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George a Green. And to the end of time the tales shall ne'er be done Of Scarlock. ' of Robin Hood hath heard' and Little John . . which many a sermon made In praise of Robin Hood. the merry friar.In this But he our spacious isle I think there is not one. and their trade. Drayton. and Much the miller's son. Of Tuck. his outlaws.


M'Crcery. London. .J. Black-IIorse-Court. Printer.



having been recently pourtrayed in the by the masterly h^nd of the author of IVANHOE. Joseph Ritson^ much labour and care. and poetical remains he could discover relating Robin Hood. which he is published in the year '[795. Mr. The present Publication ivhich is sive. he has retained Ritson*s notes. however. with eminent antiquary. in two smallSvo. and Jiis merry companions. March. now become exceedingly scarce and expen- It being. and confidently anticipates. 1830. that this little volume will prove peculiarly acceptable at the present moment.PREFACE. all the histo- rical to that celebrated character. . The rest have been omitted as either irrelevant or inadmissible in a work designed for this class of readers. a reprint of that Work. J- HE late collected. the aim of the present Ediivilh tor to produce a book which could propriety be put into the hands of young persons. only a portion of Mr. in consequence of most lively colours the hero. volumes. The Editor conceives.


that the name of an outlawed individual of the twelfth or thirteenth century should continue traditionally popular. at the end of the eighteenth. it ought to be acknowledged that many poetical pieces. extensive as they must appear. which are either preserved . have been attended with all the success he could have wished. be chanted in ballads. and of which pursuit he now publishes the result. of great antiquity and some merit. pretend that his researches. excited the editor's curiosity to retrieve all the historical or poetical remains concerning him that could be met with : an object which he has occasionally pursued for many years . Familiar in our mouth as household vrords. indeed. The singular circumstance. He cannot. RITSON^S PREFACE. at the same time. as one may say. are deservedly rescued from oblivion. The materials collected for "the life" ofthi* celebrated character.MR. and. but.

them as may appear liable . such as they are it would. therefore. and some bad But yet they were the best that could be had. although the compiler may be permitted to say. . so ancient. it at large. seem altogether uncandid or unfor the want of aujust to make him responsible and exhibited : thenticity of such of to that imputation. some middling. or carefully referred to. so innportant. every instance. so authentic. "perhaps.X . " notes and in illustrations/' must be confessed. RITSON'S PREFACE. in the are not. Desirous to omit nothing that he could find upon the subject. he has everywhere faithfully vouched his authorities. MR. in humble second-hand imitation of the : poet Martial Some there are good. or. as the subject seems to de- mand .

PART THE SECOND.. Robin Hood and Beggar 71 83 91 IV. breeding. Robin Hood and the Tinker VIII. Robin Hood and the Bishop V.. Sfc 107 Robin Hoods Progress to Nottingham . Robin Hood and the Shepherd the Curtail Fryer X.. I... A true tale of Robin Hood . Robin Hood and the Tanner 117 1 19 122 137 VII.. FIRST.. Scarlet. and John IV. Robin Hoods birth.... The Jolly Pinder of Wakefield. Robin Hood and the Butcher VI. l . Hood. Robin Hood and I .CONTENTS.. A Lytell Geste ofRobyn Bode the TI. Robin Hood and Allen a Dale 132 138 142 146 IX. Page The Life of Robin Hood T^otes . Robin Hood and the Potter 60 III. with Robin II.* iii and Illustrations xv PART THE I.. Robin Hood and Guy of Gisborne V. 115 HI.

. The King's disguise Robin Hood and friendship with 217 223 228 231 Robin Hood and the Golden Arrow Robin Hood and the taliant Knight XXVIII. XXVI. . Robin Hood and the Beggar 191 XIX.xii CONTENTS. . or^ Robin Hoods ferment 174 178 pre- 183 187 (2) XVII. Robin Hoods Chase 163 170 XIV. Robin Hoods Golden Prize XV. Page XI. Robin Hood rescuing Will Stuily XVI. Uobin Hoods Delight XVIII. Robin Hood and the Bishop of Hereford. Robin Hood rescuing the Widows three Sons 210 214 XXIV. Robin Hood and John XXII. XXVII. Robin Hood and the Stranger 152 XII. The noble Fisherman . Robin Hoods death and burial Glossary 234 *^* TAe Vignette in the Title is designed from the ballad of Robin Hood and the Tanner.. Robin Hood and maid Marian XXV. XX. 207 XXIII. John and the four Beggars Robin Hood and the Ranger Little Little 195 198 202 XXI. Robin Hood and Queen Katherine XIII.

be however scanty or imperfect. acknowleges that " the history of this popular hero is but little known. and all the scattered fragments concerning him^ b . and even the industrious Sir John Hawkins.THE LIFE ROBIN HOOD. No assistance has been derived from the la- bours of his professed biographers (a) . are circumstances sufficiently favorable. from whom the public might have expected ample gratification upon the subject. contented with such a therefor. the mode of life he adopted. detail. but altogether inimical to historical truth. The times in which he lived. and which. and the silence or loss of contemporary writers. The reader must. indeed. may possibly serve to amuse. to romance. It will scarcely be expected that one should be able to offer an authentic narrative of the life and transactions of this extraordinary personage. as a zealous pursuit of the subject enables one to give . though it may fail to satisfy.

that the present attempt promises more than to bring together the scattered fragments to which the learned historian alludes. He and commonly reputed to . with which immense tracts. at the same tinne. has been done. according to the best of the compilers information and abilities . however. and about the year of Christ IJGO (B). and the result is. in Yorkshire. In his youth he is reported to have been of a wild . in the county of Nottingham. " take his must. story as we find it. (A) in the reign of king Henry the second. and extravagant disposition insomuch that.W THE LIFE OF could tliey be brought together. We pretended. Robin Hood was born at Locksley." he says. chiefly affected Barnsdale. was as well acquainted as himself. in the latter part of his life. This. and his true name Robeut Fitzooth." He accordingly gives us nothing but two or three trite and trivial extracts. with a due sense of the deficiency of both. at least. submitted to the readers candour. would fall far short of satisfying such an enquirer as none but real and authenticated facts will content. and his person outlawed for debt. His extraction was noble. either from necessity or choice. at all curious about the subject. his inheritance being consumeci or forfeited by his excesses. have been earl of Huntingdon a title to which. he sought an asylum ia the woods and forests. Of these he were at that time covered (E). Robin Hood (C). It is not. especially in the northern parts of the kingdom. which vulgar pronunciation easyiy corrupted into is frequently stiled. with which every one. Sher- . he actually appears to have had some sort of pretension (D).

after he had tryed them with fyghting. His manner of recruiting was somewhat singular. in the words of an old writer. for. He is likewise said to have been accompanyed in his retreat by a female. and. and a certain monk or frier named Tuck (G)." (*F) who appear have considered ai>d obeyed him as their chief or leader. or those in whose courage and fidelity he most confided. Plompton-park. " whersoever he hard of * any that were of unusual strength and hardines. George A Green. of whom he was enamoured. and whose real or adopted name was Marian (H). indeed. in Cumberland (F). .ROBIN HOOD.' he would desgyse himself. pinder (or pound-keeper) of Wakefield. in process of time. with theni go lyke a begger to become acquaynted and. he seldom fails to receive a sound In shooting with the long bow. Such as the fury of ungoverri'd youth Thrust from the company of lawful men to . says Major. according.to some. rather then fayle. never give them over tyl he had used means to drawe [them] to lyve after his fashion'* (J): a practice of which numerous instances are recorded in the more common and popijar songs. where. a number ** of persons in similar circumstances. most skilful . or was afterward joined by. a millers son. Much. vvere Little John. and of whom his principal favourites. V wood. (whose surname is said to have been Nailor)y William ScADLocK (Scathelock or Scarlet). and. in battle. His company. consisted of a hundred archers men. b:^ . in Nottini^bamshire. Here he either found. which beating. whom four times that number of the boldest fellows durst not attack (I).

at the same time." These forests. they had also other weapons" (K). nor the worlds law : and what better to title king Richard could pretend and people of England than Robin Hood had to the dominion of Barnsdale or Sherwood is a question humbly submitted to the the territory consideration of the political philosopher. though.vi THE LIFE OF " they chiefly practised. with the king of England. and making his enemies pay dearly. The deer with which the royal forests then abounded (every Norman tyrant being. those who accompanyed and adhered to him his subjects : The world was not his frien^." or stood in need of his protection. mighty hunter before the lord") would . he retifed to another. in this opposition. in those times. An outlaw. In these forests. they excelled all the men of the land . as occation requiredj. with an exception. and all his subjects. in one place. and with this company. and such as were *' desolate and oppressed. still defying the power of what was called law and government. It is not. were his territories . being deprived of protection. however. he for many years reigned like an independant sove^ reign . as well for their open attacks. as he most certainly can be justly charged with neither. When molested. at perpetual war. as for their clandestine treachery. like Nim" a rod. in short. of the poor and needy. have been guilty of manifest treason or rebellion . indeed. by a superior force. and every mans hand against him. owed no allegiance : ^' his hand 'was' against every man. to be concluded that he must.

to the nightingale's complaining notes. and fleet the time carelessly as they did in the golden world. and record my woes. and a many merry men with him. indeed. And. for dressing their venison. vii afford our hero and his companions an ampk supply of food throughout the year. unfrequented woods. partly by taking what they had occasion for from the wealthy passenger. must have been too frequently subject. Here can I better brook than Nourishing peopled towns : I sit alone. in another play of the same author (Two Gentlemen of Verona) . " They say he is already in the forest of Arden. and there they live like the old Robin Hood of England . one would suppose." b 3 . and partly by commerce with the neighbouring villages or great towns. would be easyly procured. scene 1. or for the other pur- they could evidently be in no want. in his comedy of As you like il. and while it continued free from the alarms or apprehensions to which our foresters. (Act '' 1. on Olivers where asking. It may be readyly imagined that such a hfe.) where.) de? serve the compliment which is payed to it by Shakspeare. who traversed or poses of life. . might be sufficiently pleasant and desirable." Their gallant chief. during great part of the year at least. may be presumed to have frequently exclaimed with the banished Valentine.ROBIN HOOD. unseen of any. The rest of their necessaries approached their territories. : — <* How use doth breed a habit in a man ! Tiiis shadowy desert. . and eve. will the old duke live ?'' Charles answers. and of fuel. Tune my distresses.

and doniestic oeconomy. away ! In that their pinching cave. how. And the adventures strange that Robin Hood befell. Of Scarlock. And In cunningly escaped.iii THE LIFE OF would. How often he hath come to Nottingham disguis'd. that him would have betray'd. on the other hand. doubtless. too often find occasion to : He ^dd " What hallooing and what stir is this to-day? These are my mates. Gfjorge a Green. " The merry pranks he would ask an age to tell." diffi- But. the tales shall ne'er be done^ this How he hath cousen'd them. I think there is not one. which many a sermon made of Robin Hood. Have some unhappy passenger in chace . though neglected s Polyolbion. his out-laws. - The The rain When they did hear and vvind beat dark December. are more easyly to be guessed at than described.) play'd. that bow-ujcn were right good. that make their wills their law. uncivil outrages. yet I have much to do. — [Drayton excellent. our spacious isle. nevertheless. of which no authentic particulars have been even traditionally preserved. they could discourse freezing hours Their mode of life. In praise An hundred valiant men had this brave Robin Hood. Still ready at his call. Song xxvi. and their trade. But he hath heard some talk of him and little John. ai)d Much the miller's son. They love me well To keep them from . And to the end of time. When Mansfield many a time for Robin hath been laid. it will be at once cult and painful to conceive. been tlegantly sketched by the ani- mating pencil of an poet. in short. Of Tuck . the merry friar. They have. being set to be surpriz'd.

Then taking them to rest. Was sovereign of the woods chief lady of the game : Her clothes tuck'd to the knee. With birch and brazil piec'd to fly in any weather . as might be heard a mile» And of these aix^hers brave. No lordly bishop came in lusty Robin's way. nor such harts as Mariana slew. the square. To him before he went. Which they did boil and roast. his merry men and he Slept many a summer's night under the greenwood tree. his loved Marian." . but for his pass must pay : The widow in distress he graciously reliev'd. Who struck below the knee. At marks full forty score. athwart their shoulders To which under their arms their sheafs were buckled fast. And shot they with the round. there was not any one. a buckler scarce a span. With broad-arrow. Their bauldricks set with studs. their bows were wondrous strong: They not an arrow drew. Amongst the forests wild . What oftentimes he took. Yet higher than the breast. and for feather. Wlien setting to their lips their little beugles shrill. The loose gave such a twang. Sharp hunger the fine sauce to their more kingly food. and dainty braided hair. sword at their belt. Their arrows finely pair'd. short. From wealtiiy abbots chests. or roving shaft. she wander'd here and there. or prick. or but. Yet at the farthest mark a foot could hardly win : At long-outs.ROBIN HOOD. and churls abundant store. But he could kill a deer his swiftest speed upon. Was ever constant known. or forked pile. IX All clad in Lincoln green. for timber. he shar'd amongst the poor. His fellow's winded horn not one of them but knew. dale and hill. each one could cleave the A short pin: . which wheresoe'er she came. and rove. in many a mighty wood. for compass never strove . not counted then a man : All made of Spanish yew. Of archery they had the very perfect craft. . (L) with caps of red and blue. But to his mistress dear. The warbling ecchos ^ak'd from every cast. and hoyles. Diana never knew Such pleasures. but was a cloth-yard long. they us'd to prick. And remedied the wrongs of many ^ virgin griev'd : He from the husband's bed no married woman wan. With bow and quiver arm'd.

bete and bynde. indeed. it is not a little remarkable. all the decided aversion. while they had recourse to robbery tor . the champion and deliverer of his country . perhaps.*' bered. and Major terms him and Little John. avarice. Our hero. is neither to be concealed nor to be denyed. : to this irregular and predatory he has had the honour to be compared to the illustrious Wallace. course of " These byshoppes and Ye shall them thyse archebyshoppes. in this part of his conduct. Testimonies to this purpose.*' that most celebrated lived in the woods. I disapprove. in the latters own time (M). their better support robber.X THE LIFE OF That our hero and his companions. that. ** But it is to be rememfamatissimi latrones. in a word. and monks. and the priiice of all robbers. of the rapine of the man . says he. in these exertions of power. no doubt. calls him. in lusion. will afford ypocrisy . clergy. but he was the most huIn almane. and of the clergy of that age. regular or secuiar. life. *^ ille famosissimus siccarius. he took aWay the goods of rich men only ." was an injunction carefully impressed upon hi? fpllowers : and. priests. according to the confession of the latter historian. would be equally endless and unnecessary. Fordun. never killing any person. abbots. the pride. nor ever took any thing from the poor. indeed. but charitably fed them with the wealth he drew from the abbots. seems to have held bishops. in the fourteenth century. unless he was attacked or rethat he would not suffer a woman to be sisted maltreated . and that. uncharitablcness.

mindful of ^hat is vulgarly said . being enriched with their spoils and ransom. in whatever necessity. confiding solely in him whom he reverently worshiped. he absolutely refused to do. however. (nor would he. in York (N). the aversion in which he appears to have held the clergy of every denomination. which. with a very few. rian allows to deserve commendation. as an instance of those actions which the histoOne day. and the sherif of Nottinghamshire. and retained a domestic chaplain (frier Tuck no doubt. in that most secret recess of the wood where he was at mass. Robin. But the rest of his men having fled for fear of death. which he was then most devoutly worshiping. he was a man of exemplary piety. Marys. who bychance were present. appears to have been distinguished by particular animosity . and. suffer the office to be interrupted. . Notwithstanding. (O) who may have been too active and officious in his endeavours to apprehend him. which he was most devoutly accustomed to do. Some of his people. xi The abbot of Saiot him ample justification. who perceived what was going forward. advised him to fly with all speed.) he was espyed by a certain sherif and officers belonging to the king. according to the notions of that age. as he heard mass. out of reverence to the sacrament.) for the diurnal celebration of the divine mysteries. he always held the ministers of the church and masses in greater veneration ever after.ROBIN HOOD. from some unknown cause. who had frequently before molested him. whom he easyly vanquished . set upon his enemies. was the unremitted object of his vengeance.. This we learn from an anecdote preserved by Fordun.

which. *' an honest man and of good judgment believeth still what is told him. I'hey who deride the miracles of Moses or Mahomet are at full liberty. as a certain admirable author expresses himself. with an inscription to his me- mory (R). in a fit of sickness. a proclamation was published. being the 31st year of king Henry III.'^ Having. a stone being placed over his grave. and magistrates at defiance. and particularly religious women. and (if the date assigned to his birth be correct) about the 87th of his age. maintained a sort of independant sovereignty. and set kings. seems to have been productive of no greater success than former attempts for that purpose (P). But. (women. At length. in a barbarous age. no doubt. by whom he was treacherously This event happened suffered to bleed to death. in those times. on the 18th of November. the infirmities of old age increasing upon him. for a long series of years. by being let blood. (Q) He was intered under some trees. and desirous to be relieved. 1247.xii THE LIFE OF Him god Who oft to th' does surely hear mass gives ear. he applyed for that purpose to the prioress of Kirkleys-nun- nery in Yorkshire. to reject those wrought in favour of Robin Hood. and under a complicated tyranny. displayed a spirit of freedom ai)d inde?* . offering a considerable reward for bringing him in either dead or ahve . and that which he finds written. being. judges. Such was the end of Robin Hood: a man who. at a short distance from the house . however. his relation. somewhat better skilled in surgery than the sex is at present).

by whom history was consecrated to the crimes and follies of titled ruffians and sainted idiots. he has given rise rimes.^^ the gentlest of thieves. (a situation to which the miracles wrought in his favour.fluvios dum piscisamabit. (tor all opposition to tyranny is the cause of the people. Major (as we have seen) pronounces him the most humane and the prince of all robbers . " Dumjuga montis aper. calls him. exsufficiently evident that tols With his piety . possessed of uncommon bodyly strength. nomenque tuum. generous. will render his name immortal. just. dum rare cicadcB. in spite of the malicious endeavours of pitiful monks. or some of his companions. as well in his hfetime as usual : . Fordun.) and. Semper honos. and beloved or revered by his followers or adherents for his excellent and amiable qualities. prudent. whose cause he maintained. *' prctdonem mitissimum. to suppress all record of his patriotic exertions and virtuous acts. xiii pendence. laudesque manebuntj* respect to his personal character : it is he was active. a priest. patient . songs. and to swear by him. brave. benevolent. and considerable military skill . which has endeared him to the common people. whose testimony is of some weight. faithful. as of innumerable poems. and Camden.ROBIN HOOD. As proofs of his universal and singular popularity his story and exploits have been made the subject as well of various dramatic exhibitions (S). though not actuallypatron of archery (Y) canonized. and ballads (T) : : to divers proverbs (U) . Dumque thy mo pascentur apes. appears to have been a practice : he may be regarded as the and.

** and that some of his descendants. were preserved.) he obtained the principal distinction of sainthood. learn is. therefor. is. and they from him.Xiv THE LIFE OF ROBIN HOOD. being considered. not by the populace only. but even the well at which he quenched his thirst. History is silent in particulars we (GG). tlie efforts of government to suppress them frequently producing tumult and insurrection (AA) : his bow. was conferred as an honorable distinction upon the prime minister to the king of Madagascar (DD). after his death. . in the middle of the present century. and one of his arrows. his cap. of the name of Nailor. and not only places which afforded him security or amusement. in having a festival allotted to him. that the honour of Little Johns death and burial is contended for by rival nations (FF) . give him an indisputable claim. which were celebrated till the latter end of the sixteenth century. his chair. till within the present century (BB) . with peculiar veneration. and that as well in Scotland as in England . and solemn games insti- tuted in honour of his memory. were in being so late as the last century (EE). but by kings or princes and grave magistrates . of the highest political importance. After his death his company was dispersed : all that can. still retain his name (CC) : a name which. that his grave continued long " celebrous for the yielding of excellent whetstones. and the supernatural powers he in some parts> supposed to have possessed (Z). in the former country. which he himself bore. and one of his slippers. and essential to the civil and religious liberties of the people.

and the " ingenious antiquary. Another piece of biography.] 4to."] Such. as respectable personages is the author." in fact. of the many merry extravagant exploits he played . liam Onley. O." who strung them together. since a sort of manuscript life in the Sloane library will appear The first of these to have been of some service. (about 1680. These " several stories. from which much . is. has known so little of his trade. that have already appeared in print. ^c.NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS REFERED TO IN THE FOREGOING (a) LIFE. The above " small is supposed to be the merry book" called Robin Hood. printed for and sold by William Thackeray at the Angel in Duck-lane". are only so many of the songs in the common Garland transprosed . or rather " The noble birth and compiler. " Former biographers. together with a true account. ballads. printed by W.^' [Wilantiquary. and histories. that he sets out with informing us of his heros banishment by king Henry the eighth. black letter. mentioned in a list of ^' books. no date. in twelve several stories : newly collected by an ingenious London. of gallant atchievements of that remarkable outlaw Robin Hood .) preserved in one of the volumes of old ballads (part of Bagfords collection) in the British museum.

towards the end of the sixteenth century. they were unwilling to praise the actions which they durst Fordun and neither misrepresent nor deny.xvi NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. but the first row of the rubric will set him right : Nottingham."] <* ing homage to his virtues. This. two noted robbers and highwaymen. being foreigners. as a specimen of the authors historical authenticity. in former times." says a MS. Major. motives that Josephus is pretended to have suppressed all mention of Jesus Christ. as it seems. Bene^ dictus abbas. however. is. however. The principal if not sole reason why our hero is never once mentioned by Matthew Paris.) written. 1752/^ 8vo."* * See part II. " was born at Locksley in the county of (A) — In Locksly towHy in merry Nottinghamshire^ In merry sweet Locksly town. we have the life and actions of that noted robber. was most probably his avowed enmity to churchmen . and James Hind. sir John Falstaff. or any other ancient English his- torian. or after others in Nottinghamshire. is probably nothing more than an extract from Johnsons Lives of the highwaymen. was From the same written by none but monks." The writer here labours under manifest ignorance and confusion. ballad L . have not been deterred by this professional spirit from render- " Robin Hood. 715. London. " was borne at Lockesley in Yorkshyre. There bold Rol?in Hood was burn and was bred. " The lives and heroick atchievements of the renowned Robin Hood. and history. will not be expected. in which. {Bib. Bold Robin of famous renown. in the British Muieum. Sloan.

) is doubtful as to the place of his nativity. Fullers phrase) in the reign of king Richard the first." The name of such a town as Locksley. or in the No^ mina villarum Eboraeensium (York. would fill a volume. " about the year of our lord 1200. c 2 . ." says he. &c." " was borne . does not. in Adams's Index vil^ laris. according to the last named author. of course. villages." Thus Major (who is followed by Stowe.. note in the Museum 7. Annales " Circa hcec 1592. Fuller {Worthies of England. and about the year of Christ 1 160."^ in Tho- rotons History of Nottinghamshire. the manor and seat of the Kinardsleys"). 1768. Those writers are therefor pretty correct who represent him asp/aying his pranks (Dr. be about 29 years of age. about the yeare 1160. of which no ti*ace is now to be found but in ancient writings. or Lorley (for so. Ricardi MS. The silence of these authorities is not. and. p. 1662. p.] " Robin Hood. it must be confessed. xvii Dr. in according to the Sloane MS. occur either in sir Henry Spelmans Villare Anglicum. in the county of Nottingham or of York. however. in Whatleys Englands gazetteer. " in the (B) reign of king Henry the second. 227. 8vo). at whose death {anno 1189) he would. and another in Staffordshire (** near Needwood forest. 320.. (if not by birth) by his c\\\v^ abode this country-man. the dayes of Henry the 2nd.] ut auguror. Speakings of the " Memorable Persons" of Nottingham" " Robert Hood." This was the 6th year of that monarch ." — A * All three mention a Loxley iu "Warwickshire.NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. to be regarded as a conclusive proof that such a The names of towns and place never existed.) tempora [sci. we sometimes find it spelled). shire.

" About this tyme was that waithman Robert Hode with his fallow litil Johne. 4to.) not. it was written that (C) 197. " His extraction was noble.] In *' an olde and auncient pamphlet. in Mr. and his true name Ropert Fitzooth".'* out of his reckoning in bringing him down to the time of Henry III. as well as his brother prince John. v/ho pronounces that '* This Robert Hood lived in the reign of king R. Wanleys opinion. 1779. The author of the two plays upon the story of our hero. and with him agrees that " noble clerke maister Hector Boece. \. p.Kviii NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. quoted in note (D). York. places him in the same period." th^t is.) though of no authority in this point. I. has done well enough to speak of him as living " in the days of abbot Richard and Peter his successor .) . fo.) A modern writer. who. 1233. ^fC-" {History of Scotland. to be relied on. 1602.** (3 Institute. may not be such evidence as would be sufficient to decide the point in a court of justice. Warner. which is confirmed by another play. of which a particular account will be hereafter given. also. by Lionel Charlton. but neither judge nor counsel will dispute the authority of that oracle of the law sir Edward Coke. refers his existence to " better daies. is introduced upon the scene . to be sure. as we shall hereafter see . '' Nor is Fordun altogether Temp. {Histojy of Whitby. 132." which Grafton the chro'' This ma>^ nicler had seen. between the years li76 and 1211. Edin. in his Albions England. 1541. first Richards daies/' This. Rich. makes him contemporary with king Richard. Har. {Bib.'' who in the nineteenth chapter of his " threttene buke/' says.

" and though the material word is illegible."] In Graftons " olde and auncient pamphlet. that earldom being part of his mothers dowry. passim.*' though the author had. . (See Stukeleys FalcBographia Britannica. says " He was of .NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. afterward earl of Kyme.** following account of his family will be found sufficiently particular. xit The Sloane •discended of a noble parentage/* MS. our hero. . dyed without issue . Robert Fitzooth. the sense So. gave him in marriage to his own niece. a Norman. a title " as already noticed. I. daughter of Aubrey de Vere. Ralph Fitzothes or Fitzooth. and William. he actually appears to have had some sort of pretension. {Collectanea. for the latter part of his life at least. the Harevidently requires noble.'* Leland also has expressly I. commonly called Robin Hood. 54. the youngest of the three daughters of the celebrated lady Roisia de Vere. by the kings express command. and lord high chamberlain of England under Henry I. said c thiii man discended of 3 . who had come over to England with William Rufus. and of Adehza. marryed Maud or Matilda. The offspring of this marriage was. earl of Guiines in Normandy.) The termed him " nobilis. and : who. by Payn de Beauchamp baron of Bedford her second husband. leian note : *' It is said that he was of noble blood. No. ingdon. earl of Clarence and Hertford.) '* earl of HuntHe is frequently stiled (D) . William was a ward to Robert de Vere earl of Oxford^ in whose household he received his education. parentage . likewise. daughter to Richard de Clare.. to which.. daughter of Gilbert de Gaunt earl of Kyme and Lindsey. by whom he had two sons Philip. Philip the elder.

" and '^ little wag. calls him county. and in ward to prince Richard. and young HuntingtoNi Sweet RoBYN Hude." He is likewise introduced in that character in the same authors McIn his epitaph tropolis coronata. the young king." he adds. note {Bib. compiains of his having " had wrong about his wardship. we shall find him expressly stiled *' Robert earl OF HUNTINGTUN." In *' pleasant commodie cialled Look about 7/ou. 1233) is the follow" It is said that he was of noble ing passage : blood no lesse then an earle/^ Warner." printed in 1600. He is represented as the young earl of Huntington. a proper gentleman ." " Fan." In one scene. Huntingtons right heyre." « an honourable youth. coronets. bouors best flowing bloome." and is sometimes called '^ pretty earle. already cited. welcome. in his In the Alhions England. hereafter cited.XX NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. though his brother Henry." it is And said that fac't lord " His father Gilbert was the smoothst " That ere bare amies ** in England or in Fraunce." Enter Richard and Robert with ." He is described as " A gallant youth. our hero is introduced. " or rather beyng of a base stocke and linage. Har. was for his manhood and chivalry advaunced to the noble dignitie of an erle/' MS." and " The death of Robert EARLE OF Huntington. But welcome." The titles of Mundys two plays arc: " The downfall. "a A and performs a principal character. a noble parentage. Vertuous and modest.

Present their service to your majesties* Dr. The noble Robert Hood. Richard the Piince of England. earle Huntington. but only call him a yeoman. Here . to this it 16. Percys objection.NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. with his ward. will be considered in another place. " xxi Rich. title will How he founded his pretensions be seen in his pedigree. that the most ancient poems Uiake no mention of this earldom.

The Pedigree of Robin Hood, Marl of Huntingdon,
Richard Fitxgilbert de: =Ruisia
"Waltheof earl of



eail of


Northumberland and Huntington*

Judith countess of Huniingdun, the conqueror's

Alice;isRobert Fitzgilbert

Simon de
lis I.

S. earl of

= Maud =David





of Scots, earl

Northampton and Huntingdon.




Henry earl of=sAda daughter



William earlofWarreu.

Gilbert de Gaant=Roisia earl of Kyme and


Lyndsey came
lis IT.



earl of


dar. of

with the conqueror.



Northand amptou Huntington.

Robert Bossu
«»rl of cester.


Walter de Giunt
earl of Lind«



Malcolm IV. king
of Scots,



Northumberland and HuntingdoQ.


Gilbert de Gaunt=rAvis dau. of Lincoln, and heir of "William de

William earl of Huntingdon. VIII.


of Lincoln.

Ralf Fitzooth a

= Maud


lord of


S. lis ITT. earl of



tinsdon and Northton, ob. p. ^ 1184..

Philip Fitzooth, lord of Kyme,


* earl of Carricl<' and Huntingdon, sou of Henry IV. (above) earl and of AHa. ob. I219.



John sirnamed Scot his son, Angus and Huntington, 06.

earl of


William Fitzooth brought up by Robert ear lof Oxford


a daughter of

Payn Beauand champ
Roisia lady de Vere,

Robert Fitzooth, commonly called Robin Hood, pretencled
of Huntington, ob. i274 [l247]."*


Stukoleys Pal(EO^raphia Britannic^, No,

II. p.




In an interleaved copy of Robin Hoods garland formerly belonging to Dr. Stukeley, and now in the possession of Francis Douce, esquire, note in his opposite the 2nd page of the 1st song, is the following





earl of


George Gamwell



Gamwell Hall magna

y^, Qdoth





Gamwell the kint;s forester mentioned in Camden.

in Yorkshire,

my answer


No. 11. of lady Roisia, Robin Hoods True Pedigree.'*

" In his youth he is reported to have been (E) of a wild and extravagant disposition, ^c."] Graftons pamphlet, after supposing him to have " advaunced to the noble dignitie of an erle,'* continued thus " But afterwardes he so prodigally exceeded in charges and expences, that he fell into great debt, by reason whereof, so many actions and sutes were commenced against him whereunto he answered not, that by order of lawe he was outlawed."* Leland must undoubtedly

have had good authority for calling him ^' nohilis ilk exlexT^ Fordun supposes him in the number of those deprived of their estates by K. Hen. III.



*' de exheredatis surin tempore,'' says he, erexit ille famosissirnus siccarius RoSf caput


Hode ^


Johanne cum eorum com-

The Sloane MS. says he was plicibus." (p. 774.) " so ryotous that he lost or sould his patrimony

& for debt became an outlawe ;"
* Graftons chronicle,
p. 85.

and the Harleian note mentions his " having wasted hii estate in







riotous courses." The former authority, however, gives a different, though, it may be, less credible, account of his being obliged to abscond. It is as follows : " One of his first exployts was the going abrode into a foirest bearing with him a


bowe of exceeding great strength he fell into company with ccrtayne rangers or woodmen, who fell to quarrel with him, as making showe to use such a bowe as no man was able to shoote withall. Wherto Robin replyed that he had two
better then that at Lockesley, only he bare that with him nowe as a byrding bowe. At length the ' contention' grewe so bote that there was a wager layd about the kyllyng of a deere a great© distance of, for performance whereof Robin offered to lay his head to a certayne some of money, the advantage of which rash speach the others So the marke being found out, presently tooke. one of them, both to make his hart faynt and hand unsteady, as he was about to shoote urged him with the losse of head if he rayst the marke. Notwithstanding Robyn kyld the deare, and gave every man his money agayne, save to him which at the poynt of shooting so upbraided him with he danger to loose his bed for that wager ;


sayd they would drinke togeyther: whereupon the others stomached the matter and from quarBut elling they grewe to fighting with him. Robin, getting him somewhat of, with shooting dispatch them, and so fled away ; and then betaking himselfe to lyve in the woods, ^c."* That he lurked or infested the woods is agreed " " Circa hctc i?otempora,'' says Major, by all.
* See Robin Hood$ progress
ballad 9,

Nottingham, part




hertus Hudus Anglus 4r parvus Joannes, lairones famatissimiy in nemorihus latuerunt." Br. Stukt'ley says that " Robin Hood took to this wild way of hfe, in imitation of his grandfather Geoffrey de Mandeville, who being a favorer of Maud empress, K. Stephen took him prisoner at S. Albans, and made him give up the

tower of London, Walden, Plessis, &c. upon which he lived on plunder." {MS, note in his copy of Robin Hoods garland.) " Of these he chiefly tfFected Barnsdale, (F) " Along on the lift bond/* says Leland, ^c."] " a iii. miles of betwixt Milburne and I

saw the wooddi and famose

forrest of


wher thay say


Robyn Hudde
V. 101.

lyvid like an



They haunted about Barnsdale forrest, Comp.

Plomptoni parke,^ and such other places,"



" His principal residence," says
in Shirewood forrest in this


county [Notts], though he had another haunt (he is no fox that hath but one hole) near the sea in the North-riding in Yorkshire, where Robin Hoods bay still retaineth not that he was any pirat, but a landhis name



for his security."

retreated to those unsuspected parts Worthies of England, p. 320.

In Thorotons Nottinghamshire, p. 505. is some account of the ancient and present state of Sherwood forest ; but one looks in vain, through that dry detail of land-owners, for any particulars re• Plompton park, upon the banks of the PenteriU, in Cumberland, was formerly very large, and set apart by the kings of England for the keeping of deer. It was dis* afforested or disparked by Henry the 8th,



'* In anno domini 1194. king lating to our hero. Richard the first, being a hunting in the forrest of Sherwood, did chase a hart out of the forrest

of Sherwood into Barnesdale in Yorkshire, and because he could not there recover him, he made
in Yorkshire, and at divers other places there that no person should kill, hurt, or chase the said hart, but that he

proclamation at Tickill

might safely retorne into forrest againe, which hart was afterwards called a hart-royall pro^

from " an auncient recorde'^ found by him in the tower of Nottingham castle.)* " Here he either After found, ^c."] (*^F) " for a lewde being outlawed, Grafton tells us, shift, as his la§t refuge, [he] gathered together a companye of roysters and cutters, and practised robberyes and spoyling of the kinges subjects, and occupied and frequented the forestes or wild


Forest laws,

1598, p. 25.

See also the following note.

Little John, William Scadlock, George A Green, pinder of Wakefield, Much a millers

son, and a certain monk or friar named Tuck."] Of these the preeminence is incontestably due to
Liitle John, whose name is almost constantly *' Robertus coupled with that of his gallant leader, Hode Si" httill Johanne," are mentioned together

* Draytoi), {Polyolbiorif song 26.) iiitroduceR Sherwood ID the character of a nymph, who, out of disdain at the
preference shewn by the poet to a

" All selfe-praise set apart, determ'ueth to sing That lusty Robin Hood, who long time like a king Within her compass hv*d, and when he list to rangey For some rich booty set, or else his air to change, To Sherwood still retired, his only standiDg court."

by Fordun,


as early as 1341 ; and later instances of the connexion would be almost endless. After the words, '* for debt became an outlaw," the " then Sloane MS. adds joyninge to him manystout fellowes of lyke disposition, amongst whom one called Little John was principal or next to him, they haunted about Barnsdale forrest, ^c." See notes (FF) (GG). With respect to frier Tuck, " Thogh some say he was an other kynd of religious man, for that the order of freyrs was not yet sprung up," {MS. Sloan.) yet as the Dominican friers (or friers preachers) came into England in the year 1221, upward of 20 years before the death of Robin Hood, and several orders of these religious had flourished abroad for some time, there does not

seem much weight in that objection nor in fact, can one pay much regard to the term frier, as it seems to have been the common title given by

the vulgar (more especially after the reformation) to all the regular clergy, of which the friers were at once the lowest and most numerous. 1^ frier Tuck be the same person who, in one of the
oldest songs, tainsdale, he
is called The curtal frier of Founmust necessaryly have been one of the monks of that abbey, which was of the Cistertian order. However this may be, frier Tuck is" frequently noticed, by old writers, as one of the companions of Robin Hood, and as such was

an essential character in the morris-dance, (see note (H). He is thus mentioned by Skelton, " laureat, in his goodly interlude" of Magnificence, written about the year 1500, and with an
evident allusion to some
totally forgotten


or practice


and inexplicable, d


Another bade shave halfe my berde, And boyes to the pylery gan me phicke, And wolde have made me freer Tucke, To preche oute of the pylery liole."


In the year 1417, as Stow relates, " one by his
counterfeite name, c^Wed frier Tucke, with mania other malefactors, committed many robberies in the counties of Surrey and Sussex, whereupon the

king sent out

his writs for their apprehension."

{Annales, 1592.)

George a Green is George o' the Green, meaning perhaps the town-green, in which the pound or He has pinfold i^tood of which he had the care. been particularly celebrated, and " as good as

George a green"

is still



saying. Dray-

ton, describing the progress of the river Calder, in the west-ridiug of Yorkshire, has the following

" It chancM she in her course on Kirkley' cast her eye, Where merry Robin Hood, that honest thief, doth lie
* ;

Beholding fitly too before how Wakefield stood, She doth not only think of lusty Robin Hood, But of his merry man, the pinder of the town Of Wakefield, George a Green, whose fames so far ar«



their so valiant fight, that every freemans tell you of the same, quoth she, be talk'd

For ye were merry

song on long, and those were merry days."

Besides the companions of our hero enumerated in the text, and whose names are most celebrated and familiar, we find those of William of

(mentioned by Grafton,) Right' Brand, (by Mundy,) and Gilbert with the

white hand,





in the Lj/ttell

" ever.) are the following lines (not in the former . which it there accompanies. m a more modern which wants the title.NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. but written before 1518: ** Tlmir saw I Maitlaind upon auld Beird Gray. and containing many additional verses . 122. but was probably printed with the first part.'' 1616. 39."* As no niention is made of Adam Bell. {Bib. howconnection with each other. nor does the name of the latter once occur in the old metrical history of those famous archers. woulct probably authorise us to read ." . Art. reprinted in Percys Rcliques. in 1605 difiering considerably therefrom in several places. Scottish poems. or in more than one of the numerous songs of Robm Hood. and Gilbert with tlie quhite * handf How Hay of Nauchton slew. and among Pieces of ancient popular poetry. printed at Edinburgh in 1579. being Sdden C. intitled Adam L Bell. 4to. but a collation of MSS. stands . Clim of the Clough. in bis Palice of Honour. and is likewise noticed bybishop Gawin 'Douglas. Robene Hude. either in the ancient legend. in Madin land. it is to he concluded that they flourished at different periods. the second and YOUNG William of part. or at least had no In a poem. it now Quhom Hay of Nauchton d 2 slew in Madio land. copy than that copy) * : sense as «* The last verse is undoubtedly i. Clim of the Clough and William of Cloudeslie. geste xxix of Rohya Hode. 71. X^IIoudesley. b. Bod. L.

in the two old plays of The death and downfall of Robert carle of Huntington."] The author (J) of the Sloane manuscript . racter. Little John. Said William of Cloudesley then. Now beare thy fathers heart. &c. so stout and young. Old Robin Hood. or in any other poem or song concerning him. . '' his company encreast to an hundred and a halfe. I try'd a sonimers day. so famous of old time. written before 1600. and maid Marian." (H) Marian/'] Who or whatever this lady was. and is frequently mentioned by dramatic or other writers about that period. . writer. Nor fryer Tuck. which adds " after such maner he procured the pynner of Wakefeyld to become one of his company.XXX '* NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. it is observable that no mention of her occurs either in the Lytell geste of Robyn Hode. Tuck] Scarlock he induced upon : : . . song 24). Amongst their merry men all. he nor i were victors ncade When was young The Yet Nor victor'd went away. nor Little John. and a freyr called Muchel [r. however. piuder of Wakefield.^'] By such bootyes as he could get. " " His (I) company.'' says the writer of the Sloane MS. my boy. except a comparatively modern one of no merit She is an important cha(see part II. George a Green. The morris dance. My " courage could appall. constituent characters frier Tuck." '' the words of an old. i i car'd not for The brags of sturdiest men. was (as is elsewhere noticed) composed of the following Robin Hood.

who. went to dine [at Whitbyabbey] with the abbot Richard. of which great part is merely the old lege lid or Lytell geste of Robj/n Hode turned into prose. he tooke thebryde perforce from him that [bare] in hand to have marryed her. '* informs us that in one of ' Robin Hoods* peregrinations. when. or 1760 yards. to oblige the abbot. which. came church as a be<rger. & having his own company not far of. having heard them often famed for their great dexterity in shooting with the long bow. Grafton also speaks of our heros " excellyng principally to the in archery or shooting."] MS. they went up to the top of the abbey. a^ both Robin Hood aqd Little John have frequently shot an arrow a measured mile." says master Charlton. & caused the preist to wed her & Soarlocke togeyther. which feil not far from Whitby-laths.) This MS. whereupon Robin. he. this occasion : xx%i one day meeting him as he walket man forlorne. no one. was qnparalleled." (See part II. undersolitary & like to a standing when the maryatre-day should be. his rpanly courage agree- yng thereunto. but on the d 3 . appears to have been written before the year 1600. Tradition. indeed." Their archery. Sloan. because a mayd to whom he was afFyanced was taken from [him] by the violence of her frends. ^c. was ever able to do. begged them after dinner to shew him a specimen thereof. attended by his trusty mate Little John. song S. & given to another that was old & welthy. " In (K) shooting. it is supposed. whence each of them shot an arrow. which came in so soone as they hard the sound of liis home.NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. either before or " since.

which are yet standing in these our days . which our hero and his companions appear to have carryed to a state of perfection. still preserving the name o^ John's field. in his Chronicle of Ireland." adds he. p. in the winterseason. but them. says.xxxii NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. which sccms very far for the flight of an arrow. " which I hold not for truth. and a great deale more I I leave among the lyes of the land. a pillar was set up by the abbot in the place where each of the arrows was found.'' It has been conjectured that. that he would shoot an arrow a mile off. the same time. ** There are memorable acts reported of him. 179. that they might have tolerably comfortable habitations erected in the woods. Archery. in the old deeds for that ground.) speakinng of Little John. and in memorial there. 146. York. now in the possession of Mr. Thomas Watson/' {Hiscontrary side of the lane of. tory of Whitby. that field where the pillar for Robin Hood's arrow stands being still called Robin Hood's field. . but as to the credibility of the story. and the other where the pillar for Little John's arrow is placed. (p. 1779. and is a circumstance that will stagger the faith of many .) Dr. Meredith Hanmer. only I must here beg leave to observe that these very pillars are mentioned. our hero and his companions severally quartered themselves in villages or country-houses more or less remote. every reader may judge thereof as he thinks proper. Their distance from Whitby abbey is more than a MEASURED MILE. and the fields called by the aforesaid names. with persons of whose fideIt is not improbable. at lity they were assured.

and gyrles in Lincolne greeneJ* See Polyolhiouy «ong XXV. (Barringtons Miscellanies." noticed by our poet himself. " Lincolne anciently dyed the best green Thus Coventry had formerly the in England. verbs. (L) ** All clad in Lincolh green is — "] This species of cloth {Faerie queene. And on his head an hood with aglets sprad. and the bowmen of Cressy and Agincourt utterly extinct though it may be still a question whether a body of expert archers : would not. down.'^ See Rays Proreputation of dying the best blue. prevent their being too readyly discovered by See Sir John Wynnes History of the the deer. Thus the Scotish highlanders used to wear brown plaids to prevent iheir being distinguished among . 419. where the marginal note says. in another place : " Swains in shepherds gray.NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. 178. p.) AH in a woodmans jacket he was clad Of Lincolne greene. owing to the introduction of artillery and matchlock-guns. belay'd with silver lace . xxxiii continued to be cultivated for some a^es after their time. when. 5. even at this day be superior to an equal number armed with muskets.) p. indeed. and appears to have been cloth of a similar quaTliis colour was adopted by forester. to that of Henry VllL or about the year 1540. Kendal green is equally famous. it became neglected.* to lity. And by his side his hunters home he banging It is likewise had. ** VL mentioned by Spenser ii. Guedir family.

but it was afterwards dedicated to the blessed virgin by the command of king William Rufus. Robert de Longo Campo. It is needless to observe that greek has ever been the favourite dress of an archer. the heath. This. 5d. tempore rigis Edxvardi I. Its yearly revenues at the suppression amounted to 1550/. 9d.xxxiv NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONSf. 1239. is the first known instance of our heros name and affords a strong being mentioned by any writer whatever . his waistcoat's of a plaid. Dugd."] the year lOSS Alan earl of Richmond founded here a stately abbey for black monks to the honour of St. 1184) ob. foL 59. Prem. now in the British Museum.'* 0» song. 1198. Julii 1304. 32. " the abbot of St. . 2850/. gibbots in our heros time were — i. E. consisting of collections for the history of Prsemonstratensian monasteries. See note (Y).'' served. " has had the honour to be (M) compared to the ilhistrious Wallace. 1. a. Olave . with the following title : " Prioris Alnxvicensis de hello Scotico apud Dumharr. We now call it a hunter. '^ In (N) Marys in York. quo de Willielmo Wallace. it may be obEegist. ]s. dictamen sive rithmus Latinus. 214. and respectable proof of his early popularity. S^c] In the first volume of Pecks intended supplement to the Monasticon. is a very curious riming Latin poem. Scotico illo Robin Whood^ plura sed iwoidiose canit :*' and in the margin are the following date and reference : 22. &c. The Robert de Harpsham (el. 75. Speed:' Willis's Mitred abbeys. Saxon or grass green ** : His coat is of a Saxon green. ob.

