAP Structural
(Hz)
Difference
0.6 1 33.4 33.3 0.30%
2 94 94 0.00%
3 100 99 1.00%
4 180 184 2.22%
L
Normal
Mode
Bench
Value
(Hz)
FEMAP Structural
(Hz)
Difference
2 1 17.9 17.7 1.12%
2 24.8 24.4 1.61%
3 25.3 24.9 1.58%
4 27 26.67 0.01%
Cantilever Beam with Eccentric
Lumped Mass
The complete model and results for this test case are in the following files:
• sdll15a.neu
• sdll15b.neu
This test is a modal analysis of a straight cantilever beam and a mass element. It provides the
input data and results for benchmark test SDLL15/89 from “Guide de validation des
progiciels de calcul de structures.”
Test Case Data and Information
Units
SI
Material Properties
Finite Element Modeling
Problem 1 (sdll15a)
• 10 bar elements
• 1 mass element at point B
• 11 nodes
E 2.1x10
11
Pa =
ρ 7800
kg
m
3
------- =
A
B
308
Problem 2 (sdll15b)
• 10 bar elements
• 1 rigid element from point B to point C
• 1 mass element at point C
• 12 nodes
Boundary Conditions
Constraints:
• Fully constrain point A (node 1) in all translations and rotations.
Solution Type
Normal Modes/Eigenvalue - SVI
A
B
C
309
Results
Frequency Results:
Mode Shapes Results:
• wc=T3 translation at point C
• wb= T3 translation at point B
• uc=T1 translation at point C
• vb= T2 translation at point B
yc
Normal
Mode
Bench
Value
(Hz)
FEMAP
Structural
(Hz)
Difference
0 1,2 1.65 1.65 0.00%
3,4 16.07 15.91 1.00%
5,6 50.02 48.75 2.54%
7 76.47 76.48 0.01%
8 80.47 80.84 0.46%
9,10 103.20 98.53 4.53%
1 1 1.636 1.635 0.06%
2 1.642 1.640 0.12%
3 13.46 13.37 0.67%
4 13.59 13.52 0.52%
5 28.90 28.68 0.76%
6 31.96 31.54 1.31%
7 61.61 59.97 2.66%
8 63.93 61.82 3.30%
yc
Normal
Mode
Modal
Displacement
Bench
Value
FEMAP
Structural
Difference
1 1 wc/wb 1.030 1.030 0.00%
2 uc/vb 0.148 0.148 0.00%
3 uc/vb 2.882 2.845 1.28%
4 wc/wb -0.922 -0.956 3.69%
310
Reference
• Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens, Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de
structures, (Paris, Afnor Technique,1990.) Test No. SDLL15/89.
Thin Square Plate (Clamped or
Free)
The complete model and results for this test case are in the following files:
• sdls01a.neu
• sdls01b.neu
This test is a normal modes/eigenvalue analysis (three–dimensional problem) of a thin plate.
It provides the input data and results for benchmark test SDLS01/89 from “Guide de valida-
tion des progiciels de calcul de structures.”
Test Case Data and Information
Units
SI
Material Properties
Finite Element Modeling
• 100 linear quadrilateral plate elements
• 121 nodes
The mesh is shown in the following figure:
E 2.1x10
11
Pa =
ν 0.3 =
ρ 7800
kg
m
3
------- =
A D
B C
312
Boundary Conditions
• Problem 1 (sdls01a): Constrain the nodes along side BC in all translations and rotations.
• Problem 2 (sdls01b) : Free plate; Create a constraint set (Kinematic DOF set) to con-
strain the three nodes shown below (nodes 1, 11, and 111) in all translations and rota-
tions.
Solution Type
Normal Modes/Eigenvalue - SVI method
Results
Problem 1 (sdls01a) Frequency Results:
Normal Mode
Bench Value
(Hz)
FEMAP Structural
(Hz)
Difference
1 8.7266 8.6719 0.63%
2 21.3042 21.1474 0.74%
3 53.5542 53.9586 0.76%
313
Problem 2 (sdls01b) Frequency Results:
Reference
• Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens, Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de
structures, (Paris, Afnor Technique,1990.) Test No. SDLS01/89.
4 68.2984 68.4467 0.21%
5 77.7448 77.7814 0.05%
6 136.0471 135.783 0.19%
Normal Mode
Bench Value
(Hz)
FEMAP Structural
(Hz)
Difference
7 33.7119 32.9104 2.38%
8 49.4558 47.4165 4.12%
9 61.0513 59.1873 3.05%
10,11 87.5160 83.0785 5.07%
Simply-Supported Rectangular
Plate
The complete model and results for this test case are in file sdls03.neu.
This test is a normal modes/eigenvalue analysis (three–dimensional problem) of a thin plate.
It provides the input data and results for benchmark test SDLS03/89 from “Guide de valida-
tion des progiciels de calcul de structures.”
Test Case Data and Information
Units
SI
Material Properties
Finite Element Modeling
• 150 linear quadrilateral plate elements
• 176 nodes
The mesh is shown in the following figure:
E 2.1x10
11
Pa =
ν 0.3 =
ρ 7800
kg
m
3
------- =
315
Boundary Conditions
• Constrain the Z translation of the nodes on all sides of the plate.
• Create a constraint set to define the Master (ASET) DOFs on nodes 47, 55, 119. Con-
strain these nodes in all directions except for the Z translation.
• no load case
The boundary conditions are shown in the following figure:
Solution Type
Normal Modes/Eigenvalue - SVI method
Results
Frequency Results:
Normal
Mode
Bench
Value
(Hz)
FEMAP Structural
(Hz)
Difference
4 35.63 35.21 1.18%
5 68.51 67.21 1.90%
6 109.62 108.96 0.60%
7 123.32 121.13 1.78%
8 142.51 138.30 2.95%
9 197.32 187.94 4.75%
316
Reference
• Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens, Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de
structures, (Paris, Afnor Technique,1990.) Test No. SDLS03/89.
Thin Ring Plate Clamped on a Hub
The complete model and results for this test case are in file sdls04.neu.
This test is a normal modes/eigenvalue analysis (three–dimensional problem) of an annular
thin plate. It provides the input data and results for benchmark test SDLS04/89 from “Guide
de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures.”
Test Case Data and Information
Units
SI
Material Properties
Finite Element Modeling
Mapped meshing
• 400 linear quadrilateral plate elements
• 440 nodes
The mesh is shown in the following figure:
E 2.1x10
11
Pa =
ν 0.3 =
ρ 7800
kg
m
3
------- =
318
Boundary Conditions
Constraints
• Fully constrain all the nodes on the inner ring as shown below.
Loads
• no load case
The boundary conditions are shown in the following figure:
Solution Type
Normal Modes/Eigenvalue – SVI
Results
Frequency Results:
Normal Mode
Bench Value
(Hz)
FEMAP Structural
(Hz)
Difference
1 79.26 79.41 0.19%
2, 3 81.09 81.05 0.05%
4, 5 89.63 89.64 0.01%
6, 7 112.79 113.45 0.58%
8, 9 not available 158.38
10, 11 not available 226.02
12, 13 not available 317.04
14, 15 not available 433.04
16, 17 not available 527.51
18 518.85 532.19 2.57%
319
Reference
• Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens, Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de
structures, (Paris, Afnor Technique,1990.) Test No. SDLS04/89.
19, 20 528.61 561.91 6.30%
21, 22 559.09 576.90 3.18%
23 609.70 612.63 0.48%
Vane of a Compressor - Clamped-
free Thin Shell
The complete model and results for this test case are in the following files:
• sdls05a.neu (linear quadrilateral, coarse mesh)
• slds05b.neu (linear quadrilateral, fine mesh)
This test is a normal modes/eigenvalue analysis (three–dimensional problem) of a cylindrical
thin shell. It provides the input data and results for benchmark test SDLS05/89 from “Guide
de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures.”
Test Case Data and Information
Units
SI
Material Properties
Finite Element Modeling - Coarse Mesh
Mapped meshing
• 100 linear quadrilateral plate elements
• 121 nodes
E 2.0685x10
11
Pa =
ν 0.3 =
ρ 7857.2
kg
m
3
------- =
321
The coarse mesh is shown in the following figure:
Finite Element Modeling - Fine Mesh
Mapped Meshing
• 225 linear quadrilateral plate elements
• 256 nodes
The fine mesh is shown in the following figure:
322
Boundary Conditions
Fully constrain the nodes on one side as shown in the following figure:
Solution Type
Normal Modes/Eigenvalue - SVI method
Results
Frequency Results:
Reference
Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens, Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de struc-
tures, (Paris, Afnor Technique,1990.) Test No. SDLS05/89.
Normal Mode
Bench
Value
(Hz)
FEMAP Structural
coarse mesh
(Hz)
FEMAP Structural
fine mesh
(Hz)
1 85.6 85.6 85.7
2 134.5 138.2 138.3
3 259.0 249.8 248.0
4 351.0 345.9 343.7
5 395.0 386.5 386.0
6 531.0 549.8 537.7
Bending of a Symmetric Truss
The complete model and results for this test case are in file sdlx01.neu.
This test is a normal modes/eigenvalue analysis (plane problem) of a straight cantilever beam
structure. It provides the input data and results for benchmark test SDLX01/89 from “Guide
de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures.”
Test Case Data and Information
Units
SI
Material Properties
Finite Element Modeling
• 24 bar elements
• 24 nodes
The mesh is shown in the following figure:
E 2.1x10
11
Pa =
ν 0.3 =
ρ 7800
kg
m
3
------- =
324
Boundary Conditions
Constraints
• Fully constrain nodes 1 and 4 in all translations and rotations.
• Constrain nodes 2-3 and 5-24 in the Z translation and X and Y rotations.
The boundary conditions are shown in the following figure:
Solution Type
Normal Modes/Eigenvalue – SVI
Results
Frequency Results:
Normal
Mode
Bench
Value
(Hz)
FEMAP Structural
(Hz)
Difference
1 8.8 8.8 0.00%
2 29.4 29.4 0.00%
3 43.8 43.8 0.00%
4 56.3 56.3 0.00%
5 96.2 96.2 0.00%
6 102.6 102.7 0.10%
7 147.1 147.4 0.20%
8 174.8 175.3 0.29%
9 178.8 179.3 0.28%
325
Reference
• Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens, Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de
structures, (Paris, Afnor Technique,1990.) Test No. SDLX01/89.
10 206.0 206.9 0.44%
11 266.4 268.1 0.64%
12 320.0 322.4 0.75%
13 335.0 338.7 1.10%
Hovgaard’s Problem - Pipes with
Flexible Elbows
The complete model and results for this test case are in file sdlx02.neu.
This test is a normal modes/eigenvalue analysis (three–dimensional problem) of a straight,
thin curved cantilever beam. It provides the input data and results for benchmark test
SDLX02/89 from “Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures.”
Test Case Data and Information
Material Properties
Units
SI
Finite Element Modeling
• 25 bar elements
• 26 nodes
The mesh is shown in the following figure:
E 1.658x
·
10
11
Pa =
ν 0.3 =
ρ 13404.106
kg
m
3
------- =
327
Boundary Conditions
• Fully constrain nodes 1 and 6 in all translations and rotations.
The boundary conditions are shown in the following figure:
Solution Type
Normal Modes/Eigenvalue - SVI
Results
Frequency Results:
Reference
• Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens, Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de
structures, (Paris, Afnor Technique,1990.) Test No. SDLX02/89.
Normal
Mode
Bench
Value
(Hz)
FEMAP Structural
(Hz)
Difference
1 10.18 10.40 2.16%
2 19.54 19.87 1.69%
3 25.47 25.36 0.43%
4 48.09 47.71 0.79%
5 52.86 51.80 2.01%
6 75.94 82.84 9.09%
7 80.11 85.20 6.35%
8 122.34 125.53 2.61%
9 123.15 127.64 3.65%
Rectangular Plates
The complete model and results for this test case are in file sdlx03.neu.
This test is a normal modes/eigenvalue analysis (three–dimensional problem) of a thin plate
with rigid body modes. It provides the input data and results for benchmark test SDLX03/89
from “Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures.”
Test Case Data and Information
Units
SI
Material Properties
Finite Element Modeling
• 300 linear quadrilateral plate elements
• 320 nodes
The mesh is shown in the following figure:
E 2.1x
·
10
11
Pa =
ν 0.3 =
ρ 7800
kg
m
3
------- =
329
Boundary Conditions
Constraints
• Constraint Set 1 (Kinematic DOF Set): Fully constrain nodes 2, 69, and 84 in all transla-
tions and rotations.
The boundary conditions are shown in the following figure:
Solution Type
Normal Modes/Eigenvalue - SVI
Results
Frequency Results:
Reference
• Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens, Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de
structures, (Paris, Afnor Technique,1990.) Test No. SDLX03/89.
Normal
Mode
Bench
Value
(Hz)
FEMAP Structural
(Hz)
Difference
7 584 586 0.34%
8 826 824 0.24%
9 855 854 0.11%
10 911 904 0.76%
11 1113 1072 3.68%
12 1136 1140 0.35%
Stationary Thermal Tests - Steady
State Heat Transfer Analysis
The stationary thermal test cases for steady-state heat transfer analysis from the Societe
Francaise des Mecaniciens include:
• "Hollow Cylinder - Fixed Temperatures"
• "Hollow Cylinder - Convection"
• "Cylindrical Rod - Flux Density"
• "Hollow Cylinder with Two Materials - Convection"
• "Wall - Fixed Temperatures"
• "Wall - Convection"
• "Hollow Sphere - Fixed Temperatures, Convection"
• "L-Plate"
• "Hollow Sphere with Two Materials -Convection"
Hollow Cylinder - Fixed Tempera-
tures
The complete model and results for this test case are in file htpla01.neu.
This test is a steady–state heat transfer analysis of a 2D axisymmetric cylinder with fixed tem-
peratures. It provides the input data and results for benchmark test TPLA01/89 from “Guide
de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures.”
Test Case Data and Information
Units
SI
Material Properties
Finite Element Modeling
Two tests:
• Test 1 - 5 linear quadrilateral axisymmetric solid elements
• Test 2 - 5 parabolic quadrilateral axisymmetric solid elements
The meshes are shown in the following figure:
Boundary Conditions
• One temperature set:
λ 1
W
m
-----°C =
332
Internal temperature
External temperature
Solution Type
Steady–State Heat Transfer
Ti 100°C =
Te 20°C =
333
Results
Temperature Results (0 degrees Celsius):
Total Heat Flux Results (W/m**2):
Reference
• Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens, Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de
structures, (Paris, Afnor Technique,1990.) Test No. TPLA01/89.
Radius(m)
Bench
Value
FEMAP
Structural 5
linear quads.
FEMAP Structural
5 parabolic quads.
0.30 100.00 100.00 100.00
0.31 82.98 82.98 82.98
0.32 66.51 66.51 66.51
0.33 50.54 50.54 50.54
0.34 35.04 35.04 35.04
0.35 20.00 20.00 20.00
Radius
(m)
Bench
Value
FEMAP
Structural
5 linear quads.
FEMAP
Structural
5 parabolic quads.
0.30 1729.91 1701.69 1701.70
0.31 1674.11 1674.68 1674.69
0.32 1621.79 1622.32 1622.32
0.33 1572.64 1573.13 1573.13
0.34 1526.39 1526.84 1526.83
0.35 1482.78 1504.39 1504.38
Hollow Cylinder - Convection
The complete model and results for this test case are in file htpla03.neu.
This test is a steady–state heat transfer analysis of a 2D axisymmetric cylinder with convec-
tion. It provides the input data and results for benchmark test TPLA03/89 from “Guide de val-
idation des progiciels de calcul de structures.”
Test Case Data and Information
Units
SI
Material Properties
Finite Element Modeling
Three tests:
• Test 1 - 10 linear axisymmetric quadrilateral solid elements
• Test 2 - 2 linear axisymmetric quadrilateral solid elements
• Test 3 - 2 parabolic axisymmetric quadrilateral solid elements
The meshes are shown in the following figure:
λ 40
W
m
-----°C =
335
Boundary Conditions
Elemental Convection
• Convection on internal surface (nodes 3, 14, 16):
• Convection on external surface (nodes 12, 15, 17):
Solution Type
Steady–State Heat Transfer
Results
Temperature
and
Element Total
Heat Flux
Bench
Value
FEMAP
Structural
10 linear quads.
FEMAP
Structural
2 linear quads.
FEMAP
Structural
2 parabolic
quads.
Ti (°C) 272.27 272.35 272.17 272.35
hi 150.0
W
m
2
-------°C =
Ti 500°C =
he 142.0
W
m
2
-------°C =
Ti 20°C =
336
So:
Reference
• Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens, Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de
structures, (Paris, Afnor Technique,1990.) Test No. TPLA03/89.
Te (°C) 205.05 204.51 204.66 204.51
34160.00 33637.10 31746.69 31792.7
26276.90 26508.40 27824.15 27853.8
ϕi
W
m
2
-------
 
 
ϕe
W
m
2
-------
 
 
ϕ
L
--- ϕ2πR =
ϕ
L
--- 34173.82 2 π 0.300 ⋅ ⋅ ⋅ 64416.13
W
m
----- = =
Cylindrical Rod - Flux Density
The complete model and results for this test case are in file htpla05.neu.
This test is a steady–state heat transfer analysis of a 2D axisymmetric rod with fixed tempera-
tures and flux density. It provides the input data and results for benchmark test TPLA05/89
from “Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures.”
Test Case Data and Information
Units
SI
Material Properties
Finite Element Modeling
• 20 linear quadrilateral axisymmetric solid elements
• 42 nodes
The mesh is shown in the following figure:
λ 33.33
W
m
-----°C =
338
Boundary Conditions
Nodal Temperatures
• z = 0 (nodes 1 and 3):
• z = 1 (nodes 2 and 4):
Elemental Heat Flux
• Cylindrical surface (elements 1-20):
The boundary conditions are shown in the following figure:
Solution Type
Steady–State Heat Transfer
Set temperature to 0°C
Set temperature to 500°C
Set flux ϕ to 200
W
m2
-------- –
339
Results
Temperature Results (degrees C):
Results are post–processed on the internal surface.
Reference
• Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens, Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de
structures, (Paris, Afnor Technique,1990.) Test No. TPLA05/89.
Node # z (m)
Bench
Value
FEMAP
Structural
Difference
Node 3 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.00%
Node 41 0.1 -4.00 -4.02 0.50%
Node 39 0.2 4.00 3.98 0.50%
Node 37 0.3 24.00 23.97 0.13%
Node 35 0.4 56.00 55.97 0.05%
Node 33 0.5 100.00 99.97 0.03%
Node 31 0.6 156.00 155.97 0.02%
Node 29 0.7 224.00 223.97 ~0.00%
Node 27 0.8 304.00 303.98 ~0.00%
Node 25 0.9 396.00 395.98 0.01%
Node 4 1.0 500.00 500.00 0.00%
Hollow Cylinder with Two Materials
- Convection
The complete model and results for this test case are in file htpla08.neu.
This test is a steady–state heat transfer analysis of a 2D axisymmetric cylinder with two mate-
rials and convection. It provides the input data and results for benchmark test TPLA08/89
from “Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures.”
Test Case Data and Information
Units
SI
Material Properties
• Material 1:
• Material 2:
Finite Element Modeling
• 7 linear quadrilateral axisymmetric solid elements
• 16 nodes
λ
1
40.0
W
m
-----°C =
λ
2
20.0
W
m
-----°C =
341
The mesh is shown in the following figure.
Boundary Conditions
Elemental Convection
• Convection on internal surface:
• Convection on external surface:
hi 150.0
W
m
2
-------°C =
Ti 70°C =
hi 200.0
W
m
2
-------°C =
Ti 15° – ( )C =
342
Solution Type
Steady–State Heat Transfer
Results
Node #
Temperature/
Element X Heat
Flux
Bench
Value
FEMAP
Structural
Difference
Node 9 Ti (°C) 25.42 25.42 0.00%
Node 14 Tm (°C) 17.69 17.69 0.00%
Node 16 Te (°C) 12.11 12.11 0.00%
Node 9 6687.44 6577.88 1.64%
Node 14 5732.09 5733.33 0.02%
Node 16 5422.25 5496.59 1.37%
ϕi
W
m
2
-------
 
 
ϕm
W
m
2
-------
 
 
ϕe
W
m
2
-------
 
 
ϕ
L
--- ϕ2πR =
343
So:
Reference
• Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens, Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de
structures, (Paris, Afnor Technique,1990.) Test No. TPLA08/89.
ϕ
L
--- 5733.33 2 π 0.35 ⋅ ⋅ ⋅ 12608.25
W
m
----- = =
Wall - Convection
The complete model and results for this test case are in file htpl03.neu.
This test is a steady–state heat transfer analysis of a 1D wall with fixed convection. It provides
the input data and results for benchmark test TPLL03/89 from “Guide de validation des
progiciels de calcul de structures.”
Test Case Data and Information
Units
SI
Material Properties
Finite Element Modeling
• 1 linear quadrilateral plate element
• 4 nodes
The plate element thickness is set to 1m.
The mesh is shown in the following figure:
λ 1.0
W
m
-----°C =
345
Boundary Conditions
Elemental Convection
• Convection on internal surface:
• Convection on external surface:
• Convection coefficient is defined as
energy / (length*time*temperature) in the current system of units.
The boundary conditions are shown in the following figure:
Solution Type
Steady–State Heat Transfer
hA 20.0
W
m
2
-------°C =
TA 20.0°C – =
hB 10.0
W
m
2
-------°C =
TB 500°C =
A
B
346
Results
Temperature Results (Degrees Celsius):
Reference
• Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens, Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de
structures, (Paris, Afnor Technique,1990.) Test No. TPLL03/89.
Node #
Temperature
Flux
Bench
Value
FEMAP
Structural
Difference
Node 1
(Temp)
TA (°C) 21.71 21.71 0.00%
Node 4
(Temp)
TB (°C) 416.58 416.57 ∼0.00%
Node 1
(Flux)
ϕ (W/m**2) 834.2 834.3 0.01%
Wall - Fixed Temperatures
The complete model and results for this test case are in file htpl01.neu.
This test is a steady–state heat transfer analysis of a 1D wall with fixed temperatures. It pro-
vides the input data and results for benchmark test TPLL01/89 from “Guide de validation des
progiciels de calcul de structures.”
Test Case Data and Information
The mesh is shown in the following figure:
Units
SI
Material Properties
Finite Element Modeling
• 5 beam (line 2) elements
• 6 nodes
λ 0.75
W
m
-----°C =
348
Boundary Conditions
Nodal Temperatures
• Internal temperature
• External temperature
The boundary conditions are shown in the following figure:
Solution Type
Steady–State Heat Transfer
Results
Temperature Results (Degrees Celsius):
Node #
Length:
x (m)
Bench
Value
FEMAP Structural Difference
Node 1 0.00 100.0 100.0 0.00%
Node 2 0.01 84.0 84.0 0.00%
Node 3 0.02 68.0 68.0 0.00%
Node 4 0.03 52.0 52.0 0.00%
Node 5 0.04 36.0 36.0 0.00%
Node 6 0.05 20.0 20.0 0.00%
Ti 100°C node 1 ( ) =
Te 20°C node 6 ( ) =
349
The flux calculated with the software is exact:
Reference
• Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens, Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de
structures, (Paris, Afnor Technique,1990.) Test No. TPLL01/89.
ϕ 1200

µ
2
------ =
L-Plate
The complete model and results for this test case are in the following files:
• htpp01a.neu (linear quadrilateral)
• htpp01b.neu (parabolic quadrilateral)
This test is a steady–state heat transfer analysis of a 2D L–plate with fixed temperatures. It
provides the input data and results for benchmark test TPLP01/89 from “Guide de validation
des progiciels de calcul de structures.”
Test Case Data and Information
Units
SI
Material Properties
Finite Element Modeling
Two tests:
• 21 nodes, 12 linear quadrilateral plate elements
• 53 nodes, 12 parabolic quadrilateral plate elements
The mesh is shown in the following figure:
λ 1.0
W
m
-----°C =
351
Boundary Conditions
Nodal Temperatures
• AF side:
• DE side:
The boundary conditions are shown in the following figure:
Solution Type
Steady–State Heat Transfer
Results
Temperature Results (Degrees Celsius):
Node Bench Values
FEMAP
Structural
linear quads.
%
Difference
FEMAP
Structural
parabolic
quads.
%
Difference
8 7.869 7.861 1.10 7.883 0.18
9 5.495 5.502 0.13 5.519 0.43
10 2.816 2.845 1.03 2.834 0.64
Set temperature to 10°C
Set temperature to 0°C
A B
C D
E F
352
Reference
• Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens, Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de
structures, (Paris, Afnor Technique,1990.) Test No. TPLP01/89.
19 8.018 8.026 0.10 8.015 0.04
18 5.680 5.669 0.19 5.666 0.25
20 2.881 2.959 2.71 2.877 0.14
17 8.514 8.505 0.11 8.519 0.06
6 6.667 6.667 0.00 6.667 0.00
16 2.972 2.990 0.61 2.963 0.30
21 9.001 9.015 0.16 9.108 1.20
15 8.640 8.661 0.24 8.669 0.34
14 9.316 9.294 0.24 9.283 0.35
5 9.009 8.996 0.14 8.961 0.53
Hollow Sphere - Fixed Tempera-
tures, Convection
The complete model and results for this test case are in file htpv02.neu.
This test is a steady–state heat transfer analysis of a 3D sphere with fixed temperatures and
convection. It provides the input data and results for benchmark test TPLV02/89 from “Guide
de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures.”
Test Case Data and Information
Units
SI
Material Properties
Finite Element Modeling
• 500 solid (brick and wedge) elements
• 666 nodes
The test is executed on 1/8 of a mapped meshed sphere.
The mesh is shown in the following figure:
λ 1.0
W
m
-----°C =
354
Boundary Conditions
Elemental Convection
• Convection on internal surface:
Nodal Temperature
• Set external surface temperature
The boundary conditions are shown in the following figure:
Solution Type
Steady–State Heat Transfer
hi 30
W
m
2
-------°C =
Ti 100°C(elements 401-500) =
Te to 20°C(nodes 1-111)
355
Results
Temperature results (Degrees C):
Element X Heat Flux results (W/m**2):
Reference
• Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens, Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de
structures, (Paris, Afnor Technique,1990.) Test No. TPLV02/89.
Radius
r (m)
Node #
Bench
Value
FEMAP
Structural
Difference
0.3 566 65.00 64.87 0.20%
0.31 455 54.84 54.74 0.18%
0.32 344 45.31 45.24 0.15%
0.33 233 36.36 36.32 0.11%
0.34 122 27.94 27.92 0.07%
0.35 11 20.00 20.00 0.00%
Radius
r (m)
Node #
Bench
Value
FEMAP
Structural
Difference
0.3 566 1050.00 1019.34 2.92%
0.31 455 983.35 987.57 0.43%
0.32 344 922.85 926.90 0.43%
0.33 233 867.47 871.65 0.48%
0.34 122 817.47 821.21 0.45%
0.35 11 771.43 797.11 3.32%
Hollow Sphere with Two Materials -
Convection
The complete model and results for this test case are in the following files:
• htpv04a.neu (linear brick)
• htpv04b.neu (parabolic tetrahedron)
• htpv04c.neu (axisymmetric solid)
This test is a steady–state heat transfer analysis of a 3D sphere with two materials and convec-
tion. It provides the input data and results for benchmark test TPLV04/89 from “Guide de val-
idation des progiciels de calcul de structures.”
Test Case Data and Information
Units
SI
Material Properties
• Material 1:
• Material 2:
Finite Element Modeling
Three tests:
λ
1
40.0
W
m
-----°C =
λ
2
20.0
W
m
-----°C =
357
• Test 1 - 888 nodes, 700 solid (brick and wedge) elements
• Test 2 - 3818 nodes, 2192 solid parabolic tetrahedron elements
• Test 3 - 23 nodes, 4 axisymmetric solid parabolic quadrilateral elements
The test is executed on 1/8 of a mapped meshed sphere.
358
Boundary Conditions
Elemental Convection
• Convection on internal surface:
• Convection on external surface:
The boundary conditions are shown in the following figure:
Solution Type
Steady–State Heat Transfer
hi 150.0
W
m
2
-------°C =
Ti 70°C =
he 200.0
W
m
2
-------°C =
Te 9° – ( )C =
359
Results
Temperature Results (Degrees Celsius):
Reference
• Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens, Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de
structures, (Paris, Afnor Technique,1990.) Test No. TPLV04/89.
Temperature
Bench
Value
FEMAP
Structural
linear brick
(htpv04a)
FEMAP
Structural
parabolic
tetrahedron
(htpv04b)
FEMAP
Structural
axisymmetric
solid
(htpv04c)
Ti (C°) 25.06 N1 25.03 N19 25.06 N2 25.01
Tm (C°) 17.84 N556 17.84 N9 17.84 N6 17.75
Te (C°) 13.16 N778 13.18 N5 13.15 N5 13.17
Thermo-mechanical Test - Linear
Statics Analysis
The stationary thermal-mechanical test cases for linear statics analysis from the Societe
Francaise des Mecaniciens include:
• "Thermal Gradient on a Thin Pipe"
Thermal Gradient on a Thin Pipe
The complete model and results for this test case are in file hsla01.neu.
This test is a thermo–mechanical linear statics analysis of a thin pipe with thermal gradient
and plane strain. It provides the input data and results for benchmark test HSLA01/89 from
“Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures.”
Test Case Data and Information
Units
SI
Material Properties
Finite Element Modeling
• 500 axisymmetric (linear quadrilateral solid) elements
• 561 nodes
The mesh is shown in the following figure:
E 1x
·
10
11
Pa =
ν 0.3 =
Coefficient of expansion: α 1x
10
5 –

