GABRIELA DUMBRAVĂ

LIMBA ENGLEZĂ. CURS PRACTIC (Nivel mediu)

LESSON 1

His Favourite Cousin Horace was very proud of his cousin, Mike Aspen, Hollywood’s brightest young star. Whenever his cousin appeared on the screen, Horace would say, “Isn’t he wonderful? He’s my cousin, you know ”. What was worse, Horace was always cutting pictures of his cousin out of movie magazines and putting them on the kitchen wall. His wife would say, “We used to have a nice clean wall. Now all I can see is Mike, Mike, Mike!” Then she would walk angrily out of the kitchen and slam the door behind her. When Mike’s face used to appear on posters or billboards, Horace would proudly brag about his cousin’s successful career. “He used to go to Midville High School, you know. We would always play in the schoolyard together, and we were always getting into trouble together. I remember how he was always stealing apples from the corner grocery store. He used to be like a brother to me. We were always missing classes together. What a great guy, a truly great guy. He was my favorite cousin.” One day, though, everyone woke up to find the daily newspapers covered with the headlines, MIKE ASPEN INVOLVED IN GANGLAND KILLING. Reporters went to Horace’s house to interview him. “Did you and Mike Aspen really use to be like brothers? Is it true you were both getting in trouble all the time? What kind of trouble? Did you really play in the school yard together?” “Mike Aspen . . . Mike Aspen . . . . , “ he said in a puzzled voice. “Oh, yes! The actor.” Horace shook his head, “No relation to me. Never met the guy.”

COMPREHENSION Answer the following questions according to your understanding of the text: 1. Who was Mike Aspen? 2. Why was Horace proud of him? 3. What was Horace always doing? 4. Why was Horace’s wife angry? 5. What school did Horace and his cousin go to? 6. What were they always doing together? 7. What happened one day? 8. What did Horace tell the reporters? 9. Did he tell the truth? 10. What do you think about Horace’s attitude?

1

GRAMMAR

HABIT IN THE PAST (Exprimarea unei acţiuni obişnuite în trecut) O acţiune care a avut loc în mod obişnuit în trecut se redă în limba engleză prin una dintre următoarele trei construcţii gramaticale: 1. Used to Used + infinitivul lung al verbului se foloseşte în următoarele situaţii: a. Pentru a reda o acţiune cu caracter de rutină în trecut: Exemplu: When I worked on the farm I used to get up at five in the morning, and I used to eat an enormous breakfast before going out to work. b. Un obicei din trecut care nu mai există în prezent: Exemplu: I used to smoke a lot, but I don’t any more. I used to visit my parents every weekend, but now I see them very rarely. c. O stare de fapt valabilă numai pentru un interval de timp din trecut: Exemplu: He used to have a beard, but he shaved it off. She used to be a good tennis player when she was young. 2. Would (do) Would + infinitivul scurt al verbului: Exemplu: When I worked on the farm, I would get up at five o’clock.

3. Was / Were always (. . . ing) Trecutul continuu însoţit de adverbul de timp always: Exemplu: He was always following me around when we were kids.

Grammar Practice 1. Make sentences from each of the following. Choose used to, would always, or was always. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Heather Carla Mark and Carl They He She other people’s papers during the exams. tricks on her friends when she was a child. bad jokes at parties. mistakes when they were in college. me flowers when we were first married. lies when she was a child.
2

7. They 8. She 9. They 10. She

into trouble when they were kids. Beatles records when she lived in New York. backaches when they had that hard bed. the wrong bus when she was in New York.

II. Complete the following with used to and the negative-interrogative. Example: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. • you on Queen Street ? Didn’t you use to live on Queen Street ? she your brother she your sister your parents that man they you school in Boston ? at the British Institute ? your best friend ? in an apartment in Chicago ? their vacations in Florida ? football for the Toronto Tigers ? a big house in the country ? a red sports car ?

VOCABULARY WHATEVER, WHEREVER, WHENEVER (orice, oriunde, oricând)

Exercise Change the following sentences using whatever, wherever, whenever. Example: Doris went somewhere; her friend went too. Wherever Doris went, her friend went too. 1. I started to say something; he always interrupted me. __________________________________________ 2. Billy did something; his little brother always did the same. __________________________________________ 3. She went somewhere; she always took her dog. __________________________________________ 4. He came to visit us; he always talked about his problems. __________________________________________ 5. He went somewhere; he always took his family. _________________________________________ 6. Jane said something; her little boy always said the same thing. ___________________________________________________ 7. I watched TV; I always had a headache. ________________________________________ 8. David went jogging; his dog always followed him. _______________________________________ 9. I asked him something; he always refused me. ________________________________________ 10. He came to visit me; he always brought me flowers. ________________________________________
3

LESSON 2 Confidence Man “I’ve never been so humiliated in my life!” shouted Dorothy angrily. “Why didn’t you stand up to that jerk? Tell me ,” she continued, “have you ever lost your temper or been in a fight? I’ll bet you’ve never hit anybody in your whole life!” “How would you like to be the first?” Clyde said to himself, knowing that Dorothy couldn’t hear him. She was walking rapidly away in the direction of the parking lot. The next day at work, Clyde couldn’t help thinking about the incident. They had been relaxing on the beach when Dorothy decided she was hungry. At the refreshment stand, a big muscular man had pushed in front of them and stepped on Dorothy’s foot. Clyde had made a weak protest, but the man had only laughed in his face. His thoughts were suddenly interrupted when the manager shouted, “Clyde! Have you waited on that customer yet? I’ve got a business to run here, so wake up, will you? And what about the inventory list? Have you taken it to Mr. Watson yet?” Not even waiting for a reply, the manager hurried back to his office. “I’m tired of this!” Clyde whispered, knowing his boss couldn’t hear him. That evening Clyde was reading the newspaper when he saw an advertisement: DO YOU
LACK SELF-CONFIDENCE? HAVE YOU EVER FELT UNPOPULAR AND LEFT OUT OF A GROUP? IF YOU HAVEN’T ENROLLED YET ENROLL NOW IN DOCTOR IVO’S CONFIDENCE COURSE. AFTER A FEW EASY LESSONS YOU’LL BE A DIFFERENT PERSON.

“That’s just what I need,” Clyde thought. “I’ll enroll tomorrow.” After finishing the course, Clyde really did feel like a new person. When Dorothy finally called him, he decided to show off his new personality. “Clyde! I haven’t heard from you in ages! Why don’t we go and see the new movie at the Roxy ?” “I’ve already seen it,” Clyde said confidently. “I took Linda to see it last night, as a matter of fact.” Dorothy was shocked. “You’ve already seen it, have you?” she said furiously. “Yes, I have,” said Clyde calmly. “If I have time I might give you a call next week, but I haven’t made up my mind yet,” he said, hanging up the phone. The next day at work his boss started shouting at him as usual, but this time Clyde answered, “Listen, Mr. Bumstern, I’ve already written that report and given it to Mr. Watson. In fact, it’s only eleven o’clock, and I’ve already sold two hundred dollars’ worth of merchandise, so why don’t you shout at somebody else for a change?” Two months later, Clyde was sitting in the company lunchroom with his friends, telling jokes and flirting with all the girls. “Mr. Bumstern told us that you’ve already broken last year’s sales record,” said Frank, a fellow worker, “and this fiscal year hasn’t even ended yet!” “Have you ever thought of selling your secret of success to the rest of us?” asked Miriam, the cashier. Clyde smiled and told his story – is feelings of rejection, and the confidence he gained with Doctor Ivo. “Ivo, Ivo,” repeated Miriam; “I’ve never heard of him.” “I have”, said Frank. “Haven’t you seen the article about him in the newspaper yet, Clyde?” He pulled out The Daily Mail and pointed to the article: CON MAN WALLACE IVO CONVINCTED OF FRAUD. Clyde read the article with a sick feeling in his stomach. “Forget that dumb article and tell us a joke,” said Miriam. Everyone smiled and waited eagerly for Clyde to tell them one of his funny stories. “I can’t . . . uh . . . I mean . . . I’ve never . . . I can’t remember . . . I mean I’ve never been able to tell good jokes.” He got up and left the table. Not long afterwards, Clyde lost his job. He hadn’t made a single sale in three months. “you’re a funny guy,” said Mr. Bumstern when he fired him. “I’ve never met anyone like you.
4

Why was Dorothy angry? 2. YET Aceste adverbe de timp se folosesc împreună cu Present Perfect Simple pentru a indica o acţiune al cărei moment de desfăşurare nu este precizat. Utilizare EVER. and walked out into the rain. How did he feel after finishing the confidence course? 8. Acest timp verbal se formează cu ajutorul auxiliarului have/has la care se adaugă participiul trecut al verbului. Where were they when she got hungry? 3. Interogativul se formează prin inversiune: Have you worked a lot? Has he read many books? Negativul se exprimnă cu ajutorul formei de negativ a auxiliarului: I haven’t worked a lot today.What you need is a confidence course. What happened at the refreshment stand? 4. Exemple: I’ve never seen such a beautiful apartment. ALREADY. NEVER. How did Clyde protest? 6. Exemplu: I have worked a lot today. Never (niciodată) se foloseşte la negativ. What did he read in The Daily Mail? 9. Ever (vreodată) se foloseşte la interogativ şi se aşează înaintea participiului trecut al verbului: Exemple: Have you ever seen an elephant? Has Joan ever eaten Italian food? B. What did he read in the newspaper? 7. sir. fiind aşezat tot după participiul trecut. How did he feel after reading the article? 10. I never have. What did the big man do? 5. 5 . Ever / Never A. He hasn’t read many English books. He’s never driven a car. “Clyde smiled sadly. • COMPREHENSION Answer the following questions according to you understanding of the text: 1. What happened afterwards? • GRAMMAR THE PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE (I) Mod de formare. He has read many books in English. picked up his briefcase. Have you ever thought of taking one?” “No. I.

