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Syllabus for IslamPolicy.com - Shariah Compliant Finance: Paradigm Shift or Neo-Imperialism – Class to start February 20, 2011 Insha’Allah – register now at IslamPolicy.com

Syllabus for IslamPolicy.com - Shariah Compliant Finance: Paradigm Shift or Neo-Imperialism – Class to start February 20, 2011 Insha’Allah – register now at IslamPolicy.com

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The following is a list of the topics and readings that insha’Allah will serve as the basis for a ten week course covering the contemporary Shariah Compliant Banking Industry and critically analyzing its present state, ultimately questioning if, in fact, it presently embodies the Islamic Economic ideology and represents a break away from a modern finance that fails a majority. Drawing from an array of sources, lecturing and through question and answer participants will gain a dynamic understanding of the industry itself and the social, religious, political and historical forces that pull on the industry today. Students are asked to engage in as many of the readings as possible each week. Page numbers can be found in bold at the end of the citation and the books represent a body of work that heavily influences content of the lectures. Students are encouraged to read all the selections before each lecture and to continue reading the material after the class has been completed. Classes will be held every other week and will be recorded and posted on islampolicy.com for those that miss the live sessions. All materials, all e-books, pdf’s and reading material will be provided to registrants free of charge. It is necessary that interested participants send an email immediately so that they can join the online group and receive the course-pack including every reference below. Participants will be asked to produce some form of multimedia (articles, videos, audios, graphic design, etcetera)as a final project in order to better promote the ideas and concepts covered in the course as an assignment, but ultimately we seek to engage in this most important topic in a way that promotes depth of comprehension, stimulates conversation, motivates others to enhance, improve and alter the present industry and that challenges Muslims to utilize Islamic principles and concepts in working for justice and peace. We hope you may join us; for more information or to register for the course go to Islampolicy.com or email islampolicy@gmail.com
The following is a list of the topics and readings that insha’Allah will serve as the basis for a ten week course covering the contemporary Shariah Compliant Banking Industry and critically analyzing its present state, ultimately questioning if, in fact, it presently embodies the Islamic Economic ideology and represents a break away from a modern finance that fails a majority. Drawing from an array of sources, lecturing and through question and answer participants will gain a dynamic understanding of the industry itself and the social, religious, political and historical forces that pull on the industry today. Students are asked to engage in as many of the readings as possible each week. Page numbers can be found in bold at the end of the citation and the books represent a body of work that heavily influences content of the lectures. Students are encouraged to read all the selections before each lecture and to continue reading the material after the class has been completed. Classes will be held every other week and will be recorded and posted on islampolicy.com for those that miss the live sessions. All materials, all e-books, pdf’s and reading material will be provided to registrants free of charge. It is necessary that interested participants send an email immediately so that they can join the online group and receive the course-pack including every reference below. Participants will be asked to produce some form of multimedia (articles, videos, audios, graphic design, etcetera)as a final project in order to better promote the ideas and concepts covered in the course as an assignment, but ultimately we seek to engage in this most important topic in a way that promotes depth of comprehension, stimulates conversation, motivates others to enhance, improve and alter the present industry and that challenges Muslims to utilize Islamic principles and concepts in working for justice and peace. We hope you may join us; for more information or to register for the course go to Islampolicy.com or email islampolicy@gmail.com

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Syllabus for IslamPolicy.

com - Shariah Compliant Finance: Paradigm Shift or Neo-Imperialism – Class to start February 20, 2011 Insha’Allah – register now at IslamPolicy.com The following is a list of the topics and readings that insha’Allah will serve as the basis for a ten week course covering the contemporary Shariah Compliant Banking Industry and critically analyzing its present state, ultimately questioning if, in fact, it presently embodies the Islamic Economic ideology and represents a break away from a modern finance that fails a majority. Drawing from an array of sources, lecturing and through question and answer participants will gain a dynamic understanding of the industry itself and the social, religious, political and historical forces that pull on the industry today. Students are asked to engage in as many of the readings as possible each week. Page numbers can be found in bold at the end of the citation and the books represent a body of work that heavily influences content of the lectures. Students are encouraged to read all the selections before each lecture and to continue reading the material after the class has been completed. Classes will be held every other week and will be recorded and posted on islampolicy.com for those that miss the live sessions. All materials, all e-books, pdf’s and reading material will be provided to registrants free of charge. It is necessary that interested participants send an email immediately so that they can join the online group and receive the course-pack including every reference below. Participants will be asked to produce some form of multimedia (articles, videos, audios, graphic design, etcetera)as a final project in order to better promote the ideas and concepts covered in the course as an assignment, but ultimately we seek to engage in this most important topic in a way that promotes depth of comprehension, stimulates conversation, motivates others to enhance, improve and alter the present industry and that challenges Muslims to utilize Islamic principles and concepts in working for justice and peace. We hope you may join us; for more information or to register for the course go to Islampolicy.com or email islampolicy@gmail.com WEEK #1 - Sunday February 20, 2011 - Introduction: The first session will introduce the background of the topic by discussing the present growth of the shariahcompliant finance industry and the role of trade and finance in Islam both historically and during the contemporary Islamic Awakening. We will cover the syllabus, explain the technological options for students and how to obtain the coursework, and the readings will be introduced along with an outline of the overall intentions of the social science courses offered by Islam Policy. Readings:

On Crafting Islamic Policy: The Methodology of Islamic Social Sciences. Younus Abdullah Muhammad (2010), islampolicy.com The Islamic Awakening. Shaikh Muhammad bin Salih al-Uthmayin. Kalamullah.com 2007. (p.29-78) Methodology of Economics: Secular versus Islamic. Addas, Waleed A.J.. International Islamic University Malaysia, 2008. Islamic Finance: A Therapy for Healing the Global Financial Crisis. Kartika Dewi, Miranti and Ferdian, Ilham Reza. International Islamic University in Malaysia, 2009. Islamic Economics as a Social Science: Some Methodological Issues. Mannan, M.A. Journal of Residual Islamic Economics (Vol.1, No.1 pp.41-50) Principles of Islamic Economics. Choudhury, Masudal Alam. Middle East Studies, Vol.19, No.1 Jan. 1983). Pp. 93-103. The Venture of Islam: Conscience and History in a World Civilization: The Classical Age of Islam (. Hodgson, Marshall G.S., University of Chicago Press, 1974. map of trade routes and Introduction only.

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Meccan Trade and the Rise of Islam. Crone, Patricia. Georgia Press, 2004. (Introduction)

WEEK #2 Sunday March 6, 2011 Week 2: Products and Discussion of the General Industry: During this session we will discuss the history, present condition and future projections for the Shariah Compliant Finance Industry along with the names and structures of the most common products offered by socalled Islamic Banks. This session is an effort to briefly identify key terms and products in order to analyze structures. The Readings cover the basics of the industry and create a leeway for participant inquiry into the abundant and growing body of research in the field. As stated by World Bank analysis, research and background is a key component of this new yet constantly changing field. “The development of the Islamic Finance (IF) industry is closely linked to the research pursued in its field. As soon as new theories are generated by researchers, the industry picks them up and implements them. And as soon as the industry encounters new problems, they turn to the researchers to find a way to overcome them. A closer look at the relationship between research and the industry makes several trends apparent.” (LINK) Readings:
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An Introduction to Islamic Finance. Mufti Muhammad Taqi Usmani Islamic Finance: Law, Economics, and Practice. El-Gamal, Mahmoud. Cambridge Press, 2006. (pp.145) Islamic Critique and Alternative to Financial Engineering Issues. Choundhury, Masudal Alam. Journal of King Abdulaziz University. Vol. 22, No. 2 (2009). Pp. 205-44. An Economic Explanation of the Prohibition of Gharar in Classical Islamic Jurisprudence. May 2, 2001 – paper prepared for 4th International Conference on Islamic Economics Islamic Banks and Investment Financing. Rajesh K. Aggarwal and Tarik Yousef. Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Vol. 32, No. 1 (Feb., 2000), pp. 93-120 Islamic Economics: The Emergence of a New Paradigm: Presley, John and Sessions, John. The Economic Journal, 104 (May, 1994) pp. 584-596. Islamic Economics and the Islamic Subeconomy. Kuran, Timur. Journal of Economic Perspectives. Vol.9, Number 4. (Fall 1995). Pp. 155-73. Islamic Banking – Interest Free of Interest Based? Chong, Ben Soon and Liu, Ming-Hua. Nyang Business School, October 2007. Islamic Banking. Delwin A. Roy. Middle Eastern Studies, Vol. 27, No. 3 (Jul., 1991), pp. 427-456. Islamic Finance and Economics as Reflected in Research and Publications. Ali, S. Nazim. Harvard Law School. 2010. Islamic vs. Conventional Banking: Business Model, Efficiency, and Stability. Beck, Thorsten, AsliDemirgue-Kunt, and Merrouche, Ourada. The Word Bank: Policy Research Working Paper 5446, 2010. Islamic Alternatives to Purely Capitalist Modes of Finance: A Story of the Malaysian Banks from 1999 to 2006. Gindi, Tamer and Said, Mona. Review of Radical Political Economics 2009 41: 516.

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WEEK #3 Sunday March 20, 2011 - Murabaha as Interest Free or Free Interest?

Murabaha contracts represent between 60-90 percent of the contracts of the shariah-compliant finance industry. During this session Readings will cover the fatawa that have authorized these “mark-up” sales and the equivalency they represent with ribaa or fixed interest contracts will be revealed. Thereafter, we will discuss the implications this reality has on preventing Shariah-compliant finance from presenting a paradigmatic challenge to the dominant order. Readings: • A Comparative Study of Islamic Banking Practices. Harun, Sudin. Journal of King AbdulAziz University. Islamic Economics, Vol. 10 pp.23-50. (p29, sec 4 especially)

Murabaha Financing Versus Lending on Interest: A Thin Line Making a Big Difference in the Understanding of Ribaa. Irfan, Qazi. Islamabad, Pakistan, hazariba.com. July 22, 2008. Shariah Opinions (Fatwa) on Murabaha. Al-Baraka Banking Group, Department of Research and Development. 2008.

WEEK #4 - Sunday April 3, 2011 - Privilege and Power in the Middle East, the Remnants of Colonialism: In this session we will analyze the post-colonial structures of the Middle East and Muslim world generally alongside the changing forces and constant resistance to change there in the modern era. We will understand both the authoritarian regimes and networks of privilege and power and the influence that has on wealth and its distribution in society. Readings:

Forces of Fortune: The Rise of the New Muslim Middle Class and What It Will Mean for Our World. Nasr, Vali. Council of Foreign Relations, 2009. Audio CD ( http://avaxhome.ws/ebooks/audiobook/ForcesFortune.html). The Modern Middle East. “Formation of the Middle East after World War I.” Khalidi, Rasheed. Recorded Course from Columbia University in December 2009. (in student folder) Islamic Leviathan: Islam and the Making of State Power. Nasr, Vali. Oxford University Press, 2001. Networks of Privilege in the Middle East: The Politics of Economic Reform Revisited. Heydemann, Steven. Palgrave McMillan, 2004. Arab Development Report 2009: Chapter 5, Wealth. United Nations Development Report. Upgrading Authoritarianism in the Arab World. Hydeman, Steven. The Saban Center for Middle East Policy at the Brookings Institution. Analysis Paper #13, Oct. 2007. Why the Middle East Is Economically Underdeveloped: Historical Mechanisms of Institutional Stagnation. Timur Kuran. The Journal of Economic Perspectives, Vol. 18, No. 3 (Summer, 2004), pp. 71-90. Arab Human Development Report 2003: Building a Knowledge Society. United Nations Development Report.

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WEEK #5 Sunday April 17, 2011 - Arab influence on Europe and “Capitalism” – Whilst dominant thought portrays capitalism and all its “progresses as originating in Europe and especially with Adam Smith an accurate and important distinction is made once one looks at the influence of Islam on economic thought and practice. In this session we will debunk traditional Orientalist thought and explore the

reality that Islam brought economic advancement as well. We will also touch on the implications of this distinction as well. Readings: • Capitalism in Medieval Islam. Labib, Subhi Y. The Journal of Economic History, Vol. 29, No. 1, The Tasks of Economic History (Mar., 1969), pp. 79-96 •
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Charlemagne, Muhammad, and the Arab Roots of Capitalism. Heck, Gene. Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co., 2006. Contributions of Muslim Scholars to Economic Thought and Analysis. Islahi, Abdul Azim. King Abdulaziz University, 2005. Islamic Institutions and Property Rights: The Case of the 'Public Good' Waqf. Shatzmiller, Maya. Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient, Vol. 44, No. 1 (2001), pp.44-74. Crusades and Jihads: a Long-run Economic Perspective. Heston, Alan. The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 2003 588: 112

WEEK #6 - Sunday May 1, 2011: What is neo-imperialism? During this session we will explain the Post World War II American-led empire and the specifics of its domination, the reality of the financialization of the global world and the role finance plays in that, alongside the implications this macro-reality has on both preventing alternative Islamic resistance and allowing the shariah compliant industry to represent an accessory to the continuation of that system as markets emerge in the Muslim world. Readings:
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The New Imperialism. A collection of Quotes and Summary of Views. (pdf) The Secret History of the American Empire: Economic Hit Men, Jackals, and the Truth about Global Corruption. Perkins, John. Plume Printing, 2008. Prologue and Part 1 – Asia Chapters 1-14. The Accumulation of Capital. Luxemburg, Rosa. Translated by Agnes Schwarzschild. Routledge Press, 2003. (Ch. 27-31) pps. 348 -425 Interest Rates and Foreign Capital in Egypt Under British Occupation. Hansen, Bent. The Journal of Economic History, Vol. 43, No. 4 (Dec., 1983), pp. 867-884 Super Imperialism. Hudson, Michael. 2nd. Edition 2003. Pluto Press Chapters 7, pp.179-279. Empires, Old and New: International Terrorism in the Real World. Chomsky, Noam. 2006 Edition. Preface and Part 6 ‘The World After September 11’. The Mahathir Administration in Malaysia: Discipline through Islam. Mauzy, Diane K. and Miline, R. S. Milne. Pacific Affairs, Vol. 56, No. 4 (Winter, 1983-1984), pp. 617-648 The Ascent of Money. A Financial History of the World. Ferguson, Niall. Penguin Press, 2008. Chapter 6 – ‘From Empire to Chimerica’ and Afterword: the Descent of Money’ (pp.283-358) Middle East Illusions. Chomsky, Noam. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers Inc., 2003. Part II: The Intifada, Israel, and the United States at the Turn of the Millenium pp.159-234. National Security Study Memorandum - NSSM 200: Implications of Worldwide Population Growth For U.S. Security and Overseas Interests (THE KISSINGER REPORT) December 10, 1974

WEEK #7 - Sunday May 15, 2011 – International Banks and their Influence in the Middle East: This session will look at the influence of foreign banks on the Middle East, the role they play in preserving Anglo-American dominance and protecting authoritarian regimes. Specifically we will look at a case study of HSBC – originally the Hong Kong Shanghai Banking Corporation – a major player in Shariah-Compliant

Finance. We will start from the role HSBC had on enforcing Britain’s dominance during the Opium Wars with China, when opium from the British East India Co. was forced on the Chinese population, the funneling on proceeds form that trade through HSBC and on up into the banks influence. Students should start the week by reading a link of the top banks of the Middle East, notice that they are mostly national and connected to the regimes - http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m2742/is_371/ai_n24994449/. You should then do some basic research on the top ten or so firms online looking for stakeholders, history and background information. Pay close attention to the means and mechanisms of foreign influence. Example: Samba Financial Group – wiki history LINK HERE… Readings:
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Neoliberalism in the Middle East and Africa: Divergent Banking Reform Trajectories, 1980s to 2000. Boone, Catherine and Hnery, Clement. Commonwealth & Comparative Politics, Vol.42, No.3 (November 2004), pp.356–392. Wall Street: A History from its Beginnings to the Fall of Enron. Geistt, Charles. Oxford University Press, 2004. pp.37-63 (pdf scanned). The Middle East: A Region without Regionalism or the End of Exceptionalism? Paul Aarts, Paul. Third World Quarterly, Vol. 20, No. 5, New Regionalisms in the New Millenium (Oct.,1999), pp. 911-925 13 Bankers: Wall Street Takeover and Financial Meltodown. Johnson, Simon and Kwak, James. Pantheon E-books 2009. Intro and Chapter 7 (Big Banks) In Support of Arab Democracy: Why and How. Council of Foreign Relations, Albright, Madeline and Weber, Vin Eds. 2005. Derivatives in Islamic Finance. Jobst, Andreas J. Islamic Economic Studies, Vol. 15, No. 1) The Changing Middle East Market. Stewart, Charles. The Journal of Marketing, Vol. 25, No. 3 (Jan., 1961), pp. 47-51 Financial Derivatives and the Globalization of Risk: DiPLuma, Edward and Lee, Benjamin. Duke UNniversity Press, 2004. Chapter 2 pp. 33-67. Traders, Guns & Money: Knowns and Unknowns in the Dazzling World of Derivatives. Das, Syajit. Financial Times Press, 2009. (Chapter 1., especially p.30) British Policy in Mesopotamia: 1903-1014. Cohen, Stuart A. Ithaca Press, 2008. Introduction

Week #8 - Sunday May 29, 2011 - GCC Central Bank and Saudi Servitude: The country of Saudi Arabia is believed by most Muslims to be the home of Islam, housing the Haramain (Mosques of Mecca and Medina) and allegedly upholding shariah (law) in its totality. However, the financial operations of the Kingdom from the Petrodollar coordination, to the implementation of interest-based banks throughout the Kingdom and presently their strong-arming the ability to host the GCC Central Bank. This lecture will look at Saudi Servitude and its role in dictating the direction of the Shariah Compliant field. We will also briefly mention its primary competitors in the Muslim world, namely Dubai and Malaysia and describe the effect the state’s unconditional legitimacy has on the condition of economic realities throughout the world.
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The Prize. Yergin, Daniel. Simon and Schuster, 1991. Chapters 29-31 America’s Kingdom: Saudi Arabia and the World Oil Frontier, 1945-1970. Robert Vitalis. University of Pennsylvania, 2007. Sleeping With The Devil. Baer, Robert. Random House, 2003. Part 1 Speak no Evil. Contesting the Saudi State Islamic Voices from a New Generation. Al-Rasheed, Madawi. University of London, 2006. Pp.42,-174 Chapter 2 – Re-enchanting Politics: Sahwis from Contestation to Cooptation.

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The J Curve: A New Way to Understand Why Nations Rise and Fall. Bremmer, Ian. Simon and Schuster, 2009. Introduction, Saudi Arabia pp. 103-125. Petrodollar Warfare: Oil, Iraq and the Future of the Dollar. Clark, William. New Society Publishers, 2005 , Chapters 1 and 2 pp. 7-68.

Week #9 - Sunday June 12, 2011 - Islamic Revival – the Challenge and Last Line of Defense: This section addresses the role of Islamic Revival, the continuing struggle to separate from colonialism and imperialism and analyzes finance as a means of challenging the dominant status quo covered so far in the course. Participants will analyze the renaissance of the Islamic world in contemporary context and recognize how the shariah compliant industry can either promote or prevent real change.
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Treatise on Maqaasid al Shariah. Ibn Ashur, Muhammad al Tahir. Translated by the Institute of Islamic Thought, Part 1 and Chapters 35, 36, 37 pp. 3-70 and 270-307 The Fall and Rise of the Islamic State. Feldman, Noah. Princeton University Press, 2008. PART III. The Rise of the New Islamic State and Conclusion pp. 103-153 Islamic Revival and Modernity: The Contemporary Movements and the Historical Paradigms.Lapidus, Ira M.. Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient, Vol. 40, No. 4. (1997), pp. 444-460. Islam: Historical, Cultural and Political Perspectives. Waardenberg, Jack. Walter de Greuter, 2002. Chapter 19 – pp387-401 The Absence of Middle Eastern Great Powers: Political "Backwardness" in Historical Perspective. Lustick, Ian S. International Organization, Vol. 51, No. 4 (Autumn, 1997), pp. 653-683. The Sword of the Sultan: Ottoman Arms Imports, 1854-1914. Grant, Jonathan. The Journal of Military History, Vol. 66, No. 1 (Jan., 2002), pp. 9-36 .

Week #10 - Sunday June 26, 2011 - Growth and Development and Possibilities for Altered Courses: Having identified the issues that affect the Shariah Compliant Industry, we will now identify the potential Islamic Economics has for transforming banking, finance, and development globally. In what should be a course in and of itself, this session will cover the reality that we all can contribute to spreading an understanding of a world built on the just principles included in the principles of true Islamic Finance.
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The Universal Paradigm and the Islamic World System: Economy, Society, Ethics and Science. Choudhury, Masudul Alam. World Scientific Publishing, 2008. Pp.1-99 – should finish if possible*** Wealth and Economy in Islam. Qaradawi, Yusef. Islamic Inc. 1998. Non-Interest Resource Mobilization for Public Capital Projects: The Use of Islamic Endogenous Loans. Shakespeare, Rodney. Creating a World without Poverty: Social Business and the Future of Capitalism. Yunus, Muhammad pp. 3-43 and most importantly Part 3 165-251. Parallels Between Islamic and Ethical Banking. Wilson, Rodney.Centre for Middle Eastern and Islamic Studies, University of Durham. The Quran and Poverty Alleviation: A Theoretical Model for Charity Based Islamic Microfinance Institutions. Ahmad Kaleem and Saima Ahmed. Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly 2010 39: 409. Financing social infrastructure and addressing poverty through wakf endowments: experience from Kenya and Tanzania. Yahya, Saad S. Environment and Urbanization 2008 20: 427 Islamic Banking Principles Applied to Microfinance Case Study: Hodeidah Microfinance Programme, Yemen. United Nations Special Unit on Microfinance. January, 2002.

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