" says the Harleian MS. " ^c. At length.^' Grafton.''] Thus Grafton troubled with sicksayd Robert Hood. ^c. he was betrayed and bled to death. as by the recordes in the Exchequer is to be scene But of this promise no man enjoy'ed any benefite. says that '' [Being] dystempered with could and age. to be eased of his payne by letting bloud. &c. 125S. For the sayd Robert Hood. Kircklies]. sett furth a proclamation to have him apprehended. Tho. beyng : came to a certain nonry in Yorkshire called Birckhes [r. xxxy ' William Rondele. a woman very skylful in physique . de Wharterhille." adds. caused his proclamation to be^ made that whosoever would bryng him quicke or dead." (p. was his aunt. between which and the 1st no name appears on the roll.^'] Ralph Murdach was sherif of Derby and Nottmghamshires in the 1st year of king Richard I. being : afterwardes 85." Sloane MS. See Fullers Worthies. 1244. " The which beyn^ certefyed to the king. '' a proclamation wag published. therfore. and William Brewerre in his 6th year. the infirmities of old age in(Q) ** The creasing upon him. which some say nesse. and for the 7 years preceding. oh. S^c''^ (P) " The king *' att last. ^c.) *' troubled with sicknesse.NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. oh. he repayred to the priores of Kyrkesly. his bloud being corrupted. the king would geve him a great summe of money. " the sberif of (O) Nottinghamshire. where desiryng to be let The blood. and he beyng greatly of- fended therewith. ^c. he had great payne in his lymmes. after having told us that he practised robberyes.

formerly Kuthale. Kirkleys] . ad finem. . as some say. caster. which time it happened he fell sick at a nunnery in Yorkshire called Birkleys [r. a stone being placed over his grave with an inscription to his " memory. hee was beytrayed & made bleed to death." Kirkleys. incyted the priores." Lelands : . Fuller.) " He was intered under some trees at a (R) short distance from the house . ubi Ro Hood nobilis ille exlex sepultus. founded." See the following note. after mentioning the proclamation *' *' at sett furth to have him apprehended" adds. who. bearing grudge to Robyn for some injury. Kirkley monasterium monialium. in such a maner to dispatch him/' the Lytell geste of Rohyn Hode. a Benedictine nunnery. toke reveng of him for her owne howse and all others by letting him bleed to deaih." says Dr. and .. by Reynerus Flandrensis in the reign of king Henry H. ' {Worfeasting' the vicinage with his venison.xxxvi NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. or. was a Cistercian. It is also sayd that one sir Roger of Don- & Hood. " " One may wonder. ihiesy p. Kirklees or Kirkleghes.. in the deanry of Pontefract. The Harleian MS. with whome he was very faSee miliar. how he escaped the hand of justice. James.. and archdeaconry of the west riding of Yorkshire. in honour of the virgin Mary and St. perceyving him to be Robyn surgery & wayi44g hgvve fel an enimy he was to religious persons. dying' in his bed. ibr ought is found to the contrary : but it was because he was rather a jnerrj/ than a mischievous thief (complementing passengers out of their purses) never murdering any but deer. & desiring there to be let blood. 320.

E. viro epis. way up the Hill v/here this was drawn. Illus. G. but sculp. According to the Sloane MS. Almondbury hill. prioresse of the same place caused him to be buried by the highway-side. 1691." (Poly-Oibion. the prioress. and others were graven. p. Savile to W. Song 28. doth lie.^' is unnoticed in the letter press. at a quarter of a mile distance. p. In the second volume of Dr. Where meiry Robin Hood. C. from the footway leading to Heartishead church. And F. Johnston among his Yorkshire E. wherein the n?imes of Robert Hood. The New Hall. The trees D.) See also Camden s Britannia. buryed him under a great stone by the by wayes syde :'* which is agreeable to the account in Graftons chronicle. 1695. Castle field. Camden. 54. Drawn by . The Gatehouse of the Nunnery. in the woods whereof Robin Hoods grave is. where Robin Hood dyed. William of Goldesborough. A. 709. i. that honest thief. The among which Robin Hood was buried. is between Letter Halifax and Wakefield upon Calder. It makes plate 99 of the above work. after his death. It chanc'd she in her course on * Kirkiey' cast her eye.KOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. antiquitys. where " the it is said that. Kirkleys Nunnery. Stukeleys Itinera* riwn curiosum is an engraving of " The prospect of Kirkiey's abby. of the drawing?." from Jo. " xxxyfi Collectanea. as Caldor conies along. Kirkall. Bradley wood. 51. grave the sayde prioresse did lay a very fay re stone. where he had used to rob and And vpon his spoyle those that passed that way. after " letting him bleed to death. Dr. B.

Percy. was found this epitaph of Robin Hood : Jiear unDcrneaD tiij^ laitl ^ttan lai^ rofaert earl of iifimtingtun near arcir tier a^ i)\t $a oeud an pipll^aulD im robin Send ^ticft utfato? a? ])i an i> men till englanD ni^r ^i agen* obiit 24 [r." This reason. the cause why she buryed him there was.) " It must be confessed this says. Gale. however. might more safely and without feare take their jorneys that way. And at cyther ende of the sayde tombe was erected a crosse of stone. because in the most ancient poems of Robin Hood. epitaph is suspicious. p. late dean of Yorke. 14] fiaf tiefeembri^ 1247. of this epitaph has been quesDr. is the following note. there is no mention of this imaginary earldom. is by no means conclusive. In the Appendix. which they durst not do in the life of the sayd outlawes. 576. : The genuineness . with a reference to " page 91 :" " Amongst the papers of the learned Dr. knowyng and seeyng him there buryed." " Near unto ' Kirkkes' the noted Robin Hood lies buried under a grave-stone that yet remains near the park. p.xxxviii NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. but the inscription scarce legible/' Thoresbys Ducatus Leodiensis. which is to be seene there at this present. 91. for that the common passengers and travailers. in the first edition of his ** Reliques of aiicient English poetry/' (1765. the most ancient poem now extaut having no pretension to the antiquityclaimed by the epitaph and indeed the doctor tioned.

is evident from his own words : and it should be remembered. whose know- ledge and judgment of ancient poetry are so conspicuous and eminent. as well as respectable artist and citizen. as. suspicion of this ingenious writer. 1730. having his effigy there^ on. in hoth the subsequent editions. That industrious chronologist and topographer. Gale was both too good and too learned a man either to be capable of it himself or to be liable to upon from others. ought to have considerable weight. that it was never inscribed on the grave-stone of Robin Hood. nor indeed to determine of what age it is. state of that informs us that he had been told. p. next morning it was ' surprizingly* removed [on or to] one side . 12mo. and the learned critic merely obaerves that the epitaph appearsio him It will be admitted that the bare suspicious. xxxix himself should seem to have afterward had less confidence in it. i. the great hall. not many years ago. As for the present editors part. those words are omitted. Thoresbys time. in his '^ List of religious^ " The ancient and modern houses.'' annexed to famous city. and so three times it was laid. master Thomas Gent. it e . of York. 234. as that Dr. That there actually was some inscription it in Mr. '' That his [Robin Hoods] tombstone. was ordered.NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. though he does not pretend to say that the language of this epitaph is that of Henry the thirds time. by a certain knight to be placed as a harth-stone in his When it was laid over-night. he can perceive nothing in it from whence one should be led to pronounce it spurious. though then scarce legible. as well that the last century was not the sera of imposition. e.

thirty) years. and by vulgar tradition ascribed to Robin to Hood" (refers "Mr.) thus not inelegantly paraphrased : ii. Known by the name of Robin Hood. B. underneath this little stone. The late sir Gale's papers. This is probably the tomb-stone of Elisabeth de Staynton. This the second instance 1 of a miracle wrought in favor of our hero In Goughs Sepulchral monuments. the inscription illegible. before. Thro' Death's assaults. from Dr. is *' the figure of the stone over the grave of Robin Hood [in Kirldess park. by some anonymous hand." N. which was performed by a pair of oxen and four horses. Lcod. mentioned in the preceding note. and as successively turned aside. it is left to the reader. when twice the number could scarce do it But as this/' adds the sagacious writer. owner of the premises. now lieth one. Who was a thief. so that it was probably brought from some other place. 576. Watsons letter in Antiquary society minutes"). Full thirteen (r. cviii. He robb'd the rich to feed the poor : . and something more. and found it had never been disturbed . " Here. order'd it should be drawn back again . in a work entitled " Sepulchrorum inscriptiones : or a curious collection of 900 of the most remarkable epitaphs. The old epitaph is.xl NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. That printed in Thoresby Ducat. The knight^ thinking he had done wrong to have brought it thither. p. Samuel x\rmitage. 73. (vol. caused the ground under it to be dug a yard deep. being a plain stone with a sort of cross fleuree thereon] now broken and much defaced. *' is a story only. and archer good ." Westminster. to is judge at pleasure. 1727. was never on it. p.

sing. &c. ^c. and hers frier David. . Exit. on the sanie subject has formerly existed. and weele even here struct like irregulars up and down the wildernessc. But if a potter come to plaie his part. " The playe of Robyn Hode. Therefore. seems pretty certain from a somewhat curious passage in "The famous chronicle of earlyest king Edward the first. Exeunt. Hood. his grave xU bedew with tears.^'] of these performances now extant is. the frier he shall in. e$^^ curia. Enter Mortimor. You Enter Lluellen. speaketh. sokis. " Lluellen weele get tlie next dale from Breckiiocke the booke of Robin Hood. as fit as a die for frier Tucke. and doe well with LUiellen under the greeri-woode frees with as good a will as in the good townes. &c. printed in 159S.NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS.Maisters." by George Feele. my sweet Nel. play." The Various dramatic exhibitions. Now. have after gentle Robin are not so well accompanied I hope. Elinor.* thou shalt be little John. however. I see. cousin Rice. Luellen. Meredith. . frier. Why lies so. very proper to be played in Maye games/' which may probably be That a different as old as the 15th century. and their They are all clad in greene. Youle give him stripes or welcome good or worse. told . All were not that Bedlams [beldams] and little John. the song ended. Lluellen traine. . Blyth and bonny.) offer for his soul '* your prayers. why plena . my mates of olde." Of Robin Hood e2 . if you will make up the messe with a good heart for maide Marian. Mortimor . And (S. ile be maister * of misrule^ ile be Robin Hood that once. . Frier Tucke and maide Marian. wander us in his cause. surnamed Edward Longshankes.

% Im1. b. afterward called Robin Hoodof merrie Sherwodde with his love to chaste Matilda. poysoned at Acted. The first part. or dowiifall of Robert earle of Huntington. frier : land. the lord Fitzwaters daughter. for William Leake." " The downfall of Robert earle of 2. afterwardes his faire maide Marian. Anthony Mundy and Henry Chettle. These two plays. the poet Skelton being the dramatist. the earle of Notingham. maid Marian. 3. is supposed to be performed at the court and command of Henry the 8th . otherwise called Robin Hood of merrie Sherwodde with the lamentable tragedie of chaste : ^ Matilda. and acting the part of chorus. as they are much older than most of the common ballads upon the subject. on the authority of Kirkman. <^c. " The death of Robert. ^c. Dunmowe. the reader will excuse the particularity of the account and length of the extracts here given. his faire printed. Acted by the right honourable.xla NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. b. [as above] 1601. as a potter. falsely ascribed to Thomas Hey wood. earle of Huntington. afterwards fights the with "flailes. his servants.^' 4to. and contain some curious and possibly authentic particulars not elsewhere to be met with. were always. by king John. at any rate.'^ 4to. lord high admirall of Eng- Mortimer. usually called the first and second part of Robin Hood. 1. As they seem partly founded on traditions long since forgotten. The introductory scene commences thus : . till Mr. and refer occasionally to documents not now to be found. 1601. Imprinted at London. flutitington. Malone fortunately retrieved the names of the true authors.

I play little John. my masters. manet Skellon. for the king himselfe. gentlemen. Faith. *Tvvill (i. that now we may rehearse. Elt. and bring your dumbe scene on the stage. bid : mee take faile not of our day great heede therefore I pray Sende for the rest. Welcome and wisht for. Skelt.) To take the paine that I intended About to intreate you io^ rehearsall of your promis'd play. Thomas Mantle yonder.NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. our maid Marian leaping like a lad! If you remember. and knocke at Skcltons doore. the surveying of certain 7naps which his majesty had employed hi?n in . O Elt. not sir John. and drest to play. of purpose with this greene sute. ivith drum and auncient. But. Goe in. " Enter sir xHii John Howe. I know yee are sir: And. I not ? Skel. At crying etery doore all the players runne out where ? where ? others Welcome. Nay. as prologue. at studie Sir John. Clow. Robin is your love. maister Skelton! what. Skel. e3 king Richard giving Ely a purse and . they are readie all. sir other the boyes sojne : John among and clowne.— trouble you after your great affairs. And came SkeL part play you ? Why. sir John is my fellowe. since you are thus prepar'd. Eltani. honest sir John Eltara. Trumpets sounde. little Tracy. you are somewhat forward. . purpose to expresse The ground whereon our historic is laied. for I Much the millers sonne. What. Skel. little John is come. Sir Am am — And I. hard? opens the doore. As wee were Wee What parting. master Skelton . Holla. e. master. [1] enter first Exeunt.

sceptre. The ill-fac't miser. brib'd in eith< r liand. for tlieir deare affect is such. Calde Gilbert Hoode. Chester. For those To whom Meane earle false guestes. Warman ever flattering and making curtsie. pleasantly. The king goes in : presently Ely ascends the chaire. uncle to Huntinjijton. folloivts him Warman. This day they must be troth-plight. or your Robin Honde. and are kindly received by Robin Hoode/^ curteins. others at the kings appointment. the prior . Those two that seeke to part these lovely friends.xliv NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. leading Marian. after wed At Hnntingtons faire house a feste is helde. and the queene part dis[2] Enter Hoblrt. . Slie loves earle Robert. Lester. doing reverence. Skelton instructs the audience as follows ** : This youth that leads yon virgin by the hand Is our earle Robert. betraies his liberall lord. his mother and brother John. and John the prince. That in those daies. Gilbert Broghtonfolde hands. Are Elenor the queene. Lacie. But As Long had they vainely . * Wiio. and after Warman. But envie turnes it to a house of teaies. Prince John enters. taking gifts of the prior behinde and his master before. offereth to take Marian . only death can sunder their true loves. [3] lord Sentloe. During the exhibition of the second part of the dumbshevv. Hugh Lacy. lie maide Marian. but they infolde each other. was earle of Huntington . Chester. offering to pull Robin from her . Is Warman. Into the hands of that relentlesse prior. John. at the banquet to betray the earle^ . Warman and Sir the with the prior. earle of Hunt- ington. Queen Elinor enters. Judas like. and sit downe within sir the curteines. and now it is agreed. and drawing all Chut the prior) enter. : lov'd. once the steward of his honse. conspirinjsj with the prior Robert greatly is in debt.

by my areede you shall provide. ** Enter Robin Hoode. For many talk of Robin Hood that never shot in hisbowc. and the taking of earl Huntington at dinner. Locke to your entrance. And if I can. And as I goe ile tell her of the place. Well. After she is gone. a god's name. and justice Warman. John thus addresses him " : these mourning tunes. Hothersfipld. concerning the outlawry. * if you please. Wortley. * At Rowlbrd. get you in. John.^* is John endeavours in a violent rage at being outlawed. if Skelton hath but any lucke." After some Skeltonical rimes. the sherif. You I meane Belsavage. And toward Notingliam convey them hence. whence. But Skelton writes of Robiu Hood what he doth truly My shift is long.: Your plate and jewels ile straight packe up. Wherein. and Little to pacify him.KOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. shall set foorth. and a scene betwixt the prior. He as if hee were sodainly raised from dinner. he dissembles with her. Soone in the evening waite for Marian. be . let it shall come with mee. be it waie's best to take. Marian so. which appears to be proclaimed. therefore At th* utmost corner of the garden wall. Of all your cattell money shall be made. Sowthani. little John folloiving him . play frier Tucke . sir John. for I knowe. Unto a lieavie writ of outlawiy The manner and escape you all : xlv shall see. Marian being distressed at his apparent disorder. as citizens That meane' to ride for pleasure some small way. Robin having his napkin on his shoulder.'* . And I at Mansfield will attend your coming : Now must your honour leave thus And Where weele determine which Rob. Your horses at the Bell shall readie bee. Heele thanke his hearers oft with many a ducke. Else care will kill her .

''Enter Robin like a citizen." and then the queen and Marian disguised for each other. his royal high- *' You do the fellow wrong You only must extend upon A his goods are his : the earles. my lord. little John. at one door. . and steward to Ely. lest '^in his country-houses all his beards patent " for the be solde. Sir Hugh. and others'* tells the prince. brother to lord Lacy. Then. with directions to make speed. Ely gives the prior his commission. and Much the millers sonne at another doore. Matilda.'* After mutual congratulations. triumph. The company now enters. . upon which . and during the fray ^' Enter prince Little John John. hut nowe is Robert simple yeoman as his servants were. he but defends the box contain- ing his own gettings ness observes. but the prince. and leaves the queen to prince John. Prior* That was. is killed in a brawl. and Robin charges them with the conspiracy. who is so much enraged at the deception that he breaks the head of Elys messenger. Little John in attempting to remove the goods is set upon by Warman and the sherif." After this. Robin asks if it be " that Warmans possible spite Should stretch so farre. who had been deeply concerned jn Huntingtons ruin. and rates their treacherous proceeding." - Hood . producing letters from the king. Robin takes Marian. Ely and the prior.'^ and gives Warman a high sherifFewick of Notting- ham.Xlvi NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. whom Ely orders to be arrested . by prince John. that he doth hunt the lives Of bomiie Scarlet^ and his brother Scathlock. " lifts up his drawne " sworde" and Exit. cum Lester and Lacy/* in " Enter Rohin Hoode. revoking Elys appointment.

Master frier. Scat.. Rob. Fear not: below the bridge a poor blind man doth With him I will change my habit. Heardst thou not. xlvii Much. and both our fathers . upon my word. after which he departs. if it may bee. thou shouldst bee. by my honours hope. John. He is too blame : say. [dwell. Only be readie when l call for yee. Take heed. and this daie. for what is done. they must forgoe their lives: And yonder comes a That is lazy lozell frier. Warnian came but yesterday to take charge of the jaile at Notingbam. we must: Though f^o it ill seemeth. little John. Warman. come both and helpe mee. He's a good fellowe.. he will hang the two outlawes. Rob. and disguise. Here is And you must answer lawe Scar. Was wishing her to patience for their death. bloodie to pursue our lives thus cruellie. . . Who. War. and here the tree. [you. would for mee Some rescue or repreeve might set them free. . he hath a writ against you. and get thee in to Much. His father did preferre thee to thy lord : One mother had wee both. . Warman. where must they die ? John.'* Here " Enter frier Tucke. Our mother sav'd thee from the gallows. frier Tuck as their confessor. be briefe. he sales. Now. I. O. my lord the villane Warman knows And ten to one. appointed for their confessor. officers with halherts. Rob. Yonder's their mothers house. poore men. He seemes like a good fellow. For I will save their lives. hanging businesse . saying. Whereon. Unto this : Enter Warman.NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. John. when we brought your monie to their mothers. the friers speach ? John. let us goe our way. and the frier skeltonizes . be no remedie. Well. if there the place of execution. And when I blowe this home. my good lord. Scarlet and Scathlocke bound. Rob. ." some conversation passes. delay no time. sir. . Scarlet and Scathlock. Lend me thy home. John. never hope for life .

) ** Tvi. Rob. get yee John. . so that for revenge sake he desires they may be delivered to him. as I am a true frier. and undone himself. They denying the charge. Hood. . murdered " Robin whispers with them. Much . and his mans help. then. had fallen off his To them enters Ralph. . the sherifs man. . shall die with shame." " curtail" law. John. . . To thee and to thy father were kind friends. in. num. . like an old man/' who tells the sherif that the two outlaws had his young son. earle Robert. Rob. then serve the prior." and with the sherifs leave. and his men^ (See the ballad of '' Robin Hood rescuing the widows sons. unbinds them " Enter little John. Sheriffe [perceiving that it is " the outlawed earle of Huntington"] runnes away. . I like your honours purpose exceeding well.. masters . and : . Here is no biding. . : And as ye liv'd by shifts. unthrifts. which he refuses. In the midst of the " Enter Robin altercation.. . knaves. crying. the sheriffe. xxiii. and of Saint Maries cloister j There where your greedie uncle is lord prior. or executor of the and was *' criphis plefied'' and rendered incapable of his office . . villaues.xlviii NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. outlawes life. Keepe the kings peace. The sherif insists that Ralph shall serve the turn. He is of Yorke. to acquaint him that the carnifex. A jolly fellowe! Scarlet. I had rather be thy clarke. lead an the kings returne. then ye prooved theeves Both of your fathers were good honest men . on a sodaine thus I am resolv'd. Farewell. . knowest thou him ? Scar. Ye were first outlaws. making as if he lielpt down his men. . Fight ." part II. knockes the frier. To keepe in Sherewoode tille And being outlawed. . so that the sherif was to performing become deputy. Your mother lives their widowe in good fame But yon are scapethrifts. sounds his horn . fVar.

lorde. Matilda shall be my maid Marian. agreed. lustfull thoughts expell. no man must presume to call our master. or suche folke. Matilda. tells him that she is hving in an adulterous state. or a clarke. little John . and falles. absolved he cannot be . . a usurer. . Henceforth 1 will be called Robin Hoode. in the course of which the prince. no yeoman following Robin Hoode In Sherevirood. shall use widowe. So never wise. for that " — Huntington till is excommunicate. baron. Some cordial expressions pass between Robin . " First. I pray thee. on this. all the men with howes and airowes. and Matilda. That faire Matilda henceforth change her name. By name — * And' by maid Marians name. S^c. knight. Then follows a scene betwixt old Fitzwater and prince John. and orders little John to read the articles. no passenger with whom ye meete. Then Robin Hoode." John sentences Fitzwater to banishment : after '* Enter Scathlocke and Scarlet. As use with foode to serve the market townes.NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. all in greene. John enter the queen. flies " cuses the prince earle into a passion. But by true labour. wife. Nor spare a priest. Much. And It is And debts be paid. Rob. SfcJ* that his — Fitzwater.^' They *' fight . Jo/t. Nay. Thirdly. be only cald. and acof being already marryed to Chepstowes daughter. can never be. or maid. of earle. He commands all the yeomen to be cheerful . a carrier. winding which. or squire : But simply by the name of Robin Hoode." little xli^i John . To them enter their homes. no more honour. Fifthly. Fourthly. you never shall the poore man wrong. . by Romes decree. Shall yee let passe till hee with Robin feaste : Except a poast. as a reason to induce Fitzwater to recall his daughter Matilda. at severall doores.

*' if lawfully take her to wife . is persuaded by the frier to accompany him. Jinny. "dis- coming in.1 NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. Exeunt winding their homes" In the next scene. Fitzvvater guised in habit like a pedlers mort/' sees Robin sleeping on enters like an old man a green bank. within our bower. in disguise. And let the light roes bootlesse from yee runne. Rob. Marian strewing flowers on him . Will wait. In answer to a question why the fair : — Matilda (Fitzwaters daughter) had changed her name. and of the different execrations of all ranks upon him. and distressed men. The scene then changes to the court. AIL All these we vowe to keepe. Marys had elected " Olde father Jerome" prior in his place . others weaponed. Marian and I. orphants. pretends to be blind and hungry. to serve an execution on Robin. and lastly a herald brings his sentence of banishment." and a fray ensues. you shall defend with all yonr power Maids. That he may Which. as we are men. till Robins outlawe life have eude. Robin '^ tells him it is Because she lives a spotlesse maiden life : And shall. widowes." and afterward The frier discovers the plot. as soveraigns of your toyles. Lastly. king Richard come. will not be long. we find frier Tucke feign edly entering into a conspiracy with the prior and sir Doncaster. the widow Scarlets daughter. on her way to Sherwood. which is confirmed by the entrance of the — . Then wend ye to the greenewood merrily. where the prior is informed of six of his barns being destroyed by fire. and is regaled by them. earle of Huntington . as the undoer of " the good lord Robert." Enter frier Tucke and Jinny like pedler* *' Sir Doncaster and singing. yonr bent bowes spoiles." that the con vest of St.

His majestie himselfe survaid the plot. king Richard. Lest. sir John Eltam. where Ely. On their departure : " Joh. "What (to Lester) Darest thou attempt thus proudly in [our sight? is't a subject dares. Skelton. who promises him protection and service. His honorable life. plague of reverence 1" A After this. and requires his ransom to be sent. <' like a countryman with a basket. Fri. John. Dare subjects dare. Me thinks I see no j easts of Robin Hode.NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS." is examined and detected by Robin. he is. and more on the same subject. what can we doe to that? I promis'd him a play of Robin Hoode. being taken by Much. John not only refuses the ransom money> but usurps the stile of king upon which Lester grows furious. He then introduces a description of his matchless valour in the holy land. in merry Sherewod . and rates The following is part of the whole company. what ist you would say. the king's majestic mislike it not! Fri. No pleasant shippings up and downe the wodde. you ly. that I dare not ? Sals. by the duke of Austria. Now. And if he doe. prior. it was good. Lest. U Lester brings an account of the imprisonof his gallant sovereign. Unnianner'd man. by god. Lester. Chest. Lest. Madam. their soveraigne being by ? true soveraigne were ny ! Lest. that O my Qu. god. the dialogue ment : : " Joh. And bad me boldly write it. a worde or two beside the play. the scene returns to the forest . No hunting songs. For merry j easts y they have bene showne before : t . No merry morices offrier Tuck. no coursing of the bucke : Pray god And this play of ours may have good lucke.

or death of Robert earle of Huntington." Now. To feast or dwell with Robin Hood. He no such titles doth desire. knight. read them mee. stout and goody On paine of forfeiting a marke.lii 15>JOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. The scene. f As how For How And the frier fell into the well. my liege. Fri. That must be paid to mee his clarke. or squire. lyes in Sherwood. masters lawes are on record. and we shall here not only find his title established. Almost in the last word you spoke . My That crime may not acquitted bee. My But Robin Hood. Bnter Roben Hoode. full of game" The second part. other mirthful matter. King. One shall suffice. this lawe you broke. a forfet. Fri. and this is hee. is a pursuit of the same story. because make no mention of this earldom. my liege lord. How A now. liege. King. Shall call him earle. frier. who has been pleased to question our '' the most ancient poems heros nobility. so far as our hero is concerned. the reason that '' the most ancient poems make no mention of this earldom/' and the old . Till frier Tuck receive his fee. earle Robert ! forfet. lord. love of Jinny . No man that commeth in this wod. but also discover the secret of his not being usually distinguished or designed by it. plain Robin Hoode. I pray thee. that aire bonny bell : Greeneleafe roVd the shrieve of Notingham. The next quotation may be of service to Dr." and the old " to have been a legend expressly asserts him yeoman!^ It is very true . That honest yeoman. Tlie court-roll here yonr grace may see. Percy.

had prepared for him to give to the king. O let mee looke for ever in thy eyes. pursuant to his own injunction. so particularly the minstrels. Mat." The king. If my sight can restraine deaths tyrannies. or in the vicinity. f bids his directs the manner of * his funeral and yeomen.NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. at length. Or keep lives breath within thy bosome lockt. and liberally entertained by him and his yeomanry. upon the earls •orrow for the tragical event death. which Rob. who were always. j repeats the directions for the funeral f 5 and says. inougli. and last dying speech are beauticalled. to be. Inougli. his uncle. D. no doubt. His departing scene. Where it assists death. plainly enough. would take special care never to offend against the above law which puts an end to the dispute. expresses his ratifies the will . For he beholds her eyes. which it would resist : Only my love a little hinders death. underneath the abbey-wall . take your child. and cannot smite. E. Fitzwater. . poisoned by a drink which Doncaster and the prior. Our hero is. no sunnes heat can thawe. either by any : ful and pathetic. welcome to Sherwood.'* He <* desires to be buryed At Wakefield. My Closes the powers of all my outward parts . " For holy dirges. *' My dying frost. he was never by his followers. liiL " to have been a legend expressly asserts him yeoman/' appears. And lay my warme breath to thy bloodlesse lips. freezing blood runnes back unto my heart. sing him* wodmens songs.< . other name than Robin Hood. that as. S.

His bent bowe. the first that received such dignitie. Your hands with sorrow wring Your master Robin Hood lies deade. . Heywood. as they fall. Performed in heartie affection to him.Hv ** NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. This is one of the pageants formerly usual on Lord-mayors-day." 1615. to the high office of lord maior of London. 1615. '' to Wakefield take your way. And. and of which several are extant. written as well by our author Mundy. Fall to your wod-songs.** And deck dirge : The whole concludes with the following solemne " Weepe. weepe. Metropolis coronata. Here lies bis primer." " 5. in this citie. ancl other hackney dramatists of that period. being the 30. M. His good sworde and his holy crosse : Now cast on flowers fresh and greene. and his arrowes keene. Well a. the triumphs of ancient drapery : or. They were thought of such consequence that the city had for some time . [Anthony Mundy] citizen and draper of London. on Monday. well a." Robin Hood's penn'orths. Devised and written by A. Haugh- ton. Therefore sigh as you sing. his herse with flowers. yeomen bold. And on 4. day of October. as by Middleton. that lov'd you deere. and at the bountiful! charges of his worthy brethren the truly honourable society of drapers. shed teares and say. well a day ! Thus cast yee flowers and sing. and taking his oath for the same authoritie. Dekker. ye wod-men waile. and his beades. In honour of the advancement of sir John Jolles. by Wm. knight. 4to. therefore. well a day. rich cloathing of England^ in a second yeeres performance.

in Bartholomew-fair." 11. become loyal subjects. commander . printed for James Davis. as it is per- form'd at Lee^s and Harpers great theatrical booth 1730. " 1784. "Robin Hood. allegorical or historical personages. As " performed at the theatreroyal in Covent-garden." " Robin Hood and his crew of 9. or. esq. " Robin Hood. This was a ballad-farce. of a few pages and no merit. Svo. The Robin Hood. ''Robin Hood and his pastoral May games. acted at Drury-lane Robin Hood . 8vo. convinced by subject of the day. Vivat rex." " The sad shepherd. An opera. This an interlude. an office which expired with Elkanah Settle in 1723-4. the reasoning of the sherifs messenger. souldiers . 166L" is 4to. 8. " Robin Hood and his crew of soldiers. a comedy acted at Nottingham on the day of his saCRed majesties corronation. ly. William Scadlocke. (though probably not till W after the restoration) a professed lanreat for their composition ." 1751. beginning:. 7. messenger from the sherifFe. By Leonard Mac NaU : theatre. or a tale of Robin Hood. 10." 1624. f3 . The melody of one song. London. 6. Little actors names : John. alluding to the late rebellion.NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS." This otherwise insignificant performance was embellished with some fine music by Mr. souldiers. Svo. 12. and the The outlaws. They consisted chiefly of machinery. songs and speeches. Sherwood forest a comic opera. Shield.

who makes the following confession : " I cannot par6tli mi paternoster. " innumerable poems.Tvi NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. " of whom the foolish vulgar in comedies and tragedies make lewd entertainment. songs and (T) The ori2:inal and most ancient pieces ballads. Hector who wrote about the same " that waithman Roperiod. idle. who wrote about 1340. " I've travers'd Judah's barren sands. of the parochial clergy of that age. the representative. to. during a period of between five and six hundred years continuance . thought to have been composed soon after the year 1360. and all we now know In the of them is. and are delighted to hear the jesters and minstrels sing them above all other ballads :" lished and Mair (or Major)."' So. Vision of Pierce Plowman. observes that exploits of this Robert are celebrated in songs throughout all Britain.""] of this nature have all perished in the lapse of is duced — time. as the priest it singeth.'* It has been since resingularly beautiful. and Randolf erl of * Chester. that such things once existed. But I can ryms of Roben Hode. " of Bois (or Boethius). an afterpiece." Fordun. . and drunken secular priest. the author introduces an ignorant. the Scotish historian. whose history was pub" The by himself in 1521. having mentioned. speaking of Robin Hood and Little John. no doubt. likewise. an allegorical poem. in the character of Sloth. bert Hode with his fallow litil Johne/" adds. and their accomplices. and is still frequently acted as. says. But of our lorde or our lady I lerne nothyng at all. rimes. and generally ascribed to Robert Langeland.

porter rose a-non certeyn. ther they lepc. His bed ther-with for to kepe . apparently of the same species. Jt exhibits the characters of our hero and his Jidus Achates in the noblest point of view. that is. fortunately preserved in one of the volumes of old printed ballads in the British museum.. Anon down ther as the wallis wer lowest. toke the keys in bond . quliom ar Ivii mony fabillis and mery sportis soung the vulgar pepyll. I To Robyn sayd : have done the a god tome for an Quit me when thow may . He And sone he hyme unbond. .. And He / And gaffe hym a good swerd in his hond.. The Lytell geste. of which amang some little satisfaction to be able to give even the following fragment. owglit oflf hit was gow." Whatever may have been the nature of the compositions alluded to by the above writers.NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. was once extant^ of. . from a single leaf. toke the way to Robyn Hod. And The yne the preson. sayd lytyll Johan. perhaps. than between three and four hundred years old. not less. is probably the oldest thing upon the subject we now possess . several of the pieces printed in the present collection are unquestionably of great antiquity . which is first inserted. in a handwriting as old as Henry the 6ths time. Lytyll Johan was redy with a sword. but a legend. And bare hym throw to the wall. a still earlyer date. it is " He sayd Robyn Hod . Now will I be jayler. as he hard As sone Johan call .

To overshoot Robin lastly " Hood. of very great antiquity . Good even. 1.) 2. . lytyll Johan. Farevj^ell & have gode daye. they cry out with as if they had overshot Robin Hood. sayd Robyn. p. be my trowthe. and . Whi/ come j/e not to (Works. many matters wherein they have no Ray gives it thus : discourse (or prate rather) of skill or experience. perhaps. sayd lytyll [JohanJ Forsothe as I the saye I have broughte the under the gren wod . sayd Robyn. that they originated in or near his own time. They are here arranged. 1736. (U) — *' has given rise to divers proverbs:"] Proverbs." 3. Off all my men & me. according to their exact chronological order.Iviii NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. be my trouthe. preserved by Skelton. good Robin Hood. but by the age of the authorities they are taken from. And open mouth chiefly. years. in all countries. are. not." " Many talk of Robin Hood. that never shot in his bow. generally speaking. have done the a gode tome. in that most biting It is sa- tire court? against cardinal Wolsey. Nay. It is highly probable. and therefore it will not be contended that those concerning our hero are the oldest we have. I ." Nay. . however. and of course have existed for upwards of 500 which is no modern date. And many talk of little John that never did him know. The allusion is to civility extorted by fear. Many men talk of Robin Hood that never shot '' in his boio. So schall it never bee I -make the master. That is. said So schall it never bee. . 147.

supplyed from Ray. and at last the keye was founde . I was fayne I thought there to geve place to Robyn Hoode. riding on a journey homeward from London. It occurs in Wit and drollery. that Plato banished lix them [i. and one of the parishe commes to me. when bent by I came once myselfe. or if you will. my rochet should have been regarded. Sidneys Defence ofpoesie. " It is spoken of things sold under half their is To value. Tales of Robin Hood are good lenough'] for foolSf This proverb is inserted in Camdens Remains^ printed originally in 1605. and I toke my horsse and mycompanye and went thither. half sold half given*' 6. I tarried there half an houre and more." seys bishop Latimer. and when I came there the churche dore was faste locked. Come. I pray you let them not. e. As crooked as Robin Hoods bow. thy« ys a busye day with us. the churche stode in my way. we —" cannot heare you. turn about. Sir P. poets] out of his commonwealth/' 4. 166L 7. Syr. we are to conceive. and methought it was an holidayes worke . and sayes. Implying that to challenge or defy our hero must have been the ne plus ultra of courage.NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. The parishe are gone abroad to gather for Robyn HooDE. sell Robin Hoods penn^ivorths. it is Robyn Hoodes daye. because it was a holy day. Robin Hood. thoughe I . That himself. and I sent word over night into the town that I would preach there in the morning. I thought I should have found a great companye in the churche. (in his sixth sermon before king Edward VL) " to a place. is. but the word in brackets 5.

Yf the bysshoppes had bene preachers. &c. but to give place to woiilde not serve. a traytoure and a thefe. kcJ' " may be called the patron of archery. it was fayne Robyn Hoodes men. under the pretence for gatherynge for Robyn Hoode. whose name fortunately happens to be John Little. in the north of England. to prefer Robyn Hode to goddes worde. which had once born the sign. there being at present no less than a dozen alleys. and all thys hath come of unpreachynge prelates. to put out a preacher. it is a wepynge matter. and still retained the name of this great man. before hanging-signs were abolished in London. It is very usual. courts. and.Ix NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. near Temple-bar. — Thus> in the old ballad of Londons ordinary : " The hosiers will dine at the Leg:. a heavy matter. must have been still more so in the city . to have the sign of Robin Hood and . It is no laughying matter. in it Butcher-row. my friendes. The drapers at the sign of the Brush. The Robin. there sholde never have been any such thynge. to prefer Robyn Hod before the mynystration of gods word . to have his office lesse estemed. . lanes. to which The he or ciety.Hood-sohas given a name. for that it hath had suche " corrupte judgementes in it. ^^] (Y) The bow and arrow makers. picture of our hero is yet a common sign in the country. or It was held at school for oratory. have always held his memory in the utmost reverence. is well known. it were not. a club or assembly for public debate. for a publican. Thys realme hath been il provided. The Jletchers to Robin Hood will go. a public house. in particular. And the spendthrift to Beggars-bush.

describing the various ensigns or devices of the English counties. Under a tree with his drawn bow that stood. Come in and drink with Robin Hood. there called Robin Hood's penny-stone.) he gives the inscription. as a catch for three voices. adopted the Come in and drink witli —Simon fVehster. with this quibbling sub- scription : You gentlemen. . thus ** : * Pray stay and drink with Robin Hood If Robin Hood abroad is gone. at the battle of Agin court. Pray stay and drink with little John. . and yeomen good. (ii. of his own compo* sition." " In the supposed to have possessed/^] of Halifax is an immense stone or rock. parish supposed to be a druidical monument. If Robin Hood be not at home. an archer clad in green. my ale is good. which he is said to have used to pitch with at a mark for his amusement. as bethought. If Robin Come in Hood be not at home. 98. It was the picture of old Robin Hood. as it ral tons weight. (Z) —"the supernatural powers he is." My beer is stout. of seveparts. necessary alteration. Ixi his constant attendant. and drink with Little John. lines. Drayton. There is likewise another of these stones. Every thing of the marvellous kind being here attributed to Robin Hood. viz. gives to ** Old Nottingham. admiring the conceit. with a slight. In Arnolds Essex harmony.* An honest countryman. but.NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. Which in a chequer'd flag far off was seen. in some which the country people will tell you he threw off an adjoining hill with a spade as he was digging.

are some stones called Robin Hoods stride. with dwtrs warlike shewes. and did fetch in May-poles. and solemn games instituted in honour of his memory. These games. practised merely for the sake of amusement. made by the governors and masters of this citie. therefore called Undershafte) by meane of an in«urrection of youthes against alianes on Mayday. " (AA) having a festival allotted to him. 1517. '' I find. (a principal Maypole in Cornhill. p. the ninth of Henry the eight. have notbeene so freely used as afore. 72. in Derbyshire.Arthur/* {Watson's History of Halifax.21. and other devices for pastime all the day long: and towards the evening they had stage -playes and bonefires in the streetes These greate Mayinges and Maygames. the cultivation and improvement of the manly exercise of archery. with the triumphant setting up of the greate shafte.) At Bitchover." says Stow. before the parish church of S. with good archers. which were of great anti&c/*] quity. or sometimes two or three parishes May joyning together. The people say Robin Hood lived here. 1598. Andrew. "that in the moneth of May. of all estates." (Survay of London. is in Cornwall to K. which was not. the citizens of London. lighllie in every parish. morrice-dancers.) The disuse of these ancient p^stimes> and the .Jxii NOTES AND ILLUSTRATI0NS(. had their severall mayinges. appear to have been solemnized on the first and succeeding days of — and to owe their original establishment to . in former times. ^. six miles south of Bakewell. and four from Haddon. among several singular groupes of rocks. and different kinds. being two of the highest and most remarkable.

