BUILDING THE G6LBQ MULTIBAND BitX

21st January 2011
Construction of the G6LBQ Multi-band BitX is best done in stages as this will make troubleshooting much easier as any faults during the build can be narrowed down to a particular section. First of all read all documentation and carry out an inventory of parts from the suggested “Bill Of Materials”. During the build I will suggest alternative parts or component arrangements you can try to overcome any component sourcing difficulties. Please visit the BitX Yahoo Group and make sure you have the latest documentation before commencing your build, the documentation is located in the “Files” section of the BitX Yahoo group under folder name “G6LBQ – Bitx”. If you are considering building the G6LBQ Multi-band BitX you can make your own PCB using the Artwork located in my Yahoo Group BitX folder but I would highly recommend you purchase a ready etched, screen printed, tinned and drilled PCB from Sunil Lakhani VU3SUA who can be contacted via email: vu3sua@gmail.com. Sunil also has a website with other useful radio kits which can be found at http://amateurradiokits.in/

Multiband BitX PCB From Sunil Lakhani

Note the PCB is perfectly rectangular and it is my poor attempt at photographing the PCB which has distorted the aspect a little! PAGE 1

A Fully Populated & Completed PCB

The above photo is of a fully populated, finished and working pcb.

PLEASE use this image as a component location/value reference along with the individual construction stage images.
Pay attention in all the construction stages to the correct orientation of components. There is a full PCB component layout image in the back of the manual If you are building using a PCB from Sunil Lakhani there were some errors in the silkscreen printing during the first production batch so please always use the latest documentation for component locations and orientation. IMPORTANT POWER SUPPLY NOTE During the construction most build stages have some voltage tests you can carry out as a basic check that the stage is functioning as expected. The voltages measure within this documentation were all taken with the PCB powered from a power supply providing exactly 13.5 volts, depending on the exact voltage of your own power supply the readings expected are likely to vary a little but probably within 5% of the readings documented.

PAGE 2

Stage One - Fitting PCB jumper links
Install all wire jumpers (8 in total) onto the PCB board as illustrated below:

PAGE 3

Next Stage Two

Pay close attention to the orientation of the following components which must be fitted correctly: 2N3904. PAGE 4 Continued . also the diodes must be mounted the correct way! If you are unable to source a 2SC2570A for Q1 it can be replaced with an MPSH10 transistor which is in current production and pin for pin compatible. 2SC2570A & the two 1N4148 Diodes.1 Pitch Con CODE brn-blk-blk brn-blk-brn red-red-brn brn-blk-red red-red-red 104 FITTED Using the photograph below as an illustration fit all parts listed in the stage two components list.25W Resistor 0.25W Resistor Capacitor Silicon Diode NPN Transistor NPN Transistor 0. When installing the transistors note the flat side orientation.25W Resistor 0.Stage Two – RF Amplifier Section Components list required for the RF amplifier section: QUANTITY 2 2 4 2 2 9 2 1 1 1 VALUE 10 OHM 100 OHM 220 OHM 1K 2K2 100NF (0.1uf) 1N4148 2N3904 2SC2570A 4 Pin Male Con DESCRIPTION 0.25W Resistor 0.25W Resistor 0.

8 VOLTS FOR RECEIVE PCB connection point and your power supply positive terminal. Below is a chart showing the expected voltages present on the junctions of Q1 & Q10 transistors. Again using a multimeter on a current measuring range of a few hundred milliamps Connect the -VE supply rail to your power supply negative terminal and insert a multi-meter between the +13. if everything is OK the measured current drawn in receive mode by Q1 stage should be approximately 11 mA's. Note you can of course omit the 0. EXPECTED VOLTAGES FOR Q1 (2SC2570A) RECEIVE RF AMP STAGE Expected Voltage COLLECTOR BASE EMITTER 8.711 Expected Voltage COLLECTOR EMITTER BASE 8.1 connectors used throughout the build process and solder all connection points straight to the PCB DO NOT APPLY VOLTAGE TO THE RECEIVE AND TRANSMIT POINTS SIMULTANEOUSLY! Using a multimeter on a current measuring range of a few hundred milliamps Connect the -VE supply rail to your power supply negative terminal and insert a multi-meter between the +13. if everything is OK the measured current drawn in transmit mode by Q10 stage should be approximately 11 mA's.1 pitch connector to facilitate the power supply connections.With all the components in place for stage two solder a 4 pin male PCB 0.8 VOLTS FOR TRANSMIT PCB connection point and your power supply positive terminal.76 1.008 2. you can check these voltages against the chart and record your own readings for comparison and future test purposes.995 2.69 2.703 Own Measured Voltage Reading Log EXPECTED VOLTAGES FOR Q10 (2N3904) TRANSMIT RF AMP STAGE Own Measured Voltage Reading Log PAGE 5 Next Stage Three .

