Strength of Planets: The Shadbala - I

1. INTRODUCTION As the name suggests Shadbala means six fold strength. Although these strengths are combinedly used for finding the effect of planets on the lives of the natives, there is more use of the strengths and we get the clue of those uses from their names. If they were to be used combinedly, then such specific names were unnecessary. Moreover, this is more logical to think that, a planet when strong, might not be so for influencing all affairs in our lives. A planet which might give good status might not be good to show the direction of your life. So we must construe, the special significance hidden in the names given to the six sources of strengths. These strengths need not be used only predicting the results of the dasa, however, can be used for normal horoscopic interpretation. For illustration, the kendradi bala is used in ayur calculation etc. One can understand their use more and more by understanding their name and their basis of calculation. Shad Bal consists of the following strengths 1. Sthan Bal (Positional strength) 2. Dig Bal (Directional strength) 3. Kaal Bal (Temporalstrength), inclusive of Ayan Bal (Equinoctial strength) 4. Chesht Bal (Motional strength) 5. Naisargika Bal (Natural strength) 6. Drik Bal (Aspectual strength) These strengths are computed for the seven Grahas from Sun to Saturn. The nodes are not considered. 2. STHANA BALA (Maximum: 480 virupa = 8 rupas) Sthana means place and hence the sthana bala is calculated based on the placement of the planets in different signs on various parameters, such as how far are they placed from their exaltation sign etc. More follows below: 2.1 Uccha Bal (Maximum: 60 virupa = 1 rupa) Uccha means exaltation. When a planet is placed in its highest exaltation point, it is of full strength and when it is in its deepest debilitation point, it is devoid of any strength. When placed at other places, it has middling strength proportionately dependent on the distance these planets are placed from the highest exaltation or deepest debilitation point. Find the difference between a planet's longitude and the deepest debilitation point. Divide the difference by 3 and the result so obtained is the uccha bala in Virupas. When a planet is in highest exaltation point, the difference happens to be 180 deg and hence the uccha bala for such planet becomes 60 virupa (180/3). However, when a planet is placed in the deepest debilitation, the difference becomes zero and hence also the bala is zero. 2.2 Sapt Vargaj Bal (Maximum: 45*7 = 315 virupas = 5.25 rupas) Rasi, Hora, Dreshkan, Saptamsa, Navamsa, Dwadashamsa and Trimsamsa constitute the Sapta varga. The strength of the planets in these seven divisional charts based on their placements in moolatrikona, own sign, friendly sign etc. constitute the sapta varaj bala. The method of their calculation is as follows: In the following rasis, the planets gets the corresponding Virupa of strength. Although maharishi gave the strength in terms of the avasthas they are place in, he gave the association of these avasthas with the placement of the planets in different rasis in the following chapter on the avasthas (Ch 45). The friend's, neutral and enemical signs are based on the compound relationship and hence the term, great friend and great enemy has been used in this context. Moolatrikona Sign- 45 Virupas Swakshetra (Svasth) - 30 Virupas Great Friend's Sign (Pramudit) - 20 Virupas Friendly Sign (Shant) - 15 Virupas

Mercury is stronger both during day and night. KALA BALA: 3. whereas Sun.5 Dreshkan Bala (Maximum: 15 virupa = 0. Unnata when deducted from 30 Ghatikas gives Nata. female planets are stronger in the middle part and neutral planets gains strength in the ending part of a sign.25 rupa) due to placement in first. Unnata is the difference between midnight and the apparent birth time. Jupiter and Venus is zero. One rupa equals 60 virupa.10 Virupas Inimical Sign (Duhkhit) .) 2. At midnite. other planets placed in the odd signs in both rasi and navamsa.3 Oja-Yugma Rasi-Amsa Bala (Maximum: 30 Virupa= 0. is the same. i.Neutral Sign (Din) . Mars and Saturn is full 60 virupas.4 Kendradi Bala (Maximum: 60 virupa = 1 rupa) The name itself implies how to compute this strength.02 Virupas 2. Mars and Saturn are stronger at night. or third dreshkanaof a sign. this strength is derived from a planet's placement in the odd or even signs in the Rasi and Navamsa.. Irrespective of day or night Mercurygets the bala of 60 virupa or 1 rupa. 30 Virupas.e. Jupiter and Venus is full 60 virupas and the nata bala of Moon. the unnata bala of the Sun. At Surise and Sunset. Moon and Venus are female planets and get strength of 15 virupas each while placed in the even signs in the rasi or navamsa. respectively. Thus at that time the unnata bala of the diurnal planets Sun. Male. Hence. second. Mars and Saturn and unnata bala is seen for Sun. while they are placed in Odd (Male) signs in Rasi or Navamsa.1 Natonnata Bala: (Maximum 60 virupa = 1 rupa) Natonnata is composed of two terms nata and unnata. while one in Panaphara (Succedent: 2-5-8-11) Bhava gets half and the one in Apoklima(Preceedent: 12-3-6-9) Bhava gets a quarter or a rupa. Mars and Saturn is zero. the kendradi bala equals: Kendra: 60 Virupa Panaphara: 30 Virupa Apoklima: 15 Virupa 2. get a quarter Rupa (15 virupa) according to placements in the first.5 Rupa) Oja means Odd signs and Yugma means Even signs. At other time the bala is proportionate. Jupiter and Venus are stronger during the day. 3. At the noon hr. which marks the junction of the day and the night. Moon. as the name imply. whose bala is always 60). the diurnal planets are weaker. Thus. when the day is at peak and the Sun is placed exactly on the meridian. which marks the peak of night. thus in virupas. whereas the nata bala of the nocturnal planets Moon. From this we can infer that the male planets are stronger in the beginning of a sign. Other planets gets this strength. the natonnata bala for all the planets (excluding Mercury. Also note the formula Nata Bala+ Unnata Bala = 60 virupas The fluctuation of the Natonnata bala for the planets can be seen as follows: Diurnal Planet Nocturnal Planet Sunrise 30 30 Noon 60 00 Sunset 30 30 Midnite 00 60 . the nata bala is seen for Moon.04 Virupas Great Enemy's sign (Khal) . second and third dreshkana. A planet in a Kendra (Quadrant: 1-4-7-10) gets full strength. Jupiter and Venus. female and hermaphrodite Grahas. The maximum strength which can be derived from this is 30 virupas (Venus/ Moon placed in Even sign in both rasi and Navamsa.

If the angular duration exceeds 180 degrees. Similarly it proceeds in the same manner. The Paksh Bal of benefic should be deducted from 60. Find the angular distance between Sun and Moon. 3.4 Varsha (Abda) .2 Maasa Bala: Like Varsha Lord. The Benefics are stronger in the Sukla Paksha and the Malefics are stronger in the Krsna Paksha. 30. If Sun has moved after 00:00 hrs of civil calendar. during the middle of the pakshas.Last 1/3 part of day Moon.3 Tribhaga Bala Tribhaga means three parts.Dina.2 Paksha Bal Paksha can be loosely translated as a fortnite. The Planets which gain 1 virupa of strength during different part of a days is a as follows: Mercury. The Paksha bala of the Moon goes down to 60 virupas. Paksha is the duration between conjunction and opposition of the Luminaries. The paksha bala of the Moon is 2 rupas (120 virupas) at the end time of Full Moon and New Moon. 3. the lord of a particular hora gets the Hora bala of 60 Virupas. Mars and Saturn.Last 1/3 part of Night Jupiter gets this Bal at all times.3 Dina Bala: Dina is weekday. 3. This strength has gained its name from the fact that the day and night are divided into three parts each. The first Hora of the day is ruled by the Lord of the week day. At a particular time. The duration from Conjunction to Opposition is the time when the Phase of Moon increase and is termed as Waxing Moon. counted from the first ruler. whereas the malefics are Sun. well associate Mercury. the previous weekday has to be taken.Maasa. The 2nd one is ruled by the Lord of the 6th week day. which in Jyotish parlance known as the Sukla Paksha. Mesha. From the strength of the Varsa. This forms the basis for calculation of the paksha bala. Venus. 3.4. each saurya masa (Solar Month) commences when the Sun transits each sign of the zodiac. The benefics are Jupiter. The lord of the weekday is the lord of the day. we can see that Hora lord gets the . counted from the 2nd Hora Lord. the previous weekday has to be taken.1 Varsha Bala: The Varsha mentioned here is the solar year or the samvatsara. as Paksh Bal. Dina and Hora lord.Middle 1/3 part of Night Mars. which will indicate the Paksha Bala of each of the benefic Grahas. Dina Lord and Hora Lord.4. 15. However in Jyotish term. which in Jyotish Parlance known as Krsna Paksha. 3. till the first Hora of the next day is taken over by the Lord of that day himself. Take the weekday lord on which Sun has moved to a new sign as the lord of the Masa. Maasa. Each day from sunrise to next sunrise is divided into 24 equal parts of one hour. 45 and 60 Virupas are in order given to Varsh Lord. Maas Lord. The degrees so obtained when divided by 3. These Horas are ruled by the 7 Grahas from Sun to Saturn. which will go to each malefic. the phase of Moon decreases and is termed as Waning Moon. which commences when the Sun moves to the first sign on the zodiac.3. This is the weekday lord of the day in which the Sun has transited to Mesha.First 1/3 part of day Sun.4.Hora Bal Varsha-Maasa-Dina-Hora Bal.Middle 1/3 part of day Saturn.4 Hora Bala: Hora means planetary hour. deduct the same from 360. If Sun has moved after 00:00 hrs of civil calendar.4. Whereas the duration from opposition to conjunction. The 3rd Hora is ruled by the Lord of the 6th week day.First 1/3 part of Night Venus. 3.

