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Amplitude Modulation

# Amplitude Modulation

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# Amplitude Modulation

b.

The rate at which the vector rotates

1. The action of impressing intelligence
upon a transmission medium is referred to as a. modulating b. demodulating c. heterodyning d. wave generating 2. You can communicate with others using which of the following transmissions mediums? a. Light b. Wire lines c. Radio waves d. Each of the above 3. When you use a vector to indicate force in a diagram, what do (a) length and (b) arrowhead position indicate? a. (a) Magnitude (b) direction b. (a) Magnitude (b) frequency c. (a) Phase (b) frequency d. (a) Phase (b) direction 4. Vectors are used to show which of the following characteristics of a sine wave? a. Fidelity b. Amplitude c. Resonance d. Distortion 5. A rotating coil in the uniform magnetic field between two magnets produces a sine wave. It is called a sine wave because the voltage depends on which of the following factors? a. The number of turns in the coil b. The speed at which the coil is rotating c. The angular position of the coil in the magnetic field d. Each of the above 6 . The part of a sine wave that is above the voltage reference line is referred to as the a. peak amplitude b. positive alternation c. negative alternation d. instantaneous amplitude 7. The degree to which a cycle has been completed at any given instant is referred to as the a. phase b. period c. frequency d. amplitude 8. The frequency of the sine wave is determined by which of the following sine-wave factors? a. The maximum voltage

c. The number of degrees of vector rotation
d. Each of the above 9. Which of the following waveform characteristics determines the wavelength of a sine wave? a. Phase b. Period c. Amplitude d. Phase Angle 10. The ability of a circuit to faithfully reproduce the input signal in the output is known by what term? a. Fidelity b. Fluctuation c. Directivity d. Discrimination 11. In RF communications, modulation impresses information on which of the following types of waves? a. Carrier wave b. Complex wave c. Modulated wave d. Modulating wave 12. Which of the following types of modulation is a form of amplitude modulation? a. Angle b. Phase c. Frequency d. Continuous-wave 13. What effect, if any, does a nonlinear device have on a sine wave? a. It amplifies without distortion b. It attenuates without distortion c. It generates harmonic frequencies d. None 14. For the heterodyning action to occur in a circuit, (a) what number of frequencies must be present and (b) to what type of circuit must they be applied? a. (a) Two (b) linear b. (a) Two (b) nonlinear c. (a) Three (b) nonlinear d. (a) Three (b) linear 15. Spectrum analysis is used to view which of the following characteristics of an RF signal? a. Phase b. Bandwidth c. Modulating wave d. Modulation envelope 16. The method of RF communication that uses either the presence or absence of a carrier in a prearranged code is what type of modulation? a. Pulse modulation b. Amplitude modulation c. Continuous-wave modulation d. Pulse-time modulation