când este aşezat la sfârşitul propoziţiei şi sensul lui este deja. Yet se foloseşte în următoarele contexte: A. 7. 9. Grammar Practice I. dar sensul lui va fi încă . The train hasn’t left yet. Complete the following using ever and an appropriate verb. following example : Example: your sister / her exam When will your sister take her exam ? She’s already taken it. 3. 4. They’ve already chosen the winner. you John they I you he Mary they we you the measles ? in a jet plane ? a love poem ? a play by G. He’s already made three mistakes. Already(deja) se foloseşte la afirmativ. situaţie în care va apărea tot la sfârşitul propoziţiei. Pay close attention to the II. Exemple: Has he bought a new car yet ? Have you packed your bags yet ? B. they / choose a new car _______________________? 3. you / call the police _______________________? 2. 10. Shaw ? a lie ? such a beautiful girl ? Chinese food ? in jail ? to the President before ? Beethoven’s Fifth Symphony ? a cold in the summer ? and answer it using already. B. 2. 8. Peter / begin his French course 6 ___________________ ___________________ . Ask a question with When . la negativ. 1. . Exemple: We haven’t made any definite plans yet. III. Example: she Has she ever had the measles ? 1. la interogativ. 5.II. Exemple: I’ve already called the police. 6.

but I (buy her a present) _____________________________________________ 10. He promised her a diamond ring last month but he (give her one) ___________________________________________ 7. . (find my glasses) I would like to read this letter. Use the words in parentheses. You such beautiful music. 7 . 1. . but (drive it) ____________________________________________ 8. but I . but he (fall asleep) _____________________________________________ 9. I bought a new tie other day. Complete the following sentences using a verb in the Present Perfect Simple + never. Complete the following sentences with the negative and yet. she / read that book __________________________? 5. They 2. but I haven’t found my glasses yet. Example: We such a delicious salad. Mr. Laura / feed the baby __________________________? 8. We have never eaten such a delicious salad. he / have his operation __________________________? 7. Janet / do the dishes __________________________? 10. you / speak to Martha __________________________? 6. Peter and Liz / give a party __________________________? ___________________ ____________________ _____________________ ____________________ ____________________ _____________________ ____________________ _____________________ III. I took fifty dollars out of the bank last week but I (spend it) _____________________________________________ 4. Follow the example. Example: I would like to read this letter. He’s been a bus driver for twenty years but (have an accident) ____________________________________________ 6. 1. I’ve been on a diet for two weeks. but I (wear it) ______________________________________________ 2._________________________? 4. Tom / pay his bills __________________________? 9. He gave me a box of chocolates. I bought a new book the other day. My sister’s birthday is tomorrow. Weeks bought a new car last week. such a terrible lie before. The baby has been in bed for an hour. but I (lose any weight) ______________________________________________ 3. but I (read it) _____________________________________________ 5. but I (eat them all) ____________________________________________ IV.

such a long trip before in such a fast train before. intelligent. cheerful. • VOCABULARY WHAT DOES HE/ SHE LOOK LIKE? este întrebarea pe care o adresăm unui interlocutor atunci când vrem să obţinem o descriere fizică a cuiva. such a bad book. Exercise Use the following characteristics to answer the questions what does he/ she look like? or what is he/ she like? . careless. 7. dark – haired. Jack They We Mary and Wayne She He You to such a luxurious restaurant. Echivalentul românesc este CUM ARATĂ…? Exemplu: What does he look like? He is tall and thin: WHAT IS HE/SHE LIKE? Este o întrebare prin care solicităm informaţii referitoare la personalitatea cuiva (CUM ESTE. such a bad movie. athletic. 8. Margaret 4.3. optimistic. on such a soft bed before. untidy.handsome. insensitive.. 5.. 6. such a long letter before. 8 . to such a big city before. hard – working. ambitious. fat.?) Exemplu: What is she like? She is kind and calm. blue eyed.. 9. 10.

I’ve played in forty tournaments so far this year. Tonight on Faces in Focus my lovely co-host. last year I won only a million dollars. Jack? JACK: So far this year I’ve been to the hospital seven times with foot trouble. I understand you’re trying to break the world’s record for long distance walking. DAVID: Fred. Wendy Storm. and two gallons of syrup. DAVID: How many different places have you been to during the course of your walks. So. Jack? JACK: That’s right. . and there are still three months to go before the end of the year. well. I’ve probably gained about twenty-five pounds today. and I’ve walked across fifteen states in the U. But it’s been really hard! WENDY: What do you mean. but I can’t afford to lose any time. David.000 miles so far. you’ve been a tennis champ for a long time. WENDY: How much weight do you think you’ve gained in the last few hours? RAY: Well. DAVID: Well. I’ve been chewing gum without stopping for eight months. Jack? JACK: I’ve been to seven different European countries. and I’ve won all of them. Excuse me while I take another bite. I’ve lost about twentypounds. Wendy. I’ve eaten 400 pancakes. ladies and gentlemen. insulted by the press. Jack Lawson here has had a tough year too. I tried to break the record last year. right Ray? It’s Ray Campbell. haven’t you? FRED: Yes. ten pounds of butter. too. hasn’t it? FRED: Yes. I’ve won three million dollars this year. What record are you trying to break.S. Ray. WENDY: That’s quite all right. too but I only managed to eat 350. DAVID: Ray is trying to break the twenty-four-hour pancake-eating record. Wendy. I’ve been attacked by thieves. wouldn’t you say? WENDY: Yes – but you know you’re not the only one with a lot of endurance. but this year has been a special one for you. Quite a big improvement. Let’s talk to our first guest. these fine people are all trying to break very different kinds of records.LESSON 3 Faces in Focus DAVID SNOW : Good evening. I’ve walked about 2. Fred Appleby – well known to tennis fans everywhere. DAVID: How many miles have you walked so far this year? JACK: Well. Mr. How many pancakes have you eaten so far today? RAY: About 400. here’s a man who probably hasn’t lost any weight. . and I would like to welcome five fantastic record breakers! WENDY: Yes. DAVID: And how much did you win last year. DAVID: Even in your sleep? 9 . and . Fred. Florence Castro. And now. Florence? FLORENCE: I’m hoping to break the uninterrupted gum-chewing record. pancake champ! RAY: That’s right. Excuse me for talking with my mouth full. David. Fred? FRED: Well. chased by dogs. WENDY: You’ve also broken the money – making record.

Ted. Tell us about your record. this month. She hasn’t spent much money this week. Who is the second guest and what record is he trying to break? 7. I’d be afraid to see the bill. I’ve gone ten years without giving my employees a raise. despite inflation and the high cost of living. What record has the fifth guest managed to break? • GRAMMAR THE PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE (II) Present Perfect se mai foloseşte şi împreună cu adverbele de timp today. Have they been to the casino this month? Grammar Practice I. How much money has he won? 6. It’s just amazing! WENDY: It certainly is! Many have tried before and failed.00) How much money have you saved this year ? I’ve saved $ 500. David. Complete the following question beginning with How much or How many. Example: money / save / this year ($ 500. TED: Well. this year pentru a reda o acţiune care se încadrează într. a truly fantastic attempt that requires courage and stamina. FLORENCE: • COMPREHENSION Answer the following questions according to your understanding of the text: 1. and also on vitamins to supplement my diet.Yes.o perioadă de timp neîncheiată. 10 . Ted is trying to break the most unusual record of all. How many guests do they have? 4. Exemple: I’ve eaten only one meal today. Ted Doolittle. Answer the questions using the information in parentheses. What about the third guest? 8. I figure I’ve chewed about 550 packs of gum this year. Florence? FLORENCE: I haven’t been to the dentist at all this year.00 lies / tell / today ? (0) How many lies have you told today ? I haven’t told any lies. What is the title of the TV show? 2. I’ve spent hundreds of dollars on gum. It becomes a reflex action after a while. this week. DAVID: Amazing! And now for our last guest. How many pancakes has he eaten? 9. Who is the fourth guest and what record is she trying to break? 10. I even chew in my sleep. WENDY: How many times have you been to the dentist this year. What is the name of the first guest and what is he? 5. Who are the host and the co – host? 3.

