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D.HARITHA E-mail : email@example.com
Department of Computer Science KMM INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY & SCIENCE (Affiliated to JNTU, Anantapur)
but free wireless hotspots are popping up all over as commercial cafes. Abstract It’s no secret that wireless internet access is growing at furious rates in India and rest of the world. restaurants venues and realize like even that hotels The IEEE 802. it is almost requisite that available customers if service-oriented for they their are businesses have wireless Broadband locations where in access the to worlds is rural and developing areas broadband .16 family of standards associated consortium.Tech [CSE] going Course :1I1 to compete. Not only are residences and businesses networks for steadily ease of shifting towards wireless access and cost savings. In fact. and WiFi promises to rapidly provide wireless Internet access is becoming a fundamental customer requirement.CSE KMM INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY & SCIENCE Reg. This exciting addition to current broadband options such as DSL.HARITHA B. (Worldwide Interoperability Microwave data rates for Access) over large and its WiMax industry promise to deliver high areas to a large number of users in the near future. No : 083G1A0520 Topic : WIMAX Name : D. cable.
WiMAX would operate similar to WiFi but at higher speeds. Glossary 10. Network scale 4. WiMax (IEEE 802. • broadband Internet access because phone and cable companies have not yet A WiMAX receiver . WiFi Vs WiMAX 8. A WiMAX system consists of two parts: • A WiMAX tower. How WiMAX works 3. IEEE 802.000 miles square km).16 specifications 5. Conclusion 9. The WiMAX scenario 7.16) and how it actually works competitiveness on the actual KEYTERMS: Abstract 2. similar in concept to a cell-phone tower A single WiMAX tower can provide coverage to a very large area -.as big as 3. References in the marketplace largely data rates and ranges that are achieved. over greater distances and for a greater number of users. suburban blackout currently WiMAX erase and areas have could the rural that no potentially run the necessary wires to those remote locations.000 square (~8.CSE currently unavailable. What can WiMAX do 6. as well urban WiMax's depends as competing market for share.The receiver and . but this has been difficult to judge due to the large number of possible competing claims. This options paper and first marketing provides an overview of How WiMAX Works? In practical terms.
A WiMAX tower station can connect Internet directly using a to the highwired It can also way WiFi access is computer connects to the tower. or or the • There is the nonline-of-sight. with ranges reaching a wireless service: . a connect to another WiMAX tower using a line-of-sight. microwave link. they could be built into a laptop today. where a fixed dish antenna points straight at the WiMAX tower from a rooftop or pole. Line-of-sight transmissions use higher frequencies. WiMAX uses a lower frequency range -. This connection to a second tower (often referred to as a backhaul). sort where antenna of a on WiFi small your service.CSE antenna could be a small PCMCIA box card. along with the ability of a single tower to cover up to 3. connection (for example.they are better able to diffract. In this mode. or bend.000 square miles. There is line-of-sight are easily by Lower- bandwidth. around obstacles. so it's able to send a lot of data with fewer errors. The lineof-sight connection is What this points out is that WiMAX provide actually two forms can of stronger and more stable. is what allows WiMAX to provide coverage to remote rural areas service. T3 line). wavelength transmissions not as disrupted physical obstructions -.2 GHz to 11 GHz (similar to WiFi).
transmitting Through the the WiMAX line-of-sight station would send data to WiMAX-enabled computers or routers set up within the transmitter's 30-mile radius (2.800 square miles or 9. . At higher frequencies. there is less interference and lots more bandwidth. This is what allows WiMAX to achieve its maximum range. which is similar in range to a cell-phone zone).CSE possible 66 GHz. stronger antennas.300 square km of coverage). In above figure the transmission of data through both line of sight (back haul. tower to tower) and non line of sight (tower to consumers) is shown WiFi-style access will be limited to a 4-to-6 mile radius (perhaps 25 square miles or 65 square km of coverage.