To see a youth of cleane compacted lim." be reasonably supposed to allude to Henry who appears to have been particularly attached. nor yet standing streight upright. Setting his left leg somewhat foorth before. Into the wilde woods to behold their sports Who thought it then a manly sight and trim. ! Invited royall princes from their courts. Whose brave demeanour. therles of Essex. came sodajnly a mornyng into the queues chambre. Then. his grace. in his Lontically dons artillery y 1616: " How is it that our London hath laid downe This worthy practise. stooping. every one of them his bowe and arrowes. when May did clad the wood. Ixiii " consequent neglect of arcberie/^ are thus pathelamented by Richard Niccolls. With Instie greene.NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. he with the quene. ^ g *s . and a sworde and a bucklar. to lead his yong oft men out. when her Robin Hood Had wont each yeare. to the numbre of in twelve. as to the observance of May. says Hall. M^ho. : lyme bemg shir«. when they did shoot. I g "^ %^ 5 '% « 2 <« Not His arrow with his right hand nocking sure." lines The " Invited royall princes from their courts Into the wild woods to behold their sports. coronation. and hosen of the same. To draw an arrow of a yard in length. Wilother noble menne. with his left hand little 'bov€ his sight. all appareled in short cotes of Kentish Kendal. in his left hand Holding his bow. with hodes on their heddes. with an easie strength. and all their traine and on a may VIII. with a comely grace. Some short time after his " came to Westminster. like . and there. as well to the exercise of archery. which was once the crowne Of all her pastime. Stretching his arm out. did take his stedfast stand.

and al other there. Then sayd Robyn Hood. and as they passed by the a company of tall yomen. desyring hym to se his men shote. ' outlawes. and there was an arber made of bowes. C. & then he whisteled again. Sir. she was content. and a great chamber. espied with and great. Then the homes blewe tyll they came to the wood under Shoters hill. came to the kyng. and had thus appareled themselves to make solace to the kynge. were abashed. and all the company. and they likewyse shot agayne . the queue. so that the noyes was straunge the high grounde on ayre. & all the ii. The kyng demaunded of the queue and her ladyes. Then he whisteled.J account of " Amaiynge" in the 7th year of this : monarch (1516) '* The kyng & companied with many lordes and . & the kyng was content. All these archers were of the kynges garde. VIIL fo. ac- grene whodes & bowes & arrowes. if they durst adventure to go into the wood with Then the queue said. or Robyn' Hodes men . and an inner chamber. as also for their so- dain commyng and after certayn daunces and pastime made thei departed. C. whiche the kyng muche praised. roade to Shoters hil to take the open way they all in grene. very well made and covered with floures and swete herbes. clothed ladies. their arrowes whisteled by craft of the head. to the number of ii. outlawes brekefaste* . whereof the quene. with a hal. the queue. pleased hym. aswell for the straunge sight." (Hen. archers shot & losed at once . and muche pleased the kyng. The same author gives the following curious b. if it so many outlawes. and to se how the outlawes lyve. the ladies. Then Rohyn Hood desyred the kyng and queue to come into the grene wood. Then one of them whiche called hymselfe Rohyn Hood.Ixir NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. 6.

To and love. appears from a passage in Richard Robinsons '* Third assertion Englishe historicall. and afterward dic| g3 . to England by the same. yearely this with solempne feast was by the guylde Or brotherliood of townsmen done.. tlie proffet. (7. Then the kyng departed and his company. of his traine that time. horses. heare because of archery I do by penne explane The use.J That this sort of May-games was not peculiar to London. and men. accompanied with lady Flora. and the praise. At thismaiyng was a greate number of people to beholde. proffet which in present prove. and Robyn Hood and his men them conduictfd. (155:3) A May game To was of Robyn Hood.. and so brought hym to . to their great contentacion. and in the chayre sate the lady May. Then the kyng and quene sate doune. and on every horse sat a lady with her name written . with joy.lvi. with sport. E." tyme. is Ixf venyson. In shooting.NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS.. Grenewyche. eche other younger rhilde. and every horse had his name on his head." (fo.) traine up younj^ stripplings and. there met with them two ladyes in a ryche chariot drawen wich v. frendly in favour and furtherance of English archery :" " And. b. 6. and they saluted the kynge richely appareled with diverse goodly songs. and were served with venyson ^nd vyne by Robyn Hood and his men. and as they were returnyng. Myselfe remembreth of a childe in contreye native mine. and therefore you must be content with sucli fare as we use. to their great solace and confort.

Berks. Robin Hood. at Abingdon. is the apparent representation of a morris-dance. the others being a clown or fool. I supposc. 3. and Marten deaftly piay> lerd and ladle gang till kirkc with lads and lassies gay. Maid Marian. Frier Tuck 6. and ere penticost our May : Tho Roben Hood.) printed at Newcastle in 1772. A bishop. and frier Tuck were the principal personages. occasionally of a dramatic cast. The potter (or beggar). Little John. says Warton. Edward IV. who were more or Thus Warner less numerous. 4. Maid Marian. consisting of the following title personages: 1." In some old accounts of the church-wardens of Saint Helens." In an old circular wood cut. (which appears. in which Robin Hood. and I with uppon. there is an entry For setting up Robins HooDEs BOWER . mentions one who had promised never to desert him. 2. ii. 175. the hobby-horse. in the time of K. The games of Robin Hood seem to have been Sir John Fasten. &c. to have been frequently forgot. I " yer to pleye seynt Jorge. for some reason or other. " At Paske began our morrise.Ixvi NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. and the dancers. And litell John. owt a keeper. for the year 1556. {Adam Bell. complaining of the ingratitude of his servants. Figures 2 and 4 are .) the taborer. Little John.^' says he. preserved on the of a penny-history.) In some places these games were nothing more than a morris-dance. frier Tucke. (See History of English poetry. " and ther have kepyd hym thys iii and Rohyn Hod and the shryf off Notyngham. and now when I wolde have good horse he is goon into Bernysdale. 5. for a parish interlude.

that they rose in mutiny. either as actors or spectators. when the minds of the people came to be agitated with religious controversy. celebrated in the tival. where. often inIn the year 1561. " The game of Robin Hood was month of May. The populace assembled previous to the celebration of this fesand chose some respectable member of the corporation to officiate in the character of Rohin Hoodf and another in that of Little John his squire. As numerous meetings for disorderly mirth are apt to engender tumult. In Scotland. or of his encounters with the officers of justice [rather. the people assembled in military array. committed robberies upon strangers. which was a Sunday or holyday. Year after year the magistrates of Edinburgh were obliged to exert their authority in repressing this game . But the execution of the whole is too rude to merit a copy. The Ixvii distinguished by their bows. populace were by no means willing to relinquish their favourite amusement. perhaps. and wears a sort of coronet. In they probably aniused themselves with a representation of Robin Hood's predatory exploits. frier holds out a cross. to repress the The public statute. the mob were so effectually. and one of the ringleaders being condemned by it " was found necessary game of Robin Hood by g3 . and Marian has flowing hair. and different size. and went to some adjoining field. in feats of archery or this field military exercises]. Upon the day appointed.NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. seized on the city-gates. enraged at being disappointed in making a Robin Hood. the whole inhabitants of the respective towns were convened.

battering the doors. They next assaulted the magistrates. Still. Being placed in the chair. within the forest of Sherwood.) (BB) served — " His bow. where Robin Hood's neraries. 161. the mob forced open the jail. offering indemnity to the rioters upon laying down their arms. and who fled to the tolbooth for shelter. and pouring stones thro' the windows. chair. which they say was his. which is not far from hence. and were incorpoi ated . where the mob attacked them.''] *' says Ray. " we received the freedom of the chair. however.^' : The magistrates were kept in confinement till they made proclamation be published. 77. his cap. " they made this answer They will be magistrates alone . 1760. however. let them rule the people alone. his and one of his slippers were pre- omitted. we find the general assembly complaining of the profanation of the sabbath. Remaining. p. till and one of his arrows.) bow is kept. *y the sight of Fountain's We abbey. and having performed the usual cereii>onies befitting so great a solemnity. p. and broke in pieces the gibbet erected at the cross for executing the malefactor. so late as the year 1592. we had a cap.'* within the present century.' we took horse and went to visit the well and ancient chair of Robin Hood.Ixviii NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. very formally put upon our heads. who were sitting in the council-chamber. by making of Robin HoocCs playsJ* (Arnots History of Edinburgh. the magistrates to be hanged." {Iti- Having pleased ourselves with the antiquities of ' Notingham. Application was made to the deacons of the corporation to appease the tumult. set at Hberty the criminal and all the prisoners. unconcerned spectators.

as almcst to alarm the whole nation. if he found himself pursued.) " 1 was pleased with a slipper.) When his robberies." (Broroes Travels over Emland. to cross the moors that surrounded Whitby. in these. Robert I was shewn a chair. a little unfortunately. belonging to the famous Robin Hood. be looked . at St." says necessary to desert his usual haunts. Bir. Button. gaining the sea-coast. Anns ivell. 1700. near Nottingham. [one side whereof happens. Dodsley." says the author of " The travels of Tom Thumb over England and Wales/' €. retreating northward. 82. to which he {Journey from Birminfrham to London. a place " {i. between Whitby and Scarborough. towards Nottine^bam. p.'' i." upon the borders of Sherwood forest."] Rjobin. all said to have been his [Robin Hoods] property/* (p. that fearing for his safety. he found it : {Itinerary. still retain his name. parlies of soldiers were sent and then do^vn from London to apprehend him it was.) a Bow^ and arrow. 85.Hoods-hay is both a bay and a village. shewn me. he always had in readiness near at hand some small fishing vessels. resorted. putting off to sea. 174^) '' not only places which afforded him security or amusement. and the outcries against him so loud. to which he could have refuge. on the coast of Yorkshire. by (CC) — which he quenched his thirst. to lye open to the sea. 1785. *' master Charlton.NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. " became so numerous. It is mentioned by Leland as *' Huddes a fischer tounlet of 20. for.) " On one side of this forest of Sherwood] [sci. Ixix into the society of that renowned brotherhood. &c. a dok or bosom of a mile yn length. 53.] where. and. but even the well at !V. p. fifty years ago. bootes caullid Rohyn bay.

Piiteuni Roberti Hoodi. Veni. There he frequently went a fishing in the summer season.) Though there is no attendance at present.*' called is Robin Hoods hill. and give their charity to two (Gents History of people who attend there/' York. and held the whole power of the English nation at defiance. 234.'' concerning which there a very foolish modern song. was about six miles from Whitby. and which is still called Robin Hoods hay. *' Over a spring calPd Robin Hoods well. where he used to exercise his men in shooting with the long bow. to Doncaster. Another hill of the same name exists in the neighbourhood of Castle- ton. and but a quarter of a mile only from 2 towns callM Skelbrough and Bourwallis) is a very handsome stone arch. Nescit situs art em modi. Tollens sitim. The chief place of his resort at these times.Ixx NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. p. York. " Thence . upon himself as quite secure. to which he communicated his name. and not far from that place he had butts or marks set up. 8fc. even when no enemy appeared to annoy him. where his boats were generally laid up. parcum odiy biolvens obolum custodi. nor is the water altogether so fair as it might and should be. 5f liquente vena Vincio catino catena. the case was otherwise in the days of honest Barnaby.'^ Near Gloucester is " a famous *' hill. " Veni Doncastir. north] of Doncaster. erected by the lord Carlisle. e. &c. Derbyshire. 1730. (3 or 4 miles [on] this side [i. where passengers from the coach frequently drink of the fair water.

idle and principally by and with throughout all continues he. which are bestowed upon them at the discretion or caprice of the sailors : and thus a venerable minister of state.'* I He mentions ** it again : longinquos locos odif Vale fons Koberti Hoodi. and their successors. who should have been called sir Robert Walpole or cardinal Fleury."] They. night-walkers. who have gascar "] — dealings with our people. Nunc " Now I hate all foreign places welly Robin Hoods and his chaces/* A or to different well. who is somewhat singular in accusing him of living "by robbery. Against these men. " was the statute of Winchester England. in English names. Tliirst Ixxi knows neither mean nor measure. acquired the name of Robin Hood. In a common dish enchained^ my furious thirst restrained : And because I drank the deeper. has been already mentioned. pride themselves. St. Ann." says that "albeit helived in Yorkshire. I paid two farthings to the keeper. (EE) "After his death his company was dispersed. it seems. are supposed to have been afterward distinguished. felony." . Robin Hood's well was my tresaure . " conferred as an honorable distinction (DD) the prime minister to the king of Madaupon The natives of this iland.NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. spoil. waste and wanderers. and were called Roberdsmen vagabonds. burning of houses. leader. from the name of their gallant Lord Coke. sacred either to Robin Hood. by the title of Roberdsmcn. and draw-latches. disciples or followers. yet nien of his quality took their denommation of him.

Hargrove. let them be driven to their occupation or service. is Little Johns grave. 14. who had taken them up for him.) " the honour of little Johns death and (FF) burial is contended for by rival nations. burning of houses. about 6 miles from Castleton. meeting afterward with many unlucky accidents. when there were found several bones of an uncommon size. in Derbyshire. l4. Also the statute of 5 E. murders. and that there had been divers manslaughters. The answer of the king in parliament was. and robberies done in times past. partly at the intercession of the sexton. E. 1. : made be firmly holden and kept:" (3 Inst. felonies.] by which it is provided *' that the statutes oi roherdsmen and draw-latches. — is the tradition at Castleton. [c. by people that be called Roberds' men. [c. 197. and who had in like manner been visited with misfortunes: upon reSuch storing the bones all these troubles ceased. and remedy [is] provided by that act for the arresting of them. and archers. 5. A few years ago some curious person caused it to be opened. *' it was petitioned to the king that ribauds and sturdy beggars might be banished out of every town. but.] which '^recites' the statute of Winchester. NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. 2 [c."] I. he carefully replaced them . wasters and draw-latches .Ixxii . in 13 E. if they cannot so prove theirselves. 3. and men of armes. in his^ . &c. At the parHament holden 50 E. which he preserved . or to the place from whence they came/^ He likewise notices the statute of 7 R." he adds. and for such as make themselves gentlemen. touching ribauds The statute of Winchester and the declaration of the same with other statutes of jRoherdsmen. At the village of Hathersage.] for preventing of robbery. By England. 3.

" proceeded of shot. and another at the feet. Be quhilk appethis ris how Strang and square pepill grew in our regioun afore thay were efFeminat with lust and intemperance of mouth. asserts. for to Whereupon little John was faine himselfe. " In the yeere one thousand one hundred foure score and nine. who yeelding to their behest. "There " in Ostmanas Stanihurst standeth. there ranged three robbers and among which Robert Hood John weere cheefeteins.NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. requested him hartilie to trie how far he could shoot at randon . on each of which are yet some remains of the letters L L. the remnant of the crue and everie man forced to shift being betrayed at a nunrie in Scotland called was scattered. " In Murray land'' according to that most veracious historian. ." relates. He hes bene fourtene fut of hycht with square membris efFering thairto. that "the grave is distinguishe i by a large stone placed at the head. named little John his The occasion. " afore the Vi." he says. and little Bricklies.'' continues he. maister Hector Boece. flee the realme by sailing into Ireland. 26) IL By Scotland. By Ireland. zeris. " Anecdotes of archery/^ York. towne-greene an hillocke. where he sojornied The citizens being for a few daies at Dublin. of all theeves Robert Hood doubtlesse the most courteous. cumying of werk to lycht we saw his hanche-bane." (p. this. doone to understand the wandering outcast to be an excellent archer. quhare the banis of lytill Johne remanis in gret admiratioun of pepill. stood oa the bridge of Dublin. Ixxiii 1792. "is the kirke of Pette.'' III. als mekill as the haill bane of ane man : for we schot our arme in the mouth thairof. outlaws in England.

than possiblie by anie man counterscored. indeed. " after observing that poor Little John's great skill in archery could not save him from practical it appeared. said to have belonged to Little John. But as the repaire of so notorious a champion to anie countrie would soone be published. (" Ye boasted worthies of the knuckle. with the name of Naylor upon it. leaving behind him a monument. from Southwell family. is now. The quotation about whetstones is from the Sloan MS. where he died Thus at a tovvne or village called Moravie/' Stanihurst. in the possession of a gentleman in the west riding of Yorkshire. Those. a bow."] an ignominious •' fate. to that and shot mole hill. . but Mr. p. Walker.'* says. of the name (GG) See the preface to the History of Nailor." " some of his descendants. he fled into Scotland. that he some was publicly executed for robbery on Arbor-hill. Little John may have obtained that of Nailor from his original profession. To Maggs and to the Nailor truckle. As surnames were by no means in general use at the close of the twelfth century. Dublin. rather by his posteritie to dered. who recollect the equivocal meaning of the word may think that this production has not been altogether confmed to the grave of Little John. who is quoted by Dr.") But however this. so his abode could not be long conand therefore to eschew the danger of cealed : be woonliving to be [the] lawes. Hanmer in his Chronicle of Ireland. as the editor is informed. 179 . or the fact itself may be.xxiv NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. ^c. records in the — of George a Green.

and of the proude sheryfe of Notyngham . Garrick's old The full title of the first plays. likewise in 4to.ROBIN HOOD. another impression (apparently from the former). by Wynken de Worde. I sliall gentylraen. and. lume. Here beginneth a mery geste of Robyn Mode and his meyne. I. Kynge Edwarde and Robyn hode Sf Lytell Johan Enprented at London in Flete Strete at the sygne of the sone By Wynken edition is as follows : ** de Worde. corrected by. and black letter. preserved in the public library at Cambridge. a copy of which is among the late Mr. and black letter. A LYTELL GESTE OF ROBYN HODE. in some places. His neime was Robyn Hode. B . by William Copland. PART I. : That be of frebore blode yon tell of a good yeitiau. compared with. ** Lithe and lysten. This ancient legend is printed from the copy of an edition^ in 4to. now in the British Museum. " and the printer's colophon runs thus : " Uxplycit.'* To Copland's edition is added a new playe for to be played in Maye games very plesaunte and full of " which will be found at large at the end of the vopastyme .

And Much the millers soiie . The thyrde was of our dere lady. yf ye wolde dyne betynie. Every daye or he woulde dyne Three messes wolde he here : The one in the worshyp of the fader. The other of the holy goost.no lust. Then bespake good Robyn. To dyne I have. That he loved of all other moste. Tyll I have some bold baron. There was no ynche of his body. . Whyles he walked on grounde. in londe where that he were. yeman was he And also dyde good Scathelock. Robyn stode in Bernysdale. So curteyse an outlawe as he was one Was never none y founde. * It wolde do you moch good.A LYTELL GESTE Robyn was a proude outlawe. . A good mauer than had Robyn. That may paye for the best . Or some knyght or some squyere That dwelleth here by west. And by hym A good stode Lytell Johan. Mayster. Then be spake him Lytell Johan All unto Robyn Hode. Or some unketh gest. And lened hym to a tree. But it was worthe a grome.

. Wolde he never do company harme That ony woman was ynne. That walketh by grene wode shawe. Mayster. and thyse archebyshoppes. Ne no knyght ne no squyer. And It is this lesson shall we lere . Where we shall bete and bynde. than sayd Lytell Jphan. sayd Lytell Jofaan. That we were Take thy good bo we in thy haude. Robyn loved our dere lady. Hym holde in your mynde. Ye shall them bete and bynde . B ^ . said Robyn. These byshoppes. This worde shall be holde. Where we shall robbe. And what lyfe we shall lede j Where we shall take. The hye sheryfe of Notynghame. And we our borde shall sprede. Where we shall abide behynde. loke ye do no bousbonde harm plough j No more ye shall no good yenian. Let Moche wende with the. ferre dayes. where we shall reve. And so shall Wyllyam Scathelooke. We shall do well ycough But That tylleth with his sayd Robyn > . Tell us whether we shall gone.OF ROBVN HODE. And no man abyde with me. where we shallleve. That wolde be a good felawe. Ther of no fors. god sende us a at our dynere. 9 For doute of dedely synne . gest.

That other waved besyde. thre. there a knyght rydynge. be dyght. Heude knyght and fre . Abbot or ony knyght. And lytell was hys pryde. Welcome are you to me. these oures thre. gentyll knyght. He rode in symple aray . see. all you fastynge. ony baron. Then came a derne strete. My mayster hath a byden Syr. A soryer man than he was one Kode never in soniers dav. Lytell Johan was curteyse. mete. . And set hym on his kne: Welcome be ye. His hode hangynge over hys eyen two. as they loked in Barnysdale. they loked west. Hys one fete in the sterope stode. Hys dyner shall They wente unto These yenien the Sayles. And so to Watlynge strete. Full sone they gan hym mete. By All dreri then was his semblaunte.A LYTELL GESTE And walke up to the Sayles. And wayte after some unketh Up cliaunce ye mowe them Be he erle or gest. all They They myght no man But loked est. Brynge him to lodge to me. Welcome be thou to grene wood.

kne. is your mayster? said the kuyght. The teres out of his eyen ran. And norables of the dere . Who I graunte. With a carefull chere. Swannes and fesauntes they had full good. to day At Blythe Fortlie than went this gentyll knyght. And There That ever was bred on brere. And set hym on his Welcome. Welcome thou syr knyght. dyde of his hode. And fell downe by his lere. They washed' togyder and wyped bothe. sayd the knyght. Johan sayde. Full curteysly dore. good Robyn. And set tyll theyr dynere . God the save. brethren all in fere .OF ROBYN HODE. They brought hym unto the lodge When Robyn gan hym se. Then answered thfe geMyll knyght. syr. My My purpose was to have deyned or Dankastere. Brede and wyne they had ynough. All these houres thre. fayled never so lytell a byrde. he sayd. I haue abyde you fastynge. with you to wende. With wordes fayre and fre. Robyn Hode. b3 . And all thy fayre meynd. He is a good yeman. Of hym I have herde modi good. foules of the revere . then said arte to mcj Robyn.

yeman to pay for a knyght. by dere worthy god. I have no more but ten shillings. said the knyght. or ye wende. yf thou have nede of ony more. sayd the knyght. said Robyn. As good a dyner I shall the make. Graiuercy. sayd Robyn. Here by this conntr^. syr knyght. . Robyn. So god have parte of me. sayd he. thynketh it is good ryght . That I may profer for shame. syr. shall I leu the. As thou hast made to me. Yf thou have I wyll not And More ito more. sayd Robyn. sayd Robyn. trouthe shillings. be no more but ten Not one peny that I see. I was never so gredy. sayd Robyn. Gramercy. But pay Me A I have nought in my cofers. by dere worthy god. tell thou me. one peny . The Yf there Lytell Johan. So god have parte of the. said Robyn. It was never the maner. Tell me trouth. Ne let not for no blame. My dyner whan 1 have. Go now forth. go loke.A LYTELL GESTE gladly. Suche a dyner bad I not Do Of all If I these vvekes thie : come agayne. knyght. My dyner for to crave. Lytell Johan.

begynne : ./ Lytyll Johan let it And went to his mayster full lowe. . And there he founde in the knyghtes cofer 7 \ J But even halfe a pounde. . the knyght. the knyght is trewe inough. lye full styll. i ^ I An hondreth wynter here before. i An Or elles thou hast ben a sorry housband. he sayd. Myne annsetters knyghtes have But ofte it am none of them. " Syr. it be I trowe thou were made a knyght of fbrse. sayd By god that made me ] I I be. | J But god that syteth in heven above May amend his state. \ . Within two or thre yere.OF ROBYN HODE.| thynketh is me \ Thy clothynge Tell so thinue. one worde. i . mc And Or counsell shall ." Fyll of the best \ \ * j \ The knyght shall Moch wonder wyne. Robyn. Lytell Jolian spred downe his mant^ll Full fayre upon the grouude. Robyn. sayd Robyn. sayd Robyn.' Fonre hondreth pounde of good money Full wel than royght I spende. My neyghbores vrell it * kende. or elles a lechoure. i | elles of yemanry . ^ j i okerer. '\ 'i I ^ I | . And leved in stroke and stryfe . With wronge hast thou lede thy lyfe. \ A man hath befal. sayd Robyn. hath be dysgrale . Wliat tydynge Johan ? sayd Robyu.

Syr. . Trouthe than tell thou me. What shall fall of the? Hastely I wyll sayd Robyn. The abbot tolde it to me. In felde wold e juste full fey re : slewe a knyght of Lancastshyre. He And For to save hym in his ryght My goodes beth sette and My londes beth set to wedde. And where Cry^t was quycke and deed> the mounte 6f Caluare. me buske.A LYTELL GESTE Now have But I no good. chyldren and my wyfe hath shapen such an ende. Hast thou lore thy ryches ? For my grete foly. sayd the kiiyglit. for soth.' In what maner^ sayd Robyn. and thou lese thy londe. foure hondred pounde.. What is the somme ? sayd Robyn. a squyre bolde. That sholde have ben my eyre. I had a sone. It may uoo better be se On ' . Untyll a certayne daye. he sayd. Of Saynt Mary abbay. And for my kindenesse. When he was twenty wynter olde. and have good daye. Fare well.Robyn. Over the salte see. Tyll god * may amende my lyfe. God my -. Now. To a ryche abbot here besyde. sayd the knyght. solde. frende. he sayd. Robyn.

Scathelocke and Much * in fere. sayd Robyn. sayd Robyn. have god to borowe? ? Peter. But yf it be our dere lady. She fayled none other. Or mouy getest thou none. . He wolde haue gone his waye Farewell. frendes. never one wyll me know . I have And shope The sothe for to say. I ne have more to pay. by hym that me made. But god that dyed on a tree. Fynde a better borowe. sayd the knyght. Teeres fell out of his eyen two. both sonne and mone. As bestes on a rowe .' Fyll of the best wyne. me never or this day. then sayd tlie knyght. Therof wyll 1 right Wenest thou I wyll sayd Robyn. none . sayd Robyn. I was ryche inow at home Whyle Grete host then wolde they blowe. Do waye thy japes. Syr." For ruthe then wepte Lytell Johan. Poule or Johan Nay. They take no more heed of me Then they me never sawe. — Where be " thy frendes ? sayd Robyn.OF ROBYN HODE. For here is a symple chere. and have good day. Thy borowes that wyll be? I have none. And now they renne awaye fro me. Hast thou ony frendes.

A moch better borowe. than sayd Lytell Johan. And loke that it well tolde be. To * lappe' his body ther in. to be? met What devilkyns draper. Johan sayd. sayd litcU Much Thynkyst thou . He tolde out foure hondred pounde. Mayster. Yet founde I never to my pay. And brynge me foure hoodred pounde. And many a ryche aray. Take hym loke that well mete it be. And thre yerdes of every coloure. Ye must gyve the knyght a lyveray. Come now forthCj Lytell Johan. Forthe then wente Lytell Johan. To seche all Englond thorowe. And Scathelocke went before. Lytell Johan toke none other mesure But his bo we tre. There is no marchaunt iti raery Englonde So ryche I dare well saye.10 A LYTELL GESTE By dere worthy god. And He of every handfuU that he lept ouer fotes thre. His clothynge is full thynne. For ye have scarlet and grene. By eyghtene score. mayster. sayd Robyn. And goo to my tresoure. ? Is this well tolde It sayd lytell Much. What greveth the i is almes to helpe a gentyll knyght That is fall in poverty.

To pray for all this company God brynge hym out of tene . sayd Robyn. sayd the knyght. sayd Robyn. . All unto Robyn Hode. It were grete shame. sayd Scathelocke. and your wyll be? This daye twelve moneth. Ly tel Johan ? sayd Robyn. He is our ladyes messengere. Syr. or page. And Ye must gyve that To lede home al Mayster. To mayntayne hym in his ryght. Johau may gyve hym the better mesure. . And a payre of botes. this good. knight an hors. sayd. I shall the lene Lytyjl Johan my man. In a yemans steed he may the stonde. For he shall be thy knave . it cost him but lyght.OF ROBYN HODE. To walke by hys syde. By god allmyght. ! Whan shall my daye be. sjiyd Robyn. a payre of gylte spores clene. By god. For he is a gentyll knyght. Take hym a gray courser. God lene that he be true. What shall thou gyve him. sayd Lytell Johan. yeman.Yf thou grete nede have. sayd lytell Moch. Syr. And a sadell newe. A knyght alone to ryde. And a good palfraye. Without squyer. Scatlielocke stoode full styll 11 and lough. Under this grene wode tre.

This day twelfe moneth came there a knyght And borowed foure hondred pounde. Much. And lay it downe a none. [He borowed foure hondred pounde. sayd the pryourc. To morrowe I must to Yorke toune. The abbot sayd to his covent. To Lytel Johan gan he saye. Then spake that gentyll knyght. come.1« A LYTELL GESTE THE SECONDE FYTTE. . Robyn Hode . I had lever to pay an hondred pounde. He blyssed them for the best company That ever he in thought on Bernysdale. To Saynt Mary abbay . NoWE is the knyght went He blyssed on this way. to the abbot of that place Foure hondred pounde I must pay: And but I be there upon this nyght And My londe is lest for ay. This game he thought full good.] Upon all his londe fre. There he stode on grounde. The day erely. But he come this ylke day Dysherytye It is full shall he be. is not yet ferre gone. and Johan. And whan he On Scathelock. When he loked on Bernysdale.

sayd the justyce. in But sorowe tyme knyi^ht for them all The came to the gate. It Tbon arte euer in my berde. sayd the abbot. The high justyce of Englonde The abbot there dyde holde.OP ROBYN HODE. So to have his londe. By god that bought me dere. god and saynt Rycharde.^ I dare well under take. And we shall have to spende in this place Foure hondred pounde by yere. Sterte for the full bolde. c ." He wyll not come yet. By He is dede or hanged. that To put knyght to wronge. ferre is be yonde the In Englonde And suffreth honger and colde And many a sory nyght : his ryght. The abbot and the by selerer. They demed the knyght wonder The abbot and hys meynd ** But he come this ylke day : sore. sayd the monke. With that cam in a fat heded monke^ The heygh selerer . sayd the pryoure. The knyght is 13 see. were grete pyte. Dysheryte shall he be. And ye be so lyght of your conseyence Ye do to him moch wronge. The hye justyce and many mo Had take into their honde Holy all the knyghtes det.

Xordes were to mete In that abbotes isette hall. syr abbot. Now put on your symple wedes That ye brought fro the see^ [They put on their symple wedes. sayd Syr jusfyce. porter swore a By god Lede them into the stable. And so is many a gentyll man. And welcomed them everychone. Welcome. sayd the knyght. Do I gladly. porter^ The full grete othe. The my fyrst word the abbot spake.] And came to the gates anone. sayd the My lorde to mete is he. Hast thou brought my pay ? Not one peny. sayd the knyght. the abbot . By god that maked me. drynke to me. Here be the best coresed hors That ever yet sawe I me. Thou art a shrewed dettour. am come to holde day. By god that dyed on a tre. he sayd. That eased myght they be. They shall not come therin. For the love of the. sayd the knyght. .14 A LYTELL GESTE Than be spake that gentyll knyght Untyll hys meyn^. The knyght went forth and kneled downe And salved them grete and small. that made me. syr knyght. The porter was redy hymselfe.

good And For thy curteyse. good to assay a frende Or that a man have nede. is Thy daye Londe ** broke. grete othe. good syr sheryf. That all this worlds wrought^ But I have my londe agayne Full dere it shall be bought . Nay " my my frende. sayd he. What But thou haddest brought thy pay? For god. that was of a mayden borne us well to spede. sayd the abbot. Now." for god. doost thou here. that dyed on a tree. be my frende. sayd the justyce. then sayd the knyght. And fende me of my fone. sayd the justyce. the londe where thou By dere worthy god." The abbot sware a full By god Get may. And I wyll be thy true servaunte. it is God For Lene C !» . be holde with the abbot." I *' am Bothe with cloth and fee. And trewely serve the^ Tyl ye have foure hondred pounde Of money good and free. Now. Now. than sayd the knyght. syr abbot. holde my londes in thy bonde Tyll I have made the gree . n To pray of a lenger daye. For thou getest none of me.OF ROBYN HODE. be frende. getest thou none. good syr justyce.

sayd the knyght. then sayd Abbot in thy hal . Thon lyest. Yet gete ye it not soo : Though ye wolde gyve a thousande more. Up To the abbot sayd he. The justyce said. then stode that gentyll knyght. longe. Shall there never be myn eyre. to a borde anone. And put myselfe as ferre in prees As ony that ever I se. Tyll a table rounde. In joustes and tonrnement Full ferre than have I be. And elles dare I safly swere Ye holde never your londe in pees. To suffre a knyght to knele so Thou canst no curteysye in . Gyve him two. he sayd. An hondred pounde. Yet were ' ye' never the nere . Nay. False knyght was I never. He sterte him . And there he shoke out of a bagge Even foure hondred pounde. Spede the out of my hall. thou false knyght. Abbot.16 A LYTELL GESTK The abbot lothely on hym gan loke And vylaynesly hym gan call/ * Out. justyce. What wyll ye gyve more ? sayd the justyce. And the knyght shall make a releyse . ne frere. By god that made us all. sayd the abbot. the gentyll knyght. be god.

that I toke the. fast no more. Now have I holde my daye. Have here thy golde. is all sayd his lady . . *' the abbot. lost my lor^e. His lady met hym at the gate. 17 the kuyght. He holpe me out of my tene Ne had not be his kyndenesse. and ye men of lawe. ? your good Be mery. Tliat ever his soule be in blysse. sayd Syr justyce. Syr. Not a peny. Now shall I have my londe agayne. And on he put his good clothynge. And began to stare. At home in Uterysdale. He wente hym forthe full mery As men have tolde in tale. Beggers had we ben. dame. sayd the knyght. Haddest thou ben curteys at my comynge. By god that dyed on a tre. Welcome. Rewarde sholdest thou have be.'* The knyght stert out of the dore.OF ROBYN HODE. Awaye was all his care. Take me my golde agayne. syr abbot. and ete all his ryall chere. Syr abbot. The abbot For sat styll. The other he lefte there. i^yngynge. c 3 . And praye for Robyn Hode. sayd Which that thou lentest me . He caste his hede on his sholder. For ought that you can saye. sayd the justyce.

. All redy for too paye. Well hariieysed in that stede. As he went at a And there taryed was he. . With golde burneyshed full bryght . This knyght than dwelled fayre at home. He He bare a launsgay in his lionde. The soth for to say. full The An hondred The hedes bumyshed bryght. It was a semly syght. He purveyed hym an houdred bowes. And clothed in whyte and rede. As I came by the way. shefe of arowes good. Unto Bernysdale. served of his pay. brydge ther was a wrastelyng. And a man ledde his male. A whyte bull up ipyght A grete courser with sadle and brydil. With pecocke well y dyght. strenges [were] welle dyght. Of all the west countree. is The good yeman lent it me. Tyll he had got foure hondreth pounde. A full fayre game there was upset. Inocked all with whyte sylver. And there was all the best yemen. And reden with a lyght songe. And every arowe an elle longe. And hymselfe in that same sete.18 A LYTELL GESTE The abbot and He I acordyd ben. purveyed hym an hondreth men.

The pryce shall here away. good fay : What man bereth him best I wys. In place where that he stode. in payre of gloves. He toke the yeman by the honde. .OF ROBYN HODE. There it laye on the molde. And bad it sholde be sette a broche. Drynke who so wolde. a rede golde rynge. And best worthy was he. An hondred folowed hym * fre. There was a yeman in that place. The knyght had The knyght presed into the place. Islayne he sholde have be. and made hym rome. So longe abode Robyn fastynge. sholdred all. He said that yoman sholde have no harme. reuth of this yeman. and arowes sharpe. To wete what he wolde say. And gave hym all the playe They . For love of Robyn Hode. He gave hym fy ve marke for his wyne. And for he was ferre and frend bestad. Thus longe taryed this gentyll knyght. Tyll that playe was done.* With bowes bent. Tbre houres after the none. For to shende that company. A 19 A pype of wyne.

That yonge men wolde go shete. gentyll men. All that now be Of Lytell Johan. " Say me. By hym that dyed on a tree. Reynaud Grenelefe. Lytell J<)Iian fet his bo we anoHe. The proude sheryf of Notyngham By the markes gan stande. The sheryf swore a full grete oihe.'* . When I am at hame. This man is the best archere That yet sawe Say I : . that was the knyghtes ye shall here. yonge man. ' . Thre tymes Lytell Johan shot about. me. And where is thy wounynge wan? What " In Holdernesse I was bore. was upon a mery day. wyght is now thy name? In what countre were thou born. And alway deft the wande. Lyth and lysten. me now. Men call me Reynolde Greuelefe. man. I wys all of my dame." . AVolte tliou dwell v\ith me? And every yere I wyll the gyve Twenty marke to thy fee. And sayd he wolde them mete. Good myrthe It here.20 A LYTELL GESTE THE THYRDE FYTTE.

OF ROBYN HODE. And be my trewe lewte. I have a mayster. . And Lytel Johan lay in his bed. It befell upon a Wednesday. Geve me to dyne. sayd the stnarde. I shall be the worste servaunte to hym That ever yet had he. I pray the. My dyner gyve thou me. The Tlierfore he Tyl it was fastynge was past the none. Good syr stuard. sayd Lytel Johan. He Now is Lytel Johan the sheryffes man. Shalt thou never ete ne drynke. Therfore he gave him ryght anone 21 The A good hors and a wyght. stuarde. And was foryete at home. sayd Lytel Johan. May ye gete leve of hym. sayd Lytell Johan. I had lever to cracke thy crowue. Therfore I pray the. sayd Lytell Johair^ A cnrteys knyght is he. The better may it bee. gyve us well to spede. It is to long for Grenelefe. sheryfe on hontynge was gone. sheryfe gate Lytell Johan Twelve monethes of the knyght. Tyll my lord be come to towne. Now so god me helpe. I make myn avowe to god. Fastynge so long to be . But alway thought Lytell Johan To quyte hym well his mede.

Lytell Johan ete. sayd Thou arte a shrewde hynde. The wors he sholde go. And there he lent Lytel Johan Good strokes thre. hardy. the coke. Tho he lyved an hundreth wynter. He sporned the dore with his fote.22 A LYTELL GESTE The butler was ful uncurteys. . I make myn avowe. Asayed better shalt thou be. It Sy th ye wyl not dyne. He And shet fast the dore. His backe yede nygh on two. The A stoute man and I sheryfe had in his kechyn a coke. Johan. sayd Lytell These strokes iyketh well me. And there he made a large lyveray Both of ale and wyne. On Lytell Johan ye shall thynk. sterte to the buttery. Lytell Johan gave the buteler such a rap. make myn avowe to god. For to ask thus to dyne. And so thynketh me And or I passe fro this place. went up wel and fyne. The whyle that he wolde. sayd Lytel Johan. a bolde. I shall gyve you to drynke. There he stode on flore. In an housholde to dwel. Thou arte a bolde man and an . And though ye lyve an hondred wynter. and Lytell [Johan] dronke.

they had dronken well. I That ever yet sawe Coowdest thou shote me. sayd Lytell Johan. art one of the best swerdemen. I make myn avowe Thou And be my trewe to god. sayd the coke. Good brede and full good wyne. . Twenty marke Then he fette to Lytell Johan The numbles of a doo. They ete and dranke therto. And every yere of Robyn Hode to thy fee. lewte. And felowes wyll we be. Ther trouthes logyder they plyght.OF ROBYN HODE. And whan They dyde them to the tresure As fast as they myght gone. That they wolde be with Robyn That ylke same day at nyght. hous. Two myle way and more. The lockes that were of good stele They brake them everychone . Put up thy swerde. Myght neyther other harme done. But styfly for to stonde. There they fought sore togyder. The mountenaunce of an houre. And two tymes in the yere thy clothynge Ichaunged sholde be -. bowe. Lytell Johan it$ drewe a good swerde. as well in a To grene wood thou sholdest with me. The coke toke another in honde They thought nothynge for to fle. .

Also they toke the good pence. And Cryst the save and se. And kpeled hym befprne : . This good come to me. And dyde them Thre hondred pounde and three .24 A LYTELL GESTE They toke away the sylver vessell. And also be that fayre yeman Thou bryngest there with the. Hym Than he met the proud sheryf. sayd to the trenyt^. happed at bis wyll . never by his good wyll. strayt to Robyn Hode. Peces. Fyve myle in the forest he ran. Wolde they non forgete ." I And sende Well the greteth the proude sheryfe. What tydynges fro Notyngham ? Lytell Johan ** tell thou me. Lytell Johan hym there bethought." And than sayd Robyn to Lytell Welcome myght thou be : "God the save. masars. Lytell Johan coud his curteysye. make myn avow And was It to god. Huntyuge with hounde and home. is Robyn. my dere mayst^r. Under the grene wode tre. And all thai they niyght get. Johan. the here by me His coke and his sylver vessell. On a shrewed wyle. and spones. And thre hondred pounde and thre.

Of sexty and well mo. Cryst the save and see. Seven score of dere upon an herde Be vi^ith hym all bedene ." I make myn avowe to god. His coloure is of grene. ye be to blame. Raynolde Grenelefe : proude sheryf." The sheryfe rode. Mayster. sayd the sheryfe." Raynolde Grenelefe. make myn avowe . here is the mayster harte " ! Styll stode the " A sory man was he Wo worthe the.'* to god. It was one of the fay rest syghtes That ever yet sawe I rae . That syght wolde 1 fayne se. sayd Lytell Johan. His tynde are so sharp.OF ROBYN HODE. Yonder I se a ryght fayre hart. maystdr. When I was with you at hame. " Buske you thyderwarde. Thou I hast now betrayed me. 1 se. Where hast thou nowe be? And I " have be A fayre syght can in this forest. And whan they came afore Robyu : " Lo. my dere mayst^r Anone and wende with me. " God the save. I was mysserved of my dynere. and Lytell Johan Of fote he was full smarte. That I durst not shote for drede Lest they wolde me sloo. fi^ my dear maystdr. sayd the sheryf.