Complete the following questions using How many times + be. fruit / eat today ? _________________________ 10. Example: you / to the movies this week ? How many times have you been to the movies this week ? I haven’t been to the movies at all this week. you / to the doctor this month ? _____________________________? _____________________________ 11 . pills / take today ? _________________________ 8. Answer the questions in the negative + at all. books / read this month ? _________________________ 3. Bob / to New York this year ? _____________________________? ____________________________ 5. classes / miss this week ? _________________________ 5. money / earn this year ? ________________________ 7. letters / write this week ? ________________________ 6. Mrs. milk / have today ? _________________________ 2. weight / lose this month ? _________________________ (4 glasses) ___________________ (2) ___________________ (0) ___________________ (1) ___________________ (3) ___________________ (a lot) ___________________ (0) ___________________ (6) ___________________ (2 bananas) ___________________ (0) ___________________ II. she / in the hospital this year ? ______________________________? ______________________________ 3. cigarettes / smoke today ? _________________________ 4. Davis / to the supermarket today ? ______________________________? ______________________________ 4. 1. miles / walk this week ? _________________________ 9. they / to the dentist this month ? _______________________________? _______________________________ 2.1.

last month I / borrow a lot of money this month any _____________________________________________________ • VOCABULARY WHETHER… OR NOT (dacă.. De reţinut că whether poate fi folosit ca înlocuitor al lui if în orice context.. Example: Are you planning to buy a new car? (raise) It depends on whether or not my boss raises my salary. yesterday she / drink four cups of tea today / only one __________________________________________________________ 5. 1. Example: yesterday she / write two postcards today / any Yesterday she wrote two postcards. 1. but today they have bought only one. last month they / give three parties this month / any __________________________________________________________ 4. Is Jane planning to buy a new TV? (have enough money) _________________________________________ 4. Are you planning to take tennis lessons? (have enough time) ________________________________________ 12 . Are you planning to go to the beach tomorrow? (rain) __________________________________ 2. last month I / lose two pounds this month / only one _______________________________________________________ 2.III. last week she / spend two hundred dollars this week / only fifty dollars ______________________________________________________________ 3. pentru a sublinia existenţa a două alternative posibile. last month they / win four games this month / any _____________________________________________________ 8. yesterday I / eat three apples today / only one _____________________________________________________ 10. yesterday he / steal two wallets today / only one _____________________________________________________ 7. last week he / teach seven lessons this week / only three ______________________________________________________ 6. sau nu) este o expresie care se foloseşte. but today she hasn’t written any. ca şi în limba română. cu excepţia subordonatelor condiţionale. Complete the following questions and answers. yesterday they / buy three newspaper today they have bought only one. last year he / have three car accidents this year / any ____________________________________________________ 9. Yesterday they bought three newspapers. Exercise Answer the questions below using the expression it depends on whether (or not). Are they planning to visit their parents in London? (have a vacation) __________________________________________ 3.

Is she planning to get married? (ask her) ______________________________________ 10. Are you planning to go to college? (pass my final exams) _______________________________________ 7. Are you planning to buy that new dress? (can save enough money) ______________________________________ 13 .5. Is he planning to move to Chicago? (find a better job there) ______________________________________ 8. Is she planning to ask her boss for a raise? (be in a good mood) ________________________________________ 6. Are you planning to see the movie tonight? (find tickets) ______________________________________ 9.

didn’t you know?” said the director. “and I’ve also worked in the company’s sales office. Smith?” “Well. I’m going to answer this ad!” “Not only that.” he said enthusiastically. and hurried downtown to an address on March Street. “said his wife. and a smile of pleasure crossed his face at the thought of starting his new job. He was good at his job and his boss had even asked him to work in the sales office parttime.” “And how’s your general health? Have you had any serious illnesses?” “I’ve been sick now and then. As he was leaving.” Gerald’s eyes lit up. In fact.” he said to Agnes eagerly. He would have an important position with an impressive name-Home Utilities Market Prospector! When he received an answer to his application a week later. some office experience preferable. you’ve reorganized the whole accounting department and you’ve spent hours working overtime without extra pay.” For the next few days he could think of nothing else. after all these years. “They want to interview me for the job. and I’ve only missed two or three days of work. He would no longer be just a simple door-to-door salesman.” 14 . I think it’s time for a change. but I haven’t been able to move up or get a better position there. I’ve only had one-with the Ace Vacuum Cleaner Company. Finally. he was getting ahead. but nothing serious. He put on his best suit.” The personnel director smiled at Gerald and said. Agnes would be so pleased.” “And how much sales experience have you had?” “I’ve had ten years’ sales experience. “I think you’re just the man we’ve been looking for. I’ve mainly worked as a salesman for the company.” Gerald showed his wife the ad. “but you’ve trained hundreds of new salesmen. A home utilities market prospector sells things door-todoor. Dynamic young man with at least ten years’ sales experience. You can start next week. He was reading the newspaper one evening when he saw an ad: “Wanted-Home Utilities Market Prospector. “I’ve had ten years’ sales experience. I forgot to ask you. I’ve never been in the hospital. Mr. Agnes. “Oh. he realized that he hadn’t asked the personnel manager for details about his new job. What exactly does a home utilities market prospector do?” Gerald’s heart was beating in anticipation. shined his shoes. But the company was very small.LESSON 4 Getting Ahead Gerald had been a door-to-door salesman for the Ace Vacuum Cleaner Company for ten years. “Oh. I’ve been with them for ten years now. In your case it’ll be vacuum cleaner. by the way. Gerald was overjoyed. The personnel director seemed friendly and asked Gerald several questions about his professional life: “How many different jobs have you had. “I thought everybody did. and Gerald knew that he could never be much more than a vacuum cleaner salesman and part-time office worker for the rest of his life.

Tell about what she’s done in her lifetime. several films. 8. for several newspapers. lingerie in a department store. What kind of man was wanted for the job? 5. How many jobs have you had ? Clyde hasn’t had much luck. What did he see in the newspaper one night? 4. What was the name of the job? 6. She has worked in a toy factory. What is Gerald? What does he sell? 2. 6.• COMPREHENSION Answer the following questions according to your understanding of the text: 1. using the cues provided. 15 . three books about her life. 9. What was the big final surprise? • GRAMMAR THE PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE (III) Present Perfect Simple se utilizează şi în contexte care nu menţionează intervalul de timp în care se încadrează acţiunea. 10. 3. 1. Has he ever been ill? 10. 4. Examples: a toy factory. When did he receive an answer to his application? 8. a model English to foreign students. Why was he so happy? 7. Exemple: I’ve met a lot of important people. divorced five times. 5. on TV shows. What company does he work for? 3. 2. Grammar Practice I. several cosmetic operations. 7. How many different jobs has he had? 9. Wendy Storm has had a very busy life. around the world several times.

Do you know that Marcia has never gone camping ? But . just last night. one just last semester. but he never (write) sports articles. 7. Example: Do you know that Mark has never heard a Beethoven symphony ? But he has. III. 7. 4. 1. 3. Do you know that Luisa has never read a play by Shakespeare ? But . She (be) an actress. La Strada just last week. 6. I’m afraid I (have-negative) much sales experience. Contradict each of the following statements using the Present Perfect in the first part and the Simple Past in the second. DOCTOR: you (have) any serious illnesses ? PATIENT: I typhoid fever when I was a child. 1. 2. Do you know that Mike and Helen have never eaten a hamburger ? But . However. Do you know that you’ve never talked to my brother ? But . I (be) in India in 1976. Follow the examples given below. 10. Do you know that Jack and Susan have never been to the dirty ? But . The last time I it was in 1975. 5. and she even (take) flying lessons.II. He heard the Ninth Symphony just yesterday. Do you know that Harry has never seen a film by Fellini ? But . I (work) as a salesman for a few months. 6. Luxembourg just last week. 2. just yesterday. John (work) for several newspapers. 9. just this afternoon. How many books (write). I’m sorry. Do you know that Bill and Andrea have never been to Europe ? But . Do you know that I’ve never drunk sherry ? But . Complete the following sentences using the Present Perfect or the Simple Past tense. How long there ? 16 . Do you know that Marco has never taken a math course ? But . I (visit) Bangkok three times. Trumbolt ? When you your last book ? 3. 8. on the phone just a minute ago. a glass of sherry just yesterday. Do you know that you’ve never told me you loved me ? But . 8. Hamlet just last month. Mr. She (have) an interesting life. fashion model. 5. 4. but we’re looking for someone who (drive) a truck before. four hamburgers just last week.

10. _________________________________ 17 .9. I lost the theatre tickets. _________________________________ 7. They can’t find their passports anywhere. He thinks he’s important because he __________ (work with) a lot of famous people. Of course I like camping! I _________ (go) camping with some friends just last week.) Exercise Draw conclusions from the following statements beginning with I guess and using won’t be able to + a suitable verb. _________________________________ 10. _________________________________ 6. (Nu pot s – o fac acum şi nu voi putea nici săptămâna viitoare. _________________________________ 9. Exemplu: I can’t do it now and I won’t be able to do it next week either. Someone just sat on my glasses. He left Mary’s address at home. _________________________________ 4. _________________________________ 5. It just started raining. I guess he won’t be able to go to work for three weeks. We _______ (have) a marvelous time ! • VOCABULARY WON’T BE ABLE TO este echivalentul lui CAN’T la viitor. The last two pages of that book are missing. _________________________________ 3. _________________________________ 8. I left all my books at school. Example: He broke his leg last week. Their telephone is broken. I can’t find my keys. _________________________________ 2. She lost her driving licence last week. 1.

