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12d model Manual

12d model Manual

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Published by Jun Coraza

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Published by: Jun Coraza on Jan 28, 2011
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Detail Survey

Version 9.0

March 10

12d Soultions Pty Ltd

ACN 101 351 991

PO Box 351 Narabeen NSW Australia 2101

(02) 9970 7117 (02) 9970 7118
support@12d.com www.12.com

Detail Survey Procedures

March 3, 2010

12d Model V9.0 Detail Survey Manual

V9.0

March 10

Disclaimer

12d Model is supplied without any express or implied warranties whatsoever.

No warranty of fitness for a particular purpose is offered.

No liabilities in respect of engineering details and quantities produced by 12d Model are accepted.

While every effort has been taken to ensure that the advice given in this manual and the program
12d Model is correct, no warranty is expressed or implied by 12d Solution Pty Ltd.

Copyright

This manual is copyrighted and all rights reserved.

This manual may not, in whole or part, be copied or reproduced without the prior consent in writing
from 12d Solutions Pty Ltd.

Copies of 12d Model software must not be released to any party, or used for bureau applications
without the written permission of 12d Solutions Pty Ltd.

Copyright © 1989 – 2010 by 12d Solutions Pty Ltd.

Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

ACN 101 351 991

All rights reserved.

Detail Survey Procedures

March 3, 2010

i

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1.0

SETTING UP TRAINING DATA

1

1.1 Copy training data to computer

1

Run install program from DVD .................................. 1

1.2 Create new project

2

Open project ............................................................ 2
Create new environment configuration...................... 3
Select environment configuration.............................. 5

2.0

SETTING UP 12D

7

2.1 Title File Creation

7

Import Title File ........................................................ 7
Import New Logo ..................................................... 9
Move image ........................................................... 10
Scale image .......................................................... 11
Edit Company Details ............................................ 12
User Prompt Text .................................................. 13
Default Text ........................................................... 14
Save Title File........................................................ 16

2.2 Linestyles and Symbols

17

World Linestyle ...................................................... 17
Paper Linestyle ...................................................... 22
2-Point Linestyle .................................................... 25
3-Point Linestyle .................................................... 27
World Symbol ........................................................ 28

2.3 Text Favourites

30

Create New Font ................................................... 30
Create Text Favourites........................................... 31

2.4 Cad control bar name

34

3.0

ADJUSTMENTS

37

Create new project................................................. 37
Enter Project details ............................................... 38

3.1 Traverse Adjustment

39

Control Point Entry................................................. 39
Traverse String Entry ............................................. 40
3d Adjustment ....................................................... 42
Set Symbols and tinability ...................................... 44

3.2 Least Squares Horizontal Adjustment 45

Horizontal Adjustment ............................................ 46
Distances .............................................................. 47
Angles ................................................................... 47
True azimuths........................................................ 48
Fixed points ........................................................... 48
Initial points ........................................................... 48

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March 3, 2010

Draw options ......................................................... 49
Output options ....................................................... 49
Control model ........................................................ 50
Calculate Initial results ........................................... 50
Calculate network adjustment ................................ 52
Update control model ............................................. 54

3.3 Least Squares Level Adjustment

55

Level Adjustment ................................................... 55
Observations ......................................................... 56
Benchmarks .......................................................... 56
Unknown points ..................................................... 56
Control model ........................................................ 57
Calculate level adjustment ..................................... 58
Update control model ............................................. 59

3.4 Transformations and Projections

60

Read in sample data .............................................. 60
Create new view .................................................... 60
Non Projection to Projection ................................... 61

4.0

FIELD CODING

63

Create new project................................................. 63
Enter Project details ............................................... 64

4.1 Non Leica Feature Codes

65

Survey Setup ......................................................... 65
The Feature Coding Tab ........................................ 66
The Delimiters Tab ................................................ 67
The Advanced Tab ................................................ 68
The Strings Tab ..................................................... 69
The Templating Tab ............................................... 70

