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Ú Diagram 3 shows an experiment to determine the wavelength of monochromatic light waves | 
by using a red light source.  
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Diagram 3
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(a) What is meant by monochromatic light?
  
        
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(b) Why are red fringes formed on the screen ?
            

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(c) The distance between the Young double slit and the screen is 3.0 m. The double slit used
has the slit separation is 5 x 10-4 m.
Calculate the wave length of the red light.
     
 
     
   
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(d) The red light is replaced by the green light.
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(i) What happen to distance between two consecutive dark fringes.


                  
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(ii) Give the reason for your answer in (d)(i).
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a. Diagram 6.1 and Diagram 6.2 show the bright and dark fringes of the waves formed on m 
the screen when a light rays pass through a double slit plate.  
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Diagram 6.1
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Diagram 6.2
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(a) What is meant by a coherent source?
  
  
   
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(b) Observe Diagram 6.1 and Diagram 6.2,
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(i) Compare the distance between two slits
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(ii) Compare the distance between consecutive bright fringes


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(iii) Compare the distance between the double slit plate and the screen.
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(c) (i) Relate the distance between the two slits with the distance
between consecutive bright fringes
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(ii) Name the wave phenomenon which forms the pattern of the fringes in
Diagram 6.1 and Diagram 6.2
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(d) (i) Explain how the formation of bright fringes and dark fringes occur.
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(ii) Name the physics¶ principle used to explain your answer in 6d (i).
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-‘ student who moves his ear near a vibrating tuning fork hears loud and soft sounds m 
alternately.  Ú
Diagram 4.1 shows the positions of loud sounds are closer together.
Diagram 4.2 shows the positions of loud sound are further apart.
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›  4.1       .
›  4.2          

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Diagram 4.1 / ›  4.1 Diagram 4.2 / ›  4.2

Based on the information and observation:


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(a) State À ‘suitable inference.


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(b) State À ‘suitable hypothesis.
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(c) With the use of apparatus such as two loudspeakers, signal generator and other
apparatus, describe À ‘experiment to investigate the hypothesis stated in 4(b).
   

    

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4(b).

In your description, state clearly the following:


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(i) The aim of the experiment.


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(ii) The variables in the experiment.


   
 

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(iii) The list of apparatus and materials.
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(iv) The arrangement of the apparatus.


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(v) The procedure of the experiment which should include one method of
controlling the manipulated variable and one method of measuring the
responding variable.

 
  
  
 
    
   
  
       
   


(vi) The way you tabulate the data.


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(vii) The way you analyse the data.


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- Diagram 4.1 shows the intereference pattern of monochromatic light after passing through a | 
double slit. Same experiment is repeated by using longer wavelength of monochromatic light.  Ú
The result is shown in Diagram 4.2
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DI GR 4.1
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DI GR 4.2
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Based on the observation above and your knowledge on waves phenomena;
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(a) State À  suitable inference.


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(b) State À  suitable hypotesis. [# ‰
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(c) With the use of apparatus such as ripple tank, motor, wooden rod and others,
describe an experiment framework to investigate the hypothesis stated in 4(b)
   

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In your description, state clearly the following


       
     1

i) im of the experiment.
. 
 

ii) Variables in the experiment.


   
 

iii) List of apparatus and materials.


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iv) rrangement of the apparatus.


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v) The procedure of the experiment which include À  method of


controlling the manipulated variable and À  method of measuring
the responding variable.

 
   
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vi) The way you would tabulate the data.


    

vii) The way you would analyse the data.


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c ‘Diagram 10.1 shows a tuning fork vibrating near a microphone. The sound waves m 
detected by the microphone are displayed on a cathode-ray oscilloscope.  
›  10.1  
          
 
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When the tuning fork is struck harder, the sound produced is louder and the sound
waves produced are as shown in Diagram 10.2.
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      ›   
10.2.

Diagram 10.1 / ›  10.1 Diagram 10.2 / ›  10.2

(a) (i) What is the meaning of longitudinal waves?


 
  
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(ii) Explain how a tuning fork produces sound waves.

      
   
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(b) Using Diagram 10.1 and Diagram 10.2,

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›  10.1  ›  10.2,

(i) Compare the amplitudes of vibration of the tuning forks.


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(ii) Compare the peak values, 1 and 2, of the waves displayed by the
oscilloscope.
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(iii) Relate the peak values displayed by the oscilloscope to the amplitude of the
sound wave.
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(iv) Relate the peak value to the loudness of the sound produced.
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(v) Hence, deduce the relationship between the loudness of the sound and the
amplitude of the wave.
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(c) Diagram 10.3 shows a boat using sound waves to measure the depth of the sea.
›  10.3  
      
        

Diagram 10.3 / ›  10.3


(i) Using your knowledge of the nature and phenomena of waves, explain how
the following aspects of the wave affects the results obtained.
        
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ë‘ ërequency of the waves
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ë‘ Energy of the waves
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(ii) List the equipment needed for the measurement.
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(iii) Explain how the depth of the sea is determined.
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