----------- =
362
Boundary Conditions
Constraints
• Constrain nodes 1-11 in the X and Z translations.
Nodal Temperature
• Radial temperature
The boundary conditions are shown in the following figure:
Solution Type
Statics
T Ti
1 r Ri – ( ) – ( )
Re Ri – ( )
-------------------------------- with Ti=100°C ⋅ =
363
Results
Post Processing
Point Stress
Bench
Value
FEMAP
Structural
Difference
r = Ri 0 -0.85E6
-74.07E6 -74.20E6 0.18%
r=(Re+Ri)/2 -3.95E6 -3.89E6 1.52%
1.306E6 1.40E6 1.22%
r=Re 0 -0.65E6
68.78E6 68.53E6 0.36%
Value
Definition
= the axisymmetric C1 radial stress at node 265
= the axisymmetric C4 Azimuth stress at node 265
=the axisymmetric C1 radial stress at node 270
=the axisymmetric C1 Azimuth stress at node 270
= the axisymmetric C1 radial stress at node 275
σ
r
Pa ( )
σ
θ
Pa ( )
σ
r
Pa ( )
σ
θ
Pa ( )
σ
r
Pa ( )
σ
θ
Pa ( )
σ
r
σ
θ
σ
r
σ
θ
σ
r
364
Reference
• Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens, Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de
structures, (Paris, Afnor Technique,1990.) Test No. HSLA01/89.
= the axisymmetric C2 Azimuth stress at node 275
Value
Definition
σ
θ
365
Index
A
Annular membrane 152
Annular plate 117, 140, 171, 182
Anti-symmetric modes 108
Articulated plane truss 203
Articulated rod truss 201
Articulated supports 192
Axial distributed load 6
Axial loading 291
Axisymmetric solid elements 165, 168,
255, 268, 331, 334, 337, 340
Axisymmetric vibration 165, 171
B
Bar elements 76, 78, 83, 92, 95, 98, 101,
192, 194, 196, 199, 203, 206, 288, 291,
297, 300, 303, 307, 323, 326
Beam 4, 6, 9, 12, 15, 18, 95, 101, 174,
186, 192, 194, 206, 288, 294, 307
Beam elements 294, 347
Bending 27, 196, 199, 274, 323
Bending load 210
C
Cantilever 92
Cantilever beam 4, 9, 12, 76, 101, 294,
307
Cantilever mass 78
Cantilevered plate 105
Cantilevered solid beam 186
Cantilevered square membrane 144
Cantilevered tapered membrane 148
Cantilevered thin square plate 124, 156,
161
Circular hole 212
Circular plate 215
Circular ring 98
Clamped beams 194
Clamped thick rhombic plate 136
Clamped thin rhombic plate 121
Clamped-free thin shell 320
Compressor 320
Convection 334, 340, 344, 353, 356
Curved beam elements 196
Curved pipe 196
Cylindrical rod 337
Cylindrical shell 39, 42, 221
D
Deep simply-supported beam 95
Deep simply-supported solid beam 174
Displacement 15
Distorted mesh 124
Distributed loads 9, 18
E
Elastic foundation 206
Elliptic membrane 34
F
Fixed temperatures 331, 347, 353
Flux density 337
Free annular membrane 152
Free cylinder 165
G
Gravity loading 232
H
Heated beam 15
Hemisphere point loads 44
Hollow cylinder 331, 334, 340
Hollow sphere 353, 356
Hovgaard’s Problem 326
hsla01.neu 361
htpl01.neu 347
htpl03.neu 344
htpla01.neu 331
htpla03.neu 334
htpla05.neu 337
htpla08.neu 340
htpp01a.neu 350
366
htpp01b.neu 350
htpv02.neu 353
htpv04a.neu 356
htpv04b.neu 356
htpv04c.neu 356
Hydrostatic pressure 229
I
Infinite plate 212
In-plane vibrations 83, 98
Internal pressure 221, 261, 268
K
Kirchhoff formulation 251
L
le1001.neu 53
le1002.neu 53
le1003.neu 53
le101.neu 34
le102.neu 34
le103.neu 34
le1101a.neu 58
le1101b.neu 58
le1102a.neu 58
le1102b.neu 58
le1103a.neu 58
le1103b.neu 58
le1104a.neu 58
le1104b.neu 58
le1105a.neu 58
le1105b.neu 58
le1106a.neu 58
le1106b.neu 58
le201a.neu 39, 42
le201b.neu 39, 42
le202a.neu 39, 42
le202b.neu 39, 42
le301.neu 44
le302.neu 44
le303.neu 44
le304.neu 44
le501.neu 47
le502.neu 47
le601.neu 49
le602.neu 49
Linear beam 6, 18
Linear Statics 4, 6, 9, 12, 15, 18, 21, 24,
27, 30, 34, 39, 42, 44, 49, 53, 58, 192,
194, 196, 199, 201, 203, 210, 212, 215,
218, 221, 225, 229, 232, 236, 239, 242,
247, 251, 261, 268, 274, 361
L-Plate 350
Lumped mass 285, 307
M
Mass elements 65, 68, 71, 78, 285, 307
Membrane 21
Membrane loads 21
Mindlin formulation 251
Moment load 12
mstv1001.neu 4
mstv1002.neu 6
mstv1003.neu 9
mstv1004.neu 12
mstv1007.neu 15
mstv1008.neu 18
mstv1009.neu 21
mstv1014.neu 24
mstv1015.neu 27
mstv1016.neu 30
mstvn002.neu 65
mstvn003.neu 68
mstvn004.neu 71
mstvn005.neu 73
mstvn006.neu 76
mstvn007.neu 78
N
Natural frequency 78
ne014ll.neu 117
nf001ac.neu 83
nf002ac.neu 86
367
nf003ac.neu 89
nf004a.neu 92
nf005ac.neu 95
nf006ac.neu 98
nf011alc.neu 105
nf011all.neu 105
nf011apc.neu 105
nf011apl.neu 105
nf011blc.neu 108
nf011bll.neu 108
nf011bpc.neu 108
nf011bpl.neu 108
nf0121c.neu 111
nf012ll.neu 111
nf012pc.neu 111
nf012pl.neu 111
nf013lc.neu 114
nf013ll.neu 114
nf013pc.neu 114
nf013pl.neu 114
nf014lc.neu 117
nf014pc.neu 117
nf014pl.neu 117
nf015lc.neu 121
nf015ll.neu 121
nf015pc.neu 121
nf015pl.neu 121
nf021alc.neu 129
nf021all.neu 129
nf021apc.neu 129
nf021apl.neu 129
nf021blc.neu 133
nf021bll.neu 133
nf021bpc.neu 133
nf021bpl.neu 133
nf0221c.neu 136
nf022ll.neu 136
nf022pc.neu 136
nf022pl.neu 136
nf023lc.neu 140
nf023ll.neu 140
nf023pc.neu 140
nf023pl.neu 140
nf031ll.neu 144
nf031llc.neu 144
nf031pc.neu 144
nf031pl.neu 144
nf032lc.neu 148
nf032ll.neu 148
nf032pc.neu 148
nf032pl.neu 148
nf033lc.neu 152
nf033ll.neu 152
nf033pc.neu 152
nf033pl.neu 152
nf041lc.neu 165
nf041ll.neu 165
nf041pc.neu 165
nf041pl.neu 165
nf042lc.neu 168
nf042ll.neu 168
nf042pc.neu 168
nf042pl.neu 168
nf043lc.neu 171
nf043ll.neu 171
nf043pc.neu 171
nf043pl.neu 171
nf051lc.neu 174
nf051ll.neu 174
nf051pc.neu 174
nf051pl.neu 174
nf052lc.neu 178
nf052ll.neu 178
nf052pc.neu 178
nf052pl.neu 178
nf053lc.neu 182
nf053ll.neu 182
nf053pc.neu 182
368
nf053pl.neu 182
nf071a.neu 101
nf071b.neu 101
nf071c.neu 101
nf072ac.neu 186
nf072al.neu 186
nf072bc.neu 186
nf072bl.neu 186
nf073ac.neu 156
nf073al.neu 156
nf073bc.neu 156
nf073bl.neu 156
nf073cc.neu 156
nf073cl.neu 156
nf073dc.neu 156
nf073dl.neu 156
nf074c.neu 161
nf074l.neu 161
Nodal loads 4, 201
Normal Modes/Eigenvalue 65, 68, 71,
76, 78, 83, 92, 95, 98, 101, 105, 108,
114, 117, 121, 124, 129, 133, 136, 140,
144, 148, 152, 156, 161, 165, 168, 171,
174, 178, 182, 186, 285, 291, 294, 297,
300, 303, 307, 311, 314, 317, 320, 323,
326, 328
O
Off-center point masses 92
Out-of-plane vibration 98
P
Patch test 39, 42
Pinched cylindrical shell 236
Pin-ended cross 83
Pipes 326
Plane bending 199, 210
Plane strain elements 34
Plane truss 203
Plate elements 34, 39, 42, 44, 49, 105,
108, 114, 117, 121, 124, 129, 133, 136,
140, 148, 152, 156, 161, 210, 212, 215,
218, 221, 225, 229, 232, 236, 239, 242,
247, 251, 279, 311, 314, 317, 320, 328,
344, 350
plate elements 144
Pressure 53, 221, 229, 268
Prismatic rod 274
Pure bending 27, 274
Pure tension 24, 255
R
Rectangular plates 328
Rhombic plate 121, 136
Rhomboid plate 247
Rigid elements 65, 194
Rod elements 201
S
sdld02.neu 285
sdll014a.neu 303
sdll014b.neu 303
sdll014c.neu 303
sdll01a.neu 288
sdll01b.neu 288
sdll05a.neu 291
sdll05b.neu 291
sdll09a.neu 294
sdll11.neu 297
sdll12.neu 300
sdll15a.neu 307
sdll15b.neu 307
sdls01a.neu 311
sdls01b.neu 311
sdls03.neu 314
sdls04.neu 317
sdls05a.neu 320
sdls05b.neu 320
sdlx01.neu 323
sdlx02.neu 326
sdlx03.neu 328
Shear loading 251
369
Short beam 192, 288
Simply-supported annular plate 117, 171
Simply-supported rectangular plate 242,
314
Simply-supported rhomboid plate 247
Simply-supported solid annular plate
182
Simply-supported solid square plate 178
Simply-supported thick annular plate
140
Simply-supported thick square plate 133
Simply-supported thin square plate 114
Single DOF 65
Skew plate normal pressure 49
Solid cylinder 58, 255
Solid elements 53, 58, 174, 178, 182,
186, 255, 268, 274, 279, 353, 356, 361
Solid sphere 58
Solid square plate 178
Solid taper 58
Spherical shell 239
Spring elements 65, 68, 71, 206, 285
Square tube 218
ssll02.neu 192
ssll05.neu 194
ssll07a.neu 196
ssll07b.neu 196
ssll08.neu 199
ssll11.neu 201
ssll14a.neu 203
ssll14b.neu 203
ssll16.neu 206
sslp01.neu 210
sslp02.neu 212
ssls03a.neu 215
ssls03b.neu 215
ssls05.neu 218
ssls06a.neu 221
ssls06b.neu 221
ssls07a.neu 225
ssls07b.neu 225
ssls08.neu 229
ssls09.neu 232
ssls20a.neu 236
ssls20b.neu 236
ssls21a.neu 239
ssls21b.neu 239
ssls21c.neu 239
ssls24a.neu 242
ssls24b.neu 242
ssls24c.neu 242
ssls25a.neu 247
ssls25b.neu 247
ssls27a.neu 251
ssls27b.neu 251
ssls27c.neu 251
sslv01a.neu 255
sslv01b.neu 255
sslv01c.neu 255
sslv01d.neu 255
sslv03a.neu 261
sslv03b.neu 261
sslv03c.neu 261
sslv03d.neu 261
sslv04a.neu 268
sslv04b.neu 268
sslv04c.neu 268
sslv04d.neu 268
sslv08a.neu 274
sslv08b.neu 274
sslv08c.neu 274
sslv08d.neu 274
sslv09a10.neu 279
sslv09a100.neu 279
sslv09a20.neu 279
sslv09a50.neu 279
sslv09a75.neu 279
sslv09b10.neu 279
370
sslv09b100.neu 279
sslv09b20.neu 279
sslv09b50.neu 279
sslv09b75.neu 279
Steady-State Heat Transfer 331, 334,
337, 340, 344, 347, 350, 353, 356
Strain energy 30
Stress 15
Symmetric modes 105
Symmetric truss 323
T
Tapered beam elements 294
Tapered membrane 148
Temperatures 58, 331, 347, 353
Tension 24
Thermal gradient 361
Thermal strain 15
Thick annular plate 140
Thick hollow sphere 168
Thick plate 279
Thick plate pressure 53
Thick square plate 129, 133
Thick-walled infinite cylinder 268
Thick-walled spherical container 261
Thin arc 199
Thin circular ring 297, 300
Thin pipe 361
Thin pipe elbow 303
Thin ring plate 317
Thin shell 320
Thin shell beam wall 27
Thin square cantilevered plate 105, 108
Thin square plate 124, 156, 161, 311
Thin wall cylinder 24, 225, 229, 232
Three DOF 71
Torque loading 218
Torsional system 71
Transverse bending 196
Truss 30
Two DOF 68
U
Undamped free vibration 65, 68
Undamped free vibrations 76
Uniform axial load 225
Uniform radial vibration 168
Uniformly distributed load 215, 242,
247
V
Vibrations 65, 68, 76, 83, 98, 165, 168,
171, 303
W
Wall 344, 347

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Conventions This manual uses different fonts to highlight command names or input that you must type. a:setup
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Throughout this manual, you will see references to Windows. Windows refers to Microsoft® Windows NT, Windows 2000, Windows 95, Windows 98, Windows Me, or Windows XP. You will need one of these operating environments to run FEMAP for the PC. This manual assumes that you are familiar with the general use of the operating environment. If you are not, you can refer to the Windows User’s Guide for additional assistance. Similarly, throughout the manual all references to FEMAP, refer to the latest version of our software.

Table of Contents
Proprietary and Restricted Rights Notice Overview Linear Statics Verification Using Theoretical Solutions
Nodal Loads on a Cantilever Beam ....................................................................................4 Axial Distributed Load on a Linear Beam ..........................................................................6 Distributed Loads on a Cantilever Beam ............................................................................9 Moment Load on a Cantilever Beam ................................................................................12 Thermal Strain, Displacement, and Stress on Heated Beam ............................................15 Uniformly Distributed Load on Linear Beam ..................................................................18 Membrane Loads on a Plate .............................................................................................21 Thin Wall Cylinder in Pure Tension .................................................................................24 Thin Shell Beam Wall in Pure Bending ...........................................................................27 Strain Energy of a Truss ...................................................................................................30

Linear Statics Verification Using Standard NAFEMS Benchmarks
Elliptic Membrane ............................................................................................................34 Cylindrical Shell Patch Test .............................................................................................39 Laminate Strip ..................................................................................................................42 Hemisphere-Point Loads ..................................................................................................44 Z–Section Cantilever ........................................................................................................47 Skew Plate Normal Pressure .............................................................................................49 Thick Plate Pressure .........................................................................................................53 Solid Cylinder/Taper/Sphere–Temperature ......................................................................58

Normal Modes/Eigenvalue Verification Using Theoretical Solutions
Undamped Free Vibration - Single Degree of Freedom ...................................................65 Two Degrees of Freedom Undamped Free Vibration - Principle Modes .........................68 Three Degrees of Freedom Torsional System ..................................................................71 Two Degrees of Freedom Vehicle Suspension System ....................................................73 Cantilever Beam Undamped Free Vibrations ...................................................................76 Natural Frequency of a Cantilevered Mass ......................................................................78

Normal Modes/Eigenvalue Verification Using Standard NAFEMS Benchmarks
Bar Element Test Cases ....................................................................................................82 Pin-ended Cross - In-plane Vibration ........................................................................83 Pin-ended Double Cross - In-plane Vibration ...........................................................86 Free Square Frame - In-plane Vibration ....................................................................89

72&
Cantilever with Off-Center Point Masses ................................................................. 92 Deep Simply-Supported Beam .................................................................................. 95 Circular Ring - In-plane and Out-of-plane Vibration ................................................ 98 Cantilevered Beam .................................................................................................. 101 Plate Element Test Cases ................................................................................................ 104 Thin Square Cantilevered Plate -Symmetric Modes ............................................... 105 Thin Square Cantilevered Plate - Anti-symmetric Modes ...................................... 108 Free Thin Square Plate ............................................................................................ 111 Simply-Supported Thin Square Plate ...................................................................... 114 Simply-Supported Thin Annular Plate .................................................................... 117 Clamped Thin Rhombic Plate ................................................................................. 121 Cantilevered Thin Square Plate with Distorted Mesh ............................................. 124 Simply-Supported Thick Square Plate, Test A ....................................................... 129 Simply-Supported Thick Square Plate, Test B ........................................................ 133 Clamped Thick Rhombic Plate ............................................................................... 136 Simply-Supported Thick Annular Plate .................................................................. 140 Cantilevered Square Membrane .............................................................................. 144 Cantilevered Tapered Membrane ............................................................................ 148 Free Annular Membrane ......................................................................................... 152 Cantilevered Thin Square Plate ............................................................................... 156 Cantilevered Thin Square Plate #2 .......................................................................... 161 Axisymmetric Solid and Solid Element Test Cases ....................................................... 164 Free Cylinder - Axisymmetric Vibration ................................................................ 165 Thick Hollow Sphere - Uniform Radial Vibration .................................................. 168 Simply-Supported Annular Plate -Axisymmetric Vibration ................................... 171 Deep Simply-Supported Solid Beam ...................................................................... 174 Simply-Supported Solid Square Plate ..................................................................... 178 Simply-Supported Solid Annular Plate ................................................................... 182 Cantilevered Solid Beam ......................................................................................... 186

Verification Test Cases from the Societe Francaise des Mechaniciens
Mechanical Structures - Linear Statics Analysis with Bar or Rod Elements ................. 191 Short Beam on Two Articulated Supports .............................................................. 192 Clamped Beams Linked by a Rigid Element .......................................................... 194 Transverse Bending of a Curved Pipe ..................................................................... 196 Plane Bending Load on a Thin Arc ......................................................................... 199 Nodal Load on an Articulated Rod Truss ................................................................ 201 Articulated Plane Truss ........................................................................................... 203 Beam on an Elastic Foundation ............................................................................... 206 Mechanical Structures - Linear Statics Analysis with Plate Elements ........................... 209 Plane Shear and Bending Load on a Plate ............................................................... 210 Infinite Plate with a Circular Hole .......................................................................... 212 Uniformly Distributed Load on a Circular Plate ..................................................... 215 Torque Loading on a Square Tube .......................................................................... 218 Cylindrical Shell with Internal Pressure .................................................................. 221

72& 
Uniform Axial Load on a Thin Wall Cylinder ........................................................225 Hydrostatic Pressure on a Thin Wall Cylinder ........................................................229 Gravity Loading on a Thin Wall Cylinder ..............................................................232 Pinched Cylindrical Shell ........................................................................................236 Spherical Shell with a Hole .....................................................................................239 Uniformly Distributed Load on a Simply-Supported Rectangular Plate .................242 Uniformly Distributed Load on a Simply-Supported Rhomboid Plate ...................247 Shear Loading on a Plate .........................................................................................251 Mechanical Structures - Linear Statics Analysis with Solid Elements ...........................254 Solid Cylinder in Pure Tension ...............................................................................255 Internal Pressure on a Thick-Walled Spherical Container ......................................261 Internal Pressure on a Thick-Walled Infinite Cylinder ...........................................268 Prismatic Rod in Pure Bending ...............................................................................274 Thick Plate Clamped at Edges .................................................................................279 Mechanical Structures - Normal Modes/Eigenvalue Analysis .......................................284 Lumped Mass-Spring System ..................................................................................285 Short Beam on Simple Supports ..............................................................................288 Axial Loading on a Rod ..........................................................................................291 Cantilever Beam with a Variable Rectangular Section ...........................................294 Thin Circular Ring ...................................................................................................297 Thin Circular Ring Clamped at Two Points ............................................................300 Vibration Modes of a Thin Pipe Elbow ...................................................................303 Cantilever Beam with Eccentric Lumped Mass ......................................................307 Thin Square Plate (Clamped or Free) ......................................................................311 Simply-Supported Rectangular Plate ......................................................................314 Thin Ring Plate Clamped on a Hub .........................................................................317 Vane of a Compressor - Clamped-free Thin Shell ..................................................320 Bending of a Symmetric Truss ................................................................................323 Hovgaard’s Problem - Pipes with Flexible Elbows .................................................326 Rectangular Plates ...................................................................................................328 Stationary Thermal Tests - Steady State Heat Transfer Analysis ...................................330 Hollow Cylinder - Fixed Temperatures ...................................................................331 Hollow Cylinder - Convection ................................................................................334 Cylindrical Rod - Flux Density ...............................................................................337 Hollow Cylinder with Two Materials - Convection ................................................340 Wall - Convection ....................................................................................................344 Wall - Fixed Temperatures ......................................................................................347 L-Plate .....................................................................................................................350 Hollow Sphere - Fixed Temperatures, Convection .................................................353 Hollow Sphere with Two Materials -Convection ....................................................356 Thermo-mechanical Test - Linear Statics Analysis ........................................................360 Thermal Gradient on a Thin Pipe ............................................................................361 Index ...............................................................................................................................365

Overview
This guide contains verification test cases for the FEMAP Structural solver. These test cases verify the function of the different FEMAP Structural analysis types using theoretical and benchmark solutions from well–known engineering test cases. Each test case contains test case data and information, such as element type and material properties, results, and references. The guide contains test cases for: • • • • • Linear Statics verification using theoretical solutions Linear Statics verification using standard NAFEMS benchmarks Normal Modes/Eigenvalue verification using theoretical solutions Normal Modes/Eigenvalue verification using standard NAFEMS benchmarks Verification Test Cases from the Societe Francaise des Mechaniciens

physical and material properties .units .boundary conditions (loads. This overview provides information on the following: • • • understanding the test case format understanding comparisons with theoretical solutions references Understanding the Test Case Format Each test case is structured with the following information: • test case data and information . The theoretical solutions shown in these examples are from well–known engineering texts. The test cases are relatively simple in form and most of them have closed–form theoretical solutions. All theoretical reference texts are listed at the end of this topic. For each test case. If you remesh a model. The node numbers listed in each case refer to the node numbers in the neutral (. your node numbering may differ.Linear Statics Verification Using Theoretical Solutions The purpose of these linear statics test cases is to verify the function of the FEMAP Structural Statics Analysis software using theoretical solutions. constraints) • • results references (text from which a closed–form or theoretical solution was taken) Note: . or rebuild that model from scratch.element type . The verification tests provided are not exhaustive in exploring all possible problems. The finite element method is very flexible in the types of physical problems represented.solution type . a specific reference is cited. but represent common types of applications.finite element modeling (modeling procedure or hints) . .neu) files associated with this guide.

Linear Statics Analysis Verification Using NAFEMS Standard Benchmarks. (1959. O.) 2. Other results available from the analyses are not reported here. and Mitchel L. U. References The following references have been used in the Linear Statics Analysis verification problems presented: 1. R. test cases from NAFEMS (National Agency for Finite Element Methods and Standards. Harris. 1975. in most cases. S. Roark. Shigley. 1992. that do not exist in the real world. The closed–form theoretical solution may have restrictions. C. J. Mechanical Engineering Design. This variation is due to different methods of performing real numerical arithmetic on different systems. Introduction to Stress Analysis.. Inc.. it is due to changes in element formulations which SDRC has made to improve results under certain circumstances.K. These limiting restrictions are not necessary for the finite element model. In addition.) . but are used for comparison purposes. 4th Edition. In addition to these example problems. Results reported here are results which you can compare to the referenced theoretical solution.. and Young.. The actual results from the FEMAP Structural software may vary insignificantly from the results presented in this document. Results for these test cases can be found in the next section. Formulas for Stress and Strain. Verification to real world problems is more difficult but should be done when possible. Elementary Theory and Problems. some tests would require an infinite number of elements to achieve the exact solution. Elements are chosen to achieve reasonable engineering accuracy with reasonable computing times.) 4. Beer and Johnston. 1955. (New York: McGraw–Hill Book Company. National Engineering Laboratory. Results for both theoretical and finite element solutions are carried out with the same significant digits of accuracy. W. Mechanics of Materials. Strength of Materials.. Understanding Comparisons with Theoretical Solutions While differences in finite element and theoretical results are.) have been executed. Timoshenko. negligible.) 5.) 3. 5th Edition. Glasgow. (New York: McGraw–Hill. (New York: McGraw–Hill Book Company. such as rigid connections. (New YorK: Van Norstrand Reinhold Company. 1983. Part I.

Determine the stress at the end of the beam.neu. Determine the deflection of a beam at the free end. Test Case Data and Information Element Types bar Units Inch Model Geometry Length=480 in Cross Sectional Properties • • Area = 30 x 30 in Iy =Iz = 67500 in4 Material Properties • E = 30 E+06 psi Finite Element Modeling • • 5 nodes 4 successive bar elements along the X axis .Nodal Loads on a Cantilever Beam The complete model and results for this test case are in file mstvl001.

 Boundary Conditions Constraints Constrain the left end (node 1) of the beam in all six degrees. Mechanics of Materials. in the negative Y direction.3 0% T2 Translation (Node 5) 0. . 716. Solution Type Statics Results Beam End A1 Z Shear Force Stress (Node 1) Bench Value FEMAP Structural Difference 5333.30% Reference • Beer and Johnston..91022 0.913 0.) p. Inc.000 lb. Loads Set nodal force to 50. (New York: McGraw–Hill.3 5333. 1992.

75 in4 Material Properties E = 30E+6 psi Finite Element Modeling • 31 nodes . elongation.Axial Distributed Load on a Linear Beam The complete model and results for this test case are in file mstvl002. Determine the stress.neu. and constraint force due to an axial loading along a linear beam. Test Case Data and Information Element Type bar Units Inch Model Geometry Length = 300 in Cross Sectional Properties • • • Area = 9 in2 square cross section (3 in x 3 in) I = 6.

Loads Set the axial distributed load (force per unit length) to 1000lb/in for the 10–inch long element (element 30) furthest from the constrained end. Solution Type Statics . Boundary Conditions Constraints Constrain one end of the beam (node 1) in all translations and rotations. • 30 bar elements along the X axis. each 10 inches long.

1 1111. (New York: McGraw–Hill.000 0 Reference • Beer and Johnston. Results Beam End A1 Axial Stress (Node 1) Bench value FEMAP Structural Difference 1111.1 0 T1 Translation (Node 2) 0. Mechanics of Materials.0109258 1.6% T1 Constraint Force (Node 1) -10.0111111 0. 1992.) p. . Inc.000 -10.. 76.

Determine the stress at the midpoint of the beam and the reaction force at the restrained end.Distributed Loads on a Cantilever Beam The complete model and results for this test case are in file mstvl003. Test Case Data and Information Element Type bar Units Inch Model Geometry • Length = 480 in Cross Sectional Properties • • • Area = 900 in2 square cross section (30 in x 30 in) Iy = Iz = 67500 in4 Material Properties E = 30 E+06 psi Finite Element Modeling • 9 nodes .neu. Determine the deflection of a beam at the free end.

Loads Define a distributed load on the elements of 250 lb/in in the negative Y direction.000 120.0% Total Translation (node 5) 0.43% Total Constraint Force (lb) 120. Solution Type Statics Results Beam End A1Z Bend Stress (node 1) Bench Value FEMAP Structural Difference 6.0 6.0 0.8225* 0.400.400. • 8 successive bar elements along the X axis Boundary Conditions Constraints Constrain the left end of the beam (node 1) in all translations and rotations.000 0 .8190 0.

. Reference • Beer and Johnston. * Includes shear deformation which is neglected in theoretical value. 716. (New York: McGraw–Hill. Mechanics of Materials..) p. Inc. 1992.

Moment Load on a Cantilever Beam The complete model and results for this test case are in file mstvl004.neu. Test Case Data and Information Element Type bar Units Inch Model Geometry Length = 480 in Cross Sectional Properties • • • Area = 900 in2 square cross section (30 in x 30 in) Iy = Iz = 67500 in4 Material Properties E = 30 E+06 psi Finite Element Modeling • 9 nodes . Determine the bending stress of the beam and the reaction force at the restrained end. Determine the deflection of a beam at the free end.

 • 8 successive bar elements along the X axis. Loads Set the Z–moment of the end node (node 5) to 2. Solution Type Statics . Boundary Conditions Constraints Constrain the left end of the beam (node 1) in all translations and rotations.5e+6 in–lb.

 Results Beam End A1 Z Bend Total Translation (in) Stress (psi) (node 5) (node 1) Bench Value FEMAP Structural Difference 555.1422 0 Total Constraint Moment (lb.. (New York: McGraw–Hill Inc.5E+06 2. .6 0 0.5E+06 0 Reference • Beer and Johnston. 716.6 555.) (node 1) 2. 1992.1422 0. Mechanics of Materials.) p.

Determine the displacement and thermal strain on a cantilever beam. A beam originally 1 meter long and at -50° C is heated to 25° C.3 Finite Element Modeling • 11 nodes .2E-05 m/(m-C) v = 0. In both cases. In case 1.meter Model Geometry Length = 1 m Cross Sectional Properties Area = 0.068E+11 PA Coeff. of thermal expansion = 1.01 m2 Material Properties • • • E = 2. constraint forces. and stresses along the beam. fix the beam at the free end.neu. and Stress on Heated Beam The complete model and results for this test case are in file mstvl007.Thermal Strain. determine the displacement. In case 2. Test Case Data and Information Element Type bar Units SI . fix the beam at both ends. Displacement.

Set the reference temperature to -50°C. Case 2: Constrain the nodes on both ends (nodes 1 and 11) of the beam in all translations and rotations. Boundary Conditions Constraints • • Case 1: Constrain the node on one end (node 1) of the beam in all translations and rotations. • 10 bar elements on the X axis. Solution Type Statics . Loads Set the temperature on all nodes to 25°C.

86+06 1. 65.86E+08 0 Total Translation (m) Bench Value FEMAP Structural Difference 0 0 0 Reference • Beer and Johnston.. Results Case: One Fixed End Total Translation (Node 11) (m) Bench Value FEMAP Structural Difference 9E-04 9E-04 0 Beam End A1 Axial Strain 9E-04 9E-04 0 Case: Both Ends Fixed Total Constraint Force(N) (node 1) 1. 1992. (New York: McGraw–Hill. Inc.) p.86+06 0 Beam End A1 Axial Stress (Pa) –1.86E+08 –1. Mechanics of Materials. .

Determine the beam end torque stress and the deflection at the middle of the beam.24 in) Iz = 7892 in4 Material Properties • E = 30E6 psi Finite Element Modeling • 5 nodes . Test Case Data and Information Element Type bar Units Inch Model Geometry Length = 480 in Cross Sectional Properties • • Rectangular cross section (1. A beam 40 feet long is restrained and loaded with a distributed load of –833 lb.neu.Uniformly Distributed Load on Linear Beam The complete model and results for this test case are in file mstvl008.17 in x 43.

Loads Define a distributed load (force per unit length) of -833 lb. Do not constrain rotation about Z. • 4 successive bar elements that are each 10 feet long Boundary Conditions Constraints Constrain nodes 2 and 4 in five degrees of freedom. (global negative Y direction) on the elements 1 and 4. Solution Type Statics .

1955. S. 98. Results Total Translation (in) (node 3) Bench Value FEMAP Structural Difference 0.182 0 Beam End A1 Z Bend Stress (psi) (node 3) 16. .. Elementary Theory and Problems.) p. Part I. Strength of Materials.182 0.439 16.439 0 Reference • Timoshenko. (New York: Van Norstrand Reinhold Company.

neu./in F(z)/l = 15.000 lb. Determine the change in the length of diameter AB and of diameter CD. Forces acting in the plane of the plate cause normal stresses.000 lb. A circle is scribed on an unstressed aluminum plate./in .Membrane Loads on a Plate The complete model and results for this test case are in file mstvl009. Test Case Data and Information Element Types plate Units Inch Model Geometry • • • Length = 15 in Diameter = 9 in Thickness = 3/4 in Material Properties • • • • E = 10 E+06 psi Poisson’s ratio = 1/3 F(x)/l = 9.

Boundary Conditions Constraints Constrain nodes along adjacent sides of the plate to allow only translation along the corresponding axis. Loads Set the elemental edge load to 9. Nodes 2-6: Constrain in the Y and Z translations and the X and Z rotations. Then multiply the answer by 2 for correct results. Finite Element Modeling Create 1/4 of the model and apply symmetry boundary conditions.000 lb. • • • Node 1: Fully constrain in all translations and rotation. 19. 25./in in the X direction and 15. 31: Constrain in the X and Y translations and the X and Z rotations.000 lb/in in the Z direction. Nodes 12. Remember to account for the ratio of the circle diameter to plate length. . 13.

) p.4E-03 14.0048) x2 = . . 1992.0048 (T3 translation at node 7 . Solution Type Statics Results T1 Translation (in) Bench Value FEMAP Structural Difference 4.8E-03 0 T3 Translation (in) 14. Inc. 85.4E-03 0 Post Processing • • (T1 translation at node 7 .012-. Mechanics of Materials.T1 translation at node 10) x2 = (.0016) x2 = . (New York: McGraw–Hill..8E-03 4.004-.T3 translation at node 24) x2 = (.0144 Reference • Beer and Johnston.

.0 in Material Properties • • E = 10000 psi v = 0.neu.Thin Wall Cylinder in Pure Tension The complete model and results for this test care are in file mstvl014. Test Case Data and Information Element Type linear quadrilateral plate Units Inch Model Geometry • • • R = 0.3 Finite Element Modeling • • 25 nodes Create 1/4 model of the cylinder with 16 linear quadrilateral plate elements and symmetry boundary conditions. Determine the stress and deflection of a thin wall cylinder with a uniform axial load.5 in Thickness = 0.01 in y = 1.

24: 1. 20.015 0 .1 0. and 21 in the X translation and Z rotation. and 25 in the Y translation and Z rotation. Constrain nodes 2-4 in the Z translation. Boundary Conditions Constraints • • • • • Constrain node 1 in the X and Z translation and the Z rotation.9757 pounds Nodes 22. Constrain nodes 6. 11. 16.9509 pounds Solution Type Statics Results Top Y Normal Stress T3 Translation (in) (psi) Bench Value 1000.1 0 FEMAP Structural 1000.0 0. Loads • • • Nodal forces of p/(pi)D = 3. Constrain node 5 in the Y and Z translation and Z rotation. 25: .015 -0. 23.0 Difference 0 T1 Translation (in) -0. Apply the following nodal forces: Nodes 21. 15. Constrain nodes 10.1831 where p = 10 psi.

1989.) p. R. W. and Young.. 518. Case 1a. Formulas for Stress and Strain. (New York: McGraw–Hill Book Company. Reference • Roark. . 6th Edition.

03 Finite Element Modeling • 14 nodes . Determine the maximum stress.Thin Shell Beam Wall in Pure Bending The complete model and results for this test case are in file mstvl015. Test Case Data and Information Element Type linear quadrilateral plate Units Inch Model Geometry • • • Length = 30 in Width = 5 in Thickness = 0.neu.1 in Material Properties • • E = 30E6 psi v = 0. maximum deflection. and strain energy of a thin shell beam wall with a uniform bending load.

Out–of–plane Loads Apply nodal forces (nodes 1 and 8) of p/w = 1. where p = 6.0 lb Solution Type Statics .2 lbs/in. • 6 linear quadrilateral plate elements Boundary Conditions Constraints Constrain the nodes at one end (nodes 7 and 14) in all translations and rotations.

4th Edition.. and Mitchel L. .320 Plate Bottom Major Stress (psi) Node 7 21600 20983 1. 1983.242 Difference 2. (New York: McGraw–Hill.73 2. 804. Results T3 Translation (in) Node 1 Bench Value 4.96 12.16% FEMAP Structural 4. Mechanical Engineering Design..39% Total Strain Energy (lb in) 12. 134.) pp. Inc.17% Reference • Shigley. J.

Test Case Data and Information Element Type rod Units Inch Model Geometry • Length = 10 in Cross Sectional Properties Cross sectional area (A) = 0.01 in2 Material Properties E = 30E6 psi Finite Element Modeling • • 4 nodes 5 rod elements . The cross–sectional area of the diagonal members is twice the cross–sectional area of the horizontal and vertical members.neu. Determine the strain energy of a truss.Strain Energy of a Truss The complete model and results for this test case are in file mstvl016.

1992.) p. Inc. and Z translations and the X and Y rotations.846 5. 588. Boundary Conditions Constraints • • Constrain node 1 in the X. . (New York: McGraw–Hill. p = 300 lb Solution Type Statics Results Total Strain Energy (lb in) Bench Value FEMAP Structural Difference 5. Constrain node 3 in the Y and Z translations and the X and Y rotations..846 0 Reference • Beer and Johnston. Mechanics of Materials. Loads • Apply nodal force in Y direction on node 2. Y.

boundary conditions (loads and constraints) . Understanding the Test Case Format Each test case is structured with the following information: • test case data and information .solution type • • results reference Note: The node numbers listed in each case refer to the node numbers in the neutral (. Results of these test cases using other commercial finite element analysis software programs are available from NAFEMS.K. especially when using linear elements. or rebuild that model from scratch.finite element modeling (modeling procedure or hints) . The linear triangular and linear tetrahedral elements are particularly poor performers for stress analysis and are not generally recommended.physical and material properties .neu) files associated with this guide. your node numbering may differ. A detailed discussion of the linear statics NAFEMS benchmarks can be found in the NAFEMS publication Background to Benchmarks.Linear Statics Verification Using Standard NAFEMS Benchmarks The purpose of these linear statics test cases is to verify the function of the FEMAP Structural Statics Analysis software using standard benchmarks published by NAFEMS (National Agency for Finite Element Methods and Standards. These standard benchmark tests were created by NAFEMS to stretch the limits of the finite elements in commercial software. U. The results for all of these test cases illustrate the need for adequate mesh refinement for obtaining accurate stresses.).units . If you remesh a model. National Engineering Laboratory. cited below. References The following references have been used in these test cases: .finite element modeling information . All results obtained using the FEMAP Structural Statics Analysis software compare favorably with other commercial finite element analysis software. Glasgow.

1993). 1990. T.. Fenner. G. O. A. Rev.. Background to Benchmarks.. . 3. (Glasgow: NAFEMS. and Lewis. R. R. W. (Glasgow: NAFEMS. The Standard NAFEMS Benchmarks.) Davies. • • NAFEMS Finite Element Methods & Standards.

 = 1  2.25 Test Case Data and Information Physical and Material Properties • • • Thickness = 0. B Y A X C D Ellipses: 2 x 2 Ellipse AC:  -- + y = 1  2 y 2 x 2 Ellipse BD:  --------.75  3.neu (quadrilateral plate) This test is a linear elastic analysis of an elliptic membrane (shown below) using coarse and fine meshes of plane strain elements and plate elements. It provides the input data and results for NAFEMS Standard Benchmark Test LE1. The plane strain elements use a plane stress element formulation.1 m Isotropic material E = 210 x 103 MPa . +  --------.Elliptic Membrane The complete model and results for this test case are in the following files: • • • le101.neu (quadrilateral plane strain) le102.neu (triangular plane strain) le103.

linear and parabolic quadrilaterals coarse and fine mesh plane strain (with plane stress element formulation) .3 Units SI Finite Element Modeling • • • plane strain (with plane stress element formulation) .coarse and fine mesh .linear and parabolic quadrilaterals . • v = 0.linear and parabolic triangles coarse and fine mesh plate .

