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gsm-rf-optimization

gsm-rf-optimization

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07/09/2013

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GSM Network RF Optimization Workshop

Macro Cell

Micro Cells
Lucent Technologies Proprietary

Use de No.1 Pursuant to Company Instructions - All Rights Reserved

Lucent Technologies - Proprietary

AGENDA
Introduction Single Band Optimization Philosophy Network Optimization Process Optimization Phases Lucent BSS Optimization Parameters Cell Selection/ Cell Reselection Power Control – Procedures Handover – Procedures Drive Testing and Analysis Drive Test Equipment
Lucent Technologies Proprietary

Use de No.2 Pursuant to Company Instructions - All Rights Reserved

Lucent Technologies - Proprietary

Introduction
What is Optimization ?
- Activity of achieving and maintaining the required

quality as designed

Why Optimization ?
-

Deviations between plan and reality

Lucent Technologies Proprietary

Use de No.3 Pursuant to Company Instructions - All Rights Reserved

Lucent Technologies - Proprietary

All Rights Reserved Lucent Technologies .4 Pursuant to Company Instructions .Proprietary .What is Optimization ? Design Optimization Planning Implementation Lucent Technologies Proprietary Use de No.

Proprietary .All Rights Reserved Lucent Technologies .5 Pursuant to Company Instructions .g trees.Finite terrain database resolution • Implementation . e. leaves . new buildings Lucent Technologies Proprietary Use de No.Seasonal environmental changes.Statistical variations in the path loss characteristics .Antenna radiation pattern and effective radiated power .Environmental changes such as new highways.Antenna pattern distortion • Environment .Why Optimization ? • Inaccuracy of radio planning .

Rxquality at acceptable level.Single Band Optimization Philosophy Coverage .All Rights Reserved Lucent Technologies .A reasonable level of interference must be contained at cells service area in order to provide a quality air air-interface.The quality of the air air-interface in a cell with respect to handover behavior is good. BTS & MS use minimum transmit power. Interference .The quality of the air air-interface in a cell with respect to traffic distribution is good. maximum amount of traffic can be handed. Lucent Technologies Proprietary Use de No.Good signal level across the whole cell. no unnecessary handovers. Traffic Distribution .Proprietary .6 Pursuant to Company Instructions . Handover Behavior . coverage holes within a cells service area must be minimized.

Optimization Phases Initial Optimization •Site Audit •Proper Parameters use Proper •Verify Neighbors list Verify •Reviewing Frequency Plan Reviewing •Verify existing coverage.Proprietary .All Rights Reserved Lucent Technologies . weekly optimization On • Database maintenance and consistency audits c Primary Optimization c Maintenance Optimization Lucent Technologies Proprietary Use de No. site design objectives Verify •Analysis & Identification of Problem areas/cells Analysis •from PMS & drive test statistics.7 Pursuant to Company Instructions . from •customer complaints customer •Prioritization of problems Prioritization •Identify Solution and Implement Identify •Retest the problem areas Retest •Consistency Check of the OMC database Consistency •Fine-tuning of parameters tuning •On going process.

All Rights Reserved Lucent Technologies .Proprietary .8 Pursuant to Company Instructions .BSS parameters related to Optimization CELL (RE) SELECTION POWER CONTROL HANDOVER CONTROL Lucent Technologies Proprietary Use de No.

All Rights Reserved Lucent Technologies .BSS parameters related to Optimization Areas of improvement : Minimization of interference Handover behavior improvement Traffic distribution Lucent Technologies Proprietary Use de No.9 Pursuant to Company Instructions .Proprietary .

Cell (Re)Selection 2 cell (re)selection criteria: ? ? C1 & C2 Lucent Technologies Proprietary Use e No.Proprietary .10Pursuant to Company Instructions .All Rights Reserved Lucent Technologies .

11Pursuant to Company Instructions .Cell (Re)Selection C1 Criteria Used for cell selection and re re-selection C2 Criteria Used in a hierarchical cell structure for reselection only Lucent Technologies Proprietary Use e No.Proprietary .All Rights Reserved Lucent Technologies .

