BINASUAN DANCE

LITERATURE

Binasuan, a dance originating in the Philippines, primarily involves three drinking glasses that a Binasuan dancer (usually a woman) gracefully balances--on her head and in the palms of both her hands--as she moves. Each glass is half-full with rice wine, and a Binasuan dancer's skill is determined by her ability not to drop a glass or spill any wine over the course of her performance. The tradition of Binasuan dance originates in the Pangasinan province of the Philippines. Pangasinan is located on the central western coast of the country, and is host to several national festivals where Binasuan dance is often featured.

lively art that is often performed at celebratory occasions in the Filipino culture. for blessings and prosperity. balancing three glasses of rice wine while turning. in festivals and traditional celebrations. is now internationally recognized and sought after. Sometimes. to increase the dance's difficulty--and therefore the dancer's prestige. though formerly a traditional art known only to Filipinos. beginning as a way for people to express thanks to the gods. Sometimes dancers introduce other elements. with dance troupes touring around the globe and tourists to the Philippines increasingly seeking out local performances. rolling and spinning to fastpaced music. the dance calls for the Balintawak costume with the tapis and the pañuelo. while balancing their glasses." Though it is not known exactly when Binasuan dance originated. y Costume In terms of costume. y Significance Binasuan dance. y Features Binasuan dancers are famous for their skill and grace.HISTORY Binasuan dance derived its name from a Pangasinan phrase that literally translates to mean "with the use of a drinking glass. such as weddings and parties. dance has been an important part of Filipino culture for centuries. . such as weights placed on their feet. dancers will compete over who can complete the most skillful moves. for the entertainment of the audience. y Function Binasuan dance is a colorful. y Music The music used in this dance is composed of two parts and then danced to the tune of Pitoy Oras.

SEQUENCE Music A will then play for the second time and this will be the times when the dancer will dance sideward right and left alternately and doing this for eight times. The alternating movements of the two hands will go on for the next eight measures. The dancer will chance position with every measure. The right hand will be raised to the head level and the left hand will be held to the waist as the dancer continues to waltz sideward to the right. The right hand should be moved next to the chest and down the hips alternately as the left hand moves down at the hip level ad goes up to the chest level in an alternating manner. Again the movements of the left and the right hand will alternate upward and downward as with previous step. two or three to a measure is used. The Binasuan dance will start that way. the music A is played for the first time. STEPS Dancers start with the right foot and she should take eight waltz steps forward to the center of the hall. While they are moving towards the center of the hall. y Formation The dance starts with the dancer or the dancers enters the hall from one side of the room. stops at the center then faces the audience.y Count Count is important and in this dance one. Dancing this local dance of the north requires some steps that should not be take out of the program otherwise the program will lose its identity. Music B of the program will then play and this will be the time when the dancer will start on her right foot and she will take four waltz steps obliquely to the right. The glasses should be held in front and the elbows should be close to the waist. She then raises the right hand obliquely to head level with the left . with the dancers coming at one side of the room and then moving to the center hall and then facing the audience.

all with the intention of dancing gracefully without dropping the glass. some new steps are introduced like the placing of weights at either the right or the left foot of the dancer. . The Binasuan dance of the north will simply utilize the abovementioned steps and repeat these steps on the second half of the dance. Hands once again move upward and downward on alternating motions. At times. These movements are just the first half of the dance and a few more steps are required in order to complete the program.hand down to the hip for four measures.

which means "fried coconut milk curd". all in time to a fast drumbeat. a coconut product that is used in Filipino cooking. The name of the dance comes from the Filipino word "Latik".perform the dance by hitting one coconut shell with the other sometimes the ones on the hands. . particularly in snacks. and in some Filipino Martial Arts (FMA) circles. the ones on the body.MAGLALATIK LITERATURE The Maglalatik is an indigenous dance from the Philippines in which coconut shell halves that are secured onto the dancers' hands and on vests upon which are hung four or six more coconut shell halves.all male . Like many native Filipino dances. sometimes. it has been noted that the manlalatik consists of a trapping and boxing method hidden in a dance. it is intended to impress the viewer with the great skill of the dancer. The dancers . and sometimes the shells worn by another performer.