. The fine mesh is created by approximately halving the coarse mesh. Linear Triangle B Fine Mesh A C B Coarse Mesh A C D D B Parabolic Triangle A C D B A C D Linear Quadrilateral B Fine Mesh A C D A B Parabolic Quadrilateral C D B Coarse Mesh A C D B A C D Boundary Conditions Constraints • • Constrain the nodes along edge AB in the X translation. Constrain the nodes along edge CD in the Y translation.

0 94.2 72.fine mesh Plane Strain Elements with a Plane Strain Formulation (le102): linear triangle .7 92.3 88.Plate Mid Y Normal Stress at point D Node # Element Type & Mesh NAFEMS Bench Value (MPa) FEMAP Structural Result (MPa) Plane Strain Elements with a Plane Strain Formulation (le101): Node 4 Node 204 Node 104 Node 304 linear quad .fine mesh parabolic quad .coarse mesh linear quad .7 92.7 62.fine mesh parabolic triangle .0 93.0 .7 92.7 92.coarse mesh parabolic quad .7 92.coarse mesh linear triangle .coarse mesh parabolic triangle – fine mesh 92.7 92.7 54.8 80.3 90.7 Node 4 Node 204 Node 104 Node 304 92. Loads • • Uniform outward pressure on the elements on outer edge BD = 10MPa Inner curved edge AC is unloaded Solution Type Statics Results Output .

(Glasgow: NAFEMS.. • Davies.7 92.4 82.fine mesh 92..7 66. T. 1993). R. 3. Fenner. R. and Lewis. LE1. A. O.7 References • NAFEMS Finite Element Methods & Standards. W. G.fine mesh parabolic quad .3 88. Rev.6 91. Background to Benchmarks.) Test No.7 92. 1990.coarse mesh parabolic quad . The Standard NAFEMS Benchmarks. ..7 92. (Glasgow: NAFEMS. Node 4 Node 204 Node 104 Node 304 Plate Elements (le 103): linear quad .coarse mesh linear quad .

neu (parabolic plate.01 m Isotropic material E = 210 x 103 MPa v = 0. case 1) le201b.neu (linear plate. It provides the input data and results for NAFEMS Standard Benchmark Test LE2.neu (linear plate. case 2) This test is a linear elastic analysis of a cylindrical shell (shown below) using plate elements and two different loadings.3 Units SI Finite Element Modeling • • le201a and le202a: 9 nodes. 4 parabolic quadrilateral plates Linear Quadrilaterals A B Parabolic Quadrilaterals A B E E C D C D .Cylindrical Shell Patch Test The complete model and results for this test case are in the following files: • • • • le201a. Test Case Data and Information Physical and Material Properties • • • • Thickness = 0.neu (parabolic plate. case 1) le202a. case 2) le202b. 4 linear quadrilateral plates le201b and le202b: 21 nodes.

0 kNm/m: Node 3 = -125 Node 4 = -250 Node 9 = -125 Case 2 Loading: • Nodal forces: Nodes 3. Boundary Conditions Constraints Fully constrain the nodes on edge AB in all translations and rotations. and 9 = 75.000N Node 4 = 150.000N . Constrain the nodes on edge AD and edge BC in the Z translation and X and Y rotations. Case 1 Loading: • Nodal moments along DC = 1.

0 * 54. O. A. .Plate Top Major Stress at point E (node 2) Plate Element & Loading linear plate . an edge load will not be in the correct direction. • Apply an elemental pressure on elements 1-4 = 600. References • NAFEMS Finite Element Methods & Standards.000Pa Solution Type Statics Results Output . 1993).case 1 (le201b) parabolic plate .case 2 (le202b) NAFEMS Bench Value (MPa) 60. the edge load must be input as nodal loads in the tangential direction. 1990. and Lewis.) Test No. LE2.7 * *Since the shapes of the plates are an approximation to a cylindrical surface. T..0 60. G.case 1 (le201a) linear plate . R. 3.. R. (Glasgow: NAFEMS. Fenner.0 60. Rev.0 FEMAP Structural Result (MPa) 57. (Glasgow: NAFEMS. Background to Benchmarks. To get this result.8 55. • Davies.0 60.case 2 (le202a) parabolic plate .9 66. The Standard NAFEMS Benchmarks. W..

1 0.0E3 MPa G 33 = 2.4 0° 90° 0° 90° Material Properties Laminate material: E = 1.1 0.0E3 MPa ν12 ν 21 ------.3 E2 = 5.1 0° 90° 0° D F E 0.0E3 MPa .Laminate Strip The complete model and results for this test case are in the following file: • r0031. It provides the input data and results for NAFEMS Report R0031.1 0.1 0.neu This test is a linear statics analysis of plate using plate elements with a laminate material.1 0.4 ν 23 = 0.0E5 MPa ν 12 = 0. Test Case Data and Information Geometry 0° fiber direction Y X 10 15 15 10 C 10N/mm 1 Z X A E B 0.= ------E1 E2 G 12 = 3.

06 *668 601 **-4. . Rev. Reference • NAFEMS Finite Element Methods & Standards.) Test No. R0031. Units SI Finite Element Modeling 8 x 40 4-noded shells (quarter model) Boundary Conditions Constraints The one quarter model is: • • simply supported at A (Z=0) reflective symmetry about X=25 and Y=5 Loads Line load of 10N/mm at C (X=25.06 683.1 -2. 3. Solution Type Statics Results NAFEMS Bench Value (MPa) -1.2 Results Z deflection at E Bending stress at E Bending stress at F Interlaminar shear stress at D Shear stress at F *Value extrapolated from FEMAP Structural results at F. (FEMAP Structural calculates stress at the center of the ply (F)). The Standard NAFEMS Benchmarks. (Glasgow: NAFEMS.1 FEMAP Structural Result (MPa) -1.9 -4. **Recovered from post-processing. 1990. Z=1).

EA   10 Point G at X = Y = Z =  ----- Node 7  1  -. Test Case Data and Information Physical and Material Properties • • • • Thickness = 0. coarse mesh) le302. fine mesh) le303.coarse & fine mesh equally spaced nodes on AC. CE.neu (parabolic quadrilateral plate. coarse mesh) le304. fine mesh) This test is a linear elastic analysis of hemisphere point loads (shown below) using coarse and fine meshes of plate elements.linear & parabolic quadrilaterals . 2 3 .neu (linear quadrilateral plate.neu (linear quadrilateral plate. It provides the input data and results for NAFEMS Standard Benchmark Test LE3.Hemisphere-Point Loads The complete model and results for this test care are in the following files: • • • • le301.3 Units SI Finite Element Modeling plate .04 m Isotropic material E = 68.25 x 103 MPa v = 0.neu (parabolic quadrilateral plate.

and Y and Z rotations. Constrain the nodes along edge AE (symmetry about X–Z plane) in the Y translation. Loads • Concentrated radial load outward at A = 2KN . Coarse Mesh E F G D F Fine Mesh E D G A B A C B C Boundary Conditions Constraints • • • Fully constrain point E in all translations and rotations. and X and Z rotations. Constrain the nodes along edge CE (symmetry about Y–Z plane) in the X translation.

185 0. 3.185 0. W.185 0. Rev.coarse mesh linear quadrilateral plate . LE3. T.185 0. 1990. R.0861 0.fine mesh parabolic quadrilateral plate . • Concentrated radial load inward at C = 2KN Solution Type Statics Results NAFEMS Bench Value(m) 0. and Lewis. G. Background to Benchmarks. 1993).. (Glasgow: NAFEMS.) Test No. O..171 Test Case Number le301 le302 le303 le304 Plate Element & Mesh linear quadrilateral plate .fine mesh References • NAFEMS Finite Element Methods & Standards.185 FEMAP Structural Result at node 1 (point A) T1 Translation (m) 0. • Davies.. The Standard NAFEMS Benchmarks. A. . (Glasgow: NAFEMS. Fenner.coarse mesh parabolic quadrilateral plate . R.113 0.

It provides the input data and results for NAFEMS Standard Benchmark Test LE5.1 m Isotropic material E = 210 x 103 MPa v = 0. Test Case Data and Information Physical and Material Properties • • • • Thickness = 0. 24 linear quadrilateral plate elements Test 2: 95 nodes. . B2.neu (linear quadrilateral plate) le502.Z–Section Cantilever The complete model and results for this test case are in the following files: • • le501. 24 parabolic quadrilateral plate elements Boundary Conditions Constraints • Fully constrain the nodes on edges B1.neu (parabolic quadrilateral plate) This test is a linear elastic analysis of a Z–section cantilever (shown below) using plate elements. B3 in all translations and rotations.3 Units SI Finite Element Modeling • • Test 1: 36 nodes.

LE5.3 -109.. and Lewis.. Rev. 3.2MN applied at end C by two nodal forces (at nodes 9 and 27) of 0. (Glasgow: NAFEMS.point A/node 30 parabolic quad . point A. 1990. R. G. Loads • B1 B2 B3 C Torque of 1.2 References • NAFEMS Finite Element Methods & Standards. (Glasgow: NAFEMS.6MN Solution Type Statics Results Output . The Standard NAFEMS Benchmarks. • Davies. A. R.point A/node 30 NAFEMS Bench Value (MPa) -108 -108 FEMAP Structural Result (MPa) -117. Background to Benchmarks. W. O.Plate Top Von Mises Stress (σxx). 1993).) Test No. Fenner.. node 30 (compression) Plate Element & Loading linear quad . . T.

Skew Plate Normal Pressure The complete model and results for this test case are in the following files: • • le601. It provides the input data and results for NAFEMS Standard Benchmark Test LE6.3 Units SI .neu (linear and parabolic triangle) This test is a linear elastic analysis of a plate (shown below) using plate elements. 10m o 150 o 30 E A B D C Test Case Data and Information Physical and Material Properties • • • • Thickness = 0.01m Isotropic material E = 210 x 103 MPa v = 0.neu (linear and parabolic quadrilateral) le602.

Y.linear and parabolic quadrilaterals . 13. and Z translations. .coarse and fine mesh Boundary Conditions Constraints (le601) • • Constrain nodes 1. Constrain nodes 4.coarse and fine mesh • plate . and 44 in the X. 10. 35.linear and parabolic triangles . 47 in the X and Z translations. 38. Finite Element Modeling • plate .


• Constrain all other nodes in the Z translation.

Constraints (le602)
• • Fully constrain nodes 1, 10, 35, 44 in all directions and rotations. Constrain all other nodes in the Z translation.

Loads
• Elemental pressure = -0.7KPa in the Z–direction


Solution Type
Statics

Results
Output - Plate Bottom Major Stress on the bottom surface at the plate center.

Test Case Name le601 le601 le601 le601 le602 le602 le602 le602

Node # Node 9 Node 18 Node 43 Node 52 Node 9 Node 18 Node 43 Node 52

Plate Element & Mesh linear quad - coarse mesh linear quad - fine mesh parabolic quad - coarse mesh parabolic quad - fine mesh linear triangle - coarse mesh linear triangle - fine mesh parabolic triangle - coarse mesh parabolic triangle - fine mesh

NAFEMS Bench Value (MPa) 0.802 0.802 0.802 0.802 0.802 0.802 0.802 0.802

FEMAP Structural Result (MPa) 0.365 0.714 1.055 0.791 0.390 0.709 0.847 0.822

References • NAFEMS Finite Element Methods & Standards, The Standard NAFEMS Benchmarks, (Glasgow: NAFEMS, Rev. 3, 1990.) Test No. LE6. • Davies, G. A. O., Fenner, R. T., and Lewis, R. W., Background to Benchmarks, (Glasgow: NAFEMS, 1993).

Thick Plate Pressure
The complete model and results for this test case are in the following files: • • • le1001.neu (linear and parabolic brick) le1002.neu (linear and parabolic wedge) le1003.neu (linear and parabolic tetrahedron)

This article provides the input data and results for NAFEMS Standard Benchmark Test LE10. This test is a linear elastic analysis of a thick (shown below) using coarse and fine meshes of solid elements.
B’ B B

A’ A A D’ C’ D C D C

Ellipses:
2 x 2 Ellipse AD:  -- + y = 1  2

y 2 x 2 Ellipse BC:  ---------  +  ---------  = 1  2.75  3.25

Test Case Data and Information
Physical and Material Properties
• • • Isotropic material E=210x103 MPa v = 0.3


Units
SI

Finite Element Modeling
• • • Solid brick Solid wedge Solid tetrahedron

Solid Brick
Linear and parabolic, coarse and fine mesh.

Solid Wedge
Linear and parabolic, coarse and fine mesh.



Solid Tetrahdron
Linear and parabolic, fine mesh.


Boundary Conditions
Constraints
• • • Constrain the nodes on faces DCD’C’ and ABA’B’ in the X and Y translations. Constrain the nodes on face BCB’C’ in the X and Y translation. Constrain the nodes along the mid–plane in the Z translation.

Loads
• • Uniform normal elemental pressure on the elements on the upper surface of the plate = 1MPa Inner curved edge AD unloaded

Solution Type
Statics



Results
Output - Solid Y normal stress at point D3σyy

Test Case Name le1001 le1001 le1001 le1001 le1002 le1002 le1002 le1002 le1003 le1003

Node # N4 N204 N104 N304 N4 N204 N104 N304 N40 N171

Element Type & Mesh linear brick - coarse mesh linear brick - fine mesh parabolic brick - coarse mesh parabolic brick - fine mesh linear wedge - coarse mesh linear wedge - fine mesh parab wedge - coarse mesh parab wedge - fine mesh linear tetra - fine mesh parabolic tetra - fine mesh

NAFEMS Bench Value (MPa) -5.38 -5.38 -5.38 -5.38 -5.38 -5.38 -5.38 -5.38 -5.38 -5.38

FEMAP Structural Result (MPa) -6.31 -6.01 -5.73 -5.84 -3.52 -4.97 -5.53 -6.10 -2.41 -5.29

References • NAFEMS Finite Element Methods & Standards, The Standard NAFEMS Benchmarks, (Glasgow: NAFEMS, Rev. 3, 1990.) Test No. LE10. • Davies, G. A. O., Fenner, R. T., and Lewis, R. W., Background to Benchmarks, (Glasgow: NAFEMS, 1993)

Solid Cylinder/Taper/Sphere–Temperature The complete model and results for this test case are in the following files: • • • • • • • • • • • • le1101a. coarse mesh) le1103b.neu (parabolic wedge.neu (linear tetrahedron. coarse mesh) le1104b.neu (linear wedge. fine mesh) le1102a. fine mesh) le1106a.neu (linear tetrahedron. fine mesh) le1103a.3 a = 2. coarse mesh) le1105b. Test Case Data and Information Physical and Material Properties • • • • Isotropic material E = 210 x 103 MPa v = 0. fine mesh) le1105a. fine mesh) le1104a. coarse mesh) le1102b.neu (parabolic wedge.neu (linear wedge. fine mesh) This test is a linear elastic analysis of a solid cylinder with a temperature gradient (shown below) using coarse and fine meshes of solid elements.neu (parabolic brick. coarse mesh) le1101b.neu (parabolic tetrahedron.neu (linear brick.3 x 10-4/oC Units SI .neu (parabolic tetrahedron. It provides the input data and results for NAFEMS Standard Benchmark Test LE11.neu (parabolic brick.neu (linear brick. coarse mesh) le1106b.

 Finite Element Modeling • • • Solid brick .linear (4–noded) and parabolic (10–noded) .linear (6–nodes) and parabolic (15–noded) . Constrain the nodes on the YZ plane in the Z translation.coarse and fine mesh Solid tetrahedron .coarse and fine mesh Solid wedge . . Constrain the nodes on the XY plane in the X translation.linear (8–noded) and parabolic (20–noded) .coarse and fine mesh Solid Brick Coarse and fine mesh: Coarse and fine mesh: Boundary Conditions Constraints • • • Constrain the nodes on the XZ plane and on the opposite face in the Y translation.

 Loads • Nodal temperatures: linear temperature gradient in the radial and axial direction 1 -2 2 T°C = ( X + Y ) + Z 2 .

fine mesh NAFEMS Bench Value (MPa) -105 -105 -105 -105 -105 -105 -105 -105 -105 -105 -105 -105 FEMAP Structural Result (MPa) -95.2 -89..coarse mesh parabolic wedge .fine mesh parabolic tetra . Solution Type Statics Results Output . LE11.coarse mesh linear brick .Solid Y Normal Stress at point A. • Davies.5 -96.fine mesh linear tetra . W.coarse mesh linear tetra . (Glasgow: NAFEMS.. T.49 -46. Rev.9 -9.5 -93.coarse mesh parabolic brick . Fenner. R.) Test No.9 -105. .4 -65. Background to Benchmarks. O. Case le1101a le1101b le1102a le1102b le1103a le1103b le1104a le1104b le1105a le1105b le1106a le1106b Node # at Point A 30 71 67 159 33 74 71 187 8 8 8 8 Element Type & Mesh linear brick .fine mesh parabolic brick . (Glasgow: NAFEMS.6 -97. G.fine mesh linear wedge . Note that the Y direction in the models corresponds to the Z direction in NAFEMS.coarse mesh linear wedge . 1990.9 -88.coarse mesh parabolic tetra .fine mesh parabolic wedge . and Lewis.8 -31.2 References • NAFEMS Finite Element Methods & Standards. A. 1993). The Standard NAFEMS Benchmarks. 3.. R.7 -99.

 .

Normal Modes/Eigenvalue Verification Using Theoretical Solutions The purpose of these normal mode dynamics test cases is to verify the function of the FEMAP Structural Normal Modes/Eigenvalue Analysis software using theoretical solutions. or rebuild that model from scratch. a specific reference is cited. The finite element method is very flexible in the types of physical problems represented. The theoretical solutions shown in these examples are from well known engineering texts. All theoretical reference texts are listed at the end of this topic. .boundary conditions (loads and constraints) • • results references (text from which a closed–form or theoretical solution was taken) Note: The node numbers listed in each case refer to the node numbers in the neutral (. your node numbering may differ.physical and material properties . For each test case.neu) files associated with this guide. If you remesh a model. The test cases are relatively simple in form and most of them have closed–form theoretical solutions. This overview provides information on the following: • • • understanding the test case format understanding comparisons with theoretical solutions references Understanding the Test Case Format Each test case is structured with the following information: • test case data and information . The verification tests provided are not exhaustive in exploring all possible problems.solution type .finite element modeling (modeling procedure or hints) .units . but represent common types of applications.element type .

This variation is due to different methods of performing real numerical arithmetic on different systems. R. some tests would require an infinite number of elements to achieve the exact solution. Other results available from the analyses are not reported here. but are used for comparison purposes. negligible.. Morse. Elements are chosen to achieve reasonable engineering accuracy with reasonable computing times. 1st Edition. The actual results from the FEMAP Structural software may vary insignificantly from the results presented in this document.. R.. 1955. Inc. 1978. that do not exist in the real world.) Timoshenko and Young. 2nd Edition.) Tse. Verification to real world problems is more difficult but should be done when possible.) Tse. (Boston: Allyn and Bacon. and Hinkle. 1979. References The following references have been used in the Normal Mode Dynamics Analysis verification problems presented: • • • • Blevins. In addition. Theory and Applications. F. Mechanical Vibrations. such as rigid connections. (New York: Van Norstrand Reinhold Company. F. (New York: Van Norstrand Reinhold Company. Morse. I. Results reported here are results which you can compare to the referenced theoretical solution..... in most cases. Inc. and Hinkle. Mechanical Vibrations. it is due to changes in element formulations which SDRC has made to improve results under certain circumstances. (Boston: Allyn and Bacon. I. These limiting restrictions are not necessary for the finite element model. 1978. Results for both theoretical and finite element solutions are carried out with the same significant digits of accuracy..) . Formulas For Natural Frequency and Mode Shape. Vibration Problems in Engineering. Understanding Comparisons with Theoretical Solutions While differences in finite element and theoretical results are. R. The closed–form theoretical solution may have restrictions..

Create a mass element on the end node. .neu.3 m Physical Properties • • mass = 20 Kg k = 8 KN/m Finite Element Modeling • • Create 5 rigid elements along the X axis.5 m a = 0.meter Model Geometry • • Length = 0. Each rigid should be 0. Determine the natural frequency of the system.Single Degree of Freedom The complete model and results for this test case are in file mstvn002.Undamped Free Vibration .1m long. Test Case Data and Information Element Types • • • rigid mass DOF springs Units SI .

Boundary Conditions Constraints Constrain node 6 in all directions except the Z rotation. • Create 3 DOF spring elements 0. Constrain all other nodes in the X and Y translations and in the Z rotation.0% .90986 0.2m from the mass element. Solution Type Normal Modes/Eigenvalue – Guyan method Results Frequency (Hz) Bench Value FEMAP Structural Difference 1.90985 1.

. .) p. F. Reference • Tse... 75.. and Hinkle. Theory and Applications. R. 1978. Mechanical Vibrations. Inc. I. Morse. (Boston: Allyn and Bacon.

. Determine the natural frequencies of a dynamic system with two degrees of freedom.neu.Two Degrees of Freedom Undamped Free Vibration . Test Case Data and Information Element Types • • DOF springs mass Units SI.Principle Modes The complete model and results for this test case are in file mstvn003. Create DOF three springs with stiffness of 1 N/m and with a stiffness reference coordinate system being uniaxial.meter Physical Properties • • mass = 1 kg k = 1 N/m Finite Element Modeling • • Create four nodes on the Y axis.

Constraint Set 2: On the inner nodes. Solution Type Normal Modes/Eigenvalue – Guyan method . Boundary Conditions Constraints • • Constraint Set 1: Constrain nodes 1 and 4 in all DOF. Use this set as the Master (ASET) DOF set. On the other nodes. • Create mass elements with a mass of 1 kg. constrain all DOF except the Y translation. constrain the Y translation.

Morse. 145-149. and Hinkle. Mechanical Vibrations.159155 0. R. Results Frequency of Mode 1 (Hz) Bench Value FEMAP Structural Difference 0.. F.159155 0. (Boston: Allyn and Bacon.2756644 0.00% Frequency of Mode 2 (Hz) 0.. I... .2756644 0.00% Reference • Tse.) pp. Inc. 1978. 2nd Edition.

0.0.0. 0. Create three DOF springs with stiffness of 1 N*m and with a stiffness reference coordinate system being uniaxial.0.neu. Test Case Data and Information Element Types • • DOF springs mass Units SI .0.Three Degrees of Freedom Torsional System The complete model and results for this test case are in file mstvn004. 0.0.1. 0.meter Physical Properties • • J = J1 = J2 = J3 = 0. . Determine the natural frequencies of a dynamic system with three degrees of freedom. 0.1 (mass) k = k1 = k2 = k3 = 1 N*m (stiffness) Finite Element Modeling • • • Create four nodes on the X axis. Create three mass elements with a mass coordinate system = 1 and with mass inertia system of: 0.

 Boundary Conditions Constraints • • Constraint Set 1: On one end node (node 1).00% Reference • Tse. Use this set as the Master (ASET) DOF set. constrain the DOF in RX.00% Frequency of Mode 2 (Hz) 0. Solution Type Normal Modes/Eigenvalue – Guyan method Results Frequency of Mode 1 (Hz) Bench Value 0.. R.223986 Difference 0. 2nd Edition. Inc... Morse.627595 0. (Boston: Allyn and Bacon. F.223986 FEMAP Structural 0.906901 0. 1978. constrain all DOF except RX.627595 0.. constrain all DOF. I.00% Frequency of Mode 3 (Hz) 0. 153–155 . Constraint Set 2: On the other nodes (nodes 2-4).906901 0. On the other nodes. Mechanical Vibrations.) pp. and Hinkle.

Degrees of freedom are one translational and one rotational. 4 elements: • • • 2 DOF springs 1 mass element 1 rigid element Units SI . J=m*r*r) Physical Properties • • • mass = 1800 kg K1 = 42000 N/m K2 = 48000 N/m Finite Element Modeling • Create five nodes in the X–Y plane with coordinates: N1 = (0.6 m Length2 = 2. Determine the natural frequencies of dynamic system with two degrees of freedom.meter Model Geometry • • • Length1 = 1. Test Case Data and Information Element Types 5 nodes.neu. 0) .4 m (radius of gyration.Two Degrees of Freedom Vehicle Suspension System The complete model and results for this test case are in file mstvn005. 0) N2 = (L2. 0) N3 = (-L1.0 m r = 1.

0. 0.0. -1) • • • • Create a DOF spring with stiffness of k1 between nodes 3 and 5.0. Create a DOF spring with stiffness of k2 between nodes 2 and 4. Y.0. Boundary Conditions Constraints • Constraint Set 1: Constrain nodes 1-3 in the X and Z translation and X and Y rotations. N4 = (L2. Create a mass element with a mass coordinate system = 1 and with mass inertia system of: 0.0. . Create a three–noded rigid element using node 1 as the master node and nodes 2 and 3 as the slave nodes. 0.0. 0. and Z translations. 3528. -1) N5 = (-L1. • Constraint Set 2 (Master (ASET) DOF Set): Constrain nodes 1-3 in the Y translation and Z rotation. Constrain nodes 4-5 in the X.

) pp. 1978. 150-153.00% Reference • Tse. and Hinkle. 2nd Edition.. Inc. F. ..00% Frequency of Mode 2 (Hz) 1.. R.495612 1. Mechanical Vibrations. Morse.086347 0.086347 1. Solution Type Normal Modes/Eigenvalue – Guyan method Results Frequency of Mode 1 (Hz) Bench Value FEMAP Structural Difference 1. (Boston: Allyn and Bacon.. I.495612 0.

59067375E-3 Ip = Ixx + Iyy = 2.10 Poisson’s ratio = .neu.33333 G = E/2 x 1/1+nu = 11538461. Determine the natural frequencies of a cantilever beam.54 m = w/g = 2.3 Calculated Data • • • • • A = h2 = 4 in2 I = h4/12 = 1. .Cantilever Beam Undamped Free Vibrations The complete model and results for this test case are in file mstvn006. Test Case Data and Information Element Type bar Units Inch Model Geometry • • Length = 100 in Height = 2 in Physical and Material Properties • • • w = 1 lb/in J = .66666 Finite Element Modeling • Create 11 nodes on X axis.

8567 195.033% -0.54267 64.75784 FEMAP Structural (Hz) 6.575945 64. Boundary Conditions Constraints • Fully constrain one end node (node 1) in all directions and rotations.85388 238.076% -0. R. • Create 10 bars between the nodes.684410 122. Formulas For Natural Frequency and Mode Shape.901% -0.66795 121.6024 238.193.01391 193. (New York: Van Norstrand Reinhold Company.951037 43.. 108. Solution Type Normal Modes/Eigenvalue – SVI method Results Mode 1&2 3&4 5 6&7 8 9 & 10 Bench Values (Hz) 6. 1979) pp.6964 Difference -0.026% Reference • Blevins. 1st Edition.128% 0.9533571 43. .254% -0.

Test Case Data and Information Element Types • • bar mass Units Inch Model Geometry • Length = 30 in Physical and Material Properties • • • • Mass = 0.0.0) and (30. Determine the natural frequencies of a dynamic system consisting of a massless bar element and a mass element at the end. .0. Create a bar between nodes with shear area ratio=0.0E-06 I = 1.Natural Frequency of a Cantilevered Mass The complete model and results for this test case are in file mstvn007.5 lbm E = 30E6 psi Density = 1.5 in 4 Finite Element Modeling • • Create 2 nodes on the X axis with coordinates (0.0).neu.

Boundary Conditions Constraints • • −Constraint Set 1: On the wall end (at node 1). Y. Use this set as the Master (ASET) DOF set. RX. and RY.9154 0. constrain the DOF in Z.00% .5 lbm. Constraint Set 2: On the mass end node. constrain all DOF. Solution Type Normal Modes/Eigenvalue – Guyan method Results Natural Frequency (Hz) Bench Value FEMAP Structural Difference 15. On the mass end. • Create a mass on one node with mass of 0.9155 15. and RZ. constrain the DOF in Z.

 Reference • Tse... 72 . 1978. and Hinkle.) p. F. Inc. Mechanical Vibrations. (Boston: Allyn and Bacon. R. 2nd Edition.. Morse. I..

Nov. F.finite element modeling information . J. Abbassian. and Knowles. your node numbering may differ... N.neu) files associated with this guide.) . U. Glasgow. D.Normal Modes/Eigenvalue Verification Using Standard NAFEMS Benchmarks The purpose of these normal mode dynamics test cases is to verify the function of the FEMAP Structural Normal Modes/Eigenvalue solver using standard benchmarks published by NAFEMS (National Agency for Finite Element Methods and Standards.solution type • • results reference Note: The node numbers listed in each case refer to the node numbers in the neutral (. 1987.material properties . Reference The following reference has been used in these test cases: • NAFEMS Finite Element Methods & Standards. All results obtained using the FEMAP Structural software compare favorably with other commercial finite element analysis software. Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis (Glasgow: NAFEMS.). Dawswell..K.. Understanding the Test Case Format Each test case is structured with the following information: • test case data and information .boundary conditions (loads and constraints) . These standard benchmark tests were created by NAFEMS to stretch the limits of the finite elements in commercial software. or rebuild that model from scratch. C.units . National Engineering Laboratory. Results of these test cases using other commercial finite element analysis software programs are available from NAFEMS. If you remesh a model.

In-plane Vibration" "Pin-ended Double Cross .Bar Element Test Cases The normal mode dynamics test cases using the standard NAFEMS benchmarks include these bar element test cases: • • • • • • • "Pin-ended Cross .In-plane Vibration" "Cantilever with Off-Center Point Masses" "Deep Simply-Supported Beam" "Circular Ring .In-plane Vibration" "Free Square Frame .In-plane and Out-of-plane Vibration" "Cantilevered Beam" .

125 m 5.neu. B A C . Test 1.Pin-ended Cross . This document provides the input data and results for NAFEMS Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis.125 m D .015625 m2 Shear ratio: . This test is a normal modes/eigenvalue analysis of a pin–ended cross (shown below) using bar elements.In-plane Vibration The complete model and results for this test case are in file nf001ac.0 m Attributes of this test are: • • coupling between flexural and extensional behavior repeated and close eigenvalues Test Case Data and Information Units SI Cross Sectional Properties Key–in section: • Area = .

D (nodes 2. B. 3. 4. Constrain node point Z (node 1) in the Z translation and X rotation. • • Y=0 Z=0 Material Properties 9 N E = 200x10 -----2 m kg ρ = 8000 -----3 m η = 0. four elements per arm Boundary Conditions Constraints • • Constrain points A.29 ( Poissons ratio ) G = 8. C. .01x10 10 Finite Element Modeling • • 17 nodes 16 bar elements. 5) in all directions except for the Z rotation.

7 8 Ref.364 57.. 3 4 5 6.477 57.336 17. Nov.. D. Reference • NAFEMS Finite Element Methods & Standards.709 45. Value) refers to the accepted solution to the problem. F.. 1987.336 17.) Test No. 1.715 45. • Constrain all other nodes (6-17) in the Z translation and X and Y rotations. Abbassian.715 45. Dawswell. Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis (Glasgow: NAFEMS.345 57.336 17.687 17. C.683 FEMAP Structural (Hz) 11. Solution Type Normal Modes/Eigenvalue – SVI method Results Mode # 1 2. J.687 17.390 Mesh linear linear linear linear linear linear NAFEMS Target Value (Hz) 11.364 57.477 57.683 Note: Reference value (Ref.. . N.390 57. and Knowles. Value (Hz) 11.709 17.

This test is a normal modes/eigenvalue analysis of a pin–ended double cross (shown below) using bar elements.In-plane Vibration The complete model and results for this test case are in file nf002ac.125 m H G F 5.neu. This document provides the input data and results for NAFEMS Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis.0 m Attributes of this test are: • • coupling between flexural and extensional behavior repeated and close eigenvalues Test Case Data and Information Units SI Cross Sectional Properties Key–in section: • Area = .Pin-ended Double Cross .125 m A E . C B D . Test 2.015625 m2 Shear ratio: .0m 5.

F. (10-33) in the Z translation and X and Y rotations. four elements per arm Boundary Conditions Constraints • • Constrain points A. B. D. H (nodes 2-9) in all directions except for the Z rotation. G. E. • • Y=0 Z=0 Material Properties 9 N E = 200x10 -----2 m kg ρ = 8000 -----3 m Finite Element Modeling • • 33 nodes 32 bar elements. C. . Constrain all other nodes 1.

345 57.364 57..709 45.715 45.336 17. Reference • NAFEMS Finite Element Methods & Standards.7.477 57.715 45. J. N.13. Value (Hz) 11. C..) Test No. 1987.364 57. Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis (Glasgow: NAFEMS.709 17.687 17. F. .336 17. 3 4. 6. Value) refers to the accepted solution to the problem. 14.336 17. Dawswell.683 FEMAP Structural Result (Hz) 11. The following figure shows the boundary conditions. 2. D. 16 Ref..687 17. Nov.477 57.15..5. and Knowles.683 Note: Reference value (Ref. Abbassian. Solution Type Normal Modes/Eigenvalue – SVI method Results Mode # 1 2. 11 12.390 Mesh linear linear linear linear linear linear NAFEMS Target Value (Hz) 11.390 57.8 9 10.

0m 10. This test is a normal modes/eigenvalue analysis of a free square frame (shown below) using bar elements. .125 m .In-plane Vibration The complete model and results for this test are in file nf003ac.Free Square Frame .neu. This document provides the input data and results for NAFEMS Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis.125 m 10.0 . Test 3.0 m Attributes of this test are: • • • coupling between flexural and extensional behavior rigid body modes (3 modes) repeated and close eigenvalues Test Case Data and Information Units SI Cross Sectional Properties Shear ratio: • • Y = 1.0 Z = 1.

four elements per arm Boundary Conditions Constraints • Constraint Set 1: Constrain all nodes in the Z translation and X and Y rotations. . Material Properties 9 N E = 200x10 -----2 m kg ρ = 8000 -----3 m Finite Element Modeling • • 16 nodes 16 bar elements.

700 Note: Reference value (Ref. Reference • NAFEMS Finite Element Methods & Standards. Solution Type Normal Modes/Eigenvalue – SVI method Results Mode # 4 5 6. and Knowles. C.813 3. • Constraint Set 2 (Kinematic DOF): Constrain nodes 1 and 3 in the X and Y translation and the Z rotation. 3.261 5. N..259 5. D. 1987. J..664 28. Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis (Glasgow: NAFEMS.127 12.611 28.695 Mesh linear linear linear linear linear linear NAFEMS FEMAP Structural Target Value (Hz) (Hz) 3. . Value (Hz) 3.. 11 Ref. Dawswell. 7 8 9 10. F.145 12.662 11.668 11..833 24.849 24. Nov.570 28.) Test No. Abbassian.665 11.793 24. Value) refers to the accepted solution to the problem.136 12.262 5.