Sheryfe. And for the love ofLytell Johan. And take him a grene mantel!. No wonder it was Tho his sydes in grene wode. Hode. sayd the sheryfe. sayd Robyn Sheryfe. Make good Thy lyfe is graunted to the. chere. sayd Robyn Hode. Robyn commaunded Lytell Johan had supped well. This is harder order. . for chary td. They shall lay in that same sorte . do smerte. All nyght laye that proud sheryf.26 A LYTELL GESTE And served with sylver whyte . And whan the sheryf so his vessell. That the sheryf myght them se. For sorowe he myght not ete. Robyn commaunded his wyght yong men. Under the grene wood tre. Than ony anker For al or frere . the golde in mery Englonde I wolde not longe dwell here. In his breche and in his sherte. Make glad chere. To drawe of his hosen and his shone. His kyrtell and his cote a pye. this is our order I wys. When they The day was all agone. For Under the grene wood tre. Soone he was to super sette. To lappe his body therin. for charyt^. That was furred well fyne.

proud shei^fe. Or Robyn.OF ROBYN HODE. By nyght or by day. And I wyll be thy best frende That ever yet had the. I shall the teclie. sayd Robyii. water ne by londe j And if thou fynde ony of my men. D 2 . The Fheryf dwelled in Notynghame. I praye the. For saynt Cliaryte. was as full of grene wode As ever was hepe of stone. sayd the sheryfe. Sinyte of my hede rather to morne. Now He have the sheryf iswore his othe. now I here another nyght lye. then sayd the sheryf. THE FOURTH FYTTE. An outlawe fur lo be. bryght bronde. Lete me go. All these twelve monethes. He was fayne that he was gone. To heipe them that thou may. . And I forgyve it the. Upon thyne othe thou slialt swere. And Robyn and his mery men Went to wode anone. shak never away te me scatlie. sayd 27 Thou shake dwell with me Robyn. And home he began to gone. Thou shake swere me an On my Thou By othe.

Up chaunce ye may them mete. thy hande. They went up to the Sayles. Or a man that myrthes can. And so shall Wyllyam Scathelock. Forth then stert Lytel Johan. * ' Whether he be messengere. For she sent me not my pay. sayd Robyn. trewe and trust. Under a mantel of grene. palferay. For I drede our lady be wroth with me. they loked west. * ' . is The knyght Take thy and sanfly swere. sayd. And gyrde hym with a full good swerde. Nay . . mayster. sayd Lytell Johan. And no man abyde with me. were they ware of two blacke monk&«. the hye waye. And walke np into the Sayles. sayd Lytell Jolian. bowe in Let Moch wende with the. They myght no man se. For I dare saye. These yemen all thre They loked est. Of my good he shall have some.58 A LYTELL GESTE Go we Robyn Hode to dyner. Have no dout. Half in tray and tene. And to Watlynge strete. Or yf he be a pore man. But as By Than Eche on a good they loked in Bernysdale. Yet is not the sonne at rest. And wayte after some uuketh gest.

Robyn Hode. Then bespake Lytell Jolian. . To Much he gan say. god. Your strynges trusty and trewe. his deth . this londe. The monke hath fifty two men. There rydeth no byshop in So ryally. Bende your bowes. chorle monke. by dere worthy Thy deth is in my honde. . I dare lay my lyfe to wedde. He is fastynge so longe. For thou hast made our mayster wroth. his lyfe and my honde. And seven soiners full stronge. Who is your mayster ? Of hym herd I sayd the monke» Lytell Johan sayd. sayd Lytell Johan.OF ROBYN HODE. sayd Lytell Johau. Here are no more but we thre But we brynge them to dyner. Is closed in yon prese to stonde. said Lytell Johan. Hd is a stronge thefe. That these monkes have brought our pay. Make all The formost monke. Abyde. never good. Our mayster dare we not se. D 3 . sayd LytellJohan^ No ferther that thou gone Yf thou doost. And loke your hertes be sekerand sad. sayd Lytell Johan. t9 Make glad cliere. I understond. sayd the monke. Brethern. Ryght under thy hattes boude. And evyll thryfte on thy hede. And frese our bowes of ewe.

He a chorle. . And that shall rewe the . . " monke. His hode then let he be. dore. For^urteysy can he none. Of fifty two wyght yonge men. sayd Robyn. He sent the monke to fore the brest. Tbere abode not one. is Than How many men. Thereof no force. To the grounde that he can gone.30 A LYTELL GESTE Thou lyest. Saf a Redly and a none. Maugre in theyr tethe. and a grome lede the somers with Johan. by dere worthy god. But many of them be gone. For to speke with Robyn Hode. lytell page." this Had sayd Robyn. Came pryckynge ou a rowe. To dyne he hath bode the. sayd Robin. Let blowe a home. than sayd Lytell Johan. mayster. Johan? Fifty and two whan that we met. said Lytell Johan. To They brought the monke to the lodge Whether he were loth or lefe. That felaushyp may us knowe j Seven score of wyght yemen. Robyn dyde adown his hode. Much was redy with a bolte. He is a yeman of the forest. The monke whan that he se The monke was not so curteyse.

So ever mote I the. is your avow^ ?" Saynt Mary abbay. that I Of a lytell money Under hym tree lent. And everych of them a good Of scarlet and of raye. And syt at his denere. tlie hye selerer. sayd Robyn. monke. This monke it hath brought. Robyn Hode and Lytel Johan * They served him bothe in fere. doute. 31 came to j*ood Kobyn. \^he sent me Have no Pdrede our lady be wroth with me. syr. All they manl^ll. For he is of her abbay. " Syr. But I have grete mervayle. Ye have no need And she was a borowe. Where is And who your abbay. not my pay." Ye be the more welcome. this Of all longe day. Betwene a knyght and me. This monke shall drynke to me. the gjrene wode . They made the monke to washe and wype. In what ofFyce? sayd Robyn. . said Lytell Johan. ' Do '* gladly.OF ROBYN HODE. sayd the monke. Fyll of the best wyne. Though I be symple here. when ye are at home. said he. Graraercy. sayd Robyn. I saye. mayster. To wyte what he wolde say. I dare well swere. sayd Robyn. sayd Robyn. sayd Robyn.

Syr. I wyll not Yf there be no more. Thou toldest with thyn owne Thou may not say nay. one peny. Monke. thou art made her messengere. I praye the let me se. . tonge. How thou And And arte her servaunt. tell thou me. he sayd. at thy day. a The monke swore full grete othe. And yf I fynde more. sayd Robyn. I wys thou shalte it forgone . is in Trewe than '^ sayd Robyn.* is For god And holde a ryghtwys man. Al so mote I the. For of thy spendynge sylver. his so is dame.S3 A LYTELL GESTE And yf thou hast that sylver ibronght«. And I shall helpe the eft sones. My money for to Thou arte Therfore I cun the more thanke. Syr. more I shall lende to the . thou arte to blame. Yf thou hast myster of ony more. servest her every day. come What your cofers? sayd Robyn. sayd Robyn. pay. Yf thou have nede of me. to With a^sory eh ere. make myn avowe to god. twenty marke. Of the borowehode thou spekest Herde I never ere. I me. mouk| Therof wyll I ryght none.

She shall have such thre. That ever yet founde I me. The knyght that rode so hye on 'JTo brynge him under fote. in hast . And he tolde out of the monkes male. he sayd. Lytell Johan spred his mantell downe. And yf she nedeth ony more sylver. And the trouth tell thou me . the monke is trewe ynowe. To serhe all Englond thorowe. And by this token she hath me sent. 33 No peny that I se. Our lady bath doubled your cost. The monke was going to London ward. Lytell Johan let it And went to his mayster lye full styll. .OF ROBYN HODE. Robyn. There to hold grete mote. Fyll of ye best wyne. A frende she shall hym fynde . By dere worthy god. Lytell Johan. Eyght hundreth pounde and more. Monke. sayd And grete well thy lady hende. Yet founde I never to my pay A moche better borowe. sayd Robyn. Syr. I make myn avowe to god. hors. what tolde I the ? Our lady is the trewest woman. Come thou agayne to me. As he had done before. do hym drynke. sayd Robyn. Go nowe fortbe. And yf she have nede of Robyn Hode. If there be no more but twenty marke.

cam so nere. No monke. of that knyght. londe. sayd Robyn. was lyght. The monke lenger wolde he abyde. By our lady. my tale. And your pryour. Or that ye forther ryde. To dyner every day. to holde his day. than sayd the rewetii I In jjlylhe or in Daiikestere. That have done moch wronge/' " Come now forth. How moch is in The soth must we see. 1 you pray. That were no curteysye. . leve but lytell behyude. Me for god. Aske to di ynke. " to maners in this Syr. And syth hym bete and bynde. Lytell Johan. To bydde a man to dyner. Crete well your abbot. than sayd the monke. than sayd Robyn. sayd Robyn. It is To our olde maner.34 A LYTELL GESTE Whether be ye away ? sayd Robyn." * yonder other cofer?' sayd Robyn. For better chepe I myght have dyned. Too reken with our reves. Now lete we that monke And speke we Yet he came Whyle that it be styll. toke the hors with spore. And harken to A better yeman I knowe uone> To seke a monkes male. And byd hym send me such a monke. Nay.

Treuth than tell thou me." Hast thou thy lond agayne ? said Robyn. And ryght welcome to me. Robyn. " God the save. tell me. he fonnde there Robyn Hodc.OF ROBYN HODE. gentyll knyght. So curteysly he dyde adoune And set hym ou his knee." Than bespake hym Robyn Hode. his hode. for god. for god. With wronge was put behynde. all his mery meynd. palfray. ? Why hast thou be so " For the abbot and theI'onge hye justyce Wolde have had mylpnde. And there I dyd holpe a pore yeman. the to grene wode? I pray the. Nay. . But take not a grefe. The knyght lyght downe of his good Robyn whan he gan see. To What nede dryveth that knyght so fre. And welcome be thou. And that thanke I god and the. 35 Under And And the grene wode tre. syr knyght." " Welcome be thou. And al this company. good Robyn Hode. sdyd the knyght. that helpeth a good yeman. What man Syr knyght. I have be so longe I came by a wrastelynge. sayd . His frende than wyll I be. gentyl knyght. Ye. that thanke I the . He dyde hym streyt to Bernysdale.

36 A LYTELL GESTE Have herefoure hondred poiinde. thnu. selerer. Lytell " Come now Johan.thansayd theknjght. By my trouthe. then sayd the knyght. And bye hors and harnes good. yf I toke it : Welcom gentyll knyght. But what And By A shall these bowers do? sayd these arowes ifedered fre? god. Thou gentyll knyght and trewe. arte thou to me. And here is also twenty maik« For your curteysy. And gylte thy spores all newe : . gentyll knyght so fre . gentyll knyght. for god. than sayd the knyght. Your money Broke it is redy here. He leugh and had good chere. Robyn. And go to my treasure. Thou And welcome be Under well. than sayd Robyn. it well for ay. Nay. Whan Robyn had tolde his tale. pore present to the. my trystell tre. forth. Have here foure hondred pounde. Thou broke Hath sent For our lady. sayd Robyn. And A shame it were to me But trewely. The whiche ye lent to me . by her to me my twyse. pay -. And brynge me there foure hondred pounde. The monke over tolde it me.

. And make thy selfe no more By the counsell of me. God. best He Under the greue wode shawe. ^iid yf thou fayle ony spendynge. Now hath the Dwelled knyght his leve itake. gentil men. so bare. Thus than holpe hym good Robyn. Graunte us well to fare. Whiche I lent to the. At a payre of fynly buttes. K . The whyles And broke well thy four hundred pound. And they that shoteth ' alder' The game shall here away. all of his care. And wente hynr on his way Robyn Hode and his mery men styll full many a day. And herken what How That Pyde the proud crye a full fayre play I shall say.OF ROBYN HODE. The kuyght % THE FYFTH FYTTE. sheryfie of Notyngham : all the best archers of the north Sholde come upon a day. ^7 Com to And by my Robyn Hode. tronth thou shalt none fayle I liav€ any good. " that shoteth « alder' best Furthest fayre and lowe. Lyth and lysten. that sytteth in heveu hye.

was the bolde archere Many That shoted with bowes stronge. fayth." This then herde good Robyn. And so dyde good Gylberte. ye wyght yonge men. my mery yonge be. Trewe and yf he When they had theyr bowes ibent. Under ^^ his trystell tre : Make you redy. And that was Robyn Hode. Buske you. they The " There The And shall but syx shote with me. The heade and the feders of i-yche In Englond is rede golde. buttes were fayre and longe. Seven score of wyght yonge men Stode by Robyns kne.38 A LYTELL GESTE A ryght good arowe he shall have. takles fedred fre. none lyke. Theyr Whan cam to Notyngh^m. All by the but he stode. other shal kepe my hede. And alway he slit the wand. With the whyte hande^ . Thryes Robyn shot about." The fourth outlawe his bowe gan bende. stande with good bowes bent That I be not desceyved. se. The shaft of sylver whyte.'* men. That shotynge wyll I Ye shall go with me And I wyll wete the shryves . And that behelde the proude sheryfe.

To grene wode wolde he. And wo be thou. treason sayd Robyn. Lytell 39i Much and good Reynolde. They cryed out on Robyn Hode. many a bo we there was bent.OF ROBYN HODE. Other wyse thou behote me In yonder wylde forest . ! Full evyl thou art to knowe. Evermore was the best. For best worthy was he . These archours fayre and good. Many a kyrtell there was rent. And hurt many a syde. But had I the in grene wode. That no man myght them dry ve. Thou sholdest leve me a better wedde Than thy trewe lewte. Forsoth. Full The outlawes shot was so stronge. RobynHode. E 2 And They . Wo worth the. Lytell Johaii and good Scatheloke Were archers good and fre . And arowes let they glyde. Under my trystell tre. And great homes gan they blowe. Hym He toke the yeft so curteysly. The Whan they had shot aboute. thou proud sheryf^ Thus gladdynge thy gest. worste wolde they not be. the proud sheryfes men tied away full blyve. was delyvered the goode arow.

sayd Robyn. that thou were slawe. And shot another whyle. that.was shot AuioDge that company. In grene wode he wolde have be. And smy te all of my hede. Though it lay now on a rawe. Many a tyme he layd hym downe. he toke him on his backe. Mayster. For all the golde in mery Englond. That dyed on a tre. Many an arowe there. That dyed upon a tre. for that ylke lordes love. sayd lytell Much. Johan. That thou sholdest. And And for the medes of my servyce. That I have served the. . bare hym well a myle. Parte our company. And gyve me woundes dede and wyde. I wolde not God forbede. then sayd Lytell Johan^ If ever thou lovest ine.«) A LYTELL GESTE Robyn sawe the biishement to broke. Lytell Johan was hurte With an arowe in his kne. full sore. That he myght neyther go nor ryde It was full grete pyte. Up And . But take out thy browne swerde. No lyfe on me be lefte. Lytell Johan. Lete never the proude sheryf Aly ve now fynde ine .

and dyne. Under the grene wode I love no tre . Robyn Hode. And arme you well and make you redy. Ryght here shalt thou be. I swere by saynt Quyntyn. And let no man com in .. Welcome arte thou [to] me . by the rode there dwelled that gentyll knyght. was about. To suppe. Syr Rychard at the Lee. Shyt the gates. and drawe the bridge. And moche [I] thanke the of thy And of thy curteysye. Then was 41 A lytell within the Double dyched it there a fayre castdll. Bordes were layed. comfort. and clothes spred. . Robyn Hode and his mery men To mete gan they gone. For one thyng. And of thy grete kyndenesse. And And walled. For all the proud sheryf of Notyngham. That Robyn had lent his good. wode.OF ROBYN HODE. ete. These twelve dayes thou wonest with me. £ 3 . Robyn. Under the grene wode tree. In he toke good Robyn. And to the walle ye wynne. man in all this worlde So moch as I do the . I the behote. Reddely and anone . And all his company : " Welcome be thou.

With out ony leasynge. The proude sheryf loude gan crye. gentylnien unto your songe. to rout. also of the bolde archeres. How the proude sheryfe of Notyngham. And herken Full faste came to The countre up the hye sheryfe. Wende forthe. And There he tolde him of that knyght. The dedes that here be dyght. And they beset the knyghts The walles all about. I wyll avowe that I have done. Thou kepeste here the kynges enemye. Agayne " the lawes and ryght. And doth no syrs. And men of armes stronge. Upon all the londes that I have. And sayd. Forthe he yode to London toune. As I am a trewe knyght. castell. on your waye. That noble were and good. niore to me.42 A LYTELL GESTE THE SYXTE FYTTE. Thou traytour knyj^ht." The sheref thus had \\k answers. And eke of Robyn Hode. . Tyll ye wytte our kynges wyll What he woU say to the. All for to tel our kyrige. Lythe and lysten. Syr.

" He wolde avowe that he had done. And let his haukes flee. In all 4S the north londe. And take I wyll Robyn Hode. Bothe by nyght and by daye. The sheryf had his leve itake. Under the leves grene. The proud sheryfe of Notyngham Therfore he had grete tene. sayd the kynge. He wolde be lorde. . Aud do as I bydde the. That shote was in his kne." be at Notyngham. Syr Rychard at the Lee . He myght not have his pray. And so I wyll that knyght. thou proud sheryf. And dyde hym strayte to Robyn Hode. and set you at nought. Ever he awayted that gentyll knyght. Then he awayted that gentyll knyght. As he went on haukynge by the ryver syde. And went hym on his way . Under tlie grene wode tre.OF ROBYN HODE. Of all the wyde countree. And ordayne good archeres inowe. Within this fourtynyght. And Robyn Hode to grene wode. Upon a certayn day : And Lytell Johan was hole of the arowe. I woll Go home. To mayntayne the outlawes stronge. Robyn Hode walked in the foreste. The sheryf there fayled of Robyn Hode.

He had lever than an hondrede pounde. Passed on * his' waye. Under the green wode tre. A bone graunte thou me. By hym that dyed on a tre. And all his fayre meyn^. Let thou never my wedded lorde Shamefully slayne to be . That Robyn Hode had he ! Then A She the lady. " God the save. is not yet thre myles. For our dere ladyes love. When she came to the for^t. With men of armes stronge.44 A LYTELL GESTE Toke he there tliis gentyll knyght. . And lad hym home to Notyngham warde. Founde she there Robyn Hode. good Robyn Hode. itake ? than sayd she. the knyghtes wyfe. Ibonde both fote and bonde. He is fast ibounde to Notyngham warde. fayre lady and fre. To that lady fre. grene wode anon rode she. And all thy company . set her To on a gode palfray. The sheryf swore a full grete othe." Anone then sayd good Robyn. What man hath your lorde The proud shirife. Por the love of the. [The proude sheryfe hath hym itake] He Forsoth as I the say .

thou proud sheryf. And whan And they came to Notyngham." Sone there were good bowes ibent. For hym that dyed on a rode j And he that this sorowe forsaketh. with the proud sheryf. They walked in the strete. a good bowe. I wolde fayne here of the. I make myn avowe to god. Tliis seven yere. By hym that dyed on a tre. sayd Robyn. The knyght wold I fayn se. Abyde and speak with me. he sayd.OF ROBYN HODE. And yf I may hym take. Ne I * yede is T so fast make myn avowe It' on fote. j the giounde he lay full styll . Of some tydynges of our kynge. And by him that al thinges maketh. by dere worthy god. not for thy good. No lenger shall dwell with me. to god. Sone gau they mete. my mery younge men. Robyn bent An arrowe he drewe at his He hyt so the proud sheryf. Abyde. Hedge ne dyche spared they none. Upon wyll. Up ** 4S then sterte good Robyn. Iquyt then shall he bee. thou proud sheryfe. That was them before. As a man that had be wode : Buske you. I wys. Mo than seven score.

Through myre. And bade hym by hym stonde. And layde on the sheryves men. That were so sharp and kene. " Leve thy hers the behynde. Evyll mote thou thry ve There myght no man to the trust. The whyles thou were alyve. his bryght bronde. Thou shalt with me to grene wode. mosse and fenne. thou proud sheryf." . And toke him in his hand a bowe. Tor to take that fijentyll knyght. Lye thou there. Robyn stert to that kuyght. yfhemay. The kynge came to Notynghame. And cut a two his bonde. Thou shalt with me to grene wode. Without ony leasynge. And dryved them downe by dene. Tyll that I have gete us grace. His men drewe out theyr bryght swerdes. sheiyves hede. With knyghtes in grete araye. Of Edwarde our conily kynge. . And Robyn Hode. THE SEVENTH FYTTE.4(3 A LYTELL GESTE And On his fete to He smote of the With " or he niyghl up aryse. And lerne for to renne . stonde.

asked men of that country, After Robyn Hode,



That was

after that gentyll knyght, so bolde and stout.


they had tolde


the case,

Our kynge understonde ther And seased in his bonde The knyghtes londes all.
All the pass of Lancashyre,

He went

both ferre, and ner*,

Tyll he

came to Piomton parke, He fay 1yd many of his dere.

There our kynge was wont to se Herdes many one, He coud unneth fynde one dere, That bare ony good borne.

The kynge was wonder wroth with And swore by the trynytd, " I wolde I had Robyn Hode, With eyen I myght hym se ;


And he that wolde smyte of the knyghtes And brynge it to me, He shall have the knyghtes londes, Syr Rycharde at the Le


I gyve

it hym with my charter. And sele it with my honde, To have and bolde for ever more.



mery Englonde,"
fayre olde knyght,
in his fay,

Than l)espake a

That was treue



lege lorde the kynge. worde 1 shall you say


no man in this countre have the knyghtes londes, Whyle Robyn Hode may ryde or gone, And here a bowe in his hondes ;


That he ne

That is

Give it That ye wyll any good.

shall lese his hede, the best ball in his hode ; no man, my lorde the kynge,

Haifa yere dwelled our comly kynge. In Notyngham, and well more, Coude he not here of Robyn Hode,
In what countre that he were

But alway went good Robyn

By halke and eke by hyll, And alway slewe the kynges dere, And welt them at his wyll.
Than bespake a proud

That stode by our kynges kne, If ye wyll se good Robyn, Ye must do after me ;

Take fyve of the

best knyghtes

That be in your lede, * And walke downe by yon' abbay, And gete you monkes wede.

And I wyll be your ledes man. And lede you the way, And or ye come to Notyngham,


hede then dare

1 lay.

That ye

mete with good Robyn,

ly ve

yf that he be,

Or ye come

to Notyngham, With eyen ye shall hym se.

Full hastly our


kynge was dyght, So were his knyghtes fyve, Everych of them in monkes wede,


hasted them thyder biyth.

grete above his cole, brode hat on his crowiie, Ryght as he were abbot lyke, They rode up iu to the towne.

Our kynge was



Styf botes our kynge had on, Foisoth as I you say, rode syngynge to grene wode, The covent was clothed iu graye,
his grete somers,

His male hors, and

Folowed our kyuge be hynde, Tyll they came to grene wode, A myle under the lynde,

There they met with good Robyn, Stondynge on the waye. And so dyde many a bolde archere, For soth as I you say.



A whyle ye must abyde
Under the grene wode

toke the kynges hors, Hastely in that stede. sayd, Sir abbot, by your leve,

We be yemen of this foreste. We ly ve by our

kynges dere, Other shyft have not we ;

And ye have chyrches and rentes both, And gold full grete plentd


us some of your spendynge, For saynt Charyte.


Then bespake our cumly kynge,

A none

than sayd he,

I brought no more to grene wode, But forty pounde with me ;

I have layne at


This fourtynyght with our kynge, And spent I have full moche good, On many a grete lordynge ;


No more than have
But yf

I have but forty pounde, I me,

had an hondred pounde,

I would geve

to the,

Robyn toke

the forty pounde, departed it in two partye, Halfendell he gave his mery men,


And bad them mery

to be.


Full curteysly Robin gan say, Syr, have this for your spendyng, shall mete a nother day.

Gramercy, than sayd our kynge



well the greteth

Edwarde our kynge,

And sent to the his seale, And byddeth the com to Notyngham,

mete and mele.


toke out the brode tarpe.

And sone he lete hym se Robyn coud his courteysy, And set hym on his kne :


I love no man in all the worlde So well as I do my kynge,


my lordes



And, monke,

for thy tydynge,

Syr abbot, for thy tydynges, To day thou shalt dyne with For the love of my kynge




my trystell


Forth he lad our comly kynge, Full fayre by the honde. Many a dere there was slayne,


full fast


Robyn toke a full grete home, And loude he gan blowe,
Seven score of wyght yonge men, Came redy on a rowe,
All they kneeled on theyr kne, Full fayre before Robyn.

The kynge sayd hymselfe

And swore by


saynt Austyn,


thynketb, by goddes pyne ; His men are more at his byddynge.


a wonder semely syght,

Then my men be



Full hastly was theyr dyner idyght, And therto gan they gone, They served our kynge with al theyr myght, Both Robyn and Lytell Johan.

Anone before our kynge was set The fatte venyson. The good whyte brede, the good red wyne,


therto the fyne ale browne.

Make good

chere, sayd


for charyte



for this ylke tydynge,

Blyssed mote thou be,

F 3


Now shalt
thou se what lyfe



Or thou hens wende, Than thou may enfourrae

our kynge.

ye togyder lende.
all in hast,


they sterte

Theyr bowes were smartly bent, Our kynge was never so sore agast, He wende to have be shente.



yerdes there w^ere up set, to gan they gauge ; fifty pase, our kynge sayd,
to longe,

The merkes were

every syde a rose garlonde, shot under the lyne. Who so fayleth of the rose garlonde, sayd Robyn, Uis takyll he shall tyue,



And yelde it to his mayster, Be it never so fyne, For no man wyll I spare,
So drynke
I ale or



here a buffet on his hede,

And all

wys ryght

He smote

all bare. that fell in Robyns lote,

them wonder


Twyse Robyu

shot aboute,

And ever he cleved the wande, And so dyde good Gylberte, With the why te hand

Lytell Johan and good Scathelocke, For nothyng wolde they spare, When they fayled of the garlonde, Robyn smote them full sare ;

To grounde he yede full nere. It falleth not for myn order. Syr abbot. Robyn. that worde. Thus our kynge and Robyn Hode Togeder than they met. Robyn And kneeled downe in that plac«^ F 3 . Smyte on boldely. sayd Robyn^ Thou arte a stalworthe frere . I make myn avowe to god. I pray the. all hys frendes fare. M Yet he fay led of the garlonde. he sayd. sayd our kyngf . Mayster. by tiiy leve. Thre fyngers and mare. At For the last shot that Robyn shot. If it be so. So dyde syr Richarde at the Le. And thus he gan say. That may no better be . Robyn. sayd I give the large leve. syr. sayd Robyn. Then bespake good Gylberte. Stand forth and take your pay. Robyn. I delyver the niyn arowe. For doute I sholde hym greve. behelde our comly kynge Wystly in the face. Anone our kynge. For to smyte no good yeman. And sych a buffet he gave Robyn. There is pith in thyn arme. sayd I trowe thou canst weU shote. with He folde up his sieve.OF ROBYN HODE. serve thou me. your takyll is lost.

Now I knowe you well. I come agayne luU soone. to my courte. I wyll And brynge come to your courte. I make myn avowe to god. As shote at the donne dere. sayd Robyn. And for my men I crave. for god. for god. And also god me save I aske mercy. And ryght so shall it be . than sayd our kynge Thy peticion I graunt the. then Robyn sayd kynge. . And come home. Your servyse for to se. And But me lyke well your servyse. " My lorde the kynge of Englonde. Yes." to our Mercy.54 A LYTELL GESTE And 80 dyde all the wylde outlawes. with me of my men Seven score and thre. my lorde the kynge. And there dwell with me. With that thou leve the grene wode. I am woute to done. . syr. sayd Robyn. Of thy Under your trystyll tre. ! goodnesse and thy grace For niy men and me Yes. And all thy company . Whan they se them knele.

for god. Towarde the towne of Notyngham. then sayd Robyn. Robyn. ayenst the Yole. Notyngham. Now pray I the. grene garment he dyde on. They clothed them full soone.5 THE EIGHTH FYTTE. Our kynge and Robyn rode For soth as I togyder. Theyr bowes bente and Shotynge all in fere. to That thou wylte sell nowe Ye. A Whan Now we shall to They they were clothed in Lyncolne grene. To sell me some of that To me and meyne. A elles I were a fole . cloth. for god.S. All thus our kynge gan say. you As they went by tbe wayj .OF ROBYN HODE. Yes. me. kest away theyr graye. sayd our kynge. Or The kynge kest of his cote then. Outlawes as they were. sayd Robyn. I wys. nother day ye wyll me clothe. they shote plucke buffet. I trowe. . Thyrty yerdes and thre. And every knyght had so. forth they went. And say. Haste tbou ony grene cloth ? sayd our kyiigc.

Come Robyn Hode On to the towne. Than every man I drede our to other gan say. Though I shote all this yere. That covered all the felde .56 A LYTELL GESTE And many a buffet our kynge wan. And set hym on his kise. kynge be slone . Thy game is nought to lere. When they se our comly kynge. I sholde not get a shote of the. and made sange with notes hye. And Than bespake our comly kynge To syr Rycharde at the Lee : He A good gave hym there his londe agayne. Robyn thanked our comly kynge. They sawe nothynge but mantels of grene. So god me helpe. They them glad. olde wy ves that myght evyll goo. man he bad hym be. The kynge loughe full fast. . Full hastly they began to fle. They hypped on theyr staves. lyve he leveth not one. Our kynge in his pay. I wys ihey were full fayne. I wys. Of Robyn Hode that day And nothynge spared good Robyn . And commanded theym agayne . ete and dranke. And Both yemen and knaves. All the people of Notyngham They stode and behelde. sayd our kynge.

By than the yere was all agone. In every place where Robyn came. Ever more he layde downe. But twelve monethes and Hire. That he had spent an hondred pounde. Both for knyghtes and for squyres. 1 o gete hym grete renowne. welthe is went away. ! Alas then sayd good Robyn. Forth than went Robyn Hode. That was in mery Englonde. He had no man but twayne Lytell Johau and good Scathelocke. Had Robyn dwelled in the b7 kynges couite. Alas and well a woo! Yf I dwele lenger with the kynge. Robyn sawe yonge men Full fayre shote. Graunte me myn askynge. of And Blagdalene. Sorowe wyll me sloo. Alas ! My A upon a day. is to se. I was an archere good. and eke a stronge. And all his menues se. Sometyme styffe I was commytted the best archere. Wyth hym all for to gone. than sayd good Robyn. Tyll he came to our kynge : " My lorde the kynge of Englonde. thereto wolde I be Mary 5 « . I made is That semely It a chapell in Bernysdale.OF ROBYN HODE.

Seven score of wight yonge men. And set hym on his kne . Me longeth sore to Bernysdale^ I may not be therfro. In a mery mornynge. toke his leve full courteysly. last here. And gadred them togyder. Seven nyght I No gyve the leve. That all the outlawes of that forest. . sayd Robyn. His home than gan he blow. Barefote and wolwarde I have hyght Thyder for to go. That home coud they knowe. In a lytell throwe. Of byrdes mery It is syngynge. There he herde the notes small. No tyme to siepe ue wynke. then sayd Robyn. Robyn slewe a full grete harte. To grene wode then went he. Whan he came to grene wode.'* Yf it be so. lengre. He Gramercy. Nother ete ne drynke. kynge. a lytell for to shote. lorde. Came redy on a rowe . than sayd our It may no better be . That I was Me lyste At ferre gone. Nother all these seven dayes. to dwell fro me. the donne dere.58 I A LYTELL GESTE myght never in this seven nyglit.

I muste to Kyrkesley.' They toke togyder theyr couiisell Robyn Hode for to sle. Twenty yere and two. That nye was of his kynne. Under this greue wode tre. To morrow In place where as he stode. Robyn dwelled in grene wode. Full evyll mote they * fare. By the pryoresse he lay. Craftely to be leten blode. Yet he was begyled. For all drede of Edwarde our kynge.OF ROBYN HODE* And fayre dyde of theyr hodes. That dyed on the rode For he was a good out lawe ! And dyde pore men mocU god» ^^ . Through a wycked woman. His bauis for to be. Syr Roger of Donkest^r. they sayd. And there they betrayed good Robyn Hode. I wys. And set them on theyr kne : 59 Welcome. That was her own special!. Thau bespake good Robyn. our mayster. Through theyr false playe. And how they myght best do that dede. Cryst have mercy on his soule. The pryoresse of Kyrkesly. For the love of a knyght. Syr Roger of Donkestere. Agayne wolde he not goo.

when the leves spryng. no doubt. ^^ All wemen werschep ' he. that is about the year 1500 . Oo of the best that yever bar bou. but the composition (which he has irremediably cotrupted) is probably of an earlyer " The period. than play of Robyn Hode. Roben Hode was the yemans name. Yn wodys merey now. So merey doyt the berdys syng. Comley. and even unheard of old piece is given from a manuscript^ among bishop Mores collections. The bloschems on every bowe. Hes name was Roben Hode. which is evidently that of a vulgar (Ec.60 ROBYN HODE II.* . in the public library of the university of Cambridge The writing. appears to be of the age of Henry the seventh. 35). This curious^ and hitherto unpublished. and god. and much older. For the loflfe of owr ladey. Herkens. At the end of the original is " Expleycyt Robyn HodeJ* In scliomer. cortessy.'^ which seems allusive to the same story. and illiterate person. 4. ROBYN HODE [AND THE POTTER]. god yemen. That was boyt corteys and fre .

Thow hast hantyd thes wey. . all Y ley To pay het thes same day. * Felow. Y met hem bot at Wentbreg. forty shillings. That y schall make that prowde potter. Roben. They toke het a yeman to kepe . And bad hem' stonde foil stell. liot as the 61 god yeman stod on a day. Ther thes money they leyde. * And up to hem can lepe.' Yonder comet a prod potter. Yet they clefFe by my seydys. - ^L. He was war of a prowd potter. seyde Roben.* Handys apon hes horse he leyde. seyde Lytyll Joha. and mor. seyde Lytyll John. Roben befor the potter he breyde. Among hes mery maney.[AND THE POTTER]. And therfor yeffell mot he the. A wed to me schall he ley. seyde Tliat long hayt hantyd this wey. Mor. and thow dar say. potter. Seche thre strokes he me gafe. Ther ys nat a man among hus A wed schall make hem ley. Cam dryfting owyr the * ley. what ys they well ? All thes thre yer. he seyde. The potter schorteley to hem seyde. Yet wer tow never so cortys a man One peney of pauage to pay. Her ys forty shillings. He was never so corteys a man On peney of pawage to pay.

fay. " Roben Hod ys mey name. . let mey horse Togeder then went thes two yemen. And seyde. well y non pay . Ther they stod onder a tre. Felow. not to seke. As they stode ender a bow : Let us helpe owr master. Befor Roben he * lepe. Smot the bokeler owt of hes honde . ar Roben meyt get het agen. Yend potter welle steffeley stonde. g^ That saw Roben hes men. The potter. Hes bokeler at hes fette.6^ ROBYN HODE "What ys they name ? seyde the potter For pauage thow aske of me. Leytell John to hes felow he seyde. en hes honde [therto] The potter to Roben he went. go.' Roben howt with a swerd A bokeler bent." Wed Nor pavag well y non lefFe. with a caward stroke. Therof low Robyn hes men. Awey Y well the tene eyls. they honde fro mey horse. . A wed schall thow lefFe me. Yonder potter els well hem sclo. Het was a good sey t to se . And To the gronde sone he yede. seyed Lytell JohD. god to-hande staife therowt he hent. . seyde the potter. The potter yn the neke hem toke. be mey The He was A potter to hes cart he went.

A felischepe well thow hafFe Y ? GefFe me they clothyng. thow seys soyt. Yeff a por yeman com drywyng ower the wey. Y well prey the. To let hem of hes gorney. 63 master they cam. seyde Roben. And euey weyfFe well hem chepe. Nay. ayen as thow yode. and thow schalt hafe well go to Notyuggam.[AND THE POTTER]. Ho haet the wager won? ' To ther' Schall y haff yowr forty shillings. Thow Bot thow can schalt feynde sell seyde the potter. YefFe y bryng eney pottes ayen. seyde Roben. potter Ther he fered not eylle. Or ye. Het ys fol leytell As y haffe harde Be mey And Thow tiowet. seyde Lytel John. schalt never Thow be let for me. Y feythe. abode with Robens men. seyde Roben. Com mey pottes well. And then y bescro mey hede. myne . to Notynggam. me a felow gode . cortesey. schall hafFe myne? Yeff they wer a hundred. Thes pottes for to sell . be mey trowt. weyse men saye. they ben all theyne. master. Robyn went The Y grant therto. seys god yemenrey . god potter. G 2 gi . thow dreyffe forthe yevery day. Thes yemen went with a breycTe. seyde the potter. Leytell John to hes master seyde.

seyde Roben. Yet. Yn the medys of the towne. Foil effen agenest the screffeys gate. And chepyd fast of hes war. Seyde he had be no potter all creyed Robyn. . Thorow the helpe of howr ladey. soy t yef y scholde saye. ! Pottys! pottys he gan crey Haffe hansell for the mar. be well war of the screfFe of Notynggam. Heyt war howte. And gaffe hem hotys and haye. foil sone. gret chepe ! Y lotfe yefFel thes to stonde. Master. Felowhes. And 1. Tho Roben droife on hes wey. Pottys. Heres mor and affter ys to saye.64 ROBYN HODE Than spake Leytell John. Schowed he hes chatiar . that long. So merey ower the londe. The best ys beheynde. Weyffes and wedowes abowt hem drow. ] When The Roben cam Notynggam. Ther he schowed hes war. let me alone . For he ys leytell howr frende. saw hem sell. [ THE SECOND to FIT. And all hes felowhes heynd. . He set op hes horse anon. To Notynggam well y gon.

The screffe sone he met. hall Whan Roben ynto the cam. sir. deyne with the screfe and me. And sone the screffe he gret. Yowr bedyng schall be doyn. seyde Roben. When ye com to thes centre ayen. ' go' to mete. Thos Roben solde foil fast. Foil corteysley Com she' gan them call. With a nobell cher. « Loketh what thes potter hayt geffe yow and me. As they sat at her methe. than seyde sche.[AND THE POTTER]. Ye schall haffe of the best. And sende hem to the screfFeys weyffe. Preveley seyde man and weytfe. The potter cowed of corteysey. * A mayden yn the pottys gan ber. Y schall bey of * they' pottys. seyde Roben. Feyffe pottys smalle and grete i" He ys fol Let OS was. so mot y the. Gereamarsey. Ywnder potter schall never the. The 6S He pottys that wer werthe pens solde tham for pens thre : feyflFe. Therof sche was foil fayne. and wellcom. And swar be the treneyte. . the screffe weyffe folowed anon. Roben and Godamarsey. Tell he had pottys bot feyfFe . seyd the screffe. Two of the screffes men gan speke o S Offagret wag^r. Oj) he hem toke of his car.

To the * bottys they' made them prest. Thes schotyng well y se. ** Now schall y wet and And thow be god. seyde the prowde potter. Who scholde thes wager wen. semyst Asay schall thow be. be the rode. The best bow that the yeman browthe The hem bey Koben set on a stryug. Thow The Thow bow. Thys ys bot rygzt weke ger. seyde the screffe.66 ROBYN HODE Was made the thother daye. And y had a bow. Off forty shillings." So 8jod me helpe. the soy t to saye. a stalward and a stronge. screffe comandyd a yeman that stod Affter bowhes to wende . prowde potter. Off a schotyng was god and feyne. Ther cam non ner ney the marke Bey halfe a god archares bowe. With bowes and boltys foil feyne. Stell then stod the prowde potter. Thos than thowt he. . On schot scholde yow schall haffe a se. Thos than seyde he.. best that thow well cheys of thre . polle het op to they uer. As y am a trow Cerstyn man. As archares that weren godde. With bred and ale and weyne. Styll than sat thes Whan they had fared of the best. . The screffes men schot foil fast.

Thow art worthey to ber a bowe. Off the marke he welde not fayle. he seyde. And ye well do afftyr mey red. To Roben went. . thow art a man . or we het bred.[AND THE POTTER]." And swar be the trenitc. god bolt owthe he toke. Forsoyt. All they schot abowthe agen. Knowest thow Robyn Hode? seyde ^* the screflfe. ($7 A a queqiier He fayled not a fothe. And boldeley go with me. ponde. y prey the tell thou me.' * Yn mey cart y haffe a bowe. he seyde. seyde the screffe. £Y had lever nar a hundred That the fals Y had lever nar a hundred ponde. The screfFes men thowt gret schame. A hundred torne y hafFe schot with hem. Roben Hode wel we se. -Under hes tortyll tre. and that a godde Yn mey cart ys the bow That * I had of Robyn Hode. seyde the potter^ Y well queyt the. He cleffed the preke on thre. And to morow. The potter the mastry wan.] owtelawe stod be me. And seyde. And swer be god screffe. So iiey on to the niarke he went. Schetyng thay left. Potter. kod the of mey the. The screffes men and he. The screffe lowe and made god game. Yn what plas that thow gang.' . and horn they wentj^ Her scoper was redey deythe. Potter.

: Ley tell John wold not spar " Master. and ye well Y geffe yow her a golde ryng/' . And wolde not [be] lefFe beheynde. The screffes hart was never so leythe. Her het ys merey to be. be trowthe. Berdys ther sange on bowhes Het was gret goy to sene. when het was day. : Whan thay to thar master cam. god eylde het the. Leytyll John. He ." . Fer downe yn the wodde. seyde Roben.*^ toke lefFe And thankyd her of ail thyng Dam. Sir. . how haffe yow far yn Notynggam " Haffe yow solde yowr war ?'* " Ye.63 ROBYN HODE Upon the He boskyd hem forthe to reyde The potter hes carte forthe gan ray. the foreyst. TJiat herde hes men that ther stode. The feyr forest to se. all ? mey Loke thow take no Y For howr chaffar.' ' Roben set hes home to hes mowthe. for mey loffe. seyde the weyffe. haffe browt the screffe of Notynggam. seyde Leytyll John They ran as thay wer wode. prest. Gramarsey. And blow a blast that was foil god. morow. For a man that had hawt to spende : Be mey borne * we schall awet Yetf Roben Hode be * ner hande. thys wer. car . of the scrcftys wyffe. And when he cam ynto Yonder the leflfes grene. I her mey master.

