Top Gun

QUARTERBACK ‡ RECEIVER SCHOOL

The Ten Basic Quarterback Reads

Basic Coverages
Cover 3 Zone  Cover 2 Zone  Quarters  Cover 1 Free Man  Cover 0 Man 

COVER 3 ZONE

FS Zone 1/3
Zone 1/3

C Zone 1/3 M
Hook Curl / flat

C M
Hook

SSCurl / flat T S

W

T

N QB

STRENGTHS 1. Three-deep secondary. 2. Four man rush. 3. Run support to SS.

WEAKNESSES 1. Weakside curl / flat. 2. Strong-side curl. 3. Limited fronts. 4. Flood routes. 5. Run support away from SS. 6. Dig routes. (Square-in routes) 7. Four verticals.

COVER 2 ZONE

Zone 1/2FS

SS Zone 1/2

C Flat

Flat Hash

W

Middle

M

Hash

S

C

E

T

T

E

QB

STRENGTHS

1. 2. 3. 4.

Five underneath coverage. Ability to disrupt timing of outside receivers with 'jam'. Can rush four. Flat areas.

WEAKNESSES 1. Deep coverages; a. fade area, b. deep middle. 2. Strong-side curl. 3. Run support off-tackle.

QUARTERS COVERAGE
Read # 2; if # 2 goes flat or drag, dbl #1. If # 2 goes vertical, man-up # 2. Man # 1. Possible help from FS. Be aggressive on all out routes by # 1. Read # 2; if # 2 goes flat or drag, dbl #1. If # 2 goes vertical, man-up # 2. Man # 1. Possible help from SS SS. Be aggressive on all out routes by # 1.

FS

C W
Responsible for flat coverage.

C M S

E

Wall off anything that comes T T underneath.

Responsible for flat coverage.

E

QB

STRENGTHS

WEAKNESSES

1. 2. 3. 4.

Four-deep coverage. Run support from safeties. Ability to double cover outside receivers. Allows corners to play aggresive technique on outside receivers because they have help over-the-top from safeties.

1. Flat coverage. 2. Safeties are very susceptible to play-action. 3. Double coverage on # 1 can be nullified by having # 2 attack the coverage of safety.

breaking routes. 4. Play action passes. No underneath help. crossing routes. Tight coverage. c. Good run support to SS. 3. a. Out routes. 2. Help in the deep middle. Can rush five. 3.COVER 1 FREE FS Zone Deep Middle C M W T N QB M T S SS C STRENGTHS 1. WEAKNESSES 1. 2. . b. pick routes.

Ti t c rage. . c. r ns rt. . WEAKNESSES . reaking r tes. Can r s six. dy in t e iddle f t e field deep post route. ss r s . . . . nderneat el . ick r tes. a.COVER 0 C FS W T M N M T S SS C QB STRENGTHS . cr ssing r tes. .

Basic Quarterback Reads           #1 The Slant Read #2 The Stick Read #3 The Inside Sideline Read #4 The Curl Read #5 The Sideline Read #6 The Dig Read #7 The Double Square-in Read Square#8 The Deep Out Read #9 The Deep Reads #10 Man (Single-coverage Reads) (Single- .

Look for the safeties. . Number of receivers.  Number of defenders vs. they will do it after you get under center.  If the defense is going to shift.  Is there anyone in the middle of the field? Look for the best side to read.Quarterback Pre-snap    Always get to the line quickly with your hands under center.

Quarterback Pre-snap    Look at the defender¶s leverage. Know where all the routes are going to be run.  Leverage refers to the defender¶s relationship to the receiver. At his point the QB will have a pretty good idea of where he is going to go with the ball ± this is extremely important.  Look for possible blitzes.  Know where your hot routes are. or the area of the field the defender must cover. . important.

.not at the end of your drop. before going to the contingency plan.  With the exception of a quick 3-step drop. go to the contingency plan right away.During The Dropback  Realize you are making the final decision on where to go with the ball on your way back -. 3take two shuffle-steps up in the pocket max. ‡ For example.  If you haven¶t made a decision by the time you get to the end of your drop. shufflemax. you¶ve made a decision on where to go with the ball and you¶re waiting for the receiver to break away from the defender.

Strong Safety or CB.  Throw away from the flat defender.  If he covers the slant.  OLB.#1 The Slant Read Key flat defender. hit the slant.  .  If he goes flat. hit the flat / swing route.

