[Prognosis of chronic glomerulonephritis--study on renal survival ratio of mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis and membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis].

[Article in Japanese] Saito T, Sato H, Kinoshita Y, Seino J, Furuyama T, Yoshinaga K. Second Department of Internal Medicine, Tohoku University School of Medicine, Sendai, Japan.

Abstract
Renal survival curves for the adult patients at the ages between 15 and 60 with mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis (MesPGN, N = 366) and membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis (MPGN, N = 76) were calculated using the method designed by Kaplan and Meier. In MesPGN, 80% and 68% of the patients survived 10 and 20 years after biopsy respectively; 88% and 72% survived 10 and 20 years after apparent onset. These results were similar to those analyzed by the research team "progressive renal lesions" in Ministry of Health and Welfare, Japan. When patients were histologically divided into 4 groups according to the index of glomerular lesions, % survival in each group was reduced in relation with the severity of the glomerular lesions, and there was significant difference between renal survival curves of each 2 groups. The influence of urinary protein and hypertension at the time of biopsy on survival curves was also significant. Patients with IgA nephropathy (N = 74) showed the renal survival curve similar to those of MesPGN. The influence of hypertension on % survival was also significant in IgA nephropathy. In MPGN, 53% and 73% of patients survived 10 years after biopsy and apparent onset respectively. Therefore MPGN was poorer in prognosis than MesPGN. These results seem to be important as the controls when we try to study the long-term effects of various therapies against chronic glomerulonephritis.

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