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expect to find that the murderer had left his photograph behind at the place of the crime, with his address attached? Or would you not necessarily have to be satisfied with comparatively slight and obscure traces of the person you were in search of?´, said the famous Austrian neurologist, Sigmund Freud. His word has a close implication with the most advanced crime investigation technique using forensic science. With this view this paper briefly discusses about the involvement of the forensic science in both criminal investigations and the proceedings. Forensics in the court room scene for crime investigation and in the modern security system is a recent and modern phenomenon with the advancement in the technology. Forensic science is made up of particulars. Its raw materials are the particular facts found at the crime scene or in the autopsy room or in the laboratory. This paper also gives the reader a deep knowledge about the newly evolving field in forensics namely outward traits from genetic information, known as genetic profiling, compare crime scene DNA with that from a suspect or with a profile stored in a database or a suspected it plays a vital role in the investigation process and legal proceedings. Tests for traits such as age and eye colour, skin colour and even facial dimensions have been developed. Genetics, DNA fingerprinting, Narco analysis and microbiology show how recent advances in research of forensic application are widely being used in criminal cases.These things are becoming
so advancedthat the blood left at a crime scene could be used to estimate the age of a perpetrator, by new DNA technology.
When we come to a conclusion deriving two points are important, when the forensic science principles are clear and the application of the facts to the principle equally plain, the argument often sounds solely in deductive reasoning. Where forensic principles are not clear, and the sole question is application of facts to the principles, both inductive and deductive reasoning are used.