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Welcome to a preparatory course on English Communication skills for the workplace! We are delighted to offer this online self-learning course that will hone your English communication skills before you embark on the Initial Learning Program (ILP) of Tata Consultancy Services (TCS). This 30-hour self-study course is intended for completion at your own pace within a three- or four-week period. We recommend that you complete the course before the TCSILP starts. You are presented a wide variety of specially selected online resources for theory and practice in the four primary communication skills: listening, speaking, reading and writing. Further, input on professional communication skills, phonetics and pronunciation, vocabulary building, grammar and writing style provides additional value. Do accomplish each of the 30 hour-long units in the prescribed order and watch your confidence in your communication skills grow steadily. Strong communication skills are the bedrock of a successful career -- make the most of this opportunity for selfenhancement. Tomorrow belongs to those who prepare for it today!
10 November - 16 November LESSON 1:
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Hi! Are you wondering what this part of ASPIRE would bring to you?? I’m sure you are. Well think no further as we are going to take a peep into a world that would help us make it big in future..start our own companies, become leaders at various levels, earn as much as we can….mmm….does that sound familiar?? There is no end to the number of certifications or courses that you would do to enhance your technical skills, is there? But what you probably don’t seem to realize is the importance of the other set of skills that would help you GET there…make it big; the skills we call softskills. While softskills can never be a replacement for the hard or technical skills, they complement the latter. A technically well qualified person performs more effectively with the right set of softskills. However, my friend, Softskills is not easy to acquire. It is a lot of hard work and discipline! For instance, knowing what to say where, when and how, is a measure of your softskills and that ….. doesn’t come easily to all. And that dear friend is what we would be talking about in this part of your programme. To be more precise, we would talk about how we could express ourselves better or rather, communicate effectively. Before we go on, here’s a bit of home work we need to do. (Well, it is hard work! ) I would like you to prepare a little article on how important you think softskills are. You may “google”, read books..but it would be very helpful if you could do some reference before you actually write. Oh!..one more thing.. “in your own words please.”
Pronunciation – how important is it? “Is it really important to get the sounds right?” A possible question that one might ask oneself and a good one too. Well the answer is, it is important. Sounds influence their neighboring sounds. A mispronounced sound could result in a misinterpretation. Look at the following example:
1. Speaking: Pronunciation: Phonetics, British English (http://www.bbc.co.uk/ worldservice/learningenglish/grammar/pron/) 2. Listening Comprehension - Listen to this audio and answer the questions (http:// www.esl-lab.com/lawsuit/lawsuit-rd1.htm) 3. Reading Tips, Reading Skills and Reading Comprehension- 1. (http://esl.about.com/od/ englishreadingskills/a/rtp_list.htm) 4. Talking about the Present (Simple Present tense - Rules) (http:// www.englishpage.com/verbpage/simplepresent.html) 5. Talking about the Present (Present Continuous -Rules) (http://www.englishpage.com/ verbpage/presentcontinuous.html) 6. Talking about the Present (Exercises) (http://www.better-english.com/grammar/presentforms.htm) 7. Listening Comprehension- Listen to this audio and answer the questions file (http:// www.esl-lab.com/health/healrd1.htm) 8. Talking about the Present (Present Perfect - Rules) file (http://www.englishpage.com/
verbpage/presentperfect.html) 9. Talking about the Present (Present Perfect Continuous -Rules) file (http://www.englishpage.com/verbpage/presentperfectcontinuous.html) 10. Talking about the Present (Exercises) file (http://www.better-english.com/grammar/ presentforms2.htm) 11. Listening Comprehension- Listen to this audio and answer the questions file (http:// www.esl-lab.com/expense/expenserd1.htm) 12. Talking about the Present (Non continuous or stative verbs - Rules) file (http:// www.englishpage.com/verbpage/types.html) 13. Talking about the Present (Present Continuous / Present Perfect Continuous Exercises ) file (http://www.englishpage.com/verbpage/verbs10.htm) 14. Reading Tips, Reading Skills and Reading Comprehension-2. file (http:// esl.about.com/od/englishreadingskills/a/readingskills.htm) 15. Reading Tips, Reading Skills and Reading Comprehension-3. file (http:// esl.about.com/od/readingintermediate/a/r_social.htm) 16. Reading Tips, Reading Skills and Reading Comprehension-4. file (http:// esl.about.com/library/lessons/nblwrong.htm) 17. Listening Comprehension- Listen to this audio and answer the questions (http:// www.esl-lab.com/market/marketrd1.htm)
Identify the sounds in the following words. How many sounds can you find in each word? Try and rewrite the words using the phonetic symbols. 1. added 2. project 3. man 4. king 5 duck 6.come 7.here 8.chocolate 9.comfortable 10.environment 11.technology 12.bear 13.computer 14.English 15.Manager 2. What do you understand by the term schwa? Explain what you have understood with the help of examples. 3. How many sounds do we have in English? 4. 'Put'and 'Cut'are spelt in a similar fashion but pronounced differently. Could you explain why? 5. Could you explain connected speech?
