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Sections

  • Preface
  • Staff Holding Administrative Positions
  • Abbreviations
  • 1.2 Staff involved in the Management of PhDs
  • 1.2.4 The Postgraduate Coordinator/Director
  • 1.2.5 The School Research/Postgraduate Committee
  • 1.2.10 Research and Postgraduate Studies Office
  • 1.2.11 The Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Research)
  • 2.1 The Place of the PhD Degree in the University
  • 3.1 Initial Approach to the School and the University
  • 4.2 Research involving Confidential or Sensitive Material
  • 4.3 Research Proposals from Scholarship Holders
  • 4.4 External Party Involvement in the Support of Research Students
  • 11.0 Research Funding and Financial Support
  • 11.4 Externally-funded Scholarships and Grants
  • 12.3.1 Seeking Assistance from the Administrative Supervisor
  • 12.3.2 Seeking Assistance from the Associate Dean
  • 12.3.3 Seeking Assistance outside the Faculty
  • 12.4 Resolving Administrative Difficulties
  • 13.2 Guide to the Presentation of Theses
  • 13.2.6 Photographic and Colour Copy Illustrations
  • 13.3.1 Temporary Binding for Examination
  • 13.4 Availability and Withholding of Access to Theses
  • 13.4.3 Copyright and Intellectual Property
  • 14.3 Submission
  • 14.4 Examination
  • 14.7 Conduct of Oral Examination
  • 14.8 Report on the Oral Examination
  • 14.9 Minor Amendments and Revisions
  • 14.9.1 Minor Amendments
  • 14.9.2 Revisions
  • 14.9.3 Disputes about Revision
  • 14.10 Revision and Re-Submission of Thesis for Second Examination
  • 15.0 The University Community
  • 15.1 Introduction
  • 15.2 Values and Ethos
  • 15.3 Collegiality
  • 15.4 The VUW Postgraduate Students’ Association
  • 15.5 Rights and Obligations Regarding Conduct
  • 15.5.1 The Statute on Student Conduct
  • 15.5.2 The Policy on Staff Conduct
  • 15.5.3 Formal Procedures
  • 16.0 University Student Services
  • 16.1 Student Services Group
  • 16.1.1 Accommodation Service
  • 16.1.2 Career Development and Employment
  • 16.1.3 Counselling Service
  • 16.1.4 Childcare
  • 16.1.5 Disability Support Services
  • 16.1.6 Kaiwawao Maori/ Maori Student Services Adviser
  • 16.1.7 MAI Ki Poneke
  • 16.1.8 Financial Support and Advice
  • 16.1.9 Student Health Service
  • 16.1.10 Student Learning Support Service
  • 16.1.11 Victoria International
  • 16.1.12 Alumni Association
  • 16.1.13 Court of Convocation
  • 16.2 Student Union Complex
  • 16.2.1 Student Union Building
  • 16.2.2 Recreation Centre
  • References
  • Appendix 1: Summary of Tasks and Responsibilities
  • Appendix 2: Summary of Role Responsibilities

Contents
Preface Staff Holding Administrative Positions Abbreviations 1.0 Introduction 1.1 1.2 Aims of the PhD Handbook Staff involved in the Management of PhDs 1.2.1 The Supervisors 1.2.2 The Administrative Supervisor 1.2.3 The Head of School 1.2.4 The Postgraduate Coordinator/Director 1.2.5 The School Research/Postgraduate Committee 1.2.6 The Associate Deans 1.2.7 The Faculty Office 1.2.8 The PhD Convener 1.2.9 The Research Degrees Committee 1.2.10 The Research and Postgraduate Studies Office 1.2.11 The Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Research) 2.0 Background to the PhD 2.1 2.2 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 The Place of the PhD Degree in the University Academic Requirements of PhD Study Initial Approach to the School and the University Developing a Proposal Provisional Registration The Research Period Writing-Up and Submission Examination Flowchart Summary Initial Proposal Research involving Confidential or Sensitive Material Research Proposals from Scholarship Holders External Party Involvement in the Support of Research Students The Appointment of Supervisors The Administrative Supervisor Changes to the Supervisory Team Supervisor Training External Supervisors 7 8 9 10 10 10 10 10 11 11 11 12 12 12 12 12 12 13 13 13 15 15 15 15 15 16 16 17 18 18 18 19 19 20 20 20 20 20 21

An Outline of the Process

Research Proposals

Supervisors

PhD Handbook

1

2 Providing Academic Guidance 7.13.10 Facilitating Administrative Compliance 7.6 6.13 Confirmation of Full Registration 6.2.20 Concurrent Study 6.0 Supervision Protocols 7.2.0 Formal Admission and Registration Requirements 6.3 Scheduling Meetings 7.12 Move from Provisional to Full Registration 6.2.7 Six-monthly Progress Reports 7.2.2 6.12 Encouraging Publication 2 PhD Handbook .5 6.10 Period of Overseas Research 6.17 Maintenance of Registration 6.4 Milestones 7.6 Identifying Problems 7.2.13.1 6.7 6.9 Encouraging Academic Contacts 7.18 Registration and Other Work 6.3 Approval 6.9 Admissions Criteria Conversion of a Master’s Degree to a PhD International Students Applications to Register Approval of Provisional Registration Enrolment and Payment of Fees Annual Re-enrolment Attendance at University and Study at a Distance Employment 22 22 22 22 23 23 23 23 23 24 24 24 26 26 26 27 27 28 28 28 29 29 29 29 29 30 31 31 31 31 31 32 32 32 32 32 33 33 33 34 34 6.2.1 Assessing the Student 7.1 7.15 Duration of Registration 6.3 6.2.8 Supporting the Student 7.2.4 6.11 Collaborating Institutions 6.19 Extensions and Suspensions of Registration 6.21 Change of Title 6.2 Presentation of the Proposal 6.2.5 Providing Feedback 7.2.22 Conversion of a PhD to a Master’s Degree 7.6.2 The Role of Supervisors The Responsibilities of Supervisors 7.2.16 Notification of Changes to Registration 6.14 Date of Registration 6.8 6.11 Assisting Examination Arrangements 7.13.1 Full Research Proposal 6.2.

5 ITS Student Help Desk Service 9.1 Planning the Research 7.13 Support for Supervisors 7.4 Accessing the Network 9.2 Minimum Resources Agreement 9.3.3.2.1 8.2 Actively Pursuing the Research 7.6 Other Libraries 10.6 Meeting Ethical Guidelines 7.4 8.3 8.2 8.1 Responsibilities of the Head of School 9.4 Identifying Problems 7.3 Participating in University Intellectual Life 7.1 Lending Services 9.0 8.3.3.3.2 Statistical Advice 10.5 Facilitating Administrative Compliance 7.3.2.1 Student Learning Support Service 10.3.1.2.3 Registration as an ITS Client 9.Te Pataka Korero 9.1.2 Reference and Research Services 9.3.3.1 Statistical Packages Research Ethics 34 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 36 36 36 37 37 37 37 37 38 39 39 39 39 39 39 39 39 40 40 40 40 40 41 41 41 42 42 43 43 43 43 Research Resources PhD Handbook 3 .3.4 8.5 Specialised Collections 9.2 Information Technology Resources 9.9 Publishing 7.7 Giving Notice of Submission 7.1.3 Research Seminars 9.1 Evaluation of Research Supervision Human Ethics Committee Human Ethics Approval for Research Animal Ethics Committee Authorship and Acknowledgement Guidelines Appropriate Conduct in Research School Resources to Support PhD Candidates 9.5 9.3 Financial Assistance 9.2.1 Introduction 9.3 The Responsibilities of Candidates 7.4 Inter-Library Loan and Document Delivery 9.2.3.7.3.2.3.0 Research Advice 10.3.2 Range of services 9.3.0 9.3 The University Library .8 Submitting the Thesis 7.2.

6 Official Information Act 1982 14.4 Resolving Administrative Difficulties 13.1 Public Availability of Theses 13.1 University Scholarships 11.3 Format 13.3 Seeking Assistance Outside the Faculty 12.3.3.3 Copyright and Intellectual Property 13.5 Research Grants 11.2 Citation style 13.4 Pagination 13.2 Deposit 13.2 Early Submission 44 44 44 44 44 45 45 45 46 46 46 46 47 47 47 47 48 49 49 49 49 50 51 51 51 51 51 52 53 54 54 54 54 54 54 55 55 56 59 59 59 4 PhD Handbook .2 PhD Submission Scholarships 11.3.1 Temporary Binding for Examination 13.2.8 Computer Use 13.1 Seeking Assistance from the Administrative Supervisor 12.1 Appointment of Examiners 14.2.4.5 Paper 13.3.2 Permanent Binding of the Thesis 13.1 Introduction 12.1 Layout 13.2.4 Withholding Access to Theses 13.2.2 General Principles 12.0 The Thesis 13.2.2.0 Research Funding and Financial Support 11.2.4 Externally-funded Scholarships and Grants 11.2 Seeking Assistance from the Associate Dean 12.11.3.1 Introduction 13.6 Loans and Allowances 11.3 Doctoral Completion Awards 11.9 Specimen Layout of Title Page 13.0 The PhD Examination 14.4 Lodging a Formal Grievance 12.6 Photographic and Colour Copy Illustrations 13.4.3 Binding 13.7 Tutoring and Demonstrating 12.2.4.4 Availability and Withholding of Access to Theses 13.4.3.3 General Guidelines 12.0 Resolution of Problems 12.7 Length 13.2 Guide to the Presentation of Theses 13.4.2.

9.5 Examination of the Thesis 14.3 Submission 14.9 Student Health Service 16.1.9.6 Arrangement of Oral Examination 14.2.10 Student Learning Support Service 16.1.2 Career Development and Employment 16.5.1.5.1.1 Student Union Building 16.1.1 The Statute on Student Conduct 15.3 Counselling Service 16.2 Recreation Centre References Appendix 1: Summary of Tasks and Responsibilities Appendix 2: Summary of Role Responsibilities Appendix 3: Statute for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy PhD Handbook 59 61 62 63 63 63 64 64 64 65 65 66 66 66 66 67 67 67 68 68 69 69 69 69 70 70 70 70 70 71 71 71 72 72 72 72 72 73 74 75 77 86 5 .1.9.1.8 Financial Support and Advice 16.9 Minor Amendments and Revisions 14.5 Disability Support Services 16.2 The Policy on Staff Conduct 15.7 Conduct of Oral Examination 14.7 MAI Ki Poneke 16.1 Student Services Group 16.1 Introduction 15.4 Childcare 16.1.0 The University Community 15.8 Report on the Oral Examination 14.1.5.10 Revision and Re-Submission of Thesis for Second Examination 15.5 Rights and Obligations Regarding Conduct 15.1.3 Formal procedures 16.2.3 Disputes about Revision 14.4 The VUW Postgraduate Students’ Association 15.4 Examination 14.11 Victoria Interntational 16.1.2 Values and Ethos 15.14.12 Alumni Association 16.1 Minor Amendments 14.1 Accommodation Service 16.2 Student Union Complex 16.0 University Student Services 16.1.3 Collegiality 15.2 Revisions 14.13 Court of Convocation 16.1.6 Kaiwawao Maori/ Maori Student Services Adviser 16.

ac.nz/postgradlife The PhD Handbook was updated by the Research and Postgraduate Studies office in 2008. there are things you will need to know before you read the PhD Handbook. tel 64 4-463-5350. email victoria-international@vuw. Postgraduate Student Website PostgradLife is a student-centred website that aims to provide students with ‘everything they need to know’ about postgraduate study at Victoria. Web access to policy information and the guidelines referred to in the PhD Handbook can be viewed at: www. it offers practical advice and support.nz.nz/ international/.nz/home/ about/newspubs/universitypubs/phd_handbook.victoria.victoria.nz/home/about/policy/research.International Students If you are an international student who is not currently enrolled. Comments and suggestions for improvements are welcome: researchoffice@vuw.ac.ac.victoria. As well as linking directly to relevant sites.aspx The web version of the Handbook is likely to contain any recent updates or changes and can be downloaded directly at www.ac.ac.pdf 6 PhD Handbook . and a forum for students to post details about their research online www.ac. Please contact Victoria International www.victoria.nz.

I hope that the information presented in this handbook will help to ensure that your experience as a PhD student at Victoria is a well-rounded one. but we would also like you to realise that study for this degree poses exciting challenges and holds out the prospect of significant (and well-earned) rewards. Parts of the Handbook draw attention to the amount of effort and time you will have to commit to completing your PhD. intellectually stimulating and ultimately. In addition to these intrinsic benefits. study undertaken for your PhD will provide you with what could be termed ‘extrinsic’ opportunities to improve yourself professionally. PhD theses are evaluated by international standards.Preface To the Candidate On behalf of Victoria University of Wellington. These skills provide the basis for further academic work and they are also likely to be invaluable in a wide range of other occupations. pastimes and forms of community service. The Handbook offers you and your supervisor guidance on many aspects of the process of supervised research. The information provided in the Handbook is governed by the PhD Statute and policy of the University. During the course of your research you will build upon your previous education and training to work at the highest scholarly level and produce a thesis that will make a significant contribution to your discipline. theorising. rewarding. and verbal presentation skills. You will develop and demonstrate skills in research. These are important issues. written communication in the language of your discipline. I would like to welcome you to your PhD studies at this institution. Neil Quigley Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Research) PhD Handbook 7 . The PhD Handbook is an important dimension of the support we provide for all our students enrolled at doctoral level. We know from the research that students are more likely to complete their degree if they develop academic and social connections with their peers. which is a distinctive feature of study for this degree. so the award of this degree is a mark of truly global academic distinction. and that it will be enjoyable. Many of the rewards of study for the PhD degree are what we might call ‘intrinsic’. organising your work and time. often by examiners from around the world. they are a consequence of your commitment to undertake intensive original work in your chosen field of study. as well as spending serious and concentrated time on their studies. analysis.

nz or through VUW Students’ Association 0-4-463 6716 Contacting VUW staff All extension numbers beginning 5xxx or 6xxx may be dialled from outside the University by adding the prefix 463. Kristina McGuiness-King. Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Research). x9598. PhD Adviser Science. Associate Professor Allison Kirkman. these details are correct. Professor Neil Quigley PhD Convener.nz 8 PhD Handbook . x5192 Law. Professor Tony Angelo. x6324. Professor George Baird. Office of Assistant Vice-Chancellor (Academic). x6231. x5619 Research Manager.vuwsa. Johann Barnard. x5087 Education. x8068. Postgraduate Coordinator Commerce and Administration.org. Robert Stout Building. Jenny Christie. x6975 Science. Lois Baillie. Dr Theresa Sawicka. x9569 Humanities and Social Sciences. x5023. Alison Munro. Jon Everest. Room 207 VUWSA Education Coordinator. Room 205 Facilitator and Disputes Adviser. Professor Luanna Meyer. Sandra Crews. Professor of Research Humanities and Social Sciences.Staff Holding Administrative Positions At the time of publishing. x6112 Scholarships Manager. Faculty Offices Architecture and Design.nz x6984. Associate Dean (Students) Managers. Professor Sally Davenport. x5144. x7493 Associate Deans and Delegated Authorities Architecture and Design. x5676. Individual staff email addresses follow the form: firstname. Student Union Building. Extension numbers beginning 8xxx may be reached by calling the automated attendant on 0-4-463 5233. then dialling the extension required.org.ac. Deputy Dean Law. Shona de Sain. Jenny Calder-Smith. x5191.lastname@vuw. x5980 Other advice and support Senior Academic Policy Adviser. Sandra France. 14 Wai-te-ata Road. sandra. Professor Laurie Bauer. but users should refer to the website for any updates. Ground floor. Convener of the Research Degrees Committee. x5190 Postgraduate Research Coordinator. Associate Dean (Graduate Studies and Research) Education. www.crews@vuwsa. x6217 Commerce and Administration. Philippa Hay.

Enrolling. Supervising and Examining Candidates Research Degrees Committee (a committee of the Academic Board) Student Computing Services School Research/Postgraduate Committee (the committee in each school responsible for advising the HoS on research and postgraduate matters) University Research Committee University Teaching Development Centre Victoria University of Wellington Victoria University of Wellington Students’ Association URC UTDC VUW VUWSA PhD Handbook 9 .Abbreviations AVC (Academic) CRI DVC (Research) HEC HoS PG Coordinator PGSA PhD Convener PhD Statute PhD Policy RDC SCS SRC Assistant Vice-Chancellor (Academic) Crown Research Institute Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Research) Human Ethics Committee Head of School Postgraduate Coordinator Postgraduate Students’ Association Convener of the University’s Research Degrees Committee Statute for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy PhD Policy: Approving.

The appointment of supervisors is outlined in Chapter 5. 1. The supervisors may be appointed as ‘primary supervisor’ and ‘secondary supervisor’. PhD supervisors. 10 PhD Handbook . inform PhD candidates of the resources and services available at the University to support their research.0 Introduction 1. The Administrative Supervisor is normally the first source of advice for the supervisors. The Administrative Supervisor is responsible for the School/Faculty paperwork involved in the candidacy (e.2 Staff involved in the Management of PhDs Many staff are involved in the management of each PhD candidacy. each PhD candidate will have an Administrative Supervisor who is usually the head of the school of registration.ac. • The Handbook is published every two years. The descriptions given here are introductory and more detailed information is provided later in the Handbook and in the appendices. and the role of supervisors is discussed more fully in Chapter 7. The administrative responsibilities for PhD students are routinely delegated by the Head of School to the School Research/Postgraduate Committee or to another member of staff. Heads of Schools and Associate Deans with guidelines for the academic management of the PhD degree. but the PhD Policy and Statute are updated more frequently.aspx 1. The most recent versions of these documents may have significant differences from the Handbook and should be referred to at www.2.victoria.g.1 Aims of the PhD Handbook The aims of this handbook are to: • provide PhD candidates. or both supervisors may ‘co-supervise’ a candidate. 1.1 The Supervisors Supervisors are the staff members appointed by the University to take academic responsibility for guiding a PhD candidate during the period of research and writing up.1.nz/home/about/policy/research. for ensuring that six-monthly progress reports are provided).2. The person who fulfils the role of the Administrative Supervisor varies from faculty to faculty. Each candidate works under the guidance of two supervisors.2 The Administrative Supervisor In addition to two academic supervisors. and the first source of advice beyond the supervisors for the candidate. School Postgraduate Coordinators often fulfil this role and they also serve as the initial point of contact for potential PhD students. In Appendix 1 there is a summary of key tasks and responsibilities and Appendix 2 has a summary of key role responsibilities for quick reference.

which vets thesis proposals and provides advice on issues of postgraduate student management. overseeing acceptance of a candidate within a school. The HoS (or school administrator) will be able to direct students to the appropriate PG Coordinators.4 The Postgraduate Coordinator/Director The Postgraduate Coordinator in each school is responsible for providing information and guidance to prospective and enrolled PhD students and supervisors within a subject area. Regardless of whether the HoS has this role. vetting initial research proposals in conjunction with the School Research Committee (SRC). ensuring that the candidate has two supervisors. providing advice and support for supervisors.2. • • • • • • • • • • • • The PG Coordinator may also run research seminars and be a member of the SRC. In each school. the HoS is assisted by a School Research/Postgraduate Committee.5 The School Research/Postgraduate Committee The School Research/Postgraduate Committee (SRC) is responsible for management of PhD candidature in the School.3 The Head of School The Head of School (HoS) role varies from faculty to faculty and from one school to another. providing candidates with university and additional school-specific criteria for progressing from provisional to full registration. 1. Schools appoint Postgraduate Coordinators (PG Coordinators) to manage postgraduate matters. referring prospective candidates to possible supervisors.2. ensuring that records are kept and six monthly progress reports are monitored. responding to student queries and concerns. ensuring that the candidate has a copy PhD Handbook. In some cases. 1. In the Faculties of Humanities and Social Sciences. and managing all administrative procedures with school administration staff. PhD Handbook 11 . overseeing the transfer of a candidate from provisional to full registration. Roles include vetting thesis proposals and developing guidelines in addition to the University criteria for the movement from provisional to full registration. liaising with the Associate Dean over progress. Education and Science. the HoS will normally be the Administrative Supervisor. this task is delegated to another member of staff.2. they will have responsibility for making recommendations on supervisors to the Associate Dean and for approving the arrangements for access to school facilities for PhD candidates. Specific responsibilities include: • discussing potential research projects with a candidate and making decisions about their suitability.1.

the Associate Deans have responsibility for approving provisional registrations.1.ac.7 The Faculty Office The appropriate Faculty Office is the central processing and service centre for all administrative details related to the PhD candidature. The Faculty Office should be able to provide any information required about these administrative processes . confirming registrations and granting extensions and suspensions. assesses examiners’ reports. 12 PhD Handbook . 1. 1. In all faculties. They also have an advisory role.11 The Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Research) The Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Research)(DVC (Research) is responsible for the development of the University’s research policies.see page 8 for contact details. considers examiners’ reports and makes a decision concerning the examination result. The Associate Deans (see page 8 for contact details) will normally consult with supervisors and Administrative Supervisors on such matters. Academic grievances concerning PhD candidacy are dealt with by the Assistant Vice-Chancellor (Academic) who will consult with the DVC (Research). sending the thesis to examiners. liaises with schools and faculties and provides advice and assistance in support of staff and student research. and official notification of results. Administrative Supervisor or the Head of School.6 The Associate Deans In each faculty an Associate Dean or delegated authority is responsible for the approval of all administrative decisions and for all academic matters related to the PhD degree programmes of candidates within their faculty.2. the appointment of Honorary Research Associates as external supervisors and chairs the University Research Committee.2. grants extensions and suspensions for candidates over five years and makes a decision concerning the examination result on behalf of the RDC. 1.victoria.10 Research and Postgraduate Studies Office The Research and Postgraduate Studies office assists in the formulation of policy. The areas of responsibility of the Faculty Office include the administration of registration. The office can provide information and advice on university research policy and procedural matters that may arise in the course of a PhD candidature. Further information is available at http:// intranet. receipt of the thesis.8 The PhD Convener The Research Degrees Committee (RDC) is convened by the PhD Convener. fees. supports research administration in the University (including scholarships).2.nz/research-office/ 1.2.2.9 The Research Degrees Committee The Research Degrees Committee (RDC) of the Academic Board has responsibility for ensuring that the processes concerning the PhD are appropriately consistent across the University. extensions. suspensions. 1. The PhD Convener approves the examination arrangements for PhDs in consultation with the relevant Associate Dean.2. They may also be consulted about problems relating to PhD candidacy if matters cannot satisfactorily be resolved at the School or Faculty level. funding and grievances which have not been dealt with by the PG Coordinator. and should normally be the first person to be approached with any matters relating to supervision. who is appointed by the Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Research). The RDC approves the examination arrangements for PhDs in consultation with the relevant Associate Dean. receipt of six-monthly progress reports.