 If the flat defender is close to the LOS (Pro 4 ± 3) .The Slant Drop  The Quarterback¶s specific drop is dependant on the flat defender¶s leverage. .  If the flat defender is way off the LOS (College 4 ± 3) . the drop will be deeper (three-big) so (threethe QB can throw behind him. the drop will be shallower (three-quick) (threeso the QB can throw in front of him.

SLANT .FLAT / SWING READ FS C C SS W QB 3 STEP (READ FLAT DEFENDER) .

look to the strong-side fade strongfirst.#2 The Stick Read Key the strong safety or defender who will cover that area.  Check pre-snap leverage. then the stick. pre Look for the flat.  Many times looking at the flat route first will open up the stick route.  Vs cover 2.  .

T .C FS C 2 W E M T QB T S E SS 1 3 IG H ( ) T G T " TI " UT T UT I T. .

FS SS 1 2 C W E M T QB T S E C 3 BI OLD T ROW IN T E OLE TO T E Z RECEIVER .

 .#3 The Inside .  Many times looking at the swing route first will open up the sideline route. then the sideline.Sideline Read Key the strong safety or defender who will cover that area. pre Look for the swing.  Check pre-snap leverage.

LOOK AT SWIN RO TE FIRST.1 C FS 1 C W E T M T QB S E SS 2 5 BI OLD (READ SS) TO ET TE RO TE OPEN. .

hit the flat / swing route. hit the curl.  .  If he drops to curl.#4 The Curl Read Key flat defender.  OLB.  If he goes flat.  Throw away from the flat defender. Strong Safety or CB.

CURL .FLAT / SWING READ FS C 1 1 SS READ C LB READ 2 QB 2 5 BI ITC (READ LB or SS) TO ET C RL OPEN LOOK TO SWIN or FLAT FIRST .

Key flat defender. the sideline will automatically turn into a fade route.#5 The Sideline Read     Vs cover 2.  OLB. Check corner and safety alignment. Check OLB / Strong Safety alignment. Strong Safety or CB. throw to the stop or seam.  If the flat defender can get underneath the the route. .

STOP / SEAM READ FS 1 C READ READ C1 B SS 2 2 QB 5 ROLL (READ LB or SS) .SIDELINE .

 If they drop.  If they jump or wall the drag. take a look at what the linebackers are doing. Quarters coverage. go for the dig.  . hit the drag.#6 The Dig Read Key the underneath coverage.  Vs. the drag usually becomes the safest throw.  While dropping back.

OOK AT TE "DRAG" ROUTE IRST.DI . .DRAG READ FS 1 C B READ B 2 B SS C QB 7 UI HIT H (READ I IDE ACKER) T GET "DIG" ROUTE OPEN.

LOOK AT INSIDE RECEIVER "DRA " RO TE FIRST. .DIG .DRAG READ FS C W SS READ C M S QB 7 Q ICK ITC (READ BACKERS) TO ET T E "DI " RO TE OPEN.

throw to the area they vacate.  .#7 The Double Square-in Read Key outside linebacker to the strong safety.  If LB takes medium square-in route and SS squaretakes flat area. square If either LB or SS takes away the deep squaresquare-in. hit the deep square-in.

DEEP SQUARE-IN .MED SQUARE-IN READ FS 2 READ 1 C B B N QB B B SS READ C 3 5 BI ITC (READ BACKER TO SS) TO ET WR OPEN LOOK TO TE FIRST. RB LAST .

DEEP SQUARE-IN .MED SQUARE-IN READ 1 FS 2 C W M READSS S C 3 QB 5 BI ITC (READ BACKER TO STRON SAFETY) .

. continue your drop and hit the WR on the Deep Out.  If the corner comes off the WR. hit the flat route right away.#8 The Deep Out Read  reat route vs.  If the corner runs with the WR. cover 2  The flat route will hold the corner.

DEEP 1 IDE - AT READ FS SS 1 C 2 LB READ READ C 2 S COVER 3 7 IG HITCH 7 UICK HITCH VS COVER 2 THE AT ROUTE SHOU D ANCHOR THE CORNER .

DEEP TSIDE - AT READ FS C C SS W QB VS COVER 2 VS COVER 3 5 IG HOLD (READ CORNER TO SAFET ) .

#9 The Deep Reads     This is a timing pass. preIf you are not sure where to go deep with the ball on your third step (of a 5-step drop). et a good idea where you have the best chance to go with the ball on your pre-snap read. Realize that deep passes are not high percentage completions. let the ball go 5to an underneath receiver. .