and moisture extremes. At the oscillator output c. A coil b. What component in a magnetic microphone causes the lines of flux to alternate? a. Piezoelectric 31. 36 b. vibration. 3. A push-pull amlifier 29. To change sound energy into electrical energy. Frequency response 30. 4. The mixer b. Interference detected by a receiver is often caused by the application and removal of power in nearby transmitters. requires no external voltage. To increase frequency c. Amplifier tubes are added to the output of a transmitter for which of the following reasons? a. Carbon b. where should you connect the antenna? a. 18. can withstand temperature. Power filter b. The RF amplifier 19. Fast transmission c. Button b. Crystal c. 2 d. A resistor d. Acoustic c. A limiter b. It generates the RF oscillations b. When keying a high-power transmitter.17. Carbon granules 28. If you require a microphone that is lightweight. Electrostatic d. what component should you use to reduce the shock hazard? a. The oscillator d. Hall b. and has a uniform frequency response of 40 to 15. which of the following devices should you use? a. Long-range operation d. A microphone c. The diaphragm d. What is the purpose of the key in a CW transmitter? a. An amplifier d. The voltage produced by mechanical stress placed on certain crystals is a result of which of the following effects? a. A carbon microphone has which of the following advantages over other types of microphones? a. It controls the RF output d. Wide bandwidth b. Transformer d. A voltage doulber d. To increase stability d. Which of the following combinations of frequency multiplier stages will produce a total multiplication factor of 72? a. It amplifies the RF signal 18. Electrostatic 32. An oscillator 27.000 hertz. you should NOT key what circuit? a. A speaker b. The detector c. At the power-amplifier output 24. To increase selectivity 25. To prevent a transmitter from being loaded unnecessarily. A relay c. 18. 4. To ensure frequency stability in a CW transmitter. Each of the above 22. The magnet c. To make communications more intelligible c. 3. 2 c. To reduce interference d. What component in a carbon microphone converts a dc voltage into a varying current? a. This interference can be prevented by using what type of circuit in such transmitters? a. Which of the following advantages is a benefit of CW communications? a. which of the following types of microphones should you select? a. Each of the above 23. RF detector filter 21. 18. Transmitter machine keying was developed for which of the following purposes? a. 36. To increase power b. 18 26. To increase the speed of communications b. An oscillator c. It heterodynes the RF oscillations c. Low output voltage d. Diaphragm c. is rugged. 4. Dynamic d. 3. A capacitor 20. Sensitivity c. At the power-amplifier input d. The action of the double-button carbon microphone is similar to which of the following electronic circuits? a. On-off filter c. Ruggedness b. has high sensitivity. The coil b. Key-click filter d. The armature . At the oscillator input b.

None of the above 45. It increases the power level of the signal 35. The vertical axis on a frequency spectrum graph represents which of the following waveform characteristics? a. 100. In an AM wave. of the following advantages is a primary benefit of plate modulation? a. The final audio stage in an AM transmitter is the a. if any. AB . If an 860-kHz AM signal is modulated by frequencies of 5 and 10 kHz.000 Hz c. A b. 925. In the carrier frequency b. The number of sideband frequencies c. 10 kHz c. 0. In the spacing between the sideband frequencies c. The lowest modulating frequency d. what maximum voltage value is present in each sideband? a.500 Hz b. 999. The intermediate power amplifier serves what function in a transmitter? a. What determines the bandwidth of an AM wave? a. if any.000 to 1. what would the upper-sideband frequency be? a. In the spacing between the carrier and sideband frequencies d.33. Audio frequency unit and radio frequency unit b. In the sideband frequencies 40. 500 and 1. multiplier d.500. None of the above 48.45 d. Audio frequency unit and final power amplifier d. Radio frequency modulation 47. Audio frequency unit and master oscillator c. It generates the carrier b.000 Hz c.000. In a carrier wave with a peak amplitude of 400 volts and a peak modulating voltage of 100 volts.500 Hz 38. 999.25 c.000 Hz 43. modulator c. In an AM signal that is 100 percent modulated.000. It modulates the carrier c. Same as the carrier voltage 44.15 b.075. If a MHz signal is modulated by frequencies of 50 and 75 kHz. Final-amplifier modulation d. 15 kHz d.025. If 750 Hz modulates a 100-kHz carrier. 500 and 999. Which.000 to 1.250 Hz b. It will increase b.075.500 Hz d. It will remain the same d. mixer b. where is the audio intelligence located? a. Duration c.000. The carrier frequency b. the MHz carrier and what two other frequencies are transmitted? a. Frequency d. 0. 3/4 the carrier voltage d.500 and 1. When a 500-Hz signal modulates a MHz carrier. The highest modulating frequency 41. 1/4 the carrier voltage b. multiplexer 36. Audio frequency unit and intermediate power amplifier 34. A final RF power amplifier biased for plate modulation operates in what class of operation? a. what is the modulation factor? a.750 Hz 39.000 Hz d. what is the bandwidth? a. 0.000. what is the resulting maximum frequency range? a. It will decrease c.000 Hz b. 925. 1/2 the carrier voltage c. 100.000 Hz d.55 46. Modulation produced in the plate circuit of the last radio stage of a system is known by what term? a. 5 kHz b. 0. Phase b. 20 kHz 42. of the following effects on the bandwidth? a.000 to 1. B c. 99. Overmodulation of an AM signal will have which. It operates at low efficiency b.500 Hz c.000 to 1. 1.500 and 1. 100. What are the two major sections of an AM transmitter? a. It increases the frequency of the signal d. High-level modulation c. It operates with high efficiency d. Amplitude 37. 975. Low-level modulation b. It operates at low power levels c.

