for the purpose of demonstrating faiths of the world have had a common origin. been made to treat any of the particular or more complex phases of the subject. and are founded upon a natural. which is limited solely to an exposition of the principal and more salient features of phallicism. THIS work has for its object a general presentation of sex worship. in its direct and obvious relation to theology and to the religious beliefs and symbols of the present day. or phallicism (the worship of the generative powers of that the various religious nature). attempt has. therefore. A thorough and exhaustive treatment of the subject is. beyond the scope of the present work.PREFACE. material basis the adoration of life in its phenomena of creation and reproduction. No 5 . of course.

that it would be a difficult matter to classify his statements in accordance with their primary source. for not only do such to serve any practical purpose to satisfy the critical reader that except the writer has not drawn upon his own fail notes imagination. The author has avoided making any foot-note references to these authorities. The work here presented embodies a large amount of original research. but in the present instance the data at the command of the author have been gathered from such a variety of sources. all of whose works have been carefully studied. and the evidence presented by them is so largely cumulative. although of great value and physiological and interest. could not appropriately be treated within the limits of this volume. while at the same time they are so closely interwoven with the facts derived from the author's individual investigations and discoveries. as well as the investigations of leading authorities on the subject. . which.PREFACE. nor to discuss its social aspects.

does not pretend to be a complete bibliography. it is hoped. that the present work may prove of interest to the thoughtful and intelligent public. for whom it is designed. therefore. however. It is hoped. therefore. and will. who have been careful to withhold from the public the comparaso that tively few works on the subject the general student has had little or no opportunity for acquainting himself with . and that it will be received and . it probably represents the most important English works on phallic worship. be of service to such students as may desire to investigate the subject more fully. the revelations of this important branch of knowledge. are exceedingly rare and difficult to obtain. It has. for up to this time the study of sex worship has been confined to a small class of scholars and investigators.PREFACE. All of these books. 7 sufficient been deemed append hereto a list of the principal books on phallicism consulted by the auto thor in the While this list preparation of this work.

1897.8 PREFACE. Washington. its appreciated in the spirit that tance and significance deserve. impor- THE AUTHOR. .

Feminine Emblems the Cross 130 154 172 VIII. The Serpent and IX. Phallic Emblems 84 103 117 V. The Female Principle VII. list of 189 Works on Phallicism. Regeneration Appendix. . Sexual Sacrifices VI. Introduction I. II The Basis of Religion 25 II. The Creator The Phallus 44 63 III. 213 . CHAP. PAGE.CONTENTS. The Divine Act X. IV.


It was the form of worship common to all the a worship uniearly nations of the globe . ii . our language and our institutions. It consti- tutes the basis of theology. and is the origin of many of our most familiar it is and sacred the founda- celebrations. No subject is of greater importance and significance in the evolution of the human the adorarace than that of sex worship tion of the generative organs as symbols of the creative powers of nature. It is the source of our present religious symbols and church architecture. tion of religious faith and worship. It is indelibly impressed upon our beliefs. was not confined to any one race nor to any particular age in the history of the world. or phallicism. Sex worship.INTRODUCTION. and underlies the mythologies of all nations. In a word.

Peru and various other portions of the western hemisphere all yield abundant evidence in support of the universality of phallic worship as a primitive form of religion. and to be found in every by man. Greeks. is Hindoos. India. While the highest development of phallicism was reached by the ancient Egyptians. Ceylon. together with Mexico.12 INTRODUCTION. Java. Japan. Syria. Burmah. where this form of religion has existed uninterruptedly for thousands . be supposed that sex worship was peculiar alone to the past ages. Ethiopia. Asia Minor. Central America. by the manifestations of nature in her great mystery of life and versally inspired procreation. and of the common origin of theological creeds. Arabia. Europe and the British Isles. Per- Romans. Assyrians. however. peoples in all parts of the world to-day and in India. It is common among primitive . China. proof form of religion of the existence of this part of the earth inhabited sia. It must not. Egypt.

This is true of is all features of sociological life. Among the Zufii and other North American largely tribes phallicism enters into their religious ceremonies. and a necessary incident of the progress of . there are at the present time upwards of one hundred million true phallic- worshipers. the fact nevertheless remains and is ap- ployed in preciated by all students of ethnology. or are simply a continuation of ancient forms adapted to new meanings or purposes. While there are doubtless many who may be inclined to question the relationship between the religious rites and symbols of the present day. and those em- the past ages of phallic worship.INTRODUCTION. 13 of years. and practise their religion in the realistic and unequivocal manner of primeval naturalness. while the natives of many of the Pacific islands and various parts of Africa are most ardent devotees in the worship of the procreative functions. that religious institutions as they exist to- day are but the outgrowth or modification of others that preceded them.

or because they fit some present condition.14 INTRODUCTION. we In the study of language. having no resemblance whatsoever to that which it had at first as in the case of our word idiot (to cite one example out of a thousand). find innumerable instances in which the primary meaning of a word or a name In the has been completely altered. which. . our custom of shaking This is illustrated in hands as a mode of its a practice that had beginning . was a term used to distinguish a private citizen from one who held office. has lost course of time the original significance its force. and had no reference to his mental qualities. and are retained either as a matter of habit. for example. and the word has be- to a new meaning. in the original Greek. come adapted In the same manner many of our social customs have come down to us through the centuries. obsolete. society and of the evolution of the human mind. though their original purpose has long been forgotten or has become greeting .

in 15 the days slay his to when every man stood ready fellow-creatures. do our present marriage cusable draw sword . also. and of the influence and persistence of the primary features of afford a striking toms the social organism through of its all the ages growth and development. and the bride never to the house of the groom." . example of the rebetween primitive and lationship existing modern institutions. So. to be married why the . the bride. bridegroom is attended by a " best man. and when good will and friendship could best be shown by a man's giving to another his right hand. to the exclusion of the left. thereby indicating his peaceintentions his through his inability to and to this day we continue to give the right hand.INTRODUCTION. although the sense and reason for it no longer exist. Probably there are few who stop to seek the primary reason for many of our marriage customs why it is that the woman rethe ceives presents prior to the wedding why man invariably goes to the house of .

and why he hurries away with her on a wedding journey. for a wife was a mere chattel. and their citation . that we do not realize that in these customs we are but repeating in conventional form the acts of our primitive and savage forefathers.10 INTRODUCTION. the token of her subjugation was a ring (the badge of servitude). why he has a These and many other incidents of marriage are so familiar to us. which was placed upon one of her fingers. in those early days of human society when a man was obliged either to capture his wife and run away with her (an undertaking ofttimes requiring the assistance of a trusted friend). and have become so much a matter of course. when finally possessed. to be fought for or pur- chased and. . ring placed upon the finger of the bride. To those who have given any attention to the growth and derivation of human institutions these illustrative facts will at once be appreciated. or to purchase her with gifts contributed by himself and his family .

be considered an unnecessary digression. 2 It must be remembered that . I? may. what is social customs. and have simply been adapted to meanings and purposes in accordance with our present ideas and social conditions. true of our language and our is equally true of our the. perhaps.INTRODUCTION. however extravagant or absurd they may appear to us. ology and church symbolism that many of our religious customs and emblems have come down to us from a remote past. In viewing the forms and ceremonials connected with the nature worship of early civilization it should be constantly borne in mind that. they served in their time a definite and reasonable purpose that nothing comes into existence except as the result of an efficient cause. Yet they will undoubtedly tend to more readily convince the general reader that many features peculiar to human society may very easily have a past significance entirely at variance with that which they have to-day so that it should not prove surprising to find that .

it should not be forgotten that . the moon. the short. While on their surface they may appear incompatible with our present ideas of propriety. and our consequent failure to see in these objects and functions anything beyond fall their direct and intrinsic significance. because of our dependence upon a fixed and formal language. the trees. the day and the night. the animals in life phenomena and forms of were called into requisition to supply his need for some means of expressing his thoughts and emotions. the stars.1 8 INTRODUCTION. conventional symbolization . for the con- veyance of his ideas and hence the sun. the early races of mankind lanwas largely symbolical that primiguage tive man was obliged to resort to suggestive natural objects and their more or less among . Nor must we into the error of re- garding the rites and symbols of phallicism in the light of modern prejudice. many objects and functions were given meanings which we to-day fail to appreciate. Consequently. all flowers.

and each nation in the hisof the world has had its individual tory ideals of morality and each race and each . conceptions of virtue and goodness and while each set of people is convinced of the correctness ethics. has rever- spurned with con- age. that man's conceptions of right and wrong have been constantly changing that the standard of morality and religion has been . what one race has regarded with ence another demnation. however superfi- may be his knowledge of history. them are in direct opposition to one another. many of particulars. o It is scarcely neces- sary to remind cial any one. Each community to-day has its independent . different in each age that the virtue of yesterday is the sin of to-day. all of its own standard of in no two of these standards agree On the contrary. and that what is highly improper at one time may be both proper and religious at another. and that .INTRODUCTION. 19 morality and religion are purely relative terms. .

It is only proper. therefore. in studying the customs and beliefs of any particular age or of a particular race. or for regarding certain of his appetites as essentially different from any of his other natural desires. without any reference to what may be the prevailing notions or beliefs as the result of entirely different conditions. and is abundantly attested by the records and the history of mankind the evidence contained in the Old . that we should acquaint ourselves with the sur- rounding and influencing conditions with the social and mental status of the race or community.20 INTRODUCTION. This is a matter of common knowledge and observation. and view its people . . In a primitive state of society man ex- presses himself with equal freedom and unreserve on all natural and physiological phenomena within his observation. Ex- perience has not yet suggested to him for concealing certain bodily any necessity functions. from the standpoint of their own time and their own life conditions and environment.

characteristic is of all familiar to the Scriptural readers of the and would prove of even greater significance and force were it not for the fact that many Hebrew words and expressions have been altered in their translation from the original. or at least unfit for general discussion. This writings Bible. where they appear in a boldness and directness of meaning quite incompatible with latter-day notions of refinement. Not only do we find the writers of sacred history freely and unaffectedly referring to many things that in this day are considered indecent and unholy. but the Lord himself is recorded as speaking on these topics with a fre- quency and in a manner to leave no doubt that nothing in their nature or suggestiveness rendered them in those early days unworthy of even divine mention. 21 Testament being alone sufficient to convince any one of this feature of primordial social conditions.INTRODUCTION. and which cannot fail to satisfy the most skeptical. that matters pertainto the generative functions and to the ing .

and that no one would deliberately introduce into his religious worship anything that to his mind was If phallic worship impure or unholy. with no thought of impropriety or immodesty. Therefore. however absurd or unreasonable sex worship may appear to us at this religion to selfish day. and that the grandest it . sexes were formerly discussed with perfect familiarity and plainness. than to deride Christianity because of the many sins that have been committed in its name by those who have prostituted and unholy purposes. only necessary to remember that religion. represents a stage in the development of the human mind.22 INTRODUCTION. always represents man's highest and purest thought. it is no more reasonable on this account to question its inherent righteousness and purity. let us not forget that it was man's that religion at the dawn of civilization . sometimes degenerated into licentiousness and other inconsistent practices. in whatever form it may be maniit is fested. But aside from all ethical considerations.

INTRODUCTION. holy and beautiful. constitutes the basis of all that is sacred. 23 theologies of to-day are the outcome of this primitive mode of worship that it . .


CHAPTER THE I. It is that which underlies the struggle for existence in the animal world. BASIS OF RELIGION. That affinity which draws the two sexes together for the purpose of uniting in the production of a new being that overmastering. all THE life is animating impulse of organic the sexual instinct. and has ever been the cause and the subject of man's most exalted thought.SEX WORSHIP. universal impulse is the most powerful factor in all that pertains to the human race. 25 . and is the source of all hu- man endeavor and emotion.

but that it is the foundation of society and the well-spring of human It is life and happiness. not our purpose here to enter upon a discussion of the physiological fea- tures of the subject. endeavor and affection. In this day and age. and we are taught that the sexual appetite is an animal craving.26 SEX WORSHIP. all . when matters pertaining to the sexes are generally avoided. but all ambition. showing the intimate and unavoidable relationship existing between the mind and the sexual instinct but suffice it to say. the great majority of persons are blind to the vast importance and significance of the it is not surprising that sexual nature in its relation to the affairs of the world. that were man deprived of this instinct it would not only . and that they fail to realize that not only is it the cause of our indi- vidual existence. that should be subas dued and concealed unworthy of man's superior nature. result in the extermination of the race (for procreation would be impossible in the absence of this animating desire).

is never- theless actuated by precisely the same motive as that which governs the savage in his brutal and uncouth demonstration . art and religion any incentive to progress or energy while the intricate and reciprocal machinof .THE BASIS OF RELIGION. and the world would become cold and passionless destitute of sentiment or aspiration. 2/ in short. robbed of to its mo- force. who reveals the longings of his heart in language and conduct at medium once pure. poetry. refined and tender. all the emotions and achievements inspired by what we term love would cease. who through woos the object the of his affection of inspired poetry and other sentimental graces. would come crumble away in hopeless tion. devoid . ery of tive human society. a stop and disorganiza- It is universally admitted that love is and the animating spirit of the world what is love but a manifestation of the . and who instinctively shrinks from the suggestion of any sensuality in his feelings. sexual instinct ? The civilized man.

is ever idealized. broad and true aspect. admitting this physical truth. the same impulse. because we see in . nobler and all-pervad- nize it But viewing it in its ing form of love. we fail to recogin its higher. consequently. Each is but giving expression. glorified as and an abstract power. purely sensual manifestations. . In the one case we recognize it as love . in the other. to the same feeling.28 SEX WORSHIP. as sensuality . the unfortunate fact that we is both in Whatever reluctance there may be due to have been taught to regard the generative nature as confined wholly within the narrow limits of its hibited in lust and tion . untrammeled by arbitrary definitions. of desire toward one of the opposite sex. yet both spring from the same source are animated by the same instinct. in accord- ance with his individual nature and social conditions. we are forced to admit its vital factor in the life race. importance as the supreme and welfare of the human Love. as exmere animal gratificaand.

THE it BASIS OF RELIGION. Every poet. for the portrayal of this universal and omnipotent passion. and to embrace it in the highest and most sacred sphere of man's intellectual domain it religion. the inspiration. Nay. every all artist. every composer who are gifted with most truly expressing the loftiest emotions and feelings of mankind have found their inspiration in the inexhaustible theme of love and no language. of man's of life. when we reverently exclaim. " God is love " when we bow down and worship it as ! the divine essence. too far-reaching. . no expression. of all beauty. has ever been deem- power . In our idealization of love it soars be- yond the bounds of earthly limitations. 29 the source. the incentive to morality and sublimity deeds of the highest and noblest characthe elevating and controlling spirit ter . and we hesitate not to ascribe to it a divine character. do we not raise to the loftiest point capable of attainment by the human mind. the supreme power ? . ed too exalted.

both material and ideal. in its complex relation love. but enough has been said to indicate that the animating spirit of the human mind the underlying principle of its lofty and holy emotions. is the spiritualizing power of the sexual instinct that this impulse lies at the foundation of all thought and action.30 It is SEX WORSHIP. not 'within the province of this work to attempt a complete analysis of or sexuality. and through the emotion thus aroused we deify and worship the inspirational source In every sense. . the actuating source of . to these higher and more subtle phases of human thought and conduct . and finds its grandest expression in religion. Love of the universe . of our spiritual longings. creative force of the world the divine immanence is . Religious emotion springs from the animating power of the sexual nature. and most exalted both the foundation and the pinnacle of religion the beginning and the end of human thought and aspiration. love is the animating. both physical and spiritual. .

of its in- the worship of the mystery of creation and reproduction the . worship of the omnipotent creative power. that the proof of the basis of religious worship shall alone rest upon a physiological analysis. life. and brings the child . however complete or demonstrative. and that it has for its primary and universal object the worship spiring cause of life. It is not intended. . that the- ology has sprung from the animating impulse of life. but that the records of human history shall bear witness to the fact. that wondrous creative power. At times and on all hands we behold nature engaged in her ceaseless work of and yet the mystery of reproduction . and the indwelling spirit of the soul the beginning and end of all that is. 31 . which causes the plant to spring from the tiny a new being seed. however. Of all the phenomena of nature there is none that has always so strongly excited the wonder and reverence of mankind as that of procreation life the transmission of all from one generation to another.THE BASIS OF RELIGION.

is Where do we come from How life produced? Who brings the new beings These are the natural into the world? and innocent questions that perplex the mind of every child questions that from time immemorial have been asked by mankind. Jehovah. and that however much they may differ in their teachings and their instituthey but represent different methods of worshiping one and the same object. and have inspired a responsive belief in the existence of an eternal and . and in- into the world. that all religions have had a common origin. tions.32 SEX WORSHIP. almighty creative power a belief that is common to all people of the world. and which constitutes the central and basic . is to-day as deep spiring as it was to the mind of man in the early dawn is One of of the world's history. God. the first problems of human thought that regarding ? creation. apparent to every one all Brahma. religious faiths. Allah and hun- . truth of It is who has had an opportunity of studying the subject.

as viewed from . and to have inspired them with the same notions of the True Religion. names for the same simply different deity. it not have been as easy for him in omnipotence to have created all men with the same sentiments and dispositions. this different standpoints universal object of adoration.THE dreds of BASIS OF RELIGION. When the ambassador from the French court presented to the Buddhist king of Siam the request of Louis XIV that he would embrace " It is Christianity. are 33 others. Had it been agreeable to the Creator that all nations should have the same form of worship. whilst He it does concern seems to have left wholly to our discretion. he replied that the king of France strange should interest himself so much in a mat: ter whom it which concerns only God. is the su- preme creative power. as to endow them with such different tempers and would his inclinations? Ought we not the true rather to believe that God has as much pleasure in being honored by a variety of 3 . and this deity.

in forms and ceremonies. everlasting truth religion and the so-called different religions of the . the incarnate deity. Each . According to them there is but one one supreme." says Krishna. the same exliving Much widely less. as being praised of different and " creatures glorified " ? by a number Even they who worship other gods. . worship me al- though they know it not. to resemble one another in their views and customs and to construct similar systems of morality and church government. therefore. under entirely different conditions. world are but different modes of manifesting and expressing this eternal truth.34 SEX WORSHIP. No two lated by individuals. however closely rebirth and circumstances. in an " ancient Hindu poem. which recognize the true source and motive of all religious faiths." These expressions embody the teachings of the higher philosophy of the Buddhist and Hindu religions. ever in exactly view the same object light. can we pect separated nations.

