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OREGON GEOLOGY published by the jon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries MARCH 1980 OREGON GEOLOGY VOLUME 52, NUMBER 2 MARCH 1990 Sheer Re Jonna. Chir Baker Cy | Roma K:Cuferson yale Creek Dial A: Haagemen Porland State Geologist Donald A. Hall Deputy state Geologist be D. Beau | Pablo Manager Ealitor ‘heey F Vogt ‘ssoiate baler isis CE" Resendort “Mala Of 910 Sue Ose Bung, 1400 SW Fit Ave and rat one (03) 205580 ker Ci Fel Ofc: 1831 Fe Set Baer Ci 7814, pone (0 SOEI133 ona © teks Reser Coast ‘Gran Pas Fe fice: 597 Morente, Gs Ps S25, pone 03) 76298 Tra. Wik, Rese Cri ‘Mind an Relation Progra 534 Qu Ave SE. Alay rae ate (3) 9ST). Gay Linch, Sepe ‘Sion oie pul Ferland, vgn Suen eas sean 83 pen SIS Sng es 2, Able hak Ses of Ore imho Go gh 50% Ss ep ede ‘eons sl changer as 9 Oregon Ge, 910 See Oise Punting 00 SW sts Ae Fund OR 9720, Poms ered ‘oinper kirmtzn cared hon Cal gh oe Oase De Peete of Cry Nir noc tis ea (ite uprestod POSTMASTER: So! aes cts o Oat (Going Bio Sete Orne leg, 14H SW Sih foes Poking, OR Information for contributors OmenCeovsdesipationschawsegctumt dese! ine ploy a aera tery a Cesc coms | tcimandon bb crane erento etn Orn fc, Too cops of te mux sal be att pd Oa ‘ewpred tego lang ees) and on oe ie he pet tei ana ep cncrmon werd meen a {he apy on Sin dee may esata Pe pee “up Cage throes saad ea ey noes ‘e'fackafite pas A pi shal be dea) mk, td 1 put corse pet par eer Set pe The sy oe ood i eal to US. Gopal Sure ube Se be USGS ral Suess Ar he 178) ‘alotioeupy dul srstoretowescied Autos serene Ahebe aarny oe bblepapi cmc Nines eves bal WS bein! be ann sec ‘Aus wil mie 29 compliment eis of te se coming ‘sr cembuen Mans nesmrace l osing seeene ‘Paid te soto Bovey Voge Rites Mange tb Parts te of Ongen Deptt of Gag) an Mier ste Cover photo Woke instal ellead at he DY Oilwell Nevers 33.0inthe Mist Gar ets notventem Oregon Serle Summary report on oi and gas exploration ad development in Oregon for 1989, beginning on page 4. OIL_AND GAS NEWS Mist Gas Field report revised ‘The Mist Gas Field Repon publish by the Oregon Deparment of Geology and Mineral Industries (DOGAMI) has becn revised fnd i now available with al 1989 etvty and changes included This report includes the Mist Gas Field Map, which was revised io ince the seven wel ARCO ad the st wells DY Oi drilled Goring the year. The location, stats, and depth of all wells are indicted onthe map. The repr also includes production figures forthe wells at Mist from the intial production in 1979 though the end of 1989. Included are well names, revenue generated, pressures annul and cumlatve production. and other dat, The Mist Gas Field Report, Open-File’ Repom 0.90.1, sells for ST Ralemaking continues Draft rales to implement House Bill 2089 (1989 Legislature) are now availabe for review. These are to provide for ground-water rotcton and surface reclamation when sallow exploratory holes, Such as seismic shot holes, are dled by the oi and gas industry in Oregon. Administrative rules relating to oll and gas exploration and development in Oregon ae also being reviewed at this time ‘Those wore lst revised in November 1985, and revisions to these rules may be propored. Public hearings for them and for House Bill 2089 rules wil be scheduled for some time during Febnaary Mach, Contact Dan Wermiel for deta, New maps and reports released by DOGAMI Geologic maps for southeastern Oregon ‘Two new geologic maps released by the Oregon Department ‘of Geology and Mineral Indusries (DOGAMI)deseribe the geology ‘in! mingrl potential ofthe Double Mountain an Grassy Mountain reas in southeastom Oregon, These areas are current the Toews fof intensive exploration for gold but show potential also for other mineral resourees, sch a feldspathic sands, limestone, Bentonite ‘ay diatomaceous cath, perlite, natura gas and geothermal eer 'BOGAMI goologists ML. Fems and L. Ramp produced both DOGAMI map GMS-57, Geology and Mineral Resources Map of the Grasss Mountain Quacrangle, Malhenr County, Oregon fd DOGAMI map GMS-S8, Geology and Mineral Resouces Map Of the Double Mountain Quadrangle. Malhenr County, Oregon. Bosh of the maps are two-color maps ata sale of 1:24,000. ‘They show rock units and geologic structure on 3 topographic thse and ident the locations of samples collected for analysis, fossils, and, in the ease of GMS-S8, gasexplortion wells. The pce of each map i 4 “The two publications were prepared in cooperation with the US. Geologial Survey (USGS) and were partaly funded by the COGEOMAP program of the USGS. ‘The Grassy Mountain 71-minute Quadrangle covers approx- imately 48 mi south of Vale, Oregon. The map ofthe quadrangle, {GMS-57, consists of Wo plates: The fist plate contin he peologie ‘map, two Beologic cross sections, and discussion of the mineral resources ofthe quadrangle: the second plate contains two tables (of sample analyses. ‘TheDouble Mountain minute Quadrangle isthe immediately adjacent quadrangle ta the north. The map covering his quadrangle, GMS-58, consis of one plate that includes the geologic map. nalyueal tables, two geologic cross sections, and a discussion Of the mineral-esource potential of the quadrangk. (Continued on page 36, Reports) OREGON GEOLOG /, VOLUME 82, NUMBER 2, MARCH 1990 Maps: the Earth on canvas by Evel M, VandenDolde, Arizona Geological Survey This paper fst appeared in the Winter 1987 ise of Feldnotes(s. 17, . 4, published by the Arizona Bureau of Geology | and Mineral Technology. Since tha date, the name of the publication fas been changed to Arizona Geology and the name ‘ofthe state agency has teen changed to the Arizona Geological Survey, located at 845 N, Park Avenue, #100, Tucson, Arizona £85719, phone (602) 882-8795. The content of the original paper was modified to include information about Oregon tisizad of ‘Asizna, twas also updated and expanded slghlly by Glenn Ireland, Slac of Oregon Resilem Cartographer, whose assistance is gratefully acknowledged Ears | INTRODUCTION Amelia Eahar. the plcky aviator whose 1937 round-the-werld ight ended in ists ter, may have been the victim of 8 map maker's mistake. Eathar’s fight plan gave the wrong coordinates for Howland Ilan, the South Pacific sander that was only 2 miles (mi) long and that she and navigator Fred Noonan were ting to reach when they ‘vanished. The faulty Tight plan, which was based on inaecurte government chars, put Howland Island 7 mi to the nonhwest of its actual location, Eran’ light plan sed ‘he coordinates forthe tiny il as latitude (la 0749" N. longitude Gong) 176243" W. whereas the sual coordinate ae at 0°48 Nu dong 16°38" W. (Barker, 1986). Some investigators who searched forthe possible causes for Earar’s disappearance belived That she and’ Noonan were on couse and ‘would have reachod Howland Islnd they had been given the coret coordinates, The fist chart to list accurate coordinates ts published four to five months after Earhart nd Noonan vanished. I torfore likly ‘atthe mapping mistake was discovered dur ing the search for Earhart. The discavery ofthe Americas effect Eayhan’s story lusts the importance a reaissace in cangraphy. As the number of accuracy in maps and wansltes 4 seem fof trade routes increased, 50 did the need ingly inconsequental error on pape into the As human cultare evolved fom a no- for more detailed maps. New dcoveres language of human tragedy. Accurate, de- madic, hunting existence to a more setled, from explorations modified human view of tailed maps have enabled humans to chart agrarian lifestyle and ownership and deter” the work. The firs map to inchude Amer, not ony their courses across vast oceans