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BUILDING THE G6LBQ MULTIBAND BitX

21st January 2011
Construction of the G6LBQ Multi-band BitX is best done in stages as this will make troubleshooting much easier as any faults during the build can be narrowed down to a particular section. First of all read all documentation and carry out an inventory of parts from the suggested “Bill Of Materials”. During the build I will suggest alternative parts or component arrangements you can try to overcome any component sourcing difficulties. Please visit the BitX Yahoo Group and make sure you have the latest documentation before commencing your build, the documentation is located in the “Files” section of the BitX Yahoo group under folder name “G6LBQ – Bitx”. If you are considering building the G6LBQ Multi-band BitX you can make your own PCB using the Artwork located in my Yahoo Group BitX folder but I would highly recommend you purchase a ready etched, screen printed, tinned and drilled PCB from Sunil Lakhani VU3SUA who can be contacted via email: vu3sua@gmail.com. Sunil also has a website with other useful radio kits which can be found at http://amateurradiokits.in/

Multiband BitX PCB From Sunil Lakhani

Note the PCB is perfectly rectangular and it is my poor attempt at photographing the PCB which has distorted the aspect a little! PAGE 1

A Fully Populated & Completed PCB

The above photo is of a fully populated, finished and working pcb.

PLEASE use this image as a component location/value reference along with the individual construction stage images.
Pay attention in all the construction stages to the correct orientation of components. There is a full PCB component layout image in the back of the manual If you are building using a PCB from Sunil Lakhani there were some errors in the silkscreen printing during the first production batch so please always use the latest documentation for component locations and orientation. IMPORTANT POWER SUPPLY NOTE During the construction most build stages have some voltage tests you can carry out as a basic check that the stage is functioning as expected. The voltages measure within this documentation were all taken with the PCB powered from a power supply providing exactly 13.5 volts, depending on the exact voltage of your own power supply the readings expected are likely to vary a little but probably within 5% of the readings documented.

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Stage One - Fitting PCB jumper links
Install all wire jumpers (8 in total) onto the PCB board as illustrated below:

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Next Stage Two

25W Resistor 0. 2SC2570A & the two 1N4148 Diodes. also the diodes must be mounted the correct way! If you are unable to source a 2SC2570A for Q1 it can be replaced with an MPSH10 transistor which is in current production and pin for pin compatible.25W Resistor 0.25W Resistor 0. When installing the transistors note the flat side orientation. PAGE 4 Continued .1uf) 1N4148 2N3904 2SC2570A 4 Pin Male Con DESCRIPTION 0. Pay close attention to the orientation of the following components which must be fitted correctly: 2N3904.25W Resistor 0.25W Resistor Capacitor Silicon Diode NPN Transistor NPN Transistor 0.Stage Two – RF Amplifier Section Components list required for the RF amplifier section: QUANTITY 2 2 4 2 2 9 2 1 1 1 VALUE 10 OHM 100 OHM 220 OHM 1K 2K2 100NF (0.1 Pitch Con CODE brn-blk-blk brn-blk-brn red-red-brn brn-blk-red red-red-red 104 FITTED Using the photograph below as an illustration fit all parts listed in the stage two components list.

With all the components in place for stage two solder a 4 pin male PCB 0. if everything is OK the measured current drawn in receive mode by Q1 stage should be approximately 11 mA's. if everything is OK the measured current drawn in transmit mode by Q10 stage should be approximately 11 mA's.76 1. EXPECTED VOLTAGES FOR Q1 (2SC2570A) RECEIVE RF AMP STAGE Expected Voltage COLLECTOR BASE EMITTER 8. Below is a chart showing the expected voltages present on the junctions of Q1 & Q10 transistors.703 Own Measured Voltage Reading Log EXPECTED VOLTAGES FOR Q10 (2N3904) TRANSMIT RF AMP STAGE Own Measured Voltage Reading Log PAGE 5 Next Stage Three . you can check these voltages against the chart and record your own readings for comparison and future test purposes.711 Expected Voltage COLLECTOR EMITTER BASE 8.008 2.8 VOLTS FOR RECEIVE PCB connection point and your power supply positive terminal. Note you can of course omit the 0.1 pitch connector to facilitate the power supply connections.995 2. Again using a multimeter on a current measuring range of a few hundred milliamps Connect the -VE supply rail to your power supply negative terminal and insert a multi-meter between the +13.69 2.1 connectors used throughout the build process and solder all connection points straight to the PCB DO NOT APPLY VOLTAGE TO THE RECEIVE AND TRANSMIT POINTS SIMULTANEOUSLY! Using a multimeter on a current measuring range of a few hundred milliamps Connect the -VE supply rail to your power supply negative terminal and insert a multi-meter between the +13.8 VOLTS FOR TRANSMIT PCB connection point and your power supply positive terminal.

PAGE 6 Continued .1uf) 1N4148 2N3904 DESCRIPTION 0.25W Resistor Capacitor Silicon Diode NPN Transistor CODE brn-blk-blk brn-blk-brn red-red-brn brn-blk-red red-red-red 104 FITTED Using the photograph below as an illustration fit all parts listed in the stage three components list.25W Resistor 0.Stage Three – 1st IF RX Amplifier (Q2) & 2ND IF TX (Q9) Components list required for the stage three IF amplifier sections: QUANTITY 2 2 4 2 2 8 2 2 VALUE 10 OHM 100 OHM 220 OHM 1K 2K2 100NF (0.25W Resistor 0. Pay close attention to the orientation of the following components which must be fitted correctly: 2N3904's & the two 1N4148 Diodes.25W Resistor 0.25W Resistor 0.

