Adaptation of Plants from Different Habitats for Photosynthesis

Prepared by Boys Group 2

intro ducti on
1.

Plants from different habitats are adapted to carry out photosynthesis with two main aspects:  The distribution of stomata  The distribution of chloroplasts There are three types of plants:  Mesophytes  Xerophytes  hydrophytes

2.

Typ e 1 : m esop hytes
Examples Habitat Adaptation
Distribution of chloroplasts Many chloroplasts in the palisade mesophyll cells, spongy mesophyll cells and guard cells to carry out photosynthesis . Distribution of stomata Hibiscus Normal More stomata terrestrial or at the lower Balsam land plants that epidermis of (Impatiens sp.) live in areas the leaf to Maize (Zea where water is reduce loss of readily water through Mays) available. transpiration.

Type 2: xe rop hyte s
Examples Habitat Adaptation
Distribution of chloroplasts The stem have many chloroplasts. Photosynthesis only occurs at the stems which have chlorophyll and stomata. Distribution of stomata Plants that live Sunken stoma under arid or on the stems dry conditions. The leaves are modified to form thorns with no stomata to reduce the problem of transpiration.

Cactus Opuntia

Type 3: hyd rop hyte s
Examples Habitat Adaptation
Distribution of stomata Stomata are found on the upper surface of leaf only to allow exchange of gases. Distribution of chloroplasts Many chloroplasts in the palisade mesophyll cells of leaf.

Water surface (Nymphea sp.) (lower with large flat epidermis of leaves floating leaf on the surface of on water water) surface.

Water lily

Type 3: hyd rop hyte s
Examples Habitat Adaptation
Distribution of stomata No stomata Diffusion of gases occurs throughout the whole surface of the plant. Distribution of chloroplasts Many chloroplasts in all parts of the plant. Every part of the plant carries out photosynthesis .

Hydrilla sp. which is fully submerged in water.

In the water.