And gret well they weyfFe at home. ys foil welcom. Hes weyffe feyr welcomed hem horn. ** 69 He Had I west that beforeii. kod the So to lese mey godde. The screfFe had lever nar a hundred ponde [Fie had never sene Koben HodeJ. bothe bodey and bon. Y schall her sende a wheyt palfFrey. That wot y Y thanke god all And your bother ger. seyde Lytell John. Oflf mor sorow scholde yow seyng.[AND THE POTTER]. hafFe hade a foil grete skorne. the deyell spede hem. how haflfe yow fared yn grene foreyst ? HafFe ye browt Roben horn ? ** Dam. Thow scholde not com yn feyr forest Of all thes thowsande eyr. All bot this feyr palffrey. And to hem gau sche saye ." Thes parted Robyn Hode and the screfFe^ To Notyngam he toke the waye . Het hambeliet Ner as the weynde . Seyr. At Notynggam when we wer. well. Thes tydyng ys foil godde. Therfor schall ye lefFe yowr horse with hos. screffe. That he hayt sende to the/' Of all He . The woman ys foil godde. seyde Roben. for the loffe of yowr weyfFe. Y the god that y haffe lade to grene wod^ hayt take het fro me. " Hether ye cam on horse foil hey. And horn schall ye go on fote . that y be her. That fend I godys forbode.

Nov/ speke we of 3R. to me. . what was they pottys worthe that y ledde with me?'* he. Of money feyr and schalt hafe ten ponde. And saffe all god yenianrey ! . Now ye be com horn to Ye schall haffe Notynggam. and the Ondevnethe the grene wod tre. to grene Thes partyd Robyn. seyde fre .70 KOBYN HODE With Aud swhar be hem that deyed on tre. They wer worth two nobellys. wod. Now hafFe yow payed for all the pottys That Roben gaffe to that sche toke op a lowde lawhyng. me. And yever whan thow comest Wellcom. god ynowe." And of the pottyr onder the grene bowhe. potter. seyd So mot y treyffe or the So cowde y had for tham.oben Hode. the screfFe. " To Notynggam Potter. Roben. God haffe mersey on Roben Hodys solIe> potter. And y had Thou ther be.

71 III. 710 other having. a north country (or^ pei^haps. is given from a modern copy printed at Newcastle. frae the cold. ^^ A pretty dialogue betwixt Robin tition of Hood and a beggar" Lyth and listen. I guess. AVho sturdily could gang . His meal-poke hang about his neck. He went forth him alone. gentlemen. That was both stark and Strang clouted clock about him was. The original title is. Robin Hood upon a day. rU tell yon of a brave booting That befell Robin Hood. a beggar on the way. Scotish) cotnposome antiquity. He had a pike-staff in his hand. That was both stark and « Strang. been ever seen or heard of.' . Into a leathern whang. ROBIN HOOD AND THE BEGGAR.AND THE BEGGAR. That be of high born blood. A That held him Was more then twenty fold. — This poem. to his knowledge. He met . The thinnest bit of it. And as he came from Barnsdale Into fair evening. where the editor accidentally picked it up . Well fasten'd to a broad bucle. .

Of mine thou dost not care. He thought some part had he. I see well by thy fare. Till you must lend me some money we meet again. If thou shares well to thy supper. my dinner all this day. By my troth.7t ROBIN HOO0 He had three hats upon his head. money to lend. by my truth. my lodging house. He heard him as he heard him not. And it is Now. says good Robin. said the bold Of that L have no will. want money to buy. Nay. Tarry. says [good] Robin. have supt e'er I come in If they I will look wondrous blate. growing late. Tarry. tarry. In lands where'er he past. and speak with me. Sir. Who I wants And wots not where to ly. Good Robin To If any beggar had money. see what he might be. And fast on his way can hy. And would I to the tavern go. . thou must tarry still. He car'd neither for wind nor wet. It is far to beggar. Tis be not so. Together sticked fast. good Robin says. > The beggar I have no answer'd cankardly. cast him in the way.

For thy curn nips of sticks. by my truth. For all thy boisterous fair. was an angery man. hand. The beggar smil'd. Come. noble bow. Since we are asembled so. slialt eat none this year. ill. Think not that I will be afraid. Good Robin bent his He ! And in it set a broad arrow.AND THE BEGGAR. Can pierce a beggar's skin. H . fs Thou thou get from me. And loose the strings of all I'll thy clouted cloak. thy pokes. says [§ood] Robin. If * thou' make any din. I shall see a broad arrow. and answer let me be . For thy nip crooked tree. And seems to be as sweer If thou fast till . Thou's get nothing from me but Would'st thou seek evermair. Now. I'll have it ere thou go. I defy thee to do me ill. lay down And do no longer stand. Lo e'er 'twas drawn a spj^n. 1 know no use for them so meet As Here to be puding-pricks. If thou has but a small farthing. ripe them with my And now to thee I make a vow. Thou art a younir man as I. Far better made. Or that I fear thee any whit.

Thou hast been at the dale.U The ROBIN HOOD begsjar. be could He wist not what to do . the beggar said.<- The beggar with his noble tree Laid lusty slaps him to. His cheeks were pale as any clay. not flec. That his bow and his broad arrow In flinders flew about. that prov'd likewise vain. But lay still as a stane . And buy both wine and ale. man. Till he fell in a swoon. And with his pike-statf la d on loud. 'Tis shame to go to rest . He And baist him up and down. I think it were the best: And syne go to the tavern house. : The beggar lighted on his band With his pike-staff again wot he might not draw a sword For forty days and mair. . with his noble tree^ Reach'd him so round a rout. Stand np. Hereat thy friends will crack full crousc. Stay till thou get thy money told. And closed were his een. paid good Robin back and side. Good Robin could not speak a word. [I] He could not fight. Good Robin bound him But to his brand. Good Robin answer'd ne'er a word. His heart was ne'er so sair.

said his men. How with you stands the case. ** * watchman in this wood Near hand this twenty year. at whom the matter spear. Up have they taken good Robin. Tell us. dear master. Good Robin sighed ere he began To tell of his disgrace. 7^ I would ye had been at the dale. but — fail. And Then he began And cast unto his face . And gotten part of the play. to hitch his ear. by chance. THE SECOND PART. The blood of a good mouth came booking out vain. Yet I was never so hard bestead As ye have found me here . The beggar thought him dead And boldly bound his way. And found their master in a trance. speak within short space. Came walking by the way. ground where that he lay. Making a piteous bear. I have been H 2 . Cold water they have gotten syne. Yet saw they no man there They might They looked him all round But wound on him saw Yet at his about. Now On three of Robin's men. * nane'.AND THE BEGGAR.

Because you're ill at ease. before I die. Let him not go loose on . That yon shall shortly see. But back again he shall be led. I fear you'll both be paid. get scouth to wield his tree. " Be not fear'd. I fear'd no ill Hath with his pyke-staff cla'd my back. bring him back again to me. That we two can be dung With any bluter base beggar. For to us all it were great shame And If he escape again. And fast bound shall he be. That has nought but a rung. I fear'twill never be well. A Of whom See. The other two shall bring him back.76 ROBIN HOOD beggar with a clouted clock. To use him as you please. With hat upon his head . our master. says good I true there's enougl] said . That I may see." His . Or hanged on a tree. If e'er ye lov'd your master well. And Him punish'd in my sight : if you may not bring him back. where he goes o'er yon hill. Robin. by my And he truth. staff shall stand him in no stead. Go now revenge this deed. To see if ye will have him slain.'* One Now. If it lie in your might." <' of us shall with you remain.

And on his pyke-staff first hands lay. And they have taken another way. travel made them tire. Before he be aware. . Untill the beggar came them nigh. wan. In each side of the gate. No started at neither how nor height. nor' mire. That raked o'er the hill. . And play the child. <* Tf But cast you sliely in his way. Ye'll speed the better far. there they both did stay . They feared for its skaith. ." Now leave we Again to Robin \. They leapt upon him baith The one his pyke-stafF gripped fast. Was nearer by miles three. Wlio never mended his pace more.AND THE BEGGAR. That thought of no such late : They stood up And as he was betwixt them past. for all his eild. They They stoutly ran with Spared neither dub all * their might. A little And Till they before the beggar And cast them in his way wood lay in a glen. learn himself to stand and gang lialds.vith his man. closely by a tree. By Now pass we to the bold beggar. Then he had done no ill.

His pyke-staff they have taken him frae. You have A silly poor beggar. Or else for fear I'll die. . a tree. Grant me my life. they said again. Thou near' slain the gentlest hast Of one that e'er was born man And back again thou shall be led. And stuck it in the green. I griev'd you never in all Neither by late or air. false all that * lown. may be sworn -. Nor wist he wherefore he was Nor how many was there. And said. The beggar was the feardest man Of any that e'er might be. dispair.78 ROBIN HOOD The other he held in his to A diawen durk * sigltt hU breast. ta'en. For him that dy'd on the tree. the beggar said. ' great sin if you would slay Thou For lies. To Or hanged on see if he will have thee slain. better might it been. To win away no way he can. And hold away that ugly knife. . Nor help him with his tree. thy staff. my life.' quit Or I shall be thy priest. And fast bound shalt thou be. He was An full loath to let it gae. He thought He grew into his life days had been gane. False carel.

for ill to do them shame His beastly breast was bent. years. Were he out of their hands. be good. a poor man be . It was but I will in my own you defence. . The beggar then thought all was wrong. In bottom of my poke. If he has gotten skaith But make a recompence baith. Then he bethought him on a If it wile. He found the wind blew something To shrill. . An hundred pounds I will you give. further his intent. He said. And much more odd silver. He should not be let back for nought. But ill upon warse back. he thought. That I have gathered this many Under this clouted cloak. he might the young give men beguile. How Thus And could tak^ effect. And do me no more dear. Brave And let gentlemen. And had again his tree. When ye have taken a beggar's blood. And hid up wonder privately. Is better for If ye will set me fair and free. 79 He saw nothing appearing then. them a begeck. It helps you not a flee. With such as he did see. They were set for his wrack.AND THE BEGGAR.

ROBIN HOOD The young men to the council yeed. that good Robin would not know That they had gotten coin. I wot full well. The mouth he opened wide. But in that place him slay. forth thy mon^y. back. And spread it on the ground. And yet we will not have thee Come after what so may. To turn the same he made him bown. He took It a great bag from his hals. And let They thought they would the money take. And more. And thereon lay he many a poke. And make us present pay. Two pecks in it at least there was. By They said. . And tell For the It's ill False carel. Upon this cloak he set it down. soon have done. Come after what so may And yet they would not take him back. They wist full well he had no speed From them to run away. Betwixt them and the wind. . turn that thou hast done but a simple plee. was near fall of meal. It would content him [well] to show That there they had him slain. O then he loosed his clouted clock. If thou wilt do that which thou spak. The young men ready spy'd . the beggar gae .

I fear. Ere any of them could red their een. The young men answered never a word.' And with a flin^ the meal he shook Into their face all hail : 81 Wherewith he blinded them so close. haste ? the beggar said. In every hand he took a nook Of that great leatliern * mail. like one of them a dozen had. Ere they riped their een : . AVell laid on with his tree. not you tarry still. And then in heart he did rejoice. Or The young men were right swift of foot. He thought if he had done them wrong. a glimmring might see. Hath blown into your een Biit I have a good pyke-staff here Can ripe them out full clean. In mealing of their cloaths. And clap'd his lusty tree. . They were dum as a stane In the thick wood the beggar fled.AND THE BEGGAR. For to strike off the meal again With his pyke-staflF he goes. . The beggar could them no more hit. For all the haste he may. What's all this May The shaking of my pokes. And boldly bound away. A stime they could not see . Untill your money be received? *rii pay you with good will.

And how they scarcely could win home. Robin said. The mill it is a meat rife part. fled. they drooped down. less or more. That can not be. Full ill. good Robin Ye have been at the mill. Who would look at your < claiths. Good Robin Fy ! out ! for shame ! We're sham'd for evermore.' They hang'd word they could not speak. They may lick what they please. Because I fell a sound. cried. A their heads. seek him was in vahi But judge ye if they looked blate To When they cam home again.82 ROBIN HOOD And syne the night became : so late. Tell on the matter. sped. have said before. I think ye'U do the like. And Ye have me what and how done with the bold beggar I sent you for right now. Most like ye have been at the art. misters presses What more? And how in the thick woods he Ere they a stime could see . tell And when As i How they told him to an end. Their bones were baste so sore . . says. Good Robin speer'd how they had They answer'd him. that the beggar did them blind.

Whan And shaws beene sheene. As the wind blowes over the hill . Iff I be Robin alive in this lande. I dreamt of tow wighty yem^n. by my A sweaven faye. He be wroken on them towe. That fast with me can figlit. leaves both large and longe. To-morrow it may be still. Now. For iff itt be never so loude this night. and wold not cease^ upon the spraye. Soe lowde. Itt's merrye walkyng in the fayre forr^st To heare the small birdes songe. In the greenwood where he lay. he wakened Robin Hood. 83 IV. sayd Lyttle John. and shraddes full fayre. Although good Robin would full fain Of his wrath revenged be. ROBIN HOOD AND GUY OF GISBORNE. He smii'd to see his merry young men Had gotten a taste of the tree. The woodweele Sitting sang. And tookfe my bowe me froe . Swcavens are swift. .AND GUY OF GISBORNE. sayd jollye Robin^ I had this night . me Methought they did me beate and binde.

master. John. by me And How It that I farley finde : often send I my men before. my merry men And Jolm shall goe with niee." all. Then they cast on theyr gownes of grene. thou settest noe store. bowne yee. And tarry my selfe behiude ? is no cunning a knave to ken. I will go to yond wight yeoman.84 ** ROBIN HOOD Buske yee. And a man but heare him speake. capuU hyde and mayne. In greenwood where they bee. Untill they merry greenwood. Where they had A sword and Topp and Stand still. : As . A shooting forth are gone came to the . gladdest to bee.. And tooke theyr bowes each one And they away to the greene forr^st . And it were not for bursting of my bowe. Of manye a man And he was clad in tayll a dagger he wore by his side." often wordes they breeden bale. Under And To know what " this tree so grene. The gates he knoweth eche one. That leaned agaynst a tree. I thy head wold breake. the bane his . he doth meane. So they parted Robin and John And John is gone to Barnesdale . For He goe seeke yond wighty yeomen. Ah ! John. quoth Little John. There they were ware of a wight yeoman.

But when he came to Barnesdale. That ever thou grew on a tree For now this day thou art my bale. to be that day in the greenwood slade To meet with Little Johns arrowe. Where slaine both in a slade. I . when men be mett Fy ve can doe more than three. And fell downe at his foote. And William a Trent was slaine. 8a Great heavinesse there he hadd. sheriffe that wends soe To fast. might and mayne . : thee. And fetteled him to shoote The bow was made of tender boughe.AND GUY OF GISBORNE. Yet flewe not the arrowe in vaine. It Than had bene better of William a Trent have bene abed with sorrowe. wicked wood. men One shoote now I will shoote. Fot itt mett one of the sheriffes men. woe worth My boote when thou shold bee. For he found tow of his own fellowes. To But as it is said. And bound kim fast to a tree. Then John bent up his long bende-bowe. I " Woe worth. The sheriffe hath taken Little John." His shoote it was but loosely shott. For the proud sheriffe with seven score Fast after him is gone. With Christ lie make yond his quoth John. And Scarlette he was flying a-foote Fast over stocke and stone. stopp he shall be fayne.

quo' he MeXhinkes by this bowe thou beares in thy hande. And of my morning tyde. thou soone shalt see : some pastime find But Under the greenwood tree. I am wilfulle of my waye. good fellowe. the leaves he stood. If it be Christ his will. He lead thee through the wood. Men lid ** Now come And Robin first let with me. And seti them threescore rood in twaine. quoth John. thou wighty yeman. quo' the yem^n. the straunger sayd. Rather him Robin Hood meet with that proud outUwe Than fortye pound soe good. : A good archere thou sholdst bee. To shoote the prickes y-fere. . call . Aud hanged bye on a bill. And How he Where under thinke of Robin Hood.86 ^* ROBIN HOOD Tliou shalt be drawen by dale and downe. Good morrowe. us First let us some masterye make Among the woods so even. good fellow. may chance to meet with Robin Here at some unsett steven. That grew both under a breere." But thou mayst fayle of thy purpose. . He be thy guide. is gone to the wight yeonisln. said Robin Good fellow." We Hood They cut them down two summer sKroggs. Lett us leave talking of Little John. sayd Robin so fayre. Good morrowe. I seeke an outlawe.

AND GUY OF GISBORNE. 87 My leader thou The first shalt bee. by my faith. Thou wert better than Robin Hoode. time Robin shot at the pricke. mist but an inch it fro The yeoman he was an archer good. My dwelling is in this wood. . fellowe. sayd he. by my Till thou thy name. good fellowe. For an thy hart be as good as thy hand. quoth bold Robin. I do bidd thee. faith. I » 3 . good fellowe. he sayd . He : The second shoote had the wightye yemtln. : By thee 1 set right nought am Robin Hood of Barn^sdale. quoth hee. by dale and downe. He A blessing upon thy heart. He that had neyther beene kythe nor kin. Leade on. quoth Robin Hood. have told me thine. shot within the garland : But Robin he shott far better than hee. I sayes Robin. Leade on. Nay. To see how together these yeomen went With blades both browne and bright. But he cold never do soe. For he clave the good pricke-wande. leaves of lyne. Good Now tell me Under the Nay. good fellowe. thy shooting is goode . hee sayd. Might have seen a full fayre fight. I dwell And Robin to take Ime sworne And when I am called by my right name I am Guy of good Gisborne. Whom thou so long hast sought.

withall. with me be not wrothe . my hand. Robin pulled And Sayes. Ah. Guy did throwe. stroke He took sir Guys head by the hayre. And stumbled at that tyde And Guy was quicke and nimble And hitt him upon the syde. Robin did off his sir And on And he gown of greene. And stuck it upon his bowes end " Thou hast beene a tiaytor all thy life. put on that capull hyde. And Lye there. "Which thing must have an end. Iff thou have had the worst strokes at Thou Shalt have the better clothe. And strait he came with a [n] awkwarde And he sir Guy hath slayne. lye there. deere ladye." : forth an Irish knife. That cladd him topp . I think it was never mans destiny e To dye before his day. to toe. sayd Robin Hood That art but mother and may.(58 ROBIN HOOD To see how these Two yeomen together they fought sir howres of a summers day : Yett neither Robin Hood nor Them fettled to flye away. Guy Robin was reachles on a roote. . nicked sir Guy in the face. tho. Robin thought on our ladye deere. now syr Guye. And soone leapt up againe. That he was never on woman born Cold know whose head it was.

a loude blast in it did blow : beheard the shei ifFe of Nottingham. sayd Robin. come Iiyther. sayd the sheriffe. blowes soe well in tyde. When Little John heard his master speake. For this is all the meede I aske . nowe tydings good." sett Kobin Hood And That As Guyes home to his mouth. With Christ his might in heaven. sayd the I heare sheriffe. Hearken. Yonder Itt T heare sir Guyes home blowe. he sayes. : Well granted it shal bee. thou good Aske what thou wilt of mee. he leaned under a lowe. Come hyther. None other rewarde I'le have. " a9 Thy bowe. - Thou art a madman. hearken. and 1 will beare . Let me goe strike the knave . Thou sholdst have had a knightes fee But seeing thy asking hath bfeene soe bad. Well knewe he it was his steven : Now shall I be looset. For I will To away to Barn^sdale. sir Guy. see how my men doe fare. little home. I 3 . Nor I will none of thy fee : will But now I have slaine the master.AND GUY OF GISBORNE. And yonder comes that wightye yeomsLn. For yonder I heare sir And he hath slaine Guyes home blow. OI none of thy gold. Robin Hoode. Now with me thy arrowes. Cladd in his capull hyde. quoth little John.

And bade it be his boote. He fled full fast away And soe did all the companye . : Not one behind wold stay. &c. And gave him sir Guyes bow into his hand. But he cold neither runne soe fast. house in Nottingham townc. : His boltes and arrowes eche one When the sheriffe saw Little John bend He fettled him to be gone. But Little John with an arrowe soe broad. The sheriffe and all his companye Fast after him can drive. sayd Robin Why draw you mee so neere ? It was never the use in our countrye.90 ROBIN HOOD. He shott iiim into the syde. stand abacke. Towards his his bow. But Robin pulled forth an Irish knife. Nor away soe fast cold ryde. . Fast Robin hee hyed him to Little John. He thought to loose him blive . And losed John hand and foote. Then John he took Guyes bow in his hand. Ones shrift another shold heere. Stand abacke. .

are. Instiled earl of Huntington. . briefe touch of the life Carefully collected out of the truest writers of our English Chronicles: and published for the satisfaction of those who desire truth from falsehood* BY MAI^TIN PARKER. AVhich i to you will tell. In courtship and magnificence His carriage won him praise. being the 9th year of king Richard the first. have a stately story told Attention now prepare : is a tale of Robin Hood. and yeomen bold. will please you well. It Which being I know rightly understood.D. A and death of that renowned outlaw Robert earl of Huntingdon. And greater favour with his prince Than any in onr days. vulgarly called Robin Hood. Lord Robin Hood by name. Both To Or whatsoever you gentlemen. 1198. commonly called Richard Cceur de Lyon.9J A TRUE TALE OF ROBIN HOOD: OH. This Robin (so much talked on) Was once a man of fame. who lived and dyed in A.

His great revenues He shooting lov'd so dear. being outlaw'd by his prince. And loved men of quality More than exceeding well. With ease encounter One hundred men in all With whom (the story says) Three hundred common men durst not Hold combat any waies. To whom he money ought. He with a crew went forth ^f lusty cutters stout and bold. And. all he sold For wine and costly chear . in his No archer living He time . So being outlaw'd (as 'tis told) . prime That exercise most At his profuse expense. M And robbed in the North. With him might well compare practis'd all his youthful rare. .92 A TRUE TALE In bounteous liberality He too much did excell. He kept three hundred bow-men bold. In wo^ds he liv'd by stealth. He had by The abbot of Saint Maries rich. he got. His hatred to the earl was such That he is downfal wrought. last. free. Among A the rest one Little John. consum'd his wealth . (if it Who yeoman bold and could stood him upon) three.

.] For such as they the country fill'd With bastards in those days .OP ROBIN HOOD. much their fees : to be used so. [He would them greatly tease. No monks nor fryers he Without paying If they thought would let go. If any in distress did pass. That liv'd in monstrous pride : No one of them he would let pass Along the highway side. But by these thieves (so strong in show) They still were rob'd and harm'd. This made all poor men pray for him. They Yorkshire woods frequented much. And bore so brave a mind. When they came in his ways.J None rich durst travel to and fro. them. theft. And Lancashire also. And wish he well might speed. That he would give and lend To help them in their need to . 9. [He never fail'd to make them yield. Though ne'er so strongly arm'd. But first they must to dinner go. To them he was so kind. : And afterwards to shrift Full many a one he served Thus while he liv'd by so. His chiefest spight to th' clergy was. Wherein their practices were such That they wrought muckle woe.] But Robin Hood so gentle was.

He Nor would he do a woman wrong. Did sorely chafe and fume. The abbot of Saint Maries then. Before that to his men and he His lordship had said mass : Which being done. Who him undid before. With his couragious sparks. upon his horse tail He set him fast astride. Which was twelve thousand marks. And all the coyn perforce did get. Was riding with two hundred And gold and silver store : men. And He with his face towards his forced him to ride. But see her safe convey'd He would protect with power strong All those who crav'd his aid. Thus Robin Hood did vindicate His former wrongs receiv'd For 'twas this covetous prelate That him of land bereav'd. being thus villify'd. . He bound the abbot not let And would to a tree.94 A TRUE TALE The widow and the fatherless would send means unto . His men were forced to be his guide. For he rode backward home : The abbot. : . And those whom famine did oppress Found him a friendly foe. him pass. But Robin Hood upon him set.

For's highness northern rent : Bold Robin Hood and Little John. That Robin Hood with speed should dye. protested by and by Unto the abbot then. The king . But Which ere the king did any send. To take this rebel and his train. at the also. anger did proclaim.OF ROBIN HOOD. No man should pass for them. . And sent word to and fro. With the rest of their train. The king much moved And the abbots talk In this his same. And did their gold obtain. Not dreading law. 95 And to his grace he every thing Exactly did unfold . With all his merry men. With all the haste he could . The abbot he rode to the king. Should have one thousand marks well paid Id gold and silver good. And said that if no course were ta'n. The fact indeed was great : He For in a short time after that Tlie kings receivers went Towards London with the coyn they got. did another feat. set them upon. That whosoever alive or dead Could bring bold Robin Hood. By force or stratagem. did his grace much more offend.

Of living quite bereft. And shew'd to them such martial sport With his long bow and arrow. And all the country stood in dread Of Robin Hood and's men : For stouter lads ne'r liv'd by bread In those days. The king to take him more and more Sent men of mickle might But he and his still beat them sore. That they of him did give report. nor since then.96 A TRUE TALE This promise of the king did Full many yeomen bold make Attempt stout Robin Hood to take With all the force they could. Or else with love and courtesie. . which before i nam'd. Sought all the means he could To have by force this rebel ta'u. How that it was great sorow That such a worthy man as he Should thus be put to shift. He entertainment gave to them With venison fat and good . The abbot. Being a late lord of high degree. To him he won their hearts. But still when any came to him Within the gay greue wood. And conquered them in fight . Thus still he liv'd by robbery Throughout the northern parts . And bis adherents bold. .

These he did entertain With banqueting and merriment. He to their lord them safely sent. he would be pleased at last of our good king. rich itch. He would surrender back again taken by him * The money which before Was and his' men From him and many more. And wiird them him to tell. And. And some that way would chuse. The long bow and the arrow keen They were so us'd unto That still he kept the forrest green In spight o' th' proudest foe. Twelve of the abbots men he took. When all the rest the field forsook.OF ROBIN HOOD. But where he knew a miser That did the poor oppress. Who came to have him ta'n. But the outlaws slew half of them. That he might pardon what was past. having us'd them well. Therefore lie arm'd five hundred men. That if To beg And him to favour bring. 97 And made the rest retreat. Poor men might safely pass by him. With furniture compleat . To feel his coyn his hands did He'd have it more or less : K . For well they knew that to help them He evermore did use.

left a vice-roy here. riding down towards the north. For to pass . And down their riders lay. chronicles of him report. To all his thousand men. Went to defeat the Pagans curst. Our to court. Sirnamed Coeur de Lyon. That commonly he rode With a thousand horse from court Where he would make abode. and his men have oft assail d rich fail'd. So that. He. seek what means he could From out of Robins ken.98 A TRUE TALE And Then he sometimes. when the high-way his courage ronzes. with the gallant gray-goose wing They shew'd to them such play That made their horses kick and fling. Robin and his men did issue forth. Who Was kept the coasts of Sion. of that name the first. The bishop of Ely chancellor. thronjih his And King Richard. He Such men in their houses : dread of Robin then. The misers kept j^reat store of men. Did proudly domineer. adventurous crew. hke a potent emperor. With his aforesaid train. Full glad and fain the bishop was. Who. Which else niaintain'd but few. Them And all to entertain .

Thirty. He wished well unto the king. train Until king Richard came again From fair Jerusalem : And then the talk of Robin Hood His royal ears did fill . His grace admir'd that i' th* green He was continued still. Two hundred of his men were kill'd 99 fourscore iiorses good. But Robin with his courtesie So won the meaner sort. For none of them need stand in fear. And prayed still for his health. K 9 . who <lid as captives yield. So that bold Robin and his Did live unhurt of them.OF ROBIN HOOD. in king Richards name. That they were loath on him to try What rigor did import. For twenty marks a man The rest set spurs to hoise and fled To th' town of Warrington. Were carried to the green wood And . wood So that the country far and near Did give him great applause . then Did. : The bishop. Which afterwards were ransomed. These outlaws bold to tame. And never practised any thing Against the common-wealth. But such as broke the laws. Muster up a power of northern men. sore inraged.

we Christian Inferiour were to Turks.100 A TRUE TALE Only. Thinking tliereby to purge the blot Of blood which he had spilt. With wealth that he by roguery got Eight alms-houses he built. The king in person. For well he knew wer't not for them To live no man knew how. . To Nottingham did ride. For which he was to blame. And. And wrong him not a jot. because he was unrlone By th' cruel clergy then. Which 'twere true. did again proclaim. Depending on their works . That whosoever would take upon as He To bring to Nottingham. with some lords. AH means that he could think upon To vex such kind of men. Such was their blind devotion then. To try what strength and skill afForda To crush this outlaws pride. He never would shed any mans blood That him invaded not. For fault of some to wreak his teen On all that by him came. if men But. he once before had done. That toil at cart and plough . to speak true of Robin Hood. Nor would he injure husbandmen. He enterpriz'd with hateful spleen .

Or any place within the land. commons all the rest of 's train By Full quickly would be quell'd. Him The king would feign have pardoned him But that some lords did say. Should be preferr'd in place to stand With those of noble blood. Some of these Unto outlaws fled away the Scottish king. If not. For they suppos'd^ if he were ta'n to the king did yield. and read The tenour of this letter was That Robin would submit. Or th' R 3 . true liegeman to In any thing that's fit. This president will much condemn Your grace another day. Which was brought Before to the king. that his highness his And be grace So would forgive and his merry men all . evening cunningly his majesty. Rebellious Robin Hood. And take what chance did fall.OF ROBIN HOOD. space. While that the king and lords did stay Debating on this thing. he must i' th' green wood live. Into the town of Nottingham A letter to his grace He One shot upon an arrow head. fOl When Robin Hood Within a little heard of the same. .

In melancholy passion He did recount his fault. This deadly danger to prevent. Which him unto confusion draws. He hie'd him with all speed Unto a nunnery. ! In all i Have your dangers past you guarded as my men.102 A TRUE TALE Of more than fall an hundred men. A faithless fryer did pretend In love to But he by let him blood. Perfidious traytors said he then. falsehood wrought the end Of famous Robin Hood. But forty tarried still. Who were resolved to stick to him Let Fortune work her will. If none had fled. the pardon to him came This famous archer dy'd : His death and manner of the same rie presently describe. To leave me thus at last ! This sad perplexity did cause A fever. as some say. . But ere For. The king to favor meant to take His merry men and he. with intent For his healths-sake to bleed. all for his sake Had got their pardon free . Though by a stranger way. being vext to think upon His followers revolt.

Was buried in that place And how he lived in the green wood And robbed for a space. brave men elevated : 'Tis pitty he was of life bereav'd By one which he so hated. His' A trecherous leach this fryer was. Had * unto favour him receiv'd. She made to be set there That all. The some say. Caused to be buried. certainly King Richard. . : Might see it plain appear. . Thus dyed he by treachery.OF ROBIN HOOD. as 103 To Had done by power strong. To let him bleed to death And Robin was. And over him she caused a stone To be fixt on the ground. methinks. Wherein his name was found . who by the way did go. That such a man as Robin Hood . an ass To trust him with his breath. . His corps the prioress of the place. Close by the high-way side. The date o* th* year and day also. did this vindicate the wrong the clergy he and his Which to fryer. That could not die by force : Had he liv'd longer. . The next day that he dy'd. in mean case. An epitaph was set thereon. in remorse.

"Within this hundred years. Feared of the rich. But times are chang'd we see. For certainly. as records tell. • Although his funeral was but mean. This epitaph. before nor since No man Of one Under ere understood. He Although he was And This woman. the reign of any prince. Full thirteen years.104 It A TRUE TALE Had put seems that though the clergy he to mickle woe. their foe. Were some repriev'd to grace The rest to foreign countries fled. This woman had in mind. These outlaws lived thus . His followers. like Robin Hood. should not quite forgotten be. A thing impossible to us None This story seems to be . and something more. when he was dead. . though she did him hate. loved of the poor: A thing most marvellous. And left their native place. But time all things out-weats. thought it wondrous pity that His fame should with him dye. Lest his fame should be buried clean From those that came behind. dares be now so Tenturous. By many was discerned well. Yet loved his memory . .

. If need he. for these times Of plenty. They'd beat a multitude with staves. keeping in caves. Unless in courtesie. They dreamt of no such thing Onr Englishmen in fight did use The gallant gray-goose wing In which activity these men. leave out great and horrid crimes. were so good. have an hundred ways outlaws to prevent. : Through practice. Such Of civil In those days men more barbarous were. So that. awe . waring guns were then in use. Especially Robin Hood. and peace.OF ROBIN HOOD. In woods and forests thick. Least they cause this to cease. 105 We that live in these later days governnjent. it seems. Their arrows did so prick : And none durst neer unto them come. 'Twas the chief cause that he did prove More prosperous than he Let us be thankful could. love. That in those days none equal'd them. And lived less in Now No (god be thanked) people fear More to offend the law. . All such he bravely would send home With mirth and jollity : Which courtesie won him such As i before have told. And truth.

106 I A TRUE TALE. They may the truth of all descry I' th' reign of Richard the first. 'twere put to th' worst. if this is a lye. If any reader please to try. The truth of this brave He'l find it history. Let none then think For. true I know* labour well tell And i shall think my Bestow'd to purpose good. &c. When't shall be said that i did True tales of Robin Hood* . As i direction show. chronicles. But Reports this to which seldome be true. know there's many feigned tales Of Robin Hood and ^s crew. fails.

[This matchless collection. From a esq./or 4771. valour.'^ Kind A Ay. and marCalculated fox the meridian riage at Titbury Bull-running.ROBIN HOOD- PART 11. Esq. J black letter copy in the large and valuable collec- tion of old ballads formerly belonging to Thomas PearsoHy and subsequently to the duke of Roxburgh. BREEDING. AND MARRIAGE. . ROBIN HOODS BIRTH.] The full title of the original is: " A new ballad of bold Robin Hood: shewing his birth. Manchester. but may serve for Derbyshire or Kent. VALOUR. will shall And of his man brave Little John. of Staffordshire. and is now in the possession of Bright. in three volumes folio ^ was sold at the sale of the Roxburgh library in 1812. breeding. . and then you you be patient awhile? hear anon very good ballad of bold Robin Hood. gentlemen.

God-wot a blue bonnet. And brother was Gamwel. Or mine host of the Bull tells a lie. And William of Clowdesle'. Bold Robin of famous renown. and my dear. of Robin My honey.3108 ROBIN HOODS In Locksly town. Christmas-day. I pray. Let Robin and 1 ride this morning to Gamwel. There bold Kobin Hood he was born and was bred. is and therefore make haste. sadled and bridled was he . his new suit of cloaths. horses. For to-morrow father's grey gelding was brought. my love. Her Ay. For he slew the blue bore that hangs up at the gate. And the forrester beat them all threie. The mother said to her husband. And he shot in a lusty strong bow As north country miles and an inch at a shot. And he The Take one of my sun is said. a 'squire of famous degree. arising. geutle Joan. Which Warwickshire men call sir Guy . Then Robin Hood's And . I grant thee thy boon. Two The father of Robin a forester was. in merry Nottrnghauishire> In merry sweet Locksly town. His mother was neece to the Coventry knight. and Ciim of the Ciugh. And a cloak tliat did reach to his knee. For he brought Adam * Bell. the Piuder of Wakefield does know. To taste of ray brother's good cheer. To shoot with our forrester for forty mark. as ever broke bread in sweet Nottinghamshire. A noble house-keeper was he. of Great Gamwel-Hall.

109 And then Robin got on his basket-hilt sword. to me. They were of a light Lincoln green. worshipful 'squire For he kist her. My dear mother. Now mustard Were set upon every table And noble George Gamwel said. . But not a man here 'Till shall taste my March beer. and kist her. let's haste to be gone. Thou art welcome. but for colour and make It might have beseemed' oiiir qneen. It was. 'Till the hall and the parlour did ring. ETC. Neighbours. and swore a great oath. Set her up behind him. For his gelding Miad' oft carried double. And now you may tliink the right Was joyful his sister to see . you're welcome all. and brawn. When Robin gelding so grey. they rode to their neighbours.BIRTH. To-morrow. She got on her holyday kirtle and gown. Eat and be And drink too as long as you're able. and never gave o're. BREEDING. We have forty long miles to had mounted his ride. and bade her not fear. And drank and sliook hands with them all. 'Till they lighted at Gamwel-hall. Then all clapt their hands. roast beef and plumb pies. when mass had been said at the chappel. . And when she was settled. merry. And his dagger on his tother side And said. kind sister. a Christmas carrol he does sing. The cloath was homespun. His father. And then Robin gallopt. and they shouted and sung. without any trouble. And in comes the 'squire. L . Six tables were covered in the hall. and makes a short speech.

And what do you thiuk ? Why. and dwell here with me : Thou shalt have my land when I die. Then come hither. For little Jolni is a fine lad. but call for more ale. worshipful 'squire For he said. Before Robin Hood did appear. said the 'squire . two. . Be merry. and twenty such As shall make you both merry and glad. When Robin Hood came into merry Sherwot)d. And broad arrows one. Some merry pastime to see. dear uncle. And he cousin. thou'st go no more home. Then grant me my boon. and till then. Thou shalt be the staff of my age. and clown . That Little John may be my page. And. all Kind boon . yeomen. or three. He winded his bugle so clear. Little John. so let it be. my longest long bow. said Robin. . For when 'tis fair weather we'll into Sherwood. And lay seme more wood on the fire. But tarry Cousin Robin. And now tricks. Go fetch me my bow. said Robin Come hither my page unto me : said. Both gentlemen. my friends. as true as I live. call ye Little John hither to me. It rains and it blows. With my Hood. his chaplain said grace. At gambols and juggUng. When Little John came. to gambols they went. I grant thee thy heart. Bold Robin Hood put them all down. And now you may think the right Was joyful this sight for to see .110 ROBIN HOODS AVhen dinner was ended. And twice five and twenty good yeomen and bold.

away? And she made him answer. whither away? whither. I want forty and three. Clorinda came by. or com'st thou from west. By never saw woman like thee . ay. Ill Where For still As that word was spoke. Lady fair.BIRTH. Thou needst not beg venison of me. All nnder the green wood tree. And her countenance free from pride A bow in her hand. her body was straight. Her gait it was graceful. fair lady. There set down to rest you. yonder they stand. BREEDING. are your companions all? said Robin Hood. Lady fair. and so was her hair. and you shall be sure Said RoDin Hood. wander with me yonder green bower . And going towards the green bower. To kill a fat buck . Her eye-brows were Sets with Robin black. And her skin was as smooth as glass Her visage spoke wisdom. hundred good bucks we espy'd She chose out the fattest that was in the herd. and modesty Hood such a lass I too : Said Robin Hood. For to-morrow is Titbury day. Lo. . The queen of the shepherds was she. said bold Robin Hood. . L 2 1 the faith of my body. as we were Two . ETC. And she shot him through side and side. A little to Of a brace or a ' leash' in an hour. grass. And com'st thou from east. . Then said a bold yeoman. And her gown was of velvet as green as the And her buskin did reach to her knee. and a quiver of arrows Hung dangling by her sweet side.

! motion . it may not be so. Yes. Little John. And the servitors they were. how sweet would If Clorinda would be my bride ! it be. and deliver his buck . Eight yeomen. as good cheer For there was hot venison. after a pause. For 'tis a fine life. along And taste of a forrestei'^s meat: And when we came thither we found As any man fieeds for to eat. 'Tis bold Robin Hood: 'Squire Gamwel's my uncle. but all my delight Is to dwell in the merry Sherwood . And bid my yeomen kill six brace of bucks. gentle must be at Titbury feast . and warden pies cold. gentle sir : And. Bid Robin stand. A truer tale never wfts told. and with all my heart. Clorinda said. So 'tis. Then let us send for a priest. For I'll go along with my dear . S^ie blusht at the And be married before we do part. Clorinda reply'd. that were too bold. sir. sir. and 'tis void of all strife. Reach me that buck. sir. Before he had ridden five Staffordshire miles. Said Robin Hood. . Said. and honey combs plenty . yet. Cream clouted. But oh said bold Robin. Tell John» me your name. said Robin Hood. my bower you shall go.112 ROBIN HOODS to However. make him the most welcome guest. And meet me to-morrow just here. besides Little Good yeomen at least four and twenty. And if I'll Robin Hood will go thither with me. he said. But she For I said.

With Thomas. and Mary. put up thy sword. * But we went to dinner. said bold IIS Robin . and I swear And I call him that doubls it a gull . They all drank a health to Clorinda. And there we And Mary. our justices clerk. and so cut 'em. the parson Of Dubbridge. rode before her.BIRTH. ETC. That five ont of them did The three that remain'd call'd to Robin And pitiful John begg'd their lives : for quarter. to their wives. and call'd Mary madam. sir Roger. faith. . was sent for in haste He brought his mass-book. For I 'tis truth. For Tom And And see Thomas. When dinner was ended. For some were on bull-back. he gave them good counsel. all. I'm the king of the fiddlers. This battle was fought near to Titbury town. kiss'd her full sweetly behind." Before we came all in we heard a great shouting. and told her. '' And now let's dance into the town. come. to whom he was kind . so may your worships. Bob. saw them fighting. and slasht 'em. When John's boon was And sent them all home granted. and fiddled the while. John. Stand by nie. and Nan. Then both drew their swords. and he bade them take handi : And joyn'd them in marriage L l full fast. some dancing a morris. madly . And that were in it look'd And some singing Arthur-a-Bradley. Bold Robin Hood was a fine man. I wilt not. BREEDING. and we'll beat 'em fall. And Clorinda sung ** Hey derry down! " The bumpkins are beaten. When the ba«rpipes baited ihe bull.

yonder they stand. and so came away. as bold Robin Hood and his sweet biidc Went hand in hand to the pireen bower. piece The sun smiled upon them next day. alas ! I had forgotten to ye. but I got a good Of bride-cake. And sing 'em in merry Sherwood. To govern and do us some good And then I'll make ballads in Robin Hood's bower. : All under the green wood tree.] And I had haste home. : . And when Robin came in sight of the bower. Then a garland they brought her by two and by two. and we all fell to dance. That marry'd they were with a ring And so will Nan Knight. Where are my yeomen ? said he And Little John answer'd. And plac'd them all on the bride's head The music struck up. That he may have children. The birds sung with pleasure in merry Sherwood. tell j Now out. And 'twas a most joyful hour.m ROBIN HOODS And then. : 'Till the bride and bridegroom were a-bed. Lo. and they may have more. vestal blush shall [The sweet be counsel to me. or be buried a maiden. And now let us pray for the king .

hey down. That rie hit a mark a hundred rod. And rie cause a hart to dye. . 1 15 II. And Robin Hood he was a proper young man. rie hold you twenty marks. derry derry down. said the forresters. I'm ready with my bow. With the general for to dine There was liee aware of fifteen forresters. What news? What news? What news Our kin«» And sai3 bold Robin Hood. Robin Hood he was and a tall young man. fain wouldest thou know? hath provided a shooting match. We hold it in scorn. . fifteen winters old . said bold Robin Hood. And a drinking bear. I*. a hundred rod. By the leave of our lady. so young We'l hold you twenty mark. By Thou hit'st not the marke Nor causes! a hart to the leave of our lady. Robin Hood hee would and to fair Nottingham. dye. That's not able to draw one string. ale. and wine. ROBTN HOODS PROGRESS TO NOTTINGHAM. That ever a boy Should bear a bow before our king. Of courage stout and bold. And Derry derry down.PROGRESS TO NOTTINGHAM. then said the forresters.