Dut mnaion of propery’ lings became more im published in 1500, showed ita part of Asia also the progress of ther civilizations. The portant. The oldest knowa map, dated sbout (Ras, 1962). Iwas not until ter Mage Following article gives an abbreviated history 2500 B.C, isa small clay tablet that shows lan’s voyage fom 1819 to 1522 tat maps fof cartography, the ar and the science of man’s tate nestled amd mountains and accurately depicted the amenity ofthe Pe ‘mapmaking:explins scale, coordinate sys- vers in Mesopotamia (Charmeriin, 180; cific Ocean. The invention of the engraving tems, and projections ilusrates ow remote- Raise, 1962). The Egypiians measired nd and ponting processes during this period en Sensing techniques aidmapmaking describes mapped tei counyside for property taxes abled wider and more timely diserbution of various specialized maps and How they are to fuel ther hiving civilization, These early new maps. The highest quay mops, pro Used; and Isis several sources of mape of peoples lieved that Ears was at, their duced during he late Teth and Ish cones estimate of Eanh's cicumference of 28,090 ‘mi was only 12 percent lager than is acta Size (about 24,900 mi: Chambers, 1980) His map, which showed pur of Europe, Af rica, and Asi, wasthe istoinclide paralls and meridians. The early Geeks also defined the poles the eqstor ad tropics and de- ‘eloped several projections hit re sil wed today. Medieval canographers, seking a more simplistic view ofthe world fo miror thir religious Beliefs, chose more symmetrical, “divinely perfec outlines for Europe, Al a, and Asia ater than the more accurate, inepularcoastnes of eater: maps, In the late Th century, However, the ave of the compass burgeoned, as did the production ‘ot highly accurate maps known as "porolan har.” wich were wed with minor modifi ‘tions for mor than three centuries. Porto lan chars were based on systematic compass surveys. Most chars included 16 032 com ass roses with radiating hum Hines (lines that show the compass dtetions) a design Sometimes used om curent maps as deco Fation (Rais, 1962), Figure 1. Today's cartographic inst ‘ments range from the compass, which ws Invented during the 11th 0” 12th century, ‘o sophisticated computer systems that can increase the speed. accuracy. and quality of ‘all mapmaking efforts. Drawing by Peter F Coro, Arizona Geological Survey Oregon Imaps reflected this concep. were compiled by Dutch and Flemish map- ‘Ancient Greek culture emphasized logic, making maser, such as Mercator, Osis, HISTORY OF MAPMAKING reason, and sceniffe though, nurturing im” and anszoon (Raisz, 1962), Maps are as old as human culture. The terest inthe workl aswell asthe mind. The The I8th century. known as the Age of euil and accuracy of mapmaking have, Greeks. conceived the idea of a spherical Reason, brougt concomitant age of map in tur, both refleced and enhanced the ad~ Earth. About 400 B.C, Aristotle offered ev- accuracy. Istrumentsto measure latitude \ancersent of civilization, From prehistoric idence a poof: the shape of Earth's shadow — longitude came more sophisticated Tah hhumers. who probaly drew crude maps in onthe Moon during an elipse(Chamberain, _ gulaton ad topographic mapping of France the di to Renaissance navigators, who ex- 1980), Eratosthenes (276-194 B.C.) math: during tis time, sponsored by the Casini ploredandmappedthe oceans and continents, emutcian and philosopher. estimated the size family, spurred interest in similar national {0 today's cartographer, who use satelite of Ean based on observations of shadows — surveys durin the following centry Rese, Images, mapmaking has had a long and ex- ad a knowledge of geometry. Despite his 1962), Caropraphersot the T3th cena aso cing history rude methods (by modem standards), his divenified. and specialized their products, OREGON GEOLOGY, VOLUME $2, NUMBEI 2, MARCH 1990 n creating geologic, economic, and transpor- I. A a graph, lin, bar divided into choose a1 map with a scale appropriate for tation maps: amongother Widthe founding nits that repeseat ground distances. is intended use. For instance, a large-scale ff the US, Geological Survey (USGS) in 2. Inwond that slate the eaionshipbe- map shows more deal but less are: there 1879, the systematic mapping ofthe United tween map distance and ground distance; for _ fore, an uban planner might choose 1600. Staes became an orgaiad effo. fxample, “| inch (in) equals | ile (ni)” scale map that shows power and water lines, Th our own century. the advent ofrmote- means tha 1 i. on the map corresponds to house lots, sets, ete. A small-seale map, sensing techniques sich as aeval potogra- mi on the Broun fon the other hand shows less detail But en iy ad satelite imagery has enabled the 3, As a fraction or fixed rao between compasses wider area. A geologist who Eevtogaphers to create a"bir'-eye” view linear efforsin-mcasurements onthe map is interested inthe general geologic history tthe word and is etures. Digital scanning (he numeratn) and coresponding distances of Oregon might choose 1:500,000-sale Stems and laser ploters have dramatically on the ground (he denominator). For ex- geologic map ofthe sate that shows major increased the accutacy and deta of modem ample, a seale of rhe (or 65.360) means Yock formations and geologic features. An maps (igure 1). Technological advances and fat one Tesurement onthe map exploaion geologist looking fr gold how increasingly sophisticated instruments con- for ample: indepen 683GD of the eveT. wou prefer Lager scale, such as tine to enhance the quay and acuracy ame units on the ground. In this example, <24.000, dat would enable him or her to ‘of human attempts at shtching the fae of Ym on temp Gomeaponde © Tra on SEE MORE precisely the lraion of specific anh Ah tround 41 in foap] 22260 ground) OER Umi oF SiNTUES on the ground S380 feet (i [ground] = I mi [gound)). Large-scale topographic maps (ee se SCALE “he ine number (nap cistance) gen nthe onthe Typesot Maps”) of 1:24,000show ‘Seale defines the relationship between 8 jolsainays Ielnekeend sumer pnd hata and tanmade features such a i ance shown onamnapandthecorespond- Gistance) varies, but the Zager te Second portant buildings, campgrounds, caves, ski ig actual distance onthe ground. Seale ™2Y umber, the smaller the scale Tits, watermill, bridges, and private roads. be eapresed in thee mays (Zumberge and ""\fery"tseay have been mapped several Intemedatescale topographic maps scaled Rusford, 1983) tines But ifferenscles, One should 1:50.00 and 1:100,000 usually omit these SS Sia ew ow Figure 2. Magnetic declination, also known ax compass variation, isthe angle beoween true (geographic) north and the direction in which the magnetic compass points (magnetic north) is value atthe Beginning of 1980 Is indicated in this chart by isogonic lines. ‘or lines of equal defination. Values along the top of the chart refer to dashed Lines. Values along the sides and botiom of the chart refer to solid lines, Sold lines indicate the number of degrees between magnetic north and true north, with magnerie north east of (rue north at locations thar are west of the 0° line labeled ow the bottom of the char) and west of true north for Tocaions that dre east of the 0 lin, Dashed lines ‘ndicate change im minutes per year in the direction of magneric north, with change to more fasrwand direction east of line (labeled on the tp of the chart) and change 10 more weubward direction west of O° tne. From Fabiano and Pedi, 1980, 8 (OREGON GEOLOGY, VOLUME $2, NUMBER 2, MARCH 1990 Features. Small-seale topographic maps of scale 1:280,000 and smaller (i.e. sales with 4 larger denominator) show only major