UMSC 1124 CHEMISTRY LABORATORY I

Experiment No

:6

Title : Acid-Base Titration: Determination Of The Percentages (%) Sodium Carbonate (Na2CO3) and Sodium Hydroxide (NaOH) in a Mixture By Using pH Meter.

Name : Ong Boon Hooi

ID No : 09ALB03481

Name of partner

: Saw Ai Ling & Wan Sher Teen

Date of Experiment

: 24/06/2009

Semester

: June 2009

Name of lecturer

: Ms. Chang Chew Cheen

\ Materials . Objective To determine the respective weight percent of sodium carbonate (Na2CO3) and sodium hydroxide (NaOH) in a mixture by using pH meter to detect the equivalent points. The change of pH from the pH meter will be recorded and the curve of the titration can be drawn.Title Acid-Base Titration: Determination Of The Percentages (%) Sodium Carbonate (Na2CO3) and Sodium Hydroxide (NaOH) in a Mixture By Using pH Meter. There is an amount of acid needed for first stage and second stage for the reaction with the sample solution. From the observation of the graph it will shows that there will be a drastic change of Ph when it reach its equivalent points. Using this technique. Hence. Introduction A pH meter is used in the acid-base titration to determine the total alkali (Na2CO3 and NaOH) present in the sample solution. the percentage of the bases in the mixture can be determined. unknown concentration of sample solution is place into the conical flask and titrates with HCl which place in buret.

1M barium chloride solution pH meter Methodology Part A Titration 1 25cm3 of the sample solution is pipetted into conical flask. Equivalent point can be found from the graph plotted. .1M hydrochloric acid Sample solution which contains of 5g in total weight of Na2CO3 and NaOH in 1000cm3 solution. 0. The electrode is then been inserted again to determine the pH. A titration curve of pH versus amount of acid added into the sample is plotted.1M HCl was titrated into the conical flask. 0. The electrode of the pH meter is inserted to the conical flask to determine the pH of the solution. The pH reading is recorded.50cm³ of 0.0.

0 2.0 14.84 11.5 8.0 5.5 13.5 10.5 7.0 15.0 4.09 12.05 11.5 4.5 2.0 11.5 15.5 3.5 16.5 18.0 16.73 11.5 9.39 11.58 11.0 9.5 .82 11.0 10.0 7.15 12.5 5.5 12.0 13.5 17.03 12.5 6.0 10.Result Initial reading (cm3) 8.83 11.78 10.0 12.0 1.61 Amount of HCl added (cm3) 0.0 pH 12.5 14.96 11.88 11.5 1.0 3.74 11.0 6.18 12.0 17.18 10.0 0.00 11.0 9.0 8.5 10.96 12.95 11.5 9.5 19.89 11.5 11.0 18.99 10.

0 29.0 14.5 30.5 21.32 3.0 21.0 11.5 23.5 22.0 32.93 3.82 2.0 24.5 15.18 4.0 28.5 14.5 21.29 10.0 26.0 24.90 7.0 19.87 5.39 6.5 32.45 10.0 13.0 20.5 23.0 22.0 27.29 7.5 18.5 31.5 10.0 25.0 20.0 22.5 19.0 21.89 6.98 7.72 6.5 25.0 18.0 23.0 30.5 22.91 9.64 2.5 26.02 2.08 5.0 16.5 13.55 6.0 12.62 9.20 6.56 2.14 9.36 8.98 9.5 16.5 27.5 20.5 17.0 24.0 17.5 .5 12.5 28.72 2.51 11.5 29.5 24.5 20.0 15.0 31.19.10 6.

.

NaOH + HCl  NaCl + H2O Na2CO3 + HCl  NaHCO3 + NaCl 20. The chemical equations involved are shown below.5 – 15) 2 cm3 = 11 cm3 .5cm3 of HCl is used to reach the second equivalent point where sodium hydrogen carbonate is converted into sodium chloride.Calculation 15cm3 of HCl is used to reach the first equivalent point where sodium hydroxide is fully reacted. NaHCO3 + HCl  NaCl + H2O + CO2 \ For the chemical equation shown below. The chemical equation involved is shown below. This reaction produced sodium chloride and sodium hydrogen carbonate which is converted from sodium carbonate. Na2CO3 + 2HCl  2NaCl + H2O + CO2 The volume of HCl required to complete the following reaction is (20.

