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ﺮﻤﺘﺴﻤﻟا ﻢﻴﻠﻌﺘﻟا ﺰآﺮﻣ

ﺔﻴﺟﻮﻟﻮﻨﻜﺘﻟا ﺔﻌﻣﺎﺠﻟا

ﺔﺤﻠﺴﻤﻟا ﺔﻴﻧﺎﺳﺮﺨﻟا ﺪﻓاوﺮﻟا تاذ رﻮﺴﺠﻟا ﻢﻴﻤﺼﺗ ةرود 2009 /ﻲﻧﺎﺜﻟا نﻮﻧﺎآ 29-25 ةﺮﺘﻔﻠﻟ

Design of a Reinforced Concrete Deck-Girder Bridge to AASHTO & ACI Codes

ءﺎﻘﻟإو داﺪﻋإ يرﺎﺸﺘﺳﻹأ سﺪﻨﻬﻤﻟا ﺐﻴﻄﺨﻟا يﺪﻬﻣ ءﻼﻋ ﺪﻋﺎﺴﻤﻟا ذﺎﺘﺳﻻأ

سﺪﻨﻬﻤﻟا ﺐﻴﻄﺨﻟا يﺪﻬﻣ ءﻼﻋ ﺪﻋﺎﺴﻤﻟا ذﺎﺘﺳﻻأ

:ﺔﻣﺪﻘﻤﻟا ﻦﻣ عﻮﻨﻟا اﺬه .ﺔﺤﻠﺴﻣ ﺔﻴﻧﺎﺳﺮﺧ ﺪﻓاور ﻰﻠﻋ ةﺪﻨﺘﺴﻤﻟا رﻮﺴﺠﻠﻟ ﻞﻣﺎﻜﻟا ﻢﻴﻤﺼﺘﻟا ةﺮﺿﺎﺤﻤﻟا ﻦﻤﻀﺘﺗ ﻲﻓ ﺬﻴﻔﻨﺘﻠﻟ ﺢﻠﺼﻳ ، 2-ﻞﻜﺸﻟا ﻲﻓ ﻲﺿﺮﻌﻟا ﻪﻌﻄﻘﻣو 1-ﻞﻜﺸﻟا ﻲﻓ ﻲﻟﻮﻄﻟا ﻪﻌﻄﻘﻣ ﺢﺿﻮﻤﻟا ، رﻮﺴﺠﻟا .ﻩءﺎﺸﻧإ ﻲﻓ ةﺮﺒﺨﻟاو ﺔﻴﻟوﻷأ داﻮﻤﻟا ﺮﻓﻮﺘﻟ ﻚﻟذو ﺮﺘﻣ 30 ﺔﻳﺎﻐﻟ 10 ﻦﻣ حواﺮﺘﺗ تاءﺎﻀﻓ ﻦﻤﺿ قاﺮﻌﻟا

حواﺮﺘﺗ تاءﺎﻀﻓ ﻦﻤﺿ قاﺮﻌﻟا Given Data: Effective Span= 63 ft Effective Width= 3o ft
حواﺮﺘﺗ تاءﺎﻀﻓ ﻦﻤﺿ قاﺮﻌﻟا Given Data: Effective Span= 63 ft Effective Width= 3o ft

Given Data:

Effective Span= 63 ft Effective Width= 3o ft Live Load= HS20 Concrete Strength (Cylindrical Test) f'c =5000 psi (35 MPa) Steel a- Grade 40 for Deck Slab f y = 40,000 psi (330 MPa) b- Grade 60 for Girders f y =60,000 psi (414 MPa)

2

Deck Slab Design:

b = 20 in(50 cm)

Ss =

7

20

12

×

2

20

12

×

2

= 5.33 ft

h = 8in(20 cm)

:يوﺎﺴﻳ ﺪﻓار يأ ضﺮﻋ نإ ضﺮﻔﻧ

:يوﺎﺴﻳ ﺔﻃﻼﺒﻠﻟ ﺮﺛﺆﻤﻟا ﻖﻤﻌﻟا نﻮﻜﻴﻓ

:يوﺎﺴﻳ ﺔﻃﻼﺒﻠﻟ ﻲﻠﻜﻟا ﻖﻤﻌﻟا نأ ضﺮﻔﻧ

ةﺮﺛﺆﻤﻟا DL ﺔﺘﻴﻤﻟا لﺎﻤﺣﻷأ راﺪﻘﻣ بﺎﺴﺣ ﻦﻜﻤﻳ ، 4in ﻚﻤﺴﺑ ﺔﻴﺘﻠﻔﺳﻻأ ﺔﻧﺎﺳﺮﺨﻟﺎﺑ ءﺎﺴآإ ﺔﻘﺒﻃ ﻊﻣ :ﻲﻠﻳ ﺎﻤآو ﺔﻃﻼﺒﻟا ﻦﻣ ﻊﺑﺮﻣ مﺪﻗ ﻞآ ﻰﻠﻋ

DL

= 150 ×

8

+

130

×

4

 

12

12

145 psf

∗∗

1/10راﺪﻘﻤﺑ ﻞﻣﺎﻌﻣ ضاﺮﺘﻓﺎﺑ عﻮﺿﻮﻤﻟا ﻂﻴﺴﺒﺗ ﻦﻜﻤﻳ ، ًﺎﻴﺋﺎﺸﻧإ ﻪﻠﻴﻠﺤﺗ ﺔﺑﻮﻌﺻو ﺮﺴﺠﻟا ﺄﺸﻨﻣ ﺪﻴﻘﻌﺘﻟ ﺎﻤآو ﺮﺴﺠﻟا ﻒﻴﺻﺮﻟ 1/2 راﺪﻘﻤﺑ ﻞﻣﺎﻌﻤﻟا نﻮﻜﻳ ﺎﻤﻨﻴﺑ ،ﺔﺒﻟﺎﺴﻟاو ﺔﺒﺟﻮﻤﻟا ﺔﺘﻴﻤﻟا لﺎﻤﺣﻷأ موﺰﻌﻟ .3-ﻞﻜﺸﻟﺎﺑ ﺢﺿﻮﻣ :يوﺎﺴﺗ ﺔﺼﻨﻤﻟا ﺔﻃﻼﺑ ﻰﻠﻋ ةﺮﺛﺆﻤﻟا Md ﺔﺘﻴﻤﻟا لﺎﻤﺣﻸﻟ ىﻮﺼﻘﻟا ﺔﺒﻟﺎﺴﻟاو ﺔﺒﺟﻮﻤﻟا موﺰﻌﻟا نﻮﻜﺗ اﺬﻟ

Md

=

m

wl

2

10

=

m

Dl

×

l

2

10

=

m

145

×

(5.33)

2

10

=m

412

ft lb

.