Test 4. This test is a normal modes/eigenvalue analysis of a cantilever with off–center point masses (shown below) using bar elements. This document provides the input data and results for NAFEMS Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis.Cantilever with Off-Center Point Masses The complete model and results for this test is in file nf004a.128 Material Properties 9 N E = 200x10 -----2 m gρ = 8000k -----3 m ν = 0.neu.3 Finite Element Modeling • • 8 nodes 9 elements . Attributes of this test are: • • • • coupling between torsional and flexural behavior inertial axis non–coincident with flexibility axis discrete mass. rigid links close eigenvalues Test Case Data and Information Units SI Cross Sectional Properties Shear ratio: • • Y = 1.128 Z = 1.

Solution Type Normal Modes/Eigenvalue – SVI method . five bar elements along cantilever two mass elements two rigid elements Boundary Conditions Constraints • Fully constrain point A (node 1) in all directions.

726 7. J. Abbassian. Value (Hz) Value (Hz) (Hz) 1.413 9.723 1..727 7.723 1.947 18.413 9.957 1.727 7. Nov. Value) refers to the accepted solution to the problem.. D. 4 . 1987.155 26. C.. N.972 18.051 26. Results FEMAP NAFEMS Target Structural Result Ref.160 26.972 1..) Test No. Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis (Glasgow: NAFEMS. Dawswell.722 1.410 9.972 18.712 Mode # 1 2 3 4 5 6 Note: Reference value (Ref. Reference • NAFEMS Finite Element Methods & Standards. F. and Knowles.

176923 Z = 1. This test is a normal mode dynamic analysis of a deep simply–supported beam. This document provides the input data and results for NAFEMS Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis. Attributes of this test are: • • • shear deformation and rotary inertial (Timoshenko beam) possibility of missing extensional modes when using iteration solution methods repeated eigenvalues Test Case Data and Information Units SI Cross Sectional Properties Shear Ratio • • Y = 1.3 Finite Element Modeling • 6 nodes .176923 Material Properties 9 N E = 200x10 -----2 m g ρ = 8000k -----3 m ν = 0.Deep Simply-Supported Beam The complete model and results for this test are in file nf005ac.neu. Test 5.

841 125. 2 3 4 5.841 125.46 241. 9 Ref.00 148. Value (Hz) 42.55 NAFEMS Target Value (Hz) 42.710 77.24 301.31 233.08 .52 150.76 241.01 FEMAP Structural Result (Hz) 42. Z translation an X rotation at point A (node 1) Constrain the Y and Z translation at point B (node 10) The boundary conditions are shown in the following diagram.10 284. Solution Type Normal Modes/Eigenvalues – SVI method Results Mode # 1.542 125. • 5 bar elements Boundary Conditions Constraints • • Constrain the X.51 145.649 77. Y. 6 7 8.24 267.568 77.

C. Abbassian... . Reference • NAFEMS Finite Element Methods & Standards. F. and Knowles. Value) refers to the accepted solution to the problem. Nov. Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis (Glasgow: NAFEMS. Note: Reference value (Ref. N. 5..) Test No. Dawswell.. 1987. D. J.

128205 Material Properties 9 N E = 200x10 -----2 m gρ = 8000k -----3 m ν = 0.3 Finite Element Modeling • 20 nodes .128205 Z = 1. Attributes of this test are: • • rigid body modes (six modes) repeated eigenvalues Test Case Data and Information Units SI Cross Sectional Properties Shear ratio: • • Y = 1.In-plane and Out-ofplane Vibration The complete model and results for this test are in file nf006ac. This document provides the input data and results for NAFEMS Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis. This test is a normal modes/eigenvalue analysis of a circular ring using bar elements.Circular Ring .neu. Test 6.

 • 20 bar elements Boundary Conditions Constraints • Constraint Set 1 (Kinematic DOF): Constrain nodes 10 and 11 in all directions and rotations. Solution Type Normal Modes/Eigenvalue – SVI method .

98 289. 14 (in plane) 15 (out of plane) 16 (in plane) Ref..971 149. N. Value (Hz) 51. 8 (out of plane) 9.99 286.44 288. Value) refers to the accepted solution to the problem. and Knowles.33 285. . D. Dawswell. 1987.51 NAFEMS Target Value (Hz) 52. F.775 148.33 Note: Reference value (Ref. Results Mode # 7.849 53.92 151..77 150. 10 (in plane) 11.25 285.70 152.382 148. J.) Test No.. 12 (out of plane) 13. Nov..290 53. Reference • NAFEMS Finite Element Methods & Standards.25 FEMAP Structural Result (Hz) 52.25 288. Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis (Glasgow: NAFEMS. 6. Abbassian.211 53. C.

Test 71.neu (Test 2) nf071c. This document provides the input data and results for NAFEMS Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis.neu (Test 3) This test is a normal modes/eigenvalue analysis of a cantilevered beam.Cantilevered Beam The complete model and results for this test case are in the following files: • • • nf071a.neu (Test 1) nf071b.all use 8 bar elements and 9 nodes • • Test 1: a=b Test 2: a = 10b . Attributes of this test are: • ill–conditioned stiffness matrix Test Case Data and Information Units SI Material Properties 9 N E = 200x10 -----2 m gρ = 8000k -----3 m Finite Element Modeling Three tests .

Constrain all other nodes in the Z translation and X and Y rotations. Solution Type Normal Modes/Eigenvalue – SVI method Bar elements always use a consistent mass formulation. • Test3: a = 100b Boundary Conditions Constraints • • Fully constrain point A (node 1) in all directions and rotations. .

3289 17. Results FEMAP Structural Result (Hz) 1. Value) refers to the accepted solution to the problem.791 17. F..717 5 57. N.. Nov.061 57.675 34.654 Mode # Ref.135 101.854 35.0095 6.390 6 85. Reference • NAFEMS Finite Element Methods & Standards.0095 1.3260 6. J. .422 60.. D.010 Mesh 1 2 6.716 4 34. Dawswell.730 a=b a = 10b a = 100b a=b a = 10b a = 100b a=b a = 10b a = 100b a=b a = 10b a = 100b a=b a = 10b a = 100b a=b a = 10b a = 100b Note: Reference value (Ref. and Knowles.) Test No.693 17. Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis (Glasgow: NAFEMS. 1987. Value (Hz) 1.751 86.819 34..673 104.3223 6. Abbassian.0095 1. 71. C.595 64.327 3 17.

Anti-symmetric Modes" "Free Thin Square Plate" "Simply-Supported Thin Square Plate" "Simply-Supported Thin Annular Plate" "Clamped Thin Rhombic Plate" "Cantilevered Thin Square Plate with Distorted Mesh" "Simply-Supported Thick Square Plate. Test B" "Simply-Supported Thick Annular Plate" "Cantilevered Square Membrane" "Cantilevered Tapered Membrane" "Free Annular Membrane" "Cantilevered Thin Square Plate" "Cantilevered Thin Square Plate #2" . Test A" "Clamped Thick Rhombic Plate" "Simply-Supported Thick Square Plate.Plate Element Test Cases The normal mode dynamics test cases using the standard NAFEMS benchmarks include these plate element test cases: • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • "Thin Square Cantilevered Plate -Symmetric Modes" "Thin Square Cantilevered Plate .

square. cantilevered plate meshed with plate elements. This document provides the input data and results for NAFEMS Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis. symmetric boundary conditions along the cutting plane Test Case Data and Information Units SI Material Properties 9 N E = 200x10 -----2 m kg ρ = 8000 -----3 m ν = 0. consistent mass) nf011all.neu (linear quadrilateral plate. lumped mass) nf011apc.neu (linear quadrilateral plate.thickness = 0.neu (parabolic quadrilateral plate. Test 11a.05m Test 2 and Test 3 (nf011apc and nf011apl) • 37 nodes .neu (parabolic quadrilateral plate.3 Finite Element Modeling Test 1 and Test 2 (nf011alc and nf011all) • • 45 nodes 32 linear quadrilateral plate elements . lumped mass) This test is a normal modes/eigenvalue analysis of a thin. consistent mass) nf011apl.Thin Square Cantilevered Plate Symmetric Modes The complete model and results for this test case are in the following files: • • • • nf011alc. Attributes of this test are: • symmetric modes.

26. 36. Solution Type Normal Modes/Eigenvalue – SVI method Results were obtained two different ways: • • using lumped mass using consistent mass .05m Mesh only half the plate (10m x 5m). Constrain all other nodes in the X and Y translations and Z rotation.thickness = 0. 21. 31. Constrain nodes 6. Linear Quadrilateral Plates Parabolic Quadrilateral Plates Boundary Conditions • • • • Constraints (all tests) Fully constrain nodes 1-5 in all translations and rotations. 11. 41 in the X and Y translations and X and Z rotations. • 8 parabolic quadrilateral plate elements . 16.

569 3.954 10.241 6..950 Mode # 1 2 3 4 5 6 Mesh linear parabolic linear parabolic linear parabolic linear parabolic linear parabolic linear parabolic Note: Reference value (Ref.018 7.418 2.984 6. and Knowles. Dawswell. D.979 7.421 2.444 3.381 11..387 10.573 6. J. Value) refers to the accepted solution to the problem.081 5.402 FEMAP Structural Result (lumped mass) (Hz) 0. Results Ref.112 11. F. Value (Hz) 0. 11a. N.281 6.418 0.582 3.551 7.493 FEMAP Structural Result (consistent mass) (Hz) 0. Abbassian. .306 6.315 3. Reference • NAFEMS Finite Element Methods & Standards..117 3. Nov.525 12.414 2. 1987..555 7.507 2.623 2.) Test No. C. Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis (Glasgow: NAFEMS.415 0.

neu (linear quadrilateral plate. Test 11b. This document provides the input data and results for NAFEMS Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis. cantilevered plate meshed with plate elements.05m Tests 3 and 4 (nf011bpc. lumped mass) This test is a normal modes/eigenvalue analysis of a thin. 32 linear quadrilateral plate elements . Attributes of this test are: • anti–symmetric modes Test Case Data and Information Units SI Material Properties 9 N E = 200x10 -----2 m kg ρ = 8000 -----3 m ν = 0.neu (parabolic quadrilateral plate. 8 parabolic quadrilateral plate elements .neu and nf011bpl.neu (linear quadrilateral plate. square.Thin Square Cantilevered Plate Anti-symmetric Modes The complete model and results for this test case are the in following files: • • • • nf011blc.thickness = 0.05m .neu) • 45 nodes.neu) • 37 nodes.neu (parabolic quadrilateral plate.3 Finite Element Modeling Tests 1 and 2 (nf011blc.thickness = 0. lumped mass) nf011bpc.neu and nf011bll. consistent mass) nf011bll. consistent mass) nf011bpl.

26. 11. Constrain all other nodes in the X and Y translations and Z rotation. 21. 16. 31. Solution Type Normal Modes/Eigenvalue – SVI method Results were obtained two different ways: • • using lumped mass using consistent mass . 41 in the X. Z translations and Z rotation. Mesh only half the plate (10m x 5m). Boundary Conditions Constraints (all tests) • • • Fully constrain nodes 1-5 in all directions. Y. Constrain nodes 6. 36.

D.847 8.) Test No.839 3.728 8. Value (Hz) 1. and Knowles.019 1.999 3. N.541 7.162 7.526 11.894 9.082 7.730 8. C. Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis (Glasgow: NAFEMS.846 9.. Abbassian.750 3. Dawswell..753 7. 1987.483 11.954 13. Reference • NAFEMS Finite Element Methods & Standards. F.805 9.012 1. Results Ref.918 Mode # 1 2 3 4 5 6 Mesh linear parabolic linear parabolic linear parabolic linear parabolic linear parabolic linear parabolic Note: Reference value (Ref.451 17.710 8.561 not available not available FEMAP FEMAP NAFEMS Structural Result Structural Result Target Value (lumped mass) (consistent mass) (Hz) (Hz) (Hz) 1.724 1.029 3.130 6. .553 3.728 11.993 0.755 0.693 11.079 8. 11b.185 17. J.818 15..087 13.018 3.192 16. Value) refers to the accepted solution to the problem.024 3.313 7. Nov..768 9.424 8.

neu and nf012pl. 64 linear quadrilateral plate elements .thickness = 0.thickness = 0. 16 parabolic quadrilateral plate elements .Free Thin Square Plate The complete model and results for this test case are in the following files: • • • • nf012lc.05m Tests 3 and 4 (nf012pc.05m .3 Finite Element Modeling Tests 1 and 2 (nf012lc. lumped mass) nf012pc. This document provides the input data and results for NAFEMS Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis.neu (parabolic quadrilateral plate. consistent mass) nf012ll.neu) • 65 nodes.neu) • 81 nodes. consistent mass) nf012pl. Attributes of this test are: • • • rigid body modes (three modes) repeated eigenvalues use of kinematic DOF for the rigid body mode calculation with the SVI eigensolver Test Case Data and Information Units SI Material Properties 9 N E = 200x10 -----2 m kg ρ = 8000 -----3 m ν = 0.neu (linear quadrilateral plate.neu and nf012ll.neu (parabolic quadrilateral plate. lumped mass) This test is a normal modes/eigenvalue analysis of a free thin square plate meshed with plate elements.neu (linear quadrilateral plate. Test 12.

• Constraint Set 2 (Kinematic DOF): Constrain nodes 1 and 3 in all directions and rotations. Solution Type Normal Modes/Eigenvalue – SVI method Results were obtained two different ways: • • using lumped mass using consistent mass . Boundary Conditions Constraints • Constraint Set 1: Constrain all the nodes in the X and Y translations and Z rotation.

J.218 4.632 1.912 3.879 6. 1987. C. Dawswell. Reference NAFEMS Finite Element Methods & Standards. Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis (Glasgow: NAFEMS.903 6. Value (Hz) 1..494 7.233 7. Nov.570 1. F. Results Mode # 4 5 6 7.122 7..615 1.416 not available Mesh linear parabolic linear parabolic linear parabolic linear parabolic linear parabolic linear parabolic NAFEMS Target Value (Hz) 1.494 Note: Reference value (Ref.394 2.990 2.815 2. 12. and Knowles.622 2.751 7..363 8.027 7.402 2.186 7..532 2. D.619 2.902 6.364 2. N. 8 9 10 Ref.586 1.750 3.884 7.) Test No. Value) refers to the accepted solution to the problem. .930 4.861 4.356 3.567 2.183 2.360 2.392 FEMAP Structural FEMAP Structural Result (lumped Result (consistent mass) (Hz) mass) (Hz) 1.246 2.006 2.922 4.859 7. Abbassian.586 6.251 4.

neu) .neu (linear quadrilateral plate. consistent mass) nf013ll. consistent mass) nf013pl. lumped mass) This test is a normal modes/eigenvalue analysis of a simply–supported thin square plate meshed with plate elements.neu (linear quadrilateral plate.neu) • 81 nodes. This document provides the input data and results for NAFEMS Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis.neu (parabolic quadrilateral plate.thickness = 0.Simply-Supported Thin Square Plate The complete model and results for this test case are in the following files: • • • • nf013lc.neu and nf013ll. Attributes of this test are: • • well established repeated eigenvalues Test Case Data and Information Units SI Material Properties 9 N E = 200x10 -----2 m kg ρ = 8000 -----3 m ν = 0.neu (parabolic quadrilateral plate.neu and nf013pl. Test 13.05m Tests 3 and 4 (nf013pc. lumped mass) nf013pc. 64 linear quadrilateral plate elements .3 Finite Element Modeling Tests 1 and 2 (nf013lc.

 • 65 nodes. Constrain the nodes along edges X = 0 and X = 10m in the Z translation and X rotation. 13. Solution Type Normal Modes/Eigenvalue – SVI method Results were obtained two different ways: . Constrain the nodes along edges Y = 0 and Y = 10m in the Z translation and Y rotation. 41. 68).thickness = 0. 16 parabolic quadrilateral plate elements .05m Boundary Conditions Constraints • • • • Constrain all nodes in the X and Y translations and Z rotation. Fully constrain the DOF on the four corner nodes (9.

.879 14.392 11. Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis (Glasgow: NAFEMS.884 15.942 9. F. and Knowles. 3 4 5.375 12. 6 7.. J.770 11. 8 Ref. Reference • NAFEMS Finite Element Methods & Standards.375 5.033 FEMAP Structural Result (consistent mass) (Hz) 2.909 9.034 9. Value) refers to the accepted solution to the problem.377 5.590 16. C.. • • using lumped mass using consistent mass Results Mode # 1 2.820 5. Dawswell.873 9. Abbassian.399 2. 1987.507 11. . D. 13.338 2. N.449 Mesh 4–noded 8–noded 4–noded 8–noded 4–noded 8–noded 4–noded 8–noded 4–noded 8–noded FEMAP Structural Result (lumped mass) (Hz) 2..831 13.383 6. Nov.215 15. Value (Hz) 2.206 6.932 8.734 Note: Reference value (Ref.786 16.) Test No.

thickness = 0. lumped mass) nf014pc. consistent mass) nf014ll.neu (parabolic quadrilateral plate. Attributes of this test are: • • curved boundary (skewed coordinate system) repeated eigenvalues Test Case Data and Information Units SI Material Properties 9 N E = 200x10 -----2 m kg ρ = 8000 -----3 m ν = 0.Simply-Supported Thin Annular Plate The complete model and results for this test case are in the following files: • • • • nf014lc.neu (linear quadrilateral plate.06m Tests 3 and 4 (nf014pc and nf014pl) .neu (parabolic quadrilateral plate. lumped mass) This test is a normal modes/eigenvalue analysis of a simply–supported thin annular plate meshed with shell elements.3 Finite Element Modeling Tests 1 and 2 (nf014lc and nf014ll): • 192 nodes. 160 linear quadrilateral plate elements . Test 14.neu (linear quadrilateral plate. consistent mass) nf014pl. This document provides the input data and results for NAFEMS Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis.

. • Constraint Set 2 (Kinematic DOF): Tests 1 and 2: Constrain nodes 258 and 290 in the X and Y translations.thickness = 0. 48 parabolic quadrilateral plate elements .06m Boundary Conditions • Constraint Set 1 (All Tests): Constrain all nodes in in the X and Y translation and Z rotation. • 176 nodes. Additionally constrain all nodes around the model’s circumference in the Z translation and X rotation.

175 5.176 15.SVI method Results were obtained two different ways: • • using lumped mass using consistent mass Results Mode # 1 2.380 1.547 17.983 9.713 15.412 14.111 9.088 18.870 5.873 5. 8 9 Ref. 3 4. Value) refers to the accepted solution to the problem.673 14. Tests 3 and 4: Constrain nodes 21 and 133 in the X and Y translations. 5 6 7.188 13. .326 15.859 1.686 9.850 15.249 5.946 15.924 16.382 Mesh linear parabolic linear parabolic linear parabolic linear parabolic linear parabolic linear parabolic FEMAP Structural FEMAP Structural Result (lumped Result (consistent mass) (Hz) mass) (Hz) 1. Value (Hz) 1.573 18.151 9. Solution Type Normal Mode Dynamics .521 Note: Reference value (Ref.137 9.672 14.840 5.708 19.594 17.877 1.

) Test No. . D. C. Dawswell. and Knowles. Abbassian. Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis (Glasgow: NAFEMS. F. J. Reference • NAFEMS Finite Element Methods & Standards. 14... N.. Nov. 1987..

lumped mass) nf015pc. Attributes of this test are: • distorted elements Test Case Data and Information Units SI Material Properties 9 N E = 200x10 -----2 m kg ρ = 8000 -----3 m ν = 0.05m .Clamped Thin Rhombic Plate The complete model and results for this test case are in the following files: • • • • nf015lc.neu (parabolic quadrilateral plate. 144 linear quadrilateral plate elements .neu and nf015ll.neu (linear quadrilateral plate. lumped mass) nf015pl.thickness = 0. consistent mass) This test is a normal modes/eigenvalue analysis of a clamped thin rhombic plate meshed with plate elements. Test 15. This document provides the input data and results for NAFEMS Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis.neu (linear quadrilateral plate.3 Finite Element Modeling Tests 1 and 2 (nf015lc.neu): • 169 nodes.neu (parabolic quadrilateral plate. consistent mass) nf015ll.

36 parabolic quadrilateral plate elements . Tests 3 and 4 (nf015pc.05m Boundary Conditions Constraints • • Completely constrain the nodes along all four edges of the part in all directions and rotations. Constrain all other nodes in the X and Y translation and Z rotation. Solution Type Normal Modes/Eigenvalue .neu and nf015pl.SVI method Results were obtained two different ways: • • using lumped mass using consistent mass .neu): • 133 nodes.thickness = 0.

.168 26.554 18..738 27.009 27.388 13.665 23. N.873 13.312 20..185 25.902 12. 1987.698 27.807 17. C..891 12. Reference • NAFEMS Finite Element Methods & Standards.831 12.810 Note: Reference value (Ref.964 23. Value) refers to the accepted solution to the problem.879 27.952 18.941 19.008 19.480 20. and Knowles.046 25.851 17.133 24.704 27.472 19.938 12.072 18.239 19. Value (Hz) 7. Results Mode # 1 2 3 4 5 6 Ref.818 7.922 Mesh linear parabolic linear parabolic linear parabolic linear parabolic linear parabolic linear parabolic NAFEMS FEMAP Structural FEMAP Structural Target Value Result (lumped Result (consistent mass) (Hz) mass) (Hz) (Hz) 8.) Test No.883 7. Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis (Glasgow: NAFEMS.910 7.835 17.226 29.142 7.036 17. Nov. Abbassian. D.950 32.955 7.165 18. . Dawswell. J. 15.929 13. F.816 28.

thickness = 0.Cantilevered Thin Square Plate with Distorted Mesh The complete model and results for this test case are in the following files: • • • • • • • • nf016a1. lumped mass) nf016a2.neu (4 parabolic quadrilateral plate.parabolic quadrilateral plate elements . consistent mass) nf016b1. lumped mass) nf016b2.neu (4 parabolic quadrilateral plate.neu (16 parabolic quadrilateral plate.05m .neu (4 parabolic quadrilateral plate.3 Finite Element Modeling All tests . Test 16.neu (16 parabolic quadrilateral plate.neu (4 parabolic quadrilateral plate. lumped mass) nf016c2. This document provides the input data and results for NAFEMS Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis. consistent mass) This test is a normal modes/eigenvalue analysis of a cantilevered thin square plate meshed with distorted plate elements. lumped mass) nf016d2. consistent mass) nf016c1.neu (16 parabolic quadrilateral plate. Attributes of this test are: • distorted meshes Test Case Data and Information Units SI Material Properties 9 N E = 200x10 -----2 m kg ρ = 8000 -----3 m ν = 0.neu (16 parabolic quadrilateral plate. consistent mass) nf016d1.

25 7.0 2.25 2.65 nodes. 16 elements • Test 2 (nf016b1.25 4. nf016a2) .5 2.25 2.25 4. nf016b2) .0 2.5 Y Coordinate 4.75 4.75 5.65 nodes.75 . Four tests: • Test 1 (nf016a1.75 7.25 7.25 7.25 2.75 7. 16 elements with specified nodes at the following XY coordinates: X Coordinate 4.5 7.



Test 3 (nf016c1, nf016c2) - 21 nodes, 4 elements

Test 4 (nf016d1, nf016d2) - 21 nodes, 4 elements with a specified node at X=4.0, Y=4.0.

Boundary Conditions


Constraints (nf016a1 and nf016a2)
• • Constrain the nodes along the model’s Y axis in the X, Y, and Z translations and in the Y and Z rotations. Constrain all other nodes in the Z rotation only.

Constraints (nf016b1 and nf016b2)
• • Fully constrain the nodes along the model’s Y axis in all directions. Constrain all other nodes in the Z rotation only.

Solution Type
Normal Modes/Eigenvalue - SVI method Results were obtained two different ways: • • using lumped mass using consistent mass



Results
Ref. Value (Hz) 0.421 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 NAFEMS Target Value (Hz) 0.4174 0.4174 0.4144 0.4145 1.020 1.020 0.999 1.002 2.564 2.571 2.554 2.565 3.302 3.317 3.401 3.424 3.769 3.780 3.697 3.714 6.805 6.883 5.455 5.133 FEMAP FEMAP Structural Structural Result (consistent Result (lumped mass) (Hz) mass) (Hz) 0.4139 0.4135 0.4021 0.3999 0.9985 0.9967 0.9347 0.9202 2.444 2.445 2.132 2.112 3.082 3.072 2.707 2.697 3.540 3.535 3.136 3.077 6.018 5.994 5.458 5.459 0.4181 0.4182 0.4189 0.4192 1.024 1.024 1.021 1.025 2.569 2.566 2.708 2.698 3.281 3.280 3.449 3.430 3.728 3.731 3.913 3.881 6.551 6.552 7.108 6.858

Mode # 1

Test

2

1.029

3

2.582

4

3.306

5

3.753

6

6.555

Note: Reference value (Ref. Value) refers to the accepted solution to the problem. Reference • NAFEMS Finite Element Methods & Standards, Abbassian, F., Dawswell, D. J., and Knowles, N. C., Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis (Glasgow: NAFEMS, Nov., 1987.) Test No. 16.

Simply-Supported Thick Square Plate, Test A
The complete model and results for this test case are in the following files: • • • • nf021alc.neu (linear quadrilateral plate, consistent mass) nf021all.neu (linear quadrilateral plate, lumped mass) nf021apc.neu (parabolic quadrilateral plate, consistent mass) nf021apl.neu (parabolic quadrilateral plate, lumped mass)

This test is a normal modes/eigenvalue analysis of a simply–supported thick square plate meshed with shell elements. This document provides the input data and results for NAFEMS Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis, Test 21a. Attributes of this test are: • • • well–established repeated eigenvalues effect of secondary restraints

Test Case Data and Information
Units
SI

Material Properties
9 N E = 200x10 -----2 m

kg ρ = 8000 -----3 m ν = 0.3

Finite Element Modeling
Tests 1 and 2 (nf021alc.neu and nf021all.neu)


• 81 nodes, 64 linear quadrilateral plate elements - thickness = 1.0m

Tests 3 and 4 (nf021apc.neu and nf021apl.neu) • 65 nodes, 16 parabolic quadrilateral plate elements - thickness = 1.0m

Boundary Conditions
Constraints
• • • Fully constrain the corner nodes in all directions and rotations. Constrain the nodes along edges X=0 and X=10m in all directions, except the Y rotation. Constrain the nodes along edges Y=0 and Y=10m in all directions, except the X rotation.


• Constrain all other nodes in the X and Y translation and Z rotation.

Solution Type
Normal Modes/Eigenvalue - SVI method Results were obtained two different ways: • • using lumped mass using consistent mass

Results
Ref. Value (Hz) 45.897 109.44 167.89 204.51 FEMAP FEMAP NAFEMSTar Structural Structural Result get Value Result (lumped (consistent mass) (Hz) mass) (Hz) (Hz) 46.659 45.936 115.84 110.41 177.53 170.38 233.40 212.81 45.50 46.165 108.70 110.32 160.63 167.30 204.75 204.59 46.35 45.830 114.12 109.38 174.29 169.75 227.05 208.20

Mode # 1 2, 3 4 5, 6

Mesh linear parabolic linear parabolic linear parabolic linear parabolic


7, 8 9 10 256.50 336.62 336.62 linear parabolic linear parabolic linear parabolic 283.60 269.96 371.11 344.77 371.11 344.77 240.84 249.26 298.18 311.32 320.41 347.63 276.88 268.40 364.30 319.40 385.84 319.40

Note: Reference value (Ref. Value) refers to the accepted solution to the problem. Reference • NAFEMS Finite Element Methods & Standards, Abbassian, F., Dawswell, D. J., and Knowles, N. C., Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis (Glasgow: NAFEMS, Nov., 1987.) Test No. 21a.

Test B The complete model and results for this test case are in the following files: • • • • nf021blc. consistent mass) nf021bll. lumped mass) This test is a normal modes/eigenvalue analysis of a simply–supported thick square plate meshed with plate elements.neu (parabolic quadrilateral plate elements. This document provides the input data and results for NAFEMS Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis.neu (linear quadrilateral plate elements.neu) • 81 nodes. Test 21b.Simply-Supported Thick Square Plate. Attributes of this test are: • • • well–established repeated eigenvalues effect of secondary restraints Test Case Data and Information Units SI Material Properties 9 N E = 200X10 -----2 m kg ρ = 8000 -----3 m ν = 0.0m .neu (linear quadrilateral plate elements. consistent mass) nf021bpl.neu (parabolic quadrilateral plate elements. 64 linear quadrilateral plate elements . lumped mass) nf021bpc.thickness = 1.3 Finite Element Modeling Tests 1 and 2 (nf021blc.neu and nf021bll.

thickness = 1. Solution Type Normal Modes/Eigenvalue .neu) • 65 nodes. and Z translations and Z rotation. Tests 3 and 4 (nf021plc.0m Boundary Conditions Constraints • • Constrain the nodes along all edges in the X. 16 parabolic quadrilateral plate elements .Y.neu and nf021pll. Constrain all other nodes in the X and Y translation and Z rotation.SVI method Results were obtained two different ways: • using lumped mass .

44 167..78 318.52 156. D.897 109.43 318.61 358. 3 4 5.80 44.89 204.80 355.85 170.19 260. N. • using consistent mass Results Ref. Abbassian.51 206. J.57 203. 8 9 10 Mesh linear parabolic linear parabolic linear parabolic linear parabolic linear parabolic linear parabolic linear parabolic Note: Reference value (Ref.96 108.19 230.25 107.47 263. F.31 245.62 336.50 336.12 237.98 342. 6 7. Dawswell.96 163.71 293.57 170.745 44. 1987.32 355.23 20.46 272.16 319.96 44.94 107. .58 Mode # 1 2. Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis (Glasgow: NAFEMS.85 44.56 384.40 203. Nov. Value) refers to the accepted solution to the problem. and Knowles.17 165. C..28 164.64 346.) Test No.134 112..815 106.14 44.98 342. Reference • NAFEMS Finite Element Methods & Standards.62 FEMAP FEMAP NAFEMS Structural Result Structural Result Target Value (lumped mass) (consistent mass) (Hz) (Hz) (Hz) 44.493 112.70 225.. Value (Hz) 45.07 274. 21b.51 256.95 307.

Test 22. Attributes of this test are: • distorted elements Test Case Data and Information Units SI Material Properties 9 N E = 200X10 -----2 m kg ρ = 8000 -----3 m ν = 0.neu (linear quadrilateral plate.3 Finite Element Modeling Tests 1 and 2 (nf022lc.neu (parabolic quadrilateral plate. lumped mass) This test is a normal modes/eigenvalue analysis of a thick clamped thick rhombic plate meshed with plate elements.neu (linear quadrilateral plate. This document provides the input data and results for NAFEMS Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis.neu (parabolic quadrilateral plate. consistent mass) nf022pl.Clamped Thick Rhombic Plate The complete model and results for this test case are in the following files: • • • • nf022lc. lumped mass) nf022pc. consistent mass) nf022ll.neu) .neu and nf022ll.

neu) • 133 nodes. 100 linear quadrilateral plate elements . .thickness = 1. 36 parabolic quadrilateral plate elements .thickness = 1.0m Boundary Conditions Constraints • Fully constrain the nodes along all four edges in all directions and rotations. • 121 nodes.0m Tests 3 and 4 (nf022pc.neu and nf022pl.

68 383.95 201.SVI Results were obtained two different ways: • • using lumped mass using consistent mass Results Ref.05 273.08 266.80 133. Value (Hz) 133.05 338.59 386.17 132.88 411.48 203.33 134.51 204.48 213.17 279.06 289.92 338.41 265.83 283.28 288.28 369.65 377.90 381.56 346. Solution Type Normal Mode Dynamics .62 133.30 269.41 426.79 Mode # 1 2 3 4 5 6 Mesh linear parabolic linear parabolic linear parabolic linear parabolic linear parabolic linear parabolic .42 271.38 296.23 270.81 282.42 204.45 not available FEMAP FEMAP Structural NAFEMS Structural Result Target Value Result (lumped (consistent mass) (Hz) mass) (Hz) (Hz) 137.90 135.95 337.87 381.34 295.06 200.74 334.75 283.86 218. • Constrain all other nodes in the X and Y translations and Z rotation.

J.. 22 . Note: Reference value (Ref. Value) refers to the accepted solution to the problem.. Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis (Glasgow: NAFEMS. Nov. C. Dawswell. N. D.) Test No. F. Reference • NAFEMS Finite Element Methods & Standards. 1987. and Knowles... Abbassian.

Simply-Supported Thick Annular Plate The complete model and results for this test case are in the following files: • • • • nf023lc. lumped mass) nf023pc. This document provides the input data and results for NAFEMS Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis. Test 23. consistent mass) nf023pl.neu (linear quadrilateral plate.3 Finite Element Modeling Tests 1 and 2 (nf023lc.neu and nf023ll. consistent mass) nf023ll.neu (linear quadrilateral plate.neu) . Attributes of this test are: • • curved boundary (skewed coordinate system) repeated eigenvalues Test Case Data and Information Units SI Material Properties 9 N E = 200X10 -----2 m kg ρ = 8000 -----3 m ν = 0. lumped mass) This test is a normal modes/eigenvalue analysis of a simply–supported thick annular plate meshed with plate elements.neu (parabolic quadrilateral plate.neu (parabolic quadrilateral plate.

thickness = 0.thickness = 0. • 192 nodes. 48 parabolic quadrilateral plate elements . and Z translations and X and Z rotations.6m Boundary Conditions Constraints • Constrain the nodes around the circumference in the X.6m Tests 3 and 4 (nf023pc.neu) • 176 nodes.neu and nf023pl. Y. . 160 linear quadrilateral plate elements .

