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Ch11-Inductance and Magnetic Energy

Ch11-Inductance and Magnetic Energy

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05/09/2014

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A long solenoid with length l and a cross-sectional area A consists of N1 turns of wire. An
insulated coil of N2 turns is wrapped around it, as shown in Figure 11.2.4.

7

(a) Calculate the mutual inductance M, assuming that all the flux from the solenoid
passes through the outer coil.

(b) Relate the mutual inductance M to the self-inductances and of the solenoid and
the coil.

1

L

2

L

Figure 11.2.4 A coil wrapped around a solenoid

Solutions:

(a) The magnetic flux through each turn of the outer coil due to the solenoid is

011

21

N I

BA

l A

µ

Φ = =

(11.2.13)

where

011/

B N I l

µ

=

is the uniform magnetic field inside the solenoid. Thus, the mutual

inductance is

012

2

21

1

N N A

N

M

I

l

µ

Φ

=

=

(11.2.14)

(b) From Example 11.2, we see that the self-inductance of the solenoid with N1 turns is
given by

2
01

111

1

1

N A

N

L

I

l

µ

Φ

=

=

(11.2.15)

where

is the magnetic flux through one turn of the solenoid due to the magnetic field

produced by

11

Φ

1

I. Similarly, we have

2

2

0

2

/

L N A l

µ

=

for the outer coil. In terms of and

, the mutual inductance can be written as

1

L

2

L

12

M L L

=

(11.2.16)

More generally the mutual inductance is given by

12, 0

1

M k L L

k

=

≤ ≤

(11.2.17)

8

where is the “coupling coefficient.” In our example, we have

k

1
k = which means that
all of the magnetic flux produced by the solenoid passes through the outer coil, and vice
versa, in this idealization.

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