for problems with complicated geometries. loadings.  Useful .Definition  The finite element method is a numerical method for solving problems of engineering and mathematical physics. and material properties where analytical solutions can not be obtained.

1: Modelling of a Physical Problem .Figure 1.

Discretizations Model body by dividing it into an equivalent system of smaller bodies or units (finite elements) interconnected at points common to two or more elements (nodes or nodal points) and/or boundary lines and/or surfaces. .


Features Obtain a set of algebraic equations to solve for unknown nodal quantity (displacement). quantities (stresses and strains) are expressed in terms of nodal values of primary quantity Secondary .

Applications Structural/Stress Analysis Fluid Heat Flow Transfer Fields Electro-Magnetic Soil Mechanics Acoustics .

Beam. Frame. Analogous Problems) ‡ Continuum Problems ‡ Piecewise Defined Interpolation Functions ‡ Applications in Heat Transfer ‡ Applications in Solid Mechanics ‡ Higher Order Elements ‡ MATLAB Programming ‡ Software Application: Ansys . Truss. Mathematical Background ‡ Discrete Finite Elements (Spring.Outline ‡ Introduction. Bar.

Evaluation ‡ 1st Assessment: 10 ‡ 2nd Assessment: 10 ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ MATLAB Projects: FE Package: MATLAB Test: Performance/Attendance: 10 5 5 5 .