The dance is usually performed in a religious procession as the procession moves down the street.This dance is also called as 'Magbabao' which can mean 'the one using the 'bao' and the 'bao' is the coconut shell.and it depicts the fight between the Moros and the Christians over the 'latik'.  Four basic clap cycles while the dancers are in place  Another four basic clap cycles in order for the dancers to get to two rows  Another 8 quick clap cycles to the ripple effect  Another 8 quick clap cycles that will allow the dancer to circle around the partner.  The dancers will make 8 counts+1 -4 count for the first clap  Dancers will clap after the one 8 count and this should be done 8 times. HISTORY According to historians. then the finishing clap  Dancers will make 8 high-low clap cycles in order to move into position. STEPS  First step will require dancers to make 6 to 8 counts of jogging to settle to their place  Then four steps forward while pounding the chests. The 'latik' is the residue that is left after the coconut milk has been cooked and boiled. This dance called 'Maglalatik' is performed as an offering to their patron saintSan Isidro de Labrador. This dance actually tells a story.  Another 8 cycles of 6 hit clapping  The dancer will then make 16 counts for the tricks with another round of clapping in the background  Dancer will make 4 basic to get to the two sides . This dance is composed of a four-part performance and the first two performance of the dance is called as the 'Palipasan' and the 'Baligtaran'. and next up is the Circle Up. this Philippine dance originated in Laguna and usually performed during the town fiesta of Biñan. the viewers of the dance can expect that most of the dance moves that will be performed by the dancers will focus on the use of these 'baos' or the coconut shells and some of the noises or the music that will be used by the dance will be generated by these coconut shells. Throughout the dance.

The two groups in this dance is the group of the Moros and the other group is the group of the Christians. the thighs and the hips. Dancer will make 8 quick clap cycles for the battle  Dancer will make 4 quick clap cycles in order to get to the end  And right after the last clap. The Moros in this dance will wear the red trousers and the Christian group will wear the blue trousers. . the dance will show the opposing squads in an intense battle. The dancers will also hold their triangular formed coconut shells in their hands and they used these shells to tap the coconut shells that are fitted on their bodies and they use these to generate the music that will accompany them when they are dancing. These shells are attached on many points of the body of the dancers. All dancers that participate in this classic dance are male and they all harness and use the coconut shells. the dancers then make their pose. These two dances basically show the reconciliation between the two groups and the dance steps of the dancers will show and suggest that the opposing groups are now in good terms.in the chests. This dance will involve some simple movements and simple repetitions. the backs. The last two parts of the dance are the 'Paseo' and the 'Sayaw Escaramusa'. SEQUENCE In these first two performances.

And since the steps were new and unusual. .another important local dance and at the middle of her performance she began improvising on her steps. there was this young woman named Kanang and she was considered as the best dancer and performer in the province of Surigao del Norte. And at one baptismal reception. the performer was asked to dance the Sibay.ITIK ² ITIK LITERATURE According to one story about the origins of the dance.choppy steps and there were splashes of water on its back while attracting its mate. the audience were fascinated and soon they began copying and aping the moves. The 'itik' is a duck and her movements during the said performance are like those that are being performed by the animal. The steps imitated that of the movements of the 'itik'.