Again using a multimeter on a current measuring range of a few hundred milliamps Connect the -VE supply rail to your power supply negative terminal and insert a multi-meter between the +13. EXPECTED VOLTAGES FOR Q2 (2N3904) RECEIVE 1ST IF STAGE Expected Voltage EMITTER BASE COLLECTOR 1.99 2.With all the components in place for stage three carry out the following checks to confirm the stage is working correctly: DO NOT APPLY VOLTAGE TO THE RECEIVE AND TRANSMIT POINTS SIMULTANEOUSLY! Using a multimeter on a current measuring range of a few hundred milliamps Connect the -VE supply rail to your power supply negative terminal and insert a multi-meter between the +13. this is the total current now being drawn by Q2 the 1st IF Amplifier and Q1 the RF Amplifier we assembled in stage 2. you can check these voltages against the chart and record your own readings for comparison and future test purposes.97 2. if everything is OK the measured current drawn in receive mode will be approximately 23 mA's.74 Expected Voltage EMITTER BASE COLLECTOR 1.8 VOLTS FOR TRANSMIT PCB connection point and your power supply positive terminal. this is the total current now being drawn by Q9 the 2nd IF Amplifier and Q10 the RF Amplifier we assembled in stage 2.76 Next Stage Four Own Measured Voltage Reading Log EXPECTED VOLTAGES FOR Q9 (2N3904) TRANSMIT 2ND IF STAGE Own Measured Voltage Reading Log PAGE 7 .7 8.71 8. Below is a chart showing the expected voltages present on the junctions of Q2 & Q9 transistors.8 VOLTS FOR RECEIVE PCB connection point and your power supply positive terminal. if everything is OK the measured current drawn will be approximately 23 mA's.

1uf) 2N3904 DESCRIPTION 0.25W Resistor 0. With all the components in place continue on with stage 5 and then we will do a joint testing of stages 4 & 5 PAGE 8 Next Stage Five .Stage Four – DDS/VFO Amplifier Driver For First mixer Stage Components list required for the DDS/VFO amplifier section: QUANTITY 1 1 2 2 1 VALUE 10 OHM 100 OHM 1K 100NF (0.25W Resistor 0.25W Resistor Capacitor NPN Transistor CODE brn-blk-blk brn-blk-brn brn-blk-red 104 FITTED Using the photograph below as an illustration fit all parts listed in the stage four components list. Pay close attention to the orientation of the 2N3904 transistor.

As the ADE-1 is a surface mount device it will need converting to a through hole component for this project.Stage Five – 1st Mixer Section Components list required for the 1st Mixer section: QUANTITY 1 1 1 1 VALUE 100 OHM 100NF (0. If using a turned pin IC socket as suggested prepare the IC socket by flooding the turned pins with solder as per the illustration: Solder the ADE-1 to the top of the IC socket being careful not to apply to much heat for too long a period: NOTE: You can use an 8 pin IC socket and instead of the 6 pin but you will have to cut off 2 of the unused pins on the socket as the PCB only has holes for the six pins actually needed. Care must be taken when soldering the ADE-1 to an IC socket or pins. I found the best way to convert the ADE-1 to a through hole component was to simply solder it to the top of a turned pin type IC socket but you can also fit veroboard type solder pins to the PCB and then solder the ADE-1 straight onto the solder pins.1uf) ADE-1 IC Socket DESCRIPTION 0.25W Resistor Capacitor Mixer Turned Pin Skt 104 CODE brn-blk-brn FITTED The ADE-1 mixer was chosen as it is an inexpensive device and is specified to work as high as 500Mhz so in theory it ought to be possible to use the Multiband Bitx as the heart of a 6M or even 4M SSB transceiver. use only a fine tipped soldering iron and don’t apply excessive heat to the connections. PAGE 9 Continued . solder one connection then let the device cool down then move onto the next connection allowing a cool down period.

The “All Time” supply point supplies power to all stages that require power in both receive and transmit modes. Pay close attention to the orientation of the ADE-1 device. The connection is illustrated below: PAGE 10 Continued .Using the photograph below as an illustration fit all parts listed in the stage five's components list. With all the components in place for stage four & five carry out the following checks to confirm these stages are working correctly: DO NOT APPLY VOLTAGE TO THE RECEIVE AND TRANSMIT POINTS FOR THIS TESTING PHASE! Testing of stage four/five is similar to the previous testing phases but this time we need to connect the power supply to the boards “All Time” +VE connection.

