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1.Define fluid mechanics ? Fluid mechanics is a branch of science that deals with the study of fluids at rest as well as in motion. 2.List the types of fluids . i ) Ideal fluid ii ) Real fluid iii ) Newtonian fluids iv) Non Newtonian fluids v) Ideal plastic fluids 3. Define mass density / specific mass / density ? It is defined as the ratio of mass of the fluid to its volume. It is denoted by the symbol V . Its unit is kg / m3 . V =

Thus mass per unit volume of a fluid is called density . Density of water is 1000 kg / m3 or 1 g / m3. 4.Define specific weight / weight density ? It is defined as the ratio of weight of a fluid to its volume . It is denoted by the symbol W . Its unit is N/m3 . W = W =

Thus the weight per unit volume of a fluid is called weight density. W = density * acceleration due to gravity W=Vg Specific weight of water i9s 1000 * 9.81 N / m3 5. Define Specific gravity / relative density ? It is defined as the ratio of weight density or density of a fluid to weight density or density of a standard fluid . It is denoted by the symnbol S . It is dimensionless quantity ( no unit ). S=

6. R= Q V = = m2/ s 8. It is measured in mm (or) cm. on a fluid element layer is directly proportional to rate of shear strain . => X = Q XE The constant of proportionality is called coefficient of viscosity. K= Compressibility = 1/ K 10. Fluid which obeys the above relationship is Newtonian fluid. the standard fluid is air . Define Newtons law of viscocity ? It states that .Define surface tension ? It is defined as the tensile force acting on the surface of a liquid in contact with a gas or on the surface between two immiscible liquids such that the contact surface behaves like a membrane under tension .I. Define capillarity ? It is defined as the phenomenon of rise or fall of a liquid surface in a small tube relative to adjacent to general level of liquid . 11. 9. Define viscocity / dynamic viscocity ? It is defined as the property of a fluid which offers resistance to the movement of one layer of fluid over another adjacent layer of the fluid. Define compressibility ? It is the reciprocal of Bulk modulus of elasticity ( K ) which is defined as the ratio of compressive stress to volumetric strain . It is denoted by the symbol (W ) . It is defined by the symbol ( R ) nu . the standard fluid is water. 7.y For liquids . Its unit is MKS system kgf/m and m in S. the shear stress ( X ). y For gases . system N/m . Define kinematic viscocity ? It is defined as the ratio between dynamic viscocity and density of fluid . when the tube is held vertically in the liquid . .

Define types of pressure ? The pressure on a fluid is measured in two different systems. Define Ideal plastic fluid ? A fluid in which shear stress is more than yield value and shear stress is directly proportional to rate of shear strain is called as ideal plastic fluid. Define pascals law ? It states that the pressure (or) intensity of pressure at a point in a static fluid is equal in all direction . Write the relationship between absolute. Define real fluid ? A fluid which posses viscocity is known as real fluid. 15. . Define mechanical gauge ? It is defined as the devices used for measuring the pressure by balancing the fluid column by a spring or by a dead weight.vaccum gauge& atmospheric pressure Pabs = Patm + Pgauge Absolute pressure = Atmospheric pressure + Gauge pressure Vacuum pressure = Atmospheric pressure . 16. 18. ii) Measured above atmospheric pressure called gauge pressure.Absolute pressure 20. Define ideal fluid ? A fluid which is in incompressible and having no viscocity is known as ideal fluid. 19. 14.12. 17. Define Newtonian fluid?non Newtonian fluid A real fluid in which shear stress is directly proportional to rate of shear strain is known as Newtonian fluid . 13. Define Non Newtonian fluid ? A real fluid in which shear stress is not directly proportional to rate of shear strain is known as Non Newtonian fluid. i) Measured above absolute zero or complete vacuum and it is called absolute pressure . All fluids in actual practice are real fluids.

Mention the types of gauge ? i ) diaphragm pressure gauge ii) bourdon tube pressure gauge iii)Dead weight pressure gauge iii) Bellow pressure gauge . This force is always acts normal to the surface . Define total pressure ? It is defined as the force exerted by a static fluid on a surface either plane Or a curved when the fluid comes in contact with the surfaces. 22.21. 24. List the types of manometer ? Manometer Simple manometer Differential manometer U-tube Differential manometer Inverted Differential manometer Peizometer U-Tube Manometer Single column manometer V ertical Single column manometer Inclined Single column manometer 23. 24 . Define buoyancy ? . 22. Define Manometer ? These are devices used for measuring the pressure at a point in a fluid by balancing the column of fluid by the same or another column of the fluid. Define centre of pressure ? It is defined as the point of application of the total pressure on the surface.

Atmospheric air exerts a normal pressure upon all surface with which it is in contact and it is known as atmospheric pressure .Point of buoyancy. Define Gauge pressure ? It is defined as the pressure which is measured with the help of pressure measuring instrument in which atmospheruic pressure is taken as datum. This upward force is equal to the weight of the fluid displaced by the body and is called the force of buoyancy or buoyancy . Define Vacuum pressure ? It is defined as the pressure below atmospheric pressure . Meta centric height = . B . through which the force of buoyancy is supposed to act. It may also be defined as the point at which the line of action of the force of buoyancy will meet the normal axis of the body when the body is given a small angular displacement . 28.BG V volume of the body submerged in water. Define Centre of buoyancy ? It is defined as the point. Define absolute pressure ? It is defined as the pressure which is measured with reference to absolute vacuum pressre .Centre of gravity. 26. .When a body is immersed in a fluid . 30. 27. 29. 25. Define meta centre ? It is defined as the point about which a body starts oscillating when the body is titled by a small angle. an upward force is exerted by the fluid on the body. G .centric height ? The distance between the meta centre of a floating body and the centre of gravity of the body is called meta centric height . Define meta .

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