Byzantine Art

Art 101B
Dr. Manuel Aguilar

1

2 Europe and the Byzantine Empire ca. 1000

3 Europe and the Justinian Empire 527-565 AD

4 Justinian Empire 527-565 AD

5 Trade Routes between Europe and the Far East. 550-1453 AD

6 Barbarian Invasions

7 Plan of Constantinople

8 Plan of Constantinople

Beardless Christ and Justinian on his horse. Detail.

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Saint Michael the Archangel, right leaf of a diptych,early sixth century.

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View of Hagia Sophia and Topkapi Palace.

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ANTHEMIUS OF TRALLES and ISIDORUS OF MILETUS, Hagia Sophia (view facing north), Constantinople (Istanbul), Turkey,

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13 Hagia Sophia, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey). 532-537 AD

14 Hagia Sophia, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey). 532-537 AD

15 Alternate view of Hagia Sophia from the south

16 Section and plan of Hagia Sophia. 532-537 AD

17 Section view of Hagia Sophia, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey). 532-537 AD

18 Plan view of Hagia Sophia, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey). 532-537 AD

ANTHEMIUS OF TRALLES and ISIDORUS OF MILETUS, interior of Hagia Sophia (view facing southwest), Constantinople (Istanbul), Turkey,

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20 General interior view, with colonnade, arches, gallery, pendentive, portion of dome.

21 Interior cupola of Hagia Sophia. 532-537 AD

22 Capital in the gallery of Hagia Sophia. 532-537 AD

The "Deesis" (Virgin, Christ and St. John the Baptist) from Hagia Sophia. 9th century AD. 23

Christ as Pantokrator, Hagia Sophia, 9th Century

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25 Madonna Enthroned, from Hagia Sophia. 9th Century.

26 Virgin and Child between Justinian and Constantine, from Hagia Sophia. 6th Century

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28 St. John Chrysostom, from Hagia Sophia. 10th century

29 Yerebatan Saray Cistern (Cistern Basilica). 527 - 565 A.D.

30 Aerial view of San Vitale, Ravenna, Italy, 526-547 AD

31 San Vitale, Ravenna. 526 - 547 A.D.

Detail Interplay of architectural shapes from ENE: apse, choir, and N exedra

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33 Cutaway view of San Vitale, Ravenna

34 Plan of San Vitale, Ravenna, Italy.

35 Interior of San Vitale (view from the apse into the choir), Ravenna, Italy.

36 View of apse, San Vitale, Ravenna . 547 A.D.

Choir and apse of San Vitale with mosaic of Christ between two angels, Saint Vitalis, and Bishop Ecclesius, Ravenna, Italy

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Christ between two angels, Saint Vitalis, and Bishop Ecclesius. Apse mosaic, San Vitale. 38 6th century

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40 Capital with impost block. St. Vitale 526 - 547 A.D.

41 Justinian, Bishop Maximianus, and attendants. From San Vitale. c. 547 A.D.

42 Justinian, Bishop Maximianus, and attendants. From San Vitale. c. 547 A.D.

43 Theodora and Attendants. From San Vitale. c. 547 A.D.

44 St. Mark and the Lion. From San Vitale. c. 525 A.D.

45 Detail from triumphal arch, San Vitale. c. 548 AD

46 Sant'Apollinare in Classe. c. 533 - 549 A.D.

47 Saint Apollinaris amid sheep. Apse mosaic from Sant'Apollinare in Classe. c. 533-549

48 Alternate View of Apse Mosaic with Transfiguration and Sant¶ Apollinare

49 Sant' Apollinaris amid sheep. c.533 ± 549

50 Garden of Paradise. detail of apse mosaic from Sant'Apollinare in Classe. c. 533 ± 549

51 Mosaic of the interior of Sant¶ Apollinare in Classe, Ravenna.

52 Map of St. Catherine's Monastery in Sinai, Egypt

53 Map of St. Catherine's Monastery in Sinai, Egypt

54 Aerial view of the Monastery of St. Catherine, Sinai. 548-565 AD

55 Monastery of St. Catherine, Sinai. Plan showing 6th century elements in dark outline

56 Monastery of St. Catherine from northeast.

57 Transfiguration of Jesus, apse mosaic from Saint Catherine's. c. 565 A.D.

Transfiguration of Jesus, apse mosaic, Church of the Virgin, monastery of Saint Catherine, Mount Sinai, Egypt, ca.

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59 Transfiguration of Jesus. detail of Jesus. c. 565 A.D.

60 Transfiguration of Jesus. detail of head of Jesus. c. 565 A.D.

Icon of Virgin (Theotokos) and Child between Saints Theodore and George. 6th or early 7th century.

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Anicia Juliana between Magnanimity and Prudence. Folio 6 verso of the Vienna Dioskorides. Honoratai, near Constantinople. Ca 512.

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63 Ascension of Christ. Rabbula Gospels, Syria. 586 A.D.