25W Resistor 0.1uf) 1N4148 2N3904 DESCRIPTION 0. PAGE 6 Continued .25W Resistor 0.25W Resistor 0.Stage Three – 1st IF RX Amplifier (Q2) & 2ND IF TX (Q9) Components list required for the stage three IF amplifier sections: QUANTITY 2 2 4 2 2 8 2 2 VALUE 10 OHM 100 OHM 220 OHM 1K 2K2 100NF (0.25W Resistor 0. Pay close attention to the orientation of the following components which must be fitted correctly: 2N3904's & the two 1N4148 Diodes.25W Resistor Capacitor Silicon Diode NPN Transistor CODE brn-blk-blk brn-blk-brn red-red-brn brn-blk-red red-red-red 104 FITTED Using the photograph below as an illustration fit all parts listed in the stage three components list.

you can check these voltages against the chart and record your own readings for comparison and future test purposes.With all the components in place for stage three carry out the following checks to confirm the stage is working correctly: DO NOT APPLY VOLTAGE TO THE RECEIVE AND TRANSMIT POINTS SIMULTANEOUSLY! Using a multimeter on a current measuring range of a few hundred milliamps Connect the -VE supply rail to your power supply negative terminal and insert a multi-meter between the +13. if everything is OK the measured current drawn will be approximately 23 mA's.97 2.7 8.76 Next Stage Four Own Measured Voltage Reading Log EXPECTED VOLTAGES FOR Q9 (2N3904) TRANSMIT 2ND IF STAGE Own Measured Voltage Reading Log PAGE 7 . this is the total current now being drawn by Q9 the 2nd IF Amplifier and Q10 the RF Amplifier we assembled in stage 2.99 2. if everything is OK the measured current drawn in receive mode will be approximately 23 mA's. Below is a chart showing the expected voltages present on the junctions of Q2 & Q9 transistors. EXPECTED VOLTAGES FOR Q2 (2N3904) RECEIVE 1ST IF STAGE Expected Voltage EMITTER BASE COLLECTOR 1.8 VOLTS FOR TRANSMIT PCB connection point and your power supply positive terminal. Again using a multimeter on a current measuring range of a few hundred milliamps Connect the -VE supply rail to your power supply negative terminal and insert a multi-meter between the +13. this is the total current now being drawn by Q2 the 1st IF Amplifier and Q1 the RF Amplifier we assembled in stage 2.74 Expected Voltage EMITTER BASE COLLECTOR 1.71 8.8 VOLTS FOR RECEIVE PCB connection point and your power supply positive terminal.

25W Resistor 0. With all the components in place continue on with stage 5 and then we will do a joint testing of stages 4 & 5 PAGE 8 Next Stage Five .25W Resistor 0.Stage Four – DDS/VFO Amplifier Driver For First mixer Stage Components list required for the DDS/VFO amplifier section: QUANTITY 1 1 2 2 1 VALUE 10 OHM 100 OHM 1K 100NF (0.25W Resistor Capacitor NPN Transistor CODE brn-blk-blk brn-blk-brn brn-blk-red 104 FITTED Using the photograph below as an illustration fit all parts listed in the stage four components list. Pay close attention to the orientation of the 2N3904 transistor.1uf) 2N3904 DESCRIPTION 0.

I found the best way to convert the ADE-1 to a through hole component was to simply solder it to the top of a turned pin type IC socket but you can also fit veroboard type solder pins to the PCB and then solder the ADE-1 straight onto the solder pins. solder one connection then let the device cool down then move onto the next connection allowing a cool down period.25W Resistor Capacitor Mixer Turned Pin Skt 104 CODE brn-blk-brn FITTED The ADE-1 mixer was chosen as it is an inexpensive device and is specified to work as high as 500Mhz so in theory it ought to be possible to use the Multiband Bitx as the heart of a 6M or even 4M SSB transceiver. Care must be taken when soldering the ADE-1 to an IC socket or pins. If using a turned pin IC socket as suggested prepare the IC socket by flooding the turned pins with solder as per the illustration: Solder the ADE-1 to the top of the IC socket being careful not to apply to much heat for too long a period: NOTE: You can use an 8 pin IC socket and instead of the 6 pin but you will have to cut off 2 of the unused pins on the socket as the PCB only has holes for the six pins actually needed.1uf) ADE-1 IC Socket DESCRIPTION 0.Stage Five – 1st Mixer Section Components list required for the 1st Mixer section: QUANTITY 1 1 1 1 VALUE 100 OHM 100NF (0. PAGE 9 Continued . use only a fine tipped soldering iron and don’t apply excessive heat to the connections. As the ADE-1 is a surface mount device it will need converting to a through hole component for this project.

Using the photograph below as an illustration fit all parts listed in the stage five's components list. The “All Time” supply point supplies power to all stages that require power in both receive and transmit modes. Pay close attention to the orientation of the ADE-1 device. With all the components in place for stage four & five carry out the following checks to confirm these stages are working correctly: DO NOT APPLY VOLTAGE TO THE RECEIVE AND TRANSMIT POINTS FOR THIS TESTING PHASE! Testing of stage four/five is similar to the previous testing phases but this time we need to connect the power supply to the boards “All Time” +VE connection. The connection is illustrated below: PAGE 10 Continued .