0)) where: A = Received Level Average .12Pursuant to Company Instructions .Proprietary . Lucent Technologies Proprietary Use e No.Cell (Re)Selection C1 = (A-Max(B.max.All Rights Reserved Lucent Technologies .output power of the MS Criteria met if C1> 0.RXLEV_ACCESS_MIN B = MS_TXPWR_MAX_CCH . MS will camp on to the cell with the highest C1 value.

All Rights Reserved Lucent Technologies .13Pursuant to Company Instructions .Proprietary .Cell Reselect Hysteresis Location Update 1 Location Update 2 LAC 1 LAC 2 Lucent Technologies Proprietary Use e No.

Cell Reselect Hysteresis Reselect Hysteresis LAC Reselect Hysteresis LAC LAC 1 LAC 2 Lucent Technologies Proprietary Use e No.Proprietary .All Rights Reserved Lucent Technologies .14Pursuant to Company Instructions .

... .. ....Proprietary . -49 < Rxlevel < -48 49 Rxlevel > -48 SIGNAL LEVELS e Lucent Technologies Proprietary Use No. . 62 63 Range (in dBm) Rxlevel < -110 -110 < Rxlevel < -109 110 -109 < Rxlevel < -108 109 108 -108 < Rxlevel < -107 . . . .Power Control Signal Level 0 1 2 3 ..All Rights Reserved Lucent Technologies .15Pursuant to Company Instructions .. . ..

8 SIGNAL QUALITY LEVELS Lucent Technologies Proprietary Use e No.6 < BER < 3.8 0.2 < BER < 6.6 1.8 < BER < 1.2 3.4 6.Proprietary .2 0.4 0.Power Control Signal Quality 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Range (in BER) BER < 0.16Pursuant to Company Instructions .2 < BER < 0.All Rights Reserved Lucent Technologies .4 < BER < 0.8 BER > 12.4 < BER < 12.

17Pursuant to Company Instructions .All Rights Reserved Lucent Technologies .Proprietary .Handover Control TYPES OF HANDOVERS Mandatory HO RXQUAL RXLEVEL DISTANCE Power Budget HO Duration of stay counter (Hierarchical Cell) Preprocessing to support the following handover types: Internal Intra-Cell Handover (BSCcontrolled) Internal Inter-Cell Handover (BSCcontrolled) External Inter-Cell Handover (MSCcontrolled) Inter Cell Handover may occur from: SDCCH to SDCCH SDCCH to TCH (directed retry) TCH to TCH Lucent Technologies Proprietary Use e No.

18Pursuant to Company Instructions .Handover Control Rxlevel (received by MS) SERVER ------------------------------------------------------------------------------HO_MARGIN -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- NEIGHBOR Handover Time Power Budget Handover Margin Lucent Technologies Proprietary Use e No.Proprietary .All Rights Reserved Lucent Technologies .

RXLEV-XL RXQUAL-XL RXLEV-NCELL(1-6) DIST (timing advance) BTS reports measurements to BSC.Handover Procedures HO Process BTS measures the UL and DL measurements every 480 ms. Lucent Technologies Proprietary Handover Algorithm Basic Steps – HO Measurement Averaging (Preprocessing) HO Threshold Comparisons HO Target Cell Identification HO Decision (BSC internal or MSC) HO Execution (BSC internal or MSC) – – – – Use e No.All Rights Reserved Lucent Technologies . BSC calculates the averaged parameters using a sliding window: AV-RXLEV-HO AV-RXQUAL-XL-HO AV-RXLEV-SCELL AV-RXLEV-NCELL(I) AV-DIST BSC decides the HO execution by comparing with threshold values.Proprietary .19Pursuant to Company Instructions .

Proprietary . height & azimuth Frequency changes Lucent Technologies Proprietary Discontinuous Transmission Decreases interference level Saves battery power (uplink) Frequency Hopping Decrease interference Suppress Rayleigh Fading Power Control Saves battery power Decrease interference level Use e No.All Rights Reserved Lucent Technologies .BSS Optimization Parameters Performance Determinants Coverage Interference Handover Behaviour Traffic Distribution Optimization Solutions Enable/Disable GSM features BSS parameters Neighbour cell lists Antenna tilt.20Pursuant to Company Instructions .

