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Shipyard Layout Most shipyards are well established and were originally sited in a suitable location for building small ships with methods which have now been STU ol-Te\-r0(-10 With the growth in ship sizes and the introduction of new building methods it has been recognized that a revised shipyard layout will be advantageous. Advantages to be gained, apart from the ability to construct larger vessels, are primarily, a uniform work load, a shorter ship build cycle, and economies in construction practices. These are obtained by having a layout that lends itself to an easy flow of materials from one productive process to another with elimination of Leo) (Tat, Other factors of course are involved in achieving a smooth production flow, but it is an advantage to start with a shop and equipment layout which is favourable. Very rarely has it been possible for the shipbuilder to select a new site and adopt an ideal layout. Normally the present site has to be used, and starting from the ideal it has been necessary to make modifications to allow for site peculiarities. . At the same time shipbuilding has continued within i d, and overall yard modifications have le =) ade piecemeal in order not to hinder this work seriously. e An ideal layout for a modern shipyard is based on a production flow basis, with the yard extending back from the river or shore at which the berths or building dock are located. The furthest area from the berths is reserved for the material stockyard, and between the two are arranged in sequence the consecutive work and shop processes. Too often existing shipyards follow the river bank, and are restricted by their location in a built up the physical river bank slope from 4 ing back from the river, so that modified production flow lines are required. e