Roots absorbed mineral salts and transported them to all parts of the plant.

Roots have to transport
water to the plant. Water acts as a solvent and reactant in cell metabolism

NECESSITY FOR TRANSPORT OF SUBSTANCES IN PLANTS

Transport organic food materials from photosynthesis for : • energy requirement • growing regions • storage organ & other parts

Roots transport mineral ions that • required for chlorophyll synthesis • for healthy plant growth • for development

VASCULAR TISSUE
consist of

Xylem • transport water & mineral ions from
roots to the upper parts of plants. • give mechanical transport (xylem vessel)
consist * -Vessel : long, hollow, continuous tubes : strengthened by lignin deposited in various patterns. : consist of dead cells : no protoplasm to obstruct the flow of water. *# -Tracheids : less efficient in conducting water. : don’t have open ends to form a continuous hollow tube. * -Parenchyma : consisting of roughly spherical, frequently with air spaces between them. * In flowering plants # conifers and ferns

Phloem • transport organic food substances
by the leaves during photosynthesis
consist -Sieve tube : a cylindrical tube consisting of elongated living sieve tube cells. : little cytoplasm, no nucleus : sieve plate with pores separating the sieve tube cell : allows the flow of dissolved food substances -Companion : only found in flowering plant cells : adjacent and closely associated with the sieve tube cells : has a nucleus, dense cytoplasm & many mitochondria : transport manufactured food(sucrose & amino acids) from the leaf cells into the sieve tubes.

TRANSLOCATION • two directional transport, upwards or downwards of soluble food material by the phloem, from leaves to other parts. • Importance :

- the survival of a plant ( sugars and amino acids are transported to growing regions for growth and development) - for metabolism of cells when the excess is stored in organs eg: …

TRANSPORT OF SUBSTANCES IN PLANTS
TRANSPIRATION • the loss of water in the form of water vapour from a plant to the atmosphere. • mostly lost through the stomata of leaves, small amount through the cuticle & lenticels in woody stems. (replaced?) • Importance : - helps in the absorption & transport of…

PATHWAY OF WATER FROM THE SOIL TO THE LEAVES

A) ROOT PRESSURESurrounding water soil is hypotonic to sap cell of root hair,Therefore water dif into root hair by osmosis. The sap cell become hypotonic adjacent cell, then water moves again to the n cell. Concentration gradient existed & & create a force call root pressure.

B) TRANSPIRATION PULL During the day, water evaporate from mesophyill cell into intercellula Space in the leaves. From here water vapour diffuses to surrounding air through stomata Transpiration & pull up water from the soil, the force is call transpira pull.

C) CAPILLARY ACTION Is combine force of cohesion & adhesion which enable water move up along the xylem vessel. Cohesion is the attraction of one molecule to other molecule of water