you can check these voltages against the chart and record your own readings for comparison and future test purposes.Using a multimeter on a current measuring range of a few hundred milliamps Connect the -VE supply rail to your power supply negative terminal and insert a multi-meter between the ALL TIME +Ve PCB connection point and your power supply positive terminal.5 9. if everything is OK the measured current drawn should be approximately 43 mA's.4. Below is a chart showing the expected voltages present on the junctions of Q3 transistors and ADE1 mixer device.3.26 0 Volts Own Measured Voltage Reading Log Own Measured Voltage Reading Log PAGE 11 Next Stage Six .27 3.5 EXPECTED VOLTAGES FOR ADE-1 MIXER STAGE 1 Expected Voltage PIN 1 PIN 6 PINS 2. EXPECTED VOLTAGES FOR Q3 (2N3904) DDS/VFO RF AMP STAGE Expected Voltage COLLECTOR EMITTER BASE 9.78 4.26 9.

some IF coils have an internal capacitor fitted so resonance may be achievable without the trimmer. if it is not readily available from your own component supplier you can substitute this for a more common 22PF trimmer and experiment by adding an additional small parallel ceramic capacitor of a few picofarads & gradually increasing the value until a peak in signal can be found by either adjusting T1 or the trimmer. it may or may not be necessary to fit the 60PF brown coloured trimming capacitor in order to tune the IF coil. NOTE! Transformer T1 is a 10. Pay close attention to the orientation of the MC1350P Integrated Circuit and 1N4148 Silicon Diode.25W Resistor 0.Stage SIX – 2ND IF Amplifier Receive Section Components list required for the 2nd IF amplifier receive section: QUANTITY 1 1 1 2 3 1 1 1 1 VALUE 100 OHM 220 OHM 15K 10NF (0.7Mhz IF transformer (recovered from an old CB Radio).25W Resistor Capacitor Capacitor Integrated Circuit 8 Pin DIL Silicon Diode Murata Trimmer CODE brn-blk-brn red-red-brn brn-green-orange 103 104 FITTED Brown Using the photograph below as an illustration fit all parts listed in the stage six components list.25W Resistor 0. PAGE 12 Continued .01uf) 100NF (0. The arrangement of T1 & the trimmer capacitor should easily provide sufficient coverage for IF frequencies between 9 & 11 Mhz. The 60PF trimmer is manufactured by Murata.1uf) MC1350P IC Holder 8 Pin 1N4148 60PF (optional) DESCRIPTION 0.

If you decide to purchase a PCB from Sunil Lakhani I recommend you ask him if he can supply one of the coils he uses in the bandpass filter from his 20Mtr BitX3 kit as this coil has been tested and works fine along with an additional fixed value ceramic padding capacitor of 82PF. if everything is OK the measured current drawn in receive mode will be approximately 37 mA's.65 3.3 Ground 3.8 VOLTS FOR RECEIVE PCB connection point and your power supply positive terminal.3 Next Stage Seven Own Measured Voltage Reading Log PAGE 13 . you can check these voltages against the chart and record your own readings for comparison and future test purposes. Below is a chart showing the expected voltages present on the MC1350P integrated circuit. The coil will need padding with a fixed ceramic capacitor of 33PF and the installation of a 22PF trimmer for tuning: With all the components in place for stage six carry out the following checks to confirm the stage is working correctly: DO NOT APPLY VOLTAGE TO THE RECEIVE AND TRANSMIT POINTS SIMULTANEOUSLY! Using a multimeter on a current measuring range of a few hundred milliamps Connect the -VE supply rail to your power supply negative terminal and insert a multi-meter between the +13. As an alternative to the TOKO style IF can a very suitable coil can be wound on an Amidon toroid type T37-2 (Red).86 5. EXPECTED VOLTAGES FOR IC2 RECEIVE 2ND IF STAGE Expected Voltage PIN 1 & 2 PIN 3 & 7 PIN 4 PIN 5 PIN 6 PIN 8 11.86 11. wind 26 turns primary and 2 turns secondary using #24 or #26 gauge enamel covered copper wire. this is the total current now being drawn by Q1 the RF Amplifier. Q2 the 1st IF Amplifier and the completed stage six 2nd IF amplifier.

25W Resistor 0.25W Resistor 0.Stage Seven – 1ST IF Amplifier Transmit Section Components list required for the 1st IF amplifier transmit section: QUANTITY 1 1 1 1 1 1 4 1 1 VALUE 4.7 OHM 100 OHM 220 OHM 470 OHM 1K 2K2 100NF (0.1uf) 1N4148 2N3904 DESCRIPTION 0.25W Resistor 0.25W Resistor Capacitor Capacitor Capacitor Silicon Diode NPN Transistor CODE yell-violet-gold brn-blk-brn red-red-brn yell-violet-brown brn-blk-red red-red-red 104 FITTED Using the photograph below as an illustration fit all parts listed in the stage seven components list. PAGE 14 Continued . Pay close attention to the orientation of the following components which must be fitted correctly: 2N3904 transistor & 1N4148 silicon diode.