They create distortion d. Grid-bias voltage d. Grid b. The control-grid modulator is similar to which of the following modulator circuits? a. To achieve 100-percent modulation in a plate modulator. R1 and R2 b. Emitter-injection a. They require large amounts of audio power 55. The same as the FPA plate voltage c. (a) Emitter (b) collector d. It has less distortion c. (a) Base (b) collector b. A series of pulses at the carrier frequency b. 60. (a) Base (b) emitter c. AF c. Heterodyning action in a plate modulator takes place in what circuit? a. Figure A. They decrease output amplitude c. C 49. In a plate modulator. IN ANSWERING QUESTIONS 60 THROUGH 62. Plate c. A control-grid modulator would be used in which of the following situations? In extremely high-power. What components in the circuit establish the bias for Q1? a. Compared to a plate modulator. if any. Cathode 50. Each of the above 56. AF and RF are heterodyned by injecting the RF into (a) what circuit and the AF into (b) what circuit? a. A plate modulator produces a modulated RF output by controlling which of the following voltages? a. R2 and R3 c. In cases where the use of a minimum of audio power is desired c. Plate. of the following effects on a control-grid modulator? a.d.—Modulator circuit. It requires less power from the amplifier 59. They increase output. Grid-input voltage 51. Which of the following inputs is/are applied to the grid of a control-grid modulator? a. It is more efficient b. None 58. Excessive modulating signal levels have which. Plate voltage b. REFER TO FIGURE A. R1 and R3 d. A series of pulses at 1/2 the carrier frequency 53. with no modulation. Three times the FPA plate voltage d. It requires less power from the modulator d. The RF amplifier stages can be operated class C for linearity b. A series of pulses at twice the carrier frequency c. (a) Emitter (b) base 54. Plate b. how will the plate current of the final RF amplifier appear on a scope? a. amplitude b.and collector-injection modulators are the most commonly used modulators for which of the following reasons? a. Dc bias d. A series of pulses at 1/4 the carrier frequency d. The RF amplifier stages can be operated class C for maximum efficiency c. None of the above 61. In portable and mobile equipment to reduce size and power requirements d. Screen d. Twice the FPA plate voltage b. Each of the above 57. the control-grid modulator has which of the following advantages? a. In the collector-injection modulator. RF b. Half the FPA plate voltage 52. They require small amounts of audio power d. Cathode voltage c. what maximum voltage must the modulator tube be capable of providing to the final power amplifier (FPA)? a. wideband equipment where high-level modulation is difficult to achieve b. Cathode c. Base-injection d. The RF voltage in the circuit is applied at (a) what points and the AF voltage is applied at (b) what points? .

Both the grid and plate voltages d. (a) A and B (b) C and D b. The plate voltage only c. In the circuit.a. C4 and L1 . (a) E and F (b) C and D 62. A cathode modulator is used in which of the following situations? a. What components develop the RF modulation envelope? a. REFER TO FIGURE B. In a cathode modulator. IN ANSWERING QUESTION 65. The cathode voltage only Figure B. C3 and R3 d. C2 and R1 c. 65. The grid voltage only b. the modulating voltage is in series with which of the following voltages? a. Q1 b. C4 and L1 63. what components develop the modulation envelope? a. When RF power is limited and distortion cannot be tolerated c. When RF power is unlimited and distortion can be tolerated b. C1 and R1 b.—Emitter-injection modulator. C3 and R3 d. C2 and R1 c. When AF power is limited and distortion cannot be tolerated 64. (a) C and D (b) A and B c. When AF power is unlimited and distortion can be tolerated d. (a) C and D (b) E and F d.

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