ﺎﻤآ (ﺮﺴﺠﻟا ﻰﻠﻋ ﻦﻳرﺎﻤﻟا صﺎﺨﺷﻷاو تﺎﻴﻟﻵأ ﺔﻓﺎآ) ﺔﻴﺤﻟا لﺎﻤﺣﻷأ ﻊﻣ ﻞﻣﺎﻌﺘﻠﻟ ﻊﺒﺘﻤﻟأ بﻮﻠﺳﻹأ :ل رﺎﺼﺘﺧا ﻲهو AASHTO ﻞﻘﻨﻟاو قﺮﻄﻟا تﺎﻔﺻاﻮﻣ ﺔﺳاﺮآ ﻪﺑ ﻲﺻﻮﺗ (American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials)

ﺔﻴﺒﻳﺮﺠﺗ تﺎﺳارد ﻰﻟإ ادﺎﻨﺘﺳاو ،ﺮﺴﺠﻟا ﻰﻠﻋ ةرﺎﻤﻟا تﻼﺠﻌﻟا داﺪﻋأو دﺎﻌﺑأو نازوأ فﻼﺘﺧﻻ ﺎهروﺎﺤﻣ ﻦﻴﺑ ﺔﺘﺑﺎﺜﻟا دﺎﻌﺑﻷاو دﺪﺤﻤﻟا نزﻮﻟا تاذ HS20 ﺔﻴﺳﺎﻴﻘﻟا ﺔﻨﺣﺎﺸﻟا ماﺪﺨﺘﺳا ﻦﻜﻤﻳ ،ﺔﻴﺋﺎﺼﺣإو .7-ﻞﻜﺸﻟا ﻲﻓ ﻤآو ،ﺔﻔﻠﺘﺨﻣ تﻼﺠﻋ روﺮﻣ تﻻﺎﻤﺘﺣا ﻦﻋ ﻻﺪﺑً

روﺮﻣ ﺮﻴﺛﺄﺗ ﺖﺤﺗ ﺮﺴﺠﻟا ﺔﺼﻨﻣ ﺔﻃﻼﺑ ﻰﻠﻋ ةﺮﺛﺆﻤﻟا ML ﺔﻴﺤﻟا لﺎﻤﺣﻸﻟ ىﻮﺼﻘﻟا موﺰﻌﻟا بﺎﺴﺤﻟو :ﺔﻴﻟﺎﺘﻟا ﺔﻟدﺎﻌﻤﻟا مﺪﺨﺘﺴﻧ ، HS20 ﺔﻴﺳﺎﻴﻘﻟا ﺔﻨﺣﺎﺸﻟا

ML

=

0.8

×

Ss + 2

32

P

20

=

0.8

×

5.33

+

2

32

×

16000

=

2932

ft lb

.

ﺪﻓاور ﺔﺛﻼﺛ قﻮﻓ ةﺮﻤﺘﺴﻣ ﺼﻨﻤﻟا ﺔﻃﻼﺑ ﺖﻧﺎآ اذإ مﺪﺨﺘﺴﻳ ،ﺔﻳراﺮﻤﺘﺳا ﻞﻣﺎﻌﻣ ﻞﺜﻤﻳ 0.8 نإ ﺚﻴﺣ .ﻪﻧوﺪﺑ ﺔﻟدﺎﻌﻤﻟا مﺪﺨﺘﺴﻨﻓ ﻦﻳﺪﻓار ﻰﻠﻋ ﺪﻨﺘﺴﺗ ﺔﻃﻼﺒﻟا ﺖﻧﺎآ اذإ ﺎﻣأ ،ﺮﺜآأ وأ

ﻎﻟﺎﺒﻟا رﻮﺤﻤﻟا ﻞﻤﺣ ﻒﺼﻧ يوﺎﺴﻳو HS20 ﺔﻴﺳﺎﻴﻘﻟا ﺔﻨﺣﺎﺸﻟا رﺎﻃإ ﻞﻤﺣ ﻞﺜﻤﻳ P20 نإو

. 16,000LB

ﺔﻴﻧﺎﺛ ةرﺎﺒﻌﺑ يأ 32,000 LB

ﺎﻬﻔﻗﻮﺗ نإ ﺎﻤآ ، ﻪﻟ زاﺰﺘها ﺐﺒﺴﺗ ﺎﻬﻧﺈﻓ ﺔﻔﻠﺘﺨﻣ عﺮﺴﺑ ﺮﻴﺴﺗ ﺮﺴﺠﻟا ﻰﻠﻋ ةرﺎﻤﻟا تﻼﺠﻌﻟا ﺖﻧﺎآ ﺎﻤﻟ

مﺪﺼﻟا موﺰﻋ ﻰﻤﺴﺗ ﺔﻴﻓﺎﺿإ موﺰﻋ ثﺪﺤﺘﺳ ﻲﻟﺎﺘﻟﺎﺑ ، (Impact) مﺪﺼﻟا ﻪﺒﺸﻳ ﺎﻣ ﺐﺒﺴﻳ ﺊﺟﺎﻔﻤﻟا موﺰﻋ ﻦﻣ 30 % زوﺎﺠﺘﺗ ﻻ ﺔﺒﺴﻧ ﻞﺜﻤﻳ يﺬﻟا (I) مﺪﺼﻟا ﻞﻣﺎﻌﻣ نأ ﻰﻟإ ﺔﻔﺻاﻮﻤﻟا ﺮﻴﺸﺗ .(MI) :ﻲﻠﻳ ﺎﻤآ ﻪﺑﺎﺴﺣ ﻦﻜﻤﻳ ﺔﻴﺤﻟا لﺎﻤﺣﻷأ ……………………………………………………………………………… .ﺎهﺮﻴﻴﻐﺘﻟ ﺔﺟﺎﺤﻟا وأ ﺎﻬﺘﺋﺎﻔآ ﺔﻘﺣﻼﻟأ تﺎﺑﺎﺴﺤﻟا لﻼﺧ ﻦﻣ ﺮﻬﻈﻳ فﻮﺳ ﺔﻴﺋاﺪﺘﺑإ تﺎﻴﺿﺮﻓ ﻩﺬه 130يوﺎﺴﻳ ﺔﻴﺘﻠﻔﺳﻻأ ﺔﻧﺎﺳﺮﺨﻟا ﻦﻣ ﺐﻌﻜﻣ مﺪﻗ نزوو، 150يوﺎﺴﻳ ﺔﻧﺎﺳﺮﺨﻟا ﻦﻣ ﺐﻌﻜﻣ مﺪﻗ نزو ∗∗

3

I

=

50

=

50

 

=

0.322

0.3

 
 

Ss + 150

5.33

+

150

MI = ML × I = 2932 × 0.3 = 880 ft.lb

ﺔﺌﺷﺎﻨﻟاو ﺔﻴﺤﻟاو ﺔﺘﻴﻤﻟا لﺎﻤﺣﻷ أ موﺰﻋ ﻲهو ﺮﺴﺠﻟا ﺔﺼﻨﻣ ﺔﻃﻼﺑ ﻰﻠﻋ ةﺮﺛﺆﻤﻟا موﺰﻌﻟا ﺔﻓﺎآ ﻊﻤﺠﻧ نﻵأ

موﺰﻌﻟا ﻰﻠﻋ لﻮﺼﺤﻠﻟ مﺪﺼﻟا ﺐﺒﺴﺑ

:ﻲﻠﻳ ﺎﻤآو (MT) ىﻮﺼﻘﻟا ﺔ ﻴﻠﻜﻟا

MT = Md + ML + MI = 412 + 2932 + 880 = 4224 ft.lb

:يوﺎﺴﺗ ﺮﺴﺠﻟا ﻒﻴﺻر ﻰﻠﻋ ةﺮﺛﺆﻤﻟا ﺔﺘﻴﻤﻟا لﺎﻤﺣﻸﻟ ىﻮﺼﻘﻟا موﺰﻌﻟا ﺎﻤﻨﻴﺑ

Md

=−

(150 ×

18

12

)(6

10

12

)

2

2

= − 3000 ft.lb

:يوﺎﺴﺗ 85psf ﺔﻐﻟﺎﺒﻟا ﺮﺴﺠﻟا ﻒﻴﺻر ﻰﻠﻋ ةﺮﺛﺆﻤﻟا ﺔﻴﺤﻟا لﺎﻤﺣﻸﻟ ىﻮﺼﻘﻟا موﺰﻌﻟا و

ML =−

wl

2

=−

85(6

10

12

)