EXPECTED VOLTAGES FOR Q8 (2N3904) TRANSMIT 1ST IF STAGE Expected Voltage COLLECTOR EMITTER BASE 10. Below is a chart showing the expected voltages present on transistor Q8 2N3904. if everything is OK the measured current drawn in transmit mode will be approximately 32 mA's.1 Own Measured Voltage Reading Log PAGE 15 Next Stage Eight .8 VOLTS FOR TRANSMIT PCB connection point and your power supply positive terminal.4 3. you can check these voltages against the chart and record your own readings for comparison and future test purposes.With all the components in place for stage seven carry out the following checks to confirm the stage is working correctly: DO NOT APPLY VOLTAGE TO THE RECEIVE AND TRANSMIT POINTS SIMULTANEOUSLY! Using a multimeter on a current measuring range of a few hundred milliamps Connect the -VE supply rail to your power supply negative terminal and insert a multi-meter between the +13. Q10 RF Amplifier & Q8 the 1st IF Amplifier.1 2. this is the total current now being drawn by Q9 2nd IF Amplifier.

use only a fine tipped soldering iron and don’t apply excessive heat to the connections. PAGE 16 Next Stage Nine . Pay close attention to the orientation of the ADE-1 device.Stage Eight – 2ND Mixer Section Components list required for the 2nd Mixer section: QUANTITY 1 1 2 1 VALUE ADE-1 22 OHM 220 OHM IC Socket DESCRIPTION Mixer 0. there is no initial testing for this stage. Using the photograph below as an illustration fit all parts listed in stage eights components list.25W Resistor 0. That completes stage eight.25W Resistor Turned Pin Skt CODE red-red-blk red-red-brown FITTED As per stage five care must be taken when soldering the ADE-1 to the IC socket or pins. solder one connection then let the device cool down then move onto the next connection allowing a cool down period.

1uf) 10NF (0.2PF NP0 type capacitors as padding.7uh 22PF 30PF 220PF 100NF (0.Stage Nine – Carrier Oscillator Section Components list required for the carrier oscillator section: QUANTITY 1 3 1 1 3 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1K 5K6 120K 2N3904 Carrier Xtal 4. The frequency of the carrier xtal will be dependant on the choice of IF frequency used.25W Resistor 0.25W Resistor NPN Transistor Freq To Suit IF Inductor Murata Trimmer Murata Trimmer NP0 Capacitor Capacitor Capacitor Electrolytic Cap Regulator Red Green 221 104 103 CODE brn-blk-brn brn-blk-red grn-blu-red brn-red-yell FITTED The carrier insertion oscillator comprises of a colpitts oscillator. 10Mhz.25W Resistor 0.25W Resistor 0. buffer stage and switching transistor for USB/LSB selection. The PCB has additional pads/holes for fitting padding capacitors should it be found necessary. PAGE 17 Continued .01uf) 47UF 50Volt 78L09 VALUE 100 OHM DESCRIPTION 0. & 11Mhz The components list for this stage details a 22 PF and 30PF trimming capacitors for the carrier adjustments (USB/LSB) you can however use 22PF trimmers in both locations and add additional padding capacitors to the trimmers if required. Common IF frequencies for this project inc 9Mhz. If using a 22PF (Murata Red) trimmer in place of the suggested Green 30PF trimmer you could try adding a 8.

1 pitch connector to facilitate the connection of a USB/LSB switch or omit and hard wire a switch straight to the PCB after completion. 78L09 regulator & 47uf electrolytic capacitors. Unfortunately when drawing out the PCB for this project I made an error in the pad positions for transistor Q4 so a little work around is required to correct this. You may if you prefer substitute Q4 – 2N3904 for a general purpose silicon NPN transistor with pin-outs to match the PCB pads/holes. Fit a 2 Pin PCB 0. PAGE 18 Continued . Please take the remaining transistor for Q4 location and sleeve the base and emitter legs with approximately 6mm of thin sleeving and reform the transistor legs as shown and solder in place as above.Using the photograph below as an illustration fit all parts listed in the section nine's components list but do not fit Q4 the 2N3904 adjacent to the T1 2nd IF can just yet! Pay close attention to the orientation of the 2N3904 transistors.

EXPECTED VOLTAGES FOR 78L09 REGULATOR Expected Voltage OUTPUT PIN 8.9 4. Later when the USB/LSB switch is fitted voltages will depend on switch position! Next Stage Ten Own Measured Voltage Reading Log Own Measured Voltage Reading Log Own Measured Voltage Reading Log Own Measured Voltage Reading Log PAGE 19 .3 4. ADE-1 mixer number 1.07 3.9 EXPECTED VOLTAGES FOR Q5 (2N3904) OSCILLATOR Expected Voltage COLLECTOR EMITTER BASE 8. this is the total current now being drawn by Q3 transistors. if everything is OK the measured current drawn in receive mode will be approximately 53 mA's. Q5 & Q6 the carrier oscillator and buffer amp transistors.29 EXPECTED VOLTAGES FOR Q4 (2N3904) USB/LSB SWITCH Expected Voltage COLLECTOR EMITTER BASE 0 Volts or millivolts.07 4. If you have a frequency counter you can connect this to the emitter junction of Q6 or 0.1uf mixer coupling capacitor and check that the oscillator is running.With all the components in place for stage nine carry out the following checks to confirm the stage is working correctly: DO NOT APPLY VOLTAGE TO THE RECEIVE AND TRANSMIT POINTS SIMULTANEOUSLY! Using a multimeter on a current measuring range of a few hundred milliamps Connect the -VE supply rail to your power supply negative terminal and insert a multi-meter between the ALL TIME +Ve PCB connection point and your power supply positive terminal. Below is a chart showing the expected voltages present on the 78L09 regulator and the junctions of Q5. you can check these voltages against the chart and record your own readings for comparison and future test purposes.6 EXPECTED VOLTAGES FOR Q6 (2N3904) OSCILLATOR BUFFER STAGE Expected Voltage COLLECTOR EMITTER BASE 8. Q6 & Q4 transistors.