3. you can check these voltages against the chart and record your own readings for comparison and future test purposes.Using a multimeter on a current measuring range of a few hundred milliamps Connect the -VE supply rail to your power supply negative terminal and insert a multi-meter between the ALL TIME +Ve PCB connection point and your power supply positive terminal.5 9. EXPECTED VOLTAGES FOR Q3 (2N3904) DDS/VFO RF AMP STAGE Expected Voltage COLLECTOR EMITTER BASE 9.26 9.27 3.78 4. if everything is OK the measured current drawn should be approximately 43 mA's.4. Below is a chart showing the expected voltages present on the junctions of Q3 transistors and ADE1 mixer device.26 0 Volts Own Measured Voltage Reading Log Own Measured Voltage Reading Log PAGE 11 Next Stage Six .5 EXPECTED VOLTAGES FOR ADE-1 MIXER STAGE 1 Expected Voltage PIN 1 PIN 6 PINS 2.

25W Resistor Capacitor Capacitor Integrated Circuit 8 Pin DIL Silicon Diode Murata Trimmer CODE brn-blk-brn red-red-brn brn-green-orange 103 104 FITTED Brown Using the photograph below as an illustration fit all parts listed in the stage six components list. The arrangement of T1 & the trimmer capacitor should easily provide sufficient coverage for IF frequencies between 9 & 11 Mhz.25W Resistor 0.Stage SIX – 2ND IF Amplifier Receive Section Components list required for the 2nd IF amplifier receive section: QUANTITY 1 1 1 2 3 1 1 1 1 VALUE 100 OHM 220 OHM 15K 10NF (0.7Mhz IF transformer (recovered from an old CB Radio). some IF coils have an internal capacitor fitted so resonance may be achievable without the trimmer. if it is not readily available from your own component supplier you can substitute this for a more common 22PF trimmer and experiment by adding an additional small parallel ceramic capacitor of a few picofarads & gradually increasing the value until a peak in signal can be found by either adjusting T1 or the trimmer. PAGE 12 Continued . NOTE! Transformer T1 is a 10.1uf) MC1350P IC Holder 8 Pin 1N4148 60PF (optional) DESCRIPTION 0.01uf) 100NF (0. The 60PF trimmer is manufactured by Murata. Pay close attention to the orientation of the MC1350P Integrated Circuit and 1N4148 Silicon Diode. it may or may not be necessary to fit the 60PF brown coloured trimming capacitor in order to tune the IF coil.25W Resistor 0.

3 Next Stage Seven Own Measured Voltage Reading Log PAGE 13 .If you decide to purchase a PCB from Sunil Lakhani I recommend you ask him if he can supply one of the coils he uses in the bandpass filter from his 20Mtr BitX3 kit as this coil has been tested and works fine along with an additional fixed value ceramic padding capacitor of 82PF.65 3. Q2 the 1st IF Amplifier and the completed stage six 2nd IF amplifier.8 VOLTS FOR RECEIVE PCB connection point and your power supply positive terminal.3 Ground 3. if everything is OK the measured current drawn in receive mode will be approximately 37 mA's. Below is a chart showing the expected voltages present on the MC1350P integrated circuit. EXPECTED VOLTAGES FOR IC2 RECEIVE 2ND IF STAGE Expected Voltage PIN 1 & 2 PIN 3 & 7 PIN 4 PIN 5 PIN 6 PIN 8 11.86 11. wind 26 turns primary and 2 turns secondary using #24 or #26 gauge enamel covered copper wire. The coil will need padding with a fixed ceramic capacitor of 33PF and the installation of a 22PF trimmer for tuning: With all the components in place for stage six carry out the following checks to confirm the stage is working correctly: DO NOT APPLY VOLTAGE TO THE RECEIVE AND TRANSMIT POINTS SIMULTANEOUSLY! Using a multimeter on a current measuring range of a few hundred milliamps Connect the -VE supply rail to your power supply negative terminal and insert a multi-meter between the +13. this is the total current now being drawn by Q1 the RF Amplifier.86 5. As an alternative to the TOKO style IF can a very suitable coil can be wound on an Amidon toroid type T37-2 (Red). you can check these voltages against the chart and record your own readings for comparison and future test purposes.

25W Resistor 0.Stage Seven – 1ST IF Amplifier Transmit Section Components list required for the 1st IF amplifier transmit section: QUANTITY 1 1 1 1 1 1 4 1 1 VALUE 4.25W Resistor Capacitor Capacitor Capacitor Silicon Diode NPN Transistor CODE yell-violet-gold brn-blk-brn red-red-brn yell-violet-brown brn-blk-red red-red-red 104 FITTED Using the photograph below as an illustration fit all parts listed in the stage seven components list.25W Resistor 0. Pay close attention to the orientation of the following components which must be fitted correctly: 2N3904 transistor & 1N4148 silicon diode.7 OHM 100 OHM 220 OHM 470 OHM 1K 2K2 100NF (0.1uf) 1N4148 2N3904 DESCRIPTION 0. PAGE 14 Continued .25W Resistor 0.

EXPECTED VOLTAGES FOR Q8 (2N3904) TRANSMIT 1ST IF STAGE Expected Voltage COLLECTOR EMITTER BASE 10.4 3. this is the total current now being drawn by Q9 2nd IF Amplifier. you can check these voltages against the chart and record your own readings for comparison and future test purposes.1 2. Below is a chart showing the expected voltages present on transistor Q8 2N3904. if everything is OK the measured current drawn in transmit mode will be approximately 32 mA's.With all the components in place for stage seven carry out the following checks to confirm the stage is working correctly: DO NOT APPLY VOLTAGE TO THE RECEIVE AND TRANSMIT POINTS SIMULTANEOUSLY! Using a multimeter on a current measuring range of a few hundred milliamps Connect the -VE supply rail to your power supply negative terminal and insert a multi-meter between the +13.8 VOLTS FOR TRANSMIT PCB connection point and your power supply positive terminal. Q10 RF Amplifier & Q8 the 1st IF Amplifier.1 Own Measured Voltage Reading Log PAGE 15 Next Stage Eight .