Proprietary .Network Parameter and Performance Determinants Adjustments Performance Determinants Coverage Interference HO Behavior Traffic Distribution Enable GSM Features BSS Para.All Rights Reserved Lucent Technologies .N'bour meters Cell List Antenna Tilt. etc Frequency Change Lucent Technologies Proprietary Use e No.21Pursuant to Company Instructions .

Network Parameter and Performance Determinants Adjustments Performance Determinants Coverage Interference HO Behavior Traffic Distribution Enable GSM Features * * BSS Para.Proprietary . etc * * * Frequency Change * Lucent Technologies Proprietary Use e No.22Pursuant to Company Instructions .All Rights Reserved Lucent Technologies .N'bour meters Cell List * * * * * * * Antenna Tilt.

. etc….Different scenarios can be followed to solve the problem. .Must reply upon experience and knowledge to determine which option to overcome the problem . such as drive testing.All Rights Reserved Lucent Technologies .Drive Testing and Analysis • Trouble Ticket .Is a document by which various problems reported by customers are passed along through the organization . antenna adjustment.23Pursuant to Company Instructions . parameters changes.Proprietary .To verify if the problem is not related to MS itself Lucent Technologies Proprietary Use e No.

TIMING ADVANCE . BSIC and RXLEVEL of the 6 best neighbours .BCCH.RXLEVEL .24Pursuant to Company Instructions . BSIC of the serving cell .All Rights Reserved Lucent Technologies .RXQUALITY .GSM BEST SERVER Lucent Technologies Proprietary Use e No.Drive Testing and Analysis • Air Interface Information .Proprietary .BCCH.

Propagation Measurements .All Rights Reserved Lucent Technologies .Proprietary .25Pursuant to Company Instructions .Drive Testing and Analysis • Drive Testing .Mobile Network Performance Monitoring •Quality Assessment •Optimization Lucent Technologies Proprietary Use e No.

Simultaneous measurements of the other networks Lucent Technologies Proprietary Use e No.26Pursuant to Company Instructions .Drive Testing and Analysis • Drive Tests for Optimization .Locating and measuring interference .Initial network coverage verification and benchmarking .Proprietary .Preventive maintenance .Locate coverage holes .All Rights Reserved Lucent Technologies .Locating areas where traffic problems exist .Verification before and after changes .

BCCH.TIME STAMPS Lucent Technologies Proprietary Use e No. and time slot . BSIC for the serving and the neighbour cells .All Rights Reserved Lucent Technologies .CELL ID including BSIC.27Pursuant to Company Instructions .TRANSMIT POWER .RXLEVEL for the serving and the neighbour cells . LAC.RXQUALITY for the serving cell .GPS POSITION DATA .Proprietary .TIMING ADVANCE .Drive Testing and Analysis Drive Test Data Collection .

Miscellaneous routes (in-building and special locations) building Includes golf courses. hotels and resorts Lucent Technologies Proprietary Use e No. convention centers.Primary route(street level) Includes all major roads. department stores.28Pursuant to Company Instructions .Secondary route(street level) Includes all streets.highways and wide thoroughfares .Drive Testing and Analysis Drive Test Route Planning .Proprietary . shopping mails. subdivisions and compounds when accessable . beach resorts.All Rights Reserved Lucent Technologies .

Handover boundary Lucent Technologies Proprietary Use e No.Cell Dragging .All Rights Reserved Lucent Technologies .Ping-Ponging .29Pursuant to Company Instructions .Proprietary .System Busy .Drive Testing and Analysis Performance Problems that often encountered: .Dropped Calls .

Calls may drag a cell beyond the desired handover boundary.Proprietary . BSIC. LAC. cell baring. Cell ID. etc Lucent Technologies Proprietary Use e No.Drive Testing and Analysis Cell Dragging .All Rights Reserved Lucent Technologies . Suggestions: • Create an appropriate neighbour cell list • Change HO parameters such as thresholds.30Pursuant to Company Instructions . margin. etc • Check serving cell’s cell identifier in the neighbour cell’s neighbour list • Check neighbour cell’s BCCH. This might result dropped calls or bad Rxquality.

Proprietary .Caused by either RF environments or incorrect system parameters Suggestions: • Check if an appropriate neighbour cell list is defined • Check HO parameters • Existing or new coverage holes • Interference. coverage smaller as before • Abnormalities such as call setup failure Lucent Technologies Proprietary Use e No.All Rights Reserved Lucent Technologies .Drive Testing and Analysis Dropped Calls . interference • Serving cells might go down. Adjacent channels or External channels. Co-channels.31Pursuant to Company Instructions .

Co-channels.32Pursuant to Company Instructions .Proprietary .All Rights Reserved Lucent Technologies . interference • Lack of dominant server • Poor coverage • Not optimal antenna configuration Lucent Technologies Proprietary Use e No.Drive Testing and Analysis Ping Ponging .Serving keep changing and as a result of bad audio quality Suggestions: • Check if an appropriate neighbour cell list is defined • Check HO parameters • Interference. Adjacent channels or External channels.

However. design Add additional RTs.Drive Testing and Analysis System Busy . Change BTS configuration Long Term • Build a new cell site to off-load traffic load Lucent Technologies Proprietary Use e No.33Pursuant to Company Instructions . dropped calls.System busy on several call attempts and site appears consistently on the traffic report Suggestions: Short Term • Reduce the traffic on the congested cell/site.All Rights Reserved Lucent Technologies .Proprietary . the proposed changes MUST NOT create any unacceptable problems such as coverage holes. etc Shot term solutions are re-design the antenna configuration.

Drive Testing and Analysis Handover Boundary . the result is an imbalance in traffic distribution across the system Suggestions: • Check if an appropriate neighbour cell list is defined • Check HO parameters • Inappropriate antenna configurations of the serving and neighbour cells channels. Co-channels. • Interference.34Pursuant to Company Instructions . Adjacent channels or External interference • No TCH available (neighbour cells congestion) Lucent Technologies Proprietary Use e No.Handovers do not occur at the desired HO boundary.All Rights Reserved Lucent Technologies .Proprietary .

All Rights Reserved Lucent Technologies .Proprietary .Drive Test Equipment Typical example of drive test equipment components: • Test Mobile phone • Scanning receiver • Transceiver system • Antennas • GPS • Visual display unit • Microphone • Loudspeaker box • Laptop computer Lucent Technologies Proprietary Use e No.35Pursuant to Company Instructions .

ETACS.Drive Test Equipment ERICSSON TEMS 900/1800 Test 2 Network simultaneously Full Layer 2 & 3 decoding Control of Layer 3 msg Forced selection of idle and dedicated mode Filtering msg streams Rxqual in idle mode Sending SMS SIM card information COMARCO WIRELESS Test 4 networks simultaneously GSM 900/1800.All Rights Reserved Lucent Technologies .36Pursuant to Company Instructions .Proprietary . GSM RF Spectrum Ability to display adjacent channel interference screen Noise measurements SAFECO WALKABOUT In-building coverage Lucent Technologies Proprietary Use e No. AMPS Partial Layer 2 & 3 decoding Fast scanning receiver.

Drive Test Equipment AGILENT TECHNOLOGIES(HP) Test 4 networks simultaneously Fast scanning receiver. Rxlevel Lucent Technologies Proprietary Use e No. UL & DL Frequency Hopping Table Spectrum Analysis Channel Power CW Measurement Interference Measurement GSM Broadcast Channel Analysis QVOICE98 Test 4 networks simultaneously Evaluate measurement both way Good Presentation Capable on measuring MOS. Rxquality.All Rights Reserved Lucent Technologies .37Pursuant to Company Instructions . Speech Quality.Proprietary .

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