CELL STRCTURE : ORGANELLE

Organelle is a minute structure in cytoplasm that has specific function.

ORGANELLE

CHARACTERISTIC THE LARGEST ORGANELLE HAS CHROMATIN

FUNCTION CONTROLS ALL ACTIVITIES OF THE CELL

NUCLEUS

2. VACUOLE

FLUID FILLED SAC ENCLOSED BY TONOPLAST THE FLUID IS CALLED CELL SAP

IT STORED WATER, AMINO ACID, SUGAR, MINERALS & WASTE PRODUCT SUPPORT HERBACEOUS

3.MITOCHONDRION

CYLINDRICAL SHAPE MADE UP OF TWO MEMBRANE UNITS CONTAIN HYDROLYTIC ENZYME

SITE OF ENERGY PRODUCTION

4. LYSOSOME

DIGESTION OF MATERIAL IN FOOD DIGEST BACTERIA ELIMIMINATE DAMAGE ORGANELLE TRAPS SUNLIGHT DURING PHOTOSYNTHESIS THE SITE OF PROTEIN SYNTHESIS

5. CHLOROPLAST

LENS SHAPED CONTAINS CHLOROPHYLL SMALL SHERICAL ORGANELLE EITHER ATTACHED TO RER OR FREE

6. RIBOSOME

7. CENTRIOLE

SMALL CYLINDRICAL STRUCTURE

FORMS SPINDLE FIBRES DURING CELL DIVISION IN ANIMAL CELL RER TRANSPORT PROTIEN (MADE BY RIBOSOME) TO GOLGI BODY PROTEIN ARE PACKED IN VEICLES WHICH ARE CALL TRANSPORT VESICLES SYNTHESIS OF LIPIDS DETOXIFICATION OF DRUGS & POISON

9.ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM (ER)

THE MEMBRANE OF ER ARE CONTINOUS WITH THE NUCLEAR MEMBRANE

8. GOLGI BODY

STACKS OF GLATTENED MEMBRANOUS SACS GOLGI BODY BUDS OFF & FORM SECRETORY VESICLES

COMBINE SYNTHESIS PROTEINS & CARBOHYDRATE PROCESSING, PACKAGING & TRANSPORTING ENZYME,HORMONE ,ANTIBODY & GLYCOPROTIEN

B) NON ORGANELLE 1.PLASMA/CELL MEMBRANE

CHARACTERISTIC

FUNCTION

MADE OF PROTEIN & REGULATE THE PHOSPHOLIPID MOVEMENT OF SUBSTANCES INTO & SEMI PERMEABLE OUT OF CYTOPLASM

2. CYTOPLASM

JELLY LIKE MATRIX MEDIUM WHICH ORGANELLE ARE SUSPENDED CONTAIN ORGANIC & INORGANIC SUBSTANCE.

MEDIUM FOR BIOCHEMICAL REACTIONS

3. CELL MADE OF WALL(ABSENT IN CELLULOSE ANIMAL CELL) PERMEABLE TO ALL FLUIDS

GIVE SHAPE TO PLANT PROVIDES MECHANICAL SUPPORT FOR THE

ANIMAL CELL

DIFFERENCES PLANT CELL
SIZE SHAPE CELL WALL CHLOROPLAST VACUOLE FOOD STORAGE CENTRIOLE

DENSITY OF ORGANELLE IN SPECIFIC CELLS
ORGANELLE TYPE OF CELL FUNCTIONS

1.MITOCHONDRION

SPERM CELL FLIGHT MUSCLE CELL (BIRDS & INSECTS) APICAL MERISTEMS

ENABLE THE TAIL OF THE SPERM TO SWIM CONTRACTS & RELAX FOR MOVEMENT CELL DIVISION ABSORB SUNLIGHT DURING PHOTOSYNTHESIS SECRETE MUCUS GOBLET CELL SECRETE LUBRICANT SECRETE ENZYME & HORMONE SECRETE ENZYME DETOXIFICATION

2. CHLOROPLAST

MESOPHYLL PALISADE CELL INTESTINAL EPITHELIUM RESPIROTORY TRACT ROOT CAP PANCREATIC CELL SALIVARY GLANDS

3. GOLGI BODY

4. RER

5. SER

LIVER CELL

CELL ORGANISATION.
ITEM CHARACTERISTIC AMOEBA SP. Inner cytoplasm is called endoplasm Outer cytoplasm is called ectoplasm. Move & feeds using pseudopod – false foot PARAMESIUM SP. Outer surface is covered by cilia Cilia involve in feeding & locomotion

HABITAT

Most species live in freshwater ponds & lake Amoeba can be found mostly in muddy area Paramesium in ponds which rich in decaying organic matter Gases exchange by diffusion across the body surface/ plasma membrane (takes O2 & releases CO2)

RESPIRATION

EXCRETION

Waste product are expelled by diffusion Its contractile vacuole contract to controls osmotic pressure by expeling excess water Amoeba engulf food by a process phagocytosis Amoeba feeds using pseudopodia 2 pseudopodia extand out & enclose the food particles Food particles are packaged in food vacuole & fuses with lysosome & digest with lysozimes resulting nutrients absorbed into cyctoplasm & assimilated The beating of the cilia along the oral groove sweeps water & suspended foods into cytoplasm Food vacuole is forme, foods are digested hydrolitic enzyme. Digested foods then diffuse into the cytoplasm The undigested materials are released through the anal pore.

FEEDING

LOCOMOTION

Using pseudopodium Using rhythmic beating of the cilia It moves by cytoplasmic projection This action enables by extending its the paramecium to pseudopodia. move forward while rotating & spiraling along its axis.

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