That split his head in twain. abide. And his broad arrows he let flye. Take up thy bow. and the hart did leap. He that did this quarrel first begin Went tripping over the plain. Tlien Robin hee bent his noble bow. And hee fetcht him back again. and begun [for] As hee went over the plain. broad arrows all amain . . And some say he brake three The arrow within the hart would not . The wager is mi^e. You said I was no archer. The wager's none of thine. said Robin Hood. But it glanced in two or three. Lest wee thy sides do baste. The And the hart lay on the ground. Robin Hood he bent up a noble bow. said bold Robin Hood. hart did skip. then said the Although thou beest in haste. Till fourteen of these fifteen forresters Upon the ground did lye. He hit the And Some say hee brake ribs one or two. But Robin Hood he bent his noble bow. If 't were for a thousand pound. Robin Hood hee took up And his to smile. But say so now again : With that he sent another arrow.tl6 ROBIN HOODS And a broad arrow he let flye. And Robin Hood he laught. mark a hundred rod/ he caused a hart to dye. his noble bow. forrestdrs. and get thee hence.

In Wakefield all on a green : There is neither knight nor squire.d JVoods collection. . saith Robin Hood. Dare make a trespass to the town of Wakefield. in A. compared with two other copies in the British Museam^ one It should be sung '* To an excellent tunCf* in black letter. and some lost arms. But Robin hee took up And is noble bow. And some did lose their blood . . Nor baron that is so bold. From an old black letter copy. make yonr wives for to wring. The people that lived in fair Nottingham Came running out amain. &c. gone to the merry green wood. As many there did know They dig'd them graves in their church-yard. SCARLET. In Wakefield all on a green. Supposing to have taken bold Robin Hood> With the forresters that were slain. AND JOHN. said the pinder. Some lost legs.PROGRESS TO NOTTINGHAM. in. THE JOLLY PINDER OF WAKEFIELD. And wish that you had never spoke the word. Toil have found 117 Which will mee an archer. But his pledge goes to the pinfold. Nor baron that is so bold. Thal^ I could not draw one string. his They carried these forresters into fair Nottingham. which has not been recovered* In Wakefield tliere lives a jolly pinder. WITH ROBIN HOOD. And they buried them all a row.

foot. turn again. Hold thy hand. said bold Robin Hood. All this be heard three witty young men. As he sat under a thorn. 'Twas Robin Hood. and thou but one. said the pinder. And made a path over the corn. and John With that they espy'd the jolly pinder.118 PINDER OF WAKEFIELD. He leaned his back fast unto a thorn. That ever I tryed with sword. And his foot against a stone. with thee. And there he fought a long summers day. And my merry men every one . For this is one of the best pinddrs. hold thy hand. said the pinder. And wilt thou forsake thy pinders craft. Were broke Till that their swords on their broad bucklers fast into their hands. Now turn again.* . And good ale of the best. The pinder leapt back then thirty good Twas thirty good foot and one. And that is meat good enough. A summers day so long. said Robin Hood. . And live in the green-wood with me? ** At Michaelmas next my cov'nant comes When every man gathers his fee . Then I'le take my blew blade And plod to the green-wood all in my hand. For a wrong way you have gone For you have forsaken the kings highway. For such unbidden * guests. said Robin Hood. . that We being three. Scarlet. out. were a shame. said jolly Robin. For my merry men and me ? 1 have both bread and beef." Hast thou either meat or drink.

Then Robin Hood. When As it fell he robbed him of his gold. He tell you how Robin Hood served the bishop. the other brown.ROBIN HOOD AND THE BISHOP. To the tune of Robin Hood and the Sirangei\^* From an old black letter copy in the collection of Anthony il Wood. In mirth would spend some time. Come. Then would I set as little by him. and how he robbed the bishop of all his goldy and made him sing a m. Some pastime There was he aware of a proud bishop. for to spy. " Shewing how Robin Hood went to an old womans house tmd changed cloaths with her to scape from the bishop .ass. that archer good. . ROBIN HOOD AND THE BISHOP . The one green. gentlemen all. and listen awhile. And my master had paid me my fee. in * his prime. And go to the Tlioii shalt green-wood with me? have a livery twice in the year. down. " 119 O wilt tlioii forsake the pinder his craft.'' IV. When Phcebus was ' And as he walk'd the forest along. As my master doth by me. out on a sun-shining day. an a down^ And a story ile to you unfold . And all his company. Hey down.'' " If Michaelmas day was come and gone.

house there he did spy . And yonder's the bishop and all his men. said the old wife. As thou ' For I remember. for to save his life. and thee I will hide. 1 give me soon thy coat of gray. He went straight With his to his company. Then Robin was And a little And to an old stout. rie for thee provide. And hanged I shall be. * dost seem to be. Then day and night he'l work my spiglit. thee from thy foes. and turned h5ra about. shoos and hose . who art thou ? said the old woman. hy spindle and twine unto me resign. And take thou my arrows so keen. . From the bishop and his company. know. He wife. Why. he oft lookt behind For the bishop and his company." Then And And when Robin Hood was so araid. And keep ** provide thy person to hide. loud began for to cry. said Robin Hood then. " I am an out-law. as many do know." If thou be Robin Hood.V20 ROBIN HOOD what shall I do. But hanged I shall be. take thou my mantle of green . My name it is Robin Hood . Therefore I'le ' one ' Thou brought me both Saturday night. Come tell to me for ^ood. If the bishop he doth take me ? I No mercy he'l show unto me. And if that I taken be. spindle and twine.

the bishop then said. But as they were riding the forrest along. hold thy hand. but Robin stout Call'd him. That's ranging within yonder wood ? Marry. Come let me soon see. Why. thy master good. A Why. the bishop he said. O who is yonder. an old witch looks shee. hold thy hand. who " art thou. the bishop he said. [As presently thou shalt] see. quoth little That now comes over the lee An arrow I like will at her let flie. JohD. thou [haughty] bishop. Himselfe on a dapple gray .AND THE O ^ho So is BISHOP. He went laughing all the way. The bishop he chanc'd for to see * * A hundred brave bowmen bold. That ever I saw this day He turn'd him about." Which I Then woe is me. And for joy he had got Robin Hood. said Robin . I have here with me ? am old woman. with furious mood. Hood then. ! . And called. ? 121 yonder. and bring unto me That traitor Robin Hood. Stand under the green-wood tree. I think it to be man calFd Robin Hood. And quickly it shall be seen. says the old woman. The bishop he came to the old womans house. The old woman he set on a milk-white steed. and bid him stay. 1 And shoot not thy arrows so keen am Robin Hood.

listen awhile. ROBIN HOOD AND THE BUTCHER. Then Robin Hood took the bishop by And bound him fast to a tree^ And made him sing a mass. the wood. Now let him go. all you brave gallants. For I vow and protest he shall sing us a masSy Before that he goe from me. For joy of that company. God wot. ty'd him fast to a tree . To him and his yeomandree.122 ROBIN HOOD bishop's horse. And bade him for Robin Hood pray. That are * this bower' within . fVith hey down. And out of the bishop's portmantle he Soon teld five hundred pound. And then they brought him through And set him on his dapple gray. . doum. that archer good A song I intend for to sing. The tune is. Then Robin took hold of the And Then Robin Hood took his mantle from 's back^ And spread it upon the ground. an a down. Wood. That may not be . V. said Robin Hood. Little John sniiFd his master upon. And gave him the tail within his hand. For of Robin Hood.'^ Come. " Robin Hood and the Begger. From an old black letter copy in the collection of Anthony d. Said little John. the hand.

my flesh to sell. The mony come Four mark I will give thee. When other butchers they opened their meat. with a bonny fine mare. Bold Robin he then begun . .AND THE BUTCHER. I soon will tell unto thee . and where thou dost dwelj. Por a butcher fain would I be. and to Notingham am going. in [the] forrest did 'spy jolly butcher. For a butcher I am. What is [the] price of thy flesh? said jolly Robin. said jolly Robin. What food hast [thou]. Four mark it sliall be thy fee . With good intent to the sheriff he went.. The butcher he answer'd jolly Robin. tell unto me ? Thy trade to me tell. . Upon 123 A chanced so. His butchers trade to begin . With his flesh to the market did hye. a time it Bold Robin Good morrow. good fellow. Four mark thou must give unto me. The price of my flesh. be she never so dear. Come tell it soon unto me And the price of thy mare. saith jolly Robin. For I like well thy company. and let me mount. and they are not too dear. For a butcher he was but young. Now Robin he is to Notingham gone. I No matter where I dwell. With my bonny mare. For a butcher I fain would be. But how for to sell he knew not well. count. the butcher repli'd. And there he took up his inn.

fill us more wine. said jolly Robin. my brethren true. Pray God And A bless us all. To dinner they hied apace. Let us be merry while we do stay . brother. said jolly Robin. When other butchers no meat could Robin got both gold and fee . ' Saying. That hath sold his fathers land. No Which made the butchers of Notingham study as they did stand. : And Come I so I do end my grace. For he sold more meat for one peny Than others could do for five. But when to the sheriffs house they came. wine and good cheer. butcher by him could thrive . Surely he is' some prodigal. said jolly Robin. To The butchers stepped to jolly Robin. will you go dine with me? Accurst of his heart. one said. As fast as I can hie. Come. Come. For vow I the reckning will pay. . And Robin Hood he the man must be Before them all to say grace. But when he sold his meat so fast. For he sold more meat for one peny Than others could do for three. Acquainted with him for to be . I will go with you.124 ROBIN HOOD sell. That a butcher doth deny . we be all of one trade. our meat within this place cup of sack so good will nourish our blood . be it never so dear.

said jolly Robin. and never give ore . For the shot I will pay." fat . He is some prodigal. But when a little farther they came. That some land has sold for silver and gold. Good fellow. Away he went with bold Robin Hood. I would I were gone. the butchers then said. V23 This is a mad blade. To the forrest of merry Sherwood. Bold Robin he chanced to spy A hundred head of good Come " <* red deer. God bless us this From a man they call Robin Hood ! day. For I like not thy company. tripping the sheriff full ni^h. with three hundred pound in gold. to sell unto me? Yes. I have hundreds two or three. a hundred aker of good free land. And now he doth mean to spend all. " Hast thou any horn beasts. If it cost me five pounds and more. If you please it to see : as good assurance of it.AND THE BUTCHER. good fellow. As ever my father made me. Away then the sheriff and Robin did ride." I tell thee. good master sheriff? and fair for to see. good master sheriff. His horned beasts to behold. ' Come. Let us drink." sheriff he saddled his And And He make you The good palfrey. How like They be you my horn'd beasts. the sheriff repli'd. Then the sheriff did say. ere 1 go my way. Sales the sheriff. that I have. And. brothers/ be merry.

. And blew but blasts three Then quickly anon there came And all his company. if it be but well told. Good master come me. And laid it upon the ground And out of the sheriffs portmantle He told three hundred pound.126 ROBIN HOOD set his horn to his ." is What your will. Little John. Will serve us to drink a whole day. " I have brought hither the sheriff of Nottingham This day to dine with thee. master ? then said Little John. wife at home :" . I know he has gold. Then Robin he brought him thorow the wood. then said Little John. . tell unto me. pay . Theu Robin month. is He welcome to I hope he will honestly Then Robin took his mantle from his back. And set him on his dapple gray " O have me commended to your So Robin went laughing away.

the greatest and most noblest Tune is. to be brief. what art thou. a tanner of Nottingham and Robin Hood. That ranges so boldly here ? In sooth. His name is Arthur-a-Bland . thief. By For he hath no list to stay. down. the red deer. VI. • as bold Robin * he did' espy. that range here and there. There is nere a squire in Nottinghamshire Dare bid bold Arthur stand. a down. fierce comhate merry and 'pleasant song relating the gallant and fought between Arthur Bland. With a hey down. There met he with bold Robin Hood. Robin Hood and the Stranarcher of England. thought some sport he would make. And To view As soon as he went fottb. down.AND THE TANNER. With a long pike-staflf upon his shoulder. So well he can clear his way .^' Anthony d Wood. Into the * forrest of merry' Sherwood. two and by three he makes them to flee. in a summers morning. From an old black letter copy in the collection of ger. Therefore out of hand he bid him to standi He And thus to him *• he' spake : Why. . OR. thou bold fellow. thou lookst like a That comes to steal our kings deer. A In Nottingham there lives a jolly tanner. 127 ROBIN HOOD AND THE TANNER. ROBIN '* HOOD MET WITH HIS MATCH.

But I have a staff of another oke graff. belt. puts me in trust look to his deer.nti ROBIN HOOD am a keeper . Yet' thou must have more partakers Before thou make me to stand. said jolly Robin. ^ command. That was both stiff and strong." Speak Else cleanly. ! good fellow. Art thou such a goodly man ? Mend fig for thy looking so big. yield to thy weapon. For thy sword and thy bow not a straw. And make thee more mannerly. Since thou wilt not yield to mine. I have no more partakers in store. I care . Or any that I do not need . He . Thou canst as well [spit] as shoot. He took up a staff of another oke graff. I " know it will do the deed. Then Robin Hood he unbuckled his And laid down his bow so long . . For I To The king in this forrest. said jolly Robin. Not half a foot longer then thine." And hast such a great in store. Nor all thine arrows to boot If I get a knop upon thy bare scop. that range here and there. Nay. And give better terms to me He thee correct for thy neglect. Marry gep with a wenion I care not a quod Arthur-a-Bland. Therefore stay thee I must. For I have a staff of another oke graff. " If thou beest a keeper in this forrest.. thou thyself where thou can.

let me measure. Hold thy hand. . all to thy quarrel fall . Leg. And get no coyn at all : . My Then Robin could no longer He gave him such a knock. arm. or any other place. forbear. Eight foot and a half. : As soon as he saw his own blood Then Bland was in hast he laid on so fast. Before we begin our fray . Then Robin raged like a wild boar. And about. 129 But I pass not for length. The blood came trickling down. and about they went^ Like two wild bores in a chase. Striving to aim each other to maim. And j^ave him such a knock on the crown. That from every side of bold Robin Hoods head. And knock for knock they lustily dealt. As though he had been cleaving of wood. Then Arthur he soon recovered himself. it will knock down a calfi And I hope it will knock down thee. bold Arthur reply'd. staff is of oke so free . They ply'd their work so sore. Quickly and soon the blood came down. and about. said Robin Hood. For that will be counted foul play.AND THE TANNER. Which held for two hours and more That all the wood rang at every bang. For Tie not have mine to be longer then thine. said jolly Robin. For here we may thrash our bones And let mesh. Before it viras ten a clock. hold thy hand.

bold Arthur reply'd. God a mercy for * nought. and not thee. in what place thou dost dwel? : For both of these I fain would i know. a tanner. my name's Arthur-a-Bland. bold Arthur reply'd. hill 3 down a green . I will tan thy hide for < nought. Good fellow. I vow and swear. We two will never depart. . He blew full lowd Come tripping and shrill But quickly anon appear'd Little John.' am God-a-mercy. Then here's my hand. John ? Of him fain would I hear For we are alide by the mothers And he is my kinsman dear. O tell me. where ." And ^' What tradesman art thou ? said jolly Robin. said jolly Robin. As I think well thou art. * rood. In Nottingham long have I wrought . I prethee me show And also me tell. Since thou art so kind and free . I may thank my staff. And live in the green wood with me. And if thou'lt come there. good fellow.* If thou be Robin Hood. is Little side. I swear by the I will give thee both gold and fee.' I will do as much for thee. Then Robin Hood blew on the beaugle horn. My name's Robin Hood. And if thou'lt forsake thy tanners trade. tell But me.130 ROBIN HOOD in the forrest of merry Sherwood Heareafter thou shall be free.' my freedom I bough t. And if thou wilt tan my hide for * nought.

is Arthur-a-Bland. With loving respect. For soundly he hath tan'd my hide. Master. Hold thy hand. And ran out of hand to Arthur-a-Bland. and three merry men. Then Little John threw his staff away. The wood it shall ring. hold thy hand. and the old wife sing.AND THE TANNER. Arthur. As far as he could it fling.*' We . and John. to stand. And both did weep for joy. there was no neglect. If he be so stout. Of Robin Hood. Then Robin Hood took * And And three merry men we be : And ever hereafter as long as we live. them both' by the hands. and master of his trade. I fear all is not well. And about his neck did cling. ' They were neither nice* nor coy. own For name blood. three will be * as* one . He's a said For as I do understand. danc'd round about the oke tree : " For three merry men.'* is is to be commended^ then said Little John. I pray you tell : Why do you stand with your staff in your hand. ** 131 O O man I do stand. we will have a bout. And he shall tan my hide too. If such a feat he can do . what is the matter ? then said Little John. Each other did face with a lovely grace. He He a bonny blade. yeoman good of thine his Robin Hood. and he makes me The tanner that stands thee beside .

The old black letter copy in the library of Anthony full title is. And seeing him a lusty blade. a down. He hee came to Nottingham. I pray thee now mee tell Sad news I hear there is abroad. Down. Hey down. " A new song to drive away cold winter y Between Robin Hood and the jovial tinker : How Robin by a wile The Tinker he did cheat . ROBIN HOOD AND THE TINKER.138 ROBIN HOOD VII. To the tune of In Summer time. did him kindly greet. a down* Robin Hood went to Nottingham. And as A tinker he did meet. a down. a down. From an 4 ^ood. Down. As fast as hee could dree. X fear all is not welh : .** In summer time. And birds sing on every tree. But at the length as you shall hear The Tinker did him beat. Whereby the same they did then so agree They after livUl in love and unity. a down. Where dost thou live? quoth Robin Hood. a down. when leaves grow green. a down. Hey downy a down.

The king would give a hundred pound. Your news is not worth a Since that they all bee ' For drinking good ale and beer. is. Which they call Robin Hood. All the hews I have.AND THE TINKER. [groat] true. quoth Robin Hood. No. If you can tell me where hee I will mak you a man. And if wee can but now him get. To take him where I can .' If that be all. What news abroad? quoth Robin Hood. the tinker he said. For drinking ale and ' beer. but as I hear. 1 hear it is for good. Two tinkers were set ith' stocks. I love it with all my heart.* You will not lose your part. Some news thou need not fear. Tell niee without delay : I am a tinker by my trade. It is to seek a bold outlaw. 133 As for the is It news. It will serve thee and mee. . That he could but him see . by my faith. I have a warrant from the king. What is that news? the tinker said. quoth Robin Hood. the tinker said. As I may say to you. And do live at Banbury. Tell me what thou dost hear : Seeing thou goest from town to town.

while the tinker * And fell asleep. the tinker in the lurch. He call'd then even for his host. We shall find him I know. Take him by force I must. And when But ale and wine they drank so fast. said right . For the great shot to pay. He see if it bee And I will do the For to take him Kobiu Hood.134 ROBIN HOOD Let me see that warrant. " If you would go to Nottingham. And saw that he was gone. Robin hee had a good strong blade . Robin left But when the tinker wakened. And thus bee made bis moan : . That the tinker hee forgot What thing he was about to do .'* The tinker had a crab-tree staff. It fell so to his lot. the tinker said. That None will I not. And they called for ale and wine. And where hee is if you'll not tell. There they both tooke their inn . To drink it was no sin. So they went both along. Which was both good and strong. But Robin Hood perceiving well How then the game would go. ' made then haste away. best I can this night. with it I will trust . That. they came to Nottingham.

" Ten shillings just. Nothing I have to pay . No longer here He bide. Which miyht have done nie good. And my good hammer too And if that I light but on the knave. Is to seek him among the parks.AND THE TINKER. that first I but known it had been hee. That friend you tell en. He is gone and fled away. N 3 . . Whatever do me betide. I had a warrant from the king. said the They call him Robin Hood . I wilLthen soon pay you. In the mean time I will away. host. Or elce take here my working-bag. host. 135 That is to take a bold outlaw. ment you little good. that I had been here. But one thing " lie I would gladly know. call Some him Robin Hood : But now my warrant and mony's gone. then said the pay without delay . then said the host. KiUing of the king's deer. But I will go and seek him out. What here I have to pay. And not to stand in fear." The onely way. And when He hee met with you. Tli' one of us should have tri'd our might " Had When Which should have paid full dear. And he that promis d to be ray friend.

Robin hee cryes. . No And My Then Robin drew his gallant blade. : sore. He hang thee on this tree. then no delay. no knave. But the tinker looking him about. That they might have a fray. that you soon shall know . Robin his horn did blow Then came unto him Little John. Until he had made the tinker Almost then tit to fly. crab-tree staff shall show. What knave is that. Before I do it. : Made But then of trusty steel the tinker he laid on so reel. fought right manfully. If thou wilt grant it mee. ' he had found * bold Robin Hood. quoth Robin Hood. He With that they had a bout a^ain. A boon. Whether of us hatli done any wrong. At That doth come mee so near? knave. a boon. last hee spy'd him in a parky Hunting then of the deer. They ply'd their weapons fast The tinker threshed his bones so He made him yeeld at last. And William Scadlock too. the tinker said. . That he made Robin Then Robins anger did arise. the tinker said. fast.136 ROBIN HOOD The Till And made tinker hee then went with speed.

And I blade I would see. What is the matter. And whatsoever wee do get. N 3 . That hath paid well my hide. If hee'l do as much for me. would try what I could do." if Wee will So the tinker was content With them to go along. quoth Little John. And A In for the jovial tinker's part.AND THE TINKER." iSt That tinker then. <* That henceforth wee may bee as one. But Robin hee then wish'd them both Tliey should the quarrel cease. as he doth live. th' As long In manhood he is a mettled man. And ever live in peace. Fain tliat said Little John. And hee will bee one of us. And with them a part to take And so I end my song. Never thought Should have made I that any man me so afraid. take all one fare . And a mettle man by trade . He shall have his full share. You sit ou th' highway side ? " Here is a tinker that stands by. . hundred pounds He give year to maintain him on.

And he did frisk it over the plain.138 KOBIN HOOD VIII. Come As Robin Hood in the forest stood. And chanted a round-de-lay. man . she* was taken from him to be an old knights bride : and how Robin Hood. listen to me. The youngster was clothed in scarlet red. All under the green wood tree. All yon that love mirth for to hear. pleasant relation how a young gentleman^ being in * young damsel. As Robin Hood next morning Amongst the leaves so gay. There did stood Come [he] espy the same young drooping along the way. As fine as fine might be. v)hen they were going to be marry ed. And I will tell you ol a bold outlaw. And From an Bold Robin Hood he did the young man right took the damsel from the doting knight" old black letter copy in major Pearson's collection. took her from the old knight. There he was aware of a brave young man. ROBIN HOOD AND ALLIN ** < A' DALE . you gallants so free. In scarlet fine and gay . pittying the young mans case. Robin Hood in the green-wood love with a Or a ttood. That lived in Nottinghamshire. and restored her to her own love again. To a pleasant northern tune.

O. the young man said." And when he came bold Robin before. What is your will with me? " You must come before our master straight. And ' Stand off. To help thee to thy true love again.AND ALLIN A DALE. Robin askt him courteously. hast thou any money to spare For my merry men and me ? And I have no money. without any fail. What will thou give me. To have it at my wedding. By the faith of my body. And deliver her untp thee? * . Come tell me. that I have kept this seven long years. Yesterday I should have married a maid. the young man said. Whereby my poor heart is slain. Under yon green wood tree. In ready gold or fee. Midge' the millers son. When as he see them come. !" Then stepped forth brave Little John. What is thy name? then said Robin Hood. then said the young maify My name it is Allin a Dale. And chosen to be an old knights delight. But she from me was tane. The It 1S9 scarlet he wore the day before cast was clean at every And away . step " Alack and a well a day lie tetcht a sigh. But five shillings and a ring . stand off. Which made the young man bend his bx)W. said Robin Hood.

Till the bride and the bridegroom I see. He Wliat hast thou here? the bishop then said. That you do seem to make here. swear upon a book true servant for to be. Which was both grave and old. And the best in the north country.140 I have no ROBIN HOOD No But money. O With that came in a wealthy knight. quoth Robin Hood. I prithee now tell unto me. bold . then quoth the young man. quoth bold Robin Hood. the bishop he said. And after him a finikin lass. You shall have no music. I will Thy "How many miles is it to thy true love? Come tell me without guile. Until he came unto the church. Where Allin should keep his wedding. welcome. Then Robin he hasted over the plain. did neither stint nor lin. Then Robin Hood put his And blew blasts two or three When four and twenty bowmen Came leaping over the lee. Did shine like the glistering gold. The bride shall chuse her own dear. . but five little mile. I am a bold harper. then said It is the young man. For since we are come into the church. That music best pleaseth me . quoth Robin Hood. ready gold nor fee. O welcome. This is not a fit match." By the faith of my body. horn to his mouth.

shall said. To This man was Allin a Dale. By the faith of This body. in the church. Amojigst the leaves so green. Allin. is Young That shall not be. give bold Robin his bow. Who Full dearly he shall her buy. cloth' does make thee a man. And you shall be married at ' this* same time. Lest three times should not be enough. in the He askt them seven times church. that do I. And thus having ended this merry wedding. Quoth Robin Hood. my When Little John went The people began into the quire^ to laugh . And he that takes her from AUin a Dale. Before we depart away. Marching on a row. be three times askt They As the law is of our land. Robin he said. And when Tlie first 141 tliey all came into the church-yard. then Robin said.AND ALLIN A DALE. put * it upon little John . Robin Hood And pull'd off the bishops coat. . The bride lookt like a queen And so they returned to the merry green wood . as I hear say. the bishop he For thy word shall not stand . thy true love. gives me this maid ? said Little John.

them the rout. a down. a doum. and Robin for bottle and bag. Tell me as 1 do stand.** old black letter copies. ROBIN HOOD AND THE SHEPHERD . ^' Shewing how Robin Hood. cried jolly Robin. I wisli you to drew near . Little John. and the Shepherd/ought a sore combate. and yeomen good. gentlemen. the other in that of Thomas Pearson. Tune From two esq. a down. Arise. Come tell it unto me. But ^ the shepherd stout. so sore they Robin Hood and queen Katherine. And now come let me see What's in thy bag and bottle 3 I say. is. There he was aware of a jolly shepherd. ^c. gave could not wag. As Robin Hood walkt the forrest Some pastime for to spie. For a story of gallant bold Robin Hood Unto you I will declare. That on the ground did lie. All Down a. Down. <* What's that to thee ? thou proud fellow. The Shepherd fougjit for twenty pound. along. What hast thou to do with my bag and bottle Let me see thy command*'' ? .142 ROBIN HOOD IX. arise. one of them in the collect Hon of Anthony d Wood.

thou shepherd swain. pound in good red gold." " Come draw thy sword. Thou standest too long to prate j This hook of mine shall let thee know. And saved him many a bang." " am content. and let me Is My sword. full hardy and It was on a summers day. to me . thou proud fellow. bottle thou shalt see. Robins buckler prov'd his * chief defence. thou proud felldw. The shepherd stood all in a maze." " The Of my devil a drop. M^hether thou wilt fight or flee. . taste of thy bottle. Until thy valour here be tried. For every blow the shepherd gave Made Robins sword cry twang. And knew not what to say : *< I have no money. A coward I do hate. Fling them down on the ground . Or it which hangeth by I know my side.AND THE SHEPHERD.'* What shall we fight Come tell it soon Here is Win it twenty and take for? cries Robin Hood. thou proud fellow. I To win my twenty pound. But bag and bottle ile lay. sore. But it will breed thee mickle pain. it thee. From ten till four in the afternoon The shepherd held him play. " 143 my command Come." So they fell to it. may breed thy woe. .

that I will agree . My case is bad. And thou shalt have fair play. horn. turn thou to me . I scorn one foot to flee. Shall fight with thee thy fill. That comes down yonder hill?" Yonder is John. bold Robin Hoods man. Until he espied Little John Come tripping over the plain. Then he fell to the ground. thou proud fellow." is the matter ? sales Little John. Eith er come fight or flee« I am . For a bout with thee I mean to have. For the shepherd hath conquered me. cries Little John : Shepherd. me have my beugle three. Tliat I have won the day. thou proud fellow. Till the blood ran trickling from his head. Then let And blow but blasts Then man thou be. Master. a boon. with mickle main. For' if thou shonldst blow till to-morrow morn. " ^' O who is yonder. arise. Arise. cries Robin Hood. If thou wilt yield before thou go. What glad of that. To Then Robin he And he blew set his horn to his mouth. If that a cry*d bold Robin. gave." " A boon. * said the shepherd to bold Robin. come tell to me.144 ROBIN HOOD Many a sturdie blow the shepherd And that bold Robin found.

cry'd bold Robin. that is nothing. Nay. I will yield the wager won. Or I will bang thy back and sides. before thou fellow. For he is the flower of shepherd swains. Thou basely dost begin. What. go. Before thou goest thy way. thou proud fellow." So they fell to it. says John. Whether thou wilt fight or flee. that I will agree . said Little John. Either yield to me the dale. fall hardy and sore. The like I did never see. ere we give o'er. With his hook under the chin. How The a shepherd swain did conquer them. He fight before ile flee. Also of Little John .AND THE SHEPHERD. Again the shepherd * laid on him. The shepherd gave John a sturdie blow. Striving for victorie. . dost thou think. heart.' Hold thy hand. thou proud That thou canst conquer me? Nay. all With To my Thus have you heard of Robin Hood. thou shalt know. Beshrew thy heart. <* 145 With all my heart. said the shepherd. Just as he first begun. like was never known. said Little John. He know. For it never shall be said That a shepherd's hook of thy sturdy look Will one jot be dismaied.

They were. From an old black letter copy in the collection of Anthony Wood . use artillery . to " of the themselves with." or curs. Robin Hood and his merry men Were disposed to play. Then some would ** leape." tall fryer. Or who can kill a doe . is undoubtedly so curtail dogs. which was of the Cistercian order. F.146 ROBIN HOOD X. good archer for to be ? And some would and some would runne. fryer the cord or rope which they wore round their wast. called from his In fact. however. *•' In summer time. A Which of you can kill a bucke. corrected by a much earlyer one in the Pepysian com-* library^ 'printed by H.f'* The full title from Stukeley says. ROBIN HOOD AND THE CURTALL FRtER. about the year 1600 ci . Which of you can a ^ood bow draw. " is cordelier " The curtail dr." adds he. hut a monk (Courtaiilt. as we now say. pared with a later one in the same collection. Or who can kill a hart of Greece Five hundreth foot him fro?" . whip Franciscan order. Gosson.'* Our fryer.J of Fountains abbey. . And tiowers are fresh and gay. when leaves grow green. " The is : famous battell betweene Robin Hood and the cur^ To a New Northerne tune. he is no fryer at all.

was made of a trusty tree. 'Till the fryer he did see. With a sheafe of arrowes at his belt. And Midge he kild a doe . He tooke his bow into his hand. That he would neither eate nor drinke. . . And Little lohn kild a hart of Greece. a curtail fryer in Founlaines Abby The curtail fryer in Fouutaines Abbey Well can a strong bow draw. It And comming would ride There he was aware of the curtail Walking by the water side. And to Fountaine Dale went he. 147 Gods blessing on thy heart. Robin Hood put on his harnesse good. To find one could match thee. And they became him weele. was by Mary free. That caused Will Scadlocke to laugh. Set them all on a row. He *' laught full heartily : There lives Will beate both him and thee. o S farther he . Will Scadlocke he kild a bucke. No unto Fountaine Dale. said Robin Hood. head a cap of steel. He will beat you and your yeoman. Broad sword and buckler by his On his side." Kobin Hood he tooke a solemne It oath. Five hundretb foot him fro. fryer.AND THE CURT ALL FRYER. That hath such a shot for me I would ride my horse a hundred miles.

thou curtail fryer. Lightly leapt Robin offe the fryers backe . fryer. chuse thee. breed thy paiue.^ ** tyed him to a thorne : Carry me over the water. fine felldw. his head a cap of steel. And spake neither good word nor bad." There he threw Robin . to the And comming middle streame. did bestride.^ Whether thou wilt sink or swim. Robin Hood lighted off his horse. Robin Hood Carry said to him againe. The Carry me fryer said to him againe. thon curtail Or else thy life's forlorne. Or it shall over this water. he came at the middle streame. side. Neither good nor bad spake he. he came at the other side. Lightly leapt the fryer off Robin Hoods backe." his And The fryer tooke Robin Hood on Ueepe water he did bestride. The fryer tooke Robin on's back And stept in to the knee. Robin Hood took the Deepe water he And Till spake neither good word nor bad. Till he came at the other side. fryer on his backe. 'Till againe. shall breede thy pain. [thou] fine felldw. me it Or over this water. backe. in : " And clmse thee. Broad sword and buckler by his And they became him weele.148 ROBIN HOOD The On fryer had on a harnesse good.

Came raking. They fought with might and maine. He blew out blasts three . And That to blow blasts three. cur^al fryer with his Steele buckler Did put that arrow by. over the lee. Robin Hood is gone to shore. They tooke their swords and steel bucklers. Halfe a hundreth yeomen. I beg it Give me a boone. Shoot as thou hast begun. Robin Hood swam 149 The Bold to a bush of broome." " Shoot Robin Hood shot passing 'Till his well. And One The look his bow in his hitnd. thou fine fellow." I will do. to his knees. said the curtail fryer. shoot on. thou curtail fryer. on. fryer to a wigger wand . Of thy Robin Hood set his home to his mouth. with bowes bent. blasts I have no doubt . of his best arrowes under his belt t To the fryer he let fly . leave to set my home to my mouth. From 'Till four ten o'th' clock that [very] day. on my knee . If thou shoot here a summers day. Thy marke I will not shun.AND THE CURTALL FRYER. Then Robin Hood came Of the " fryer to beg a boone. o 3 . I hope thoult blow so passing well. A boone. arrows all were gane . 'Till both thy eyes fall out. i' th' afternoon .

so taught they were. Three whues in a fryers fist Would make me glad and faine. what is that to thee ? A boone. that may not be. for every man a dog. at my bidding be. leave to set my fist to ray mouth. The Give like I me And to whute whues a boone. Those are mine. Two dogs at once to Robin Hood did goe. Or they shot north or south.150 ROBIN HOOD Whose men are these. behind. by my Robin Hood. Fryer. Hood. fryer. said Little John. That Or will I doe. Fryer." faith. said " Here's And I Nay. said the curtail Comes here to prate with me ? thy dogs. They kept the arrows in their mouth. . said Robin else I were to blame . The one And whether his men shot east or west. Robin Hoods mantle of Lincolne greene Off from his backe they tore. the other before. said That come so hastily? the fryer. And whuted whues three : Haifa hundred good band-dogs Came running over the lee. gave to thee . * ' Take up Whose man art thou. The curtail dogs. said Robin Hood . The fryer set his fist to his mouth. myselfe for thee. said the curtail fryer. three. Fryer.

Thy master and I will agree And we will have new orders taken. . " If thou wilt forsake fair Fountaines dale." <' IH Little He Soon John had a bow in his hand. lord. A noble shall be thy fee And every hoUiday through the yeere. If thou wilt goe to faire Nottingham. Changed shall thy garment be. There was neither knight. Fryer. With all the hast may be. I am Little John. nor earle. halfe a score of the fryers dogs Lay dead upon the plain.AND THE CURTALL FRYER. . I'le take up them and thee. Hold thy hand. Could make him yeeld before. I will not lie . Robin Hoods man. If thou take not up thy dogs soone. shot with might and main . And Fountaines Abbey free. said the curtal fryer." This curtal fryer had kept Fountaines dale Seven long yeeres and more. good fellow. : Every Sunday throwout the yeere. And there remaiue with me.

To Robin Hood then unknown. There he was met of a deft young ma% As ever walkt on the way. dotvn^ That are this bower within. From an d Wood. And he walked on along the way. . you gentlemen all. having been foolishly altered to ** Robin Hood newly revived. With a hey down^ down. All feeding before his face : Now the best of you ile have to And that in a little space.152 ROBIN HOOD XL ROBIN HOOD AND THE STRANGER. a down. For a story of gallant bold Robin Hood. The old black letter copy in the collection of Anthony title now given to this ballad is that which it seems to have originally borne . His doublet was of silk." Quoth As Robin Hood walkt the forrest along. For we have no vittles to dine. It was in the mid of the day. Why then we will to the green wood gang. What '^ time of day ? quod Robin Hood then." Come listen awhile. Little John. * 'tis* said. 'tis in the prime.'' my dinner. I purpose now to begin. A " herd of deer was in the bend. His stockings like scarlet shone .

And gang under yonder hope to be take our swords and our broad bucklers. . And thou wilt accept of the place. be sure of this.AND THE STRANGER. quod Robin Hood. had'st not best buffet me. To shoot at bold Robin again. the stranger Make haste and quickly go. if Go play the chiven. the stranger said. That shot it was shot in time . and that he would fain The stranger he bent a very good bow. But he bends and a Well shot. Hold thy hand. well shot. Yet I have those will take my part. Then Robin Hood bent a very good bow. hold thy hand. Beest thou never so much in haste. th&best of all the herd he slew. he said. tree. we should shoot the one at the other. quod Robin Hood then. Forty good yards him froe. To For if shoot it would be in vain . To shoot. quod Robin Hood. Or with my fist. He give thee buffets sto'. Thou wast not best wind thy horn. One sav'd. Thou said. For I can draw out a good broad sword. Now And the stranger he 15S made no mickle adoe> right good bow. of us The one But As I let's may be slain. Thou sbalt be a bold yeoman of mine. For though I seem forlorn. the stranger foot I will not flee. If I but blow my horn. And quickly cut the blast. .

lord ! what kissing and courting was there. good fellow. I am his own sisters son. You have tarried so long awayi He • . stranger he hit The And God a mercy. That shall be better quit. The stranger then answered bold Robin Hood.1)1 ROBIN HOOD Then Robin Hood leiit the stranger a blow. Robin on the crown. But when they met with Little John. 'Most scar'd him out of his wit : Thou never felt blow. what thou art. good fellow quod Robin Hood And for this that thou hast done. Tell me. Tell me where thou doest won. ! then. Some *' call him Robin Hood. And Little John did [not] meet. That from every haire of bold Robins head The blood ran trickling down. unto them' did say. killing of my own fathers steward. am forc'd to this English wood." As I hope to be sav'd. the stranger then said. My name is For I young Gamwell. pray where have you been. In Maxwell town I was bred and born. ! When these two cousins did greet And they went all that summers day. And for to seek an uncle of mine. lie tell thee where I do dwell . the stranger he said. ? Robin Hood then should have done. drew out a good broad sword. But * art thou' a cousin of The sooner we But. O master.

is For he And But he my own dear sisters son. quod Little John. Hey down. down. Now Robin . Hood. or. shall be a bold yeoman of mine. quod Robin Hood. And weel be In the' three of the bravest outlaws That live in the north country. Then Tie have a bout with hina. [PART THE SECOND. quoth Robin Hood then. With a good fat buck. Are walking over the plain. although constantly printed as an independent article. cousins I have no mo. which Will Scadlock. And T Robin Hood.] This (from an old black letter copy in major Pearson's col- under the title of " Robin Hood. . a downj' lection) is evidently the genuine second part of the present ballad . it may [not] be so . and Little John. Little John. and Little John: Or. a narrative of their victories obtained against the prince of Aragon and the two giants. Will Scadlock. oh no. Will Scadlock. If ' you wiir hear more of bold Robin Hood. With his strong bow had slain. and how Will Scadlock married the princess. Full sore he hath beaten me. Tune of Robin Hood . ' My chief man next to thee John. U5 I met with a stranger. Oh [no]. ' second part it will be. And try if he can beat me. and thou Little And Scadlock' he shall be.AND THE STRANGER.

Lo the enemies are within ken. that he took Full well he could it blow . Your horn Now nay. now nay. I think it wondrous good. what is your will? thought you had in danger been. and Robin espy'd. it runs full fast . Master. did sound so shrill. ! With that Crying. Robin Hood he laugh'd aloud. tho' my nephew me a breakfast gave. the green-wood. His guard there for to keep.166 ROBIN HOOD Jog For The day on. Then to yonder lodge let us lake our way. Till Phoebus sunk into the deep . With * his' bugle-horn. A beautiful damsel all alone. arriv'd. That on a black palfrey did ride. Long had they not walked within But Robin he soon espy'd. The danger is past and gone . jog on. says Will Scadlock. Stand. Where my nephew by my bold yeomen Shall be welcom'd unto the green-wood. quoth Robin Hood. cries Robin Hood. Who. I have not yet broke my fast. Then each one to his quarters hy'd. . stand to your arms. would have you welcome my nephew here. I That has paid me two for one. Streight from the One hundred tall woods came marching down fellows and mo. when they We Cry'd. They are my bold yeomdn. In feasting and sporting they passed the day.

Against the prince. Through which her rose-like cheeks did blush. and giants twain. and tell me aright. thou pretty one. Which circled is. Whose grisly looks. Except such champions can be found. The princess shall be the victor's The king hath vow'd and said. Strike terrour where they come. Or else to waste this land . Come tell me Quoth Robin. . By the proud prince of Arragon. prize. O grief to tell ! Besieg'd with foreign arms. With serpents hissing on their helms. Shall have her to his bride. From London upon the Thames. All with a comely grace. Cypress over her face. goest. From London I came.' p * damsels sent abroad.AND THE STRANGER. Her riding-suit 157 was of a sable hew black. the damsel reply'd. west. From whence thou comest. That dare fight three to three. Most horrid for to see . Instead of feathered plume. Who swears by his martial hand To have the princess to his spouse. To try whose fortune is so good To find these champions out. And he that shall the conquest win. Now we are four To the east. and south. and eyes like brands. north. and whither thou All in this mournful plight ? the cause.

quoth Robin Hood. Which the dam'sel said. set the lady free. Now nay. ? quoth Robin Hood. When Tell is the day this me is On Midsummer next. quoth Little John. and no more. But 'tis the poor distressed princess. I'le make the third man in the fight. That wounds me to the heart : fight the [prince and] giants all. struck The news to the heart.* O. Away her palfrey sprung. His actions and his troubled mind Shew'd he perplexed was. And silent was her tongne . to me : If the damsels eyes have pierc'd your heart. She doth not cause my smart. that must not be . With sighs and sobs she took her leave. now nay. If I part with thy company. The devil take my soul. So we shall be three to three. no. master. With that the tears trickled down her cheeks.158 ROBIN HOOD But all in Tain we have sought about| For none so bold there are That dare adventure life and bloody To free a lady fair. Robin He fell down on Where lies your grief? quoth Will tell < Scadlock. the grass. I'll go To Must I stay behind? quoth Will Scadlock. . I'll fetch her back to thee. No. June the twenty -four.

some holy men. Joy shone within his face. as they * spake. None will ask us from whence we came. And So may we pass along the high-way. scrip and bottle by our sides. Now they are on their journey gone. Bring forth.AND THE STRANGER. arriv'd.* Lo ! Whom we we have brought our daughter are forc'd to forsake. or * The day Bring forth I swear London burns. Or This bring me forth my bride.' Then Both weeping cries the king. in the list did stand. is the four and twentieth day. We'll put on mothley grey. your champions. P S dear^ . or else receive To be Who His lady by the hand. As fast as they may speed. prefixt upon : my bride. Prepar'd to fight. As come from the holy land. A he. by Alcaron. said he. long staves in our hands. These words cheer'd Robin to the heart. 169 And Quoth kindly did imbrace. Within his arms he hugg'd them both. delivered to the prince. ere they The princess forth was led. With that he walk'd about the With giants by his side : lists. and queen likewise. Yet for all their haste. But take Or else us pilgrims for to be.