fe {ures such ae natin and Stat parks, Indian reservations. szports, major road, and rail roads (US. Geological Survey, 19816). COORDINATE SYSTEMS Finding oneself is noteasy inthis word Whether ite in the psychological oF ge graphical sphere. Ever since the ist map ‘vas compiled, cartographers have searched for an accurate sytem 10 locale points on the globe, Some map users, such as nay ‘gators, need a means to tack tee progress aevoss oceans others, suchas and owners and goverament officials, neod & metho ‘establish propery lines till eters, such as geologists, need a way to identity localities fof outcrops, minerals, et. so that Future re Searchers can find and siady them, Tathe United States, tree coordinate sys ‘ems are generally used: (1) geographic co condnates atiude and longitude); (2) Public Land Survey (PLS), also called the “Land Office Grid” or “township and range": snd (3) Universal Tranaverse Mereator (UTM) Bd, A Tounh system State Plane Coord hates—is used extensively by sate an focal {governments in laygeseale mapping, nd in Engineering and propery surveys. Each of these systems is explained the sections that follow. LATITUDE. AND LONGITUDE, ‘Cartographers ave arbitrary divided the anh's surface into system of releence coordinates that ae fenmod "laiRude™ and longitude” andar bese ons series of ima. inary ines called “parallels” and “meridians.” respectively, drawn on the surface. Tone imagines Earth as globe with an axis through the Nonh and South Poles, ‘he meridians of longitude would be circles round the globe that passthrough both pes. ‘A meridian is libel according to ie ds tance, measured in degrees, east oF wes of the zero meridian, which was established in 1888 by intemational agreement as the me- Filan that pases through Greenwich, En Bland, near London. Before this ime, many ‘countries used meridians that passed! through their own capital cites asthe O” meridian fortheirowa maps (Chamberlain, 1950). The eo meridian i also cae the “Greensich ‘or"prime” meridian, Because the lobe et- ‘compasses 360", the 180 west meridian {long 180° W:) and the 180° east mendian ‘ong 180° E,) represent the same imaginary Tine known asthe "Intemational Date Line.” Although this line mostly follows the 180° ‘meridian, there is seme Variation to prevent Separating land masses, such a the Aleutian Islands, into time zones with liferent days, ‘Midway between the Nowth and South Poles, the Equator. an imaginary line that circles Earth divides tin al into the North fem and Southern Hemispheres. Imaginary lines drawn concenircally around the poles and parle fo the Equator ae called “pare allel of aud." They are labeled according to their dances, measured in degrees, oth and south of the Equator. The Equator is (0 tate (lat 0°), the North Pole is 90° non latitude (at 90°"), and the South Poles 90° south aitoe at 90” S.), Parallels ‘of latte, as their ame stats, aways pat allel each other meridians of longitude, how fever, converge at the poles, Each degree used to measure Taide and longitude may be divide for more pre- se location into 60 minutes, represented by the minute symbol (*). Each minute, tum, may be subdivided into 60 seconds, Identified by the second symbol (For example, the coordinates of the Portland ‘office ofthe Oregon Departmentof Geology fnd Mineral Industries are lat 45°30'S0 No long. 122°40°43" W, ‘Because the cigcumference of the Eath Js bout 24,900 state (land) miles (21,600 ‘nautical miles) each degre of latitude mea- res about 68.2 statute miles (60 aut mi), each minule measures about 118 statue miles (1 nautical mi), and each second mes sures about 101 f (Chamberlain. 1950). Dis- lances represented by degrees of longitude vary depending upon the Tatiude. At both the North and South Poles, for example, one could walk though 360” of longitude by ‘walking ina circle around the poe. At the Equator, sich a valk would bea considerable ‘undertaking, ined! At the lettude of Po Tand, one second of laitade equals 71 fe One second of longitede equals the same 8 at the Equator—101 f. Time zones ae related to meridians be: cause of Eanh’s rotation. A fll rotation of Earth on its axis (360" of longitude) takes 24 hous, 15° of longitude takes one hour, and 1 takes four minut, “The ltitude-and-longitude system of co- ondinats is sed worldwide. Similar systems have been extrapolated for use in space. OF the thre systems discused inthis atc, this the only one that can be determined aszonomically and without a map (Meri, 19463), Meridians always run in ateve north-south irecton. True north, however. is no the ‘ame as magnetic noth (he diection that the needle in = magnetic compass points). {except on the meridian that pases throws the magzetc North Pole (Zumberge and RU ford, 1983), Thisis because of polar wander- ing: the geomagnetic axis doesnot coincide swith Earth's axis of rotation, The magnetic Nort Pole is actualy at about lat 7" N, ‘which is about I-250 mi from the geographic (rue) Noth Pole Strale, 1981). “The angle in any piven location between trve north and magnetic nor is called the “magnetic” of “compass declination” Dec= ination records have been hep in Pais aad OREGON GEOLOGY, VOLUME 52, NUMBER 2, MARCH 1990 London since about 1600 (Stahes, 1981) Local decination an its annual variation are ‘sally shown inthe lower margin of most ‘maps published by the USGS. The corection for anmual change, however, willbe ony a> proximate ifthe map is more than 20 years ‘old (Compton, 1962). Declination ca also bbe determined from an isogonic char (Fig- ture 2) or by seting a compass on level surface and sighing on Polaris, the Nota ‘Star (Compton, 1962). In Portland the mag- netic declination is 19.68" E, based on the Inemational Geomagnetic Referenee Fick! (Shaul Levi. Geophysics Group, College of. Oceanograpiny. Oregon State Unversity, per sonal comminication, 1989), PUBLIC LAND SURVEY SYSTEM ‘The Public Land Survey System was in stituted in 1785 bythe Contnenial Congress from the recommendation of Thomas el ferson The system was insiuted to getaway from the metes and bounds surveys along creeks, stone walls, and ridges that charac terized the surveys of the 13 colonies. The Public Land Survey System the legal met ‘od of describing land in all stats except the ‘orginal colonies and Texas, A Spanish sys tem i used in Teas, “Township and range designations are used to locate propery hourdaries and deseribe Tand areas. Te basic unt, called a "section is square-shaped cea I mi long and | mi wide." One standard section contains 640 acres. A standard township is 6 mi on each ‘ide and contains 36 wectons or 23,040 scr. ‘When the sections and townships were sur veyed, each section as intended to encom pass an exact square mie of land, Surveying fron, however, ceaed iegulartce i the Shapes of many sections and townships in the United States Zomberge and’ Raton, 1983), “Townshiprange divisions are based on a grid of perpendiclat ines, Township lines ‘are numbered every 6 mi north and south from an inital point, Range line are nim bred every 6 mi east and west from the intial point Instead ofthe Equator and era meridian, reierence ines for township desig ‘ations ae specific easvvest and nortsouth lines called the “baseline” and principal meridian” respectively (Zamberge and Rit Ford, 1983) ownship is loated by giving positon north or south ofthe base Tine and east oF west of the principal meridian. ‘The notation “T. 4 S.,R. 2 W." indicates ‘owns four south, range two west. Many baselines and principal meriians are wed in the United Stites. so township and ange ooadintes are never very large. In Oregon and Washington, the townships are measord from the Willamete Base Line (about lat 45°11" N) and Willamere Principal Me- Filan (about long. 122°44°34" W.), which ‘originate a the Willamete Stone in the West Hill of Porand (see USGS Porand, Oreg.