Candidates are expected to demonstrate a capacity for independent research and an ability to make a substantial contribution to knowledge and understanding in their field. This includes taking an appropriate part in school or faculty PhD Handbook 13 . The University has a commitment to build upon an already high national and international reputation in many fields of research through a range of strategies. ability to work independently. and are advised to develop strategies to minimise their impact.1 The Place of the PhD Degree in the University The PhD is the highest degree awarded by the University for research work carried out under the immediate supervision of its staff or.ac. Experience shows that candidates are unlikely to succeed unless they have a strong interest in a substantial research project and a commitment to complete the project.nz/council/publications. if the Library has adequate resources to support the research. and good writing ability. A copy is held in the main collection of the Library. Heads of Schools hold copies of the Charter and the current Strategic Plan. in approved circumstances. prospective candidates need to be aware of likely problems. thus enhancing the chances of success.victoria. These documents are available on: www. The enhancement of research is recognised in the University as a vital element in its national and international responsibilities. but who are proposing to write their thesis in English. htm 2. Research is fundamental to the University. A candidate will only be accepted for a PhD if the School concerned is satisfied that it can provide adequate supervision and resources for the proposed topic. Although it may seem obvious. These are the standards which will be used in the examination of the thesis. and if the proposal meets the University’s ethical standards. only if the University can meet the candidate’s research needs will the relationship be mutually beneficial. A full description of the University’s mission and values is set out in the University Charter. ability to evaluate one’s own work. willingness to respond effectively to advice and criticism. It is also expected that candidates will make a contribution to the ongoing intellectual life of the School in which they are registered. including the provision of an environment which fosters postgraduate students and postgraduate training. staff of other institutions.0 Background to the PhD 2. willingness to work within the scholarly tradition. Stable financial and personal circumstances are also important factors in success. candidates may also be admitted on other criteria at the discretion of the Associate Dean on the recommendation of the School. persistence in the face of setbacks.2. The PhD candidature involves a commitment from candidate. It is particularly important for candidates whose first language is not English. the PhD degree is a key part of the University’s research activity and training. While it is possible to succeed in spite of difficulties in some of these areas. to demonstrate proficiency in writing English. The University acknowledges a responsibility to ensure that candidates for the PhD degree work in an appropriate intellectual and academic environment. it is also necessary for a candidate to be sure that they have the time available to undertake the research. However. These requirements are for the protection of both the candidate and the University.2 Academic Requirements of PhD Study Candidates for the PhD are normally expected to have obtained a first or second class pass in an Honours degree or a Master’s degree. supervisors and the University which extends over some years. Other qualities which have been found to be important to success include the following: self-discipline (particularly in relation to work habits).

activities.2 (b)). it takes at least 36 months to complete a satisfactory research project and write it up. the PhD is assessed entirely on the presented thesis. For half-time candidates. Permission is required to enrol in any additional papers (see 6. The minimum period of enrolment for half-time candidates is 36 months (PhD Statute 4. Apart from such papers as the School may consider necessary. Candidates can expect that schools will make such opportunities for participation available. At Victoria University of Wellington.20). the total period for completion will. both formal and informal. email and other forms of informal discussion. 14 PhD Handbook . to obtain background necessary to aspects of their PhD research. of course. or simply to attend certain lectures. Occasionally a school will ask a candidate to undertake certain papers. be longer. The results from such papers do not form part of the final assessment of the PhD. candidates are discouraged from attempting any other academic study together with a PhD because of the demands of a PhD thesis. and exchanging ideas with staff and other students through seminars. The minimum period of enrolment is 24 months but in the majority of cases.

and details of any funding which has been obtained or which is being sought. a curriculum vitae. Victoria University of Wellington (VUW) schools have web pages detailing degrees offered. particularly showing evidence of prior research experience. the prospective candidate will be invited to submit an initial research proposal. and whether the School is able to provide adequate supervision and resources. There are likely to be periods of great progress.3. PhD Handbook 15 . unmotivated and unable to clearly map out the next step. candidates will need to supply: • • • • academic background information. the opportunity to take stock of progress. and that the School is able to provide adequate supervision and resources. to maintain close contact with. the candidate will be registered provisionally for a period of 12 months. Such written reports allow a better assessment of progress and can also serve as the basis for the final thesis. This will enable the School to make an initial assessment of whether a candidate has a suitable academic background. 3. and above all to realise that most other students experience the same difficulties and are able to work effectively through these and progress to completion. They are encouraged to try to develop an organised work system. This may be backdated to include the time spent developing the proposal.10). During the period of enrolment. These give candidates.13). scholarships. but candidates should also prepare themselves for moments when they feel overwhelmed. At this stage.victoria. The VUW website www.3 Provisional Registration When the proposal is accepted. for example. as well as supervisors.nz is an excellent starting point for those interested in gathering information on what the University and each school has to offer. See Chapter 8 for information regarding ethical approval. registration will be confirmed within 15 months (see 6.ac.2 Developing a Proposal Once agreement has been reached that the project is likely to prove viable.4 The Research Period It is normal for supervisors to require sections of the research to be written up in the course of the research period. as much detail as possible about the proposed area of research.1. six-monthly progress reports are required. staff and their research areas and contact details. Provided that satisfactory progress is made and that university requirements are met. 3.0 An Outline of the Process 3. Prospective candidates should begin by making informal contact with the School concerned.1 Initial Approach to the School and the University Potential candidates need to be accepted both by the University and the School in which they wish to enrol. Supervisors will then be nominated and any ethical approvals required will be sought. Student Learning Support Services offer seminars to support postgraduate research students (see 16. industry sponsorship etc.12 and 6. their supervisors. Students doing experimental work are also encouraged to keep log books documenting their work. and seek advice from. 3.

the candidate may be offered a Master’s degree.5 Writing-Up and Submission In due course. candidates may elect to complete under the regulations that existed at the time of enrolment subject to the conditions outlined in the Personal Courses of Study Statute section 22 (a) to (c). The agreement of the supervisors does not imply a successful result from the examination process. 3. the candidate and supervisors should be focusing on writing-up. in which case the candidacy will be terminated. The writing-up process concludes when the candidate decides that the thesis is ready for examination. The agreement of the supervisors is not required. and the thesis hard bound. The procedure following the examination will depend on the result of the examination. In due course.14 of the PhD Policy for the regulations on submission. If the thesis fails to meet the standard required of a PhD thesis. It is possible the thesis may be rejected completely. a timeframe will be set and the candidate will be given guidance on the required re-writing.3. the candidate will decide that the research phase has proceeded to the point where writing-up should begin. supervisors should review the thesis before application for examination is made. The examination procedures are fully specified in Chapter 14. in which case the candidate should continue working on the thesis until it is acceptable. When the candidate indicates the thesis is complete. including word limits. While further research may be prompted by this process. they may recommend to the Associate Dean that the thesis is not acceptable for examination. A thesis should be presented in a form which is suitable for examination in the discipline concerned and it should conform to all other formal requirements of the University for presentation. although it is usual for supervisors and candidate to reach mutual agreement on this. 16 PhD Handbook . soft bound and submitted for examination. Two copies (one hard bound and one electronic) will then be deposited in the Library. the thesis will be re-submitted and the examination process will begin again. Candidates should consult section 4.6 Examination The thesis should then be printed. Where the Statute has changed. This review period should not usually exceed four weeks. If the degree is to be awarded. If the thesis requires substantial re-writing. If the supervisors are of the opinion that the thesis is incomplete. then any necessary corrections will be made.

the Faculty Office informs the PhD Convener of completion and arranges graduation . Approval of examiners Candidate gives notice of intention to submit Supervisor suggests examiners and checks with candidate 2.Process of submission of a PhD thesis at Victoria University of Wellington 3.7 Flowchart Summary PhD Handbook School nominates examiners Associate Dean approves examiners PhD Convener confirms examiners Faculty Office monitors examiners’ progress Examiners send reports to Faculty Office Examiners agree? 1. Submission and examination of thesis Candidate submits thesis to Faculty Office Faculty Office sends out thesis to examiners Yes No Associate Dean makes recommendation to PhD Convener No Referee appointed Referee needed? Internal Examiner/Associate Dean seek compromise Internal Examiner signs off changes Candidate makes changes Yes Yes No Changes needed? Associate Dean makes recommendation to PhD Convener PhD Convener confirms award of degree Oral examination takes place if required 17 Candidate deposits thesis in the Library On seeing the library receipt.

the issues should be addressed at the outset of the project.3 (b)). See also Chapter 8 of this handbook. The next step is to discuss the potential project with the Postgraduate Coordinator (PG Coordinator) of the relevant discipline.victoria. A request to withhold access to a thesis is a formal process and approval is not lightly given. but also the general public. The topic must be suitable to meet the academic requirements of a PhD.nz/research-office/forms-and-templates. The School concerned must be satisfied that it is able to provide appropriate supervision and resources for the proposed topic.4.ac. An Outline of the Application Procedure for PhD Candidates can be found at http://intranet. the candidate should be directed to the University’s ethical guidelines. If a research proposal is likely to result in a request for the withholding of access to the thesis. the method of study and any ethical considerations. ac. the initial proposal. Further advice can be found in 13.aspx Where students require additional resources for the project. Candidates need to discuss the possibility with their supervisors.1 Initial Proposal The initiative in seeking PhD enrolment usually lies with the candidate. This document becomes part of the record of registration (see the PhD Policy section 4. The School must also ensure that the candidate will be offered supervision during periods when supervisors are on research and study leave or in the event that a supervisor may take up employment elsewhere. Prospective candidates are advised to think carefully about the kind of research project to which they would like to commit themselves.2 Research involving Confidential or Sensitive Material Candidates should be aware that theses are public documents and are subject to scrutiny not only by a community of scholars.aspx 4. the applicant. Candidates should always enter into their topic in a spirit of genuine enquiry. The School Research/ Postgraduate Committee (SRC) will then scrutinise the initial research proposal and Research Memorandum. The minimum resources available to thesis students in all schools of the University are outlined in the Minimum Resources Agreement negotiated between the PGSA and Victoria University in 2006: see https://intranet.4. this must be negotiated with the Head of School (HoS) when the student first enrols and recorded in a Research Memorandum. Special care should be taken where a project requires access to confidential information from outside the University. Those who enter into a topic thinking they already know the answers to their central questions or who are emotionally committed to an outcome.nz/research%2Doffice/postgraduate/minimum-resources. may very well find that their topic is not a good choice. and the SRC recommendation to the Faculty Office for final approval by the Associate Dean. The initial research proposal (minimum one page) should detail the project. If it is clear that ethical approval is required from the Human or Animal Ethics Committee.victoria. who will refer them to possible supervisors. It is the HoS’s responsibility to approve the School taking on a PhD candidate. If a candidate has not yet received the PhD Handbook the PG Coordinator will provide them with a copy. and make a recommendation to the HoS. all the supervisors and the HoS complete the application form and then return the form.0 Research Proposals 4. If the HoS approves the recommendation from the SRC. 18 PhD Handbook . the Research Memorandum.

ac.4 External Party Involvement in the Support of Research Students External parties may include researchers from other universities. The PhD Policy requires that the particular conditions governing sponsorship and supervisory arrangements between all parties are specified clearly in a written agreement at the outset of a candidature in order to reduce the risk of any future misunderstandings.aspx PhD Handbook 19 . The guidelines for managing external party involvement are available at http://intranet. research institutions (e.g. government bodies or the private sector. support for research and support for the student. 4.victoria.4. Crown Research Institutes). The holding of a scholarship is always conditional upon the scholarship recipient gaining enrolment as a PhD student at Victoria University. from the day of the candidate’s arrival in New Zealand. candidates must be able to start work on their projects as soon as they arrive or they may be disadvantaged by the scholarship coming to an end before the project is completed.3 Research Proposals from Scholarship Holders Overseas candidates who are scholarship holders must formulate a proposal before enrolment is approved. As scholarships may be paid. provision of data.nz/research-office/forms-and-templates. in some instances. This involvement may include cosupervision.

Supervisors are appointed by the Associate Deans or delegated authorities on behalf of the Academic Board. responsibility lies with the HoS with which the student is most closely associated. This includes Professors. are expected to attend the training session dealing with Victoria University’s statutes and policies. Two supervisors will be responsible for academic guidance and the third will be responsible for administration (Administrative Supervisor).2 The Administrative Supervisor The Administrative Supervisor is generally the Head of School (HoS) in which the student is enrolled.3 Changes to the Supervisory Team If changes are required to the supervisory team. following nomination by schools. One academic supervisor may be appointed as the primary supervisor (the other becomes the secondary supervisor) or both academic supervisors may ‘co-supervise’ a candidate. it is the Head of School’s responsibility to ensure they attend a professional development programme for supervisors. Lecturers or. The changes take effect on the Administrative Supervisor’s receipt of the Associate Dean’s approval.5.0 Supervisors 5. Only those staff who have a doctorate and/or appropriate experience and training can be appointed as primary supervisors. must be notified to the Research Degrees Committee by the Associate Dean. A PhD may be interdisciplinary and in such cases it is desirable for supervisors to be appointed from each discipline. which compromise the ability of the former supervisor to take any role in the assessment of the student. the Administrative Supervisor seeks approval from the Associate Dean by providing a rationale for the change and the appointment of new supervisors. 5. but who are already experienced supervisors. people holding appointments such as research fellowships. 20 PhD Handbook . However. Staff who are new to the University. One reason for this could be that they are the primary supervisor. In the case of an inter-disciplinary thesis involving more than one school/programme. organised by the Research and Postgraduate Studies office.4 Supervisor Training If a staff member has not already acted as a primary supervisor or co-supervisor of at least one doctoral candidate or of three masters’ candidates.1 The Appointment of Supervisors Each candidate will be assigned three supervisors. If the primary supervisor is absent from the University for any period longer than a month. in individually-argued cases. Changes in supervision. Senior Lecturers. There will be some cases in which it will be inappropriate for the HoS to assume this role. the supervisor and Head of School need to ensure that alternative supervision arrangements are in place. In such cases the responsibility should be delegated to another staff member. The role and responsibilities of supervisors are discussed in Chapter 7. 5. The primary supervisor will normally be a full-time teacher at the University in the sense of the Victoria University of Wellington Act 1961. candidates will be registered with only one school. It is advisable that staff who have not previously supervised any candidate should act as secondary supervisor to a primary supervisor in order to gain experience. 5. Readers and Associate Professors.

to the Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Research) or their delegated authority for the appointment of this person as an Honorary Research Associate (HRA) see: https://intranet. through the Associate Dean. an agreement between Victoria University. The Administrative Supervisor should convene a meeting with the supervisors and candidate to discuss and clarify these issues. The agreement will address issues relevant to the relationship including the expectations and obligations of the parties concerned. including provisions for revisiting the agreed terms which should be monitored in the six-monthly reports. the Administrative Supervisor must make an appropriate recommendation. Any agreement must also comply with the Intellectual Property Policy and the Management of External Research Consultancy and Related Contracts Policy. External supervisors will also be given the contact details of the Postgraduate Coordinator in the candidate’s school and a PhD Handbook.victoria. If the external supervisor has not already acted as a primary supervisor or co-supervisor of at least one doctoral candidate or of three Masters’ candidates. including the completion of six-monthly reports. for example a Crown Research Institute.5 External Supervisors Other supervisors may include part-time teachers or other scholars and researchers from within New Zealand or overseas. It is also important that the Administrative Supervisor ensures that the primary supervisor accepts responsibility for seeing the PhD project to completion. These can be found on the policy database on the University website. Responsibility lies with the Primary Supervisor to ensure that the candidate and all supervisors are fully aware of the agreed responsibilities. If the HRA belongs to an external organisation. they will be invited to participate in a professional development programme or receive an information pack. the candidate and the external party must be reached before the project commences. If it is proposed that a scholar outside the University be appointed as a supervisor.aspx#hra The recommendation must be accompanied by a curriculum vitae. PhD Handbook 21 .nz/research-office/postgraduate/forms-and-templates. It will also establish the terms and conditions under which it is intended that the project proceed. Guidelines for supervisory arrangements with external parties outside the University can be obtained from the Research Office website.5. ac.

ac. If the supervisor believes that the student enrolled in a Master’s degree has demonstrated the aptitude and level of competence required for PhD study and the research.nz. The student and the three supervisors will agree in writing on the additional work required for the new degree. email victoriainternational@victoria. as financial and accommodation guarantees must also be given before a visa is issued. www. the student and the supervisor must discuss the change of status with the School Research/Postgraduate Committee (SRC). Prospective candidates should therefore seek this admission at an early stage. the supervisor should discuss a conversion to a PhD with the student. This document will substitute for the initial research proposal in the application for a PhD. that they have demonstrated a level of ability and relevant experience equivalent to that necessary to obtain a first or second class Honours or Master’s degree. tel 0-4-463 5350. who must be satisfied that the existing supervisor is appropriately qualified and experienced to supervise the student at the PhD level.3 International Students International students must be granted admission ad eundem statum before they can apply for a student entry visa.ac. Candidates whose academic qualifications were gained outside New Zealand (including university staff) should apply through the appropriate Faculty Office for admission with graduate status (ad eundem statum) with the right to apply for registration for a PhD. Applications must be made through Victoria International. 6. Please also refer to page 6 and section 16. the student will be deemed to have been provisionally registered for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy from the date of registration for the Master’s degree. tel 0-4-463 5350. who will seek advice from the Head of School.2 Conversion of a Master’s Degree to a PhD It is possible for a student who has not yet submitted the Master’s thesis to convert their enrolment from a Master’s degree into a PhD degree.1.nz. If the application is approved by the Associate Dean. could form the basis of a PhD thesis. This degree need not have been in the subject area of the PhD research. 4. provided candidates can demonstrate adequate competence to undertake the proposed research.11. The Associate Dean may also admit other persons who can show evidence of adequate training and ability (see the PhD Statute. but will still have to satisfy the requirements for full registration. Entry under this section of the PhD Statute requires candidates to satisfy the Associate Dean. 22 PhD Handbook . 6. Victoria International staff are able to provide assistance to administrative staff or potential candidates with evaluating qualifications email victoria-international@vuw.nz/international/.0 Formal Admission and Registration Requirements 6. If it is agreed to convert to a PhD. with modifications. Admissions for a PhD can take place at any time of the year.1 Admissions Criteria Candidates will normally have a first or second class pass in an Honours or Master’s degree. They should provide as much evidence as possible to permit the relevant school/ Faculty Office to evaluate their qualifications relative to the standard of a local Honours or Master’s degree.1(a) (iii)).ac.victoria.6. The SRC will also ensure that a second supervisor is available to be appointed. Only when admission ad eundem statum has been granted can an application for registration be prepared and submitted.

aspx).7 Annual Re-enrolment Candidates must re-enrol annually within one month of the expiry of the previous period of enrolment. The Associate Dean will consult with the Head of School if any difficulties arise. Enrolment entitles a candidate to: access to supervision. The normal practice is that candidates will reside within reasonable PhD Handbook 23 .6 Enrolment and Payment of Fees Candidates will be advised by the Faculty Office in writing to enrol and pay the necessary fees (tuition fees.13. Refer also to 6.ac. 6. and if approval is given. over the year.6.5 Approval of Provisional Registration The Associate Dean will consider the application. Students are deemed to be full-time when they are able to devote a minimum of 30 hours per week to the thesis. Permission will not normally be given for students to work away from the University until full registration has been achieved.victoria. re-enrolment may be carried out on a six-monthly basis.2(b). After two years. and either through choice or because of space limitations in the school. Where registered students are working away from the University a School memorandum for PhD Study at a Distance is required (go to: http://intranet. Student Services Levy and Student Assistance Scheme and Amenities Levy).2. Candidates in other programmes may need to spend a great deal of time in the Library or field. 6. and access to school-based services and resources. 6. the candidate will be granted provisional registration. they may also study at home. Students who cannot work on the thesis for the amount of time specified above are enrolled as half-time students. access to Library and Information Technology Services. The form must be signed by the Head of School and supervisors and returned to the Faculty Office. To pass from provisional to full registration the School Research/Postgraduate Committee and the supervisor must be confident that the student has demonstrated the aptitude and level of competence required for PhD study and that the project is viable. Any half-time student has to agree with the School on their period of attendance during each year and their minimum period of enrolment shall be determined by the Associate Dean in accordance with the PhD Statute 4. This excludes statutory holiday periods. Students’ Association Fee.8 Attendance at University and Study at a Distance The candidate is expected to maintain close contact with the School in which they are registered. This form should be completed by the candidate once the School is satisfied with the viability of the project. on average. In some programmes the nature of the research will require that candidates work in the School and in these cases laboratory and/or study space will be provided in the University. but permission for absence from the University of up to one month may be granted to undertake fieldwork or library searches necessary for the preparation of the full proposal for the thesis during the period of provisional registration.nz/research-office/postgraduate/ forms-and-templates. 6. In the case of conversion from a Master’s to a PhD there is no provisional registration although candidates must still fulfil all requirements as set out in 6. International students may have to fulfil additional requirements.4 Applications to Register Applicants for a PhD should obtain an application form from the appropriate Faculty Office. It will then be forwarded to the Associate Dean.