WiFi headquarters. metropolitan network (MAN). such as a company's a coffee to house. A allows devices with the communicate Bluetooth is each best Many connect other over short distances. The next step up is a local area network (LAN). example of a PAN.CSE Network scale The network PAN is smallest-scale a personal to central area. WiMAX up in is the wireless the area solution for the next step scale. but is limited to a fairly small network wirelessly. A MAN allows areas the size of cities to be connected . A LAN allows devices to share information. shop or LANs your use the area network (PAN).
The fastest can WiFi transmit optimal from stealing connection second up to 54 megabits per under conditions. prevent probably encrypted data keys to unauthorized several .2 to 11 GHz and 10 to 66 GHz (licensed and 70 • not unlicensed bands). WiMax should be able to handle up to 70 megabits Even megabits between businesses per is or second.16 Specifications: • km) Range . that split a 70 up few dozen once laptop) WiMax would receive data from transmitting using station. needed between user and base station What Can WiMAX Do? WiMax operates on the same general principles as WiFi -.CSE The above figure shows how the different wireless networks are placed. Defines both the station • Speed megabits per second • Line-of-sight MAC and PHY layers and allows multiple PHY-layers specifications. (either a with A a computer desktop equipped the WiMax users access.30-mile (50radius from base • Frequency bands . based on their coverage area and Bandwidth IEEE 802.it sends data from one computer to another via radio or signals.
but the potential is there to cover huge tracts of land. WiMAX doesn't just pose a threat to providers of DSL and cable-modem service. Of course. WiMax outdistances WiFi by miles. the use of VoIP could increase dramatically. one of which is Voice Over Internet Protocol (VoIP). If WiMAX-compatible computers become very common. it's distance. The WiMAX base station would send data to a WiMAX-enabled router. long-distance and even international calls through a broadband Internet connection. bypassing phone companies entirely. WiFi's range is about 100 feet (30 m). If you have a home isn't speed. VoIP allows people to make local. WiMax will blanket a radius of 30 miles (50 km) with wireless access.CSE hundred home users. Almost anyone with a laptop could make VoIP calls. which would then send the data to the on different computers your network. at weather network. The biggest difference of cablemodem transfer rates to buildings will act to reduce the maximum range in some circumstances. large transmitter. and of the terrain. things wouldn't change much. You could even combine WiFi with WiMAX by having the router send the data to the computers via WiFi. The increased range is due to the frequencies used and the that power distance. The WiMAX protocol is designed to accommodate several different methods of data transmission. . it will provide at least the equivalent each user.
An Internet service provider sets up a WiMAX base station 10 miles from your home. single attack could destroy all of the transmitters. so the officials in the would command at all times center . or cleanup operations. receive encryption . pinpoint attack.CSE WiMAX Could Boost Government Security In an emergency. Each transmitter would and be other in a bunker No hardened against bombs attacks. You would buy a WiMAX-enabled computer (some of them should be on store shelves in 2007) or upgrade your You a code old would special that computer to add WiMAX capability. find out who may be injured and efforts or could that and vital coordinate rescue gas-line terrorist sever connect officials the with difficult to destroy with a single. system that would be communication is crucial for government officials as they determine the cause of the problem. WiMAX could be used to set up a back-up (or even primary) communications remain in communication The WiMAX Scenario Here's what would happen if you got WiMAX. A explosion attack cables leaders their information networks. A cluster up in of range of WiMAX a key transmitters would be set command center but as far from each other as possible.
like cellphone towers. This makes WiMax particularly useful and cost-effective for rural homes and other locations set in a geography that would make laying a traditional . cable for which you would pay WiFi vs. but it was largely created to provide “last-mile” broadband connection to homes and businesses. a WiFi signal has a maximum range of 150 feet indoors and 300 feet outdoors. it provides wireless broadband access to any user with wireless connectivity technology. The base station would beam data from the Internet to your computer potentially today's (at higher speeds than modems). within a small range. Today. so several subscribers can connect to a tower. the fee. to carry its signal.CSE would give you access to the base station. WiMAX uses transmitters. even if it is blocked by trees or other buildings. Typically. WiMAX WiFi was created in Norway in 1991. and was originally designed for commercial cash register systems. provider The could a monthly for be this much cost service speed lower than current highInternetsubscription fees because the provider never had to run cables. WiMax technology does not require line-ofsight to the user. Instead of using fixed lines like cable or telephone line to bring Internet access into a building. or wireless adapter cards. WiMAX serves several functions in wireless connectivity.