~ » Wish, 7H-minute series [topographic map) Southeast Stark Steet in Portland follows the Willamete Base Line. West of Ponland ‘he Willamete Base Line goes through Hills: how as, SE Baseline See. 'As with degrees of aitude and longitude, sections may he further divided to locate fea tures more precisely nto halves (eg. the tort hal (NI3} oF eas al [E¥3} and then {nto quarers fe. the northwest one-quarter [NWial or southeast one quate (SEV). ‘Quarter sections. in tum, maybe subdivided into halves or quarter. I Figure 3, the 40 acres shown inthe extreme southeast comer ‘of section 24 ae designated by tis aotaton SEUSEM see.24, 11S. 2 W. Propery and land exchanges are often described in these tems Because the township ange and ston coonfinte system isa Mat gr ade of per pendicular lines im Temi segments thee has fo be something tilt into the gad 10 make It ft over the curved surface of the cath CComection meridians aru parallels ave e8 tablished every four townships (23 mi fom ‘he inital port These Guide Meriians and Standard Parliels adjust the alignment of the north-south lines to comect forthe co vergence ofthe lines toward the poe Imagine fo lines, 6 mi apart, running tre north foe 24 mi, In 24 amy these two lines will be 5.96 mi apart because of convergence. At ‘he 24s ark along the principal meridian, 4 standard pale is established. The tone Ship lines are readjusted from 5.96 10 6 mi Spar and another 24-mi blocks surveyed forth ftom the standard paral UTM GRID The Universal Transverse Meteator (UTM) grid was adopted by the U.S. Army in 1947 to assign rectangular coordinates on ilitary maps of the world (Sayer, 1987). Although the orginal UTM nid used only ‘numerals as cordate, the US. Aemy sim- plified it by substituting leters for several hubers. In military patane, he, UTM is called the "Miltry Grd System In sc enti jargon. its simply called the “UTM (US. Deparment of the Arm, 1969, 1983 Hines, 1986: Mersil, 19860), "The UTM divides Earth from west to cast into 60 numbered zones each of which en compasses 6" of longitude. Begining atthe 180" meridian (he Intemational Date Line zomes ae nunbered I to G0 consecutively Fro west 1 east (Mert, 19863). Foe ex ample, zone 1 extends fom Jong 180" W. to Tong 174° W. From south to north, the UTM divides Earth into 20 eteredsubzones, cach of which encompasses 8° of latitude ‘xcept for zone X, which extends 12° (Mer fill 1986 Snyder, 1987). These zones are Istered C to X consecutively from south 10 nom. (The lees Land O are not used 10 void confusing them with numbers.) Num tered and letered arid zones extend oaly ~ Rew Rw Miles eft 7 ms vez e|e3 30] 29 es orf 3 34 [35 6 Rew ONE TOWNSHIP 13N TaN TN Base Line RIE Ree RIE wi |e: | t60acres ONE SECTION Figure 4 Township and range land divisions used inthe United States and some pars of Canada. From Zumiberge and Ruaford, 1983. from lat $0° S10 la 88° N.The polar regions cle them. State hase maps, new maps, and beyond these parallels are assigned coord nates on the Univeral Polar Stereograph reprinted quadrangle mags however, include (UTM grid lines or tik marks (Mert, 18a) (UPS) ged (Sayer 1987), which will not The UTM gh x signieant wo digi canog- bre discussed inthis article. The State of Or raphy ntti s wade used to encode map ‘gon les in UTM grid zones TOT and 117, data Tor evenual computer handling. sthich cover a rectangular are from long 12g? W. to 114” Wand from la 40" 10 48° STATE PLANE COORDINATE SYSTEM Each grid zone may be funher divided The National Geodetic Survey in coor ito gd squaresthatmeasure 100,000meters dination with each state legislature, has de (im) (109,361 yards [ydD) 0m a side; these signed and mandated a projection system that, tte given double-eter designations. In tum, will “i eich state witha minimum of di znd squares may be subivided with finer tortion. Property andengineeing surveys are humeral grids that enable one to fcate an required by sate lw to show the State Plane area 10m by K'm (Il yd by 11 90) on Coordinates ofthe monuments and coat! ‘on cument maps (Mesil 19869) Points on the pats and maps. Most states "The USGS began adding UTM gr ies fre too lage for one projection 10 cover the to as Tvminae quadrangle maps in 1957. entire state without exceeding the distortion Mos 1Ssminite qinirangle mae do not in” lines. When a satis divided into two ot ‘OREGON GEOLOGY, VOLUME 82, NUMBER 2, MARCH 1990 more State Plane Coordinate projection ones thebourdavies ofthe zones ae divided ‘long county boundaries. This iss that @ county survey will always be in only one one. The State Plane Coordinate system is ‘lopment, to, is edited to Hipparchus, who’ used it for astrononal caleslations, “The Onhographic projection became popular during World War Il, s world leaders tried twemphasze the plbal aspects of he conict (Snyder. 1987), Ics seldom used in atlases today, excep for pictorial views ofthe globe, hocause aly one hemisphere canbe shown atone ime, and distortion near the outer ‘edges is severe “The Azimuthal Equidistant projection S o%, shows distances and directions correctly fom ‘ne pont (point of tangeney) on art's su face and any eter point on the map (Figure 5g). Maps based on this projection usally show evs thin one emisphee. The Eeyp- tins probably used the polar aspect for star ‘chars Navigator hve used itt char coast Tins based on distances and directions ob: tained at sea. This projection is used today in maps ofthe polar regions and continents and in work maps for radio and seismic use ‘The polar aspect i also used as the emblem of the United Nations, REMOTE SENSING [Before the invention ofthe sisplane, map making wasa dona earth professionbased fon observations made on land or sea. With the advent of aviation, cers could record what oly birds ad balloons ha soon pre: ously, Remote-sensing techniques. such as aerial photography and satelite imagery, are Used By scents, engineers, and cantata pers to determine land feaiues, 10 siudy 3 changes in vegetation and wilde ito evalate damage caused by teologi hazards sich as loads, landsies, nd setve volcanoes, ‘egetaionl ditfereaces are efecto in the shades ad patter that app in black and-whte arial photographs. Heavy vege tation sich as forests are medi to dark Figure 5, Selected map projections: (a) Mercator (regula ylinvial)(b) Transverse Mercator (ransverseeslindvieal);(e) Oblique Mercator (oblique eslindrcah: (4) Simple ‘Conic regular conic te Steregraphic (planar or mutha, polar aspect) Onhosraphic {planar or azimuthal. polar aspect) and (2) Ainuthal Equiditant (planar oF azimuthal, equatorial expect. From Snsder, 1987 OREGON GEOLOGY, VOLUME $2, NUMBER 2, MARCH 1990 ray in color, whereas grasslands are light ry. Culivated fields are usally eectangular fn shape. Shades also give clues to soil and rock type, Clays that retain moisture, for ex- tpl appear darker than dry sand. Because the ype af vegetation commonly recs the bedroek on which it grows, vegetational var stions can also be sed fo determine P0ok type (Zamberge and Rutfor, 1983). ‘Photinerpretaton can be enhanced by viewing aerial photos stereoscopcaly. Two Dotos of the same ara taken fom sight fifeentposionscan be overlapped through the use ofa stereoscope to show the relief fof the land: Each eye ses only one of the ‘photos, but the brain combines the two im ages to produce a three-dimensionl view (Gamberge and Rutford, 1983). False-color images are created by satel ites that record infrared radiation from Ean. ‘The messured diflerces are computer-e hanced to produce picture ia which the colors are not ue to if: for example, green Yegetation may show a ed, and water may ‘pear black (Zamberge and Rutford, 1983) Color vanations result fom diflerences in vegetation, soil, moisture. and rock types. Falee-colorimages created by EarthResouree ‘Technology Satellites (Landsat ae byprod- ucts ofthe US. space program Esch Landsat satellite citeles the globe 14 times a day. ‘cans a panticular azea of Earth more tha 440 times year, ad creates images, each fof which covers 115 mié (U.S. Geological Survey. 