The following guidelines should be addressed by supervisors and candidates when setting up such projects: • candidates who are working for a major part of their higher degree study in an institution other than the University should be supervised both by a university staff member who is the primary supervisor and a designated member of staff of the collaborating institution. Time spent in carrying out a candidate’s normal employment duties will not usually be regarded as part of the period of registration unless that employment is very highly specialised and relates directly and in detail to the thesis project. give an assurance of regular contact (for example by phone. the Administrative Supervisor must make an appropriate recommendation.11 Collaborating Institutions In some circumstances. PhD research can be successfully undertaken by candidates working in other institutions. Crown Research Institutes.proximity to the University. and contributions from the candidate to seminars etc while the candidate is working within the University are expected. a memorandum for PhD Study at a Distance must be approved by the School Research/ Postgraduate Committee. Scholarship holders should also seek approval from the Scholarships Committee. a required period of writing-up within the University before submission of the thesis. through the Associate Dean. regular contact and reporting by the candidate is expected. • • • • • 6. This rationale must take account of academic considerations. In such circumstances the following must be considered: • a minimum expectation is that students will spend one month per year of study (regardless of being full-time or half-time) attending the University or under equivalent supervision organised by VUW. a required period of preparation within the University before the candidate departs for periods of data collection etc. some hospitals. In all such cases.10 Period of Overseas Research Candidates who wish to pursue a period of research overseas must first acquire permission from the Associate Dean. if it is proposed that a scholar outside the University be appointed as a supervisor. to the Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Research) (DVC Research) for the appointment of this • 24 PhD Handbook . specific approval must be obtained from the Associate Dean and will be granted only if it is clear that the arrangement is in the interests of the research project and will not unnecessarily impede the candidate’s appropriate involvement in general school activities. fax and/or email) and schedule meetings at regular intervals in Wellington. 6. Candidates who are working away from an institution and regular supervision need to be highly motivated and thoroughly prepared. Candidates and supervisors will be expected to provide the Associate Deans with a rationale for prolonged absence from the Wellington region. and some industrial organisations have research facilities which complement those of the University. 6.9 Employment Half-time candidates whose normal place of work includes research facilities should not automatically assume that they might use these facilities rather than those at the University.

the staff who will provide day-to-day support to the candidate are willing. they will be invited to participate in a Research and Postgraduate Studies office professional development programme or receive an equivalent package.the candidate’s and the University’s share of income from discoveries is clearly set out.the resources of a collaborating institution or establishment have been inspected and found to be appropriate for the needs of the candidate. . . and undertake. able and qualified to assist the candidate.the collaborating institution will provide ready access for supervising university staff to the candidate and to the research facilities used by the candidate. . and approval for candidates to undertake research off campus is more likely to be given when the following criteria are satisfied: . • • PhD Handbook 25 . . .the rights of the University to examine the work of the candidate are protected. to academic staff and to collaborating staff of the non-university institution. • supervisors arranging for placement of a candidate off campus must refer the case to the Research and Postgraduate Studies office for advice about the appropriate form of agreement.the collaborating institution agrees that the candidate will have access to all suitable resources for completion of the higher degree.data collection and examination of base materials can only be carried out off campus. The appointment will be made for four years. The recommendation must be accompanied by a curriculum vitae. .the candidate is encouraged to present seminars both in the collaborating institution and in the University. • research institutions which wish.12.any agreement to withhold publication for purposes such as taking out patents must be approved by the Research Degrees Committee (see Library Statute section 4.person as an Honorary Research Associate.3 (c)). Any contract with the collaborating institution requires the approval of the DVC (Research) or nominee. . the candidate and the collaborating institution are recognised and apportioned between them. .the collaborating institution is able to provide a stimulating research environment. . to provide resources and supervision for PhD candidates should be invited to enter into agreements for formal academic collaboration with the University so that collaboration is recognised by the Council and is seen as a long-term commitment which is of benefit to candidates.the intellectual property rights which may belong to the University. placement of candidates into institutions which are doing commercial work should be covered by a contract in which: . If the external supervisor has not already acted as a primary supervisor or co-supervisor of at least one doctoral candidate or of three Masters’ candidates.

12 Move from Provisional to Full Registration The confirmation of full registration is a milestone in PhD candidature.13. The School Research/Postgraduate Committee may terminate candidature if the student fails to meet the requirements within 15 months of first registration. It is equally important that candidates should demonstrate an ability to process with doctoral level work before their full registration is confirmed. interpret. 6. evaluate and critique data.1 Full research proposal As a guide. To progress from provisional to full registration. It is in the best interests of candidates. the papers must generally be satisfactorily completed before the registration is confirmed. If the School requires the candidate to undertake certain papers as background for the PhD. ability to communicate research findings in formats appropriate to the discipline. Victoria University expects this to occur between six and 12 months after the initial registration date for full-time candidates. This is the appropriate way to show that the candidate has understood and can interpret the literature. if so. supervisors and schools that every effort is made to assist the candidate’s progress during the provisional registration period. appropriate theoretical frameworks. Indicators of satisfactory progress may include: • • • • • • • knowledge of the literature in the field of study. PhD students achieve full registration if they demonstrate satisfactory progress of previously established and agreed upon performance standards.000 and 10. interpret. ability to summarise. evaluate and critique that literature.13.1). 6. satisfactory completion of any required course work. Regulations allow a total of 15 months provisional registration for full-time candidates (and 24 months for half-time candidates). a statement as to whether ethical approval is required and. any other abilities important in the field of study. the candidate is required to have the approval of the School Research/Postgraduate Committee. Supervisors are required to give serious consideration to these matters. ability to design and interpret research tasks. To achieve full registration the candidate must write a formal research proposal and may also be required to present the proposal orally.000 words. School or programme criteria can be obtained from the Postgraduate Coordinator or supervisor. the proposal will be between 3. a literature review.13 Confirmation of Full Registration The move from provisional to full registration requires candidates to meet University criteria (see 6.6. To the extent appropriate in the discipline the proposal will contain the following elements: • • • an outline of the basic thesis/research question. Additional criteria may be required by the School or programme where the candidate is enrolled. whether or not that has been • • 26 PhD Handbook . ability to summarise. a demonstration that the methodology is appropriate.

13. the conceptual framework.2 Presentation of the proposal Candidates may also be required to present their proposal. Where there are no changes to be made. The candidate may also be given the opportunity to respond to questions and feedback from the SRC and others in attendance. recommend the candidate transfer to a Master’s degree. Schools/programmes are free to determine the format of the presentation and it is recommended that it include the following elements: the candidate’s summary of the material in the proposal highlighting key issues. The report may: • • • • recommend approval of the candidate’s transfer to full registration. that the proposed research is original or adds value to existing knowledge. that the proposal outlines an appropriate theoretical framework which will lead to an original and defensible theory. The SRC will assess the proposal and report to the Associate Dean (with copies to the Head of School. along with a cover letter indicating where changes were made. require that full registration be delayed by up to six months.3 Approval The candidate will send a copy of the proposal. supervisors and the candidate).13. The SRC will scrutinise the proposal according to the following criteria: • • that the student has sufficient knowledge or understanding of the topic. the SRC should meet with the candidate and explain face-to-face why this action was taken. social or legal impediments to the successful completion and/or publication of the research. If some of the suggested changes were not taken up. • • 6. Where registration is to be delayed. any problems anticipated in carrying out the research and the intended methodology. 6. the candidate must indicate the reasoning for this. If this is part of a school or programme procedure. the SRC should provide clear and constructive guidance to the student and supervisor on the steps that are required to gain full registration. Where the decision is to terminate registration. and that the research can be placed into the existing body of knowledge (for this purpose a summary of the recent research literature relevant to the topic must be included). and the SRC has been delegated the authority to accept the proposal. or terminate the candidate’s registration. including any suggested revisions to the SRC. it is recommended that the presentation be announced in VicNews and open to all who may be interested. and • a statement that there are no foreseeable cultural. The proposal will establish preliminary goals for the next six months and will contain a tentative timetable for the completion of the thesis. It must be submitted to the School’s Research/Postgraduate Committee (SRC).obtained from all required institutions. If approval has not been obtained the timetable for approval is to be noted. the SRC should recommend full registration of the candidate to the Associate Dean. PhD Handbook 27 .

14 Date of Registration The date of provisional registration is the date on which the candidate begins work on the course of study for a PhD. The University expects that it will take between two and a half and three and a half years of work for a full-time candidate to achieve the necessary standard. 6. The Associate Dean will not usually expect to backdate a registration by more than about two months from the time of registration. the Associate Dean may terminate the provisional registration and request the candidate to consider the possibility of identifying a new research project. 6. Half-time candidates are required to supply details of their other obligations on the enrolment form. During this time. The thesis is to be presented within four years of registration. See 6.Full registration is confirmed by the Associate Dean. Throughout the candidature. If candidates have spent productive time in developing their research proposal.19 for the implications of extensions and suspensions of registration. If the research proceeds smoothly. A candidate’s progress during full registration continues to be monitored by six-monthly progress reports. the Associate Dean will specify a period during which candidates must be working under direct supervision. If there are major difficulties in the early part of the project.15 Duration of Registration The PhD Statute requires a minimum registration period of 24 months under clause 4. the date of provisional registration will become the date of registration. This date is shown on the registration form. on receipt of the recommendation from the SRC. At the time of registration. the candidate must be in direct contact with the supervisors. the date of provisional registration can be backdated to give credit for that time. candidates must maintain direct contact with their supervisors and sustain satisfactory progress or the registration will be terminated.16 Notification of Changes to Registration Candidates must notify the Associate Dean if the circumstances which have been taken into account in setting the period of registration change in any material way. Longer periods in external laboratories or on fieldwork may also be approved. Candidates whose registration is terminated have the right of appeal to the Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Research) through the Postgraduate Research Coordinator in the Research and Postgraduate Studies office. although he or she may be away from the University working in libraries and similar institutions. The same conditions apply to a registration of more than two years that allows for some other work at the same time as the PhD research. even after completion of the minimum two year period of full-time research. 28 PhD Handbook . 6. One of the principal reasons for this requirement is that protracted research may be overtaken by other researchers working in the same field. but individual applications to the Associate Dean by supervisors are required for any extensive “time out” on the project. The Associate Dean must be satisfied that such candidates can reasonably be expected to complete a thesis within six years from the date of registration and will not normally accept candidates who are unable to devote regularly at least something close to half normal working hours to the PhD project.2(b) for fulltime enrolment and 36 months for half-time enrolment.

6. Applications must have the support of supervisors and Head of School and should be sent directly to the Faculty Office. All retrospective suspensions are approved by the Convener of the RDC.21 Change of Title Any change to the provisional title of the thesis should be reported when registration is confirmed or at any later stage of the thesis prior to its submission. This permission is not readily given. If the registration lapses.3(e)). During the period of suspension the candidate pays no fees. 6.18 Registration and Other Work It may be valuable for full-time students to undertake tutoring or other part-time jobs around the University. but it is recommended that students do not overload themselves with paid work outside the scholarly work in preparation for the thesis. PhD Handbook 29 . Applications for variations in the conditions of registration are made through supervisors. If the candidate wishes to take a break from research it must be approved by the Associate Dean who will revise the terms on which the candidate was registered and advise the new minimum duration of registration.20 Concurrent Study If candidates have a genuine reason for undertaking a paper other than any required by the School. The minimum period for a suspension is one month. after consultation with the candidate.19 Extensions and Suspensions of Registration The University discourages candidates from spending an undue length of time on thesis work and it is expected that theses will be submitted within four years of registration for full-time candidates or six years for candidates who have been enrolled exclusively half-time. Periods of suspension are not included in calculations of total registration time. their registration must be maintained. it appears that the candidate’s work on the thesis will be completely interrupted for a period application should be made to the Associate Dean for suspension of registration for that period.6. for unexpected reasons. Such applications must have the written support of supervisors and Head of School and set out the reasons why permission is sought. 6. Where. An application for an extension or suspension is made in writing to the appropriate Faculty Office. and will not usually exceed twelve months” (PhD Statute.17 Maintenance of Registration The course of study for a PhD is best undertaken continuously and while candidates are working on PhD projects. or vice versa. The supervisors. along with the candidate’s most recent sixmonthly progress report. extensions will be granted “only in exceptional circumstances. they must apply to the Associate Dean for permission before enrolling in it. which will forward it to the Associate Dean. Note that this applies also to any change from full-time study. 6. it can be resumed only with the permission of the Associate Dean. clause 4. but is not entitled to receive supervision or to make use of the University’s facilities. where good cause is shown. While the regulations state that the Research Degrees Committee (RDC) through the Associate Dean may grant an extension beyond the due date. should recommend the change to the Associate Dean for approval.

22 Conversion of a PhD to a Master’s Degree It is possible for a thesis being prepared for a PhD to be converted to and submitted for a Master’s degree. The written support of the Administrative Supervisor and supervisors is needed. This option may also be taken if the supervisors believe a student has not demonstrated the aptitude and level of competence required for PhD study and that the thesis could.6. This may occur at the end of 12 months of provisional PhD registration if no request for an extension of provisional enrolment is received or there is no endorsement of the candidate’s ability to progress to full registration. as is the agreement of the student. 30 PhD Handbook . Written application for conversion to a Master’s degree must be made to the Associate Dean. form the basis of a Master’s thesis. with modifications.

2 The Responsibilities of Supervisors The overall responsibility of supervisors is to assist the student to complete their research successfully within an agreed time frame.2.2 Providing Academic Guidance Supervisors should provide guidance on: • • • • • • the nature of research.0 Supervision Protocols 7. the undertaking of a literature review. ensure the candidate is aware of the academic criteria to be met for award of the degree. 7. and the need to get approval from the relevant Ethics Committee if the research involves human or animal subjects or tissue. but regular discussions should be held and adequate records of meetings should be kept. One meeting per month is considered a minimum.2. Effective two-way communication is vital. The amount and frequency of academic contact between supervisors and candidates will vary. the development and refinement of the proposal. the access to resources (technical and financial).1 The Role of Supervisors Supervisors undertake to guide the candidate through the academic and administrative requirements of the PhD. It is important to avoid the situation where candidates only see their supervisors when real difficulties arise. presentation and production of theses.7. a supervisor should not have too many candidates at one time. Supervisors should also: • identify with candidates the particular research skills that they will need to acquire to complete the programme of research. ensure that appropriate and timely advice is given on requirements regarding style. They cannot guarantee the success of the project. The responsibilities of supervisors are outlined below. It is the Head of School’s responsibility to make sure that workload is allocated such that supervisors have enough time to carry out the supervisory role. Supervisors need to have a sympathetic ear and sufficient time and energy to devote to the task of supervision. depending on the nature of the discipline and the stage of the project. Good communication and mutual trust and respect are essential for a productive working relationship with a satisfactory outcome. 7. and • • PhD Handbook 31 .1 Assessing the Student Before provisional registration. 7. which is up to the candidate. the planning of the programme. the supervisors should assess the student’s academic and technical skills and be satisfied before confirmation of registration that appropriate skills do exist or will develop during the time of the enrolment for the degree. but they should have a close interest in the project and a commitment to facilitating its completion. For this reason.

7. The HoS must agree to. The report will then be filed in the student’s file held by the relevant Faculty Office.2. As a guide. If supervisors are absent from the University for any period longer than one month they must ensure that the Head of School knows that appropriate supervision arrangements will be provided during their absence. but more frequent meetings will usually be desirable.5 Providing Feedback Supervisors should provide regular feedback on progress to the student. 7.aspx While the Faculty Office initiates the six-monthly reporting process.2. the six-monthly report should specify what action needs to be taken to rectify the problems and stipulate a time period within which such action is to be taken. They should identify the problems and suggest ways of addressing them. and monitor. the Associate Dean will not approve applications for re-enrolment unless one six-monthly report for the previous enrolment period is held in the student’s file.• have a sense of the expectations of examiners throughout the research process and use that as a guide in supervising the student’s work. in consultation with the student. must be reviewed by the Head of School (HoS) before being submitted to the Associate Dean. Written comments should be made on work submitted by the student. 7.4 Milestones Supervisors should reach agreement with the candidate on the indicators of progress and the dates for the submission of appropriate written work.2. Supervisors and students are required to keep a record of the dates of supervisory meetings and of any significant advice or transactions that are not dealt with in more formal written reports provided to students. ensuring that an appropriate timetable is set to allow the degree to be completed within the allotted timeframe. Supervisors should help the student to plan for the writing up of the thesis and to schedule sufficient time for that purpose.6 Identifying Problems Supervisors should ensure that the student is made aware of inadequate progress or of standards of work below that generally expected.nz/research-office/postgraduate/forms-and-templates. The final version of the six-monthly report. 7.2.7 Six-monthly Progress Reports Six-monthly reports are required as part of the postgraduate supervision process in May and November in each year of enrolment. Except in exceptional circumstances. The report template is available at https://intranet. feedback should be provided within two weeks in the case of relatively short pieces of work. the proposed 32 PhD Handbook . arrange regular supervisory meetings. A copy must be provided to the student. in close conjunction with the student. which has been agreed to and signed by the student and supervisors. ac. One meeting per month is regarded as the minimum entitlement. 7. interim reports or research results. Supervisors should encourage the candidate to make productive use of the available time. Identified problems and proposed methods of addressing them should be discussed with the student before the report is finalised.2. the report writing is the responsibility of the supervisors. Where there are major or continuing problems with a student’s performance. and a maximum of four weeks for substantial thesis drafts.3 Scheduling Meetings Supervisors should.victoria.