02 96. 5 linear parabolic linear parabolic linear parabolic .90 18.59 49.19 18.59 Mesh 1 2.99 93. • Constrain all other nodes in the X and Y translation and Z rotation.89 48.82 49. Value (Hz) 18.82 18.06 92.92 92.35 49.SVI method Results were obtained two different ways: • • using lumped mass using consistent mass Results FEMAP FEMAP Structural NAFEMS Structural Result Result Target Value (consistent mass) (lumped mass) (Hz) (Hz) (Hz) 18.59 50. Solution Type Normal Modes/Eigenvalue .13 95.32 49.43 93.44 92.58 48.49 18.42 Mode # Ref.61 18. 3 4.

and Knowles. C. J.21 146.36 linear parabolic linear parabolic linear parabolic 148.27 145. Dawswell.34 140.41 151.37 174.71 134.39 139.68 146.74 160. 8 9 140.87 163. Abbassian. .15 not available 166..63 174.52 167. Nov. N. Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis (Glasgow: NAFEMS.86 153.11 Note: Reference value (Ref. 23..28 145. F..10 166.31 136.) Test No. Value) refers to the accepted solution to the problem. 1987. 6 7.43 145. D.. Reference • NAFEMS Finite Element Methods & Standards.

3 Finite Element Modeling Tests 1 and 2 (nf031lc.neu) . This document provides the input data and results for NAFEMS Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis.neu (linear quadrilateral plate. consistent mass) nf031ll. lumped mass) This test is a normal modes/eigenvalue analysis of a cantilevered square membrane meshed with plate elements.neu and nf031ll. Test 31.neu (parabolic quadrilateral plate. Attributes of this test are well established. consistent mass) nf031pl.neu (parabolic quadrilateral plate.Cantilevered Square Membrane The complete model and results for this test case are in the following files: • • • • nf031lc. Test Case Data and Information Units SI Material Properties 9 N E = 200x10 -----2 m kg ρ = 8000 -----3 m ν = 0.neu (linear quadrilateral plate. lumped mass) nf031pc.

. 16 parabolic quadrilateral plate elements . • 81 nodes.thickness = 0.05m Boundary Conditions Constraints • Fully constrain the nodes along the Y axis in all directions and rotations.neu and nf031pl.neu) • 65 nodes.thickness = 0. 64 linear quadrilateral plate elements .05m Tests 3 and 4 (nf031pc.

85 224.04 214.20 141.01 239.61 209.84 239.83 138.76 FEMAP FEMAP Structural Structural Result Result (consistent mass) (lumped mass) (Hz) (Hz) 52.02 227.74 Mesh 1 2 3 4 5 6 linear parabolic linear parabolic linear parabolic linear parabolic linear parabolic linear parabolic . Y.16 125.31 52. Solution Type Normal Modes/Eigenvalue .95 247.SVI method Results were obtained two different ways: • • using lumped mass using consistent mass Results NAFEMS Target Value (Hz) 52.69 140.46 236.87 143.73 Mode # Ref.905 52.48 259.59 125.54 138.25 227. and Z rotations.06 122.59 247.635 126.77 52.47 52.26 260.11 125.16 252.404 125. Value (Hz) 52.61 256.78 222.39 126.18 139.54 241.90 243.47 228.06 251. • Constrain all other nodes in the Z translation and X.41 255.28 214.48 142.

1987.. Nov. . J. Note: Reference value (Ref. D. C. and Knowles. F... Abbassian. N. Reference • NAFEMS Finite Element Methods & Standards.) Test No. 31. Dawswell. Value) refers to the accepted solution to the problem. Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis (Glasgow: NAFEMS..

lumped mass) nf032pc. lumped mass) This test is a normal modes/eigenvalue analysis of a cantilevered tapered membrane meshed with plate elements.Cantilevered Tapered Membrane The complete model and results for this test case are in the following files: • • • • nf032lc. consistent mass) nf032ll. Test 32.neu (parabolic quadrilateral plate. This document provides the input data and results for NAFEMS Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis.neu and nf032ll.neu (linear quadrilateral plate.neu (parabolic quadrilateral plate.neu (linear quadrilateral plate.3 Finite Element Modeling Tests 1 and 2 (nf032lc. consistent mass) nf032pl. Attributes of this test are: • • • shear behavior irregular mesh symmetry Test Case Data and Information Units SI Material Properties 9 N E = 200x10 -----2 m kg ρ = 8000 -----3 m ν = 0.neu) .

 • 153 nodes.neu) • 153 nodes.thickness = 0.neu and nf032pl. . 128 linear quadrilateral plate elements .1m Tests 3 and 4 (nf032pc.1m Boundary Conditions Constraints • Fully constrain the nodes along the Y axis in all directions and rotations. 32 parabolic quadrilateral plate elements .thickness = 0.

99 246.56 245.50 162.11 44. Solution Type Normal Modes/Eigenvalue .44 Mesh 1 2 3 4 5 6 linear parabolic linear parabolic linear parabolic linear parabolic linear parabolic linear parabolic .623 130.90 391.02 396.28 130. • Constrain all other nodes in the Z translation and the X.11 375.70 246.82 45.05 162.84 129.14 162.80 375.81 388.72 252.SVI method Results were obtained two different ways: • • using lumped mass using consistent mass Results FEMAP FEMAP Structural NAFEMS Structural Result Result Target Value (consistent mass) (lumped mass) (Hz) (Hz) (Hz) 44.636 132.83 162. Y.92 129.73 44.31 382.77 Mode # Ref.03 162.37 250.00 391.61 389.05 379.12 130.55 44.63 393.78 393. Value (Hz) 44.14 131.905 44.62 241.80 161.09 369. and Z rotations.26 391.79 374.37 244.61 162.

Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis (Glasgow: NAFEMS. N..) Test No. Nov. 1987. C. Abbassian. J. Note: Reference value (Ref. Value) refers to the accepted solution to the problem.. 32 . Reference • NAFEMS Finite Element Methods & Standards. F. and Knowles... Dawswell. D.

Free Annular Membrane The complete model and results for this test case are in the following files: • • • • nf033lc. consistent mass) nf033pl.3 Finite Element Modeling Tests 1 and 2 (nf033lc. lumped mass) This test is a normal modes/eigenvalue analysis of a free annular membrane meshed with plate elements.neu (parabolic quadrilateral plate. lumped mass) nf033pc. consistent mass) nf033ll.neu (linear quadrilateral plate.neu (linear quadrilateral plate. This document provides the input data and results for NAFEMS Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis.neu (parabolic quadrilateral plate.neu) . Attributes of this test are: • • • repeated eigenvalues rigid body modes (three modes) kinematically incomplete suppressions Test Case Data and Information Units SI Material Properties 9 N E = 200x10 -----2 m kg ρ = 8000 -----3 m ν = 0.neu and nf033ll. Test 33.

06m Boundary Conditions Constraints • Constraint Set 1 (DOF set): Tests 1 and 2: Constrain nodes 254 and 286 in the X and Y translations.neu) • 176 nodes.neu and nf033pl.thickness = 0.thickness = 0. .06m Tests 3 and 4 (nf033pc. 48 parabolic quadrilateral plate elements . 160 linear quadrilateral plate elements . • 192 nodes.

Solution Type Normal Modes/Eigenvalue . Tests 3 and 4: Constrain nodes 7 and 19 in the X and Y translations. and Z rotations.SVI method Results were obtained two different ways: • • using lumped mass using consistent mass . Y. • Constraint Set 2: Constrain all other nodes in the Z translation and X.

74 264.71 126.14 270.17 234.12 263.82 229.67 230.38 361. Nov. 10 11. 1987. F.48 225.15 368.52 Mode # Ref.66 224. Reference • NAFEMS Finite Element Methods & Standards..94 225.98 378.38 389. and Knowles.44 329..93 311. J..79 Mesh 4.61 376.27 234. 12 13. Results FEMAP FEMAP Structural NAFEMS Structural Result Result Target Value (consistent mass) (lumped mass) (Hz) (Hz) (Hz) 129. Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis (Glasgow: NAFEMS.51 126.17 234. 33..) Test No. D.66 336.15 225.60 127.81 340. N.70 126.67 339. 14 linear parabolic linear parabolic linear parabolic linear parabolic linear parabolic linear parabolic Note: Reference value (Ref.92 232.83 257.45 328.09 368. . Dawswell.24 226. 8 9. 5 6 7.34 335.86 262.70 391.13 264.22 218. C.95 272. Abbassian.46 224. Value (Hz) 129. Value) refers to the accepted solution to the problem.52 222.48 128.

consistent mass) nf073bl. Test 73.parabolic quadrilateral plate.Cantilevered Thin Square Plate The complete model and results for this test case are in the following files: • • • • • • • • nf073ac. lumped mass) nf073cc.neu (Test 7 .neu (Test 5 . lumped mass) nf073dc.parabolic quadrilateral plate.neu (Test 8 . consistent mass) nf073dl.neu (Test 3 . consistent mass) nf073al.parabolic quadrilateral plate.neu (Test 4 .neu (Test 1 . Attributes of this test are: • effect of master DOF selection on frequencies Test Case Data and Information Units SI .parabolic quadrilateral plate.parabolic quadrilateral plate. This document provides the input data and results for NAFEMS Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis.neu (Test 6 . lumped mass) This test is a normal modes/eigenvalue analysis of a cantilevered thin square plate.parabolic quadrilateral plate.parabolic quadrilateral plate.parabolic quadrilateral plate. consistent mass) nf073cl.neu (Test 2 . lumped mass) nf073bc.

four different placements: . Material Properties 9 N E = 200x10 -----2 m kg ρ = 8000 -----3 m ν = 0.05m Boundary Conditions Constraints • Constraint Set 1: Constrain the nodes along the Y axis in the X.3 Finite Element Modeling 65 nodes. • Constraint Set (DOF set) 2: Create a constraint set to define a Master (ASET) DOF set (in Z direction) . and Z translations and Y rotation. 16 parabolic quadrilateral plate elements . Y.thickness = 0.

 Tests 1 and 2: Tests 3 and 4: Tests 5 and 6: .

4139 0.580 2.SVI method Results were obtained two different ways: • • using lumped mass using consistent mass Results FEMAP FEMAP Structural NAFEMS Structural Result Result Target Value (consistent mass) (lumped mass) (Hz) (Hz) (Hz) 0.036 2.597 2.000 1. Value (Hz) 0.4147 0.029 3 2. Tests 7 and 8: Solution Type Normal Modes/Eigenvalue .020 1.850 0.476 2.4175 0.675 2.610 2.4191 1.025 1.449 2.4184 1.4174 0.4182 0.844 Mode # Ref.4174 0.026 1.001 1.021 1.564 2.582 test 1 test 2 test 3 test 4 test 1 test 2 test 3 test 4 test 1 test 2 test 3 test 4 .009 2.677 2.020 1.421 DOF Set 1 2 1.4139 0.524 2.999 1.027 1.4140 0.670 0.4183 0.4182 0.032 2.

495 ----3. 4 3.466 6.517 7. J.891 4.888 4.498 7.798 7. F.816 6.035 5.365 3. .325 3.781 3. D.563 3..769 3.) Test No.314 3.. Abbassian. Nov.753 6 6. 73.414 6.023 5.352 3.765 4. Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis (Glasgow: NAFEMS.805 7.095 3.126 6.663 3.302 3.694 6. Reference • NAFEMS Finite Element Methods & Standards.126 3. C.345 3. 1987. and Knowles.306 test 1 test 2 test 3 test 4 test 1 test 2 test 3 test 4 test 1 test 2 test 3 test 4 3.675 -----3.140 3.479 ------ 5 3. N. Dawswell.. Value) refers to the accepted solution to the problem.362 3.555 3.555 Note: Reference value (Ref..571 3.

consistent mass) nf074l. 16 parabolic quadrilateral plate elements .thickness = 0.Cantilevered Thin Square Plate #2 The complete model and results for this test case are in the following files: • • nf074c.3 Finite Element Modeling 65 nodes. lumped mass) This test is a normal modes/eigenvalue analysis of a cantilevered thin square plate. Test 74.05m . Test Case Data and Information Units SI Material Properties 9 N E = 200x10 -----2 m kg ρ = 8000 -----3 m ν = 0. This document provides the input data and results for NAFEMS Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis.neu (parabolic quadrilateral plate.neu (parabolic quadrilateral plate.

306 3.4139 0. Boundary Conditions Constraints Constrain the nodes along the Y axis in the X. Value (Hz) 0.SVI Results were obtained two different ways: • • using lumped mass using consistent mass Results FEMAP Structural Result (lumped mass) (Hz) 0.582 3.540 FEMAP Structural Result (consistent mass) (Hz) 0.281 3.471 1. Y.569 3.082 3.4181 1.024 2.999 2. Value) refers to the accepted solution to the problem. and Z translations and the Y rotation.029 2.728 Mode # 1 2 3 4 5 Ref. Solution Type Normal Modes/Eigenvalues .444 3.753 Note: Reference value (Ref. .

J.. Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis (Glasgow: NAFEMS. .. Reference • NAFEMS Finite Element Methods & Standards.. F.. Abbassian.) Test No. D. 74. and Knowles. N. Nov. C. 1987. Dawswell.

Uniform Radial Vibration" "Simply-Supported Solid Square Plate" "Simply-Supported Solid Annular Plate" "Deep Simply-Supported Solid Beam" "Cantilevered Solid Beam" .Axisymmetric Vibration" "Simply-Supported Annular Plate -Axisymmetric Vibration" "Thick Hollow Sphere .Axisymmetric Solid and Solid Element Test Cases The normal mode dynamics test cases using the standard NAFEMS benchmarks include these axisymmetric solid and solid element test cases: • • • • • • • "Free Cylinder .

Attributes of this test are: • • • rigid body modes (one mode) coupling between axial. and circumferential behavior close eigenvalues Test Case Data and Information Units SI Material Properties 9 N E = 200x10 -----2 m kg ρ = 8000 -----3 m ν = 0.Free Cylinder . radial.neu (linear axisymmetric solid quadrilateral. lumped mass) nf041pc.3 Finite Element Modeling Tests 1 and 2 (nf041lc.neu (linear axisymmetric solid quadrilateral. Test 41. lumped mass) This test is a normal modes/eigenvalue analysis of a free cylinder meshed with axisymmetric elements. consistent mass) nf041pl.neu (parabolic axisymmetric solid quadrilateral. consistent mass) nf041ll.Axisymmetric Vibration The complete model and results for this test case are in the following files: • • • • nf041lc.neu (parabolic axisymmetric solid quadrilateral. This document provides the input data and results for NAFEMS Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis.neu and nf041ll.neu): .

Tests 3 and 4: Create a constraint set (Kinematic DOF set) to constrain nodes 1 and 51 in the X and Z translations.neu): • 43 nodes. 8 parabolic axisymmetric quadrilateral solid elements Boundary Conditions Constraints • • Tests 1 and 2: Create a constraint set (Kinematic DOF set) to constrain nodes 1 and 68 in the X and Z translations. 48 linear axisymmetric quadrilateral solid elements Tests 3 and 4 (nf041pc.SVI method Results were obtained two different ways: • • using lumped mass using consistent mass .neu and nf041pl. • 68 nodes. Solution Type Normal Modes/Eigenvalue .

85 389.11 397.87 406.94 421.44 Mode # Ref. Value) refers to the accepted solution to the problem. Abbassian.96 243. Reference • NAFEMS Finite Element Methods & Standards.46 395.28 Mesh 2 3 4 5 6 linear parabolic linear parabolic linear parabolic linear parabolic linear parabolic Note: Reference value (Ref.01 243.31 356. J. Value (Hz) 243.53 377.86 356.88 385. Nov.50 379.49 379.18 243.42 394. Dawswell. 1987.. .15 377.24 370.85 406.28 401.92 375. and Knowles..65 FEMAP Structural Result (consistent mass) (Hz) 243.56 393.00 397.72 405. Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis (Glasgow: NAFEMS. D.97 406.41 394. F. 41..41 394.35 397.) Test No. Results FEMAP Structural NAFEMS Result Target Value (lumped mass) (Hz) (Hz) 244. C.46 394.41 243. N.50 378..30 398.41 377.

consistent mass) nf042ll. Attributes of this test are: • • curved boundary (skewed coordinate system) constraint equations Test Case Data and Information Units SI Material Properties 9 N E = 200x10 -----2 m kg ρ = 8000 -----3 m ν = 0.α = 5° Tests 3 and 4 (nf042pc. lumped mass) nf042pc.Uniform Radial Vibration The complete model and results for this test case are in the following files: • • • • nf042lc.neu (linear axisymmetric solid quadrilateral.neu and nf042pl.3 Finite Element Modeling Tests 1 and 2 (nf042lc. This document provides the input data and results for NAFEMS Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis.Thick Hollow Sphere . consistent mass) nf042pl. Test 42.neu (parabolic axisymmetric solid quadrilateral. hollow sphere using axisymmetric solid elements.neu) .neu (linear axisymmetric solid quadrilateral.neu and nf042ll.neu (parabolic axisymmetric solid quadrilateral. 10 linear axisymmetric solid quadrilateral elements .neu) • 22 nodes. lumped mass) This test is a normal modes/eigenvalue analysis of a thick.

SVI method Results were obtained two different ways: • • using lumped mass using consistent mass . 10 parabolic axisymmetric solid quadrilateral elements Boundary Conditions Constraints • • Constraint Set 1: Constrain all nodes in the Z translation. • 53 nodes. Constraint Equations: Constrain all nodes at the same R’ are constrained to have same r’ displacement Solution Type Normal Modes/Eigenvalue .

Abbassian.49 831.72 1421. Value (Hz) 369.1 1453. Dawswell..5 Mode # Ref. .83 839.0 2795.91 369.6 2117. Nov.3 2970.) Test No.7 2852.91 838.0 2192.8 Mesh 1 2 3 4 5 linear parabolic linear parabolic linear parabolic linear parabolic linear parabolic Note: Reference value (Ref. Results FEMAP FEMAP Structural NAFEMS Structural Result Result Target Value (consistent mass) (lumped mass) (Hz) (Hz) (Hz) 370.20 838..64 370..2 2706. J. and Knowles. Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis (Glasgow: NAFEMS.80 832.9 2604.49 837.5 1450.2 2131.7 2030.77 1470.03 1451.8 369.3 1433..9 2799. 1987.08 1473. Value) refers to the accepted solution to the problem. Reference • NAFEMS Finite Element Methods & Standards. N.7 2975.85 2188.5 2072.3 370. D. C. F.01 841. 42.2 2117.08 369.

Attributes of this test are: • well established Test Case Data and Information Units SI Material Properties 9 N E = 200x10 -----2 m kg ρ = 8000 -----3 m ν = 0. This document provides the input data and results for NAFEMS Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis. consistent mass) nf043ll.neu): . lumped mass) nf043pc. consistent mass) nf043pl.Simply-Supported Annular Plate Axisymmetric Vibration The complete model and results for this test case are in the following files: • • • • nf043lc.neu (parabolic axisymmetric solid quadrilateral.3 Finite Element Modeling Tests 1 and 2 (nf043lc.neu (parabolic axisymmetric solid quadrilateral.neu (linear axisymmetric solid quadrilateral. lumped mass) This test is a normal modes/eigenvalue analysis of a simply–supported annular plate meshed with axisymmetric elements.neu (linear axisymmetric solid quadrilateral.neu and nf043ll. Test 43.

SVI method Results were obtained two different ways: • • using lumped mass using consistent mass . 5 parabolic axisymmetric solid quadrilateral elements Boundary Conditions Constraints Constrain point A (node 1) in the Z translation Solution Type Normal Modes/Eigenvalue .neu and nf043pl. 60 linear axisymmetric solid quadrilateral elements Tests 3 and 4 (nf043pc.neu) • 28 nodes. • 80 nodes.

34 633.) Test No. Nov.20 224..24 140.05 689. Value) refers to the accepted solution to the problem..62 643.570 18. F. 43. N. D.05 Mode # Ref.22 224. Abbassian. and Knowles.18 385.20 224.50 353. J.543 150.46 145.48 374.56 224. Dawswell.582 140.59 374. Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis (Glasgow: NAFEMS..05 673.16 358.582 145. C.16 FEMAP Structural Result (consistent mass) (Hz) 18.97 224.56 224.711 18.542 18.66 135. Reference NAFEMS Finite Element Methods & Standards. .19 Mesh 1 2 3 4 5 linear parabolic linear parabolic linear parabolic linear parabolic linear parabolic Note: Reference value (Ref.15 224.79 686. Results FEMAP Structural NAFEMS Result Target Value (lumped mass) (Hz) (Hz) 18..429 138.29 629. Value (Hz) 18.18 371.00 361. 1987.04 18.34 686.

neu (linear solid brick. consistent mass) nf051pl. Test 51. lumped mass) nf051pc. consistent mass) nf051ll.neu (parabolic solid brick.neu. solid beam meshed with bricks.neu (parabolic solid brick. nf051ll.neu) .3 Finite Element Modeling Tests 1 and 2 (nf051lc.neu (linear solid brick. This document provides the input data and results for NAFEMS Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis.Deep Simply-Supported Solid Beam The complete model and results for this test case are in the following files: • • • • nf051lc. lumped mass) This test is a normal mode dynamic analysis of a deep. Attributes of this test are: • • skewed coordinate system skewed restraints Test Case Data and Information Units SI Material Properties 9 N E = 200x10 -----2 m kg ρ = 8000 -----3 m ν = 0.

Constrain node 87 in the Y and Z translations. 30 linear solid brick elements Tests 3 and 4 (nf051pc. • 88 nodes.neu) • 68 nodes. nf051pl. 5 parabolic solid brick elements Boundary Conditions Constraints. Constrain node 88 in the Z translation. .neu. Tests 1 and 2: • • • • Constrain node 7 in the X. Constrain node 8 in the X and Z translations. Y. and Z translations.

Tests 3 and 4: • • • • • Constrain node 10 in the X.SVI method Results were obtained two different ways: • • using lumped mass using consistent mass . Y. Solution Type Normal Modes/Eigenvalue . Constraints. Constrain all other nodes along the plane Y’ in the Y translation. • Constrain all other nodes along the plane Y’ in the Y translation. Constrain node 30 in the Y and Z translations. and Z translations Constrain nodes 12 and 35 in the X and Z translations. Constrain node 71 in the Z translation.

817 88.407 87.. C.282 38.977 87.10 288.34 286.92 FEMAP Structural Result (lumped mass) (Hz) 37.86 307. Value) refers to the accepted solution to the problem. Reference • NAFEMS Finite Element Methods & Standards.964 37.20 281. Value (Hz) Mesh 1 2 3 4 5 38.821 93. J. D.84 150.451 170. Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis (Glasgow: NAFEMS. and Knowles.05 linear parabolic linear parabolic linear parabolic linear parabolic linear parabolic Note: Reference value (Ref.881 38.) Test No. Results NAFEMS Target Value (Hz) 42.02 Mode # Ref.20 318. N.200 85.788 83. 1987.53 251.02 259.53 297.63 157. . 51.43 306.12 259. F..210 152.49 265. Abbassian.67 159.269 83. Nov..76 243.27 FEMAP Structural Result (consistent mass) (Hz) 38.659 157.. Dawswell.00 298.027 152.23 245.

Attributes of this test are: • • • well established rigid body modes (three modes) kinematically incomplete suppressions Test Case Data and Information Units SI Material Properties 9 N E = 200x10 -----2 m kg ρ = 8000 -----3 m ν = 0. Test 52.neu (parabolic solid brick.Simply-Supported Solid Square Plate The complete model and results for this test case are in the following files: • • • • nf052lc.neu. nf052ll.neu (parabolic solid brick. consistent mass) nf052pl. This document provides the input data and results for NAFEMS Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis.neu (linear solid brick. lumped mass) nf052pc. consistent mass) nf052ll.neu) . lumped mass) This test is a normal modes/eigenvalue analysis of a simply–supported solid square plate meshed with bricks.neu (linear solid brick.3 Finite Element Modeling Tests 1 and 2 (nf052lc.

nf052pl. • 324 nodes. 192 linear solid brick elements Tests 3 and 4 (nf052pc.neu.5m in the Z translation.neu) • 155 nodes. 16 parabolic solid brick elements Boundary Conditions Constraints • Constraint Set 1: Constrain all the nodes along the four edges on the plane ZS = -0. .

SVI method Results were obtained two different ways: • • using lumped mass using consistent mass Results FEMAP FEMAP Structural NAFEMS Structural Result Result Target Value (consistent mass) (lumped mass) (Hz) (Hz) (Hz) 51.08 197. and Z translations. • Constraint Set 2 (Kinematic DOF): Tests 1 and 2: Constrain nodes 36 and 264 in the X.94 156.92 209.96 110.55 206. Y.77 193.56 206.73 110.59 206.73 107.54 173. Solution Type Normal Modes/Eigenvalue .897 109.58 193.93 210.796 113. Tests 3 and 4: Constrain nodes 27 and 219 in the X and Y translation.64 44.115 44.65 Mode # Ref.654 44. Value (Hz) 45.37 169.52 194.44 193. 10 linear parabolic linear parabolic linear parabolic linear parabolic linear parabolic .89 193.16 200.11 196.318 44.44 167.18 193.502 106.30 169.19 Mesh 4 5.60 45.14 185.48 161. 6 7 8 9.762 132.

Nov.. D. Value) refers to the accepted solution to the problem.. Abbassian. Reference • NAFEMS Finite Element Methods & Standards. N..) Test No.. 1987. 52. . J. and Knowles. F. Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis (Glasgow: NAFEMS. Note: Reference value (Ref. Dawswell. C.

Test 53. lumped mass) This test is a normal modes/eigenvalue analysis of a solid annular plate using solid elements. Attributes of this test are: • • curved boundary (skewed coordinate system) constraint equations Test Case Data and Information Units SI Material Properties 9 N E = 200x10 -----2 m kg ρ = 8000 -----3 m ν = 0.neu (linear solid brick. consistent mass) nf053pl.neu (parabolic solid brick. 60 linear solid bricks: α = 5° . consistent mass) nf053ll.neu (parabolic solid brick.Simply-Supported Solid Annular Plate The complete model and results for this test case are in the following files: • • • • nf053lc.3 Finite Element Modeling • 160 nodes.neu (linear solid brick. This document provides the input data and results for NAFEMS Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis. lumped mass) nf053pc.

Constrain all other nodes in the Y translation. . 5 solid parabolic bricks α = 10° Boundary Conditions Constraints. Tests 1 and 2: • • Constrain nodes 76-80 and 156-160 in the Y and Z translations. • 68 nodes.

88. 22. and Z rotations. Constrain all other nodes in the Y translation and X. Constraints. Y. 77. and 99 in the Y and Z translations and X. Y. Tests 3 and 4: • • • Constrain nodes 11. 44. • Constraint equations: Constrain nodes at same R and Z are constrained to have same z displacement. 66. and Z rotations. 33. Constraint equations: Constrain nodes at same R and Z are constrained to have same z displacement Solution Type Normal Modes/Eigenvalues .SVI method Results were obtained two different ways: • • using lumped mass using consistent mass .

Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis (Glasgow: NAFEMS. N.04 689..583 140.48 224.01 18. Value (Hz) 18.47 686.42 224.70 374.. 1987.09 688. .21 224.34 223.18 386. Reference • NAFEMS Finite Element Methods & Standards. Value) refers to the accepted solution to the problem. Dawswell.) Test No.33 380.25 224.612 18.19 Mesh 1 2 3 4 5 linear parabolic linear parabolic linear parabolic linear parabolic linear parabolic Note: Reference value (Ref.03 690.16 358.44 224.73 616.659 18. Results FEMAP FEMAP Structural NAFEMS Structural Result Result Target Value (consistent mass) (lumped mass) (Hz) (Hz) (Hz) 19.02 18.582 146.98 668. 53.42 140.409 140.641 18.78 141.59 Mode # Ref.29 629..13 134. D.74 380..62 369. and Knowles. J.629 141. C. Nov. Abbassian. F.74 345.15 224.

lumped mass) nf072bc.neu (unconventional numbering. This document provides the input data and results for NAFEMS Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis.neu (conventional numbering. lumped mass) This test is a normal modes/eigenvalue analysis of a cantilevered solid beam.neu (conventional numbering. consistent mass) nf072al. Attributes of this test are: • highly populated stiffness matrix Test Case Data and Information Units SI Material Properties 9 N E = 200x10 -----2 m kg ρ = 8000 -----3 m ν = 0. consistent mass) nf072bl. Test 72.Cantilevered Solid Beam The complete model and results for this test case are in the following files: • • • • nf072ac.neu (unconventional numbering.both use solid parabolic brick elements .3 Finite Element Modeling Two tests .

Y. • Test 1: conventional node numbering • Test 2: unconventional node numbering Boundary Conditions Constraints • Constrain all nodes on the X=0 plane in the X. and Z translations. .

03 189. J. Solution Type Normal Modes/Eigenvalue – SVI Method Results FEMAP FEMAP NAFEMS Structural Structural Target Value (lumped mass) (consistent mass) (Hz) (Hz) (Hz) 16.11 351. N. • Constrain all nodes on the Y=1m plane in the Y translation.11 375.33 299.800 15.007 87.03 125.81 Mode # 1 2 3 4 5 6 Mesh Test 1 Test 2 Test 1 Test 2 Test 1 Test 2 Test 1 Test 2 Test 1 Test 2 Test 1 Test 2 Note: Reference value (Ref.82 375. Nov.81 375. 1987. Value) refers to the accepted solution to the problem.30 299.32 352. F.33 189.235 125.11 375..007 16. Dawswell.. .226 125.96 125.007 87.235 82.56 209. Selected Benchmarks for Natural Frequency Analysis (Glasgow: NAFEMS. D.007 16.226 125.39 352. and Knowles.800 82.56 209.226 87. Reference • NAFEMS Finite Element Methods & Standards.) Test No.96 209..56 351.11 351.226 87..56 351. C.96 209. 72.96 125.40 16.81 15. Abbassian.

Verification Test Cases from the Societe Francaise des Mechaniciens The purpose of these test cases is to verify the function of the FEMAP Structural software using standard benchmarks published by SFM (Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens. France) in “Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures.material properties .units . Reference The following reference has been used in these test cases: .neu) files associated with this guide. Understanding the Test Case Format Each test case is structured with the following information: • test case data and information .boundary conditions (loads and constraints) .finite element modeling information . your node numbering may differ.” Included here are: • • • test cases on mechanical structures using linear statics analysis and normal modes/eigenvalue analysis stationary thermal test cases using heat transfer analysis a thermo–mechanical test case using linear statics analysis Results published in “Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures” are compared with those computed using the FEMAP Structural software. or rebuild that model from scratch. Paris.solution type • • results reference Note: The node numbers listed in each case refer to the node numbers in the neutral (. If you remesh a model.

Afnor Technique. • Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens.) .1990. (Paris. Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures.

Mechanical Structures .Linear Statics Analysis with Bar or Rod Elements The linear statics analysis test cases from the Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens include these bar and rod element test cases: • • • • • • • "Short Beam on Two Articulated Supports" "Clamped Beams Linked by a Rigid Element" "Transverse Bending of a Curved Pipe" "Plane Bending Load on a Thin Arc" "Nodal Load on an Articulated Rod Truss" "Articulated Plane Truss" "Beam on an Elastic Foundation" .

3 Finite Element Modeling • • 10 bar elements 11 nodes The mesh is shown in the following figure: . This test is a linear statics analysis of a short.42 Test Case Data and Information Units SI Material Properties E = 2E11 Pa ν = 0.Short Beam on Two Articulated Supports The complete model and results for this test case are in file ssll02.neu. It provides the input data and results for benchmark test SSLL02/89 from “Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures. straight beam with plane bending and shear loading.” • • • area = 31E-4m2 inertia = 2810E-8m4 Shear area ratio = 2.

. Boundary Conditions Constraints • Constrain the nodes at both free ends of the beam (nodes 1 and 2) in all directions except for the Z rotation.00% Reference • Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens. Loads • On nodes 1-10.1990. Afnor Technique.25926E-3 0.) Test No. SSLL02/89.25926E-3 -1. apply a load = 1E5 N/m in -Y direction The boundary conditions are shown in the following figure: Solution Type Statics Results Total Translation at point B (Node 7) Bench Value FEMAP Structural Value Difference -1. Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures. (Paris.

Clamped Beams Linked by a Rigid Element The complete model and results for this test case are in file ssll05.neu. cantilever beam with plane bending and a rigid element. This test is a linear statics analysis of a straight. It provides the input data and results for benchmark test SSLL05/89 from “Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures.” Test Case Data and Information Units SI Material Properties • • E = 2E11 Pa I = (4/3)E-8m4 Finite Element Modeling • • • 20 bar elements 1 rigid element 26 nodes The mesh is shown in the following figure: Boundary Conditions Constraints • Nodes 1 and 4: Fully constrained in all directions. .

125 500 500 500 500 FEMAP Structural -0. Afnor Technique. Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures.1990. .125 -0.00% Reference • Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens. SSLL05/89. Loads • Node 3: Set nodal force = 1000 N in -Y direction The boundary conditions are shown in the following figure: Solution Type Statics Results Node # Node 6 Node 3 Node 1 Node 1 Node 4 Node 4 Displacement Reaction Force Displacement Y (T2 Translation) Displacement Y (T2 Translation) Force Y (N) (T2 Constraint Force) Moment Rz (Nm) (R3 Constraint Moment) Force Y (N) (T2 Constraint Force) Rz moment (Nm) (R3 Constraint Moment) Bench Value -0.125 -0.125 500 500 500 500 Difference 0.00% 0.) Test No.00% 0. (Paris.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.

3 Finite Element Modeling Test 1 (ssll07a) • • 90 bar elements 91 nodes Test 2 (ssll07b) • • 90 curved beam elements 91 nodes .neu (linear beam) ssll07b.neu (curved beam) This test is a linear statics analysis (three–dimensional problem) of a curved pipe with transverse bending and bending–torque loading.” Test Case Data and Information Units SI Material Properties E = 2E11 Pa ν = 0.Transverse Bending of a Curved Pipe The complete model and results for this test case are the following files: • • ssll07a. It provides the input data and results for benchmark test SSLL07/89 from “Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures.

Loads • Create a nodal force at node 1 = 100 N in Z direction The boundary conditions are shown in the following figure: . The mesh for Test 1 is shown in the following figure: Boundary Conditions Constraints • Fully constrain node 91 in all translations and rotations.

35% Mf = bending moment Mt = torsional moment *See “Post Processing” below Post Processing Bar Element (ssll07a) List beam forces on element 167. Afnor Technique. second end • • Mf=Bar End BX2 Moment Mt=Bar End BX1 Moment Curved Beam Element (ssll07b) List beam forces on element 166.13465 0.01% 3. SSLL07/89.8109 -96.) Test No.13464 76.6709 75.02% 0.1180 -96.02% 0.1990. Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures. (Paris.44% 1.3680 -95. second end • • Mf=Bar End BX2 Moment Mt=Bar End BX1 Moment Reference • Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens. Solution Type Statics Results Node # Node 1 Node 1 θ=15° Point Displacement Moment Displacement Z (T3 Translation) Displacement Z (T3 Translation) Mt (Nm)* Mt (Nm)* Mf (Nm) Mf (Nm) Bench Value 0.23% 1. .13462 1 2 74.2869 Difference 0.5925 1 2 1 2 Test Number FEMAP Structural 0.