1981a) The frequency and amount ‘ofcoveragemake stelle imagery especially tseful im studying Each’ surface. Satelite images, however, cannot show the deta that serial photographs can Beene they are taken fanher from Earh's surface snd thus, at a smaller seal. Because the satelites pas over the same point every nine days, comparative studies can be conducted on such topes as ‘vegetation of human habitation, ‘TYPES OF MAPS [A map is graphic representation of par ‘of Ears surtare. Some Types, such as road maps, show the disrbuton of tures ard ‘manmade stuctures in two-imensinal for. Otertypes, suchas topographic rape usta the thre dimensional atu of Ears features fon a twordmensional surface, Bocaise 860 Jogi stares are ee-imessinal he laner ‘ype of map is more useful 19 geologists "There are basically Tout types of maps: planimetic,ipographic, tbematic. and pho foimage maps (US. Geclogical Survey, un dated) Planimetric mapsshow naturale tures, such as rivers and lakes, and cull features, such as oad, allroad towns, and land botndares, ut donot show rele fe tures, such shill or valleys. The latte may be labeled, however land map i a plan metric map. Topographic maps show bath Teatures and surface elevations. Photoimage ‘maps, such asthe erhophotoquads and oF ‘thophotomaps, are derived fom arial pho ‘graphs tha have been coretedoeliminate dstorons dve to perspective or camera tit ‘These mapsare related to standard cooninate systems but show photogeaphic details that Figure fm pars of the See (Figure 4h Trommel and sttce wah plant: Rey Tracy placer mine am Snow Creek OREGON GEOLOGY, VOLUME 52, NUMMER 2, MARCH 1980 1. Cornucopia Mine—gold Seon 21, 7 6S. Rs5 Bahr Cony Sal underground explo rio dling program by ones. UNC Corporation 2 Herculean Mine—gold and base metals seo 22, 8S. R36 E, Baker County. Smal exploration snd de setopment propa by Cable Cove Mining Compa. 3. Flagsafl Mine—gold sec .9'S, AVE, Baker Coon. Deiling progam by Heca Minne Compan. 4. Spanish Guleh—gold Seu 12. 13,713 8, R24 B, and secs 7, 18,7135, R28 , Wieter Cony. Small dling ropa by ASARCO. 'S. Prairie Diggings prospect—gold Seo 347.138. 52E, Grant Count Dring rogram by Goldearch Resouces, Ie 6. Grouse Creek prospect—copper, silver ‘secs. 24.25.1. 148, 30E her Couey. Dring program cone ty Goconts Beware Li 7. Racey properts—gold seen 9,2 FT 198-841 E, Malar Coun. Contin ding ty fan Miner i, sn ate ah year by ea a Bilitoe Minerals USS, nce so sete 8. Matheur City area—gold ‘Tp 2. 13S. Rs. 4,41 B Baker County: Land acqisin, sara exploration, and ome ding ty Bath Search Scenes Ie and Beaver Resources jae verre 9. Kerby—gold sree 22,77). 15 S. RAS, Baker Coty. Dein comme by Maller tng Company: Fania bas ne eee to 10, Tub Mountain area—gold ‘Secs. 4.5.6,7,8.7 17 8,4 Maer Coun. Mathur Min ‘ts Prcious Moy snd Eao-Nevade Maing Copan, Icy te ‘Guim groupe inthe en. Malheur Mining’ group Was lessed 10 Echo Boy Some diag opal tee prope 1, Hope Butte—gold ‘See 21.7178, R43 E, Malheur County Chevron conioued ing. 12, Vale Butte—gold ‘ster 28, 39,7, 18S. R. ASE, Malhur Com. Under eration ty Aras Precious Metals Comper 3 Idol City area—gold "rps 20, 21'8. R52 E, Harney Couny. Dring by Newnont Mining company: 14. Drewsey area—gold “Tp. 20, 215. Rs 84 5E. Homey Coun Exploration andevaation ‘otams ty Crom Cole Expoton Company, Ble Mousa Gold ‘nfortin, Reve lndsiee Caron Gok Cajorabon and ober Cy pe ile several tes atte Red Bute prspet in sees 38.20 StR3S E. and later roped the las 1S, Gold Creek area—gold ‘See 3, 4, 12 SRA Ey Malar County. Geochemical sampling and aeopiysal surveying by ‘Mate Coraion 16, Harper Basin—gold ‘Set 20.13, 31 SR. 4B, Malbeur Coty. Exporaon dling ‘by Amaian Copper and Niel Company and Aas rete Meas Can ey om aj proper 17, Shell Rock Butte—gold ‘Sen 8, 1191S RAS b> Mabeur County. Small dling rosa ‘eyASARCO. nc on rope ohnedy Wester Epealese oped terial ding Popa by ly Precious Meals Company on Hs ‘own pope. 18, Grassy Mountain—gold ‘seu8 To 22S, Ruf, Malheur County, Aas Precious Meu CCoapany cotied ring. Bogan iselne emvironnenal Swain ‘hoes perting pln and pemit spleen te US. Bara oF ‘OREGON GEOLOGY, VOLUME 52, NUMBER 2, MARCH 1990 Table 3. Exploration sites in Oregon, 1989 Land Management. Announced reserves tol 1.2 millon oe of gol in fe averging 0.0687 old er ton, 19, Burnt Mountain area—gold Seet5.6.7,8.9.7 235, Rad, Males Coun Land acuston and aig by Norns Exploration, Ie 20, Dry Creek Buttes area—gold "Tpa 23,28 S. Rs 4 41 E, Maheer County, Rotary ding by Nowands Expoation ie,oh he Lavery sins, Manele, ASARCO, tnd Nowoda tide claim locks in netbytes 21. Quartz Mountain—gold Sie, 1-288. B43 Ey Maou Cun. Chevron died one hoe forwater sas p tab cap preparation orupcxtesieesplontion progr in 1990 22, Red Bulte—gold ‘set 26,27, 35, 255, R. 43, Malheur Cony Hand sping program by’ Cheon Prospect an 4 Wilder Stay Ae 23, Katey—gokd “Tp 24 8, R45, Matbeur Coty. Sl tary dil proran and land ockeipvamping by ASAROO. 24, Bannock—gold ‘seo II, 7. 268, R, 45 E, Malheur Coty, Soll ling program by Macie 25, Mahogany—gold ‘sees, 28:28, 28S, RABE, Malhour Coury Sal diling progam by Chevron 26, Hillide—gola Ses. 2627, 4,1. 295..R. ASE, Matheur County Surface sampling and geophycal stiveys by Manville Corporation, 27, Anderson property —gold ‘see 35, 129 Sy R45 fy Malu Cou. Suface sampling and smal dling program by Nero Exporaton Compan. 28, Bornite—copper, gol, silver See 36,7 8S. 4 Es Maron Coun, Plesus Resources Corporation ‘baie dexsloyeent pix. Company epost diling by AMOCO fl omhers ate 1970" a ery T9RDs pees eserves of 31 mon tens averaging 240 perce coppee, O23 oe por ton gol, and 087 fr pe ton see 29, Bear Creek Butte area—gold ‘Ips 18 19S. R18 E. Crook Couny. Dring program cominved by Freepor-Me Man Gold Company 30, Summer Lake a ‘Sea THT 308. RICE, Lake Coun Soll ling popram by NA" Degestom, Ine 31. Paisley area—gold "TS. R618, 19 Ey Lake Coury, Sufice investigation by NA Deenirom In. 32. Quartz Mountain—gold Stes. 26,27, 34,35, 7.37 SR. 16 E, Lake Coun. Pagans Gd Inc. snes with Quane Meunain Gold Comperaion ged ‘oni eaploraion condoetfeasiy studies, and develop ae pla. ‘Seni tay completed in Ang 1989 celine proven an probabe| fesres of 9 tors er the combined Crone land Guat Bate ‘epost, what average prde of OHS po ton gold Dring ‘Quite Moutaia Gold Coporation ladies serves of 6 mio ont ‘Reraping 0.025 oz gold pe on. More than 65 holes aggresing about S500 fe hve been leon the 910.2 propery 3, Silver Peak Mine—gold, silver, copper ‘ec. 28, TMS. R.6 W, Douglas County. Drilling cominicd by Formosa Mining Company. 