Short communication Performance evaluation of producer gas burner for industrial application N.L. Panwar a,*, B.L. Salvi b, V.

Siva Reddy c a Department of Renewable Energy Sources, College of Technology and Engineering, Maharana Pratap University of Agriculture and Technology, Udaipur 313 001, India b Department of Mechanical Engineering, College of Technology and Engineering, M aharana Pratap University of Agriculture and Technology, Udaipur 313 001, India c Centre for Energy Studies, Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi 110016, India a r t i c l e i n f o Article history: Received 27 July 2010 Received in revised form 13 December 2010 Accepted 21 December 2010 Available online xxx Keywords: Biomass gasifier Combustion Industrial burner Pyrolysis Thermal application Emission a b s t r a c t The purpose of this study is to evaluate the performance of premixed type indust rial burner with producer gas, in terms of emission, axial and radial flame temperatu re. The developed burner was a concentric tube type where the air supplied through a cen tral tube, which is surrounded by another one. It having 150 kWth capacity and tested on op en core downdraft type gasifier. The burner consists of swirl vane for mixing the air an d producer gas, mixing tube and bluff body for flame stabilization. Swirl angle and bluff b ody diameter was kept constant throughout the study. Burner was evaluated with open core down draft type gasifier. In order to understand the qualitative differences in the tempera ture profile and emissions during combustion of producer gas, an experiment was conducted on threeflow rate and air-fuel ratio. Study shows low NOx and CO emission at 125 Nm3 h1 as compared to that of 75 and 100 Nm3 h1. Maximum flame temperature (753 C) was recorded at of 10 cm axial and 10 mm radial distance. ª 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. 1. Introduction Biomass energy is attracting more and more attention worldwide because it is a potentially CO2 neutral and renewable energy source [1]. It derived from the reaction between CO2 in the air, water and the sunlight, via photosynthesis, to produce carbohydrates, which form the building blocks of biomass. Typically photosynthesis converts less than 1% of the available sunlight to stored, chemical energy. The solar energy is stored in the chemical bonds of the structural components of biomass by photosynthesis. When biomass is processed efficiently, either chemically or biologically, the energy stored in the chemical bonds is released along with CO2 and water. The

process is cyclical, as the CO2 is then available to produce new biomass [2,3]. Combustion of biomass produces hot gases at temperatures around 800e1000 C [4e6]. The heat generated by burning of biomass in air (i.e. combustion) may be used to develop mechanical power or electricity using various items of process equipment, e.g. stoves, furnaces, boilers, steam turbines, turbo-generators, etc. Heating systems based on wood, fuel oil, electricity and coal/lignite are common in small industries. Environmental pollution, poor process control and high cost are some of the limitations of these systems. On the other hand, biomass * Corresponding author. Tel.: þ91 294 247 1068 (work); fax: þ91 294 247 1056. E-mail address: nlpanwar@rediffmail.com (N.L. Panwar). Available at www.sciencedirect.com http://www.elsevier.com/locate/biombioe b i oma s s and b i o e n e rgy xxx ( 2 0 1 1 ) 1e5 Please cite this article in press as: Panwar NL, et al., Performance evaluation of producer gas burner for industrial application, Biomass and Bioenergy (2011), doi:10.1016/j.biombioe.2010.12.046 0961-9534/$ e see front matter ª 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. doi:10.1016/j.biombioe.2010.12.046

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