25W Resistor 0.25W Resistor 0. PAGE 20 Continued .25W Resistor 0. Pay close attention to the orientation of the 2N3904 transistor. LM380-8 integrated circuit & all electrolytic capacitors.25W Resistor 0.Stage Ten – Audio Output Amplifier Components list required for the audio output section: QUANTITY 1 1 1 1 1 3 1 2 2 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 VALUE 2R7 OHM 10 OHM 220 OHM 4k7 120K 100uf 25Volt 47uf 50Volt 1uf 50Volt 100NF (0.1uf) 1N4148 2N3904 LM380-8 IC Socket 47UF 50Volt 78L09 4k7 DESCRIPTION 0.25W Resistor Electrolytic Cap Electrolytic Cap Electrolytic Cap Capacitor Silicon Diode NPN Transistor Integrated Circuit 8 Pin DIL Electrolytic Cap Regulator Potentiometer 104 CODE red-vio-gold brn-blk-blk red-red-brn yell-vio-red brn-red-yell FITTED Using the photograph below as an illustration fit all parts listed in the stage Ten's components list. 1N4148 silicon diode.

With all the components in place for stage ten carry out the following checks to confirm the stage is working correctly: DO NOT APPLY VOLTAGE TO THE RECEIVE AND TRANSMIT POINTS SIMULTANEOUSLY! Using a multimeter on a current measuring range of a few hundred milliamps Connect the -VE supply rail to your power supply negative terminal and insert a multi-meter between the +13.1 PCB connectors make some temporary connections so the stage can be tested. you can check these voltages against the chart and record your own readings for comparison and future test purposes. EXPECTED VOLTAGES FOR Q7 (2N3904) AUDIO OUTPUT DRIVER Expected Voltage COLLECTOR EMITTER BASE PIN 1 PIN 2.7 EXPECTED VOLTAGES ON LM380-8 AUDIO OUTPUT IC 0 Ground 0 6.1 pitch connectors to the PCB to facilitate the connection of the 4K7 volume control and speaker. Refer to the final connections and wiring illustration at the end of the manual for details on connecting the 4K7 volume control and speaker.35 Own Measured Voltage Reading Log PAGE 21 Next Stage Eleven .4 & 5 PIN 3 PIN 6 PIN 7 PIN 8 1.8 VOLTS FOR RECEIVE PCB connection point and your power supply positive terminal. Q2 the 1st IF Amplifier. If the current consumption test is OK it should be possible to hear a gentle hiss in the loudspeaker. Below is a chart showing the expected voltages present on the LM380-8 integrated circuit and Q7 2N3904 transistor.68 0 0.Fit a 5 Pin & 2 Pin PCB 0. IC2 the 2nd IF amplifier and IC1/Q7 Audio output Stage. if you are not using the 0.17 12. this is the total current now being drawn by Q1 the RF Amplifier. if everything is OK the measured current drawn in receive mode will be approximately 54mA's.57 6.

Stage Eleven – AGC & S-Meter Components list required for the AGC & S-Meter section: QUANTITY 1 4 1 2 1 1 3 1 1 1 3 2 1 1 1 1 10K 100K 150K 270K 1M2 50K 10K 5K 10NF (0.25W Resistor 0.2UF 50Volt 47UF 50Volt 100UF 25Volt LM324 IC Socket VALUE 100 OHM DESCRIPTION 0. PAGE 22 Continued .25W Resistor 0.25W Resistor 0.25W Preset Preset Preset Capacitor Silicon Diode Electrolytic Cap Electrolytic Cap Electrolytic Cap Integrated Circuit 14 Pin DIL CODE brn-blk-brn brn-blk-ora brn-blk-yell brn-grn-yell red-vio-yell brn-red-grn 503 103 502 103 FITTED Using the photograph below as an illustration fit all parts listed in the stage eleven components list. LM324 integrated circuit & all electrolytic capacitors.25W Resistor 0. Pay close attention to the orientation of the 1N4148 silicon diode.01uf) 1N4148 2.25W Resistor 0.

if you are not using the 0. With your multimeter connected to PIN3 of LM324 adjust the 50K pre-set for a reading of 4 volts.1 PCB connectors fit a 3 Pin & 2 of 2 Pin type to facilitate the connections of the AGC line to the 2nd IF stage. referring to the layout photo on the previous page this is the bottom left pre-set.If you are using the 0. EXPECTED VOLTAGES ON LM324 AGC IC PIN 4 PIN 11 13.1 PCB connectors and hard wiring you can ignore these connection points for now. this is the total current now being drawn by Q3 DDS/VFO amp. A preliminary adjustment of this pre-set can be made which will also help to confirm the AGC circuit is working and also set the threshold level. The 10K pre-set will be adjusted later on in the alignment section. With all the components in place for stage eleven carry out the following checks to confirm the stage is working correctly: DO NOT APPLY VOLTAGE TO THE RECEIVE AND TRANSMIT POINTS SIMULTANEOUSLY! Using a multimeter on a current measuring range of a few hundred milliamps Connect the -VE supply rail to your power supply negative terminal and insert a multi-meter between the ALL TIME +Ve PCB connection point and your power supply positive terminal. ADE-1 mixer number 1. AGC speed switch and S-Meter. Q5 & Q6 carrier oscillator/ buffer transistors and IC4 the AGC/S-Meter circuit.25 Ground The voltages on the other pins of the LM324 will be very much dependant on the alignment of the 47K pre-set connected to pin 3 of the LM324 via 150K resistor. if everything is OK the measured current drawn in receive mode will be approximately 57mA's. PAGE 23 Next Stage Twelve .