2

2 2

= −1135 ft.lb

:يوﺎﺴﺗ ﺮﺴﺠﻟا ﻒﻴﺻر ﻰﻠﻋ ةﺮﺛﺆﻤﻟا ىﻮﺼﻘﻟا ﺔﻴﻠﻜﻟا موﺰﻌﻟا نﻮﻜﺘﻓ

MT = Md + ML = −3000 1135 = −4135 ft.lb

ﺔﻴﻠﻜﻟا موﺰﻌﻟا نﻮﻜﺘﻓ MT = Md + ML = − 3000 − 1135 = − 4135

4

*WSDM (Working Stress Design M ethod)

ﺔﻘﻳﺮﻃ ﻖﻓو ﺔﺼﻨﻤﻟا ﺔﻃﻼﺑ ﻢﻤﺼﻧ

. 4-ﻞﻜﺸﻟا ﻲﻓ ﺎﻬﺗﻻدﺎﻌﻣو ﺎهزﻮﻣر ﺔﺤﺿﻮﻤ ﻟا

ﺎهزﻮﻣر ﺔﺤﺿﻮﻤ ﻟا Tension T= As×fs = Compression C = 0.5 bkd × fc M oment

Tension T= As×fs = Compression C = 0.5 bkd × fc M oment of Resistance Mr = T × jd = As × fs × jd

Concrete Youngs Modulas

Ec

= 57000

f c
f
c

′ = 57000

× jd Concrete Youngs Modulas Ec = 57000 f c ′ = 57000 5000 = 4,000,000

5000 = 4,000,000

psi

29,000,000 Modular Ratio Es n = = Ec 4,000,000 fs 20,000 Stress Ratio r =
29,000,000
Modular Ratio
Es
n =
=
Ec
4,000,000
fs
20,000
Stress Ratio
r =
=
= 10
fc
2,000
n 7.25
k
= =
0.42
= n + r
7.25
+ 10
k
0.42
j = 1−
= −
1
= 0.86
3
3
2
MT
2
×
4224
×
12
dreq
=
=
fckjb
2000
×
0.42
×
0.86
×
12

= 7.25

:يوﺎﺴﻳ (d req.) ﺔﻃﻼﺒﻠﻟ بﻮﻠﻄﻤﻟا ﻰﻧدﻷأ ﻖﻤﻌﻟا

= 3.42 in

ﺾﻴﻔﺨﺗ ﻢﺘﻳ ﺎﻤﻨﻴﺑ ،ةدﺎﻳز نوﺪﺑ ىﻮﺼﻘﻟا ﺔﻴﻠﻌﻔﻟا موﺰﻌﻟا بﺎﺴﺣ يﺮﺠﻳ WSDM ﺔﻘﻳﺮﻃ ﻲﻓ * :ﻲﻠﻳ ﺎﻤآو ﺮﺴﺠﻠﻟ ﺔﺑﻮﻠﻄﻤﻟا نﺎﻣﻷأ ﺔﺟرد ﻖﻴﻘﺤﺘﻟ ﻚﻟذو داﻮﻤﻠﻟ ىﻮﺼﻘﻟا تﺎﻣوﺎﻘﻤﻟا

f

c

f

s

=

= 0.5

0.4

′ = 0.4 × 5000 = 2000

f

f

c

y

psi

= 0.5× 40,000 = 20,000

psi

5

ﻰﻠﻋﻷأ ﻦﻣ ﺔﻘﺒﻃ كﺮﺗ ﻊﻣ 1in راﺪﻘﻤﺑ ﻲﻧﺎﺳﺮءﺎﻄﻏو 5/8ﺮﻄﻗ تاذ ﺢﻴﻠﺴﺗ ﺪﻳﺪﺣ نﺎﺒﻀﻗ ماﺪﺨﺘﺳﺎﺑ .(5-ﻞﻜﺸﻟا ﻆﺣﻻ) :يوﺎﺴﻳ d ava. ﺮﻓﻮﺘﻤﻟا ﻖﻤﻌﻟا نﻮﻜﻳ ، 1in ﻚﻤﺴﺑ ﻞآﺂﺘﻠﻟ ﺔﺿﺮﻌﻣ

d

ava

. =

8

− −

1

5

16

− =

1

5.6

in

8in ﻲﻠﻜﻟا ﻚﻤﺴﻟا رﺎﺒﺘﻋﺎﺑ ﺔﻴﺿﺮﻔﻟا نﺎﻓ اﺬﻟ . 3.42in ﻎﻟﺎﺒﻟا بﻮﻠﻄﻤﻟا ﻖﻤﻌﻟا ﻦﻣ ﺮﺒآأ ﻖﻤﻌﻟا اﺬهو .ﺎهدﺎﻤﺘﻋا ﻢﺘﻴﺳو ﺔﻟﻮﺒﻘﻣو ﺔﻨﻴﻣأ نﻮﻜﺘﺳ :يوﺎﺴﺗ As ﺔﻃﻼﺒﻟا ضﺮﻋ ﻦﻣ مﺪﻗ ﻞﻜﻟ ﺔﺑﻮﻠﻄﻤﻟا ﻲﺴﻴﺋﺮﻟا ﺢﻴﻠﺴﺘﻟا ﺪﻳﺪﺣ ﺔﺣﺎﺴﻣ

As =

MT

f jd

s

=

4224

×

12

20,000

×

0.86

×

5.6

= 0.526 in

2

ﻖﺤﻠﻤﻟا لوﺪﺠﻟا ﻊﺟار ، ﻲﺿﺮﻋ ﻊﻄﻘﻣ ﺔﺣﺎﺴﻣ وذ #5 ﺢﻴﻠﺴﺘﻟا ﺪﻳﺪﺣ ﺪﻋﺎﺒﺗ تﺎﻓﺎﺴﻣ

:يوﺎﺴﺗ ،ﺢﻴﻠﺴﺘﻟا ﺪﻳﺪﺤﻟ

Ab = 0.31in

2

Spacing

=

Ab

=

0.31

=

0.59

As

0.526

ft

=

0.59

×

12

=

7.07

in

7

in

Use #5@7´´c/c,T&B

نﺎﺒﻀﻗ لﺎﻤﻌﺘﺳإ ﻢﺘﻴﺳ ،ﺔﻴﺳﺎﻗ ةرﻮﺼﺑ نﺎﺒﻀﻘﻟا ءﺎﻨﺣإ ﻲﻓﻼﺘﻟو ةﺮﻴﺼﻗ ﺔﻃﻼﺒﻟا تاءﺎﻀﻓ ﺖﻧﺎآ ﺎﻤﻟ ﺪﻳﺪﺤﻟا ﻦﻣ ﺮﺒآأ ﺔﻴﻤآ ﻚﻠﻬﺘﺴﻴﺳ ﺎﻤﺑر ءاﺮﺟﻹأ اﺬه نإ .ﺎهﻼﻋأ ﻲﻓ ﻚﻟﺬآو ﺔﻃﻼﺒﻟا ﻞﻔﺳأ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻤﻴﻘﺘﺴﻣ .ﺬﻴﻔﻨﺘﻟا ﺔﻟﻮﻬﺳو ةداﺪﺤﻟا رﻮﺟإ ﻲﻓ ﻞﺻﺎﺤﻟا ﺮﻴﻓﻮﺘﻟﺎﺑ ﺎﻬﺘﻟدﺎﻌﻣ ﻢﺘﻴﺳ ﺔﻴﻓﺎﺿﻹأ ﺔﻔﻠﻜﻟا ﻦﻜﻟ لﺎﻤﺣﻷأ ﻊﻳزﻮﺘﻟ ﻚﻟﺬآو ، ةراﺮﺤﻟا تﺎﺟرد ﺮﻴﻐﺗو شﺎﻤﻜﻧﻹأ ﻦﻣ ﺔﺌﺷﺎﻨﻟا تادﺎﻬﺟﻹأ ﺔﻣوﺎﻘﻣ ﻢﺘﻴﺳ ﺔﻘﺒﻄﻟا قﻮﻓ ﻊﺿﻮﻳ يﻮﻧﺎﺛ ﺢﻴﻠﺴﺗ ﺪﻳﺪﺣ ماﺪﺨﺘﺳﺎﺑ ،ﺔﺼﻨﻤﻟا ﺔﻃﻼﺑ ﻰﻠﻋ تﻼﺠﻌﻟا تارﺎﻃﻹ ةﺰآﺮﻤﻟا ﺔﻳﻮﺌﻣ ﺔﺒﺴﻨآ ﺔﻔﺻاﻮﻤﻟا ﺎهدﺪﺤﺘﻓ ﻪﺘﻴﻤآ ﺎﻣأ .ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ةﺪﻣﺎﻌﺘﻣ ةرﻮﺼﺑو ﻲﺴﻴﺋﺮﻟا ﺢﻴﻠﺴﺘﻟا ﺪﻳﺪﺤﻟ ﻰﻠﻔﺴﻟا :ﻎﻠﺒﺗو ﻲﺴﻴﺋﺮﻟا ﺢﻴﻠﺴﺘﻟا ﺪﻳﺪﺣ ﻦﻣ 67% زوﺎﺠﺘﺗ