Fool. This stroke shall shew a full divorce Betwixt thee and thy bride. That stand on either side. For lances. swords. And thus I thee defie. for that blow The quarrel shall soon be try'd . And thus all three in armour bright. ! . lo here's my gage. The He prince he reacht Robin Hood a blow. ? tyrant Turk. Thy frowns I scorn . quoth Robin. The trumpets began Each singled out his man . Came marching to the field. Here are two little Davids by. it Robin Hood. to reply. thou infidel. fanatick. The prince he then began to storm. How Cries. God-a-mercy. field. must not be so : Such beauty as the fair princess Is not for a tyrants mow. struck with might and main. baboon ! rU Thou dare thou stop my valour's prize kill thee with a frown. Their arms in pieces soon were hew'd. That soon can tame their pride. Then the king did for armour send.160 ROBIN HOOD With that stept out bold Crys. Blood sprang from every vain. and shields . Which forc'd him to reel about the As though he had been slain. My liege. Thus Robin began ! And for those two Goliahs there. to sound a charge.

So with his faulchion he run him through. The To With that his faulchion he wherl'd about. Which on giants then began to rage see their prince lie dead : Thou's be the next. A deep and * ghastly' wound . It was both keen and sharp . curst and blasphem'd. Quoth Will. and princess fair. the ground did fall. The devil cannot break his fastf Unless he have you all three. Which brought the prmcess to had fal'n in herself. And then fell to the ground. Will Scadlock well had play'd his part. Tell me. The giant he had brought to his knee . The king and queen. And cut in twain his heart. To be so dealt withal. And gave the champions many And did them further grace. Who dam'd and foam'd. thanks. a s wound.AND THE STRANGER. He clave the giant to the belt. quoth Little John. And grumhling sore at Robin Hood. That thus disguised came. Now all Who the lists with shouts were fiU'd. quoth the king. Came walking to the place. Whose valour speaks that noble blood Doth run through every vain. Unless thou well guard thy head. whence you are. So from his shoulders he's cut his 161 head. F 3 . The skies they did resound.




Hood, On my knees I beg and crave. By my crown, quoth the king, I grant,

boon, a boon, quoth Robin

Ask what, and thou

shalt have.

Then pardon

beg for


Wliich are in the green-wood, For Little John, and Will Scadlock, And for me, bold Robin Hood.

merry men,

Art thou Robin Hood ? quoth the king For the valour thou hast shewn, Your pardons I do freely grant,


And welcome

every one,


princess I promise the victor*s prize.

She cannot have you all three. She shall chuse, quoth Robin. Said Little John, Then little share falls to me.


did the princess view all three, With a comely lovely grace. And took Will Scadlock by the hand.




make my



Of Maxfield earl was he. Who look'd Will Scadlock in And wept most bitterly.
Quoth he,

that a noble lord stept forth,

the face,

Whom I

But he is His name Then

I had a son like thee. lov'd wondrous well, gone, or rather dead.
it is

young Gamwell.

did Will Scadlock fall on his knees. Cries, Father! father! here. Here kneels your son, your young Gamwell, You said you lov'd so dear.

But, lord


what imbracing and kissing was there, these friends were met Th«y are gone to the wedding, and so to [the] bedding And so 1 bid you good night.







From an old black letter copy in a private collection, compared with another in that of Anthony d fVood. The full title " Renowned Robin Hood is: ; Or^ His famous archery truly related in the worthy exploits he acted before queen Katherine, he being an outlaw man ; and how he obtained his own and To a new tune J' his fellows pardon. it is scarcely worth observing that there was no queen consort
named Katherine before Henry the fifths time ; but as Henry the eighth had no less than three wives so called, the name would be sufficiently familiar to our ballad maker.

tane from the kings harbengers, Downe, a downe, a downe, As seldome hath beene seene, Downe, a downe, a downe, And carried by bold Robin Hood For a present to the queene. Downe, a downe, a downe.
If that I live a yeare to an end,


Thus can queene Katherine say, Bold Robin Hood, I will be thy friend, And all thy yeomen gay.


The queene is to her chamber As fast as she can wen ;


unto her lovely page, His name was Richard Patrington.
thou hither to mee, thou lovely page, thou hither to niee ;
to Nottingham, thou can dree j


Come Come

For thou must post
fast as

as thou goest to Nottingham, Search all the English wood, Enquire of one good yeomen or another, That can tell thee of Robin Hood.


Sometimes hee went, sometimes hee ran, As fast as he could win ;

And when

hee came to Nottingham, There hee took up his inne.

And when he came to Nottingham, And had tooke up his inne,

He cals for a pottle of Rhenish
dranke a health
to his

wine, queene*


sate a yeoman by his side, Tell mee, sweet page, said hee, What is thy businesse and the cause. So far in the north countrey ?



thy businesse and the cause,



tell it

To enquire of one good yeoman To tell mee of Robin Hood.
" He get


for good,

or another,

my horse

betimes in the morne.

By it be break of day, And I will shew thee bold Robin Hood,
all his

yeomeu gay."

that he came at Robin Hoods place, Hee fell down on his knee " Queen Katherine she doth greet you well, She greets you well by me





She bids you post to fair London court, Not fearing any thing For there shall be a little sport, And she hath sent you a ring."

Robin Hood tooke his mantle from It was of the Lincolne greene. And sent it by this lovely page. For a present unto the queene.





time, when leaves grow green. a seemely sight to see, Robin Hood himselfe had drest,
all his



He clothed his men in Lincolne And himselfe in scarlet red

Blacke hats, white feathers, all alike. Now bold Robin Hood is rid :

And when hee came at Londons court, Hee fell downe on his knee. Thou art welcome, Locksly, said the queen. And all thy good * yeomandree.'

The king

is into Finsbury field* Marchiuj^ in battle ray. And after follows bold Robin Hood,


all his

yeomen gay.

* Ground near Moorfields, London, famous in old times for " In the the archery "practised there, year 1498," says Stow, *' all the gardens which had continued time out of minde, tpithout Mooregate, to wit, about and beyond the lordship of


hither, Tepus, said the king, Bow-bearer after mee Come measure me out with this line, How long our mark must be.



is the wager ? said the queene, That must I now know here. " Three hundred tun of Rhenish wine. Three hundred tun of beere ;

Three hundred of the fattest harts That run on Dallom lee."
That's a princely wager, said the king,

That needs must

I tell thee.

Fensherry, were destroyed.


of them was made a plaine

Survey of London, 1598, p. field for archers to shoote in" 351. See also p. 77. where it is observed that " about the
feast of S. Bartlemew . , , the officers of the city . . . were * lord* challengers of all men in the suburbes, . . . before the maior, aldermen^ and sheriffesy in Fensbery fielde, to shoote the standarde, broade arrow, and flighty for games,'* There is a tract intitledy <^ Ay me for Finsburie archers, or an alphabetical table of the names of every marke within the same fields, with the true distances, both by the map, and dimen^ suration with the line. Published for the ease of the skilfully and behoofe of the yoonge beginners in the famous exercise of To be sold at the signe of the archeriCf by J. J, and E. B. Swan in Grub Street, by F, Sergeant. 1594. 16»io. Repub*
lished by

R, F, 1604; and again by James Partridge, 1628.

The practice of shooting here is alluded to by Cotton, in his Virgile travestie J (6.iv.)l 667:

" And airows loosed from " In FiNSBURV, to him

Grub-street bow, ' are slow."

said to have continued


within the

memory of persons



With that bespake one Clifton then^ Full quickly and full soone, Measure no marks for us, most soveraigne Well shoot at sun and moone.



He lay my bow, He cleave the

Full fifteene score your marke shall be, Full fifteene score shall stand." said Clifton then,

willow wand.

that the kings archers led about,

While it was three, and none ; With that the ladies began to shout, " Madam, your game is gone."

A boone,

a boonc, queene Katherine cries, it on my bare knee ; there any knight of your privy counsel Of queen Katherines part will be?
I crave

Come hither to mee, sir Richard Lee, Thou art a knight full good ; For I do knowe by thy pedigree Thou sprung'st from Gowers blood.

Come By

For a noble

hither to me, thou bishop of Hereford priest was hee. my silver miter, said the bishop then,


He not bet one peny.
The kiug hath
archers of his own, Full ready and full light, And these be strangers every one,

No man knowes what

they hight.

What wilt thou bet ? said Robin Hood, Thou seest our game the worse.

By my

silver miter,

All the


then said the bishop^ within my purse.

it was three and three . the millers son. said the king. The next three pays for all. Hee clave the willow wand. I crave cries.** have forty dales to come. . And little Midge." With While With ** Woodcock. said ihe bishop Its neere an liuudred pound. queen Katherine * it* on my bare knee. beware thy knee It is three that the king's archers led about. And three times forty to sport and Then welcome friend or foe. !'* and three. He shot witiiin a finger of the prick " Now. Hee shot not much the worse . play . " They shall And forty daiea to goe. Fifteen score nobles. Robin Hood went and whisper'd the The kings part shall be but small. Robin Hood took his bagge from his side. beware thy purse !" : A boone. And threw it downe on the greene . .168 ROBIN HOOD the ground. a boone. queen. ** I know who this money must win. that the ladies gave a shout. That you will angry be with none That are of my partie. Robin Hood hee led about. What is in thy purse? Throw it downe on said Robin Hood. And Clifton with a bearing arrow. Hee shot it under hand . William Scadlocke then went smiling away. bishop. now.

169 said the queene. that shall not be . Robin Hood. And so is Little John. Is this said the king. now nay.' * What. saies Robin I was faine . he saies. So far in the north country. Tinice welcome every one. Thou art welcome. Master. Robin Hood * ? quoth the bishop then. I would not [have] bet one peny. : As it seems' well to be * Had had been that bold outliw. the millers son. And Midge. And made mee sing a masse. Tor recompence of that. Here's halfe thy gold againe. an Of that masse if I did. And bound mee fast to a tree. Got wot.AND QUEEN KATHERINE. We must give gifts to the kings officers That gold will serve thee and mee. saies Little John. so is Is this Robin Hood? now For it was told to me That he was slain in the palace gates. . Now nay. . To him and his yeomandre. Hood. I it' knowne Hee tooke me late one Saturday at night.

With their bows and arrows so good But her mind it was bent with a good intent. And three [hundred] tun of beere. Come. <* Or a merry Henry. iVithhey down. -down. you gallants all. To send for bold Robin Hood. said the queen. and when he had taken his leave of To the tune of the queen. .'* From an old black letter copy in the collection of Anthony (t Wood. Thou art welcome. did make. But when bold Robin he came there. How he did Robin Hood chase. That now * are' in this place. an a down. And all thy yeomen gay. . ROBIN HOODS CHASE: progress between Robin Hood and King Shewing how Robin Hood led the king his chase from London to London . For three hundred tun of good red wine. Queen Katherine she did say. For a song I will sing of Henry the king. he returned to 7nerry Sherwood.iro xiir. But yet her archers she had to seek. Robin Hood and the beggar. Queen Katherine she a match As plainly doth appear. to you I do call. Locksly.

llOBIN^nOODS CHASE. his What though pardon granted was. And away they went from merry Sherwood. And often enquired both far and near After bold Robin Hood. said he. Then said Little John. But yet the king was vexed at him. be gone." 171 But when the game came to be played. Bold Robin was in the wood : come now. Then hanged I will be. vowed hewould him chase. *< If I miss the mark. And when But the game it Bold Robin wan it ended was. with a grace . Bold Robin he then drew nigh. Who can And me bold Robin Hood. He let his arrows fly. But when that bold Robin he did hear. When as he was gone his way. be it light or dark. after the king from the court did hye. And thou on my part must be. For a match of shooting I have made. most brare to be seen. and let me see O. In a furious angry mood. While he with him did stay . And into Yorkshire he did hye . With his mantle of green. And after the king was angry with him. 'Tis time And go to some other place. Soon But when the king to Nottingham came. halloW| Q 3 . And the king did follow. to The king had him in chase. with a hoop and a But could not come him nigh.

And so did king Henry . . For to Sherwood I will hye apace For fain would I see what he would with me. . again. Says Robin. But Robin [went] away.172 ROBIN HOODS CHASE. When the king did see how Robin He was vexed wondrous sore . Yet jolly Robin he passed along. Come let us for London goe. From Lancaster then to Chester they went. Which makes the king so us chase. so then to Lancaster. or never give ore." . It may be she wants our company. I have come For to speak with king Henry. When Robin he came queene He fell low upon his knee : Katherin before. let's Come now And away. * And went strait' to Newcastle town. He would go and seek Robin Hood. If 1 could but meet with his grace. for he For fear of some treachery. " Then fare you well. And there * he' stayed hours two or three. did flee^ to follow. with our company. durst not stay. my gracious queen. And * then' to Barwick * is' gone. To see our noble queens face. With a hoop and a hallow he vowed And take him. Let any man follow that dare To Carlisle we'l hye. to this place " If it please your grace.'' Queen Katherine answered bold Robin Hood The king is gone to merry Sherwood And when he went away to me he did say. then crys Little John. .

that archer good.ROBIN HOODS CHASE. But when king Henry he came home. that he did hear Robin had been there. : of your pardon his life. Q 8 . This answer he gave. A boon To I beg ! it a boon here * < ! queen' Katherin cry*d. * queen' Katherin cryed. grace. and seek not strife And so endeth Robin Hoods chase. He's a cunning knave. and vexed in mind. For I have sought him this whole three weeks. Your person hath been to seek. Bold Robin Hood. irs And He blamed dame Fortune unkind.* That Robin had been there him to seeke. Henry. But when king Henry he did * hear. You're welcome home. Fyll weary. my soveraign liege .

Enough to make hold Robin glad .174 ROBIN HOODS GOLDEN PRIZE. and Will Scarlet. And of brave Little John. ' Like Was accoutered to a fryer bold Robin Hood in his array. with him to pray . crucifix. His share came to four hundred pound. Now mark. 13th June. gown. I HAVE heard talk of Robin Hood. And * from the wood is gone. Of fryer Tuck. beeds. You never heard the like exprest. That then was told upon the ground. by Francis Coule. XIV. For gold they prayed^ and gold they had. Robin Hood was a tall young man. Derry. derry down. Loxley. ** two priests upon the way. With hood. He met And forced them Tune is. For Robin Hood disguised himself. and He past upon the way. Sfc" This ballad (given from an old black letter copy in the collection of Anthony d H^ood) was entered (amongst others) in the stationers book. 2d June. 1656. But such I think a tale as this before ^ was never knone . and maid Maridn. . and you shall hear the jest. and by Francis Grove. 1631. ROBIN HOODS GOLDEN PRIZE.

am much I am resolv'd to try. And I morning have been rob'd. Some pitty on me Robin Hood. clad all in black. us have some remorse said you had no mony. by For we of drink. . Then Robin Hood laid And O spare us. afraid. day. We never a peny have this our holy dame. For our dear ladies sake. And soon overtook them again. And nothing could I get Not so ranch as one poor cnp Nor bit of bread to eat. the priests repli'd. ! fryei the priests cry'd out. On You pull'd them down from ! hold of them both. their horse . . quoth he. Wherefore. could no money save. And for mony we will pray. said bold Robin Hood. For I have been wandring all this .ROBIN HOODS GOLDEN PRIZE. . was his chance to spy histy priests. Benedicite. . without delay. We three will fall down on our knees. Now. Cross yon my hand with a silver groat. it 175 Two Come riding gallantly. That you both do tell a lie And now before you do go hence. Then they rode away amain But Robin Hood betook to his heels. When as the priests heard him say so. He had But not gone miles two or three. then said take.

Some mony to serve our need. O send us. Cause you prayed so heartily. The priests they could not him gainsay. But down tiiey kneeled with speed : Send us. one by one. Such store of gold to see. said Robin Hood. the rest for himself did keep: priests [they] durst not speak one But they sighed wondrous deep.176 ROBIN HOODS GOLDEN PRIZE. Sometimes their hands did wring Sometimes they wept. Then Robin took pains to search them And he found good store of gold. The priests did pray with a mournful chear. then quoth they. Now let's What mony heaven hath us sent. Of [the] mony that we have And there is never a one of us That his fellow shall deceive. When they had been praying an hours spac?. see We will be sharers all alike . said Robin Hood. and cried aloud. The priests their hands in their pockets But mouy would find none : put. Upon the grass was told. word. And you shall each one have a part. Each other. Whilst Robin did merrily sing. We'I search ourselves. . . The priests did still lament Then quoth bold Robin. Here is a brave show. . Five hundred peeces presently both. He gave them fifty And The pounds a-peece.

Thinking to have parted so : Nay. . mirth. met with a holy no more.^^v-*>'-c^. nay. said Upon this holy grass. bold Robin Hood. says Robin Hood. With You shall be sworn. one thing more I have to say ere you go. fryar. And away then they did ride And he return'd to the merry green-wood. Be charitable to the poor Say. Nor lye with other mens wives. The last oath you shall take. . the days of your lives. That you will never tell lies again. and pride. With great joy. - ^^^ .ROBIN HOODS GOLDEN PRIZE. that the priests rose up from their knees. Which way soever you pass. The second That all oath that you here must take. And I desire He set them on their horses again. . You shall never tempt maids to sin. you have it is this.

hired. and was going to hang him. news. ^ Wnl^ dWood. prisoner. Under That Will Stutly surprized was. Tidings for certainty. Before they could this victory get. Stutly X] full title is: ^W in the collection of Anthony The l^^fV. the green wood tree." When Robin Hood Lord ! And to his merry men he did (Who altogether swore) he heard he was grieved sore this . as soon as it is day . . derry down. say. . den-y down.f^'^ " Rohin Hood his who had taken him To the tune of Robin the sheriff and his men.1^8 ROBIN HOODSJ XV. " and to-morrow hanged must be. Jtiood and queen Katheiine. To-morrow Two of tiiem did Stutly slay. derry. I. And eke in prison lay Three varlets that the sheriff had Did likely him betray." from rescuing Will When Robin Hood in the green wood liv^d^ Dcrry. Tidings tliere came to him with speed. ROBIN HOODS RESCUING WILL STUTLY. Hey down.

With every man a good broad sword. throughout the world. Which was of courage bold. And send one forth some news To yonder palmer fair. couragiously. Whereas Will Stutly lay. Yea all Or every man to die. Who is one of bold Robin's men. And eke a good yew bow\ ! Forth of the green wood are they gone. if When must Will Stutly die. Some news he may declare. to hear. And here doth prisoner lie ? . That Will Stiitl}^ 179 shduld rescued be. Tell me. * And be brought back' again. In no place could be seen. Wee here in ambush stay. Or else should many a gallant wight For his sake there be slain. saith Robin Hood. And when they came the castle neer. Resolving to bring Stutly home. palmer old. That stands under the castle wall. I hold it good.KESCUING WILL STUTLY. Thus did hee speak to the old man . that thou rightly ken. He A ' cloathed himself in scarlet red/ all in green. With that steps forth a brave young man. His men were Good lord it was a gallant sight To see them all on a row . finer shew. I pray thee.

thou good old man. Farewell. Reveng'c^ his death will be. Give me a sword all in And let mee be unbound.180 ROBIN HOODS Alack! And alas! the palmer said. for ever wo is me ! Will Stutly hanged must be this On day. would some succour send . the gates out of the castle "Will Stutly came. said he Or. side. And with thee and thy men He 'Till I lie my hand. fight. That yet was haug'd on the tree.' They soon would But him free* * fare * thee well. . Hee was no But And sooner from the palmer gone. If Stutly hanged be this day. that is true. I. And saw no help was nigh. the young man . ' were ' open'd wide. For my noble master nere had a man. said ' . had I. dead uu the ground. said he. and thanks to thee . Thus he did say to the sheriff. they were neer to set this place. yonder gallows tree. of iiis bold yeomandree few Full soon would fetch him heuce. that if is true. Grant me one boon. Thus he said gallantly : Now seeing that I needs must die. Guarded on every When hee was forth of the castle come. O A He his noble master known.

Of thy How Now. And comes Will Stutly * to * : And ready " I pray thee. varlet will I know . Thou shalt on the gallows I. I needs must borrow him for a while. And if I hanged be this day> Damnation let Ono. the sheriff he said. Will. His wishes were in vain . to bid adiew. the sheriff said. master * shrieve ' ? " That as I live. But his desire he would not grant. paiment have. sturdy rebell is that same. dear friends take leave . Out of a bush leaps Little John. . O. and so shall thy If ever in me master too. me have. it lie. let Therefore him not go. For the sheriff had sworn he hanged should be. Bold Robin to subdue. But when he was to the gallows come. die. And not by the sword be slain. Some say you. faint heart peasant slave I my Thou shalt thy master do thee meet. he saies^ I will no weapons crave. . thy coward crew Such silly imps unable are. < My noble master And all * doth thee ' ' scorn.RESCUING WILL STUTLY. 181 Do but unbind my hands. o no. before thou die. dastard coward Thou If ever ! Stutly cries.

For to have met with Little John. But as their master had them taught. his it * he said. the Make haste. make haste. I came to this place. That you so soon are gone . You neere will catch bold Robin Hood. quoth Robin Hood.' thought. 'Till Robin Hood approached near With many an archer gay. for it is good.IW Then Little ROBIN HOODS John most hastily. For here our work is done. And from one of the * sheriffs* men. Away cut Stutly's bands. For aid will come straightway. They* Thought O stay. sheriff I wist from Robin Hood Make haste." there they turned them back to back In the middle of them that day. My sword may in the scabbord rest. O stay. Will Stutly said. here. Or seen my masters face. 1 little When ^ < Will Stutly said. * run full fast away. And With that an arrow by them . <^ Here. ill betide you. The sheriff is gon. And here defend thyself a while. Unless you dare him meet. A sword twicht from his hands. Take leave ere you depart . Will. doughty' men no boot to stay. . take thou this same Thou canst it better sway . flew.

In summer time. RESCUING WILL STUTLY.Of a bold outlaw. Musick for us most «weet. It is of him I sing this song.." 112 . That i a. 185 Thus Stutly was " Aud O at liberty set. chasing of the fallow deere." O And my fellows [all]. safe brought from his foe : thanks to my master. and how he gave the one halfe to his dame. The fisher-men brave more mony have Than any merchants two or three .itsherman brave may be. PREFERMENT : " Skewing how he won a prize on the sea. When they doe grow both green and long. another in the British Museum^ and the third iti a private collection. In summer time. Since here it was not so. cali'd Robin Hood. thanks.*' almes-houses. From three old black letter copies . Doth bud and spring with a merry cheere. when leaves grow green. This outlaw was weary of the wood side. and the elephant." We shall in once again. one in the collection of Anthony k Wood. XVL THE NOBLE FISHER-MAN OR. — When And ** the lilly leafe. ROBIN HOODS . and the other to the building of The tune is. Sfc. Therefore I will to Scarborough go. the green wood meet. Where we [will] make our bow-strings twangj.

seems Who I asked of him. Hard by upon the water gray . it I pray thee heartily tell to mee ?" my own country. ^ They pluckt up anchor. He' tooke up his inne at a widdow womans house." : Now.IQi Tiiis ** ROBIN HOODS PREFERMENT. He to Scarborough go. The out-law was ware of her courtesie. " Simon. " What " In is thy name. thou fine fellow. said the good wife. Anchors and planks thou shalt not want. This day intrapped all in care. The bare lines into the se*^ cast he. Men call me Simon over the Lee. Simon. As any sails upon the sea.'* Simon. . Where wert thou borne? Or tell to me where dost thou fare? am a poor fisherman. wilt thou be my man ? And good round wages He give thee ." And if you thus do furnish me. As they sate under the green-wood tree If any of you have gold to spend. and away did More of a day then two or three . Masts and ropes that are so long. I pray you heartily spend it with me. I wish thou mayest well brook thy name. It * quoth Robin Hood. outlaw called his merry men all. And rejoyced he had got such a dame. Wlien others cast in their baited books. where I was borne. to be a very faire day. I have as good a ship of my own. nothing shall goe wrong. sayle. said he then. Said Simon.

For thou art nought but brags and boast . master. I would set as little by them all. Jf I should cast thee over-board. ! This day that ever 1 came here 1 wish I were in Plompton parke. O woe is me said tlie master then. Give me my bent bow in my hand. assure you he shall have no part of our fish. And they by me set nought at all If I had them in Plompton park. : sayle.ROBIN HOODS PREFERMENT. Neither. and away did More of a day then two or three 3ut SinioQ espyed a ship of warre. thou long lubber. Doe not feare them. ! ! Is every bit lost and forlorne. ligge us in the prison strong. They pluckt up anchor. That sayled towards them most valorously. . this great hibber do thrive on the sea . For your French robbers on the sea. But Simon ff Hold thy peace. For every clowne laughs me to scorne. In chasing of the fallow deere. And never a Frenchman will I sp^re. It will 18^ I'le be long. said." . Eie woe is me ! said Simon then. said the master tlien. There's but a simple lubber lost. This day that ever I was borne For all our fish we have got to day. For in truth he is no part worthy. take you no care . But carry us And to the coast of France. They will not spare of us one maij.

And so angry then was he. bent bow in my hand. To' the Frenchraans heart the ' arrow's gane. he said^ take you no care . that him espy'd. me my bent bow in my hand. And straightway. Twelve thousand pound of mony bright. They found within that' ship of warre. Simon. But now bespake For so. Then streight [they] boarded the French ship. in the twinkling of an eye. with your own hand. They lyeing all dead in their sight . And in the ship-hatch goe doth he. tye That at And give And never me to the mast. not be. And the owner of it you shall bee. He give to my dame and [her] children small The other halfe of the ship lie bestow . a Frenchman will I spare. said Simon then. On you that are my fellowes all. Master. Simon grew angry at these words. saith he. He * drew his arrow to the very head. ' The one halfe of tlie ship. And never a Frenchman will I spare. O master. The dead corpse into the sea doth throw. .* The Frenchman fell down on the ship hatch^ And under the hatches there' below . That he took his bent bow in his hand. For give loose me all And for them me my from the mast. * Another Frenchman.186 ROBIN HOODS PREFERMENT. For you have won it shall it the master then. my mark I may stand fair. And drew it with all might and maine.

** XQ7 It shall be so. with this gold. and three stout Keepers in Sheer* '* wood Forrest. For claret and sack they did not lack. ROBIN HOODS DELIGHT: OVf a merry combat fought between Robin Hood^ Little John. Robin Hood and Queen Katherine . . a doun» They were outlaws. after the battel ended was. 'tis well known. ** Robin was valiant and stout. Doun. a doun. But I will tell you of Will Scarlock.ROBIN HOODS DELIGHT. And men of a noble blood . So was Scarelock and John in the field. But Bold Robin did make them amends. But these Keepers stout did give them rout. And. and Will. as I have said . And made them all for to yield. And many a time was their valour shown In the forrest of merry Sheerwood. a doun. And some of yeomen good . Little John. shall live in An Where they peace and rest. a doun. Scarelock. From an d Wood." XVII. for the opprest habitation I will build. old black letter copy in the collection (^Anthony There's some will talk of lords and knights^ Doun." or. Robin Hood and the Shepheard. $0 drank themselves goodfriendsk To the tune of. and Robin Hood. a doun.

Upon a Midsummer With brave long faucheons by And They And charged them their sides^ forrest billg in hand. be the keepers of this forrest. As Robin would have it be. Then we be three rangers good. Clad all in green aray. And that you soon shall know. the keepers said. and you no less. cry'd bold Robin.'* . They all three would a walking The pastime for to see. We be content. ^ As' we nevey did transgress? ** Why. And take your swords and bucklers And try the victory. There was they aware of three keepers. round. call'd aloud to those bold outRws. Then why should we be of you afraid. And will make you know before you do go. And as they walked the forest along.18a ROBIN HOODS DELIGHT. Upon a time it chanced so. go. if you be three keepers in this forrest. day. to stand. devil ' am Hood. Come. And are keepers of his deer. And so will we all three. You meet with bold Robin Hood. speak* so boldly here? three belong to King Henry. who That * ** We are you." The I We you are?' sayes Robin sure that it is not so . Why. your coats of green lay on the ground. We be three.

O O " That bargain's to make. bold Robin Hood. nor thy yeomen gay. I see you be stout men . Then He fight with you again. Therefore fall on. or else be gone. we before we do go. Here is one of us for Will Scarlock. will fight before will outlaw. come draw your swords. longer stand to prate. cries bold Robin. you bold outlaws. But let us try it out with blows. They all shewed gallant play. and Will. And another for Little John. From eight of the clock '(ill two and past. And I myself for Robin Hood. fought most manfully. Then. Because he is stout and strong. hold. Then Robin aloud did cry : They hold. Let me blow one blast on my bugle horn. It was on a Midsummers day . will fly. and Little John.'* . And We No make you know. Therefore we it deny .ROBIN HOODS DELIGHT. For cowards we do hate. There Robin." So they fell to it hard and sore. yield to us the day : It never shall be said that we are afraid And ^ Of thee . Thy blast upon the bugle horn Cannot make us fight or fly. 'Till all their winde was spent and gone. " 189 We be content. thou bold Our valour here to try.

And with our names. of merry Sheerwood. will fight and never flee. To bang it ' about)* And ever hereafter so long as we live. . sayes bold Robin. no more. You be men of valour stout Come and go with me to Nottingham. And there we will fight it out.^450 ROBIN HOODS DELIGHt* If that be so. all will brethren be . Let me And in the forest I shall but know your names. Our names thou shalt not know* "We will fight said. . one of them What hast thou here to do ? Except that you wilt fight it out. For three days they the wine did chase. With a but of sack we will see who wins the day . And for the cost make you no doubt. cries bold Robin. I have gold * enough' to pay. For I love these men with heart and hand| We That So. extol your fames. And drank themselves good friends. away they went to Nottinghamj With sack to make amends .

Hey down. ROBIN HOOD AND THE BEGGAR : " Shewing how Robin Hood and the Beggar fought. and how he went a begging to Nottingham . an a down^ That mirth do love a story true lie tell unto you. Andriding towards Nottingham. If that you will but draw near. Which men called Robin Hood. Come And and listen. .191 XVIII. when merriment was. He left all his merry men. In elder times. His time for to spend lie did intend. all. The which was worth angels ten. and how he saved three brethren from being hang'd for stealing of deer» To the tune ofy Robin Hood and the Stranger" From an it old black letter copy in the collection of Anthony fVood. Tlien he got upon a gallant brave steed. you gentlemen for to hear. down. Upon a time it chanced so. There was he aware of a jolly beggar. and how he changed cloaths with the Beggar. There was an outlaw as many * do' know. As ere he b£beld with his eye. Bold Robin was merry disposed. most brave to be seen. Some pastime for to 'spy. And archery was holden good. With a mantle of green. Either with friends or foes.

For I hope this bout to give thee the rout. My name it is Robin Hood. bonny beggar." Why. And my mantle lay down I say. An Which be God speed. fly. said Robin Hood. And many a bag. sir. Thy coat of gray. Hood the% For every blow that Robin gave. said Robin This game well pleaseth me. fight on. Thy part it will be the worse . And Robin a nut-brown sword . Some charity give unto me. The beggar gave buffets three* . as many do know. So the beggar he had a mickle long staffe. So the beggar drew nigh. "I am Yorkshire. And then have at thy purse. then. But a penny for charitie. daily did use to wear . of green shall laye by. lands nor livings. what wouldst thou have ? said Robin I pray thee tell unto me. content. said Robin Hood But a ranger within the wood am an outlaw. but ere you go far. and at Robin let But gave him never a word. the beggar he said. God speed. But yet I must tell the. Content. the beggar he cry'd. No 1 have no I money. That a bout with [thee] I must try . . Which "made Kobin to him repair.192 ROBIN HOOD old pacht coat the beggar bad on. What countryman ? tell to me. about bini did wag. Fight on. Hood.

a change. Apd fighting there full hard 193 and sore. And now I will a begging g6e. As Robin he passed the heard a pittiful cry . If that be true. f . and another for malt. Thy mantle come give unto me. cri^d Robin Hood. streets along. and his coat. And if any more of Robin you'll know. My horse and my braverie. With His his staff. said he. scarce worth a groat^ Yet merrilie passed he. Methinks. O. thee resign. said Robin Hood then. thou and I will agree. hold thy hand. And Now a Thy bags and coat give me . And this mantle of mine He to change. I have one for salt. Not far from Nottingham town. And one for my little horn. For now I have a bag for my bread. as he did hear^ He Condemned were to dye. When Robin had got the beggars He looked round about : clothes. Some charitie for to find. Three brethren dear. They never fled. Now Robin he is to Nottingham bound. So I have another for corn . I seem to be A beggar brave and stout.AND THE BEGGAR. the beggar he said. In < the ' second part His behind. bag hanging down to his knee. 'till from Robin Hoods head The blood came trickling down.

H6 skipt. There was many a weeping eye : O. theyjshot east. hold your peace. out blastes three. thee.154! ROBIN HOOD sheriffs [house]. hundred bold archers brave kneeling Came What ShoQt is down to his knee. east. master ? they saidj . For certain < they shall not dye. said he. at your command. For stealing of our king's deer. full Then Robin he highed to the Some reliefe for to seek . and they shot west. But to get the lives of yeomen three. Thou beggar. We are And Then your will. Their arrows were so keen .. said see you spare no man. shoot west. No meat. said Robiq Hood the% That I come here to crave . . said Robin Hood then. they hanged must be. and leapt. . Robi^ Hood then. come tell unto me What it is thou wouldest have. And that I fain would have. . Their fact I tell to it is so cleer . No longer * could ' be seen. . and capered the street. thou bold beggar. nor drink. high^ As he went along But when to the sheriffs doore he came^ There a gentleman tine and brave. ' Then Robin he And he blew Till a set his horn to his mouth. That cannot be. But when to the gallows they did come. The sheriffe he^ and his companie.

And sung with a merry glee. The tune w. doton. »5 lost.was crost. As Robin Hood walked the forest along. and many a man That dead lay on the plain. The sheriffe. and you shall hear How Little John went a begging. And Robin Hood took these brethren good To be of his yeomandrie. Unto me draw neer. With a hey down. Robin Hood and the Begger" All you that delight to spend some time. a down. yeomandree. " A new merry song of Robin Hood and Little John. And. « 3 And all his .AND THE BEGGAR. XIX. and what a prize he got of the four beggers. Sayes John. Then he s^ept to those brethren three^ And away he has them tane . Sayes Robin. Little John. it must be thee. shewing how little John went a heggingy and how he fought with the four beggers. down^ A merry song for to siug. Some of you must a begging go. LITTLE JOHN AND THE FOUR BEGGERS. And away they went into the merry green wood. With a staff and a coat. The better then I may speed. I will have a palmer's weed. From an old black letter copy in the collection of Anthony d Wood : the full title being. and bags of all sort. If I must a begging go.

let us be ganging. thou crooked car^l. when as I get any. Nay. chief. For a bout will I have of you round. Good fortune I had you to see Which way do you go ? pray let me know. That nothing I may leese.196^ LITTLE JOHN Come. and another he said. said John. John he was the But as he was walking himself alone. But all the world over. some relief. give me now a bag for my bread. In Barwick and Dover. no dog a hanging. we tell unto thee But here is one dead. that will give us cheese and And it may be one single penny. ne'er a crookt carril like thee. Some deaf. . . . my brethren dear. He not yet be gone. Heres a brave company. breads We have brethren in London. see* Good fellow. and some blind. Four beggers he chanced to spy. So have we in Coventry. And another for my cheese. And take that knock on the crown. For I want some company. Now Little John Seeking for he is a begging gone. O ! what is here to do ? Why ring all tliese bells What dog is a hanging ? That we the truth may Here is then said Little John : ? said he . But of all Little the beggars he met on the way. then one of them said. . and some came behind Sayes John. Good-morrow. Come. And one for a peny. said Little John. Therefore stand thee back.

then said Little John. How hast Come. against the wall. to hear the gold ^ again the walls cryed twang.AND THE FOUR BEGGERS. He made run then faster than he. I ? S . and nere give ore. But what found he in the beggar's bag But three hundred pound and three ? *< If I drink water while this doth last. all 197 four. thou sped with thy beggers trade For that I fain would see. Now have Fight on at yott all. bold Robin Hood. Then an ill death may I dye. And the blind * he made to' see . And all his company. Such a good sight to behold. but I will away. Little John. And flinging them Which all With many a sturdy bang. not stay. Whether you be John nipped the dumb. And he that a cripple had been seven years. Then he got out of the beggers cloak Three hundred pound in gold Good fortune had I. . If you be so full of your blows ." And when to the forrest of Sherwood he came. What news? What news? then said Robin Hood. ring. hath bin so good. then said Little John. friends or foes. He quickly there did see His master good. and made him to rore. It made John sing. the forrest of merry Sherwood. And my begging Therefore He My fortune To trade I will now give ore. tell unto me .

Whocry'dout.'' When Phoebus had melted the ^ sickles ' of ice. Bold Robin Hood he would ramble away. With a hey doum. Then an il death may we die. waithersofast2 .*' ' : the hand. TRUE FRIENDSHIP AFTER A FIERCE FIGHT^ ancient copy of this ballad having been met withf it " Robin Hoods Garland^* given from an edition of at York^ The tune is ** Arthur a printed some years since is No Bland.19ii ROBIN HOOD With begging but good. Where he did behold a forester bold. ful wel I have sped . So to conclude my merry new song. 8fc. He left all his merry men waiting behind. In silver and gold so red. XX. And how Little John went a begging. Six hundred and three I have here for thee. said Little John. ROBIN HOOD AND THE RANGER: OR. Friend. Whilst through the green vallics he pass'd. And likewise the mountains of snow. 'Tis of Robin Hood. All you that delight it to sing . * No news Then ** Robin Hood took Little John by And danced about the oak tree If we drink water while this doth last. that archer good. To frolick abroad with his bow.

Where These thirteen long summers. And thus they fell to it ding dong. You'd best have a care. And so are the nimble deer too . Therefore I declare. Besides. I'll Or else it shall cost have a fat doe. sure. The very first blow that the forester gave. quoth Robin. Without more ado. Declaring the truth should be try'd. and solemnly swear. he presently drew. Likewise a broad sword by his side . . he fell down for dead. to kill a fat buck For me and my merry men me a all . fall. they broke^. For these are his majesty's deer Before you shall shoot. The Bold Robin Hood had a sword of the best. I'm My arrows I here have let fly. ru not be affronted by you» forester he had a long quarter staff. And bravely fell to it again The very next stroke their weapons Yet never a man there was «lain. For I am head forester here. . methinks it is strange should have more power than I. This forest. ere I go. said the forester then. I 199 am going. I think is my own. quoth Robin. ere he would take any wrong. 'Twas over the head. quoth Robin. . Thus.AND THE RANGER. You freely I range . He made his broad weapon cry twang. His courage was flush. the thing 1*11 dispute. O that was a damnable bang ! But Robin he soon recovered himself. he'd venture a brush.

Bold Robin he gave him very hard blows The other return'd them as fast At every stroke their jackets did smoke . Let us freely give o'er. . give thee this ring as a token of love. Robin Hood A set his bugle horn to his blast then he merrily blows .200 ROBIN HOOD staff At quarter then they resolved to play. And love him with all my whole heart. art fitting to And I'll be a yeoman for me. in him I delight. Thou Thou hand. range in the merry green wood. A ! Lo! these are And A my yeomen. art a brave fellow. And brave Robin Hood right valiantly stood^ Unwilling he was to give out. His yeomen did hear. I give . A Little John came at the head of them Cloth'd in a rich mantle of green . At length in a rage the forester grew. and strait did appear hundred with trusty long bows. them whom I entertain. Because they would have the other bout. delicate sight to be seen Now all. said bold Robin Hood. his And cudgel'd bold Robin so sore. I needs must confess I never knew any so good . and quiver also. And likewise the rest were gloriously drest. thou shalt be one of the train : mantle and bow. so shaking He cry'd. For bravely thou hast acted thy part . That he could not stand. That man that can fight. mouth. Three hours the combat did last.

the next day. The forester \villingly enter'd the list. by his side. And made a rich supper that night. be true to your trust. in wine. And then we may range the woods wide. Who never To The forester ne'er was so merry before.AND THE RANGER. As then he was with these brave souls. Broad arrows. beer. They were such a beautiful sight Then with a long bow they shot a fat doe. He marched them all on a row. Quoth he. . take off their cherishing bowls. would fail. or ale. or die My brave yeomen. For joy of another new matel delight they spent all the night. Then Robin Hood gave him a mantle of green. . They would conquer. and curious long bow : This done. liv'd at And a plentiful rate. and solemnly swear. Wi What singing and With might and dancing was in the green wood. so gallant and gay. They all did declare.

lusty young man. For this vei^ jest. brisk blade. While thorough the forest I rove. He happened to meet Little John. Pepys. For he was a Tho' he was limbs they were large. and a down . When A jolly Robin Hood was about twenty years old. " Being an account of their first meetingy their fierce cn- iounter. and conquest. If you would but listen awhile . agreement . . Arthur a BlandJ" To which is added. they quak'd at his name. vol. was seven foot high . Whereever he came. For soon he would make them to fly.m ROBIN HOOD XXI. among all the rest I think it may cause you to smile. their friendly and how he came to be called Little John. right fit for the trade. 5. call'd Little. Thackeray and others in 1689. For Robin Hood said to his jolly bowmdn. Tune This ballad is named in a schedule of such things under an agreement between IV. of. (Col. J but is here given as corrected from a copy in the « Collection of Old Ballads^'* 1723. Pray tarry you here in this grove . ROBIN HOOD AND LITTLE JOHN. his And his stature How they came acquainted. With a hey down^ down. And see that you all observe well my call. I'll tell you in brief.

