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HORMONE

HORMONE

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Published by ridwan
negative feedback, regulation, and others
negative feedback, regulation, and others

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Published by: ridwan on Aug 16, 2008
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11/27/2012

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ENDOCRINE SYSTEM

ENDOCRINE GLAND
Pituitary Gland

HORMONE
ADH

FUNCTION
Stimulate kidney to reabsorb water from collecting tubule Stimulate ovulation Stimulate development of mature egg & sperm Stimulate Thyroxine hormone secretion from Thyroid gland Stimulate growth & protien synthesis Regulate the body metabolism & help in normal physical & mental development Increase heart rate, breathing rate, blood pressure, blood flow to muscle & glucose level.

(Antidieuretik) LH FSH
TSH

(Thyroid Stimulating hor
Growth

Hor.

Thyroid Gland Adrenal Gland

Thyroxine

Adrenaline

ENDOCRINE GLAND
Pancrease Gland

HORMONE
Insulin

FUNCTION
Stimulate the conversion of excess glucose into glycogen & stored in liver Lower the level of glucose in blood Stimulate the breakdown of glycogen to to glucose Increase theglucose level in blood Stimulate development of female reproductive sys. Stimulate the secondary sexual characteristic Prepare the uterus for implanting of embryo.
Stimulate

Glucagon

Ovaries Gland

Estrogen

Progesterone

Testis Gland

Testosterone

sperm production & development

of testis Stimulate secondary sexual characteristic in male

What Regulate The Secretion of Hormone
1.Regulated By Another Hormone

Thyroid Gland produces Thyroxine hormone regulate by of TSH

5.Regulate BY nervous system

Hypothalamus receive nerve impulse from receptor & stimulate pituitary gland to realese hormone such as ADH.

9.Regulate by the level of certain substances

When the blood glucose level increase, pancrease secrete insulin to convert glucose to glycogen.

HORMONAL IMBALANCE & RELATED DISEASE
Types of hormone
Growth

Under Secretion
Dwarfism

Over Secretion
Abnormal

The organs of the person often fail to grow & size of the body is like that of a child.

increase in the length of bones & the person grows tall During adulthood, causes acromegaly wherethe bones, hand, cheeks & jaws ticken & tissue enlargement.
Increase

Thyroxine

Cretinism

Mental retardation in child Adulthood, causes myxedema symptom are: Slow heart rate, low body temp., gain weight easily

metabolic rate Excessive sweating,nervousness rapid heart rate Thyroid gland enlarge cause goiter

Types of hormone Insulin

Under Secretion

Over Secretion

Hyperglycaemia caused by high level of glucose & lack of insulin production.

Hypoglycaemia caused low level of glucose.

Common Common symptoms are: symptoms : Increase frequency of Fatique, insomnia, urination. mood swing &, nervousness Excessive thirst, Fainting spell blurred of vision
ADH

Patient excretes large amount of urine Excessive thirst & drink frequently.
Diabetes insipidus)

High retention of water in the body (Oedema)

HOMEOSTASIS IN HUMAN

THE REGULATION OF PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL FACTORS OF THE INTERNAL ENVIRONMENT IS KNOWN AS HOMEOSTASIS. NEGATIVE FEEDBACK MECHANISM IS INVOLVE TO CONTROL: CHANGES IN BLOOD OSMOTIC PRESSURE BODY TEMPERATURE BLOOD PH BLOOD GLUCOSE LEVEL

4. 5. 6. 7.

The end…
Bye-Bye!! See you next time. Don’t forget to study…!

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