4.2 Leica Feature Codes

71

Survey Setup ......................................................... 71
Leica Control codes ............................................... 72

4.3 Mapping File

79

The Basic branch ................................................... 79
The Solid Fill branch .............................................. 80
The Symbols branch .............................................. 81
The Tinable branch ................................................ 84
Vertex Text Data .................................................... 85
Pipes ..................................................................... 85
Tin Boundaries ...................................................... 86

5.0

DOWNLOADING & REDUCTIONS

87

5.1 Discussion of Instruments

87

Converting a Raw File ............................................ 88

5.2 Control Model

89

5.3 Survey Data Reduction

91

Select Field Files ................................................... 92
Mapping File .......................................................... 94
Advanced settings ................................................. 94
Geodetics .............................................................. 95
Other settings ........................................................ 95
Reduce the field files.............................................. 96
The Report File ...................................................... 97
Joining Strings Across Field Files ......................... 100

5.4 Plan view set up

101

View text set up ................................................... 101
Create chain ........................................................ 103

Detail Survey Procedures

March 3, 2010

iii

String height text .................................................. 105
String name text .................................................. 106
Point ID text ......................................................... 107

5.5 Field file editor

110

Field file editor setup ............................................ 110
Field File Editor icons ........................................... 113

5.6 Field file editing

118

Find and Replace ................................................ 118
Change Target Height .......................................... 121
Re-order Strings .................................................. 123
Close String ......................................................... 125
Reverse String ..................................................... 126
Templates ........................................................... 127
Manually Changing Coding .................................. 129
Deleting a Point ................................................... 132
Bearing Swing ..................................................... 133
Distance Correction ............................................. 134
Preliminary height errors ...................................... 135
Lock the Field File................................................ 137
Print the Report File ............................................. 138

5.7 Graphical Edits

139

Toolbars .............................................................. 139
Join Strings ......................................................... 139
Append String...................................................... 141
Create New String ............................................... 142
Join Many ............................................................ 143
Inserting Images .................................................. 145
House cad string .................................................. 151
Editing Heights .................................................... 153

6.0

TRIANGULATION AND ANALYSIS

156

6.1 Check for crossing Breaklines

156

Reporting errors................................................... 156
Locate errors ....................................................... 157
Delete identical strings and height differences ...... 160
Fix crossing strings .............................................. 162
Re run check panel .............................................. 165

6.2 Delete empty models

166

6.3 Create Tin

166

6.4 Editing Tin

169

Tin model to back ................................................ 169
Nulling single triangles ......................................... 170

6.5 Create Tin Boundary

172

6.6 Internal Tin Boundaries

174

6.7 Checking Contours

176

Tin Flow .............................................................. 176
Flipping Triangles ................................................ 178
Slope Contouring ................................................. 179

6.8 Create Survey Data tag

182

Create Tag .......................................................... 182

6.9 Perspective View

185

Set up new view .................................................. 185
Orbit Button ......................................................... 187
Shading ............................................................... 188
Pipes ................................................................... 189
Drive along a String ............................................. 190

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March 3, 2010

6.10 Section View

191

Create section view ............................................. 191
Settings ............................................................... 192
Profile a String ..................................................... 192
Pipes ................................................................... 194
Dynamic Profiling ................................................. 196

7.0

PLOTTING

197

Create new view .................................................. 197
Set plot scale ....................................................... 197

7.1 Label Contours

198

Create labels ....................................................... 198
Use Label Lines ................................................... 200

7.2 Label Map File

201

Label Survey ....................................................... 201

7.3 Grid Creation

204

7.4 Text Edits

205

Default Text settings ............................................ 205
Add Text.............................................................. 205
Edit Simple Text .................................................. 207
Legend & Scalebar .............................................. 209

7.5 Plot Frames

210

Place first plot frame ............................................ 210
Mosaic Plot Frames ............................................. 212
Move Plot Frames................................................ 213

7.6 Quick Plotting

214

Quick Sheet Plot .................................................. 214
Plotting using PPF Editor ..................................... 217

Detail Survey Procedures

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