There is an 'Itik itik' festival which is a . Reynaldo Gamboa Alejandro is considered as the Philippine dance authority. The dance is currently performed during special events or during the country's 'Linggo ng Wika' which is a celebration of the country's language during August.HISTORY Based on records. This was confirmed by Reynaldo Gamboa Alejanadro and he added that the Visayan Island where the dance originated was Samar. Carmen Lanuza Cantillan Carrascal These are all towns in Surigao del Norte. the Jesuit missionary described a dance that imitated the bird that was popular in Samar and the 'Sabay'. in the other version of the story about the roots of the dance. Though this version of the dance from Surigao del Norte was a thing of beauty and very popular. Right now. . Cebu and in Tibiao. The other versions of the dance can be seen in Sibomga. . . Right now. There are around six separate foot sequences that the dancer is expected to perform and these series of foot movements form part of the dance steps. there are modern versions of this dance and this can be seen in many parts of the country. Other than the original 'Itik ittik' Surigaonon. The present and the modern version of the dance are from the following areas. it was said that this dance has originated from the dance 'Sibay' which was then danced to the tune of the 'Dejado' music. Ignacio Alzina who is a Jesuit missionary to Samar. So how exactly is the dance performed by the dancer? As it was mentioned the steps of the dance resembled the movements of the wading and the flying ducks or the 'itiks'. the term 'Itik itik' has been used as a name for one small festival in Metropolitan Manila. The dancers here copy the swaying gait of the waddling feet and also ape the intense energy of the close-cropped flapping wings. In that book. . In the same book. Antique. the dance has its roots not only in Surigao del Norte but in the Visayas region as a whole as well. there are other versions of the dance that have sprouted in other parts of the archipelago. This information was also backed up by a book that was written in 1668 by Fr. The dance forms part of the culture of the country and considered to be one of the dances that help shaped the Filipino culture in terms of dance and identity. there were other versions of the dance and these dances can be found in the Visayas. The 'Sibay' is a popular bird dance in the Visayan Islands. the missionary said that the dance imitated the flying birds.

duck races. STEPS AND SEQUENCE It has many variations of steps from which the dancers choose and combine. City. the she is the patroness of the duck-raisers. best cooking. St. duck catching. dancing and a parade in honor of the barangay's patroness. And more importantly the name of the festival raises the profile and the prominences of the name 'Itik itik' as people are reminded of one important dance in Philippine culture. swimming contest. Its steps are similar to the movements of a duck (itik. choppy steps and splashes water on its back while attracting its mate. . Martha. even though the dance is not specifically performed in the festivities. in Filipino).week-long festival that culminates every last Sunday of February and the festival is hosted by Barangay Kalawaan in Pasig. For the locals. as it walks with short. The dancers here copy the swaying gait of the waddling feet and also ape the intense energy of the closecropped flapping wings. At the center of the festivities are the ducks. As it was mentioned the steps of the dance resembled the movements of the wading and the flying ducks or the 'itiks'. biggest duck contest.

HISTORY The dance originated some three hundred years ago in the barrio of Dingin. Batangas. Exchange of place is a prominent feature of the dance subli. Batangas." (sub-sub and bali). bent down and contracted as they dance and click castanets.SUBLI LITERATURE Subli is a folkdance in the Philippines. the word "subli" came from the old Tagalog word "sobli" meaning "salisi" or "exchange of place".The boys are "subli. It is considered a favorite of the people of the barrios of the municipality of Bauan. while the girls wave their hats decorated with ribbons. Alitagtag. . that is to say. According to a research made by Dr. It is a ceremonial worship dance performed in homage to the Holy Cross referred to in the vernacular as Mahal Na Poong Santa Cruz. Elena Mirano.