= = = 2.2x10-2 mol dm-3 The molecular weight of Na2CO3 is 106 g/mol The concentration of Na2CO3 in the sample solution in the unit of g/dm3 = (2.2 10-2 mol dm-3 The concentration of Na2CO3 is 2.64% .332 g/dm3 Given that the weight of the sample solution is 5 g / dm3 The weight percentage (wt%) of Na2CO3 in the sample solution = 100% = 46.2x10-2) mol/dm3 * (106) g/mol = 2.

0) g/mol = 1.8 10-2) mol/dm3 (40.For the chemical equation shown below. The concentration of NaOH in the sample solution in the unit of g/dm3 = (3.50) cm3 = 9. NaOH + HCl  NaCl + H2O The volume of HCl required to complete the following reaction is (15 – 5.52 g/dm3 Given that the weight of the sample solution is 5 g/dm3.5 cm3 Using: = = = 3.40% .8 10-2 mol dm-3. The weight percentage (wt %) of NaOH in the sample solution = 100% = 30. Given that the molecular weight of NaOH is 40g/mol.8 10-2 mol dm-3 The concentration of NaOH in the sample solution is 3.

40%. 2. The weight percentage of Na2CO3 in sample solution is 46. A. Calculate the respective concentrations of Na2CO3 and NaOH in the sample solution. A.8 x 10-2 mol dm-3.2 x 10-2 mol dm-3 while the concentration of NaOH in sample solution is 3.64% while the weight percentage of NaOH in sample solution is 30.Questions 1. . The concentration of Na2CO3 in sample solution is 2. Hence calculate the weight percentage (wt%) of each alkali in the sampl solution.

pH 7 and pH 10. This is because there are two different compounds in the sample solution.40% while the weight percentage of sodium carbonate is 46. From the calculation we get. First of all. A pH meter is an electronic instrument used to measure the pH (acidity or alkalinity) of a liquid (though special probes are sometimes used to measure the pH of semi-solid substances). The pH metre has to be calibrate before using it with 2-3 buffer solution which have the pH 4 . .64%. If that happens we will overestimate amount of sodium hydroxide and underestimate amount of carbonate. Precaution steps • • In this experiment. The titration curve of pH versus the amount of HCl added into the sample was plotted and it showed a curve with two buffer regions and two equivalence points. which is strong base and another one is weak base. Other important point is that both calculations of amount of carbonate and hydroxide are based on two measurements. so accurate judgement of color is very important.or H+ moles is exhibited in the solution being titrated. the weight percentage of sodium hydroxide is 30. Using pH meter to do this experiment is not an easy one. it is advise that we must wear glove when doing this experiment. which means final error can be twice as large as in the case of simple titration with one end point. This is because the chemical is strong acid. Second. during titration (especially before first end point) it is possible to lose some carbon dioxide from the solution. A typical pH meter consists of a special measuring probe (a glass electrode) connected to an electronic meter that measures and displays the pH reading. It is also show that the equivalence points and doesn’t always occur at the pH7 due to it has to depend on how much of the OH. both end points are not very well visible (curve is not too steep).Discussion This is the experiment using pH meter to determine the concentration and weight percentage of Na2CO3 and NaOH.

org/wiki/PH_meter http://www.Conclusion • • The weight percentage of Na2CO3 is 46.info/acid-base-titration-sodium-hydroxide-and-carbonate . • Website http://www. The weight percentage of NaOH is 30.titrations.wikipedia.40%. Fifth Edition Chemistry: Chemistry In Context.my/search? hl=en&q=acid+base+titration+by+using+pH+meter http://en.google. Nelson Edition.com. Reference • Reference Book Graham Hill and John Holman (2000).64%. .

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