Supervisors and Administrative Supervisors have a joint responsibility to advise the Associate Dean and Faculty Office as necessary. etc). ensuring. provide assistance and information where appropriate on scholarships and financial support.8 Supporting the Student Without compromising a student’s privacy. ensure that the candidate has the opportunity to participate in the life of the School. the administrative requirements of supervision and advise the candidate as necessary (for example. In the event that the student fails to take the required action so that problems persist. Supervisors should ensure that the Administrative Supervisor (as defined in 5. 7. encourage the candidate to publish. ensuring that candidates are aware of any requirements regarding the retention of data within schools. changes to full-time status. the HoS must notify the Associate Dean who may then take action.2. regarding six-monthly progress reports. to discontinue the student’s enrolment. Where necessary. and provide advice. 7. supervisors should refer a student to student support services (see Chapter 16).10 Facilitating Administrative Compliance Supervisors should be knowledgeable about. encouragement and support to further the candidate’s career in their chosen field. University-wide monitoring of compliance is the responsibility of the Research Degrees Committee and forms part of their Reports to the Academic Board. 7.2. help the candidate make contact with other scholars in related fields.actions. supervisors should attempt to keep themselves informed of the range of factors that may have a bearing on the timely and successful completion of the thesis. institutional or professional guidelines for the conduct of research. as far as possible.2. applications for suspension or absences overseas. that the work submitted by candidates is their own and that the data is valid. and • • PhD Handbook 33 . This includes advising candidates about: • • applicable governmental. ensuring that candidates are aware of intellectual property rights. upon the recommendation of the Administrative Supervisor.9 Encouraging Academic Contacts Supervisors should encourage the candidate at the appropriate stages in their course of study: • • • • • • • to extend their contacts within the School and elsewhere. The HoS must offer the student the opportunity to respond and then will monitor the proposed actions. The HoS will also inform the student of their entitlement to representation via Victoria University of Wellington’s Students’ Association (VUWSA) and the Postgraduate Students’ Association (PGSA). encourage both attendance and presentation at seminars and conferences.2) is informed if any problems develop during the enrolment. and comply with. Monitoring the completion of six-monthly reports occurs twice yearly and is the responsibility of the Associate Dean.

including the differences between writing a thesis and preparing a manuscript for publication. It is also the responsibility of the supervisor to discuss with students the possible exploitation of any invention or other intellectual property arising from their research. and publications are the currency of success in research. In most disciplines publications are increasingly necessary for entry into an academic profession.ac. The RDC appoints the PhD examiners. They should endeavour to publish their research. Where joint authorship is contemplated. or in other cases where issues of recognition arise. Supervisors should forward their recommendations at least one month before the expected submission of the thesis. possibly in collaboration with their supervisor(s).13 Support for Supervisors The Research and Postgraduate Studies office offers regular seminars/workshops for new and more experienced supervisors.• ensuring that safe working practices are developed and maintained and that candidates are aware of the University’s Occupational Health and Safety Policies.2.11 Assisting Examination Arrangements Supervisors assist the Associate Dean to arrange the examination in accordance with the PhD Policy: Approving. 7. then this must be discussed early on in the process towards publication.2. submit and revise publishable manuscripts within the timetable for their PhD studies. Supervisors are encouraged to discuss the publication process with students. Topics include supervisory roles and responsibilities. supervisors should ensure that students are informed about: • • the conventions that apply in their discipline. the research process and administrative matters. Supervising and Examining Candidates and the guidelines of this handbook. Enrolling. a rationale for the choice of the particular examiners for the thesis and a brief curriculum vitae for the two external examiners. The Associate Dean will scrutinise the recommendations and forward them to the Research Degrees Committee (RDC). Publication should be seen as part of PhD study rather than a barrier to timely completion of the thesis. They should be mindful of the fact that emerging researchers are often unaware of most aspects of the publication process. The goal for both parties is: • • • protection of the student’s interests promotion of understanding of the publishing process for the student recognition of the supervisor’s intellectual contribution to the process If a student and supervisor/s wish to co-publish. All parties should agree in writing about issues concerning intellectual property and authorship.12 Encouraging Publication The PhD is a research degree. Supervisors should be available to discuss feedback from the written and/or oral examinations with their student.nz 7. and Victoria University’s Policy on Recognition of Authorship http://policy.2. In consultation with the Administrative Supervisor. When students and supervisors pool their talents to publish research both benefit from increased research productivity. 7. 34 PhD Handbook . supervisors recommend suitable examiners and supply the Associate Dean with relevant documentation i. Students should incorporate plans to write.e. in outlets valued by their discipline.victoria. and should therefore take steps to avoid misunderstandings that may arise as a result of inexperience.

or tissue. within the expected time period.3.3 The Responsibilities of Candidates Completing a doctoral programme requires progressive development of skills. 7. must take responsibility for developing their intellectual independence. and suspension of enrolment).4 Identifying Problems Candidates should take the initiative in raising with supervisors any problems or difficulties with the project or its supervision. competence and confidence. for example. and participating in academic conferences (finances and resources permitting).1 Planning the Research Candidates should plan and execute the research project under the guidance of the supervisors. This includes: • becoming familiar with the administrative requirements of the Faculty Office (such as applying for the approval needed to spend time away from the University as part of the enrolment.3.3 Participating in University Intellectual Life Candidates are encouraged to participate in the School community by attending seminars. interim reports or research results. adopting at all times safe working practices relevant to the field of research.7 Giving Notice of Submission Candidates should give three months’ notice to the primary supervisor of the expected submission date of the thesis in order to allow early selection of examiners. Alternatively.3. be committed to the research and avoid activities which will interfere with its satisfactory completion within the time limit. 7. with the guidance of their supervisors. presenting their work and interacting with the staff and other postgraduate students. the Associate Dean (Students/Research) in the Faculty Office or VUWSA’s Education Coordinator are available to discuss areas of concern.3. Where appropriate candidates may also be involved in academic activities in their chosen research field. The responsibilities of candidates are outlined below.2 Actively Pursuing the Research Candidates should devote sufficient time to the course of study. and abide by. Candidates. and strive to achieve agreed milestones.6 Meeting Ethical Guidelines Candidates should become familiar with all relevant ethical guidelines for the conduct of research and ensure that the necessary approvals are obtained for research involving animal or human subjects. PhD Handbook 35 . If the student is unable to discuss the matter with their supervisor/s. as agreed with supervisors. 7.3.5 Facilitating Administrative Compliance Candidates should become familiar with. They should attend regular meetings. they should contact the Administrative Supervisor or the PG Coordinator. university. Candidates should reach agreement with supervisors about indicators of progress being made and about submission of appropriate written work. attending relevant seminars in other schools or institutions. and complying with any institutional occupational health and safety policies. 7. 7. faculty and school statutes and policies and any other written guidelines and regulations for the degree. 7.7.3. • • 7.3.

and for promptly making any required amendments after examination.3. the Associate Dean of the Faculty will also receive a copy of the student’s written comments with all identification removed (names. Issues emerging from the Exit Questionnaires are passed to the Research and Postgraduate Studies office to be incorporated into workshops for postgraduate supervisors.9 Publishing Candidates should accept responsibility for the academic content of the thesis and for publishing any parts of it if appropriate. Once a year. production and binding of the thesis that is finally submitted.7. 7.4 Evaluative Feedback on Research Supervision PhD students are encouraged to provide feedback about the quality of supervision by completing an Exit Questionnaire which is held by the Faculty Office until the thesis has been marked. style. with a copy to the Administrative Supervisor. In order to improve supervisory practices across the University.8 Submitting the Thesis Candidates are solely responsible for the content. presentation. 36 PhD Handbook .3. course codes etc). 7. the Research Degrees Committee will also use this information to monitor supervision across the University. The questionnaire is then returned to the supervisors.

The role of the University Human Ethics Committee (HEC) is to review and approve the adequacy of protection for human subjects in research projects (see HEC Guidelines. health. The purpose of the HEC is to promote. any material quoted from another author’s work (published or unpublished) must be clearly referenced and acknowledged in the main text of the thesis (attention is drawn to the statement on plagiarism in the Statute on Student Conduct (section 4. dissertation or research paper already presented by the author for another degree or diploma at this or any other university.victoria. all assistance which candidates have received in their research be clearly acknowledged in the thesis. It is important that PhD candidates read the HEC Guidelines carefully and ensure that they are familiar with basic ethical issues. safety. Appendix 1 of the Human Ethics Policy .3 Animal Ethics Committee If PhD research involves animal subjects.victoria. research and teaching. and welfare of such subjects. It is important that PhD candidates read the Animal Ethics Policy carefully and ensure that they are familiar with basic ethical issues.victoria. but the application must be approved and countersigned by the primary supervisor and the HoS. and • • • PhD Handbook 37 . 8.http://policy. either in research or teaching.ac.2 Human Ethics Approval for Research If PhD research involves human subjects or human tissue or otherwise affects people’s privacy. it must not contain work extracted from a thesis.http://policy.victoria.ac.2 (e) (iii)).nz 8. certain categories of research (and teaching) activities must be approved in accordance with the Human Ethics Policy and HEC Guidelines (Appendix 1) before being conducted.4 Authorship and Acknowledgement Guidelines It must be clearly understood that: • the thesis presented for the PhD degree is the candidate’s own work and must have been prepared specifically for this degree. rights and freedoms.0 Research Ethics 8. Application forms can be accessed via the Human Ethics Policy: http://policy. social and cultural sensitivities. as well as to provide a degree of protection for the researcher or teacher. further advice should be sought from the Head of School (HoS) or the Convener of the HEC. are generally in the best position to assess their proposed activity. in order to ensure consistency and impartiality in considering the interests of potential subjects.8. Responsibility for applying for HEC approval rests with the candidate. it seeks to ensure that all researchers and teachers are aware of the ethical issues involving human subjects. principles and practice.nz). it must be approved by the University’s Animal Ethics Committee. The policy and application forms can be accessed via http://policy. Nevertheless. If either candidate or supervisors are in any doubt as to whether approval is required. In so doing. Candidates must then discuss the ethical implications of their research with their primary supervisor to determine whether HEC approval is required.nz 8. working in and familiar with their own disciplines.1 Human Ethics Committee Where research activity involves human subjects the University has a responsibility to ensure it protects the privacy. The HEC recognises that individual researchers and teachers.ac. not prevent. it is subject to Human Ethics Committee (HEC) Guidelines (see Appendix 1 of the Human Ethics Policy .ac. principles and practice.nz).

5 Appropriate Conduct in Research Candidates are expected to conduct all research in an honest. organisation. 38 PhD Handbook . attributing work to others who have not in fact contributed to the research. and that candidates make it clear what. • • • • Note: Academic misconduct does not include honest errors or honest differences in the interpretation of data or conclusions drawn. which is defined as follows in the Statute on Student Conduct: Academic misconduct includes: • • • fabrication of data. including fraudulent changing of records. The University has provisions for dealing with cases of research misconduct. This will ensure that external examiners are in no doubt as to the fact that the work they are assessing is that of the candidate. academically responsible and ethical manner. cheating or other dishonest practices in relation to assessment. This includes published and unpublished work. intentional infringements of the guidelines issues by the University’s Human Ethics Committee and Animal Ethics Committee. and/or failing to acknowledge work primarily produced by a research student/trainee/associate. misleading ascription of authorship.• it is the primary supervisor’s responsibility to ensure that the thesis as presented is the candidate’s own work. which is the copying of ideas. if any. assistance they have received from other persons. wording or anything else from another source without appropriate reference or acknowledgement so that it appears to be one’s own work. Misconduct in research is unacceptable to the University. 8. All candidates will be asked to sign a statement that the above conditions have been satisfied when the thesis is submitted. material on the Internet and the work of other students and staff. plagiarism. or of other relevant professional practices and codes of ethics. and other academic or research practices which bring or are likely to bring the University into disrepute. including listing as authors without their permission. including claiming results where none have been obtained. the falsification of data.

and funding for the expected duration of the research. 9.1.2 Minimum Resources Agreement Minimum Resources Agreement (MRA) outlines the minimum resources for thesis students in all schools of the University and is available at https://intranet.nz or call Information Technology Services (ITS) service desk. MY223. equipment.vuw.nz 9. Also.studentvuw.0 Research Resources 9. Candidates may visit these locations in person.2 Range of services ITS – Student Services currently provides the following range of computing resources and communication services for the University student community: • Access to web-based email. electronic facilities and financial support. the HoS will agree. 9.victoria. facilities.2 Information Technology Resources 9. photocopying. Candidates should expect to spend some of their own money on travel.ac.aspx It includes information about orientation.nz ITS have Help Desks located in five physical locations around the campus: RB205a (Library). ac. items of equipment like calculators. or alternatively the ITS service desk can be contacted over the phone on x5050. Candidates working from home can access the student environment via the myVictoria portal.1. See also Chapter 11.1 Introduction PhD candidates should email its-service@vuw.ac. It also contains some information about the faculty research grants and the protocol for addressing concerns about resources.2. With reference to the Minimum Resources Agreement.1.victoria.1 School Resources to Support PhD Candidates 9. the candidate’s entitlements and document these in the Research Memorandum which becomes part of the record of registration. Some schools are able to provide some financial assistance from school resources and this is a subject for negotiation within the School.2. OGB132 (Law). paper supplies.3 Financial Assistance The payment of research expenses varies from school to school.9. This provides access to features such as personal storage and a large number of library databases. Further information on these services and others is available by consulting: www. Internet browsing and printing services are available for a small charge.nz • PhD Handbook 39 . correspondence and so on. Railway (RW 225). with the supervisors and the candidate. All PhD candidates are advised of their obligation to observe the Information Systems Statute which can be found at: http://policy. x5050 for help with the services ITS provides. source materials.ac. and WCE (T208). Enquiries via email can be sent to: its-service@vuw. Research Funding and Financial Support.nz/research%2Doffice/ postgraduate/minimum-resources. 9.ac.1 Responsibilities of the Head of School The Head of School (HoS) is responsible for ensuring that each PhD proposal is feasible in terms of time. office space and furniture.

studentvuw. will give postgraduate library privileges. Following enrolment and payment of fees.2.victoria. otherwise their profiles will be affected. students should refer to the Library website at www.vuw.ac. the Commerce Library at Railway West Wing.5 ITS Student Help Desk Service Help Desks are available specific hours that change from trimester to trimester. When connecting from an ITS computer log directly into the student domain. A range of printed information leaflets about specific library services and collections is available from service points in all libraries. PhD candidates will receive a student ID card which.ac.Te Pataka Korero The University Library comprises the Central Library in the Rankine Brown Building on the Kelburn Campus. problems or complaints rather than other ITS staff so that the call is logged and is directed to the most appropriate support person for resolution.1 Lending Services PhD research often necessitates heavy and specialised use of library services.victoria.nz/ Amphora!~~policy.vuw. Clients should always contact the Help Desk in the first instance with enquiries.4 Accessing the Network All postgraduate thesis students have the right to access Victoria’s network via the staff domain.nz 9. For further information on your account username please check your Confirmation of Study form or contact an ITS Help Desk.ac. All PhD candidates are advised to consult the Library Statute at: http://policy.3. a networked school desktop computer or through an external Internet Service Provider (ISP). the Lending and Reader Services Group will normally grant temporary borrowing privileges upon receipt of a supporting letter from the proposed primary supervisor.ac. when connecting from a networked school desktop computer or via the Internet from home (requires a personal ISP) connect via the VUW Portal: www. after validation at the Central Issue desk.nz~POLICY~000000000021. Books from the 40 PhD Handbook .3 The University Library .pdf 9. However. For further and more comprehensive information. with reduced hours on weekends and during term breaks. 9. This section contains information relevant to all PhD students. 9. the Architecture and Design Library in Vivian Street. including a complete Staff Directory. candidates must choose access via either the staff domain or the student domain.9. the Education Library at the Karori Campus and the Law Library in the Government Buildings.nz/library/ Students are advised to check this site and the myVictoria portal regularly for updated information about the Library and its services.3 Registration as an ITS Client All candidates will have a computer account on enrolment. Access to the network via the staff domain requires students to contact their school administrator who will set them up as an ‘interested party’.2. Note. The Website is also a gateway to the online catalogue of Victoria University of Wellington Library.2. Authorised students may use all of these libraries following registration. Access to the network via the student domain requires a student computing account and depends on whether the connection is from an ITS terminal. If borrowing privileges are required prior to enrolment while a thesis proposal is being prepared. There is no common data storage between the student domain and the staff domain.

request and renewal procedures. Reference staff are always happy to give advice on suitable information resources as well as provide assistance with search techniques and strategies. Candidates wishing to borrow this CD in order to install ‘Endnote’ on their personal computer should consult the Closed Reserve Desk staff.4 Inter-Library Loan and Document Delivery Lending and Reader Services is responsible for requesting material from other libraries and information providers both in New Zealand and overseas. The Closed Reserve Desk on Level 2 of the Central Library holds copies of the bibliographic management software ‘Endnote’.aspx Printed request forms may also be collected from the Reference desk and the Reserves desk in the Central Library or from the Architecture and Design. The Architecture and Design.victoria. through both printed and electronic resources.victoria. All items on issue are subject to recall if required by other borrowers. 9.victoria.ac.ac. except for three-day-loan books. Commerce and Law Libraries. Staff will give advice about electronic and print information resources in a range of subject areas. In the Central Library student computing facilities are available on Levels 1 and 2. The range of databases to which the Library provides access is very comprehensive and a continuously updated list will be found on the Library website.3.3 Research Seminars Postgraduate research seminars are offered at the beginning of the first trimester. on the Library website or through the Postgraduate Students’ Association (PGSA). teaching and research purposes only. candidates should refer to the Library website: www. Details of seminars will be given in library notices.nz/library or by going directly to: www. Most periodicals in the Central Library are issued for two weeks.nz/library/forms/interloan-request.3. Requests must relate to study.3. Commerce and Law Libraries. Architecture and Design library periodicals are not available for loan. Level 2 of the Central Library. Liaison library staff are assigned to each school in the Faculties of Science and Humanities and Social Sciences and can be consulted for assistance in particular subject areas. Commerce and Law Libraries have similar facilities for subject-specific database searching. and library hours of opening. Law. Reference and Liaison Services have (in both print and electronic format) a range of University Calendars from New Zealand and overseas.nz/library/ 9. Please note that all current issues of periodicals are reference-only items. Subject-specific seminars and individual consultations are available from the Library throughout the year on request to a liaison librarian or the Reference Office. The Interloans team process requests from the Central Library as well as the Architecture and Design.main collection are issued for eight weeks.2 Reference and Research Services Reference and Liaison Services. with some exceptions. If candidates experience technical problems in accessing the University and Library websites or networked information resources they should discuss this with staff at the Student Computing Helpdesk. PhD Handbook 41 . For further information about borrowing books and periodicals. offer comprehensive information services. 9.ac. as well as scholarship guides and other directories related to further study. Requests may be sent electronically from the Library website at www. The Reference Office and Library website can be consulted for the names of liaison librarians.

Level 1. If PhD candidates wish to access other libraries directly. Reference and Liaison Services will be happy to give advice and help to facilitate such access. • 9. PhD candidates should first and foremost rely on the resources of Victoria University of Wellington Library. Reference staff can readily identify holdings of other libraries both in New Zealand and overseas and can advise students about electronic selfaccess to other collections. Material from other libraries can normally be accessed through interlibrary loan and document delivery services. Beaglehole Room. Level 1.C.6 Other Libraries As a general principle. U.Further information may be obtained by contacting the Interloans staff or checking the Library website. 42 PhD Handbook .3.3. archives and manuscripts and the VUW Authors’ collection. There is restricted access to some of the material. The Collection comprises material published by the United Nations and its associated agencies. publications issued by other international organisations as well as statistics and yearbooks from New Zealand and many other countries.5 Specialised Collections PhD candidates should be aware of the following collections at the Central Library: • J. 9. and Official Publications Collection.N. The Beaglehole Room holds collections of rare books.

ac. runs intensive thesis writing workshops and provides one-to-one support throughout students’ candidature.nz/postgradlife see: 16.nz or by phone on (04) 463-6779. Statistics and Computer Science offers a number of undergraduate and graduate courses in Applied Statistics.nz/stat/consulting 10. For further details. Statistics and Computer Science. Specific information on the advice obtainable from these two sources follows. PhD Handbook 43 .2. the Student Learning Support Service offers general advice on research. For enquiries please contact a SCS Help Desk or email scs-help@vuw.nz. Some other packages are available within selected specialist school facilities. a studentcentred website at www. You and your supervisor are welcome to discuss statistical aspects of your research with the consultant who can be contacted via email at: statsconsult@mcs. Details are advertised on: www. The School of Mathematics.ac.1. victoria.10.2 Statistical Advice Many research projects require statistical analysis of experimental or survey data.vuwvictoria. ac. Guest speakers cover topics such as: Writing a Research Proposal.1 Statistical Packages Statistical packages such as SPSS (Statistical Product and Service Solutions) are available on all the SCS computers across the campus-wide network. go to: www. 10.victoria.vuw. and statistical advice may be sought from the School of Mathematics.0 Research Advice While it is expected that most of the necessary research advice will be provided by supervisors and other members of schools.mcs.nz/st_services/slss/ in the Postgraduate Students’ Association newsletter and on school notice boards. Statistics and Computer Science. Managing Your Studies. Qualitative and Quantitative Methodologies. Literature Reviews. PhD candidates are strongly advised to discuss this with their supervisor at an early stage of planning their research – it may be impossible to extract useful information if your survey or experiment is not well designed.1 Student Learning Support Service The Student Learning Support Service (SLSS) organises a series of seminars on issues of relevance to PhD candidates at both Kelburn and Pipitea campuses. in the first weeks of each trimester. ac. It is the responsibility of supervisors to ensure that proper statistical advice is sought. You should consider whether any of them may meet your needs. based at the School of Mathematics. Further information can be obtained by phoning x5908 or viewing PostgradLife. SLSS also facilitates a regular writing group. 10. The Ethical Approval Process.ac. The University Research Committee also funds a consulting statistician. and Thesis Writing.10.

and the University. The intent of these awards is to support PhD candidates in the period immediately following submission of their theses and enable them to prepare their research for eventual publication. but before agreements are reached with external funders. Some supervisors may also have contacts with businesses or enterprises through which other funding can be arranged.nz]. Science and Technology [www.org. Information and documentation is available at: http://www. Successful applicants are expected to work full-time on their research during the tenure of the scholarship. Funds from these sources are usually of great benefit to research students.11. 11.fis. The scholarships are awarded on the basis of academic merit and an assessment by the school of the applicant’s ability to complete the dissertation within the specified timeframe.ac.nzvcc. they should consult the Scholarships Office (email Scholarships-Office@vuw. government funding through the Tertiary Education Commission [www.3 Doctoral Completion Awards Victoria Doctoral Completion Awards come into effect on 1 January 2008 and are available to doctoral candidates who submit their thesis for examination within 42 months from the date of first registration. phtml?detail+600532 or from the Scholarships Manager.nz] . the Foundation for Research.ac.2 PhD Submission Scholarships These scholarships enable students already enrolled for several years to bring their research to a successful completion.nz]. the grant in question.org. careful consideration must be given to any conditions attached to.govt. Applications for Victoria University PhD Scholarships must be submitted to the Scholarships Office by 15 June or 1 November.nz/BreakOut/vuw/schols.4 Externally-funded Scholarships and Grants Over the past years there has been an increase in the amount and range of contestable funding available to postgraduate students in New Zealand Universities in the form of grants and scholarships.frst. It is therefore essential that applications for.0 Research Funding and Financial Support If PhD candidates are contemplating PhD study and would like to apply for a scholarship. Candidates must have the endorsement of their supervisor and Head of School to submit.the Bright Future scheme. those of research students. It is also important to ensure that agreements with funders are formulated in a way that protects their interests.victoria. PhD Submission Scholarships are tenable for three months only and there is a closing date every two months starting in January each year.govt. or implications of. Applications for Vice Chancellor’s Strategic Research Scholarships must be submitted by 15 May – topics for these scholarships are advertised in February of the year of application.ac.nz] and Education New Zealand [www. Unsuccessful applicants may apply again in the follow round after consultation with the Scholarships Manager. funding from outside enterprises are discussed with those responsible for external research income before any agreement is signed. If a grant imposes any obligations or restrictions upon the candidate or the 44 PhD Handbook .nz/scholarships 11.nz).newzealandeducated. including Commonwealth and Rhodes Scholarships. 11. This funding includes the growing range of scholarships administered by the New Zealand Vice-Chancellors’ Committee [www. All Victoria PhD Scholarships are tenable for up to three years from first enrolment.tec. Information and application forms can also be downloaded from the University website: www.1 University Scholarships There are three rounds of PhD scholarships each year. 11. and offers of.

