Labour laws

What are labour laws? ‡ This is a varied body of law applied to such matters as employment. remuneration. ‡ In its most comprehensive sense the term includes social security and disability insurance as well . and industrial relations. conditions of work. trade unions.

and welfare. ‡ individual employment relationships ‡ wages and remuneration. .Elements of labour law ‡ The basic subject matter of labour law can be considered under nine broad heads: ‡ employment. ‡ the administration of labor law. ‡ conditions of work ‡ health. ‡ social security. safety. ‡ trade unions and industrial relations. ‡ and special provisions for particular occupational or other groups.

‡ These acts are aimed at reduction of production losses due to industrial disputes and to ensure timely payment of wages and other minimum amenties of the workers. Now the state has a direct interest in the industrial peace and prosperity.Labour Legislation in India ‡ Labour Legislation refers to all laws of the Government which have been enacted to provide social and economic security to the labour or workers. ‡ The evils of industrialization have led to the labour legislation. .

Need of labour Legislation ‡ The basic principle of industrial legislation is to ensure social justice to the workers . ‡ The object of legislation is the equitable distribution of profits and benefits accruing from industry between industrialists and workers and affording protection to the workers against harmful affects to their health safety and morality .

The economic insecurity of the workers is removed to a great extent. dismissal. ‡ Individual worker is economically very weak and is unable to bargain his terms with the employers. Labour legislation becomes especially important because of the following reasons : ‡ 1). retrenchments etc . are all governed by legislation. they depend merely on the mercy of the employers. Labour organizations are relatively weak and in most of the cases. Now the prior payment of wages lay off. .‡ In a developing country like India.

there important working conditions on account of which the employees health and safety is always in danger.) In any factories. workers may feel occupational insecurity. In many organizations. . Employees State Insurance Ac. death. Special provisions have been made for the women. ‡ The workers may not be given money in case of accidents. occupational Act. certain benefits have been statutarily given to workers which the employees otherwise may not get from their employers. ‡ The factories Act contains a number of provisions relating to health safety and welfare of workers.‡ 2). ‡ 3.

State plays a vital role in the continuing production. ‡ The idea of Welfare State is embodied in the Directive Principles of the constitution and for reason.‡ 4.) Labour Legislation is one of the most progressive and dynamic instruments for achieving socio-economic progress . ‡ 5. ‡ It helps in the economic development of the country.) Labour legislation is also necessary from the view point of law and order situation and national security of the country. various labour laws have been enacted to protect the sections of the society.

To product the interests of women and children working in the factories. 3. To preserve the health safety and welfare of workers. The main objectives for various labour laws are as follows : To protect the workers from profit seeking exploiters. To promote cordial industrial relations between employers and employees. 2.Objectives of Labour Legislation ‡ 1. . 4.

‡ 1. International conventions .Principles of Labour Legislation : ‡ There are four principles on which the labour legislation is based viz. National economy ‡ 4. Social Justice ‡ 2. Economic Justice ‡ 3.

. ‡ It is an in the interest of both employers and employees that they should consider themselves as two wheels of a cart and firmly believe that one cannot exist without the other.Social Justice: ‡ The concept of social justice refers to providing justice to everyone in the society so that the poor are not exploited by the rich.

National Economy : ‡ Labour legislation ensures industrial peace and helps in the industrialization of the country. resulting in their prosperity. ‡ Thus for the growth of economy and development of the country. ‡ It is a fundamental of a welfare state to look after the interest of workers who are the weakest section of the society and satisfy their physical needs with the increase in productivity the benefits are shared with the workers. ‡ The Directive principles of the constitution contain the idea of welfare state. . labour legislation acts as guiding principle.

‡ Thus. ‡ If any convention is passed by govt.International Conventions ‡ International labour organizations aims at securing the minimum standard of living for the workers throughout the world. it becomes binding if it is ratified by any country. . labour legislation is guided by these conventions.

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