25W Resistor 0.25W Resistor Preset Capacitor Capacitor Electrolytic Cap Electrolytic Cap Electrolytic Cap Integrated Circuit 8 Pin DIL CODE brn-blk-brn brn-blk-ora brn-blk-yell brn-blk-red 503 103 104 FITTED Using the photograph below as an illustration fit all parts listed in the stage twelve components list.25W Resistor 0.1uf) 1UF 50Volt 10UF 50Volt 100UF 25Volt NE5534 IC Socket VALUE 100 OHM DESCRIPTION 0. Pay close attention to the orientation of the NE5534 integrated circuit & all electrolytic capacitors.25W Resistor 0.Stage Twelve – Microphone Pre-Amp Components list required for the Microphone Pre-Amp section: QUANTITY 1 3 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 10K 100K 1K 50K 10NF (0. There is actually a rogue resistor in this stage! The 220 OHM shown on the photo is a remnant from my experimenting and is not needed but you will need to fit a wire link in its place! PAGE 24 Continued .01uf) 100NF (0.

There is a 50K pre-set for adjusting the microphone gain of the Op-Amp but depending on your choice of microphone you may need to experiment with the gain of the Op-Amp by changing the value of the feedback control resistor 100K between pins 2 & 6.53 Ground 5. Q9 2nd IF Amplifier. If you are not using the 0.9 6. With all the components in place for stage eleven carry out the following checks to confirm the stage is working correctly: DO NOT APPLY VOLTAGE TO THE RECEIVE AND TRANSMIT POINTS SIMULTANEOUSLY! Using a multimeter on a current measuring range of a few hundred milliamps Connect the -VE supply rail to your power supply negative terminal and insert a multi-meter between the +13. this is the total current now being drawn by Q10 RF Amplifier. If you are using the 0.8 VOLTS FOR TRANSMIT PCB connection point and your power supply positive terminal. you can check these voltages against the chart and record your own readings for comparison and future test purposes.27 6.1 PCB connectors fit a 2 Pin type to facilitate the connections of the microphone.1 PCB connectors and hard wiring you can ignore this connection point for now. EXPECTED VOLTAGES FOR IC3 MICROPHONE PRE-AMPLIFIER NOTE: Voltages measured with 50K gain pre-set in mid position Expected Voltage PIN 1 PIN 2 PIN 3 PIN 4 PIN 5 PIN 6 PIN 7 10.The NE5534 Op-Amp IC is a low noise device but you can substitute this for any general purpose Op-Amp like the LM741.02 Own Measured Voltage Reading Log PAGE 25 Next Stage Thirteen . if everything is OK the measured current drawn in transmit mode will be approximately 36 mA's. Q8 1st IF Amplifier and IC3 Microphone Pre-Amplifier Below is a chart showing the expected voltages present on the NE5534 integrated circuit.56 13.77 6.

PAGE 26 Continued .25W Resistor 0.25W Resistor 0.Stage Thirteen – RF Driver Section Components list required for the RF Driver transmit section: QUANTITY 1 2 1 1 1 4 1 VALUE 10 OHM 100 OHM 1K 2k2 2N3904 100NF (0.25W Resistor 0. Wind 8 bifilar turns on the core using 0.28 (0.25W Resistor NPN Transistor Capacitor Amidon Toroid 104 CODE brn-blk-blk brn-blk-brn brn-blk-red red-red-red FITTED T2 transformer is made using an Amidon FT37-43 core.25 – 0. 1 turn on the toroid is equal to 1 pass through the centre.29mm will do) enamel covered copper wire as per the illustration: The coil should take about 6 – 7 inches max of wire.1uf) FT37-43 DESCRIPTION 0.

1 PCB connectors and hard wiring you can ignore this connection point for now. With all the components in place for stage Thirteen carry out the following checks to confirm the stage is working correctly: DO NOT APPLY VOLTAGE TO THE RECEIVE AND TRANSMIT POINTS SIMULTANEOUSLY! Using a multimeter on a current measuring range of a few hundred milliamps Connect the -VE supply rail to your power supply negative terminal and insert a multi-meter between the +13.Using the photograph below as an illustration fit all parts listed in the stage thirteen components list. Q8 1st IF Amplifier. PAGE 27 Continued . Q9 2nd IF Amplifier.1 PCB connectors fit 4 of the 2 Pin type to facilitate the connections of the Bandpass Filter. Pay close attention to the orientation of the 2N3904 transistor. Receive Antenna Point. if everything is OK the measured current drawn in transmit mode will be approximately 65 mA's. this is the total current now being drawn by Q10 RF Amplifier. TX PA Module. If you are not using the 0.8 VOLTS FOR TRANSMIT PCB connection point and your power supply positive terminal. IC3 Microphone Pre-Amplifier and Q11 RF Amplifier. If you are using the 0.