(

Spacing Secondary

) = 7.07 ×

67

100

Use #5@10´´c/c

=

10.55in

10in

ﻦﻣ 67% زوﺎﺠﺘﺗ ( Spacing Secondary ) = 7.07 × 67 100 Use #5@10´´c/c = 10.55

6

Design of Interior Girders

يوﺎﺴﻳ Width of Top Flange ﺎﻴﻠﻌﻟا ﺔﻔﺸﻟا ضﺮﻋ نﺎﻓ T ﻞﻜﺷ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﻴﻠﺧاﺪﻟا ﺪﻓاوﺮﻟا ﺖﻧﺎآ ﺎﻤﻟ

. 6-ﻞﻜﺸﻟا ﻲﻓ ﺎﻤآو 7ft ﺔﻐﻟﺎﺒﻟا ﺪﻓاوﺮﻟا ﺰآاﺮﻣ ﻦﻴﺑ ﺔﻓﺎﺴﻤﻟا

ﺰآاﺮﻣ ﻦﻴﺑ ﺔﻓﺎﺴﻤﻟا لﺎﻤﺣﻷأ بﺎﺴﺣ ﻦﻜﻤﻳ

لﺎﻤﺣﻷأ بﺎﺴﺣ ﻦﻜﻤﻳ ،ﺔﻃﻼﺒﻟا ﺖﺤﺗ ﻊﻗاﻮﻟا ﺪﻓاﺮﻟا ءﺰﺠﻟ (ﺪﺣاو ﺮﺘﻣ) 40in ﻩراﺪﻘﻣ ﻖﻤﻋ ضاﺮﺘﻓﺎﺑ :ﻲﻠﻳ ﺎﻤآو ﺪﻓاﺮﻟا لﻮﻃ ﻦﻣ ﺪﺣاو مﺪﻗ ﻰﻠﻋ ةﺮﺛﺆﻤﻟا ﺔﺘﻴﻤﻟا

DL

Md

= 145 + 150(

12

12

×

20

12

×

40

12

)

=

DL

×

l

2

1850

×

63

2

=

8

8

=

=

1850lb / ft

917,000

ft lb

.

:يوﺎﺴﻳ ﺔﺘﻴﻤﻟا لﺎﻤﺣﻸﻟ ﻰﺼﻗﻷأ مﺰﻌﻟا نﻮﻜﻳو

ﻦﻜﻤﻴﻓ، 7- ﻞﻜﺸﻟﺎﺑ ﺔﺤﺿﻮﻤﻟا ﺔﻴﺳﺎﻴﻘﻟا ﺔﻨﺣﺎﺸﻟا روﺮﻤﺑ ﺔﻠﺜﻤﺘﻤﻟا ﺔﻴﺤﻟا لﺎﻤﺣﻸﻟ ﻰﺼﻗﻷأ مﺰﻌﻟا ﺎﻣأ :ﻲﻠﻳ ﺎﻤآ ﻪﺑﺎﺴﺣ ﺐﻋﻮﺘﺴﻳ ﺮﺴﺠﻟا ضﺮﻋ نإو ،ﺔﻴﻧﺎﺳﺮﺧ ﺪﻓاور ﻰﻠﻋ ةﺪﻨﺘﺴﻣ ﺔﻴﻧﺎﺳﺮﺧ ﺔﻃﻼﺑ ﻦﻣ ﻒﻟﺆﻣ ﺮﺴﺠﻟا نﺎآ ﺎﻤﻟ ﺪﻨﺴﻳ نأ ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ﻲﻠﺧاد ﺪﻓار ﻞآ نإ ﻰﻟإ ﺔﻟﺎﺤﻟا ﻩﺬه ﻞﺜﻣ ﻲﻓ ﺮﻴﺸﺗ ﺔﻔﺻاﻮﻤﻟا نﺎﻓ ، ﻦﻴﻳروﺮﻣ ﻦﻳرﺎﺴﻣ طﻮﻄﺧ ﻦﻴﺑ ﺔﻓﺎﺴﻤﻟا ﻞﺜﻤﺗ S نإ ﺚﻴﺣ ، S/5 ﻩراﺪﻘﻣ ﻞﻣﺎﻌﻤﺑ ﺎﺑوﺮﻀﻣً ﺔﻴﺳﺎﻴﻘﻟا ﺔﻨﺣﺎﺸﻟا تارﺎﻃإ لﺎﻤﺣأ .ماﺪﻗأ 10 زوﺎﺠﺘﺗ ﻻ نأ ﻰﻠﻋ ماﺪﻗﻷﺎﺑ ﺎﺳﺎﻘﻣً ﺪﻓاوﺮﻟا ﺰآاﺮﻣ

