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Contents

Contents:
Proportional Valves Course Manual

Chapter 1 - Overview Chapter 3 - Valve Performance
Summary of Chapters 2 Pressure Control Introduction 20
Types of Proportional Valves 2 Relief Valve 20
Direct Acting vs. Pilot Operated 3 Crack Pressure 20
Chapter 2 - Basics of Controllers Pressure Rise 21
Voltage Signals 6 Pressure Reducing/Relieving Valve 22
Smooth DC 6 Pressure Droop 23
PWM 7 Pressure Control Range 24
Dither 8 What Causes Hysteresis? 26
IMIN & IMAX 9 Effects of PWM and Dither 27
Threshold Current 9 Motion Control 28
Maximum Current 9 Step Response 28
Ramp 10 Damping 30
Voltage vs. Current 10 Frequency Response 33
Current Driven 11 Open Loop Control 40
Potentiometers vs. Electronic Controls 12 Closed Loop Control 42
Potentiometer 12 Summary 44
Controller 14 Review Questions 45
Summary 17
Review Questions 18

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The entire content of this manual is copyright 2001 HydraForce, Inc. All rights reserved.

Quiz Answers A-113 Appendix B .Contents Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Direct Acting Pressure Controls Pilot Operated Pressure Controls TS38-20 48 TS10-26 74 Performance of TS38-20 49 Performance of TS10-26 75 Forces of TS38-20 53 Forces on TS10-26 78 Magnetic Force 53 Pressure Force on Spool 79 Operation of TS38-20 55 Operation of TS10-26 80 Pressure Force 55 TS10-27 81 Manual Override Operation 57 Performance of TS10-27 82 Bleeder Screw 58 TS98-30.Model Coding B-119 Index . TS80-30 & TS10-36 84 TS38-21 59 Construction Differences 85 Performance of TS38-21 60 TS98-30 85 Forces of TS38-21 61 TS10-36 85 Spring Force 61 TS80-30 85 Pressure Force 61 Performance of TS98-30 86 Operation of TS38-21 62 Forces on TS98-30 88 EHPR08-33 64 Operation of the TS10-36 89 Performance of EHPR08-33 65 Operation of the TS98-30 90 Forces of EHPR08-33 67 Summary 93 Pressure Force 67 Review Questions 94 Magnetic Force 68 Chapter 6 Flow Force 69 Application of Pressure Controls Summary of Forces 69 Operation of EHPR08-33 70 TS98-30 Clutch Application 96 Summary 71 TS10-27 and Fan Control 99 Review Questions 72 EHPR08-33 Directional Control Valve 100 EHPR08-33 & PE16-67 103 Cylinder Control TS10-36 105 Coils in Operation 107 System Voltage 107 Controller Requirements 107 Ambient Temperature 108 Continuous Duty 108 Summary 110 Review Questions 111 Appendix A .