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Textile Testing & Quality Assurance
Title: Crease recovery

Submitted by: Tauqeer Raza (06-NTU-97) 8th semester D section

Submitted to: Mr. Salman sb

Garment manufacturing department National textile university Faisalabad

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Abstract:
Cellulosic materials are notoriously susceptible to creasing and removal of this defect may perhaps have the greatest achievements in the history of textile finishing. Many materials resist crease that means they resist deformation and therefore rigid but what is required is a product that deformed and recovers from deformation. For this crease recovery test is done.

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Contents
Abstract: ..................................................................................................................................... 2 Introduction: ............................................................................................................................... 4 Crease: .................................................................................................................................... 4 Crease Recovery:..................................................................................................................... 4 The Crease Recover Test: ........................................................................................................ 4 Objective: ................................................................................................................................... 5 Principle: ..................................................................................................................................... 5 Apparatus: .................................................................................................................................. 5 Procedure: .................................................................................................................................. 5 Result:......................................................................................................................................... 5 Conclusion: ................................................................................................................................. 5 Reference: .................................................................................................................................. 5

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Introduction:
Crease:

Creasing of textile material is a complex effect involving tensile strength, flexing, compressive and torsional stresses. The bending elasticity is the most important phenomenon of creasing. Creases appear when a material is distorted in such a way that part of it is stretched beyond its small power of elastic recovery. The bending of fibers of filaments which take place during creasing leads to a extension of the cellulose on the upper surface and compression on the under surface.
Crease Recovery:

The bending elasticity is of the greatest importance in the phenomenon of creasing. Creases appear when the material is distorted in such a manner the ability of a fiber or fabric to regain its original shape after it has been wrinkled.
The Crease Recover Test:

Two testers were used for carrying out this test. I) Shirley crease recovery tester II) Total crease recovery tester i) Shirley crease recovery tester: For the Shirley crease recovery test specimens were cut with a template of 2 inches X1 inches size. Each specimen was carefully creased by folding into half and pressing it by placing between two smooth glass plates. After on minute weight was removed. The specimen was taken out and transferred to the fabric clamp on the instrument and was allowed to recover from the crease. After one minute the recovery angle was noted in degrees. Ten readings were taken in a similar way on each test sample and mean was worked out.

Specifications of Crease Recovery Tester: y Size of the Test Specimen: 2 x 1 . y Creasing Load: 1 Kg. (Stainless Steel) y Angle Measurement: On an Engraved Circular Scale graduated in 1 deg. y Scale Measurement: 0-180 Degrees

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Total crease recovery tester:
For performing test on the total crease recovery tester specimens were cut from the fabric in both warp and weft direction 4 cm X 1 cm size. The specimen was folded and creased by placing it under 500-gram weight. After five minutes the specimen was removed and suspended over a wire. Altogether three minutes were allowed after which the distance between the ends of the inverted was measured

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Objective:
To find the crease recovery/ angle of crease of fabric.

Principle:
The specimen is first creased under specified load for fixed time and is then transferred to the measurement device, where one end of the specimen is held in a spring loaded clamp and other is allowed to fall free under its own weight. Now one need to read the scale fixed to moving clamp to know the deflection of the clamped end from the horizontal.

Apparatus:
Shirley crease recovery tester, 2 glass tabs, weight, and tweezers.

Procedure:
y y y y

y y y

Two samples are made which have dimensions 2inx1in. one is in warp direction and other is in weft direction. The specimen is folded and if the surfaces of the specimen have a tendency to stick together, places a piece of paper or aluminum foil, between the ends of specimen. Place the folded specimen between the two glass tabs and immediately apply the weight of one kg for 1 minute. Using tweezers the folded specimen is transferred to the instrument s circular specimen holder. One end of the specimen is inserted between the clamps on the specimen holder, leaving the other end to hang freely. While the specimen is in the holder, the instrument is adjusted to keep the free hanging end of the alignment with the vertical mark. Finally, read and record the recovery angle from the circular scale. Same procedure is repeated for weft specimen.

Result:

Conclusion:
For warp sample angle of crease is 100 and weft sample is 90.

Reference:
www.B-tech.com www.Hec.gov.pk