S

5

=

7

5

=

1.4 wheel load/ wheel

ﻞﻤﺣ ﺎﻤﻨﻴﺑ 16

,000 ×1.4 = 22,400lb

يوﺎﺴﻳ ﻄﺳﻮﻟاو ﻲﻔﻠﺨﻟأ ﻦﻳرﺎﻃﻹأ ﻦﻣ ﻞآ ﻞﻤﺣ نﻮﻜﻳ ﻚﻟﺬﺑو

يوﺎﺴﻳ ﻲﻣﺎﻣﻷأ رﺎﻃﻹأ

. 4,000 ×1.4 = 5,600lb

7

ﺮﻴﺴﺗ ﺮﺴﺠﻟ ﻰﺼﻗﻷأ مﺰﻌﻟأ ﻊﻗﻮﻣو راﺪﻘﻣ بﺎﺴﺣ ﺔﻴﻔﻴﻜﺑ ﺔﻘﻠﻌﺘﻤﻟا تاءﺎﺸﻧﻹأ ﻞﻴﻠﺤﺗ تﺎﻳﺮﻈﻧ لﻼﺧ ﻦﻣ :ﻲﻠﻳﺎﻣ ﻆﺣﻼﻧ رﻮﺤﻣ ﻞآ ﻞﺒﻗ ﻦﻣ ﺔﻄﻠﺴﻤﻟا نازوﻷأ ﺔﻔﻠﺘﺨﻣو روﺎﺤﻤﻟا ةدﺪﻌﺘﻣ ﺔﻨﺣﺎﺷ ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ﺪﺣأ ﺖﺤﺗ ةﺮﺷﺎﺒﻣ ﻊﻘﻳ مﺰﻋ ﻰﺼﻗأ نإو ﺔﻤﻴﻘﺘﺴﻣ طﻮﻄﺧ ﻦﻣ ﻒﻟﺄﺘﻳ موﺰﻌﻟا ﻂﻄﺨﻣ نإ -أ .تارﺎﻃﻹأ ﺔﻓﺎﺴﻤﻟا ﻒﺼﻨﻳ ﺮﺴﺠﻟا ﻒﻴﺼﻨﺗ ﻂﺧ نا ﺚﻴﺤﺑ ﻰﺼﻗﻷأ مﺰﻌﻟا ﺐﺒﺴﻳ يﺬﻟا رﺎﻃﻹأ ﻊﻗﻮﻣ نﻮﻜﻳ -ب . 7-ﻞﻜﺸﻟا ﻆﺣﻻ .( R )ﺔﻨﺣﺎﺸﻟا نزو ﺔﻠﺼﺤﻣو رﺎﻃﻷأ ﻦﻴﺑ ﺔﻴﻘﺑ ﺖﺤﺗ ﺲﻴﻟو ﻲﻄﺳﻮﻟا رﺎﻃﻷأ ﺖﺤﺗ ﻊﻘﻳ مﺰﻋ ﻰﺼﻗأ نﺄﺑ ﺪﻘﺘﻌﻧ ةﺮﺒﺨﻟا لﻼﺧ ﻦﻣ -ت .تارﺎﻃﻹأ

ةﺮﺒﺨﻟا لﻼﺧ ﻦﻣ - ت . تارﺎﻃﻹأ RB = 22,400 × 19.85 + 22,400 ×

RB

=

22,400

×

19.85

+

22,400

×

33.85

+

5,600

×

47.85 =

 

63

 

ML max

=

RB

×

29.15

5,600

×

14

=

658,165 ft.lb

 

Impact Factor I =

50

=

0.266

63

+ 125

 

23,347lb

MT = 917,000 + 658,165 + 0.266 × 685,165 = 1,750,000 ft.lb

8

:ﻲﻠﺧاﺪﻟا ﺪﻓاﺮﻟا ﻰﻠﻋ ةﺮﺛﺆﻤﻟا ﺺﻘﻟا ىﻮﻗ بﺎﺴﺣ . 8-ﻞﻜﺸﻟا ﺎﻬﺤﺿﻮﻳ Dead Load Shears Vd ﺔﺘﻴﻤﻟا لﺎﻤﺣﻷأ ﺐﺒﺴﺑ ﺔﺌﺷﺎﻨﻟا ﺺﻘﻟا ىﻮﻗ

ﺐﺒﺴﺑ ﺔﺌﺷﺎﻨﻟا ﺺﻘﻟا ىﻮﻗ Vd max = 1850 × 63 2 = 58,275 lb رﺎﻃﻹأ ﺖﺤﺗ

Vd

max

=

1850

×

63

2

=

58,275lb

رﺎﻃﻹأ ﺖﺤﺗ VL ىﻮﺼﻘﻟا ﺺﻘﻟا ةﻮﻗ نﻮﻜﺗ ، ﺔﻴﺤﻟا لﺎﻤﺣﻷأ ﺐﺒﺴﺑ ىﻮﺼﻘﻟا ﺺﻘﻟا ىﻮﻗ بﺎﺴﺤﻟ ﺎﻤﻨﻴﺑ ةدﺎﻳز نوﺪﺑ ﻰﻘﺒﻳ ﻲﻔﻠﺨﻟا رﺎﻃﻹأ ﻞﻤﺣ نإ ﻆﺣﻻ .ﺮﺴﺠﻟا ﻰﻟإ ﺔﻨﺣﺎﺸﻟا لﻮﺧد ﻞﻤﺘﻜﻳ ﺎﻣﺪﻨﻋو ﻲﻔﻠﺨﻟا . 9-ﻞﻜﺸﻟا ﻲﻓ ﺎﻤآ ، 1.4 ﻞﻣﺎﻌﻤﻟﺎﺑ ﻲﻔﻠﺨﻟاو ﻲﻄﺳﻮﻟا رﺎﻃﻹأ لﺎﻤﺣأ ﻦﻣ ﻞآ بﺮﻀﻧ

رﺎﻃﻹأ لﺎﻤﺣأ ﻦﻣ ﻞآ بﺮﻀﻧ VL VT = 58,275 + 36,533 + 0.266 × 36,533 =

VL

VT = 58,275 + 36,533 + 0.266 × 36,533 = 104,526lb

=

RA

=

(16,000

×

63

+

22,400

×

49

+

5,600

×

35) / 63

max

9

=

36,533lb

Determination of Girder Cross Section Dimensions

ﺪﻓاﺮﻟا دﺎﻌﺑأ ﺪﻳﺪﺤﺗ

v ﻲﻤــﺳﻻأ ﺺﻘﻟا دﺎﻬﺟإ بﺎــﺴﺣ يﺮﺠﻳ ، AASHTO تﺎﻔﺻاﻮﻤﻟا ﺔــﺳاﺮآ تﺎﻴﺻﻮﺗ ﺐﺟﻮﻤﺑ

:ﺔﻴﻟﺎﺘﻟا ﺔﻟدﺎﻌﻤﻟا ﻖﻓو Service Loads ﺔﻴﻣﺪﺨﻟا لﺎﻤﺣﻷأ ﺐﺒﺴﺑ ﺊﺷﺎﻨﻟا Nominal Shear Stress

v =

VT

b

w d

v

b

= 2.95

f c
f
c

′ = 2.95

Shear Stress v = VT b w d v b = 2.95 f c ′ =

5,000 = 208

w d =

VT

104,526

=

v 208

= 500 in

2

psi

ﺐﺴﺤﺗ v نإو ﺪﻓاﺮﻠﻟ ﻲﻠﻔﺴﻟا ضﺮﻌﻟا ﻞﺜﻤﺗ

نإ ﺚﻴﺣ

:ﺔﻴ ﻟﺎﺘﻟا ﺔﻟدﺎﻌﻤﻟا ﻖﻓو :يوﺎﺴﺗ ﺔﺑﻮﻠﻄﻤﻟا ﻊﻄﻘﻤﻟا ﺔﺣﺎﺴﻣ نﺎﻓ ﻪﻴﻠﻋو

b

w

ﺔﻣوﺎﻘﻤﻟا عاررذ لﻮﻃ نﻮﻜﻳ اﺬﻟ 20in يوﺎﺴﻳ ﺪﻓاﺮﻠﻟ ﻲﻠﻔﺴﻟا ضﺮﻌﻟا نإ ﺎﻨﺿﺮﺘﻓإ ﺪﻗ ﺎﻨآ ﺎﻤﻟو :يوﺎﺴﻳ d بﻮﻠﻄﻤﻟا

req

d

500

=

req 20

= 25

in

ﺔﻴﻓﺎﺻ ﺔﻓﺎﺴﻣ كﺮﺗ ﻊﻣ ، 2-ﻖﺤﻠﻤﻟا ﻊﺟار ، #10 ﺢﻴﻠﺴﺘﻟا ﺪﻳﺪﺣ ﻦﻣ تﺎﻘﺒﻃ ﺔﺛﻼﺛ ماﺪﺨﺘﺳإ ﺎﻨﺿﺮﺘﻓإ اذإ ﻰﻠﻋو ﻰﻠﻔﺴﻟا ﺔﻘﺒﻄﻟا ﺖﺤﺗ 2.5in ﻚﻤﺴﺑ ﻲﻧﺎﺳﺮﺧ ءﺎﻄﻏ ﺔﻓﺎﺿإ و ، ﻦﻴﺘﻘﺒﻃ يأ ﻦﻴﺑ 2in ﺎهراﺪﻘﻣ :ﻩراﺪﻘﻣ 10 -ﻞﻜﺸﻟا ﻲﻓ ﺢﺿﻮﻣ ﺎﻤآ ، h بﻮﻠﻄﻤﻟا ﻲﻠﻜﻟا ﻖﻤﻌﻟا نﻮﻜﻳ ﻩﺬﻬﺑ ، ﺐﻧاﻮﺠﻟا