Isn’t that just wonderful? HEADWAITER: That’s simply fascinating. MYRTLE: –and today is our wedding anniversary–we’ve been married for thirty years. I’m not leaving until I see a movie star! HARRY: But I’ve been drinking coffee for three hours . . Huey Scrubb. WAITER: Would you like to order now? I recommend the pepper steak it’s– MYRTLE: Waiter. .LESSON 5 Myrtle Meets a Movie Star How many in your party. How long have you been working here? WAITER: I’ve been working here for twenty-five years. Could you please tell her to stop annoying us? HEADWAITER: We’ve had Robert Redford in here hundreds of times. . I suppose you’ve seen thousands of movie stars. and I’ve seen all the greats–Gable. . Will you excuse us? We’ve been walking around all day. HEADWAITER: FOUR HOURS LATER Myrtle. and we’d like something to eat. Myrtle. Scrubb’s the name. I’m sure this gentleman is not interested in your life story. please. MAN: I’m not Robert Redford. I’ve been dying to come to Hollywood ever since I was a young girl. We’ve been sitting here for four hours and not one star has come in. Redford! This is wonderful! I’ve been a fan of yours ever since I saw you in Butch Cassidy. I’ve heard a lot of stars come here– HARRY: Myrtle. MYRTLE: Just drink your coffee. you must admit I’ve been patient this time. and now he won’t give me his autograph. MYRTLE: How long have you been living in Hollywood? HARRY: We’ll have the pepper steak. sir. MYRTLE: I know you’re Robert Redford. MYRTLE: Yes. MYRTLE: Harry! I don’t believe it! Robert Redford and his wife are coming this way! I’ve been waiting for this moment for years! (she gets up) Oh. I’ve seen all your movies! My daughter has had a picture of you on her wall for years! You’re Robert Redford! WOMAN: I beg your pardon but I’ve been married to this man for fifteen years. MAN: OK (writes) “To my favourite fan. Mr. Cooper. MAN: Huey Scrubb’s my name! WOMAN: Waiter! This woman’s been bothering us! She says my husband is Robert Redford. Maybe this way she’ll leave you alone. Madam. This is your table. Wayne. MYRTLE: (raising her voice) You’re Robert Redford! Please give me your autograph. from Robert Redford” (gives piece of paper to Myrtle) HARRY: 18 . Harry. and this is not him! HARRY: I’ve been patient with you. WAITER: (to man) Give her your autograph. but this time you’ve gone too far! MYRTLE: I’ve been waiting for a chance like this for years . Newman–I’ve been serving stars ever since I was a young man. sir? HARRY: Just my wife and myself. Have a nice meal. and I can assure you he’s Huey Scrubb. You see. Monroe. ma’am. We’d like a table for two–in the middle of the restaurant so we can see everyone who comes in.

How long have they been married? 5. What do Harry and Myrtle celebrate? 4. know. Who does she think he is? 7. since 1980. Hey.Thanks. since 1982. Exemplu: I have been living here since 1985. (vezi şi lecţia The Present Continuous Tense). Exemple: How long have you been a doctor ? I’ve been a doctor for ten years. three days. 19 . How long have they been sitting at the table when Huey Scrubb appears? 6. He’s had the same trouble for thirty years. have. MYRTLE: • COMPREHENSION Answer the following questions according to your understanding of the text: 1. iar răspunsurile vor conţine for + o anumită durată (two weeks. Of all the nerve! You’re an impostor! How long have you been going around telling people you’re Robert Redford? HEADWAITER: I’ve been working here for thirty years. Observaţie: În cazul verbelor care nu suportă formă continuă . acest timp este How long? . What does she want from him? 8. Why has she been dying to come to Hollywood? 3. What kind of table does Myrtle want and why? 2. Prin urmare. întrebarea cu care se asociază. Who does Scrubb’s wife call? 9. He has been reading for three hours.Present Perfect Continuous se va înlocui cu Present Perfect Simple. cum ar fi be. since 1974. and I’ve had all kinds of trouble with customers. six years) sau since + momentul din trecut când a început acţiunea (since morning. like. wait! This is not Robert Redford’s signature. What does the waiter say? • GRAMMAR THE PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS Mod de formare Present Perfect Continuous se formează cu auxiliarul have / has + been + verb la care se adaugă terminaţia -ing. What does she say? 10. în mod logic. Exemplu: How long have you been studying English ? I’ve been studying it for two years. since January). Utilizare Acest timp verbal se foloseşte pentru a exprima o acţiune începută într – un moment trecut care se extinde şi în prezent. but never like this! WAITER: It’s that poor guy I feel sorry for. chiar dacă acţiunea continuă şi în prezent.

Is that woman still talking on the phone ? _____________________________________ 10. 3. Are they married ? _____________________________________ 8. Grammar Practice I. Are they still trying to call New York ? (all morning) Yes. 2. She has been typing them for two hours.? ___________________________________ 2. 4. Use for. for the Ford Motor Company seven years. 20 . 5. Is your brother still working on his car ? _____________________________________ (1976) (all week) (one o’clock) (two days) (four o’clock) (all evening) (several years) (two o’clock this afternoon) (an hour and a half) (two days) II. 6. for her exams last month. Are the children still sleeping ? ____________________________________ 6. Are they still arguing ? ____________________________________ 7. on the phone three o’clock. Complete the following using the Present Perfect Continuous.How long have you had your car? I have had it for ten years. Are you feeling sick ? ____________________________________ 3. 7. an appropriate verb. They have been trying all morning. 1. 1. It has been raining since one o’clock. swimming lessons last summer. Is he still wearing that same shirt ? ____________________________________ 5. in the doctor’s office two hours. since or all + a time period. Is it raining ? (one o’clock) Yes. Is Paul still studying ? ____________________________________ 4. Denise They The secretary We They She Harry in Boston 1967. Is he still waiting for the phone call ? _____________________________________ 9. those letters an hour and a half. Example: He TV an hour. Give affirmative answers to the following questions using the words in parentheses. Is he really the president of Apex Inc. He has been watching TV for an hour. and for or since. Example: Is she still typing those letters ? (two hours) Yes.

III. (accentuarea duratei) Exercise Combine the following sentences using ever since. Then she started wearing diamond rings. you / your vacations in Miami ? ____________________________? 2. Example : you / piano lessons ? How long have you been taking piano lessons ? 1. Janis in that apartment ____________________________? 4. . . (accentuarea importanţei evenimentului). Bob / glasses ? ____________________________? 6. you / your clothes in that department store ? __________________________________? 9. they / out together ? ____________________________? 3. Exemple: I have liked Beethoven ever since I heard the Fifth Symphony. . and a logical verb in the Present Perfect Continuous tense. a week. he / Shine hair cream ____________________________? 5. you / concerts/ ? ____________________________? 10. Complete the following questions using How long . She has been wearing diamond rings ever since she became a movie star. he / for his final exams ? ____________________________? • VOCABULARY EVER SINCE (de când) este o expresie prin cre vorbitorul accentuează importanţa unui eveniment sau durata unei perioade.8.they / love letters to each other ? ___________________________? 8. She cough medicine for the French test basketball a long time. he / in that factory ? ___________________________? 7. 21 . Janet 10. He 9. according to the model: Example: She became a movie star. eight o’clock. I have been sitting here ever since you left.

_____________________________________________________ 10. ________________________________________________ 4. I saw that film. I started singing when I was a child. They told me I had a terrible voice. ______________________________________________________ 7. ___________________________________________ 2. That’s why I’m taking singing lessons. Then they got married. Her boss told her she was fired. Now he is coughing. He is still looking for a job. She is still crying. He got to Chicago last month. He swam in that cold river. ___________________________________________ 3.1. ______________________________________ 9. he started driving expensive cars. Tom came back from the war. He saved my life. I read a book about the pyramids of Egypt. _________________________________________ 6. When he became famous. Right then I decided I wanted to become an actor. Now I’m interested in archaeology. ________________________________________ 22 . Then we became best friends. ____________________________________ 5. ____________________________________ 8.

Can you believe it? He _________ never __________ to a concert in his life! (be) 8. (teach) 23 . but she _____________ this month. It’s too late! I ________ already __________ the letter. and he _____________ any work yesterday either. How many times _________ you _________ your teeth yesterday? (brush) 6. Mary ________________ at the University of Wisconsin. (fail) 8. but I’d like to go there some day. Professor Wilson ______________two lessons yesterday. 7. He is leaving for Paris tomorrow. but he isn’t any more. They ________________ into trouble when they were teenagers. _________ they ever __________ Martini? (drink) 9. He ________________ a blue sports car. ( not read) 2. (buy) 3. When we were kids. Fill in the blanks with the Present Perfect Simple of the verbs in brackets: 1. Bob ____________ three exams so far this week. Fill in the blanks with the Simple Past or Present Perfect Simple of the verbs in brackets: 1. How many times _______ he __________ late for work this week? (be) 3. Harry ______________ a very good swimmer. but she doesn’t any more. (go) 9. My sister ______________ late for her classes when she was a student. 9. I _________ never _________ to Scotland. She __________________ expensive clothes when she worked at that company. 2. (be) III. we _______________ our homework together. He _____________ any work so far today. I gave her some beautiful gloves. I _______________ to the doctor twice last year. 3. but she still ________________ them. but she ________________her wedding dress yet. Aunt Harriet _______________ jokes whenever she went to a party. we __________________ at six o’clock every morning. but he sold it. I _____________ (negative) to the movies at all this month. (eat) 2. They ________________ champagne every evening when they were rich. (take. 5. Would you like to join us for lunch? No thanks. She _____________ three books last month. but he ______________ any yesterday. 6. ________ you ever _____________ your wife’s birthday? (forget) 4. She is getting married next week. but he _______________ packing yet. He _____________ two aspirins so far today. ________ they __________ a lot of money this month? (spend) 5. II. (go) 7.PROGRESS TEST I I. 10. (not do) 10. ________ your father __________ the newspaper yet? 5. not take) 4. Complete the following sentences using used to + a suitable verb: 1. I ________ already ______________. (not finish) 10. (not wear) 6. (send) 7. When we lived in the country. 8. 4.