Funds typically granted by faculty committees are used to cover identifiable expenditure on inter-library loan costs. parties responsible for external research income will negotiate changes before the offer of a grant is accepted. ac. Funds for scholarships or research expenses must be channelled through the University Scholarship Office and not paid directly to the candidate. as in other cases of paid employment. Candidates who wish to apply for a Research Grant should discuss their application with their supervisors.nz or tel 0-4-463 5793. Tutors may complete a Tutor Training Certificate of Attendance through the UTDC. Tutors and demonstrators are employed by schools to teach undergraduate (usually first-year) classes and to do associated marking. Candidates may like to seek assistance from the Victoria University of Wellington Students’ Association’s (VUWSA’s) Education Coordinators in this matter. it may be worth sacrificing income in order to facilitate the speedy and successful completion of the degree. Candidates should consult their Head of School with questions concerning the availability of tutoring or demonstrating positions. Tutor training is offered through the University Teaching Development Centre (UTDC) and some schools also provide discipline-specific training. 11. For further information see the UTDC website: www.5 Research Grants PhD candidates can seek advice and apply for Research Grants either through their faculty or school where available. in VicNews and on the tutor/demonstrator email list: tutors@vuw.ac.6 Loans and Allowances Information on allowances and loans can be obtained from StudyLink. In this. 11.nz. they should be aware of the need to strike a balance between the demands placed on their time by the associated duties and their own study.studylink. tel 0800 889 900. 11.University.govt.nz/tutors Other courses are also available throughout the year and are advertised on the UTDC website. Ministry of Social Development. www.7 Tutoring and Demonstrating Many PhD students support their studies by tutoring or demonstrating. If candidates are offered such work. PhD Handbook 45 . costs incurred in securing research material and travel for field-work and conference attendance.victoria.utdc.

Candidates can reasonably expect the University to actively seek prompt resolution of any problems. Candidates are also free to seek advice from other scholars. supervisors and candidates encounter difficulties that may prevent fruitful co-operation.1 Introduction In the course of the research process. Where difficulties occur between a candidate and one supervisor. mindful of maintaining the reputation and standing of the University. The following section indicates to both supervisors and candidates a general means of resolving difficulties arising in the supervisory relationship. In some cases. however. with both candidate and supervisor seeking assistance as necessary and appropriate.2 General Principles It is essential that steps are taken to resolve any problems immediately. preferably within the School.Rights and Obligations Regarding Conduct. the goal is to allow the research to continue and to be completed within the scheduled timeframe.0 Resolution of Problems 12. It is desirable that any problems that may arise are addressed and settled as quickly as possible. Both parties are advised that a variety of options are available for the resolution of difficulties.3 General Guidelines Candidates and supervisors might find the following process helpful in addressing problems. the other supervisor may be able to provide assistance.5 . 12. In the event of difficulties of a more personal nature that may involve a breach of the Policy on Staff Conduct or the Statute on Student Conduct. The University will expect all parties to the resolution process to conduct themselves with professionalism. the Postgraduate Students Association (PGSA) and Victoria University of Wellington Students’ Association (VUWSA). All parties must be sensitive to the needs of any candidate who has sought assistance.vuw. Candidates and supervisors should be able to discuss the issues involved and reach agreement on how any obstacles might be overcome.ac. differences of opinion may arise over questions that are related directly to the scope of the topic or to the investigation of it.nz Further information can be found in this Handbook in 15. 12. and that the University will give every assistance that might be necessary to ensure productive supervisor-candidate relationships and to facilitate the timely completion of the research project. but have been unable to do so. The University recognises the pressure candidates may be under to complete research and acknowledges that avoidable delays could have significant financial and academic implications for candidates. In some instances both parties may need to accept that a change of supervisor may resolve the problem and ensure completion of the project. 46 PhD Handbook . candidates and supervisors are urged to refer to these documents at http://policy. Whatever process of conflict resolution is adopted.12. It is assumed that the parties have attempted to resolve the difficulties themselves.

Both Advisers will act as a sounding board to help explore a range of options and processes and can be a mediator or intermediary who can be consulted in place of. more formal procedures. following consultation with the candidate and supervisor. after trying the above channels. while the Facilitator and Disputes Adviser deals with problems relating to matters covered by the Policy on Staff Conduct. to the Associate Dean. The Education Coordinator is available where candidates may wish to sound out their concerns with someone outside the Faculty. If required.3 Seeking Assistance outside the Faculty Victoria University of Wellington Students’ Association’s (VUWSA) Education Coordinator is available to offer advice and support to candidates experiencing difficulties. can raise the problem with appropriate people on their behalf. or before resorting to. The Associate Dean must be kept informed at all stages and copies of correspondence must be sent to the Manager. Alternatively. seeking clarification or providing guidance and/or mediation. formal grievance procedures can be invoked. 12. if candidates or supervisors do not wish to talk to anyone within the School they are free to seek assistance directly from the Associate Dean. and the University Facilitator and Disputes Adviser. or where either the candidate or the supervisor(s) feel it is inappropriate to address their concerns to each other. a candidate is still dissatisfied. and if required. It is the responsibility of the Administrative Supervisor to attempt prompt resolution of the difficulties. Candidates may also wish to approach the Student Counselling Service. Candidates may also approach the Senior Academic Policy Adviser for advice and assistance or the Facilitator and Disputes Adviser.4 Lodging a Formal Grievance If. Grievances relating to academic disadvantage are considered under the Academic Grievance Policy. they may approach the Administrative Supervisor for assistance in resolving their difficulties. It is the responsibility of the Associate Dean to attempt prompt resolution of any difficulties. For a list of people who can offer advice and support see page 8. If research progress is being affected by difficulties. The Administrative Supervisor must be kept informed. Faculty Office.1 Seeking Assistance from the Administrative Supervisor In the first instance. in writing. Academic grievances concerning PhD candidacy are dealt with by the PhD Handbook 47 . Such assistance might take the form of eliciting information. 12. with respect for all parties. outlining how the candidate and supervisor(s) are working towards the resolution of those difficulties. 12.3. they have a duty to refer the matter immediately.2 Seeking Assistance from the Associate Dean If the Administrative Supervisors find themselves unable to resolve any difficulties.12. Where this fails to resolve the problem. it is the responsibility of the Administrative Supervisor to inform the Associate Dean immediately in writing.3. The Associate Dean will liaise with the Manager of the Faculty Office. following consultation with the Administrative Supervisor. the Education Coordinator can deal with both academic and conduct issues. If either candidate or supervisors feel that resolution is not being achieved to their satisfaction within the School. they are entitled to take the matter either separately or collectively to the Associate Dean. as appropriate.3. with respect for all parties. as necessary. any difficulties should be discussed between the candidate and the supervisor(s). This must be done in writing and should include information on what informal procedures have been followed. The Senior Academic Policy Adviser deals with academic matters covered by the Academic Grievance Policy.3.

candidates.nz/). for any reason. 48 PhD Handbook . they are invited to discuss the matter with the Manager of the Faculty Office in the first instance.victoria. dissatisfied with the administrative performance of their Faculty Office. The Manager will request appropriate action from Administrative Supervisors and supervisors if necessary.ac. formal grievances beyond the levels described above should be submitted to the relevant Pro ViceChancellor. In each case. Formal grievances regarding staff misconduct normally are handled by the relevant manager.4 Resolving Administrative Difficulties If the difficulties are of an administrative or procedural nature. If anyone is. and then the Pro Vice-Chancellor of the Faculty if necessary.Assistant Vice-Chancellor (Academic) who will consult the Deputy Vice Chancellor (Research). supervisors and Administrative Supervisors are encouraged to make direct contact with Faculty Office Managers. Grievances relating to staff misconduct are considered under the Policy on Staff Conduct (both documents can be viewed by searching for the relevant title on: http://policy. Policy/Statute Academic Grievance Policy Nature of Grievance Academic disadvantage regarding PhD candidacy Staff misconduct Submit to AVC (Academic) The relevant Pro ViceChancellor Policy on Staff Conduct 12.

The following guidelines may assist candidates in preparing their theses for presentation. Where the research project consists of a number of cases of more or less separate studies. The precise interpretation of this varies from discipline to discipline. 13.2. providing a summary of the methods of investigation and conclusions reached in a form suitable for publication. or in a separate companion volume or box. The thesis structure is a matter for discussion between candidates and supervisors. Prior approval is required and it is important that this is organised as early as possible and before examiners are appointed. Schools may also specify distinct requirements bearing on style and presentation. Candidates should check details of presentation and production with the primary supervisor before final preparation of the thesis. List of illustrations. A student may present a thesis in Te Reo Maori as outlined in The Use of Te Reo Maori for Assessment Policy.2 Guide to the Presentation of Theses Candidates should secure a copy of Library Requirements for Deposit of Theses (available from the Library Reference desk) and ensure that their thesis meets these requirements. the thesis must explain their relationship to one another. A length of about 300 words is recommended. but it must be a report on the work which has been carried out during a supervised course of research while the candidate was registered for the PhD degree. Separate contents pages should also be included in subsequent volumes. plates etc: all illustrations should be numbered and page references given. candidates should show the contents of all volumes on the contents page of the first volume. • • • • • PhD Handbook 49 . It may include published material.13. but its transformation into the final draft for submission usually takes much longer than planned. If the thesis consists of more than one volume. Nearly all candidates find that the actual writing of a thesis takes much longer than expected. Preface: a preface may not be necessary as the abstract can state the scope of the study. Body of the text: relevant advice is provided in section 13. Table of contents: candidates should list chapters with relevant page numbers.0 The Thesis 13.1 Layout It is recommended that the contents of the thesis be presented in the following order: • • Title page: a specimen page is provided on page 53. 13. The preparation of a first draft may be the most difficult part of the work.1 Introduction This section contains information on the presentation. Abstract: the regulations require that the thesis should include a short abstract. Acknowledgements: candidates are required to acknowledge all assistance that has been received with the research and production of the thesis.2. The only general requirement is that the thesis should be an integrated report. If the thesis contains a large quantity of folded material it may be advisable to place it in a special folder or pocket at the end of the volume. The abstract must not exceed 500 words. and availability of the thesis.3. binding.

A manual for writers of term papers. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. If in-text references are in the form of footnotes. Gibaldi. 1996. K. especially if the thesis is later reproduced on microfiche. 2000. 1995. 2nd ed. The Chicago manual of style. L. Wellington: GP Publications. 2000. Basingston. Patrick. 50 PhD Handbook . 2003. The supervisors are able to advise on the appropriate forms. 2003. References and/or Bibliography: references in the text should be made in the form appropriate to the discipline concerned. 1998. in cases of doubt the full form of any reference should be used rather than abbreviations. or how to cite journal articles. The MLA style manual. Ann Arbor. write and finish a doctoral thesis or dissertation. Washington: the Association. the books listed below may be useful. Publication manual of the American Psychological Association. Rita S. Joseph.) Index: if candidates wish to include an index. M L A style manual and guide to scholarly publishing. 6th ed. 2nd ed. 5th ed. How to write and publish a scientific paper. John M. Houndmills. Writing your doctoral dissertation: invisible rules for success. multiple or corporate authorship) in part or as a whole. London: Falmer Press. 1994. University of Michigan Press. 2003. it is preferable. Brause. that these footnotes appear at the bottom of the page to which they refer. • • 13. and the listing in the References/Bibliography should reflect disciplinary norms. Consult the Reference and Research staff for further guidance. New York: Modern Language Association of America. 6th ed. Turabian. New Zealand Government Printing Office. Phoenix: Oryx Press. 4th ed. though not essential.2. University of Chicago Press. However. 5th ed.2 Citation style Particular disciplines often have individual citation conventions. please consult the Library Reference and Research staff for advice on its format and for guides on its preparation. 2001. 15h ed. (Also titled Style Book: a guide for New Zealand writers and editors. (It is often inconvenient to refer to notes and references placed at the end of the chapter or at the end of the thesis. if the footnotes become very extensive it is acceptable to list them in a separate section at the end of the thesis. theses and dissertations. Joseph. M L A handbook for writers of research papers.) Swales. English in today’s research world: a writing guide. Dunleavy. New York: Modern Language Association of America. Achtert. These works are all available in the Library. Be sure to conform consistently to the standards considered appropriate for the relevant discipline. For specific examples of how to cite a book (single. draft. Gibaldi. Chicago: University Press. New York: Modern Language Association of America. American Psychological Association. Robert. Authoring a PhD: how to plan. Walter S. Day. The New Zealand Style Book. 1998.• Appendices (if applicable): candidates may wish to include here any material that does not fit conveniently into the body of the text.

Candidates should contact University Image Services for information on available photographic and digital imaging services and current costs.3 Format • • Word-processing and 12-point type font is recommended. • 13. Candidates should be guided by their supervisors on an appropriate length for the thesis. room 116. email Image-Services@vuw.illustrations. • • 13. abstract. or mounted on guard sheets.g. 115 (a).2. Lines should be double spaced or at least one and a half spaces apart. The main body of the text should be numbered in Arabic numerals but it is acceptable to assign Roman numerals in lower-case to preliminary pages (title page. 115 (b) etc).000 words in length (including scholarly apparatus). The Victoria University PhD Statute stipulates that “the thesis shall not exceed a total of 100. if possible. uniform on all pages. It is recommended that photographs be mounted on heavier paper than that used for the main text. Candidates should discuss payment with supervisors. but text on both sides is acceptable. Candidates may also wish to distinguish indented quotations from the main text by using single spacing or a smaller font size.6 Photographic and Colour Copy Illustrations • Photographs should be dry mounted where possible. Rankine Brown Building.ac.7 Length • A PhD thesis should be concise: examiners often criticise excessive length. maps or charts . table of contents etc). Printing on one side of the paper only is preferred.2.13.4 Pagination • Pages must be numbered consecutively and page numbers should appear on every page in a consistent position. The Library provides a self-service colour photocopier in the photocopying room on Level 2 of the Central Library. • 13. • • • 13. In exceptional circumstances the • • PhD Handbook 51 .2. which frequently indicates poor judgement. Use single spacing for footnotes but double spacing between individual notes. especially if the thesis is very long.5 Paper • The physical appearance of the thesis is very important. New Kirk. Avoid. including diagrams and charts. It is essential that all leaves be of the same size so that they may be readily bound together. Leave a margin of at least 4 cm on the left or binding side of the page. On the other three sides of the page the margins should be not less than 1. diagrams and maps may be folded to conform to the A4 format. except the title page which is normally counted but not numbered.should be included in the main numbering sequence. provided the text is correctly imposed with uniform and sufficient margins. sub-numbering of pages/leaves (e. Image Services may be contacted at: tel 0-4-463 5133.2.5 cm as the edges will be trimmed by the binders and there must be no danger of losing part of the text. The paper used should be of good quality and be in A4 format. especially the footnotes.nz. Larger material such as charts. Interpolated leaves .2.

students should make a copy and print from that. Candidates should consult the relevant thesis presentation guides before they begin. Permission should be sought well in advance of submission of the thesis for examination. Candidates should make sure that the printer-driver for the printer that will be used for the final printout is chosen during any formatting exercise. • • • 52 PhD Handbook . Different drivers impose different page specifications. 13.html describes how a computer workstation should be set up.nz/hr/heath_ safety/health-safety-training. regularly up-dated.Research Degrees Committee may grant permission for a longer thesis to be submitted for examination” (PhD Statute 4. or use the original. for instance. Also OOS Buster courses (I hour) are held regularly during term time. Information Technology Services staff may also be able to provide advice. The following advice should help candidates make the most efficient use of their computers and avoid commonly-made mistakes. particularly for complex formats like tables.4 (b)). might be prepared to hold a back-up copy.ac. One at home and one at the University. If a draft printout from another printer is needed. A supervisor or school administrator.8 Computer Use Most PhD theses are produced by candidates using a computer. The Health and Safety webpage: www.victoria. and a change in printer-driver can affect the layout significantly. is necessary insurance. keeping the back-up in a different place from the original.2. • Candidates should be aware of the dangers of developing occupational overuse syndrome (OOS) with prolonged computer use. At the time of submission the candidate must certify that the thesis falls within this word limit. Using the required guidelines from the outset will save a great deal of time and anxiety in the final stages of thesis preparation. but close without saving changes. Candidates should always back up their work.

9 Specimen Layout of Title Page THE FULL TITLE OF THE THESIS By Candidate’s Full Name A thesis submitted to the Victoria University of Wellington in fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in History Victoria University of Wellington 2008 PhD Handbook 53 .13.2.

13. Care should be taken to ensure that the temporary binding does not produce a row of holes down the page.4. provided the relevant information (as above) is visible when the item is shelved. • • 54 PhD Handbook . Works which do not fall within the usual A4 format.3. Architecture and Design theses are deposited with the relevant campus library.ac. The thesis must be firmly bound within the temporary cover so that pages cannot become detached. Theses are deposited with Collection Services on Level 1 of the Central Library. • • 13. for deposit in the University Library. The Reference desk of the Library holds a list of approved binders. who will soft bind theses for examination.1 Public Availability of Theses The University Human Ethics Committee (HEC) Guidelines (see Appendix 1 of the Human Ethics Policy: www. is available from the Reference desk in the Library.3. 13. and cased in cloth or buckram. A list of local commercial binders.2 Permanent Binding of the Thesis • The candidate is solely responsible for having the thesis bound after the examination to the satisfaction of the University Librarian.2 Deposit • Completed PhD theses are deposited in the University Library on the understanding that completed work becomes an important part of the Library resources and may be consulted by other researchers.4). The thesis must be fully bound. The author’s last name and initials and the title/short title must be lettered on the spine. such as musical scores.4.3 Binding 13. Lettering on the front cover is recommended but not essential. advice may be sought from library staff. The binding must ensure that the thesis can later be permanently bound to conform to the Library requirements. A receipt is issued at the time of deposit. The degree will not be awarded until this has been done. Authors are responsible for all binding charges.4. never stapled.1 Temporary Binding for Examination • Candidates are encouraged to submit the three copies of their thesis for examination in temporary soft binding.nz/home/about_victoria/policy.4 Availability and Withholding of Access to Theses 13. may be bound or boxed in a fashion appropriate for their preservation. Law. to facilitate any revisions or corrections and/or re-submission. • • • • 13. as this will interfere with the permanent binding. If in doubt.html) require that research results must be disseminated and not kept secret. It is an important component of the University tradition that knowledge is openly available for examination and criticism by peers (see also 13.victoria.