That completes stage eight. there is no initial testing for this stage. use only a fine tipped soldering iron and don’t apply excessive heat to the connections.Stage Eight – 2ND Mixer Section Components list required for the 2nd Mixer section: QUANTITY 1 1 2 1 VALUE ADE-1 22 OHM 220 OHM IC Socket DESCRIPTION Mixer 0. solder one connection then let the device cool down then move onto the next connection allowing a cool down period. Pay close attention to the orientation of the ADE-1 device.25W Resistor Turned Pin Skt CODE red-red-blk red-red-brown FITTED As per stage five care must be taken when soldering the ADE-1 to the IC socket or pins. PAGE 16 Next Stage Nine .25W Resistor 0. Using the photograph below as an illustration fit all parts listed in stage eights components list.

1uf) 10NF (0. The PCB has additional pads/holes for fitting padding capacitors should it be found necessary.Stage Nine – Carrier Oscillator Section Components list required for the carrier oscillator section: QUANTITY 1 3 1 1 3 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1K 5K6 120K 2N3904 Carrier Xtal 4. 10Mhz. If using a 22PF (Murata Red) trimmer in place of the suggested Green 30PF trimmer you could try adding a 8. & 11Mhz The components list for this stage details a 22 PF and 30PF trimming capacitors for the carrier adjustments (USB/LSB) you can however use 22PF trimmers in both locations and add additional padding capacitors to the trimmers if required.2PF NP0 type capacitors as padding. The frequency of the carrier xtal will be dependant on the choice of IF frequency used.7uh 22PF 30PF 220PF 100NF (0.25W Resistor 0.25W Resistor 0. buffer stage and switching transistor for USB/LSB selection.25W Resistor NPN Transistor Freq To Suit IF Inductor Murata Trimmer Murata Trimmer NP0 Capacitor Capacitor Capacitor Electrolytic Cap Regulator Red Green 221 104 103 CODE brn-blk-brn brn-blk-red grn-blu-red brn-red-yell FITTED The carrier insertion oscillator comprises of a colpitts oscillator.01uf) 47UF 50Volt 78L09 VALUE 100 OHM DESCRIPTION 0. Common IF frequencies for this project inc 9Mhz. PAGE 17 Continued .25W Resistor 0.

Please take the remaining transistor for Q4 location and sleeve the base and emitter legs with approximately 6mm of thin sleeving and reform the transistor legs as shown and solder in place as above. Fit a 2 Pin PCB 0. 78L09 regulator & 47uf electrolytic capacitors. Unfortunately when drawing out the PCB for this project I made an error in the pad positions for transistor Q4 so a little work around is required to correct this. PAGE 18 Continued .1 pitch connector to facilitate the connection of a USB/LSB switch or omit and hard wire a switch straight to the PCB after completion.Using the photograph below as an illustration fit all parts listed in the section nine's components list but do not fit Q4 the 2N3904 adjacent to the T1 2nd IF can just yet! Pay close attention to the orientation of the 2N3904 transistors. You may if you prefer substitute Q4 – 2N3904 for a general purpose silicon NPN transistor with pin-outs to match the PCB pads/holes.

With all the components in place for stage nine carry out the following checks to confirm the stage is working correctly: DO NOT APPLY VOLTAGE TO THE RECEIVE AND TRANSMIT POINTS SIMULTANEOUSLY! Using a multimeter on a current measuring range of a few hundred milliamps Connect the -VE supply rail to your power supply negative terminal and insert a multi-meter between the ALL TIME +Ve PCB connection point and your power supply positive terminal. if everything is OK the measured current drawn in receive mode will be approximately 53 mA's.6 EXPECTED VOLTAGES FOR Q6 (2N3904) OSCILLATOR BUFFER STAGE Expected Voltage COLLECTOR EMITTER BASE 8.9 EXPECTED VOLTAGES FOR Q5 (2N3904) OSCILLATOR Expected Voltage COLLECTOR EMITTER BASE 8. Below is a chart showing the expected voltages present on the 78L09 regulator and the junctions of Q5.29 EXPECTED VOLTAGES FOR Q4 (2N3904) USB/LSB SWITCH Expected Voltage COLLECTOR EMITTER BASE 0 Volts or millivolts. ADE-1 mixer number 1.07 3. Q6 & Q4 transistors. Q5 & Q6 the carrier oscillator and buffer amp transistors.3 4.9 4. you can check these voltages against the chart and record your own readings for comparison and future test purposes. EXPECTED VOLTAGES FOR 78L09 REGULATOR Expected Voltage OUTPUT PIN 8.1uf mixer coupling capacitor and check that the oscillator is running.07 4. If you have a frequency counter you can connect this to the emitter junction of Q6 or 0. this is the total current now being drawn by Q3 transistors. Later when the USB/LSB switch is fitted voltages will depend on switch position! Next Stage Ten Own Measured Voltage Reading Log Own Measured Voltage Reading Log Own Measured Voltage Reading Log Own Measured Voltage Reading Log PAGE 19 .

