P. 1


|Views: 339|Likes:
Published by Kavi Kumar

More info:

Published by: Kavi Kumar on Jan 25, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as DOC, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less






  • Square Knot
  • Fisherman's Knot
  • Dou !e Fisherman's Knot
  • (ater Knot
  • %o+!ine
  • ,oun& Turn an& T+o -a!# -itches
  • C!o2e -itch
  • (ireman's Knot
  • Directiona! Figure-$ight
  • %o+!ine-6n-7-%ight /T+o-8oop %o+!ine0
  • T+o-8oop Figure-$ight
  • 9rusik Knot
  • %achman Knot
  • Three-8oop %o+!ine
  • Frost Knot
  • <irth -itch
  • ,appe! Seat
  • <uar&e Knot
  • De#inition
  • Composition
  • ,ock 7n& S!ope Types
  • ,ock C!assi#ications
  • :ountain %ui!&ing
  • ,oute C!assi#ication
  • Cross-Country :o2ement
  • 6 ser2ation
  • Fie!&s o# Fire
  • Consi&erations #or 9!anning
  • :ountain 7ir
  • (in&
  • -umi&ity
  • C!ou& Formation
  • Types o# C!ou&s
  • Fronts
  • Temperature
  • (eather Forecasting
  • ,ecor&ing Data
  • Su >ecti2e -a@ar&s
  • (eather -a@ar&s
  • 72a!anche =ssues
  • Ta !e )-.. 72a!ance ha@ar& e2a!uation check!ist
  • (ater Supp!y
  • 3utrition
  • 9ersona! -ygiene an& Sanitation
  • Symptoms an& 7&>ustments
  • 9hysica! an& 9sycho!ogica! Con&itioning
  • =!!ness an& =n>ury
  • Treatment an& $2acuation
  • So!ar =n>uries
  • Co!&-(eather =n>uries
  • -eat =n>uries
  • 7cute :ountain Sickness
  • Chronic :ountain Sickness
  • En&erstan&ing -igh-7!titu&e =!!nesses
  • -igh-7!titu&e 9u!monary $&ema
  • -igh-7!titu&e Cere ra! $&ema
  • -y&ration in -79$ an& -7C$
  • Foot+ear
  • C!othing
  • C!im ing So#t+are
  • C!im ing -ar&+are
  • Sno+ an& =ce C!im ing -ar&+are
  • Sustaina i!ity $quipment
  • Choice o# $quipment
  • Tips on 9acking
  • Coi!ing an& Carrying the ,ope
  • Thro+ing the ,ope
  • Trees
  • %ou!&ers
  • Chockstones
  • ,ock 9ro>ections
  • Tunne!s an& 7rches
  • %rushes an& Shru s
  • S!inging Techniques
  • ,ope 7nchor
  • Tension!ess 7nchor
  • Dea&man
  • 9itons
  • Chocks
  • Spring-8oa&e& Camming De2ice
  • $qua!i@ing 7nchors
  • ,oute Se!ection
  • Terrain Se!ection #or Training
  • 9reparation
  • Spotting
  • C!im ing Technique
  • :argin o# Sa#ety
  • Esing the -an&s
  • Com ination Techniques
  • Tying-=n to the C!im ing ,ope
  • 9rese+n -arnesses
  • =mpro2ise& -arnesses
  • 9roce&ure #or :anaging the ,ope
  • Choosing a %e!ay Technique
  • $sta !ishing a %e!ay
  • Setting Ep a %e!ay
  • Top-,ope %e!ay
  • Aer a! Comman&s
  • ,ope Tug Comman&s
  • Top-,ope& C!im ing
  • 8ea& C!im ing
  • 7i& C!im ing
  • Three-:an C!im ing Team
  • Eti!i@ation
  • ,etrie2a!
  • FiBe& ,ope (ith =nterme&iate 7nchors
  • =nsta!!ation o# the ,appe! 9oint
  • 6peration o# the ,appe! 9oint
  • Ta !e 7-). ,appe! comman&s
  • Types o# ,appe!s
  • Site Se!ection
  • =nsta!!ation Esing Transport Tightening System
  • =nsta!!ation Esing F-9u!!ey Tightening System
  • -au!ing 8ine
  • =nsta!!ation
  • F-9u!!ey System
  • E-9u!!ey System
  • %asic 9rincip!es
  • Techniques
  • Sa#ety Consi&erations
  • 3a2igation
  • ,oute 9!anning
  • 9reparation o# Troops an& $quipment
  • =n&i2i&ua! Crossings
  • Team Crossing
  • Sa#ety
  • S+imming
  • :o2ement 62er Sno+
  • :o2ement 62er =ce
  • Ese 6# =ce 7B 7n& Crampons
  • C7ET=63
  • <!issa&ing
  • Sno+ 7n& =ce 7nchors
  • ,ope& C!im ing 6n =ce 7n& Sno+
  • :o2ement 6n <!aciers
  • 3otes4
  • <!acier %i2ouac 9roce&ures
  • Consi&erations
  • 9!anning ,escue 6perations
  • :ass Casua!ties
  • 9reparations #or $2acuation
  • :anua! Carries
  • 8itters
  • ,escue Systems
  • 8o+-7ng!e $2acuation
  • -igh-7ng!e $2acuation
  • =mme&iate 7ction
  • $sta !ishing the Aictim's :ost 9ro a !e 8ocation
  • 9ro ing #or 72a!anche Aictims

Although improvised harnesses are made from readily available materials and take little
space in the pack or pocket, prese$n harnesses provide other aspects that should be
considered. =o assembly is re#uired, $hich reduces preparation time for roped
movement. All prese$n harnesses provide a range of adjustability. hese harnesses have
a fi"ed buckle that, $hen used correctly, $ill not fail before the nylon materials
connected to it. /o$ever, specialiAed e#uipment, such as a prese$n harness, reduce the
fle"ibility of gear. -rese$n harness are bulky, also.

a. Seat -arness. Cany prese$n seat harnesses are available $ith many different
#ualities separating them, including cost.

%.* he most notable difference $ill be the amount and placement of
padding. he more padding the higher the price and the more comfort.
9ear loops se$n into the $aist belt on the sides and in the back are a
common feature and are usually strong enough to hold #uite a fe$
carabiners and or protection. he gear loops $ill vary in number from one
modelKmanufacturer to another.

%0* Although most prese$n seat harnesses have a permanently attached
belay loop connecting the $aist belt and the leg loops, the climbing rope
should be run around the $aist belt and leg loop connector. he prese$n
belay loop adds another link to the chain of possible failure points and
only gives one point of security $hereas running the rope through the
$aist belt and leg loop connector provides t$o points of contact.

%1* If more than t$o men $ill be on the rope, connect the middle
position%s* to the rope $ith a carabiner routed the same as stated in the
previous paragraph.

%'* Cany manufactured seat harnesses $ill have a prese$n loop of
$ebbing on the rear. Although this loop is much stronger than the gear
loops, it is not for a belay anchor. It is a #uick attachment point to haul an
additional rope.

b. Chest -arness. he chest harness $ill provide an additional connecting point
for the rope, usually in the form of a carabiner loop to attach a carabiner and rope
to. his type of additional connection $ill provide a comfortable hanging position
on the rope, but other$ise provides no additional protection from injury during a
fall %if the seat harness is fitted correctly*.

%.* A chest harness $ill help the climber remain upright on the rope
during rappelling or ascending a fi"ed rope, especially $hile $earing a
heavy pack. %If rappelling or ascending long or multiple pitches, let the
pack hang on a drop cord belo$ the feet and attached to the harness tie(in

%0* he prese$n chest harnesses available commercially $ill invariably
offer more comfort or performance features, such as padding, gear loops,
or ease of adjustment, than an improvised chest harness.

c. Fu!!-%o&y -arness. &ull(body harnesses incorporate a chest and seat harness
into one assembly. his is the safest harness to use as it relocates the tie(in point
higher, at the chest, reducing the chance of an inverted position $hen hanging on
the rope. his is especially helpful $hen moving on ropes $ith heavy packs. A
full(body harness only affects the body position $hen hanging on the rope and
$ill not prevent head injury in a fall.


his type of harness does not prevent the climber from
falling head first. only by the forces that generated the fall, and this type of
harness promotes an upright position only $hen hanging on
the rope from the attachment point.

You're Reading a Free Preview

/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->