4. graphs. that likelihood is good reason for non-disclosure. it must be in the public domain. 13. The Associate Dean can provide further advice. and photographs included in the thesis). the use of any third party content must not be in breach of copyright. PhD Handbook 55 . If making information available would be likely to prejudice the security or defence of New Zealand or international relations with New Zealand. endanger the safety of any person. Students should consult the Victoria University Intellectual Property Policy at http://policy. 7 and 9 of the Act. This should be done at the outset of research.12.4 Withholding Access to Theses Where there are good reasons why a thesis should not be publicly available candidates must apply in writing to the Research Degrees Committee (RDC) for approval to withhold access for a given period. or seriously damage the economy of New Zealand. 13. ac. i. The third bound copy is retained by the candidate.pdf for the Withholding of Theses Procedure. fall within the provisions of the Copyright Act 1994 and Amendments.nz It describes ownership and what is required should intellectual property issues arise from research undertaken while a student at the University. For electronic deposit.5 The Implications of Withholding Access All information held by the University is subject to the Official Information Act 1982 which operates on “the principle that the information shall be available unless there is good reason for withholding it.” A description of what constitutes a good reason for withholding information held by the University is dealt with principally in Sections 6. however. The application must also be supported by the supervisors and Head of School. research students own the intellectual property originally created exclusively by them in the course of their studies. If application is delayed difficulties may arise if the RDC subsequently declines the application after the research has been completed. or as soon as the need for an embargo becomes apparent. or it will not be accepted. A completed availability slip MUST accompany the deposit. Candidates should consult section 4.4.nz~POLICY ~000000000034. Second or third copies are usually photocopies.3 Copyright and Intellectual Property The author retains the copyright to the thesis after deposit in the Library and redress for plagiarism can be sought under the laws protecting copyright.• The Faculty Office is responsible for ensuring that the candidate deposits one hard-bound and one electronic copy of the thesis in the Library immediately upon receipt of advice from the Convener of the Research Degrees Committee that the degree is to be awarded.vuw. Copyright in publications other than the thesis arising from supervised research is likewise owned by the creator(s). In some cases the candidate’s school will also request a copy.ac. Availability slips are obtained from the Faculty Office at the time of enrolment.victoria.vuw. research students will be required to enter into an agreement assigning or apportioning intellectual property to the University.nz/Amphora!~~policy. or comply with the terms of any agreement. • • 13.3(c) of the Library Statute for a full description of the provisions regarding the Withholding of Access to Theses and see http://policy. In general. In certain circumstances.4.e. or prejudice the maintenance of law and order.ac. The Library must always receive the original or “best” copy (and this includes the figures.

including the prevention. or To prejudice the entrusting of information to the Government of New Zealand on a basis of confidence by: i) the government of any other country or any agency of such a government. rents and other costs. to make that information available.12. Sections 6 and 9 of the Official Information Act are reproduced here: Section 6. the ground identified in the written request made by the author under the Library Regulation 4. making requests for research information from outside sources. or (c) To prejudice the maintenance of the law.4. and deciding how information will be handled in the examining of the thesis or research paper. iii) taxation. and the right to a fair trial. ii) the regulation of banking or credit. Where arrangements have been made under the Library Regulation 4. It will cite as the specific ground for withholding the document. as a matter of policy. and detection of offences. Among many possible reasons for withholding information mentioned there is specific reference to material of a sensitive personal or commercial nature. disclosure may be required if “in the circumstances of the particular case. seek to withhold information in it under the Official Information Act 1982. or To endanger the safety of any person. giving undertakings to the suppliers of information in respect of the maintenance of confidentiality.3(c) for the withholding of a thesis or research paper from consultation. or To damage seriously the economy of New Zealand by disclosing prematurely decisions to change or continue Government economic or financial policies relating to: i) exchange rates or the control of overseas exchange transactions. It is important to note that although the section lists good reasons for withholding information.12. the withholding of that information is outweighed by other considerations which render it desirable. (b) (d) (e) 56 PhD Handbook . the University will.6 Official Information Act 1982 For the information of candidates and supervisors. for the purpose of section 5 of this Act. 13.” It is for this reason that the University can give no guarantee that information held by it will not have to be made available under the Official Information Act 1982. investigation. or ii) any international organisation. Candidates and supervisors should bear these factors in mind in choosing topics for research. and its inclusion or exclusion from the research document as formally presented for examination. in the public interest.3(c). control and adjustment of prices of goods and services. if the making available of that information would be likely: (a) To prejudice the security or defence of New Zealand or the international relations of the Government of New Zealand. iv) the stability. Conclusive reasons for withholding official information Good reason for withholding official information exists.Candidates should give particular attention to Section 9 of the Act.

or (d) Avoid prejudice to the substantial economic interests of New Zealand. unless. for the purpose of section 5 of this Act. salaries and other incomes. and it is in the public interest that such information should continue to be supplied. or (c) Avoid prejudice to measures protecting the health or safety of members of the public. 10. good reason for withholding official information exists. or (g) Maintain the effective conduct of public affairs through i) The free and frank expression of opinions by or between or to Ministers of the Crown or members of an organisation or officers and employees of any Department or organisation in the course of their duty. or information from the same source. Section 9. ii) Collective and individual ministerial responsibility. including that of deceased natural persons. the withholding of the information is necessary to – (a) Protect the privacy of natural persons. or (2) PhD Handbook 57 . or ii) Would be likely unreasonably to prejudice the commercial position of the person who supplied or who is the subject of the information. Subject to sections 6. v) the borrowing of money by the Government of New Zealand. if. iv) The confidentiality of advice tendered by Ministers of the Crown and officials. Other reasons for withholding official information: (1) Where this section applies. and only if. or (e) Avoid prejudice to measures that prevent or mitigate material loss to members of the public. to make that information available. vi) the entering into of overseas trade agreements. or (ba) Protect information which is subject to an obligation of confidence or which any person has been or could be compelled to provide under the authority of any enactment.and rates of wages. the withholding of that information is outweighed by other considerations which render it desirable. or ii) Would be likely otherwise to damage the public interest. in the circumstances of the particular case. iii) The political neutrality of officials. and 18 of this Act. 7. or (b) Protect information where the making available of the information i) Would disclose a trade secret. this section applies. in the public interest. or (f) Maintain the constitutional conventions for the time being which protect: i) The confidentiality of communications by or with the Sovereign or her representative. where the making available of the information i) Would be likely to prejudice the supply of similar information.

or (j) Enable a Minister of the Crown or any Department or organisation holding the information to carry on. or (i) Enable a Minister of the Crown or any Department or organisation holding the information to carry on. or (k) Prevent the disclosure or use of official information for improper gain or improper advantage. 58 PhD Handbook . commercial activities. without prejudice or disadvantage. and employees from improper pressure or harassment. members of organisations. negotiations (including commercial and industrial negotiations). or (h) Maintain legal professional privilege. officers.ii) The protection of such Ministers. without prejudice or disadvantage.

the internal examiner should not normally be a close working colleague. in consultation with the Administrative Supervisor. The third examiner should be a member of the Victoria University staff (the internal examiner). Only in exceptional circumstances will the internal examiner be the primary supervisor or cosupervisor. the Research Degrees Committee (RDC) should be consulted. Concerns with any aspect of the recommendation of examiners should be addressed to the Associate Dean.0 The PhD Examination 14. In cases where the most qualified examiner has such a relationship with the candidate. Availability is normally established through informal contact and the Associate Dean is responsible for ensuring that this is done. The thesis may include the candidate’s previously published work or material based on previous research. their relationship to one another should be demonstrated. The RDC approves the nominations and appoints the examiners. The Associate Dean will scrutinise the recommendations and forward them to the RDC.14. 14. Suitable examiners are those who have no significant personal. PhD Handbook 59 . If the candidate is a member of Victoria University staff. The intention behind this is to establish a common standard between New Zealand and overseas scholarship and to preserve the international standing of the Victoria PhD degree. professional or contractual relationships with the candidate. ‘Availability’ means willingness to accept appointment and agreement to examine the thesis and complete a report within eight weeks of receiving the thesis. At least one examiner is normally a member of the staff of an overseas university or similar institution (the overseas examiner).g. or where a candidate who has transferred from a Master’s degree is able to complete their thesis in less than the predetermined period of registration. a member of the same teaching/research group. The decision to make application for a thesis to be examined is one to be made by the candidate. Candidates can be consulted on potential examiners. If it consists of several studies or cases. the Associate Dean will give favourable consideration to a request for early submission. and supply the Associate Dean with a brief curriculum vitae or other information which establishes the suitability of the proposed examiners.2 Early Submission In cases where a candidate makes exceptional progress with their research. Supervisors. Examiners must be in a position to provide a fair and impartial assessment of the thesis.3 Submission A thesis is an integrated report. but may not be told which examiners have been nominated or appointed. The availability and suitability of examiners should be established well in advance of the thesis being submitted so that the thesis can be sent to examiners as soon as it is received by the Faculty Office on behalf of the Associate Dean. Normally at least one examiner will be from another New Zealand University (the external New Zealand examiner).1 Appointment of Examiners The PhD thesis is examined by three examiners who are people with standing in the field of the thesis being examined and who normally have experience of PhD supervision and examination.. 14. e. recommend suitable examiners to the Associate Dean. as long as the report constituting the thesis is written under supervision during the period of registration.

If the Associate Dean so decides the candidate shall be advised of the reasons for the decision and the changes necessary to make the thesis suitable for examination. Before submission. copied or reproduced in accordance with the Library regulations. The Associate Dean. in exceptional circumstances.nz/ Amphora!~~policy.vuw. the candidate shall submit three copies of the thesis to the Faculty Office and signed copies of the above statements (completion of the Exit Questionnaire is recommended but not compulsory) and apply for examination. after appropriate consultation. A thesis is not complete unless it constitutes a complete scholarly work inclusive of all scholarly apparatus usual in the discipline. If the supervisors are of the opinion that the thesis is not complete. including word limits. the primary supervisor may recommend to the Associate Dean that the thesis not be accepted for examination. two Availability of Thesis forms providing consent for the thesis to be consulted. it should be reviewed by at least the primary supervisor before application is made for examination. Where it is decided that a thesis is not complete for the reasons stipulated above and the candidate has followed the process set out in the PhD Policy. When the candidate indicates the thesis is complete.000 words in length* a research supervision Exit Questionnaire to canvas PhD students for written comments about the supervision of their thesis. Such a recommendation shall be accompanied by reasons and notified to the candidate who shall have the opportunity to make submissions to the Associate Dean. This review period should not usually exceed four weeks. the candidate retains the right to have the thesis examined. Should the Associate Dean decide that a thesis is not complete the candidate may appeal that decision to the Research Degrees Committee (RDC).nz~POLICY~000000000034. Students may appeal to the PhD Convener. the Faculty Office will provide the following documents to the candidate: • a Statement of Authorship form to confirm that the work of others has been acknowledged in the thesis and that the thesis has not been submitted previously for another degree. The University has an obligation to examiners to ensure that any thesis sent for examination is complete and suitable for examination. 60 PhD Handbook . it is expected that such decision will be made by agreement between the candidate and the supervisors. The University expects that normally a candidate would be enrolled for the three months immediately preceding submission. If a thesis is submitted in the grace period no extra fees will charged.pdf). borrowed. It should be presented in a form regarded as suitable for examination in the discipline concerned and it should conform to all other formal requirements of the University for presentation of a thesis.ac.vuw. to submit without three months prior enrolment. This requirement is delayed if the candidate has received the approval of the RDC to have access to the thesis withheld for a limited given period of time (see Withholding of Theses Procedure http://policy. A grace period starts on the last day for which fees are paid and covers the following 28 days. • • • On submission of the thesis. may decide that the thesis is not complete if the quality of the thesis submitted is such that no examiner could reasonably be expected to recommend that the candidate be awarded either a PhD or a Master’s degree.ac. a statement that the thesis does not exceed 100.However.

* Note: The 100,000 words must include everything necessary to mark the thesis, and therefore includes scholarly apparatus such as bibliographies, foot and/or end-notes and essential appendices. Where the candidate wishes to provide extensive additional material it is suggested that this material should be attached in electronic format.

14.4 Examination
The examination comprises an expert review of the thesis by three examiners and may include an oral examination. In some faculties the requirement for an oral examination is waived unless specifically requested by an examiner, a supervisor, the candidate or the Research Degrees Committee (RDC). Candidates can normally expect the examination process to take approximately 4 months (including 8 weeks for the examiners to complete their reports). In exceptional circumstances the process may take several months longer. The RDC is responsible for reviewing all reports and deciding the outcome of the examination process.

14.5 Examination of the Thesis
Each examiner is supplied by the Faculty Office, on behalf of the Associate Dean, with a copy of the thesis, the relevant statute and policy and information detailing what is required from them. The information is specified in https://intranet.victoria.ac.nz/research-office/postgraduate/forms-andtemplates.aspx All examiners write an independent report on the thesis and make a recommendation on the result. Consultation between examiners before independent reports have been submitted to the Associate Dean is prohibited, as is any communication with either the candidate or the supervisors. After reports have been submitted however, in those cases where examiners make differing recommendations on the outcome of the examination, consultation is permitted. The recommendations of the examiners on the basis of their reading of the thesis should be one of the following: • • that the thesis meets the requirements of the PhD; that the thesis will meet the requirements of the PhD on completion of any minor amendments (defined in 14.9.1) to the thesis recommended by the examiners, to the satisfaction of the internal examiner;. that the thesis will meet the requirements of the PhD on completion of any revisions (defined in 14.9.2) to the thesis recommended by the examiners, to the satisfaction of the internal examiner; that the thesis does not meet the requirements of the PhD, but that the candidate be permitted to resubmit a revised thesis within a specified period. In this case the examiners should offer detailed advice to assist the candidate towards a successful re-submission; that the candidate be declined a PhD but offered a Master’s degree, subject to any minor amendments that may be required; that no degree be awarded and the candidate’s registration be terminated.

In the case that examiners make differing recommendations on the outcome of the examination, the Associate Dean may ask the internal examiner (or a New Zealand-based examiner) to co-ordinate consultation between examiners to see if the differing recommendations can be resolved. Where the examiners agree on a joint report on the outcome of the examination, this report will be submitted

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to the Associate Dean by the co-ordinating examiner. The PhD Convener and the Research Degrees Committee (RDC) is responsible for reviewing the reports of the Associate Dean and the examiners and making a decision on the outcome of the examination process. The Associate Dean sends a report of the examination of the thesis to the PhD Convener, including all the examiners’ reports and a recommendation on the outcome. On receipt of the report from the Associate Dean where the examiners are in agreement, the PhD Convener, on behalf of the RDC, will usually accept their recommendation. Where the examiners’ views of the thesis differ significantly or are in other ways controversial, the PhD Convener will consult with the academic members of the RDC, who may require an oral examination. In cases where there is significant disagreement between examiners, it may be appropriate to initiate a discussion between the examiners with the objective of achieving consensus. The discussion will be coordinated by the PhD Convener or their nominee. In cases where differences prevent the examiners agreeing on a joint recommendation, the RDC may elect to proceed on a majority report. Alternatively, the RDC may ask for further efforts to reconcile the examiners or seek a recommendation from a referee to whom the thesis and the anonymised examiners’ reports shall be referred. The referee will advise the RDC of their recommendation. Once approved by the RDC, the PhD Convener will inform the Associate Dean, who will convey the decision on the acceptability of the thesis in writing, and send copies of the examiners’ reports to the candidate, the primary supervisor, the Administrative Supervisor and the Head of School. If the supervisor, the candidate or the RDC requests an oral examination, the PhD Convener will ask the Associate Dean to arrange one. The candidate should receive the examiners’ reports at least five days before an oral examination. On receipt of the report on the oral examination from the Associate Dean, the RDC will reconsider all the reports and make a final decision on the acceptability of the thesis on behalf of the Academic Board.

14.6 Arrangement of Oral Examination
The purpose of the oral examination is to defend the thesis and determine the result. Additional purposes may include: checking the understanding of particular aspects; allowing the candidate to demonstrate the extent of work involved; clarifying the scope and detail of the revisions required, particularly where there are conflicting statements from examiners. In some faculties and schools an oral examination is always held as part of the PhD examination process and this is determined by faculty policy as approved by Faculty Boards. After consulting one another, a supervisor or the candidate may also request an oral examination within 10 days of receiving copies of the examiners’ reports. A request for an oral examination must be justified in terms of the statement of the purposes of the oral examination. Where an oral examination is required the following takes place. The oral examination is organised by the Associate Dean who will also chair it or appoint an appropriate person as chairperson. The examination will usually be conducted by the New Zealand examiner and the internal examiner, and questions provided by the overseas examiner will be presented by the internal examiner. The primary supervisor will normally be in attendance, but not as part of the examining panel, and other supervisors may also attend.

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Circumstances will occasionally make it necessary to depart from the normal examination procedure. The Convener of the Research Degrees Committee (RDC) should be consulted in all such circumstances; the RDC must approve any unusual procedure. If problems are foreseen they should be discussed with the Convener as early as possible. A common problem with arranging the oral examination occurs when both external examiners are overseas, or when the candidate has already taken up an overseas position. In such cases an examination by telephone or video conference may be approved. However, there should always be one examiner present with the candidate. If it is impractical for the candidate to meet with any of the examiners, some responsible person, for example an academic from another university, must be present with the candidate and must supply a written statement that the examination was conducted properly.

14.7 Conduct of Oral Examination
The length and format of the oral examination depends on the discipline being examined and the issues arising from the thesis. A two-hour examination would be fairly typical. Every effort will be made to involve all examiners in the oral examination, using technology where appropriate, particularly for overseas examiners. In cases where the overseas examiner is not present, questions from the overseas examiner will be presented at the oral examination. However, it is the examiners present who must decide whether the candidate’s responses are adequate, and whether the Faculty objectives of the oral examination have been met. If an oral is required as part of the examination process, then the examination process is not complete until the oral has taken place. Reports received before the oral are provisional. The final report after the oral determines whether or not the candidate will be granted a PhD. Where a thesis is clearly acceptable, the oral examination may become a reasonably informal discussion of ways in which the research might be developed or how the thesis could be prepared for publication. In other circumstances the examiners may need to clarify issues arising from the thesis or to evaluate the candidate’s understanding of the subject. Section 4.1(b) of The use of Te Reo Maori for Assessment Policy states that “Students may use Te Reo Maori in assessed oral presentations only with the prior agreement of the examiner.” If a student wishes to use Te Reo Maori in an oral examination, this should be cleared with the School before the appointment of examiners has taken place, so that consideration can be given to appointing examiners who can understand Te Reo Maori sufficiently well to undertake this task.

14.8 Report on the Oral Examination
All examiners present at the oral examination must reach agreement and sign a report on the oral examination. There is no objection to the examiners telling a candidate unofficially what their recommendation is likely to be at the conclusion of the oral examination. The Associate Dean must then make a report on the examination as a whole to the Research Degrees Committee (RDC). Where the overseas examiner’s report recommends an outcome which is acceptable to the examiners present at the oral examination, a simple statement may be produced immediately. In other cases, telephone conversations or correspondence with the overseas examiner may be needed before reporting. It is the responsibility of the Associate Dean to coordinate any such negotiations, and to report the results to the RDC. Following the completion of the oral examination, the examiners’ agreed recommendation to the RDC must take one of the following forms:

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but ‘minor’ can include slight changes or additions of substance. The internal examiner (or primary supervisor) is responsible for ensuring that the candidate is fully informed of any corrections which must be made before the final submission of the thesis. that although the thesis is acceptable (or acceptable with minor amendment/revision) the degree not be awarded but that the candidate be permitted to re-present himself/herself for oral or written examination within a specified period of time. for example. When the candidate has completed the corrections they are inspected by the internal examiner who writes to the Associate Dean (with a copy to the Convener of the Research Degrees Committee) confirming that the requirements of the examiners have been met in full. and • 64 PhD Handbook . such as making small corrections.• • that the candidate be awarded the PhD.1) to the thesis recommended by the examiners. the person responsible for overseeing the minor amendments or revisions will stipulate in writing the timeframe within which these must be completed. adding missing citations. to the satisfaction of the internal examiner. After consultation with the candidate. In this case the examiners should offer detailed advice to assist the candidate towards a successful re-submission. then the primary supervisor will take this role. that the candidate be awarded the PhD subject to the completion of any revisions (defined in 14. or fixing typographical errors. to clarify an argument. that the degree not be awarded but that the candidate be permitted to re-submit a revised thesis within a specified period. that the candidate be awarded the PhD subject to the completion of any minor amendments (defined in 14. that the candidate be declined a PhD but offered a Master’s degree.2) to the thesis recommended by the examiners.9. amendments that are ‘minor’ should be able to be completed within two weeks’ full-time work or equivalent.9. If the internal examiner is not available. the candidate may be asked to revise aspects of their work and sometimes write new sections. 14.2 Revisions Where more than minor amendments are required. the changes that the examiners require are such that it is reasonable for the internal examiner alone to assess the revised thesis.1 Minor Amendments It is very common for examiners to ask candidates to make small corrections to the thesis before it is accepted. Where examiners require ‘revision’ it is expected that: • the thesis is generally of the required standard and the changes required are such that it does not need to be re-examined as a whole.9. 14. • • • • • 14. As a guide.9.9 Minor Amendments and Revisions The responsibility for overseeing the minor amendments or revisions is usually taken by the internal examiner. Generally minor amendments are formal only. that no degree be awarded and the candidate’s registration be terminated. If the primary supervisor is not available then the Administrative Supervisor will take this role. to the satisfaction of the internal examiner.

When the examiners recommend that the thesis be re-submitted after revision. PhD Handbook 65 . The Masters in such cases will be awarded at the Pass level. at their discretion.3 Disputes about Revision If there is substantial disagreement between the two external examiners and/or the internal examiner. This is appropriate when they consider that the candidate has performed satisfactorily in the oral examination and that the weaknesses are only in certain aspects of the writing of the thesis. Any such change must be notified to the relevant Faculty Office. Following such discussions.• the revisions are of a kind and scope that it would be reasonable to expect that they might be completed within six months’ full-time work. When the thesis is re-submitted. Re-enrolment is required for re-submission. Only in exceptional circumstances will the RDC consent to a change of examiners. this option no longer applies. may. The internal examiner is responsible for explaining to the candidate. it is recommended that the internal examiner discuss the matter with senior researchers in the School or wider university. the gathering of further data. It is the duty of the School Research Committee to organize this. which parts of the thesis require revision and for what reasons. The revisions required will be notified to the candidate in writing. it is desirable that the work is completed as soon as possible. in writing with a copy to the Convener of the RDC. a second oral may be necessary. which will usually delegate this to the internal examiner and/or the primary supervisor. and to change the primary supervisor if this is academically advisable. It is the responsibility of the School Research/Postgraduate Committee (SRC).10 Revision and Re-Submission of Thesis for Second Examination Where the examiners have recommended re-submission and the Research Degrees Committee (RDC) confirms that result. Any candidate for whom the result of the first round of the examination process is that the thesis may be resubmitted. MMus. the examination process begins again. Where re-submission is involved. If there is good reason why the internal examiner should not be the person to undertake this task. for example. all copies of the thesis are returned to the candidate who is given the date by which re-submission must be made. opt to make only minor editorial changes to the thesis and to accept the relevant general Masters qualification (MA. they may also recommend that a second oral examination is not required. who will then appoint an appropriate substitute. a formal Memorandum of Understanding should be agreed before entering into negotiations with the candidate as to the completion of these revisions. MSc.9. a period of further supervision will be required. Where the problems are more fundamental (requiring. to ensure that the candidate understands exactly what is required to meet the examiners’ concerns and to oversee the revision process. 14. Once the thesis has been resubmitted. While candidates have a maximum of six months to make the suggested revisions. LLM) in place of the doctoral qualification. Any recommendation regarding a second oral examination requires confirmation by the RDC. an explanation should be given to the Research Degrees Committee. or a restructuring of the thesis). The suggested revisions must be completed to the satisfaction of the SRC or nominee who will then notify the Associate Dean (with a copy to the Convener of the Research Degrees Committee) that the requirements of the examiners have been met. MCA. 14.