Pay close attention to the orientation of the 2N3904 transistor. 1N4148 silicon diode.1uf) 1N4148 2N3904 LM380-8 IC Socket 47UF 50Volt 78L09 4k7 DESCRIPTION 0. LM380-8 integrated circuit & all electrolytic capacitors.25W Resistor 0.Stage Ten – Audio Output Amplifier Components list required for the audio output section: QUANTITY 1 1 1 1 1 3 1 2 2 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 VALUE 2R7 OHM 10 OHM 220 OHM 4k7 120K 100uf 25Volt 47uf 50Volt 1uf 50Volt 100NF (0.25W Resistor 0.25W Resistor 0.25W Resistor 0.25W Resistor Electrolytic Cap Electrolytic Cap Electrolytic Cap Capacitor Silicon Diode NPN Transistor Integrated Circuit 8 Pin DIL Electrolytic Cap Regulator Potentiometer 104 CODE red-vio-gold brn-blk-blk red-red-brn yell-vio-red brn-red-yell FITTED Using the photograph below as an illustration fit all parts listed in the stage Ten's components list. PAGE 20 Continued .

8 VOLTS FOR RECEIVE PCB connection point and your power supply positive terminal. if you are not using the 0.4 & 5 PIN 3 PIN 6 PIN 7 PIN 8 1.1 PCB connectors make some temporary connections so the stage can be tested. With all the components in place for stage ten carry out the following checks to confirm the stage is working correctly: DO NOT APPLY VOLTAGE TO THE RECEIVE AND TRANSMIT POINTS SIMULTANEOUSLY! Using a multimeter on a current measuring range of a few hundred milliamps Connect the -VE supply rail to your power supply negative terminal and insert a multi-meter between the +13.17 12.68 0 0. Q2 the 1st IF Amplifier.1 pitch connectors to the PCB to facilitate the connection of the 4K7 volume control and speaker.57 6. if everything is OK the measured current drawn in receive mode will be approximately 54mA's.35 Own Measured Voltage Reading Log PAGE 21 Next Stage Eleven . this is the total current now being drawn by Q1 the RF Amplifier. If the current consumption test is OK it should be possible to hear a gentle hiss in the loudspeaker. EXPECTED VOLTAGES FOR Q7 (2N3904) AUDIO OUTPUT DRIVER Expected Voltage COLLECTOR EMITTER BASE PIN 1 PIN 2.Fit a 5 Pin & 2 Pin PCB 0. Refer to the final connections and wiring illustration at the end of the manual for details on connecting the 4K7 volume control and speaker.7 EXPECTED VOLTAGES ON LM380-8 AUDIO OUTPUT IC 0 Ground 0 6. Below is a chart showing the expected voltages present on the LM380-8 integrated circuit and Q7 2N3904 transistor. you can check these voltages against the chart and record your own readings for comparison and future test purposes. IC2 the 2nd IF amplifier and IC1/Q7 Audio output Stage.

Stage Eleven – AGC & S-Meter Components list required for the AGC & S-Meter section: QUANTITY 1 4 1 2 1 1 3 1 1 1 3 2 1 1 1 1 10K 100K 150K 270K 1M2 50K 10K 5K 10NF (0.25W Preset Preset Preset Capacitor Silicon Diode Electrolytic Cap Electrolytic Cap Electrolytic Cap Integrated Circuit 14 Pin DIL CODE brn-blk-brn brn-blk-ora brn-blk-yell brn-grn-yell red-vio-yell brn-red-grn 503 103 502 103 FITTED Using the photograph below as an illustration fit all parts listed in the stage eleven components list.01uf) 1N4148 2. PAGE 22 Continued .25W Resistor 0.25W Resistor 0.2UF 50Volt 47UF 50Volt 100UF 25Volt LM324 IC Socket VALUE 100 OHM DESCRIPTION 0.25W Resistor 0. LM324 integrated circuit & all electrolytic capacitors.25W Resistor 0. Pay close attention to the orientation of the 1N4148 silicon diode.25W Resistor 0.

Q5 & Q6 carrier oscillator/ buffer transistors and IC4 the AGC/S-Meter circuit. ADE-1 mixer number 1. AGC speed switch and S-Meter. referring to the layout photo on the previous page this is the bottom left pre-set. With your multimeter connected to PIN3 of LM324 adjust the 50K pre-set for a reading of 4 volts.1 PCB connectors fit a 3 Pin & 2 of 2 Pin type to facilitate the connections of the AGC line to the 2nd IF stage.1 PCB connectors and hard wiring you can ignore these connection points for now. The 10K pre-set will be adjusted later on in the alignment section.If you are using the 0.25 Ground The voltages on the other pins of the LM324 will be very much dependant on the alignment of the 47K pre-set connected to pin 3 of the LM324 via 150K resistor. EXPECTED VOLTAGES ON LM324 AGC IC PIN 4 PIN 11 13. With all the components in place for stage eleven carry out the following checks to confirm the stage is working correctly: DO NOT APPLY VOLTAGE TO THE RECEIVE AND TRANSMIT POINTS SIMULTANEOUSLY! Using a multimeter on a current measuring range of a few hundred milliamps Connect the -VE supply rail to your power supply negative terminal and insert a multi-meter between the ALL TIME +Ve PCB connection point and your power supply positive terminal. this is the total current now being drawn by Q3 DDS/VFO amp. A preliminary adjustment of this pre-set can be made which will also help to confirm the AGC circuit is working and also set the threshold level. if everything is OK the measured current drawn in receive mode will be approximately 57mA's. if you are not using the 0. PAGE 23 Next Stage Twelve .