it automatically redirects additional users to another WiMAX access point. this represents a range far greater than the few hundred foot radius of WiFi. although interpretations of this range vary. Built into the WiMAX technology is an algorithm that establishes a limit to the number of users per WiMAX access point. When multiple users are connected to a WiFi access point. Still. they are effectively in constant battle for connection. provides many revolutionize broadband wireless access industry and open many opportunities to deploy competitive alternative to applications . Conclusion WiMAX 802. WiMAX also has some benefits over WiFi in terms of connection quality. WiMAX has a much greater range than WiFi.CSE hardwire difficult and expensive. WiMAX technology. While engineers have stated that WiMAX could have a range of up to 30 miles.16 and the IEEE will the systems in applications WiMAX a viable standard that was previously cost prohibitive. field tests have resulted in a range radius of between four and eight miles. however. When a WiMAX tower is nearing its maximum broadband capacity. secures each user with a constant allotment of broadband access. and users can experience varying levels of broadband width.
connections. a of standardization Bluetooth specification defined by IEEE.CSE currently serviced WiMAX with is market.15. wireless devices to manage collisions. on the other hand.11a.WiFi. etc.15 wireless area (WPANs). IEEE 802. include following: 802.11g. coax. intended and fibre complement other wireless standards such as WLAN and cellular based Together many data these options networks. provide to meet customer needs and grow the overall opportunity for wireless systems. has the 802.11 is a group of wireless by the • specifications developed network details interface packet avoid Some a IEEE for local area wireless It wireless between traffic to communication. is for personal networks IEEE 802. copper. has already saturated a significant percentage of the wireless Glossary • IEEE 802. it will be several years before WiMAX and becomes small cheap enough to enter the residential commercial market. 802.11b. and it has proved both easy to use and cheap. While businesses with large physical space might want to move to WiMAX to avoid buying the many repeater access points required with WiFi. . common specifications characters such as .
CSE short-range. other Cable ETSI ns (European Standard Telecommunicatio Institute European Telecommunicatio ns Standard Institute): ETSI is access methods are not available or too expensive. This broadband standard the "last wireless access provides .16 wireless that a a • systems. low low cost. of a • PHY: Physical Layer Device Physical Layer Device (PHY) is the term used for a transceiver in Fast Ethernet Gigabit 802. power. • IEEE defines service provides communications path between subscriber site and a core network such as and the the public network Internet. two MAC for is sub and Ethernet small networks and communication devices Personal Space. telephone within Operating Access layers that make up the Data Link Layer of the OSI model. • mile" in area where and broadband packets to and from Interface Card (NIC) to another across a shared channel the missing link for connection metropolitan networks DSL. MAC Layer. The MAC layer is responsible moving one for data Network The Wireless MAN technology is also branded as WiMAX. . Media Control one of Layer: short Layer.
A router connects two commonly LAN often (ICT) and its at least two ISP as networks. A router is included part of a network switch. A router is located network another. is to non-profit organization. References: .CSE an independent. broadcasting and related areas such as intelligent and transportation medical electronics. each presence on the Internet. whose mission produce telecommunications standards for today and for the future. Based ETSI in is France. officially for of and responsible standardization Information Communication Technologies within include LANs or WANs or a network. These technologies telecommunications . at any meets including point-ofgateway where one Europe. • Network Router: A router is a device or a piece of software in a computer that forwards and routes data packets along networks.
Vincent Poor.CSE • • • • www. H.org WiMAX: Taking Wireless to the MAX by Deepak pareek in Cross-Layer Design by Christina Comaniciu.wimaxforum.wikipedia.wimax.org/wik i/WiMAX .com www. Narayan B.o rg www.ieee. Mandayam • Wireless Networks: Multiuser Detection • en.