EXPECTED VOLTAGES FOR Q11 (2N3904) RF AMPLIFIER Expected Voltage COLLECTOR EMITTER BASE 10.55 2.Below is a chart showing the expected voltages present on Q11 2N3904 .53 3. you can check these voltages against the chart and record your own readings for comparison and future test purposes.23 Own Measured Voltage Reading Log PAGE 28 Next Stage Fourteen .

The markings on the filter are “MCF SCM-107”.692Mhz carrier oscillator xtal. PAGE 29 Continued .7uh series inductor. trimmer capacitors and the 4.Stage Fourteen – IF Xtal Filter Section The BitX transceiver is usually constructed with a ladder type xtal filter using 10 or 11Mhz xtals but for convenience I built my prototype PCB with a xtal filter salvaged from a scrap CB Radio along with the 10. Crystal Filter Artwork G6LBQ 17/12/2010 PCB dimensions = 32MM by 20MM NOTE: Artwork looking at top of PCB or component side! A Ready Made PCB Is Available From Sunil Lakhani vu3sua@gmail. If you prefer to build the BitX multi-band with the standard ladder filter you can use my little addon PCB.com Artwork for the PCB is also available at the BitX Yahoo group in the “Files” section under folder name “G6LBQ – Bitx”. The filter is usually found in the range of Ham International CB radios or those using the same chassis.

once constructed this PCB can be fitted to G6LBQ Multi band BitX in place of the commercial filter used.The picture below shows a close up of the multi-band BitX with the ex CB Radio commercial filter fitted: If you intend using the standard BitX ladder filter arrangement with the additional drop-in PCB you will have to remove the two 18PF capacitors as illustrated.. The five green pads are the connection points made to multi-band BitX PCB using stiff wire stand-offs. This PCB is for the standard BITX ladder crystal filter comprising of 4 crystals and 3 capacitors. PAGE 30 Next wiring diagram . these capacitors are only required for the commercial filter option. The PCB is constructed as per my diagram below and drops straight into the multi-band PCB using stiff wire connections which form a PCB stand-off. The PCB layout is not to scale and is for illustration only. These connection points line up with the crystal filter holes on multi-band Bitx board.

PCB Wiring Diagram PAGE 31 Next schematic diagram .

Schematic Diagram PAGE 32 Next Alignment Details .

PAGE 33 Continued .692Mhz and 10. If using the CB Radio type filter adjust for 10. With a ladder filter arrangement the easiest way to align the oscillator is to tune to a known frequency/signal on another receiver/transceiver and make adjustments for both USB and LSB modes. AGC Circuit The AGC should have had a preliminary adjustment at the stage eleven testing stage (adjustment of 50K pre-set for 4 volts on pin3 of LM324) Adjust the AGC gain to suit or set the pre-set as per the above image as a starting point and make fine adjustment if required. be careful not to adjust the IF so it becomes unstable.695Mhz.Alignment of the Multiband BitX IF Section The main receive section has only one adjustment which is the trimmer capacitor across IF coil T1. Carrier Oscillator (BFO) The adjustment to the carrier oscillator frequency will depend on the choice of IF frequency selected. adjust for maximum signal. if you find a point when adjusting the trimmer that the MC1350 becomes unstable back the trimmer off a little. Microphone Gain Adjust the 50K pre-set adjacent to the NE5534 Op-amp for a clean SSB signal.

the 5K pre-set is used to zero the meter whilst the 50K pre-set is used to adjust the meter level. now adjust the 5K “Set Zero” pre-set so the meter needle just reaches zero. First of all make sure there is no antenna connected to the BitX and turn the 50K “Set Level” preset fully clockwise.S-Meter Adjustment There are two pre-set adjustments in the S-Meter circuit. NOTE The S-Meter used is a 200uA type but there should be enough adjustment available for other signal level and VU meters PAGE 34 Next full Bill Of Materials . The adjustment to set the S-meter level can now be performed by adjusting the 50K pre-set against a known signal using another receiver/transceiver or by using a signal generator and adjusting for an S9 signal with 50 microvolts input.

25W Axial Resistor 3 22R 1 0.2/20PF (Used to tune Carrier Xtal) TRIMMING POTENTIOMETERS 1 50k OR 47k Preset 3 6MM TruOhm Cermet Type or any with 5mm spaced pins 2 10K Preset 1 6MM TruOhm Cermet Type or any with 5mm spaced pins 3 4K7 or 5K Preset 1 6mm TruOhm Cermet Type or any with 5mm spaced pins RESISTORS 0.7 stage) or See Notes 3 FT37-43 1 Amidon FT37-43 Core for winding PA driver transformer. Ceramic NPO Capacitor 5mm 50/100 VOLT Ceramic NPO Capacitor 5mm 50/100 VOLT Optional PCB for Ladder Filter.25W Axial Resistor 13 15K 1 0.25W Axial Resistor 8 1K 11 0.7uh Inductor 1 RF inductor 4.25W Axial Resistor CRYSTAL 1 Carrier Crystal 1 10.25W Axial Resistor 11 5K6 1 0.1” Spacing With locking Ramp 3 3 PIN MALE 1 3 Pin PCB Male Connectors 0. drops straight into main PCB PAGE 35 Lastly a full page component layout .1” Spacing With locking Ramp 8 5 PIN FEMALE 1 5 Pin Female Connectors 0.25W Axial Resistor 18 1M2 1 0.2UF 50 or 63 VOLT 2 Radial Electrolytic Capacitor MULTILAYER CERAMIC CAPACITORS 1 100NF 50 VOLT 36 Multilayer Ceramic Capacitor 5mm 50 VOLT X7R 2 10NF 50 VOLT 4 Multilayer Ceramic Capacitor 5mm 50 VOLT X7R 3 10NF 63 VOLT 1 Polyester Film (Used for AGC Feed To LM324) CERAMIC NPO CAPACITORS 1 18PF NPO 2 Ceramic NPO Capacitors Only Needed With CB Radio Xtal Filter 2 220PF NPO 2 Ceramic NPO Capacitor 5mm 50/100 VOLT 3 100PF NPO 1 Ceramic NPO Capacitor 5mm 50/100 VOLT TRIMMING CAPACITORS See additional construction notes regarding choice of trimmers.25W Axial Resistor 7 470R 1 0.G6LBQ MULTIBAND BITX BILL OF MATERIALS Last Updated On January 7th 2011 # COMPONENT QTY DESCRIPTION DIODES 1 1N4148 10 General Purpose Silicon Diode TRANSISTORS 1 2SC2570A 1 NPN Transistor Low Noise High Frequency RF Amp 2 2N3904 10 NPN Transistor TO92 INTERGRATED CIRCUITS 1 LM380-8 1 8 Pin DIP Audio Amplifier 2 MC1350P 1 8 Pin DIP IF Amplifier With AGC 3 LM324 1 14 Pin DIP Quad Op Amplifier (AGC Control circuit) 4 NE5534 1 8 Pin DIP Op Amplifier (Microphone Amp) Low Noise MIXER COMPONENTS MiniCircuits 6 Pin Frequency Mixer (Usually available on E-bay!) 1 ADE-1 2 2 6 PIN IC Sockets 2 6 Pin Turned Pin IC Sockets For Mounting ADE-1's ELECTROLYTIC CAPACITORS 1 100UF 25 VOLT 5 Radial Electrolytic Capacitor 2 47UF 25 or 35 VOLT 4 Radial Electrolytic Capacitor 3 10UF 25 or 63 VOLT 1 Radial Electrolytic Capacitor 4 1UF 50 or 63 VOLT 4 Radial Electrolytic Capacitor 5 2. usage & alternatives with padding! 1 9 To 60PF 1 Murata Brown 5MM 9/60PF (Used to provide additional tuning to IF coil) 2 5.25W Axial Resistor 4 10R 7 0.25W Axial Resistor 10 4K7 1 0.25W Axial Resistor 12 10K 7 0.1” Spacing With locking Ramp 6 4 PIN FEMALE 1 4 Pin Female Connectors 0.25W Axial Resistor 2 4R7 1 0.com OPTIONAL LADDER XTAL FILTER COMPONENTS 1 4 Xtals 10MHZ 2 3 4 5 Carrier Xtal 220PF NPO 100PF NPO Ladder Filter PCB 1 1 1 1 Set of 4 matched xtals to form IF filter as oppose to CB style filter Please contact Sunil: vu3sua@gmail.1” Spacing With locking Ramp 4 3 PIN FEMALE 1 3 Pin Female Connectors 0.695 MHZ Ex CB Radio SSB Crystal Filter.25W Axial Resistor 14 100K 2 0.1” Spacing With locking Ramp 9 Crimp Pins 32 Crimp Pins for The Female connectors PCB 1 Main PCB 1 Main PCB Either Etch or purchase from Sunil: vu3sua@gmail.2 To 20PF 1 Murata Red 5MM 4.25W 1 2R7 1 0.2/30PF (Used to tune Carrier Xtal) 3 4.1” Spacing With locking Ramp 7 5 PIN MALE 1 5 Pin PCB Male Connectors 0.692 MHZ Ex CB Radio SSB Carrier Crystal. NYLON CONNECTORS & CRIMP PINS 1 2 PIN MALE 10 2 Pin PCB Male Connectors 0. See Notes For Alternative INDUCTORS 1 4.2 To 30PF 1 Murata Green 5MM 5.7uh (You may need to vary this value to pull carrier xtal) 2 IF Transformer 1 IF Transformer (Use old CB Radio IF can from 10.1” Spacing With locking Ramp 2 2 PIN FEMALE 10 2 Pin Female Connectors 0. See Notes For Alternative 2 Crystal Filter 10.25W Axial Resistor 16 150K 2 0.25W Axial Resistor 15 120K 2 0.25W Axial Resistor 5 100R 12 0.com for a matched set! Carrier crystal to suit IF crystal filter frequency.25W Axial Resistor 17 270K 1 0.1” Spacing With locking Ramp 5 4 PIN MALE 1 4 Pin PCB Male Connectors 0.25W Axial Resistor 6 220R 13 0.25W Axial Resistor 9 2K2 6 0.

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