64 Monastery churches at Hosios Loukas, Greece. 10-11th century

Plans of the Church of the Theotokos (top) and Church of the Katholikon (bottom). 10-11th century

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12-20.jpg

66 Interior of Katholikon at Hosios Loukas.

67 Harrowing of Hell in Katholikon of the Monastery of Hosios Loukas. c.1020 A.D.

68 Mosaic of Virgin and Child, Pentecost. Katholikon of Hosios Loukas.

69 The Nativity in the Church of Daphni. c.1100 A.D

70 Baptism of Christ. Church of Daphni.

71 The Crucifixion, Church of the Dormition, Daphni. c. 1090-1100

72 Christ Pantokrator in the Church of Daphni. c.1100 A.D.

73 Church of St. Pantaleimon, Nerezi. c. 1164 A.D

Lamentation over the Dead Christ, wall painting, Saint Pantaleimon, Nerezi, Macedonia, 1164.

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75 Plaza of Saint Mark¶s, Venice, 1063.

76 St. Mark's Basilica, Venice. began 1063

77 Plan of St. Mark's Basilica. began 1063

78 Interior of St. Mark's Basilica, Venice. begun 1063

79 Dome with Pantokrator, Virgin Mary, Apostles, and Kings.

80 Dome of the Creation of the World.

81 Adam and Eve

82 God Creating the Animals, St. Mark's. end 12th century

83 Baptism of Christ.

84 Crucifixion.

85 Anastasis, from St. Mark's. end 12th century

86 Dome with Christ the Savior

87 Pantokrator, Virgin Mary and Saint Mark.

88 Saint Mark going to do missionary work.

89 Empress Irene, detail of the Pala d'Oro, St. Mark's. c. 1105

90 Cathedral, Cefalu, Italy. from 1240

91 Pantokrator, Theotokos and Child, Angels, and Saints, from Cefalu Cathedral. c. 1148

92 Christ Pantockator. detail from apse of Cefalu Cathedral. c. 1148

93 Monreale Cathedral. 1174 -1182

94 Apse of Monreale Cathedral.

95 Monreale Cathedral. interior view. 1174 ± 1182

96 Mosaics with the history of the Old and New Testaments. Monreale Cathedral.

97 Apse with Pantokrator, Virgin Mary and Apostles. Monreale Cathedral, 1180-1190.

98 Pantokrator. detail of apse mosaic in Monreale Cathedral. c. 1180-1190

99 King Roger offering the Monreale Cathedral to the Virgin Mary.

100 Fourth Day of Creation. late 12th century

101 Christ creating terrestial and water animals.

102 Christ creating a diversity of animals (the birds of the air and the fish of the sea).

103 God creates Adam. late 12th century

104 While Adam sleeps, God forms Eve from one of Adam's ribs. late 12th century

105 The Original Sin.

106 Noah's Ark. After the flood ceases, Noah lands the animals. late 12th century

107 The Tower of Babel.

108 The Nativity.

109 Image of Theotokos.

110 Baptism of Christ.

111 Christ curing leppers.

112 Pantokrator

113 Saints Peter and Paul.

114 Christ enthroned with saints (Harbaville Triptych). c. 950

115 David composing the Psalms, from Paris Psalter. c. 950 ± 970

116 Virgin (Theotokos) and Child, icon (Vladimir Virgin). late 11th to early 12th century

117 St. George. 12th century

118 Monastery of Roussanou, Meteora, Greece. 12th century

119 Mount Athos (view of Mount Athos and the north-east coast)

120 Church of Saint Catherine, Thessaloniki, Greece, ca. 1280.

121 Saint Savior in Chora (Kariye Djami). 14th century

122 Plan of Saint Savior in Chora (Kariye Djami).14th century

123 Parekklesion (side chapel), Kariye Djami. 14th century

124 The Harrowing of Hell, Anastasis, from Kariye Djami. c. 1310-1320

125 The Last Judgment.

126 Dome with Virgin and Angels

127 Virgin Eleousa.

128 Birth and Presentation of the Virgin Mary to the Temple.

129 Going from Nazareth to Bethlehem for the Census.

130 The Annunciation

131 The Nativity.

132 Flight to Egypt.

133 Baptism of Jesus by St. John the Baptist

134 The multiplication of the fishes and loaves..

135 Christ Healing the Paralytic at Capernaum

136 Pantokrator.

137 Christ Pantokrator. Detail

138 Dormition of Virgin.14th century

139 Virgin and Child

140 Theotokos

141 Christ Pantokrator and the Genealogy of Christ. On wall: The Deesis. 14th century

142 Fragment of Deesis.

143 The Enthroned Christ and the Donor. 14th century

144 The Dormition of the Virgin Mary. Church of Mary Magdalene, Skopje, Bulgaria.

Christ as Savior of Souls, icon from the church of Saint Clement, Ohrid, Macedonia, early fourteenth century.

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Annunciation, reverse of two-sided icon from the church of Saint Clement, Ohrid, Macedonia, early fourteenth century.

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147 Cathedral of the Annunciation, Moscow Kremlin. 1482-1490

148 Cathedral of St. Basil, Moscow. 1554-1560

149 The Archangel Michael. 2nd half 14th century

150 Michael the Archangel

151 Saint Luke.

152 Theotokos.

153 The Virgin of Vladimir. 2nd half 15th century

154 Saint Nicholas

155 Saint Nicholas

156 Three Angels (Old Testament Trinity). Andrei Rublyev. 1410

157 Large sakkos of Photius, Moscow Kremlin. ca. 1417.

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