req

نﻮﻜﻳ ﻩﺬﻬﺑ ، ﺐﻧاﻮﺠﻟا req h req = 25 + 10 2 + + 10 +

h

req

= 25 +

10

2

+ +

10

+

2.5

=

31.38

in

16

8

:يوﺎﺴﻳ d

ava

ﺮﺛﺆﻤﻟا ﺔﻣوﺎﻘﻤﻟا عاررذ لﻮﻃ نﻮﻜﻳ اﺬﻟ ، h=48in

ﻲﻠﻜ ﻟاﺮﻓﻮﺘﻤﻟا ﻖﻤﻌﻟا نﺎآ ﺎﻤﻟو

d

ava

10

= 48 1 2.5 − − −

2

10

8 16

= 40.6

As =

MT

f

s

(

d

t

2

)

=

1,750,000

×

12

30,000(40.6

7

2

)

=

in

:يوﺎﺴﺗ As ﺔﺑﻮﻠﻄﻤﻟا ﺢﻴﻠﺴﺘﻟا ﺪﻳﺪﺣ ﺔﺣﺎﺴﻣ نﻮﻜﺗو

18.855 in

10

2

Number of #10 Bars =

As

18.855

=

Ab

1.27

=

14.85

15 bars

Number of #10 Bars = As 18.855 = Ab 1.27 = 14.85 ⇒ 15 bars ﺎﻬﺑ

ﺎﻬﺑ حﻮﻤﺴﻤﻟا تادﺎﻬﺟﻺﻟ ﺎهزوﺎﺠﺗ مﺪﻋ ﻦﻣ ﺪآﺄﺘﻟاو طﺎﻐﻀﻧﻹأ تادﺎﻬﺟإ ﻖﻴﻗﺪﺗ ﺐﺠﻳ ﺔﻠﺣﺮﻤﻟا ﻩﺬه ﻲﻓ ﺬﺧأ ﻊﻣ طﺎﻐﻀﻧﻺﻟ ﻂﻘﻓ ضﺮﻌﺘﻳ يﺬﻟا ﻮه ﺔﻃﻼﺒﻟا ﻦﻤﺿ ﻊﻗاﻮﻟا ﺪﻓاﺮﻟا ءﺰﺟ نإ رﺎﺒﺘﻋإ ﻢﺘﻳو .ﺔﻧﺎﺳﺮﺨﻠﻟ :ﻲﻠﻳ ﺎﻤآو رﺎﺒﺘﻋﻹأ ﺮﻈﻨﺑ داﻮﻤﻟا ﻞﻤﺤﺗ ﺔﻣوﺎﻘﻣ

29,000,000 29,000,000 n = = = 7.2 57,000 f ' c 57,000 5,000 f 30,000
29,000,000
29,000,000
n
=
=
= 7.2
57,000
f '
c 57,000
5,000
f
30,000
s
r
=
=
= 15
f
2,000
c
n 7.2
k
=
= =
0.324
n + r
7.2
+ 15

k

1

= −

0.324

= 0.892

 

3

3

 

MT

 

(1

h

f

2

kd

)

×

b

×

h

f

×

j

×

d

 

1,750,000 ×

12

 

(1

 

7

 

)

×

12

×

7

×

7

×

0.892

×

40.625

2

×

0.324

×

40.625

j = 1

f

c

f

c

=

=

11

=

1342

psi

f

all

2000

psi

O K

.

Web Shear Reinforcement

d ﺔﻓﺎﺴﻣ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺎهﺮﻄﺧأ نﻮﻜﻳو ،ﻂﺳﻮﻟا ﻲﻓ ﻞﻘﺗو ﺪﻧﺎﺴﻤﻟا بﺮﻗ ﻩﺮﻴﺒآ ﺺﻘﻟا تادﺎﻬﺟإ نﻮﻜﺗ ﻚﻟﺬآو ﺔﻓﺎﺴﻤﻟا ﻩﺬه ﺪﻨﻋ تادﺎﻬﺟﻹأ بﺎﺴﺣ يﺮﺠﻴﺳ اﺬﻟ .ﻦﻳﺪﻨﺴﻤﻟا ﻦﻣ يأ ﻦﻋ (40.625in=3.4ft) .ﺪﻓاﺮﻟا يﺪﻨﺴﻣ ﻦﻣ يأ ﻦﻋ 10ft ﺪﻌﺑ ﻰﻠﻋ

Vd

Vd

3.4

10

 

58,275

 

31.5

3.4

=

52,012lb

=

×

 

31.5

 
 

58,275

 

31.5

10

39,775lb

=

×

=

 

31.5

− 10 39,775 lb = × =   31.5 VL 3 . 4 = RA =

VL

3.4

=

RA

=

(5,600

×

31.5

+

22,400

×

(45.6

+

59.6)) / 63

=

40,213lb

= (5,600 × 31.5 + 22,400 × (45.6 + 59.6)) / 63 = 40,213 lb VL

VL

10

=

RA

=

(5,600

×

25

+

22,400

×

(39

+

53)) / 63

12

=

34,933lb

VT = 52,012 + 1.266(40,213) = 102,922lb 3.4 VT = 39,775 + 1.266(34,933) = 84,000lb
VT
=
52,012
+
1.266(40,213)
=
102,922lb
3.4
VT
=
39,775
+
1.266(34,933)
=
84,000lb
10
VT
Shear Stress
v =
bd
102,922
=
= 127 psi
v 3.4
20
× 40.625
84,000
=
= 104 psi
v 10
20
× 40.625
'
v
=
0.95
f
=
0.95
5,000
=
67 psi
c
c

:ﻩراﺪﻘﻣ ﻲﻤﺳإ ﺺﻗ دﺎﻬﺟإ ﻞﻤﺤﺘﺗ ﺔﻧﺎﺳﺮﺨﻟا ﺖﻧﺎآ ﺎﻤﻟ

يأ d/2 ﻦﻋ ﺪﻳﺰﺗ Stirrups لا ﻦﻴﺑ ﺪﻋﺎﺒﺗ تﺎﻓﺎﺴﻣ ماﺪﺨﺘﺳﺈﺑ ﺢﻤﺴﺗﻻ ﺔﻔﺻاﻮﻤﻟا ﺖﻧﺎآ ﺎﻤﻟو ﺔﻣوﺎﻘﻣ نﻮﻜﺗ ىﻮﺼﻘﻟا ﺪﻋﺎﺒﺘﻟا تﺎﻓﺎﺴﻤﺑ #5 ﺢﻴﻠﺴﺗ ﺪﻳﺪﺣ ﻞﻤﻌﺘﺴﻧ ﺎﻣﺪﻨﻋ ،ًاذإ . 40.625/2=20in :يوﺎﺴﺗ ﺺﻘﻟا تادﺎﻬﺟﻹ ﺪﻳﺪﺤﻟا