The University encourages candidates to get to know each other so that experiences can be shared 66 PhD Handbook . During the time of study. Like many transitional states. in return. and provide an academically exciting and intellectually stimulating environment. and the principal rights and obligations of PhD students. place in the University system.nz/home/about/newspubs/publications/Charter. While PhD students are usually treated collegially by academic staff. For PhD students in small schools. intellectual openness and questioning of accepted wisdom. and ultimately will be examined by the academic staff.victoria. tolerance.15. equity of educational and employment opportunity for those who are socially and economically disadvantaged. acceptance of obligations as well as rights to enable all in the University community to develop their full potential. A copy is available in the main collection of the Library. a commitment to leadership in the community and an awareness of the needs of that community. high ethical standards of accuracy. teaching and research. The University. acknowledgement of the principles of the Treaty of Waitangi and recognition of the special relationship with the tangata whenua.pdf 15.2 Values and Ethos The guiding values of the University community are: • • excellence in learning. Students should be aware that undertaking a PhD has the potential to be a solitary and isolating experience and should work to mitigate this. although the Postgraduate Students’ Association (PGSA) can provide important social and academic contacts. PhD candidates’ status can be rather ambiguous. at the same time they require guidance. ac. This document is also available at: www.0 The University Community 15. co-operation. candidates occupy a special albeit transitional. neither members of the main student body. • • • • • • A full description of the University’s Mission and Values is set out in the University Charter.1 Introduction While engaged in PhD study.3 Collegiality The University recognises that a vital aspect of the learning experience for PhD candidates is an environment of strong and supportive collegiality. endeavours to maintain an environment which will foster and protect PhD students. a nurturing environment providing the atmosphere for growth and learning. The sections that follow outline the principal values of the University community. PhD students are expected to conduct themselves and their research in a manner which conforms to the University’s values and to assist the University in achieving its research goals. and a commitment to teaching and research that embraces both theory and practice. isolation can be a problem. 15. nor members of the academic staff.

ac.ac. The use of email is very helpful for this purpose.victoria. Candidates are also encouraged to attend the appropriate faculty and school seminars. financial and social needs of higher degree students. 15. which can be a helpful means of ensuring contact with colleagues and avoiding isolation.nz/pgsa/resources/mailing-list. The PGSA also organises the University’s annual teaching awards (the Victorias) and offers a small postgraduate computing space in the Trinity Newman Postgraduate Centre. The preamble to the Statute on Student Conduct states that: “Students are expected to contribute with reason and consideration to the University’s role. it is expected that they will attempt to resolve any conflict themselves. You can also contact the PGSA on tel 0-4-463 6973 or email pgsa-ea@vuw. The PGSA sends out a monthly e-newsletter The Postgraduate News. guiding values and standing and to regulate their own conduct so as not to impede or prejudice the work of other members of the community. which can be viewed by searching for ‘Statute on Student Conduct’ at: http://policy. The PGSA operates an electronic mailing list for all members which keeps postgraduate students informed about PGSA initiatives. seminars.aspx and fill in your details. lobbying to foster the academic. relevant information for postgraduates and social events. elected each year and comprised of up to ten voluntary postgraduate students. PhD Handbook 67 .victoria. They are entitled to work. and welcomes enquiries.” If differences or disputes arise between members of the University community. The PGSA aims to create a vibrant postgraduate community at Victoria and to promote the value and role of postgraduate contributions to the University.nz The Statute on Student Conduct identifies unacceptable behaviour and provides processes by which people can seek to have concerns addressed.1 The Statute on Student Conduct The supporting values and ethos of the University can only be sustained in an environment of safety and respect for all members of the University community. To subscribe or unsubscribe to the list go to www. It is expected that students will act with integrity and demonstrate respect for others and their confidences when given. and provides advice and advocacy for individuals and groups of postgraduate students. All PhD candidates are therefore reminded of their obligation to observe the Statute on Student Conduct. 20 Kelburn Parade. The PGSA also coordinates the network of postgraduate representatives on university committees and bodies. represents postgraduate students on a variety of university committees and arranges social activities. learn.4 The VUW Postgraduate Students’ Association The Postgraduate Students’ Association (PGSA) is an independent organisation that represents all postgraduate students and their interests at Victoria. co-operatively and in a professional manner. training workshops and information.and problems jointly addressed.nz or www.victoria. study and participate in the social aspects of the University’s life in an environment of safety and respect.5 Rights and Obligations Regarding Conduct 15.nz/pgsa The PGSA’s office is in Room 202. It acts on behalf of postgraduates. ac. 15.ac. The PGSA is run by the Executive. The PGSA is always eager for postgraduates to get involved. Recognised by the University and Victoria University of Wellington Students’ Association (VUWSA) as the lead representative body of all postgraduate students. the PGSA is committed to maintaining and improving the conditions under which all postgraduates work at Victoria. It lobbies on issues.5.

sexual harassment. racial harassment. it is expected that they will attempt to resolve any conflict themselves.2 The Policy on Staff Conduct The corresponding rights and obligations of supervisors and other University staff are dealt with in the Policy on Staff Conduct which can be viewed by searching for ‘Policy on Staff Conduct’ at: http:// policy. Further information is available in the brochure Respect: Sex and Relationships: what’s OKAY and what’s not at http://www. If any PhD candidate has been subjected to unwelcome and distressing behaviour and would like guidance as to whether it amounts to sexual harassment. 15.ac. causing racial disharmony. learn. It is also University policy that all disciplinary procedures conform to the principles of natural justice.2 of the Statute.3 Formal Procedures The University policy is that the formal procedures laid down in the Statute on Student Conduct and the Policy on Staff Conduct should only be used where other methods of resolving conflicts or controlling conduct would be ineffective or inappropriate. misconduct involving a conflict of interest.victoria. all defined in section 4.nz/ The preamble to the Policy on Staff Conduct states: “Members of the University community are expected to contribute with reason and consideration to the University’s role. academic misconduct including plagiarism. “ It is expected that members of the University community will act with integrity and in a professional manner and demonstrate respect for others and their confidences when given. misuse of authority. The Policy on Staff Conduct identifies misconduct as including: discrimination.The Statute prohibits the following conduct: discrimination. racial harassment. the University has clearly defined procedures under the Policy on Staff Conduct for dealing with sexual harassment.5. guiding values and standing and to regulate their own conduct so as not to impede or prejudice the work of other members of the community. Various procedures have been adopted in the Statute and the Policy to safeguard the rights of the individuals in this respect. In particular. misuse of University computer systems. misuse of information.ac. study and participate in the social aspects of the University’s life in an environment of safety and respect. If differences or disputes arise between members of the University community. they should in the first instance.5. 15. misconduct in research. Those with seniority or authority have a particular responsibility to ensure that these standards are upheld and that sensitivity to unequal degrees of power is displayed. vuw.2 of the Policy. harassment. and other misconduct. sexual harassment. all defined in section 4. causing racial disharmony. and other misconduct. misuse of information. These definitions of misconduct are not intended to apply to reasonable comment by staff in the exercise of academic freedom. They are entitled to work. contact the University Facilitator and Disputes Advisor. co-operatively and in a professional manner.nz/disputes-advice/ 68 PhD Handbook .

e.. Prospective postgraduate students are especially welcome to visit and use the Service. The Letting Service can be accessed online at: www. except Wednesday 10. workshops and seminars in addition to tips on career development and job search topics. The Service’s reference library has detailed information on occupations and employers. confidential discussions.2 Career Development and Employment 14 Kelburn Parade Hours: 9am to 5pm Monday to Friday. Many of these services are run by the Student Services Group. 16.1 Accommodation Service Level 1. PhD Handbook 69 . handles applications for Victoria’s Halls of Residence. A Graduate Recruitment Programme runs throughout most of the year. The Service is open all year.nz The Accommodation Service helps students find suitable accommodation in Wellington. There are career workshops for developing interview skills.ac.nz/st_services/ accommodation/ or on notice boards in the Accommodation Service. This can be accessed via Victoria CareerHub: http://careerhub.30am-5 pm tel 0-4-463 5393. career fairs.ac. A separate Law and Accounting Employment Programme is held early in the year.nz using your Student Computing account as your login.0 University Student Services 16. Feel free to come by for a casual visit during our drip-in times or call ahead to book an appointment. 16. i. The Service provides an online jobs vacancy service which lists employment opportunities for graduates and for students seeking part-time or contract work related to their course of study. employer presentations. including the study break. Staff are happy to advise students on any matters related to tenancy and flatting and have a wide range of information available from Tenancy Services.1. email careers-service@vuw.from the general exploration of career ideas and the career implications of postgraduate courses. and operates a Letting Service of vacancies in the private market. preparation of CVs. Victoria CareerHub is also your one-stop-shop for details on all career events. They can help with a wide range of queries . and the computer database provides a useful checklist of career options and training.ac. Student Union Building Hours: 9am to 5pm Monday to Friday tel 0-4-463 5896. in which a number of employers come to Victoria to offer informal career information sessions and conduct formal interviews with final-year students for specific vacancies. fax 0-4-463 5252.ac.nz Career Development and Employment (www. identifying skills and other career-related matters.ac.victoria.1.nz/st_services/careers/) provides information and guidance to students with career and course-related questions.16. A comprehensive careers website also offers valuable advice.1 Student Services Group Victoria has an excellent support network for students. The Service has three professionally-trained careers advisers available for informal.victoria. to details of specific jobs. email Accommodation@vuw. which is funded by the University and by students through a small levy paid upon enrolment. employers and checking draft copies of resumes.victoria. fax 0-4-463 5252.

16.6 Kaiwawao Maori/ Maori Student Services Adviser Hunter Courtyard. at 67-71 Fairlie Terrace. Kirk Building. and possibly to 6.victoria. or phone the Manager on 0-4-463 5151. Room 103 Telephone for an appointment tel 0-4-463 6070. Group programmes are also available. their relationships or their learning.ac.30pm weekdays.ac. and personal assistance where appropriate.victoria. Bookings are on a permanent basis. There are also active student support groups. www. This Crèche is on the Kelburn campus. The University Staff Early Childhood Education (ECE) Centres cater for the children of staff and postgraduate students. including specialised computer software. and Kea House at 2 Clermont Terrace.1. Bookings can be made by contacting the Manager.nz/st_services/kaiwawao/ The Kaiwawao Maori Service’s main objective is to ensure all Maori students receive up-to-date information and assistance to participate and succeed at Victoria University.ac. Students wishing to discuss their needs should contact a Student Adviser from Disability Support Services as early as possible. Level 0.1. Trained and experienced staff provide care and education for children aged from three months to five years. in the Government Buildings on Lambton Quay. caters for 14 children up to three-and-a-half years of age. tel 0-4-463 5151 or email Childcare@vuw. The Counselling Service is a free and confidential professional service for all Victoria students who would like to discuss personal or academic issues affecting their general sense of wellbeing. The Law Crèche.nz 16. Te Aro and Karori campuses.1. which offers monthly regional meetings.30am-4. fax 0-4-463 5104.463 6001 or 027 563 6001 Monday to Friday 8. Students who wish to use any of the Crèches should register in person from the first Monday of November at 71 Fairlie Terrace.5 Disability Support Services Level 1.30pm on weekdays during term and examinations. and is open from 8am to 5.ac. The Crèche’s fully trained and experienced staff provide care and education for children while parents are studying.3 Counselling Service 2 Wai-te-ata Road (Kelburn campus) Hours: 9am to 5pm throughout the year tel 0-4-463 5310.1. injury. 16.7 MAI Ki Poneke MAI (Maori and Indigenous Postgraduate Students) is a national network for Maori.30am to 5. and is open 8. A range of services and support is available. either full-time or five half days.nz/mai 70 PhD Handbook .4 Childcare The University Student Crèche is available to students with pre-school children (from birth to five years). places to study and rest. Robert Stout Building. Pasifika and First Nations’ PhD Candidates. email Disability@vuw. hearing assistance technology.16. mental health condition or chronic illness that may impact on their study. Room 007 tel 0-4.00pm by special arrangement. regular workshops and a mentoring programme. Staff ECE Centres are Tui House at 4 Clermont Terrace.nz Disability Support Services are on campus to assist students who are deaf or have an impairment.ac.nz www. 16. fax 0-4-463 5028 Counselling Clinics are also held at Pipitea.1.30pm email kaiwawao-maori@vuw. alternative print formatting.

victoria. SLSS facilitates a regular postgraduate writing group (beginning with an intensive Saturday workshop in March). childcare.victoria.nz www. 17 Adelaide Road. and structuring and formatting long documents. Rooms 106 and 107 Hours: 9am to 5pm weekdays (no appointments on Fridays) tel 0-4-463 6644 or 0-4-463 6658. West Wing. minor surgery and more.nz The Student Finance Advisers help students to manage their personal finances by providing advice and individual budgets. accommodation etc.1. travel and nutrition advice. in the first weeks of each trimester. phone 0800-611 116 to speak to a registered nurse. Our Student Health Service will help you enjoy better health and an improved lifestyle. They can also help students complete financial statements for scholarships applications.1. The Advisers have close links with StudyLink and can assist with problems associated with Student Allowance and Loan applications. West Wing tel 0-4-463 7474. They administer the Hardship Fund which provides short-term assistance for those facing financial difficulties. An experienced team of doctors and nurses provides a wide range of medical care including treatment of acute illness and injury. Level 0 Hunter Courtyard Hours: 8. fax 04-463-5028 Pipitea: Student Services.nz The Student Learning Support Service (SLSS) runs regular seminars on topics of interest to postgraduate students.ac. management of ongoing health problems. and Te Aro: Ground floor. developing research questions. Grey Block. transport.30pm Tuesdays and Fridays tel (04)-463 5999. research costs not covered by grants. A number of specialist services are also available including psychiatry. For free medical advice. including time management.16.1. at both Kelburn and Pipitea campuses. high course costs. dermatology and physiotherapy. will help postgraduates set up and maintain a peer study/support group in their school and will organise workshops on request. For further information phone 0-4-463 5908.10 Student Learning Support Service Kelburn: Kirk Building. 139 Vivian St tel 0-4-463-5308. Faculty of Education tel 0-4-463 9537.nz/postgradlife PhD Handbook 71 . Level 2.9 Student Health Service Kelburn: 4 Wai-te-ata Rd. for example.8 Financial Support and Advice 14 Kelburn Parade. fax 0-4-463 9581 email Student-health@vuw. oral presentations. fax (04)-463 5252.ac.30am to 4pm Monday to Friday Pipitea: Railway Station. After hours emergency care is shared with Wellington GPs at the Wellington Accident and Urgent Medical Centre. email Student-learning@vuw.ac. tel 0-4-384 4944 (there will a charge for this service). 16. Level 2 Hours: 8. email Student-hardship@vuw.ac. PostgradLife is a student-centred website which provides links to important information for postgraduate students: www. fax 0-4-463 5252.30am to 3. fax 04-463-7475 Karori: Level 3. contraception. Railway Station.nz/st_services/health/ (for clinic times and fee structure) The Student Health Service offers low cost confidential quality healthcare. Experienced learning advisers are also available for one-to-one consultations on all aspects of postgraduate study. smears and sexual health checks. 16.ac.

The Services Team act as a facilitator to help you find the assistance you need.1 Student Union Building tel: 0-4-463 6999. New Zealand. which has an important role as a forum to discuss matters of relevance to the University and provide graduate input into University decision-making.13 Court of Convocation All graduates of Victoria University are eligible to be enrolled as members of the Court of Convocation.16.ac. many of who have achieved distinction in a variety of fields in New Zealand and elsewhere.victoria. Alumni Relations Office Room 325. are placed on the active roll. email student-union@vuw.nz. Wellington. Those who have voted in one of the previous two Council elections. They also deal with all insurance and visa-related issues and can help you settle into your new life in Wellington. It is a focus for many activities and features social and meeting rooms. Court of Convocation. fax: 0-4-463 6698. which elects five members of the University Council.1.12 Alumni Association The University values its links with its former students. the only campus bookshop in New Zealand owned by its students.1. through the VUWSA Trust. Anyone who has studied or worked at Victoria may join. www.nz/alumni The Alumni Relations Office provides a means for graduates and others who have had a close association with the University to remain in touch. The Association also organizes informal social activities.ac. and through an affinity card it raises money to fund postgraduate scholarships. the Rutherford House Gym.2 Student Union Complex The University’s ‘Community Centre’.1. recreational. 16. New graduates are automatically enrolled on the register. Vicbooks is on the 3rd floor of the Student Union Building and 72 PhD Handbook . the Union Cafe. The Student Union Building is home to vicbooks. Victoria University of Wellington.ac. or have been enrolled since the penultimate election. fax 0-4-463 5210: email alumni@vuw. The register of members is in two parts.nz The Union Building houses the Student Union management and the Students’ Association. the Recreation Centre. Enquiries and applications for enrolment should be addressed to the Secretary. the Student Union Complex provides opportunities for students to participate in a wide variety of cultural. the Mount Street Bar and Cafe and the Union Hall and Hunter Bar. Graduates are encouraged to remain involved in the life of the University and to exercise their right to representation on the University Council. active and inactive. Facilities include those offered by the Student Union Building. Members of Victoria University College when it was part of the University of New Zealand and persons whose names were enrolled on the register of the Court of Convocation on 26 August 2002 are also eligible. Hunter Building Tel 0-4-4636700. 16. Members wishing to participate in the election of the Court of Convocation representatives on the Council should ensure their names are on the active roll. or have applied to the Secretary for transfer to the active roll.2. 16. the Karori Gym and Tennis Courts. PO Box 600. 16. social and political activities. the Kelburn Tennis Pavilion and the Boyd Wilson Field and clubrooms. It coordinates activities of the Alumni Association.11 Victoria International The Victoria International Services Team is the first port of call for all International PhD students seeking assistance at the University. There is also a National Bank branch and ATM.

The Kelburn and Pipitea Fitness Studios offer a full range of cardio equipment and weights machines.ac. During trimesters 1 and 2 we run an Activities Programme giving you the opportunity to try everything from bridge swinging. 16. and has postal and dry cleaning services. www. PhD Handbook 73 . The Student Union also operates Student Notes on the Ground Floor. Pilates.2 Recreation Centre tel 0-4-463 6614.ac. which has recently been refurbished. The Kelburn and Karori gymnasiums provide opportunities for indoor sports such as basketball. to salsa. choose from indoor soccer. table tennis and ultimate.victoria. magazines and stationery. Pump.2. volleyball. indoor cricket and rock climbing are a sample of recreational activities which take place at Kelburn. or even cocktail making.nz/union/reccentre Recreation offers two main facilities: the recreation centre at the Kelburn Campus. basketball and indoor netball. volleyball. email rec-cent@vuw. Martial arts. and a second fitness studio and aerobics centre at the Pipitea Campus. Vicbooks offers a student discount on academic textbooks. The Group Exercise programme offers fantastic classes in Yoga. Tae Bo and Step to mention a few.nz. If you are into social sport check out our Sports League competition.the ground floor of Rutherford House. general books.

References Academic Grievance Policy Animal Ethics Policy Human Ethics Policy Information Systems Statute Intellectual Property Policy Library Statute Management of External Research Consultancy and Related Contracts Policy Minimum Resources Agreement PhD Policy: Approving. Supervising and Examining Candidates Policy on Recognition of Authorship Policy on Staff Conduct Statute for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy Statute on Student Conduct Strategic Plan University Charter Withholding Theses Procedure 74 PhD Handbook . Enrolling.

Associate Dean. Faculty Office. Senior Academic Policy Advisor Resolving problems PhD Handbook 75 . forwarded to Administrative Supervisor and Faculty Office Head of School Faculty or School Research/Postgraduate Committees Supervisors. through supervisors Associate Dean on recommendation of supervisors and Administrative Supervisor Associate Dean on recommendation of supervisors and Administrative Supervisor Associate Dean on recommendation of supervisors and Administrative Supervisor Faculty Office Associate Dean on recommendation of supervisors and Administrative Supervisor Supervisors Prepared by supervisors and candidate. suspensions. extensions. Postgraduate Coordinator. payment of fees. Facilitator and Disputes Advisor. record of candidature in the ResearchMaster information management system etc Approving variations to conditions of study including suspensions.Appendix 1: Summary of Tasks and Responsibilities Task Discussing initial proposal Ethical approvals Admission Determining conditions of registration Confirming registration Processing administrative requirements including registration. possible supervisors Appropriate ethics committees. Administrative Supervisor. content and shape of thesis Six-monthly progress reports Approving the use of school facilities and funding Approving research grants (where available) Responsibility PG Coordinator. extensions research away from the University Guidance on all matters pertaining to supervisors the research.