4. 5. 2.IV. (know) Phyllis ________________ sick since she had dinner at that new restaurant. 3. I ________________ him for ten years. (have) ___________ they _____________ married for a long time? (be) Nancy ________________ by plane for eight hours and she is very bored. (travel) How long ___________ she _________________ as a secretary? (work) 24 . 8. 9. Complete the following sentences using the Present Perfect Simple or Continuous of the verbs in brackets: 1. How long _________ they ______________for the bus? (wait) __________ he ______________ French for a long time? (teach) He’s a good friend of mine. 6. 7. (be) How long _____________ your brother _____________ a psychiatrist? (see) I have to do something! I ______________ a stomach ache for three days.

“Nothing. “People get so frightened that their minds begin to play tricks on them. He poured himself another drink and yawned. had mysteriously disappeared from one of the large rooms on the second floor. “If you need anything else.” “Everyone is at least a little superstitious. “So. Connell had arrived at Faulks’ Inn on Wednesday. * * * “Your friends downstairs would like to know if you’d like a cup of coffee. “Well. and how he had never slept better in his life.” “She looked just like the girl in that picture.” he replied.” “What maid?” the owner asked. That’s a portrait of Julie Faulks painted in 1859.” said one of the guests. Connell was having a drink with some of the other guest when they began asking the owner about the history of the place. Everyone had been shocked by this strange disappearance. “Superstitious nonsense!” he laughed. but it was still very early. you may want to change your beliefs.” 25 . “My wife and I are the only ones who take care of the place now.LESSON 6 Faulks’ Inn He looked at his watch. just ring.” Connell was awakened by a young woman carrying a tray. I fell asleep again. sir. The owner’s daughter. Several people had also seen lights and floating white objects. Mr. He told them the following story: In the 1800’s something very strange had happened at the inn. “All this nonsense about ghosts has made me quite sleepy.” he thought to himself. It seemed like such a peaceful old place that he decided to stay until the weekend.” said Connell. “Yes. Connell told the other guests about the wonderful night he had spent. they began to laugh and laugh and make jokes. After the maid left. * * * It had all started as a joke. When Connell and the others heard that no one had stayed in the room since 1860. Connell.” The next day at breakfast. “Just to show you how ridiculous this story is. “This is going to be a long night. “Not me!” said Connell. especially Connell. guests complained of hearing strange noises coming from the room where the girl had last been seen.” “She smiled as she poured the coffee. I’ll stay in that room tonight. Jullie Faulks. nothing disturbed you?” the owner asked. Ever since the night of the mystery. On the first evening of his arrival. but no one had ever discovered where she had gone. pointing to a portrait above the fireplace.

What did she do? 10. When did Connel arrive at Faulks’ Inn? 2. They were very nervous because they had never travelled in a jet before. You you You etc. Exemplu: When I entered the room. etc. 26 . the thieves had already left. I saw that someone had been there before me. What had happened with the owner’s daughter? 4.• COMPREHENSION Answer the following questions according to your understanding of the text: 1. Why did Connel refuse to believe the story? 7. For how long did he decide to stay? Why? 3. How did he decide to prove that the story was ridiculous? 8. Why did the guests complain? 5. Utilizare Acest timp verbal se foloseşte pentru a exprima o acţiune care a avut loc în trecut. already. What had some people seen? 6. etc. Past Perfect Simple se foloseşte adesea împreună cu adverbele de timp just. AFFIRMATIVE INTERROGATIVE NEGATIVE I had already gone. She had just arrived when the phone started ringing. Exemple: When the police arrived. ever şi never. Who visited him in his room? 9. What did Connel find out in the morning? • GRAMMAR THE PAST PERFECT SIMPLE TENSE Mod de formare Past Perfect Simple se formează cu ajutorul auxiliarului have la trecut (had) + participiul trecut al verbului (verb regulat + ed/ forma a treia a verbelor neregulate). fiind anterioară unei alte acţiuni trecute. care se vor aşeza între auxiliar şi participiul trecut al verbului. Had I ever been there ? I hadn’t thought of it before. Adverbul de timp specific unor astfel de contexte este before.

She 9. A thief 4. asleep before their son arrived. Did she enjoy speaking to the President? __________________________________ 10. 1. Did you enjoy riding that horse yesterday? ___________________________________ 3. Give answers to the following questions using had never . Did Bob enjoy flying in that helicopter yesterday? __________________________________ 27 . three glasses of wine before his guests arrived. They 2. Did they enjoy eating that Indian food? ___________________________________ 2. Someone 6. They 5. Did Grace enjoy taking Portuguese lessons? _________________________________ 8. two sedatives before the doctor arrived. Examples: Did your friend enjoy seeing the ballet? Yes! She had never seen a ballet before. ten minutes before the taxi arrived at the station. Did Lucy like having tea with the Smiths? ____________________________________ 4. dinner before we arrived. Complete the following by supplying the missing verb in the Past Perfect. Did Evelzn enjoy writing that report? ___________________________________ 9. Did the children enjoy going to the circus? ____________________________________ 5. before. a rock through the window before the police arrived. Did you enjoy driving John’s sports car? _________________________________ 7. He 10. Bodley’s money before she left the store. . all the dishes before his wife got home.Grammar Practice I. He II. Examples: She three letters before I got there. They 7. The train 8. Did the Mercers enjoy giving that cocktail party? ___________________________________ 6. The other guests 3. their homework before their parents came home. 1. She had written three letters before I got there. all the food before we got there. . Mrs.

1. Complete the following using the Past Perfect tense. Mc Master already to bed. 4. 6. They would like to eat at the restaurant but there are free seats only in the snack bar across the street. Mr. 10. Exercise Comment on the following situations using might as well: Example: He has just missed the train to Chicago. By the time the police arrived. There is a bus leaving for Chicago in an hour. 5. Barbara just the house when the phone started to ring. • VOCABULARY Might as well Expresia might as well se foloseşte pentru a sublinia alegerea celei mai avantajoase soluţii pentru o anumită problemă . And Mrs. since he doesn’t have enough money for the big one. the author. 2. He might as well take the bus. De sesizat nuanţa de regret a afirmaţiei I might as well stay at home and do the housework since I don’t have money to go out sau nepăsarea redată de afirmaţia As far as I am concerned. most of the audience asleep. I really enjoyed the masquerade party. 1. 8. the thieves already the money. Longhorn Trumbolt. By the time I arrived. ______________________________________ 2. Jane has forgotten to buy a new dress for the party. they already dinner. 7. Jim enjoyed his trip to Paris. 3. Exemplu: He might as well buy the small car. ______________________________________ (eat) (leave) (write) (be) (go) (steal) (fly) (take) (teach) (fall) 28 . I never to one before. Luckily. her old dress is very nice. He never in a jet plane before. Professor Collins at three American universities before accepting a position at the University of Lisbon. When their visitors finally arrived. three books before he was twenty-one years old. you might as well leave. 9.III. Kate just two sedatives when the doctor arrived. By the time finally finished talking.

3. _______________________________________ 9. She wanted to send her mother a telegram for her birthday but it would be only two dollars cheaper than a phone call. I’m so angry with them that I don’t care if they leave the town forever. ______________________________________ 4. It’s almost midnight and Helen cannot sleep. ______________________________________ 5. ____________________________________ 29 . She has brought some office papers to study. I was going to throw away a pair of old shoes but I noticed that they are in fashion again. _____________________________________ 10. We are going to a party. ______________________________________ 7. ______________________________________ 6. Harry’s engine doesn’t start this morning. She has just remembered that there is a film on TV. There are a few magazines on the table in the waiting room. He is lucky that he lives near to his office. I have been waiting to see the doctor for an hour and I’m terribly bored. _______________________________________ 8. but nothing good is playing. She wants to go to the cinema. There is a bottle of wine in the refrigerator.

Why is Angela panicking? 10. according to Hank? 7. remember. MICKEY: But hold on a minute! As soon as we break in through the side window. Let’s try the side window. What does Mickey realize? 9. the bank camera will take our picture. If the alarm goes off. by the time I get out I’ll be forty! (ALL) : Me too! JANET: Why don’t we all look for jobs instead? HANK: • COMPREHENSION Answer the following questions: 1. the camera will take our pictures. ANGELA: Hey! If they put me in jail for ten years. so our big problem is to disconnect the alarm. the whole New York Police Department will be here in three minutes! JANET: Well. RICK: Not only that! As soon as it goes off. gang.LESSON 7 The Bank Job Now. the whole neighbourhood will wake up. What does the first character tell the others to remember? 4. and. RICK: I’m really scared. Also. we won’t get out of jail for at least ten years. maybe we shouldn’t go in through the front door as we planned. we won’t be able to do anything else. the police will arrive right away. What does Angela say? 6. HANK: Okay. What do they decide to do in the end? 30 . JANET: And if the getaway car isn’t waiting outside. they’ll catch every one of us. Who is really scared? Why? 8. Who are the five characters in the story? 2. If we don’t do that. and if they catch us. What is their big problem. ANGELA: If we have our masks on we won’t be recognized. What does Janet suggest? 5. That’s what we ought to do first. though. the alarm will go off. MICKEY: Yeah. What do they want to do? 3. if we’re not careful.

If I can’t find an apartment here she’ll bite the mailman _______________________________________________________ 3. iar propoziţia principală – un verb la Future Simple. If you don’t marry me I’ll call an ambulance _____________________________________________________ 9.) După cum se observă din exemplele de mai sus. va pierde autobuzul. Grammar Practice I. There are several possible combinations. If my mother / in / low comes to visit I’ll move to another city ________________________________________________________ 2. If Tom gets sick again I’ll call a mechanic ____________________________________________________ 10. If my little cousin comes to visit I’ll go crazy ______________________________________________________ 8. Match the if clause on the left with a clause on the right. they will stay in doors. spre deosebire de limba română (unde utilizăm viitorul atât în subordonată. If my dog gets free I’ll look for somebody else to marry ______________________________________________________ 7. If Uncle Harry leaves me his fortune I’ll quit my job ______________________________________________________ 6. . If my wife has twins I’ll take her to the zoo _______________________________________________________ 4. If my car breaks down again I’ll join the navy ____________________________________________________ 31 . în limba engleză subordonata condiţională (introdusă prin if) conţine în mod obligatoriu un verb la Present Simple.• GRAMMAR THE FIRST CONDITIONAL CLAUSE (Subordonata condiţionlă de tipul I) O frază care conţine o subordonată condiţională de tipul I exprimă o relaţie cauză – efect: Exemplu: If it rains tomorrow. 1. (cauză) (efect) (Dacă nu va pleca devreme.) If he doesn’t leave early. he will miss the bus. ei vor sta în casă. cât şi în propoziţia principală). (cauză) (efect) (Dacă va ploua mâine. If my boss doesn’t give me a raise I’ll go out and celebrate _______________________________________________________ 5. First find the most logical match for each if clause.

. 10. He as soon as he finishes his work. 3. What if the restaurant is closed ? (I somewhere else) _________________________________________________ 6. we’ll eat fruit. If you don’t study. Expresia What if + Present Simple se foloseşte atunci când vorbitorul vrea să atragă atenţia asupra unei posibile probleme. He’ll lose his job if he . 1. I’ll call the police. Echivalenul în limba română este dar dacă…. What if they raise the price of gas ? (we a smaller car next year) _________________________________________________ 32 . Complete the following sentences with appropriate clauses.? Exemple: What if we miss the bus? (Dar dacă pierdem autobuzul?) What if the weather gets worse? (Dar dacă vremea se înrăutăţeşte?) Exercise Answer the following What if questions using the cues provided.II. What if he has an accident ? (we him to the hospital) ___________________________________________________ 3. . . I’ll go to the doctor next week if . fruit) 1. 7. 8. Example: What if it rains ? (we the beach on Sunday) If it rains we won’t go to the beach on Sunday. 2. 4. • VOCABULARY What if . 6. What if they don’t bring enough sandwiches ? (we If they don’t bring enough sandwiches. What if they cancel our flight ? (we the train) _________________________________________________ 5. . If . we won’t go to the beach. She when she goes to Japan next month. What if they run out of gas ? (they to the nearest gas station) ________________________________________________________ 4. . As soon as the baby is born. 9. If . What if we fail the exam ? (we it again in June) __________________________________________________ 2. . If he loses his job. If the train arrives late. . 5.

7. What if they don’t come on time ? (we to the theatre without them) ______________________________________________________ 9. What if the dress doesn’t fit her ? (she another one) ________________________________________________ 10. What if he doesn’t like river ? (he a steak) _________________________________________________ 8. What if he doesn’t hear his alarm clock ? (he late for work) ___________________________________________ 33 .

. ELEANOR: But if he discovered the truth. . and I don’t know what to do. I’d just forget about marrying him. . and hope we left for Australia before my money ran out. . PAT: Oh. NANCY: If he were my boyfriend and thought I had a lot of money. would you tell him you lived in a mansion? GREG: If a girl told me lies like that. GREG: And what would you do if you ran out of money before you left for Australia? NANCY: I’d borrow some more. Let me ask you this. You know you’d feel better if you told us. I have something to tell you . I’d rent a luxury apartment for a few days. PEGGY: If you lived in a small apartment in the poor part of town. Jack. JACK: Wait. It’s so good to see you after all this time. Something tells me we have a lot to talk about. Peggy. go over and talk to him. TERRY: Don’t tell me you’ve been lying to him all this time in your letters! PEGGY: Well. And now this millionaire is going to walk through the door any minute. I just feel . PEGGY: Jack. Let me ask you this first. if I were you. before you say anything. because if I did. what’s the use of keeping it to myself! BARRY: Come on. . PEGGY: Well. (Peggy goes over to greet Jack) You look wonderful. shut up. I’d tell him right away. . If I were Peggy. Peggy. Would you still love me if I told you I’d lied about all the money I’d made in Australia? PEGGY: (smiles with relief) Well. look! Here comes Jack now! Doesn’t he look great–like a million bucks! GREG: Oh. I mean… Oh. do you remember Jack Torrence who went to Australia to make his fortune? I’ve been writing to him for three years and . he would probably never speak to you again. would you tell him that you had a great job and lots of money? NANCY: No. JACK: ELEANOR: What’s 34 . Peggy? You don’t look like you’re having a good time. Peggy. PAT: Well.LESSON 8 The Reunion wrong with you tonight. Peggy–and tell him the truth. PEGGY: OK. Well. let’s sit down. I suppose I have been exaggerating a little. . TERRY: If I were you. Peggy. Don’t you think this class reunion is fun? PEGGY: I don’t know . BARRY: That’s no solution. I’d keep on lying until I thought he was ready to accept the truth. If you didn’t have much money and you wanted to impress a rich man. . I’d never believe her again. he would find out sooner or later. Pat.

mi – aş cumpăra o maşină nouă. What does Peggy think about Jack? 8. Who are the characters of the story? 2. What is the big final surprise? • GRAMMAR THE SECOND CONDITIONAL CLAUSE (Subordonata condiţională de tipul II) Subordonata condiţională de tipul II este folosită în fraze care se referă la o posibilă relaţie cauză – effect. 35 . Condiţionalul prezent (would + infinitivul scurt al verbului) din propoziţia principală este înlocuit de Simple Past în subordonata condiţională (după if). I would buy a new car.) I wouldn’t talk to her if I were you. Observaţie: În subordonata condiţională. (Dacă aş avea destui bani. On what occasion do they meet? 3. (causes ) (effect ). Why isn’t Peggy having a good time? 4. (Nu aş vorbi cu ea dacă aş fi în locul tău. Who is Jack Torrence? 6. I would travel more. (effect) (cause ). în limba engleză.) După cum se observă. inexistentă în momentul vorbirii. What about Greg? 10. What solution does Pat suggest? 9. Exemplu: If I had enough money. forma de trecut a verbului to be va fi were pentru toate persoanele Exemple: AFIRMATIV If I were rich. What lies has she told? 5. For how long has she been writing to him? 7.• COMPREHENSION Answer the following questions: 1. you you she she he he we we they they We would buy a house if we were rich.

even though I didn’t like it. _______________________________________________? 4.INTEROGATIV Would I quit working if won the lottery ? Where would you go if you had the money? What would he do if he were in your place ? NEGATIV I wouldn’t go if I didn’t have the money. 1. Example: Laurie went to a party. . his advice __________________________________ 6. my job ___________________________________ 8. even though he didn’t know her name. Example: so much noise If I were you. the police ____________________________________ 2. Grammar Practice I. ______________________________________________? 36 . They wouldn’t tell him that if they weren’t sure. that medicine ________________________________ 7. She married a rich man. He ordered a large meal. that French course ______________________________ 5. Ask questions with Would you ……if ………. I wore that ugly shirt. Make statements beginning with If I were you . I wouldn’t make so much noise. ______________________________________________ ? 3. even though he didn’t have any money. so much money _______________________________ 4. even though she didn’t love him. a vacation _____________________________________ II. that movie ________________________________ 9.? for the following statements. that letter _________________________________ 10. even though she didn’t like the hostess. ______________________________________________ ? 2. that car ____________________________________ 3. using the following cues. Would you go to a party if you didn’t like the hostess? 1. He invited a girl to dinner.

37 .5. A light sleeper says: If I such o noisy neighbourhood. so ________________________________. 8. You’ll want to take pictures of all the places you visit. I’d sleep better at night. so short. so _____________________________. 6. 10. 6. a girl friend. If I didn’t live in such a noisy neighbourhood. You live quite far from the centre. I better at night. so _________________________________. 3. 2. more rest. so _______________________________. 10. even though he didn’t have a license. more exercise. I so fat. so _____________________. 8. I so fat. so ______________________________. I better. so _______________________. He drove a car. so___________________________. Exercise Complete the following sentences using the expression had better: 1. I as a model. . If I had a lot of money. 2. 1. Summer nights are cool in England. 5. Your feet will hurt after all the sight – seeing. You may not find that medicine in Europe. so much. 7. Examples: A poor man says: If a lot of money. _____________________________________________? III. I so lonely. more. . 9. Cu ajutorul acestei formule vorbitorul oferă un sfat interlocutorului sau îl previne în legătură cu o posibilă problemă. so ___________________________. 9. I better grades. so much coffee. 4. 5. I such a bad smoker. You might get airsick on the plane. I around the world. Exemplu: You never know when it will rain. It’s easy to get lost in Munich. each clause may be either negative or affirmative. The text is full of new words. I the movies. It’s dangerous to carry cash around. more time. A fat man says : If A busy woman says: If A bad student says: If An ugly girl says: If A tired woman says: If A chain smoker says: If A short man says: If A lonely man says: If A fat man says: If A coffee drinker says: If so much. so __________________________. 3. Complete the following sentences. 7. I basket ball. 4. ar fi mai bine să(nu)…. . prettier. The flights usually fill up fast in August. • VOCABULARY You had better (not) . I’d travel around the world. I trouble sleeping. so you had better take your umbrella with you. Depending on the cues given.

4. Janice…. Ann: Janice! What on earth happened? Do you have any idea what time it is? Janice: Oh. Ann: What do you mean? Did anyone break into your house? Janice: No..LESSON 9 The Phone Man It’s almost midnight and Janice is desperately calling one of her friends. Janice: And what do I tell them? That I actually let a stranger into my house late at night. in the meantime. You have to call the police. Let’s hope they will find the car before your husband gets home. OK? • COMPREHENSION Answer the following questions: 1. if a detective comes to your house. calm down and listen to me. what did he steal? Janice: Actually that’s the worst thing of all: he got away with Martin’s car! Ann: Oh. 5. but he was so nice that I even made him a cup of coffee. 3. 7. at about ten o’clock a guy rang at my door and said he was from the phone company and had to check something… and I opened the door. Janice: Hello. 2. Ann: If he had been so nice he wouldn’t have robbed you! By the way. my God! Did he force you to give him the keys? Why didn’t you scream? Janice: Be sure I would have screamed if he had tried to force me to do anything. I made him coffee and I left him alone downstairs to take whatever he wanted? Ann: It’s true that nothing would have happened if you hadn’t been so credulous. Who are the two characters of this dialogue? What time did Janice call her friend? What had happened? Why didn’t she call the police? What did the man tell her? What did he steal and how? Who was Martin and where was he? 38 . Ann: Didn’t you think that if he had worked for the phone company he wouldn’t have come at that time?! Janice: But he seemed so nice…. Janice: Yes.. Janice! And. but this is the only solution. but… Ann: But what? What are you talking about? Janice: Oh. I’ve been robbed. Then he asked me very politely to go upstairs to see if the phone in the bedroom works and. And now I don’t know what to do! Martin will kill me when he comes from his business trip! Ann: Janice. If someone had broken into my house I would have called the police. it’s me. You’ve been of great help. make sure he is real. 6. he grabbed the keys from the table in the hall and drove off. Ann! Something terrible happened. Thank you so much! Good night! Ann: Good night. God! I’m so ashamed! Imagine I let him into the house! Ann: What? How could you do such a stupid thing? Janice: You see. Ann. Ann. Ann. you are right.

1. I would have finished my essay. (have) 10. If it ___________so heavily. (not rain) 5. What did Ann suggest in the end? • GRAMMAR THE THIRD CONDITIONAL CLAUSE (Subordonata condiţională de tipul III) Acest tip de condiţională se foloseşte pentru a exprima o relaţie cauză – efect ireală. you would have missed the plane. If you ___________a taxi. he would have been promoted. (give) 9. (win) If I had known it was his birthday. they ________________to see you. 6. (work) 3. you___________________ so cold. she would have met them. If she ___________ the truth. we would have helped them. (answer) If they had seen the thief. she would have met them. If somebody __________him first aid. (be) 2. (come) If they had known you were ill. she would have been very angry.8. iar în propoziţia principală . (call) If she had refused to join us. she would have told you. (know) II. 3. If it __________so late. If I _____________enough time. (find out) 6. If Mum ___________about your marks. După cum arată exemplul de mai sus. 1. (Dacă ai fi fost mai atent. they __________________the police. What did she say about Janice? 10. I _____________________ him a card. Prin urmare. Exemplu: If you had been more careful. în propoziţia condiţională se foloseşte Past Perfect. What did Ann advise Janice to do? 9. (send) 39 . (not be able) If we hadn’t had a map. they would have come to see you. 2. (not be) If he had been at home. (not be) 8. I would have paid them a visit. we ____________________ our way. If they had known you were ill. (not take) 7. 4. (lose) If he had trained more. (try) If he hadn’t helped you. 7. 5. he wouldn’t have died. If you ___________there. If I had heard the alarm clock. we __________________to convince her. you would have heard what he said. you wouldn’t have made so many mistakes. Complete the following sentences using the verbs in brackets: Examples: If you had worn a jacket. acţiunea exprimată de verbul din propoziţia principală nu a avut loc deoarece condiţia exprimată de condiţională nu a fost îndeplinită. (not be) If you had worn a jacket.Past Conditional (would + have + Past Participle). he ___________________the phone. they would have left earlier. 8. (ask) 4. Grammar Practice I. Complete the following sentences using the verbs in brackets: Example: If she ___________earlier. he __________________ the race. you ___________________to finish in time. (arrive) If she had arrived earlier. you wouldn’t have been so cold. If he ___________harder. nu ai fi făcut atâtea greşeli) – de unde se subînţelege că de fapt ai făcut greşeli deoarece condiţia de a fi atent nu a fost îndeplinită. I _________________late for work. If they __________us.

you __________________ the characters. _______________________________________________ 10.. _________________________________________________ 9. so he had trouble waking up in the morning.. I didn’t read the newspaper yesterday... so the shops were already closed. ____________________________________________________ 5. _____________________________________________________ 4. Model: She didn’t study enough. they didn’t go to the concert. it was full of mistakes. îngrijorarea (Where on earth are we going to live now?) sau indignarea (How on earth did you manage to make such a mess in your room?). she was angry with them.. I didn’t know about the accident. they __________________ to the beach. Comment on the following situations by using the third conditional clause. _____________________________________________ 6. It was very late. _______________________________________________ • VOCABULARY WHAT ON EARTH…. I didn’t call her. (not go) III. If she had studied enough. If the weather had been bad. She didn’t find them at home. The house was too old. The kids lied to their mother. ______________________________________________________ 3. according to the model: Model: I don’t know what he did.9. If you had read the novel. He went to bed very late. they didn’t buy it. (remember) 10. Echivalentul românesc al expresiei este Ce/ cum/ de ce/unde Dumnezeu. ________________________________________________ 7. How could they lie to her for such a long time? Traducerea în limba română a acestei expresii este Cum ai putut…. ____________________________________________ 8. I ate too many sweets. They were out of town at that time. He did his homework in a hurry.? Exercise Express your indignation or amazement using the expressions above.. 1. she went to the hotel. she wouldn’t have failed the exam. so she failed the exam.este o expresie prin care vorbitorul îşi exprimă nedumerirea (What on earth is going on here?). She forgot to give me her phone number. How could he lie to his best friend? 40 .? HOW COULD YOU……este expresia care redă indignarea vorbitorului faţă de o anumită situaţie sau un gest al interlocutorului: How could you be so impolite?. _______________________________________________________ 2. so I put on weight. Pay attention to the model. What on earth did he do? He lied to his best friend.

__________________________________________? 3. ________________________________________________? 5. _________________________________________? 6. _____________________________________? 7. He forgot to return us the money. ___________________________________________? 2. _________________________________________? 4. I really don’t know how you are going to explain this to your boss. It was not nice of you to tell her she was fat. __________________________________________? 10. ________________________________________? 8.1. She abandoned her children and left abroad. I will never understand why you opened the door to that man. _____________________________________________________? 41 . ____________________________________? 9. I don’t have any idea where she can be. They spoke very rudely to their parents. They refused to give that poor woman something to eat. Nobody knows how he survived that plane crash. Nobody understands what she did with all that money.