34. Turmer-Albright—eopper, zinc, gold ‘Secs, 15, 16.1 418, R.9W.,Joephine County. Savana Rescucs ‘ids and Aur Resources Li, ced te jot venue: Aur to spend S23 lion on exploration. Company repos tat dling indented reserves (33 ion os averaging 146 percent copper, 39 pee nc. and 811 or geld per ton EXPLORATIO “The southeasem Oregon gold rsh ace crated fellowing the amouncement Ite TRS of covery in the Grmgy Mont aca. Atlas Pocious Metals continued ding Grassy Mountain ste (Figue 2. explo tation sie 18) dwagh most of 198 and Snnornced st creme i geologic rscries to 12 million of pd im one averaging Hs por ton. Feasbliy sts and eo Aes of belle civinmnncial sa ule abi data ae nnereay. An operating pl ‘ay smite tothe Boresn ot Land Max Agerentin November. Extensive dling was steo done at the Hope Bute (Figure 2-e5po 5. Diiling ut the Hope But ppect by Chevron Resouces Corporation (Figate aon we Ul: Figure hand Ketty poxpects 2, exploration site 1 (Figire 2 experation sive 9), Evaluation of the ale At progres, Exploration activity 80 iy concentrated in grthern Malheur County bit spreading to tee areas, Neatly 8,000 clams sere sited Malheur Coumy 1989. bragng the ttl tumor of ela in the cont raore than 21,00 Exploration ding was done on at fast 10 dese properties in esate. gute? shows he cation of prop tries where exionave suice sampling Or shilling has ten done Al tut two of the depowit in Malheur Coty tein rocks of Miocene & Phocene age The northern (vo epoca (Fgute 2, eploraton sites 7 aid 8) ae pay hoxed in at slered quane dose porpnyry. The ‘uincaliztion tay be Tena it age Mo Seder hoe some of dam eer isiiie ‘lemic racks. Anoriated hal locally The depois Gpiclly of eer Figué 6. Chakediny ven exponed on Gold Creek prowoe! (Figie 2 exploration eign (Figucs 6 sad 7). Hot apene ster ute 18) of Manvite Corpor ave asovited with several of her. Sit ation ui age alteration of Host rocks common. Anomalous level of areenic are fy cornea and thay oF My FOL be a8 sociated with gold. Chere gestopst David Bush reported at mise zon at Quartz Mountta an Hope Bure has teen dated a 17K and 3.9 milion yearn respectively (oronal commuricaton, Detober 1989), The date ao bes on mule tanec analyeos of ada Geologic marpig of the Boise 1° 2 ‘quncdangle (eae 12000) in central Mal eur Chunky coins. The mapping snvlved ‘works frm the Oregon Deparment of Ge sg) and Mineral Industries (DOGAMD, tae US: Geological Survey, and Portand Site Univer. Govlogis wpe of the Graveyard Poin, Ouytee Dam. td Adrian ude. were rekased in 1980 by DOGAML Similar Jeovegle maps of te Double Mounts at Gramy Mousial, udiangles were released ieewly 190 C1 Hews 7 tivccie expe om teeta of Ret Bie (Fipere 2 2 OREGON GEOL {VOLUME 82, NUMBER 2, MARCH 1990 Oil and gas exploration and development in Oregon, 1989 Wf Ceti amt Mla Tada Daw £ Wermiel. Peevotewn Gestalt, Oregon Depart ansraacr an ps basa cian 18D Five eno and Margene le fats wee wun foe pas Thc na figs tr S885) Bic The ll of ede Scr oa 168 sBhacs aye end Nowa orcomnty ive ut eee fel Unig te yo Thin wale we aed eae Mt Gian Fa al clo which sve wee Gilby ARCO aos by BY Thee AiO Welk aioe OY Ol nel ewan cool pescmpltcons, The edad 8p proce onl ven os veal Bie camectea ayer ad A alo 6 Pll se (Gc ope prea ing 109. wih» ae of $22 al AED aso led un uso Astra Bh ta Casey Cony he tn tun age pot cae ily cpentoaton Raventer height Miler Stan ws co oh age yon fused » het situa gm ppeie ers Wt Os Pad and poring «i tre oe igi eel The Peper! OF Geology ad inal gece seced MC ea eee Bai Dong wd Cos Conn 2d Spal te Fa pe of apn and poe Sect or Gey Us ine Hace BA 2089 an toe el fogs cera a Sree as LBASING ACTIVITY There se decline i Yea, activity caring 198, Leasing actisty ince five public and lane ales by the U.S. Bure 1 Lan Management (BLM) plus overt Souter igs af BLM propeny, No Teas Sere purchised at any oF th Tease alex There were Migs for AD parcels totaling 49.351 sores loca in Whotler, Crock, and Waieo Counties. Fan F Georeootees ed for two of te parcels in Wheeler Couty aint DML Yates fi fe reminder A igre 1. ARCO well OR 21-33-40, the deepest well delle in Oren ding 99, ae DM ac i for here A was ii en he Aria ain Cae Coun feres were under lease at year's end. This ies decline from te $76,038 aces in 397 ORELLING Fehd wan sincovere in 1979, The on well Fatcls ender lense at he emt of KK The Atoll of explorsoryOlland gs Wel see s wide wall lal by ARCO fn the foul eral income during T9H9 wax about was dled i the Nef 1989, Ths tke Asora Basia of eerfestem Oregon. This 519,00, dln fro he $1,139.00 Horton oat gas wells “well, the OR 21-15-90 (Fignce |), ts loi ig he pectiond. yen tat vere during 1988 ba ian overall shout [2 mi ontiweat of Mist as Feld la Artcent if 1989, ive SaueaF Onegin dees i tal ils Becks drng TWAS. Clason County nem the teen of Wepre leases uambered $5, toaling 73,428 aces. Ssiled The well was lle 3 ual depth of 5.896 Tot rectal iiceme was $7428 For the year. Tedrls urderaken. All but one of faking ite deepen well deided in Creg ‘aise or county louse wales wereld te wells wets fled Ia the Mist Gus Field dating 1989, end it wan plgged nd aan nap 1989 ard. puter that ns comtinaed gine the dened ax m dry hale OREGON GEOLO VOLUME 82, NUMBER 2, MARCH 1990 a Figure 2. Preparations to perforate for a flo’ ws atthe DY (id welt Neversitl 3-30, thw emt ga producer at Mist Gas Feld ft openaied fy ARCO, At Mist Gas Field, wo operators were active during the yea As bus Boon the cate or the pas several year, ARCO Ol an (Gay Company avi the tom netve operaor, ailing sven ex lors) wells Of these, thee were seessfal gan completions, fax Tour wore dry holes. DY Oil dled x exploruory wells 1 Mist oe of which wits a succesful gas completion (Fgane 2 aa the rat wee’ dey en Total dnlline footage for the year was 33.808 fo decreate fiom ‘the 61,523 1 delled during 1988. The average depth per swell wes 2-416 1, 9 mall decline fom the 2,797 per wel Ablled daring che previous year DDureg 1989. the Gregen Department of Geology and Mineral Industries (DOGAMI) issued 19 permits to dil Table 1), while 1 permis were canceled during the year (Table 2) AND GAS PRODUCTION Fel saw foat new preducers a decmise trem the seven paces dled during 1988, ARCO Oil and Gas Company Ie the opera of three of the disavery well, wick are the CER [s158, CER 4-164 and CC 34.2865, Wih the seoesfl com jleton ofthe Never 23-3) well, DY Oil became the only other fhm prowice at Mis, Thee were 1 pues at year eu, up From Ud potucer atthe ei of 3H th addition, seven gis ele were awa pipeline connection. Fight additonal wells are shot Tomer producer. One of thes, the CU 44-21, hus been convened ty ARCO OM and Gis Company 40 4 saespsal wel Tas ila dion! wate-diapoal wll a the Bld supplement the CC 13%, whic fs comely the ony well uscd fc this penne (Gs producto forthe yur totaled 25 Bc Ths is. cecline from the #0 Bef produc! during 1958, Fut of the deine In “ible 10 ad on pe ou ria Oren. 1989 Ses dg Permit Operate, vel, PTD = propose TO mo, AP rmimber” = Lata iS reel ah aKco NW see 38 — Abuonet, Oregon 23086 TW NRG Wty le Eh Cotes TON RSW Troan Seb aay Columba Caney aah arco NEw he 92 Pim ed 36-0004W250——Cubin Coury 4 Keo Wu see, 1K Abo, CER teks TANS RIL Wy tne Seoo-onas! Golub Caumy TEs Tao 425 aneo Nie ae, 9 Comte, Cake Ten Raw Ty stot 09.0052" Colimbin Coury we aKeo Selves 17 Abin, Mamin 05 LON, R3W. Gy tee Sete ema Cony TD, 3 2s py ol 0 GR AH | LON RAW. Sores Cohbl Cuty $26 teatio SW se. 17 SOR Columba Coury 327 by ow SEs sec, 30 Completed ws Seven 3230 TOR RSW Tras RoerCa 6 TSN RSW de bale Spiaweonas) Cojuna Couny TB. 42 Dy of Wea ee # Ande WANBNRSS— Columbia Couniy “TD: 2H Ime ec2ts NSN RSW. dy he a AROD St ase 8 Aras ‘-000-0N061—Colembia Counvy TH, 2,70, 44 anon SW: Feonit ae Goh oe i389 TNR SN PTDL Lass 5 aneo SW ss Sin it Cheeses TSN Raw PD ams Shoononat Columba Cy 436 ARCO Wi se. | Gore, Cole Gainy 7 ARO Siu ee 25 Abia OR M2660 TEN RON. dy fae Omg Soe 322 TI'S. Rea We PID 2am $e.F-on001 ” Watungon Cosy 49 DY ait SE wee 5 Abalone seuwp.oaaee Colonia Eniny OREGON GEOLO Y, VOLUME 52, NUMBER 2, MARCH 1990) me oe Me as wo 290 a a a9 a 43 stibutable to the shundown