70 0. The result when divided by 3.28 0.43 0. The longitude of the bhava is same as the Lagna cusp as per the equal house distribution. Jupiter. The calculation of the ayana bala is complecated. 60 Virupas. The maximum strength attained here is 60 virupa or 1 rupa. 3. Now a days with the advent of computers.. To compute the dikbala find the angular distance of the planet and the 7th of bhava where they get the full dik bala.00 1. Mercury. Mars. when Sun.2793. Sun's Ayana Bal is again multiplied by 2 whereas for others the product arrived in Virupas is considered as it is. Moon and Sun respectively. DIK BALA The planets gains full Dikbala in the following houses: 1st (Lagna Bhava) .86 Mars 17.e. Venus.e.00 Moon 51. Venus.6. The angle which they make with respect to the plane of celestial equator measured from center of earth is called the declination or Kranti.85 0. it is always plus. subtract it from 360. Yudhdh Bala When two planets are placed inside each other's orbs of influence.Saturn (Airy element) When the planets are placed away from the bhava where they get the full dik bala.Venus and Moon (Watery element) 7th (Jaya Bhava ) . i. Jupiter.29 Mercury 25. the declination becomes zero. 4.Sun and Mars (Fiery element) 4th (Sukha Bhava) . Mars. i. below or placed on the celestial equator at any point of time. Moon and Sun in the ascending order. There natural strength is computed by dividing one Rupa by 7 and multiply the resultant product by 1 to 7 separately to obtain the strength of Saturn.71 . they are supposed to be in war or yuddha. Jupiter.Jupiter and Mercury (Ethery and Earthy element) 10th (Karma Bhava) . 3. things have become easier for the Jyotishis. Should there be a war between the planets. As far as Merucry is concerned. The planets which we see. 5. highlighting the importance of the hora lord over the other lords at any time.. however the same can be accomplished using a simple formula: Ayan Bal = 60*(23°27’ ± Kranti)/(46°54’) = (23°27’± Kranti)*1. 23°27’ during the solstices where the Sunrises either on Tropic of Cancer or Capricorn. can be above. Mars. is known as the celestial equator. Mercury. the difference between the Shad Balas of the two should be added to the victor’s Shad Bal and deducted from the Shad Bal of the vanquished.5 Ayan Bala The Earth's equitorial plane when projected to the celestial spehere (a hypothetical sphere which has shows the visible stars and planets). there strength is proportionately reduced. NAISARGIKA BALA Naturally the planets are stronger in the order of Saturn. If the angular distance is more than 180 then. or Venus have northern Kranti (Placed above the equitorial plane).43 Jupiter 34.57 Venus 42.maximum strength. This happens to be Planet In virupas In rupas Sun 60. Krantis can be ascertained from a standard modern ephemeris. gives the dikbala of the planets.14 0. The Declination of Sun is maximum. whereas during the equinoxes. take plus and otherwise minus. When Moon or Saturn have southern Kranti (placed below the equitorial plane) or.

