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Ch11-Inductance and Magnetic Energy4.5

|Views: 5,447|Likes: 43Published by mehdii.heidary1366

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https://www.scribd.com/doc/4783532/Ch11-Inductance-and-Magnetic-Energy

05/09/2014

text

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A long solenoid with length *l* and a cross-sectional area *A* consists of *N*1 turns of wire. An

insulated coil of *N*2 turns is wrapped around it, as shown in Figure 11.2.4.

7

(a) Calculate the mutual inductance *M*, assuming that all the flux from the solenoid

passes through the outer coil.

(b) Relate the mutual inductance *M* to the self-inductances and of the solenoid and

the coil.

1

*L
*

2

*L
*

**Figure 11.2.4 **A coil wrapped around a solenoid

**Solutions:
**

(a) The magnetic flux through each turn of the outer coil due to the solenoid is

011

21

*N I
*

*BA
*

*l A
*

µ

Φ = =

(11.2.13)

where

011/

*B N I l
*

µ

=

is the uniform magnetic field inside the solenoid. Thus, the mutual

inductance is

012

2

21

1

*N N A
*

*N
*

*M
*

*I
*

*l
*

µ

Φ

=

=

(11.2.14)

(b) From Example 11.2, we see that the self-inductance of the solenoid with *N*1 turns is

given by

2

01

111

1

1

*N A
*

*N
*

*L
*

*I
*

*l
*

µ

Φ

=

=

(11.2.15)

where

is the magnetic flux through one turn of the solenoid due to the magnetic field

produced by

11

Φ

1

*I*. Similarly, we have

2

2

0

2

/

*L N A l
*

µ

=

for the outer coil. In terms of and

, the mutual inductance can be written as

1

*L
*

2

*L
*

12

*M L L
*

=

(11.2.16)

More generally the mutual inductance is given by

12, 0

1

*M k L L
*

*k
*

=

≤ ≤

(11.2.17)

8

where is the “coupling coefficient.” In our example, we have

*k
*

1

*k* = which means that

all of the magnetic flux produced by the solenoid passes through the outer coil, and vice

versa, in this idealization.

Math Physics

ch14 Interference and Diffraction

ch12-Alternating-Current Circuits

Ch13-Maxwell’s Equations and Electromagnetic Waves

Ch10-Faraday’s Law of Induction

Ch9-Sources of Magnetic Fields

Ch8-Introduction to Magnetic Fields

intraction1(chapter1)

Ch7 Direct Current Circuits

Ch6-Current and Resistance

Ch5-Capacitance and Dielectrics

ch4-Gauss’s Law

Ch3 Electric Potential

Ch2 Coulomb’s Law

Ch1 Fields

Intro Groups

The Age of Einstein

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ch12-Alternating-Current Circuits

ch4-Gauss’s Law

Ch8-Introduction to Magnetic Fields

Ch7 Direct Current Circuits

Ch6-Current and Resistance

Ch10-Faraday’s Law of Induction

Ch9-Sources of Magnetic Fields

Ch1 Fields

Ch13-Maxwell’s Equations and Electromagnetic Waves

Ch5-Capacitance and Dielectrics

Ch3 Electric Potential

Ch2 Coulomb’s Law

ch14 Interference and Diffraction

Chapter 5

Electromagnetism and Optics

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