Christianity broken up into a multitude of sects and denominations. physical. These facts become all the more apparent when we note how great is the diversity of thought and conduct among people of the same community and of the same Do we not see religious faith.THE builds in its BASIS OF RELIGION. than can we understand . every age. The savage no more comprehends our abstract. mental and race. each observing religion in a different manner? not realize that the idea of the same And do we God is subject to a multitude of interpretations? . every dividual status and necessities. has a form of religion in conformity with its in- Every being. and are actuated by the same motive. accordance with its ideas and needs each constructs a form of religion suitable to its conditions. his reverence for a supreme god in the form of a wooden idol yet both the savage and ourselves are worshiping identically the same object. 35 social and theological structure . imper- sonal conception of the Almighty.

so does the conception of the Supreme Being become more exalted and more spiritual. as various and conflicting as are the opinions and feelings of mankind. while to the mind of lesser development the Alsonal. while conforming to the general theological opinion. and ever have been. and what is true of individuals is likewise true of denominations and of different generations and periods in the history of The character and attriChristianity. butes ascribed to the Deity are to-day.36 SEX WORSHIP. endowed with the same feelings and emoconception. Each Christian. As the intellect and disposition are refined. his education and his social condition. mighty appears more material. has his own individual conception of the Almighty . erned by the same passions and impulses . and gov. in tions that actuate his creatures. Every man's idea of God is dependent upon his nature. more permore closely allied with man him- self. until we reach the anthropomorphic simply as which God is regarded an exaggerated human being.

While Jehovah and the God of Christianity are one and the same Being. Cursed shalt thou be when . is that of a vengeful. scourge and to slay those who opposed at one time as many as fifty thousand. one who was easily sanguinary deity aroused to anger. and tion. in . and did not hesitate to . it is not such as is in harmony with the present religion of love and peace. there are probably few Christians to-day whose conception of the Creator accords with that entertained by the Israelites for. on the contrary. 37 we find illustrated in the Old-Testament descriptions of Jehovah.THE as BASIS OF RELIGION. pestilence and famine those who displeased him. but. him destroying . threatening his chosen people with dreadful curses and cruel punishments should " Cursed shalt thou they fail to obey him be in the city. and cursed shalt thou be in : the field. in a sudden fit of indigna- and constantly commanding the Israelites to wage war against and to lay waste the landsand cities of their enemies afflicting with plagues. . truth.

each age. thou comest in. found in the twenty-eighth chapter of We Deuteronomy. and with an inflammation. each race. a striking . and with mildew. which is not written in the book of this law. and with a fever. whereof thou Moreover he will canst not be healed. and they shall cleave unto thee. and cursed shalt thou be when thou goest out. and with blasting. what has theological history." These and many more are the curses enumerated in the Lord's malediction as against the Israelites. in our own example of been said regarding the disjust similar ideas and representations of one and the same deity. And the Lord will smite thee with the botch of Egypt. Also every sickness and every plague. bring upon thee all the diseases of Egypt. therefore. them will the Lord bring upon thee. until thou be destroyed. The Lord shall smite thee with a consumption. and with an extreme burning. and with the emerods. have here. which thou wast afraid of. and with the scab.38 SEX WORSHIP. and with the sword. and with the itch.

in common with the idea of God. and that what we call Christianity has embraced every conceivable variety of thought and conduct that it has served as the authority for practices and institutions that at another time have . has filled the world with darkness and with misery. 39 each denomination having its individual conception of God. in accordance with the social and intellectual status of its people.THE BASIS OF RELIGION. and it has been the beacon light of hope and salvation the glorious annunciation liberty. we find that religious notions and customs. have been constantly changing. been condemned by the same authority. of joy and But. When we growth trace the of Christian civilization development and through the past centuries. and contradictions. despite these marvelous changes who will say that . Christianity itself has changed that the foundation on which it rests has been . the valiant Crusades were carried on under banners . The its Inquisition flourished in it its name .

also. The Assyr- the ancient cians. Egyptians. the Supreme Being Romans. was worshiped by nearly all the early nations as a triple deity three in one. as did also Persians. do we find that many of the main features of Christianity are simply modifications or adaptations of those existknow ing in older forms of religion. concordantly with the social and mental development of the race. The legend of the creation and fall of . Pheniand Chaldeans Scandinavians. worshiped a Trinity. Creator. mankind worshiped the Almighty in the form of a triune god. or whose emblem was a dove. The Hindoos had Holy their Brahma. too. Vishnu and Siva server and Reproducer. now appearing in one form. So. and now in another. to the various stages in the evolution of human society. In fact.4O shaken ? SEX WORSHIP. doctrines and remained unaltered they have simply been modified and adapted truths The fundamental have . PreSpirit. We that long prior to the time of Christ. ians.

There have been found ancient Assyrian cylinders. Zend-Avesta of the Persians. India. a Virgin. this legend bears a remarkable likeness in many of its details to that contained in the Bible. and rose again after written. following his righteous . For a thousand years before the birth of Hindoos worshiped theirvirginborn Redeemer. Krishna relating his Christ the . The belief in a who was born of salvation of death. as the and the Vedas of the Hindoos. dates back centuries and even thousands of years before the Christian era. China. 41 likewise common to all of the prin- In some of the reccipal ancient faiths. a Son of God. died for the men. wonderful miracles. and in the British there are cuneiform inscriptions showing conclusively that the Babylonians Museum had this legend fifteen hundred years or more before the book of Genesis was Savior.THE man is BASIS OF RELIGION. ords. Mexico and other ancient nations. as we see in the religions of Egypt. pictorially recording the temptation and fall of man.

born of the Virgin Mary. and that beneath the outward and ceremonial differences of the various faiths of mankind. lived about six thousand years ago. the mother of his only begotten son. In short. For ages before of America by Columbus. throughout all the world and . the discovery the Mexicans worshiped their Redeemer. Quetzalcoatl. and the Light of the World. we find that the fundamental religious beliefs of the world have remained unchanged from time immemorial. the Good Shepherd.came to earth and died for the redemption of mankind nearly five hundred . chosen by God to be zal. the Egyptian Sa- vior. who was born of Sochiqueta pure virgin. years before the time of Christ while Horus. according to tradition. the Son of God. Buddha. and founder of the faith that to-day numbers more adherents than that of any other in the world. and calling him the Resurrection and the Life. teachings. however diversified and contradictory have been their superincumbent theologies.42 SEX WORSHIP.

THE throughout BASIS OF RELIGION. . all human there are to be found the same legends pointing to a and the same . to a universal foundation the worship of nature in its great mysthe worship of the supreme tery of life . creative power. the ages of beliefs all 43 history. common origin.

In the infancy of man's mentality the manifestations of nature were unintelligi- but with that instinct which is still human race. and in his endeavor to comprehend the ble . As was the stated in the preceding chapter. phenomenon of procreation has ever been a source of deepest interest. and we may readily imagine how directly and forcibly it must have impressed itself upon the mind of man in those early days of his social development. curiosity and reverence. inherent in the 44 . he struggled with his finite mind to grasp the infinite. and when the necessities of his condition renall dered him keenly observant of phe- nomena.CHAPTER II. THE CREATOR. when he was more closely dependent upon nature than he is now.

and thus it was that he came to look upon the generative power as superior to aught else. but which appeared to him as the most powerful and the most incomprehensible. in its results . his The creative act was incomparably greatest pleasure. Naturally. representations of superior beings. so potent.THE CREATOR. upon whom he was dependent for his existence and happiness. forces 45 and wonders of the universe. . Surely. and produced the most wonderful and mostprized result a new being like himself. . and they became to him clothed the personiliving entities like himself fications of his emotions and desires the . so so overpowering in its awe-inspiring so inexplicably marvelous manifestations. silent and invisible in its . he learned to regard most highly that which not only afforded him the greatest pleasure and the greatest good. within the range of his observation and experience there was nothing in nature at once so mysterious. he them with the imagery of his untutored mind.

. long time for mankind to reach that stage in which the mind was It required a capable of formulating . transcending all and possessed of a power others in greatness and mystery. a wonderful and potent instrument. . suggestive symbol and so it was that the male organ of genera. Man's first impulse is to suppose that the immediately preceding act is the cause of the immediately succeeding result. and it was therefore only natural that at first man should have regarded his virile member as the direct and sole cause of both his pleasure and of his offspring it its . operations.46 SEX WORSHIP. omnipotent and was through it that the greatest of all accomplished. supreme in powers and capabilities. endowed apparently with independent life things in nature was and activity. and grasping abstract notions of disassociating attri- butes and qualities from the objects in of comprewhich they are manifested a power or an emotion without hending some tangible.

was exalted and worshiped worshiped not only as the creator of human life. 47 incarnate the phallus. who was the Creator. supremely marvelous and wonder potent object. accordance with this of humanity. the Father. and hence the supreme deity. and the phallus was the incarnation of his power . When we consider the vital importance attached to the begetting of children. the creative force was deified it was ascribed to a superhuman personality. other manifesta- tions of nature. common . was regarded as the source of being. as the embodiment of the creative power. for the accomplishment of life's great pur- pose. in symbol of the world's creator with all . of all things. in . appealing to the awe and of mankind. fication or for.THE CREATOR. tion. and came In to be looked upon and adored the instincts as the Author of Life. an omnipotent god. but as the personi. His power was necessarily almighty it was he who controlled life and procreation.

man's and woman's life duty was fulfilled. . To be childless was to a woman worse than death. ancient times. tain children by her. And Abram " heark: ened to the voice of Sarai So. 16 2). we can more readily comprehend the veneration felt for the organ as the generation as their creator divine instrumentality through which a of . we read of the despair of Rachel . " Abraham and Sarah longed and that in their extremity Sarai said unto Abram. Of this we have ample evidence in the Scriptures and other ancient records. and was at the same time the highest ambition of every man to beget sons and daughters. also in (Gen. the thirtieth chapter of Genesis. It was the supreme religious duty of every it woman to bear children and perpetuate the seed of mankind. but a curse.48 SEX WORSHIP. Barrenness was not only an affliction. how earnestly for a child. We are told. Behold now the Lord hath restrained me from bearing I pray thee go in unto my maid it may be that I may ob. for example.

in order to thus in a measure her barrenness . And in bitterness of soul. as Jephthah's daughter was obliged to do. 38 : 13-26. we again. and wept sore. as a last resort. ! " palliate her affliction. was an awful punishment she was and curse in the eyes of the ancient world. at 49 And when Rachel saw that she bare Jacob no children. while * Gen. committed 2O incest with their father. And. " because the Lord had shut up her womb. . the first chapter of Samuel. treachery and crime. borne children. or else I die and she. " Give me children.* Tamar. as the result of her fato die without having ther's rash vow. in learn of the misery endured by Hannah. too. and in the story of Lot's daughters." To die a virgin. gave her maid to her husband. Rather than submit to the possibility of such a fate women would resort to deceit. who the circumstances of . I. and prayed unto the Lord.THE CREATOR. Rachel envied her sister and said unto Jacob. as justifiable under as we see in the case who deceived her father-in-law.

Through him alone could be obtained the greatest of all blessings and the accomplishment of life's purpose and it was to . Naturally. purpose they accomplished through imposition and strategy. the woman. In short. dwelling in their secluded abode in the " mountain. that the children.5O SEX WORSHIP. as well as the man. But to the woman of the past the Creator was him. therefore. even as the woman woman prayed for . manner of all the earth " chapter of their Genesis. according to the account as related in the nineteenth . because there is not a man in the earth to come in unto us after the and. the sole purpose of human existence an ancient . as scarcely to require particular mention here. the begetting of children was the highest and holiest aim in life. looked to the Creator as the supreme source of worldly happiness and comfort. and so well known. of to-day prays to God for a similar blessing. belief which is so abundantly demon- strated in the old Testament.

THE CREATOR. and the Lord did unto Sarah as he had spoken." (Gen. his actual presence in material form and potent activity. undefinable To her he was a substantial acbeing. 30: 22. man. and God hearkened to her. It was the Creator himself who came of the to her. through the medium The phallus was his divine personality. in his old age." we are told that " God remem- bered Rachel. impersonal. also.) . 51 not an abstract. For Sarah conceived. the sole and supreme purpose for which he had brought mankind into the world. existing for a . tuality. He was in directly and personally concerned the act of generation. specific and well- defined purpose closely and definitely associated with the object of her prayers. That this the Creator in ancient times. and opened her womb. was the idea entertained of is shown by such expressions as we find. in the twenty-first chapter of Genesis (relating to the conception and birth of And the Lord visited Sarah as he had said. for example. Isaac) : " and bare Abraham a son So.

and to this day the rite of circumcision is . and bare three sons and two daughters. 2 21. and should thus the sacred token of the contract stitute between himself and his chosen people." (I Sam. so that she conceived. " the Lord again. Am I in God's stead fruit of who hath withheld (Gen. according to the Old Testament. and. that the idea of the Creator was very closely associated with what his name specifically signifies. is further significantly demonstrated in the related fact. And.52 SEX WORSHIP.) the womb?" It is evident. therefore. The phallus was his most sacred emblem or representative. from thee the 30: 2.) That the husband was considered as : simply the instrument of God. of the for Hebrews so regarded it himself he ordained that it should be conspecially marked. it is related that visited Hannah. him " that Jacob resented his wife's plea to " for children And Jacob's anger : : was kindled against Rachel and he said. it is clearly shown that the God .

which Jehovah gave to Abraham. . And ye shall circumcise the flesh of your foreskin ." again And when all the people had been circumthe Lord said unto Joshua. . . : 17: 10-14.THE CREATOR. enant betwixt me and you." cised. nine" And teen hundred years before Christ This is my God said unto Abraham. and circumcise the children of Israel a second time." (Gen. man child among you shall be circumcised. " Make " From this it is apparent that circumci- . and it shall be a token of the cov. and he that is bought with thy money. practised 53 by the Jews. covenant. This have I rolled away the reproach of day Egypt from off you.) In the fifth chapter of Joshua we are told that the Lord said unto Joshua. thee sharp knives. in accordance with command. must needs be circumcised and my covenant shall be in your flesh for an everlasting covenant. which ye shall keep between me and you and thy seed after thee every this : . He that is born in thy house. the father of the Israelites.

" " That the virile member was considered as specially sacred to the Creator. but of salvation as well. in the Bible by numerous passages being very forcibly shown by the statement. the Old Testament affords numerous examples of the holiness It was a common attached to this symbol. and the eminent importance attached to it by the Al- mighty is attested . custom among the Hebrews. to lay the hands upon the generative organ of . who sharp stone. because he had neglected to circumcise one of his sons. right of circumcision. either as his symbol or as the instrument by which his divine power was fulfilled. Zipporah. just mentioned. and was only saved by the timely interventook a tion of his wife. and cut off the foreskin of her son. sion was not only a token of sanctification.54 SEX WORSHIP. that the Lord was on the point of killing Moses. to be found in the fourth chapter of Exodus. when taking a solemn oath. is universally evidenced in all the ancient In addition to the faiths and customs.

. the of the earth. etc.THE CREATOR. in further evidence of the sacred relationship supposed to exist between the organ of generation and the Creator. in the 47th chapter of the same book. This practice is still to be found in certain parts of Arabia and Africa. and promise that he would not bury him in Egypt." and again. It was through it that and make thee swear by the God of Heaven and the God I will when Jacob was about . . it is recorded that to die he called Joseph to him. put his hand under his thigh. . thy : hand under my thigh Lord. This custom is referred to in the 24th chapter of Genesis. the person to 55 was given.. where we are told that "Abraham said unto his eldest servant. and bade him. and various customs of a like character might be cited. Put. whom the vow or promise This was as solemn and de- vout a procedure as is the present method of kissing the Bible or holding up the right hand. I pray thee. and was indicative of the same meaning that of calling upon God to witness the truth and sincerity of the oath.

or the procreative deity. and was resorted to especially by barren women. and hence it was an object of reverence and worship. even as was the Creator himself. and remain a reverential spectator of the act representing the union of God and the woman. In many instances prayers were devoutly offered to the symbol. In various parts of India certain . certain their chances for bearing children. in the belief that God was thereby being addressed. in the devout belief that by this means they secured and thereby rendered divine intercourse with their god.56 SEX WORSHIP. This custom and it is practised in India. not uncommon for a husband to is still accompany his wife to the priest. the Creator manifested his supreme power. is again shown by the ancient religious practice of women submitting themselves to the embraces of the priests as the repThis practice was resentatives of God. not an unusual one. in the generative act. and the primitive belief in the actual pres- ence of the Creator.

an explanafor in tion was looked some characteristic . it resulted in the important discovery that the appendages of the organ play an important and necessary part in the act of creation. Naturally. son at one time Why should a man beget a and a daughter at another ? What ence? is the reason for this sexual differ- is the question we are vainly ourselves to-day. 57 are set apart in each year for the on which the occasions the women repair to the temples priests and there receive from the sacred blessing that they are unable to obtain from the Creator through the me- dium of their husbands. the cause that determines the sex of the offspring. days visitation of the creative deity. and the supposed difference in their relative size and position gave rise to the theory. Next in importance to procreation is itself. as the responsible creator and while this did not lead to a definite solution of the mystery. .THE CREATOR. and is the same asking question that bothered the minds of men This in the past ages. of the phallus.

dependent one upon the other for the fulfillment of their office. that it was only in their unity and co-operation that they were capable of productive activity as an absolute and perfect One. . while the left or is smaller one responsible for the women is of the world. which is held by many at the present day. where fathers refer to their sons as the records. nor should it be surprising to learn. therefore. perfect each distinct and complete in itself. but so It became evident. that the worship of a trinity dates back to the dimmest and most remote past.58 SEX WORSHIP. therefore. that the right testicle is the producer of the stronger sex. that the creator consisted of three parts. stand From this it is not how the creative difficult to underto be deity came regarded as a triune being. ally That this belief was generevi- entertained by the ancients. The one of the most ancient nations Assyrians. children of their right side. denced by the allusions to it in the early including the Old Testament.



of the world, worshiped a trinity known as Asshur, Anu and Hoa, and upon a study of the derivation of these names


find that

they refer

directly to the

triune generative organ. sents the phallus, for the





signifies the erect one, the upright



right testicle, which, as the assistant the production of male children, was

phallus itself, is represented by Anu, a name derived from the word meaning strength, particularly

held next in rank to the

manly strength or power, while Hoa, the


of the trinity, has reference
trinities of

to the feminine element.


this, as in all



the individuals


were of

relative rank

three distinct enti-

or members, each necessary to the other, working together as one toward one end. As a whole constituted the


supreme god, the Creator, under the collective name of Bel. While the custom of giving to a trinity a name distinct from any of its component individuals, is a com-


in all religions,

mon one

ally observed, for, as

it is not genera rule, the Trinity, or complete Creator, is known under the name of the first in rank, as Asshur, the


of Lords.
find, therefore,




that the triune comthe masculine creator was

early recognized, and the veneration in which the complete and perfect male organ was held, is most clearly shown by the fact that it was the subject of religious or-






ample demon-

stration in the


in the

Old Testament, where, for book of Deuteronomy,

we learn that Jehovah himself ordained, that " he that is wounded in the stones,
or hath his privy

member cut

off, shall


enter the

congregation of the


plainly indicating the divine importance attached to the perfect condition of this


of the Creator.