Examination Responsibilities Task Receipt of completed thesis Sending thesis to examiners Making examination arrangements Approving examination arrangements Organising and chairing oral examination Assessing examiners’ reports and deciding examination result Notifying results Checking that corrections to thesis have been made Notifying PhD Convener of the RDC that revisions or minor amendments have been made Deposit of thesis in Library Responsibility Faculty Office Faculty Office Associate Dean in consultation with supervisors and Administrative Supervisor Research Degrees Committee Associate Dean or nominee Research Degrees Committee Associate Dean through Faculty Office Internal Examiner Internal Examiner Candidate and Faculty Office 76 PhD Handbook .

if the internal examiner or the principal examiner is not available. each PhD candidate will have an Administrative Supervisor who will in most cases. the HoS will act as the Administrative Supervisor. Most administrative responsibilities for PhD students are delegated to the School Research/Postgraduate Committee (SRC). candidates and internal supervisors sign a Memorandum of Understanding. Responsibilities as follows: Enrolment/Registration • Ensures candidates and supervisors fulfil the regulations for the degree Supervision • Provides advice to the supervisors and is the first source of advice for candidates beyond the supervisors Assists in resolving any difficulties that may arise between candidates and their supervisor/s Informs the Associate Dean immediately in writing. In most cases.0 Supervision Protocols) Administrative Supervisor In addition to two academic supervisors. The Administrative Supervisor has responsibility for the School/Faculty paperwork involved in the candidacy. where difficulties which have arisen during supervision. Responsibilities as follows: PhD Handbook 77 .Appendix 2: Summary of Role Responsibilities Supervisor/s (see Chapter 7. Head of School The role of Head of School (HoS) varies from one school to another. are hindering the research progress. be the Head of School (HoS) of registration. which outlines the agreed responsibilities including the completion of sixmonthly reports Comes to agreement with the candidate and the supervisor/s on additional work required for a PhD if the candidate is converting from a Master’s degree Provides written support for applications for conversion from a PhD to a Master’s degree Recommends to the Associate Dean any nominations for external scholars to be part of the supervisory team (Honorary Research Associates) Seeks approval from the Associate Dean for any changes to the supervisory team Oversees the completion of the six-monthly report process Recommends to the Associate Dean that a candidate’s enrolment be discontinued if no action is taken by the candidate to rectify problems identified in the six-monthly reports • • • • • • • • • Examination • • Approaches prospective examiners in consultation with supervisors Oversees the minor amendments or revisions. Information includes outlining how the candidate and supervisor/s are working towards the resolution of those difficulties Ensures that external supervisors.

source materials and funding) that the School will provide during the candidature and sends to the SRC Approves the recommendation from the SRC on the candidates acceptability. the initial proposal. the Research Memorandum. are aware of VUW policies and practices and of training opportunities Reviews the six-monthly reports before their submission to the Associate Dean Agrees to. Responsibilities as follows: Enrolment/Registration • Discusses potential research projects with a candidate and makes decisions about their suitability Refers prospective candidates to possible supervisors Vets initial research proposals in conjunction with SRC Ensures that the candidate has two supervisors • • • 78 PhD Handbook . ensuring that the candidate has had the opportunity to respond Notifies the Associate Dean if the student fails to take the required action to rectify persistent problems and informs student of their entitlement to representation • • • • • • • Examination • Provides CVs for the New Zealand and overseas examiners plus a rationale for why the three proposed examiners make an appropriate examination panel to the Associate Dean for endorsement. proposed action to rectify problems specified in the six-monthly reports. candidate and supervisor/s of the entitlements (facilities. signs the completed application form (along with all the supervisors) and then returns the form. Postgraduate Coordinator/Director The Postgraduate Coordinator (PG Coordinator) in each school is responsible for providing information and guidance to prospective and enrolled PhD students and supervisors within a subject area. equipment.Enrolment/Registration • Writes an agreement (Research Memorandum) between the School. and monitors. and the SRC recommendation to the FO for final approval by the Associate Dean Sends recommendations on full registration to Associate Dean • • Supervision • Ensures only qualified staff members gain approval as thesis supervisors and advises supervisors of the mandatory professional development programme Ensures supervision is included in the school workload formula Recommends supervisors to the Associate Dean Ensures appropriate supervision arrangements are in place if the primary supervisor is absent from the University for longer than one month Ensures all external supervisors are provided with a copy of the PhD Handbook.

Revisions must be completed to the satisfaction of the SRC or nominee Organises the period of continued supervision if the thesis is required to be re-submitted. • PhD Handbook 79 .• • • Oversees the acceptance of a candidate within a school Ensures that the candidate and each supervisor has a PhD Handbook Provides candidates with University criteria and School-specific criteria determined by the SRC for progressing from provisional to full registration Oversees the transfer of a candidate from provisional to full registration • Supervision • • • Provides advice and support for supervisors Responds to student queries and concerns Keeps records and monitors six-monthly progress reports (may be delegated from the Head of School) Liaises with Associate Dean over student progress • Administration • • Organises school research seminars Manages all administrative procedures with school administration staff School Research/Postgraduate Committee The School Research/Postgraduate Committee (SRC) is responsible for the management of PhD candidature in the school. Responsibilities as follows: Enrolment/Registration • Scrutinises the initial research proposal for academic appropriateness. and the Research Memorandum to ensure appropriate resources are available for the research and then makes recommendations to the HoS on the acceptability of the candidate Approves memorandum of attendance Develops School-specific criteria (in addition to Victoria University criteria) as to what constitutes satisfactory progress for candidates to move from provisional to full registration Recommends a move to full registration once the committee has accepted the full research proposal and the student has met requirements and informs the Associate Dean • • • Supervision • Discusses possible conversion from a Master’s degree to a PhD with supervisors – must be satisfied existing supervisor/s are appropriately qualified/experienced and if necessary approve additional supervision Examination • Notifies the candidate of any required revisions to the thesis (usually delegate this to the internal examiner and/or the primary supervisor) to ensure that the candidate understands exactly what is required to meet the examiners’ concerns.

Associate Dean (Students/Research) In each faculty an Associate Dean. or delegated authority. following nomination by schools including the Administrative Supervisor. on rare occasions. where the HoS is already the primary supervisor. or is unable to exercise the required administrative functions Approves applications to convert from a Masters to the PhD and vice versa Approves provisional enrolment. Responsibilities as follows: Enrolment/Registration • Approves admission of candidates who do not have the appropriate qualifications but who can demonstrate a level of ability and have relevant experience Appoints supervisors on behalf of the Academic Board. or extensions beyond seven years (only granted in exceptional circumstances). where good cause is shown. is responsible for the approval of all administrative decisions and for all academic matters related to the PhD degree programmes of candidates within their faculty. Sends copies to the RDC for approval • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 80 PhD Handbook . on recommendation from the SRC and the HoS Approves applications for concurrent study while studying for a PhD (must have support from supervisors and HoS) Specifies. the resumption of registration if it lapses Discontinues enrolment of a candidate where no action has been taken by the candidate to resolve problems outlined in the six-monthly reports Grants suspensions or extensions of enrolment beyond 5 years. at the time of registration. a period during which candidates must be working under direct supervision Receives rationale from supervisors and candidates for any prolonged absence from the Wellington region Grants permission to candidates who wish to pursue a period of research overseas Approves backdates of provisional registration (up to two months) for candidates who have spent productive time in developing their research proposal before registration Approves requests for extensions of provisional enrolment Terminates provisional registration. where major difficulties are experienced early on in the project and requests that the candidate consider the possibility of identifying a new research project Approves any additional SRC guidelines on what constitutes satisfactory progress for candidates to move from provisional to full registration Approves applications to move to full registration Receives notification from candidates if circumstances which have been taken into account in setting the period of registration change in any material way Approves.

Supervisor must notify the candidate who will have the opportunity to make a submission to the Associate Dean Decides. the primary supervisor. to see if the differing recommendations can be resolved Reports on the examination of the thesis to the PhD Convener. the Administrative Supervisor and the HoS • • • • • • • • Oral Examinations: • Arranges an oral examination where appropriate (including requests to the PhD Convener for oral examination approval when required) Chairs the oral examination. that the quality of the thesis to be submitted is such that no examiner could reasonably be expected to recommend that the candidate be awarded either a PhD or a Master’s degree. where differing recommendations are made. If the Associate Dean so decides. the candidate will be advised of the reasons for the decision and the changes necessary to make the thesis suitable for examination. sends all examiners’ reports and a recommendation on the outcome Receives written confirmation from the internal examiner that minor amendments and revisions have been satisfactorily completed Conveys the decision of the RDC (in writing) on the acceptability of the thesis and sends copies of the examiners’ reports to the candidate. funding and grievances which have not been dealt with by the Administrative Supervisor or the HoS Approves applications for a change in the supervisory team from the Administrative Supervisor and informs the RDC of any changes Forwards recommendations from the Administrative Supervisor for external scholars to be appointed as supervisors (Honorary Research Associates). after appropriate consultation. or appoints an appropriate person as chairperson Sends examiners’ reports to the candidate at least five days before the oral examination • • PhD Handbook 81 .Supervision • • Receives and monitors progress on the six-monthly reports Advises supervisors and candidates over matters relating to supervision. Candidate may appeal that decision to the RDC Scrutinises recommendations for potential examiners and forwards them to the RDC for appointment Ensures examiners appointed to examine the thesis are available to do so within the eight weeks as specified in the PhD Policy Acts as a conduit for consultation between examiners and supervisors Asks the internal examiner (or a New Zealand based examiner) to coordinate consultation between examiners. to the Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Research) • • Examination • • Approves requests for early submission Receives recommendations from the primary supervisor where it is the supervisor’s opinion that the thesis is not of a sufficient standard for examination.

• Reports on the examination as a whole. Administrative Supervisor and HoS. assesses examiners’ reports and makes a decision concerning the examination result on behalf of the RDC. after any telephone conversations with the overseas examiner as appropriate. suspensions and extensions Receives and holds records of the six monthly reports Maintains accurate and up-to-date postgraduate data on candidature in the ResearchMaster information management system Submission • • Receives the completed thesis from the candidate Provides a Statement of Authorship form and requires the candidate’s signature to confirm that the work of others has been acknowledged in the thesis and that the thesis has not been submitted previously for another degree Provides two Availability of Thesis forms and requires the candidates signature to consent that the thesis may be consulted. The PhD Convener approves the examination arrangements for PhDs in consultation with the relevant Associate Dean. borrowed. primary supervisor. on behalf of the Associate Dean Ensures the candidate has deposited two copies of the final copy of the thesis in the library. copied or reproduced in accordance with the Library regulations. Responsibilities as follows: 82 PhD Handbook . Responsibilities are: Enrolment/Registration • • • Administers candidates registration.000 words in length (inclusive of scholarly apparatus) Ensures the candidate receives an Exit Questionnaire to evaluate their supervision upon thesis submission • • • Examination • Sends examiners a copy of the thesis and appropriate information detailing what is required from them Sends official notification of examination results to candidates. with a recommendation. This requirement is delayed if the candidate has received the approval of the RDC to have access to the thesis withheld for a limited period of time Receives a statement from the candidate that the thesis does not exceed 100. fees. • Faculty Office (Student and Academic Services Office) The appropriate Faculty Office is the central processing and service centre for all administrative details related to the PhD candidature. Sends the report of the oral examiner to the candidate. • • PhD Convener The PhD Convener chairs the Research Degrees Committee (RDC). to the RDS.

candidate or RDC Approves requests for oral examinations via the Associate Dean. Responsibilities as follows: Policy • Reviews policy related to Master’s Degrees by thesis (of 90 points and above). but excluding Honorary degrees Considers any changes to doctoral regulations or processes and makes recommendations to the Academic Board Reviews and monitors the allocation of resources to research students.Submission • Grants permission. any other doctoral qualifications. any unusual procedures for the oral examination.000 words to be submitted for examination Examination • Receives a report from the Associate Dean of the examination of the thesis. including all the examiners’ reports and a recommendation on the outcome Approves. consults with the RDC Asks the Associate Dean to arrange an oral examination where requested by the supervisor. where they are in agreement Consults with the RDC academic members where examiners’ views of the thesis differ significantly or are in other ways controversial Coordinates a discussion between examiners in order to achieve consensus where there is a significant disagreement between examiners Receives a recommendations from the referee in cases where a referee is consulted when the examiners can not agree on a joint recommendation Receives a copy of the letter from the Administrative Supervisor outlining any minor amendments that have been made Receives a copy of the notification where a thesis needs to be resubmitted outlining what parts of the thesis require revision and for what reasons Receives a copy of the notification that the revisions have been completed Informs the Associate Dean that the RDC has reached a decision on the acceptability of the thesis • • • • • • • • Oral Examination • Approves. on behalf of the RDC. including Higher Doctorates. on behalf of the RDC. for a thesis larger then 100. the recommendation from the examiners. PhDs. the operation of supervision procedures and research student completion rates • • PhD Handbook 83 . • • Research Degrees Committee The Research Degrees Committee of the Academic Board has responsibility for ensuring that the processes concerning the PhD have an appropriate degree of consistency across the University. in exceptional circumstances. Where necessary.

Enrolment/Registration • Approves suspensions/extensions of candidates beyond 5 years of full or part-time study, on the recommendation of the Associate Dean Considers requests for the Withholding of Theses

Supervision • Receives reports from Faculty Office on issues emerging from Exit Questionnaires so they can monitor supervision across the University

Examination • • • Approves and appoints three PhD examiners in consultation with the Associate Dean Considers appeals on the standard of a thesis for submission Reviews the reports of the Associate Dean and the examiners and makes a decision on the outcome of the examination process Receives a copy of the written confirmation from the internal examiner to the Associate Dean, that minor amendments and revisions have been satisfactorily completed Appoints a substitute for the internal examiner if they cannot fulfil the role of consulting senior academics where there are disputes over revision Consents in exceptional circumstances, to a change in examiners when a thesis is re-submitted Decides, in cases where differences prevent the examiners agreeing on a joint recommendation, to proceed on a majority report. Alternatively, the RDC may ask for further efforts to reconcile the examiners or seek a recommendation from a referee to whom the thesis and the anonymised examiners’ reports is referred Recommends award of the degree

• •

Oral Examination • Receives the oral examination report from the Associate Dean, reconsiders all the reports and makes a final decision on the acceptability of the thesis on behalf of the Academic Board Confirms any recommendation for a second oral after re-examination of a thesis.

Research and Postgraduate Studies Office
The Research and Postgraduate Studies office assists in the formulation of policy, supports research administration in the University (including scholarships), liaises with schools and faculties and provides advice and assistance in support of staff and student research. Responsibilities as follows: • • • Updates and publishes the PhD Handbook Provides information and advice on research policy Provides administrative support to the Research Degrees Committee and the University Research Committee Monitors and improves the administration of the PhD process Offers professional development programmes for supervisors

• •

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Offers support regarding problems relating to PhD candidacy if matters cannot satisfactorily be resolved at the School or Faculty level Receives reports from the Faculty Office on issues emerging from Exit Questionnaires to incorporate into supervisor training Provides advice to supervisors about the appropriate form of agreement for supervisors arranging for the placement of candidates off campus.

Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Research)
The Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Research) is responsible for the strategic direction of research in the University. Responsibilities as follows: • • • • • • Holds responsibility for the development of the University’s research policies Appoints the PhD Convener Chairs the University Research Committee Approves any supervisory contracts with collaborating institutions Appoints external supervisors as Honorary Research Associates Advises the AVC (Academic) on academic grievances concerning PhD candidacy.

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Appendix 3
Degree of Doctor of Philosophy Statute Research Policy Group

1.

Purpose:

The PhD Statute sets out the regulations governing the admission, enrolment, registration, supervision, and examination procedures for the PhD degree at Victoria University of Wellington. It also stipulates the criteria on which the award of the degree will be based. This Statute must be read in conjunction with the PhD Policy: Approving, Enrolling, Supervising and Examining PhD Candidates.

2.

Organisational Scope:

This is a University-wide statute.

3.

Definitions:

For purposes of this Statute, unless otherwise stated, the following definitions shall apply: Administrative Supervisor: The person in the School with responsibility for administering the candidacy. The Administrative Supervisor must ensure that the candidate and the supervisors follow the regulations for the PhD Degree. Associate Dean: The person designated by the Dean of the Faculty for the purpose of this Statute. Full-time PhD Student: Students are deemed to be full-time when they are able to devote a minimum of 30 hours per week to the thesis, on average, over the year. This workload excludes statutory holiday periods. Half-time PhD Student: Students who cannot work on the thesis for the amount of time specified above are deemed to be half-time students. PhD Convener: Convener of the Research Degrees Committee. Research Degrees Committee (RDC): The University body responsible for the oversight of the PhD and Master’s by Thesis. Supervisor: A supervisor is a person who is appointed to provide academic and administrative guidance to the candidate during their enrolment for the degree.

4.
(a)

Statute Content and Guidelines:
A candidate for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy shall, before enrolment: (i) have qualified for admission to a Bachelor’s or Master’s degree with First or Second Class Honours or a Master’s degree at an equivalent standard to First or Second class honours at a university in New Zealand; or

4.1 Admission

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PhD Handbook

If progress is reported to be unsatisfactory. During a student’s candidature. and not more than twelve months. Termination.1 (a) (ii). the Associate Dean may grant a suspension of enrolment. and will not usually exceed twelve months. (b) (c) (d) (e) 4. the minimum period of registration will be 24 months and with halftime enrolment. the date of registration shall be deemed to be the date of first enrolment for the degree.4 Course of Study (a) The course of study for a PhD consists of a programme of research and the writing of a thesis carried out under supervision. Suspension and Extension (a) A candidate pursuing a course of study for the degree shall re-enrol within one month of the expiry of the period of previous enrolment. the supervisors of a candidate shall submit a report on the progress of the candidate to the Administrative Supervisor and the Student and Academic Services Office. the minimum period of registration will be 36 months. The thesis shall be presented within four years from the date of registration for candidates who have been enrolled full-time and within six years for candidates who have been enrolled exclusively half-time. the total period of suspension shall not usually exceed twelve months. a candidate shall be provisionally registered as a candidate for the Doctor of Philosophy. (b) Candidates must not only show themselves to be qualified but must also be accepted by the Head of School and relevant Associate Dean. Every year of enrolment in May and November. During suspension of enrolment the candidate will pay no fees and will have no access to university services. measured in monthly increments. on application to the Research Degrees Committee.3 Re-enrolment. where good cause is shown.2 Conditions of Enrolment (a) Initially. This excludes any period(s) of suspension. PhD Handbook 87 . (b) 4. terminate the enrolment. otherwise the candidate’s enrolment will be terminated. or (iii) produce evidence to the satisfaction of the Associate Dean of adequate training and ability to proceed with the proposed course for the degree. Extensions shall be granted only in exceptional circumstances.(ii) be currently enrolled in a Master’s by thesis. including supervision and the library. the Associate Dean may. Where a candidate is accepted under clause 4. All calculations will exclude any periods of suspension. Once full registration has been confirmed. On application from a candidate. through the Associate Dean. Full registration must be confirmed by the Associate Dean on the advice of the Head of School within 15 months of first enrolment for full-time candidates and 24 months for half-time candidates. subject to any submission or appeal a candidate may make. the submission times will be calculated on a pro rata basis. for a period of not less than one month.and half-time. In the case of candidates who have been permitted to change between full. With full-time enrolment. (c) 4. the candidate will be deemed to have first enrolled for the Doctor of Philosophy on the date of first enrolment for the Master’s degree. Extensions to the due date of the thesis may be granted.

12 of the Library Statute). (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g) (h) (i) 88 PhD Handbook . it will be awarded upon the deposit of copies of the final thesis in the University Library in accordance with the Library Statute. and constitutes a significant and original contribution to knowledge or understanding.000 words in length (including scholarly apparatus). The Associate Dean may on the application of the candidate or the supervisors at any time before the submission of the thesis.5 (b) is co-authored. The thesis shall be examined by three examiners. The Associate Dean shall. or on the recommendation of the examiners after the submission of the thesis. (c) 4. This contribution may include critical. who will determine whether the degree be awarded. Any application for Withholding of Theses should be made as early as possible in the research project and well before submission.(i) The research will normally be conducted at Victoria University of Wellington. a statement shall be included showing how the published work relates to the thesis. The principal supervisor or co-supervisor must not be an examiner. a candidate may submit their thesis and apply for examination. the candidate must provide a detailed statement of each author’s contribution to such work. or accepted for publication at the time of submission. after consultation with the examiners. theoretical or creative components. but with permission of the Associate Dean. where the statute for such Master’s degree provides that the degree may be taken by thesis and where the candidate does not already hold that degree in the same subject in this university. In exceptional circumstances the Research Degrees Committee may grant permission for a longer thesis to be submitted for examination. (b) The thesis shall not exceed a total of 100. approve the enrolment of the candidate in a subject for an appropriate Master’s degree instead of the degree of Doctor of Philosophy. (iii) The thesis may include the candidate’s previously published work or material based on previous research. The format of the thesis is determined by the Library Statute (see Clause 4. Where any work relevant to the thesis has been published.5 Examination (a) At any time after the minimum period of enrolment. as long as the report constituting the thesis is written under supervision during the period of registration. Where the decision has been made to award the degree. Where any of the published material included in clause 4. (ii) The thesis must be a body of work that demonstrates the candidate’s ability to carry out independent research. The application for examination shall be accompanied by a statement from the supervisors that the candidate has pursued the course in accordance with the requirements of this statute. make a report on the whole examination to the RDC. and contact details of co-authors (see the Recognition of Authorship Policy). experimental. part of the research programme may be carried out at locations outside the University. appointed by the Research Degrees Committee (RDC). but the end result must be a single integrated study. One of these examiners will normally be from outside New Zealand.

Contact Person: The following person may be approached on a routine basis in relation to this statute: Dr. provided that the candidate has been enrolled for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy for that period. None Appendices: 7. the candidate shall be deemed to have been enrolled in and to have followed a course of study for that Master’s degree for the appropriate minimum period. References: Library Statute PhD Policy: Approving. Enrolling.(i) Where any thesis has been submitted for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy that thesis may be accepted in fulfilment of the requirements for the Master’s degree. Supervising and Examining PhD Candidates Recognition of Authorship Policy Withholding of Theses Procedure 6. Approval Agency: University Council 8. 5. (ii) In any other case. Theresa Sawicka Research Manager Extn. Statute Sponsor: Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Research) 10. 5190 PhD Handbook 89 . Approval Dates: Pre 1990 17 December 2007 17 December 2007 17 December 2010 This statute was originally approved on: This version was approved on: This version takes effect from: This statute will be reviewed by: 9. notwithstanding any other provision in the Statute for that Master’s degree.

90 PhD Handbook .

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