Node 1: Constrain the Y and Z translation only.neu.” Test Case Data and Information Units SI Material Properties E = 2E11 Pa ν = 0. .Plane Bending Load on a Thin Arc The complete model and results for this test case are in file ssll08. It provides the input data and results for benchmark test SSLL08/89 from “Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures. Y.3 Finite Element Modeling • • 11 nodes 10 bar elements The mesh is shown in the following figure: Boundary Conditions Constraints • • Node 2: Constrain the X. and Z translations. This test is a linear statics analysis (plane problem) of a thin arc with plane bending.

Loads • Force=100N in -Y direction The boundary conditions are shown in the following figure: Solution Type Statics Results Node # Node 2 Node 1 Node 7 Node 1 Displacement Rz (rad) (R3 Rotation) Rz (rad) (R3 Rotation) Y (m) (T2 Translation) X (m) (T1 Translation) Bench Value -3. (Paris.3913E-2 FEMAP Structural -3.1990.) Test No.9342E-2 5.3735E-2 Difference 1.71% 0.0774E-2 3.0774E-2 -1.1097E-2 -1. SSLL08/89. • Nodes 3-11: Constrain in the Z translation only. . Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures.05% 1.9206E-2 5. Afnor Technique.1097E-2 3.33% Reference • Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens.05% 0.

neu. This test is a linear statics analysis of a plane truss with an articulated rod. and Z translations only.” Test Case Data and Information Units SI Material Properties • E = 1. It provides the input data and results for benchmark test SSLL11/89 from “Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures. . Y.Nodal Load on an Articulated Rod Truss The complete model and results for this test case are in file ssll11.962E11 Pa Finite Element Modeling • • 4 nodes 4 rod elements The mesh is shown in the following figure: Boundary Conditions Constraints • Nodes 3 and 17: Constrained in the X.

Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures. • Nodes 2 and 18: Constrained in the Z translation only. (Paris. .60084E-3 FEMAP Structural 0.81E3 N in -Y direction The boundary conditions are shown in the following figure: Solution Type Statics Results Node # Node 18 Node 18 Node 2 Node 2 Displacement X (m) (T1 Translation) Y (m) (T2 Translation) X (m) (T1 Translation) Y (m) (T2 Translation) Bench Value 0. Loads • Node 2: Set Nodal force = 9.00% Reference • Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens.26517E-3 0.00% ~0.47903E-3 -5.) Test No.08839E-3 3. Afnor Technique. SSLL11/89.26517E-3 0.6004E-3 Difference 0.00% 0.00% ~0.1990.08839E-3 3.47902E-3 -5.

neu (4 bar elements) ssll14b. It provides the input data and results for benchmark test SSLL14/89 from “Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures.Articulated Plane Truss The complete model and results for this test case are in the following files: • • ssll14a.” Test Case Data and Information Units SI Material Properties • E = 2.neu (10 bar elements) This test is a linear statics analysis of a straight cantilever beam with plane bending and tension–compression.1E11 Pa Finite Element Modeling Test 1 (ssll14a) • • 4 bar elements 5 nodes Test 2 (ssll14b) • • 10 linear beam elements 11 nodes The mesh for Test 1 is shown in the following figure: .

Nodes 2. and Z translations.000N (on node 8). M = -100. F2 = -10.000N/m (on element 4). • Loads (ssll14b) Set forces and moments to the following numeric values: p = -3. 3. 8: Constrain in the Z translation only.000N (on node 8). 3. and Z translations. Y. F1 = -20. Y.000Nm (on node 2) Test 2 (ssll14b) • Constraints Nodes 1 and 4: Constrain in the X.000Nm (on node 2) The boundary conditions are shown in the following figure: Solution Type Statics . • Loads Set forces and moments to the following numeric values: p = -3.000N/m (on elements 5-7). F1 = -20. Boundary Conditions Test 1 (ssll14a) • Constraints Nodes 1 and 4: Constrain in the X.000N (on node 2). F2 = -10. 5-13: Constrain in the Z translation only. M = -100.000N (on node 2). Nodes 2.

4 (T1 Constraint Force) Y (m) (T2 Translation) -0.03072 Note: The software takes shear effect into account. Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures.10% 2. Afnor Technique.50% 1.) Test No. Results Node # 1 Displacement Reaction Force Bench Value Test Number 1 2 1 2 1 2 FEMAP Structural 33233.82% 1.2 20609.90% 1 8 V vertical (Y) 31500. (Paris.3 -0.03106 -0.03161 Difference 5.1 33233.1990. .0 reaction (N) (T2 Constraint Force) horizontal (x) reaction (N) 20239. SSLL14/89.1 20609. Reference • Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens.50% 5.83% 1.

1E11 Pa K = 8. Finite Element Modeling • • • 50 bar elements 49 DOF spring elements 51 nodes The mesh is shown in the following figure: . It provides the input data and results for benchmark test SSLL16/89 from “Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures.Beam on an Elastic Foundation The complete model and results for this test case are in file ssll16.4E5 N/m2 Each spring stiffness is set to: K*L/ (number of DOF spring elements).neu.” Test Case Data and Information Units SI Material Properties • • • E = 2. This test is a linear statics analysis (plane problem) of a straight beam with plane bending and an elastic support.

Loads • Set forces. Nodes 2-49: Constrain in the Z translation and X and Y rotations only. p = -5000 N/m (elements 1-50) . M= -15000 Nm (node 1). Y. M = 15000 Nm (node 51). and distributed loads on element to the following numeric values: F = -10000 N (node 26) . moments. Boundary Conditions Constraints • • Nodes 1 and 51: Constrain in the X. and Z translations. The distributed loads are shown below: .

36% 0.) Test No. Y (m) (T2 Translation) M moment (Nm)* (Bar End BX3 Moment) *On element 26. Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures.003045 11674 -0.1990.41% 1.78% 0. SSLL16/89. Bench Value -0. The forces and moments are shown below: Solution Type Statics Results Node 51 Displacement Force. second end Reference • Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens.63% 26 26 . Moment rotation(rad) Rz (R3 rotation) reaction force (N) Y (T2 Constraint Force) disp. Afnor Technique.003041 11646 -0.42270E-2 33286 Difference 0.423326E-2 33840 FEMAP Structural -0. (Paris.

Mechanical Structures .Linear Statics Analysis with Plate Elements The linear statics analysis test cases from the Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens include these plate element test cases: • • • • • • • • • • • • • "Plane Shear and Bending Load on a Plate" "Infinite Plate with a Circular Hole" "Uniformly Distributed Load on a Circular Plate" "Torque Loading on a Square Tube" "Cylindrical Shell with Internal Pressure" "Uniform Axial Load on a Thin Wall Cylinder" "Hydrostatic Pressure on a Thin Wall Cylinder" "Gravity Loading on a Thin Wall Cylinder" "Pinched Cylindrical Shell" "Spherical Shell with a Hole" "Uniformly Distributed Load on a Simply-Supported Rectangular Plate" "Shear Loading on a Plate" "Uniformly Distributed Load on a Simply-Supported Rhomboid Plate" .

25 Finite Element Modeling • • 100 linear quadrilateral plate elements 126 nodes The mesh is shown in the following figure: Boundary Conditions Constraints • Nodes 121-126: Fully constrain in all translations and rotations. It provides the input data and results for benchmark test SSLP01/89 from “Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures.” Test Case Data and Information Units SI Material Properties E = 3E10 Pa ν = 0. .Plane Shear and Bending Load on a Plate The complete model and results for this test case are in file sslp01.neu. This test is a linear statics analysis (plane problem) of a plate with plane bending.

3408 Difference 0.y) Centerline Displacement Y (mm) (T2 Translation) Bench Value 0. Loads • • Set a shear force with parabolic distribution on width and constant distribution on thickness Resultant force: p = 40 N. The boundary conditions are shown in the following figure: Solution Type Statics Results Node # 3 Point Coordinates (L. Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures. . Afnor Technique.1990.15% The displacements are shown in the following figure: Reference • Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens. SSLP01/89.) Test No. (Paris.3413 FEMAP Structural 0.

Infinite Plate with a Circular Hole The complete model and results for this test case are in file sslp02. It provides the input data and results for benchmark test SSLP02/89 from “Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures.25 Finite Element Modeling Mapped meshing (with biasing) • • 100 linear quadrilateral plate elements 121 nodes The mesh is shown in the following figure: .” Test Case Data and Information Units SI Material Properties E = 3E10 Pa ν = 0.neu. This test is a linear statics analysis (plane problem) of a plate with tension–compression and a membrane effect.

5 N/mm**2 (in plane force of 2500 N/m) The boundary conditions are shown in the following figure: Solution Type Statics . Nodes 111-121: Constrain in X translation and Y and Z rotations only. Loads • Tension force P = 2. Boundary Conditions Constraints • • • Nodes 1-11: Constrain in Y translation and X and Z rotations only. Nodes 12-110: Constrain in Z translation only.

61 4. SSLP02/89.0) Node # 1 σθ Stress Bench Value 7.52 Difference 0.38 4.) Test No.5 Plate Top Y Normal Stress Plate Top Y Normal Stress -2. π - 4 Plate Top Y Normal Stress (N/mm**2) 2. Results Point Coordinates (a.5 2.5 FEMAP Structural 7. Afnor Technique.26% 56  a. . (Paris. π - 2 -2. Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures.80% Reference • Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens.1990.40% 111  a.

Free meshing: • • 38 linear quadrilateral plate elements 50 nodes .1 ×10 Pa ν = 0. It provides the input data and results for benchmark test SSLS03/89 from “Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures.Uniformly Distributed Load on a Circular Plate The complete model and results for this test case are in the following files: • • ssls03a.neu (linear quadrilateral) ssls03b.neu (linear triangle) This test is a linear statics analysis (three–dimensional problem) of a circular plate fixed at the edge with transverse bending and a uniform load.3 11 Finite Element Modeling Test 1 (ssl03a) .” Test Case Data and Information Units SI Material Properties E = 2.

Fully constrain nodes 2-3 and nodes 15-21 in all directions. . Boundary Conditions Constraints • • • • Constrain node 1 in all directions except for the Z translation. Constrain nodes 4-8 in the X translation and Y and Z rotations.Free meshing: • • 53 linear triangular plate elements 38 nodes Only 1/4 of the plate is meshed. Test 2 (ssl03a) . Note: Symmetric conditions are applied to the sides. Constrain nodes 9-13 in the Y translation and X and Z rotations. Loads • Uniform elemental pressure p = -1000 Pa.

0065 Difference 0.00% Reference • Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens.00% 0. .1990.0065 -0. (Paris. Test 1 boundary conditions: Solution Type Statics Results Node # Node 1 Node 1 Point Center O Center O T3 Translation (Displacement Z) w (m) Bench Value -0. Afnor Technique. SSLS03/89.0065 -0.) Test No.0065 Test Number 1 2 FEMAP Structural -0. Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures.

3 11 Finite Element Modeling Mapped meshing • • 160 linear quadrilateral plate elements 176 nodes The mesh is shown in the following figure: . This test is a linear statics analysis (three–dimensional problem) of a thin–walled tube loaded in torsion by pure shear at the free end. It provides the input data and results for benchmark test SSLS05/89 from “Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures.” Test Case Data and Information Units SI Material Properties E = 2.neu.Torque Loading on a Square Tube The complete model and results for this test case are in file ssls05.1 ×10 Pa ν = 0.

00% 0. 112-115. The boundary conditions are shown in the following figure: Solution Type Statics Results Node # 193 193 193 208 208 208 Displacement and Stress T2 Translation (m) R1 Rotation (rad) Plate Bottom Minor Stress (Pa) T2 Translation (m) R1 Rotation (rad) Plate Bottom Minor Stress (Pa) Bench Value -0.11E6 Difference 0.197E-4 -0.197E-4 -0. Note: This translates into an equivalent nodal force of ±12.123E-4 -0.00% 0. Loads • Torque equal to 10 Nm on the free end. 57-60.00% 0.11E6 -0.00% 0.123E-4 -0.617E-7 0.988E-7 0.11E6 -0.10% 0. and 167-169 in all translations and rotations.5N.617E-7 0. Boundary Conditions Constraints • Completely constrain nodes 1-5.987E-7 0.11E6 FEMAP Structural -0.00% .

 Reference • Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens. Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures. (Paris. .1990. SSLS05/89.) Test No. Afnor Technique.

3 11 Finite Element Modeling Test 1 (ssls06a) .1 ×10 Pa ν = 0.” Test Case Data and Information Units SI Material Properties E = 2. test 2) This test is a linear statics analysis of the thin cylinder loaded by internal pressure.neu (linear quadrilateral.Mapped meshing • • 100 linear quadrilateral plate elements 121 nodes .Cylindrical Shell with Internal Pressure The complete model and results for this test are in the following files: • • ssls06a. It provides the input data and results for benchmark test SSLS06/89 from “Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures.neu (linear quadrilateral. test 1) ssls06b.

Constrain nodes 22. Constrain nodes 42. . 252. 85. Constrain nodes 2-20 in the Z translation and X and Y rotations. 147. 44. and 111 in the X translation and Y and Z rotations only. 210. 168. 253. 294. 231. 121 in the Y translation and X and Z rotations. Constrain node 11 in all directions except for the X translation. 100. 273. 274. 189. Constrain nodes 22. 34. 232. 358. Constrain node 21 in all directions except for the X translation. 55. 89. 45. 64. 315. 105. 378. 56. 106. 190. Constrain nodes 12. 400. and 421 in the X translation and Y and Z rotations only. 77. 43. 23. 316. 99. 63. Constrain nodes 2-10 in the Z translation and X and Y rotations. 148. 110. 33. Constraints for Test 2 (ssls06b) • • • • • Constrain node 1 in all directions except for the Y translation. 420. 78. 379. 66. 169. 441 in the Y translation and X and Z rotations only. 84. 67. 126. 88. 295. 399. 357. 336. 337. 127. Loads for Test 1 and Test 2 • Internal pressure on the elements = 10000 Pa. 211.Mapped meshing • • 400 linear quadrilateral plate elements 441 nodes Boundary Conditions Constraints for Test 1 (ssls06a) • • • • • Constrain node 1 in all directions except for the Y translation. Test 2 (ssls06b) .

 The boundary conditions are shown in the following figure: Solution Type Statics Results Node # 11 σ11 ( Pa ) ) Displacement and Stress Bench Value 0.00E5 1 4.139 Plate Top Y Normal Stress 111 σ22 ( Pa ) ) 5.0 1 Test Number FEMAP Structural 1.99E5 0.40% 421 Plate Top X Normal Stress σ22(Pa) σ22 ( Pa ) ) 2 4.20% Plate Top X Normal Stress .32 Difference Plate Top Y Normal Stress 21 σ11 ( Pa ) ) 2 -0.98E5 0.

42E-6 0. (Paris. Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures. Reference • Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens.42% T1 Translation 441 ∆R ( m ) 2 2.00% T3 Translation All results are averages.43E-6 1 -1.1990.38E-6 0.00% T1 Translation 121 ∆L ( m ) -1. 121 ∆R ( m ) 2. Afnor Technique. .37E-6 0.70% T3 Translation 441 ∆L ( m ) 2 -1. SSLS06/89.) Test No.43E-6 0.38E-6 1 2.

1 ×10 Pa ν = 0.3 11 Finite Element Modeling Test 1 • • Meshed by revolving a meshed beam 200 parabolic quadrilateral plate elements .neu (parabolic quadrilateral plate.Uniform Axial Load on a Thin Wall Cylinder The complete model and results for this test are in the following files: • • ssls07a.” Test Case Data and Information Units SI Material Properties E = 2. It provides the input data and results for benchmark test SSLS07/89 from “Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures.neu (parabolic triangle plate. test 1) ssls07b. test 2) This test is a linear static analysis of a thin cylinder loaded axially.

Constrain node 1 in the Y and Z translations and the X and Z rotations. Constrain the nodes along the top short edge in the Z translation only. • 661 nodes Test 2 • • Meshed by free meshing on 1/8 of a cylinder 400 parabolic triangular plate elements Boundary Conditions Constraints • • • • Constrain the nodes along one long edge in the Y translation and X and Z rotations. . Constrain the nodes along the other long edge in the X translation and the Y and Z rotations.

00% Plate Top Y Normal Stress . q = 10000 N/m The boundary conditions are shown in the following figure: Solution Type Statics Results Node # 641 σ11 ( Pa ) Displacement and Stress Bench Value 5.00% Plate Top Y Normal Stress 641 σ11 ( Pa ) 5.00E5 Difference 0.00E5 1 Test Number FEMAP Structural 5.00E5 0. Loads • Uniform axial elemental pressures. • Constrain node 21 in the X and Z translations and Y and Z rotations.00E5 2 5.

0 Plate Top X Normal Stress 641 ∆R ( m ) -7.0% T1 Translation 641 ∆L ( m ) 9.14E-7 0.0% T3 Translation All results are averages.0% T3 Translation 641 ∆L ( m ) 9.1990. SSLS07/89.0 1 0. (Paris.0% T1 Translation 641 ∆R ( m ) -7. Afnor Technique. 641 σ22 ( Pa ) 0.) Test No. .0 Plate Top X Normal Stress 641 σ22 ( Pa ) 0.14E-7 0.52E-6 0.14E-7 2 -7.52E-6 0.52E-6 1 9. Reference • Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens.14E-7 1 -7.0 2 0. Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures.52E-6 2 9.

This test is a linear statics analysis of a thin cylinder loaded by hydrostatic pressure.” Test Case Data and Information Units SI Material Properties E = 2.neu.3 11 Finite Element Modeling • • 200 parabolic quadrilateral plate elements 661 nodes Cylinder is meshed by revolving a meshed beam. It provides the input data and results for benchmark test SSLS08/89 from “Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures.1 ×10 Pa ν = 0. The mesh is shown in the following figure: .Hydrostatic Pressure on a Thin Wall Cylinder The complete model and results for this test case are in file ssls08.

Constrain the nodes on side B (from node 1 to node 641) in the Y translation. Loads • Internal elemental pressures.and X and Z rotation. p = p0*Z/L with p0=20000 Pa The boundary conditions are shown in the following figure: Solution Type Statics . Boundary Conditions Constraints • • Constrain the nodes on side A (from node 21 to node 661) in the X translation and Y and Z rotations.

 Results Node Node 321 Point Any σ11 ( Pa ) Displacement and Stress Bench Value 0.00% T1 Translation Node 1 x=L ∆L ( m ) -2. (Paris.38E-6 2.00% T3 Translation Node 321 ψ ( rad ) 1.19E-6 1.19E-6 0.00% R2 Rotation ψ represents the rotation of a generator Reference • Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens. Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures. . SSLS08/89.0E5 4.) Test No. Afnor Technique.1990.38E-6 0.40% Plate Top X Normal Stress Node 321 x=L/2 ∆R ( m ) 2.98E5 0.86E-6 1.486E-6 0.0054E5 Difference Plate Top Y Normal Stress Node 321 x=L/2 σ22 ( Pa ) 5.0 FEMAP Structural -0.

85 ×10 Pa kg mass = 8002 -----3 m 11 11 Finite Element Modeling • • 65 linear quadrilateral plate elements (mapped meshing) 84 nodes . It provides the input data and results for benchmark test SSLS09/89 from “Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures.3 γ = 7. This test is a linear statics analysis of a thin cylinder loaded by its own weight.neu.Gravity Loading on a Thin Wall Cylinder The complete model and results for this test case are in file ssls09.” Test Case Data and Information Units SI Material Properties E = 2.1 ×10 Pa ν = 0.

21-32: Constrain the X translation and Y and Z rotations. 5-16: Constrain in the Y translation and X and Z rotations. Loads • Body load: Translational acceleration in the Z direction . Node 4: Constrain in the X and Z translations and the Y and Z rotations. Nodes 3. The mesh is shown in the following figure: Boundary Conditions Constraints • • • • • Nodes 1. Node 2: Constrain in all directions except for the X translation and Y rotation. Nodes 33-36: Constrain in the Z translation only.

0 -1578 to 1578 Plate Top Y Normal Stress . The boundary conditions are shown in the following figure: Solution Type Statics Results Node # Node 2 Point x=0 σ11 ( Pa ) Displacement and Stress Bench Value 3.82% Plate Top X Normal Stress Node 1 Any σ22 ( Pa ) 0.02E5 Difference 3.14E5 FEMAP Structural 3.

SSLS09/89.) Test No. (Paris. Node 2 x=0 ∆R ( m ) -4.49E-7 -4.39E-7 2. Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures. Afnor Technique.99E-6 0.99E-6 2.00% T3 Translation Node 10 x-L ψ ( rad ) -1. .00% T1 Translation Node 1 x=L z∆ ( m ) 2.12E-7 0.12E-7 -1.1990.00 R2 Rotation Reference • Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens.

neu (linear triangle plate) ssls20b.Free meshing • • 296 linear triangle plate elements 173 nodes .5x10 Pa ν = 0. It provides the input data and results for benchmark test SSLS20/89 from “Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures. pinching as shown. F.Pinched Cylindrical Shell The complete model and results for this test case are in the following files: • • ssls20a.neu (linear quadrilateral plate) This test is a linear statics analysis of a cylindrical shell with nodal forces.” Test Case Data and Information Units SI Material Properties E = 10.315 6 Finite Element Modeling Test 1 (ssls20a) .

Nodes 14-26: Constrain the Z translation and the X and Y rotations. Node 2. Node 4. Test 2 (ssls20b) . Node 1: Fully constrain except for the X translation. use symmetry about XY. 27-35: Constrain in the X translation and the Y and Z rotations. 5-13: Constrain in the Y translation and the X and Z rotations. XZ and YZ planes. Loads • Nodal forces Fy = -25 N at point D . Node 3: Fully constrain except for the Y translation.Mapped meshing • • 140 linear quadrilateral plate elements 165 nodes Boundary Conditions Constraints • • • • • • Free conditions. To set free boundary conditions.

4E-3 -113.3E-3 Difference 0. SSLS20/89.53% Reference • Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens. The boundary conditions are shown in the following figure: Solution Type Statics Results Point D D Displacement Displacement Y (Node 3) (T2 Translation) Displacement Y (Node 3) (T2 Translation) Bench Value -113.9E-3 -113.) Test No.9E-3 1 2 Test Number FEMAP Structural -114. . Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures.1990. Afnor Technique. (Paris.44% 0.

It provides the input data and results for benchmark test SSLS21/89 from “Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures.neu (Test 2. linear triangular plate) ssls21c.” Test Case Data and Information Units SI Material Properties E = 6.neu (Test 3. parabolic quadrilateral plate) This test is a linear statics analysis of a spherical shell with a hole with nodal forces.285x10 Pa ν = 0.Spherical Shell with a Hole The complete model and results for this test case are in the following files: • • • ssls21a.3 7 Finite Element Modeling Test 1 (ssls21a) • • 100 linear quadrilateral plate elements 121 nodes . linear quadrilateral plate) ssls21b.neu (Test 1.

 Test 2 (ssls21b) • • 200 linear triangular plate elements 121 nodes Test 3 (ssls21c) • • 100 parabolic quadrilateral plate elements 341 nodes All tests are executed with mapped meshing. Free condition . Constrain nodes 111-121 in the Z translation and X and Y rotations. Boundary Conditions Constraints • • • Constrain nodes 1-11 in the X translation and Y and Z rotations.

The boundary conditions are shown in the following figure: Solution Type Statics Results Point A(R. .0E-3 94.0E-3 94.3E-3 103. SSLS21/89. use symmetry about XY and YZ planes. Loads • Nodal forces F = 2 Newtons Due to the symmetric boundary conditions. s Note: To set free boundary conditions.6E-3 Difference 9.91% 10.32% 4. Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures. (Paris. only half of the load is applied.0.0) T1 Translation u (m) node 111 node 111 node 421 Bench Value 94.7E-3 98.89% Reference • Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens. Afnor Technique.) Test No.1990.0E-3 1 2 3 Test Number FEMAP Structural 103.

very fine mesh) This test is a linear statics analysis of a plate with pressure loading and simple supports.neu (Test 3.0x10 Pa ν = 0.neu (Test 1.neu (Test 2. coarse mesh) ssls24b. fine mesh) ssls24c.” Test Case Data and Information Units SI Material Properties E = 1. It provides the input data and results for benchmark test SSLS24/89 from “Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures.Uniformly Distributed Load on a Simply-Supported Rectangular Plate The complete model and results for this test case are in the following files: • • • ssls24a.3 7 Finite Element Modeling Test 1 (ssls24a): length/thickness=1 • 100 linear quadrilateral plate elements .

 • 121 nodes Test 2 (ssls24b): length/thickness=2 • • 200 linear quadrilateral plate elements 231 nodes Test 3 (ssls24c): length/thickness=5 • 500 linear quadrilateral plate elements .

 • 561 nodes Boundary Conditions Constraints • • Fully constrain node 1 in all translations and rotations. Constrain the nodes on all edges in the Z translation only. Loads • Set pressure = 1 N/m**2 in the -Z direction .

0 α Parameter Bench Value 0.0 α 5.01110 0.0% 1.00453 0. The boundary conditions are shown in the following figure: Solution Type Statics Results Center Node 61z direction (T3 Translation) 116z direction (T3 Translation) 281z direction (T3 Translation) Length/ Thickne ss 1.06% 2.0 α 0.1417 .00444 0.01402 Difference 2.01110 1 2 3 Test FEMAP Structural 0.03% 0.

The correct values are extracted from “Formulas for Stress and Strain (Roark/Young)”. Reference • Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens. Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures.0 α 7476 3 7332 1.0 β 6102 2 6065 0.1990. 61x component top surface (Plate Top X Normal Stress) 116x component top surface (Plate Top Y Normal Stress) 281x component top surface (Plate Top Y Normal Stress) 1.00% 2. SSLS24/89.) Test No.61% 5.93% βqb Max σ = σ b = ----------2 t – αqb Max y = --------------3 Et 4 2 Where: q= distributed load b = dimension t = thickness E = elastic modules β values of reference from the “Guide de Validation” are incorrect. Note that the plate top surface corresponds to the side of the plate with negative global z coordinates.0 β 2874 1 2905 1. (Paris. Afnor Technique. .

neu (Test 2) This test is a linear statics analysis (three–dimensional problem) of a plate with pressure and transverse bending. It provides the input data and results for a test similar to benchmark test SSLS25/89 from “Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures.3 6 Finite Element Modeling • • Length/thickness=2 linear quadrilateral plate elements Test 1 (ssls25a) θ = 30° .neu (Test 1) ssls25b.Uniformly Distributed Load on a Simply-Supported Rhomboid Plate The complete model and results for this test case are in the following files: • • ssls25a.” Test Case Data and Information Units SI Material Properties E = 36.0x10 Pa ν = 0.

 Test 2 (ssls25b) θ = 45° Boundary Conditions Constraints • • Fully constrain node 231 in all translations and rotations. Constrain the nodes along the edges of the mesh in the Z translation. .

53% lation) at node 116 -2.70x10E3N/m2 Z displacement -3.1.0.3.761x10E3N/m2 Z displacement (T3 Trans.539 -5.4.118 θ = 30° Bench Center location Value Z displacement -3.76% mal Stress) at node 116 -5.894x10E-3m Y stress (Plate Top Y Nor.570 Parameters α = 0.0x10E-3m Y stress FEMAP Structural Difference Z displacement (T3 Trans. Loads • Elemental pressure = 1 N/m**2 in the -Z direction Solution Type Statics Results Test Case Test 1 ssls25a ssls25a β = 0.27% lation) at node 116 -3.349x10E3N/m2 Test 2 ssls25b ssls25b α = 0.277x10E-3m Y stress -5.137x10E-3m Y stress (Plate Top Y Nor.07% mal Stress) at node 116 -5.108 θ = 45° β = 0.39x10E3N/m2 .

 Max σ =βqb 2 4 αqb Max y = -----------3 Et Where: q= distributed load b = dimension t = thickness E = elastic modules Values of reference from the “Guide de validation” are incorrect. The correct values are extracted from “Formulas for Stress and Strain (Roark/Young). case number 14a. SSLS25/89.” table 26. Afnor Technique. Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures.1990. . (Paris.) Test No. Reference • Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens.

Kirchhoff (element formulation) • 6 linear quadrilateral plate elements .25 7 Finite Element Modeling Test 1 (ssls27a) .neu (Test 2) ssls27c.Mindlin (element formulation) • • 6 linear quadrilateral plate elements 14 nodes Test 2 (ssls27b) .” Test Case Data and Information Units SI Material Properties E = 1.Shear Loading on a Plate The complete model and results for this test case are in the following files: • • • ssls27a.0x10 Pa ν = 0.neu (Test 3) This test is a linear statics analysis of a thin plate with torque and shear loading.neu (Test 1) ssls27b. It provides the input data and results for benchmark test SSLS27/89 from “Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures.

D The boundary conditions are shown in the following figure: A C D Solution Type Statics . Boundary Conditions Constraints • Fully constrain the nodes on side AD in all translations and rotations. • 14 nodes Test 3 (ssls27c) . Create a nodal force -Fz = 1N at point C. Loads • • Create a nodal force Fz = -1N at point B.Mindlin (element formulation) • • 48 linear quadrilateral plate elements 75 nodes All tests are executed with mapped meshing.

537E-2 3.750E-2 Difference 50. Results at Location C Displacement Node (Total T3 Translation) 14 14 75 Bench Value 3.38% 6. (Paris.537E-2 3. Afnor Technique. . Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures.83% 4.1990.02% Reference • Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens. SSLS27/89.) Test No.537E-2 1 2 3 Test Number FEMAP Structural 5.382E-2 3.335E-2 3.

Mechanical Structures .Linear Statics Analysis with Solid Elements The linear statics analysis test cases from the Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens include these solid element test cases: • • • • • "Solid Cylinder in Pure Tension" "Internal Pressure on a Thick-Walled Spherical Container" "Internal Pressure on a Thick-Walled Infinite Cylinder" "Prismatic Rod in Pure Bending" "Thick Plate Clamped at Edges" .

Free meshing • • 155 parabolic tetrahedron elements 342 nodes .neu (linear quadrilateral axisymmetric solid.neu (linear triangular axisymmetric solid.0x10 Pa ν = 0.30 11 Finite Element Modeling Test 1 (sslv01a) . free meshing) sslv01b.” Test Case Data and Information Units SI Material Properties E = 2. free meshing) This test is a linear statics analysis of a solid cylinder with tension–compression. mapped meshing) sslv01d. mapped meshing) sslv01c.neu (parabolic tetrahedron.neu (linar brick. It provides the input data and results for benchmark test SSLV01/89 from “Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures.Solid Cylinder in Pure Tension The complete model and results for this test case are in the following files: • • • • sslv01a.

Mapped meshing • • 192 linear brick elements 259 nodes Test 3 (sslv01c) . Test 2 (sslv01b) .Free meshing • • 28 linear triangular axisymmetric solid elements 24 nodes .Mapped meshing • • 48 linear quadrilateral axisymmetric solid elements 65 nodes Test 4 (sslv01d) .

33-45. 117. 127. 20-22. 11-17. 261. Constrain nodes 9. 171. 81. and Z translations. Nodes 4. and 36 in the X and Z translation. 173-199: Constrain in the X translation. Constrain node 37 in the X. 279. Constrain nodes 54. 14-16: Constrain in the X and Z translations. 23-25. and 29-35 in the Z translation. 198. 126. 243. 64-72: Constrain in the Z translation.19. 234. and Z translations. 144. 172. . 200-226: Constrain in the Y translation. 108. 162. 27. 217. Constraints (sslv01b) • • • • • • Constrain node 1. Y. 17-19: Constrain in the Y and Z translations. Node 3: Constrain in the X. Nodes 2. 18. Constrain nodse 82. and 28 in the Y and Z translation. 297. and 307 in the X and Y translation. 63. 216. 46-58. Nodes 5. Boundary Conditions Constraints • Uniaxial deformation of the cylinder section Constraints (sslv01a) • • • • • • • Nodes 1. 288. 20-26. 153. Nodes 6. Y. Constrain nodes 2-8. and 306 in the X translation. 189. 252. 207. 99. 72. Nodes 7-13. 10. 59-63: Constrain in the X and Y translations.

6. 26. 199. 39. 136. 5. Constrain node 65 in the X and Z translations. and 7 in the Z translation. 91. Constraints (sslv01d) • • Constrain node 1 in the X and Z translation Constrain nodes 2. . 289. 271. 190. 280. 163. and 298 in the Y translation. 64. Constraints (sslv01c) • • Constrain nodes 13. 145. 226. 73. 208. • Constrain nodes 46. 109. 253. 118. and 52 in the Z translation. 154. 244. 55. 235. 100. 181.

00% 0.5E-3 1.5E-3 1.5E-3 1.5E-3 1.5E-3 1.5E-3 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 Test # FEMAP Structural 1.00% 0.00% 0.5E-3 1. Tests 1 and 2 Loads.00% 0. Tests 3 and 4: Solution Type Statics Results Node # 6 279 1 4 4 307 53 Displacements T3 Translation T3 Translation T3 Translation T3 Translation T3 Translation T3 Translation T3 Translation Bench Value 1.5E-3 1.00% .00% 0.5E-3 1. F/A = 100 MPa Loads.5E-3 Difference 0.5E-3 1.5E-3 1. Loads (all tests) • • Set uniformly distributed force -F/A on the free end in the Z direction Elemental pressure.00% 0.5E-3 1.5E-3 1.

15E-3 4 -0.15E-3 0.00% 29 T3 Translation 0.00% 41 T1 Translation -0.5E-3 4 0.00% 9 T3 Translation 0.5E-3 0.15E-3 2 -0.00% Reference • Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens.15E-3 0.5E-3 0. .15E-3 2 -0.15E-3 0. SSLV01/89/89. 3 T3 Translation 1.5E-3 0.15E-3 0. (Paris.00% 9 T1 Translation -0.15E-3 0.15E-3 1 -0.00% 37 T3 Translation 1E-3 1 1E-3 0.00% 29 T1 Translation -0.5E-3 4 1.15E-3 4 -0.15E-3 0.00% 279 T2 Translation -0.15E-3 0.5E-3 0.00% 99 T3 Translation 0.00% 5 T2 Translation -0.00% 6 T2 Translation -0.00% 4 T1 Translation -0.1990.00% 189 T1 Translation -0. Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures.5E-3 2 0.00% 5 T3 Translation 1E-3 3 1E-3 0.) Test No.00% 41 T3 Translation 0.15E-3 2 -0.15E-3 0.00% 189 T3 Translation 1E-3 2 1E-3 0.15E-3 3 -0.00% 25 T1 Translation -0.5E-3 3 0.00% 99 T2 Translation -0.15E-3 0.5E-3 1 0.15E-3 4 -0.15E-3 0.15E-3 3 -0.15E-3 3 -0.00% 37 T1 Translation -0.5E-3 0. Afnor Technique.00% 25 T3 Translation 1E-3 4 1E-3 0.15E-3 0.15E-3 1 -0.00% 1 T1 Translation -0.15E-3 1 -0.15E-3 0.

linear axisymmetric solids) sslv03d.30 5 Finite Element Modeling Test 1 (sslv03a) .neu (Test 3.neu (Test 1. It provides the input data and results for benchmark test SSLV03/89 from “Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures.0x10 Pa ν = 0. parabolic solids) sslv03c.” Test Case Data and Information Units SI Material Properties E = 2. linear solids) sslv03b.Internal Pressure on a Thick-Walled Spherical Container The complete model and results for this test case are in the following files: • • • • sslv03a.neu (Test 4.neu (Test 2.Mapped meshing • 1600 linear brick elements . parabolic axisymmetric solids) This test is a linear statics analysis of a thick sphere with internal pressure.

 • 1898 nodes Test 2 (sslv03b) .Mapped meshing • • 250 parabolic brick elements 1256 nodes Test 3 (sslv03c) .Mapped meshing • 400 linear quadrilateral axisymmetric solid elements .

Tests 1 and 2: . • 451 nodes Test 4 (sslv03d) .Mapped meshing • • 400 parabolic quadrilateral axisymmetric solid elements 1301 nodes Boundary Conditions Constraints • The equivalent of the center of the sphere being fixed is modeled via symmetric boundary conditions. Constraints .

Tests 3 and 4: . Constraints .Tests 3 and 4: Loads • Uniform radial elemental pressure = 100 MPa The boundary conditions are shown in the following figure: Pressure -Tests 1 and 2: Pressure .

85% Solid Y Normal Stress 1 σ θ ( MPa ) 71.18% Solid Y Normal Stress 41 σ θ ( MPa ) 71.93% 1 41 41 1 Solid Z Normal Stress Solid Z Normal Axisym C1 Radial Stress Axisym C1 Radial Stress σ θ ( MPa ) -100 -100 -100 71.43 2 3 4 1 -104.04 4.40E-3 0.50 -94.70% 1 Axisym C1 Azimuth Stress u (m) T3 Translation 0.07 Difference 9.20 3.19% 0.33 -95.43 3 69.12% Axisym C1 Azimuth Stress 41 σ θ ( MPa ) 71.4E-3 1 0.00% . Solution Type Statics Results Results for Point R = 1m Point r=1 m Node # 1 σ Π ( MPa ) Displacement Stress Bench Value -100 Test Number 1 FEMAP Structural -90.70 3.50 2.43 2 73.43 4 69.81 72.50% 5.33% 4.

43 3 4 1 -.43 2 21.70% .4E-3 0.19% 0.43 21.4E-3 0.00% 2.40E-3 0.43 3 4 21.430 21.041 Difference N/A Solid Z Normal Stress 2221 σ Π ( MPa ) 0 2 -.76 1.16% Solid Y Normal Stress 2221 σ θ ( MPa ) 21.41E-3 0.233 -.50% 0.53% 1 1 Solid Y Normal Stress Axisym C1 Radial Stress Axisym C1 Radial Stress 21.4E-3 2 3 4 0.40E-3 0.649 N/A 1 1 1826 Solid Z Normal Stress Axisym C1 Radial Stress Axisym C1 Radial Stress σ θ ( MPa ) 0 0 21.39 21.18 N/A N/A 1.58 0. 1 41 41 u (m) T3 Translation u (m) T3 Translation u (m) T3 Translation 0.00% Results for Point R = 2m Point r=2 m Node # 1826 Displacement Stress 0 σ Π ( MPa ) Bench Value Test Number 1 FEMAP Structural -.


1826 2221 1 1 u (m) T3 Translation u (m) T3 Translation u (m) T3 Translation u (m) T3 Translation 1.5E-4 1.5E-4 1.5E-4 1.5E-4 1 2 3 4 1.50E-4 1.50E-4 1.53E-4 1.50E-4 0.00% 0.00% 2.00% 0.00%

All results are averaged. Reference • Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens, Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures, (Paris, Afnor Technique,1990.) Test No. SSLV03/89.

Internal Pressure on a Thick-Walled Infinite Cylinder
The complete model and results for this test case are in the following files: • • • • sslv04a.neu (solid, linear brick) sslv04b.neu (solid, parabolic brick) sslv04c.neu (solid, axisymmetric quadrilateral) sslv04d.neu (solid, axisymmetric parabolic)

This test is a linear statics analysis of a thick cylinder with internal pressure. It provides the input data and results for benchmark test SSLV04/89 from “Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures.”

Test Case Data and Information
Units
SI

Material Properties
E = 2.0x10 Pa ν = 0.30
5

Finite Element Modeling
All tests are executed with mapped meshing.

Test 1 (sslv04a) - Mapped meshing
• • 400 solid (linear brick) elements 902 nodes

Test 2 (sslv04b) - Mapped meshing
• • 240 solid (parabolic brick) elements 1873 nodes


FE Model - Tests 1 and 2:

Test 3 (sslv04c) - Mapped meshing
• • 600 axisymmetric (linear quadrilateral solid) elements 656 nodes

Test 4 (sslv04d) - Mapped meshing
• • 600 axisymmetric (parabolic quadrilateral solid) elements 1911 nodes

FE Model - Tests 3 and 4:

Boundary Conditions
Constraints (sslv04a)
• • Nodes 1-41, 452-492: Constrain in the X translation. Nodes 411-451, 862-902: Constrain in the Z translation.


Constraints (sslv04b)
• • Nodes 1-61, 1038-1098, 2075-2135: Constrain in the X translation. Nodes 977-1037, 2014-2074, 3051-3111: Constrain in the Z translation.

Constraints (sslv04c)
• Nodes 1-41: Constrain in the Z translation.

Constraints (sslv04d)
• Nodes 1-81: Constrain in the Z translation.

Loads (all tests)
• • Unlimited cylinder Internal elemental pressure p = 60 MPa

Boundary Conditions - Tests 1 and 2:

Boundary Conditions - Tests 3 and 4:


Solution Type
Statics

Results
All results are averaged.

Results for R=0.1m
Test Case sslv04a Point r=0.1 m
σ r ( MPa )

Displacement Stress

Bench Value -60

Node # 411

FEMAP Structural -57.07

Difference 4.88%

sslv04b sslv04c sslv04d sslv04a

Solid X Normal Stress Solid X Normal Stress Axisymm C1 Radial Stress Axisymm C1 Radial Stress
σ θ ( MPa )

-60 -60 -60 100

977 616 1831 411

-60.97 -58.03 -59.98 99.69

1.62% 3.28% 0.03% 0.31%

Solid Z Normal Stress sslv04b
σ θ ( MPa )

100

977

100.98

0.98%

sslv04c sslv04d sslv04a

Solid Z Normal Stress Axisymm C1 Azimuth Stress Axisymm C1 Azimuth Stress
τ max ( MPa )

100 100 80

616 1831 411

100.77 99.98 79.35

0.77% 0.02% 0.81%

Solid Max Shear Stress


sslv04b sslv04a sslv04b sslv04c sslv04d Solid Max Shear Stress u (m) T1 Translation T1 Translation T1 Translation T1 Translation 80 59E-6 59E-6 59E-6 59E-6 977 411 977 616 1831 80.97 59E-6 59E-6 59E-6 59E-6 1.21% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00%

Results for R=0.2m
Test Case sslv04a Point r=0.2m
σ r ( MPa )

Displacement Stress 0

Bench Value

Node # 451

FEMAP Structural -.006

Difference NA

sslv04b sslv04c sslv04d sslv04a

Solid X Normal Stress Solid X Normal Stress Axisymm C1 Radial Stress Axisymm C1 Radial Stress
σ θ ( MPa )

0 0 0 40

1037 656 1911 451

-.250 -.253 .002 39.70

NA NA NA 0.75%

sslv04b sslv04c sslv04d sslv04a

Solid Z Normal Stress Solid Z Normal Stress Axisymm C1 Aximuth Stress Axisymm C1 Aximuth Stress
τ max ( MPa )

40 40 40 20

1037 656 1911 451

40.25 40.61 39.90 20.10

0.62% 1.53% 0.25% 0.50%

Solid Max Shear Stress


sslv04b sslv04a sslv04b sslv04c sslv04d Solid Max Shear Stress u (m) T1 Translation T1 Translation T1 Translation T1 Translation 20 40E-6 40E-6 40E-6 40E-6 1037 451 1037 656 1911 20.25 40E-6 40E-6 39.9E-6 40E-6 1.25% 0.00% 0.00% 0.25% 0.00%

Reference • Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens, Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures, (Paris, Afnor Technique,1990.) Test No. SSLV04/89.

It provides the input data and results for benchmark test SSLV08/89 from “Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures. solid elements.neu (Test 4 solid elements. parabolic tetrahedrons) sslv08c.neu (Test 1.0x10 Pa ν = 0.neu (Test 3. solid elements.Free meshing • • 198 solid (parabolic tetrahedron) elements 409 nodes . parabolic bricks) This test is a linear statics analysis of a solid rod with bending. solid elements.neu (Test 2.” Test Case Data and Information Units SI Material Properties E = 2.Free meshing • • 198 solid (linear tetrahedron) elements 76 nodes Test 2 (sslv08b) . linear tetrahedrons) sslv08b. linear bricks) sslv08d.Prismatic Rod in Pure Bending The complete model and results for this test case are in the following files: • • • • sslv08a.30 5 Finite Element Modeling Test 1 (sslv08a) .

Tests 1 and 2: Test 3 (sslv08c) . 34. Nodes 30-32.Mapped meshing • • 48 solid (linear brick) elements 117 nodes Test 4 (sslv08d) .Tests 3 and 4: Boundary Conditions Constraints (sslv08a) • • • Nodes 29. 33: Constrain in the X and Z translations. and Z translations. . Node 57: Constrain in the X. Y. 40: Constrain in the Z translation. FE Model . 39.Mapped meshing • • 48 solid (parabolic brick) elements 381 nodes FE Model .

m Boundary Conditions . Nodes 9. Node 187: Constrain in the X. Constraints (sslv08c) • • Nodes 1-4. 12. Y. Nodes 128-130. Loads (all tests) • Set moment Mx equal to (4/3)E+7 N. and Z translations. 188-195: Constrain in the Z translation only. Constraints (sslv08b) • • • Nodes 127. 10. 131: Constrain in the X and Z translations. Constraints (sslv08d) • • • Nodes 1-8. Nodes 11: Constrain in the X. and Z translations. Node 5: Constrain in the X. and Z translations. Y. 6-9: Constrain in the Z translation.Tests 1 and 2: . 132-146. 14-21: Constrain in the Z translation. 13: Constrain in the X translation. Y.

93% 1.00% 1.73% .Tests 3 and 4: Solution Type Statics Results Test # 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 5 5 75 245 26 90 77 251 19 40 76 249 5 5 75 245 Node # Displacement/ Stress Solid Z Normal Stress (Pa) Solid Z Normal Stress (Pa) Solid Z Normal Stress (Pa) Solid Z Normal Stress (Pa) T2 Translation T2 Translation T2 Translation T2 Translation T3 Translation T3 Translation T3 Translation T3 Translation T1 Translation T1 Translation T1 Translation T1 Translation Bench Value -10E6 -10E6 -10E6 -10E6 4E-4 4E-4 4E-4 4E-4 2E-4 2E-4 2E-4 2E-4 0.010E-4 7.00% 0.00% 0.34% 0.00% 0. Boundary Conditions .10% 26.00% 0.15E-4 0.1511E-4 Difference 57.449E-6 0.044E-4 1.03E6 10.15E-4 0.00% 0.964E-4 4E-4 4E-4 4.50% 50.00% 0.01E6 2.33% 0.07E6 10.268E6 10.1514E-4 0.30% 0.15E-4 0.70% 0.1480E-4 0.15E-4 FEMAP Structural -4.10% 27.460E-4 2E-4 2E-4 2.

1480E-4 -0.60% 1.15E-4 -0. Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures. .33% 0.1509E-4 -0.15E-4 -0.73% Reference • Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens.1511E-4 58. Afnor Technique.15E-4 -0. (Paris. SSLV08/89.2620E-6 -0.1990. 1 2 3 4 8 8 73 241 T1 Translation T1 Translation T1 Translation T1 Translation -0.20% 0.) Test No.15E-4 -6.

” Test Case Data and Information Units SI Material Properties E = 2. parabolic brick.neu (Test 2.30 11 Finite Element Modeling Test 1 . length/thickness =10) sslv09b20.neu (Test 1. length/thickness =20) sslv09b50. linear plate. length/thickness =75) sslv09a100.neu (Test 1. length/thickness =50) sslv09a75. parabolic brick. length/thickness =10) sslv09a20.Mapped meshing • • 25 parabolic brick elements 228 nodes . linear plate. length/thickness =75) sslv09b100.neu (Test 2. linear plate. parabolic brick.1x10 Pa ν = 0. parabolic brick. length/thickness =100) sslv09b10.neu (Test 1. length/thickness =50) sslv09b75. linear plate. linear plate.neu (Test 1.neu (Test 2.Thick Plate Clamped at Edges The complete model and results for this test case are in the following files: • • • • • • • • • • sslv09a10. length/thickness =20) sslv09a50. It provides the input data and results for benchmark test SSLV09/89 from “Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures.neu (Test 2. parabolic brick. length/thickness =100) This test is a linear statics analysis of a square thick plate with pressure and transverse bending.neu (Test 1.neu (Test 2.

20.1 length/thickness =20. t=0. t=0. 75. 75.02 length/thickness =75. 100 Test 2 . 100 Test 2 is done using plate elements with the following thickness values: • • • • • length/thickness =10. 50. t=0.Mapped meshing • • • 25 linear quadrilateral plate elements 36 nodes length/thickness =10.01333 length/thickness =100.05 length/thickness =50. • length/thickness =10. 20. 50. t=0.01 . t=0.

Constrain the nodes on edge BC and B’C’ in the X translation and Y and Z rotations.5E5 N in -Z direction Boundary conditions for Test 1: . Constrain the nodes on edge DC in the Y translation and X and Z rotations. Constrain the corner nodes at C and C’ in all translations and rotations except for the Z translation. Boundary Conditions Constraints – Test 1 • • • • Fully constrain the nodes on edges AB. AD. Constraints – Test 2 • • • • Fully constrain the nodes on edges AB and AD in all translations and rotations. and A’D’ in all translations and rotations. Loads • Load case 1: Elemental pressure p = 1E6 Pascals in -Z direction • Load case 2: Point C Nodal force F = 2. Constrain the corner nodes at C in all translations and rotations except for the Z translation. Constrain the nodes on edge BC in the X translation and Y and Z rotations. A’B’. Constrain the nodes on edge DC and D’C’ in the Y translation and X and Z rotations.

53833E-3 -.95% 6.27794 FEMAP Structural -.242500E-2 -.12296 -.42995E-3 -.523376E-3 -.52416E-3 -.26861E-1 -.259820E-1 -. Boundary conditions for Test 2: Solution Type Statics Results Test Case 1 (T3 Translation at location C) Length/ Node Thick.38% 0.98% 4.96% 6.426662E-3 -.00% .6552E-4 -.Load Case # ness 10 10 20 20 50 50 75 75 100 100 Pressure Force Pressure Force Pressure Force Pressure Force Pressure Force 242 242 242 242 242 242 242 242 242 242 Reference FEM -.114411 -.32% 46.76231E-4 -.23317E-2 -.36433E-1 -.65520E-1 -.35738E-1 -.735942E-4 -.268120 File Name sslv09a10 sslv09a10 sslv09a20 sslv09a20 sslv09a50 sslv09a50 sslv09a75 sslv09a75 sslv09a100 sslv09a100 Analytical -.29146E-3 -.346276E-1 -.63389E-1 -.29146 Difference 12.612191E-1 -.27641E-1 -.80286E-2 -.00% 4.56% 8.15% 4.25352E-2 -.778247E-2 -.11837 -.00% 6.81900E-2 -.

381471E-1 -.97% 3.78661E-4 -.78% 4.260199E-2 -.41087E-3 -.83480E-2 -.20% 3.29579 FEMAP Structural -.29146E-3 -.52416E-3 -.69% 11. .36433E-1 -.Load Case # ness 10 10 20 20 50 50 75 75 100 100 Pressure Force Pressure Force Pressure Force Pressure Force Pressure Force 1 1 36 36 36 36 36 36 1 1 Reference FEM -.72% Reference • Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens.25946E-2 -.65520E-1 -.564973E-3 -. Afnor Technique.) Test No.849953E-2 -.37454E-1 -.395973E-3 -.66390E-1 -.29146 Difference 21.12296 -.676175E-1 -.12525 -.797294E-4 -.27641E-1 -.69% 35.86% 8. SSLV09/89.302292 Analytical -.81900E-2 -.28053E-1 -.1990.59% 3. Test Case 2 (T3 Translation at location C) Part Name sslv09b10 sslv09b10 sslv09b20 sslv09b20 sslv09b50 sslv09b50 sslv09b75 sslv09b75 sslv09b10 0 sslv09b10 0 Length/ Node Thick.35% 3.55574E-3 -. (Paris.70% 3.285676E-1 -.23317E-2 -.6552E-4 -. Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures.127845 -.

Clamped-free Thin Shell" "Bending of a Symmetric Truss" "Hovgaard’s Problem .Mechanical Structures .Pipes with Flexible Elbows" "Rectangular Plates" .Normal Modes/Eigenvalue Analysis The normal modes/eigevanlues test cases from the Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens include: • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • "Lumped Mass-Spring System" "Short Beam on Simple Supports" "Axial Loading on a Rod" "Thin Circular Ring" "Cantilever Beam with a Variable Rectangular Section" "Thin Circular Ring Clamped at Two Points" "Vibration Modes of a Thin Pipe Elbow" "Cantilever Beam with Eccentric Lumped Mass" "Thin Square Plate (Clamped or Free)" "Simply-Supported Rectangular Plate" "Thin Ring Plate Clamped on a Hub" "Vane of a Compressor .

This test is a normal modes/eigenvalue analysis of an elastic link with lumped mass.” Test Case Data and Information Units SI Material Properties Spring constant Finite Element Modeling • • • 8 mass elements 9 DOF springs 8 nodes The mesh is shown in the following figure: Boundary Conditions Constraints • Constrain all the nodes (1-8) in all translations and rotations except for the X translation.Lumped Mass-Spring System The complete model and results for this test case are in file sdld02.neu. . It provides the input data and results for benchmark test SDLD02/89 from “Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures.

9155 20.4606 24. The boundary conditions are shown in the following figure: Solution Type Normal Modes/Eigenvalue .00% 0.5664 29. Frequency Results: Normal Mode 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 5.9113 31.5274 10.3840 27.00% 0.9113 31.8868 15.5274 10.00% 0.00% 0.3840 27.8868 15.00% 0.00% 0.00% .4606 24. The multiplication coefficient is 0.00% 0.5664 29.SVI method Results The mode shapes results are exact.4642 for mode 8.3474 Bench Value (Hz) FEMAP Structural (Hz) 5.4642 for mode 1 and 0.9155 20.3474 Difference 0.

1612 0.8794 1.1612 0. Afnor Technique.3473 0.4082 0.3030 0. 178.8794 0. (Paris.3473 -0. p.1612 -0.6527 -0.4642 0.3030 0.0000 -1. .4642 -0.6527 0.4082 0.6527 0. Mode Shapes Results: Normal Mode 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 P1 P2 P3 P4 P5 P6 P7 P8 P1 P2 P3 P4 P5 P6 P7 P8 Point 0.3473 0.3030 -0. Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures.0000 0.0000 0.) Test No.4642 0.4642 0.1612 Bench Value FEMAP Structural 0.4082 0.8794 1.4082 -0. SDLD02/89.3030 0.0000 1.3473 Reference • Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens.6527 0.1990.8794 -0.

neu sdll01b.neu This test is a modal analysis of a straight short beam with simple supports both inline and offset.” Test Case Data and Information Units SI Material Properties E = 2x10 Pa ν = 0.3 kg ρ = 7800 -----3 m 11 Finite Element Modeling Problem 1 (sdll01a) • • 10 bar elements 11 nodes .Short Beam on Simple Supports The complete model and results for this test case are in the following files: • • sdll01a. It provides the input data and results for benchmark test SDLL01/89 from “Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures.

Constrain all other nodes in the Z translation and the X and Y rotations. Node 2: Constrain in all directions and rotations. master node 3 to slave node 1) Boundary Conditions Constraints • • • Node 1: Constrain in all directions and rotations. except for the X translation and Z rotation. Loads • no load case The boundary conditions for both problems are shown in the following figure: . except the Z rotation. Problem 2 (sdll01b) • • 10 bar elements 2 rigid elements (master node 4 to slave node 2.

 Solution Type Normal Modes/Eigenvalue – SVI method Results Problem 1: Frequency Results Normal Mode Bending 1 Tension 1 Bending 2 Bending 3 Tension 2 Bending 4 Bench Value (Hz) 431.555 1267.28% Difference Reference • Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens.003 4493.4 1641.2 3126.33% 1.0 3291. . Afnor Technique.773 4377.10% 0.555 1265. (Paris. Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures.3 922. SDLL01/89.24% 3.912 0.661 3797.16% 0.2 0.03% 0.50% 5.0 2800.08% 6.9 2629.38% 2.295 2870.2 Bench Value (Hz) FEMAP Structural (Hz) 394.8 902.837 FEMAP Structural (Hz) 431.226 1503.) Test No.171 2904.1990.93% 2.924 1498.2 1591.65% Difference Problem 2: Frequency Results Mode number 1 2 3 4 5 392.096 3833.

” Test Case Data and Information Units SI Material Properties E = 2x10 Pa kg ρ = 7800 ------m3 11 Finite Element Modeling • • 10 bar elements 11 nodes The mesh is shown in the following figure: .Axial Loading on a Rod The complete model and results for this test case are in the following file: • • sdll05a. It provides the input data and results for benchmark test SDLL05/89 from “Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures.neu sdll05b.neu This test is a modal analysis of a simply–supported beam with stress stiffening.

Solution Type Normal Modes/Eigenvalue . Boundary Conditions Problem 1 (sdll05a): • • Node 1: Leave the Z rotation free and constrain the node in all other translations and rotations. Node 2 : Leave the X translation and Z rotation free and constrain in all other translations and rotations. Ensure that Stress Stiffening is turned on in the analysis set. Load Set 1 (node 2): Define a nodal force = to 1E5N in the -X direction. Problem 2 (sdll05b): • • • Node 1: Leave the Z rotation free and constrain the node in all other translations and rotations.SVI method . Node 2: Leave the X translation and Z rotation free and constrain the node in all other translations and rotations.

807 22.61 Difference 0.080 FEMAP Structural (Hz) 28.434 109.702 114.1990.672 114.10% 0.43% Reference • Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens. Afnor Technique. (Paris. SDLL05/89.) Test No.40% 0. Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures. Results Frequency Results: Normal Mode sdll05a sdll05a sdll05b sdll05b Mode 1 Mode 3 Mode 1 Mode 3 Bench Value (Hz) 28.399 108.351 22. .16% 0.

” b0 b0 β = ----b1 b1 Test Case Data and Information Units SI Material Properties E = 2x10 Pa kg ρ = 7800 ------m3 11 Finite Element Modeling • • 10 beam elements (tapered) 11 nodes .Cantilever Beam with a Variable Rectangular Section The complete model and results for this test case are in the following file: sdll09a.neu This test is a modal analysis of a straight cantilever beam with a variable section. It provides the input data and results for benchmark test SDLL09/89 from “Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures.

no load case The boundary conditions are shown in the following figure: Solution Type Normal Modes/Eigenvalue . The mesh is shown in the following figure: Boundary Conditions • • • Constrain node 1 in all directions. Constrain all other nodes in the Z translation and X and Y rotations only.SVI method .

74% 4 Reference • Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens. Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures.94 384.89 1092.09% 0.92 β Difference 0.40 697. Afnor Technique. Results Frequency Results Normal Mode 1 2 3 4 5 Bench Value (Hz) 54.70% 1.28 FEMAP Structural (Hz) 54.36 381. SDLL09/89.20% 1.18 171.1990.24 1112.70 688.13 171.) Test No. (Paris. .34% 0.

It provides the input data and results for benchmark test SDLL11/89 from “Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures.3 kg ρ = 2700 -----3 m 10 Finite Element Modeling • • 36 bar elements 36 nodes The mesh is shown in the following figure: .2x10 Pa ν = 0.neu. This test is a modal analysis of a thin curved beam.” Test Case Data and Information Units SI Material Properties E = 7.Thin Circular Ring The complete model and results for this test case are in file sdll11.

32% .99 508 900. Loads • no load case The boundary conditions are shown in the following figure: Solution Type Normal Modes/Eigenvalue . 14 0 318. 21.20% 0.03% 1. 8 Modes 9.19 1569 Difference 0. 12 Modes 13.36 511 900.SVI method Results Frequency Results Normal Mode Modes 1-6 Modes 7.46 1590 Bench Value (Hz) FEMAP Structural (Hz) 0 318.59% 0.00% 0. Boundary Conditions Constraints • • Unconstrained (free) conditions Create 1 constraint set (Kinematic DOF set) to fully constrain the 3 nodes shown below (nodes 7. 10 Modes 11. 30).

14% Reference • Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens. SDLL11/89. Modes 15.91 0. 18 2792.29% Modes 17.62% Modes 19.55 1721.21 2774. Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures. Afnor Technique.1990. 16 1726. 20 3184 3116 2.56 0. . (Paris.) Test No.

” Test Case Data and Information Units SI Material Properties E = 7. This test is a modal analysis of a thin curved beam.neu. It provides the input data and results for benchmark test SDLL12/89 from “Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures.Thin Circular Ring Clamped at Two Points The complete model and results for this test case are in file sdll12.3 kg ρ = 2700 -----3 m 10 Finite Element Modeling • • 29 bar elements 29 nodes The mesh is shown in the following figure: .2x10 Pa ν = 0.

no load case The boundary conditions are shown in the following figure: Solution Type Normal Modes/Eigenvalue .59% 0.7 1405.7 1398.1 2557.9 575.SVI method Results Frequency Results Normal Mode 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 235.0 2801.27% 0.0 1740.3 1105. Boundary Conditions • • • Points A and B (nodes 1 and 2): Fully constrained in all directions All other nodes: Constrained the Z translation and X and Y rotations only.54% 0.0 0.8 2536.80% Difference .1 1102.03% 0.6 1751.25% 0.80% 2.5 Bench Value (Hz) FEMAP Structural (Hz) 235.6 2723.3 575.

(Paris. SDLL12/89. Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures. Afnor Technique. Reference • Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens.) Test No.1990. .

It provides the input data and results for benchmark test SDLL14/89 from “Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures.neu sdll014c.” C A L B L D Test Case Data and Information Units SI .neu This test is a modal analysis of a straight cantilever beam. and a thin curved beam.neu sdll014b.Vibration Modes of a Thin Pipe Elbow The complete model and results for this test case are in the following files: • • • sdll014a.

6: • • 18 bar elements 19 nodes Problem 3 (sdll14c) where L=2: • • 28 bar elements 29 nodes The FE model is shown below: .3 kg ρ = 7800 -----3 m 11 Finite Element Modeling Problem 1 (sdll14a) where L=0 and Problem 2 (sdll14b) where L=0. Material Properties E = 2.1x10 Pa ν = 0.

Constrain point B (node 2) in the X and Z translations. Constrain point C (node 3) in the Y and Z translations. Solution Type Normal Modes/Eigenvalue . Problem 2 (sdll14b) and Problem 3 (sdll14c): • • • Fully constrain points C and D (nodes 1 and 4) in all translations and rotations.SVI method . Boundary Conditions Problem 1 (sdll14a): • Fully constrain points C and D (nodes 1 and 2) in all translations and rotations.

9 26. Afnor Technique. .8 25.00% 1.4 94 100 180 Bench Value (Hz) FEMAP Structural (Hz) 33.61% 1.9 24. (Paris. SDLL14/89.23 119 125 227 FEMAP Structural (Hz) 44.00% 0.11 119 126 225 L 0 Difference 0.58% 0.00% 2.88% Problem 2 (sdll14b) Frequency Results: Normal Mode 1 2 3 4 33.12% 1.3 94 99 184 L 0.6 Difference 0.22% Problem 3 (sdll14c) Frequency Results: Normal Mode 1 2 3 4 17.1990.80% 0.4 24.) Test No.7 24.3 27 Bench Value (Hz) FEMAP Structural (Hz) 17.67 L 2 Difference 1.27% 0.30% 0. Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures. Results Problem 1 (sdll14a) Frequency Results: Normal Mode 1 2 3 4 Bench Value (Hz) 44.01% Reference • Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens.

” Test Case Data and Information Units SI Material Properties E = 2.neu This test is a modal analysis of a straight cantilever beam and a mass element.Cantilever Beam with Eccentric Lumped Mass The complete model and results for this test case are in the following files: • • sdll15a.neu sdll15b. It provides the input data and results for benchmark test SDLL15/89 from “Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures.1x10 Pa kg ρ = 7800 -----3 m 11 Finite Element Modeling Problem 1 (sdll15a) • • • 10 bar elements 1 mass element at point B 11 nodes A B .

Solution Type Normal Modes/Eigenvalue .SVI . Problem 2 (sdll15b) • • • • 10 bar elements 1 rigid element from point B to point C 1 mass element at point C 12 nodes A C B Boundary Conditions Constraints: • Fully constrain point A (node 1) in all translations and rotations.

4 5.06% 0.54 59.53 1. Results Frequency Results: Normal Mode 1.46 13.76% 1.93 FEMAP Structural (Hz) 1.6 7 8 9.01% 0.882 -0.75 76.2 3.91 48.66% 3.97 61.845 -0.956 Difference 0.59 28.90 31.65 15.07 50.148 2.00% 1.61 63.69% wc=T3 translation at point C wb= T3 translation at point B uc=T1 translation at point C vb= T2 translation at point B .28% 3.00% 0.54% 0.96 61.20 1.31% 2.00% 1.37 13.030 0.84 98.52 28.636 1.82 yc 0 Difference 0.67% 0.46% 4.47 80.635 1.030 0.00% 2.642 13.48 80.12% 0.65 16.922 FEMAP Structural 1.53% 0.52% 0.10 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Bench Value (Hz) 1.68 31.02 76.148 2.47 103.640 13.30% 1 Mode Shapes Results: yc 1 1 2 3 4 • • • • Normal Mode Modal Displacement wc/wb uc/vb uc/vb wc/wb Bench Value 1.

) Test No.1990. (Paris. . Reference • Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens. Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures. Afnor Technique. SDLL15/89.

” Test Case Data and Information Units SI Material Properties E = 2. It provides the input data and results for benchmark test SDLS01/89 from “Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures.Thin Square Plate (Clamped or Free) The complete model and results for this test case are in the following files: • • sdls01a.neu sdls01b.1x10 Pa ν = 0.3 kg ρ = 7800 -----3 m 11 Finite Element Modeling • • 100 linear quadrilateral plate elements 121 nodes The mesh is shown in the following figure: A D B C .neu This test is a normal modes/eigenvalue analysis (three–dimensional problem) of a thin plate.

9586 Difference 0.3042 53. 11. Create a constraint set (Kinematic DOF set) to constrain the three nodes shown below (nodes 1.74% 0.6719 21.76% .63% 0.SVI method Results Problem 1 (sdls01a) Frequency Results: Normal Mode 1 2 3 Bench Value (Hz) 8. • Problem 2 (sdls01b) : Free plate. and 111) in all translations and rotations.5542 FEMAP Structural (Hz) 8. Solution Type Normal Modes/Eigenvalue .1474 53. Boundary Conditions • Problem 1 (sdls01a): Constrain the nodes along side BC in all translations and rotations.7266 21.

11 Bench Value (Hz) 33.05% 0.7119 49.4165 59. Afnor Technique.) Test No.07% Reference • Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens.12% 3. Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures. 4 5 6 68. (Paris.0471 68.9104 47.4467 77.2984 77.0785 Difference 2.1873 83.5160 FEMAP Structural (Hz) 32. SDLS01/89.7814 135.4558 61.0513 87.38% 4. .21% 0.783 0.7448 136.19% Problem 2 (sdls01b) Frequency Results: Normal Mode 7 8 9 10.1990.05% 5.

Simply-Supported Rectangular Plate The complete model and results for this test case are in file sdls03.3 kg ρ = 7800 -----3 m 11 Finite Element Modeling • • 150 linear quadrilateral plate elements 176 nodes The mesh is shown in the following figure: .” Test Case Data and Information Units SI Material Properties E = 2.neu. This test is a normal modes/eigenvalue analysis (three–dimensional problem) of a thin plate. It provides the input data and results for benchmark test SDLS03/89 from “Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures.1x10 Pa ν = 0.

18% 1.90% 0.96 121. no load case The boundary conditions are shown in the following figure: Solution Type Normal Modes/Eigenvalue .94 Difference 1.51 109.13 138. Boundary Conditions • • • Constrain the Z translation of the nodes on all sides of the plate.75% .21 67. 119.60% 1.51 197.SVI method Results Frequency Results: Normal Mode 4 5 6 7 8 9 35. 55.32 Bench Value (Hz) FEMAP Structural (Hz) 35.95% 4.21 108. Create a constraint set to define the Master (ASET) DOFs on nodes 47.62 123.32 142.63 68.30 187.78% 2. Constrain these nodes in all directions except for the Z translation.

Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures. Reference • Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens. (Paris.) Test No. SDLS03/89. Afnor Technique.1990. .

” Test Case Data and Information Units SI Material Properties E = 2.1x10 Pa ν = 0.neu. It provides the input data and results for benchmark test SDLS04/89 from “Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures.3 kg ρ = 7800 -----3 m 11 Finite Element Modeling Mapped meshing • • 400 linear quadrilateral plate elements 440 nodes The mesh is shown in the following figure: . This test is a normal modes/eigenvalue analysis (three–dimensional problem) of an annular thin plate.Thin Ring Plate Clamped on a Hub The complete model and results for this test case are in file sdls04.

85 FEMAP Structural (Hz) 79.01% 0.19% 0.05 89. 15 16.26 81. 17 18 Bench Value (Hz) 79.79 not available not available not available not available not available 518.63 112.45 158.09 89. 11 12. 9 10. 3 4.57% .04 527. Loads • no load case The boundary conditions are shown in the following figure: Solution Type Normal Modes/Eigenvalue – SVI Results Frequency Results: Normal Mode 1 2.58% 2.02 317.19 Difference 0.51 532. 5 6. 13 14. 7 8. Boundary Conditions Constraints • Fully constrain all the nodes on the inner ring as shown below.04 433.05% 0.38 226.64 113.41 81.

09 576.90 3.61 561.) Test No. (Paris.70 612.30% 21.63 0. SDLS04/89. Afnor Technique.1990.91 6.18% 23 609. 20 528. 19. . 22 559.48% Reference • Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens. Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures.

3 kg ρ = 7857.neu (linear quadrilateral.Clampedfree Thin Shell The complete model and results for this test case are in the following files: • • sdls05a.Vane of a Compressor .Coarse Mesh Mapped meshing • • 100 linear quadrilateral plate elements 121 nodes .neu (linear quadrilateral.” Test Case Data and Information Units SI Material Properties E = 2.2 -----3 m 11 Finite Element Modeling . coarse mesh) slds05b.0685x10 Pa ν = 0. fine mesh) This test is a normal modes/eigenvalue analysis (three–dimensional problem) of a cylindrical thin shell. It provides the input data and results for benchmark test SDLS05/89 from “Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures.

Fine Mesh Mapped Meshing • • 225 linear quadrilateral plate elements 256 nodes The fine mesh is shown in the following figure: . The coarse mesh is shown in the following figure: Finite Element Modeling .

2 249.0 343.7 386.7 Normal Mode 1 2 3 4 5 6 Reference Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens. Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures.0 395.9 386.0 FEMAP Structural coarse mesh (Hz) 85. SDLS05/89.0 537.8 345.1990.0 531.0 351.3 248.8 FEMAP Structural fine mesh (Hz) 85.5 549.5 259.6 138.SVI method Results Frequency Results: Bench Value (Hz) 85. Afnor Technique.) Test No. .6 134.7 138. (Paris. Boundary Conditions Fully constrain the nodes on one side as shown in the following figure: Solution Type Normal Modes/Eigenvalue .

This test is a normal modes/eigenvalue analysis (plane problem) of a straight cantilever beam structure.1x10 Pa ν = 0. It provides the input data and results for benchmark test SDLX01/89 from “Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures.3 kg ρ = 7800 -----3 m 11 Finite Element Modeling • • 24 bar elements 24 nodes The mesh is shown in the following figure: .neu.” Test Case Data and Information Units SI Material Properties E = 2.Bending of a Symmetric Truss The complete model and results for this test case are in file sdlx01.

4 43.4 175.28% Difference .00% 0.8 Bench Value (Hz) FEMAP Structural (Hz) 8.2 102.3 179.4 43.00% 0.8 56.20% 0.3 96.10% 0.00% 0.00% 0.7 147.00% 0.8 29. The boundary conditions are shown in the following figure: Solution Type Normal Modes/Eigenvalue – SVI Results Frequency Results: Normal Mode 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 8.8 56.8 178.8 29.3 0. Boundary Conditions Constraints • • Fully constrain nodes 1 and 4 in all translations and rotations.3 96.2 102.29% 0. Constrain nodes 2-3 and 5-24 in the Z translation and X and Y rotations.6 147.1 174.

.4 0.64% 320. Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures.1990. (Paris.0 206. SDLX01/89.44% 266. 10 11 12 13 206. Afnor Technique.75% 335.4 268.7 1.0 322.10% Reference • Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens.) Test No.9 0.0 338.1 0.

Hovgaard’s Problem . thin curved cantilever beam.neu.Pipes with Flexible Elbows The complete model and results for this test case are in file sdlx02.” Test Case Data and Information Material Properties · 11 E = 1.658x 10 Pa ν = 0. It provides the input data and results for benchmark test SDLX02/89 from “Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures.3 kg ρ = 13404.106 -----3 m Units SI Finite Element Modeling • • 25 bar elements 26 nodes The mesh is shown in the following figure: . This test is a normal modes/eigenvalue analysis (three–dimensional problem) of a straight.

16% 1. Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures.53 127.09% 6.1990.61% 3.40 19. (Paris. SDLX02/89. The boundary conditions are shown in the following figure: Solution Type Normal Modes/Eigenvalue .43% 0.84 85.15 Bench Value (Hz) FEMAP Structural (Hz) 10.79% 2. . Boundary Conditions • Fully constrain nodes 1 and 6 in all translations and rotations.65% Difference Reference • Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens.SVI Results Frequency Results: Normal Mode 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10.) Test No.86 75. Afnor Technique.01% 9.94 80.87 25.34 123.71 51.80 82.18 19.54 25.36 47.64 2.35% 2.69% 0.20 125.09 52.47 48.11 122.

It provides the input data and results for benchmark test SDLX03/89 from “Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures.3 kg ρ = 7800 -----3 m Finite Element Modeling • • 300 linear quadrilateral plate elements 320 nodes The mesh is shown in the following figure: .” Test Case Data and Information Units SI Material Properties · 11 E = 2.1x 10 Pa ν = 0. This test is a normal modes/eigenvalue analysis (three–dimensional problem) of a thin plate with rigid body modes.neu.Rectangular Plates The complete model and results for this test case are in file sdlx03.

 Boundary Conditions Constraints • Constraint Set 1 (Kinematic DOF Set): Fully constrain nodes 2. Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures. The boundary conditions are shown in the following figure: Solution Type Normal Modes/Eigenvalue .35% Reference • Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens. Afnor Technique.76% 3. and 84 in all translations and rotations. SDLX03/89.68% 0.34% 0.) Test No.11% 0. 69.1990.24% 0. (Paris.SVI Results Frequency Results: Normal Mode 7 8 9 10 11 12 584 826 855 911 1113 1136 Bench Value (Hz) FEMAP Structural (Hz) 586 824 854 904 1072 1140 Difference 0. .

Fixed Temperatures" "Wall .Fixed Temperatures" "Hollow Cylinder . Convection" "L-Plate" "Hollow Sphere with Two Materials -Convection" .Flux Density" "Hollow Cylinder with Two Materials .Steady State Heat Transfer Analysis The stationary thermal test cases for steady-state heat transfer analysis from the Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens include: • • • • • • • • • "Hollow Cylinder .Fixed Temperatures.Convection" "Cylindrical Rod .Convection" "Wall .Convection" "Hollow Sphere .Stationary Thermal Tests .

neu.°C m Finite Element Modeling Two tests: • • Test 1 .Fixed Temperatures The complete model and results for this test case are in file htpla01.Hollow Cylinder .” Test Case Data and Information Units SI Material Properties W λ = 1 ---. It provides the input data and results for benchmark test TPLA01/89 from “Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures. This test is a steady–state heat transfer analysis of a 2D axisymmetric cylinder with fixed temperatures.5 parabolic quadrilateral axisymmetric solid elements The meshes are shown in the following figure: Boundary Conditions • One temperature set: .5 linear quadrilateral axisymmetric solid elements Test 2 .

 Internal temperature Ti = 100°C External temperature Te = 20°C Solution Type Steady–State Heat Transfer .

69 1622.32 0.70 1674.39 1701.00 FEMAP Structural 5 parabolic quads. Results Temperature Results (0 degrees Celsius): Radius(m) 0.69 1674.51 50.68 1622.32 1573. 100. Afnor Technique.83 1504.30 0.04 20.33 0.54 35.) Test No.31 0.1990.00 82.34 0.64 1526.32 0.00 82. .51 50.79 1572.54 35.04 20. 1701.31 0.00 FEMAP Structural 5 linear quads.11 1621.32 1573.98 66.13 1526.91 1674.84 1504.78 FEMAP FEMAP Structural Structural 5 linear quads.35 Bench Value 100. 100. (Paris. Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures.38 Reference • Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens.13 1526.04 20. 5 parabolic quads.33 0.51 50.39 1482.30 0. TPLA01/89.00 82.98 66.34 0.00 Total Heat Flux Results (W/m**2): Radius (m) 0.98 66.35 Bench Value 1729.54 35.

Convection The complete model and results for this test case are in file htpla03.2 parabolic axisymmetric quadrilateral solid elements The meshes are shown in the following figure: .2 linear axisymmetric quadrilateral solid elements Test 3 .10 linear axisymmetric quadrilateral solid elements Test 2 .Hollow Cylinder .neu. This test is a steady–state heat transfer analysis of a 2D axisymmetric cylinder with convection. It provides the input data and results for benchmark test TPLA03/89 from “Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures.” Test Case Data and Information Units SI Material Properties W λ = 40 ---.°C m Finite Element Modeling Three tests: • • • Test 1 .

17): W he = 142. 272.°C 2 m Ti = 500°C • Convection on external surface (nodes 12.17 FEMAP Structural 2 parabolic quads. 272. Boundary Conditions Elemental Convection • Convection on internal surface (nodes 3.0 -----. 14.35 FEMAP Structural 2 linear quads. 15. 272.35 .°C 2 m Ti = 20°C Solution Type Steady–State Heat Transfer Results Temperature and Element Total Heat Flux Ti (°C) Bench Value 272. 16): W hi = 150.0 -----.27 FEMAP Structural 10 linear quads.

1990. TPLA03/89. Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures.) Test No. Te (°C) W ϕi  ------  2 m 205.51 31792.69 204.= ϕ2πR L 26508. (Paris.51 33637.7 26276.10 204.= 34173.  2 m ϕ -.82 ⋅ 2 ⋅ π ⋅ 0. Afnor Technique.8 So: ϕ W -. .05 34160.66 31746.300 = 64416.40 27824.00 204.15 27853.13 ---L m Reference • Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens.90 W ϕe  -----.

°C m Finite Element Modeling • • 20 linear quadrilateral axisymmetric solid elements 42 nodes The mesh is shown in the following figure: .Cylindrical Rod .Flux Density The complete model and results for this test case are in file htpla05. This test is a steady–state heat transfer analysis of a 2D axisymmetric rod with fixed temperatures and flux density.” Test Case Data and Information Units SI Material Properties W λ = 33. It provides the input data and results for benchmark test TPLA05/89 from “Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures.33 ---.neu.

 Boundary Conditions Nodal Temperatures • z = 0 (nodes 1 and 3): Set temperature to 0°C • z = 1 (nodes 2 and 4): Set temperature to 500°C Elemental Heat Flux • Cylindrical surface (elements 1-20): W Set flux ϕ to – 200 ------m2 The boundary conditions are shown in the following figure: Solution Type Steady–State Heat Transfer .

02 3.6 0.01% 0. TPLA05/89.00 156.1 0.98 500.97 99.00 500. Reference • Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens.00 FEMAP Structural 0.97 155. Results Temperature Results (degrees C): Node # Node 3 Node 41 Node 39 Node 37 Node 35 Node 33 Node 31 Node 29 Node 27 Node 25 Node 4 z (m) 0.5 0.00 -4. Afnor Technique.00 4.00 Difference 0.1990.00% 0.00% 0.13% 0.03% 0.00 56.0 Bench Value 0.00 100. (Paris.97 303.00% ~0.4 0.97 223.50% 0.3 0. .00 304.00% Results are post–processed on the internal surface.97 55. Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures.98 395.0 0.05% 0.8 0.00 -4.02% ~0.00 396.9 1.98 23.50% 0.00 24.00 224.2 0.7 0.) Test No.

Convection The complete model and results for this test case are in file htpla08.°C m Finite Element Modeling • • 7 linear quadrilateral axisymmetric solid elements 16 nodes .0 ---.0 ---. This test is a steady–state heat transfer analysis of a 2D axisymmetric cylinder with two materials and convection.°C m • Material 2: W λ 2 = 20. It provides the input data and results for benchmark test TPLA08/89 from “Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures.Hollow Cylinder with Two Materials .” Test Case Data and Information Units SI Material Properties • Material 1: W λ 1 = 40.neu.


The mesh is shown in the following figure.

Boundary Conditions
Elemental Convection
• Convection on internal surface:
W hi = 150.0 ------ °C 2 m Ti = 70°C

Convection on external surface:
W hi = 200.0 ------ °C 2 m Ti = ( – 15° )C



Solution Type
Steady–State Heat Transfer

Results
Node # Node 9 Node 14 Node 16 Node 9 Temperature/ Element X Heat Flux Ti (°C) Tm (°C) Te (°C)
W ϕi  ------   2 m

Bench Value 25.42 17.69 12.11 6687.44

FEMAP Structural 25.42 17.69 12.11 6577.88

Difference 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 1.64%

Node 14
W ϕm  ------  2 m

5732.09

5733.33

0.02%

Node 16
W ϕe  ------   2 m

5422.25

5496.59

1.37%

ϕ -- = ϕ2πR L


So:
ϕ W -- = 5733.33 ⋅ 2 ⋅ π ⋅ 0.35 = 12608.25 ---L m

Reference • Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens, Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures, (Paris, Afnor Technique,1990.) Test No. TPLA08/89.

Wall - Convection
The complete model and results for this test case are in file htpl03.neu. This test is a steady–state heat transfer analysis of a 1D wall with fixed convection. It provides the input data and results for benchmark test TPLL03/89 from “Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures.”

Test Case Data and Information
Units
SI

Material Properties
W λ = 1.0 ---- °C m

Finite Element Modeling
• • 1 linear quadrilateral plate element 4 nodes

The plate element thickness is set to 1m. The mesh is shown in the following figure:


Boundary Conditions
Elemental Convection
• Convection on internal surface:
W hA = 20.0 ------ °C 2 m TA = – 20.0°C

Convection on external surface:
W hB = 10.0 ------ °C 2 m TB = 500°C

Convection coefficient is defined as energy / (length*time*temperature) in the current system of units.

The boundary conditions are shown in the following figure:

A

B

Solution Type
Steady–State Heat Transfer



Results
Temperature Results (Degrees Celsius):
Node # Node 1 (Temp) Node 4 (Temp) Node 1 (Flux) Temperature Flux TA (°C) TB (°C) ϕ (W/m**2) 21.71 416.58 834.2 Bench Value FEMAP Structural 21.71 416.57 834.3 Difference 0.00% ∼0.00% 0.01%

Reference • Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens, Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures, (Paris, Afnor Technique,1990.) Test No. TPLL03/89.

Wall - Fixed Temperatures
The complete model and results for this test case are in file htpl01.neu. This test is a steady–state heat transfer analysis of a 1D wall with fixed temperatures. It provides the input data and results for benchmark test TPLL01/89 from “Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures.”

Test Case Data and Information
The mesh is shown in the following figure:

Units
SI

Material Properties
W λ = 0.75 ---- °C m

Finite Element Modeling
• • 5 beam (line 2) elements 6 nodes

0 20.00% 0.00% .0 36.00 0.0 20.0 FEMAP Structural 100.0 68.01 0.0 36.00% 0.03 0.0 84.00% 0.04 0.02 0.00% 0. Boundary Conditions Nodal Temperatures • Internal temperature Ti = 100°C ( node 1 ) • External temperature Te = 20°C ( node 6 ) The boundary conditions are shown in the following figure: Solution Type Steady–State Heat Transfer Results Temperature Results (Degrees Celsius): Node # Node 1 Node 2 Node 3 Node 4 Node 5 Node 6 0.0 52.0 68.00% 0.0 Difference 0.05 Length: x (m) Bench Value 100.0 52.0 84.

 The flux calculated with the software is exact: Ω ϕ = 1200 ----2 µ Reference • Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens. Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures.) Test No. Afnor Technique. (Paris. . TPLL01/89.1990.

12 linear quadrilateral plate elements 53 nodes.°C m Finite Element Modeling Two tests: • • 21 nodes. It provides the input data and results for benchmark test TPLP01/89 from “Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures.neu (linear quadrilateral) htpp01b. 12 parabolic quadrilateral plate elements The mesh is shown in the following figure: .neu (parabolic quadrilateral) This test is a steady–state heat transfer analysis of a 2D L–plate with fixed temperatures.” Test Case Data and Information Units SI Material Properties W λ = 1.0 ---.L-Plate The complete model and results for this test case are in the following files: • • htpp01a.

7.64 .816 7.845 FEMAP Structural parabolic quads.43 0.869 5.10 0.495 2. 7.519 2. Boundary Conditions Nodal Temperatures • AF side: Set temperature to 10°C • DE side: Set temperature to 0°C The boundary conditions are shown in the following figure: F E C D A B Solution Type Steady–State Heat Transfer Results Temperature Results (Degrees Celsius): FEMAP Bench Values Structural linear quads.834 Node 8 9 10 % Difference 1.13 1.883 5.861 5.18 0.502 2.03 % Difference 0.

996 0.990 0.14 8.294 0.24 9.71 2.680 5. (Paris.667 6.11 8.015 0.30 9.640 8.06 6.35 9.108 1.669 0.667 0.001 9.661 0.25 2. 19 18 20 17 6 16 21 15 14 5 8.19 5.514 8.61 2. TPLP01/89.667 0.026 0.009 8.519 0. .963 0.505 0.14 8. Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures.669 0.00 2.015 0.959 2.20 8.018 8.1990.) Test No.972 2.34 9.24 8.04 5.00 6.10 8.316 9.666 0.961 0.53 Reference • Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens.881 2.877 0. Afnor Technique.283 0.16 9.

Convection The complete model and results for this test case are in file htpv02. It provides the input data and results for benchmark test TPLV02/89 from “Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures.Hollow Sphere .Fixed Temperatures. This test is a steady–state heat transfer analysis of a 3D sphere with fixed temperatures and convection. The mesh is shown in the following figure: .°C m Finite Element Modeling • • 500 solid (brick and wedge) elements 666 nodes The test is executed on 1/8 of a mapped meshed sphere.0 ---.neu.” Test Case Data and Information Units SI Material Properties W λ = 1.

 Boundary Conditions Elemental Convection • Convection on internal surface: W hi = 30 -----.°C 2 m Ti = 100°C(elements 401-500) Nodal Temperature • Set external surface temperature Te to 20°C(nodes 1-111) The boundary conditions are shown in the following figure: Solution Type Steady–State Heat Transfer .

74 45.15% 0.48% 0.47 771.84 45.34 0.94 20.18% 0.21 797.65 821.45% 3.33 0.00 Bench Value FEMAP Structural 64.35 922.87 54.32 0.90 871.31 0. .20% 0.31 0.35 566 455 344 233 122 11 Node # Bench Value 1050.32% Reference • Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens.57 926.85 867.00 Difference 0.43% 0.00 983.) Test No.11 Difference 2.92% 0.92 20.07% 0.1990.32 27.3 0. (Paris. Afnor Technique.43 FEMAP Structural 1019.33 0. Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures. TPLV02/89.36 27.34 987.47 817. Results Temperature results (Degrees C): Radius r (m) 0.00% Element X Heat Flux results (W/m**2): Radius r (m) 0.35 566 455 344 233 122 11 Node # 65.31 36.00 54.24 36.34 0.11% 0.43% 0.32 0.3 0.

” Test Case Data and Information Units SI Material Properties • Material 1: W λ 1 = 40.°C m • Material 2: W λ 2 = 20.neu (parabolic tetrahedron) htpv04c.0 ---.neu (linear brick) htpv04b.°C m Finite Element Modeling Three tests: . It provides the input data and results for benchmark test TPLV04/89 from “Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures.0 ---.neu (axisymmetric solid) This test is a steady–state heat transfer analysis of a 3D sphere with two materials and convection.Hollow Sphere with Two Materials Convection The complete model and results for this test case are in the following files: • • • htpv04a.

.3818 nodes. 700 solid (brick and wedge) elements • Test 2 .23 nodes.888 nodes. • Test 1 . 2192 solid parabolic tetrahedron elements • Test 3 . 4 axisymmetric solid parabolic quadrilateral elements The test is executed on 1/8 of a mapped meshed sphere.

°C 2 m Ti = 70°C • Convection on external surface: W he = 200. Boundary Conditions Elemental Convection • Convection on internal surface: W hi = 150.°C 2 m Te = ( – 9° )C The boundary conditions are shown in the following figure: Solution Type Steady–State Heat Transfer .0 -----.0 -----.

 Results Temperature Results (Degrees Celsius): FEMAP Structural linear brick (htpv04a) N1 25.16 Ti (C°) Tm (C°) Te (C°) Reference • Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens.84 N778 13. (Paris. .18 FEMAP Structural parabolic tetrahedron (htpv04b) N19 25.84 13.06 N9 17.03 N556 17.84 N5 13.01 N6 17.1990.) Test No.15 FEMAP Structural axisymmetric solid (htpv04c) N2 25.75 N5 13.17 Temperature Bench Value 25. Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures. Afnor Technique.06 17. TPLV04/89.

Linear Statics Analysis The stationary thermal-mechanical test cases for linear statics analysis from the Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens include: • "Thermal Gradient on a Thin Pipe" .Thermo-mechanical Test .

3 10 Coefficient of expansion: α = 1x ---------C° –5 Finite Element Modeling • • 500 axisymmetric (linear quadrilateral solid) elements 561 nodes The mesh is shown in the following figure: . This test is a thermo–mechanical linear statics analysis of a thin pipe with thermal gradient and plane strain.Thermal Gradient on a Thin Pipe The complete model and results for this test case are in file hsla01. It provides the input data and results for benchmark test HSLA01/89 from “Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures.neu.” Test Case Data and Information Units SI Material Properties · 11 E = 1x 10 Pa ν = 0.

with Ti=100°C ( Re – Ri ) The boundary conditions are shown in the following figure: Solution Type Statics . Boundary Conditions Constraints • Constrain nodes 1-11 in the X and Z translations. Nodal Temperature • Radial temperature ( 1 – ( r – Ri ) ) T = Ti ⋅ ------------------------------.

89E6 1.20E6 -3.18% 1.22% r=(Re+Ri)/2 σ r ( Pa ) -3.07E6 σ θ ( Pa ) 0.36% Post Processing Value Definition = the axisymmetric C1 radial stress at node 265 σr = the axisymmetric C4 Azimuth stress at node 265 σθ =the axisymmetric C1 radial stress at node 270 σr =the axisymmetric C1 Azimuth stress at node 270 σθ = the axisymmetric C1 radial stress at node 275 σr .40E6 -0.85E6 -74.95E6 1.52% 1.65E6 68.53E6 Difference -74.78E6 σ θ ( Pa ) 0. Results Point r = Ri σ r ( Pa ) Stress 0 Bench Value FEMAP Structural -0.306E6 σ θ ( Pa ) r=Re σ r ( Pa ) 0 68.

Afnor Technique. HSLA01/89. Guide de validation des progiciels de calcul de structures. (Paris. Value Definition = the axisymmetric C2 Azimuth stress at node 275 σθ Reference • Societe Francaise des Mecaniciens.1990. .) Test No.

168. 101. 353 Flux density 337 Free annular membrane 152 Free cylinder 165 G Gravity loading 232 H Heated beam 15 Hemisphere point loads 44 Hollow cylinder 331. 78. 15. 203. 221 D Deep simply-supported beam 95 Deep simply-supported solid beam 174 Displacement 15 Distorted mesh 124 Distributed loads 9. 356 Curved beam elements 196 Curved pipe 196 Cylindrical rod 337 Cylindrical shell 39. 140. 347 Bending 27. 288.neu 337 htpla08. 192. 171. 174. 194. 194. 92. 161 Circular hole 212 Circular plate 215 Circular ring 98 Clamped beams 194 Clamped thick rhombic plate 136 Clamped thin rhombic plate 121 Clamped-free thin shell 320 Compressor 320 Convection 334. 344. 334. 42. 171 B Bar elements 76. 199. 268. 340 Hollow sphere 353.neu 334 htpla05. 98. 196. 307. 199. 353. 307 Beam elements 294. 307 Cantilever mass 78 Cantilevered plate 105 Cantilevered solid beam 186 Cantilevered square membrane 144 Cantilevered tapered membrane 148 Cantilevered thin square plate 124. 288. 186. 323. 334. 18 E Elastic foundation 206 Elliptic membrane 34 F Fixed temperatures 331. 76. 294. 340 Axisymmetric vibration 165. 347. 297.neu 331 htpla03. 18. 294. 95.neu 344 htpla01. 192. 101. 156.neu 350 . 182 Anti-symmetric modes 108 Articulated plane truss 203 Articulated rod truss 201 Articulated supports 192 Axial distributed load 6 Axial loading 291 Axisymmetric solid elements 165. 206. 12. 337. 340. 206. 12. 303. 95.neu 340 htpp01a. 274. 356 Hovgaard’s Problem 326 hsla01. Index A Annular membrane 152 Annular plate 117. 9. 291. 101. 331. 326 Beam 4.neu 361 htpl01.neu 347 htpl03. 255. 9. 83. 6. 300. 196. 323 Bending load 210 C Cantilever 92 Cantilever beam 4.

361 L-Plate 350 Lumped mass 285. 18. 212. 236.neu 34 le103.neu 83 nf002ac.neu 24 mstv1015.neu 39. 203. 27.neu 30 mstvn002.neu 12 mstv1007. 49.neu 27 mstv1016. 268 K Kirchhoff formulation 251 L le1001. 6. 71. 251. 42 le202a. 18 Linear Statics 4. 68. 285. 192. 44.neu 58 le1103b. 42 le301. 12.neu 6 mstv1003.neu 73 mstvn006.neu 47 le502. 274.neu 76 mstvn007.neu 117 nf001ac. 78. 268. 218.neu 44 le501. 242. 15.neu 58 le1105a.neu 353 htpv04a.neu 58 le1104a. 261.neu 58 le1106b.neu 58 le1102a.neu 34 le102. 42.neu 78 N Natural frequency 78 ne014ll.neu 58 le201a. 42 le201b. 215. 307 Membrane 21 Membrane loads 21 Mindlin formulation 251 Moment load 12 mstv1001. 307 M Mass elements 65. 34. 221.neu 68 mstvn004.neu 58 le1104b. 24.neu 356 htpv04b. 194. 39.neu 4 mstv1002.neu 47 le601. 42 le202b.neu 356 Hydrostatic pressure 229 I Infinite plate 212 In-plane vibrations 83. 98 Internal pressure 221.neu 44 le303.neu 58 le1106a.neu 53 le1003.neu 9 mstv1004.neu 58 le1102b.neu 44 le304. 21.neu 86 .neu 39. htpp01b.neu 49 le602. 58. 9.neu 71 mstvn005.neu 39. 225.neu 39. 30.neu 350 htpv02. 196. 229. 53.neu 15 mstv1008.neu 18 mstv1009.neu 65 mstvn003.neu 34 le1101a. 247. 199.neu 58 le1103a.neu 44 le302. 261. 210.neu 21 mstv1014.neu 49 Linear beam 6.neu 53 le101. 201. 239.neu 58 le1101b. 232.neu 356 htpv04c.neu 58 le1105b.neu 53 le1002.

neu 178 nf052pc.neu 182 .neu 111 nf012ll.neu 140 nf031ll.neu 89 nf004a.neu 168 nf042pl.neu 129 nf021apl.neu 165 nf041pc.neu 144 nf031pc.neu 136 nf022ll.neu 108 nf0121c.neu 140 nf023pl.neu 105 nf011all.neu 140 nf023ll.neu 165 nf041pl.neu 178 nf052pl.neu 121 nf021alc.neu 108 nf011bpl.neu 165 nf041ll.neu 152 nf041lc.neu 105 nf011blc.neu 174 nf051pc.neu 133 nf0221c.neu 178 nf052ll.neu 108 nf011bpc.neu 121 nf015pl.neu 174 nf052lc.neu 144 nf031llc.neu 117 nf014pc.neu 114 nf013ll.neu 182 nf053pc.neu 148 nf032pl.neu 136 nf023lc.neu 98 nf011alc.neu 168 nf042pc.neu 121 nf015ll. nf003ac.neu 165 nf042lc.neu 182 nf053ll.neu 105 nf011apl.neu 114 nf013pl.neu 129 nf021all.neu 95 nf006ac.neu 136 nf022pc.neu 174 nf051pl.neu 152 nf033pl.neu 148 nf032ll.neu 114 nf014lc.neu 121 nf015pc.neu 129 nf021blc.neu 152 nf033pc.neu 148 nf033lc.neu 114 nf013pc.neu 168 nf043lc.neu 148 nf032pc.neu 144 nf031pl.neu 129 nf021apc.neu 111 nf012pl.neu 171 nf051lc.neu 136 nf022pl.neu 140 nf023pc.neu 171 nf043ll.neu 168 nf042ll.neu 111 nf012pc.neu 152 nf033ll.neu 117 nf015lc.neu 133 nf021bpl.neu 144 nf032lc.neu 171 nf043pc.neu 178 nf053lc.neu 92 nf005ac.neu 105 nf011apc.neu 117 nf014pl.neu 111 nf013lc.neu 133 nf021bll.neu 171 nf043pl.neu 174 nf051ll.neu 133 nf021bpc.neu 108 nf011bll.

124. 201 Normal Modes/Eigenvalue 65. 129.neu 297 sdll12.neu 186 nf072bc. 314. 303. 44. 297. 186.neu 101 nf071b. 121. 242. 101. 232. 140. 210. 314.neu 311 sdls03. 307.neu 303 sdll014c. 156.neu 156 nf073cc. 83.neu 320 sdls05b. 95. 152.neu 300 sdll15a.neu 156 nf073bl.neu 288 sdll01b.neu 291 sdll05b.neu 156 nf073dc. 247.neu 328 Shear loading 251 . 114. 78. 133. 215.neu 320 sdlx01. 136 Rhomboid plate 247 Rigid elements 65. 98. 68. 152. 212. 108. 108.neu 186 nf072bl. 42 Pinched cylindrical shell 236 Pin-ended cross 83 Pipes 326 Plane bending 199. 294. 218. 320. 42. 117.neu 294 sdll11. 156. 144. 161.neu 323 sdlx02. 114. 328. 279. 229.neu 156 nf073cl. 71. 317. 285. 136.neu 285 sdll014a. 182. 148. 129.neu 182 nf071a. 39. 350 plate elements 144 Pressure 53.neu 291 sdll09a.neu 307 sdls01a. 255 R Rectangular plates 328 Rhombic plate 121. 105. 251. 105. 171. 140.neu 156 nf073dl. 210 Plane strain elements 34 Plane truss 203 Plate elements 34. 291. 328 O Off-center point masses 92 Out-of-plane vibration 98 P Patch test 39.neu 303 sdll014b. 311.neu 307 sdll15b.neu 186 nf072al. 225.neu 101 nf072ac.neu 101 nf071c. 274 Pure tension 24.neu 156 nf073al. 221. 194 Rod elements 201 S sdld02. 178. 268 Prismatic rod 274 Pure bending 27. 76. 317.neu 311 sdls01b. 236. 148. 121. 117. 168. 221. 300.neu 326 sdlx03. 229.neu 161 nf074l. 49. 326. 161. 320.neu 156 nf073bc.neu 156 nf074c. 92.neu 317 sdls05a. 239. nf053pl. 311.neu 303 sdll01a. 133.neu 314 sdls04. 165. 124. 344.neu 288 sdll05a.neu 186 nf073ac. 323. 174.neu 161 Nodal loads 4. 136.

neu 274 sslv09a10.neu 261 sslv03d.neu 215 ssls05.neu 218 ssls06a.neu 274 sslv08b.neu 261 sslv04a.neu 236 ssls20b.neu 192 ssll05. 58.neu 247 ssls27a.neu 279 .neu 242 ssls25a.neu 279 sslv09a50.neu 215 ssls03b.neu 279 sslv09a75.neu 232 ssls20a.neu 239 ssls21c.neu 279 sslv09a20.neu 239 ssls21b. 314 Simply-supported rhomboid plate 247 Simply-supported solid annular plate 182 Simply-supported solid square plate 178 Simply-supported thick annular plate 140 Simply-supported thick square plate 133 Simply-supported thin square plate 114 Single DOF 65 Skew plate normal pressure 49 Solid cylinder 58.neu 251 ssls27b.neu 221 ssls07a. 182.neu 206 sslp01. 361 Solid sphere 58 Solid square plate 178 Solid taper 58 Spherical shell 239 Spring elements 65. 255.neu 261 sslv03c.neu 199 ssll11. 71. 268.neu 268 sslv04d.neu 221 ssls06b.neu 225 ssls07b.neu 203 ssll14b.neu 251 ssls27c. 68. 285 Square tube 218 ssll02.neu 196 ssll07b.neu 255 sslv01b.neu 274 sslv08c. 356. 353.neu 251 sslv01a.neu 279 sslv09b10. 206.neu 255 sslv01c.neu 210 sslp02.neu 279 sslv09a100.neu 229 ssls09.neu 255 sslv03a.neu 242 ssls24c. 174.neu 239 ssls24a.neu 225 ssls08. 288 Simply-supported annular plate 117. 178.neu 194 ssll07a. 255 Solid elements 53.neu 242 ssls24b. Short beam 192. 274.neu 236 ssls21a. 279.neu 274 sslv08d.neu 268 sslv04b.neu 201 ssll14a.neu 268 sslv04c.neu 196 ssll08.neu 203 ssll16.neu 212 ssls03a. 171 Simply-supported rectangular plate 242.neu 255 sslv01d. 186.neu 247 ssls25b.neu 268 sslv08a.neu 261 sslv03b.

303 W Wall 344. 76. 311 Thin wall cylinder 24. 232 Three DOF 71 Torque loading 218 Torsional system 71 Transverse bending 196 Truss 30 Two DOF 68 U Undamped free vibration 65. 171. 229. 353. 353 Tension 24 Thermal gradient 361 Thermal strain 15 Thick annular plate 140 Thick hollow sphere 168 Thick plate 279 Thick plate pressure 53 Thick square plate 129. 331. 68. 344.neu 279 sslv09b75. sslv09b100.neu 279 Steady-State Heat Transfer 331. 83. 350. 98. 242. 347. 300 Thin pipe 361 Thin pipe elbow 303 Thin ring plate 317 Thin shell 320 Thin shell beam wall 27 Thin square cantilevered plate 105. 161. 356 Strain energy 30 Stress 15 Symmetric modes 105 Symmetric truss 323 T Tapered beam elements 294 Tapered membrane 148 Temperatures 58. 168. 347.neu 279 sslv09b50. 156.neu 279 sslv09b20. 165. 347 . 108 Thin square plate 124. 133 Thick-walled infinite cylinder 268 Thick-walled spherical container 261 Thin arc 199 Thin circular ring 297. 340. 68 Undamped free vibrations 76 Uniform axial load 225 Uniform radial vibration 168 Uniformly distributed load 215. 337. 247 V Vibrations 65. 334. 225.

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