^s near the brook his journey he took. We have had no sport Therefore tes now abroad Now should I be beat. truth of thy manhood to try. shoot at my Have nought but a breast. Thou dost prate For were I to bend but my bow. Well arm'd with a long bow you stand. like Quoth hold Robin Hood. staff in my hand. arrow with a goose-wing. a staff will I take. Thou To talk^st like a coward. Then IRobin Hood And Now To this stept to a thicket of trees. The for thy sake. bid them at present good b' w'ye : Then. chose him a staff of ground oak . My horn I will presently blow. quoth Robin. being done. me one blow. I'll liquor thy hide. Then for these fourteen long days^ will I go . And now. and sturdily stood. quite thro' thy proud heart. while I. The name of a coward. and cannot retreat. If thou offer to touch the string. I protest. And A They happened And Quoth I'll shew you to meet on a long narrow bridge. away he did run the ttraugeiv and merrily spoke i . Before thou -could'st strike an ass. the stranger reply*d. stranger he chanc'd to espy. did he shake hands with his merry men all. I could send a dart. With A broad The that from his quiver an arrow he dr^w. stranger reply 'd. neither of them would give way. bold Robin Hood. right Nottingham play. Therefore my long bow I'll lay by j I scorn.AND LITTLE JOHN.

This must be repaid. Then Robin enrag'd. good fellow. With a passionate fury and ire . I Lo Now . Whoever all my whole heart. The stranger he said. and so we'll away. As if they'd been threshing of corn. With At first Robin he gave the stranger a bang. Then to it each goes. in the flood. At every stroke he made him to smoke. Quoth bold Robin Hood.204 ROBIN HOOD see my staff is lusty and tough. die in your debt. 1 prithee. And floating {ilong with the tide. o where art thou now ? The stranger. that laid him full And tumbl'd him into the brook. the stranger reply'd. he cry'd. This said. So long as I To The stranger gave Robin a crack on the crown. And gave him a damnable look. more fiercely engaged. then into fury the stranger he grew. here on the bridge we will play falls in. And follow'd his blows more severe. friend. low. in laughter. Which caused the blood to appear . am able to handle a staff. I scorn in the least to give out . they fell to't without more dispute. Good faith. . And their staffs they did flourish about. And with it a blow. So hard that he made his bones ring . ril give you as good as you bring. I scorn. So thick and so fast did he lay it on him. and follow'd their blows. As if he had been all on fire. the other shall win The battle.

his stout bowmen appear'd. done. at the last he blow'd a loud blast : Straitway on his fine bugle-horn The echo of which through the vallies did fly. For needs must I say. : He is a stout fellow . if thou wilt be mine. O. John Little.AND LITTLE JOHN. the stranger reply'd. the lad which you see In fighting hath tumbl'd me in. the others reply'd . And Which pull'd himself out by a thorn . There's no one shall wrong thee. Our battel shall be at an end. . a man of good mettle Ne're doubt me. for I'll play my part* serve you with T . To shoot at the fat fallow deer. To duck him likewise but Robin Hood cries. quoth he. With thee I'll no longer contend . So strait they were seizing him there. friend. what's the matter ? quoth William Stutely. forbear. My name is all my whole heart . No matter. At which O. Thou shalt have my livery strait. jolly blade. He shall not go scot-free. All clothed in green. There's threescore and nine . So up to their master they steer'd. here I'll is my hand. I'll teach you also the use of the bow. And other accoutrements fit for a man . . most gay to be seen. thou hast got the day. Good master you are wet to the skin. Speak up. I needs must acknowledge thou art a brave soul. be not afraid These bowmen upon me do wait. 205 Then unto the bank he did presently wade. never fear.

*. may be. They presently fetch'd him a brace of fat does. . While bishops have ought in their purse. Then Robin he took the pretty sweet babe. I must tell you. With humming strong liquor likewise They lov'd what was good so. Prepare then a feast. all his bowmen. : . quoth he. with true merriment. in tlie green wood. For we will be merry. and none of the least.206 ROBIN HOOD His name shall be alter'd. So soon was ore. Which name shall be changed anon The words we'll transpose so wherever he His name shall be call'd Little John. an ell in the waste . To feasting they went. And did in this manner proceed. This pretty sweet babe they baptize. And gave him a curious long bow. high. . which stood And were This infant was called John Little. With in a ring. He A sweet pretty lad Bold Robin the was. In garments of green. : much feasting they christening grac'd. And cloath'd him from top to the toe. behold. with seven yeoman. And tippl'd strong liquor gillore. quoth he . And range in the green wood with us Where we'll not want gold nor silver. . most gay to be seen. of the Nottingham breed .* Thou shalt be an archer as well as the best. They all with a shout made the elements ring as the office . . Brave Stutely came then. had . And I will his godfather be . quoth William Stutely. goes. but seven foot And.

" The full title is " The bishop of Herefords entertainment by Robin Hood and Little John. or lords of renown. seems alluded to in the ballad of " Renowned Robin Hood." Then musick and dancing did finish the day . ever after. We feast on good cheer. he robb'd him of his gold. The bishop of Hereford was to come by. This excellent ballad. With all his company.AND LITTLE JOHN.) is supposed to be modern : the story ^ however. with wine. as long as he liv'd. At length. in merry Barnsdale" Home they will talk of bold Robin Hood. ROBIN HOOD AND THE BISHOP OF HEREFORD. so. Yet. befel in merry Barnsdale. But ru tell When As it * you how he serv'd the bishop of Hereford. ev'ry thing at our and beer. Air under the green-wood-tree. given from the common edition of Aldeiinary-church-yardy (compared with the York copy. ifc. Altho' he was proper and tall. Still Little John they did him call. nevertheless. T2 . command. XXII. 207 Without ere a foot of tree land . We live And here like 'squires. when the sun waxed low. the truth to express. Then all the whole train the grove did refrain^ And And unto their caves they did go. ale. And some of barons bold .

said bold And dress it by the highway side. With six of his men also . No pardon. Therefore make haste. kill me a good fat deer. said No pardon I thee owe . no pardon. O pardon. For before the king you shall go. the bishdp. the matter? then said the bishop. The bishop of Hereford is to dine with me And he shall pay well for his cheer. We are shepherds. kill [me] a ven'son. doings shall know : Therefore make haste. We'll a fat ven'son. Come. O what is Or for whom do you make this a-do ? Or why do you kill the king's ven'son. when the bishop of Hereford came by. They about the fire did go. And. and come along with me. Lest some other way he should ride. O pardon. said bold Robin Hood. said bold Robin Hood. O pardon. . and come along with me. Robin Hood dress'd himself in shepherd's attire. You are brave fellows And the king of your ! said the bishop. When your company is so few ? And we keep sheep all the year. day. I thee pray .«08 ROBIN HOOD AND THE Come. kill to-day. For before the king you shall go. And we will watch the bishop narrowly. For it To becomes not your lordships coat take so many lives away. Robin Hood. said bold Robin Hood. And we are disposed to be merry this And to kill of the king's fat deer.

And his foot against a thorn. put the little end to his mouth. . no pardon. said Little And throw him into his grave. have gone some other way. beer. And from underneath his shepherds coat 209 He puird out a bugle born. No pardon. *Til! threescore and ten of bold Robin's Came running all on a row : He And men All making obeysance to bold Robin Hood j 'Twas a comely sight for to see. For if I I'd had known it had been you. purse. and come along with me. said O pardon I thee pray . T 3 . master.BISHOP OF HEREFORD. master. O pardon. For methinks Lend me your And it grows wond'rous high. Then Robin he took the bishop by the hand. said No pardon I thee owe . And to drink wine. a loud blast did he blow. What is the matter. Call in a reckoning. master. I'll tell you bye and bye. For to merry Barnsdale you shall go. said the bishop. bold Robin Hood. Jobn^ O pardon." off his head. Therefore make haste. said Little John. the bishop. Then Rubin set his back against a tree. said Little John. That you blow so hastily ? *< O here And is the bishop of Hereford. and ale. Cut no pardon we shall have. And led him to merry Barnsdale He made him to stay and sup with him that night.

But the merriest month in all the year Is the merry month of May. said Little John.'* is probably one of the oldest extant of which he is the subject. '^ Robin Hoods This halladf from the York edition of garland. in the appendix. in which the ^* silly gay lady . And . this is and is intitled more ancient than most of the by its meiit to a place There are twelve months in all As I hear many say.no ROBIN HOOD RESCUING cloak. And he caused the music to play And he made the [old] bishop to dance And glad he could so get away." but even pieces here inserted. . the year. in his bootf^ XXIII. In the more common editions is a modernised " a " old woman" is converted in copy. a comely sight 'tis to see. Robin Hood took the bishop by the hand. Tho' he heartily loveth not me. Here's money enough. Then Little John took the bishop's And spread it upon the ground. ROBIN HOOD RESCUING THE WIDOWS THREE SONS FROM THE SHERIFF WHEN GOING TO BE EXECUTED. . master. It makes me in charity with the bisndp. And out of the bishop's portmantua He told three hundred pound.

Now Robin With a If cod is to link a down. tii Nottingham gone. Three squires in Nottingham ioyfUi Are condemn' d to die this day. What news hast thou for me ?" Said she. Oh. quoth bold Robin Hood. There's three squires in Nottingham town. Said he. . Was << walking along the highway. what have they done ? md Robin Hood. Now Robin Hood is to Nottingham gone. 4 What news ? what news? thou silly What news.' And there he met with a silly old palmer. I do thee pray ?" ' old man. And there he met a silly old woman. good sir. * With a link. " It's for slaying of the king's fallow deer. he Since thou made me sup and dine ? They have no Nor yet have parishes burnt. Bearing their long bows with thee. By the truth of my You could not tell body. old woman. a down." said. Was weeping on the way. * To-day are* condemned to die. ministers slain. Or have they ministers slain ? ^* ****** ******* Dost thou not mind.THE WIDOWS SONS. and a day. have they parishes burnt ? he said. and a day. Ob. I pray thee tell to me. it in better time. " What news? what news? thou silly old woman.

'' first at. thine apparel is good." Then he put on *^ tlie old man's hat. Was Then he put on the old man's breeks. bold Robin This man lov'd little pride. Here Go are twenty pieces of good broad gold. : Was patch'd from ballnp to side By the truth of my body. Then he put on the old man's cloak. He thought it no shame. he said. : Were patch'd from knee to wrist By the truth of my body. wherever you ride. Laugh ne'er an old man to scorn.212 *' ROBIN HOOD RESCUING Come change Come change is thy apparel with me. old maii^ thy apparel for mine j Here Go drink forty shillings in good silver. said bold Robin Hood^ laugh if I had any list. churl. To wear the bags of bread. the old man's hose." K. all the day long. feast thy brethren with wine. blew. . It's good habit that makes a man* . It stood full high on the crown : The bold bargain that 1 come It shall make thee come down. Then he put on the old man's shoes. Then he put on I'd can say. . it in beer or wine. And mine is ragged and torn TVhereever you go. ** Come change thy apparel with me. Were patch'd both beneath and aboon Then Robin Hood swore a solemn oath. Oh. old Come change thy apparel with mine . and red . patch'd black.

thou nimble old man. it I got it from Robin Hood. Then Robin he And jumps : I was ne'er a hangman in all my life. thou proud felWw. That's well jumpt. Of thee I have no doubt . For ** thee' blows little good. wind thy horn. said bold Robin. Till both thy eyes fall out. and pence thirteen. turns him round about. 51S Robin Hood is to Nottingham gaiie. wish that thou give such a blast. And a bag for I have a horn in And a bag bag for meal. And what To-day Oh Christ you' save. oh. J. from stock to stone By the truth of my body. And there he met with the proud sheriff. sheriff. Nor yet intends to trade .' * he said. the sheriff he said. small horn. and a bag for malt. Oh. Some suits. But curst be he. some suits. With a link a down and a down. I've a A bag for bread. Was walking * along the town. pocket. and a bag my little my for beef. some suits. Oh Christ you save and see . I set And still * when it to my mouth. for barley and corn . the sheriff he said^ Some suits I'll give to thee .THE WIDOWS Now SONS. That first a hangman was made. To-day's a hangman's fee. will will you give to a silly old your hangman be ? man Some suits." .

down.214 ROBIN HOOD The loud blast that he did blow. tripping over the lee ? They're my attendants. who are They took the gallows from the slack. famous battle between Robin Hood and ^* A maid Marian . This hallad. Oh. Tune. Maid Marian cali'd by name. ROBIN HOOD AND MAID MARIAN. XXIV. * those. brave Robin did sa They'll pay a visit to thee. of excellent worthy gallant For she was a dame. They set it in the glen. live in the BONNY Did North. and liberty. first He blew A blast that he did give. A fine maid of a noble degree. both loud and shrill .^^ is given from publications intitled an old black letter copy in the collection of Anthony H. And quickly sixty of Robin Hood's men^ The next loud He Came Come shining over the plain. down. declaring Robin Hood revived. With a hey down. ^eleas'd their own three men." their love^ life. *' Its full title is. blew both loud and amain. a down. hundred and fifty of Robin Hood's mera Came riding over the hill.' the sheriff he said. They hang'd the proud sheriff on that. which has never been inserted in any of the Robin Hoods garland. . IVood.

buckler. The earl of Huntingdon. Whose person was better than goM. With a sad and sorrowfull heart. Perplexed and vexed. 215 and beauty most rare. With quiver and bow. and Thus armed was Marian most bold. And his person did much comend. Whose beauty was clear and bright. sword. nobly born. That could surpass this country lass. and troubled in mind. That did in the country dwell. To Marian went. Twas neither Rosamond nor Jane Shore. That came of noble blood. For the absence of her friend . shee often did cry. was troubled in mind. And Marian. ki . That soon they were forced to part : To the merry green wood then went Robin Hood.AND MAID MARIAN. to find Robin out. And ranged the Mrood. to find Robin Hood. For favour and face. Shee drest herself like a page. * * But fortune bearing these lovers a spight. With finger in eye. Beloved of lord and knight. Still wandering about. all. The bravest of men in that age. poor soul. did excell : Queen Hellen shee For Marian then was prais'd of all men. with a good intent^ By the name of Robin Hood.

And Marian was wounded sore. himself had disguised. When Hood his Marian did see. And Like with kisses sweet. < Great flaggons of wine were set on the board. For Marian ancl Robin Hood. And hear the sweet uightingall sing. and At least an hour or more. All in a shaded bower. and jobbing of faces. Good Providing of gallant cheer. To kill the deer. Robin admir'd. That they prov'd foes. to a most loyall lover. to cutting they went. A stately banquet they* had full soon. with bold Robin Hood.2t6 ROBIN HOOD But Robiu Hood. They drew out their swords. self shee did quickly discover. That the blood ran apace from bold Robins face. hold thy hand. And ' wandred' in the wood. And were merry that present hour. When Marian Her did hear the voice of her love. And Marian was strangely attir*d. and make good chear. Where venison sweet they had to eat. And merrily they drunk round » * * * Their boules of sack . O hold thy hand. said Robin Hood| And thou shalt be one of my string. Whose vallour bold and so fell to blowes. what clipping was there! With kind embraces. she did him greet. Tor Little John took his bow in his hand. bold Robin lord. hee. To range in the wood.

so they did many a day. And every cup.AND MAID MARIAN. To Marian his onely dear And his yeomen all. < by tlieir' 4iands. THE KING'S DISGUISE. AND FRIENDSHIP JVITH ROBIN HOOD. For the people that dwell in the North can teU Of Marian and bold Robin Hood. Attended on bold Robin Hood. In time as I think it good . First fir Rubin Hood began a health . In sollid With They And liv'd content together they liv'd. and more desired To see both him and them. and maid Marian. tall. all to conclude an end I will make. u . They filled with speed again. without any lands. as they drank up. both conily and Did quickly bring up the For rear. their yeomen cay . Whilst thus they did remain . At last they ended their merryment. But now XXV. He much admir'd. in a brave venie they tost off the bonis. And went to walk in the wood. Where little John. King Richard hearing of the pranks Of Robin Hood and his men.

. The king himself did say Near to this place his royal grace . with one accord. said Robin Hood. And all that wish him well He that does deny his sovereignty. " Thyself thou cursedst. am bound Abbot. thought he had An abbot been whom he had seen. lords. says he. stood The king was And Robin higher than the rest. For thou a traitor art. cheer. abide to rue such knaves as you.218 THE KINGS DISGUISE. to Barnsdale Where Robin Hood prepared company to assail. says the king. But we are messengers from the king. he made good And took up his abode. To speak with thee does stay. but that you are his messenger. I wish he was in hell. He having staid there some time. To rob him he was glad. He and his lords. with a dozen of his To Nottingham he rode When he came there. Nay. I swear you lie in heart. . . All put on monk's weeds. From Fountain-abbey Down All they did ride. . . That live in pomp and pride. But had no hopes to speed. Then. God save the king. He I took the king's horse by the head.

But those who give their minds to Upou other mens due. My chiefest spite to clergy is. Taste of our green. Nay. T make my chiefest prey. I am I That . And so did all his men They thought with fear. with their fine sprunks. . more than that. before we end. Then Robin set his horn to his mouth.* That use to till the ground : * live Nor spill their blood who range the wood. in these days bear great sway . a loud blast he did blow. quoth Robin Hood. 'Till a hundred and ten of Robin Hood's men. For good king Richard's sake. iri<9 For I never yet hurt any man That honest is and true . I never hurt the husbandmen.THE KINGS DISGUISE. Came marching all of a row. The king he then did marvel much. I would not one penny take. u 2 And . says Robin Hood. he. you shall. my friend. what kind of cheer. Robin would provide for them. To follow hawk or hound. And led him to his tent : Thou wouldst not be so us'd. have met you here Come.wood cheer." Who Rut very glad. If you had as much gold as ever I told. With fryars and monks. quoth But that my king thee sent. Robin took the king's horse by the head.

a bowl of wine In his hand took Robin Hood." Tlje king himself drank to the king. said he. after tlwt. Two To And. finely mingled. Bend all your bows. And a seemly sight to see. on sea or shore. said Robin Hood. as you would do In the presence of the king. red. Within himself the king did say. And when they came bold Robin Each man did bend liis knee : before. barrels of ale. While I live in the green wood. 'tis a gallant thing. Until I die. So round about it went . pledge that health was spent. With fish out of the river : King Richard swcre. : Here's a health unto the king. O. These men of Robin Hood's More humble be than mine to me . both stout and stale. thought the king. I'll drink wine. let «s now begin And every man shall have his cann . Such sport now show. And with the grey-goose-wing.SiO THE KINGS DISGUISE. Black. Then Robin takes a cann of ale : " Come. He never was feasted belter. yellow. Most curious to be seen. carpet green . . So the court may learn of the woods. So then they all to dinner went. Upon a Veriison and fow^s were plenty there.

bold Robin said. To serve the king in every thing Would'st thou thy mind firm set? * Yes. Stand up my friend. So they flung To off their hoods. Stand up again. They swore they would spend For a clergyman was first their * bloods. such men Live not in many lands. The king no longer could forbear. Robin Hood. I'll tliee thy pardon give .' " I am the king. By cleaving sticks and wands. Love them again I shall. When I give leave to live ? So they are all gone to Nottingham. That the king did say. If I could thy pardon get. They thought the king was slain .' Which makes me hate them all. 221 They shewed such brave archery.THE KINGS DISGUISE. u 3 . serve the king in every thing. But if you will be so kind to me. That appears before you all. then says the king. Strait then he down did fall. then said the king. All shouting as they came : But when the people them did see. as they Well." When Robin saw that it was he. who can contend. my bane. < your' sovereign king. * For he was mov'd with truth. with all' my heart.

Old fields. And [thatj the truth was known. to grace. said Robin Hood. if * But that it' So much your house . take your gold again Be friends with me. They all did sing. to speak true. sfaeriif. which way* to run. Over their sticks did hop. I know what you mean. He He'd forgiven Robin Hood. And from that day. And for that cause the outlaws were come.222 THE KINGS DISGUISE. . and I with thee. The king soon did let thera understand had been in the green-wood. And for to shun. since you are beginner. For you ne'er paid for that dinner. Come. And should please the king.^ And so with every man. master sheriff. the town's our own ! I What's that Robin Hood ? then said the That varlet I do hate . And serv'd us all with one plate. Ho. folks also. God save the king Hang care. ho. thai scarce could go. The plowman left the plow in the The smith ran from his shop . To rule all as they list. [IJ know you ne'er was base. To sup with you. you are paid. Then [when] the people they did hear. * The people did not wist. for evermore. Now. Both me and mine he caused to dine. As well as you give me my due. for.

the king was a guest. who did regard The tale that he had told. my friend. supper was drest.THE KINGS The sheriff [this] could DISGUISE. Many such pranks brave Robin play'd. . liv'd in the green wood : Now. what shall I do f Art thou not sheriff for me ? The law is in force. He once was there a noble peer. But he thought 'twould have outdone him. And now he's there again. ROBIN HOOD AND THE GOLDEN ARROW. While he XXVI. attend. to take thy course Of them that injure thee. When He as the sheriff of Nottingham grief. quoth the king. To His losses to unfold king Richard. Was come talk'd with mickle no good of Robin Hood. are all They gone to London court. not gainsay. That strong and sturdy thief. 223 A For a trick was put upon him . Fal la dal de. Robin Hood with all his train . and hear an end Of honest Robin Hood. So unto London road he past. Why.

archery. the day should bear away his own proper right. Jor to enthral yon rebels all. David of Doucaster. Go take thy course with them. without all doubt. Yon match it is a wile The sheriff. Master. and how the thing To pass might well be brought. We'll go yon sport to see. Thy words do not please me ." With that stept forth a brave young man. And For Who on shaft of silver-white. said Robin Hood. I wiss. To tell the truth. Tm well inform'd.m Go ROBIN HOOD get thee gone. Come on't what will. devises Us archers to beguile. And by the way he thought Of th' words of the king. From the green wood we'll not stir. this Thou smells of a coward. came to bold Robin Hood. . . and by thyself Devise some tricking game. said he. I'll try At yon brave my skill. Tidings " Come prepare you then. Under the green-wood tree : my merry men. Those outlaws stout. That when such matches were. be rul'd by me. So an arrow with a golden head. So away the sheriff he return'd. Would be the bowmen there. For within his mind he imagined.

tie durst not now appear. here. For they should together hold They thought it no discretion. Resolving [then] with the To have a hearty bout. 225 then bespoke brave Little John. whate'er insue. Come let us thither gang Come listen to me. sheriflPs men So themselves they mixed with the prevent all suspicion . quoth the I sheriff. . Some said. Forth from the green wood they are gone. another blue . Thus iu disguise.AND THE GOLDEN ARROW. ' to' the exercise We'll gang. So bravely they do shoot. Sure none of them could pass these men. But could not Had see the sight that he^ long suspected then. but tho' he's bold. white. be^ Our mantles Behind us all of Lincoln-green will leave . Ay. if rest. 1 thought he would. . we We'll dress us all so several. Amongst eight hundred men. how it shall That we need not be ken'd. One shall wear One yellow. They shall not us perceive. If Robin Hood was And all his men to boot. and scratch'd his head. To So the sheriff looking round about. another red. thought he would have been here . With hearts all firm and stout.

Where What they report. Says Little John. For he was cloath'd in red . These outlaws there. Brave Robin Hood won. and bore with him. So the arrow with the golden head. To By shun all kinds of doubt. And shaft of silver-white. that very day. At every shot the prize he got. thou shalt well see That here was Robin Hood.«26 ROBIN HOOD ' Robin Hood to the heart. blood . Untill they all assembled were Under the green-wood shade. . For he was both sure and dead. For his own proper right. And For that was Robin Hood himself. thought he. So therefore now. no less nor more. My counsel good allow. three or four. Yon man in red But In this place has no fellow. if you'll I will advise once more. arrow away.' in pleasant sporty brave pastime they made. in As they went came out. Brown! a third cried. Ere long. Did take effect before. Bluejacket! another cried. that O word He griev'd vexed in his Some cried. all my care How that yon sheriff may certainly that his is. Brave yellow ! the fourth man said. That bore it was I. * Know Says Robin Hood.

But how must it be sent? ** Pugh when you please. . lights down." The project it was well perform'd. rav'd like one that's mad. 227 ******* ******* Thy This I advise. : . That is well advised. and hear the end Of honest Robin Hood. be you content. 'tis done with ease Master. he scratch'd And his head. to Nottingham You to the sheriff shall send. said Little John. That a letter shall be penn'd> And when it is done. wit's both quick and sound. And shoot it into the town The mark must show where it must Whenever it go. I'll . So we'll leave him chafing in * his' grease.AND THE GOLDEN ARROW. speak on. The sheriff that letter had. my friends. Which when he read. said Robin Hood. ! Speak on. said Robin Hood. Which will do him no good Now. * stick it on ray aiTow's hciad. attend.

derry derry down. Therefore they called a council of state. And fetch him away wiih speedy Therefore a trusty and most worthy knight The king was pleasM to call. or else the proud elf Shall suffer with all his crew. '* Together with an account of his] death and burial. And bid him. At length it was agreed. Robin Hood and the fifteen foresters*^ From the Tune tommon garland of Aldermary -church-yard . or else they reply'd land would be over-run. corrected by thi York copy. Go yon from hence to bold Robin Hood. without more ado. ROBIN HOOD AND THE VALIANT KNIGHT. Sir William by name. Robin Hood. Surrender himself. Having consulted a whole summer's day. The king was then told that they had been bold To his bishops and qoble peers. all^ For to (Jiiell The their pride.U^n ROBIN HOOD XXVII. When Had reigned many years. when to him he came^ He told him ** his pleasure all. and his merry meu Derry down. To know what was best to be done. Hey down. ^ Sfc. doivn. Tliat one should be sent to try the event. .

kyight. With long yew bows. I'll fijo first in With Well person. at their mercy then . And bring him alive or dead. Said he to his archers. venture my blood against bold Robin Hood. They march'd with mickle pride. bold Robin arose. In glittering armour most bright. them from me. nor stay'd they came to the green-wood side. And there on his guard he stood. Tarry here. they siiall be led . he cry'd. that never shall be. ttO Of excellent art to take thy part. And never delay'd. While I have full seven score men. and shining spears. And lie tell z . came To the tent of Robin Hood The letter he shows. quoth bold Robin Hood. 'till yield.'' Then I'll sovereign liege. said the By me My On Midsummer-day they marched away^ To conquer that brav'ie outlavv.AND THE VALIANT KNIGHT. And see you observe my call. seal'd. Your bows make ready all. We He sigu'd and need not to and if he will draw one string. Take here a hundred bowmen brave. you may follow ipe. wander'd about at length he . nor halted. They'd have But me surrender. 'Till One hundred men were chosen As proper as e'er men saw: straight. All chosen men of great might. That if need should be. the letters of my good king.

But saou return'd again. Now It He sent for a monk. last and loth to give out. tor fear of their doom. the clouds of arrows flew. At length they left off. one party they went . men. tree. Some got on board and cross'd the seas. And so did the knight. and bold. bcth hardy He olfer'd to seize him there. And others to Rome. Which William Locksley by And fortune did see. day of June. Sir "William the knight. and Spain. he was not behind Now this was a bloody fray. France. The very first flight that honour'd knight Did there bid the world adieu* And Yet nevertheless their fight did last till From morning Both almost noon . his archers they run. parties were This was on the stout.23a ROBIN HOOD. this was not a time being done. we find. To Loudon with right good will And Robin Hood he to the green-wood And there he was taken ill. to let him Who took his life away . to stay. at which came all mouth. To Flanders. blood. bid him that trick to forbear. Then Robin Hood The archers set his horn to his And blew a blast or twain. : plac'd them in battle-array Bold Robin. there in sight amain. Sir William with care he And drew up his . &c. The archers on both sides bent their bows. .

Down But not able to shoot one shot more. And when that he came to fair He knock'd all at the ring. Tune of Robin Hoods last farewel.£31 XXVIII. was taken very ill. (adopted from the London copy of the preceding ballad. have shot for many a pound: JJey down. As fast as he can win But before he came there. I am My arrows will Robin is to fair Kirkley gone. a down. she will bleed me. not flee .) in order to introduce It is here given from a collation oftico different the epitaph. as we do . But I have a cousin lives down below." This very old and curious piece is preserved solely in the editions of it is " Robin Hood's garland ^^ printed at Yorkf where made to conclude with some foolish lines. a down. When We Robin Hood and Little John^ a down. herself . Kirkley-hall. Now He hear. a down. ROBIN HOODS DEATH AND BURIAL : '* Shewing how he was taken illy and how he went to his 6ousin at Kirkley-hall^ who let him blood. &c. a doum. But none was so ready as his cousin For to let bold Robin in. "Went o'er yon bank of broom. copieSj containing numerous variations. which was the came of his death. Said Robin Hood to Little John. Please god.

Till I am blooded by thee. And let him to a private room. Nor he could not get down. Until the next day at noon. She blooded him in the vein of the arm." As he my Then Little John to fair Kirkley is gone. she said. Whilst one drop of blood would run. . And drink some beer with me? *' No. Thinking for to be gone. As fast as he can dree But when he came to Kirkley-hall. You blooded by me shall be. And there she blooded bold Robin Hood. master is near dead. He then bethought him of a casement door. He broke locks two or three. . And if you please to walk therein. And lock'd him up in the room ." Well. to his knee. There did he bleed all the live-long day. sat under the tree. then bethought him of his bugle-horn. I fear He blows so wearily. she said^ Which you did never see. He set his horn unto his mouth. cousin Robin. I have a room. And blew out weak blasts three* He Which hung low down Then " Little John.232 ROBIN HOODS Will you please to sit down. when hearing him. cousin Robin. I will neither eat nor drink. He was so weak he could not leap. She took him by the lilly-white hand.

Here lies bold Robin Hood. . hurt in woman in all Nor man my life. quoth Robin Hood. thou begs of me ? It is to burn fair Kirkley-hall. That they may say. when I am dead. And Near to the fair Kirkl^ys. Until! he r33 came bold Robin Then he fell on his knee to. Which is most right and meet. A boon. . quoth Kobin Little John. And all their Hunn. What " a boon. j my grave digg'd be. I never hurt fair maid in Nor But at give And a broad arrow I'll let flee And where this arrow is taken up. my end shall it be me my bent bow in my hand.DEATH AND BURIAL. There shall all my time. And lay my bent bow by my side.ery. now I never * nay. With a green soM under my head . Which was my music sweet And make my grave of gravel and green. That boon FU not grant thee . Which X $ . Lay me a green sod imder my head. Master." Now nay. Hood. • Let me have length and breadth enough. . cries Little John. woman's company. I beg of thee. did byld Rubin please : there they buried bold Robin Hood. These words they readily promis'd him. And another at my feet. is that boon.

liorowehode. behind. Bestad. busked. A bolt was an arrow of a particular kind. buts. ere. Ar. /ar/rom home and without a friend. Awayted. Boskyd. bidden. briskly. beshrew. lamentation. early. scamper d off. bow. table. awayte me scathe. maintain. prepare ye. basted. edf proved. Blive. make fools of them. lye in wait to do me harm. flowing. we should now say. tector. pledge. ferre and friend bestad. Asayed. bail. before. Booking. Band-dogs. Asay. Beth. sheepish or foolish. /©under. backward. B\y\e. Bon. know.iSi GLOSSARY. surety. beset. verbum A vow^. geek. put to it. destruction. Avowe. Angels. be. Rown. Bowne . both. Beforen. Baist. misery. Bear. play them a trickf Alderbest. Air. Bale. lay in wait for. sorrow. get ready. Borde. Bloschems. pieces of gold coin value 10s. belive. vow. blossoms. mischief. used for shooting at a birds. Boltys. Behote. Bolt. Baitb. Boites. prepared^ got ready. so called from their being usually tyed or chained up at night. asking. Bottys. Bescro. give them a be* Bowe. against. pledge. quickly. Ayenst. Awkwarde. immediately. as Anker. bold- briskly Bedeue. outcry. Baste. Annsetters ancestors. bough. Bound. patron. ye. betook. wit. mastives. beta* mark or at Boote. Blate. promised. went ly bound away. fast. Avow. best of all. one after another ? "Bedyng. anchorite. pouring. essayed. . Begeck. proAwayte. Borowe. woe. A wet. Borrow. help. Bestead. Ban is. moan. boured. bane. invited. Bode. hermit. ready. are. Bolte. suretyship. try- A sound f in a swoon. Avowe. juris.

e. sJiarking fellows. brook. steped ty ly. Doyt. courteous. Broke. live. commodity. merchan- Eylde. old fellow. Deyell. Can. start. dressed. shallow mirey pool. both. understood. Clouted. short cloke. hereafter. wages. i. fairly. Dree. hasty step. Fail. Donne. Card. drive. er^oy. duin artem. eyes. defend. Fende. Co vent. far. awkward^ or backward. Curteyse. Fetteled him. wanted. made him rea* dyy prepared himself. I wyll me buske. age. Een. skilfully. patched. Boyt. Ferre. Eild. upper garment. ward. Demed. keep. — Cerstyn. Cheys. one after another. Fette. give. glad. con. secret. gOf betake myself^ bnske you. Crack. Ender. horse hide. dagger. privy. dight^ dressed. devil. Dear. . Breyde. DreyfFe. doth. neatly Breyde. Cun. could. Crouse. ambush* Buske. Feardest. Chepe. Bydene. ferre dayes. Feders. Feyffe. fetched. Brook. after' temper. brand. dise. fare. See Awkwarde. hye. Chaffar. quick eryoy. with ill Dysgrate. Bushemcut. overcome. Farley. Dung. missed. chaffer. Eyr. Fair. dressed. Eftsones. set about. Jive. Cowed. carle. selE^un- Craftely. Dyght. Fered. beaten. most Coud. did. Dub. accounted. ado. year. CapuU hyde. Cote a pye. judged. Durk. peevishly. very cheap. Fe^fee. Cankardly. Fayne. Bronde. better chepe. but fail. address or prepare yourselves. feathers. Commytted. plainly. well-looking. make ready. whence our Covent-i*arden. without fail. Failyd. under. started. faith. Cla'd. stcord. fearfulest. choose. harm. Derne. knew. lived. yield. brisk. fared. christian. scratched. or use. cheaper.GLOSSARY. Fare. dun. Deythe. knew. Caward. frightened or afraid. done. has- ii5 Cutters. Fay. convent. boast. far in the day. disgraced. do. Deft. owe.

changed. means. willing. Hals. courteous. forester. manager. knave. or many thanks. took.'256 GLOSSARY. goodly. bent. cast. Her. notched. property. Forgone. Fynly. train. out. Idyght. hill. Kyrtell. splinters. goods. Lede. stuff. Fostere. grand merci. Ledesman. aught. Lefe. Hus. prO' perty. Fiiuders. Hoosband. leaiKs. Hos. Knave. Hent. hyed. given. Grome. Itake. Ibonde. thanks. waistcoat? Highed. gentle. it. Hynde. gear. courteous. way. Forsoyt. servant. God. us. haw. Het. Ichaunged. Fothe. eat. hath. Hyght. lying. journey. wholely. something. saluted. made ready. Foryete. Gree. ambleth. Kod. sworn. acquitted. goods. greeted. promised. a sort of lance. each. between Greece and grease. Ibent. Gate. Kest. Geffe. plenty. Leasynge. upper petticoat. Late. Fone. Hepe. forgoten. caught. a common man Hail. . hastened. Forbode. hail. all Iquyt. Gorney. Leffes. Housbonde. Fors. taken. Halfendell. vowed. perhaps. care. satifaction. foregOf lose. good. neck. any thing. joy. Lee. Hart of Greece. Hawt. for the sake of a quibble Iswore. Ifedered. play. foes. oak-branch or sapling ? Holy. half. falsehood. husbandman^ peasant. How. bound. quoth. hip. In fere. said. v^ap. Hayt. Hotys. nocked. whokly. no more than a fat hart. quod. tricks. Hende. oke graff. what they are called. Goy. free-born. together. Gramercy. Inocked. dight. commandment. their. feathered. lake. Graff. gentle. Hambellet. Eight. guide. gentle. en- tirely . oats. Gret. effects. Howt. Het. forsooth. Lappe. Frae. suite. foot. Frebore. truly. Gillore. Japes. dressed. Ger. plain. game f Launsgay. like. Heynd. man. Kirtle. F. from. what they hight. set at ? li" berty.

Mickle. Palmer. limits. Mouiitenaunce. light. love. Mete. Muckle. court. faithy truth. ry. Mote. Ley the. Lever. habit. The nohle was a gold coin value 6s. retinue. Mowe. See Mickle. encounter* Lene. Pavag. Ligge. measured. . live- had visited the holy-land. or trees in general. base tin' Lown. leaul^. [F. the mess. mesnie. Mote. ^37 meeting. Mow. learn. Lewtd. cups. Numbles. Myrthes. livery. provisions delivered out at a time by the butler was called a livery. little Low. out. maid. usurer. hindered. hearken. Lyne. Meythe. mers and other pilgrims was never much attended to in this country. properly. F. delivery : or quantity of portion. Meede. merriment. corruptly. called humbles or umbies : nombles. Nombles. Pauage. amount. a pilgrim who Ly veray. omit. lewL Lere. Mot. Lore. audit. fellow. it is probable that the distinction between palsign Main. Passe. Myster. ear. mister. or collectively lime trees. vessels. earth. Mo. duration. attendants. may. meet. Lowe. hear. entrails . Molde. space. Partakers. thelimeor Owthe. Let. Li 11) stop. much. reward. den villain. assembly. more. persons to take thy part. (ne wer it) were it not. Okerer. a gium. Masars. hinder . Lithe. Melhe. might. mirth. Lough. need. L. need. hilV P. NobellyB. district. bounds. mouth. tree. F. LofFe. May. stay. Ner. knave. assistants. but. lay. Lynde. cheek. might. very. loyalty. may. Loughe. 8(2. meat. Misters. force. A palmer was. extent. L.ere. midst. Pavage. Lende. from cross the palm-branch or which he bore as a of such visitation. great. Meyne. mon bcgger. toll or duty payable for the liberty of passing over the soil or territory of another : paa« Pawage. attend. r. middle. Met. 9to6Z£s. might. those parts which are usually baked in a pye: now. « a laughed. Ner. lost. The palmer in the text seems to be no more than a com* Medys. rather.GLOSSARY.

&c. Quequer. Shente. supper. strange cattle straying upon the common. the foot there be- Sle. a piece of wood in the center of the target. see. poles. in Sherwood forest (accordir^ to Blount) it is 2ifeet. a kind of Spanish wine. Soyt. Reachles. rood. quoth. Raked. Schetyng. pole. Rung. confession. Steven. Preke. prick. Stark. shoot. company. walked apace. Shroggs. Rod. Prese. quiver. hurt. pity. slain. See. " « S!ade. Voice. summer. Seker. or perch. Ripe. stiff. protect. perches. Salved. sumpter-horses. pounder or pound-keeper. Stede. Reve. righteous. ready Semblaunte. said. Screfe. just. woods. harm. unobservant. Scoper. by some odd accident. recompense. time. saw. truth. Sloo. clear. slay. mortgaged. shooting. Sclo. Speer'd. Ruth. wounded. Pinder. Sack.gss GLOSSARY. regard- Shrewde. Riped. slay. (salued?) saluted. Shrift. thorns. T/tepinder is the Schomer. ScrefFe. battle array. Sette. this Canary wine now so called. Prest. made. At some unsett Steven. low ground. Spear. ShopCj shaped. sure. receivers. Stalworthe. Reutb. Queyt. perhaps sherry. Scathe. truth. pate. Shete. " shrubs. ready. ask. the petty officer of a manor whose duty it is to impound all Scop. quit. formerly much drunk in country . Seche. briars. &c. j)ity^ compassion. Pay. but A Skaith. sheriff. take by force. Shende. Sene. staff. sooth. bailiffs. Pay. Ryglitwys. annoy. seek. battle ray. sooth. Quod. Sothe. Shrewed. scrog- gisi" P. from the sweet or * Slalward. ing 18 inches. P. Slack. Ray. hurt. Slone. Soniers. money. at least. Reves. well made. unlucky. less. semblance. G. rod. Rode. pearance. asked. Doug. very different. enquired. says. contentj satisfaction. hurt. cleansed. by mere chance* . cross. Red. is usually sixteen feet and a half. stout." Slawe. regard. harm. apto go. cleanse. scalp. slip ofgreenswerd between or plow lands. compassion. careless. At some unlouked for time.

tines. Wo worthe the. —lay wedde. Tynde. strange. Wete. Yeffell. Yend. Syth. prosper. twisted: toviiW^j F. gift. go. West. re- Tene. arrows. Wenest. Wighty. Unketh. Yeed. Yeraenry. wreaked. troth. trow. Weele. wreathed. go.GLOSSARY. sparky ray of light. then. Warden pies. woe be to thee. mortgage. ki7ui. wonnynge wau. Wen. believe. strong. trow. grief. wearing a flanel shirt. arrow. whistle. vexation. wash. doubtful. P. twined. merry vein. know. wist.'^ the clown. known. scarcely. Stint^ stop. yeomamy. Wytte. True. that issue from the main Wode. iyndes. pawn my life. snatched. particle 239 or Wed. Wedde." humour. the pointed branches Wigger wand. beam of a stag. thrive. brave venie. . lieve. revenge Wyght. Werschep. Wrack. know. respected. or deposit. stout. distress f did as he pleased with tliem. dream. thrive. be- Wight. Yede. hye. wended. Worthe. Went. afterward. Twicht. Trowet. enumerating the articles he had to provide for the sheephe shearing feast. Wonest. yon. twirled. sorrow. Whang. ouzle. jovial ling-place. Tray. Wilfulle. Yeft. tnad. says •' Wynne. destruction. trow. antlers. get» Wist. after. leathern whang. dweliest. Wroken. evil. " tjie golden Woodweele. iJnncth. wend. Sto'. Tortyll. thinkest. Takyll. uncouth. wrested sharply. gone. Whute. Win. pawn. dwelare a bird of the thrush Wan. welt them at his wyll. Wardens a species of large pears. store. afterward. vei^enced. strong. aware^ Was. go. wedde. true. Wende. went. must have saffron to colour the warden-pies. wis. pledge. ruin. In Shakspeares " Winters Tale.'* sensible. Welt. Trow. Stime. leather thong or string. Takles. Wyte. my —to in to life Sweaven. wicker wand. Wolwarde. The. Syne. well. Wys. worshipped. TreyfFe. by way of penance. ktiew. Venie. Ware. anger.

yeomanry f followers. same. same. YIke same. yike. yeomen. London. enough. together. went. rods. Yode. BUck-Horsc Court. Yever. Christmass. Yong men. Yonder. Yerdes.^4A) GLOSSARY. Ynowe. under. Yfere. ever. Yole. Yeomandry. FINI3. Printei. a^'Creery. very. . Yeomandree. very game. J.

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