of pipeline for constuction and maintenance at Mist Gas Field. The cumulative field production as of the end oF 1989 was about 384 Bef. The ‘Table 2. Canceled and denied permits, withdrawn applications, 1989 Operate, wel ‘APT number Domgsiew Pitre 25-3505 seumoats arco aa eo, 117.65 Secnainte arco. Cok Co, 25.1865 Scaamonais ‘Reo CL Co, 32-2665 ‘Seows:iats aRco Col Co, 242065 Stns naa Cai Co, 222765 Seono:iaa (CCSsckson 28.17 Sono na arco Cr st-t6s Sean ont27 ‘aRco Ramla 23.17.65 Souknonnes arco Cob Co, 2247-75 Seeconines7 ARCO reson 13.33.80 Secon oot Norte Fel Dex Hamererg 521085 rena arco Merida 4-31.65 Solun2ea Location SW see, 38 Tene Sw Colina Coun Was see 7 TONKS % Cole Cony SW 66, 18 TON, ks W. Columba Cony NES se, 25, Tene R SW, Columbia County Sho 6,26 Tene Rs Columbia Couns Wa se. 77 TEN RSW, Cole Coury Ss 6, 17 Tis Nek é W, Coma County Nis 01 Colntia County Shia see. 17 Tene R Sw Wis see 17 TINS R.S W 80 se, 39 TENR OW, Casey ‘County NEw ae. Ten RSW Columbia Coury SE se, 31 TEN, RSW, Cole Couney total value of the eas produced forthe year was $35 illo, « decrease from the S64 rillion during 1988, Gas prices ranged from 1 cents 40 15 cents per therm, 2 decrease From the range of 14 cents t0 20 cents pet therm during 1988, Gas STORAGE During the year, Northwest Natural ‘Company competed its edesgnof the Miller Satin at Mist Gas Field, including instal- lation of two new compressors. This com= pleted consiruction athe natural gas sorage project, which became fully operational on ‘November I, 1989, Natura gr as injected ‘ave Cancion 21987 21987 ase a0 saver v8 ‘te 3949 22149 22149 22189 22149 7189 52149 9.2689) i649 1889 OTHER ACTIVITIES During 1989, Nonhwvest Natural Gas com pleted consruction ofthe Mist South feeder 38 pipeline. This 49-mi pipeline connects Permit canceled expe Permit canceled expe. Permit cancel: pie Permit cased csp Perm cancel expe Permit canceled ie, Permit canceled Spe emt cane Permit canceled repens Perm cancel exp Pet anced: cap Porm cance per peritees| Feet Application shawn ino the Brucr and Fora Pools, each having ‘three injection withdrawal wells Ntural gas was withdraw from these pools sting in December 1989, ‘he natural gas stomge project at Mist Gas Feld othe Portand area vn 16-n pipeline (Gee Oregon Geologs, ¥. 31, 90. 5 OREGON GEOLOGY, VOLUME 52, NUMBER 2, MARCH 1990 DOGAMI continues the Study of the oil and gas penal ofthe Tyee Bain, located primarily in Douglas and Coos Counts in Southestem Oregon. The fist phase ofthe Study is now completed and includes pro duction of regional geologic map and cross sections and a Source-roek repor ofthe ae. ‘These willbe published and available for pur chase from DOGAML The sty i intended ‘0 investigate those characteristics eded 10 ‘generate and trap gas and ol, namely, source rock, stratigraphy, and sidtural framework. ‘he study. which is being funded by land owners in ihe study area ad by county sae, and federal agencies, will publish surface geo Tie map ad fenes igran ofthe Tee Basin using surface und subsurface well con- ‘ool daring 1989. The Northwest Petoleum Assocation re- ‘mained active during 1989, with about 125 ‘menor at year's end. At monthly meting, papers related tothe oil and gas industry re presened. Foe 1990, plans are to hold ‘he annual fed symposium during Septem- ber In Roseburg, Oregon, including a eld trip © observe te structure and stratigaphy of the Tyee Basin, ‘Offshore oil and gas exploration is sill many years away inthe segon, but planing is underway a the state and federal levels ‘The Oregon Ocean Resources Management ‘Task Fore, established by the 1987 Leg. islatre has continued to hold meetings ant ‘workshops to gather np regarding planing for new uses of the ocean, primary mineral development. The Task Fore will esue an Jnerim repr: during erly 1990, The general ‘consenstsffom the public has heen that ex sting uss such fishing and tourism shoul bepreserved, whereas ol and gs exploration for mining should be prevent A final plan is scheduled for release in July 199, ‘The US. Minerals Management Service plan to old an April 1997 ol and gas lease ‘Sleforthe OuterContnemal Shelf Oregon and Washington. Planing continues forthe Sale despite opposition fom the Slat of Ore 300, which feels this sale shouldbe deayed br possibly canceled, pending competion of detailed stuties of the aes ofthis acti Industry ineest will be gathered this year hich may ultimately determine whetherthere will be 2 1992 offering During 1989, DOGAME published its Os and Gas Investigation 15, ended Hyd: Carbon Exploration and Occurrences in Or- ‘gon. This publication iss all know oll nd fs occurences in Oregon in wells and ct {he surface sich as oil and gas seeps, Is costs $7. Asa companion 0 OOL-1S, DOG- ‘AMI published Open-File Repor 0:89:10, Bibliography of Ol and Gas Exploration in Oregon, 1896-1989. This provides com prehensive listing of references relevant 0 ‘il and gas exploration in Oregon, The cost is $5. DOGAMI aso has recenly revised the Mist Gas Field Repon, deseribed inthe “Oil and Gas News” (p. 36 ofthis iss). DOGAMI has ceatnued the development ‘of rues to implement House Bill 2089 and to revise administrative rues relating to ol and gas exploration and development in Or on. This work is scheduled for completion uring 1990. MINERAL EXPLORATION ACTIVITY Major metabexploration activity Pret mame, ‘Projet Date ‘company location Metal Status ‘Apa Swart Fp 8, WS, Gold Eph 1983 Kappes Cassidy RE STE May Quan Mounnin TT 8, ou Tsk ivecet Reses R16 F the Take Coun 198k Bont Goat Rel? her Lie Coumy Sertember Angel Camp rvs cow Ex Tmt Wavscest Resorss, R16 E ie Take County September Glas Hane Tm 24'S Gol Exh TORK Gala Series ROH) he Take Coony Senenber Gnay Mamuin —T.22 § colt Ex Tsk Atle Precious Mets, Re ‘om ie Malbeu? County September Kerhy Tiss oot ex Tost Maliur Mining SS con Malheur County Sepenber QM ras. oo Ext Tat Chevron Resounes, aE © Malteur County Cctoter ear Crt Tm 11'S. Gol Exh TSR Prepon MeMoRan iN Gai Co, Goat County Decenber Harper Basin ras. Go Ex 9st Amencan Copper 42 nd Niche Cor Malheur County January Siver Peak TNS. Copper. AB. 1959 Fomoa Explomtion, 6 W. ‘im com ne Dols County May Hoye Bute ris. Gold Esp 19 Cheon Reuss, RAD com om Malu County September East Ridge Tiss. Gok AR Matur County Appeappictio ing paxese. Esp Itaageny cooing commie formed. hie Collection sae. Die-Date application wae rosie or permit sie. Exploration and bond ceiling rule making “Advisory Commitees organized 1 make recommendations on cexploration permits (HB 2088) and bond ceilings Toe some metal ‘nines (SB 354) ikely will have concladed their work bythe time {ou read his, Fora copy of either set of draft rules and schodule {of ralemsking hearings, contact Doris Brown atthe Oregon De- partment of Gcology-and Mineral Industres (DOGAMI) Mined Land Reclamation Orie, 1538 Quoen Avenve SE, Albany, OR ‘97321, phone (508) 967 2039, Mining issues forum In order 1 bring together all groups concemed with mining in Oregon, DOGAM! and others will Sponsor a forum 10 review potential benebcial and negative impact fom lrge-sale mining In Oregon. Representatives of a wide range of intrest, including ‘mining companies, environmental groups, sate and local elected officials, and repulatory agencies will be invited to partiipae ‘Addiioal information will be presented in this column inthe May and Joly isies of Oregon Geology 4 tus changes Pegasus Gold is king over the propery curently permited to Wavcorest Resources at Quartz Mourtain and Agel Camp in ‘Lake County. project coordinating committe meeting was Held wih Pegasus and the regulatory agencies on February 22 to review the