Mercury. DRIG BALA Drig is derived from Dris. 30. However. 330 and 300 Virupas are the Shad Bal Pindas. Mercury and Sun are strong. 360. For Sun. 300. needed for Sun. 112 and 30 Virupas. The aspect of benefics are considered to be strength and the aspect of malefics are considered to be weaknesses.Jupiter aspect with full sight and others aspect with 2/4th of their sight 3rd/ 10th. eight kinds of motions are attributed to they. Kaala Bala. 7. it is important to know what is the strength of each of the elements of the shadbala. If the strength exceeds the abovementioned values. to be considered strong. The same required for Moon and Venus are 133.1 Shad Bal requirements: 390.Saturn aspect with full sight and others aspect with 1/4th of their sight From the drik balas of a planet we can judge what is the strength of aspects of the benefics and malefics on it and their combined influences. the Grah is deemed to be very strong. This might be of some academic interest. The calculation is cumbursome and shall be given in subsequent article. 50. 15.14 6. which is the root of the verb "to see".57 0. For other planets. 30. 50. 67 and 20. Aspect of benefics promote the house owned by the planet. allotted due to such 8 motions are 60. 7. the Ayana Bala becomes its chesta Bala. 390. to know the exact nature of the result 8. 165. CHESTA BALA Chesta means to move or to try. Mars.Mars aspects with full sight while others aspect with 3/4th of their sight 5th/ 9th.2 Requirement of strength of individual elements of Shadbala Jupiter. 45 and 30 virupas. However. Dig Bala. 30. Venus and Saturn etc. Moon. by rendering the lord strong. So this strength is gained by the virtue of the aspect (Graha Drsti) of different planets on a planet. Jupiter. 30. excluding the lumeries by the the virtue of their kind of movement. OTHER CONSIDERATRIONS: 8. 35. 100 and 40. the Paksha Bala becomes the chesta Bala. respectively. if each of their Sthana Bala.5. placements and the yogas the planet involved in. Cheshta Bala and Ayana Bala are. For calculation of this strength. the nature of the results shall be influenced by the ownership. 8. the partial aspects are also taken into consideration. 15. A strong graha shall protect its houses and karakakatva and is more capable of giving its results. This strenth is attained by the planets. USE OF SHADBALA .Saturn 08.All planet aspect with full sight 4th/8th. whereas for Moon. For Mars and Saturn these are 96. The aspects of planets are given hereunder 7th. These are: • Vakra (retrogression) • Anuvakra (entering the previous sign in retrograde motion) • Vikal (devoid of motion) • Mand (somewhat slower motion than usual) • Mandatar (slower than the previous) • Sama (neither fast nor slow) • Char (faster than Sama) • Atichar (entering next sign in accelerated motion) The strengths. 420. 9. 40. It also enhances the house of which the said planet is a karaka.

For illustration. being the 6th lord in the 12th. just hinting. This also shows which positions are most auspicious for us and where shall we be most comfortable. showing that. What I have written.The individual elements of the shadbala show different aspects in our life. 6. Sun being the 9th lord shows teaching (with AK Mars shows that the desire is very strong). Sthana Bala: This planet is the giver of position and status. The kala bala is also highest that of Sun. without going to my office. Cheshta Bala: This shows what drives us. it shows the attitude of service (6th) without any motivation to gain (12th). In my rasi chart. Sun is having highest kala bala and highest chesta bala. Dig Bala: This shows the direction which shall be good for us for growth in the career or self development. where as in the siddhamsa it is placed in the 12th house being the 6th lord. like sitting in a Jyotish class or in a conference. I am able to do something which I crave for. at this point of time while I am writing this article. If the strength was due to Hora Bala. Chesta bala shows what are my desires or what am I trying to do at this point of time. rather than using the total values of the shadbala for analysing the dasas. 4. They are as follows: 1. In the dasamsa it is placed in the 8th house being the 6th lord and I am here sitting. which was directed by my environment and circumstances. is only the tip of the iceberg. As Sun also shows that chesta as mentioned above. This is to be used in conjunction with other strengths. 2. 3. Naisargika Bala: This is of lesser consquence as this remains constant all through out. Kaala Bala: This shows which time is best suitable for us for undertaking an activity. Drik Bala: This shows which planet shall be favourable all through out in the life of native as this is based on the aspect of benefics on the planet. then I would have done something. So lets explore the potencies of this beautiful scheme of strength given by Maharishi Parasara. by analysing which planets are stronger at which point of time. writing this mail. this is also helping me achieving the direction (Ayana) of my life. When I go further. Sun is the 9th lord placed in the 9th house with 10th lord. 5. One good use I found with these balas is find the directional influences. our inherent desires and purpose of our struggle in this life. 10. unexplored. each point of time is influenced by one or other planets with varying extents and we can judge these subtle influences. how much is there below the water. I see that more strength (Kaala bala) is coming from the Ayana Bala. This indicate which planets are naturally more able to dictate their results. in the siddhamsa. CONCLUSION This is still a nacent area and require more researches to find out the exact use of each of the elements of the shadbala. shows that I should be doing Sun's activity at this point of time. We must understand that. .