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Biological Computer

Biological Computer

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Published by: Varun Siri on Jan 25, 2011
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12/30/2011

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The Biological Computer

From Enlightenment to Abomination?

RWA CHEM 51 Research project 1 10/31/07 Professor: Dr. Paul Shin

The First Biological Computer? English Romantic novelist. . OR. The story deals with an ambitious young scientist. she started to write it when she was 18. He creates life but then rejects his creation. a monster. biographer and editor. best known as the writer of FRANKENSTEIN. THE MODERN PROMETHEUS (1818). Mary Shelley was 21 when the book was published.

It seems to be founded on some science. OR. it is conceivable that in theory albeit very simplistic terms. THE MODERN PROMETHEUS (1818). . to mange the many processes it s been programmed to run.Off Topic? While FRANKENSTEIN. a brain. The human body does require some amount of electricity and along with the body. is science fiction. the human body can be automated with sufficient power and a brain to carry out instructions. So. or central processor.

the term is most often used to refer to the desktop and laptop computers that most people use." . If you want to be really technical. keyboard. the term "computer" technically only refers to the computer itself -. This means it can execute a programmed list of instructions and respond to new instructions that it is given. Today. Still. however. the box that holds the computer is called the "system unit.not the monitor. it is acceptable to refer to everything together as the computer. When referring to a desktop model. and mouse.The Computer Today Technically. a computer is a programmable machine.

" he says. "leechBut their aim is to devise a new generation of fast and flexible computers that can work out for themselves how to solve a problem. is leading the project and says he is amazed that today's computers are still so dumb. rather than having to be told exactly what to do. "We hope a biological computer will come to the correct answer based on partial information. "Ordinary computers need absolutely correct information every time to come to the right answer.Biological Computers Today A computer made of neurons taken from leeches has been created by US scientists. At the moment. Professor Bill Ditto. the device can perform simple sums .the team calls the novel calculator the "leech-ulator"." . by filling in the gaps itself. at the Georgia Institute of Technology.

The information provided by these molecular doctors. tiny implantable devices that can monitor the activities and characteristics of human cells. . could eventually revolutionize medicine by directing therapies only to diseased cells or tissues. and proteins. constructed entirely of DNA. RNA.Medical Applications Scientists developed tiny implantable biocomputers Molecular devices remarkably precise scans of cellular activity could revolutionize medicine Researchers at Harvard and Princeton universities have taken a crucial step toward building biological computers.

" The newest version's input apparatus is designed to assess concentrations of specific RNA molecules. As in previous biological computers produced in Shapiro's lab. causing it to self-destruct. input. Made entirely of biological molecules. they hope to create a "doctor in a cell". The world's smallest computer (around a trillion in a drop of water) might one day go on record again as the tiniest medical kit. prethe computer then makes its diagnosis based on the detected RNA levels. the output unit of the computer can initiate the controlled release of a single-stranded DNA molecule that is known to interfere with the cancer cell's singleactivities. which will be able to operate inside a living body. following a correct diagnosis. performing diagnosis and administering treatment. which may be overproduced or under produced. and to react by producing a drug molecule to fight the cancer cells. they were able to identify. selfIn one series of test-tube experiments. . One day in the future. output and "software" are all composed of DNA. Similarly. this computer was successfully programmed to identify (in a test tube) changes in the balance of molecules in the body that indicate the presence of certain cancers. the signs of one form of lung cancer. to release the short DNA strands designed to kill cancer cells. the material of genes. to diagnose the type of cancer.Biological computer diagnoses cancer and produces drug in a test tube Weizmann Institute scientist s vision: Microscopic computers will function inside living tissues. In response to a cancer diagnosis. the team programmed the computer to identify testRNA molecules that indicate the presence of prostate cancer and. depending on the type of cancer. spot disease and apply the necessary treatment before external symptoms even appear. in the test tube. while DNA-manipulating DNAenzymes are used as "hardware. Using pre-programmed medical knowledge.

Who would volunteer his/her body? How long would these subjects be kept alive. proDQ would be LOW . Benefits: Understanding the mechanics of the human physiology in a new way.RiskRisk-Benefit Analysis: Animated Corpse The idea of animating a corpse as in Mary s Shelly s tale. Risks: The general consensus might consider the idea or practice inhuman. Assuming it can even be done. The practice would enrage certain propro-life or pro-dead groups.

Able to run BILLIONS upon BILLIONS of calculations. DQ would be HIGH. Risks: Technology is it s infancy. .RiskRisk-Benefit Analysis: Bilogical Computer for Medical or Scientific Advancement Tiny doctors monitoring diseases within patients and administering the correct medicines in correct doses. Tiny computers: cheap to manufacture. Potential to save lives and offer a better quality of life is high. Will take some time to mature.

news.bbc.24/99http://www.eurekalert.harvard.org/pub_releases/2004-04/wihttp://www.co.php .eurekalert.edu/gazette/2007/05.stm In a first.techterms.org/pub_releases/2004-04/wi-bcd042604. scientists develop tiny implantable biocomputers http://www.edu/gazette/2007/05.kirjasto.htm  Definition of Computer http://www.html Biological computer diagnoses cancer and produces drug in a test tube http://www.sci.References Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley (1797-1851) .com/definition/computer Sci/Tech Biological computer born http://news.original surname Godwin (1797http://www.harvard.news.uk/2/hi/science/nature/358822.24/99-biocomputer.fi/mshelley.

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