This holy regard for the soundness and at the same time for the safety of the generative organ,

perhaps more fully shown

* Deut. 23





the 25th chapter of the same book, it is commanded by the Lord, that


have her hand cut




takes hold of her husband by the genitals, even though it be in a case of extremity
for the

purpose of delivering him from an

enemy. It must not be supposed, however, that this religious reverence for perfect masculinity is confined to

the past, for at the

present day one who is sexually mutilated, and therefore not "a man," cannot be consecrated as a priest

bishopric pal throne.



nor promoted to a exalted to the pa-

This requirement, that religious teachers

and leaders

shall possess a generative

organism perfect in form and function, is a very general one, and always has been. are told that fifteen hundred years before Christ the Lord expressly forbade a


priest to practise his vocation culinity was impaired (Lev. 21





A eunuch

or impotent


has always

a despised and accursed



scorned alike by man and God. In olden times castration was regarded as a punishment far worse than that of death a fate

that degraded a

man below

the level of

the meanest and lowest brute.

The more

was, the greater was the respect he inspired and the veneration paid to a god was always proportionate to the


sexual abilities ascribed to him.
deities as


were held to be more strongly endowed with virility, and whose office
functions, were honored above their fellow

pertained more directly to theprocreative
gods, and thus
it is that the Creator, the almighty and everlasting Producer, has ever been the supreme god. His creative hence, he is the powers are unlimited the master of all other gods and of ruler,


as symbolized by the generative organs. Prominent among these representations was the phallus. had for their dominant object the ligions worship of the procreative powers of nature. has reference more to the image of the 63 . in its stricter sense.CHAPTER III. the massymbol of creation. which. which were represented in images and emblems of the greatest diversity and variety. culine THE Egyptians and the Hindoos worship as an old-established institution. worship of the phallus. THE PHALLUS. dates back into the hidden and unknown ages of the past. showing that thousands of years before the Christian era it had already given rise to elaborate earliest records of the The refer to phallic All of these resystems of theology.

of They were made in every conceivable variety of form and many them being molded in plas- tic material. and worn as an amulet by the women. in which form it was generally of diminutive size. ivory.64 SEX WORSHIP. male organ than to the organ These images. stone and ivory. itself. Such amulets are still common among the phallic worshipers of India. household idols these images were about life-size. in exact representation of the masculine member. These are worn upon the arm or breast and in the turban. but those employed in religious . The most common form of these phallic images. many of them being of minute size gold. Sometimes they represented the organ in its passive state. were very common among size. crystal and made of or sacred wood. the ancients. and others carved from wood. in its upright which shape it was regarded as more clearly exhibiting the divine atWhen used as tribute of the Creator. however. silver. was the realistic representation of the phallus in position.

phallus. This image was a prominent feature in the Bacchanalia and other springtime festivals of the Greeks and Romans. and prayed to it. Creator. who presented it with offerings of flowers and wine.THE PHALLUS. and received the worship and adoration of the devotees. Divine Regenerator singing the while of praise to the deity. and anointhymns ing the sacred phallus with consecrated 5 . as the representative of the . with cor- responding proportions throughout. reaching sometimes to height of twenty or thirty feet. these occasions the women repaired to the temples of this idol. Many of the Greek and Roman temples. in common with those of other na- were especially dedicated to the which occupied the most prominent and holy part of the sacred edifice. as the hallowed representative of the tions. festivals 65 and in the temples were much a exaggerated. in of the regeneration of life. and there per- celebration On formed its the mysteries connected with worship.

it wine. amid the rejoicings and acclamations of the people. gaily decorated. which were held March. cities. were a festive though religious celebration in honor of Liber. women and children. covered with flowers and attended by a merry crowd of men. This was an occasion of general rejoicing. phallus. the god of generative power.66 SEX WORSHIP. Liberalia. as in the case of the Bacchanalian mysteries. was slowly drawn through In some of the towns and nificent car bearing an . festivi- played an important part In in these many places this emblem of regenerated life was placed in a chariot. was drawn about the fields. and was not confined to a particular place or set of worshipers. but was observed by the people in all parts of Italy and the Roman The ties. besides wreathing with flowers and presenting offerings of various kinds. another title in The Roman of Bacchus. a magenormous phallus. as the symbol of Bacchus. along the highways and through the towns. and. provinces.

and in this manner was borne to the center of the forum. emblem was taken possession of by holy the women. 67 the streets. and crowned the symbol of the deity with a wreath of ivy. and a general relaxation of the strict rules of feminine decorum. then advanced amid the joyous came shouts of the populace. as worthy of the post of honor. who then formed in procession and reverently escorted it to the temple of Venus. was celebrated by the Roman women at the same time. the Liberalia. where stood the temThis ple containing the sacred phallus.THE PHALLUS. The most respected matron of the town. The festival of Venus. This celebra- was attended with rejoicings and merry-making. where it to a halt. the goddess of love and regeneration. Romulus. . accompanied by a great procession of people. where they presented it to that goddess amid elaborate and joyful the hill rites. In the formal ceremonies of the occasion the tion ladies proceeded of in state to the Quirinal. or soon after.

and beneath the The trees in sacred groves and woods. The chariot. upon female which rests a colossal phallus. was devoutly carried Smaller images of the phallus were fre- quently set up by the roadside. two emblems in con- junction. in front of the doors of dwellings. the phallus back to its temple. which shows a triumphal chariot bearing an altar. and the images received the same pious reverence . When after placing the the celebration was completed. is drawn by bulls and goats. on which this holy emblem stood spot was regarded as hallowed ground. At the destination of the procession is a representation of a vulva upheld by two genii. holding a crown which above it. This ceremony is illustrated by a design on an old Roman gem. A figure hovers over this symbol. under a richly decorated canopy supported by four semi-nude women.68 SEX WORSHIP. which are ridden by winged children and preceded by a of flowers is band of women blowing trumpets.

and adoration as is 69 to-day paid to the symbols of Christianity. of children. and for this reason it was customary the suppliants to bare themselves and upon the phallus while praying. even as is the case with many to-day. The chances for securing fruitfulness were considered better if the prayer was for sit offered while in contact with the image. is consecrated image of the masculine creaand prayed for the blessing was as earnest and modest as the Christian woman invokes a similar day who boon from the holy of this Virgin or the Father. by and women of ages and stations. yet their devotion and piety were none the less deep and sinThe woman who knelt before the cere. tive power.THE PHALLUS. No doubt. for the aid. purpose of invoking divine In oriental villages . This all rite is still practised girls in certain parts of the world. who pray to the image of the Virgin or the crucified Savior. many of the devotees regarded the phallus as the deity itself.

and. steps upon the drapery.7O it is SEX WORSHIP. who was India. was and it is occasionally found in ancient tombs. each with a garland or bunch of flowers. repeats a short prayer and calls upon her god for some desired blessing. The suppliant to see common and circular. small. the other. adjusts her seating herself upon the upright stone. two stones one. where it was placed to guard the . flat smooth and upright standing near together in some secluded nook or grove. and. accompany their palam (child-fruit) prayer for pooliwith a respectful ab- rasion of a certain part of their person on a phallus. relates that sat at early " Many long a sojourner in a day have I dawn in the door of my tent. when none were thought to see. circular stone." By reason of its sacredness the phallus considered a charm against evil spirits. and gazed at group of females stealthily emerge from the adjoining. pitched the little in a sacred grove. A writer. half-sleeping village.

which were small images of men. with the phallus constituting the prominent feature. his wife. overtaking his sonin-law at the end of a seven-days' journey. The sacred importance attached to these images is shown by the fact that Laban went afterjacob. Rachel. it In the book of Genesis is related.THE PHALLUS. that when Jacob with the house of carried his family and flocks left Laban. told Laban that if he found the images on any one of his people. Rachel sat upon the idols. and. 71 dead from the Evil One. " gods ? and Jacob. " Wherefore hast thou stolen my asked. A remarkable instance of this custom was discovered not long since in Egypt. with whom there was buried the embalmed is phallus of a bull. " and said to . In order not to be discovered. away with her Laban's teraphim. where there was found at Thebes the mummy of a woman of rank. not knowing that his wife had taken them. The use and worship of phallic images referred to in the most ancient records. that person should be put to death.

lord for the custom of women is upon me.) Again. . as will and are common nations for in other phallic. worshiping day as in where phallic figexample. who was removed from being queen. Dahomey. And he searched. fact. but found not the images. in the book of Judges we learn that Micah made some of these images for and that the Danites took them from him and worshiped them * and in the first book of Kings is an account of " Maachah. . * of this Judges 17 : 5 . to images and idols it nor must be supposed is that the use of such to the remote past in India. emblems peculiar be presently shown. 31: 30-35. ." (Gen. grove" In (15 : 13). because she had made an idol in a himself. 18 : 18-31. Let that I cannot rise not displease before thee my . ures are prominent in the streets of every settlement. the Old Testament contains numerous references of this character .72 SEX WORSHIP. it her 'father. they are abundantly general for.

female devotees. which was highly venerated by the inhabitants of the town. accompanied by prayers for matrimonial and maternal blessings. the patron saint of virility . Foutin. as a symbol of the saint. 73 within a very short time ago they figured prominently in the Christian festi- To Cosmo and Damiano. in Italy . Eutropius. it is authoritatively related. was a phallus made of wood and covered with leather. A similar custom prevailed in certain parts of France. on which occasion phallic images of wax were offered to the priest by the val of St. as may be seen in the re- . in phallus was frequently pictured on sculpture and upon vases and other articles. that at Orange. whose aid was sought in all matters pertaining to the generative functions. where these wax offerings were made to St.THE PHALLUS. The coins. and as a further evidence of the existence of modified phallic worship. in the church of St. at Isernia. in connection with Christianity.

on lamps and vases used for sacerpictured while still another is human dotal purposes. and of phallic-figured vases and dishes. as well as those legs. Numerous examples of phallic statuary. on the cover of an ancient vase that had been at Portici. beaks. depicted standing on These. mains that have been found. were designed as symbolical of religious ideas. not only in cities. Bas-reliefs from some of the old buildings in France show singular the ancient varieties of double and triple the phallus. One is bridled and claws. is a large phallus. for museum used for sacred purposes. but in those of more modern times. have been found in Rome and other Italian cities . example. particularly among the ruins In the of Pompeii and Herculaneum. some of them and provided with wings. ridden by a sprite. offering a basketful of his wares to a group .74 SEX WORSHIP. which is being embraced by a woman while another vase shows a dealer in phalli . another is shown receiving the adoration of female devotees. etc.

Under its Hindu name of lingam the phallus is still universally used as a religious symbol throughout India. feet in circumfer- The temples of the lingam are to be seen in great numbers on the banks of the .THE PHALLUS. and measuring twenty-five ence. where phallic worship has flourished unabated for thousands of years. ivory and precious wood. is articles used in the evidence of the sacred mean- ing originally attached to them. the third member is of the Hindu creative trinity. and garlanded with flowers or adorned with other offerings. and to be found in every temple dedicated It is generally in the sancto his worship. the Reproducer. These lingams are made of granite. Though the religious cance of such designs is scarcely appreciated at this day. The lingam is the divine symbol of Siva. or holy of holies. and are generally of very large size. marble. the very fact that they were depicted on sanctuaries. of 75 signifi- women. tum. some reaching to the enormous height of forty feet.

those used for domestic worship are but a few inches in height and.76 SEX WORSHIP. The temples occur in groups of eight or ten. as before stated. any carnal excitement of the imagination would manifest itself in the external organs. Ganges. The priests connected with these tem. as they are nude while officiating. invests them with greater sanctity than if built in the interior of the country. ples are sworn to the strictest chastity and. and would result in the summary stoning of the unfaithful priest. open in front. especially in the neighborhood of Their presence near the river Calcutta. is a small house. the river being considered particularly sacred. this emblem in diminutive size is worn as an . . for the accommodation of the devotees who come there to die in sight of the river. while at some places as many as a hundred are located within short range of one another. Connected with nearly every one of these temples. While the lingams in the temples are of gigantic proportions.

fruits and various kinds of pre- pared edibles. and portant when fully and properly performed in The worship accordance with the prescribed ritual. the bathing of the lingam with clarified butter. is a very elaborate ceremony. lamps. the repetition of prayers. consisting of sixteen essential requisites. and the walking about and bowing before the image. It is not necessary that this worship should take place in the temple. in charm. the offering of flowers. amulet or 77 Hindoos saint.THE PHALLUS. honey and the juice of sugar cane. incense. It considered most efficacious formed on the bank fore a lingam formed doos of every caste and of both sexes perof a holy river beThe Hinof clay. when . but may be performed is in any purified place. including a prefatory bath of purification by the worshiper. and is used by the prayer as the pious Catholic uses the symbol or image of his patronof the lingam is an imand necessary religious rite.

which was generally of unnatuTo this day there are rally large size. was a statue or representation of the male figure. reciting the prescribed incantations and entreating the deity to make them fruitful mothers. in the most conspicuous part of the town. and. Upon the completion of is the ceremony the image the river.78 SEX WORSHIP. or simply exhibiting the phallus. decking it with garlands of flowers. realistic A common and more symbol of the procreative power. incantations. every morning after bathing. of this make images symbol with the clay of the Ganges. which is set up as a talisman. while rubbing themselves against it. and worship before them bowing. Early in the morning may be seen the girls and women of the neighborhood sprinkling the emblem with water from the Ganges. thrown into Every village has its public lingam. presenting offerings. two or three feet in height. and repeating . to be seen on the walls of the temples at . either entirely nude.

79 phallic designs of this how intimately the ideas of sexuality and religion were interwoven in the old Egyptian civilizaillustrating tion. the deity of procreation. and images of him this form were carried about in the processions connected with the religious in Egyptians. a common method of punish- ment among the ancients. who regarded the absence of sexual power as the most humiliating disgrace that could befall a man. Karnakand Thebes character .THE PHALLUS. Osiris is very with large and promifrequently depicted nent genitals. as a mark of his divine The Egyptian god and supreme power. There are many figures of their gods and kings. Romans were ardent worshipers of Priapus. and introduced the worship among the . phallus-god Priapus. showing them possessed of These unusual and abundant virility. pictures also represent the castration of captives. was always represented by a figure of this kind and as the festivals of the The Roman .

Roman coins. but frequently . SEX WORSHIP. showing him in all forms and attitudes sometimes alone. that the worship of them in certain parts of France continued down to within a comparatively recent time faith So deep was the common mind . who were required to sacrifice ticularly resorted to maternal joys. whom they came in con- images and statues of this kind are not rare in the various ancient towns of and other parts of Europe. their virginity to the deity through the medium of his holy image. as realistic representations of the creative deity. Italy or gems. and were par- by women who desired and by newly married women. abound in representations of Priapus. sculpturing. and engraved stones. implanted in the regarding the efficacy of addressed to these statues of the prayers creative deity. These priapic images were objects of reverential worship. the only difference in the worship being . as the central figure in suggestive scenes or unequivocal sexual pastimes.80 peoples with tact.

81 that the images were given the names of Christian saints. the inhabitants of the town worshiped one of these statues that had existed from the At Bourg time of the Romans. and barren women flocked to the abbey to implore the saint's aid. laid The devotee would stretch her- self at full length on this figure. in An- jou. Its mere inspection. Arnaud were similarly worshiped though in the case of the latter a mystic apron usually shrouded the symbol of fecundity. and would then scrape some particles from the phallus.THE PHALLUS. which was upon the floor. St. near Bourges. St. instead of their ancient pagan name of Priapus. Dieu. . and these particles in water were supposed to constitute a miraculous beverage. and to celebrate a novena in his honor. Giles. and was only and St. Regnaud and St. The monks. converted the ancient god into St. Greluchon. Rn. raised in favor of if sterile devotees. fearing to put an end to this old-established religious practice. 6 accompanied with true . in Brittany.

as offerings to the saint. Among the remains of a church at Em- brun was found the phallus of a statue of this saint. SEX WORSHIP. was said to be sufficient to effect miracles. but was shared equally by the men. of the Foutin was one of the most popular saints to whom were ascribed Statues to him the power of procreation. were common in various parts of France. The anointment custom of pouring wine of the image manner was a common practice. St. in connection with the worship of the saint. for he was said to have not only the gift of relieving barren women. as the result of the upon in this it. which was stained a deep red. who would devoutly present to the priests. wax images of the affected parts. . curing secret diseases. was not confined to the female devotees.82 faith. therefore. and he was the recipient of many prayers and offerings. in the pious and sincere belief that by this holy means they would be cured. but of restoring exhausted vitality and His worship.

as an effective and infallible means of producing fertility. 8$ the wine thus used being caught in a jar and allowed to turn sour. when.THE PHALLUS. under the name of " holy vinegar. ." it was drunk by the women.

Realistic representations of the masculine generative symbol became very readily modified into more formal shapes. which were adopted and retained. or for the reason that they could be better adapted to certain ceremonial uses. because they could be more easily made. 84 .CHAPTER WHILE IV. unknowingly preserved by us to-day in our architecture. either for the sake of convenience. our symbols and our customs. and while they were no doubt extensively used they cannot compare in numbers and importance with the modified and conventional forms of the creative symbol that we find scattered all over the world. and at all times. PHALLIC EMBLEMS. in endless numbers and variety. statues of Priapus and images of the phallus are found in great abundance in the remains of the ancient world.

they abound in the The marvelous Egypgreatest profusion. It was easily. into the con- In fact. it is most phallic popular and became one of the most numerous of symbols of emblems. cheaply and readily constructed. erected in honor of the Creator and his divine at- . of the large phalli pillars. are found in all parts of the world. upright emblems phallus became modified ventional form of a pillar. phallic emblems. while in Egypt and in India and other Asiatic countries. wood or stone. 85 Pre-eminent among this class of phallic It is not difficult is the pillar. many more than either of were really nothing and hence a plain pillar. was adopted as a symbol of the procreative power.PHALLIC EMBLEMS. They are numerous throughout Europe. and as its general form was plainly suggestive of the object not surprising that it it represented. the British Isles and America. of stone pillars. tian obelisks are nothing more nor less than large pillars. to understand how the large. as Remains the Deity.

this kind SEX WORSHIP.86 tribute. the Gauls. the Teutons. logue and explain the monuments and remains of phallicism that have been found in Great Britain alone would require a large volume. Indeed. and the Britons. Stone phalli in the form of pillars are common in the temples of China and Japan. and. The use of the pillar in one form or another was very extensive. besides that To cataof the Romans and the Greeks. columns. the Celts. obelisks and significance. among all the oriental . in fact. moand the devout endeavor on the part of mankind to honor the Creator. but was common to all portions of the inhabited world. Remains of this emblem in all parts of Europe and in England. all ancient structures of pillars. the Saxons. and played a dominant part in the religion of the Scandinavians. Scotland and Ireland bear evidence of the fact that phallic worship was religious tives monuments are of phallic and owe their existence to not confined to certain localities or peoples.

when pillars. 87 Passing to the western hemi- sphere. among and prehistoric In Yucatan a phallic pillar stands in front of the door of every temple. and water jars on which are figured gods and goddesses of procreation their functions and attributes being prominently porIn the center of the great square trayed. of the temple of the sun at Cuzco the early . dications of the primitive worship of the generative powers. as repthis emblem. shaped like a sugar loaf and covered with gold leaf. which was the object of special veneration on the part of the populace and in Brazil have been found similar in. is also practised in India. together with ancient clay phalli. In Peru have been found numerous examples of this symbol. In Polynesia pillars are a custom which made of straw. resented versal we by find that phallicism. European explorers found a stone idol. and human figures exhibiting both sexes . was almost uni- the primitive races of both continents.PHALLIC EMBLEMS. nations. especially in harvest time.

and in the temples and churches. as objects of adoration and worship. that has been retained to this day in the for do we not continue civilized world to mark the resting-places of our departed ones with monuments and columns and . before the doors of houses. as the presence of this holy emblem was supposed to consecrate the place in which and to guard it against evil it stood. For a similar reason stone pillars spirits. and that it was always an occasion of reverential cere- We . and shafts (symbols of the guardian Creaa practice tor) were placed upon graves.88 SEX WORSHIP. very conspicuously. in the market-places. other upright stones? have ample proof in the Bible that the pillar was regarded as a sacred emblem of the Creator. at boundaries. for it will be remembered that the setting up of a pillar as a witness to the Lord was a common practice among the Hebrews. are made and set up in the fields. In ancient times stone pillars were erected at the cross roads.

mentioned : . in accordance with the custom previously and on another occasion. and poured oil upon it. either as emblems of the Creator or as witnesses to him. as altars They and are frequently referred to rocks. " In that 89 day there shall be an Lord in the midst of the land of Egypt. as will pres- ently be shown. and equally significant. and a pillar at the border thereof to the Lord and it shall be for a sign and for a witness unto the Lord. Jacob set up a pillar. 19 : 19. he placed a pillar on her grave.) Those acquainted with the Old Testament cannot but be impressed with the sacredness attached to pillars. and the numerous instances in which they are mentioned in connection with the Lord." (Isaiah altar to the ." When his wife. are but modified forms of the pillar.PHALLIC EMBLEMS. Rachel. as we are told in Genesis 35 14. which pillar. calling : the place Bethel the I house of God have set for a (Gen. he set up a . monies.) died. which. 18-22. 28 : "And this stone. shall be God's house.