Stage Twelve – Microphone Pre-Amp Components list required for the Microphone Pre-Amp section: QUANTITY 1 3 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 10K 100K 1K 50K 10NF (0.25W Resistor 0.1uf) 1UF 50Volt 10UF 50Volt 100UF 25Volt NE5534 IC Socket VALUE 100 OHM DESCRIPTION 0.01uf) 100NF (0.25W Resistor Preset Capacitor Capacitor Electrolytic Cap Electrolytic Cap Electrolytic Cap Integrated Circuit 8 Pin DIL CODE brn-blk-brn brn-blk-ora brn-blk-yell brn-blk-red 503 103 104 FITTED Using the photograph below as an illustration fit all parts listed in the stage twelve components list.25W Resistor 0. There is actually a rogue resistor in this stage! The 220 OHM shown on the photo is a remnant from my experimenting and is not needed but you will need to fit a wire link in its place! PAGE 24 Continued . Pay close attention to the orientation of the NE5534 integrated circuit & all electrolytic capacitors.25W Resistor 0.

Q8 1st IF Amplifier and IC3 Microphone Pre-Amplifier Below is a chart showing the expected voltages present on the NE5534 integrated circuit. If you are not using the 0.56 13.53 Ground 5. this is the total current now being drawn by Q10 RF Amplifier.27 6.The NE5534 Op-Amp IC is a low noise device but you can substitute this for any general purpose Op-Amp like the LM741.1 PCB connectors and hard wiring you can ignore this connection point for now.02 Own Measured Voltage Reading Log PAGE 25 Next Stage Thirteen . if everything is OK the measured current drawn in transmit mode will be approximately 36 mA's. you can check these voltages against the chart and record your own readings for comparison and future test purposes.9 6.8 VOLTS FOR TRANSMIT PCB connection point and your power supply positive terminal. With all the components in place for stage eleven carry out the following checks to confirm the stage is working correctly: DO NOT APPLY VOLTAGE TO THE RECEIVE AND TRANSMIT POINTS SIMULTANEOUSLY! Using a multimeter on a current measuring range of a few hundred milliamps Connect the -VE supply rail to your power supply negative terminal and insert a multi-meter between the +13. Q9 2nd IF Amplifier.1 PCB connectors fit a 2 Pin type to facilitate the connections of the microphone. There is a 50K pre-set for adjusting the microphone gain of the Op-Amp but depending on your choice of microphone you may need to experiment with the gain of the Op-Amp by changing the value of the feedback control resistor 100K between pins 2 & 6.77 6. If you are using the 0. EXPECTED VOLTAGES FOR IC3 MICROPHONE PRE-AMPLIFIER NOTE: Voltages measured with 50K gain pre-set in mid position Expected Voltage PIN 1 PIN 2 PIN 3 PIN 4 PIN 5 PIN 6 PIN 7 10.

25W Resistor 0. Wind 8 bifilar turns on the core using 0.29mm will do) enamel covered copper wire as per the illustration: The coil should take about 6 – 7 inches max of wire.25W Resistor 0.Stage Thirteen – RF Driver Section Components list required for the RF Driver transmit section: QUANTITY 1 2 1 1 1 4 1 VALUE 10 OHM 100 OHM 1K 2k2 2N3904 100NF (0. 1 turn on the toroid is equal to 1 pass through the centre.25 – 0.1uf) FT37-43 DESCRIPTION 0. PAGE 26 Continued .25W Resistor 0.28 (0.25W Resistor NPN Transistor Capacitor Amidon Toroid 104 CODE brn-blk-blk brn-blk-brn brn-blk-red red-red-red FITTED T2 transformer is made using an Amidon FT37-43 core.

IC3 Microphone Pre-Amplifier and Q11 RF Amplifier. PAGE 27 Continued .8 VOLTS FOR TRANSMIT PCB connection point and your power supply positive terminal. this is the total current now being drawn by Q10 RF Amplifier. Q8 1st IF Amplifier. Receive Antenna Point.Using the photograph below as an illustration fit all parts listed in the stage thirteen components list.1 PCB connectors fit 4 of the 2 Pin type to facilitate the connections of the Bandpass Filter. With all the components in place for stage Thirteen carry out the following checks to confirm the stage is working correctly: DO NOT APPLY VOLTAGE TO THE RECEIVE AND TRANSMIT POINTS SIMULTANEOUSLY! Using a multimeter on a current measuring range of a few hundred milliamps Connect the -VE supply rail to your power supply negative terminal and insert a multi-meter between the +13. TX PA Module.1 PCB connectors and hard wiring you can ignore this connection point for now. Pay close attention to the orientation of the 2N3904 transistor. Q9 2nd IF Amplifier. if everything is OK the measured current drawn in transmit mode will be approximately 65 mA's. If you are not using the 0. If you are using the 0.

