# SURFACE AREA AND VOLUME VOCABULARY & FORMULAS

PRISM DEFINITION: A THREE-DIMENSIONAL SOLID THAT HAS TWO CONGRUENT AND PARALLEL FACES THAT ARE POLYGONS. THE REMAINING FACES ARE RECTANGLES. . PRISMS ARE NAMED BY THEIR FACES.

RECTANGULAR PRISM DEFINITION: A THREE-DIMENSIONAL SOLID THAT HAS TWO CONGRUENT AND PARALLEL FACES THAT ARE RECTANGLES. . THE REMAINING FACES ARE RECTANGLES.

CUBE DEFINITION: A RECTANGULAR PRISM IN WHICH ALL FACES ARE CONGRUENT SQUARES. .

SURFACE AREA DEFINITION: SURFACE AREA IS THE MEASURE OF HOW MUCH EXPOSED AREA A SOLID OBJECT HAS. MATHEMATICAL DESCRIPTION OF THE SURFACE AREA IS CONSIDERABLY MORE INVOLVED THAN THE DEFINITION OF ARC LENGTH OF A CURVE . EXPRESSED IN SQUARE UNITS.

. * TOTAL VOLUME IS THE SUM OF ALL NO OVERLAPPING REGIONS.VOLUME DEFINITION: THE VOLUME OF AN OBJECT HAS THE FUNDAMENTAL PROPERTIES LISTED BELOW: *EVERY POLYHEDRAL REGION HAS AN UNIQUE VOLUME. DEPENDENT ONLY ON YOUR UNIT CUBE.

FORMULAE OF VOLUME AND SURFACE AREA OF SPHERE :EXPLAINING THE DERIVATIONS .

AND JOIN THE TRIANGLE'S EDGE TO THE CENTRE OF THE SPHERE AND THUS CUT THE SPHERE INTO MILLIONS OF NARROW PYRAMIDS.VOLUME OF SPHERE IMAGINE THAT YOU COVER THE SPHERE WITH TINY TRIANGLES. THE VOLUME OF THE SPHERE IS 1/3 TIMES R TIMES THE SURFACE AREA OF THE SPHERE! V = (1/3)R * 4*PI*R^2 V= (4/3)PI*R^3 . THE TOTAL VOLUME OF THE PYRAMIDS IS 1/3 TIMES THE RADIUS OF THE SPHERE TIMES THE SUM OF THE AREAS OF THE TINY TRIANGLES. IN OTHER WORDS.

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Archimedes. . the surface area not including the two circular ends).SURFACE AREA OF SPHERE Take a sphere of radius R. and imagine constructing a cylindrical box with radius R and height 2R. proved a surprising fact: the surface area of the sphere is exactly the same as the lateral surface area of the cylinder (that is. the Greek mathematician. You can see that the sphere will fit snugly inside this box. You can calculate the lateral surface area of the cylinder and you will see that it is 4*pi*R^2.

FORMULE OF VOLUME AND SURFACE AREA OF SOLIDS .

=> CUBE TOTAL SURFACE AREA = 6a2 LATERAL SURFACE AREA = 4a2 VOLUME = a3 {Where ´aµ is the side of the cube} .

breadth and height respectively } .=> CUBOID TOTAL SURFACE AREA = 2(lb+bh+hl) LATERAL SURFACE AREA = 2h(l+b) VOLUME = (l)(b)(h) {Where l . b and h are length .

=> RIGHT CIRCULAR CONE TOTAL SURFACE AREA = pi*r*l + pi*r 2 = pi*r*(l+r) LATERAL SURFACE AREA = pi*r*l VOLUME = pi*r2*h {Where l is length . r is radius of the base and h is height} .

=> CYLINDER TOTAL SURFACE AREA = 2*pi*r*(r+h) LATERAL SURFACE AREA = 2*pi*r*h VOLUME = pi*r2h {Where l is length . r is radius of the base and h is height } .

=> SPHERE SURFACE AREA = 4*pi*r 2 VOLUME = 4/3*pi*r 3 {Where r is the radius of sphere} .

THE END .