.DEEP READS 2 2 FS 1 SS C O TLET C B T N B T B B O TLET 5 BI ITC (READ FREE) LOOK TO T E SIDE T E BACK RELEASES TO (T IS WILL ANC OR T E CORNER). TO ET TE OPEN LOOK TO WR FIRST. IT TE AS E PASSES T E BACKER DROP.

Cover Three  The inside seams are the first read.  Look the safety off with a good look at the Wide Receivers as you drop.  it the seams as they pass by the linebackers at about 15 yards.Four Verticals Four verticals vs.  .  Throw away from safety coverage.

DEEP READS 1 FS 1 C B SS B N B B C 5 BI ITC (READ FREE) TO ET SLOT OPEN LOOK TO WR FIRST. IT SLOT AS E PASSES T E BACKERS DROP. .

Incorporating More Complex QB Reads  Once the QB is aware of the fundamentals of reading zones. . the basic reads can now be incorporated into almost any number of more complex reads.

. a typical pattern breakdown will go something like this: 1. and the Dig Read.Alert 2 FS C Alert C 1 SS W E T QB M T S E 3 As an example.) This pattern has two different types of basic reads built into it -The Deep Read.

2 FS 1 SS W E T QB M T S E We will isolate and teach the Dig Read first. e will stick to this read versus a typical cover four (in most cases). the pattern that is designed to open up first is the ³bait´ route. followed by which receiver will be open second. and so on. . The progression of the pattern is based on which receiver will break open first. It should be noted that in many offenses.

Alert Alert C FS (Read) C SS W E T QB M T S E If the QB sees cover three with the right leverage. he will go immediately to his Dig Read ± then to his outlet or contingency plan if time permits. he will be alert for the two deep routes. If in the first three steps of his drop. he doesn¶t like what he sees. and make the appropriate deep throw quickly. . e will look off the safety.

and according to his PSR. This type of teaching progression assures that the QB has every opportunity to be successful within the offensive system. . will make the appropriate read. the QB will know where all five of his receivers will be as he approaches the LOS.C FS SS 2 C 1 W E T QB M T S E 3 Eventually.

#10 Man (Single-coverage) Leverage Reads     Where is the blitz coming from?  Identify your hot route(s). What are the individual match-ups? match Does a particular receiver have an advantage against his defender? Which receiver has leverage on his defender?  Which defender is in a bad position to cover the called route? . What are the receiver routes?  Think about possible safety help.

. The left corner has inside leverage and is in a better position to make the play.FS C C QB Quick Hitch: The receiver to the right would be the correct throw due to the defenders leverage and depth. He would have to go through the receiver to make the play.

FS C C QB Qui Out The recei er t the left ul e the correct throw ue to the defender lever e nd depth. The left corner has inside leverage and would have a difficult ti e getting aking the play. .

the strong safety has a better angle to get into the passing lane. Although the corners have equal leverage. There is a much better throwing lane on the left. .FS C C B SS QB Quick Slant: The receiver to the left would be the correct throw.

The corner on the left has a inside out leverage. .FS C C B SS QB Twelve-yard Speed-out The receiver to the left would e the correct throw. The acker on the left side can't get into the passing lane. He is giving up the out.

.FS C C B SS QB Twelve-yard Curl The receiver to the right would e the appropriate throw. The corner on the left has a inside out leverage and therefore has got leverage on the route. The corner on the right side has outside leverage and the strong safety would ost likely e pulled out of the passing lane y a flat or swing route to that side.

The corner on the right is playing a little tighter. The corner on the left is playing deeper and is making sure he will not get get beat deep.C FS C B SS QB Eighteen yard comeback: The receiver to the left would be the appropriate throw. .

.C FS C B SS QB Post-corner route: The receiver to the right would e the appropriate throw. The right corner is playing the receiver tighter than the corner on the left and is ore suscepti le to a counter route. The corner on the left is playing deep outside and ost likely will not ite on the post ove.

The Free Safety should e looked off efore the throw. The left corner is playing deep outside and is giving up the skinny-post. The underneath coverage is not in a position to get into the throwing lane.C FS C B SS QB Skinny Post: The receiver to the left would e the appropriate throw. .

.C FS C B SS QB Streak: The receiver to the right would be the appropriate throw. The right corner is playing more head up and tighter than the left corner. The left corner is playing deep outside and protecting his deep third.

Top Gun QUARTERBACK ‡ RECEIVER SCHOOL The Ten Basic Quarterback Reads End .

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful