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   is illegal.
- It is a serious crime with penalties ranging up to life
imprisonment for those involved in trafficking.
-It is covered by the Anti-Trafficking in Persons Act.
-
Prostitution is sometimes illegally available
through brothels (also known as casa), bars, karaoke bars (also
known as KTVs), massage parlors, street walkers and escort
services.
-There are an estimated 800,000 women working as prostitutes in
the Philippines, with up to half of them believed to be underage.
-Prostitution caters to local customers and foreigners . Media
attention tends to focus on those areas catering to sex tourism,
primarily through bars staffed by bargirls.
- Other tourist areas such as Cebu have also developed a high
profile prostitution industry.
ÔWomen and children involved in prostitution are vulnerable
to rape, murder, AIDS and other sexually transmitted diseases.[8]
-Surveys of women working as masseuses indicated that 34
percent of them explained their choice of work as necessary to
support poor parents, 8 percent to support siblings and 28 percent
to support husbands or boyfriends.[9] More than 20 percent said
the job was well paid, but only 2 percent said it was easy work
and only 2 percent claimed to enjoy the work.[9]
-Over a third reported that they had been subject to violence or
harassment, most commonly from the police, but also from city
officials and gangsters.[9]
-A survey conducted by the International Labor Organization
revealed that in the experience of most of the women surveyed,
prostitution is one of the most alienating forms of labor. Over 50
percent of the women surveyed in Philippine massage parlors
said they carried out their work ³with a heavy heart,´ and 20

. the remainder said the transactions saddened them. Interviews with Philippine bar girls revealed that more than half of them felt ³nothing´ when they had sex with a client. There are other forms of prostitution including child prostitution.percent said they were ³conscience-stricken because they still considered sex with customers a sin.

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particularly AIDS. -Experience has shown that certain socio-economic characteristics. high poverty and unemployment levels. given its illegal nature. They are often inadequately protected by the law and may be treated as criminals. International Labour Organization (ILO) global child labour figures for the year 2003 estimate that there . They face early pregnancy and risk sexually transmitted diseases. and access to highways. Additionally. particularly in the context of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. pull in additional children.While it is impossible to know the true extent of the problem. ports.Client preferences for young children. child pornography and the (often related) sale and trafficking of children are often considered to be crimes of violence against children. . or borders are also associated with CSEC. the expansion of the Internet has facilitated the growth of child pornography. Such children often suffer irreparable damage to their physical and mental health. They are considered to be forms of economic exploitation akin to forced labour or slavery. concentration of night entertainment (bars and discos). movement of people. such as population density. .          (CSEC) Prostitution of children under the age of 18 years.

150.400 to $18.Asia Pacific. 31 May 1995) In 1991." Manila Chronicle. (Press Statement." Ô  . (CATW . are as many as 1.000 Filipina women have been trafficked into prostitution in Japan. Filipinas were being sold in Japan. at $2. "Open sale of little girls at Tanbaza brothel.000 each. Four Filipinas were rescued by the Philippine Embassy in Lagos.000 each by international syndicates. The women were bought for $5. Bangladesh National Women Lawyers Association. often to the Yakuza. 2 July 1998) 150 Filipinas were sold into prostitution to night club operators in African countries. Nigeria after they sought help from officials. Dalagin.8 million children exploited in prostitution or pornography worldwide. Lira S. (Bureau of Immigration.   . particularly Nigeria. "150 Pinays sold as sex slaves in Africa.

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paedophilia and trafficking.776 reported cases of child abuse involved pornography. 96% of the victims were females.000 Filipino Women & Kids Are Into Prostitution.335 cases of child abuse from 1991-1996. prostitution. 492 of 3." Philippine Ô .    ) In 1996. "375. (Department of Social Welfare and Development. There were 8.

" The w The number of prostituted persons in the Philippines is about the size of the country's manufacturing workforce. according to Rene Ofreneo. study says. Asian economies.E. "Sex trade key part of S. (Dario Agnote." .. 26 July 1997) -Philippine women are vulnerable to trafficking due to the Asian economic crisis. Travel to Japan increased 21% in the first half of this year compared with the same period in 1997. The label "entertainer" sometimes implies "sex worker. Requests for entertainer visas for Japan did not decline in the first six months of 1998. a former Philippine labor undersecretary and an expert on the sex trade. 18 August 1998) .

are from semi-rural and urban backgrounds and have been victims of incest and sexual abuse ("375. aged 15 .266 more children are forced into the sex industry. (International Labor Organization.000 Filipino Women and Kids Are Into Prostitution. a recent study showed there are about 75. . Prostituted persons are mainly adult women. but there are also male. not because they lack skills.000 women in prostitution in 1998.There are 400. Most of them. In the Philippines. who were forced into prostitution due to poverty. One fourth of them are children and each year 3. excluding unregistered. overseas entertainers and victims of external trafficking. .000 children.There are 400. omen are vulnerable in Japan. but because they are young. Dario Agnote. seasonal prostitutes.000 women and children in prostitution in the Philippines. both girls and boys.000 to 500. beautiful women in a hazardous or vulnerable occupation.20.There are 375.000 prostituted persons in the Philippines. transvestite and child prostitutes.". Trafficking laws exists but are not enforced.

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000 children in the Philippines are involved in prostitution rings.[12] is a high incidence of child prostitution in tourist areas.[10] with other estimates saying as many as 100.[13] . According to the International Labour Organisation (ILO) about 100.[11] According to the United Nations Children's Fund (Unicef)an estimated 60.000 children are involved in prostitution.000 in the Philippines. An undetermined number of children are forced into exploitative labor operations..000. 26 July 1997) A 1997 report put the number of child victims of prostitution at 75..000 to 100.

Development. -Prostitution and sex trafficking are pervasive in the countryside.[15] There are estimated to be 375. ÔTeen-age girls are being forced into prostitution due to the Asian economic crisis. even remote rural areas are becoming favorite sites for sex traffickers and prostitution syndicates.5 million street children in the Philippines and many end up in prostitution and drug trafficking -Filipinos are the main users of Filipinas in prostitution. they are present in 37 provinces. -Filipino men who buy prostitutes don't care if she is 15 or 25. in prostitution said relatives introduced them to prostitution.In 1984. -Children. mostly between the ages of 15 and 20. though some are as young as 11. According to a study made by various non-governmental organizations led by the Women's Education. [16] The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies state that there are more than 1. there were 7 provinces with child sex rings.000 women and girls in the sex trade in the Philippines. Some people believe children have less risk of having the disease.[14] and authorities have identified an increase in pedophilestravelling to the Philippines. because of the influx of sex tourists and the existence of sex tourism. aged 11 to 15. The sex trade in children is so well established. or they were recruited by friends. -The increase in the exploitation of prostituted children is attributed to the fear of HIV/AIDS. . . Productivity and Research Organization (WEDPRO). Today.The Philippines is the fourth country with the most number of prostituted children.

The promise of recruiters offers women and children attractive jobs in the country or abroad.The Philippines is ranked under Tier 2 Watch List in the 2009 Trafficking in Persons Report of the United States (US) State Department due to the Philippine government¶s alleged failure to show evidence of progress in convicting trafficking offenders. .A report published in 2004 by the Vatican stated: The Philippines has a serious trafficking problem of women and children illegally recruited into the tourist industry for sexual exploitation. and instead they are coerced and forced and controlled into the sex industry for tourists. particularly those responsible for labor trafficking.The Philippines is one of the favored destinations of paedophile sex tourists from Europe and the United States. -?[   . .

"Few children rescued from brothels have been able to begin living anything like a healthy life again. The longer a child stays in the sex industry. There is "no evidence" that children in prostitution can ever rehabilitate. the harder it is to overcome the trauma. Prostituted children remain prisoners of their damaged psyche despite rehabilitation efforts. The wisdom of trying to end the prostitution of children rather than attempting to assist the victims has been confirmed." .

including sexual exploitation . Five led to convictions. .In 1997 the Philippines signed anti-pedophilia cooperation agreements with lreat Britain and Australia. . and increased the vulnerability of women to violence. prostitutes can receive 30 days imprisonment. and procurers a minimum of six months to six years imprisonment. most are only fined.The tourism program of the government which aims to project the Philippines as a major tourist destination has increased the number of prostituted women. 158 cases of child abuse .were filed from 1994 . ." . It has not solved the problem of poverty but only worsened prostitution. "They drink water with a bit a TIDE detergent in the belief this would prevent gonorrhea. As more and more areas of the country are targeted for tourism.Although according to law.  .Government policies favor the export of entertainers and domestic helpers that put women at risk The Philippines 2000 development plan has increased violence against Filipino women. violence against migrant women. . -The Philippines is the first Asian country to pass an anti-child abuse law.1996.lonorrhea is the most common STD among children in prostitution. more and more women are driven to prostitution in desperation to ensure their family's survival.The Philippines is the first Asian country to pass an Anti-Child Abuse law.

Olongapo City. and the Davao-based Lawig made statements at a press conference. Groups based in Angeles City. Participants included former prostituted women." — "You can never legalize profession or a job if it violates the rights of women and degrades them. Bukal. because they often see the paedophile post bail or flee the country. economic and social issues on a gender structure and system that oppress women. "We cannot accept the term ͚sex worker͛ to describe us. . has to be viewed in the context of political. Prostitution. Davao and the National Capital region including Buklod Center.Many victims of foreign paedophiles say they regret reporting the offense. Nagkakaisang Kababaihan in Angeles City." they added. Statements include: — "Legalizing prostitution is not an assurance that violence and other forms of sexual abuses will not be committed.The International Labor Organization¶s call for governments to recognize the sex industry was protested by Filipino advocacy groups. is economic assistance in the form of jobs as well as livelihood training and educational opportunities. Development Productivity and Research Organization (WEDPRO) explained that legalizing prostitution will further aggravate the already serious gender inequality problem experienced by the women. What it will do is to legalize the abuses of paying customers since you are now bound by a ͚legal contract͛. — What women engaged in prostitution need.Pedophilia. and the spread of sexually transmitted diseases and HIV/AIDS virus. she said." explained Pearly Bulawan of the Buklod Center. Aida Santos of the Women's Education. . unwanted Amerasian children. "One consistent factor we have observed in the course of our research . the survivors of prostitution said..

pimps. — They appealed to law enforcers to stop taking advantage of women during police raids. "We need to reorient the people that prostitution is a violation of human rights and that it's not okay to use or pay women for sex." she revealed. and studies on prostitution is men's unchanging behavior toward women. at the same time sparing their (male) clientele. adding that these men in uniform are also in the habit of exploiting the women by allowing full-blown media coverage to the prejudice of the women. most males regard women as inferiors." ." — The women are asking for the decriminalization of prostitution and the formulation of a law that will punish the owners of the prostitution establishments. adding that "even now. and the clients. recruiters." ("Ex- streetwalkers fight VFA: Form advocacy groups in urban centers. traffickers.

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516 cases in 2006 and 6. Abortion is illegal in the Philippines. abortion. .Pregnancy. the spread of disease and drug abuse were just some of the indignities imposed on Filipinas. -In 2003.000 Filipino Amerasians in the Philippines. Most of the afflicted were women. Unsafe abortions render women vulnerable not only to infections and other health complications. -Somewhere in Angeles city.There are about 50.229 cases in 2007. but even to death. Because these abortions are carried out in . The RHWC treated 1. Makati Mayor Jejomar C. They have remained underprivileged and targets of the flesh trade because of their looks. Binay ordered a crackdown against prostitution following reports that some prostitutes are linked to criminal syndicates.421 cases in 2005. . STD cases rose five times. fathered by American service men. 2. 18 September 1998) .

drug use and risk from drugged client expensive and compulsory check-ups for . After two. He adds: "We know that those children who are kept in brothels die quite young. With drug addiction. The humiliation these girls have to go through often drives them into self-destruction. venereal disease and AIDS the girls go to rack and ruin. EXTRA INFO> The problem is compounded by the fact that society. Degrading and humiliating the girls is at the discretion of their international clients.illegal abortion clinics there is no record of how many women and children. drug them. The violence and abuses they suffer in the hands of customers and pimps cause deep wounds in their being. We know they die from AIDS. ³These women. not just on sexual health. women¶s lack of knowledge of health issues. and or risky health practices. often referred to as criminals. The chances of full rehabilitation are slim for children who have been sexually abused repeatedly. they are on offer at bargain price to local clients. unwanted pregnancies. fear of doctors or medical professionals. if any. . (They) die in many cases before they have had a chance to live.[149] -Pimps bend the girls to their will. three years the girls have lost their health and beauty. emotional and psychological trauma. From then on. With no self-esteem their lives are on a dead-end journey. -women are exposed to abuse.Problems Related to Health include: lack of comprehensive health services. die each year as a result. physical. are actually victims of the system of prostitution. discriminates against women in prostitution. even the church. from drugs and from committing suicide. low self-esteem and damaging their body and spirit.

negotiation and documentation. extortion for release. maltreatment during raids or while in custody. $ Domestic violence. i. $ Women have the status of criminals. lack of funds for hospitalization and health emergencies. they violate equal protection and are classist and sexist in their enforcement. leadership. such as organizational and management skills. deceptive recruitment. $ Women held in debt bondage.e. and peer education. Problems Related to the Law or the Legal System $ Abusive. discriminatory conduct of raids. $ The need for skills development. no work. no food and poverty. i. including arrests. $ Inadequate support systems in the areas of counseling and legal assistance. especially in the areas of literacy. rights awareness. compulsory HIV tests and the lack of pre-test and post-test counseling. $ A high rate of rape. . $ Anti-vagrancy laws are unconstitutional. forced intake of contraceptive pills and unsafe abortions. as well as the violation of confidentiality (publicly announced results) or no results given. $ Economic abuse.e. Problems Related to Services $ Lack of education. as well as child care. $ Restriction of movement. Problems Related to Violence Against Women $ Trafficking in women by syndicates that practice active.issuance of health certificates.

$ Harmful physical. - LAWS: -Republic Act 6955 declares as unlawful "the practice of matching Filipino women for marriage to foreign nationals on a mail order basis. The Philippines Government first outlawed bride agencies in 1990 after being alarmed at reports of widespread abuse of Philippine women in other countries. . a penal law against human trafficking. 9208. sex tourism. and psychological effects on the women. emotional." It is also unlawful under the R.sex slavery and child prostitution. The ³salvaging´ or summary execution. $ Violence caused by barangay (village) officials (fees. the Anti-Trafficking in Persons Act of 2003. competition. especially of sick women. harassment).A.

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not being included in the provisions of other articles of this Code. and in case of recidivism. ² The following are vagrants: 1. women who. Any person found loitering about public or semi-public buildings or places or trampling or wandering about the country or the streets without visible means of support. Any person who. 5. shall be found loitering in any inhabited or uninhabited place belonging to another without any lawful or justifiable purpose. 4. Prostitutes. by arresto mayor in its medium period to prison . Any idle or dissolute person who ledges in houses of ill fame. Any person found guilty of any of the offenses covered by this articles shall be punished by arresto menor or a fine not exceeding 200 pesos. for money or profit. For the purposes of this article. are deemed to be prostitutes.    Ô & c      Vagrants and prostitutes. habitually indulge in sexual intercourse or lascivious conduct. 3. who has the physical ability to work and who neglects to apply himself or herself to some lawful calling. Any person having no apparent means of subsistence. 2. ruffians or pimps and those who habitually associate with prostitutes. penalty.

involuntary servitude or debt bondage. offering. for the purpose of prostitution. selling. economic or other consideration. pornography. provide."[156] Ô     Section 4 of Republic Act 9208. slavery.correccional in its minimum period or a fine ranging from 200 to 2. (b) To introduce or match for money. harbor. 6955. involuntary servitude or debt bondage. slavery. . sexual exploitation. including those done under the pretext of domestic or overseas employment or training or apprenticeship. or both. or receive a person by any means. as provided for under Republic Act No. natural or juridical. pornography.000 pesos. otherwise known as the "Anti- Trafficking in Persons Act of 2003". or trading them to engage in prostitution. real or simulated. profit. selling or trading him/her to engage in prostitution. in the discretion of the court. Ô & c     ( Penal Code article 341 imposes a penalty to any person who ³shall engage in the business or shall profit by prostitution or shall enlist the services of any other person for the purpose of prostitution. pornography or sexual exploitation. sexual exploitation. transfer. or material. pornography. forced labor or slavery. buying. forced labor. any Filipino women to a foreign national. deems it unlawful for any person. transport. for the purpose of acquiring. involuntary servitude or debt bondage. to commit any of the following acts: (a) To recruit. forced labor. (c) To offer or contract marriage. (d) To undertake or organize tours and travel plans consisting of tourism packages or activities for the purpose of utilizing and offering persons for prostitution. buying. offering. any person or. for marriage for the purpose of acquiring. sexual exploitation.

Ô    )*(Ô+  c       . coercion.   . fraud deceit. by means of threat or use of force. pornography. forced labor. (f) To adopt or facilitate the adoption of persons for the purpose of prostitution. sexual exploitation. adopt. transport or adopt a child to engage in armed activities in the Philippines or abroad. (g) To recruit. and (h) To recruit. or intimidation for the purpose of removal or sale of organs of said person. transport or abduct a person. hire. violence. involuntary servitude or debt bondage.(e) To maintain or hire a person to engage in prostitution or pornography. slavery.

the following: (1) Acting as a procurer of a child prostitute. or any other consideration or due to the coercion or influence of any adult. who for money. are deemed to be children exploited in prostitution and other sexual abuse. (3) Taking advantage of influence or relationship to procure a child as prostitute. . The penalty of reclusion temporal in its medium period to reclusion perpetua shall be imposed upon the following: (a) Those who engage in or promote. syndicate or group. whether male or female. (2) Inducing a person to be a client of a child prostitute by means of written or oral advertisements or other similar means. facilitate or induce child prostitution which include.  Sec. or . indulge in sexual intercourse or lascivious conduct. Child Prostitution and Other Sexual Abuse. (4) Threatening or using violence towards a child to engage him as a prostitute. but are not limited to. profit. 5.Children.

an inn. motel. . bar. Provided. 6. paragraph 3. not being a relative of a child. (b) Those who commit the act of sexual intercourse of lascivious conduct with a child exploited in prostitution or subject to other sexual abuse. A penalty lower by two (2) degrees than that prescribed for the consummated felony under Section 5 hereof shall be imposed upon the principals of . There is also an attempt to commit child prostitution. Attempt To Commit Child Prostitution. the perpetrators shall be prosecuted under Article 335. place of entertainment or establishment serving as a cover or which engages in prostitution in addition to the activity for which the license has been issued to said establishment. is found alone with the said child inside the room or cubicle of a house. for rape or lascivious conduct. vessel. 3815. disco. as the case may be: Provided. That when the victims is under twelve (12) years of age. the Revised Penal Code. vehicle or any other hidden or secluded area under circumstances which would lead a reasonable person to believe that the child is about to be exploited in prostitution and other sexual abuse. pension house. Sec. whether as manager or owner of the establishment where the prostitution takes place. as amended. and (c) Those who derive profit or advantage therefrom.There is an attempt to commit child prostitution under Section 5. massage clinic. health club and other similar establishments. under paragraph (b) of Section 5 hereof when any person is receiving services from a child in a sauna parlor or bath. or of the sauna. That the penalty for lascivious conduct when the victim is under twelve (12) years of age shall be reclusion temporal in its medium period. apartelle or other similar establishments. for rape and Article 336 of Act No. hotel. paragraph (a) hereof when any person who. (5) Giving monetary consideration goods or other pecuniary benefit to a child with intent to engage such child in prostitution. resort.

phase-out the regulatory functions of the Philippine Overseas Employment Administration(POEA). establishes a legal assistance fund for migrant workers. 1995.the attempt to commit the crime of child prostitution under this Act. mandates that pursuant to the objectives of deregulation the Department of Labor and Employment (DOLE) shall. and other provisions related to Filipino migrant workers. Emmanuel Joel Villanueva and .[159] !   0)) House of Representatives of the Philippines Citizen's Battle Against Corruption (CIBAC) Reps.&  /     RA 8042 (Long title: An Act to Institute the Policies of Overseas Employment and Establish a Higher Standard of Protection and Promotion of The Welfare of Migrant Workers. mandate establishment of a Migrant Workers and Other Overseas Filipinos Resource Center to provide social services to returning worker and other migrants. approved on June 7. and for Other Purposes. Their Families and Overseas Filipinos in Distress. direct all embassies and consular offices to issue travel advisories or disseminate information on labor and employment conditions. in the proper case. or. mandate the establishment of a Migrant Workers Loan Guarantee Fund to provide pre-departure and family assistance loans. migration realities and other facts.) The act contains provisions which regulate the recruitment of overseas workers. The act. within a period of five (5) years. mandate establishment of a mechanism for free legal assistance for victims of illegal recruitment. regulate repatriation of workers in ordinary cases and provide a mechanism for repatriation in extraordinary cases. -    *--Ô' Ô     RA 6955 basically declares as unlawful "the practice of matching Filipino women for marriage to foreign nationals on a mail order basis." -    Ô' "  . under the Revised Penal Code.

000 persons from both government and non-government organizations who are victims of trafficking and almost 100.000 of these victims are children. policy formulation. forced laborers and even unwilling organ donors. filed House Resolution No. Most of the victims of trafficking are being exploited as commercial sex workers. from legislation."[160]  ." Cruz-Gonzales said: "As of last year. including the necessary support and protection. Villanueva said: "Human trafficking is fast becoming a major transnational crime next only to the illegal drugs trade and illegal arms trade." The National Bureau of Investigation (Philippines) reported "more than 400.Cinchona Cruz-Gonzales. We must consider the reports of the victims that lack of funds and resources are key problems in the full implementation of the Anti-Trafficking of Persons Act. to rehabilitation and support for victims. on September 24. only a little over a thousand cases were officially reported. 779 to intensify the fight against human trafficking on all levels. enforcement and prosecution.

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% The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime has designated human Trafficking as a crime against humanity. theInternational Criminal Court (ICC) was established in The Hague (Netherlands) and the Rome Statute provides for the ICC to have jurisdiction over crimes against humanity. with knowledge of the attack: (a) Murder. . (e) Imprisonment or other severe deprivation of physical liberty in violation of fundamental rules of international law. "crime against humanity" means any of the following acts when committed as part of a widespread or systematic attack directed against any civilian population. (d) Deportation or forcible transfer of population. (c) Enslavement. (b) Extermination. For the purpose of this Statute. [3][4] [6][7] In 2002.

sexual slavery. enforced sterilization. or other grounds that are universally recognized as impermissible under international law. national. cultural. religious. (j) The crime of apartheid. (h) Persecution against any identifiable group or collectivity on political. (i) Enforced disappearance of persons. gender as defined in paragraph 3. enforced prostitution. racial.(f) Torture. ethnic. (k) Other inhumane acts of a similar character intentionally causing great suffering. in connection with any act referred to in this paragraph or any crime within the jurisdiction of the Court. or any other form of sexual violence of comparable gravity. forced pregnancy. or serious injury to body or to mental or physical health. . (g) Rape.