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Ú Diagram 3 shows an experiment to determine the wavelength of monochromatic light waves | 
by using a red light source.  
   

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        

Diagram 3
  
(a) What is meant by monochromatic light?
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        
«..««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««..
.[1  
(b) Why are red fringes formed on the screen ?
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
............................................................................................................................. ........... [1  

(c) The distance between the Young double slit and the screen is 3.0 m. The double slit used
has the slit separation is 5 x 10-4 m.
Calculate the wave length of the red light.
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 
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c
(d) The red light is replaced by the green light.
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## (i) What happen to distance between two consecutive dark fringes.

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a. Diagram 6.1 and Diagram 6.2 show the bright and dark fringes of the waves formed on m 
the screen when a light rays pass through a double slit plate.  
  )               
   

        

Diagram 6.1
  )#

Diagram 6.2
  )*


(a) What is meant by a coherent source?
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   
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(b) Observe Diagram 6.1 and Diagram 6.2,
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(i) Compare the distance between two slits
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««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««

## (ii) Compare the distance between consecutive bright fringes

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[1 mark
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(iii) Compare the distance between the double slit plate and the screen.
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(c) (i) Relate the distance between the two slits with the distance
between consecutive bright fringes
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(ii) Name the wave phenomenon which forms the pattern of the fringes in
Diagram 6.1 and Diagram 6.2
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(d) (i) Explain how the formation of bright fringes and dark fringes occur.
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(ii) Name the physics¶ principle used to explain your answer in 6d (i).
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
- student who moves his ear near a vibrating tuning fork hears loud and soft sounds m 
alternately.  Ú
Diagram 4.1 shows the positions of loud sounds are closer together.
Diagram 4.2 shows the positions of loud sound are further apart.
u                 
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## Based on the information and observation:

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## (a) State À suitable inference.

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(b) State À suitable hypothesis.
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(c) With the use of apparatus such as two loudspeakers, signal generator and other
apparatus, describe À experiment to investigate the hypothesis stated in 4(b).
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4(b).

## In your description, state clearly the following:

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     1 

. 
 

## (ii) The variables in the experiment.

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 

-
(iii) The list of apparatus and materials.
u  
    

## (iv) The arrangement of the apparatus.

u
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(v) The procedure of the experiment which should include one method of
controlling the manipulated variable and one method of measuring the
responding variable.
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## (vi) The way you tabulate the data.

V       

## (vii) The way you analyse the data.

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
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- Diagram 4.1 shows the intereference pattern of monochromatic light after passing through a | 
double slit. Same experiment is repeated by using longer wavelength of monochromatic light.  Ú
The result is shown in Diagram 4.2
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2
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       \$*

DI GR 4.1
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
DI GR 4.2
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Based on the observation above and your knowledge on waves phenomena;
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       -  ;

## (a) State À  suitable inference.

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(b) State À  suitable hypotesis. [# 
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(c) With the use of apparatus such as ripple tank, motor, wooden rod and others,
describe an experiment framework to investigate the hypothesis stated in 4(b)
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## In your description, state clearly the following

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     1

i) im of the experiment.
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## ii) Variables in the experiment.

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 

u  
   

u
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## v) The procedure of the experiment which include À  method of

controlling the manipulated variable and À  method of measuring
the responding variable.
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a
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

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## vii) The way you would analyse the data.

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
 
[#

c Diagram 10.1 shows a tuning fork vibrating near a microphone. The sound waves m 
detected by the microphone are displayed on a cathode-ray oscilloscope.  
  10.1  
          
 
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 -    
 


 
  .
When the tuning fork is struck harder, the sound produced is louder and the sound
waves produced are as shown in Diagram 10.2.
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    
         
10.2.

## (a) (i) What is the meaning of longitudinal waves?

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  
 [1  
(ii) Explain how a tuning fork produces sound waves.

      
   
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(b) Using Diagram 10.1 and Diagram 10.2,

O
& 
  10.1    10.2,

## (i) Compare the amplitudes of vibration of the tuning forks.

&        

(ii) Compare the peak values, 1 and 2, of the waves displayed by the
oscilloscope.
&    , 1   2,       


 

(iii) Relate the peak values displayed by the oscilloscope to the amplitude of the
sound wave.
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
   
    

(iv) Relate the peak value to the loudness of the sound produced.
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 

(v) Hence, deduce the relationship between the loudness of the sound and the
amplitude of the wave.
u  
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(c) Diagram 10.3 shows a boat using sound waves to measure the depth of the sea.
  10.3  
      
        

## Diagram 10.3 /   10.3

(i) Using your knowledge of the nature and phenomena of waves, explain how
the following aspects of the wave affects the results obtained.
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-  -  + 
      
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  
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ë ërequency of the waves
/  
 
ë Energy of the waves
.   
(ii) List the equipment needed for the measurement.
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(iii) Explain how the depth of the sea is determined.
.               

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