Chapter 9

Greenhouse effect and thinning of ozone layer

The greenhouse effect
• When sunlight enters the earth’s atmosphere, some of it’s radiation is reflected back. • Some are absorbed by the earth and warms the sea and land surface. • Heat from warm earth surface is reflected back. • Not all of this heat escape into space as some of them are trapped in the atmosphere by greenhouse gases.

• At the same time, the heat is radiated back to the earth and this cause the earth to become hot • However bad it is, it still good to us as it prevent the earth from freezing. • Greenhouse gases are made up of methane, nitrous oxide, low level ozone and water vapour. • Most of these gases occur naturally. However most of them are produced by human activity.

The greenhouse effect
• Global warming • Melting of ice at north and south poles. • Drastic climate changes