v

v

c

=

Av

×

f

s

0.62

×

30,000 =

=

s

×

b

w

20

×

20

67

+ 46 = 113 psi

63

2 ×10 = 43 ft

46 psi

:يوﺎﺴﺗ ﺺﻘﻟا تادﺎﻬﺟﻹ ﻊﻄﻘﻤﻟا ﺔﻣوﺎﻘﻣ ﺎﻤﻨﻴﺑ

:ﺔﻐﻟﺎﺒﻟا ﺔﻴﻄﺳﻮﻟا ﺔﻓﺎﺴﻤﻟا ﻲﻄﻐﻳ نأ ﻦﻜﻤﻣ ﻚﻟذ نإ يأ

ةﺮﺸﻋ ﺎﻤﻬﻨﻣ يأ لﻮﻃ ﻎﻟﺎﺒﻟاو ﺪﻧﺎﺴﻤﻟا ﻦﻣ ﻦﻴﺘﺒﻳﺮﻘﻟا ﻦﻴﺘﻘﻄﻨﻤﻟا ﻦﻣ ﻞآ يأ ، ﺔﻘﻄﻨﻤﻟا ﻩﺬه جرﺎﺧ ﺎﻣأ :يوﺎﺴﺗ ﺎﻬﻴﻓ Stirrups لا ﺪﻋﺎﺒﺗ تﺎﻓﺎﺴﻣ نﻮﻜﺘﻓ ،ماﺪﻗأ

s =

 

Av

×

f

s

=

0.62

×

30,000

(

v

v

c

)

b

w

(127

67)

×

20

=

15.5

in

15

in

. 14-ﻞﻜﺸﻟا ﻲﻓ Stirrups لا ﻊﻳزﻮﺗ ﺔﻴﻔﻴآ ﻆﺣﻻ . 15-ﻞﻜﺸﻟا ﻲﻓ ﺔﻴﻤﻴﻤﺼﺘﻟا تﺎﻄﻄﺨﻤﻟا ﻞﻣﺎآو

13

14

14

15

15

-1-ﻖﺤﻠﻤﻟا

 

سﺎﻴـﻘﻟا تاﺪـﺣو ﻞـﻳﻮـﺤـﺗ تﻼـِﻣﺎﻌـُﻣ لوﺪـَﺟ

 

Conversion factores, U.S. custuomary units to SI metric units

Overall Geometry

 

ﻩرﻮﺼـﺑ دﺎـﻌﺑﻷأ

ﻪــﻣﺎـﻋ

Spans

1ft = 0.3048m

 

لاﻮﻃﻷأ

Displacements

 

1in = 25.4mm

 

تﺎﺣازﻹأ

Surface area

 

1ft² = 0.0929m²

 

ﻪﻴﺤﻄﺴﻟا ﻪﺣﺎﺴﻤﻟا

Volume

 

1ft³ = 0.0283m³

 

ﻢﺠﺤﻟا

1yd³ = 0.765m³

 

Sructural Properties

 

صاﻮـﺨـﻟا

ﻪـﻴـﺋﺎــﺸـﻧﻹأ

Area

1in² = 645.2mm²

 

ﻪﺣﺎﺴﻤﻟا

Section modulus

1in³ = 16.39×10³mm³

 

ﻊﻄـﻘﻤﻟا ﺮـﻳﺎﻌﻣ

Moment of

   

4

6

= 0. 4162 × 10 mm

4

 

ﻲﺗاﺬـﻟا رﻮﺼـﻘﻟا مﺰـﻋ

inertia

1in

1in

 

Loadings

ــــــــﻴـﻤـﺤـﺘـﻟا

Concentrated loads

 

1lb = 4.448N

 

ﻩَﺰَآَﺮـُﻤﻟا لﺎﻤﺣﻷأ

1kip = 4.448kN

 

Density

1lb/ft³ = 0.1571kN/m³

 

ﻪـﻓﺎـﺜـﻜـﻟا

Linear loads

 

1kip/ft = 14.59kN/m

 

ﻪﻴﻄـَﺨﻟا لﺎﻤﺣﻷأ

Surface loads

 

1lb/ft² = 0.0479kN/m²

 

ﻪﻴﺤﻄﺴﻟا لﺎﻤﺣﻷأ

1kip/ft² = 47.9kN/m²

 

Stress and moments

 

موﺰـﻌـﻟاو تادﺎﻬﺟﻹأ

 

1lb/in² =

   

Stress

0.006895MPa

دﺎـﻬـﺟﻹأ

1kip/in² = 6.895MPa

 
 

1ft.lb = 1.356N.m

 

ءاﻮـﺘـﻟﻹأ وأ مﺰـﻌﻟأ

Moment or tourque

1ft.kip = 1.356kN.m

 

16

-2-ﻖﺤﻠﻤﻟا

(units U.S) ﺢﻴﻠﺴﺘﻟا ﺪﻳﺪﺣ نﺎﺒﻀﻗ نزوو ﻂﻴﺤﻣو ﻊﻄﻘﻣ ﺔﺣﺎﺴﻣو ﺮﻄﻗو سﺎﻴﻗ

 

Bar

     

Unit

No.

Diameter

c/s Area

Perimeter

weight

#

in

in²

 

in

lb/ft

2

¼

0.05

 

0.79

0.167

3

(3/8)

0.11

 

1.18

0.376

4

½

0.2

 

1.57

0.668

5

(5/8)

0.31

 

1.96

1.043

6

¾

0.44

 

2.36

1.502

7

(7/8)

0.6

 

2.75

2.044

8

1

0.79

 

3.14

2.67

9

(9/8)

1

 

3.54

3.4

10

(10/8)

1.27

 

3.99

4.303

11

(11/8)

1.56

 

4.43

5.313

14

(14/8)

2.25

 

5.32

7.65

18

(18/8)

4

 

7.09

13.6

 

(SI units) ﺢﻴﻠﺴﺘﻟا ﺪﻳﺪﺣ نﺎﺒﻀﻗ نزوو ﻂﻴﺤﻣو ﻊﻄﻘﻣ ﺔﺣﺎﺴﻣو ﺮﻄﻗو سﺎﻴﻗ

Bar

Ø ﺮﻄﻘﻟا

ﻊﻄﻘﻤﻟا ﺔﺣﺎﺴﻣ

ﻂﻴﺤﻤﻟا

ﺮﺘﻣ ﻞﻜﻟ نزﻮﻟا

ﺐﻴﻀﻘﻟا نزو

ﻦﻃ ﻞآ ﻲﻓ (ﺮﺘﻣ 6 لﻮﻃ) نﺎﺒﻀﻘﻟا دﺪﻋ

No.

 