Below is a chart showing the expected voltages present on Q11 2N3904 . EXPECTED VOLTAGES FOR Q11 (2N3904) RF AMPLIFIER Expected Voltage COLLECTOR EMITTER BASE 10.55 2.23 Own Measured Voltage Reading Log PAGE 28 Next Stage Fourteen . you can check these voltages against the chart and record your own readings for comparison and future test purposes.53 3.

7uh series inductor. Crystal Filter Artwork G6LBQ 17/12/2010 PCB dimensions = 32MM by 20MM NOTE: Artwork looking at top of PCB or component side! A Ready Made PCB Is Available From Sunil Lakhani vu3sua@gmail. If you prefer to build the BitX multi-band with the standard ladder filter you can use my little addon PCB. trimmer capacitors and the 4.Stage Fourteen – IF Xtal Filter Section The BitX transceiver is usually constructed with a ladder type xtal filter using 10 or 11Mhz xtals but for convenience I built my prototype PCB with a xtal filter salvaged from a scrap CB Radio along with the 10. PAGE 29 Continued .692Mhz carrier oscillator xtal.com Artwork for the PCB is also available at the BitX Yahoo group in the “Files” section under folder name “G6LBQ – Bitx”. The markings on the filter are “MCF SCM-107”. The filter is usually found in the range of Ham International CB radios or those using the same chassis.

The PCB is constructed as per my diagram below and drops straight into the multi-band PCB using stiff wire connections which form a PCB stand-off. PAGE 30 Next wiring diagram .The picture below shows a close up of the multi-band BitX with the ex CB Radio commercial filter fitted: If you intend using the standard BitX ladder filter arrangement with the additional drop-in PCB you will have to remove the two 18PF capacitors as illustrated. These connection points line up with the crystal filter holes on multi-band Bitx board. This PCB is for the standard BITX ladder crystal filter comprising of 4 crystals and 3 capacitors. these capacitors are only required for the commercial filter option.. once constructed this PCB can be fitted to G6LBQ Multi band BitX in place of the commercial filter used. The five green pads are the connection points made to multi-band BitX PCB using stiff wire stand-offs. The PCB layout is not to scale and is for illustration only.

PCB Wiring Diagram PAGE 31 Next schematic diagram .

Schematic Diagram PAGE 32 Next Alignment Details .

if you find a point when adjusting the trimmer that the MC1350 becomes unstable back the trimmer off a little. With a ladder filter arrangement the easiest way to align the oscillator is to tune to a known frequency/signal on another receiver/transceiver and make adjustments for both USB and LSB modes.692Mhz and 10. adjust for maximum signal. Microphone Gain Adjust the 50K pre-set adjacent to the NE5534 Op-amp for a clean SSB signal.Alignment of the Multiband BitX IF Section The main receive section has only one adjustment which is the trimmer capacitor across IF coil T1. be careful not to adjust the IF so it becomes unstable.695Mhz. PAGE 33 Continued . Carrier Oscillator (BFO) The adjustment to the carrier oscillator frequency will depend on the choice of IF frequency selected. If using the CB Radio type filter adjust for 10. AGC Circuit The AGC should have had a preliminary adjustment at the stage eleven testing stage (adjustment of 50K pre-set for 4 volts on pin3 of LM324) Adjust the AGC gain to suit or set the pre-set as per the above image as a starting point and make fine adjustment if required.

S-Meter Adjustment There are two pre-set adjustments in the S-Meter circuit. NOTE The S-Meter used is a 200uA type but there should be enough adjustment available for other signal level and VU meters PAGE 34 Next full Bill Of Materials . The adjustment to set the S-meter level can now be performed by adjusting the 50K pre-set against a known signal using another receiver/transceiver or by using a signal generator and adjusting for an S9 signal with 50 microvolts input. now adjust the 5K “Set Zero” pre-set so the meter needle just reaches zero. First of all make sure there is no antenna connected to the BitX and turn the 50K “Set Level” preset fully clockwise. the 5K pre-set is used to zero the meter whilst the 50K pre-set is used to adjust the meter level.