adequacy of the baseline dita collected 10 date The operating plan of Formosa Exploration, Ine, was approved for completeness in Decemiter ty DOGAML. Final approval of the pent by DOGAMI is possible this spring. The Water Pollution ‘Contol Facility Permit ised bythe Deparment of Environmental ‘Quality has been drafted. Contact Jery Tumbugh, phone (503) 195374, for further information, ‘An initial project coordinating commitee meeting for Chevron’ Hope Butte property was held in Febuary ‘AIL eaders who have questions or comments should contact, Gary Lynch oF Allen Toop at the MLR office in Alban, phone (503) 967-2039, Capitol display celebrates 25th anniversary of State Rock ‘The display ease of the Oregon Council of Rock and Mineral Cubs (OCRMC) atthe State Capitol in Salem curently houses an exhibit that celebrates the 25th anniversiry of the adoption Df the Thunderegy as Oregon's State Rock The exhibit, which ‘vill remain until May’ 15, 1990, was provided by the Far West Tapidary and Gem Sociey of North Bendoos Bay and arranged by Ber Sunne and Cecelia Haines ‘The display features a framed copy of Senate Joimt Resolution 18, adopted March 29, 1968, and signed by Govemor Mark 0. Hatfield Ten color photogrphsencased inluctepresentbe theories fof the Thundereps's origin “OCKMC news release Corrections “Te msh to mest deadlines an the complexity ofthe De- panes new detop pushing syrcm reed in enor in th Jnsey 198 nef Oregon Geog We spose for any incovencnce ti may have aud I Taz 16 capon, 8 st sentence shuld have he words “ssc chan ned the end Ture 2D capt. 10 sould ead “Reworked ial deposi cexpved in omit on the Croked River rae” 3 Fire 29 cation, pss ead “Dark, comet sands a mtenpertd wilh laminate sheet No depos ine Deschuts Formation nar Round But 4 Fie 2 cao, 1-delet the words “Hypeconcentatd fom 5. Figure 28 caption pl, changefinthvee wordst"Extemely coarse coglomertes Comic senses 7 and 8 in "Cove Pls Sate Park Feld Tp Cuil on p19 shld read “Plow expoed the fof Dry Canyon af Rovmd Bute ows “son 4p, paragraph, sentence 2 de “hah” and “and da (andes?) Sentence sae paragraph, shold be hanged two somences that ead “Te secon te iho Coverite A wt o py reeked tf unit overs a SCngiomerat and cou teddal sanione about flea down the ene Sep 5. p14, parseanh 1, ext t ast sentence shold be changed o read “Thr exceptional hicks may Be the ee OF pening behind «esa am downstate Is fo ict ven of ts eter tha th ck an bhavor in places at single coling ie” 3°Stop 6p Sepang Iesenenc 3, change “ower uni so Super nt ES VOLUME 52, NUMBER 2, MARCH 1990 AVAILABLE DEPARTMENT PUBLICATIONS GEOLOGICAL MAP SERIES Price {GME Cig, Poem Towne ns, Cony Co ose Fenn ero Sai of a of Sale Roe cman | ‘OMS Congas Boas ewiy wma map. Seal Cael Mo Gong Baer Cao 200 ee Quang ake tn Maer Cons 197 Ges ie ited ete Bap Oe, TAT oo am a a coms ad eras ee ee Pear a nt RL er ap coo SO ‘Quodranges, Marce/Ptk Comes. 381 cuaes Seats a nS Seam aE ons re nee a os Ena ste cpa 9 a a cen Fe eer oe cones See i er FT ‘essai, Batt Canc Tot sw esas eae Se ee Gai Ges34 Ging Cm fi Psa Ga a |GMS-25 Geciogy and god deport up, rane Tninae Quota ONS eae RN Sa Tm Os (6N6.28 Gate ld ago tp, Gren Tia ‘aap ira Gr Coat 18 son os Gi dep NE BTSs Gi ‘mae be ‘oss. Gig map SE Raa Rak 1 a aE Cyn cine Cen ‘oat Cae a lat map, NWT Bae in Gea tae a Cony Ta = Cons2 Gti map, Won 9s Gang: Ci a Sen conte Tet : “ asa Ci Soe ME Tae Ging, Ons cx Seg. Sie SF Ta Ot, Ha (6MS.36 Googy and go a Bap ‘ag Cine esse Mr aces ap ot em TRE EASY Mert ree, map thre Oey TRS EB Sa ae ae asi os. Ti Sa Sa a pw To oe Gap Baer Cog ogy tS a ee sa ip ir Bak Ra Gee mie Goa onset ane S Site sete ile Cony a8 ‘oMs45 Gog tg. Mh Wen ae Ws Fa smi Qi og ion Cn (6x46 ings mB Raat we, Lin ta Won Co ‘OREGON GEOLOGY, VOLUME 52, NUMBER 2, MARCH 1990 a co Sap Re mnt en ae I Ges apne Cog Nominee Qing, Ma GMs. Geol up EE Fae TGs Gate, Har ase ge he Cla a ai jen ae ne eased ky a oe aes ae Guuregi, Anew Cony. 600 gag tte Quadang Maer Cony Ba yoy Seo “ ana PR ee ro st wine Tomas of Osea Ea a “4s Feropow babe, Sans Fls, Maton Coony, 1976 ———— on Sty gm ds On ‘78 itogrphy of gecogy and mineral sures at a dah ‘ 1 Geangy an miner recur, wpper Cc Rive ir Sa oa 32 et se a a Coy Ch. 17 3 Kiva Kat Stn kA pop 197 so 3 Naame gees AGU Chapman Coleen Fal Wing 197290 —— 3 ty off mel ono Sp 101 ao el pe wer Ore aoe aa ve ingly ag a mea Om OW 1 gry a le a Os MISCELLANEOUS PAPERS 5 cee: gold pen, 108 i ‘Ries of mere grt Fan BE oe Bi TR 3 Sstemal epi stde in Ogan TETTF 0 SHORT PAPERS ” > OREGON GEOLOGY Sezond Oise Mator 910 Sate Office Buling, 1400 SW Fith Averue, Poriand, OR 97201 POSTMASTER: For 379 requeted AVAILABLE DEPARTMENT PUBLICATIONS (continued) SPECIAL PAPERS Price Subutice sitgnphy of te Ocaca asn, Orgen. 186410. 2 eld goby, SW Broken Top Quang. 17 3509 Suturice Hestgrphy ofthe eet lle Hun 19} —— 60 5 Rock rater more. Casa Caimb, Malan, ad 10 Mia Gas Felt Expost developmen 199-1986 985 $0) oe = 3m M Reni oferty wl ween Cnn, Da § ost ufos of te Goan Fr osk mere a 12 Bosra expose, well, N Wines Basa — 8.0) —— Oren 1999. 30013 Barta. calrary ell, § Willan Ban, 989 — 60 — ‘fhe Le Gn 180 500 16 Oil antpm ines of te Atos Bo, Ctep rd 4 Prva For Rock Lake Lae Coun 1999 — i — Sacer Titan Comte, 198 = 700 1 Goslogy and pscemary of te Mout ond vakawo, 1980 300 — 18 cat eno an oon a Og TH 100— 9 Geog) of te Broo Ta Spee: Quungle 1980" 20016 Aas wll Mow a sures comer nd le Tesene tate f the Oren Reem Coca 1960 3.0, pe nes 18 $00 ‘Thee and derations on asley of Oon.Bihography In der 9-192, RD 12 Geologie nears ofthe os pa fe Cscae Rage MISCELLANEOUS PUBLICATIONS. Gee map of Ongon eat of 2st sera (US, Geli ope me eres ee Pa ad ama fst Coa, Ong, RT — ‘Can map uf Orgone of Tata mean (GS, Gelepa Seas oe ae eee oe Sty ia tan 60 15 Sy as fant once cur Gop ocr aia pny mi le Nae ego, Ong nae ‘aio ae ia AarO sao 16 ag ar mt Ow Ga Hei ger nae a 17 teers ot Ose poe, THER Hat ——— Coeur renner ey 18 Investigations of tale in Oregon. I nhermal resources of Oregon (published ty NOAA). 1982. 3.40 18 Lanes dei in Oem 1989 800 fater'nap af maane ureeegee pete Ores nied By 8 aan i See On arama SCOP Sees 1 potential. 1989 ——__________600__ eng a0-miaute Quadrangle, Geologic map and reconmaisance geo a REG Ja WWW aaa Te Gee Come OS a ae ar Lr Baer Ga heat poe’ ae 1S Sm North a heute et end tes O11, AND GAS INVESTIGATIONS pore Reet Od ye pec a) "heey uefa o Fonte, acl Pen ots Sete eae Sea bl at ace BT et ataat Sennen Govt Pom tae paar nar es og «hub tices 3 Fata EN, Was Ges Oe ta opm DOA Op a ate Coca eee Sale tb pe Noon Re Bas WE_3SU— np cts foe Senge pe gar ee — 6 Poop fro sad ge, Coos Bai 1980 50 — Brak ises of Oe Bin Dream Geog 9SDApa 88K 100 1 Coen of Canons sagt wits of pee Ong ad Backes of Oregon Geokey, Mayon 198 and ber 200. Wahiegen 198, 500 Color posed: Orepn Sie Rock ani Sate Gersone Serle pce hs fr open report, tera cer) sues our gid, reson gd ning formato, and soup maps and reper wl {mae apo rust Te Dprtmt st alk Ore toric mops pated bythe US. Ges Sur ORDER AND RENEWAL FORM Check desited pubticaions ints above ener fol amount below, Minimum mal exer $1O0. All sks ae Gl, Pblictions ae sent fii Payment st acopany rs of Tess than $80. On re cal dey handing fee of 10% wil beaded Subscpen pect for Oregon Googy 86 for I yen, $15 for Sear: Make payment in US. Galas oly Amouat enclosed: $ for (check appropriate space) Publications marked above. Renewal of current subsctiption___/ new subscription __ to Oregon Geology: Name Address City/State/Zip _ Please charge o Vis_./ Masierand_, acount number: CTD ODDO CLOOCCOO Expiration date: OJ] Cardholder's signature s OREGON GEOLOGY, VOLUME 2, NUMBER 2, MARCH 1990