a triangular scarf worn loosely over the shoulder. About five of these punto are used in a complete subli performance. performed in a fixed sequence. the youngsters would gather and dance bit by bit until they learn the dance steps. footed drum of langka wood with a head made of iguana skin. gestures. The verse recounts the first journey of the early subli performer. Mirano The dancing of subli was passed on from their ancestors who were once subli dancers. They watched the performances of their elders veteran in dancing the subli. The women circle on half-toe. their fingers grazing their small-brimmed hats and alampay. notably the ancient town of Bauan.Subli is the dance portion of a devotion performed in honor of the Mahal ng Poong Santa Cruz. through the fields. . although other towns may have formations involving three pairs at a time. Batangas. The icon was discovered in the early decades of Spanish rule in what is now the town of Alitagtag. E. consisting of leaping. which may be elaborated on in a different way by a different subli troupe. Subli is not mainly a courtship tradition. two or eight pairs of men and women. And whenever they dance. These numbers seem to be the norm in Bauan. or punto. songs. but courtship has become an element of the dance. and other movements suggesting the martial arts. they dance before their saint. They dance and sing to the rhythm beaten out by a stick on the tugtugan. Many sulbi dancers begin learning subli at the age of 12. or manunubli. and dances. striking the ground with wooden bamboo clappers held in both hands known as kalaste. hills. that are the essential parts of their costume. The Mahal na Poong Santa Cruz is the patron of many towns in the area. and movements of the male dancers are freewheeling and dramatic. performing the talik. a large crucifix of anubing wood with the face of the sun in silver at the center. These sections may be divided further into various fixed dance patterns involving one. and rivers of Batangas in search of the miraculous cross. small refined gestures with wrists and fingers. a gobletshaped. Sections of verse are sung to a fixed skeletal melody. The dance movements reflect the good actions and attitude that is expected of these young girls and boys as they grow into adulthood.R. The subli consists of a long sequence of prayers in verse. The stances. Afterward. Batangas. during the start of teen years when young girls and boys are not yet getting married and are merely at the stage of courtship.

STEPS & SEQUENCE  Leaping  Striking the ground with the use of the bamboo clappers that are held in both hands  And other movements that suggest the movements of the martial arts Others see the 'subli' as more than a dance. . rather this is more of a 'kaugalian' that tells of the enduring belief and panata of the locals.

A sakuting stick is striped or bamboo and is about 1½ feet long and tapered at the end. also called moro-moro) and features a battalla (choreographed skirmish). During the playful folk dance. such as the widely known tinikling. however. This is of Chinese influence. from raids by the . one representing each side. and their capital city. cariñosa. The Spanish established a garrison to protect Ilocanos who converted to Christianity. celebrate cultural heritage and contribute to national artistic pride. pays tribute to its ethnic roots. originally performed solely by boys. European influence and even earlier international influences. portrays a mock fight using sticks. Sakuting. circle and clash bamboo sticks in a gentle imitation of martial arts sparring. home to the Ilocano people native to the lowlands and the Tingguian mountain tribes. Regional ethnic dances. especially from the Spanish colonial era. usually performed in town plazas. pay tribute to Filipino roots.SAKUTING LITERATURE A ritual dance which depicts a mock fight celebrating a victory. Its dance form is the comedia (a theatrical dance. HISTORY Sakuting (pronounced seh-KOOH-tihng) comes from the province of Abra. The sakuting dance. Examples include the pandango sa ilaw. Bangued. Its original use was for combat training. like a candle. rigodon and balitao. Most acknowledged Filipino dances bear European influences. two teams.

Sakuting's origins. however. Dancers twirl the sticks. Some modern interpretations are more athletically demonstrative of the martial arts. SEQUENCE The Ilocano people customarily perform the sakuting dance as part of Christmas celebrations. octavina. Its staccato inflections and rhythmic tapping suggest a strong Chinese influence. displaying a mock fight. fruits and refreshments prepared especially for Christmas much like the English custom of caroling.mountain tribes. Dance steps are a combination of marching and small forward or sideways shuffle steps while circling and interchanging positions with other dancers. Introduced by Spanish missionaries as religious ritual. drinks. laud. appear much older. The traditional music styles for sakuting portray the dual influences of China and Spain. mandola. or double bass. guitarra and bajo de uñas. STEPS Dancers use one and two sticks throughout the performance to tap the floor and each other's sticks. a native string ensemble of plectrum (plucked with tortoiseshell fingerpicks) instruments influenced by Spanish stringed instruments. Performed at the town plaza or from house to house. that includes bandurria. The music itself is played by a rondalla. hitting them against opponents' sticks. the dance allows the opportunity for spectators to give the dancers aguinaldos--gifts of money. . the sakuting dance portrays this struggle between the lowland Christians and the non-Christian mountain people. while others add ballet movements.

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