25W Axial Resistor 6 220R 13 0. See Notes For Alternative 2 Crystal Filter 10.25W Axial Resistor 17 270K 1 0.2/30PF (Used to tune Carrier Xtal) 3 4.25W Axial Resistor 11 5K6 1 0.25W 1 2R7 1 0.25W Axial Resistor CRYSTAL 1 Carrier Crystal 1 10.1” Spacing With locking Ramp 3 3 PIN MALE 1 3 Pin PCB Male Connectors 0.25W Axial Resistor 7 470R 1 0.7uh Inductor 1 RF inductor 4.1” Spacing With locking Ramp 5 4 PIN MALE 1 4 Pin PCB Male Connectors 0.25W Axial Resistor 18 1M2 1 0. See Notes For Alternative INDUCTORS 1 4. Ceramic NPO Capacitor 5mm 50/100 VOLT Ceramic NPO Capacitor 5mm 50/100 VOLT Optional PCB for Ladder Filter.692 MHZ Ex CB Radio SSB Carrier Crystal.com OPTIONAL LADDER XTAL FILTER COMPONENTS 1 4 Xtals 10MHZ 2 3 4 5 Carrier Xtal 220PF NPO 100PF NPO Ladder Filter PCB 1 1 1 1 Set of 4 matched xtals to form IF filter as oppose to CB style filter Please contact Sunil: vu3sua@gmail.1” Spacing With locking Ramp 7 5 PIN MALE 1 5 Pin PCB Male Connectors 0.7 stage) or See Notes 3 FT37-43 1 Amidon FT37-43 Core for winding PA driver transformer.1” Spacing With locking Ramp 4 3 PIN FEMALE 1 3 Pin Female Connectors 0.25W Axial Resistor 10 4K7 1 0. NYLON CONNECTORS & CRIMP PINS 1 2 PIN MALE 10 2 Pin PCB Male Connectors 0.25W Axial Resistor 3 22R 1 0.25W Axial Resistor 14 100K 2 0.1” Spacing With locking Ramp 6 4 PIN FEMALE 1 4 Pin Female Connectors 0.1” Spacing With locking Ramp 9 Crimp Pins 32 Crimp Pins for The Female connectors PCB 1 Main PCB 1 Main PCB Either Etch or purchase from Sunil: vu3sua@gmail.2 To 30PF 1 Murata Green 5MM 5. usage & alternatives with padding! 1 9 To 60PF 1 Murata Brown 5MM 9/60PF (Used to provide additional tuning to IF coil) 2 5.G6LBQ MULTIBAND BITX BILL OF MATERIALS Last Updated On January 7th 2011 # COMPONENT QTY DESCRIPTION DIODES 1 1N4148 10 General Purpose Silicon Diode TRANSISTORS 1 2SC2570A 1 NPN Transistor Low Noise High Frequency RF Amp 2 2N3904 10 NPN Transistor TO92 INTERGRATED CIRCUITS 1 LM380-8 1 8 Pin DIP Audio Amplifier 2 MC1350P 1 8 Pin DIP IF Amplifier With AGC 3 LM324 1 14 Pin DIP Quad Op Amplifier (AGC Control circuit) 4 NE5534 1 8 Pin DIP Op Amplifier (Microphone Amp) Low Noise MIXER COMPONENTS MiniCircuits 6 Pin Frequency Mixer (Usually available on E-bay!) 1 ADE-1 2 2 6 PIN IC Sockets 2 6 Pin Turned Pin IC Sockets For Mounting ADE-1's ELECTROLYTIC CAPACITORS 1 100UF 25 VOLT 5 Radial Electrolytic Capacitor 2 47UF 25 or 35 VOLT 4 Radial Electrolytic Capacitor 3 10UF 25 or 63 VOLT 1 Radial Electrolytic Capacitor 4 1UF 50 or 63 VOLT 4 Radial Electrolytic Capacitor 5 2.com for a matched set! Carrier crystal to suit IF crystal filter frequency.25W Axial Resistor 2 4R7 1 0.25W Axial Resistor 9 2K2 6 0.7uh (You may need to vary this value to pull carrier xtal) 2 IF Transformer 1 IF Transformer (Use old CB Radio IF can from 10.25W Axial Resistor 13 15K 1 0.1” Spacing With locking Ramp 8 5 PIN FEMALE 1 5 Pin Female Connectors 0.25W Axial Resistor 8 1K 11 0.25W Axial Resistor 12 10K 7 0.25W Axial Resistor 5 100R 12 0.25W Axial Resistor 4 10R 7 0.25W Axial Resistor 16 150K 2 0.2 To 20PF 1 Murata Red 5MM 4.695 MHZ Ex CB Radio SSB Crystal Filter. drops straight into main PCB PAGE 35 Lastly a full page component layout .2/20PF (Used to tune Carrier Xtal) TRIMMING POTENTIOMETERS 1 50k OR 47k Preset 3 6MM TruOhm Cermet Type or any with 5mm spaced pins 2 10K Preset 1 6MM TruOhm Cermet Type or any with 5mm spaced pins 3 4K7 or 5K Preset 1 6mm TruOhm Cermet Type or any with 5mm spaced pins RESISTORS 0.1” Spacing With locking Ramp 2 2 PIN FEMALE 10 2 Pin Female Connectors 0.25W Axial Resistor 15 120K 2 0.2UF 50 or 63 VOLT 2 Radial Electrolytic Capacitor MULTILAYER CERAMIC CAPACITORS 1 100NF 50 VOLT 36 Multilayer Ceramic Capacitor 5mm 50 VOLT X7R 2 10NF 50 VOLT 4 Multilayer Ceramic Capacitor 5mm 50 VOLT X7R 3 10NF 63 VOLT 1 Polyester Film (Used for AGC Feed To LM324) CERAMIC NPO CAPACITORS 1 18PF NPO 2 Ceramic NPO Capacitors Only Needed With CB Radio Xtal Filter 2 220PF NPO 2 Ceramic NPO Capacitor 5mm 50/100 VOLT 3 100PF NPO 1 Ceramic NPO Capacitor 5mm 50/100 VOLT TRIMMING CAPACITORS See additional construction notes regarding choice of trimmers.