" testimony of God. took a great stone and set it up under an oak that was near the sanctuary " of the Lord. Behold. also. lest ye deny your God. through a records that are all illustrative of the . and he poured oil thereon. We find. when making offerings to the creative deity.90 pillar in SEX WORSHIP. And Joshua said unto all the people. and he appeared to them in the form of a pillar The Lord looked upon pillar of fire . words of the Lord which he spake unto us it shall be therefore a witness unto you." This was a common method of anointing the phallus. when about to die. that Joshua. this stone shall be a for it hath heard all the witness unto us . and was practised by the people of all nations.) the Egyptians he led the Israelites by pillars of cloud and fire. as applied to . the significance of the term Bethel. this symbol. who was frequently supposed to actually reside in the pillar itself hence." (Joshua : 24: 27. and he poured a drink-offering thereon.

" As made hewn (Ex. Gather stones said unto his and they took . And it came to pass. that for thirty-first " chapter of Genesis we read. And all the people saw the cloudy pillar stand at the tabernacle door and all the people rose up and worshiped. became emblematical of the Creator. and stood at the door of the tabernacle.PHALLIC EMBLEMS. and Jacob . it is not diffihow the rock and the .) the vast majority of pillars were of stone. 10. especially when piled in a heap such stone heaps being a very common form of the phallic symbol. pillar became interchangeable terms the one as symbolical and significant as the other. brethren. Jacob took a stone and set it up a pillar. In the . without any particular likeness to pillars. By an extension of the analogy. or consisted simply of un: cult to perceive rocks set up on end. tent door. as Moses entered into the tabernacle. 33 9. the cloudy pillar descended. mere stones. and the Lord talked with Moses. 9! " divine significance of this emblem. every man in his .

" etc. This heap be a witness and this pillar be a witness. and behold this pillar. Creator. " Of the Rock that begat thee thou art unmindful. phallic significance being espewhen he says. several times uses this emterm when referring to the . but the Lord himself is frequently alluded to as a Rock. made an heap. For who And who is a is God save the Lord ? the : : rock save our God ?" (Ps. Not only were these emblems recognized and employed as significant of the said to Jacob. Lord its cially clear.92 stones and SEX WORSHIP. too. i). "Unto " ! Thee 28 : will I cry. Equally clear is the ex- . and " hast forgotten God that formed thee (Deut. blematical Moses. showing conclusively the sacred meaning attached to this symbol. 18:31). 32: 1 8). David very often refers to God under " The Rock of Israel title of Rock " " Sam. 18:2). to me The spake (2 " " Lord is my rock (Ps. O Lord my rock (Ps. 23 3). And Laban Behold this heap.

and still forming the principal feature of every shrine and place of worship. in Isaiah : : Trust ye the Lord forever for the Lord Jehovah if is everlasting strength" which. in her song of thanksgiving to the Lord for having given her a child. on the one hand.* While.PHALLIC EMBLEMS. properly translated. mighty one. for example. its form was gradually modified so as to better accommodate them. would read. the rock of ages. the altar was an elaboration of this symbol . we find. I : 2. In the desire to place the offer- ings upon the sacred symbol. who. says: "Neither is there any " rock like our God (I Sam. Hab. a change that resulted from the practice of making offerings to the phallus or pillar. on the other hand. . the rock was a simplification of the pillar. 93 pression of Hannah. reverence. * See Isaiah 30 : 29 . 44 : 8 . 2 2). : In or many is instances the Hebrew word for rock God . : 26 in 4 as " translated strength. and the result was the altar an object still regarded with holy .

94 SEX WORSHIP. The principal outgrowth of the pillar was the tower. secrating a temple of worship by placing it a symbol of the Deity." festivities are simply a continuation of some ancient phallic celebration. which is itself a derivative of the Pheni- our word pole cian word meaning " he breaks through The modern Maypole or passes into. remains of which are still to be seen in various parts of the world. so the pil- became modified in various other ways. while the worshipers danced about it. as a symbol of the reproductive powers. the temitself was built in the shape of the ple within symbol. and this resulted in the erection of towers. this symbol was but a further enlargement and elaboration In addition to conof the phallus image. singing songs of joy and praise. is derived from phallus. especially in Great Britain. as far as possible. in which the pole. in As lar the case of the altar. one of which resulted in giving to the/0& In fact. . a sacred and phallic significance. In truth. was decorated with flowers.

We necessarily circumscribed edifices gave place to more commodious forms of architecture. having been built by sex-worshiping refugees from These towers vary in ancient Persia. where these ancient phallic structures abound in great numbers. measuring about fourteen feet in Round Towers.PHALLIC EMBLEMS. because of known as the most noteworthy examples of which are those found in Ireland. from fifty to one hundred and fifty height feet. and thus re- semble huge steeples standing alone. are to-day stone. is But in all their variety of forms. and. in some one of various forms. 9$ They were built of " their circular shape. and decreasing gradSome are surually toward the top. mounted with a conical-shaped roof. was always retained as . while others terminate in a point. tiveness of their design ent. its though the tower. the sugges- always appar- have every evidence that such phallic towers were common in all parts of the ancient world but in course of time these ." diameter at the base.

church is not considered complete without its steeple or tower. the three-pointed wand. but little is it realized that this important and distinguishing feature of church architecture is this A tor. the houses throughout . though unconscious. a religious building all Christendom. which has .96 SEX WORSHIP. the shepherd's crook. the principal and consecratory feature of and to this day. of religious worship are distinguished in manner. a relic of the primitive symbol of the Creaand that its original function was to hallow the place in which the deity of was worshiped. symbolization of the Creator. with its multitude of lofty steeples and spires towering above the housetops in glorious. In no ancient procreation city could the phallic symbols of the Almighty have been more prominently and widely displayed than they are to-day in every Christian town. Many other artificial and conventional times for the rep- emblems used be cited in ancient resentation of the procreative deity might as the arrow.

by reason of some supposed semblance or relation to the phallus. we find that tree worship. like the oak. and ancient history abounds with references " holy mounts. because of their straightness and uprightness. the palm. too. was vested with sacred significance. become the fleur-de-lis of . any high rock." or God. Hence. others. because of the shape of their leaves or the venereal effect of their fruit. Some. and with the numerous natural objects that were chosen as phallic symbols. or mount. because of their strength and vitality and others." Trees. or other tower- ing elevation. modern but they are of and a great many more minor importance compared with the pillar and the tower. like the pine and the fir. its re- in looks. ship of the oak 7 by the Druids being a famil- . like the fig and to " mounts of . as a mode of phallicism. 97 times. character or attributes. again. Thus.PHALLIC EMBLEMS. flourished very extensively in the early history of the world the wor. were regarded as sacred emblems of the Creator and his attributes.

as an incaris nation of the procreative power of nature. a feature of many of the Hindoo temples. and they were ac- cordingly treated and worshiped as veritable deities. . but as his actual incarnations. animals perhaps. particularly those of unusual sex- The cock. who looked upon these animals as not only the living symbols of Osiris. the most salacious his inexhaustible appetite and virility enabling him to mate with as . Various animals were likewise adopted as suggestive symbols of the male creative energy. bull figure very largely in phallic worship. the goat and the ual power. the Creator. the goat and the bull being es- pecially sacred to the Egyptians. The goat of all is. as worthy representatives of the procreative god . where the animal is waited upon and adored with due reverence and solemnity.98 iar SEX WORSHIP. The sacred bull. example. and to all early records contain certain kinds of trees and allusions fruits as possessed of particular religious or phallic significance.

PHALLIC EMBLEMS. therefore. It is. as they could be admitted to the divine knowledge of Isis. the fauns and satyrs creatures half man and half goat. in which the priests were required to be initiated into the myscret orders. Pan was the patron deity . as ifestation of the infinite powers of the Supreme Procreator himself. . The Greeks idealized the goat in their god Pan and his voluptuous attendants. before that very little is really known concerning them. 99 a single night. These mysteries were so sacred. This animal figured very prominently in many of the religious celebrations. not surprising that he should have been chosen as a specially many as eighty ewes in sacred ities symbol such extraordinary abilhis must have appealed to the impressible mind of early man as a man. teries of the Goat. and down ployed to the present time has been emin the initiation ceremonies of se- he was in the mystic rites of the ancient Egyptians. and so zealously guarded by the few initiates.

The dove was a symbol of Bacchus. him depict him as honor on this score. in his character of the First Begotten of Love. suggested to the imaginative phallic-worshiper the active lingam.100 SEX WORSHIP. or divine generative power. changing from an appearance of repose to one of energy and action. an attribute of the Creator which will be considered in an- and because of its great fecunand tenacity of life. through which he came into being. Furthermore. dity the frequency and rapidity with which it protrudes and withdraws its head. readily other place. or masculine creative symbol. as well as the shape of its head and neck when aroused. Among the more important natural em- . and representations of worthy of the highest of sensual pastimes. and was emblematic of the Holy Spirit. Among the Hindoos the tortoise is an important phallic emblem. This animal was probably chosen as a sacred repre- sentative of the creative deity because of its fabled androgyny.

the same holy veneration that characterizes the worship of the river Ganges by the people of India to-day. The worship of fire. IOI blems adopted by the Egyptians. a very impor- . was also extensively particularly by the ancient practised . the Almighty God. and through this allpotent medium manifested his powers to mankind.PHALLIC EMBLEMS. of and its waters were regarded with Osiris . which symbolized the outpouring. of the creative deity was the sun nay. pended. therefore. It to the world was he who gave light and life upon him all existence de. It was either the Deity himself or his glorious and almighty manifestation. The supreme god of each of the early nations was closely allied with the sun. The worship of the sun. was the river Nile. Persians. as symbolical of the creative energy. the fertilizing and creative force. the sun was the Creator himself. necessarily formed a part. Osiris dwelt in the Sun as the omnipotent Creator. But foremost of all natural emblems .

In the adoration of the sun. of phallic wor- tant and significant part. wonders of the universe. in the glory and radiance . the origin of a universal theological belief. and watched with anxious and reverential the annual journey of the Sun saw with dismay and fear the world grow cold and dead in the absence of the great Life- giver.102 SEX WORSHIP. as the lies Creator and Preserver of mankind. appeared again of his power. the Almighty Father and Savior. a belief that belongs to no one sect or age alone. but has been in existence and has been the foundation of religious faiths since the time man first beheld the solicitude . as the Sun. ship. and welcomed with joy and acclamations of praise the renewal and the resurrection of life. in the winter season.

Among the an- cients this rule was not confined to mere 103 . SEXUAL SACRIFICES. we find in all times and among peoples certain religious cults whose priests or leaders are required to abstain all from all sexual affairs. Hence. but as a holy and divinely ordained function for the accomplishment supreme purpose of life. as the only true condition for a proper communion with God. there has always been in human society a small but of the powerful religious element that insists upon an abnegation of the sexual nature. and has looked upon the act of generation as not only proper and necessary. to be cherished and exercised in accordance with its sacred and mys- terious purpose. the world at large has always regarded sexual power or virility as a divine gift.CHAPTER WHILE V.

wherethere- upon the goddess ordained that after all her priests should be eunuchs. having broken his vow for the sake of a lovely nymph. or mother deity. It began in quiet and sorrow for the death-like sleep of Attis. In commemoration of this legend.104 SEX WORSHIP. continence or celibacy. Attis. goddess. tended to actual priests . in the springtime. but who. because of the extraordinary ceremonies there attendant upon the act of castration. On the third day joy broke . and in his frenzy he castrated himself . who fell in love with the beautiful youth. of whom she exacted a vow of chastity as her priest. a wild and noisy though at the same time sacred and solemn festival. These ceremonies formed a part of the annual celebration of the festival of Attis and Cybele the latter being the earth . was deprived by the goddess of his reason. there was held each year. an ancient province of Asia Minor. but was often exemasculation of the a custom that attained in its greatest prominence Phrygia.

they turned the -sacred knife genitals. with haggard eyes and disheveled hair. Finally. like drunken revelers and insane women. in honor of their goddess. these ini- adopted woman's and were . flogging their backs and piercing their limbs and even their bodies. the chains they carried. calling upon their deity. keeping up a horrible noise and continual groaning. They dashed into the woods and valleys and climbed the mountain heights. other they brandished the sacred knife. showed their gaping wounds. from this self-inflicted emasculation. In one hand they carried burning fire-brands. forth 10$ and was manifested by delirious hiThe frenzied priests of Cybele rushed about in bands. and.SEXUAL SACRIFICES. and in the larity. An intoxicating drink rendered They beat each other with them wild. and offered her the spoils of their de- upon their stroyed tiates virility. After recovering dress. and when they drew blood upon their companions or themselves they danced with wild and tumultuous gesticulations.

failing in then ready to become that. it is but reasonable that such a method should have been adopted by certain sects. priests. to take their place among the attendants of the temple. there were character. In form and figure he represented the male principle. . blance to or a union with God. The motive for sexual is sacrifices of this kind probably to be found in the desire to resemble the Deity in his androgynous As will be shown. to engage in pederasty for the benefit of the temple treasury. he was both. . numerous religious faiths in which it was held that the creative deity combined in himself both the male and female princi- and as the ultimate aim of the priesthood has ever been to attain to a resemples. he represented the female. paradoxically.106 SEX WORSHIP. while in dress and in the absence of the active masculine functions. A castrated priest was neither man nor woman and yet. whenever the patrons might prefer such indulgence to that afforded by the conse- crated women. or.

In 107 and parmotive gave place to one of another character. ate the est of Almighty by human that sacrificing the greatblessings and pleasures. hence. God is always best pleased when his creatures are most miserable . until all the who hold that the millennium will not arrive men of the world are castrated. selves in this for this practice . is found in the twelfth verse of the nineteenth chapter of Matthew. this some ticularly in later times. Castration is practised by many religious fanatics even at the present day. and this was the desire to please and propitiinstances. Consequently. the greater the pleasure afforded him. however. wherein Christ says unto his disci" There are some eunuchs which ples. in accordance with the old and widespread belief. and dreds of converts annually butcher them- Their authority manner.SEXUAL SACRIFICES. and is prescribed as a fundamental tenet of a certain sect of Christians in Russia. this sect is composed enhuntirely of self-made eunuchs. the greater the sacrifice.

one of the most famous of .108 SEX WORSHIP. tian devotees." In the history of Christianity this passage has not infrequently been the inciting cause of sexual sacrifices. spiritual communion with God. in order to attain to a pure. to resist the promptings of the flesh. This did not necessarily imply castration yet there were many (among whom was Origen. Hence. but the chief motive for sacrifices of this nature has been the endeavor to give up all worldly delights and vain enjoyments. sake. . the early fathers) who resorted to it as the only means of successfully subduing the temptations of the devil. were so born from their mother's womb and there are some eunuchs which were and there be made eunuchs of men eunuchs which have made themselves eunuchs for the kingdom of heaven's . as incompatible with a proper worship of God. The ma- . the struggles of the early Chrisand of the many who have followed in their footsteps down to the present day.

as a sacerdotal requirement. in its modified form of celibacy. for it was a common religious ordinance in many of the ancient nations. is well attested by history and by the well-known physiologidid suffer cal fact. that absolute continence is often attended with mental and physical de- rangements as painful and as disastrous as those resulting from the most intemperate indulgence. still constitutes a prominent feature of the tenets and church government of a large part of the Christian world. This mode of sexual sacrifice. Sexual offerings to the deities were not confined alone to masculine devotees. that every woman should sexually sacrifice herself to . the greater was their triumph and That the faithful spiritual satisfaction.SEXUAL SACRIFICES. and the greater the struggles they endured. by thus absolutely abstaining from the gratification of their natural desires and appetites. 109 jority sought to accomplish their purpose by taking vows of absolute continence .

to all of us as a feature festivities. the gods. is retained to this day. not. and placed herself under a suspended branch of mistletoe. which was the customary mode of indicating that she was at the service of the first stranger who desired to take advantage of the a custom which. toe. by any act of mutilation. at Babylon. Whenever a woman desired to perform this religious duty she repaired to the temple.IIO SEX WORSHIP. in its opportunity modified form of kissing under the mistle. however. and of is familiar Christmas was of Mylitta. particularly noted for the sacrifices of this kind that were made there. but by permitting herself to be embraced by a patron of the temple. and The temple the following account of the manner in which the rites were conducted is taken from the description given by Herodotus: Every native-born woman is obliged sometime in her life to go to the Temple of Mylitta and submit her person to at " .

Many of the more wealthy.SEXUAL SACRIFICES. and pick out the women departing. its refusal would be unlawful. because the silver so offered be- . with whom she has had no carnal intercourse before. But the majority of the women. woman . exclaiming as he does so. I invoke the goddess Mylitta this being the Assyrian name for Venus who A ' ' ! . seats with a following of many domestics who have accompanied them. best please them. Ill the embraces of a strange man.having once entered cannot return home until a man. settle themselves in a certain part of the grounds that pertain to the temple. who wear on their heads a circlet made of cord. There is a constant stream of women arriving and The men strangers walk up and down the passageways formed by stretched ropes. and. who disdain to be confounded with the commonalty. have themselves carried to the temple in There they keep their covered chairs. kneels and throws to her a piece of silver. however trifling the sum thrown to her may be.

and the two repair at fore. having performed her duty to the goddess. The homely and otherwise less-favored must stay longer. in the fact that sexual union under these divine auspices was considered both proper and holy. therepurposes. and cannot be again subjected to the ordeal.112 SEX WORSHIP. once to one of the semi-secluded alcoves The woman view. . and for this reason to be pretty or elegantly dressed some have been obliged to dwell there for three or four years. of course. but its object was. temple designed for the purpose in At length. she returns home. sacred. to follow him. Those who are fortunate enough do not remain long in the temple. because they are not able to so readily fulfill their mission. different from that which governed the profession of the women of the temple. comes and is applied to religious is obliged. whatever may be the sum of money of the offered her." This practice resembled that of the con- secrated prostitution so common among phallic-worshiping people.

she contained within her the spiritual presence of the Deity . By reason of her virginity she was the property of the gods. hence. and has universally been looked upon as belonging exclusively to the gods. From time immemorial virginity has been regarded as divinely sacred.SEXUAL SACRIFICES. matthe woman. ter what the enormity of her No guilt. . to deflower her . 113 who In the vast majority of cases. whose purpose it was to sacrifice their virginity to the patron deity. . that their law would not permit a virgin to be exebelief cuted in the ordinary manner. before inflicting the last penalty. it was the duty of the executioner to remove the god from her and for this purpose he was obliged. could not be subjected to the penalty of death by violent hands. if a virgin. This was so strongly implanted in the minds of the ancient Romans. the women thus presented themselves at the temples were maidens. and. as a part of his after which she office. was strangled or burned.

however. This idea of the holiness of maidenhood led to the adoption of religious precepts requiring that virginity should be given to God. To them it was sufficient that the first sexual act of a . for the purpose of giving up their lives to the Almighty. . and confine themselves in convents. woman should that the act by which she gave up her divine virginity should be dedicated to the god or goddess of her re- be given to her deity ligion. or by means of his consecrated image.114 SEX WORSHIP. life-long continence was not regarded as a necessary means for the sacrifice of virginity. who take solemn vows of chastity. and their virginity Among the ancients. This was sometimes done as described in the by Herodotus. and to this day such Christian sacrifices are made by many women. The religious duty of women to bear children would not in those days have permitted such a custom. but other peoples it was deemed essenamong tial manner that the sacrifice should be made through a holy representative of the deity.

SEXUAL SACRIFICES. take her first lesson monies. before the nuptials could be consummated. the bride must sacrifice her virginity to Priapus. Accordingly. where the marriage laws required that. in the presence of her husband and the assembled company. in order not only that she should give to the god his due. while others offered their maidenfor was customary women hood latter to an image of the Creator. but that she might be rendered fruitful by contact with the di- . for the bride in practical priapic worship. immediately cere- after the conclusion of the wedding and her husband. therefore. This was a solemnly The bride was thus brought religious one. in This mode was common Rome. It was usual. atthe parents and friends. to retended by pair to a statue of Priapus. and there. to the pria- pic statue immediately after the wedding. it 11$ we find that in some cases to give up their virginity to the priests of the temples. by means of the iron or stone phallus of rite the sacred image.

vine generator.Il6 SEX WORSHIP. . The cere- mony was accompanied with an offering of flowers and libations of wine. and be capable of faithfully and well performing all the duties of her untried situation as a wife. and with prayers to the god for matrimonial and maternal blessings.

whose only purpose was to bear him his children. A FAR greater importance has always been attached to the male than to the female principle of creation. Only the masculine the active element was recognized in the act of procreation it alone was the generator. of her . but was for a long time regarded as merely functional. That she contributed toward the production creative by any own was not apprepower ciated. The Creator always was and ever has been regarded as masculine.CHAPTER VI. The supreme a male. of the offspring 117 . The woman was simply the man's chattel. THE FEMALE PRINCIPLE. theology in the is This deity of every is due to the fact that the part played by the woman is phenomenon of procreation not only passive and receptive.

This gave rise to two great religious factions: the worshipers of the female symbol. that The female element was naught but of a passive producer the male created. was exalted and wormystery shiped as a potent factor in the of creation and reproduction. and hence the female principle of nature. instead passive of being considered simply as a medium. holding that the female creative power was superior to that of the male. and that the feminine generative organs were the true symbol of the creative deity.Il8 SEX WORSHIP. and the . In fact. and bearer of what But in time mankind awoke to a realiza- tion of the fact that the female element plays an important and essential part in the reproduction of life that not only is the union of the sexes necessary for pro. the yoni. but that the production of the offspring depends upon the co-operation and reciprocal activity of both elements. creation. there were some among the early people of the world who carried this worship to an extreme.

the Supreme God. but has descended from age to age and from generation to generation. where we find man still fighting and ready to fight. however. that a reconciliatory worship of both the male and female principles had become general thousands of years ago for we find in all religions a reverential recognition of the necessity of female co-operation in the production . . even unto this day. it is also true that in no theological account of the of life. Although the Creator. Our earliest records and traditions indi- cate. 1 19 worshipers of the phallus or lingam.THE FEMALE PRINCIPLE. to great times . is always represented as masculine and omnipotent. In the very oldest records of the world there are certain vague allusions here and there religious wars of prehistoric wars between the Yonites and the Lingamites wars that were more terrible and destructive than any that have shaken the world in later times and whose fundamental issue was never settled. to prove that his god is the only true god.

as well as among the Hindoos of to-day. who was worshiped as next in rank to the Creator himself. is it genesis of the world held that the Creator brought life into existence without the assistance of the feminine ele- ment. he is represented as androgynous that is. and there are found frequent realistic representations of deities possessed of the or- gans of both sexes. the supreme god of the Hindoos. as the Greek and Egyptian. is This a very idea of an androgynous deity common one in the ancient faiths. for example. as may be seen in some of the pictures of Venus. and many of the of the figures are most elaborately designed. Portrayals androgynal deity are frequent on the temples of India. Again. uniting both sexes in one. a celestial wife. in an attempt to both truly and . of sexual union within himself. as in the case of Brahma.120 SEX WORSHIP. and being thus capable . the Creator is represented with a consort. In some of the old theologies. or showing a beard on the face of a goddess.

" When one can interpret tical . 121 symbolically represent the divine duality of the Creator. indeed.THE FEMALE PRINCIPLE. or a creator possessed of both sexes. is the very purpose of this sacred symbol for." In other theologies. for. but so embellished with mysdesigns and symbolical details as to be beyond the comprehension of the average mind which. while there is lacking a feminine consort. ." female parts. The principal symbol in of this double-sex divinity representation is one of a figure made up of male and side female. it is recorded that life was brought into existence by the divine impregnation of the earth or the waters. which is virtually a union of the two elements after. as will be shown hereboth the earth and the waters have . the left fold . that " the Supreme Spirit in the act of creation became twothe right side was male. this emblem all of the he knows that is androgynous divinity known. . In one of the sacred books of the Hindoos we are told. as the Hindoos say.

122 SEX WORSHIP. was never believed. nature. In the Mosaic account of genesis we read. of the theologies containing this feature (and there are none that do not). always been regarded as feminine and as symbols of the female creative function. it is . or the Creator impregnated female element of could not In short. for we see that the Almighty and Supreme God could not himself complish it. " . ac- This conviction is further illustrated in the various legends concernIn all ing the birth of a god by a virgin. notwithstanding that the true importance of the latter was some- times almost entirely ignored. and was worshiped to a much less extent than the former. That life could be produced without the congress of the two sexes. the human mind conceive of creation or reproduction without the employment of both the male and female elements. which means. that the the waters. that " the spirit of the Lord moved upon the face of the waters literally.

nor. with her arms and eyes upraised to heaven." printed of the Church. according to statements in the Bible. taught that 123 the Supreme Father had . its opposi- Whatever may be the spiritual idea at the present time regarding the immaculate impregnation of the Virgin of Christianity. at Venice. where she beholds a radiant throng of cherubim with the Holy . before an altar. " Rosary of the Blessed Virgin. is realistically demonstrated by the picture of the assistance. in fact. that neither Joseph nor Mary. in spite of the omnipotence of the Deity. because of tion to nature and to God. according to universal belief. would have been impossible. This. actual. in by authority 1 This represents the Virgin kneeling 542. material knowledge of the virgin it is not held that she conceived without contact with the masculine element. the writers of the gospels themselves. it is certain. ever supposed that a woman could conceive without direct masculine That this idea was held in the church for centuries afterwards.THE FEMALE PRINCIPLE.

for the union of the This universally recognized necessity male with the female . and of Buddha. the Hindoo savior. on light the front of which is a picture of the di- Dove vinely and miraculously conceived Christchild. and are always regarded as sanctifying the woman. women are of the Greek and Roman mythologies. The holiness and wonder of the birth by a virgin lay not in the fact that a virgin conceived. and of endowing her child with god-like attributes as witness the legends . in their midst. Unions be- tween gods and related in the frequently ancient mythologies.124 SEX WORSHIP. but that she conof a son ceived through the divine impregnation of God that the Almighty had chosen . while a potent ray of descends and enters her person. her for his sacred purpose. of elevating her above her fellow mortals. and the account of the immaculate conception and birth of Krishna. the founder of one of the greatest religious faiths of the world.

Isis. as a rule. he is . was worshiped with a veneration fully equal to that bestowed her masculine companion. upon and though all nations did not give to the feminine deity so high a rank. or forms and names under which the of Heaven. its one of a great variety of deifica- tion of the feminine principle was known.THE FEMALE PRINCIPLE. he did not. The initiative of all life activity rests with him . naturally resulted in the worship of the female principle as co-ordinate with that of the male. Osiris . While mankind came to realize the vast significance of the feminine nature. as is found in many of the early religions. The masculine Creator has always been supreme in his power the ac- and and capabilities. in order to accomplish the glorious purpose of reproduction. there was none that did not have its Goddess of Life. and to worship it as a factor in the di- vine purpose of all life. the great feminine creative god of the Egyptians. its Friga. 12$ element. give to it equal rank with that of the great male principle. its Queen Aphrodite.

in which he must see a chapel. the molder and preserver of life. In adoring her mentally the worshiper is taught to imagine this symbol. SEX WORSHIP.126 tive. This ceremony requires the presence of a young. which is commonly called the yoni. She is generally chosen from the company of consecrated nautch girls attached to the . the deity. is to enter The principal ceremony sists in of this sect con- a religious service designed for the purpose of manifesting reverence for and paying tribute to the divine female power. as her sacred symbol and divine incarnation. As there were in prehistoric times. as a living representative of the goddess. beautiful and nude girl. passive element. which he and wherein he is to worship. generating power of nature. so are there to-day certain sects that consider and worship the female principle as superior to that of the male. These are the supreme whose worship Hindoo worshipers feminine creative of Sacti. consists in the adoration of the vulva. moving. while the female is the receptive.

which must be of the highest order to render her worthy as a representative of the immaculate deity. accomplishments and abilities. after which follow dancing and the chanting of hymns. The ancient holy regard nine power was. in a measure due. as a tribute to her beauty. the devout worshipers conclude the ceremony by a sexual offering to the sacred representative of the deity. ating and inspiring effect produced by the . it was the sight or thought of her that brought into activity man's genThe invigorerative nature and powers. to its magical and inciting effect upon the masculine nature.THE FEMALE PRINCIPLE. and one thus selected esteems it a special honor. and as typical of the divine means by which life is produced. As an act of the highest devotion. To this girl meat and wine are offered by the devotees. I2/ temple. who all is of the devotees obliged to bestow her favors upon who desire thus to pay for the femi- homage to their creator. It that the divine sexual was through the woman emotions were aroused .

and was worshiped in the same light and with the same veneration as the phallus. virgin. : . In itself. the attributes of the feminine element of life were ascribed to a deity. was regarded garb deepest reverence. of sexual power and of love and the organ (the yoni) through which her powers were manifested became her sacred symbol. 2)."(i K. the feminine ruler and patron of fecundity.128 sight SEX WORSHIP. that my lord may get heat. after he had become aged " Now king David was old and stricken in years. . in the with tion woman. and we are told that it was employed for the purpose of infusing life and vigor into king David. his servants said unto him. and they covered him with Wherefore clothes. : Like those of the masculine principle. I I. especially a of nature. Let there be sought for my lord a young virgin and let her stand before the king. and let her cherish him. and let her lie in thy bosom. . potency was universally recognized. but he gat no heat. as a manifestaIts or touch of a of the divine feminine power.

A remnant of the devout regard is still for- merly inspired by this representative of the feminine deity to be found among certain sects in India. nificance 1 29 aside from it its theological sig- was regarded with greater its reverence than it masculine counterpart . before he tastes it. living yoni. 9 . offers to the uncovered yoni a part of the food given him by the woman. and was considered a certain omen of good fortune. This ceremony is simply a solemn method of vowing mutual friendship. particularly that of a virgin. and The sight of a treated as more mystical. The devotee. which she accepts and eats as evidence of its purity from poison. and is similar in meaning to the ancient mode of swearing by grasping the phallus. was thought to be of magical virtue. on bended knee and in silent prayer. Palestine and parts of Africa. however.THE FEMALE PRINCIPLE. was more carefully concealed.

which is translated and referred to in the Bible as the This image. therefore. etc. this symbol was portrayed in more or less conventional forms. or lingam and from the very beginning. or groves. represented portions of the female anatomy. which was grove. was naturally more difficult to exactly represent in the form of an image than was the phallus. The independent yoni. and was not infrequently extended to other more easily . a symbol of Ashtoreth. The principal design in representation of the yoni was one that was known under the name of Asherah.CHAPTER VII. or of the union of Baal and Ashtoreth the male and female 130 . FEMININE EMBLEMS. the mons Veneris. the feminine sym- bol of creation. as the breasts.

Designs of this image occur very frequently in the sculptures of Nineveh and Babylon. which was regarded as preeminently sacred. Above this fissure was made of an emblematical representation of the clitoris.FEMININE EMBLEMS. as a fitting tribute to the deity a performance that took place in a small bower . and had in generally its center an opening or fissure. procreative deities of the Assyrians. who hold in their hands pine cones and other symbolical sex offerings. divided into seven parts. with his bow and a quiver full of arrows. thirteen in number. . and around the Door of Life were carved tufts of hair. Above the grove is a winged figure the celestial bowman. as the Door of Life. for the use of all who desire divine vigor in the concluding rites of the worship. indicating the annual fertile periods of a woman. situated near the idol. It is almost always shown receiving the adoration of the king and his attendants. which required that the devotees should unite in sexual congress. 131 was wood.

the little god of love. flowers and incense.132 SEX WORSHIP. larly tees repaired for the sexual comsummation of their worship. Assyrians. According to the Old Testament. . forming a tent or semi-secluded bower. with his bow and arrows the arrow being a very old phallic emblem. In the figure and office of the Assyrian see the prototype of the Grecian Cupid. Many of their kings deserted the faith of their fathers by building altars. after having anoint- ed the image and placed before it offerings of fruits. ." were usually surrounded with hangings or curtains. They were particuworship of the up on every high These hill and under every green tree. temples and images and burning incense to the phallic deities of the Chaldeans. the Israelites were constantly lapsing into idolatry by serving Baal and the groves. to which the male and female devopersistent in the " which were set groves. accompanied with prayers and the chanting of hymns. or ama- bowman we tory desire. Egyptians and others.

scription of the For a graphic de"abominations" resulting from the religious intercourse of the Jews with the Assyrians.FEMININE EMBLEMS. . remains of which. 133 Judging from the lamentations of the prophets. This was represented by mounds and pyramids. Chaldeans and Babylonians. the reader is referred to the i6th and the 23d chapters of Ezekiel. are to be found in all parts of the world the most conspicuous examples being the pyramids of Egypt. it is evident that the worship of Baal and other phallic deities of the neighboring tribes. though comparatively few people are aware of the religious and . and their allusions to some of the practices indulged in by the children of Israel. which are still the wonder of the world. and appealed more strongly to the religious disposition of those days than did the more temperate worship prescribed by the laws of Moses. in various styles and sizes. was of an intensely sexual character. The most common form of the feminine symbol was that made in representation of the mons Veneris.

of significance structures. with the result that we have been taught to regard them simply tories. as as tombs or as great observathough the ancients had nothing better to do. these marvelous They were erected in honor of the fem- inine creative deity. or had no higher motives. and this in nearly fourteen acres. and no other motive but that of religion could have prompted the building of such gigantic monuments. each of which had to be quarried. than to build these wonderful structures for the sole purpose of sepulchers. covers an area of it was originhundred and seventy-nine feet in height and contained ninety million cubic feet of rock. When we Cheops. which is in immense blocks. or to scatter observatories all over the country.134 sexual SEX WORSHIP. Various explanations of their purpose and significance have been set forth. ally four consider that the pyramid of for example. that . dressed and carried to the pyramid. and many of them within close range of one another.

and in China and Next to Egypt they are most frequent in Mexico and other portions of America. are likewise met with in Babylon. but Egypt their shape and colossal proportions were It is the result of a religious desire to sanctify the resting-places of the dead. The pyramid was the elaborated or con- . in various parts of Italy and India. when these facts are borne in mind. or their remains. 135 an age (three thousand years before Christ) when mechanical contrivances were of the most primitive kind. were generally designed for use as temples.FEMININE EMBLEMS. but. Pyramids. though their religious significance and symbolical purpose were the same. and to honor the feminine creator. Some of these ancient Mexican Japan. true that all the pyramids of were intended for sepulchers. pyramids far exceed in area the dimen- sions of the largest Egyptian monuments. it is irrational to that this titanic work was designed suppose for an insignificant purpose. unlike those of Egypt.

This regard for natural elevations frequently extended to mountains. as religious emblems. Such elevations.136 ventionalized SEX WORSHIP. form of the mound. which was the primary symbol of the mons Remains of artificial mounds. commonly called mountain of Venus. or the mountain will connected with the legend of Tannhauser. and were dedicated to divine worship altars and temples being considered more holy if placed upon a mound. and we learn from the Old Testament how intimately " " " the " high places and high hills were . there- fore. especially those of well. and there are sects to this day who worship mountains as symbols of the feminine creative In Germany is the famous Horseldeity. defined shape. berg. are common in many but. associated with the worship of the feminine deity. were regarded as sacred spots. and those acquainted with the legend . Veneris. as a rule. This is Venusberg. greater parts of the world reverence was paid to natural mounds and elevations.

the consort of the Almighty Father. the Sun. To this day we talk of men as creatures of as coming from the earth and returning to the earth. as sacred to the divine Mother Earth. the human race was conceived in the womb of the EarthMother. 137 perceive the full significance of the name given the mountain. In ancient times it was held in particular veneration. According to many early myths. of reverentially giving back to Mother Earth the children of her womb. From time immemorial the earth has been regarded as feminine . any natural crevice. that had its origin with earth . any cleft or fissure. was regarded with holy reverence. as the All-creative Mother . natural opening was always looked because of A upon as a particularly sacred emblem. but because of the large cavern that opens into it. prehistoric man. Any hole or cave. . and in our burial custom we are but continuing the ancient practice. not its only shape.FEMININE EMBLEMS. and the first man and woman came forth from the under-world.

was a common practice for parents to sanctify their children by passing them through openings and crevices. it was but reasonable that natural orifices should have been regarded as typical of that part which that our world characterizes When woman. a it mother. designed for purposes . and this religious regard for openings in the earth naturally led to a like veneration for crevices or cleft in rocks. Artificial holes. so fied cleft new being issues from the was supposed that emersancti- gence from a terrestrial or other was equivalent to a new birth and in many places it to regeneration. and finally for artificial openings or apertures. As at birth. especially those connected with places of worship.138 SEX WORSHIP. in the hole of which the Romans are said to have placed their hands while swearing a solemn oath a practice analogous to that of the He. In the vestibule of a church at Rome there is a large perforated stone. brews. once the idea became general is feminine.

which they say is effected by going in at the lower opening and emerging from the cavity above. there is a rock." Similar customs are still practised in parts of India." as passing through the Cow's In other places this mode of is " purification through an artificial accomplished by passing structure in the shape . and were thus purified. where there is a celebrated place to which many in pilgrims go. which connects with a cavity opening below. through which the devotees passed. are still to be seen in some of the ancient religious structures of the British Isles and India the stones in a cer. 139 of purification.FEMININE EMBLEMS. ilar A sim- practice is more extensively observed the northern portion of India. at On the Island of Bombay. to pass through an opening in the mountain the performance being . upon the surface of which is a natural crevice. tain part of the building being so arranged as to have a hole under them. Malabar Hill. known Belly. This is used by the Gentoos as a means of purification. or "born again.

as the representative of the deity that was to lead them out of the wilderness. And when the people saw that Up. Moses delayed to come down out of the mount. make us gods which shall go before us (Ex. The cow has always been regarded as a particularly holy emblem of the feminine As the incarnation of Isis it was deity. SEX WORSHIP. and we are all familiar with the adoration paid Israelites to this creature as a " by the sacred symbol. likewise made two calves of . worshiped by the Egyptians with a veneration equal to that bestowed upon the bull.I4O of a . Many to of the ancient temples dedicated the feminine deity contained golden images of the cow or calf. the people gathered themselves together unto Aaron.). In later years Rehoboam. it was worshiped with loud rejoicings. 32: i. the king of the Israelites. And when the image of the calf had been made from the golden earrings of the people. cow the devotees going in at the mouth and emerging at the rear. and said unto him.

connected with the worship of Osiris was the ark. notwithstanding that the worship of such images law. persistently regarded as a sacred symbol. but of far greater sanctity and importance. which brought thee " * up out of the land of Egypt clearly demonstrating that the cow or calf was . containing the divine symbol of life. . gold. Kings 12: 28. 14! and said unto the people. or any consecrated reposi- A The yoni was the the divine ark. Its interior.FEMININE EMBLEMS. was the holy of holies. to which the phallus. the holiest of all symbols in the worship and ceremonies of The most sacred object the ancients. the Creator. * I. alone had access. " Behold thy gods. was the chest or ark. the mystery of life. was forbidden by the Mosaic symbol of equal significance with that of the opening or aperture. This was symbolized by the ark. O Israel. of the phallus receptacle. within its hidden enclosure was contained tory or enclosure. .

and when moved from one place to another.142 SEX WORSHIP. was the most important and holy feature in the life and worship of the Israelites. Samuel It care and veneration distress that fell upon the on the occasion of its seizure by the Philistines and of the severe punishments inflicted by the Lord upon the of the sore Israelites . ark of the covenant. The Lord himself furnished the plans for its construction. and attended with a grand ceremonial procession. and harps. was borne upon the shoulders of the Levites. making a noise with psalteries. and with cymbals." We are told in the fifth and sixth chapters of I. which and manner of construction very The Jewish in size closely resembled the sacred ark of the Egyptians. as we read in the twenty-fifth chapter of Exodus. " with shouting and with sound of the cornet. and the Bible contains numerous refer- ences to tity. and with trumpets. its supreme holiness and sanc- was always guarded with the greatest by the priests.

without mercy.FEMININE EMBLEMS. symbol of salvation the sacred the place of safety. the repository of the tive deity. cities . and re. wisdom and power hence. It also contained Aaron's rod. ark was the divine symbol of the of the female principle earth. which sprang into life. 6: 19). and thus making the ark . containing the germ of all animated nature. until the ark was returned and when. The garded as the Great Mother from whom It was likewise the all things come. fifty thousand men had the profane auits all dacity to look within the Lord slew them (I. emblem of the creais To this day the ark re- tained as a religious symbol in the Chris- . sacred enclosure. as the result of their joy at its recovery. the ark of the covenant was the holy abiding place of the tables of law that had been handed . Philistines. 143 in consequence. and budded conveying the idea of symbolized fertility. Men and were destroyed with great rigor. Sam. divine receptacle of the . to Moses by the Lord.

or Reproducer.144 tian SEX WORSHIP. and has the same purpose and significance as the ancient symbol. for the Roman Catholic pyx. the active Creator . ages. was in similar celebrations in all past like the earth. The moon. being recep- was in a similar manner regarded . the Preserver the passive. the tive . the emblem of life re- generated. the Destroyer. the holy receptacle of the body of but an adaptation of the ark. It was all all considered as containing the germ of life the image of that which produced things in itself . . church is . The ark of the Egyptians contained the symbols of the Triune Creator the . the male generaphallus. in all ancient faiths. the second. tive only. egg and the serpent the first representing the Sun. principle. As a symbol of the reproduction or resurrection of life it is still em- ployed as it in the modern Easter celebration. The egg as an emblem of the female principle was a very com- mon emblem . Christ. female and the third. principle .

and was not infrequently worshiped as an actual deity the Lunar Goddess. This is one of the most common and widely diffused feminine emblems. of the moon the chief of these being the crescent. as the symbol of the feminine procreative power. and the virgin mother of all inferior deities. as an emblem of virginity. Ever remaining the same from year to year. it is often portrayed with more realism than is to be found in its images. as is common 10 . and to the present day amulets in the worn by the women of shape of a crescent are Italy. unchanged by age and un- weakened by think of the use.FEMININE EMBLEMS. This is especially true when shown in its place on the female form. This naturally led to the adoption of representations as peculiarly significant symbols of the feminine principle of nature. as 145 feminine. the ancients came to moon as the ever-continuing virgin wife of the sun. In pictorial representations of the yoni. and are re- garded as especially appropriate to virgins and pregnant women.

Women with exaggerated pudenda are frequently depicted on sacred lamps and other church utensils. plainly inscribed on the temples.146 SEX WORSHIP. in Spain. and until within a short time ago several churches in Ireland had over their main entrance an elaborate sculpture of a wo- man sign pointing to her yoni. coins. In many cases. sculptures on ancient and in designs on temples. or carved in stone and placed on the walls. Over the gates of one of the cities of the ancient province of Sirinpatau stands a life-size stone statue of Sita. while of her are three the ancient ritual for the adoration of this goddess. while an equally phallic man was exhibited on the opposite side. vases. A similar de- was to be seen on the side of a church entrance at Servatos. especially in the ancient . engaged in the act prescribed by deities of procreation. one of the feminine on each side naked penitents on their knees. ter are Symbolical designs of a similar characstill to be seen in India.

and there are still in existence medals that were worn by Christian pilgrims to the shrine of the Virgin . retained in our church architecture. as an emblem of good luck. owes its origin to this custom of placing a design of the yoni above the door as a talisman the horseshoe being . Virgin mothers and feminine deities were generally represented standing within a frame of this shape. the keystone over the portal was adorned with a Our modpicture or carving of the yoni.FEMININE EMBLEMS." and is to be seen in its true yonic significance in many ancient as well as modern religious designs. more conventional designs and in various modifications the windows and arches. 147 temples of Yucatan and Peru. The pointed oval was one of the most common is still of the of the yoni. as may be seen in the shape of the doors. oval was " This symbolical Door frequently referred to as the of Life. adopted because of its resemblance to the form which the representation of the yoni most frequently assumed. ern use of the horseshoe.

is Amadon. Venus and other feminine deifications of the sexual nature.148 of SEX WORSHIP. which was commonly known as " The Mother and Child in the Door of Life. familiar Among emblems the most comof this charac- conch shell. The fish. signs are frequently Piscatorial de- met with on ancient temples and coins. on which inscribed a design of this character. because of some resemblance mon and to that symbol. as it was by the devout women of antiter is the quity. account of its This was chosen partly on fecundity and partly because mouth was supposed to resemble the its opening into the womb." As was pointed out in the phallus. and are not uncommon in the present-day symbology of India. one of the principal designs being that . which is still worn as an amulet in various parts of the world. so it may be shown case of the that many natural objects were chosen as emblems of the yoni. is a well-known religious symbol. sacred originally to Ishtar. too.

the outward appearance of this sacred creature. or Friga's day. from whom is derived the name of the sixth day of the week. whose veneration for the fish as a holy emblem led them to adopt a form of dress resembling. form of a fish's head and mouth a style of religious head-dress that resulted from the ancient practice of the priests of Nineveh. These emblems originally surmounted the towers and spires of religious buidings. The bishop's mitre a modi.FEMININE EMBLEMS. as far as possible. of Vishnu emerging from the 149 of a mouth is great fied fish. as on that day the Scandinavians honored the goddess by offerings of her sacred emblem a custom which we still observe by eating . In this connection it might be of inter- est to call attention to the fact. The fish was a common symbol of Friga. that three prominent phallic emblems have been retained by us as designs for weather vanes the fish. the Scandinavian goddess of marriage. fish on Friday. the cock and the arrow. but since .

they have been relegated to the barns and stables. that this tree was one of unusual sacredness and signifi- cance. and. therefore. and that the eating of it was thought to promote fecundity. significance has become obsolete. this tree had also a feminine significance. emblematical of the and was commonly used and referred to in that sense. fig tree is The a particularly appropriate in and suggestive emblem Its trilobed leaf is sex worship. is frequently used as a figure of speech which for the expression of sentiments and ideas. in the early religious records. its masculine suggestiveness. and hence use as a symbolical covering for the Besides private parts of a nude figure. . are meaningless to those unac- quainted with the many symbolical attributes that have been ascribed to this im" To sit under the vine and portant tree. masculine its triad.150 their SEX WORSHIP. from the fact that its fruit was supposed to bear a strong likeness to the shape of the virgin uterus. It is evident.

is regarded as the song of songs. are alluded to in their figurative Solomon. " Don't care a fig. In addition to the fig. This song represents an amatory duet between Solomon and the daughter of Pharaoh on the occasion of their nuptials. when made the object of or . grapes.FEMININE EMBLEMS. This song affords a striking example of what has been said regarding the purity sense in the Song of of sexuality. symbolical as the pome- the apple. an exquisite poem. a great many other trees and fruits were of the procreative functions . indeed. being preserved among the books of the Bible as emblematical of the love between Christ and the Church. ." and other like expressions. and is supposed to be but one of a thousand similar love-songs and odes composed by king This particular composition Solomon. the ples. are all of sexual signifi- cance. fig tree 15 I " . granate. and is. together fir. the cedar. with several other examwhich. the vines and berries all of palm.

his lips like lilies. stood could erotic not its religious significance." the reverent Christian only a poetic description of the Church." the pious reader beholds nought but a holy figurative expression of the love of the Church for the Savior. with of religious connected veneration. and his legs as pillars of marble. his belly as bright ivory. says. ." and " he shall lie all night betwixt . it not but impress him as highly and sensual. the woman sees " His cheeks are as a says of the man. " Thy thighs are like jewels thy navel is like a round goblet . thy belly is like an heap of wheat set about with lilies. And when. loved one. and fail to see amatory language anything but what is pure and holy and yet were this song to be read by one who under- Song .I$2 SEX WORSHIP. speaking to his be- When . set upon sockets of fine gold. in turn. the lover. bed of spices my breasts. Hundreds devout the in its men thousands of modest and and women reverently read of Solomon.

153 With hastily this Song in mind.FEMININE EMBLEMS. let us not condemn those who formerly inin similar dulged ual or other forms of sex- religion. . however expressions of or sensual they may appear to us gross in our ignorance of the religious meaning attached to them.

next to the adorais one of the most reat the markable and. as well as in designs and inscriptions. Eternity. There is not a country of the ancient world.CHAPTER VIII. and leaving abundant proofs of its existence and extent. temples and earthworks. where it cannot be traced. one of the most widespread and persistent forms of religion the world has ever known. It typified Wisdom. CROSS. Power. same time. in the western as well as the eastern hemisphere. Evil. of No other symbol has been invested with such a variety of meanings and uses as has that of the serpent. worship. THE SERPENT AND THE SERPENT tion of the phallus. Life. Good. Reproduction and various other at- . pervading every known faith and system of theology. in the shape monuments.

It entered into the mythology of every nation Egypt. as it were. stamped on the earth. . and are readily reducible to the fundamental worship of procreation. because of its shape and mobility a living phallus. In many instances the serpent was employed as a symbol of the Creator. for its worship is coeval with that of the phallus. Greece. 155 tributes of the creative principle. short. and ruled in the realms of everlasting sorrow. America in China. actuated by its self-animat. of the masculine element of generation. to it were numerous and various.THE SERPENT AND THE CROSS. heavens. almost every temple. Scandinavia. there was no portion of the globe in which it was not It consecrated recognized. . India. they all had reference to the creative or reproductive principle of nature. and formed part of the religion of every sex-worshiping nation and while the meanings attached . it it symbolized almost was imagined in the every deity. That the serpent was a phallic symbol there is no doubt. Syria.

In it the ancient philosophers beheld the vital source of procreation. this divine passion. Among most of the eastern nations. spiritual agent in the great mystery of life and. its . became an object worshipers sought for it some suggestive . however. the Divine Passion. the stimulating factor in the production and immortality of life. to them.156 SEX WORSHIP. moving without hands or feet or any of the external members by which other beings effect their motion. While in a general sense office it typified the Creator. Conof venera- creative spirit it of the Almighty. as the divine. tion. This potent. its specific was the symbolization of the animating spirit of procreation. it had a more subtle significance. this all-pervad. in that it represented an emotion or a feeling rather than a material object or actuality. naturally. ing spirit. was the actuating. ing. impelling force. sequently. the moving energy in the production of life and the population of the world and hence. energizing factor was the sexual instinct.

was chosen, as most



symbol, with the result that the serpent

and comprehen-

sively embodying the various attributes of the Creator in his subtle and omni-

potent power. In all probability, the cobra de capello, or hooded snake of India, was the particular species of the reptile first adopted
as an


of the Divine Passion, be-

cause of


highly suggestive peculiarihas the power of puffing itself

up, enlarging

and erecting




aroused to excitement, and

its size,


position, and regular pulsations when in this condition, as well as its well-known


of fascination,


were all extremely and readily appealed to the
of an emotional

fancy and superstition and religious race.
All of the
of the serpent in the

more ancient representations symbology of Egypt,

Babylon, Persia, Greece, and other countries, bear a strong resemblance to the cobra but after the adoption of this

species as a religious



was not



long before the significance attached to this particular kind was extended to the
serpent in general, and, accordingly, we find that each nation had its own particular variety of snake as a sacred symbol of the Divine Passion, or invigorating

energy of nature,
tions of

in its various interpreta-


Eternity, Life, Reproof the serthis

duction, and so on.

The important significance pent is shown by the fact that
was employed
in all


the phallic rites and

ceremonies of the ancients, and was an
object of worship to every nation on the globe. According to the Bible, the

brazen serpent made by Moses at the of the Lord was regarded with the deepest veneration by the Israelites, and was religiously preserved and wor-


shiped by them for a period of seven hundred years, when it was finally destroyed by Hezekiah, because of the idolatrous rites connected with its worship. All celebrations, especially those in

honor of the procreative







tended with the exhibition and adoration
of the serpent.

In the mysteries of Egypt, Greece and Rome, the sacred reptile was

carried in

the processions by troops of noble virgins, and many of the people had living snakes entwined about their
heads, or carried them in their hands, while shouting with religious excitement.

Nearly every ancient city of the East, as well as in Mexico and other portions of America, had its serpent temple, in which

were kept enormous specimens of this sacred reptile, that were worshiped and
waited upon with divine honors. Though, as a general rule, the serpent was venerated and adored as the representative of supreme power,

wisdom and

also not infrequently emgoodness, the symbol of evil. This natployed as


urally resulted from its use as an emblem of the sexual desire for, while this instinct

was on the one hand regarded as the chief factor in the work of the Creator, and, therefore, the source of all good, it was also
recognized as the cause of
all evil.




was through it that sin came into the world it was the blind, overmastering passion that incited mankind to disobedience and wickedness; the inflaming spirit of lust the tempter, and the seducer. Consequently, the serpent became the rep;

resentative of sin, the personification of evil and this devil, this opposer of God,

or the Good, was the sexual nature, in sensual and lustful aspect.


Accordingly, it is not difficult to comprehend the allegorical significance of the
serpent in the account of the temptation and fall of Adam and Eve. Their sin
consisted in acquainting themselves with fleshly enjoyments. They resisted not

the promptings of their sexual desires, but permitted themselves to partake of the forbidden fruit.

The symbolism

of the serpent


very ex-

tensive, and is met with in a great variety It is, howof forms and combinations. ever, seldom found as an isolated symbol,




the well-known Egyptian design, is shown with its tail in it

THE SERPENT AND THE its CROSS. As a rule. or the caduceus of Mercury. A Hindoo regards most fortunate omen to be able to witness this serpentine union. is the Rod of Life. thus en- greatest care and veneration. as an emblem of immortality and future life. that have been charmed. Its special significance is due to the position of the serpents. are preserved with the becomes powers. in a great variety of . and typifies the phallus receiving life and potency from the Divine Energy. and one of the oldest and best-known phallic representations in which the serpent figures. and it is as a said that if while in this condition a cloth be thrown over the serpents it endowed with extraordinary Pieces of cloth. The ii staff of life. which is that adopted by the cobra it when mating. for averting evil influences or for securing conjugal blessings. as talismans. l6l mouth. This represents two serpents twined about an upright staff or pole. it appears in conjunction with male or female emblems.

the union of the sexes. and sculptures. the invigorating and inspiring energy of nature. is common on ancient coins. as will be more fully shown in a subsequent chapter. was regarded as su- premely sacred and divine. In many designs the serpent is shown in conjunction with both male and female symbols. gems. It was in the gratification of the Divine Passion that owed his most exalted pleasand beheld the direct and immediate cause of a new being and the immortality ure. man experienced of life. Hence. was regarded as a most . actuating force of nature its sacredness to the fact that it was the necessary and inciting means to the accomplishment of the supreme life-purpose of man and woman the union of the two for the reproduction of life and the perpetuation of the race. This divine. the act of generation.l62 SEX WORSHIP. It was the sublime means ordained by the Creator for the fulfillment of his infinite purpose. and. forms. and ever has for its significance the Divine Passion.

in original and primitive form. connected at right angles with a horizontal base the whole resembling. consisted of an upright . which. to a greater or less (_|_) . in representation of the union of the lingam and yoni. Symbols the of like significance. and may still be seen on the temples and monuments of ancient Egypt and of India. . religious rites. were common among among them its ancients all but pre-eminent was the cross. portion. when made of stone or wood. size. in endless varieties of design and . These designs. extent.THE SERPENT AND THE holy act. and up on end. worship Many realistic figures and designs were employed to represent this holy union of the sexes. 163 and was the object of universal and of devout. in their general outline and shape. CROSS. an image made of wood or stone. was merely a simplification of the various designs used to represent the congress of the sexes. an set inverted T in and this simplified form. The most extensive and sacred symbol of the Hindoos is the lingam-in-yoni.

and on Etruscan while the Latin cross. It appears in a great variety of shapes . all of which. or of immortality. the jars and vases one now used as a Christian symbol. primary form. and commonly called the Greek cross. on Egyptian and Persian monuments. that this sacred symbol has not been in existence. resulted in the figure of the cross. is found on Assyrian tablets. The cross of four arms meeting at right angles. order to be more plainly exhibited. monuments and pottery. and there by is no time in the history of the world back even to the ages of prehistoric man. . and stone images of . however. There no portion of the earth inhabited man in which it is not found. It was universally regarded as the emblem of life. of regenerais tion.164 SEX WORSHIP. From time immemorial the cross has been used as a religious symbol. is to be seen on equally ancient coins. and was ever held in the highest veneration as the holiest of all symbols. are readily reduci- ble to the simple.

and served as a handle cross is found is for holding the image. and ties. A modified form of this cross is the cryx ansata. Early Phenician coins bear the design of a cross on one side. This in many of the religious scenes pictured on the temples of ancient Egypt. the hands of Isis. or handled cross. respect . and the figure of a lamb on the other. Assyrian and Babylonian sculptures frequently exhibit this form of the cross.THE SERPENT AND THE it CROSS. . while on some of them is it is engraved a semi-circular chain of beads similar in every with the cross attached Rosaries to the modern rosary. and prominently shown on some of the coins found in the temple of Serapis. 165 have been found in the remains of tem- and habitations that existed hundreds and even thousands of years before ples the time of Christ. so called because the part above the cross-beam is in the form of an oval loop. most commonly shown in Osiris and other divini- while images of it are not infrequently found on the breasts of mummies.

who lived more than a thousand years before Christ. . there lived in the northern plains of Italy a people with whom the cross was a religious symbol. who is surrounded with supplicating mothers. who had reached civilization development. the Hindoo Savior. a sculpturing that records the destruc- tion of the male children at the birth of Krishna. and over the head of the executioner.l66 of the SEX WORSHIP. among Lamas of Long or of before the time of the a high Romans their predecessors. same kind are also found the Buddhists of Japan and the Thibet. is In the cave of Elephanta. that they dwelt on platforms built over lakes. and we of them. is a cross. near Bombay. the Etruscans. and that they marked the restingplaces of their dead with an image of the cross. History tells know nothing us nothing of these people. save that they lived in ignorance of art and civilization .^ founda- centuries before the tion of Rome.

Brazil. and typified salvation and the life to come. In the last named country the Incas worshiped a cross made while crosses of a single piece of jasper. that St. prior to the Christian era. Paraguay. of white marble have been found among the ruins of ancient . But this legend would fail to account for the existence of the cross and other features miraculously come over turies before. Yucatan. shown by The cross was revered among the na- tives of Nicaragua. of Christianity common among the prehistoric races of the Western Continent. These unaccountable features of their recross ligion led to the invention tians of a legend. Guatemala. by the Chris- Thomas had to America cenand had revealed the doctrines of the church to the Mexicans. as their remains. but that the was their most sacred symbol. l6/ When the Spaniards came to America they were astonished to find that the natives not only worshiped a crucified Savior and a Virgin Mother. and Peru.THE SERPENT AND THE CROSS.

on which were sculptured two human figures standing one on each side of a cross. containing the back of one of them was discovered Palenque was found a building a stone slab. and is found among the very oldest nations of the world. is a ruined city. to which one of the figures was extending his arms and offering an infant. it was founded nine hundred years before Christ. The earliest and most primitive form of the cross was one in the shape of the letter "]"> commonly called the tan cross. In this ancient city of of religious several altars.- Amer- in In the midst of the forests of Chiapas. Mexico. on the occasion of the Passover. According to tradition. It was the mark that the Israelites put on their doorposts with the blood of the lamb. habitations in South and Central icas. and at worship. and in the .l68 SEX WORSHIP. It had long been dead and overgrown at the time of the Spanish conquest. This was the old Scandinavian symbol of the god Thor.

and it was customary among some of the eastern races for the women to sacrifice their virginity by rupturing the hymen with a small stone cross of this kind. which are referred to in the Bible as images of men. and inscriptions of it. 169 book of Ezekiel (9 6) we read that this same sacred and talismanic sign was directed by the Lord to be placed on the foreheads of the the city " men in of Jerusalem who were to be spared : the destruction of Slay utterly old and young. Images of this cross. figured in the idolatrous worship of the Israelites . Crosses of this shape were commonly used in the religious rites of the ancients. For three or four centuries after Christ the tau cross was employed almost exclusively by the followers of the new religion." .THE SERPENT AND THE : CROSS. as well as of . and the use to which they were put may be learned from the i/th verse of i6th chapter of Ezekiel. both maids and little children and women but come not near any man upon whom is the mark.

Christ. and someIn times fastened with cords or nails. on which the malefactor was sometimes impaled. and this was the only part borne by the victim to the place of execution.I/O SEX WORSHIP. there is absolutely no auis thority for this belief. being an upright stake. because it was a pagan symbol. the other forms. first. the crux ansata. as there in exist- ence no authentic record describing the form of the cross on which Jesus was executed. the use of the cross in form was not permitted by the church any fathers. was not obliged to carry the en- . the transverse beam was frequently separate from the upright. and its introduction into Christian celebrations was regarded as rank profanation. At Though it is popularly believed that our present familiar church symbol represents the form of the cross on which Christ was crucified. may be seen on tombs and monuments the early of the Christians. therefore. These instruments of execution were of various shapes the simplest form . however. and sternly forbidden.

and represented in pictures. as CROSS. From the fact that the early Christians used the tau cross as a symbol of the crucifixion. to-day it is the same glorious symbol of redemption and resurrection that it was to the man or woman of five thousand cross has been the dearest years ago. I /I is generally supposed. Primarily representing the divine union of the sexes. it has ever typified regeneration and the life everlasting. the and holiest of and to the devout worshiper of emblems. it is probable that that was the form of cross on which Christ met and this is the opinion held by most scholars and investigators. his death. . Through all the ages of humankind.THE SERPENT AND THE tire cross. but simply the cross-piece which was fastened to the up- right stake after he reached Calvary.

was this which first awoke in man a realization of the soul. a belief in the immortality of life. as a symbol of life and immortality. it inspired (which.CHAPTER THE DIVINE all IX. the immortalizing act of It God. a glimpse of the Divine Nature. demonstrates most conclusively the innate and overmastering reverence of mankind for the divine act of generation. THE universal employment of the cross in ages. To the philosophers of antiquity 172 man . of the ancient religious and philomany sophical writings. ACT. an absorption into the Divine Soul). the union of the sexes not only because of the . It was human bliss. but because of its wonderful and sublime the acme of result. is regarded as a mo- ecstatic exaltation that in mentary union with God.

before any duly qualified officer of the law but the vast majority of us prefer that this contract shall be made the occasion . they capable of fulfilling the divine will for which they were mutually created. many believe that marriage is not valid unless . Only then were perfect soul. It was only in their union. one.THE DIVINE and woman ACT. therefore. in their reciprocal and co-operative activity. that they became ponent parts of one being. a by no means surprising. incomplete creatures in were they were but com- They had them the potentiality of reproduction and immortality. in its solemnized with religious continued recognition of According to law. of a religious celebration. In fact. wondrous and omnipotent act should have been made the object of divine worship and to this day the union It is that this . 173 in their individualities . marriage is simply a civil contract. but in themselves they were barren and impotent. of the sexes is ceremonies. and may be executed holiness. a mere agreement to live together.

because of its holiness. performed by a representative of the Lord. Those whom God man put hath joined together let no asunder. was considered both proper and . and. but of proswhich. The " nuptial tie is held to be a divine bond.1/4 SEX WORSHIP. what is the object of a marriage ceremony but a sanctification Reverence for the of the sexual union ? sacredness of this union is still inherent mankind. under certain circum- stances. eration in the To engage in the act of genabsence of such consecratory rites. not only in titution. is regarded as a wrong or a crime. even as it was four and five thousand years ago. cannot be consummated until properly sanctioned and hallowed by these religious in ceremonies. and attended with blessings and ceremonial rites. the form of marriage. In all ancient religions this reverent regard for the divine act of creation led to the adoption of various rites and practices for the sanctification of sexual unions. after all." And.

upon the payment of office a specified sum . consequently. the money thus received being used for religious purposes. God's temple will. 1/5 Every ancient temple had connected it with a number it of consecrated women. by veiling herself after the manner of the women of the temple. ACT. whose was to submit themselves the embraces of any man who might to come in unto them. where Judah * Chapter xxxviii.THE DIVINE holy. Judah. To the minds of the ancients no more appropriate nor holy means could be devised for raising money for the mainte- nance of the temple than a sanctified indulgence in the Divine Act. . fitting place for its per- One of the earliest allusions to these consecrated temple-women is found in the book of Genesis. was the most formance. * where we are told that Tamar deceived her father-in-law. It was the most sublime and sacred of all human functions the consummation of God's and. and sitting before the door of Enajim.

and was conspicuous by her immodest attire and bold conduct. and conducted themselves quietly. literally. them not seeking customers. was permitted to nary harlot of the The ordi- Hebrews was an out- cast. guise she was a temple attendant consequently. of worship this Some were holy purpose. but waiting for In this to make the first approach. of the ancient places devoted entirely to the the Temple for Copulation. . women beheld her and went in unto her. as appears from the fact that the chief temple of Babylon was called Bit-Shaggathu.1/6 SEX WORSHIP. women of this character kiss up to men and them in Consecrated prostitution was all common the early nations of the world. one with whom he associate. it being not unusual for to rush public. The of this class wore a special attire. which means. who thought and. the principal feature of which was a long veil. among and was everywhere regarded in the most sacred light. Tamar succeeded in enticing Judah.

In later times. that every temple in a licensed brothel. vogue where every important temple belonging to the worshipers of what is known as the in Sacteyan of nautch faith. to The number of women attached . still in its religious purity. and Juvenal tells us religious aspect. health and activity. are considered as holy devotees of women faith. among the Greeks this practice lost and Romans. These girls are chosen by the quite young. its much of degenerating into sheer licentiousness. has attached to or " it a troop who the of the idol. is in many parts of India. even high officials and digni- . some of these places was very large the temple of Venus at Corinth having no less than a thousand sacred prostitutes connected with it. Rome was practically This practice. on account of their beauty." girls. when to have a daughter selected for this holy profession 12 . while a similar number belonged to the temple of the same goddess at Eryx. and it is regarded as a rare honor by parents priests.THE DIVINE ACT.

seductive arts and general feminine witch- by .178 taries looking tion. upon a seat with flowers. After reaching sexual maturity these girls are initiated into the mysteries and duties of their profession. scented water and fruits. and are the objects of devout adoration. jewels. paints. This is done by placing the girl. and prostrates himself before the living idol. generally in a nude condition. ornaments and wines. Many persons perform the worship of these girls daily. Their great natural beauty is heightened all the enticements of drapery. and addressing to her prayers and expressions of adoration. SEX WORSHIP. and at the conclusion of the ceremony. upon it as a proud distinc- Among some consecrated larly of the Hindoo sects these girls are considered particusacred. as personifications of the goddess Bhagavatee. by the consummation of their marriage to the god. which is a lengthy and elaborate one. the worshiper offers incense. She is then presented with costly offerings of cloth.

but consisting of a pantomime made up of the most graceful and alluring dramatic action. the mode of dancing to which we are accustomed. ACT. however. is to secure revenue for the sustenance and enrich- ment to all of the temple. and as it is considered both honorable and holy on their part. a performance which sensual and chief skillful. Their true office. by reason of their perfect state of health. however. As they in all are beauti- and accomplished seductive and passion-alluring arts. as well as on the part of their patrons. ful. by giving themselves who desire and are willing to pay for their possession. highly cultivated not. is 179 the most Of all their arts dancing . and are safe companions. twistings and marvelous undulatory and expressive motions of the arms and legs and the whole body. gestures. and constitutes the ostensible employment of these nautch girls. is at once poetical. thus to swell the treasury of the temple. it need not be wondered that they are much .THE DIVINE ery.

and that it was a religious duty every man and woman owed to God. and of the pollution and profanation resulting from its performance in the absence of religious auspices. and of bringing man- . herself for private gain. sought after and well paid for this part of their services. This doctrine was not infrequently carried to its extreme nor was it peculiar alone to the people of antiquity. the Creator. is bears a disgraceful name a further illus- prostitutes an outcast and tration of the sanctity attached to the Divine Act. which were ordained by the Lord as the divine means of fulfilling his glorious purpose. for we find that in the Middle . Among many of the ancients it was taught that sexual indulgence was the true and only aim in life.ISO SEX WORSHIP. Ages full certain sects of Christians held that true blessedness on earth consisted in the and unstinted enjoyment of venereal pleasures. These consecrated women are treated with the greatest reverence and respect while a . Hindoo woman who .

that not only were gross sensuality and crime permitted. According to one of these known as the Gnostics. if necessary for the attain- ment of the desired end. the greatest of all sins (in fact. and every inclination inspired by them must be fulfilled as a a religious in duty . was that which required the host to offer his wife to any stranger or friend who was entertained at the house. a tenet which found many earnest followers. l8l communion with This idea to such an himself and with the eternal blessedness was in them hereafter. fully whose practices were beliefs. some instances carried extent. These were gifts of God . they were given to man for divine purpose. sisted To them genuine hospitality in con- placing at visitor all the disposal of the that the host possessed. at the . but were actually recommended. sects. keeping with their A custom adopted by them and religiously carried out.THE DIVINE kind more closely into that awaited ACT. the only sin) consisted in opposing the appetites and passions.

but not whom his wife . ever. ter for a time to any friend or traveler to he takes a fancy and if he has no daughter. howit offered is sometimes a Thus. men adoption and practice by but it has always been a common feature of primitive social condiand at the present day is to be found tions. while they readily and willingly offer their people of daughters. The custom because of civilized its . the table. among many of the uncivilized people of the world. that not always the wife. A Tungas will give his daugh. he will give a servant. a sister.1 82 SEX WORSHIP. the daughter. or a servant. Madagascar warn strangers to behave with decency to their wives. in this case was noteworthy. Among the coast tribes of British Columbia the present of a wife is one of the greatest honors that can be shown to a guest. same time affording the guest an opportunity of indulging in the rite prescribed by the sect. It is is visitor his wife as The savage offers a we offer him a seat at . while in other tribes wives are .

are the golden and fundamental precepts of every religious faith.THE DIVINE ACT. all religions. that the divine act of creation should have rite. for. but in the ceremonial exercise of the sacred function of generation according to the teachings of no act can be more holy than that done in imitation of the Deity. and that it . follow in his footsteps. to itself. customs which will no doubt remind the reader of the practice in ancient Sparta of borrowing and loaning of the act wives. to do as he has done. The worship of generation was common to all nations of the world. To be as God. 183 commonly given up and exchanged in token of friendship. in been devoutly performed as a religious the pious endeavor to thus imitate the creation Almighty in his glorious work of and reproduction. and formed an important feature of many of their religious celebrations in honor of the procreative deities. It was but natural. therefore. Homage to the Creator consisted not only in offerings and songs of praise.

are engaged in by the most devout and pure-minded men and women the majority of whom. out. each garment and each woman being numbered by a priest. should have been special worship.1 84 SEX WORSHIP. and the woman who has the number cor- responding to that on the garment. is to be found at this day among the Kauchiluas of India. Social which typical example of the this ancient rite was manner in time being. even though it be the sister or daughter of the man who draws it. This rite and the wild excesses that are sometimes incidental to it. restraints are wholly obliterated for the in honor of the Creator and his divine functions. . At the close of the ritual of song and prayer. made the object of A frequently performed. each male worshiper takes a bodice from the box. becomes his partner for the fulfillment of that which has been the subject of their worship and praise during the preceding ceremonies. The women maids and matrons deposit their bodices in a box.

Festivals of a similar kind were cele- brated throughout Egypt. as a custom- ary feature of the vernal festivals of the Greeks and Romans. for was there that the sacred goat was employed in the ceremonies. inducing a high state of excitement and enthusiasm. and was condoned and recommended as a proper and appropriate means of glorifying the gods while St. celebration of the Eucharist among the early Christians was not infrequently concluded in a like manner. 18$ ceremony (which they consider a sacred and solemn observance of their faith). in honor of Isis and Osiris. These were of an intensely religious character. at the climax of . are as of their modest and as chaste as any more enlightened fellow-beings of the western world.THE DIVINE side of this ACT. the deities of procreation. The celebration at Mendes was it particu- larly notev\K)rthy. held in honor of the procreative deities. Augustine leads us to infer that the . Indiscriminate intercourse of this kind was practised in the temples.

this Among divine generative function was typified by life is the public union of a man and woman . being regarded by all as a most holy and sacred performance and the women who thus gave their persons were are told We accepted this unnatural . which by imitating the divine act by regenerated and immortalized.1 86 SEX WORSHIP. as shown by frequent references in ancient records. and by Egyptian sculptures representing the union of men and female goats. is however. such rites were performed through a truly devout and religious desire to honor the Deity and win his favor. by Herodotus that the goat copulation. some of the ancient peoples. held in particular reverence thereafter as the recipients of divine favor. which many of the women offered themselves to the goat. confined to the women. as the divine representative of the Deity. This particular feature of the celebration was not. As was stated before. a . and that the union took place publicly in the assembly.

among whom were the leading people of rank of both sexes." Accounts of many other ceremonies celebrated in honor of the divine procreative function. might be given. This particular rite is still by some A navigator. without any thought of observing otherwise than an appropriate religious duty. says: "A young man a little of fine size and perfect proportions percreative act formed the with miss of eleven or twelve before the as- sembled congregation. 187 which was attended with elaborate religious ceremonies. and constituted the most sacred and most holy feature of their worship. writing of one of their religious festivals. and that .THE DIVINE performance ACT. but those already cited are sufficient to demonstrate how all general and how persistent through time has been man's reverence for the immortalizing act of generation. and is to be met with among the natives of some of the Pacific islands. practised of the phallic-worshiping sects of India.

every age and in every country mankind has endeavored to honor and glorify the Author of Life by appropriate ious ceremonies. relig- .188 in SEX WORSHIP.

are retained to this day. that is not a time the history of rec- human race of which 189 we have any mankind did not celebrate the . gladsome religious in festivals that. There the ord. as a typification of immortality and of the redemption of mankind. various modifications. REGENERATION. this glorious phase of nature and of life has from time immemorial been the object of man's joyous worship. Through all have celebrated the renewal of ages the nations of the world life with festivals . and form the chief and most inspiring feature of modern in religious worship. beliefs and doctrines. Clothed in a countless variety of myths. IN all mythologies and religious creeds the regeneration of life figures as a prominent and fundamental feature.CHAPTER X.


the resurAfter a glorious reign in during which the earth

vernal reanimation of nature
rection of



revels in joyousness and beauty, the sun enters the wintry realms of the southern

sky, leaving the world cold and cheerless. But after a short though dreary absence,

nature mourns and weeps, he reappears in the majesty of his light and power, and brings back to earth the joy and the strength that have lain cold and dead beneath the ban of winter. The world, the Earth Mother, is quickened

during which

by the

vitalizing power of the sun, the Life is re-born. The earth once

more awakes with renewed


All the world,




triumphant symbolization of





these seasonal events

were of the most vital import. To him they meant more than mere natural phenomena. They were the supreme manifestations
of the universal life in its

wondrous phases

of birth, death, and resurrection.



summer, autumn and winter, the months, the day and the night, the earth, the sun and the multitude of features and phenomena incident to the annual revolution of
the earth became living entities, personifications of beings





lationship one to the other, and the parts they played in the great drama of nature,



to those

myths and legends,

that, as before stated, constitute the basis

of every system of theological creed.

mythology and every

The well-known myths of the Greeks, Romans and Scandinavians, and our famil" Little Red iar nursery tales Riding
Hood," Cinderella," Sleeping Beauty," and many more, together with the
legends of theology, are all traceable to the simple allegories invented by early man as
his solution of the manifestations of nature.



