The Thinning of The Ozone Layer

Introduction of the ozone layer
• The ozone layer is a region in the stratosphere, between 17 and 25 km above the earth’s surface. • The ozone layer contains high concentration of ozone molecules, O3 that absorb ultraviolet radiation and shield organisms from its damaging effects.

Thinning of the ozone layer
• The thinning of the ozone layer is mainly due to chlorofluorocarbons (CFC). • Once in the stratosphere, CFC are broken down by ultraviolet rays. • As a result, the highly reactive chlorine radicals (Cl) are release. • These chlorine radicals break down ozone molecules, O3 in a chain reaction.

Chlorine atom

Chlorine monoxide

Oxygen gas Ozone atom

The effects of ozone depletion
• Excessive entering of ultraviolet radiation to the earth’s surface. • Lead to higher risk of skin cancer, cataracts and sunburns due to prolonged exposure to ultraviolet radiation. • Lead to the increase of the earth’s temperature. • Reduce the nutrient content and crop yields due to ultraviolet radiation.

Ways to reduce the thinning of the ozone layer
• Reduce or stop the use of CFC. For example, reduce the use of air conditioner. • Replace CFC with hydrochlorofluorocarbon HCFC and hydrofluorocarbon HFC. Unlike CFC, these gases break down in the atmosphere and return to earth in the form of rainwater.

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Director teh Bancuh
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