mm

mm²

mm

kg

kg

دﺪﻋ

2

6.3

32

20

0.25

1.5

666

3

9.5

71

30

0.56

3.36

297

4

12.7

129

40

1

6

166

5

15.8

200

50

1.55

9.3

107

6

19

283

60

2.23

13.41

74

7

22.2

387

70

3.04

18.25

54

8

25.4

509

80

3.97

23.84

42

9

28.5

645

90

5.06

30.36

33

10

31.7

819

100

6.4

38.42

26

11

34.9

1006

110

7.91

47.44

21

14

44.4

1451

135

11.38

68.3

14.6

18

57.1

2580

180

20.24

121.42

8.2

17

:ﺔﻳﺮﻜﺴﻌﻟا لﺎﻤﺣﻷأ

ﺎﻬﺑ ﺖﺻوأ ﻲﺘﻟا HS20 ﺔﻴﺳﺎﻴﻘﻟا ﺔﻨﺣﺎﺸﻟا ﺮﻴﺛﺄﺗ ﺖﺤﺗ ﺮﺴﺠﻠﻟ ﻖﺑﺎﺴﻟا ﻢﻴﻤﺼﺘﻟا نإ ﺢﺿاﻮﻟا ﻦﻣ ةرﻮﺼﺑ ﺔﻳدﺎﻴﺘﻋﻻأ لﺎﻤﺣﻷأ روﺮﻣ ﻞﻤﺤﺗ ﻰﻠﻋ اردﺎﻗً ﺮﺴﺠﻟا ﻞﻌﺠﺗ AASHTO ﺔﻴﺳﺎﻴﻘﻟا ﺔﻔﺻاﻮﻤﻟا ﺔﻠﻴﻘﺛ ﺔﻴﺋﺎﻨﺜﺘﺳا ﻻﺎﻤﺣأً روﺮﻤﻟ ﺎﺿﺮﻌﻣً ﺎﻬﻴﻓ ﺮﺴﺠﻟا نﻮﻜﻳ تﻻﺎﺣ كﺎﻨه نأ ﻻإ .ﺔﻳدﺎﺼﺘﻗاو ﺔﻨﻴﻣأ اﺬﻟ .ﻩرﺎﻴﻬﻧا وأ ﻩرﺮﻀﺘﻟ يدﺆﺗ ﺪﻗ ﺔﻴﺳﺎﻗ تادﺎﻬﺟﻹ ضﺮﻌﺘﻳ ﺮﺴﺠﻟا ﻞﻌﺠﺗ ﻲﺘﻟا ﺔﻳﺮﻜﺴﻌﻟا لﺎﻤﺣﻷﺎآ لﺎﻤﺣﻸﻟ ﺔﻳﺪﻨﻜﻟا ﺔﻴﺳﺎﻴﻘﻟا ﺔﻔﺻاﻮﻤﻟا دﺎﻤﺘﻋﺎﺑ رﻮﺴﺠﻟاو قﺮﻄﻠﻟ ﺔﻴﻗاﺮﻌﻟا ﺔﻴﺳﺎﻴﻘﻟا ﺔﻔﺻاﻮﻤﻟا ﺖﺻوأ ﺔﻳﺮﻜﺴﻌﻟا ﺔﻨﺣﺎﺸﻠﻟ دﺎﻌﺑﻷاو لﺎﻤﺣﻷأ ﻩﺎﻧدأ ﻞﻜﺸﻟا ﺢﺿﻮﻳ .رﻮﺴﺠﻟا ﻰﻠﻋ ﺎهروﺮﻣ ﻦﻜﻤﻤﻟا ﺔﻳﺮﻜﺴﻌﻟا :ﺎهﺮﻴﺛﺄﺗ ﺖﺤﺗ ﺮﺴﺠﻟا ﻞﻤﺤﺗ ﻖﻴﻗﺪﺗ ﻢﺘﻴﺳ ﻲﺘﻟاو Class 100 ﺔﻴﺳﺎﻴﻘﻟا

Military Bridge Loading Standard Vehicle Class 100

Military Bridge Loading Standard Vehicle Class 100 Span of Concrete Bridge (ft) Impact Factor 0 0.40

Span of Concrete Bridge (ft)

Impact Factor

0

0.40

6

0.39

20

0.37

33

0.36

65

0.32

98

0.28

130

0.24

164

0.12

More than 164

0.00

18

Deck Slab check:

Md = 412 ft.lb

ML

5.33

+

2

×

=

0.8

32

×

30,000

=

5497 ft.lb

I = 0.32

MT = 412 + 1.32 × 5497 = 7670 ft.lb

For Military Loading, it is allowed to overstress materials as follows:

+25% for Steel +33% for Concrete

f = 0.75 × f = 0.75 × 60.000 = 45,000 psi s y '
f
=
0.75 ×
f
= 0.75 × 60.000 = 45,000
psi
s
y
'
f
=
0.73
×
f
=
0.73
×
5,000
=
3650 psi
c
c
n = 7.2
45,000
r
=
= 12.33
3650
7.2
k
=
=
0.37
7.2
+ 12.33
0.37
j
= 1−
= 0.877
3
2
×
7670
×
12
d
=
= 3.6
in
erq .
3650
×
0.37
×
0.877
×
12
5
8
− − −
1
1
=
5.6
in
d
3.6
in
O K
.
. =
d ava
req
16
7670
× 12
As
=
= 0.42in
2 / ft
45,000
×
0.877
×
5.6
0.31
Spacing
=
=
0.75 ft
=
8.9in
8in
0.42

Use G60, #5@8´´c/c, T&B

By using the maximum secondary reinforcement of 67% of the main reinforcement, spacing of #5 bars can be calculated as follows:

8.9

0.67

= 13.3in

Use G60, #5@12´´c/c

19

Interior Girder check:

Md = 917,000 ft.lb

Interior Girder check: Md = 917,000 ft . lb 63 RA = 28 ,000 (9 +

63 RA

= 28 ,000 (9 + 14 ) + 42 ,000 (34 + 37 ) + 21,000 × 49

RA = 73,888 lb

ML

=

RA × 29 21,000

× 15 42 ,000

× 3 = 1,701 ,777

ft .lb

MT

= 917

,000

+ 1 .32

× 1,701 ,777

=

3 ,163 ,345

ft .lb

Girder dimensions check:

Vd = 58,275lb

3 ,163 ,345 ft . lb Girder dimensions check: Vd = 58,275 lb VT = 58,275

VT = 58,275 + 1.32 ×102,111 = 193,061lb

20

' f c
'
f
c

v

=

1.33

×

2.95

=

277

psi

 

b

d =

VT

=

193,061

696

in

2

w

 

v

277

 

d

req

. =

696

20

= 34.8

in

d

=

48

1

− −

2.5

10

2

− −

10

=

40.625

in

d

34.8

in

 

ava

.

8

16

 

req

.

As

=

 

3,163,345

×

12

=

22.722

in

2

 

7

 

45,000(40.625

2

)

 

As

=

22.722

=

17.89

18 bars

 

Ab

   

1.27

Use 18#10, three layers

 

C oncrete compression check:

 

fc

act

 

=

 

3,163,345

×

12

.

(1

 

7

)

×

12

×

7

×

7

×

0.837

×

40.625

 

2

×

0.37

×

40.625

=

O K

.

2475

Shear reinforcement check:

Vd

3.3

58,275

= ⇒

31.5

3.3

31.5

Vd

3.3

= 52,170

lb

Vd

15

58,275

= ⇒

31.5

15

31.5

Vd

15

= 30,525

lb

According to Fig. 19, A ccording to Fig. 20,

VL 3.3 =100,122 lb VL 15 =71,778 lb

VT

3.3

V

T

15

=

52,170

+

1.32

×

100,122

=

184,331lb

=

30,525

+

1.32

×

71,778

=

125,272lb

v c

= 1.33× 0.95

f c
f
c

′ = 89

psi

21

psi

fc

all

.

3650

psi

O K

.

By using the maximum allowed spacing of d/2=20in, the steel #5 bars will resist: v
By using the maximum allowed spacing of d/2=20in, the steel #5 bars will resist: v

By using the maximum allowed spacing of d/2=20in, the steel #5 bars will resist:

v

v

c

=

Av

×

f

s

0.62

×

45,000 =

=

s

×

b

w

20

×

20

70 psi

Then the section shear resistance will be 89+70=159 psi It is clear that the maximum allowed spacing of 20in will be enough to cover all the intermediate distance up to 15ft from each support. The remaining two distances -15ft from support- will be provided with #5 stirrups spaced at:

s =

 

Av

×

f

s

=

0.62

×

45,000

(

v

v

c

)

×

b

w

(227

89)

×

20

Use #5 U Stirrups@10´´c/c

10.1

10 in

 

22

23

23

24

24