The Seven Wonders of the World

The first reference to the Seven Wonders of the World is found in History of Herodotus as long ago as the 5th century BC. Also Callimachus of Cyrene (305BC240BC), Chief Librarian of the Alexandria Mouseion, wrote "A Collection of Wonders around the World". All we know about the collection is its title, for it was destroyed with the Alexandria Library. The current list is sometimes attributed to the ancient poet and historian, Antipater of Sidon, although his list contained the Walls of Babylon in place of the Lighthouse of Alexandria. The final list of the Seven Wonders was compiled during the Middle Ages when the great Dutch architect Maerten van Heemskerck first depicted them Why are there exactly seven Wonders and not more or less? There is no specific reason, although the number "seven" appears in many aspects of mythology and religion. People always talk about the seven gates of heaven, the seven days of the week, and the seven seas. It appears this number is somehow embedded in Mediterranean and Middle Eastern tradition and history.

The of The Seven Wonders of the World are:
1. The Great Pyramid of Giza(The
three Great Pyramids are sometimes referred to as a Wonder, but it is actually the Great Pyramid that is only listed. It appears that when Herodotus compiled his list, he properly attributed the pyramids to different builders. The Pyramid of Khufu was built first and therefore earns a special place compared to the other two pyramids that were modelled later after Khufu's.)

2. The Hanging Gardens of Babylon 3. The Statue of Zeus at Olympia 4. The Temple of Artemis at Ephesus 5. The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus 6. The Colossus of Rhodes 7. The Lighthouse of Alexandria Each Wonder has its own intrigue. Historians agree that the Pyramids stood the test of time, the Lighthouse is the only Wonder that has a practical secular use, and the Temple of Artemis was the most beautiful of all Wonders.