6. Why does 'Who is' sound as who(w)iz is connected speech? 7. Why does Visit us sound as 'Visi tas'? 8. Based on the lessons you have accessed, write a brief note on what you have understood about pronunciation in English. 9. What is linking /r/? 10. What are voiceless and voiced sounds? Please explain this with the help of examples.
10 November - 16 November
Objective: This is a preparatory course on web technologies. The online tutorials and "Try-ityourself" activities, would help you to understand the basics of web technologies. We recommend that you complete the course before the TCS-ILP starts.
The topics that need to be covered under HTML/XHTML are: 1) Basic HTML 2) HTML Forms 3) Basic XHTML 4) Differences between HTML and XHTML 5) Advantages of XHTML HTML, XHTML Reference site - w3schools (http://w3schools.com/html/default.asp) Activity 2
The topics that need to be covered under CSS are: 1) What is CSS? 2) CSS Basics 3) CSS Syntax – Grouping, Class Selector, ID Selector 4) Ways to put together CSS and HTML – Internal, External, @import, Inline 5) Advantages and Disadvantages of CSS. CSS Reference site - w3schools (http://w3schools.com/css/default.asp) Activity 3
17 November - 23 November
The topics that need to be covered under PHP are: 1) What is PHP? 2) How does PHP work? 3) How to put a PHP code into an HTML page? 4) PHP variables – scalar, array 5) Form Handling 6) Include(), Require() 7) Session 8) Error Handling PHP Reference Site - W3schools (http://w3schools.com/php/default.asp)
24 November - 30 November
The topics that need to be covered under MySQL are: 1) MySQL Components 2) MySQL – establishing connection to the server, creating database and tables, inserting/selecting/deleting records to/from the table. 3) Connecting to database from PHP
4) Data Validation 5) Cross Site Scripting (XSS) – htmlentities() 6) SQL injection – mysql_real_escape_string()
Note : Before running the php code which uses mysql, create a database, create the required table and insert the records, so that you will be able to retrieve the records from the table using the php code. MySQL Reference Site - W3schools (http://w3schools.com/php/php_mysql_intro.asp)
1 December – 7 December Activity 6
The topics that need to be covered under XML are: 1) Features of XML 2) XML Components 3) XML DTD/Schema 4) XML DTD/Schema Validation 5) XML with XSLT 6) Generating XML with PHP 7) Generating XML from database 8) XML DOM 9) XML DOM Node 10) Accessing DOM Nodes 11) XML Parser XML Reference Site - W3schools (http://w3schools.com/xml/default.asp)
Unix online Tutorial (http://www.ee.surrey.ac.uk/Teaching/Unix/) Please complete all the eight tutorials.
19 November - 25 November Objective:
This is a preparatory course on Database Concepts. The books and online tutorials , would help you to understand the database concepts. Understand Relational Databases and develop the ability to write Structured Query Language (SQL) – Data Definition Language (DDL) and Data Modification Language (DML). We recommend that you complete the course before the TCS-ILP starts.
Database Concepts and Relational Database Management System (RDBMS) · Database System Concepts, Fifth Edition by Silberschatz, Henry F Korth Chapter 1 -Introduction Chapter 2 - Relational Model Chapter 3 - SQL Chapter 4 - Advanced SQL Chapter 6 - Integrity Constraints · Introduction to Database Systems, 7 edition CJ Date Part I - Preliminaries Chapter 1 -An Overview of Database Management Chapter 2 -Database System Architecture Chapter 3 -An Introduction to Relational Databases Chapter 4 -An Introduction to SQL
26 November - 2 December Activity 2
Database Concepts and Relational Database Management System (RDBMS) · Database System Concepts, Fifth Edition by Silberschatz, Henry F Korth Chapter 7 - Relational Database Design Chapter 11 - Indexing and Hashing Chapter 12 - Query Processing Chapter 13 - Transaction Processing Chapter 14 - Concurrency Control
3 December - 9 December Activity 3
Database Concepts and Relational Database Management System (RDBMS) · Introduction to Database Systems, 7 edition CJ Date Part II - The Relational Model Chapter 5 -Types Chapter 6 -Relations Chapter 7 -Relational Algebra Chapter 8 -Relational Calculus
Chapter 9 -Integrity Chapter 10 - Views
10 December - 16 December Activity 4
SQL SQL is the language used to query all databases. It's simple to learn. Understanding SQL and using it efficiently is highly essential in designing an efficient database application.
Practice queries using MySQL database (http://www.mysql.com/). Use SQLyog (Opensource Freeware) to write queries.(http://www.webyog.com/ en/). ● http://www.w3schools.com/sql/default.asp
7 December - 23 December
SQL ● http://www.w3schools.com/sql/default.asp
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