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Ch11-Inductance and Magnetic Energy

# Ch11-Inductance and Magnetic Energy

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Published by: mehdii.heidary1366 on Aug 15, 2008
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05/09/2014

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In the circuit shown in Figure 11.11.6, suppose the circuit is initially open. At time 0

t =

it is thrown closed. What is the current in the inductor at a later time t?

Figure 11.11.6 RL circuit

Solution:

Let the currents through 1

R, 2

R and L be 1

I, 2

Iand I, respectively, as shown in Figure

11.11.7.

From Kirchhoff’s junction rule, we have1

2

I I I

= +. Similarly, applying Kirchhoff’s loop

rule to the left loop yields

( )

2

1

22

0

I I R I R

ε − + − =

(11.11.15)

Figure 11.11.7

Similarly, for the outer loop, the modified Kirchhoff’s loop rule gives

( )

2

1

dI

I I R L

dt

ε − + =

(11.11.16)

The two equations can be combined to yield

22

2

2

dI

L dI

I R L

I

dt

R dt

=

⇒ =

(11.11.17)

Substituting into Eq. (11.11.15) the expression obtained above for2

I, we have

43

1

2

1

1

2

2

0

R R

L dI

dI

dI

I

R L

IR

L

R dt dt

R dt

ε

ε

⎛ ⎞
+

− +

− = − −

=

⎜ ⎟

⎝ ⎠

(11.11.18)

Dividing the equation by 1

2

(

)/2

R R R

+

leads to

'

' dI

IR L

dt

ε

0

− − =

(11.11.19)

where

12

2

1

2

1

2

'

,

'

R R

R

R

R R

R Rε

ε

=

=

+

+

(11.11.20)

The differential equation can be solved and the solution is given by

( ) (

'/

'

1

'

R t L

I t

e )

Rε

= −

(11.11.21)

Since

2

1

2

12

1

2

1

/(

)

'
'

/(

)

R R R
R R R R R R

ε

ε

ε

+

=

+ =

(11.11.22)

the current through the inductor may be rewritten as

( ) (

) (

'/

/

1

1

1

1

R t L

t

I t

e

e

R

R

)

τ

ε

ε

= −

= − −

'

(11.11.23)

where

/

L R

τ =

is the time constant.

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