Darkness and


winter and



of the morning, and the advent of spring the triumph of day over night, of life over death these are the basic


themes of



and dramas.


spirits, angels,

Gods, demigods, monsters,

animals, men, women and children, all serve their suggestive parts in the allegorization of the forces

and phenomena of
the sun, or


many instances

in its

summer, was personified as a garb youth, who, like Baldur, the Scandinavian summer-god, is slain through the
treachery of the evil being representing the frost or the chilling month of December, and is carried to the under-world, there to remain as a captive of the god of
winter, but eventually to return to earth

and once more gladden


with his pres-

Again, with the





connected mysteries of the


life is

a maiden




away by Pluto

Persephone, to the realm

of shades, but through the supplications of her mother, Demeter, the goddess of

the earth, she is permitted to return to the world every summer.
In addition to these more simple and ob-



vious myths the great solar phenomena gave rise to allegories of a more elaborate

and theological character.

The sun was

the almighty Creator himself, in the form of a divine Savior, coming to redeem the

world from



The morning



his celestial herald, while the night


a cruel tyrant, who feared the advent of him who would rule the earth with light, and

sought to destroy him by extinguishing






of heaven.


twelve months, or the twelve signs of the zodiac, were the attendants of the

Redeemer in his life journey, during which he glorified the earth with his potent and The twelfth month sublime presence. was his betrayer, and through this betrayer he met his doom at the winter solstice, and descended into the abode of
death, only to rise again, however, in all his glory and supremacy of power for the eternal salvation of men.

This version we find represented in the legends of Osiris, Mithras, Buddha, Krishna and all the other virgin-born Re13

and the great luminary begins his revivifying journey northward. It was not. . others the 2oth of May. . The first moment after midnight of December 24th all the nations of the earth. celebrated the ac- couchement of the Queen of Heaven. both as to Though widely time and place. and the birth of a god. deemers of the world. as if in common accord. sun is born. . separated.194 SEX WORSHIP. however. each of them is said to have been born on the day corresponding to our twentyfor it is then that the fifth of December The winter solstice is past. until about the fifth century of the Christian era that this date was generally agreed upon as the birthday of Jesus some having chosen the ipth of April. tions celebrated a similar event. and still It was probothers the 5th of January. ably the confusion attendant upon such a disagreement that led the fathers of the church to designate the 25th of December as the date of the birth of Christ that being the day upon which all other na. or the Virgin Mother.

about three thousand years ago. when the Jul. in a cave. Isis. Among the ancient Persians it was a day of celebration in honor of their Lord and Savior. was worshiped two thousand years before the time of Moses. in conformity with a custom of great antiquity. and born of the Virgin Devaki. Horus. observed this day as the anniversary of the birth of their Savior. The greatest festival among the Scandi- navians was at this time of the year. the Hindoo Savior. the son of their supreme god. In India the day is 195 of the occasion The houses are decuniversal rejoicing. that we find the most elaborate and at the same time the most closely allied version of the primitive conceived by the Holy Spirit. sun-myth. and by the joyful paeans of angels. was celebrated in honor of Freyr. or Yule. with his virgin-mother. . It is. He was His advent was heralded by a brilliant star. orated with garlands. who. The ancient Egyptians also Mithras. perhaps in the story of Krishna.REGENERATION. and friends exchange presents.

or spirits. he wandered about the country. while at the same time the tyrant Kansa ordered the killing of all the male infants. . and the crucifix became his sacred emblem rep. restoring the maimed. who appeared in the heavens and announced the glad tidings to the wondering and awe-struck mortals. Upon the announcement of his birth lowly herdsmen and great prophets came and prostrated themselves before the divine child. yet the Savior miraculously escaped. after many persecutions. out of fear for this new-born ruler his disciples. He met his death on the cross. he gave up his life in divine atonement for the sins of the world. and pictorial records have . proclaiming peace and salvation. Accompanied by he was known as whom Jezeus. to . resentations of the crucifixion being not uncommon among the ancient sculpturings of India. preaching the doctrine of love and humility. and through the treachery of one of his disciples. and raising the dead until. the deaf and the blind.196 SEX WORSHIP. healing the sick.

be darkened. and the stars fall from the firmament. down . and on the third day he rose from the dead and ascended bodily into heaven. the sky rained fire and ashes. At the hour of his death the sun was darkened. when the ages shall have been completed and at his coming the sun and the moon will . the earth will tremble. he will come again on the last day of the world. according to his own prophecy. celebrated in honor of the resurrected life. from whence. and have left their impress on every age and generation. and those that were dead walked again upon the earth." These mysteries constituted the most important and sacred feature of ancient religious worship. Greece and Rome. been found showing the resurrected Krishna with marks of holes in his hands and feet.REGENERATION. The reached their highest and most elaborate development in Egypt. ancient springtime festivals. and were commonly known as the " mysteries. He descended into the abode of departed spirits.

They were so called because of the se- crecy in which many of their rites were conducted. in the shape of mystic orders and secret societies. This love of the mysterious is inherent in the human race and. The symbols and tions were invested rites of their celebra- by the priests with a mystical and occult significance. to the present day. . was exhibmost intense form among the emotional and superstitious people of antiquity. were found worthy of initiation into the divine secrets. and because of the deep and holy mystery attached to them.198 SEX WORSHIP. unintelligible to the masses and confided only to those who. faith after most severe trials of and endurance. as ited in its may be imagined. They were then made acquainted with the exalted and abstruse doctrines evolved by the priesthood from the simple worship of nature . doctrines that constituted a the- osophy of the most transcendent and spiritual character grand and sublime in the loftiness of its teachings and ideality .

including the western continent. the Mexicans and Peruvians celebrated what they called the Most Holy Feast. the adoration of the deity by eating his flesh and drinking his blood. a common religious rite in all parts of the ancient world. as celebrated in the Eleusinian .REGENERATION. which were passed about by white-robed priests and solemnly partaken of by the initiates in holy communion. in the form of consecrated bread and wine. instead of the substitutes. of the principal and most sacredly guarded ceremonial features of these mys- One was that known as the Holy Sacrament. In the primitive significance of this sacrament. The eating of the body and blood of a god in this symbolical manner was teries. long prior to its discovery by Europeans. at which they ate the flesh of their god and drank his blood flesh . and in 199 the beauty of its poetic concep- tions. not infrequently partaking of real allegorical and blood. where.



mysteries, the bread represented Ceres, the goddess of corn, while in a like manner the wine represented Bacchus, the god of wine, who gave his blood to men for

sustenance; so that, prior to the doctrine of transubstantiation, which only became necessary in the higher developtheir

and theological the bread and wine were worsubtleties, shiped in the simple belief that they were


of formal worship

the true body and blood, the actual substance, of the Mother and Father of Life.

This distinction of the two elements, and their ascription to separate deities, is also found in the records of the an-

Egyptian mysteries, though their significance was reversed in accordance

The wine

with the symbolism of phallic worship. represented Isis, or the female

which was

made in the form of a round, flat cake, in representation of the sun, was the symbol of Osiris, or male principle the partaking

of both being significant of regeneration, or of the life to come.



mysteries of Isis and Osiris, of the mysteries of the Babylonians, Egypt, the Eleusinian mysteries of the Greeks,
the mysteries of Bacchus and Venus at Rome, together with many others of lesser


importance, were


festivals in celebralife

tion of the new-born

and the regen-

erative union of the creative elements of

They all set forth and illustrated solemn and impressive rites and mysby tical symbols the grand phenomena of nature in its creation and perpetuation of


the Greeks and




were held

honor of


" " the Begotten of Love (having been born of a virgin through immaculate

Bacchus, or Dionysos, the god of life. He was called the father of gods and



Romans under

and was frequently represented by the name and form of



Considering the general state of reserve restraint in which the Grecian women


we may


some idea

of the high



regard in which these observances were held, and the powerful influence they exercised over the mind and emotions, when we note to what a degree of extravagance
the religious enthusiasm of these women was carried on such occasions, particularly
at the celebration of the Eleusinian teries


and the Dionysia. The gravest matrons and proudest

dignity and modesty, and vied with each other in revThey ran screaming through the elry.
cesses apparently laid aside

woods and over mountains,


dressed or half naked, their hair interwoven with ivy and vine leaves and not
infrequently with



twined about their heads and necks. Their religious excitement sometimes became so great, that they ate raw flesh, tearing living animals to pieces with their teeth, and devouring them while yet warm

and palpitating.
these festal occasions they likewise repaired to the temples or other places


rendered sacred by the presence of the



god's image, and there made offerings to the divine emblem, by wreathing the phal-

with flowers and anointing it with Their devotions specially prepared wine.

were always accompanied with music and wine, which were considered the sacred means of exalting and raising the mind to a closer communion with the Divine Power and these enthusiastic devotees willingly gave themselves up to the embraces of the no less enthusiastic worshipers of the op;

posite sex, in the nocturnal ceremonies, that had for their object the glorification of the deity by an indulgence in the di-

vine act of generation.

The Romans borrowed
forms and

their religious

from the Greeks, and while did not imbibe the poetry, sentiment they and enthusiasm that characterized the Grecian festivities, they were none the less devout and sincere. Their Bacchanalian mysteries were celebrated in the Temple of Bacchus, at Rome, and in the sacred woods near the Tiber. At first these ceremonies were held in the daytime, and were at-

but they were subsequently celebrated at night. and finally led to the abolishment of the cele- bration by a decree of the Senate. the of Venus were popular vernal celebrated by the Romans in deities honor of the procreative and their vitalizing function. which were speedily confounded with the true object of the festival.204 SEX WORSHIP. and the initiation of young men was permitted. acfestivals companied by a general relaxation laws and of social proprieties. While these religious character. tended only by the women. The Liberalia. they mirth. with the short result that in a time it led to the those who were religious spirit advantage of the opportunity for indulgence in licentious practices and other admittance of not in sympathy with the of the occasion. jollity were of a were given up to and public amusements. as manifested by the glorious regeneration of life upon the earth. and festival festivals. as a of the fitting . but took crimes. initiated into the mysteries who were by the priests. the Floralia.

that was eaten to Eastre . and therefore used as an offer- ing to the goddess on this occasion. to make presents of eggs. was called Eastre. which were the egg brightly decorated or colored the sacred emblem of the resurrecbeing . were common among all nations from the earliest times. at this time. and a feast of rejoicing was held in her honor at It was customary that time of the year. These springtime of festivals. The early Germans and Franks also prepared a special kind of bread or bun. tion of life. own joyous The name itself is derived from the old Teutons and Saxons. in celebration and the generative powers of nature. April was dedicated to this deity. and it is in some of the particular forms of these resurrected life celebrations that we find the origin of some of the features of our festival Easter. or goddess of The month of life. as specially sacred a springtime custom that was . manner of 2O$ life celebrating the return of and gladness.REGENERATION. whose Queen of Heaven.

206 SEX WORSHIP. which were offered Queen of Heaven. the Renewer of Life. The children gather wood. upwards of four thousand years ago. and used in sacrifices to other generative deities. the fathers kindle the fire. Christ. the founder of Athens. of a cross likewise common among who impressed the figure their cakes. and the women knead the dough to make cakes to the Queen of Heaven." The practice of making Easter buns in this shape was common among some of the early Christians. were formed in the shape of the reproductive organs a custom to which reference is made in the book of Jeremiah. and prevails in certain to the . Ishtar. fifteen hundred years before These ancient buns. the Egyptians. and were familiar features in the worship of the Queen of Heaven. upon Eggs and buns dean rites figured also in the Chal- connected with the worship of the goddess of spring. . where the " prophet says. as early as the days of Cecrops.

all of the world's redeemers are recorded to have risen from the dead. On the festival of Palm Sunday. attached to the end of a palm branch. after remaining in the tomb for a period of three days. As has been already stated. and preserved by the women during the year. someferings at Easter-time. 2O/ Small cakes parts of France to this day. These three days primarily represented the three months intervening rJetween the winter solstice and the vernal equinox. carry a phallus. during . These phalli were subsequently blessed by the priests. in the shape of a phallus are made as of- and carried about and presented from house to house. vals Nearly all of these ancient vernal festiand mysteries celebrated the return or the resurrection of a god the theological allegory of the regeneration of life. made of bread. not long since in certain French provinces.REGENERATION. times known it as the Feast of the Privy was customary. for each of the women and children in the procession to Members.

Zoroaster. The death and resurrection and forms. and for two days mournful rites were celebrated in commemoration of his trials. Mithras. and the world is without its great lifegiver. after having died for the sake of the world. The ceremonies and observances in commemoration in of this event always took place same the spring. sacrifice and death. Horus. Babylonians. while on the third day they gave place to loud hosan- . and other nations. appears in Tammuz. and ascended into heaven. rose again on the third day. Bacchus. was or Adonis. Tammuz. In the mysteries connected with this celebration an image of the Savior was carried with great solemnity to a tomb. under a variety of names many legends. Krishna. annually celebrated at the beginning of spring by the Syrians. Attis. Buddha. Osiris. who. which time the sun has lost his power.2O8 SEX WORSHIP. and were of the general character in all ages and of among all nations. Quetzalcoatl and many more.

impartial students of the Bible are fact. " ! women weeping Tammuz And not unaware of the to Christ by ets. whose worship had for centuries been an established religious custom. nas and feasts of rejoicing is ! 209 " : The Lord risen and lives again Hail to the " Dove. : where the there sat prophet exclaims.REGENERATION. a Redeemer. are simply of references to this Savior. Tammuz. for " Behold. or Adonis. life or In their mysteries the ancient Egyptians celebrated each spring the death. in exemplification of the immortality of of the redemption of mankind. resurrection and ascension of Osiris. that in many in- stances the supposed prophetic references King David and the proph- when they make mention of a Son God. death and resurrection was familiarly referred to. the 14 . and the story of whose birth. is recorded in the book of Ezekiel (8 14). or He who sits at the right hand of the Lord. the Restorer of Light The fact that the children of Israel took ! part in the celebration of these mysteries.

however may ap- aim of mankind to glorify the Creator.210 SEX WORSHIP. and the lamentations and mourning for his decease marked the be- ginning of the mysteries. The ceremonies attendant upon this celebration were of a most holy character. and Savior of the world. proceeded to the river in the Waitnight. in solemn procession. we ever find the same reverent regard for the regeneration of life . extravagant or inconsistent they pear. we . On the third day of his death the priests. as the sepulcher of the departed god . Creator and Savior of men. ing there until the morning they welcomed the rising sun with a loud and joyous " " Osiris is risen shout. as primarily typified by the sun while beneath them all lies the unitrace the constant . legends. exclaiming It matters not to what race nor to what ! age we turn. and through its multitude of myths. The sacred ark was reverently and tearfully worshiped. carrying the ark with them. invested with the deepest mystery and sanctity. creeds and celebrations.

versal.REGENERATION. actuating 211 reverence for the great and unsolvable mystery of life the foundation and the source of all religious worship. .


Ancient Symbol Worship Influence of the Phallic Idea in the Religions of Antiquity. The Anacalypsis. INMAN. Stones and Cairns.D. privately printed. Ancient Faiths Embodied in Ancient Names. Crux Ansata (Handled Cross). D.D. Cultus Arborum A Descriptive Account 213 . Ancient Pagan and Modern Christian SymTHOMAS bolism Exposed and Explained. M. M. into to draw aside the Veil of the Saitic the or an Inquiry Origin and Religions. WESTROPP and C. printed. An attempt Isis. ANON.APPENDIX. Languages. H ODDER M. LIST OF PRINCIPAL WORKS ON PHALLICISM. M. INMAN. STANILAND WAKE. THOMAS Ancient Pillars. THOMAS INMAN. Nations GODFREY HIGGINS privately of . .

privately printed. ANON. ology Ancients. To which ANON. The Masculine Cross. is KNIGHT. Phallicism. privately printed. ANON. A Description of the Worship . ANON. Fishes. privately . Flowers and Fire as Elements and Deities in the Phallic Faiths and Worship of the Ancient Religions. with an account of ancient and mod- . privately A and Discourse on the Worship of Priapus. Mysteries. Faiths EDWARD MOOR. and Mysteries connected with Serpent Worship. or an Account of Phallic and Practices. printed. Origin of Pagan Idolatry. its Connection with the Mystic Theof the RICHARD PAYNE added an Essay on the Worship of the Generative Powers during the Middle Ages of Western Europe. the Rites Ophiolatreia. THOMAS TAYLOR. Nature Worship. printed. ANON . ANON. FABER. of Lingam-Yoni in various parts of the World. An Account of. privately The Hindu Pantheon. of Phallic Tree Worship printed.214 APPENDIX. . and Bacchic Eleusinian .

privately Celestial . as illustrated chiefly in privately printed. after Christ. FANIN privately printed. ANON. . Rivers of Life. . London. in the ist and 4th centuries GUSON . printed. Phallic Objects. Hea- then and Christian its connection with the Rosicrucians foundation NINGS . Phallic Miscellanies. Bronzes and Statues contained in that famous "Cabinet Secret. and Phases of Ancient and Modern Sex Worship. and its Buddhism. privately printed. or Illustrations of Mythology and Art in India. G. particularly the Crux Ansata. Secret Museum of Naples . Phallicism. or Sources . Monuments ANON. 215 ern Crosses. the Religions of India. being an account of the erotic Paintings. Facts . HARGRAVE JENand Remains privately printed. . and other Symbols connected with the Mysteries of Sex Worship.APPENDIX. and Streams of J. JAMES FER- printed for the India Office. FORLONG . R. the Faiths of Man in all lands. privately printed. in and the Gnostics." COL. Tree and Serpent Worship. ANON. and Terrestial.



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