” he said. “This is it!” thought John. I think I’ll try and find a hotel and spend the night here. His clothes were old and dirty. He desperately tried to remember what the newscaster had he said earlier about a robbery. and he missed having her company on this long trip. He asked his passenger for one but before lightning it he had to wait for his hands to stop shaking. “Get in. “Thanks for taking me this far. At the next small town John stopped the car and said. What’s the use of panicking? Even though he had quit smoking three months before. Okay?” The young man looked puzzled. John felt like having a cigarette. but insisted on giving John the money . waiting for rides. He couldn’t help feeling sorry for the young man who looked so wet and miserable in the rain. but instead of a gun or a knife.” He apologized nervously to the hitchhiker for not being able to drive him to Woodsville. “Oh no.LESSON 10 The Hitchhiker John Henderson was driving home late last night from an exhausting business trip. “I just can’t seem to stay awake. then he stepped on the gas and drove out of town.” John waited until his passenger had disappeared from sight. Stop imagining things! This guy isn’t a criminal.” At that very moment he considered shouting for help. He had put off visiting the company’s new headquarters in order to get home before midnight. you see. and now he was having trouble staying awake. The hitchhiker got in and immediately John was sorry that he had picked him up. The young man slowly reached into his pocket. Don’t be ridiculous! He thought himself. and his long hair needed cutting. Without even thinking about what he was doing. John remembered having to hitchhike home from the university before he had a car. It was then he noticed the hitchhiker at the side of the road. Just get out.$500. the hitchhiker pulled out several wrinkled bills and offered them to John. He couldn’t stand sitting at the side of the road for hours. He was looking forward to getting home. he slowed down and stopped the car. His wife was back home in Dayton. 42 . “My father is John Baresford. the oil millionaire. The hitchhiker lit a cigarette and said that he was going to Woodsville but when John asked him other questions.” he said. the young man avoided giving him any personal information and changed the subject. The young man had a strange face and very penetrating eyes. John began to sweat and his thoughts turned nervously to his wallet and all the money he was carrying. I don’t want your money. “ I’m a dead man. He turned up the radio and tried to concentrate on the news – something about a robbery – but his eyes kept on closing. Martha will never believe this! He thought to himself.

hates dislikes enjoys loves likes My uncle gave up smoking last month. love. How long before had he quit smoking? 8. miss. insist on. look forward to. Where was John Henderson coming from? 2. What did he see at the side of the road? 5. keep on. construcţii şi expresii care sunt obligatoriu urmate de gerunziu. admit. accuse (someone) from. quit stopped began started 43 .• COMPREHENSION Answer the following questions: 1. think of. What did the young man do at that moment? 10. quit. apologize for. dislike. Why did he stop? 6. enjoy. cum ar fi: Verbe: Stop. deny. start. Exemple: John detests working for the telephone company. put off. Exemple : to sing . finish. what’s use of. Why was he sorry as soon as he had picked him up? 7. feel like. consider Verbe cu prepoziţie: give up. What was on the radio? 4. can’t stand. Who was the young man? • GRAMMAR GERUND CONSTRUCTIONS (Construcţii gerunziale) Gerunziul se formează prin adăugarea terminaţiei –ing la Infinitivul scurt al verbelor. avoid. detest. remember. have trouble / difficulty (in). What pretext did he find to stop in the small town? 9. begin.taking În limba engleză există unele verbe. hate. What did he do to stay awake? 3. like. thank (someone) for Expresii: can’t hel.singing to take .

in such a polluted city. 1. fresh milk for breakfast. She cried. I told them that joke. Example: He likes to the movies on Sundays. They told her she was too short. He saw Betty every weekend. She lost the championship (give up) ____________________________________________ 6. 1. Her mother came into the room. (finish) ____________________________________________ 44 . (finish) ____________________________________________ 5. Expand the following cues by providing the appropriate verb. stand to pop music. She dislikes 10. They can’t 4. I don’t enjoy 9. by plane. Her husband came home. We came in. She saw a face at the window. They laughed. He gambled a lot. long letters. We like late 3. We dislike 7. I love 5. Jane played tennis. Marvin hates 6. a bath in cold water. (give up) ____________________________________________ 9. (quit) ____________________________________________ 2. (give up) ____________________________________________ 4. He drank too much His on died. (begin) ____________________________________________ 10. Anne enjoys 8. (stop) ____________________________________________ 7. (start) She started screaming when she saw a face at the window.I. (stop) ____________________________________________ 3. They enjoy 2. to strangers. They had eaten. He hates a cocktail before dinner. II. He met Helen. She tried to be a model. Example: She screamed. He got married. at the phone company. Combine the following sentences using the verb in parentheses and when. He likes going to the movies on Sundays. (start) ____________________________________________ 8. He got bronchitis. on Sunday morning. He smoked a lot. She had painted the house.

?) Exercise Make up polite requests according to the model. repeat you address _________________________________? 5.. I shouted at her to stop.III. Although the police questioned him for two days. He put off for so long that now he’s in the hospital. Let me know when your brother gets here. he denied 10. but her friends wouldn’t forgive her. 3. 4. call tomorrow _________________________________? 6. Seatbelts in cars prevent a lot of people from . 5.Vb + ing Această expresie se foloseşte pentru a solicita ceva în mod politicos (vă deranjează să. I tried to control myself. lend him your car _________________________________? 4. come later ________________________________? 7. 2. 8. Fill in the blanks with an appropriate verb in the gerund form. answer the phone ________________________________? 3. She apologized for . I told him I was feeling fine. 7. speak louder _______________________________? 8. give them a message ______________________________? 45 . but I just couldn’t help . 1. but I just couldn’t help .using the following cues: Model: wait here Would you mind waiting here? 1../ vreţi să fiţi atât de amabil să. .. try again _____________________________? 9.. • VOCABULARY WOULD YOU MIND (NOT)……. It’s such a great day ! I certainly don’t feel like . open the window ________________________________? 2. but she kept on . I’m looking forward to 6. I’ve always had trouble .. 9. . return the book next week ____________________________? 10.

If I saw a crime. If______________________. 7. His mother ____________________ if she knew the truth. If she has a boy. 3. (see) When the guests arrived. 10. (write) I really enjoyed the show. 6. Kate __________ just ____________ two sedatives when the doctor arrived. I ________________________if I had had enough money. where would you like to live? 9. If you _____________________. 4. If he had been honest with us. He ____________________ if he finishes his project before the end of the month. (have) Barbara _________ just ___________ the house when the phone started ringing. I ________________________. If ________________. most of the audience _____________ asleep. __________________________. (go) By the time the police arrived. He __________ never ____________ in a jet plane before. we ___________ already _______ to bed. 5. Complete the following sentences: 1. ________________________. If you don’t study. Professor Collins ________________ at three American universities before accepting a position at the University of Lisbon. they __________ already ____________ dinner. What would you do if someone _________________________? 2. 8. 6. If the train arrives late. we __________________________. (take) 9. 4. we will be late for the show. 1. Complete the following sentences with the appropriate clause: 1. 8. I’ll go to the doctor next week if ___________________________. (run) 7. (teach) 10. _________________________. I __________ never __________ such a show before. If he loses his job. He _______________________ if he had time. 4. Complete the following sentences using the Past Perfect of the verbs in brackets: By the time I arrived. 2. 3. She ____________________ if she visits Japan. 3. the thieves ___________ already ____________ away with the money. By the time she finally finished talking. (fall) II. she______________________. 9. 5. If she hadn’t eaten so much. 2. ____________________. You wouldn’t have managed if he ____________________. 7. 10. 46 . 6. III. (fly) 8. He’ll lose his job if _________________________. (leave) The novelist ________________ three books before he was twenty – one. 5.PROGRESS TEST II I. Jim enjoyed his trip to Paris. I would tell them everything if I ____________________. I will call the police.

9. they denied ________________. 6. 5. 7. 8. but I couldn’t help ________________. She apologized for _______________ so late. He put off __________________ for so long that now he is in the hospital. but they kept on _____________________. Fill in the blanks with an appropriate verb in the Gerund: 1. but she insisted on ___________________. I’ve always had trouble ________________ very early in the morning. 47 . I shouted at them to stop. I told her I was feeling fine. Although the police questioned them for two days. I’m looking forward to _______________. Seatbelts in cars prevent a lot of people from ____________________. 3. It’s such a great day! I don’t feel like _______________ at home. 10. 2. I tried to control myself. Let me know when they get here.IV. 4.

Minimal List of Irregular Verbs Long Infinitive to be to become to beat to begin to bite to blow to break to bring to buy to catch to choose to come to cut to do to drink to drive to eat to fall to feel to find to forget to forgive to get to give to go to grow to have to hear to hide to hurt to keep to leave to lend to lose to make to put to read to run to say to see to sell to send to shut to sleep to sing to sit Simple Past was/ were became beat began bit blew broke brought bought caught chose came cut did drank drove ate fell felt found forgot forgave got gave went grew had heard hid hurt kept left lent lost made put read ran said saw sold sent shut slept sang sat Past Participle been become beaten begun bitten blown broken brought bought caught chosen come cut done drunk driven eaten fallen felt found forgotten forgiven got(ten) given gone grown had heard hidden hurt kept left lent lost made put read run said seen sold sent shut slept sung sat Translation a fi a deveni a bate a începe a muşca a sufla a sparge a aduce a cumpăra a prinde a alege a veni a tăia a face a bea a conduce a mânca a cădea a (se) simţi a găsi a uita a ierta a obţine a da a merge a creşte a avea a auzi a (se) ascunde a răni a ţine. a păstra a pleca a împrumuta a pierde a face a pune a citi a fugi a zice a vedea a vinde a trimite a închide a dormi a cânta a sta (aşezat) 48 .

to spend to stand to steal to take to teach to think to throw to understand to wear spent stood stole took taught thought threw understood wore spent stood stolen taken taught thought thrown understood worn a petrece (timpul) a cheltui a sta (în picioare) a fura a lua a învăţa (pe cineva) a (se) gândi a crede a arunca a înţelege a purta 49 .

E. Georgiana.BIBLIOGRAFIE 1. 2. Fassman. ESSENTIAL ENGLISH FOR FOREIGN STUDENTS. EDP. C. Eckersley. 50 . Bucureşti. 1998. Oxford University Press. Gălăţeanu. SINTEZE DE GRAMATICĂ ENGLEZĂ. Bucureşti. Paula Suzanne Sezmour Tavares GALLERY. 1998. 1982.. Editura Vox. 3.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful